CN106545809A - Grading lightening LED energy-saving lamps of fractal structures - Google Patents

Grading lightening LED energy-saving lamps of fractal structures Download PDF

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CN106545809A
CN106545809A CN201610927965.4A CN201610927965A CN106545809A CN 106545809 A CN106545809 A CN 106545809A CN 201610927965 A CN201610927965 A CN 201610927965A CN 106545809 A CN106545809 A CN 106545809A
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lamp
light
fractal
light source
according
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CN106545809B (en
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陈宁
李再博
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沈阳建筑大学
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F21LIGHTING
    • F21SNON-PORTABLE LIGHTING DEVICES; SYSTEMS THEREOF; VEHICLE LIGHTING DEVICES SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR VEHICLE EXTERIORS
    • F21S8/00Lighting devices intended for fixed installation
    • F21S8/08Lighting devices intended for fixed installation with a standard
    • F21S8/085Lighting devices intended for fixed installation with a standard of high-built type, e.g. street light
    • F21S8/088Lighting devices intended for fixed installation with a standard of high-built type, e.g. street light with lighting device mounted on top of the standard, e.g. for pedestrian zones
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F21LIGHTING
    • F21VFUNCTIONAL FEATURES OR DETAILS OF LIGHTING DEVICES OR SYSTEMS THEREOF; STRUCTURAL COMBINATIONS OF LIGHTING DEVICES WITH OTHER ARTICLES, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F21V15/00Protecting lighting devices from damage
    • F21V15/02Cages
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F21LIGHTING
    • F21VFUNCTIONAL FEATURES OR DETAILS OF LIGHTING DEVICES OR SYSTEMS THEREOF; STRUCTURAL COMBINATIONS OF LIGHTING DEVICES WITH OTHER ARTICLES, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F21V19/00Fastening of light sources or lamp holders
    • F21V19/001Fastening of light sources or lamp holders the light sources being semiconductors devices, e.g. LEDs
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F21LIGHTING
    • F21VFUNCTIONAL FEATURES OR DETAILS OF LIGHTING DEVICES OR SYSTEMS THEREOF; STRUCTURAL COMBINATIONS OF LIGHTING DEVICES WITH OTHER ARTICLES, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F21V21/00Supporting, suspending, or attaching arrangements for lighting devices; Hand grips
    • F21V21/10Pendants, arms, or standards; Fixing lighting devices to pendants, arms, or standards
    • F21V21/108Arms
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F21LIGHTING
    • F21VFUNCTIONAL FEATURES OR DETAILS OF LIGHTING DEVICES OR SYSTEMS THEREOF; STRUCTURAL COMBINATIONS OF LIGHTING DEVICES WITH OTHER ARTICLES, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F21V23/00Arrangement of electric circuit elements in or on lighting devices
    • F21V23/003Arrangement of electric circuit elements in or on lighting devices the elements being electronics drivers or controllers for operating the light source, e.g. for a LED array
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F21LIGHTING
    • F21VFUNCTIONAL FEATURES OR DETAILS OF LIGHTING DEVICES OR SYSTEMS THEREOF; STRUCTURAL COMBINATIONS OF LIGHTING DEVICES WITH OTHER ARTICLES, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F21V23/00Arrangement of electric circuit elements in or on lighting devices
    • F21V23/04Arrangement of electric circuit elements in or on lighting devices the elements being switches
    • F21V23/0442Arrangement of electric circuit elements in or on lighting devices the elements being switches activated by means of a sensor, e.g. motion or photodetectors
    • F21V23/0464Arrangement of electric circuit elements in or on lighting devices the elements being switches activated by means of a sensor, e.g. motion or photodetectors the sensor sensing the level of ambient illumination, e.g. dawn or dusk sensors
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F21LIGHTING
    • F21VFUNCTIONAL FEATURES OR DETAILS OF LIGHTING DEVICES OR SYSTEMS THEREOF; STRUCTURAL COMBINATIONS OF LIGHTING DEVICES WITH OTHER ARTICLES, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F21V29/00Protecting lighting devices from thermal damage; Cooling or heating arrangements specially adapted for lighting devices or systems
    • F21V29/50Cooling arrangements
    • F21V29/70Cooling arrangements characterised by passive heat-dissipating elements, e.g. heat-sinks
    • F21V29/83Cooling arrangements characterised by passive heat-dissipating elements, e.g. heat-sinks the elements having apertures, ducts or channels, e.g. heat radiation holes
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F21LIGHTING
    • F21VFUNCTIONAL FEATURES OR DETAILS OF LIGHTING DEVICES OR SYSTEMS THEREOF; STRUCTURAL COMBINATIONS OF LIGHTING DEVICES WITH OTHER ARTICLES, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F21V29/00Protecting lighting devices from thermal damage; Cooling or heating arrangements specially adapted for lighting devices or systems
    • F21V29/85Protecting lighting devices from thermal damage; Cooling or heating arrangements specially adapted for lighting devices or systems characterised by the material
    • F21V29/89Metals
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F21LIGHTING
    • F21VFUNCTIONAL FEATURES OR DETAILS OF LIGHTING DEVICES OR SYSTEMS THEREOF; STRUCTURAL COMBINATIONS OF LIGHTING DEVICES WITH OTHER ARTICLES, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F21V3/00Globes; Bowls; Cover glasses
    • F21V3/02Globes; Bowls; Cover glasses characterised by the shape
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F21LIGHTING
    • F21VFUNCTIONAL FEATURES OR DETAILS OF LIGHTING DEVICES OR SYSTEMS THEREOF; STRUCTURAL COMBINATIONS OF LIGHTING DEVICES WITH OTHER ARTICLES, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F21V3/00Globes; Bowls; Cover glasses
    • F21V3/04Globes; Bowls; Cover glasses characterised by materials, surface treatments or coatings
    • F21V3/06Globes; Bowls; Cover glasses characterised by materials, surface treatments or coatings characterised by the material
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F21LIGHTING
    • F21WINDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBCLASSES F21K, F21L, F21S and F21V, RELATING TO USES OR APPLICATIONS OF LIGHTING DEVICES OR SYSTEMS
    • F21W2131/00Use or application of lighting devices or systems not provided for in codes F21W2102/00-F21W2121/00
    • F21W2131/10Outdoor lighting
    • F21W2131/103Outdoor lighting of streets or roads

