CN106567474B - A kind of silica nanometer aeroge hollow glass microballoon compound fireproof heat-preservation board material and preparation method thereof - Google Patents

A kind of silica nanometer aeroge hollow glass microballoon compound fireproof heat-preservation board material and preparation method thereof Download PDF

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CN106567474B
CN106567474B CN201610961752.3A CN201610961752A CN106567474B CN 106567474 B CN106567474 B CN 106567474B CN 201610961752 A CN201610961752 A CN 201610961752A CN 106567474 B CN106567474 B CN 106567474B
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CN106567474A (en
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王贵然
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王贵然
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/62Insulation or other protection; Elements or use of specified material therefor
    • E04B1/74Heat, sound or noise insulation, absorption, or reflection . Other building methods affording favourable thermal or acoustical conditions, e.g. accumulating of heat within walls
    • E04B1/76Heat, sound or noise insulation, absorption, or reflection . Other building methods affording favourable thermal or acoustical conditions, e.g. accumulating of heat within walls specifically with respect to heat only
    • E04B1/78Heat insulating elements
    • E04B1/80Heat insulating elements slab-shaped
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B28/00Compositions of mortars, concrete or artificial stone, containing inorganic binders or the reaction product of an inorganic and an organic binder, e.g. polycarboxylate cements
    • C04B28/24Compositions of mortars, concrete or artificial stone, containing inorganic binders or the reaction product of an inorganic and an organic binder, e.g. polycarboxylate cements containing alkyl, ammonium or metal silicates; containing silica sols
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B38/00Porous mortars, concrete, artificial stone or ceramic ware; Preparation thereof
    • C04B38/10Porous mortars, concrete, artificial stone or ceramic ware; Preparation thereof by using foaming agents or by using mechanical means, e.g. adding preformed foam
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/62Insulation or other protection; Elements or use of specified material therefor
    • E04B1/92Protection against other undesired influences or dangers
    • E04B1/94Protection against other undesired influences or dangers against fire
    • E04B1/941Building elements specially adapted therefor
    • E04B1/942Building elements specially adapted therefor slab-shaped
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B2111/00Mortars, concrete or artificial stone or mixtures to prepare them, characterised by specific function, property or use
    • C04B2111/20Resistance against chemical, physical or biological attack
    • C04B2111/28Fire resistance, i.e. materials resistant to accidental fires or high temperatures
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B2111/00Mortars, concrete or artificial stone or mixtures to prepare them, characterised by specific function, property or use
    • C04B2111/40Porous or lightweight materials
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A30/00Adapting or protecting infrastructure or their operation
    • Y02A30/24Structural elements or technologies for improving thermal insulation
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B80/00Architectural or constructional elements improving the thermal performance of buildings
    • Y02B80/10Insulation, e.g. vacuum or aerogel insulation

Abstract

The present invention relates to heat preservation construction material technical field, a kind of silica nanometer aeroge hollow glass microballoon compound fireproof heat-preservation board material and preparation method thereof is particularly disclosed.The silica nanometer aeroge hollow glass microballoon compound fireproof heat-preservation board material, it is characterised in that: including upper inorganic fibre mat and lower inorganic fibre mat, be bonded with complex heat-preservation laminboard layer between upper inorganic fibre mat and lower inorganic fibre mat;The complex heat-preservation laminboard layer has modified silicasol lotion, melamine aerogel powder or water-soluble powder phenolic resin, dispersing agent, hydrophober, silica nanometer aeroge, hollow glass microballoon, carbon nanotube, wollastonite in powder, mica powder, fine foamer, curing agent and aqueous solvent to be mixed according to certain weight proportion.The present invention using innovation complex technique and fretting map technology, by high-new space heat-insulating material become industry with it is civilian, prepare a kind of fireproof heated board material, become the important channel that following fireproof and heat-insulating material technology develops.

Description

A kind of silica nanometer aeroge hollow glass microballoon compound fireproof heat-preservation board material And preparation method thereof
(1) technical field
The present invention relates to heat preservation construction material technical field, in particular to a kind of silica nanometer aeroge hollow glass microballoon Compound fireproof heat-preservation board material and preparation method thereof.
