CN106563928B - Processing and preparation method for multi items V-type positioning axle housing cleaning consignment trolley - Google Patents

Processing and preparation method for multi items V-type positioning axle housing cleaning consignment trolley Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106563928B
CN106563928B CN201611006051.0A CN201611006051A CN106563928B CN 106563928 B CN106563928 B CN 106563928B CN 201611006051 A CN201611006051 A CN 201611006051A CN 106563928 B CN106563928 B CN 106563928B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
processing
positioning
axle housing
interchangeable
component
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CN201611006051.0A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN106563928A (en
Inventor
段华荣
朱永生
尹德秀
于丽娜
高鸣
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第一拖拉机股份有限公司
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Priority to CN201611006051.0A priority Critical patent/CN106563928B/en
Publication of CN106563928A publication Critical patent/CN106563928A/en
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Publication of CN106563928B publication Critical patent/CN106563928B/en

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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23PMETAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; COMBINED OPERATIONS; UNIVERSAL MACHINE TOOLS
    • B23P15/00Making specific metal objects by operations not covered by a single other subclass or a group in this subclass
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60BVEHICLE WHEELS; CASTORS; AXLES FOR WHEELS OR CASTORS; INCREASING WHEEL ADHESION
    • B60B35/00Axle units; Parts thereof ; Arrangements for lubrication of axles
    • B60B35/12Torque-transmitting axles
    • B60B35/16Axle housings

Abstract

A kind of processing and preparation method for multi items V-type positioning axle housing cleaning consignment trolley, belongs to mechanical manufacturing field.Processing and preparation method of the present invention, while a kind of cleaning consignment trolley technical solution for being used for multi items " V-type positioning " axle housing part is is studied by system, a kind of same period research for matching implemented, it not only can ensure that multi items V-type positioning axle housing part is used on cleaning consignment trolley, widen application range, and related positioning and limit assembly processing are prepared in kind transformation, it is feasible, reliable, and conveniently, accurately, and can avoid " toll breakdown and weld again " phenomenon when transformation and occur, needed for quick transformation when meeting actual production.The invention, method is clear, simple and practical, is easy to prepare, and has propagable application value.

Description

Processing and preparation method for multi items V-type positioning axle housing cleaning consignment trolley
Technical field
The invention belongs to mechanical manufacturing fields, are related to a kind of cleaning consignment trolley used on step-by-step movement pipeline, especially It is related to a kind of processing and preparation method for multi items " V-type positioning " axle housing cleaning consignment trolley.
The multi items mean what " V-type positioning " axle housing part was formed due to being related to " positioning, limit " size and changing Variety classes axle housing part kind;" the V-type positioning " means such part system using the positioning method of " both ends V-type ";It is described Processing and preparation method means that such part need to convert kind when positioning on its " cleaning consignment trolley " and limit is placed, involved And the positioning arrived and limit assembly, how to implement the method that its processing is prepared.
Background technique
" steeraxle is driven before tractor " axle housing part generallys use foundry engieering molding, and belongs to unidirectional(It is axial)Ruler It is very little compared with long material.It is well known, in its forming process, a large amount of castings can be stained on axle housing part inside and outside wall especially internal chamber wall The impurity such as molding sand, powder, though it is rear through forced liquidations such as ball blasts, but still have some remain on its internal chamber wall;In addition, at it During machine adds, also easily the impurity such as some iron filings, powder are brought among the inner cavity of axle housing part;Furthermore in its transporting procedures In, some external fines objects such as industrial dust also easily enter among the inner cavity of axle housing part.
Before " driving steeraxle before tractor " component assembling, it usually needs carry out the cleaning of surfaces externally and internally to axle housing part Processing.If insufficient cleaning, especially axle housing inner cavity cleaning low quality cannot be by molding sand therein, iron filings, powder, dust Equal impurity cleaning treatment is clean, and intrusion kinematic pair, abrasion fortune are easy in these operational process of remaining impurity after mounting Row part, the i.e. important movement such as main deceleration assembly, end deceleration assembly, steering system assembly of the installation of reduction axle housing inner cavity of component The work quality and service life of component when serious, premature failure after will cause tractor use or lead to safe mass thing Therefore particularly with the manufacturing industry of the Agricultural Machinery Equipments such as the high-end tractor risen in recent years for, it is even more so.
For this purpose, further to promote the cleaning quality that " driving steeraxle before tractor " axle housing part includes its inner cavity, this Applicant once studies and apply and some related patents that have been authorized early period, such as:A kind of electronic probe for axle housing inner cavity is clear Cleaning device(Patent No. ZL201520222313.1), a kind of electronic double shift fork stepping type conveying devices for Automatic Conveying line (Patent No. ZL20152069947 3.5), a kind of " V-type positioning " axle housing cleaning consignment trolley(Application number 201621170289.2) Etc. be related to axle housing cleaning patented technology.
Explanation:Above-mentioned " one kind " V-type positioning " axle housing cleans consignment trolley " axle housing part described in patented technology, as Fig. 1, Shown in Fig. 2, Fig. 3.The axle housing part that " steeraxle driven before tractor " as shown in the figure, is use " both ends V-type " positioning method, referred to as " V-type axle housing 1 ", that is, using the positioning outer circle 1d for being located at the both ends V-type axle housing center line α shown in Fig. 1(Position outer circle ∮ d)By its bridge Shell part " positioning " is placed on cleaning consignment trolley;In addition, also using the bridge casing lute face 1a below V-type axle housing center line α Placement is limited, prevents from causing that several installation screws 1b cleaned opening is needed to be difficult to court due to a lack of " limit " when its placement Under phenomenon occur.Wherein, involved " positioning, locating dimension " has:Two positioning outer circle side interplanar distance L1, positioning outer circle The most wide spacing L2 of ∮ d, mounting hole, axle housing center line to Chinese lute interplanar distance H, totally four sizes;Explanation:In the inventive technique scheme In, spacing H size system is related to the limit assembly size determination after the positioning of V-type axle housing 1 is placed and is used.
Lasting explanation:Cleaning delivery described in above-mentioned " one kind " V-type positioning " axle housing cleaning consignment trolley " patented technology Trolley, as shown in Figures 4 to 6.The trolley includes:Vehicle body component 2, left end V-type positioning component 3, plane limit assembly 4, right end V Type positioning component 5, flat wheel assembly 6, V wheel assembly 7, band waterproof seat bearing assembly 8;Wherein, left end V-type positioning component 3, plane limit Between hyte part 4, right end V-type positioning component 5 and vehicle body component 2, the mode for being all made of welding is connected firmly.The trolley can not only carry Axle housing part(V-type axle housing 1)And to can satisfy trolley brisk flat on above-mentioned " electronic double shift fork stepping type conveying devices " The steady and non-step-by-step movement delivery requirements lifted, but also convenient for the axle housing part on trolley(V-type axle housing 1)Surfaces externally and internally cleaning, Including solving the problems, such as accurate positionin and limit placement and meeting above-mentioned " electronic probe cleaning device " insertion axle housing inner cavity cleaning And the eligibility requirement of operation idler wheel cleaning LP blades.
It further illustrates:Trolley described in above-mentioned patented technology, although for axle housing part(V-type axle housing 1)It is accurately positioned Placement and limit, surfaces externally and internally cleaning, step-by-step movement conveying, idler wheel LP blades etc., have positive beneficial effect, but it should Trolley still has certain limitation on the wide level of its practical application.
Explanation:After the trolley completes, it is only applicable to the cleaning of single variety " V-type positioning " axle housing part, it can not Used in the cleaning of variety classes " V-type positioning " axle housing part kind for being formed by " positioning, locating dimension " variation.Also To say, when be related to axle housing " two positioning outer circle side interplanar distance L1, positioning outer circle ∮ d, the most wide spacing L2 of mounting hole, axle housing center Line cannot then be made on trolley reliably to four sizes of Chinese lute interplanar distance H " when there are one or more variations above-mentioned Implement the cleaning of axle housing part.
Lasting explanation:In response to this, if need to convert a certain kind axle housing implements cleaning, need to be made trolley into Row improves, such as when " two positioning outer circle side interplanar distance L1, positioning outer circle ∮ d, the most wide spacing L2 of mounting hole " three sizes become Change, then needs that " left end V-type positioning component 3, plane limit assembly 4, the right end V-type positioning component 5 " being connected on vehicle body component 2 will be welded Implement mandatory dismounting cleaning one by one, and remake according to " size " after variation, especially then also needs to weld again to be connected in car body On required position on component 2, do so, it is not only time-consuming to be difficult to Fast transforms kind, needed for meeting actual production Fast transforms, But also " to toll breakdown and weld again ", car body very easy to damage, if in addition, being made as having tens of on step-by-step movement pipeline Trolley, then the improvement amount of kind transformation is bigger, and the time can be longer.