Abstract

The invention provides grading lightening LED energy-saving lamps of fractal structures and relates to an LED energy-saving lamp. According to the grading lightening LED energy-saving lamps of the fractal structures, the Sierpinski triangle and the three-fraction Cantor set are selected to serve as the inspiration and the starting point of lamp modeling design; lamp modeling design is conducted by means of the fractal idea; the fractal connotation is endowed to the lamps on connotation; the scientific charm of the lamps is added; the objective law of the nature is showed, and appearance modeling is innovated; meanwhile, reasonable space division is conducted on light sources of the lamps according to the fractal strict structure hierarchy; and in addition, LEDs serve as the light sources, the light sources of the lamps are design into three grades, and the lamps are lightened sequentially grade by grade along with the continuous change of the dark degree of the surrounding environment, so that the purpose of energy saving and environmental protection is achieved. The grading lightening LED energy-saving lamps of the fractal structures not only can meet the requirement for illumination of night walk of people but also can be suitably integrated with the surrounding environment, and the effect of beautifying the environment is achieved.

Description

具有分形结构分级点亮的LED节能灯 Fractal hierarchical structure lit LED lamps

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及一种LED灯,特别是涉及一种具有谢尔宾斯基三角形分形结构和康托分形结构的能够分级点亮的LED节能灯。 [0001] The present invention relates to an LED lamp, particularly to a Sierpinski triangle having a fractal structure and Cantor fractal structure capable of grading illuminated LED lamps. 背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 目前,我国的灯具市场发展迅速并且日益壮大,但是,现阶段我国城市照明还没有进入成熟期,有很多基础问题需要面对解决。 [0002] At present, China's lighting market and growing rapidly, but, at this stage of urban lighting has not yet matured, there are many basic questions need to face to resolve. 灯造型缺乏创意,“千城一灯”现象普遍存在, 并且无法与周围环境适宜融合,同时灯配光设计不合理,光亮未能有效的被利用,造成能源浪费现象严重。 Light styling lack of creativity, "Every City Light" is widespread, and not suitable blend with the surrounding environment, while poorly designed lights with light, the light is not effectively utilized, resulting in serious waste of energy. 所以,需要对灯进行优化设计,坚持“以人为本”的设计理念,在充分考虑人的视觉舒适度以及合理的光强分布的基础上,提升灯的造型审美,并且达到节能环保的效果。 Therefore, the need for lights to optimize the design, adhere to the "people-oriented" design philosophy, based on full consideration of the human visual comfort and reasonably light intensity distribution on the lifting of Aesthetic lamps and achieve energy saving effect.

