CN106567402A - Hillside tower crane foundation construction device and construction method thereof - Google Patents

Hillside tower crane foundation construction device and construction method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106567402A
CN106567402A CN201610912115.7A CN201610912115A CN106567402A CN 106567402 A CN106567402 A CN 106567402A CN 201610912115 A CN201610912115 A CN 201610912115A CN 106567402 A CN106567402 A CN 106567402A
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China
Prior art keywords
foundation
template
tower crane
hillside
construction
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CN201610912115.7A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN106567402B (en
Inventor
张凤勇
尹小山
黄惠
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China MCC20 Group Corp Ltd
Shanghai Ershiye Construction Co Ltd
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Shanghai Ershiye Construction Co Ltd
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02DFOUNDATIONS; EXCAVATIONS; EMBANKMENTS; UNDERGROUND OR UNDERWATER STRUCTURES
    • E02D27/00Foundations as substructures
    • E02D27/32Foundations for special purposes
    • E02D27/42Foundations for poles, masts or chimneys

Abstract

The invention relates to a hillside tower crane foundation construction device and a construction method thereof. The hillside tower crane foundation construction device comprises four foundation piles, two girder reinforcement cages, four secondary beam reinforcement cages, a lower foundation side formwork, an upper foundation side formwork, a foundation bottom formwork, a steel pipe support, foundation bottom steel bars and foundation top steel bars. The construction method includes the following steps that the foundation piles are fixed; the steel pipe support is erected; the bottom formwork is mounted; the lower foundation side formworks are mounted; the girder reinforcement cages and the secondary beam reinforcement cages are mounted; the foundation bottom steel bars are mounted; lower concrete pouring is conducted inside the lower foundation side formwork; after lower concrete reaches the target strength, the upper foundation side formwork is mounted; the foundation top steel bars are mounted; and upper concrete pouring is conducted inside the upper foundation side formwork. By means of the hillside tower crane foundation construction device and the construction method thereof, tower crane foundation construction on an uneven hillside can be achieved, construction efficiency is improved, tower crane foundation construction safety is improved, and the structure is simple; and the construction method is easy, and the construction cost is low.

