CN106567182B - A kind of production method of weft knitting suede nap - Google Patents

A kind of production method of weft knitting suede nap Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106567182B
CN106567182B CN201610945214.5A CN201610945214A CN106567182B CN 106567182 B CN106567182 B CN 106567182B CN 201610945214 A CN201610945214 A CN 201610945214A CN 106567182 B CN106567182 B CN 106567182B
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China
Prior art keywords
fabric
drying
dyeing
temperature
sea island
Prior art date
Application number
CN201610945214.5A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN106567182A (en
Inventor
陆建华
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桐乡市汇泉纺织有限公司
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Priority to CN201610945214.5A priority Critical patent/CN106567182B/en
Publication of CN106567182A publication Critical patent/CN106567182A/en
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Publication of CN106567182B publication Critical patent/CN106567182B/en

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Classifications

    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D04BRAIDING; LACE-MAKING; KNITTING; TRIMMINGS; NON-WOVEN FABRICS
    • D04BKNITTING
    • D04B1/00Weft knitting processes for the production of fabrics or articles not dependent on the use of particular machines; Fabrics or articles defined by such processes
    • D04B1/14Other fabrics or articles characterised primarily by the use of particular thread materials
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D04BRAIDING; LACE-MAKING; KNITTING; TRIMMINGS; NON-WOVEN FABRICS
    • D04BKNITTING
    • D04B1/00Weft knitting processes for the production of fabrics or articles not dependent on the use of particular machines; Fabrics or articles defined by such processes
    • D04B1/14Other fabrics or articles characterised primarily by the use of particular thread materials
    • D04B1/18Other fabrics or articles characterised primarily by the use of particular thread materials elastic threads
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06CFINISHING, DRESSING, TENTERING OR STRETCHING TEXTILE FABRICS
    • D06C11/00Teasing, napping or otherwise roughening or raising pile of textile fabrics
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06CFINISHING, DRESSING, TENTERING OR STRETCHING TEXTILE FABRICS
    • D06C7/00Heating or cooling textile fabrics
    • D06C7/02Setting
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06CFINISHING, DRESSING, TENTERING OR STRETCHING TEXTILE FABRICS
    • D06C9/00Singeing
    • D06C9/02Singeing by flame
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06MTREATMENT, NOT PROVIDED FOR ELSEWHERE IN CLASS D06, OF FIBRES, THREADS, YARNS, FABRICS, FEATHERS OR FIBROUS GOODS MADE FROM SUCH MATERIALS
    • D06M11/00Treating fibres, threads, yarns, fabrics or fibrous goods made from such materials, with inorganic substances or complexes thereof; Such treatment combined with mechanical treatment, e.g. mercerising
    • D06M11/32Treating fibres, threads, yarns, fabrics or fibrous goods made from such materials, with inorganic substances or complexes thereof; Such treatment combined with mechanical treatment, e.g. mercerising with oxygen, ozone, ozonides, oxides, hydroxides or percompounds; Salts derived from anions with an amphoteric element-oxygen bond
    • D06M11/36Treating fibres, threads, yarns, fabrics or fibrous goods made from such materials, with inorganic substances or complexes thereof; Such treatment combined with mechanical treatment, e.g. mercerising with oxygen, ozone, ozonides, oxides, hydroxides or percompounds; Salts derived from anions with an amphoteric element-oxygen bond with oxides, hydroxides or mixed oxides; with salts derived from anions with an amphoteric element-oxygen bond
    • D06M11/38Oxides or hydroxides of elements of Groups 1 or 11 of the Periodic System

Abstract

The present invention provides a kind of production method of weft-knitted suede nap, belongs to technical field of textile fabric.It includes the following steps:Step(1):The sea island filament of 20~26% T400 high stretch yarns and 74~80% is carried out knitting device and causes fabric by weaving;Step(2):Washing;Step(3):Fibrillation puts into fabric in the solution containing the 1100 fibrillation agent of caustic soda and M, bath raio 1:15~20, temperature is 90~92 DEG C;Step(4):It singes, fabric is run through into flame, burning-off fabric surface fine hair, the flame temperature singed is 900~1000 DEG C;Step(5):Dyeing;Step(6):Drying;Step(7):Sanding;Step(8):Drying and shaping.Product produced by the invention not only has that high spreadability, soft, gloss is soft, and elasticity is good, and it is good to substantially increase fabric performance, and simple production process, and production efficiency is high, at low cost.