[0003] 分形理论属于非线性科学,分形图案是基于数学的思想,通过编程语言利用计算机生成的。 [0003] fractal theory of nonlinear science, fractal pattern is based on the idea of ​​mathematics, computer-generated using a programming language. 分形图案神奇、美幻、给人惊喜,艺术价值极高,其超凡脱俗的魅力吸引了许多产品设计师的关注,从中汲取丰富创意灵感并创作出了大量优秀的作品,与此同时其本身自相似的特点也正好描述出了自然界的客观规律。 Fractal pattern magic, magic beauty, surprise people, high artistic value, its otherworldly charm to attract a lot of attention to product designers, draw a wealth of creative inspiration and created a large number of excellent works, at the same time its own self similar features also happens to describe the objective laws of nature. 大自然中的物质形态通常是不规则的,例如花草树木、山脉平川、流水云烟等,这些复杂的现象均可以通过分形的数学语言来进行描述,即一个复杂且具有无限嵌套结构的分形图案,其实是由一个简单的生成元通过一定的规则反复迭代生成的。 Nature physical form is usually irregular, flowers and trees for example, plain mountains, clouds water, these are complex phenomena can be described by the fractal mathematical language, i.e., a complex and having a fractal pattern infinite nesting structure in fact generated by a simple iterative generators by certain rules. 因此,分形几何学也被称为“大自然的几何学”,其表现的是大自然动态生长演变的几何方式,是一种描述自然形态形成特征表达的几何工具,而生成元即可看作分形几何结构内在的“基因”,其最终的状态可以通过参数控制其迭代次数来决定。 Accordingly, fractal geometry is also called "geometry of nature", which performance is the dynamic nature of the evolution of the growth geometrically, it is a geometric description of natural morphogenetic expression tool features, and the generator can be regarded as Fractal geometry inherent "gene", the final state of the parameters can be determined by controlling the number of iterations.

[0004] Sierpinski三角形是经典的分形案例,因波兰数学家瓦茨瓦夫•谢尔宾斯基(ffactaw Franciszek Sierpinski , 1882一1969)而得名,又称为谢尔宾斯基筛,谢尔宾斯基垫片等。 [0004] Sierpinski triangle fractal is a classic case, Yin Bolan mathematician Waclaw Sierpinski • (ffactaw Franciszek Sierpinski, 1882 and 1969) named, also known as the Sierpinski sieve, Sierpinski gasket . Sierpinski三角形具有无限精细的层次以及严格的自相似特点,非常有助于人们形象地理解分形的思想,而且绘制方法简单、有趣。 Sierpinski triangle with unlimited fine levels and strict self-similar characteristics, is help people understand the fractal image of thought, and drawing method is simple and fun. 在进行产品创意设计时,设计师往往会从其他领域汲取设计灵感结合产品设计方法进行设计创造活动。 During innovative product design, designers often draw inspiration combined with product design approach to design creative activities from other areas. 而分形结构所表达的自然形态特征,刚好可以作为一种新的设计语言运用到灯的造型设计中去,为灯的设计提供更多的可能性。 Morphological characteristics naturally expressed fractal structure, just as a new language applied to the design of the lamp to provide more possibilities for the design of the lamp. 发明内容 SUMMARY

