CN106567088A - Environmentally friendly industrial heavy oil cleaning agent - Google Patents

Environmentally friendly industrial heavy oil cleaning agent Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106567088A
CN106567088A CN201610844382.5A CN201610844382A CN106567088A CN 106567088 A CN106567088 A CN 106567088A CN 201610844382 A CN201610844382 A CN 201610844382A CN 106567088 A CN106567088 A CN 106567088A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
isomery
greasy dirt
carbon alcohol
low
alcohol apeo
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201610844382.5A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
孙明
李朝圣
章本天
叶飞
余林
蓝邦
郝志峰
李稳新
李永峰
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Guangdong University of Technology
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Guangdong University of Technology
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Guangdong University of Technology filed Critical Guangdong University of Technology
Priority to CN201610844382.5A priority Critical patent/CN106567088A/en
Publication of CN106567088A publication Critical patent/CN106567088A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C23COATING METALLIC MATERIAL; COATING MATERIAL WITH METALLIC MATERIAL; CHEMICAL SURFACE TREATMENT; DIFFUSION TREATMENT OF METALLIC MATERIAL; COATING BY VACUUM EVAPORATION, BY SPUTTERING, BY ION IMPLANTATION OR BY CHEMICAL VAPOUR DEPOSITION, IN GENERAL; INHIBITING CORROSION OF METALLIC MATERIAL OR INCRUSTATION IN GENERAL
    • C23GCLEANING OR DEGREASING OF METALLIC MATERIAL BY CHEMICAL METHODS OTHER THAN ELECTROLYSIS
    • C23G1/00Cleaning or pickling metallic material with solutions or molten salts
    • C23G1/14Cleaning or pickling metallic material with solutions or molten salts with alkaline solutions
    • C23G1/16Cleaning or pickling metallic material with solutions or molten salts with alkaline solutions using inhibitors
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C23COATING METALLIC MATERIAL; COATING MATERIAL WITH METALLIC MATERIAL; CHEMICAL SURFACE TREATMENT; DIFFUSION TREATMENT OF METALLIC MATERIAL; COATING BY VACUUM EVAPORATION, BY SPUTTERING, BY ION IMPLANTATION OR BY CHEMICAL VAPOUR DEPOSITION, IN GENERAL; INHIBITING CORROSION OF METALLIC MATERIAL OR INCRUSTATION IN GENERAL
    • C23GCLEANING OR DEGREASING OF METALLIC MATERIAL BY CHEMICAL METHODS OTHER THAN ELECTROLYSIS
    • C23G1/00Cleaning or pickling metallic material with solutions or molten salts
    • C23G1/14Cleaning or pickling metallic material with solutions or molten salts with alkaline solutions
    • C23G1/19Iron or steel

Abstract

The invention discloses an environmentally friendly industrial heavy oil cleaning agent. The environmentally friendly industrial heavy oil cleaning agent mainly comprises the following raw materials of 20-35% of sodium carbonate, 5-10% of sodium hydroxide, 5-10% of sodium silicate, 0.2-1% of sodium gluconate, 0.2-0.5% of benzotriazole, 15-35% of a composite surface active agent and the balance water. The composite surface active agent is at least one of alcohol alkoxylate, LMEO-18 and a low-foam type emulgator. The heavy oil cleaning agent is excellent in cleaning effect, capable of cleaning up heavy oil on various surfaces of machining equipment, machine tools, steel materials and the like, low in use amount and high in oil removal efficiency, and the cleaning rate for oil stains is up to 99% or above.

Description

A kind of industrial heavy oil cleaning agent of environmental protection
Technical field
The invention belongs to mechanical cleaning field, and in particular to a kind of industrial heavy greasy dirt detergent of environmental protection.
Background technology
In fields such as machinings, it is very universal to there is greasy dirt phenomenon in metal surface, is generally even made using organic solvent Metal surface greasy dirt is cleaned with gasoline.During cleaning, organic solvent can give people body health care belt to threaten;Clean simultaneously and produce Raw waste liquid and waste gas also brings along serious environmental pollution.At present, the cleaning of heavy oil is realized, is lived frequently with single surface Property agent, but its consumption is big, high cost, and the greasy dirt special to some, and single surfactant cannot realize the work(for cleaning Energy.In addition, also having using surfactant compound prescription as rinse product, such as sodium n-alkylbenzenesulfonate (LAS) and alkane Base phenol polyethenoxy ether (TX) etc. (Chinese patent 201410514429.2,20081148043.9,201410665872.x), leads to Frequently with the compound prescription based on APES and AEO, but the two surfactants are non- Often not environmentally, especially induced by alkyl hydroxybenzene is limited the use of by European Union's disabling or the country.And above-mentioned surfactant is in nature In be difficult to degrade, to human body and biological produce certain harmfulness.Therefore, a kind of cleaning performance is developed excellent and to human body and ring The friendly industrial heavy greasy dirt detergent in border, it has also become this area technical problem urgently to be resolved hurrily.
