CN106545809B - The LED energy-saving lamp lighted is classified with fractal structure - Google Patents

The LED energy-saving lamp lighted is classified with fractal structure Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106545809B
CN106545809B CN201610927965.4A CN201610927965A CN106545809B CN 106545809 B CN106545809 B CN 106545809B CN 201610927965 A CN201610927965 A CN 201610927965A CN 106545809 B CN106545809 B CN 106545809B
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lamp
lampshade
light source
shape
light
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CN201610927965.4A
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CN106545809A (en
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陈宁
李再博
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沈阳建筑大学
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Abstract

It is classified the LED energy-saving lamp lighted with fractal structure, is related to a kind of LED energy-saving lamp.The lamp chooses the inspiration and starting point of Xie Erbinsiji triangle and 3 points of G.Cantor sets as lamp shape-designing, with the shape-designing for the thought progress lamp for dividing shape, the intension of lamp point shape is imparted in intension, the glamour of lamp science is added, the objective law of the Nature has been shown and also achieves innovation in appearance and modeling;Reasonable space is carried out to the light source of lamp according to the rigorous Tructure arrangement of point shape simultaneously to divide, and using LED as light source, lamp source is designed to that three levels are successively lighted step by step with the continuous variation of the dim degree of ambient enviroment, lamp, has reached energy-saving and environment-friendly purpose.Lamp of the present invention can either meet people's night the needs of walking to illumination, and can suitably merge with ambient enviroment, play the role of beautifying the environment.

Description

The LED energy-saving lamp lighted is classified with fractal structure

Technical field

The present invention relates to a kind of LED light, have Xie Erbinsiji triangle fractal structure and Kang Tuo more particularly to one kind Fractal structure can be classified the LED energy-saving lamp lighted.

Background technique

Currently, the lamps and lanterns market development in China rapidly and grows stronger day by day, still, China's city illumination is not yet at this stage It comes to the ripening period, there are many underlying issues to need in face of solving.Lamp moulding lacks intention, and " thousand cities, one lamp " phenomenon is generally existing, And can not with ambient enviroment Suitable fusion, while lamp light distribution design it is unreasonable, light fails effectively to be utilized, and causes the energy Serious waste phenomenon.It is therefore desirable to optimize to lamp, the design concept of " people-oriented " is adhered to, fully considering people Visual comfort and reasonable light distribution on the basis of, the moulding for promoting lamp is aesthetic, and reaches energy-saving and environment-friendly effect Fruit.

Fractal theory belongs to nonlinear science, and fractal pattern is the thought based on mathematics, utilizes calculating by programming language What machine generated.Fractal pattern is magical, U.S. is unreal, pleasantly surprised to people, and artistic value is high, and extraordinary refined glamour has attracted many productions The concern of product designer therefrom draws abundant intention inspiration and has created a large amount of outstanding works, at the same time itself from The objective law of nature has also just been depicted in similar feature.Physical form in nature is usually irregular, example Such as flowers, plants and trees, mountain range level land, flowing water cloud and mist, these complicated phenomenons can be retouched by the mathematical linguistics of point shape It states, i.e. a complexity and the fractal pattern with unlimited nested structure, is first by certain by a simple generation in fact Rule iterates generation.Therefore, fractal geometry is also referred to as " geometry of the Nature ", and performance is that the Nature is dynamic The geometric ways that state growth develops are a kind of geometry tools of description natural form formation feature representation, and generating member can see Make in fractals structure " gene ", final state can determine by its number of iterations of state modulator.

Sierpinski triangle is classical point shape case, because of Polish mathematician Watts Wa Fuxieerbinsiji (Wactaw Franciszek Sierpinski, 1882-1969) and gain the name, also known as Xie Erbinsiji sieve, Xie Erbinsiji Gasket etc..Sierpinski triangle has the characteristics that unlimited fine level and stringent self similarity, is remarkably contributing to people Visually understand the thought for dividing shape, and method for drafting is simple, interesting.When carrying out product creative design, designer is often Design inspiration combination product design method, which is drawn, from other field is designed creative activity.And nature expressed by fractal structure Morphological feature just can be used as the new design language of one kind and apply in the shape-designing of lamp, provides more for the design of lamp A possibility that more.

