CN106561520A - Culturing method for improving quality of euryhaline prawns - Google Patents

Culturing method for improving quality of euryhaline prawns Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106561520A
CN106561520A CN201611006107.2A CN201611006107A CN106561520A CN 106561520 A CN106561520 A CN 106561520A CN 201611006107 A CN201611006107 A CN 201611006107A CN 106561520 A CN106561520 A CN 106561520A
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parts
shrimp
prawns
thrown
weight
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黄霞跃
韦健珉
梁海
曾柳敏
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Fangchenggang Xinrun Aquaculture Co Ltd
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Fangchenggang Xinrun Aquaculture Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201611006107.2A priority Critical patent/CN106561520A/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61KPREPARATIONS FOR MEDICAL, DENTAL, OR TOILET PURPOSES
    • A61K36/00Medicinal preparations of undetermined constitution containing material from algae, lichens, fungi or plants, or derivatives thereof, e.g. traditional herbal medicines
    • A61K36/18Magnoliophyta (angiosperms)
    • A61K36/88Liliopsida (monocotyledons)
    • A61K36/89Cyperaceae (Sedge family)
    • A61K36/8905Cyperus (flatsedge)
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61KPREPARATIONS FOR MEDICAL, DENTAL, OR TOILET PURPOSES
    • A61K36/00Medicinal preparations of undetermined constitution containing material from algae, lichens, fungi or plants, or derivatives thereof, e.g. traditional herbal medicines
    • A61K36/06Fungi, e.g. yeasts
    • A61K36/07Basidiomycota, e.g. Cryptococcus
    • A61K36/076Poria
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61KPREPARATIONS FOR MEDICAL, DENTAL, OR TOILET PURPOSES
    • A61K36/00Medicinal preparations of undetermined constitution containing material from algae, lichens, fungi or plants, or derivatives thereof, e.g. traditional herbal medicines
    • A61K36/18Magnoliophyta (angiosperms)
    • A61K36/185Magnoliopsida (dicotyledons)
    • A61K36/28Asteraceae or Compositae (Aster or Sunflower family), e.g. chamomile, feverfew, yarrow or echinacea
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61KPREPARATIONS FOR MEDICAL, DENTAL, OR TOILET PURPOSES
    • A61K36/00Medicinal preparations of undetermined constitution containing material from algae, lichens, fungi or plants, or derivatives thereof, e.g. traditional herbal medicines
    • A61K36/18Magnoliophyta (angiosperms)
    • A61K36/185Magnoliopsida (dicotyledons)
    • A61K36/34Campanulaceae (Bellflower family)
    • A61K36/344Codonopsis
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61KPREPARATIONS FOR MEDICAL, DENTAL, OR TOILET PURPOSES
    • A61K36/00Medicinal preparations of undetermined constitution containing material from algae, lichens, fungi or plants, or derivatives thereof, e.g. traditional herbal medicines
    • A61K36/18Magnoliophyta (angiosperms)
    • A61K36/185Magnoliopsida (dicotyledons)
    • A61K36/35Caprifoliaceae (Honeysuckle family)
    • A61K36/355Lonicera (honeysuckle)
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61KPREPARATIONS FOR MEDICAL, DENTAL, OR TOILET PURPOSES
    • A61K36/00Medicinal preparations of undetermined constitution containing material from algae, lichens, fungi or plants, or derivatives thereof, e.g. traditional herbal medicines
    • A61K36/18Magnoliophyta (angiosperms)
    • A61K36/185Magnoliopsida (dicotyledons)
    • A61K36/53Lamiaceae or Labiatae (Mint family), e.g. thyme, rosemary or lavender
    • A61K36/536Prunella or Brunella (selfheal)
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61KPREPARATIONS FOR MEDICAL, DENTAL, OR TOILET PURPOSES
    • A61K36/00Medicinal preparations of undetermined constitution containing material from algae, lichens, fungi or plants, or derivatives thereof, e.g. traditional herbal medicines
    • A61K36/18Magnoliophyta (angiosperms)
    • A61K36/185Magnoliopsida (dicotyledons)
