CN106561394A - Cultivation method for promoting large cherries to ripen earlier by utilizing natural climate in plateau area - Google Patents

Cultivation method for promoting large cherries to ripen earlier by utilizing natural climate in plateau area Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106561394A
CN106561394A CN201610996203.XA CN201610996203A CN106561394A CN 106561394 A CN106561394 A CN 106561394A CN 201610996203 A CN201610996203 A CN 201610996203A CN 106561394 A CN106561394 A CN 106561394A
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cherry
temperature
heat preservation
cultivation
preservation greenhouse
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应建华
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Eryuan Yinxiang Forestry And Fruit Manor Co Ltd
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Eryuan Yinxiang Forestry And Fruit Manor Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201610996203.XA priority Critical patent/CN106561394A/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C21/00Methods of fertilizing, sowing or planting
    • A01C21/005Following a specific plan, e.g. pattern
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G17/00Cultivation of hops, vines, fruit trees, or like trees
    • A01G17/005Cultivation methods

Abstract

The invention discloses a cultivation method for promoting large cherries to ripen earlier by utilizing natural climate in a plateau area, and belongs to the technical field of large cheery planting. The cultivation method is characterized by adopting a conventional outdoor cultivation method and utilizing the natural climate and a plastic thermal-insulation shed to carry out temperature regulation management on large cherries. The cultivation method specifically comprises the following steps: (1) selecting a variety; (2) building the plastic thermal-insulation shed; (3) sleeping forcibly; (4) carrying out cultivation management at a germinating and flowering period; (5) carrying out cultivation management at a fruit-setting and growing period; and (6) carrying out cultivation management at a fruit-expanding, coloring and ripening period. According to the cultivation method disclosed by the invention, a natural temperature is utilized to regulate a temperature needed for different growth periods of large cherry trees, good characteristics and quality of large cherries produced outdoors are kept, the large cherry trees continuously sleep for 30 days, and the large cherries only need 45-55 days from the germinating and flowering period to the mature period. Besides, the cultivation method further can effectively save energy consumption, can save electricity consumption by 5000 degrees within a planting period per year per mu of large cherries, so that planting cost is greatly reduced.

Description

It is a kind of to promote large cherry to do sth. in advance ripe cultivation using natural climate in highlandss Method
Technical field
The invention belongs to large cherry planting technology field, and in particular to one kind is promoted greatly in highlandss using natural climate Fructus Pruni pseudocerasi does sth. in advance ripe cultural method.
Background technology
Fructus Pruni pseudocerasi mainly divides three classes:U.S.'s large cherry, gean and Chinese little Fructus Pruni pseudocerasi, other kinds are all three big at this Carry out cultivation on the basis of class to form.The nutritive value of Fructus Pruni pseudocerasi is very high:Iron-holder up to 5.9mg in per hectogram Fructus Pruni pseudocerasi, occupies fruit Family is the first;Carotene carotene content is 4~5 times more than Fructus Vitis viniferae, Fructus Mali pumilae, Fructus Citri tangerinae;Additionally, in Fructus Pruni pseudocerasi also containing vitamin B, C and calcium, The mineral elements such as phosphorus.Fructus Pruni pseudocerasi has abundant nutritive value, but fresh cherry thin skin is not easy to maintain, and it is typically annual 4-May is ripe, it is impossible to meet wilderness demand of the people to Fructus Pruni pseudocerasi around the Spring Festival.It is public in prior art to make Fructus Pruni pseudocerasi do sth. in advance maturation A kind of breeding method (Authorization Notice No. for making Fructus Pruni pseudocerasi do sth. in advance maturation is opened:CN103782821B), the method will form bud Cherry tree K cryogenic treatment is carried out in natural environment so as to period ripe to adjust Fructus Pruni pseudocerasi into rest period ahead of time.It is described K cryogenic treatment include two ways, after the artificial priming leaf of the first to cherry tree sprinkling water at low temperature lower the temperature so as to enter stop Dormancy state;It two is, by the way that cherry tree is transferred to where High aititude, using the low temperature of High aititude resting state to be made it into. Both modes are all to carry out K cryogenic treatment to cherry tree in natural environment, and Fructus Pruni pseudocerasi can be made to need listing by the wish of people Time in it is ripe, the method is particularly suited for Chinese little Fructus Pruni pseudocerasi and does sth. in advance ripe needs.But the method still suffers from lower column defects: One is cherry tree sprinkling water at low temperature to be lowered the temperature after artificial priming leaf and that cherry tree is transferred to where High aititude into both is low Warm processing mode, because sunny quick heating on highlandss daytimes cannot meet the normal hibernation of large cherry, and needs a large amount of Hand labor, efficiency is low, and labor cost is high, it is impossible to be adapted to scale and industrialized development;Two is gentle to natural conditions Wait dependency big, it is impossible to control cherry tree hibernation temperature, rudiment and bloom temperature, the setting phase temperature and Fruit coloring period of maturation Temperature, meets severe and extreme weather, can bring huge loss to Planting household, and in later stage setting phase and period of maturation, sea The night temperatures of more than 1km are pulled out less than 7 DEG C, therefore temperature is relatively low, is not suitable for the setting and maturation of Fructus Pruni pseudocerasi, makes percentage of fertile fruit low, into Bad, quality is coloured when ripe to be reduced.