Description

Hillside tower crane constructing device and its construction method
Technical field
The invention belongs to tower crane construction technical field, more particularly to a kind of hillside tower crane constructing device and Its construction method.
Background technology
General rugged hillside carries out tower crane construction, is born substantially using encrypted template rack rod quantity The basis deadweight of product concrete, sometimes using without floor support formula basis formwork, but the changeable conventional method of Mountainous Regions environment It is difficult to meet construction demand, therefore needs a kind of hillside tower crane constructing device.
The content of the invention
The technical problem to be solved is to provide a kind of hillside tower crane constructing device and its construction method, has A difficult problem for tower crane construction is carried out beneficial to rugged hillside is solved, increases the security of tower crane construction.
The technical solution adopted for the present invention to solve the technical problems is to provide a kind of hillside tower crane constructing device, bag Include four foundation stakes, two girder frameworks of steel reinforcement, four beam reinforcement cages, infrastructure side template, top basis side template, bases Plinth bottom template, steel pipe support, subfoundation reinforcing bar and basic top layer reinforcing bar, four foundation stake in matrix distribution, on hold level with both hands Together, the steel pipe support built based on foundation pile, upper surface it is concordant and less than the upper surface of foundation pile, the foundation bottom Model sheetinstallat is arranged on the surrounding of foundation bottom template, the top in the upper end of steel pipe support, the infrastructure side template , in the top of infrastructure side template, the subfoundation reinforcing bar is crisscross in the horizontal direction and installs for base side model sheetinstallat In infrastructure side template, the basic top layer reinforcing bar it is crisscross in the horizontal direction and be installed on top basis side template Interior, two girder frameworks of steel reinforcement are arranged in a crossed manner and are located at respectively in two foundation stakes of diagonal position, described four joist steels Surrounding of the muscles and bones frame inside infrastructure side template arrange and with the end anchorage of girder framework of steel reinforcement.
As one kind of the invention preferred embodiment, four foundation stake is distributed in square formation, two girder reinforcing bars The perpendicular intersection of skeleton.
Used as another preferred embodiment of the present invention, the steel pipe support is by vertical steel pipe, the longitudinal direction of horizontal direction Steel pipe and horizontal steel pipe are mutually perpendicular to build.
As another preferred embodiment of the present invention, the girder framework of steel reinforcement by upper and lower two-layer horizontal direction steel Muscle and ring-shaped stirrup are built to be formed.
As the further improvement to above-mentioned embodiment, girder additional steel is installed inside the girder framework of steel reinforcement Muscle, by longitudinal reinforcement and laterally, fixed reinforcing bar builds up the girder additional bar, on the longitudinal reinforcement and girder framework of steel reinforcement The reinforcing bar direction of lower two-layer horizontal direction is consistent.
As another preferred embodiment of the present invention, described beam reinforcement cages by upper and lower two-layer horizontal direction steel Muscle and ring-shaped stirrup are built to be formed.
As the height of another preferred embodiment of the present invention, the infrastructure side template and top basis side template Degree is than being 1:2~2.5.
Another technical scheme that its technical problem of solution of the invention is adopted is to provide a kind of above-mentioned hillside tower crane and applies The construction method that frock is put, comprises the following steps:
(1) four foundation stakes are fixed to the position for carrying out tower crane construction;
(2) steel pipe support is built;
(3) by the upper surface of foundation bottom model sheetinstallat to steel pipe support;
(4) surrounding along bottom template installs infrastructure side template;
(5) girder framework of steel reinforcement and time beam reinforcement cages are installed;
(6) installation foundation bottom layer of the reinforcing steel;
(7) lower-layer concrete is carried out inside infrastructure side template to pour;
(8) after lower-layer concrete reaches target strength, top base side template is installed;
(9) installation foundation top layer reinforcing bar;
(10) upper strata concreting is carried out inside the side template of top basis.
As it is of the invention a kind of preferred embodiment, in the step (5) while girder framework of steel reinforcement is installed pair Girder additional bar is installed.
It is 1 as the height ratio of another preferred embodiment of the present invention, the lower-layer concrete and upper layer concrete: 2~2.5.
Beneficial effect
In the present invention, the foundation construction of tower crane is promoted to by domatic top by foundation pile and building for steel pipe support, is made Obtain and broken away from the rugged landform restriction in hillside in tower crane construction, efficiently solve slope terrain tower crane construction limit The big problem of many, difficulty is made, is conducive to improving efficiency of construction;In order to the intensity for solving steel pipe support possibly cannot bear whole bases Concreting is divided into upper and lower two-layer and is poured respectively by plinth from the problem of heavy load, and lower-layer concrete pours and completes to reach After target strength, can with bottom steel pipe support shared upper load, so as to improve tower crane construction security, Ensure quality.In addition, the apparatus structure is simple, construction method is simple, and engineering cost is low.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the planar structure schematic diagram of apparatus of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the planar structure schematic diagram of apparatus of the present invention bottom.
Fig. 3 is the mounting structure figure of girder framework of steel reinforcement of the present invention and time beam reinforcement cages.
Fig. 4 is subfoundation framework of steel reinforcement schematic diagram.
Fig. 5 is upper strata reinforcement foundation skeleton schematic diagram.
Specific embodiment
With reference to specific embodiment, the present invention is expanded on further.It should be understood that these embodiments are merely to illustrate the present invention Rather than restriction the scope of the present invention.In addition, it is to be understood that after the content for having read instruction of the present invention, people in the art Member can make various changes or modifications to the present invention, and these equivalent form of values equally fall within the application appended claims and limited Scope.
A kind of hillside tower crane constructing device as Figure 1-4, including four foundation stakes, 1, two girder frameworks of steel reinforcement 2nd, four time beam reinforcement cages 3, infrastructure side template 4, top basis side template 5, foundation bottom template 6, steel pipe support 7, Subfoundation reinforcing bar 9 and basic top layer reinforcing bar 10.
Four foundation stakes 1 are distributed in square formation, hold level with both hands thereon neat.Steel pipe support 7 is built based on the position of foundation pile 1, Steel pipe support 7 includes vertical steel pipe, longitudinal steel pipe of horizontal direction and horizontal steel pipe, and the steel pipe in three directions is mutually perpendicular to take Build, the upper surface of steel pipe support 7 is concordant, and less than the upper surface of foundation pile 1.
Foundation bottom template 6 is installed on the upper end of steel pipe support 7, and infrastructure side template 4 is arranged on foundation bottom template 6 Surrounding, top basis side template 5 is installed on the top of infrastructure side template 4, infrastructure side template 4 and top base side The height ratio of template 5 is 1:2~2.5.Subfoundation reinforcing bar 9 is crisscross in the horizontal direction and is installed on infrastructure side template In 4, basic top layer reinforcing bar 10 is crisscross in the horizontal direction and is installed in the side template 5 of top basis.