[0005] 本发明的目的在于提供一种具有分形结构分级点亮的LED节能灯,为具有Sierpinski三角形分形结构的能够分级点亮LED节能灯,该灯选取Sierpinski三角形的生成元作为灯造型设计的灵感以及出发点,运用分形的思想进行灯的造型设计,造型创新、新颖;同时根据分形严谨的结构层次性对灯的光源进行了合理的空间划分,并以LED作为光源,将灯光源设计成三个层级单元,能够随着周围环境昏暗程度的不断变化,灯逐级依次相继点亮,合理的控制了光源亮度,达到了节能环保的目的。 [0005] The object of the present invention is to provide a structure having a fractal hierarchical lit LED lamps as the lighting LED lamps can be hierarchical having a triangular Sierpinski fractal structure, the lamp Sierpinski triangle generator selected as the design of the lamp inspiration, and the starting point, the use of fractal thoughts lamp design, modeling innovation, new; while fractal strict structural hierarchy of the light source lamp for a reasonable space partition, and an LED as a light source, the light source is designed to three a hierarchy unit capable of changing the degree with dark surroundings, the lamp lit sequentially stepwise sequentially, and reasonable control of the light source luminance to achieve the energy saving purpose.

[0006] 本发明的目的是通过以下技术方案实现的:具有分形结构分级点亮的LED节能灯,所述灯包括灯盖、第二级光源、第三级光源、第一级光源、灯罩、灯罩框架、灯罩底座、灯杆;其灯罩的外观及出光表面的分割是根据Sierpinski三角形的生成元及其构成原理设计的;依据该构成原理,在不改变灯的灯罩外观及其内部结构的前提下,根据实地环境的需要以及国家道路照明标准,通过相应改变灯长宽高之间的比例,制作出符合实际需要的灯;该灯具有三级光源单元,利用光控电路设置三组不同的开启亮度阈值分别控制灯三级光源单元的开启,使得三级光源单元随着周围环境的明暗,逐级依次点亮;灯的灯罩由十二个具有自相似结构特点的Sierpinski三角形的生成元变化组合而成;灯的灯罩根据Sierpinski三角形构成原理与结构特点对灯罩表面进行了分割,得出灯的 [0006] The object of the present invention is achieved by the following technical solution: a fractal structure hierarchy lit LED lamps, the lamp comprising a lamp cover, a second light source stage, third stage light, a first light level, shade, lampshade frame, the lens holder with poles; and the appearance of its shade the light receiving surface is divided according Sierpinski triangle configuration generator and design principles; configuration according to the principle, provided in the lamp shade appearance without changing its internal configuration , the required field and national standards for road lighting environment, by varying the ratio between the length and breadth of the lamp, the lamp production line with actual needs; the lamp has three light source unit using a light control circuit is provided three different groups open luminance threshold respectively controlling three light source unit is turned on, so that the light source unit with three ambient brightness, stepwise sequentially turned on; lamp shade by twelve generators having similar structural features from a change Sierpinski triangle combination; globe of the lamp shade is divided in accordance with the surface configuration Sierpinski triangle principle and structure characteristics, the light obtained 级出光表面;灯三个层级光源并联接入,利用光控电路分别控制三级光源的开启阈值,使三级光源随着周围环境的变暗,分级依次相继开启。 Stage light exit surface; three levels of light source parallel connection, respectively, using the light control circuit controls the light source turn-on threshold of three, so that three of the light source as darkened surroundings, of consecutive open graded.

[0007] 具有分形结构分级点亮的LED节能灯,所述灯每级光源由六个相同大小瓦数的LED 灯条串联组成,外观轮廓为正六边形。 [0007] The hierarchical structure having a fractal lit LED lamps, each level of the light source in series the same number of six-watt LED light strips of the size, appearance of a regular hexagonal contour.

[0008] 所述的具有分形结构分级点亮的LED节能灯,所述灯光源采用LED节能灯条,灯条安装有透明保护罩及铝制散热板。 [0008] The structure is a fractal hierarchical lit LED lamps, the LED lamps using light source section, light bar is attached to a transparent protective cover and an aluminum heat dissipation plate. [00〇9] 具有分形结构分级点亮的LED节能灯,所述灯罩透光,依据Sierpinski三角形构成原理与结构特点,对灯罩进行分割得到三角形出光表面为全透光表面,其余位置为半透光表面。 [00〇9] fractal hierarchical structure of the LED lamps lit, the light transmitting lampshade according Sierpinski triangle configuration principle and structure characteristics of the obtained triangular globe divided light exit surface of the light-transmitting surface of the whole, the rest position of the semipermeable light-receiving surface.