The content of the invention
For deficiencies of the prior art, it is an object of the invention to provide one kind utilizes nature gas in highlandss Time promotes large cherry to do sth. in advance ripe cultural method, and large cherry can be made in i.e. 1 to 2 month maturation around the Spring Festival, can dramatically increase The economic worth of Fructus Pruni pseudocerasi, and make Fructus Pruni pseudocerasi during whole cultivation, using the natural temperature of highlandss, by heat preservation greenhouse come Adjust preference temperature of the large cherry tree in different growing stages, not only easy to operate, energy saving and labor cost, moreover it is possible to fully Using natural lighting, the superperformance and plateau quality characteristic of outdoor cropping large cherry are kept.
For achieving the above object, the present invention adopts following technical proposals:1st, it is a kind of to utilize nature gas in highlandss Time promotes large cherry to do sth. in advance ripe cultural method, it is characterised in that:Including using conventional open field culture method, using nature gas Wait and plastic, thermal-insulation booth carries out homoiothermic management to large cherry, specifically include following step:
(1) Fruit variety:Select 0-7 DEG C under the conditions of winter dormancy between 200-600 hours it is early, in ripe large cherry Kind;
(2) plastic, thermal-insulation booth is built:Electric rolling plastic, thermal-insulation booth, booth surrounding are built up using conventional method of construction Plus insulated wall, booth ceiling setting sunshade net and insulation quilt, according to the area planning plantation large cherry tree of heat preservation greenhouse, stop row Between passage;
(3) forced dormancy:Mid-October when large cherry tree bud is fully grown, in nighttime temperature 10 DEG C is dropped to Afterwards, start artificial priming leaf and enter dormancy by large cherry tree, heat preservation greenhouse is adjusted using the method that night opens, daytime, closing was incubated Temperature needed for large cherry dormancy.Temperature-controlled process be when nighttime temperature drops to 7 DEG C, heat preservation greenhouse is fully open, allow Large cherry tree normal hibernation under natural temperature, when nocturnal temperature drops to 0 DEG C to before 7 points of morning, in time shuts heat preservation greenhouse, Cold air is stored in booth, according to the method large cherry tree dormancy 30 days are allowed, until large cherry tree enters rudiment florescence;
(4) rudiment florescence cultivation management:Rest period topdresses after terminating to large cherry usage tree root, while spraying to tree body Rock glacier mixture or copper acetate disinfection, remove sunshade net, and heat preservation greenhouse is using fully opening daytime, night closing insulation Method adjust large cherry rudiment and bloom required temperature, make heat preservation greenhouse temperature be maintained at 12-22 using natural lighting daytime DEG C, afternoon the sun set before temperature in booth more than 12 DEG C when, heat preservation greenhouse is all closed, by more than 12 DEG C of heat sky Gas is enclosed in booth and is incubated, and the nocturnal temperature for making heat preservation greenhouse is maintained at more than 5 DEG C, according to the method cultivation management 10-15 days, until the large cherry florescence terminates to start setting, normal water and fertilizer management is carried out simultaneously during cultivation;
(5) setting period of development cultivation management:Heat preservation greenhouse is adjusted using the method for fully opening daytime, night closing is incubated Temperature needed for the large cherry setting period of development, daytime makes heat preservation greenhouse temperature be maintained at 14-22 DEG C using natural lighting, afternoon The sun set before temperature in booth more than 14 DEG C when, heat preservation greenhouse is all closed, by more than 14 DEG C of hot-air closing It is incubated in booth, the nocturnal temperature for making heat preservation greenhouse is maintained at more than 8 DEG C, is cultivated 15 days according to the method, until fruit It is real to enter the expanding and colouring period of maturation, carry out normal water and fertilizer management simultaneously during cultivation;