(2) background technique
Currently, building energy-saving heat-insulating material is divided into: organic insulation material and inorganic heat insulation material two major classes.Organic is main There are polystyrene foam (EPS), polyurethane (PU), phenolic resin (PF) etc.;Inorganic mainly has alumina silicate fibre, silicate fine Dimension, foamed concrete, and newly rise aeroge glass mat class and aluminium foil, rock wool, perlite, it is compound vacuumize absolutely Hot insulation board, they have inevitable defect in use.
The advantages of organic insulation material is that thermal coefficient is low, and heat insulation effect is good, but burning registration of preventing fires is difficult up to A grades.Commonly Inorganic heat insulation material thermal conductivity factor it is high, heat insulation effect is poor, though fire protecting performance is good, heat insulation effect is paid no attention to very much under the high temperature conditions Think, is extremely difficult to 75% power conservation requirement.
Aeroge glass mat class material is a kind of Novel fire-resistance heat-insulation material, is that it immerses glass under collosol state A kind of composite material in glass fiber-based material, then through drying process preparation.This fault in material is obvious, and material itself is strong It spends very low, is limited by complex technique, aerogel powder is easy to be scattered from base layer fiber, loses thermal insulation property.In addition, raw Production. art is complicated, low efficiency, and manufacturing cost is high, this just largely limits use scope.
Adiabatic heat-insulation plate material and a kind of Novel fire-resistance heat-insulation material are vacuumized, is with rock wool fibers powder, perlite Powder, cornstarch gluing agent are raw material, are combined by protective layer of aluminium foil, and evacuated and pressing process is prepared. There is the gap of 15nm when this material is obviously insufficient between plate stitch, leads to cold-heat bridge phenomenon, air-breathing efficiency is small, and vacuum degree is difficult to grow Phase keeps, itself is simultaneously not suitable with building exterior wall heat preserving.It is easy hanging breaking, gas leakage in use, generates bag phenomenon that rises, product rule Lattice are 600mm*400mm, do not produce big specification plate, and since detection device falls behind, thermal coefficient is unable to undergo to detect. However use preferable aeroge higher as core material production cost, it is difficult to promote.
(3) summary of the invention
That in order to compensate for the shortcomings of the prior art, the present invention provides a kind of layers is thin, production cost is low, titanium dioxide resistant to high temperature Silicon nanoporous aerogel hollow glass microballoon compound fireproof heat-preservation board material and preparation method thereof.
The present invention is achieved through the following technical solutions:
A kind of silica nanometer aeroge hollow glass microballoon compound fireproof heat-preservation board material, it is characterised in that: including Upper inorganic fibre mat and lower inorganic fibre mat, are bonded with complex heat-preservation sandwich between upper inorganic fibre mat and lower inorganic fibre mat Layer;The complex heat-preservation laminboard layer includes the raw material of following parts by weight: modified silicasol lotion, melamine aerogel powder Or 80-120 parts of water-soluble powder phenolic resin, 1-3 parts of dispersing agent, 2-5 parts of hydrophober, silica nanometer aeroge 80-120 Part, 20-40 parts of hollow glass microballoon, 2-10 parts of carbon nanotube, 5-10 parts of wollastonite in powder, 5-10 parts of mica powder, fine foamer 8- 15 parts, 5-10 parts of curing agent, 20-40 parts of aqueous solvent.
The present invention can make because all using inorganic material, combustion rating is A grades of fire proofing materials in 400-600 DEG C of environment With compared with aerogel blanket, reducing heat bridge effect, current aerogel blanket unprotect layer, shedding is serious, and bonding is difficult, gas Gel particle is easy to fall off from substrate, is not plate because it belongs to felt, is not used to building exterior wall heat preserving field.
More excellent technical solution of the invention are as follows:
The upper inorganic fibre mat and lower inorganic fibre mat are respectively Cement fibre base felt-cloth, aluminium foil and fiberglass gridding One of cloth.