The content of the invention
In order to overcome the deficiencies in the prior art and shortcoming, it is an object of the invention to provide a kind of industrial heavy oil of environmental protection Dirty cleaning agent.The surfactant for using is compound environmental protection surfactant, can be with complete biodegradable.The present invention's Heavy oil dirt performance is good, clearance rate is high, the time is fast with removing for weight greasy dirt detergent, and residual is low, can effectively improve production efficiency.
The purpose of the present invention is achieved through the following technical solutions:
A kind of industrial heavy greasy dirt detergent of environmental protection, calculates by mass percentage, including following raw material composition:Sodium carbonate 20~35%, NaOH 5~10%, sodium metasilicate 5~10%, sodium gluconate 0.2~1%, BTA 0.2~ 0.5%th, complexed surfactant 15~35% and water surplus;The complexed surfactant is isomeric alcohol polyethenoxy ether, length It is more than at least one of alveolitoid emulsifying agent of chain carboxylic acid's ester polyoxyethylene -18 or low.
Preferably, the cleaning agent is calculated by mass percentage, including following raw material composition:Sodium carbonate 25~30%, hydrogen Sodium oxide molybdena 6~8%, sodium metasilicate 6~8%, sodium gluconate 0.5~0.9%, BTA 0.3~0.5%, composite surface Activating agent 20~30% and water surplus.
It is further preferable that the cleaning agent is calculated by mass percentage, including following raw material composition:Sodium carbonate 30%, hydrogen Sodium oxide molybdena 5%, sodium metasilicate 8%, sodium gluconate 0.5%, BTA 0.3%, complexed surfactant 20% and water 36.2%.
Preferably, the isomeric alcohol polyethenoxy ether is the carbon alcohol APEO of isomery ten or the carbon alcohol polyoxy second of isomery 13 Alkene ether.
Preferably, the low alveolitoid emulsifying agent is the low infusion FT1379 of Lao Ruitan.
Preferably, the water is deionized water.
Preferably, the complexed surfactant is the carbon alcohol APEO of isomery ten, the carbon alcohol polyoxyethylene of isomery 13 Mass ratio during the low infusion FT1379 of ether, higher fatty ester polyoxyethylene -18 and Lao Ruitan is 1:1:(1~2.5):1.
Preferably, the complexed surfactant is higher fatty ester polyoxyethylene -18, the carbon alcohol APEO of isomery ten With the carbon alcohol APEO of isomery 13, the low infusion FT1379 of higher fatty ester polyoxyethylene -18, Lao Ruitan and the carbon alcohol of isomery ten APEO, during 13 carbon alcohol APEO of the low infusion FT1379 of higher fatty ester polyoxyethylene -18, Lao Ruitan and isomery Mass ratio be (1~2.5):1:1;
Preferably, the complexed surfactant is the carbon alcohol APEO of isomery ten, the carbon alcohol polyoxyethylene of isomery 13 Mass ratio when ether and the low infusion FT1379 of Lao Ruitan is 1:1:(1~2.5).
Preferably, the complexed surfactant is isomeric alcohol polyethenoxy ether:Higher fatty ester polyoxyethylene -18, or Isomeric alcohol polyethenoxy ether:Mass ratio during low alveolitoid emulsifying agent is 1:(1~2.5);
Preferably, the complexed surfactant is the carbon alcohol APEO of isomery ten and the carbon alcohol polyoxyethylene of isomery 13 Mass ratio during ether is 1:1.
In addition, application of the above-mentioned heavy oil cleaning agent in the heavy oil dirt of surface cleaning machinery, lathe and steel surface Also it is within the scope of the present invention.