It further illustrates:Even if completing above-mentioned trolley to improve, equally, improved trolley is only still to be suitable for one The cleaning of kind axle housing part if converting kind again, or returns the Cleaning application for changing preceding kind, then also needs to repeat to implement State development, do so, though it is feasible, it is undesirable, also It is not necessary to.
To sum up, to meet used in the cleaning of multi items " V-type positioning " axle housing part, the applicant for it is above-mentioned not Foot, while studying a kind of cleaning consignment trolley for being used for multi items " V-type positioning " axle housing part, also cooperation has studied kind Involved positioning and limit assembly processing and preparation method when transformation, and have received good effect.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of the present invention ties up to as cooperation research " cleaning delivery of the one kind for multi items ' V-type positioning ' axle housing part While trolley " technical solution, a kind of " processing preparation side for multi items V-type positioning axle housing cleaning consignment trolley is provided Method " not only can ensure that multi items V-type positioning axle housing part is used on cleaning consignment trolley, widen application range, and in kind Related positioning and limit assembly processing are prepared when transformation, " feasible, reliable ", and " convenient, accurate ", and when can avoid transformation " toll breakdown and weld again " phenomenon occur, needed for quick when meeting actual production converts.The invention, method is clear, simple and practical, easily In preparation, there is propagable application value.
In order to realize that goal of the invention of the present invention, the present invention use following technical scheme:
A kind of processing and preparation method for multi items V-type positioning axle housing cleaning consignment trolley, the processing and preparation method, It means involved in " the positioning, locating dimension " completion " cleaning consignment trolley " being related to according to a certain " V-type axle housing 1 " kind part And " positioning and limit " establishment of component in the case of, when needing to convert axle housing kind " positioning and limit " on " consignment trolley " When cleaning is implemented in placement, i.e., when being related to axle housing " positioning, locating dimension " appearance one or more change in size, to meet kind " left end interchangeable V-type positioning component 10, interchangeable plane limit assembly 11, right end interchangeable V-type positioning of the demand of transformation to being related to How component 12 " implements the method that its processing is prepared, and steps are as follows:
1)Dimension difference compares clear
Being related to specific " the V-type axle housing 1 " size of comparison has:" two positioning outer circle side interplanar distance L1, positioning outer circle ∮ d, peace The most wide spacing L2 in hole, axle housing center line to Chinese lute interplanar distance H " are filled, being related to comparing specific size of components has:" two V-type positioning groups Part spacing W1, positioning centre to positioning interplanar distance h4, two limit plate spacing W4, interchangeable groove backing plate to car body upper surface distance ruler Very little h1 ", it is as follows:
1-1)" axle housing " size " axle housing difference " compares clear
By " positioning, locating dimension " that a certain kind axle housing being applicable in " cleaning consignment trolley " is related to need to become Change the applicable axle housing of kind " positioning, locating dimension " --- " L1, ∮ d, L2, H " four sizes are compared one by one, are clearly No " the axle housing difference " having after variation;
1-2)" component " size " component difference " compares clear
I.e. according to step 1-1)Determining presence changes " axle housing difference " situation, will match on " cleaning consignment trolley " Set " positioning, locating dimension " involved in the component used and " positioning, position limiting ruler that need transformation " V-type axle housing 1 " kind to be related to It is very little " --- " W1, h4, W4, h1 " four sizes, be compared one by one, i.e., according to " W1=L1+2W2+W3, h4=∮ d ÷ 2, W4 =L2±20,h1=h-(H+h2+h3)" size corresponding relationship, clear " the component difference " whether having after variation;
2)According to required processing need to be completed
According to step 1-2)Specific " component difference " is compared, i.e., is changed on involved " cleaning consignment trolley " to existing " positioning and limit " component, according to required processing item need to be completed, including supplementary processing needed for being completed on existing part or Again selection processing and fabricating new parts, it is as follows:
2-1)The W1 dimensioned item for thering is " component difference " to change
Specific " component difference " is compared according to " W1=L1+2W2+W3 ", in the interchangeable backing plate 17 and two with holes in two pieces of left ends On the interchangeable backing plate 29 with holes of block right end, determine that " left end bolt 21 with holes, right end are with holes to be inserted whether there is or not spatial position layout supplementary processing The respective required bolt hole site of pin 33 ";If so, above-mentioned four pieces " interchangeable backing plates with holes " can be unloaded, i.e., on existing part Processing item by pin hole needed for its " component difference " supplementary processing, after completing W1 change in size;If nothing, selection system again is needed Make above-mentioned four pieces " interchangeable backing plate with holes " new parts, it ibid can be complete including the pin hole needed for being processed by its " component difference " At the processing item after W1 change in size;
2-2)The h4 dimensioned item for thering is " component difference " to change
It is compared specific " component difference " according to " h4=∮ d ÷ 2 ", the determining production of selection again of understanding " left end locating piece 22, Whether right end locating piece 34 " is feasible;If row, is unloaded, and presses its " component difference " situation, again selection production " locating piece " New parts, the processing item after h4 change in size can be completed;If not all right, by its " locating piece " with " the interchangeable V-type seat 20 in left end, The interchangeable V-type seat 32 " of right end unloads together, and by its " component difference " situation, selection makes " interchangeable V-type seat " new parts, packet again Include the processing of v-shaped opening inclined plane shape, the processing item after h4 change in size can be completed;
2-3)The W4 dimensioned item for thering is " component difference " to change
According to " W4=L2 ± 20 " to specific " component difference ", on two pieces of interchangeable groove backing plates 24, determine that whether there is or not skies Between the respective required backing plate groove location of two pieces of location layout supplementary processing " limit plate 26 ";If so, can be " interchangeable by above-mentioned two pieces Groove backing plate " unloads, i.e., W4 size can be completed in backing plate groove needed for pressing its " component difference " supplementary processing on existing part Processing item after variation;If nothing, in two kinds of situation, first is that after implementing plane limit using limit plate 26, if not blocking axle housing Installation screw 1b on the 1a of Chinese lute face, i.e., do not influence its cleaning, that is to say, that though there is W4 size " component difference ", can be considered " no difference " situation can continue to continue to use existing part " interchangeable groove backing plate 24 ", be not required to implement it again to unload and process, and be considered as Processing item after completing W4 change in size;Second is that needing selection again if blocking and without spatial position Layout processing backing plate groove Above-mentioned two pieces " interchangeable groove backing plate " new parts are made, including process required backing plate groove by its " component difference ", ibid Processing item after completing W4 change in size;
2-4)The h1 dimensioned item for thering is " component difference " to change
According to " h1=h-(H+h2+h3)" specific " component difference " is compared, it unloads in interchangeable plane limit assembly 11 Existing two pieces of interchangeable groove backing plates 24, confined planes adjustment gasket 25, limit plate 26, and its " component difference " is pressed, by every Increase and decrease " confined planes adjustment gasket 25 " quantity at a " groove backing plate fastener 27 ", and " bridge casing lute can be met It is 2 to 3mm configuration requirement that face to limit assembly, which limits interplanar distance h3 ", the processing item after h1 change in size can be completed;
So far, the processing preparation steps for needing to implement, terminate to this whole.
The processing of the component is prepared, and is according to a certain " V-type axle housing 1 " part " L1, ∮ d, L2, H)" four sizes are in product When kind transformation, if there are " axle housing difference " situations of change in size, i.e., the number situation changed according to size, and one is a pair of It should implement, " single " can not only correspond to and implement, it can also the corresponding implementation of " multiple " or " whole " combination;
Implementation steps involved in the processing and preparation method, be only one need " the V-type axle housing 1 " kind that converts and When positioning, limit are placed in its " cleaning consignment trolley ", need to implement the component processing preparation steps of transformation, if having it is multiple because There is variety classes " V-type axle housing 1 " the kind part for changing and being formed in its " positioning " or " limit " size, and it is above-mentioned to repeat implementation Step, it can be completed, and respectively required processing is prepared.
Due to using the above-mentioned technical solution, the present invention can reach following beneficial effect:
1, processing and preparation method of the present invention is that " one kind is clear for multi items ' V-type positioning ' axle housing part for cooperation Wash consignment trolley " the synchronous research implemented of technical proposal research, be not only widen the practical ranges of the consignment trolley, and And it is time saving, laborsaving, convenient, and can avoid " toll breakdown and weld again " phenomenon when transformation and occur.
2, processing and preparation method of the present invention, not only for involved in the transformation of " V-type positioning " axle housing part kind " L1, ∮ d, L2, H " change in size situation has carried out comparing statement one by one, that is, has specified the ratio of " axle housing difference " between different cultivars To method, but also to its trolley configuration positioning and limit assembly involved in " W1, h4, W4, h1 " change in size situation, It has carried out comparing statement one by one, that is, has specified the comparison method between " axle housing difference " and " component difference ", be subsequent according to needing to complete Required processing item has established the leading basis of size, that is, provides the size foundation that must have.