    • A61K36/54Lauraceae (Laurel family), e.g. cinnamon or sassafras
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61KPREPARATIONS FOR MEDICAL, DENTAL, OR TOILET PURPOSES
    • A61K36/00Medicinal preparations of undetermined constitution containing material from algae, lichens, fungi or plants, or derivatives thereof, e.g. traditional herbal medicines
    • A61K36/18Magnoliophyta (angiosperms)
    • A61K36/185Magnoliopsida (dicotyledons)
    • A61K36/71Ranunculaceae (Buttercup family), e.g. larkspur, hepatica, hydrastis, columbine or goldenseal
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61KPREPARATIONS FOR MEDICAL, DENTAL, OR TOILET PURPOSES
    • A61K36/00Medicinal preparations of undetermined constitution containing material from algae, lichens, fungi or plants, or derivatives thereof, e.g. traditional herbal medicines
    • A61K36/18Magnoliophyta (angiosperms)
    • A61K36/88Liliopsida (monocotyledons)
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61KPREPARATIONS FOR MEDICAL, DENTAL, OR TOILET PURPOSES
    • A61K2236/00Isolation or extraction methods of medicinal preparations of undetermined constitution containing material from algae, lichens, fungi or plants, or derivatives thereof, e.g. traditional herbal medicine
    • A61K2236/30Extraction of the material
    • A61K2236/33Extraction of the material involving extraction with hydrophilic solvents, e.g. lower alcohols, esters or ketones
    • A61K2236/331Extraction of the material involving extraction with hydrophilic solvents, e.g. lower alcohols, esters or ketones using water, e.g. cold water, infusion, tea, steam distillation, decoction
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61KPREPARATIONS FOR MEDICAL, DENTAL, OR TOILET PURPOSES
    • A61K2236/00Isolation or extraction methods of medicinal preparations of undetermined constitution containing material from algae, lichens, fungi or plants, or derivatives thereof, e.g. traditional herbal medicine
    • A61K2236/30Extraction of the material
    • A61K2236/39Complex extraction schemes, e.g. fractionation or repeated extraction steps
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish
    • Y02A40/818Alternative feeds for fish, e.g. in aquacultures

Abstract

The invention provides a culturing method for improving the quality of euryhaline prawns. The method includes the steps of 1, selecting and disinfecting ponds; 2, throwing in traditional Chinese medicine liquid; 3, throwing in young prawns; 4, feeding fodder; and 5, carrying out aeration and changing water regularly. In the step 4, the fodder is fed after the young prawns are thrown into the ponds; from the day 1 to the day 20, the fodder for the young prawns is fed 2-3 times each day, and the daily feeding quantity is 4-5% of the total weight of the young prawns; and after the day 20, the fodder for adult prawns is fed 4-6 times each day, and the daily feeding quantity is 7-9% of the total weight of the adult prawns. The prawns obtained through the method are high in quality, good in appearance and taste and high in survival rate, the disease resistance and the immunity of the prawns are enhanced, and the disease probability of the prawns is lowered by 10-15% compared with that of the prawns which are not fed with the medicine liquid. The fodder for the young prawns and the fodder for the adult prawns can well meet the nutritional requirements of the prawns at each growth stage, and the prawns grow fast after eating the fodder.

Description

Improve the cultural method of eurysalinity Penaeus seu panulirus quality
Technical field
The present invention relates to improve the cultural method of eurysalinity Penaeus seu panulirus quality.
Background technology
At present based on pond culture, pond culture disease is relatively easy to control the artificial cultivation of Penaeus seu panulirus, by weather and environment shadow Sound is relatively low, and survival rate is high, and risk is little, and cost is relatively low, but the Penaeus seu panulirus inferior quality of output.
