CN106550916A - Penaeus seu panulirus are seedling industrialized to breed aquaculture model - Google Patents

Penaeus seu panulirus are seedling industrialized to breed aquaculture model Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106550916A
CN106550916A CN201611006123.1A CN201611006123A CN106550916A CN 106550916 A CN106550916 A CN 106550916A CN 201611006123 A CN201611006123 A CN 201611006123A CN 106550916 A CN106550916 A CN 106550916A
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parts
nursery
shrimp
pond
penaeus seu
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Inventor
曾柳敏
黄霞跃
韦健珉
梁海
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Fangchenggang Xinrun Aquaculture Co Ltd
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Fangchenggang Xinrun Aquaculture Co Ltd
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61KPREPARATIONS FOR MEDICAL, DENTAL, OR TOILET PURPOSES
    • A61K36/00Medicinal preparations of undetermined constitution containing material from algae, lichens, fungi or plants, or derivatives thereof, e.g. traditional herbal medicines
    • A61K36/18Magnoliophyta (angiosperms)
    • A61K36/185Magnoliopsida (dicotyledons)
    • A61K36/78Saururaceae (Lizard's-tail family)
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61KPREPARATIONS FOR MEDICAL, DENTAL, OR TOILET PURPOSES
    • A61K36/00Medicinal preparations of undetermined constitution containing material from algae, lichens, fungi or plants, or derivatives thereof, e.g. traditional herbal medicines
    • A61K36/11Pteridophyta or Filicophyta (ferns)
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61KPREPARATIONS FOR MEDICAL, DENTAL, OR TOILET PURPOSES
    • A61K36/00Medicinal preparations of undetermined constitution containing material from algae, lichens, fungi or plants, or derivatives thereof, e.g. traditional herbal medicines
    • A61K36/18Magnoliophyta (angiosperms)
    • A61K36/185Magnoliopsida (dicotyledons)
    • A61K36/23Apiaceae or Umbelliferae (Carrot family), e.g. dill, chervil, coriander or cumin
    • A61K36/233Bupleurum
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61KPREPARATIONS FOR MEDICAL, DENTAL, OR TOILET PURPOSES
    • A61K36/00Medicinal preparations of undetermined constitution containing material from algae, lichens, fungi or plants, or derivatives thereof, e.g. traditional herbal medicines
    • A61K36/18Magnoliophyta (angiosperms)
    • A61K36/185Magnoliopsida (dicotyledons)
    • A61K36/28Asteraceae or Compositae (Aster or Sunflower family), e.g. chamomile, feverfew, yarrow or echinacea
    • A61K36/282Artemisia, e.g. wormwood or sagebrush
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61KPREPARATIONS FOR MEDICAL, DENTAL, OR TOILET PURPOSES
    • A61K36/00Medicinal preparations of undetermined constitution containing material from algae, lichens, fungi or plants, or derivatives thereof, e.g. traditional herbal medicines
    • A61K36/18Magnoliophyta (angiosperms)
    • A61K36/185Magnoliopsida (dicotyledons)
    • A61K36/28Asteraceae or Compositae (Aster or Sunflower family), e.g. chamomile, feverfew, yarrow or echinacea
    • A61K36/288Taraxacum (dandelion)
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61KPREPARATIONS FOR MEDICAL, DENTAL, OR TOILET PURPOSES
    • A61K36/00Medicinal preparations of undetermined constitution containing material from algae, lichens, fungi or plants, or derivatives thereof, e.g. traditional herbal medicines
    • A61K36/18Magnoliophyta (angiosperms)
    • A61K36/185Magnoliopsida (dicotyledons)
    • A61K36/48Fabaceae or Leguminosae (Pea or Legume family); Caesalpiniaceae; Mimosaceae; Papilionaceae
    • A61K36/481Astragalus (milkvetch)
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61KPREPARATIONS FOR MEDICAL, DENTAL, OR TOILET PURPOSES
    • A61K36/00Medicinal preparations of undetermined constitution containing material from algae, lichens, fungi or plants, or derivatives thereof, e.g. traditional herbal medicines
    • A61K36/18Magnoliophyta (angiosperms)
    • A61K36/185Magnoliopsida (dicotyledons)