(6) Fruit coloring period of maturation cultivation management:Heat preservation greenhouse is using fully opening daytime, night closing insulation Method adjusts the temperature needed for large cherry fructescence, makes heat preservation greenhouse temperature be maintained at 10-26 using natural lighting daytime DEG C, afternoon the sun set before temperature in booth more than 16 DEG C when, heat preservation greenhouse is all closed, by more than 16 DEG C of heat sky Gas is enclosed in booth and is incubated, and the nocturnal temperature for making heat preservation greenhouse is maintained at more than 10 DEG C, and according to the method 15-25 is cultivated My god, until fruit full maturity, normal water and fertilizer management is carried out during cultivation simultaneously.
September of the present invention basal dressing before large cherry tree forced dormancy, every large cherry tree imposes the farm manure 20kg for becoming thoroughly decomposed With low nitrogen, middle phosphorus, high potassium quick-acting Water soluble fertilizers 0.2kg, while the urea liquid and middle and trace element of foliage-spray 2%.
It is quick-acting water-soluble using 20-20-20+TE balances when the present invention to large cherry tree carries out root and topdresses in step (4) Fertilizer.
Compared with prior art, beneficial effects of the present invention have:
1st, the temperature needed for large cherry tree different growing stages is substantially adjusted using natural temperature, open country life is not only kept The superperformance of large cherry is produced, and can effectively save energy resource consumption.The present invention is opened in rest period, heat preservation greenhouse using night Cooling, the method for closing insulation on daytime adjust the temperature needed for large cherry dormancy;In rudiment florescence, setting period of development and fruit In the expanding and colouring period of maturation, it is suitable that heat preservation greenhouse adjusts large cherry using the method for fully opening heating daytime, night closing is incubated Growth temperature.Therefore the present invention is under the conditions of normal weather, it is not necessary to heat preservation greenhouse is heated and cooling is processed, reduced The run time of air-conditioning or firing equipment, every mu of Fructus Pruni pseudocerasi booth daily can save 50-80 degree electricity, therefore can effectively save energy Source, also maintains the superperformance of large cherry outdoor cropping as far as possible
2 and it is of the prior art sprinkling water at low temperature carry out cooling process, the ground by the way that cherry tree to be transferred to High aititude Side, cherry tree is transferred in icebox carries out the technical measures such as K cryogenic treatment and compare, the present invention is adopted nature bar in rest period Low temperature cold air under part saves the method for carrying out cold treatment by heat preservation greenhouse, can make large cherry tree under cryogenic Dormancy, considerably reduces the input of the resources such as human and material resources, reduces production cost and labour cost.
3 to do sth. in advance mature technology with other different, and because rudiment florescence, setting phase, fruit Peng are big, the coloring period of maturation adopts Booth open natural lighting cultivation, it is to avoid water content height, high humidity, pest and disease damage are easily sent out in canopy in conventional booth production Raw the problems such as.Under the irradiation of strong sunlight, temperature of shed quick heating often that temperature is too high to be difficult to common plastics booth occurs Control and cause decorated fire, burn the problem of fruit, the present invention is cultivated using the natural lighting of booth open type, makes booth air circulation, light Cooperation is strong with obvious, ultraviolet, therefore large cherry fruit color is bright-coloured, the hard thick, sugar content of peel is high, in good taste, good quality.