The content of the invention
In order to solve problems of the prior art, the invention provides improving the cultivation side of eurysalinity Penaeus seu panulirus quality Method, the Penaeus seu panulirus quality obtained using the method is high.
The present invention provides a kind of cultural method for improving eurysalinity Penaeus seu panulirus quality, and step is as follows:
(1) selection and sterilization in pond:Selection area is 12-15 mus, and water depth is the pond of 1-1.3 rice, and shrimp seedling is put in a suitable place to breed It is front to pond lime disinfection;
(2) traditional Chinese medicine liquid is thrown in:Medicinal liquid is thrown in before shrimp seedling is thrown in, injected volume is per mu of 3 kilograms of medicinal liquids, the preparation of medicinal liquid Method is:By Radix Codonopsis, the Flos Lonicerae of 8-12 parts, the Poria of 1-2 parts, the Spica Prunellae of 5-8 parts, 3-5 that parts by weight are 20-25 parts The Medulla Junci of part, the Cortex Cinnamomi of 1-3 parts, the Rhizoma Cyperi of 10-15 parts, the Radix Pulsatillae of 3-5 parts, the Herba Artemisiae Scopariae mixing of 1-2 parts, add 6-8 The decocting of times weight is boiled 2 times, 1 hour every time, filters and merge medicinal liquid;
(3) shrimp seedling is thrown in:At 15-30 DEG C, adjustment pond salinity is 0.5 ‰ -7 ‰ to temperature, throws in shrimp seedling, long for body 0.7-1.0 centimetre of seed, injected volume is ten thousand tails of 4-6/mu;For long 1.0-1.2 centimetre of seed of body, injected volume is 2.5-4 Ten thousand tails/mu;
(4) feedstuff is fed:Feedstuff is fed under shrimp seedling behind the pool, at the 1-20 days, 2-3 shrimp seedling feedstuff is thrown in daily, thrown day High-volume for the shrimp seedling gross weight 4-5%, after 20 days, 4-6 time is thrown in daily into shrimp feed, day injected volume be now into The 7-9% of the gross weight of shrimp;
The preparation method of the shrimp seedling feedstuff is:By gluten flour, the cottonseed meal of 3-5 parts, 1- that parts by weight are 10-15 parts After the shrimp shell meal co-grinding of 3 parts of tea seed cake, 2-4 part Semen arachidis hypogaeae dregs, 1-3 part Testa Tritici, the fish flour of 3-5 parts and 3-5 parts, sterilizing, system Grain is obtained final product;
The preparation method into shrimp feed is:By parts by weight be the fishbone powder of 20-25 parts, the Fructus Maydiss of 8-10 parts The dregs of rice, the gluten flour of 4-6 parts, the steamed bread slag of 2-4 parts, the Testa oryzae of 8-10 parts, the rice meal of 1-2 parts, the shrimp shell meal of 6-8 parts, 3-5 Part sesame seed meal, the papaya powder of 2-4 parts, the yeast powder mixing of 0.1-0.2 parts, 110 DEG C of heat aging 35-45 minutes, then Expanded granulation is obtained final product;
(5) oxygenation is carried out to pond by aerating machine every 2-3 days, the water in pond was changed every 4-6 days, changed every time The water yield is the 7-9% of pool inner water amount.
Preferably, in step (2), the preparation method of the medicinal liquid is:By Radix Codonopsis that parts by weight are 22 parts, 10 parts Flos Lonicerae, 1.5 parts of Poria, 6 parts of Spica Prunellae, 4 parts of Medulla Junci, 2 parts of Cortex Cinnamomi, 12 parts of Rhizoma Cyperi, 4 parts of the Radix Pulsatillae, 1.5 parts of Herba Artemisiae Scopariae mixing, the decocting for adding 7 times of weight is boiled 2 times, 1 hour every time, filters and merge medicinal liquid.