    • A61K36/53Lamiaceae or Labiatae (Mint family), e.g. thyme, rosemary or lavender
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61KPREPARATIONS FOR MEDICAL, DENTAL, OR TOILET PURPOSES
    • A61K36/00Medicinal preparations of undetermined constitution containing material from algae, lichens, fungi or plants, or derivatives thereof, e.g. traditional herbal medicines
    • A61K36/18Magnoliophyta (angiosperms)
    • A61K36/185Magnoliopsida (dicotyledons)
    • A61K36/54Lauraceae (Laurel family), e.g. cinnamon or sassafras
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61KPREPARATIONS FOR MEDICAL, DENTAL, OR TOILET PURPOSES
    • A61K36/00Medicinal preparations of undetermined constitution containing material from algae, lichens, fungi or plants, or derivatives thereof, e.g. traditional herbal medicines
    • A61K36/18Magnoliophyta (angiosperms)
    • A61K36/88Liliopsida (monocotyledons)
    • A61K36/904Stemonaceae (Stemona family), e.g. croomia
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61KPREPARATIONS FOR MEDICAL, DENTAL, OR TOILET PURPOSES
    • A61K36/00Medicinal preparations of undetermined constitution containing material from algae, lichens, fungi or plants, or derivatives thereof, e.g. traditional herbal medicines
    • A61K36/18Magnoliophyta (angiosperms)
    • A61K36/88Liliopsida (monocotyledons)
    • A61K36/906Zingiberaceae (Ginger family)
    • A61K36/9068Zingiber, e.g. garden ginger
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish
    • Y02A40/818Alternative feeds for fish, e.g. in aquacultures
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/80Food processing, e.g. use of renewable energies or variable speed drives in handling, conveying or stacking
    • Y02P60/87Re-use of by-products of food processing for fodder production

Abstract

The present invention provides that Penaeus seu panulirus are seedling industrialized breeds aquaculture model, comprises the following steps:Isolation nursery workshop and standard nursery pond foundation and its disinfect, the integrated treatment of water for larval nursing, Penaeus seu panulirus parent health cultivate and breed, the preparation of nursery bait and feed and nursery pond daily management.The present invention is by the optimization to various process parameters and traditional Chinese medicine liquid and feed formula so that the survival rate of Penaeus seu panulirus Seedling is more than 87%, and shrimp seedling is neat, little with a collection of shrimp seedling individual variation;Penaeus seu panulirus immunity is high, and prevalence is low.Close shrimp feed and nursery bait formula science, can provide Penaeus seu panulirus growth course desired nutritional, and Penaeus seu panulirus growth is rapid, and Penaeus seu panulirus Seedling immunity is high.

Description

Penaeus seu panulirus are seedling industrialized to breed aquaculture model
Technical field
The present invention relates to Penaeus seu panulirus are seedling industrialized to breed aquaculture model.
Background technology
Industrialized culture be a kind of high density, cultivating condition can system control aquaculture model, yield is high, and strengthens foster Artificial control's effect of disease is grown, investment risk is reduced, is increased economic efficiency.Batch production is supported shrimp and is had the characteristics that:One is foster Grow yield high;Two is to solve the problems, such as that restricting Penaeus seu panulirus cultivates the prawn disease for developing, and batch production is supported the water quality of shrimp and reaches pollution-free standard, The infringement of external pathogenic bacteria can be effectively prevented, the self-pollution of water environment is reduced;Three is not affected by seasonal factor, can be anti- Season cultivates;Four is that breeding environment is good, and water quality is disposable, pollution-free, nuisanceless, reaches the requirement of pollution-free food.
The content of the invention
The invention provides Penaeus seu panulirus are seedling industrialized to breed aquaculture model.