3, processing and preparation method of the present invention, according to specific " component difference " is compared, i.e., to involved in the presence of changing And positioning and limit assembly on " trolley ", according to need to complete required processing item, including mended needed for being completed on existing part It fills processing or selection processing and fabricating new parts, one-to-one correspondence is illustrated again, for satisfaction " V-type positioning " axle housing part kind It is cleaned on consignment trolley at it and implements positioning and limit assembly processing preparation, provide a kind of feasible, reliable processing method.
4, processing and preparation method of the present invention, it is clear, it is simple and practical, it is easy to prepare, there is propagable application Value.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is to use " V-type positioning " axle housing design of part schematic diagram;
Fig. 2 is the K direction view of Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is the M of Fig. 1 to enlarged view;
Fig. 4 is to clean consignment trolley structural schematic diagram for single variety " V-type positioning " axle housing;
Fig. 5 is the N direction view of Fig. 4;
Fig. 6 is the P of Fig. 4 to enlarged view;
Fig. 7 is to clean consignment trolley structural schematic diagram for multi items " V-type positioning " axle housing;
Fig. 8 is the Q direction view of Fig. 7;
Fig. 9 is the R of Fig. 7 to enlarged view;
Figure 10 is band mounting hole vehicle body component structural schematic diagram;
Figure 11 is the S direction view of Figure 10;
Figure 12 is the A-A enlarged view of Figure 11;
Figure 13 is the interchangeable V-type positioning component structural schematic diagram in left end;
Figure 14 is the T direction view of Figure 13;
Figure 15 is the B-B enlarged view of Figure 14;
Figure 16 is interchangeable plane limit assembly structural schematic diagram;
Figure 17 is the U direction view of Figure 16;
Figure 18 is the C-C enlarged view of Figure 17;
Figure 19 is the interchangeable V-type positioning component structural schematic diagram of right end;
Figure 20 is the V direction view of Figure 19;
Figure 21 is the D-D enlarged view of Figure 20;
Figure 22 is that multi items " V-type positioning " axle housing cleans one of consignment trolley operation schematic diagram;
Figure 23 is that multi items " V-type positioning " axle housing cleans the two of consignment trolley operation schematic diagram;
In figure:
1, V-type axle housing;1a, bridge casing lute face;1b, installation screw;1c, positioning outer circle side end face;1d, positioning outer circle;2, Vehicle body component;3, left end V-type positioning component;4, plane limit assembly;5, right end V-type positioning component;6, flat wheel assembly;7, V takes turns Component;8, band waterproof seat bearing assembly;9, band mounting hole vehicle body component;10, the interchangeable V-type positioning component in left end;11, interchangeable plane Limit assembly;12, the interchangeable V-type positioning component of right end;13, rectangle panel-type frame;13a, car body upper surface;13b, screw are logical Hole;14, vehicle frame gusset piece;15, idler wheel gusset piece;15a, processing technology hole;16, stepping collision block;17, the interchangeable pad with holes in left end Plate;17a, the left end hole bolt A;17b, the left end hole bolt B;18, left end backing plate fastener;19, left end backing plate square taper washer; 20, the interchangeable V-type seat in left end;21, left end bolt with holes;22, left end locating piece;22a, left end positioning surface;22b, left locating piece side Face;23, left end SOC.HD. cap screw;24, interchangeable groove backing plate;24a, backing plate A groove;24b, backing plate B groove;25, confined planes are used Adjust gasket;26, limit plate;26a, confined planes;27, groove backing plate fastener;28, groove backing plate square taper washer;29, right Hold interchangeable backing plate with holes;29a, the hole right end bolt A;29b, the hole right end bolt B;30, right end backing plate fastener;31, right end pad Plate square taper washer;32, the interchangeable V-type seat of right end;33, right end bolt with holes;34, right end locating piece;34a, right end positioning surface; 34b, right locating piece side;35, right end SOC.HD. cap screw;36, flat shape track;37, electronic double shift fork step conveying devices;37a, Shift fork;38, v-shaped track;39, left end probe cleaning device;40, right end probe cleaning device.
In another figure:
α, V-type axle housing center line;∮ d, positioning outer circle;L1, two positioning outer circle side interplanar distances;L2, mounting hole most wide Away from;H, axle housing center line is to Chinese lute interplanar distance;β, the first center line of car body;β ', the second center line of car body;W1, two V-type positioning groups Part spacing;W2, locating piece side to setting circle side spacing;W3, V-type positioning component width;W4, two limit plate spacings;
H, axle housing center line is to car body upper end interplanar distance;H1, interchangeable groove backing plate to car body upper end interplanar distance;H2, thin plate Positive stop end height;H3, bridge casing lute face to limit assembly limit interplanar distance;H4, positioning centre are to positioning interplanar distance;γ, top Injection water;ε, probe injection water;δ, base injcction water flow;X, line direction before stepping;X ', stepping direction of retreat;Z, left end Probe direction of travel;Z', right end probe direction of travel.
Note:Dimensional units involved in content of the present invention are mm.
Specific embodiment
The present invention can be explained in more detail by the following examples, the invention is not limited to the following examples, The open purpose of the present invention is intended to protect all changes and improvements in the scope of the invention.
Preceding to be described, the present invention is to study a kind of cleaning consignment trolley for being used for multi items " V-type positioning " axle housing part " While technical solution, cooperate one kind " processing and preparation method " of research, for this purpose, for convenience of aforementioned present invention content is understood, under Face first introduces the structural representation of " cleaning consignment trolley " used and prepares situation:
Know by Fig. 7 to Fig. 9 and in conjunction with Fig. 1 to Fig. 3 and Figure 10 to Figure 21, one kind being used for multi items " V-type positioning " axle housing zero The cleaning consignment trolley of part, including:Band mounting hole vehicle body component 9, the interchangeable V-type positioning component 10 in left end, interchangeable plane limit group The interchangeable V-type positioning component 12 of part 11, right end, flat wheel assembly 6, V wheel assembly 7, band waterproof seat bearing assembly 8;The band mounting hole The interchangeable V-type positioning component 10 in left end, interchangeable plane limit assembly 11, right end are configured on the car body upper surface 13a of vehicle body component 9 Interchangeable V-type positioning component 12, wherein the interchangeable V-type positioning component 10 in left end is located at the left end of the second center line of car body β ', and right end can The right end that V-type positioning component 12 is located at the second center line of car body β ', and symmetrical mirror configuration between the two are changed, in addition, interchangeable plane Limit assembly 11 is configured on the basis of the second center line β ' at the middle part with mounting hole vehicle body component 9, and two pieces of limits thereon The symmetrical mirror configuration of plate 26;In the above-mentioned configuration, two V-type positioning component spacing W1 having a size of:W1=L1+2W2+W3, In, locating piece side(As left locating piece side 22b or right locating piece side 34b)To setting circle side spacing W2 size, take Value is 2 to 3mm;Two limit plate spacing W4 having a size of:W4=L2 ± 20, that is, W4 value ties up to the most wide spacing L2 ruler of axle housing mounting hole " add " again on the basis of very little or " subtracting " 20mm(That is ± 20mm);Interchangeable groove backing plate is to car body upper surface spacing dimension h1:h1= h-(H+h1+h3), wherein bridge casing lute face to limit assembly confined planes(That is confined planes 26a)Spacing h3 size value is 2 To 3mm;Positioning centre extremely positions interplanar distance h4:h4=∮d÷2.
Know by Figure 10 to Figure 12 and in conjunction with Fig. 1 to Fig. 3 and Fig. 7 to Fig. 9, the band mounting hole vehicle body component 9, including:It is long Rectangular panel-type frame 13, vehicle frame gusset piece 14, idler wheel gusset piece 15, stepping collision block 16;The vehicle of the rectangle panel-type frame 13 Body upper surface 13a is a finishing plane, and is machined with 14 screwing through hole 13b thereon, and two-by-two respectively with the first center of car body Symmetrical mirror configuration on the basis of line β.
Know by Figure 13 to Figure 15 and in conjunction with Fig. 1 to Fig. 3 and Fig. 7 to Figure 12, the interchangeable V-type positioning component 10 in left end, packet It includes:The interchangeable backing plate 17 with holes in left end, left end backing plate fastener 18, left end backing plate square taper washer 19, the interchangeable V-type seat in left end 20, left end bolt 21 with holes, left end locating piece 22, left end SOC.HD. cap screw 23;The interchangeable backing plate 17 with holes in left end, is to pass through Left end backing plate fastener 18, left end backing plate square taper washer 19 connect firmly the left end of end face 13a on the car body;The left end is interchangeable V-type seat 20 is to be inserted into two left end pin holes by two left ends bolt 21 with holes, that is, it is interchangeable to place it in two pieces of left ends On backing plate 17 with holes;In addition, interchangeable 20 top of V-type seat in left end, V-shaped opening bevel shape, angle is between opening bevel 90 °, and two inclined-planes are using car body the first center line β as benchmark symmetric configuration;The 22 top side of left end locating piece is in protrusion Shape, and it is formed with left end positioning surface 22a, in addition, two pieces of left end locating pieces 22 are fastened on a left side by left end SOC.HD. cap screw 23 respectively On two inclined-planes for holding the v-shaped opening of V-type seat 17.