Preferably, in step (4), the preparation method of the shrimp seedling feedstuff is:By the high muscle face that parts by weight are 12 parts After powder, 4 parts of cottonseed meal, 2 parts of tea seed cake, 3 parts of Semen arachidis hypogaeae dregs, 2 parts of Testa Tritici, 4 parts of fish flour and 4 parts of shrimp shell meal co-grindings, go out Bacterium, granulation is obtained final product.
Preferably, in step (4), the preparation method into shrimp feed is:By fishbone powder that parts by weight are 22 parts, 9 parts of corn germ cake, 5 parts of gluten flour, 3 parts of steamed bread slag, 9 parts of Testa oryzae, 1.5 parts of rice meal, 7 parts of Crusta Penaeus seu Panulirus Powder, 4 parts of sesame seed meal, 3 parts of papaya powder, the mixing of 0.15 part of yeast powder, it is heat aging 40 minutes at 110 DEG C, it is then expanded Granulation is obtained final product.
The Penaeus seu panulirus quality obtained using the inventive method is high, and condition is good, and mouthfeel, Penaeus seu panulirus survival rate is high;The present invention exists Throw in and thrown in medicinal liquid in pond before shrimp seedling, enhance the resistances against diseases of Penaeus seu panulirus, enhance immunity, compared with medicinal liquid is not thrown in, The prevalence of Penaeus seu panulirus reduces 10-15%;The shrimp seedling feedstuff of the present invention and can be good at meeting Penaeus seu panulirus into shrimp feed and give birth at each The nutritional need in long stage, growth is rapid after shrimp is edible, and compared with a kind of feedstuff is only thrown in, the speed of growth improves 3-5%.
Specific embodiment
Below example facilitates a better understanding of the present invention, but does not limit the present invention.Experiment in following embodiments Method, if no special instructions, is conventional method.
Embodiment 1
The cultural method step of the raising eurysalinity Penaeus seu panulirus quality of the present invention is as follows:
(1) selection and sterilization in pond:Area is selected to be 14 mu, water depth is 1.2 meters of pond, shrimp seedling is put in a suitable place to breed front to pond Pool lime disinfection;
(2) traditional Chinese medicine liquid is thrown in:Medicinal liquid is thrown in before shrimp seedling is thrown in, injected volume is per mu of 3 kilograms of medicinal liquids, the preparation of medicinal liquid Method is:By Radix Codonopsis, 10 parts of Flos Lonicerae, 1.5 parts of Poria, 6 parts of Spica Prunellae, 4 parts of lampwick that parts by weight are 22 parts Grass, 2 parts of Cortex Cinnamomi, 12 parts of Rhizoma Cyperi, 4 parts of the Radix Pulsatillae, the mixing of 1.5 parts of Herba Artemisiae Scopariae, the decocting for adding 7 times of weight is boiled 2 times, 1 hour every time, filter and merge medicinal liquid;
(3) shrimp seedling is thrown in:At 25 DEG C, adjustment pond salinity is 3.5 ‰ to temperature, throws in shrimp seedling, for 0.8 centimetre of body length Seed, injected volume be 50,000 tails/mu;For 1.1 centimetres of seed of body length, injected volume is 30,000 tails/mu;
(4) feedstuff is fed:Feedstuff is fed under shrimp seedling behind the pool, at the 1-20 days, 2 shrimp seedling feedstuffs is thrown in daily, thrown in day Measure 4.5% of the gross weight for the shrimp seedling, after 20 days, 5 times thrown in daily into shrimp feed, day injected volume be now into shrimp The 8% of gross weight;
The preparation method of the shrimp seedling feedstuff is:By gluten flour, 4 parts of cottonseed meal, 2 parts of tea that parts by weight are 12 parts After the dregs of rice, 3 parts of Semen arachidis hypogaeae dregs, 2 parts of Testa Tritici, 4 parts of fish flour and 4 parts of shrimp shell meal co-grindings, sterilizing, granulation is obtained final product;
The preparation method into shrimp feed is:By fishbone powder that parts by weight are 22 parts, 9 parts of corn germ cake, 5 parts Gluten flour, 3 parts of steamed bread slag, 9 parts of Testa oryzae, 1.5 parts of rice meal, 7 parts of shrimp shell meal, 4 parts of sesame seed meal, 3 parts Papaya powder, the mixing of 0.15 part of yeast powder, heat aging 40 minutes at 110 DEG C, then expanded granulation is obtained final product;
(5) oxygenation is carried out to pond by aerating machine every 2 days, the water in pond, the water yield changed every time was changed every 5 days For the 8% of pool inner water amount.