The present invention provides that Penaeus seu panulirus are seedling industrialized breeds aquaculture model, comprises the following steps:
Step one, isolation nursery workshop and standard nursery pond foundation and its disinfect:
1) isolate nursery each 400-600 ㎡ of workshop, point or so 2 groups, common 12-18 indoor raising of seedling pond, each nursery pond 20 ㎡, the high 1.6m in pond;It is 3 ㎡ that each nursery pond arranges 20 skylights and the area of 30 side windows, each skylight and side window, it is ensured that Sufficient intensity of illumination;
2) potassium permanganate is dissolved in into water, makes the solution that concentration is 250ppm, to nursery workshop and nursery pond thorough disinfection;
The integrated treatment of step 2, water for larval nursing:
1) high-level reservoir is evacuated to after sea water being sequentially passed through rough sand, fine sand, activated carbon, screen filtration;In elevated storage The dark precipitation of more than 24 hours is carried out in pond;Sea water after dark precipitation is added to into water treating pond, is carried out with strong chlorine oil 6ppm Thorough disinfection, was neutralized removing toxic substances simultaneously aeration more than 48 hours with sodium thiosulfate after 24 hours, and through high speed stream treatment;
2) step 1 is added into nursery pond) process after sea water to 1.2m, regulations proportion is 1.019-1.021, and pH value is 8.2-8.5, dissolved oxygen amount are 5.6-5.8mg/ml;
3) traditional Chinese medicine liquid is thrown in, each nursery pond throws in 500g, and the preparation method of traditional Chinese medicine liquid is:It is 8- by parts by weight 10 parts of Herba Houttuyniae, the Herba Artemisiae Scopariae of 5-8 parts, the Rhizoma Osmundae of 4-6 parts, the Folium Artemisiae Argyi of 3-5 parts, the Radix Stemonae of 8-10 parts, the Radix Astragali of 3-5 parts, 1-3 The Rhizoma Zingiberiss of part, the Radix Bupleuri of 5-8 parts, the Herba Taraxaci of 10-15 parts, the Cortex Cinnamomi of 3-5 parts, the Herba Moslae mixing of 1-3 parts, add 6-8 times The decocting of weight is boiled 2 times, 1 hour every time, filters and merge medicinal liquid, is reached sterilization and disinsection and is improved the effect of Penaeus seu panulirus Seedling immunity Really;
Step 3, the health of Penaeus seu panulirus parent are cultivated and are bred:
1) foundation in parent shrimp rearing pond:Parent shrimp rearing pool area is 20 ㎡, high 1.2-1.5 rice, and 10 parent shrimp rearing ponds are One workshop;
2) selection of close shrimp:Jing inspection and quarantine is selected to meet the Penaeus seu panulirus parent of specific pathogen free standard, male shrimp specification is 40- 48 grams, female shrimp specification is 38-42 gram;
3) the health cultivation of close shrimp:
1. parent shrimp rearing pond adds the clean water quality that Jing is processed, depth of water 50cm;
2. water quality is made to keep good using effective microorganism preparation;
3. feedstuff feeds:Throw in daily 4-6 feedstuff, day injected volume be the 20-25% of the gross weight of close shrimp;
The preparation method of the feedstuff is:By parts by weight be the fishbone powder of 43-48 parts, the soybean meal of 8-12 parts, 3-5 parts Gluten flour, the Testa oryzae of 1-3 parts, the breadcrumb of 8-10 parts, the Testa Tritici of 1-2 parts, the shrimp shell meal of 4-6 parts, the Fructus Chaenomeliss of 2-4 parts Powder, the steamed bread slag of 2-4 parts, the yeast powder mixing of 0.1-0.2 parts, in 110 DEG C of heat aging 30-40 minutes, then expanded granulation Obtain final product;
4. illumination and the regulation and control of physical and chemical factor:Intensity of illumination is controlled for 4100-4300Lx, temperature 25-28 DEG C, pH value 8.2- 8.5, proportion 1.018-1.022;
4) pairing of close shrimp breed and healthy naupliuss input, input density is ten thousand/m of 18.0-22.03
Step 5, the preparation of nursery bait and feed:The flesh of fish of millet powder, 4-6 parts by parts by weight for 10-15 parts After the shrimp shell meal co-grinding of slurry, 2-4 part yeast powders, the gluten flour of 1-3 parts, the fishbone powder of 3-5 parts and 2-4 parts, sterilizing, system Grain obtains final product nursery bait;Feed 2-4 time daily, 1-2% of the day feeding volume for Penaeus seu panulirus Seedling gross weight;
The daily management of step 6, nursery pond:Water 2-5 ㎡ are changed daily, keep water body pH 7.8-8.6, temperature to be maintained at 29-31 DEG C, the quantity of illumination rises to 2000-2500Lx by 500-800Lx with the speed for improving 120-150Lx daily,;Dissolved oxygen 4 More than mg/litre, below 5 mg/litre of chemical oxygen consumption (COC), below 0.5 mg/litre of total ammonia nitrogen, 0.1 mg/litre of nitrite with Under, make water quality keep good using effective microorganism preparation.