Summary of the invention

Be classified the LED energy-saving lamp lighted with fractal structure the purpose of the present invention is to provide a kind of, for LED energy-saving lamp is lighted in capable of being classified for Sierpinski triangle fractal structure, which chooses the life of Sierpinski triangle Inspiration and starting point of the Cheng Yuan as lamp shape-designing, with dividing the thought of shape to carry out the shape-designing of lamp, moulding is innovated, is new Grain husk;It has carried out reasonable space to the light source of lamp according to the rigorous Tructure arrangement of point shape simultaneously to divide, and using LED as light Lamp source is designed to three level units by source, can be with the continuous variation of the dim degree of ambient enviroment, lamp successively phase step by step After lighting, light-source brightness is reasonably controlled, has reached energy-saving and environment-friendly purpose.

The purpose of the present invention is what is be achieved through the following technical solutions:

Be classified the LED energy-saving lamp lighted with fractal structure, the lamp include light cover, second level light source, third level light source, First order light source, lampshade, lampshade frame, Shade base, lamp stand;The appearance of its lampshade and the segmentation of light output surface are bases What the generation member and its principle of compositionality of Sierpinski triangle designed;According to this composition principle, outside the lampshade for not changing lamp Under the premise of sight and its internal structure, according to the needs of environment on the spot and national road illumination standards, by accordingly changing lamp Ratio between length, width and height produces the lamp to correspond to actual needs;The lamps and lanterns have three-level light source unit, are arranged using light-operated circuit Three groups of different unlatching luminance thresholds control the unlatching of lamp three-level light source unit respectively, so that three-level light source unit is with around ring The light and shade in border, is successively lighted step by step;The lampshade of lamp has the characteristics that the Sierpinski triangle of self-similar structure by 12 Member variation is generated to be composed;The lampshade of lamp according to Sierpinski triangle principle of compositionality and design feature to cover surface into It has gone segmentation, has obtained the three-level light output surface of lamp;Three level light source parallel connection accesses of lamp, control three-level using light-operated circuit respectively The unlatching threshold value of light source makes three-level light source with dimmed, the classification successively unlatching in succession of ambient enviroment.

Be classified the LED energy-saving lamp lighted with fractal structure, every grade of light source of the lamp by six same size wattages LED Lamp bar is composed in series, and appearance profile is regular hexagon.

Described is classified the LED energy-saving lamp lighted with fractal structure, and the lamp source uses LED energy conservation lamp bar, lamp bar Transparent protective shield and aluminum heat sink are installed.

Be classified the LED energy-saving lamp lighted with fractal structure, the lampshade light transmission, according to Sierpinski triangular at Principle and design feature are split to obtain triangle light output surface to be full impregnated optical surface to lampshade, remaining position is semi-transparent Surface.

Described is classified the LED energy-saving lamp lighted with fractal structure, and the lampshade of the lamp is using diffusion plate to illumination Degree is rationally controlled.

Described is classified the LED energy-saving lamp lighted with fractal structure, and the light cover and Shade base of the lamp, which are equipped with, to be dissipated Hot hole, the shape of heat release hole are to divide the structure of G.Cantor set to be designed to according to classical point shape three.

Described is classified the LED energy-saving lamp lighted with fractal structure, and the lamp stand of the lamp is designed to hexagon and lamp Hood shape matching.

The advantages and effects of the present invention are:

1. the present invention according to the generation member and its design feature of classical point shape Sierpinski triangle invented it is a can To change the lamp successively lighted step by step with the dim degree of ambient enviroment.The generation member conduct of lamp selection Sierpinski triangle Design element applies in the shape-designing of lamp, it is made to show Sierpinski triangle " self similarity " on modeling formation Divide shape feature, while imparting the intension of lamp point shape in intension, add the glamour of lamp science, shown the Nature Objective law and innovation is also achieved in appearance and modeling.This lamp can be used as a kind of courtyard-style lamp, lamp for building, house lamp Deng being placed in residential quarters, the places such as beside the Route for pedestrians of park, can either meet the needs of night illumination, and can be with surrounding Environment Suitable fusion plays the role of beautifying the environment.