Description

A kind of production method of weft knitting suede nap
Technical field
The present invention relates to technical field of textile fabric, more particularly to a kind of production method of weft-knitted suede nap.
Background technology
The dense surface of suede nap fabric is very thin and soft thick and solid, has good warmth retention property, hygroscopicity and cunning glutinous Sense of touch is the preferred material of slip cover, clothes and artificial leather.Chamois flannel face fabric has many performances and is no less than natural muntjac Skin is even better than natural suede there are many performance, if its fabric feel of wool is soft, has waxy, drapability is good, and quality is frivolous.Using Knitting formed suede nap in addition to have the advantages that it is above-mentioned other than, also have excellent elasticity and extensibility, at present with knitted It based on structure, generally uses sea island filament for raw material, completes weaving on 2-3 comb high speed machines, add later by techniques such as dyeing, sizings Work forms.Also there is a little two-sided suede nap of weft knitting, most of is sea island filament as raw material, using the weaving of interlock Obtain, skeleton sense and straightening sense lacked using the two-sided suede nap fabric of weft knitting of which production, limit the fabric fashionable dress, Western-style clothes etc. is applied.Sea island filament is that a kind of polymer is scattered in another polymer, and dispersed phase is in fibre section " island " state, and parent is then equivalent to " sea ", is that a kind of state that ingredient is disperseed with fine is another in terms of the cross section of fiber A kind of ingredient surrounds, and there are many island as marine.Sea island filament has the following advantages:A, high spreadability:With fibre number Reduction, diameter attenuates, and the surface area of Unit Weight fiber increases.With the increase of surface area, the covering power of fiber increases, Moisture pick-up properties substantially improves;B, soft, comfortable and easy to wear:Since fiber is ultra-fine, fiber is more soft, and fabric is made, and can produce The core sucting action of setation tubule makes fabric adsorb more juicy, and can these moisture be moved to fabric surface, makes its evaporation, increases The comfort of dress is added;C, fabric sheen is soft:The diameter of superfine fibre is smaller, and the radius of curvature of fiber is smaller, surface The ratio that the scattering light of reflection accounts for is bigger, makes the tone of fabric surface than milder.But the chamois leather of usual manner production at present Suede elasticity is poor, seriously affects the performance of fabric, restricted larger when in use.
Invention content
The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of production method of weft-knitted suede nap, product not only has high spreadability, hand Sense is soft, gloss is soft, and elasticity is good, and it is good to substantially increase fabric performance, and simple production process, and production efficiency is high, It is at low cost.
The technical solution adopted by the present invention to solve the technical problems is:
A kind of production method of weft knitting suede nap, it includes the following steps:
Step(1):The sea island filament of 20~26% T400 high stretch yarns and 74~80% is carried out knitting device and causes to knit by weaving There is good elasticity and sea island filament combination to be weaved for object, high stretch yarn, and the fabric of formation not only has high spreadability, feel Softness, gloss are soft, and elasticity is good;
Step(2):Washing, fabric is put into 50~55 DEG C of water and is washed, good to the water washing effect of fabric;
Step(3):Fibrillation puts into fabric in the solution containing caustic soda and M-1100 fibrillation agent, bath raio 1:15~20, Temperature is 90~92 DEG C, and fibrillation effect is good, and component damage in island is few, is conducive to follow-up dyeing process;
Step(4):It singes, fabric is run through into flame, burning-off fabric surface fine hair, the flame temperature singed is 900 ~1000 DEG C, high speed is by flame under certain tensioning state for fabric, since the fine hair for stretching out surface is big with respect to heating surface area, Instantaneously it is warming up to ignition point and burns, and yarn and fabric body are close because picking up back and interweaving, heating rate is not so rapid, So being little affected by influence, the fabric after singing is conducive to textile dyeing;
Step(5):Dyeing puts into fabric and dyestuff in overflow dyeing machine, bath raio 1:10~12;
Step(6):Drying, the fabric after dyeing is dried, and drying temperature is 150~170 DEG C;
Step(7):Sanding is ground the fento in fabric yarn to form the nap effect on surface, both using roughing-up machine Retain primary characteristic assigns fabric new style again, increases warmth retention property and flexibility, and thick soft, texture is plentiful, has not The characteristic to fade, color sustain its quality through age;
Step(8):Fabric after sanding is carried out drying and shaping by drying and shaping, and temperature is 220~240 DEG C, drying and shaping Effect is good.
Further, step(1)In, the sea island filament is 90dtex/36F sea island filaments, and soft, durability is good.
Further, step(3)In, a concentration of 2~6g/L of the caustic soda is conducive to the thorough fibrillation of sea island filament.
Further, step(5)In, the dyestuff includes that coloring agent, hydrogen peroxide, refining agent, chelating agent, basic dyeing help Agent, dyefastness is high, improves the quality of fabric.
Further, step(7)In, the roughing-up machine uses rubber roller, carbon roller or ceramic roller by fabric yarn Fento in line, which is ground, to be come, and sanding effect is good, improves the effect of fabric.