The present invention is by the optimization to various process parameters and traditional Chinese medicine liquid and feed formula so that Penaeus seu panulirus Seedlings is survived Rate is more than 87%, and shrimp seedling is neat, little with a collection of shrimp seedling individual variation;Penaeus seu panulirus immunity is high, and prevalence is low.Close shrimp feed and Nursery bait formula science, can provide Penaeus seu panulirus growth course desired nutritional, and Penaeus seu panulirus growth is rapid, and Penaeus seu panulirus Seedling immunity is high.
Specific embodiment
Below example facilitates a better understanding of the present invention, but does not limit the present invention.Experiment in following embodiments Method, if no special instructions, is conventional method.In following embodiments, test material used, if no special instructions, is city Sell.
Embodiment 1
The present invention provides that Penaeus seu panulirus are seedling industrialized breeds aquaculture model, comprises the following steps:
Step one, isolation nursery workshop and standard nursery pond foundation and its disinfect:
1) isolate nursery each 500 ㎡ of workshop, point or so 2 groups, totally 16 indoor raising of seedling ponds, 20 ㎡ of each nursery pond, pond High 1.6m;It is 3 ㎡ that each nursery pond arranges 20 skylights and the area of 30 side windows, each skylight and side window, it is ensured that sufficient Intensity of illumination;
2) potassium permanganate is dissolved in into water, makes the solution that concentration is 250ppm, to nursery workshop and nursery pond thorough disinfection;
The integrated treatment of step 2, water for larval nursing:
1) high-level reservoir is evacuated to after sea water being sequentially passed through rough sand, fine sand, activated carbon, screen filtration;In elevated storage The dark precipitation of more than 24 hours is carried out in pond;Sea water after dark precipitation is added to into water treating pond, is carried out with strong chlorine oil 6ppm Thorough disinfection, was neutralized removing toxic substances simultaneously aeration more than 48 hours with sodium thiosulfate after 24 hours, and through high speed stream treatment;
2) step 1 is added into nursery pond) process after sea water to 1.2m, it is 1.020 to adjust proportion, and pH value is 8.4, molten Oxygen amount is 5.7mg/ml;
3) traditional Chinese medicine liquid is thrown in, each nursery pond throws in 500g, and the preparation method of traditional Chinese medicine liquid is:It is 9 by parts by weight Part Herba Houttuyniae, 6 parts of Herba Artemisiae Scopariae, 5 parts of Rhizoma Osmundae, 4 parts of Folium Artemisiae Argyi, 9 parts of the Radix Stemonae, 4 parts of the Radix Astragali, 2 parts of Rhizoma Zingiberiss, 6 parts Radix Bupleuri, 12 parts of Herba Taraxaci, 4 parts of Cortex Cinnamomi, 2 parts of Herba Moslae mixing, the decocting for adding 7 times of weight boil 2 times, 1 hour every time, Medicinal liquid is filtered and merged, sterilization and disinsection is reached and is improved the effect of Penaeus seu panulirus Seedling immunity;
Step 3, the health of Penaeus seu panulirus parent are cultivated and are bred:
1) foundation in parent shrimp rearing pond:Parent shrimp rearing pool area is 20 ㎡, high 1.3 meters, and 10 parent shrimp rearing ponds are one Workshop;
2) selection of close shrimp:Jing inspection and quarantine is selected to meet the Penaeus seu panulirus parent of specific pathogen free standard, male shrimp specification is 45 Gram, female shrimp specification is 40 grams;
3) the health cultivation of close shrimp:
1. parent shrimp rearing pond adds the clean water quality that Jing is processed, depth of water 50cm;
2. water quality is made to keep good using effective microorganism preparation;
3. feedstuff feeds:Throw in daily 5 feedstuffs, day injected volume be the 22% of the gross weight of close shrimp;
The preparation method of the feedstuff is:By fishbone powder that parts by weight are 45 parts, 10 parts of soybean meal, 4 parts of high muscle Flour, 2 parts of Testa oryzae, 9 parts of breadcrumb, 1.5 parts of Testa Tritici, 5 parts of shrimp shell meal, 3 parts of papaya powder, 3 parts of steamed bread slag, 0.15 part of yeast powder mixing, heat aging 35 minutes at 110 DEG C, then expanded granulation is obtained final product;