Know by Figure 16 to Figure 18 and in conjunction with Fig. 1 to Fig. 3 and Fig. 7 to Figure 12, the interchangeable plane limit assembly 11, including: Interchangeable groove backing plate 24, confined planes adjustment gasket 25, limit plate 26, groove backing plate fastener 27, groove backing plate side are oblique Washer 28;Two pieces of interchangeable groove backing plates 24, the confined planes adjustment symmetrical cloth on the basis of the first center line of car body β of gasket 25 Office, and symmetrically connected firmly in end face 13a on the car body by groove backing plate fastener 27, groove backing plate square taper washer 28 Portion;In addition, the backing plate that two pieces of limit plates 26 are symmetrically disposed at interchangeable groove backing plate 24 on the basis of the second center line of car body β ' is recessed Two backing plate grooves are symmetrically made on the basis of the second center line of car body β ' in slot, including on interchangeable groove backing plate 24.
Know by Figure 19 to Figure 21 and in conjunction with Fig. 1 to Fig. 3 and Fig. 7 to Figure 12, the interchangeable V-type positioning component 12 of right end, packet It includes:The interchangeable backing plate 29 with holes of right end, right end backing plate fastener 30, right end backing plate square taper washer 31, the interchangeable V-type seat of right end 32, right end bolt 33 with holes, right end locating piece 34, right end SOC.HD. cap screw 35;The interchangeable backing plate 29 with holes of right end, is to pass through Right end backing plate fastener 30, right end backing plate square taper washer 31 connect firmly the right end of end face 13a on the car body;The right end is interchangeable V-type seat 32 is to be inserted into two right end pin holes by two right ends bolt 33 with holes, that is, it is interchangeable to place it in two pieces of right ends On backing plate 29 with holes;In addition, interchangeable 32 top of V-type seat of right end, V-shaped opening bevel shape, angle is between opening bevel 90 °, and two inclined-planes are using car body the first center line β as benchmark symmetric configuration;The 34 top side of right end locating piece is in protrusion Shape, and it is formed with right end positioning surface 34a, in addition, two pieces of right end locating pieces 34 are fastened on by left and right end SOC.HD. cap screw 35 respectively On two inclined-planes of the v-shaped opening of the interchangeable V-type seat 32 of right end.
In the following, illustrating of the present invention a kind of for multi items " V-type positioning " in conjunction with Fig. 1 to Fig. 3 and Fig. 7 to Figure 21 The processing and preparation method of axle housing cleaning consignment trolley.
The processing and preparation method means " positioning, position limiting ruler being related to according to a certain " V-type axle housing 1 " kind part It is very little " in completion " cleaning consignment trolley " involved in the case of " positioning and limit " establishment of component, when needing to convert axle housing kind When " positioning and limit " places implementation cleaning on " consignment trolley ", i.e., it ought be related to axle housing " positioning, locating dimension " and occur one It is " the interchangeable V-type positioning component 10 in left end, interchangeable to what is be related to to meet the demand of kind transformation when a or multiple change in size How the interchangeable V-type positioning component 12 " of plane limit assembly 11, right end implements the method that its processing is prepared, and steps are as follows:
1)Dimension difference compares clear
Being related to specific " the V-type axle housing 1 " size of comparison has:" two positioning outer circle side interplanar distance L1, positioning outer circle ∮ d, peace The most wide spacing L2 in hole, axle housing center line to Chinese lute interplanar distance H " are filled, being related to comparing specific size of components has:" two V-type positioning groups Part spacing W1, positioning centre to positioning interplanar distance h4, two limit plate spacing W4, interchangeable groove backing plate to car body upper surface distance ruler Very little h1 ", it is as follows:
1-1)" axle housing " size " axle housing difference " compares clear
By " positioning, locating dimension " that a certain kind axle housing being applicable in " cleaning consignment trolley " is related to need to become Change the applicable axle housing of kind " positioning, locating dimension " --- " L1, ∮ d, L2, H " four sizes are compared one by one, are clearly No " the axle housing difference " having after variation;
It should be noted that actual conditions when according to different " V-type axle housing 1 " kind transformation, are related to axle housing location dimension Comparison result after variation can have a variety of situations, that is, aforementioned four size, or have "one" or " multiple " or " whole " " axle housing difference " situation, that is to say, that some sizes can have " difference ", some to have, i.e., not all have, e.g., A certain kind axle housing, which only has " L1, ∮ d, H " three sizes, to be changed, and is had respective " difference ", and " L2 " size and has used kind Equivalent, unchanged, no difference will appear the case where difference is " 0 ";
1-2)" component " size " component difference " compares clear
I.e. according to step 1-1)Determining presence changes " axle housing difference " situation, will match on " cleaning consignment trolley " Set " positioning, locating dimension " involved in the component used and " positioning, position limiting ruler that need transformation " V-type axle housing 1 " kind to be related to It is very little " --- " W1, h4, W4, h1 " four sizes, be compared one by one, i.e., according to " W1=L1+2W2+W3, h4=∮ d ÷ 2, W4 =L2±20,h1=h-(H+h2+h3)" size corresponding relationship, clear " the component difference " whether having after variation;It needs Bright two o'clock, first is that according to above-mentioned steps 1-1)Comparison result, positioning and limit assembly change in size after comparison result, Can have a variety of situations, that is, it is above-mentioned " W1, h4, W4, h1 " four sizes not can change all, that is to say, that some rulers It is very little to have " component difference ", it is some to have, i.e., not all have;Second is that above-mentioned W2, W3, h, h2 are the ruler being applicable in Very little definite value, i.e., W2, W3, h, h2 size being applicable in a certain kind axle housing before, when transformation kind is on the cleaning consignment trolley W2, W3, h, h2 size involved in where applicable are equivalent, that is to say, that W2, W3, h, h2 size used in previous kind and latter product Kind(Or multiple kinds)W2, W3, h, h2 used having a size of respective same numerical value, should be equal be applicable in the former identified W2, W3, h, H2 size value;
2)According to required processing need to be completed
According to step 1-2)Specific " component difference " is compared, i.e., is changed on involved " cleaning consignment trolley " to existing " positioning and limit " component, according to required processing item need to be completed, including supplementary processing needed for being completed on existing part or Again selection processing and fabricating new parts, it is as follows:
2-1)The W1 dimensioned item for thering is " component difference " to change
Specific " component difference " is compared according to " W1=L1+2W2+W3 ", in the interchangeable backing plate 17 and two with holes in two pieces of left ends On the interchangeable backing plate 29 with holes of block right end, determine that " left end bolt 21 with holes, right end are with holes to be inserted whether there is or not spatial position layout supplementary processing The respective required bolt hole site of pin 33 ";If so, above-mentioned four pieces " interchangeable backing plates with holes " can be unloaded, i.e., on existing part Processing item by pin hole needed for its " component difference " supplementary processing, after completing W1 change in size;If nothing, selection system again is needed Make above-mentioned four pieces " interchangeable backing plate with holes " new parts, it ibid can be complete including the pin hole needed for being processed by its " component difference " At the processing item after W1 change in size;Explanation:Above-mentioned W2, W3 are the size definite value being applicable in, i.e., with a certain kind bridge before Applicable W2, W3 size of shell, when W2, W3 size involved in where applicable are equivalent on the cleaning consignment trolley for transformation kind;
2-2)The h4 dimensioned item for thering is " component difference " to change
It is compared specific " component difference " according to " h4=∮ d ÷ 2 ", the determining production of selection again of understanding " left end locating piece 22, Whether right end locating piece 34 " is feasible;If row, is unloaded, and presses its " component difference " situation, again selection production " locating piece " New parts, the processing item after h4 change in size can be completed;If not all right, by its " locating piece " with " the interchangeable V-type seat 20 in left end, The interchangeable V-type seat 32 " of right end unloads together, and by its " component difference " situation, selection makes " interchangeable V-type seat " new parts, packet again Include the processing of v-shaped opening inclined plane shape, the processing item after h4 change in size can be completed;
2-3)The W4 dimensioned item for thering is " component difference " to change
According to " W4=L2 ± 20 " to specific " component difference ", on two pieces of interchangeable groove backing plates 24, determine that whether there is or not skies Between the respective required backing plate groove location of two pieces of location layout supplementary processing " limit plate 26 ";If so, can be " interchangeable by above-mentioned two pieces Groove backing plate " unloads, i.e., W4 size can be completed in backing plate groove needed for pressing its " component difference " supplementary processing on existing part Processing item after variation;If nothing, in two kinds of situation, first is that after implementing plane limit using limit plate 26, if not blocking axle housing Installation screw 1b on the 1a of Chinese lute face, i.e., do not influence its cleaning, that is to say, that though there is W4 size " component difference ", can be considered " no difference " situation can continue to continue to use existing part " interchangeable groove backing plate 24 ", be not required to implement it again to unload and process, and be considered as Processing item after completing W4 change in size;Second is that needing selection again if blocking and without spatial position Layout processing backing plate groove Above-mentioned two pieces " interchangeable groove backing plate " new parts are made, including process required backing plate groove by its " component difference ", ibid Processing item after completing W4 change in size;
2-4)The h1 dimensioned item for thering is " component difference " to change
According to " h1=h-(H+h2+h3)" specific " component difference " is compared, it unloads in interchangeable plane limit assembly 11 Existing two pieces of interchangeable groove backing plates 24, confined planes adjustment gasket 25, limit plate 26, and its " component difference " is pressed, by every Increase and decrease " confined planes adjustment gasket 25 " quantity at a " groove backing plate fastener 27 ", and " bridge casing lute can be met It is 2 to 3mm configuration requirement that face to limit assembly, which limits interplanar distance h3 ", the processing item after h1 change in size can be completed;It says It is bright:Above-mentioned h, h2 are the size definite value being applicable in, i.e., h, h2 size being applicable in a certain kind axle housing before, when transformation kind exists H, h2 size involved in where applicable are equivalent on the cleaning consignment trolley;In addition, in this item, though have zero without supplementary processing Part or again selection make new parts, are only to have increased and decreased some " confined planes adjust gasket " quantity, complete h1 here, can be considered Processing item after change in size;
So far, the processing preparation steps for needing to implement, terminate to this whole.