Compared to the prior art the present invention, has the following advantages and effect:By 20~26% T400 high stretch yarns and 74~ 80% sea island filament carries out knitting device and causes fabric, high stretch yarn that there is good elasticity and sea island filament combination to be weaved, formed Fabric not only have high spreadability, soft, gloss is soft, and elasticity it is good.Fabric input is contained into caustic soda and M- In the solution of 1100 fibrillation agent, bath raio 1:15~20, temperature is 90~92 DEG C, and fibrillation effect is good, and component damage in island is few, favorably In follow-up dyeing process.Sea island filament is 90dtex/36F sea island filaments, and soft, durability is good.A concentration of 2~6g/ of caustic soda L is conducive to the thorough fibrillation of sea island filament.Roughing-up machine will be in fabric yarn using rubber roller, carbon roller or ceramic roller Fento, which is ground, to be come, and sanding effect is good, improves the effect of fabric.Product produced by the invention not only has high spreadability, feel It is soft, gloss is soft, and elasticity is good, and it is good to substantially increase fabric performance, and simple production process, and production efficiency is high, at This is low.
Specific implementation mode
Below by embodiment, the present invention is described in further detail, following embodiment be explanation of the invention and The invention is not limited in following embodiments.
Embodiment one:
A kind of production method of weft knitting suede nap, it includes the following steps:
Step(1):The sea island filament of 20% T400 high stretch yarns and 80% is carried out knitting device and causes fabric, sea island filament by weaving For 90dtex/36F sea island filaments;
Step(2):Washing, fabric is put into 50 DEG C of water and is washed;
Step(3):Fibrillation puts into fabric in the solution containing caustic soda and M-1100 fibrillation agent, bath raio 1:15, temperature It is 90 DEG C, a concentration of 2g/L of caustic soda;
Step(4):It singes, fabric is run through into flame, burning-off fabric surface fine hair, the flame temperature singed is 900 ℃;
Step(5):Dyeing puts into fabric and dyestuff in overflow dyeing machine, bath raio 1:10, dyestuff includes coloring agent, dioxygen Water, refining agent, chelating agent, alkali dyeing assistant;
Step(6):Drying, the fabric after dyeing is dried, and drying temperature is 150 DEG C;
Step(7):Sanding is ground the fento in fabric yarn to form the nap effect on surface, grind using roughing-up machine Hair machine using rubber roller, carbon roller or ceramic roller by the fento in fabric yarn grind come;
Step(8):Fabric after sanding is carried out drying and shaping by drying and shaping, and temperature is 220 DEG C.
Embodiment two:
A kind of production method of weft knitting suede nap, it includes the following steps:
Step(1):The sea island filament of 26% T400 high stretch yarns and 74% is carried out knitting device and causes fabric, sea island filament by weaving For 90dtex/36F sea island filaments;
Step(2):Washing, fabric is put into 55 DEG C of water and is washed;
Step(3):Fibrillation puts into fabric in the solution containing caustic soda and M-1100 fibrillation agent, bath raio 1:20, temperature It is 92 DEG C, a concentration of 6g/L of caustic soda;
Step(4):It singes, fabric is run through into flame, burning-off fabric surface fine hair, the flame temperature singed is 1000 ℃;
Step(5):Dyeing puts into fabric and dyestuff in overflow dyeing machine, bath raio 1:12, dyestuff includes coloring agent, dioxygen Water, refining agent, chelating agent, alkali dyeing assistant;
Step(6):Drying, the fabric after dyeing is dried, and drying temperature is 170 DEG C;
Step(7):Sanding is ground the fento in fabric yarn to form the nap effect on surface, grind using roughing-up machine Hair machine using rubber roller, carbon roller or ceramic roller by the fento in fabric yarn grind come;
Step(8):Fabric after sanding is carried out drying and shaping by drying and shaping, and temperature is 240 DEG C.
Embodiment three:
A kind of production method of weft knitting suede nap, it includes the following steps:
Step(1):The sea island filament of 24% T400 high stretch yarns and 76% is carried out knitting device and causes fabric, sea island filament by weaving For 90dtex/36F sea island filaments;
Step(2):Washing, fabric is put into 52 DEG C of water and is washed;
Step(3):Fibrillation puts into fabric in the solution containing caustic soda and M-1100 fibrillation agent, bath raio 1:18, temperature It is 92 DEG C, a concentration of 4.2g/L of caustic soda;
Step(4):It singes, fabric is run through into flame, burning-off fabric surface fine hair, the flame temperature singed is 920 ℃;
Step(5):Dyeing puts into fabric and dyestuff in overflow dyeing machine, bath raio 1:11, dyestuff includes coloring agent, dioxygen Water, refining agent, chelating agent, alkali dyeing assistant;
Step(6):Drying, the fabric after dyeing is dried, and drying temperature is 160 DEG C;
Step(7):Sanding is ground the fento in fabric yarn to form the nap effect on surface, grind using roughing-up machine Hair machine using rubber roller, carbon roller or ceramic roller by the fento in fabric yarn grind come;
Step(8):Fabric after sanding is carried out drying and shaping by drying and shaping, and temperature is 230 DEG C.
Described in this specification above content is only illustrations made for the present invention.Technology belonging to the present invention The technical staff in field can make various modifications or additions to the described embodiments or by a similar method It substitutes, content without departing from description of the invention or beyond the scope defined by this claim should all belong to this The protection domain of invention.