The present invention inventive principle be:
1st, the climatic characteristic day and night temperature of highlandss is big, and height above sea level is in 1800-2600 meters of highlandss, October 20 Afterwards night minimum temperature can meet needs of the large cherry tree to dormancy, 15 DEG C or so of day temperature below 7 DEG C.But big cherry The effective temperature of peach tree dormancy is 0-7 DEG C, therefore allows big by thermal-insulating type booth is fully open when dropping to 7 DEG C using nighttime temperature Cherry tree normal hibernation under field conditions (factors), in the morning before 7 points, now nocturnal temperature can drop to 0 DEG C or so, will protect in time on the contrary Warm booth is closed, and cold air is stored in heat preservation greenhouse, allows large cherry tree to continue the dormancy in 0-7 DEG C of environment daytime.In order to Ensure the hibernation temperature in heat preservation greenhouse under extreme weather, can as needed install air-conditioning and temperature automatically controlled additional in heat preservation greenhouse Device, when in heat preservation greenhouse temperature more than 7 DEG C when start shooting supplements cold, allow temperature of shed to be maintained at less than 7 DEG C, it is general interrupted Start can meet demand in 3-4 hours.If meeting winter rainy weather, temperature can open wide insulation in 24 hours big below 7 DEG C Canopy is by the dormancy under field conditions (factors) of large cherry tree.
2nd, the physiological property of large cherry be daily minimal tcmperature more than 5 DEG C when, the tree body germination that starts to sprout is bloomed, 18-22 DEG C suitable pollination is beared fruit, and at 15 days florescences, starts to bear fruit after fallen flowers, 28-55 days maturations of fruit development period.Large cherry kind is general It is divided into early, middle and late ripe, in order to reach the demand listed before the Spring Festival, large cherry does sth. in advance ripe cultivation ought to select morning, medium variety Planted.It is 28-40 days that early-maturing variety starts setting to maturation required time from fallen flowers.Need of the fruit development period to temperature Ask and be divided into two stages, the first stage is that setting is developed 15 days stone phases, and 8-24 DEG C of required optimum temperature, second stage is fruit It is real to develop Peng's big coloring period of maturation, 10-26 DEG C of required optimum temperature.Rudiment florescence, setting period of development and the big coloring of fruit Peng Period of maturation, heat preservation greenhouse adjusts the suitable growth temperature of large cherry using the method for fully opening the gain of heat daytime, night closing is incubated Degree.If necessary to postpone the fruit maturation time, then 15 days time at large cherry florescence should be calculated respective with early, middle and late kind After fruit setting is developed to the time required to fruit maturation after fallen flowers, the rest period time for closing canopy, night daytime and opening canopy is accordingly prolonged It is long.
3rd, highlandss shifting to an earlier date because of the phenological period, large cherry is bloomed in annual early March, and mid-April is ripe, than low Altitude Regions flowering time shifts to an earlier date 38 days, and fruit Peng is big, and the coloring period of maturation shifts to an earlier date 38 days.Therefore large cherry bud starts the idiophase 38 days in advance.Highlandss light application time is long, and ultraviolet is sufficient, and leaf photosynthesis is significantly improved, therefore bud differentiation shifts to an earlier date Maturation, in September flower bud development full maturity on the 30th, 50 days in advance.
4th, using artificial priming leaf cherry tree fruit-setting rate can be made high, because after artificial priming leaf, the endogenous of Fructus Pruni pseudocerasi dormancy bud swashs Cellulose content can be allowed to be converted to the direction for being conducive to flower bud germination and improve germination rate with equilibrium relation;Artificial priming leaf can also shift to an earlier date cherry The rest period of peach tree, the period for further making Fructus Pruni pseudocerasi ripe shifts to an earlier date, this is because after artificial priming leaf, bud endogenous hormones occur Different degrees of decline, tree body enters resting state.
5th, K cryogenic treatment of the present invention was carried out in cherry tree bud differentiation ripe October.Because of October cherry tree upgrowth situation It is the best, the K cryogenic treatment of dormancy is now carried out, in the case where ensureing that Fructus Pruni pseudocerasi does sth. in advance maturation, moreover it is possible to ensure the result of Fructus Pruni pseudocerasi Rate and fruit quality.K cryogenic treatment is carried out if when not in Fructus Pruni pseudocerasi bud abundant differentiation and maturation, cherry tree is easily caused Bud germination rate is low, so as to cause cherry yield low.