4. illumination and the regulation and control of physical and chemical factor:Intensity of illumination is controlled for 4200Lx, 26 DEG C of temperature, pH value 8.3, proportion 1.020;
4) pairing of close shrimp breed and healthy naupliuss input, input density is 22.0 ten thousand/m3
Step 5, the preparation of nursery bait and feed:By millet powder that parts by weight are 12 parts, 5 parts of flesh of fish slurry, 3 parts After yeast powder, 2 parts of gluten flour, the shrimp shell meal co-grinding of 4 parts of fishbone powder and 3 parts, sterilizing, granulation obtain final product nursery bait Material;Feed daily 3 times, day feeding volume for Penaeus seu panulirus Seedling gross weight 1.5%;
The daily management of step 6, nursery pond:3 ㎡ of water is changed daily, water body pH 8.2 is kept, and temperature is maintained at 30 DEG C, light 2200Lx is risen to by 600Lx with the speed for improving 140Lx daily according to amount,;It is more than 4 mg/litre of dissolved oxygen, chemical oxygen consumption (COC) 5 Below mg/litre, below 0.5 mg/litre of total ammonia nitrogen, below 0.1 mg/litre of nitrite, made using effective microorganism preparation Water quality keeps good.
Embodiment 2
The present invention provides that Penaeus seu panulirus are seedling industrialized breeds aquaculture model, comprises the following steps:
Step one, isolation nursery workshop and standard nursery pond foundation and its disinfect:
1) isolate nursery each 400 ㎡ of workshop, point or so 2 groups, totally 12 indoor raising of seedling ponds, 20 ㎡ of each nursery pond, pond High 1.6m;It is 3 ㎡ that each nursery pond arranges 20 skylights and the area of 30 side windows, each skylight and side window, it is ensured that sufficient Intensity of illumination;
2) potassium permanganate is dissolved in into water, makes the solution that concentration is 250ppm, to nursery workshop and nursery pond thorough disinfection;
The integrated treatment of step 2, water for larval nursing:
1) high-level reservoir is evacuated to after sea water being sequentially passed through rough sand, fine sand, activated carbon, screen filtration;In elevated storage The dark precipitation of more than 24 hours is carried out in pond;Sea water after dark precipitation is added to into water treating pond, is carried out with strong chlorine oil 6ppm Thorough disinfection, was neutralized removing toxic substances simultaneously aeration more than 48 hours with sodium thiosulfate after 24 hours, and through high speed stream treatment;
2) step 1 is added into nursery pond) process after sea water to 1.2m, it is 1.019 to adjust proportion, and pH value is 8.5, molten Oxygen amount is 5.8mg/ml;
3) traditional Chinese medicine liquid is thrown in, each nursery pond throws in 500g, and the preparation method of traditional Chinese medicine liquid is:It is 8 by parts by weight Part Herba Houttuyniae, 8 parts of Herba Artemisiae Scopariae, 4 parts of Rhizoma Osmundae, 5 parts of Folium Artemisiae Argyi, 10 parts of the Radix Stemonae, 3 parts of the Radix Astragali, 1 part of Rhizoma Zingiberiss, 8 parts Radix Bupleuri, 10 parts of Herba Taraxaci, 5 parts of Cortex Cinnamomi, 1 part of Herba Moslae mixing, the decocting for adding 8 times of weight boil 2 times, 1 hour every time, Medicinal liquid is filtered and merged, sterilization and disinsection is reached and is improved the effect of Penaeus seu panulirus Seedling immunity;
Step 3, the health of Penaeus seu panulirus parent are cultivated and are bred:
1) foundation in parent shrimp rearing pond:Parent shrimp rearing pool area is 20 ㎡, high 1.2 meters, and 10 parent shrimp rearing ponds are one Workshop;
2) selection of close shrimp:Jing inspection and quarantine is selected to meet the Penaeus seu panulirus parent of specific pathogen free standard, male shrimp specification is 48 Gram, female shrimp specification is 42 grams;
3) the health cultivation of close shrimp:
1. parent shrimp rearing pond adds the clean water quality that Jing is processed, depth of water 50cm;
2. water quality is made to keep good using effective microorganism preparation;