2. the lighting mode of lamp of the present invention is innovation, mentioned according to the light source arrangement that the rigorous hierarchy of fractal structure is lamp Reasonable space segmentation boundary is supplied, Sierpinski triangular is lamp three-level light at the delta-shaped region removed in the process The light output surface in source, therefrom embodies the thought of point shape, and light source configuration is safe, scientific, reasonable.Simultaneously simultaneously using LED as light source It can successively be lighted step by step with the continuous variation of the dim degree of ambient enviroment, lamp point three-level, pass through reasonable light-source brightness control System reaches energy-saving and environment-friendly purpose.

Detailed description of the invention

Fig. 1 is one of lamp effect legend of the present invention;

Fig. 2 is the two of lamp effect legend of the present invention;

Fig. 3 is lamp front view of the present invention;

Fig. 4 is lamp side view of the present invention;

Fig. 5 is lamp top view of the present invention;

Fig. 6 is that front view is arranged in lamp lampshade frame of the present invention and its light source;

Fig. 7 is that side view is arranged in lamp lampshade frame of the present invention and its light source;

Fig. 8 is that top view is arranged in lamp lampshade frame of the present invention and its light source;

Fig. 9 is that effect picture is arranged in lamp lampshade frame of the present invention and its light source;

Figure 10 is lamp light cover front view of the present invention;

Figure 11 is lamp light cover side view of the present invention;

Figure 12 is lamp light cover top view of the present invention;

Figure 13 is one of lamp light cover effect legend of the present invention;

Figure 14 is the two of lamp light cover effect legend of the present invention;

Figure 15 is effect picture when lamp of the present invention is not opened;

Figure 16 is effect picture when the first level of lamp of the present invention is opened;

Figure 17 is effect picture when the first and second level of lamp of the present invention is opened;

Figure 18 is effect picture when the first, second and third level of lamp of the present invention is opened;

Figure 19 is the generating process that lamp three of the present invention divides health support (Cantor) to collect;

Figure 20 is lamp light cover heat release hole effect picture of the present invention;

Figure 21 is lamp lampshade heat release hole effect picture of the present invention;

Figure 22 is lamp Shade base heat release hole effect picture of the present invention;

Figure 23 is lamp explosive view of the present invention;

Figure 24 is the generating process of Sierpinski triangle of the present invention;

Figure 25 is that lamp Sierpinski triangle of the present invention generates member;

Figure 26 is that the Sierpinski triangle of lamp of the present invention deformation generates one of first legend;

Figure 27 is that the Sierpinski triangle of lamp of the present invention deformation generates the two of first legend;

Figure 28 is lamp lampshade of the present invention top front view;

Figure 29 is lamp lampshade top plan view of the present invention;

Figure 30 is lamp lampshade lower elevational view of the present invention;

Figure 31 is lamp lampshade of the present invention lower part top view;

Figure 32 is the basic blank figure of lamp lampshade moulding of the present invention;

Figure 33 is the top view of lampshade of the present invention;

Figure 34 is lamp source circuit diagram of the present invention.

Specific embodiment

The present invention is described in detail for illustrated embodiment with reference to the accompanying drawing.

Theoretical basis Sierpinski triangle of the invention is classical point shape case, by Polish mathematician Watts watt Fu Xieerbinsiji (Wactaw Franciszek Sierpinski, 1882-1969) and gain the name, also known as Xie Erbinsi Base sieve, Sierpinski gasket piece etc..The forming process and structure of Sierpinski triangle are opened by an equilateral triangle first Begin, by its quartering, casts out an intermediate triangle.Then in the same way to three retained small triangle difference Operation is accepted or rejected, and operation is gone down repeatedly, until it is infinite, Sierpinski triangle finally can be obtained.From geometric angle into Row analysis, the area of Sierpinski triangle go to zero, and the total length of line segment and line segment number tend to be infinitely great, become one A line collection.It is as shown in figure 24 the generating process of Sierpinski triangle.