[0010] 所述的具有分形结构分级点亮的LED节能灯,所述灯的灯罩采用漫射板材对光照度进行合理控制。 [0010] The structure is a fractal hierarchical lit LED lamps, the lamp shade plate for diffusing light using a reasonable degree of control.

[0011] 所述的具有分形结构分级点亮的LED节能灯,所述灯的灯盖与灯罩底座上设有散热孔,散热孔的形状是根据经典分形三分康托集的结构设计成的。 [0011] The structure is a fractal hierarchical lit LED lamps, the lamp cap and the lamp base is provided with cooling holes lampshade, the heat dissipation holes is designed based on the classic set Cantor fractal structure .

[0012] 所述的具有分形结构分级点亮的LED节能灯,所述灯的灯杆设计成六棱柱形与灯罩形状匹配。 [0012] The structure is a fractal hierarchical lit LED lamps, the lamp pole is designed to match the shape of hexagonal prism and lampshade.

[0013] 本发明的优点与效果是:1.本发明根据经典分形Sierpinski三角形的生成元及其结构特点发明了一款可以随着周围环境昏暗程度变化逐级依次点亮的灯。 [0013] The advantages and effects of the present invention are: 1. The present invention fractal generator Sierpinski triangle and structural features in accordance with the invention can be a classic as the ambient level of environmental changes stepwise sequentially turned dark lamp. 灯选取Sierpinski三角形的生成元作为设计元素运用到灯的造型设计中去,使其在造型形态上表现出Sierpinski三角形“自相似”的分形特点,同时在内涵上赋予了灯分形的内涵,增添了灯科学的魅力,展现出了大自然的客观规律并且在外观造型上也取得了创新。 Light select generator Sierpinski triangle applied to the design of the lamp as a design element to make it exhibit Sierpinski triangle "self-similar" fractal characteristics in shape form, while imparting a light fractal connotation in content, adding light science charm, showing the objective laws of nature and in appearance also made innovations. 本灯可作为一种庭院式灯、建筑用灯、住宅用灯等, 置于住宅小区、公园人行道路旁边等场所,既能够满足夜间照明的需求,又能够与周围环境适宜融合,起到美化环境的作用。 This lamp can be used as a courtyard-style lights, construction lights, residential lights, placed in places residential area, next to the park sidewalks and other road, both to meet the needs of lighting at night, and can be suitably blend with the surrounding environment, play a beautification role of the environment. [〇〇14] 2.本发明灯的点亮方式是创新的,根据分形结构严谨的层次性为灯的光源布置提供了合理的空间分割界限,Sierpinski三角形构成过程中去掉的三角形区域即为灯三级光源的出光表面,从中体现了分形的思想,光源配置安全、科学、合理。 [〇〇14] 2. The lighting of the lamp is an innovative way to provide a reasonable space boundaries dividing a light source lamp arrangement according to rigorous fractal hierarchical structure, triangles of Sierpinski triangle area that is removed during lamp three light exit surface of the light source, which reflects the idea of ​​the fractal, security light source is disposed, scientific and rational. 同时以LED作为光源并可以随着周围环境昏暗程度的不断变化,灯分三级逐级依次点亮,通过合理的光源亮度控制达到节能环保的目的。 LED as a light source while changing the extent and may vary with dark surroundings, three sub-light are sequentially turned stepwise, to achieve the purpose of energy saving by proper light source brightness control. 