3. feedstuff feeds:Throw in daily 6 feedstuffs, day injected volume be the 25% of the gross weight of close shrimp;
The preparation method of the feedstuff is:By fishbone powder that parts by weight are 48 parts, 8 parts of soybean meal, 5 parts of high muscle face Powder, 3 parts of Testa oryzae, 8 parts of breadcrumb, 2 parts of Testa Tritici, 4 parts of shrimp shell meal, 4 parts of papaya powder, 2 parts of steamed bread slag, 0.2 part Yeast powder mixing, it is heat aging 30 minutes at 110 DEG C, then it is expanded granulation obtain final product;
4. illumination and the regulation and control of physical and chemical factor:Intensity of illumination is controlled for 4300Lx, 25 DEG C of temperature, pH value 8.5, proportion 1.018;
4) pairing of close shrimp breed and healthy naupliuss input, input density is 22.0 ten thousand/m3
Step 5, the preparation of nursery bait and feed:By millet powder that parts by weight are 10 parts, 6 parts of flesh of fish slurry, 2 parts After yeast powder, 3 parts of gluten flour, the shrimp shell meal co-grinding of 3 parts of fishbone powder and 4 parts, sterilizing, granulation obtain final product nursery bait Material;Feed daily 2 times, day feeding volume for Penaeus seu panulirus Seedling gross weight 2%;
The daily management of step 6, nursery pond:5 ㎡ of water is changed daily, water body pH 8.6 is kept, and temperature is maintained at 29 DEG C, light 2500Lx is risen to by 500Lx with the speed for improving 150Lx daily according to amount,;It is more than 4 mg/litre of dissolved oxygen, chemical oxygen consumption (COC) 5 Below mg/litre, below 0.5 mg/litre of total ammonia nitrogen, below 0.1 mg/litre of nitrite, made using effective microorganism preparation Water quality keeps good.
Embodiment 3
The present invention provides that Penaeus seu panulirus are seedling industrialized breeds aquaculture model, comprises the following steps:
Step one, isolation nursery workshop and standard nursery pond foundation and its disinfect:
1) isolate nursery each 600 ㎡ of workshop, point or so 2 groups, totally 18 indoor raising of seedling ponds, 20 ㎡ of each nursery pond, pond High 1.6m;It is 3 ㎡ that each nursery pond arranges 20 skylights and the area of 30 side windows, each skylight and side window, it is ensured that sufficient Intensity of illumination;
2) potassium permanganate is dissolved in into water, makes the solution that concentration is 250ppm, to nursery workshop and nursery pond thorough disinfection;
The integrated treatment of step 2, water for larval nursing:
1) high-level reservoir is evacuated to after sea water being sequentially passed through rough sand, fine sand, activated carbon, screen filtration;In elevated storage The dark precipitation of more than 24 hours is carried out in pond;Sea water after dark precipitation is added to into water treating pond, is carried out with strong chlorine oil 6ppm Thorough disinfection, was neutralized removing toxic substances simultaneously aeration more than 48 hours with sodium thiosulfate after 24 hours, and through high speed stream treatment;
2) step 1 is added into nursery pond) process after sea water to 1.2m, it is 1.021 to adjust proportion, and pH value is 8.2, molten Oxygen amount is 5.6mg/ml;
3) traditional Chinese medicine liquid is thrown in, each nursery pond throws in 500g, and the preparation method of traditional Chinese medicine liquid is:It is 10 by parts by weight Part Herba Houttuyniae, 5 parts of Herba Artemisiae Scopariae, 6 parts of Rhizoma Osmundae, 3 parts of Folium Artemisiae Argyi, 8 parts of the Radix Stemonae, 5 parts of the Radix Astragali, 3 parts of Rhizoma Zingiberiss, 5 parts Radix Bupleuri, 15 parts of Herba Taraxaci, 3 parts of Cortex Cinnamomi, 3 parts of Herba Moslae mixing, the decocting for adding 6 times of weight boil 2 times, 1 hour every time, Medicinal liquid is filtered and merged, sterilization and disinsection is reached and is improved the effect of Penaeus seu panulirus Seedling immunity;
Step 3, the health of Penaeus seu panulirus parent are cultivated and are bred:
1) foundation in parent shrimp rearing pond:Parent shrimp rearing pool area is 20 ㎡, high 1.5 meters, and 10 parent shrimp rearing ponds are one Workshop;