Sierpinski triangle has the characteristics that unlimited fine level and stringent self similarity, can very visually It embodies the thought of point shape, but directly applies in lamp design clearly unrealistic and be not necessarily to.Therefore, in the present invention In lamp design, inspiration and starting point by the generation member of Sierpinski triangle as lamp shape-designing are right first The unlimited fine local detail of Sierpinski triangle interior is simplified, and is therefrom refined and is taken out generation member i.e. Sierpinski triangle is making it as the basic styling element of lamp shape-designing by the pattern that an iteration generates Point shape feature of Sierpinski triangle " self similarity ", moulding innovation, novelty are shown in type form, while being assigned in intension Give the intension of lamp point shape.In addition to this, the rigorous hierarchy of fractal structure also provides reasonable space for the light source setting of lamp Divide boundary.Functionally, lamp source is designed to three level units using LED as light source by lamp of the present invention, and can be with Ambient enviroment it is continuous dimmed, lamp is successively lighted in succession step by step, as shown in Figure 1 and Figure 2.

Embodiment

Component in Fig. 3, Fig. 4, Fig. 5 of the present invention, comprising: light cover 1, second level light source 2, third level light source 3, first order light source 4, lampshade 5, lampshade frame 6, Shade base 7, lamp stand 8.

Lamp lampshade 5 of the present invention is that the design feature and generating principle based on Sierpinski triangle design.First It needs to simplify the unlimited fine local detail of Sierpinski triangle interior, therefrom refines and take out generation member i.e. Sierpinski triangle passes through the pattern that an iteration generates, the basic styling element as lamp shape-designing.Due to Sierpinski triangle is the pattern generated on two-dimensional surface, and the design feature of two-dimensional space is applied to three-dimensional lamp moulding Design in, and meet its practical illumination functions demand, so must carry out being suitable for conversion and deformation to it, i.e., pair Sierpinski triangle, which carries out art up and functionalization, to be increased and decreased, mainly its meaning of table rather than indiscriminately imitate its shape.As shown in figure 25, It chooses Sierpinski triangle and generates first bottom edge midpoint as coordinate origin, using bottom edge as X-axis, generate the vertical of first bottom edge Bisector is that Y-axis establishes plane right-angle coordinate.Firstly, keeping Y-axis motionless, centered on coordinate origin O, by Sierpinski The bottom edge that triangle generates member curves inwardly along the positive and negative two sides of X-axis, so that next the bottom edge of bending will give birth at 150 ° of angles The apex angle of Cheng Yuan slopes inwardly, so that the perpendicular bisector on bottom edge and Y-axis obtain one based on the above operation at 25 ° of angles after its inclination A simplification is abstract as shown in figure 26 with the Sierpinski triangle 1(of deformation), as the basic of 5 shape-designing of lamp lampshade One of element.By the Sierpinski triangle 1 of simplification obtained above and deformation using X-axis as symmetry axis vertical mirror, thus The Sierpinski triangle 2(for obtaining another deformation is as shown in figure 27).

On the basis of Sierpinski triangle that two kinds of simplification have deformed generates member, it is reconfigured and is arranged into The shape-designing of portable lighter.First the bottom edge endpoint for the Sierpinski triangle 1 that six deform is sequentially connected with, is combined, then by six The vertex of the Sierpinski triangle 1 of a deformation is sequentially connected with, and is formed six new delta-shaped regions, is together to form above The top of 5 moulding of lampshade (shown in Figure 28, Figure 29);2 endpoint of Sierpinski triangle that same method again deforms six It is sequentially connected with the lower part (shown in Figure 30, Figure 31) for being combined into 5 moulding of lampshade, top and lower part are that top surface is regular hexagon, Bottom surface is positive dodecagonal terrace with edge;Next, again by the dodecagon bottom surface on lampshade top and positive the 12 of lampshade lower part Side shape bottom surface is mutually 30 ° of angle Corresponding matchings (as shown in figure 32), that is, constitutes the basic blank of street lampshade moulding.