Embodiment 2
The cultural method step of the raising eurysalinity Penaeus seu panulirus quality of the present invention is as follows:
(1) selection and sterilization in pond:Area is selected to be 12 mu, water depth is 1.3 meters of pond, shrimp seedling is put in a suitable place to breed front to pond Pool lime disinfection;
(2) traditional Chinese medicine liquid is thrown in:Medicinal liquid is thrown in before shrimp seedling is thrown in, injected volume is per mu of 3 kilograms of medicinal liquids, the preparation of medicinal liquid Method is:By Radix Codonopsis that parts by weight are 25 parts, 12 parts of Flos Lonicerae, 1 part of Poria, 8 parts of Spica Prunellae, 3 parts of Medulla Junci, 3 parts of Cortex Cinnamomi, 10 parts of Rhizoma Cyperi, 5 parts of the Radix Pulsatillae, the mixing of 1 part of Herba Artemisiae Scopariae, the decocting for adding 8 times of weight boils 2 times, and every time 1 Hour, filter and merge medicinal liquid;
(3) shrimp seedling is thrown in:At 30 DEG C, adjustment pond salinity is 0.5 ‰ to temperature, throws in shrimp seedling, for 0.7 centimetre of body length Seed, injected volume be 60,000 tails/mu;For 1.0 centimetres of seed of body length, injected volume is 40,000 tails/mu;
(4) feedstuff is fed:Feedstuff is fed under shrimp seedling behind the pool, at the 1-20 days, 3 shrimp seedling feedstuffs is thrown in daily, thrown in day Measure 5% of the gross weight for the shrimp seedling, after 20 days, 4 times thrown in daily into shrimp feed, day injected volume be now into the total of shrimp The 9% of weight;
The preparation method of the shrimp seedling feedstuff is:By gluten flour, 3 parts of cottonseed meal, 3 parts of tea that parts by weight are 15 parts After the dregs of rice, 4 parts of Semen arachidis hypogaeae dregs, 1 part of Testa Tritici, 5 parts of fish flour and 3 parts of shrimp shell meal co-grindings, sterilizing, granulation is obtained final product;
The preparation method into shrimp feed is:By fishbone powder that parts by weight are 25 parts, 8 parts of corn germ cake, 6 parts Gluten flour, 4 parts of steamed bread slag, 8 parts of Testa oryzae, 2 parts of rice meal, 6 parts of shrimp shell meal, 5 parts of sesame seed meal, 2 parts of wood Melon powder, the mixing of 0.2 part of yeast powder, heat aging 35 minutes at 110 DEG C, then expanded granulation is obtained final product;
(5) oxygenation is carried out to pond by aerating machine every 2 days, the water in pond, the water yield changed every time was changed every 6 days For the 9% of pool inner water amount.