The environmentally friendly industrial heavy greasy dirt detergent of present invention synthesis, using corrosion inhibiter, chelating agent, coagent, compound Surfactant and water are raw material.Wherein, compound environmental protection surfactant, mainly nonionic surfactant, can With complete biodegradable, with removing, heavy oil dirt performance is good, clearance rate is high, the time is fast, and residual is low, can effectively improve production effect Rate.
Specifically, each chemical substance is summarized as follows with effect in cleaning agent:
BTA and sodium metasilicate are particularly suited for preventing metal further rotten during cleaning metal surface as corrosion inhibiter Erosion, plays a part of protection and is cleaned metal;Sodium gluconate as stabilizer and chelating agent, for removing running water in Calcium, magnesium ion, to ensure cleaning performance;, used as coagent, auxiliary goes to degrease for sodium carbonate and NaOH.
In above-mentioned heavy greasy dirt detergent, the carbon alcohol APEO of isomery ten and the carbon alcohol APEO of isomery 13 are green The nonionic surfactant of color, with remarkable emulsifying capacity, excellent wetting and penetrating power are the ideals of alkyl phenol ether Substitute, with excellent biodegradability.Higher fatty ester polyoxyethylene -18, abbreviation LMEO-18 is 18 carbon fatty acids Ester, outward appearance is light yellow viscous liquid, and ester group molecular structure is similar with grease and wax structure, is a kind of new non-ionic table Face activating agent, according to the similar principle that mixes, to grease, mineral oil and paraffin wax have stronger dissolving and removal ability;Have More reasonably double bond structure, has preferably dispersion to lipid and removes power;High temperature and cryogenic conditions have same excellent phase Dissolubility, grease solubilising, dispersiveness, wetability, with excellent biological degradability.The low infusion FT1379 of Lao Ruitan are low bubble breast Agent, has preferably emulsifying capacity under acid-base condition, and compounding capacity is strong.
The percentage range of above-mentioned these components and its each component, is determined by lot of experiments.Wherein, using compound The effect of surfactant is better than one-component surfactant.Surfactant compound technology can give full play to different surfaces The effect of activating agent, is allowed to produce cooperative effect, plays the effect of 1+1 > 2, therefore greasy dirt cleaning performance is more preferably.
Compared with prior art, the invention has the advantages that:
1. surfactant compound technology is present invention employs, the synergy of complexed surfactant has been given full play to, There is more excellent detergency ability than the green surfactant of one-component, removal heavy oil dirt performance is good, and oil removal efficiency is high, right The clearance rate of greasy dirt reaches as high as more than 99%, and the time is short, and the metal product after cleaning is difficult to get rusty.
2. relative to other conventional clean agent under the conditions of same treatment, not only consumption is few for the heavy oil cleaning agent of the present invention, And can be reused many times and keep its deoiling effect constant.Surfactant used is green surfactant, Without sodium n-alkylbenzenesulfonate (LAS), APES and sodium tripolyphosphate etc. have potential hazard to environment Material, biodegradability is good, environmentally friendly.
Specific embodiment
Present disclosure is further illustrated with reference to specific embodiment, but be should not be construed as limiting the invention.
The preparation method of the industrial heavy greasy dirt detergent of environmental protection of the invention, comprises the steps:
S1. sodium carbonate, NaOH, sodium metasilicate, sodium gluconate and BTA are mixed in proportion, addition go from In sub- water, dissolving is stirred at room temperature, obtains mixed solution A;
S2. surfactant is added in mixed solution A, is stirred, that is, obtain heavy oil dirt cleaning agent.Embodiment 1
A kind of industrial heavy greasy dirt detergent of environmental protection, calculates by mass percentage, and its raw material composition and content are as follows:
Remarks explanation:11%+24% represents the quality point of the carbon alcohol APEO of isomery ten and LMEO-18 in above-mentioned formula Number is respectively 11% and 24%, and following examples are similar with reference to this.