Claims (1)

1. a kind of production method of weft knitting suede nap, it is characterised in that:It includes the following steps:
Step(1):The sea island filament of 20~26% T400 high stretch yarns and 74~80% is carried out knitting device and causes fabric by weaving, institute It is 90dtex/36F sea island filaments to state sea island filament;
Step(2):Washing, fabric is put into 50~55 DEG C of water and is washed;
Step(3):Fibrillation, by fabric put into the solution containing caustic soda and M-1100 fibrillation agent in, the caustic soda a concentration of 2~ 6g/L, bath raio 1:15~20, temperature is 90~92 DEG C;
Step(4):It singes, fabric is run through into flame, burning-off fabric surface fine hair, the flame temperature singed is 900~ 1000℃;
Step(5):Dyeing puts into fabric and dyestuff in overflow dyeing machine, bath raio 1:10~12, the dyestuff include coloring agent, Hydrogen peroxide, refining agent, chelating agent, alkali dyeing assistant;
Step(6):Drying, the fabric after dyeing is dried, and drying temperature is 150~170 DEG C;
Step(7):Sanding is ground the fento in fabric yarn to form the nap effect on surface using roughing-up machine;
Step(8):Fabric after sanding is carried out drying and shaping by drying and shaping, and temperature is 220~240 DEG C, and the roughing-up machine is adopted With rubber roller, carbon roller or ceramic roller by the fento in fabric yarn grind come.
CN201610945214.5A 2016-10-24 2016-10-24 A kind of production method of weft knitting suede nap CN106567182B (en)

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Families Citing this family (7)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107034693A (en) * 2017-05-02 2017-08-11 河北益康功能材料有限公司 A kind of sea island filament non-woven fabrics web-like colouring method
CN110656424B (en) * 2017-11-13 2020-12-22 浙江桐星纺织科技发展股份有限公司 Production method of improved high-color-fastness suede fabric
CN108166142B (en) * 2017-11-13 2019-07-23 海宁路宝经编有限公司 A kind of processing technology of anti pilling chamois flannel face fabric
CN108754802A (en) * 2018-06-08 2018-11-06 江苏聚杰微纤科技集团股份有限公司 The weaving method of the warming chamois flannel face fabric of water-absorbing fast-drying
CN108754801A (en) * 2018-06-08 2018-11-06 江苏聚杰微纤科技集团股份有限公司 A kind of production method of warming air layer chamois flannel face fabric
CN108754803A (en) * 2018-06-11 2018-11-06 江苏聚杰微纤科技集团股份有限公司 The production method of the weft-knitted chamois flannel face fabric of double-colored vertical bar appearance
CN108950961A (en) * 2018-07-20 2018-12-07 互太(番禺)纺织印染有限公司 A kind of production technology of brocade spandex fabric

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CN204661968U (en) * 2015-04-30 2015-09-23 江苏振阳集团有限公司 A kind of cleaning function weft knitting suede nap fabric
CN105178002A (en) * 2015-11-02 2015-12-23 宣海成 Method for preparing suedette elastic fabric
CN105239258A (en) * 2015-11-13 2016-01-13 江苏聚杰微纤纺织科技集团有限公司 Weft knitting air layer double-face faux suede fabric and production method thereof

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101381922A (en) * 2008-10-17 2009-03-11 嘉兴富胜达染整有限公司 Method for producing bidirectional elastic flock suede fabric
CN103437047A (en) * 2013-08-13 2013-12-11 浙江港龙织造科技有限公司 Preparation method of weft jacquard knitted suede fabric
CN103966745A (en) * 2014-05-07 2014-08-06 无锡红豆居家服饰有限公司 Hodo fleece fabric and production method thereof
CN204661968U (en) * 2015-04-30 2015-09-23 江苏振阳集团有限公司 A kind of cleaning function weft knitting suede nap fabric
CN105178002A (en) * 2015-11-02 2015-12-23 宣海成 Method for preparing suedette elastic fabric
CN105239258A (en) * 2015-11-13 2016-01-13 江苏聚杰微纤纺织科技集团有限公司 Weft knitting air layer double-face faux suede fabric and production method thereof

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