Embodiment 3
The cultural method step of the raising eurysalinity Penaeus seu panulirus quality of the present invention is as follows:
(1) selection and sterilization in pond:Area is selected to be 15 mu, water depth is 1 meter of pond, shrimp seedling is put in a suitable place to breed front to pond Use lime disinfection;
(2) traditional Chinese medicine liquid is thrown in:Medicinal liquid is thrown in before shrimp seedling is thrown in, injected volume is per mu of 3 kilograms of medicinal liquids, the preparation of medicinal liquid Method is:By Radix Codonopsis that parts by weight are 20 parts, 8 parts of Flos Lonicerae, 2 parts of Poria, 5 parts of Spica Prunellae, 5 parts of Medulla Junci, 1 Part Cortex Cinnamomi, 15 parts of Rhizoma Cyperi, 3 parts of the Radix Pulsatillae, the mixing of 2 parts of Herba Artemisiae Scopariae, the decocting for adding 6 times of weight boils 2 times, every time 1 Hour, filter and merge medicinal liquid;
(3) shrimp seedling is thrown in:At 15 DEG C, adjustment pond salinity is 7 ‰ to temperature, throws in shrimp seedling, for 1.0 centimetres of body length Seed, injected volume is 40,000 tails/mu;For 1.2 centimetres of seed of body length, injected volume is 2.5 ten thousand tails/mu;
(4) feedstuff is fed:Feedstuff is fed under shrimp seedling behind the pool, at the 1-20 days, 2 shrimp seedling feedstuffs is thrown in daily, thrown in day Measure 4% of the gross weight for the shrimp seedling, after 20 days, 6 times thrown in daily into shrimp feed, day injected volume be now into the total of shrimp The 7% of weight;
The preparation method of the shrimp seedling feedstuff is:By gluten flour, 5 parts of cottonseed meal, 1 part of tea that parts by weight are 10 parts After the dregs of rice, 2 parts of Semen arachidis hypogaeae dregs, 3 parts of Testa Tritici, 3 parts of fish flour and 5 parts of shrimp shell meal co-grindings, sterilizing, granulation is obtained final product;
The preparation method into shrimp feed is:By fishbone powder that parts by weight are 20 parts, 10 parts of corn germ cake, 4 Part gluten flour, 2 parts of steamed bread slag, 10 parts of Testa oryzae, 1 part of rice meal, 8 parts of shrimp shell meal, 3 parts of sesame seed meal, 4 parts Papaya powder, the mixing of 0.1 part of yeast powder, heat aging 45 minutes at 110 DEG C, then expanded granulation is obtained final product;
(5) oxygenation is carried out to pond by aerating machine every 2-3 days, the water in pond, the water changed every time was changed every 4 days Measure as the 7% of pool inner water amount.
Finally it should be noted that:The preferred embodiments of the present invention are the foregoing is only, the present invention is not limited to, Although being described in detail to the present invention with reference to the foregoing embodiments, for a person skilled in the art, it still may be used To modify to the technical scheme described in foregoing embodiments, or equivalent is carried out to which part technical characteristic. All any modification, equivalent substitution and improvements within the spirit and principles in the present invention, made etc., should be included in the present invention's Within protection domain.