The processing of component described above is prepared, and is according to a certain " V-type axle housing 1 " part " L1, ∮ d, L2, H)" four sizes In kind transformation, if there are " axle housing difference " situations of change in size, i.e., the number situation changed according to size, and one One corresponding implementation " single " can not only correspond to and implement, can also the corresponding implementation of " multiple " or " whole " combination;Such as:It is above-mentioned that " V-type is fixed There is variation in four sizes of position " axle housing part, only " L1, ∮ d, L2 " three sizes, have " difference ", then can combine implementation Above-mentioned steps 1-1)In " L1, ∮ d, L2 " and step 1-2)In " W1, h4, W4 " size " difference " compare clear, and step 2-1), step 2-2),2-3)In required completion process item, that is to say, that " H " size does not change, so, it is involved And limit assembly, be not required to processing prepare, may continue to continue to use.
Implementation steps involved in processing and preparation method described above are only " the V-type axle housing 1 " product for needing to convert Kind and when positioning, limit are placed in its " cleaning consignment trolley ", need to implement the component processing preparation steps of transformation, if having more A variety classes " V-type axle housing 1 " kind part formed due to its " positioning " or " limit " size change, repeats and implements Above-mentioned steps, it can be completed, and respectively required processing is prepared.
Grammatical interpretation:
" supplementary processing " meaning of word referred in above-mentioned steps is meant when " V-type axle housing 1 " kind part " positioning, position limiting ruler It is very little " the involved component of variation is there are when " difference ", if tying up on existing part has achievable its " spatial position layout " Required processing item, referred to as " supplementary processing ";" selection production again " meaning of word, if meaning complete without its " spatial position layout " At required processing item, that is, points out to have showed spatial position layout interference, material need to be selected else and remake new parts, including is required The processing item of completion, referred to as " selection production again ".
In the following, for further convenient for understanding cleaning consignment trolley situation of the present invention, in conjunction with Fig. 1 to Fig. 3 and Fig. 7 to figure 21, illustrate a kind of transformation application method for being used for multi items " V-type positioning " axle housing Cleaning of Parts consignment trolley.
The transformation application method means " positioning, position limiting ruler being related to according to a certain " V-type axle housing 1 " kind part It is very little " in completion " cleaning consignment trolley " involved in the case of " positioning and limit " establishment of component, when needing to convert axle housing kind When " positioning and limit " places implementation cleaning on " consignment trolley ", i.e., it ought be related to axle housing " positioning, locating dimension " and occur one It is " the interchangeable V-type positioning component 10 in left end, interchangeable to meet involved by the demand of kind transformation when a or multiple change in size After the interchangeable V-type positioning component 12 " of plane limit assembly 11, right end and processing needed for being completed are prepared, how to implement its transformation makes Method, steps are as follows:
1)It is related to size L1(Corresponding W1)The component transform of variation uses
By it whether on its existing " the interchangeable backing plate 17 with holes in two pieces of left ends and the interchangeable backing plate 29 with holes of two pieces of right ends ", mend The pin hole after being machined with " size " variation is filled, following two situation is divided into:
1-1)If the pin hole of " having " supplementary processing, needs to unload and used that " the interchangeable V-type positioning component 10 in left end, right end can It changes V-type positioning component 12 " and " the interchangeable backing plate with holes " of "None" supplementary processing therein changes the outfit " having " supplementary processing pin hole " interchangeable backing plate with holes ", including by " left end bolt 21 with holes, right end bolt 33 with holes " therein change position be put into it is complete It is used at the transformation that its positioning component in the pin hole of supplementary processing, can be completed;It should be noted that this transformation series belongs to For the first time, used if this time transformation is completed, and still need to return a certain kind before transformation later in use, no longer need to by this two A " interchangeable V-type positioning component " unloads, it is only necessary to take out two " bolt with holes ", directly change a position and insert, i.e., by it It is directly placed on same " interchangeable backing plate with holes " and is applicable in the pin hole used needed for a certain kind before transformation;
1-2)If the pin hole of "None" supplementary processing, i.e., selection makes " interchangeable backing plate with holes " and is newly machined with ruler again Pin hole after very little variation is then needed to unload and used " the interchangeable V-type positioning component 10 in left end, the interchangeable V-type positioning component 12 of right end ", and By " interchangeable backing plate with holes " wherein, " the interchangeable backing plate 17 with holes in two pieces of left ends and the two pieces of right sides of the selection again that changes the outfit production Interchangeable 29 " new parts of backing plate with holes is held, including " left end bolt 21 with holes, right end bolt 33 with holes " therein is put into new processing Pin hole in, can be completed its positioning component transformation use;It should be noted that if a certain kind before transformation need to be returned In use, " the interchangeable backing plate with holes " for having unloaded "None" supplementary processing pin hole, two for then matching its time can be gained again " pin hole positioning component " is installed to the left and right ends on the 12a of car body upper surface, including by two therein " interchangeable V-type positioning groups In the pin hole used needed for a certain kind that part " places back in front of transformation, the reply transformation that its positioning component can be completed makes With, that is to say, that two pieces " interchangeable backing plates with holes " of "None" supplementary processing pin hole used in a certain kind before transformation still may be used It continues to use;
2)It is related to size ∮ d(Corresponding h4)The component transform of variation uses
By it, again whether selection makes " left end locating piece 22, right end locating piece 34 " or " the interchangeable V-type seat 20 in left end, the right side Interchangeable V-type seat 32 " is held, following two situation is divided into:
2-1)If selection production again has " locating piece ", needs to unload and has used " left end locating piece 22, right end locating piece 34 ", If " locating piece " new parts of the selection again that changes the outfit production, the transformation that its component can be completed is used;
2-2)If selection production has " interchangeable V-type seat " again, need to unload that " the interchangeable V-type positioning component 10 in left end, right end can V-type positioning component 12 " is changed, and by " the interchangeable V-type seat 20 in left end, the interchangeable V-type seat 32 of right end " therein, if changing the outfit selection system again " the interchangeable V-type seat " new parts made, the transformation that its component can be completed use;
3)It is related to size L2(Corresponding W4)The component transform of variation uses
Whether have on two pieces " interchangeable groove backing plates 24 " at it by it, supplementary processing has the backing plate after " size " variation recessed Slot is divided into following three kinds of situations:
3-1)If the backing plate groove of " having " supplementary processing, need to unload with two pieces " interchangeable plane limit assemblies 11 ", and By " the interchangeable groove backing plate " of wherein "None" supplementary processing backing plate groove, change the outfit the " interchangeable recessed of " having " supplementary processing backing plate groove Slot backing plate " new parts is put into the backing plate groove of supplementary processing, i.e., including two pieces therein " limit plates 26 " are changed a position The transformation of its achievable component uses;It should be noted that this transformation series belongs to for the first time, if the secondary transformation, which is completed, to be made With, and still need to return a certain kind before converting later in use, no longer needing to unload " interchangeable plane limit assembly ", it is only necessary to it will Two pieces " limit plate " taking-ups are directly changed a position and are inserted, that is, are directly placed on same " interchangeable groove backing plate " and suitable In the backing plate groove used needed for a certain kind before transformation;
3-2)If the backing plate groove of "None" supplementary processing, but after the placement of its limit plate 26, have no effect on installation screw 1b Cleaning use demand, then do not have to unload use " interchangeable plane limit assembly 11 " again, can continue to continue to use a certain before converting " interchangeable groove backing plate " used in kind can be considered that the transformation for completing its component uses;
3-3)If the backing plate groove of "None" supplementary processing, and it is not belonging to step 3-2)Situation needs the production of selection again " can Change groove backing plate " and be newly machined with the backing plate groove after " size " variation, then it needs to unload and has used " interchangeable plane limit assembly 11 ", And will be wherein with two pieces " interchangeable groove backing plates 24 ", " the interchangeable groove backing plate " of the selection again that changes the outfit production, including will wherein Two pieces " limit plates 26 " be put into fresh processed backing plate groove, can be completed its component transformation use;It should be noted that If a certain kind that need to be returned before transformation has unloaded the " interchangeable recessed of "None" supplementary processing backing plate groove in use, can gain again Slot backing plate ", " the interchangeable plane limit assembly 11 " for then matching its time are installed to the middle part on the 13a of car body upper surface, including will In the backing plate groove used needed for a certain kind that " limit plate 26 " two pieces therein places back in front of transformation, it is fixed that it can be completed The reply of hyte part, which converts, to be used, that is to say, that two pieces of "None" supplementary processing pin hole " can used in a certain kind before transformation Change groove backing plate ", may continue to using;
4)It is related to size H(Corresponding h1)The component transform of variation uses
Used " interchangeable plane limit assembly 11 " before unloading change in size, and according to h1 size after fixed variation and In " confined planes the adjust gasket 25 " quantity for completing to increase and decrease at each " groove backing plate fastener 27 ", then will newly match again " the interchangeable plane limit assembly 11 " changed is installed to the middle part on the 13a of car body upper surface, and the transformation of its positioning component can be completed It uses.