2) selection of close shrimp:Jing inspection and quarantine is selected to meet the Penaeus seu panulirus parent of specific pathogen free standard, male shrimp specification is 40 Gram, female shrimp specification is 38 grams;
3) the health cultivation of close shrimp:
1. parent shrimp rearing pond adds the clean water quality that Jing is processed, depth of water 50cm;
2. water quality is made to keep good using effective microorganism preparation;
3. feedstuff feeds:Throw in daily 4 feedstuffs, day injected volume be the 20% of the gross weight of close shrimp;
The preparation method of the feedstuff is:By fishbone powder that parts by weight are 43 parts, 12 parts of soybean meal, 3 parts of high muscle Flour, 1 part of Testa oryzae, 10 parts of breadcrumb, 1 part of Testa Tritici, 6 parts of shrimp shell meal, 2 parts of papaya powder, 4 parts of steamed bread slag, 0.1 The yeast powder mixing of part, heat aging 40 minutes at 110 DEG C, then expanded granulation is obtained final product;
4. illumination and the regulation and control of physical and chemical factor:Intensity of illumination is controlled for 4100Lx, 28 DEG C of temperature, pH value 8.2, proportion 1.022;
4) pairing of close shrimp breed and healthy naupliuss input, input density is 18.0 ten thousand/m3
Step 5, the preparation of nursery bait and feed:By millet powder that parts by weight are 15 parts, 4 parts of flesh of fish slurry, 4 parts After yeast powder, 1 part of gluten flour, the shrimp shell meal co-grinding of 5 parts of fishbone powder and 2 parts, sterilizing, granulation obtain final product nursery bait Material;Feed daily 4 times, day feeding volume for Penaeus seu panulirus Seedling gross weight 1%;
The daily management of step 6, nursery pond:2 ㎡ of water is changed daily, water body pH 7.8 is kept, and temperature is maintained at 31 DEG C, light 2000Lx is risen to by 800Lx with the speed for improving 120Lx daily according to amount,;It is more than 4 mg/litre of dissolved oxygen, chemical oxygen consumption (COC) 5 Below mg/litre, below 0.5 mg/litre of total ammonia nitrogen, below 0.1 mg/litre of nitrite, made using effective microorganism preparation Water quality keeps good.
Finally it should be noted that:The preferred embodiments of the present invention are the foregoing is only, the present invention is not limited to, Although being described in detail to the present invention with reference to the foregoing embodiments, for a person skilled in the art, which still may be used To modify to the technical scheme described in foregoing embodiments, or equivalent is carried out to which part technical characteristic. All any modification, equivalent substitution and improvements within the spirit and principles in the present invention, made etc., should be included in the present invention's Within protection domain.

Claims (1)

1. Penaeus seu panulirus are seedling industrialized breeds aquaculture model, it is characterised in that:Comprise the following steps:
Step one, isolation nursery workshop and standard nursery pond foundation and its disinfect:
1) isolate nursery each 400-600m of workshop2, point or so 2 groups, common 12-18 indoor raising of seedling pond, each nursery pond 20m2, The high 1.6m in pond;It is 3 ㎡ that each nursery pond arranges 20 skylights and the area of 30 side windows, each skylight and side window, it is ensured that sufficient Intensity of illumination;
2) potassium permanganate is dissolved in into water, makes the solution that concentration is 250ppm, to nursery workshop and nursery pond thorough disinfection;
The integrated treatment of step 2, water for larval nursing:
1) high-level reservoir is evacuated to after sea water being sequentially passed through rough sand, fine sand, activated carbon, screen filtration;In high-level reservoir Carry out the dark precipitation of more than 24 hours;Sea water after dark precipitation is added to into water treating pond, is carried out thoroughly with strong chlorine oil 6ppm Sterilization, was neutralized removing toxic substances simultaneously aeration more than 48 hours with sodium thiosulfate after 24 hours, and through high speed stream treatment;