Claims (4)

1. the cultural method of eurysalinity Penaeus seu panulirus quality is improved, it is characterised in that:Step is as follows:
(1) selection and sterilization in pond:Selection area is 12-15 mus, and water depth is the pond of 1-1.3 rice, and shrimp seedling is put in a suitable place to breed front right Pond lime disinfection;
(2) traditional Chinese medicine liquid is thrown in:Medicinal liquid is thrown in before shrimp seedling is thrown in, injected volume is per mu of 3 kilograms of medicinal liquids, the preparation method of medicinal liquid For:By parts by weight be the Radix Codonopsis of 20-25 parts, the Flos Lonicerae of 8-12 parts, the Poria of 1-2 parts, the Spica Prunellae of 5-8 parts, 3-5 parts Medulla Junci, the Cortex Cinnamomi of 1-3 parts, the Rhizoma Cyperi of 10-15 parts, the Radix Pulsatillae of 3-5 parts, the Herba Artemisiae Scopariae mixing of 1-2 parts, add 6-8 times and weigh The decocting of amount is boiled 2 times, 1 hour every time, filters and merge medicinal liquid;
(3) shrimp seedling is thrown in:At 15-30 DEG C, adjustment pond salinity is 0.5 ‰ -7 ‰ to temperature, throws in shrimp seedling, 0.7- long for body 1.0 centimetres of seed, injected volume is ten thousand tails of 4-6/mu;For long 1.0-1.2 centimetre of seed of body, injected volume be the tails of 2.5-4 ten thousand/ Mu;
(4) feedstuff is fed:Feedstuff is fed under shrimp seedling behind the pool, at the 1-20 days, 2-3 shrimp seedling feedstuff is thrown in daily, day injected volume For the 4-5% of the gross weight of the shrimp seedling, after 20 days, 4-6 time is thrown in daily into shrimp feed, day injected volume be now into shrimp The 7-9% of gross weight;
The preparation method of the shrimp seedling feedstuff is:By gluten flour, the cottonseed meal of 3-5 parts, 1-3 parts that parts by weight are 10-15 parts Tea seed cake, 2-4 part Semen arachidis hypogaeae dregs, 1-3 part Testa Tritici, the shrimp shell meal co-grinding of the fish flour of 3-5 parts and 3-5 parts after, sterilizing, granulation is ;
The preparation method into shrimp feed is:By parts by weight be the fishbone powder of 20-25 parts, the corn germ cake of 8-10 parts, The gluten flour of 4-6 parts, the steamed bread slag of 2-4 parts, the Testa oryzae of 8-10 parts, the rice meal of 1-2 parts, the shrimp shell meal of 6-8 parts, 3-5 parts Sesame seed meal, the papaya powder of 2-4 parts, the yeast powder mixing of 0.1-0.2 parts, it is then swollen 110 DEG C of heat aging 35-45 minutes Change granulation to obtain final product;
(5) oxygenation is carried out to pond by aerating machine every 2-3 days, the water in pond, the water yield changed every time was changed every 4-6 days For the 7-9% of pool inner water amount.
2. method according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:In step (2), the preparation method of the medicinal liquid is:Will weight Amount number is 22 parts of Radix Codonopsis, 10 parts of Flos Lonicerae, 1.5 parts of Poria, 6 parts of Spica Prunellae, 4 parts of Medulla Junci, 2 parts of meat Osmanthus, 12 parts of Rhizoma Cyperi, 4 parts of the Radix Pulsatillae, the mixing of 1.5 parts of Herba Artemisiae Scopariae, the decocting for adding 7 times of weight boils 2 times, 1 hour every time, Filter and merge medicinal liquid.
3. method according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:In step (4), the preparation method of the shrimp seedling feedstuff is: By gluten flour, 4 parts of cottonseed meal, 2 parts of tea seed cake, 3 parts of Semen arachidis hypogaeae dregs, 2 parts of Testa Tritici, 4 parts of fish flour and 4 that parts by weight are 12 parts After the shrimp shell meal co-grinding of part, sterilizing, granulation is obtained final product.
4. method according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:In step (4), the preparation method into shrimp feed is: By fishbone powder that parts by weight are 22 parts, 9 parts of corn germ cake, 5 parts of gluten flour, 3 parts of steamed bread slag, 9 parts of Testa oryzae, 1.5 parts of rice meal, 7 parts of shrimp shell meal, 4 parts of sesame seed meal, 3 parts of papaya powder, the mixing of 0.15 part of yeast powder, at 110 DEG C Heat aging 40 minutes, then expanded granulation was obtained final product.
CN201611006107.2A 2016-11-16 2016-11-16 Culturing method for improving quality of euryhaline prawns Pending CN106561520A (en)

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CN101015284A (en) * 2007-02-25 2007-08-15 福建师范大学 Technique for two-stage controlled ecological fresh water aquiculturing Penaeus vannamei Boone
CN102715105A (en) * 2012-05-21 2012-10-10 高雷 Industrialization cultivation method for shrimp seed of macrobrachium rosenbergii
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