So far, the transformation for needing to implement is terminated using step to this whole.
Component transform described above uses, and is according to a certain " V-type axle housing 1 " part " L1, ∮ d, L2, H)" four sizes In kind transformation, if there are " axle housing difference " situations of change in size, i.e., have the number situation of variation according to size, Implementation is corresponded, " single " can not only correspond to and implement, it can also the corresponding implementation of " multiple " or " whole " combination;Such as:Above-mentioned " V-type There is variation in four sizes of positioning " axle housing part, only " L1, ∮ d, L2 " three sizes, have " difference ", then can combine reality Apply above-mentioned steps 1), step 2), step 3)Described in transformation application method, that is to say, that " H " size does not become Change, so, related limit assembly is not required to convert, and may continue to continue to use.
Implementation steps involved in transformation application method described above are only " the V-type axle housing 1 " product for needing to convert Kind and need to implement the component transform of transformation when positioning, limit are placed in its " cleaning consignment trolley " and use step, if having more A variety classes " V-type axle housing 1 " kind part formed due to its " positioning " or " limit " size change, repeats and implements Above-mentioned steps, it can be completed, and respectively required transformation uses.
Implementation example explanation:
By Figure 22, Figure 23 and Fig. 1 to Fig. 3 and Fig. 7 to Figure 21 is combined, illustrates " cleaning support of the present invention for an embodiment Transport small " performance of vehicle.
By Figure 22, Tu23Zhi, " cleaning consignment trolley " of the present invention has completed its installation production, and configured clear Operation field is washed, and being in can working condition.
1, field condition explanation is cleaned:
1)Using " flat, V " form, number is delivery track on external pipeline:Flat shape track 36, v-shaped track 38, It is upper to be placed with flat wheel assembly 6, V wheel assembly 7 respectively.
2)Conveying mechanism number is " electronic double shift fork step conveying devices 37 ", is using an authorized patent skill Art, patent No. ZL21015206994735.
3)It is placed with more " cleaning consignment trolleys " on pipeline and there are multiple V-type axle housings 1 thereon, is by " electronic double Shift fork step conveying device 37 " completes more trolleies and brisk steady, the non-step-by-step movement of lifting of axle housing conveys.
4)The present embodiment has selected one " washing station " and carries out surfaces externally and internally cleaning to V-type axle housing 1, right as shown in figure 23 Play third platform " cleaning consignment trolley " present position, as " washing station ".Specific cleaning item is as follows:
4-1)Cleaning of outer surface, including the spray cleaning that top and bottom are implemented, because be use known in and generally use Technology, herein not carefully state;
4-2)Inner cavity surface cleaning is and to be distributed in face pin 1 both ends of axle housing using two probe mechanisms, and number is respectively:It is left Probe cleaning device 39 and right end probe cleaning device 40 are held, as shown in figure 22, the system of mechanism is authorized special using one Sharp technology, patent No. ZL201520222313.1.
2, course of work situation explanation:
In the following, explanation " cleaning consignment trolley " positioning of the present invention carries the cleaning of a certain " V-type axle housing 1 " kind Situation, process are as follows:
1)Trolley stepping conveying
As shown in figure 23, when line direction X stepping is transported to terminal to electronic double shift fork step conveying devices 37 before stepping Position, and after " washing station " cleaning, it is sequentially as follows if row stepping need to convey again:
1-1)First retreat:" cleaning consignment trolley " and 1 part of V-type axle housing thereon that last time has been transported to final position, Flat shape track 36, motionless on v-shaped track 38 is paused at, at this point, the electronic double shift fork step conveying devices 37 of reverse starting, i.e., along step It is out of service after moving forwards a step pitch into direction of retreat X ';
1-2)It moves ahead again:After the completion of retreating a step pitch, if stepping further along is needed to convey, i.e., last time it will be transported to terminal Position and pause motionless " cleaning consignment trolley " and 1 part of V-type axle housing are run forward again, electronic double shift fork step conveying devices 37 switch to positive starting, along line direction X before stepping move forwards a step pitch after it is out of service, wherein shift fork 37a exists in device Collision touches on paused motionless trolley after stepping collision block 16 in operational process, directly flat in push " cleaning consignment trolley " Wheel assembly 6, V wheel assembly 7 respectively on flat shape track 36, v-shaped track 38 roll move ahead, and will thereon 1 part of V-type axle housing according to need Push, until completing an operation step pitch;Such as, original place is pushed into forward a station in the trolley on " washing station ", simultaneously The trolley of the latter " to be cleaned to enter station " is pushed into forward " washing station ".
2)The cleaning of axle housing interior and exterior
It, can be same on the station after " the cleaning consignment trolley " on " to be cleaned to enter station " pushes to " washing station " When implement 1 part surfaces externally and internally of V-type axle housing cleaning, according to need it is as follows:
2-1)Cleaning of outer surface:Including top, bottom-purge, that is, pass through top jet water flow γ and base injcction water flow δ Spray cleaning is carried out, until finishing, stops spray.
2-2)Inner cavity surface cleaning:When V-type axle housing 1 is in " washing station ", " left end probe cleaning device 39 and right end are visited Needle cleaning device 40 " starts simultaneously initially enters axle housing inner cavity, and sprays probe injection water ε outward simultaneously, and respectively along a left side Probe direction of travel Z and right end probe direction of travel Z' reciprocating " spraying when advancing " cleaning in end retracts original until finishing Position, it is out of service;
So far, " consignment trolley should be cleaned " on the conveyor line, and completed the cleaning process to 1 part of V-type axle housing, with Afterwards, subsequent work can be entered to recycle.