The preferable weight proportion of each raw material of complex heat-preservation laminboard layer are as follows: modified silicasol lotion, melamine airsetting Rubber powder end or 100 parts of water-soluble powder phenolic resin, 2 parts of dispersing agent, 5 parts of hydrophober, 100 parts of silica nanometer aeroge, 30 parts of hollow glass microballoon, 5 parts of carbon nanotube, 5 parts of wollastonite in powder, 5 parts of mica powder, 10 parts of fine foamer, 5 parts of curing agent, water 20 parts of solvent.
In the complex heat-preservation laminboard layer be added with organic filler, organic filler be recycling hard polyurethane foam powder with One or both of polystyrene foam powder, fineness are 200 mesh, density 20kg/m3.Present invention employs partially recycled poly- Urethane hard bubble powder (being the cystosepiment that refrigerator ice cabinet folds) and polystyrene foam powder end are as filler, although the burning of material Grade is affected, and is reduced to A2 grades by A1 grades, but be beneficial to environmental protection.
The silica nanometer aeroge is aerosil, partial size 10-20nm, bulk density 40- 60kg/m3;The partial size of hollow glass microballoon is 20-50 μm, bulk density 100-200kg/m3;The caliber of the carbon nanotube For 20-50nm, bulk density 20-60kg/m3
The wollastonite in powder be it is needle-shaped, fineness be 400-800 mesh;The mica powder is white plates, fineness 300-500 Mesh.
The dispersing agent is special-purpose nano material dispersing agent, is commercially available.
The hydrophober is one of containing hydrogen silicone oil, potassium methyl silicate and organosilicon moisture repellent;The curing agent is first One of acid, p-methyl benzenesulfonic acid, phenolsulfonic acid and organosilane ester curing agent;The fine foamer be lauryl sodium sulfate, One of neopelex and α-sodium olefin sulfonate;The aqueous solvent is in pure water, deionized water and distilled water It is a kind of.
The complex heat-preservation laminboard layer is bonded with upper inorganic fibre mat, lower inorganic fibre mat respectively by high temperature resistant binder Together, high temperature resistant binder is modified silicasol lotion, water soluble phenol resin powder or melamine-formaldehyde (MF) airsetting Rubber powder end.Upper and lower inorganic fibre mat is arranged in the present invention outside complex heat-preservation laminboard layer, is added to binder, using fretting map skill Art overcomes the not foot phenomenon of aerosil, and it is existing to guarantee that shedding will not occur under by external force squeezed state for material As.
The preparation side of silica nanometer aeroge hollow glass microballoon compound fireproof heat-preservation board material of the present invention Method includes the following steps:
(1) by modified silicasol lotion, melamine aerogel powder or water-soluble powder phenolic resin, aqueous solvent, point Powder, hydrophober and fine foamer are added in forced double-axis type blender, are pre-mixed 5 minutes, system is made to be uniformly dispersed;
(2) into forced double-axis type blender be added hollow glass microballoon, silica nanometer aeroge, carbon nanotube, Wollastonite in powder and mica powder, stir 10min with the speed of 100r/min, and curing agent is then added and stirs evenly to get compound guarantor Warm sandwich material;
(3) on distributing platform, inorganic fibre mat and lower inorganic fibre mat are placed, complex heat-preservation sandwich material is equal It is even to be laid on upper and lower inorfil layer cross section, it is transported in machine laminated into type, electric heating fretting map, and curing molding, finally Ejecting plate is formed, insulation board is obtained.
In step (3), the electrical heating temperature is 60-80 DEG C, solidified forming time 15-20min.Insulation board is through forming After machine is sent out, by delivery platform, carries out perpendicular cutting and cut with crosscutting, be processed into desired size, warehousing finished products.
The present invention effectively overcomes construction and fixes difficulty compared with vacuumizing heat insulating thermal preserving board, solves bonding hardly possible, leakage very The problems such as sky, the bag that rises, drum, vacuum degree are difficult to too wide long duration, plate stitch and heat bridge phenomenon.Vacuumize the rule of heat insulating thermal preserving board Lattice are 600mm*400mm, and the prior art can not produce big specification plate, and single machine low efficiency can not be raw using continuous and automatic It produces, production cost height etc. limits application range.