The light output surface segmentation of lamp lampshade 5 of the present invention is carried out according to the generating principle of sierpinski triangle, repeatedly Six basic units are sequentially connected with the triangle to be formed in the small delta-shaped region in centre and Figure 28, Figure 30 cast out during generation Spare area is the full impregnated light output surface as lamp lampshade 5 of the present invention, remaining 5 surface region of lampshade is translucent light output surface. In view of lamp of the present invention is generally arranged in residential quarter, in order to avoid light injects living-room window, in lamp production, light is engraved out Empty delta-shaped region uses transparent diffusion plate, has carried out reasonable control to the brightness of light, has avoided the generation of light pollution.From The top view of lampshade can be seen that at the top of lampshade in Figure 33, bottom appearance profile is positive hexagonal structure, and intermediate structure profile is Dodecagon.In view of the total tune of lamp moulding, lamp lamp stand 8 of the present invention uses hexagonal prisms moulding, so that lamp is whole Figure modelling is consistent, has sense of stability.

The illumination on the spot for comprehensively considering lamp needs and the design feature of lamp shape-designing of the present invention, by the light source design of lamp At three level units of upper, middle and lower, the full impregnated of light source position and lampshade 5 goes out light delta-shaped region Corresponding matching.Figure 34 show lamp Circuit of light sources figure, lamp three level light source parallel connections access, each level light source by six same size wattages LED light bar string Connection is constituted, and according to the design feature of lampshade 5, each level unit light source profile is regular hexagon.Lamp of the present invention utilizes light-operated electricity Road controls the unlatching threshold value of three-level light source respectively, enables three-level light source dimmed with ambient enviroment, is classified successively successive It lights.Figure 15 show effect picture when lamp of the present invention is not opened, and what is lighted at first is the first order light source 4 positioned at 5 lower part of lampshade, The angle of emergence is 10 ° (as shown in Figure 7) and is pointed into road surface, this part light is mainly used for illuminating the object in people walking along the street face and near roads Body, Figure 16 show effect picture when first order light source is opened.Later, further dimmed with ambient enviroment, it is located at lamp lamp The second level light source 2 for covering 5 tops is opened, and in order to avoid dazzle, avoids influencing surrounding resident night's rest, the angle of emergence should not mistake Greatly, the angle of emergence is designed as 10 ° upward (as shown in Figure 7), this part light to ambient enviroment (trees etc.) and public can be set It applies and carries out illumination appropriate, play the role of displaying and image-building, a kind of comfortable atmosphere of pleasant has been gone out for Building environment It encloses, as shown in figure 17.Finally, the third level light source 3 in the middle part of lamp lampshade is opened, and level projects lamp when completely into night 5 surfaces (as shown in Figure 7) is covered, this part light can effectively increase the luminous flux on 5 surface of lamp lampshade, while obtaining one and fitting Suitable uniformity of illuminance guarantees that lamp of the present invention can provide enough illuminations for the region, meets row Man's Demands, such as Figure 18 institute Show.

Lamp of the present invention fully considers that LED light source can generate a large amount of heat while luminous, for this problem that radiates, The present invention provides solution from two angles.First on light source, LED light bar used by lamp source of the present invention is equipped with The aluminum U-type groove of excellent radiation performance, can it is most fast by LED drive circuit generate heat be dissipated in air.Secondly, such as Shown in Figure 21, in the design process of lampshade 5, in its bottom, design, which has, refines simplified small triangle from Sierpinski triangle The heat release hole of shape;Divide shape according to classics simultaneously --- the design feature (as shown in figure 19) of three points of G.Cantor sets chooses it twice Modeling characteristic of the iteration result as heat release hole on light cover 1 and Shade base 7 in this way can be by LED as shown in Figure 20,22 The heat of generation is dissipated in outside air in time by way of convection current.Figure 13, Figure 14 show the light cover of lamp of the present invention 1, there is sealing ring that can make light cover 1 and the strict engagement of lampshade 5 in the floor design of light cover 1, to avoid extraneous dust, rain Water etc., which enters in lamp, damages LED light source.