2) step 1 is added into nursery pond) process after sea water to 1.2m, regulations proportion is 1.019-1.021, and pH value is 8.2- 8.5, dissolved oxygen amount is 5.6-5.8mg/ml;
3) traditional Chinese medicine liquid is thrown in, each nursery pond throws in 500g, and the preparation method of traditional Chinese medicine liquid is:It is 8-10 parts by parts by weight Herba Houttuyniae, the Herba Artemisiae Scopariae of 5-8 parts, the Rhizoma Osmundae of 4-6 parts, the Folium Artemisiae Argyi of 3-5 parts, the Radix Stemonae of 8-10 parts, the Radix Astragali of 3-5 parts, 1-3 parts Rhizoma Zingiberiss, the Radix Bupleuri of 5-8 parts, the Herba Taraxaci of 10-15 parts, the Cortex Cinnamomi of 3-5 parts, the Herba Moslae mixing of 1-3 parts, add 6-8 times of weight Decocting boil 2 times, 1 hour every time, filter and merge medicinal liquid;
Step 3, the health of Penaeus seu panulirus parent are cultivated and are bred:
1) foundation in parent shrimp rearing pond:Parent shrimp rearing pool area is 20 ㎡, high 1.2-1.5 rice, and 10 parent shrimp rearing ponds are one Workshop;
2) selection of close shrimp:Jing inspection and quarantine is selected to meet the Penaeus seu panulirus parent of specific pathogen free standard, male shrimp specification is 40-48 Gram, female shrimp specification is 38-42 gram;
3) the health cultivation of close shrimp:
1. parent shrimp rearing pond adds the clean water quality that Jing is processed, depth of water 50cm;
2. water quality is made to keep good using effective microorganism preparation;
3. feedstuff feeds:Throw in daily 4-6 feedstuff, day injected volume be the 20-25% of the gross weight of close shrimp;
The preparation method of the feedstuff is:By parts by weight be the fishbone powder of 43-48 parts, the soybean meal of 8-12 parts, 3-5 parts height Gluten flour, the Testa oryzae of 1-3 parts, the breadcrumb of 8-10 parts, the Testa Tritici of 1-2 parts, the shrimp shell meal of 4-6 parts, the papaya powder of 2-4 parts, 2-4 The steamed bread slag of part, the yeast powder mixing of 0.1-0.2 parts, 110 DEG C of heat aging 30-40 minutes, then expanded granulation is obtained final product;
4. illumination and the regulation and control of physical and chemical factor:Intensity of illumination is controlled for 4100-4300Lx, temperature 25-28 DEG C, pH value 8.2-8.5, Proportion 1.018-1.022;
4) pairing of close shrimp breed and healthy naupliuss input, input density is ten thousand/m of 18.0-22.03
Step 5, the preparation of nursery bait and feed:By parts by weight be the millet powder of 10-15 parts, the flesh of fish of 4-6 parts slurry, 2-4 After the shrimp shell meal co-grinding of part yeast powder, the gluten flour of 1-3 parts, the fishbone powder of 3-5 parts and 2-4 parts, sterilizing, granulation are obtained final product Nursery bait;Feed 2-4 time daily, 1-2% of the day feeding volume for Penaeus seu panulirus Seedling gross weight;
The daily management of step 6, nursery pond:Water 2-5m is changed daily3, keep water body pH 7.8-8.6, temperature to be maintained at 29-31 DEG C, the quantity of illumination rises to 2000-2500Lx by 500-800Lx with the speed for improving 120-150Lx daily,;4 milligrams of dissolved oxygen/ More than rising, below 5 mg/litre of chemical oxygen consumption (COC), below 0.5 mg/litre of total ammonia nitrogen, below 0.1 mg/litre of nitrite, make Water quality is made to keep good with effective microorganism preparation.
CN201611006123.1A 2016-11-16 2016-11-16 Penaeus seu panulirus are seedling industrialized to breed aquaculture model Pending CN106550916A (en)

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CN107646766A (en) * 2017-11-06 2018-02-02 山东农业大学 A kind of efficient industrial method for culturing seedlings of freshwater shrimp
CN108668965A (en) * 2018-03-22 2018-10-19 广东海洋大学 A kind of reduction bivalve shellfish Endophytic bacteria quantity, the cultural method of content of beary metal
CN110463648A (en) * 2019-09-25 2019-11-19 中山市隆新水产种苗养殖有限公司 Sea Shrimp Farming system and cultural method

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CN110463648A (en) * 2019-09-25 2019-11-19 中山市隆新水产种苗养殖有限公司 Sea Shrimp Farming system and cultural method

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Application publication date: 20170405