It further illustrates:The axle housing center line of a certain kind V-type axle housing 1 of cleaning is carried on above-mentioned " cleaning consignment trolley " Show to car body upper end interplanar distance h having a size of 125, such as Figure 22;In addition, axle housing part " positioning and limit " that is related to having a size of:L1= 1260,∮d =250,L2=250,H=85;" positioning and the limit " that corresponding " positioning and limit " component is related to having a size of: W1=1295、h4=125、W4=230、h1=23。
3, situation explanation is prepared in the processing that kind transformation is related to:
If according to needs, another 1 part of kind V-type axle housing, " positioning and limit " having a size of:L1 = 1320,∮d =260, L2=280, H=90, need to be at " cleaning consignment trolley " of the present invention and in the washing and cleaning operation field conduct application, including axle housing Center line to car body upper end interplanar distance h size is still 125mm, can complete its " positioning and limit " component according to preceding method Processing is prepared, and steps are as follows:
1)Dimension difference compares clear
Specific " V-type axle housing 1 " location dimension, which need to be compared, to be had:"L1,∮d ,L2,H";Specific " positioning component " need to be compared Size is placed in positioning to be had:" W1, h4, W4, h1 ", it is as follows:
1-1)" axle housing " size " axle housing difference " compares clear
By a certain kind axle housing being applicable on the trolley and need to convert kind axle housing " positioning, locating dimension " --- " L1, ∮ d, L2, H " four sizes, are compared one by one, clear " the axle housing difference " whether having after variation;
Specially:L1 size compares, and has used kind L1=1260, stand-by kind L1=1320, there is a difference, i.e. and 1320-1260= 60;∮ d size compares, and has used d=250 kind ∮, there are difference, i.e. 260-250=10 in d=260 stand-by kind ∮;L2 size ratio It is right, kind L2=250 are used, there are difference, i.e. 280-250=20 in stand-by kind L2=280;H size compares, and has used kind H=85, , there are difference, i.e. 90-85=5 in stand-by kind H=90;
Explanation:Known by upper comparison result, another four sizes of kind V-type axle housing 1 " L1, ∮ d, L2, H " change, and deposit There is respective " axle housing difference ";
1-2)" component " size " component difference " compares clear
I.e. according to step 1-1)Determining presence changes " axle housing difference " situation, will match on " cleaning consignment trolley " Set " positioning, locating dimension " involved in the component used and " positioning, position limiting ruler that need transformation " V-type axle housing 1 " kind to be related to It is very little " --- " W1, h4, W4, h1 " four sizes, be compared one by one, i.e., according to " W1=L1+2W2+W3, h4=∮ d ÷ 2, W4 =L2±20,h1=h-(H+h2+h3)" size corresponding relationship, clear " the component difference " whether having after variation;
Specially:W1=L1+2W2+W3 size compares, and has used kind W1=L1=1260+2 × 2.5+30=1295mm, Stand-by kind W1=L1=1320+2 × 2.5+30=1355mm, has difference, that is, 1355-1295=60mm;Wherein, W2, W3 with W2, W3 size being related to kind are equivalent, that is, W2=2.5mm, W3=30mm;H4=∮ d ÷ 2, size compare, used kind h4= 250 ÷ 2=125, the stand-by ÷ of kind h4=260 2=130 have difference that is, 130-125=5mm;± 20 size of W4=L2 compares, articles Kind W4=250 ± 20, there are the i.e. 280-250=30mm of difference in stand-by kind W4=280 ± 20;h1=h-(H+h2+h3)3 size ratios It is right, use kind h1=125-(85+15+2)=23mm, stand-by kind h1=125-(90+15+2)=18mm, there is difference, that is, 23- 18=5mm, wherein h, h2 are equal with h, h2 size being related to kind, that is, h=125mm, h2=15mm;
Explanation:To be known by upper comparison result, another four sizes of kind V-type axle housing 1 " W1, h4, W4, h1 " change, There is respective " component difference ";
2)According to required processing need to be completed
According to step 1-2)Compare specific " component difference ", i.e., change on the involved trolley to existing " positioning and Limit " component, according to need to complete required processing item, including supplementary processing needed for being completed on existing part or again selection add Work makes new parts, as follows:
2-1)The W1 dimensioned item for thering is " component difference " to change
In the present embodiment, specific " component difference " is compared having a size of 60mm situation according to " W1=L1+2W2+W3 ", There is the respective required bolt hole site of spatial position layout supplementary processing " left end bolt 21 with holes, right end bolt 33 with holes ", therefore This, " the interchangeable backing plate 17 with holes in left end, the interchangeable backing plate 29 with holes of right end " is unloaded, presses its difference on existing part(60mm)And It is benchmark equal part in the interchangeable backing plate 17 with holes in two pieces of left ends and the interchangeable backing plate 29 with holes of two pieces of right ends with car body the second center line β ' On, pin hole needed for supplementary processing, if Figure 14, Figure 15 and Figure 20, Figure 21 are respectively shown in, i.e., in the left end hole bolt A 17a Side, supplementary processing left end bolt B hole 17b, by right end bolt A hole 29a, supplementary processing right end bolt B hole 29b;
2-2)The h4 dimensioned item for thering is " component difference " to change
In the present embodiment, specific " component difference " is compared having a size of 5mm situation, through determining weight according to " h4=∮ d ÷ 2 " New selection production " left end locating piece 22, right end locating piece 34 " is feasible, so being unloaded, and presses its " component difference " situation, Again selection makes " locating piece " new parts;
2-3)The W4 dimensioned item for thering is " component difference " to change
In the present embodiment, specific " component difference " is compared having a size of 30mm situation, two according to " W4=L2 ± 20 " There is the respective required backing plate groove location of spatial position layout two pieces of supplementary processing " limit plate 26 " on the interchangeable groove backing plate 24 of block, So above-mentioned two pieces " interchangeable groove backing plates " are unloaded, i.e., its " difference " is pressed on existing part(30mm)And with car body second Center line β ' is benchmark equal part on every piece " interchangeable groove backing plate ", backing plate groove needed for supplementary processing, such as Figure 17, figure Shown in 18, by backing plate A groove 24a, supplementary processing backing plate B groove 24b;
2-4)The h1 dimensioned item for thering is " component difference " to change
In the present embodiment, according to " h1=h-(H+h2+h3)" specific " component difference " is compared having a size of 5mm feelings Condition, so, by reducing " confined planes adjustment gasket 25 " quantity at each " groove backing plate fastener 27 ", such as scheme Shown in 16, if single spacer thickness is 2.5mm, need two confined planes adjustment 25 " quantity of gasket of reduction that can meet size 18mm requirement, and guarantee h3 having a size of 2mm.
So far, above-mentioned to need to convert the positioning component processing preparation steps implemented needed for another kind V-type axle housing 1, arrive this All terminate.
4, kind converts the transformation service condition explanation being related to:
The positioning and limit assembly processing preparation that a kind of V-type axle housing is completed need to be converted according to above-mentioned, if need to be in the present invention It " the cleaning consignment trolley " and is practiced at " washing and cleaning operation scene ", its " positioning and limit can be completed according to preceding method The transformation of position " component uses, and steps are as follows:
1)It is related to size L1(Corresponding W1)The component transform of variation uses
In the present embodiment, due to pressing on it is existing " the interchangeable backing plate 17 with holes in left end, the interchangeable backing plate 29 with holes of right end " Its " component difference " 60mm supplementary processing has " the left end hole bolt B 17b, right end bolt B hole 29b ", so, it unloads and has used " left end The interchangeable V-type positioning component 12 " of interchangeable V-type positioning component 10, right end, and by " the interchangeable pad with holes of "None" supplementary processing therein Plate ", " the interchangeable backing plate with holes " of " having " the supplementary processing pin hole that changes the outfit, including by " left end bolt 21 with holes, right end band therein Hole bolt 33 " changes a position and is put into the pin hole that supplementary processing is completed, as shown in Figure 14, Figure 15 and Figure 20, Figure 21, " the left end hole bolt B 17b, the right side that a position is put into supplementary processing are changed out of " the left end hole bolt A 17a, right end bolt A hole 29a " It holds in bolt B hole 17b ";
2)It is related to size ∮ d(Corresponding h4)The component transform of variation uses
In the present embodiment, due to having pressed its " component difference " 5mm situation selection production " left end locating piece 22, the right side again 34 " new parts of locating piece is held, so, had " locating piece " and unloaded, the selection again that changes the outfit makes " locating piece " new parts i.e. It can;
3)It is related to size L2(Corresponding W4)The component transform of variation uses
In the present embodiment, due to having on two pieces " interchangeable groove backing plates 24 " at it, by its " component puts difference " 30mm Supplementary processing has " backing plate B groove 24b ", so, it unloads and has used " interchangeable plane limit assembly 11 ", and will wherein "None" supplement add " the interchangeable groove backing plate " of work backing plate groove, " the groove backing plate " of " having " supplementary processing backing plate groove that changes the outfit, including will be therein Two pieces " limit position plates 26 " change a position and are put into the backing plate groove of supplementary processing, as shown in Figure 17, Figure 18, i.e., from " backing plate A is recessed A position is changed in slot 24a " to be put into " the backing plate B groove 24b " of supplementary processing;
4)It is related to size H(Corresponding h1)The component transform of variation uses
In the present embodiment, due to size H(Corresponding h1)With size L2(Corresponding W4)Belong to " interchangeable plane limit assembly Change in size involved in 11 ", and due to having pressed its " component difference " 5mm situation, and in each " groove backing plate fastener 27 " places specify required reduction " confined planes adjust gasket 25 " quantity, so, which can be in company with step 3)Become together It changes, i.e., reduces " two " confined planes adjustment 25 quantity of gasket at each " groove backing plate fastener 27 ", it then again will be new " the interchangeable plane limit assembly " changed is installed to middle part on the 13a of car body upper surface;
So far, above-mentioned " positioning and limit " component transform for needing to convert the required implementation of another kind V-type axle housing 1 is used and is walked Suddenly, terminate to this whole.
Finally, illustrating following two points:
1)In the above-described embodiments, when the positioning and limit assembly " processing that another kind V-type axle housing 1 of above-mentioned transformation is related to Prepare " and " transformation use " after performance, then it can continue to fulfil cleaning above-mentioned at this " washing and cleaning operation is live " Process, including:Trolley stepping conveying and the cleaning of axle housing interior and exterior.Here, not repeating.