Two square crossings of girder framework of steel reinforcement 2 are arranged and are located at respectively in two foundation stakes 1 of diagonal position, four secondary beams Surrounding of the framework of steel reinforcement 3 inside infrastructure side template 4 is arranged, end and the girder framework of steel reinforcement 2 of secondary beam reinforcement cages 3 End anchorage.Girder framework of steel reinforcement 2 is built and is formed by the reinforcing bar and ring-shaped stirrup of upper and lower two-layer horizontal direction, girder framework of steel reinforcement Girder additional bar 8 is installed, fixed reinforcing bar builds up girder additional bar 8 by longitudinal reinforcement and laterally inside 2, longitudinal reinforcement with The reinforcing bar direction of girder framework of steel reinforcement two-layer horizontal direction about 2 is consistent.Secondary beam reinforcement cages 3 are by upper and lower two-layer horizontal direction Reinforcing bar and ring-shaped stirrup are built to be formed.
The material and model of above engineering material, selects to determine by theoretical calculation, meets the design requirement of tower crane.
A kind of construction method of the hillside tower crane constructing device is provided below, is comprised the following steps:
(1) four foundation stakes 1 are fixed to the position for carrying out tower crane construction;
(2) steel pipe support 7 is built based on foundation pile 1, foundation pile 1 is located at the inside of steel pipe support 7, and from steel pipe support 7 Upper surface pass;
(3) foundation bottom template 6 is installed to the upper surface of steel pipe support 7;
(4) surrounding along bottom template 6 installs infrastructure side template 4;
(5) girder framework of steel reinforcement 2 is installed, while installing to girder additional bar 8, and secondary beam reinforcement cages 3 is entered Row is installed;
(6) the installation foundation bottom layer of the reinforcing steel 9 in infrastructure side template 4;
(7) lower-layer concrete is carried out inside infrastructure side template 4 to pour;
(8) after lower-layer concrete reaches target strength, top base side template 5 is installed;
(9) the installation foundation top layer reinforcing bar 10 in the side template 5 of top basis;
(10) upper strata concreting is carried out inside the side template 5 of top basis, concreting is divided into into upper and lower two-layer Poured respectively, lower-layer concrete pours and completes to reach after target strength, can be with the shared top of bottom steel pipe support 7 Load, the intensity of effectively solving steel pipe support 7 possibly cannot bear all basic problems from heavy load, so as to improve tower crane The security of foundation construction, it is ensured that quality.The thickness of lower-layer concrete and upper layer concrete is respectively by the He of infrastructure side template 4 Top basis side template 5 is controlled, and 1:2~2.5 thickness ratio combines and draws through theoretical reckoning and field test Data, can most effectively solve the problems, such as above-mentioned.
The apparatus structure is simple, and construction method is simple, and engineering cost is low so that hillside height has been broken away from tower crane construction Uneven landform is limited, and efficiently solves the problems, such as that the slope terrain tower crane construction many, difficulty of restriction is big, is conducive to raising to apply Work efficiency rate.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of hillside tower crane constructing device, including four foundation stakes (1), two girder frameworks of steel reinforcement (2), four joist steels Muscles and bones frame (3), infrastructure side template (4), top basis side template (5), foundation bottom template (6), steel pipe support (7), base Plinth bottom layer of the reinforcing steel (9) and basic top layer reinforcing bar (10), it is characterised in that:Four foundation stake (1) in matrix distribution, on hold level with both hands Together, the steel pipe support (7) built based on foundation pile (1), upper surface it is concordant and less than the upper surface of foundation pile (1), institute The upper end that foundation bottom template (6) is installed on steel pipe support (7) is stated, the infrastructure side template (4) is installed in foundation bottom The surrounding of template (6), top basis side template (5) is installed on the top of infrastructure side template (4), the subfoundation Reinforcing bar (9) is crisscross in the horizontal direction and is installed in infrastructure side template (4), and the basic top layer reinforcing bar (10) is along water Square to crisscross and be installed in top basis side template (5), two girder frameworks of steel reinforcement (2) it is arranged in a crossed manner and point Wei Yu not be in two foundation stakes (1) of diagonal position, described four times beam reinforcement cages (3) are internal along infrastructure side template (4) Surrounding arrange and with the end anchorage of girder framework of steel reinforcement (2).
2. a kind of hillside tower crane constructing device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Four foundation stake (1) In square formation distribution, the perpendicular intersection of two girder frameworks of steel reinforcement (2).
3. a kind of hillside tower crane constructing device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The steel pipe support (7) It is mutually perpendicular to build by vertical steel pipe, longitudinal steel pipe of horizontal direction and horizontal steel pipe.
4. a kind of hillside tower crane constructing device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The girder framework of steel reinforcement (2) built and formed by the reinforcing bar and ring-shaped stirrup of upper and lower two-layer horizontal direction.
5. a kind of hillside tower crane constructing device according to claim 4, it is characterised in that:The girder framework of steel reinforcement (2) internal to be provided with girder additional bar (8), by longitudinal reinforcement and laterally, fixed reinforcing bar builds up the girder additional bar (8), The longitudinal reinforcement is consistent with the reinforcing bar direction of the upper and lower two-layer horizontal direction of girder framework of steel reinforcement (2).
6. a kind of hillside tower crane constructing device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Described beam reinforcement cages (3) built and formed by the reinforcing bar and ring-shaped stirrup of upper and lower two-layer horizontal direction.
7. a kind of hillside tower crane constructing device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The infrastructure side form Plate (4) is 1 with the height ratio on top basis side template (5):2~2.5.
8. a kind of construction method of the hillside tower crane constructing device described in claim 1, comprises the following steps:
(1) four foundation stakes (1) are fixed to the position for carrying out tower crane construction;
(2) steel pipe support (7) is built;
(3) foundation bottom template (6) is installed to the upper surface of steel pipe support (7);
(4) surrounding along bottom template (6) installs infrastructure side template (4);
(5) girder framework of steel reinforcement (2) and time beam reinforcement cages (3) are installed;
(6) installation foundation bottom layer of the reinforcing steel (9);
(7) carry out lower-layer concrete inside infrastructure side template (4) to pour;
(8) after lower-layer concrete reaches target strength, install top base side template (5);
(9) installation foundation top layer reinforcing bar (10);
(10) upper strata concreting is carried out inside top basis side template (5).
9. the construction method of a kind of hillside tower crane constructing device according to claim 8, it is characterised in that:The step Suddenly in (5) girder additional bar (8) is installed while girder framework of steel reinforcement (2) are installed.
10. the construction method of a kind of hillside tower crane constructing device according to claim 8, it is characterised in that:It is described The height ratio of lower-layer concrete and upper layer concrete is 1:2~2.5.
CN201610912115.7A 2016-10-19 2016-10-19 Hillside tower crane constructing device and its construction method Active CN106567402B (en)