6th, present invention autumn basal dressing before September large cherry tree forced dormancy, after being absorbed by cherry tree because of base manure, can be for not The cherry tree of dormancy phase provides nutrient accumulation, improves Fructus Pruni pseudocerasi fruiting rate;Root is carried out before rudiment florescence to large cherry tree to topdress, It is for cherry tree rudiment, blooms, setting, expands period and concentrate and consume a large amount of nutrients and provide safeguard.
Specific embodiment
Below by embodiment, the present invention is further illustrated, but is not limited to embodiment.
Embodiment 1
It is a kind of to promote large cherry to do sth. in advance ripe cultural method using natural climate in highlandss, it is characterised in that:Bag Include following following step:
(1) Fruit variety:Precocious large cherry kind of the winter effective dormancy at 200 hours under the conditions of selecting 0-7 DEG C.
(2) plastic, thermal-insulation booth is built:Electric rolling plastic, thermal-insulation booth, booth surrounding are built up using conventional method of construction Plus insulated wall, booth ceiling setting sunshade net and insulation quilt, according to the area planning plantation large cherry tree of heat preservation greenhouse, stop row Between passage.
(3) autumn fertilizer is imposed:September imposes autumn fertilizer to cherry tree when large cherry tree bud was fully grown on 30th, and per big Cherry tree imposes the farm manure 20kg and low nitrogen, middle phosphorus, quick-acting Water soluble fertilizers 0.2kg of high potassium for becoming thoroughly decomposed, while foliage-spray 2% Urea liquid and middle and trace element.
(4) forced dormancy:October 20, the artificial priming leaf of beginning is entered by large cherry tree stopped after nighttime temperature drops to 10 DEG C Dormancy state, heat preservation greenhouse adopts night to open, the method for closing insulation on daytime adjusts large cherry hibernation temperature for 0-7 DEG C.Temperature Control method be when nighttime temperature drops to 7 DEG C, heat preservation greenhouse is fully open, allow large cherry tree normally to stop under natural temperature Sleep, when nocturnal temperature can drop to 0 DEG C to before 7 points of morning, in time shut heat preservation greenhouse, cold air is stored in booth, according to Like this method allows large cherry tree dormancy 30 days, until dormancy time needed for meeting large cherry tree, into rudiment florescence.
(5) rudiment florescence cultivation management:After rest period terminates, November 20 topdressed to large cherry usage tree root, chased after 20-20-20+TE is applied when fertile and balances quick-acting Water soluble fertilizers, while spraying rock glacier mixture disinfection to tree body, remove sunshade Net, the temperature that heat preservation greenhouse adopts fully open daytime, the method regulation large cherry rudiment of night closing insulation is bloomed is for 5-22 ℃.Being heated using natural lighting daytime makes heat preservation greenhouse temperature be maintained at 12-22 DEG C, afternoon the sun set before temperature in booth When degree is more than 12 DEG C, heat preservation greenhouse is all closed, more than 12 DEG C of hot-air is enclosed in booth and is incubated, make guarantor The nocturnal temperature of warm booth is maintained at more than 5 DEG C, if there is the situation of heat insulation effect difference, when temperature is less than 5 DEG C, in roof insulating Air-conditioning equipment Auto Power On is heated, and makes temperature of shed be kept for more than 5 DEG C.Cultivate 15 days according to the method, manage to December 5, The large cherry florescence terminates to start setting, normal water and fertilizer management is carried out simultaneously during cultivation, to meet the large cherry setting period of development Needs to liquid manure.