The present invention is using silica solution lotion as film forming matter and binder, with melamine (MF) aerogel powder, nanometer two Silica aerogel, hollow glass microballoon utilize wollastonite in powder and mica powder using carbon nanotube as reinforcing fiber for homogeneous aggregate Characteristic be filler, prepare and form under the cooperation of various auxiliary agents.The network structure that material is formed effectively can obstruct or shield Three kinds of heat conduction paths are covered, has many advantages, such as that thin layer, nano-pore insulation, fire safety cost performance are high, can not only be widely used in Building exterior wall heat preserving and steel-structure factory building construction field, it may also be used for the heat insulating work of industry and chemical field.The present invention can It is greatly facilitated the development of field of heat insulating materials, there is larger technology and economic significance.
High-new space heat-insulating material is become industry and the people using the complex technique and fretting map technology of innovation by the present invention With preparing the material of a kind of novel thin layer, fire resistant heat preservation, become the important of the following fireproof and heat-insulating material technology development Approach.
(4) specific embodiment
Below by way of specific preferred embodiment, technical solution of the present invention is further explained, its preparation process is made detailed Thin statement, but the present invention is not limited in embodiment below
Embodiment 1:
Preferred upper and lower inorganic fibre mat is Cement fibre base felt-cloth.
A kind of silica nanometer aeroge hollow glass microballoon compound fireproof heat-preservation board material, including following weight group Part:
Modified silicasol lotion 100g, pure water 20g, special-purpose nano material dispersing agent 2g, hydrophober potassium methyl silicate 5g are micro- Foaming agent lauryl sodium sulfate 10g, carbon nanotube 10g, SiO2Aeroge 30g, hollow glass microballoon 100g, acicular wollastonite Powder 5g, flaky mica powder 5g, organosilane ester curing agent 5g.
Preparation method, comprising the following steps:
First by pure water, modified silicasol lotion, special-purpose nano material dispersing agent, fine foamer lauryl sodium sulfate, Organosilicon moisture repellent potassium methyl silicate, carbon nanotube are added in forced double-axis blender with weight/power ratio according to described, carry out Premixing, time are 5 minutes, match weight/power ratio according still further to described, sequentially add homogeneous aggregate, SiO2Aeroge, hollow glass Microballon, inorganic filler, needle shape wollastonite powder and flaky mica powder are stirred 10 minutes with 100 revs/min of revolving speed, then plus Enter described be uniformly mixed with weight/power ratio organosilane ester curing agent to get the nanometer sandwich insulating layer materials of fretting map are arrived.
On distributing platform, inorganic fibre mat and lower inorganic fibre mat are placed, complex heat-preservation sandwich material is uniform Be laid on upper and lower inorfil layer cross section, be transported in machine laminated into type, electric heating fretting map, and curing molding, finally at Type ejecting plate obtains insulation board material.
Foam quality: density 116kg/m3, A1 grades of fire-protection rating, thermal coefficient: 0.041w/mk.
Embodiment 2:
Preferred inorfil protective layer is aluminium foil.
A kind of silica nanometer aeroge hollow glass microballoon compound fireproof heat-preservation board material, including following weight group Part;
Water-soluble powder phenolic resin 50g, deionized water 50g, nano material dispersing agent 2g, containing hydrogen silicone oil 5g, fretting map Agent α-sodium olefin sulfonate 10g, SiO2Aeroge 30g, hollow glass microballoon 100g, carbon nanotube 5g, polyurethane powder 10g, Gu Agent phenol sulfonic acid 15g.
Preparation method, comprising the following steps:
First by deionized water, water-soluble powder phenolic resin powder, matches weight/power ratio according to described, be added to forced double-axis In blender, carry out premixing 5 minutes, then according still further to the nano material dispersant special with weight/power ratio, hydrophober, contain Hydrogen silicone oil, fine foamer α-sodium olefin sulfonate stir 5 minutes, and SiO is added according still further to the proportion2Aeroge powder hollow glass Glass microballon, polyurethane powder, is stirred 10 minutes with 100 revs/min of revolving speed carbon nanotube, adds the proportion Curing agent sodium sulfonate is uniformly mixed to arrive fretting map nanometer sandwich insulating layer materials.