Embodiment 2
A kind of industrial heavy greasy dirt detergent of environmental protection, calculates by mass percentage, and its raw material composition and content are as follows:
Embodiment 3
A kind of industrial heavy greasy dirt detergent of environmental protection, calculates by mass percentage, and its raw material composition and content are as follows:
Embodiment 4
A kind of industrial heavy greasy dirt detergent of environmental protection, calculates by mass percentage, and its raw material composition and content are as follows:
Embodiment 5
A kind of industrial heavy greasy dirt detergent of environmental protection, calculates by mass percentage, and its raw material composition and content are as follows:
Embodiment 6
A kind of industrial heavy greasy dirt detergent of environmental protection, calculates by mass percentage, and its raw material composition and content are as follows:
Embodiment 7
A kind of industrial heavy greasy dirt detergent of environmental protection, calculates by mass percentage, and its raw material composition and content are as follows:
Comparative example 8
A kind of industrial heavy greasy dirt detergent of environmental protection, calculates by mass percentage, and its raw material composition and content are as follows:
Comparative example 9
A kind of industrial heavy greasy dirt detergent of environmental protection, calculates by mass percentage, and its raw material composition and content are as follows:
Comparative example 10
A kind of industrial heavy greasy dirt detergent of environmental protection, calculates by mass percentage, and its raw material composition and content are as follows:
Comparative example 11
This comparative example provides the traditional greasy dirt based on APES and AEO and cleans Agent prescription:
Comparative example 12
Comparative example of the present invention is provided based on the cleaning agent formula of APES:
Comparative example 13
Comparative example of the present invention is provided based on the cleaning agent formula of AEO:
Effect example 14
Normative reference《JB/T 4323.1-1999 water base metal cleaning agents》Performance test is carried out to this patent formulation product, It is as shown in the table:
The capabilities list of embodiment 1-7 of table 1
Embodiment 1 Embodiment 2 Embodiment 3 Embodiment 4 Embodiment 5 Embodiment 6 Embodiment 7
Oil removal rate % 97 95 97 96 97 97 99
Rust-preventing characteristic Non-corroding Non-corroding Non-corroding Non-corroding Non-corroding Non-corroding Non-corroding
Hard water stability Without precipitate Without precipitate Without precipitate Without precipitate Without precipitate Without precipitate Without precipitate
The capabilities list of comparative example 8-13 of table 2
Comparative example 8 Comparative example 9 Comparative example 10 Comparative example 11 Comparative example 12 Comparative example 13
Oil removal rate % 82 82 84 81% 45-50% 35-45%
Rust-preventing characteristic Non-corroding Non-corroding Non-corroding Slight erosion Slight erosion Slight erosion
Hard water stability Without precipitate Without precipitate Without precipitate Thing floccule Thing floccule Thing floccule
Knowable to the performance test effect of table 1-2, in embodiment 1-7, compound green surfactant is employed, gone Oil cut rate has reached more than 95%.Wherein, the effect of embodiment 7 is optimum, employs the low carbon alcohol of bubble FT1379+ isomeries ten of Lao Ruitan and gathers The complexed surfactant of the carbon alcohol APEO+LMEO-18 of oxygen vinethene+isomery 13, goes oil cut rate to reach 99%.Analysis The data of comparative example 8-10 understand that the deoiling effect when surfactant in inventive formulation is used alone compares each component Effect during compounding is poor.Comparative example 11 is traditional heavy oil cleaning agent formula, and its deoiling effect is imitated less than patent formulation of the present invention Really, and the conventional formulation used to environment exist harm component (APES, biological degradability is poor, ring Environment hormone).In sum, the present invention has than the oil removing performance of traditional formulation product and increases substantially.Due to using multiple With technology so that compound product is more excellent than the performance of single surfactant product, has given full play to 1+1>2 work With.Meanwhile, the active component of the present invention is all the biodegradable surfactant of environmental protection, environmentally friendly.
Above-described embodiment is the present invention preferably embodiment, but embodiments of the present invention not by above-described embodiment Limit, other any Spirit Essences without departing from the present invention and the change, modification, replacement made under principle, combine and simplification, Equivalent substitute mode is should be, is included within protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of industrial heavy greasy dirt detergent of environmental protection, calculates by mass percentage, including following raw material composition:Sodium carbonate 20 ~35%, NaOH 5~10%, sodium metasilicate 5~10%, sodium gluconate 0.2~1%, BTA 0.2~0.5%, compound Surfactant 15~35% and water surplus;The complexed surfactant is isomeric alcohol polyethenoxy ether, higher fatty ester polyoxy It is more than at least one of ethene -18 or low alveolitoid emulsifying agent.
2. heavy greasy dirt detergent according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the cleaning agent is calculated by mass percentage, Including following raw material composition:Sodium carbonate 25~30%, NaOH 6~8%, sodium metasilicate 6~8%, sodium gluconate 0.5~0.9%, BTA 0.3~0.5%, complexed surfactant 20~30% and water surplus.