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Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1844591A (en) * 2005-04-06 2006-10-11 天津一建机施钢结构工程有限公司 Tower crane foundation with stiffened steel structure
US7533505B2 (en) * 2003-01-06 2009-05-19 Henderson Allan P Pile anchor foundation
CN201581409U (en) * 2009-12-25 2010-09-15 浙江中成建工集团有限公司 Combined tower crane foundation of cross beam supported by steel latticework columns in deep foundation pit
CN102162258A (en) * 2011-02-28 2011-08-24 温州建设集团有限公司 Concrete-filled steel tubular high-pile tower footing structure of tower crane and construction method thereof
JP2012172295A (en) * 2011-02-17 2012-09-10 Tokyo Electric Power Co Inc:The Reinforcement method of steel tower for power transmission
CN103526772A (en) * 2013-10-22 2014-01-22 天津住宅科学研究院有限公司 Construction method of steel-structure combined base of tower crane
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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US7533505B2 (en) * 2003-01-06 2009-05-19 Henderson Allan P Pile anchor foundation
CN1844591A (en) * 2005-04-06 2006-10-11 天津一建机施钢结构工程有限公司 Tower crane foundation with stiffened steel structure
CN201581409U (en) * 2009-12-25 2010-09-15 浙江中成建工集团有限公司 Combined tower crane foundation of cross beam supported by steel latticework columns in deep foundation pit
JP2012172295A (en) * 2011-02-17 2012-09-10 Tokyo Electric Power Co Inc:The Reinforcement method of steel tower for power transmission
CN102162258A (en) * 2011-02-28 2011-08-24 温州建设集团有限公司 Concrete-filled steel tubular high-pile tower footing structure of tower crane and construction method thereof
CN103526772A (en) * 2013-10-22 2014-01-22 天津住宅科学研究院有限公司 Construction method of steel-structure combined base of tower crane
CN103866784A (en) * 2014-03-28 2014-06-18 上海绿地建设(集团)有限公司 Adjustable tower crane steel platform foundation

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
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Effective date of registration: 20190627

Address after: Room A, Room 403, 1325 Mudanjiang Road, Baoshan District, Shanghai, 20199

Co-patentee after: China Twenty Metallurgical Group Co., Ltd.

Patentee after: Shanghai twenty Metallurgical Construction Co., Ltd.

Address before: Room A, Room 403, 1325 Mudanjiang Road, Baoshan District, Shanghai, 20199

Patentee before: Shanghai twenty Metallurgical Construction Co., Ltd.

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