Foam quality: density 82kg/m3, A2 grades of fire-protection rating, thermal coefficient 0.036w/mk.
Embodiment 3:
Preferred inorfil protective layer is fiberglass gridding cloth.
A kind of silica nanometer aeroge hollow glass microballoon compound fireproof heat-preservation board material, including following weight group Part:
Melamine (MF) aerogel powder 40g, distilled water 60g, nano material dispersing agent 2g, organosilicon moisture repellent powder 2g, fine foamer neopelex 10g, SiO2Aeroge powder 30g, hollow glass microballoon 100g, carbon nanotube 5g, Polystyrene foam powder foam 10g, curing agent formic acid 10g.
Preparation method, comprising the following steps:
First by distilled water, nano material dispersant special, organosilicon moisture repellent powder, foaming agent dodecyl benzene sulfonic acid Sodium presses the proportion, is added in forced double-axis agitator, starts blender for its dispersion mixing 5 minutes, add institute Melamine (MF) aerogel powder with weight/power ratio stated, dispersion mixing stir 5 minutes, add described with weight/power ratio SiO2Aerogel powder, carbon nanotube, polystyrene foam powder end, is stirred with 100 revs/min of revolving speeds and is mixed hollow glass microballoon It closes 10 minutes, the curing agent formic acid for adding the proportion is uniformly mixed to be used to get to fretting map nanometer sandwich insulating layer Material.
Foam quality: density 63kg/m3, combustion rating is A2 grades, thermal coefficient 0.032w/mk.
On cloth operating platform, upper and lower inorganic fibre mat is installed in advance, it respectively will be micro- obtained in embodiment 1-3 The nanometer sandwich insulating layer slurry that foams is evenly laid out on inorfil bed boundary, being transported in continuous type machine laminated into type, adopts With electric heating or heat-conducting oil heating mode, foamed solidification temperature is 60-80 DEG C, and the curing time is 15-20 minutes, and molding is produced Product are cut into required to get a kind of silica nanometer aeroge hollow glass microballoon compound fireproof heat-preservation board material is arrived Specification, warehousing finished products.
Above is only the detailed description carried out to present pre-ferred embodiments, but the present invention is not limited to implement above Example.

Claims (9)

1. a kind of silica nanometer aeroge hollow glass microballoon compound fireproof heat-preservation board material, it is characterised in that: including upper Inorganic fibre mat and lower inorganic fibre mat, are bonded with complex heat-preservation laminboard layer between upper inorganic fibre mat and lower inorganic fibre mat; The complex heat-preservation laminboard layer includes the raw material of following parts by weight: modified silicasol lotion, melamine aerogel powder or 80-120 parts of water-soluble powder phenolic resin, 1-3 parts of dispersing agent, 2-5 parts of hydrophober, silica nanometer aeroge 80-120 Part, 20-40 parts of hollow glass microballoon, 2-10 parts of carbon nanotube, 5-10 parts of wollastonite in powder, 5-10 parts of mica powder, fine foamer 8- 15 parts, 5-10 parts of curing agent, 20-40 parts of aqueous solvent;Organic filler is added in the complex heat-preservation laminboard layer, organic filler is One or both of the roll paper rigid foam powder of recycling and polystyrene foam powder, fineness are 200 mesh, density 20kg/m3
2. silica nanometer aeroge hollow glass microballoon compound fireproof heat-preservation board material according to claim 1, Be characterized in that: the upper inorganic fibre mat and lower inorganic fibre mat are respectively Cement fibre base felt-cloth, aluminium foil and glass fiber mesh One of lattice cloth.