2)It in the above-described embodiments, is only the positioning and limit group of required implementation when being converted to " V-type axle housing 1 " kind Part " processing is prepared " and " transformation uses ", if there is multiple variety classes formed due to its " positioning and locating dimension " changes " when " V-type axle housing 1 " kind needs to clean, repeats and implement above-mentioned steps, item needed for it can be completed respectively, including carry out Row cleaning process above-mentioned.
In addition, part not in the detailed description of the invention is existing well-known technique.

Claims (3)

1. a kind of processing and preparation method for multi items V-type positioning axle housing cleaning consignment trolley, it is characterised in that:The processing Preparation method is meant according to a certain " V-type axle housing(1)" " positioning, locating dimension " completions that is related to of kind part " consign by cleaning In the case of " positioning and limit " establishment of component involved on trolley ", when needing to convert axle housing kind on " consignment trolley " When " positioning and limit " places implementation cleaning, i.e., it ought be related to axle housing " positioning, locating dimension " and one or more change in size occur When, to meet the demand of kind transformation to " the interchangeable V-type positioning component in left end being related to(10), interchangeable plane limit assembly (11), the interchangeable V-type positioning component of right end(12)", how to implement the method that its processing is prepared, steps are as follows:
1)Dimension difference compares clear
It is related to comparing specific " V-type axle housing(1)" size has:" two positioning outer circle side interplanar distance L1, positioning outer circle ∮ d, installation The most wide spacing L2 in hole, axle housing center line to Chinese lute interplanar distance H ", being related to comparing specific size of components has:" two V-type positioning components Spacing W1, positioning centre to positioning interplanar distance h4, two limit plate spacing W4, interchangeable groove backing plate to car body upper surface spacing dimension H1, locating piece side to setting circle side spacing W2, V-type positioning component width W3, thin plate positive stop end height h2, bridge casing lute face Interplanar distance h3 " is limited to limit assembly, it is as follows:
1-1)" axle housing " size " axle housing difference " compares clear
By " positioning, locating dimension " that a certain kind axle housing being applicable in " cleaning consignment trolley " is related to need to convert product The applicable axle housing of kind " positioning, locating dimension " --- whether " L1, ∮ d, L2, H " four sizes are compared one by one, clear to deposit " axle housing difference " after changing;
1-2)" component " size " component difference " compares clear
I.e. according to step 1-1)Determining presence changes " axle housing difference " situation, makes configuring on " cleaning consignment trolley " It " positioning, locating dimension " involved in component and needs to convert " V-type axle housing(1)" kind be related to " positioning, position limiting ruler It is very little " --- " W1, h4, W4, h1 " four sizes are compared one by one, i.e., according to " W1=L1+2W2+W3, h4=∮ d ÷ 2, W4= L2±20,h1=h-(H+h2+h3)" size corresponding relationship, clear " the component difference " whether having after variation;
2)According to required processing need to be completed
According to step 1-2)Specific " component difference " is compared, i.e., is changed on involved " cleaning consignment trolley " to existing " positioning and limit " component, according to required processing item need to be completed, including supplementary processing needed for being completed on existing part or again New selection processing and fabricating new parts, it is as follows:
2-1)The W1 dimensioned item for thering is " component difference " to change
Specific " component difference " is compared according to " W1=L1+2W2+W3 ", in the interchangeable backing plate with holes in two pieces of left ends(17)With two pieces The interchangeable backing plate with holes of right end(29)On, determine that whether there is or not spatial positions to be laid out supplementary processing " left end bolt with holes(21), right end it is with holes Bolt(33)" respective required bolt hole site;If so, above-mentioned four pieces " interchangeable backing plates with holes " can be unloaded, i.e., existing zero Processing item by pin hole needed for its " component difference " supplementary processing on part, after completing W1 change in size;If nothing, need to select again Material makes above-mentioned four pieces of " interchangeable backing plate with holes " new parts, including the pin hole required by its " component difference " processing, ibid, i.e., Processing item after achievable W1 change in size;
2-2)The h4 dimensioned item for thering is " component difference " to change
Specific " component difference " is compared according to " h4=∮ d ÷ 2 ", understands and determines that selection again makes " left end locating piece(22), it is right Hold locating piece(34)" whether feasible;If row, is unloaded, and presses its " component difference " situation, again selection production " locating piece " New parts, the processing item after h4 change in size can be completed;If not all right, by its " locating piece " and " the interchangeable V-type seat in left end (20), the interchangeable V-type seat of right end(32)" unload together, by its " component difference " situation, selection production " interchangeable V-type seat " is new again Part, including the processing of v-shaped opening inclined plane shape, the processing item after h4 change in size can be completed;
2-3)The W4 dimensioned item for thering is " component difference " to change
Specific " component difference " is compared according to " W4=L2 ± 20 ", in two pieces of interchangeable groove backing plates(24)On, determine that whether there is or not skies Between two pieces of " limit plates of location layout supplementary processing(26)" respective required backing plate groove location;If so, can " can by above-mentioned two pieces Change groove backing plate " it unloads, i.e., W4 ruler can be completed in backing plate groove needed for pressing its " component difference " supplementary processing on existing part Processing item after very little variation;If nothing, in two kinds of situation, first is that using limit plate(26)After implementing plane limit, if not blocking Bridge casing lute face(1a)On installation screw(1b), i.e., its cleaning is not influenced, that is to say, that though there is W4 size " component difference ", It can be considered " no difference " situation, can continue to continue to use existing part " interchangeable groove backing plate(24)", be not required to implement again its unload and Processing, the processing item being considered as after completing W4 change in size;Second is that being needed if blocking and without spatial position Layout processing backing plate groove Again selection makes above-mentioned two pieces of " interchangeable groove backing plate " new parts, including processes required backing plate groove by its " component difference ", Ibid, the processing item after W4 change in size can be completed;
2-4)The h1 dimensioned item for thering is " component difference " to change
According to " h1=h-(H+h2+h3)" specific " component difference " is compared, unload interchangeable plane limit assembly(11)In There are two pieces of interchangeable groove backing plates(24), confined planes with adjustment gasket(25), limit plate(26), and its " component difference " is pressed, pass through In each " groove backing plate fastener(27)" at increase and decrease " confined planes with adjustment gasket(25)" quantity, and can meet " bridge casing lute face to limit assembly limits interplanar distance h3 " is 2-3mm configuration requirement, the processing after h1 change in size can be completed Item;So far, the processing preparation steps for needing to implement, all terminate.
2. a kind of processing and preparation method for multi items V-type positioning axle housing cleaning consignment trolley according to claim 1, It is characterized in that:The processing of the component is prepared, and is according to a certain " V-type axle housing(1)" part " L1, ∮ d, L2, H)" four sizes In kind transformation, if there are " axle housing difference " situations of change in size, i.e., the number situation changed according to size, and one One corresponding implementation " single " can not only correspond to and implement, can also the corresponding implementation of " multiple " or " whole " combination.
3. a kind of processing and preparation method for multi items V-type positioning axle housing cleaning consignment trolley according to claim 1, It is characterized in that:Implementation steps involved in the processing and preparation method are only " the V-type axle housing for needing to convert(1)" Kind and when positioning, limit are placed in its " cleaning consignment trolley ", needs to implement the component processing preparation steps of transformation, if having Multiple variety classes " V-type axle housings formed due to its " positioning " or " limit " size change(1)" kind part, it repeats Implement above-mentioned steps, its respectively required processing preparation can be completed.
CN201611006051.0A 2016-11-16 2016-11-16 Processing and preparation method for multi items V-type positioning axle housing cleaning consignment trolley CN106563928B (en)

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Citations (5)

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US3905086A (en) * 1974-01-28 1975-09-16 Willow Hill Ind Inc Method of constructing axle housing assembly
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CN105396856A (en) * 2015-12-15 2016-03-16 第一拖拉机股份有限公司 Consigning trolley for stepping type conveying and axle housing part cleaning
CN205324243U (en) * 2015-12-23 2016-06-22 苏州华唐自动化科技有限公司 Axle housing ultrasonic cleaning line

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US8776374B2 (en) * 2010-04-30 2014-07-15 Trimtool Ltd. O/A 1823912 Ontario Inc. Method and apparatus for manufacturing an axle for a vehicle

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3905086A (en) * 1974-01-28 1975-09-16 Willow Hill Ind Inc Method of constructing axle housing assembly
CN202264071U (en) * 2011-10-22 2012-06-06 东风德纳车桥有限公司 Integral machining system for stamped and welded axle housings
CN104476258A (en) * 2014-12-11 2015-04-01 重庆大江工业有限责任公司 Fixture and method for processing half-shaft casing holes at both ends of rear axle housing in vehicle
CN105396856A (en) * 2015-12-15 2016-03-16 第一拖拉机股份有限公司 Consigning trolley for stepping type conveying and axle housing part cleaning
CN205324243U (en) * 2015-12-23 2016-06-22 苏州华唐自动化科技有限公司 Axle housing ultrasonic cleaning line

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