(6) setting period of development cultivation management:Heat preservation greenhouse is adjusted using the method for fully opening daytime, night closing is incubated Temperature needed for the large cherry setting period of development, being heated using natural lighting daytime makes heat preservation greenhouse temperature be maintained at 14-22 DEG C, Afternoon the sun set before temperature in booth more than 14 DEG C when, heat preservation greenhouse is all closed, by more than 14 DEG C hot-airs It is enclosed in booth and is incubated, the nocturnal temperature for making heat preservation greenhouse is maintained at more than 8 DEG C, cultivates 15 days according to the method, pipe Manage to December 20, fruit enters the expanding and colouring period of maturation, and normal water and fertilizer management is carried out simultaneously during cultivation;
(7) Fruit coloring period of maturation cultivation management:Heat preservation greenhouse is using fully opening daytime, night closing insulation Method adjusts the temperature needed for large cherry fruit maturation, heated using natural lighting daytime make heat preservation greenhouse temperature be maintained at 10- 26 DEG C, afternoon the sun set before temperature in booth more than 16 DEG C when, heat preservation greenhouse is all closed, by more than 16 DEG C heat Air seal is incubated in booth, and the nocturnal temperature for making heat preservation greenhouse is maintained at more than 10 DEG C, and according to the method 15- is cultivated 25 days, can full maturity harvesting listing to -15 days on the 5th January next year early-maturing variety.
Using the cultural method described in embodiment 1 the continuous dormancy time of large cherry tree can be made to complete in 30 days, than normal Rule open field culture method can shift to an earlier date 80 days, and than low altitude area 120 days are shifted to an earlier date, and large cherry is bloomed to fruit full maturity from rudiment Only need 45-55 days.Because the effective hibernation temperature required for large cherry is between 0-7 DEG C, but the temperature of highlandss is special Point is that nighttime temperature is low, and daytime, sunny temperature was high, and 0-7 DEG C of temperature time only has 7 hours or so in 24 hours one day, Because more than 7 DEG C of invalid dormancy time is more, adding the high temperature on daytime can cause dormancy time to shorten and dormancy decreased effectiveness, because If this is using conventional open field culture method, although highlandss large cherry tree is in November in winter, December, January, 2 months 0-7 DEG C of effective dormancy time accumulation, most of cherry varieties can be transferred through dormancy and yield positive results, but make stopping for large cherry tree The dormancy phase extends to 2 months, also just correspondingly extends the ripe Time To Market of large cherry, and large cherry could be in maturation until May City.
Compared with conventional vinyl house, using the method for the present invention, every mu of Fructus Pruni pseudocerasi vinyl house of rest period can save 4 The air-conditioning of 5.5kw, can save daily the air-conditioner operation time 3-4 hours for cooling on daytime, therefore daily can save electricity 60-80 degree electricity.Calculate by the rest period of 30 days, during dormancy every mu of booth can save 2000 degree it is electric, if by 100 mu of kind Plant booth calculating, rest period can save 200,000 degree it is electric.The present invention is bloomed to fruit full ripe 45 days by large cherry from rudiment Time calculates, the run time 3-4 hour that every mu of Fructus Pruni pseudocerasi vinyl house of the present embodiment can save air-conditioning and heat for night, because This daily can save electricity 60-80 degree electricity, 45 days every mu of booths can save 3200 degree it is electric, if by 100 mu of planting greenhouse To calculate, then can save within 45 days 320,000 degree it is electric, therefore planting cost is greatly reduced, with significant technique effect and economic valency Value.
Embodiment 2
The present invention from winter dormancy under the conditions of 0-7 DEG C in 600 hours in ripe large cherry kind.Medium variety from Fallen flowers setting to fruit maturation is 50-60 days, is such as cultivated using the methods described of embodiment 1, then planting time increases by 20 My god, fruit was in 5 days 2 months maturations.