3. heavy greasy dirt detergent according to claim 1 and 2, it is characterised in that the cleaning agent is by mass percentage Calculate, including following raw material composition:Sodium carbonate 30%, NaOH 5%, sodium metasilicate 8%, sodium gluconate 0.5%, BTA 0.3%th, complexed surfactant 20% and water 36.2%.
4. heavy greasy dirt detergent according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the isomeric alcohol polyethenoxy ether is isomery ten Carbon alcohol APEO or the carbon alcohol APEO of isomery 13.
5. heavy greasy dirt detergent according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the low alveolitoid emulsifying agent is the low bubbles of Lao Ruitan Agent FT1379.
6. heavy greasy dirt detergent according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the water is deionized water.
7. heavy greasy dirt detergent according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the complexed surfactant is the carbon of isomery ten Alcohol APEO, the carbon alcohol APEO of isomery 13, higher fatty ester polyoxyethylene -18 and the low infusion FT1379 of Lao Ruitan When mass ratio be 1:1:(1~2.5):1.
8. heavy greasy dirt detergent according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the complexed surfactant is long-chain carboxylic acid Ester polyoxyethylene -18, the carbon alcohol APEO of isomery ten and the carbon alcohol APEO of isomery 13, higher fatty ester polyoxy second The low infusion FT1379 of alkene -18, Lao Ruitan and the carbon alcohol APEO of isomery ten, higher fatty ester polyoxyethylene -18, Lao Ruitan is low Mass ratio during 13 carbon alcohol APEO of infusion FT1379 and isomery is (1~2.5):1:1;The complexed surfactant Mass ratio during infusion FT1379 low for the carbon alcohol APEO of isomery ten, the carbon alcohol APEO of isomery 13 and Lao Ruitan is 1:1:(1~2.5).
9. heavy greasy dirt detergent according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the complexed surfactant is poly- for isomery alcohol Oxygen vinethene:Higher fatty ester polyoxyethylene -18, or isomeric alcohol polyethenoxy ether:Mass ratio during low alveolitoid emulsifying agent is 1: (1~2.5);When the complexed surfactant is 13 carbon alcohol APEO of the carbon alcohol APEO of isomery ten and isomery Mass ratio is 1:1.
10. the heavy oil cleaning agent described in any one of claim 1-9 is dirty in surface cleaning machinery, lathe and steel surface heavy oil In application.
CN201610844382.5A 2016-09-22 2016-09-22 Environmentally friendly industrial heavy oil cleaning agent Pending CN106567088A (en)

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Cited By (5)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107723117A (en) * 2017-09-20 2018-02-23 深圳市唯特偶新材料股份有限公司 A kind of high-speed railway maintenance aqueous cleaning agent
CN107779281A (en) * 2017-09-20 2018-03-09 深圳市唯特偶新材料股份有限公司 A kind of wind power equipment outer surface stain cleaning agent and preparation and application
CN108286052A (en) * 2018-03-26 2018-07-17 中轻日化科技有限公司 A kind of biodegradation aqua type metal cleaner and the preparation method and application thereof
CN110670079A (en) * 2019-10-25 2020-01-10 广州市骏辉环保科技有限公司 Environment-friendly metal surface degreasing agent and preparation method thereof
CN111218691A (en) * 2018-11-26 2020-06-02 中国石油天然气股份有限公司 Cleaning agent for scrapped oil pipelines and preparation method thereof

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CN107723117A (en) * 2017-09-20 2018-02-23 深圳市唯特偶新材料股份有限公司 A kind of high-speed railway maintenance aqueous cleaning agent
CN107779281A (en) * 2017-09-20 2018-03-09 深圳市唯特偶新材料股份有限公司 A kind of wind power equipment outer surface stain cleaning agent and preparation and application
CN108286052A (en) * 2018-03-26 2018-07-17 中轻日化科技有限公司 A kind of biodegradation aqua type metal cleaner and the preparation method and application thereof
CN108286052B (en) * 2018-03-26 2019-11-08 中轻日化科技有限公司 A kind of biodegrade aqua type metal cleaner and the preparation method and application thereof
CN111218691A (en) * 2018-11-26 2020-06-02 中国石油天然气股份有限公司 Cleaning agent for scrapped oil pipelines and preparation method thereof
CN110670079A (en) * 2019-10-25 2020-01-10 广州市骏辉环保科技有限公司 Environment-friendly metal surface degreasing agent and preparation method thereof

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