3. silica nanometer aeroge hollow glass microballoon compound fireproof heat-preservation board material according to claim 1, Be characterized in that: the complex heat-preservation laminboard layer is mixed by the raw material of following parts by weight: modified silicasol lotion, melamine Amine aerogel powder or 100 parts of water-soluble powder phenolic resin, 2 parts of dispersing agent, 5 parts of hydrophober, silica nanometer aeroge 100 parts, 30 parts of hollow glass microballoon, 5 parts of carbon nanotube, 5 parts of wollastonite in powder, 5 parts of mica powder, 10 parts of fine foamer, curing agent 5 Part, 20 parts of aqueous solvent.
4. silica nanometer aeroge hollow glass microballoon compound fireproof heat-preservation board material according to claim 1, Be characterized in that: the silica nanometer aeroge is aerosil, partial size 10-20nm, bulk density 40- 60kg/m3;The partial size of hollow glass microballoon is 20-50 μm, bulk density 100-200kg/m3;The caliber of the carbon nanotube For 20-50nm, bulk density 20-60kg/m3
5. silica nanometer aeroge hollow glass microballoon compound fireproof heat-preservation board material according to claim 1, Be characterized in that: the wollastonite in powder be it is needle-shaped, fineness be 400-800 mesh;The mica powder is white plates, fineness 300- 500 mesh.
6. silica nanometer aeroge hollow glass microballoon compound fireproof heat-preservation board material according to claim 1, Be characterized in that: the hydrophober is one of containing hydrogen silicone oil, potassium methyl silicate and organosilicon moisture repellent;The curing agent is first One of acid, p-methyl benzenesulfonic acid, phenolsulfonic acid and organosilane ester curing agent;The fine foamer be lauryl sodium sulfate, One of neopelex and α-sodium olefin sulfonate;The aqueous solvent is in pure water, deionized water and distilled water It is a kind of.
7. according to right to go 1 described in silica nanometer aeroge hollow glass microballoon compound fireproof heat-preservation board material, Be characterized in that: the complex heat-preservation laminboard layer is viscous with upper inorganic fibre mat, lower inorganic fibre mat respectively by high temperature resistant binder Together, modified silicasol lotion and high temperature resistant binder are respectively that solid content is water soluble phenol resin powder or melamine to knot Amine-for-aldehyde aerogel powder.
8. the system of silica nanometer aeroge hollow glass microballoon compound fireproof heat-preservation board material according to claim 1 Preparation Method, it is characterized in that, include the following steps: (1) by modified silicasol lotion, melamine aerogel powder or water soluble powder Shape phenolic resin, aqueous solvent, dispersing agent, hydrophober and fine foamer are added in forced double-axis type blender, are pre-mixed 5 minutes, System is set to be uniformly dispersed;(2) hollow glass microballoon, silica nanometer aeroge, carbon are added into forced double-axis type blender Nanotube, wollastonite in powder and mica powder, stir 10min with the speed of 100r/min, be then added curing agent stir evenly to get Complex heat-preservation sandwich material;(3) on distributing platform, inorganic fibre mat and lower inorganic fibre mat are placed, by complex heat-preservation Sandwich material is evenly laid out to be transported in machine laminated into type, electric heating fretting map on upper and lower inorfil layer cross section, and solid Chemical conversion type, finally forms ejecting plate, obtains insulation board.
9. the system of silica nanometer aeroge hollow glass microballoon compound fireproof heat-preservation board material according to claim 8 Preparation Method, it is characterised in that: in step (3), the electrical heating temperature is 60-80 DEG C, solidified forming time 15-20min.
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CN104210211A (en) * 2014-09-28 2014-12-17 中申(上海)管道工程股份有限公司 High-temperature-resisting gel composite heat-preservation material
CN105859320A (en) * 2016-03-16 2016-08-17 南京航空航天大学 Lightweight melamine aerogel felt and preparation method thereof
CN106003877A (en) * 2016-04-22 2016-10-12 苏州派欧技术咨询服务有限公司 Melamine-foam-glass-fabric aerogel felt and preparing method thereof
CN106082780B (en) * 2016-06-16 2018-11-02 重庆老顽固实业有限公司 Nano silica sol modified low-density thermal insulation board and preparation method thereof

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