Claims (3)

  1. It is 1. a kind of to promote large cherry to do sth. in advance ripe cultural method using natural climate in highlandss, it is characterised in that:Including Homoiothermic management is carried out to large cherry using conventional open field culture method, using natural climate and plastic, thermal-insulation booth, is specifically included Following step:
    (1) Fruit variety:Select 0-7 DEG C under the conditions of winter dormancy between 200-600 hours it is early, in ripe large cherry product Kind;
    (2) plastic, thermal-insulation booth is built:Electric rolling plastic, thermal-insulation booth is built up using conventional method of construction, booth surrounding adds guarantor Warm wall, booth ceiling arranges sunshade net and insulation quilt, according to the area planning plantation large cherry tree of heat preservation greenhouse, stops and in the ranks leads to Road;
    (3) forced dormancy:Mid-October when large cherry tree bud is fully grown, after nighttime temperature drops to 10 DEG C, opens The artificial priming leaf that begins enters dormancy by large cherry tree, and heat preservation greenhouse was opened using night, the method for closing insulation on daytime adjusts big cherry Temperature needed for Fructus Persicae dormancy.Temperature-controlled process be when nighttime temperature drops to 7 DEG C, heat preservation greenhouse is fully open, allow big cherry Peach tree normal hibernation under natural temperature, when nocturnal temperature drops to 0 DEG C to before 7 points of morning, in time shuts heat preservation greenhouse, will be cold Air is stored in booth, and according to the method large cherry tree dormancy 30 days are allowed, until large cherry tree enters rudiment florescence;
    (4) rudiment florescence cultivation management:Rest period topdresses after terminating to large cherry usage tree root, while spraying rock glacier to tree body Mixture or copper acetate disinfection, remove sunshade net, and heat preservation greenhouse is using the side for fully opening daytime, night closing is incubated Method adjusts the temperature needed for large cherry rudiment is bloomed, and makes heat preservation greenhouse temperature be maintained at 12-22 DEG C using natural lighting daytime, Afternoon the sun set before temperature in booth more than 12 DEG C when, heat preservation greenhouse is all closed, by more than 12 DEG C hot-airs It is enclosed in booth and is incubated, the nocturnal temperature for making heat preservation greenhouse is maintained at more than 5 DEG C, according to the method cultivation management 10- 15 days, until the large cherry florescence terminates to start setting, normal water and fertilizer management is carried out simultaneously during cultivation;
    (5) setting period of development cultivation management:Heat preservation greenhouse adjusts big cherry using the method for fully opening daytime, night closing is incubated Temperature needed for the Fructus Persicae setting period of development, daytime makes heat preservation greenhouse temperature be maintained at 14-22 DEG C using natural lighting, afternoon the sun When temperature before setting in booth is more than 14 DEG C, heat preservation greenhouse is all closed, more than 14 DEG C of hot-air is enclosed in greatly It is incubated in canopy, the nocturnal temperature for making heat preservation greenhouse is maintained at more than 8 DEG C, is cultivated 15 days according to the method, until fruit enters Enter the expanding and colouring period of maturation, normal water and fertilizer management is carried out simultaneously during cultivation;
    (6) Fruit coloring period of maturation cultivation management:Method of the heat preservation greenhouse using fully opening daytime, night closing is incubated The temperature needed for large cherry fructescence is adjusted, makes heat preservation greenhouse temperature be maintained at 10-26 DEG C using natural lighting daytime, Afternoon the sun set before temperature in booth more than 16 DEG C when, heat preservation greenhouse is all closed, by more than 16 DEG C hot-airs It is enclosed in booth and is incubated, the nocturnal temperature for making heat preservation greenhouse is maintained at more than 10 DEG C, according to the method 15-25 is cultivated My god, until fruit full maturity, normal water and fertilizer management is carried out during cultivation simultaneously.
  2. 2. it is according to claim 1 a kind of to promote large cherry to do sth. in advance ripe cultivation side using natural climate in highlandss Method, it is characterised in that:September basal dressing before large cherry tree forced dormancy, every large cherry tree imposes the farm manure 20kg for becoming thoroughly decomposed With low nitrogen, middle phosphorus, high potassium quick-acting Water soluble fertilizers 0.2kg, while the urea liquid and middle and trace element of foliage-spray 2%.
  3. 3. it is according to claim 1 a kind of to promote large cherry to do sth. in advance ripe cultivation side using natural climate in highlandss Method, it is characterised in that:When to large cherry tree carrying out root in step (4) and topdressing, balanced using 20-20-20+TE quick-acting water-soluble Fertilizer.
CN201610996203.XA 2016-11-12 2016-11-12 Cultivation method for promoting large cherries to ripen earlier by utilizing natural climate in plateau area Pending CN106561394A (en)

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CN111512876A (en) * 2020-05-14 2020-08-11 云南省农业科学院高山经济植物研究所 Method suitable for improving fruit setting rate of large cherries in southwest province

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