Lamp of the present invention belongs to garden lamp classification, is mainly used for the nature of leisure zone of action such as residential quarter, park for pedestrian's night Illumination uses.By light-operated lighting method, three are provided with according to the dim degree of actual environment and different lights level, energy Enough to change with the bright dark degree of objective environment, lamp is successively lighted step by step, more reasonably controls the light of lamp, has reached saving The purpose of the energy.At the same time, the thought that lamp of the present invention combines point shape in moulding, structure, lighting achieves innovation, keeps away Exempt from that current city lamp moulding is single, has lacked personalized phenomenon, and be mused together with what ambient enviroment was suitable for, in addition to Can satisfy lamp it is basic using except function, also allow people it is more vivid realized glamour brought by point shape, meet Demand in people's aesthetic function.

Claims (1)

1. be classified the LED energy-saving lamp lighted with fractal structure, the lamp include light cover, lampshade, lampshade frame, Shade base, Lamp stand;It is characterized in that, the lamp further includes second level light source (2), third level light source (3), first order light source (4);Its lampshade Appearance and the segmentation of light output surface be to be designed according to the generation of Sierpinski triangle member and its principle of compositionality;Foundation should Principle of compositionality, under the premise of not changing the lampshade appearance and its internal structure of lamp, according to the needs of environment on the spot and country Road illumination standards produce the lamp to correspond to actual needs by accordingly changing the ratio between lamp length, width and height;The lamps and lanterns have three Grade light source unit is arranged three groups of different unlatching luminance thresholds using light-operated circuit and controls opening for lamp three-level light source unit respectively It opens, so that three-level light source unit is successively lighted step by step with the light and shade of ambient enviroment;The lampshade of lamp has self similarity by 12 The generation member variation of the Sierpinski triangle of design feature is composed;The lampshade of lamp is according to Sierpinski triangular Cover surface is divided at principle and design feature, obtains the three-level light output surface of lamp;Three-level light source parallel connection access, benefit The unlatching threshold value for controlling three-level light source respectively with light-operated circuit keeps three-level light source dimmed with ambient enviroment, classification successively phase After unlatching;
The bottom edge midpoint of generation member of Sierpinski triangle is chosen as coordinate origin, using bottom edge as X-axis, generates first bottom edge Perpendicular bisector be Y-axis establish plane right-angle coordinate, firstly, keep Y-axis it is motionless, centered on coordinate origin O, will The bottom edge that Sierpinski triangle generates member curves inwardly along the positive and negative two sides of X-axis, so that the bottom edge of bending is at 150 ° of angles, Next the apex angle for generating member is sloped inwardly, so that the perpendicular bisector on bottom edge and Y-axis are at 25 ° of angles after its inclination, obtained letter Change with deformation Sierpinski triangle, by the Sierpinski triangle of simplification obtained above and deformation with X-axis be pair Claim axis vertical mirror, to obtain the Sierpinski triangle of another deformation, the Sierpinski triangle of six deformations Constitute the top of lampshade, the Sierpinski triangles of six another deformations constitute lampshade lower part, top and lower part Top surface is regular hexagon, and bottom surface is dodecagon, the dodecagon bottom surface on lampshade top and positive the 12 of lampshade lower part Side shape bottom surface is mutually 30 ° of angles;
Every grade of light source of the lamp is composed in series by the LED light bar of six same size wattages, and appearance profile is regular hexagon;
The lamp source uses LED energy conservation lamp bar, and lamp bar is equipped with transparent protective shield and aluminum heat sink;
The lampshade light transmission is split lampshade to obtain three according to Sierpinski triangle principle of compositionality and design feature Angular light output surface is full impregnated optical surface, remaining position is semi-transparent optical surface;
The lampshade of the lamp rationally controls illuminance using diffusion plate;
The light cover and Shade base of the lamp are equipped with heat release hole, and the shape of heat release hole is to divide G.Cantor set according to classical point shape three What structure was designed to;
The lamp stand of the lamp is designed to that hexagon is matched with lampshade shape.
CN201610927965.4A 2016-10-31 2016-10-31 The LED energy-saving lamp lighted is classified with fractal structure CN106545809B (en)

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