附图说明[〇〇15]图1为本发明灯效果图例之一;图2为本发明灯效果图例之二;图3为本发明灯正视图;图4为本发明灯侧视图;图5为本发明灯顶视图;图6为本发明灯灯罩框架及其光源设置正视图;图7为本发明灯灯罩框架及其光源设置侧视图;图8为本发明灯灯罩框架及其光源设置顶视图;图9为本发明灯灯罩框架及其光源设置效果图;图10为本发明灯灯盖正视图;图11为本发明灯灯盖侧视图;图12为本发明灯灯盖顶视图;图13为本发明灯灯盖效果图例之一;图14为本发明灯灯盖效果图例之二;图15为本发明灯未开启时效果图;图16为本发明灯第一层级开启时效果图;图17为本发明灯第一、二层级开启时效果图;图18为本发明灯第一、二、三层级开启时效果图;图19为本发明灯三分康托(Cantor)集的生成过程;图20为本发明灯灯盖散热孔效果图;图21为本发明灯灯 BRIEF DESCRIPTION One [〇〇15] Figure 1 is a graphic illustration of the lamp; FIG. 2 is a graphic illustration of the lamp bis; FIG. 3 fat-based lamp elevational view; FIG. 4 is a side view of a lamp; Figure 5 a top view of the lamp of the present; FIG. 6 is a lamp shade and a light source disposed a front view of the frame; FIG. 7 is a lamp shade and a light source disposed side frame; Figure 8 is a lamp shade and a light source disposed top frame view; FIG. 9 is a lamp shade and a light source disposed rendering frame; FIG. 10 is a front view of the lamp the lamp cap; FIG. 11 a side view of the present hair lamp lamp cap; FIG. 12 is a top view of the lamp the lamp cap; FIG 13 legend lamp lamp cover one of the effects of the present development; FIG lamp cover 14 lamp bis oriented graphic illustration made; FIG. 15 shows the effect when the lamp is not turned on in FIG.; FIG. 16 present a first level when the effect is on the lamp FIG.; FIG. 17 is a lamp of the first, when the effect is on two levels; Figure 18 present a lamp first, second and third effect is on level; Figure 19 present a lamp Cantor (Cantor) set generation process; FIG lamp cover 20 lamp cooling holes present renderings made; FIG. 21 lamp lights fat present 散热孔效果图;图22为本发明灯灯罩底座散热孔效果图;图23为本发明灯爆炸图;图24为本发明Sierpinski三角形的生成过程;图25为本发明灯Sierpinski三角形生成元;图26为本发明灯变形的Sierpinski三角形生成元图例之一;图27为本发明灯变形的Sierpinski三角形生成元图例之二;图28为本发明灯灯罩上部正视图;图29为本发明灯灯罩上部俯视图;图30为本发明灯灯罩下部正视图;图31为本发明灯灯罩下部俯视图;图32为本发明灯灯罩造型的基本雏形图;图33为本发明灯罩的俯视图;图34为本发明灯光源电路图。 FIG effect cooling holes; FIG. 22 is a base of the lamp shade effect cooling holes; Figure 23 exploded view of a lamp of the present; FIG. 24 Sierpinski triangle generation process of the present invention; FIG. 25 is a lamp Sierpinski triangle generator; FIG. deformation of the lamp 26 of the present Sierpinski triangle generating one legend element; FIG. 27 present a lamp deformable Sierpinski triangle generator bis legend; FIG. 28 is the front view of a lamp shade upper portion; FIG upper portion of the lamp 29 of the present shade a plan view; FIG. 30 of the present shade the lower part of a front view of a lamp; Fig. 31 a lower fat-based lamp shade plan view; FIG. 32 to FIG present basic shape of a lamp shade shape; FIG. 33 is a plan view of the present disclosure globe; FIG. 34 of the present invention circuit diagram of a light source. 具体实施方式[〇〇16]下面结合附图所示实施例对本发明进行详细说明。 DETAILED DESCRIPTION [〇〇16] illustrated embodiment of the present invention will be described in detail below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.

[0017] 本发明的理论基础Sierpinski三角形是经典的分形案例,由波兰数学家瓦茨瓦夫•谢尔宾斯基(Wactaw Franciszek Sierpinski,1882—1969)而得名,又称为谢尔宾斯基筛,谢尔宾斯基垫片等。 [0017] The theoretical basis of the present invention is a Sierpinski triangle fractal classic case, Polish mathematician Waclaw Sierpinski • (Wactaw Franciszek Sierpinski, 1882-1969) by the named, also known Sierpinski sieve Xieer Bin Sharansky gasket. Sierpinski三角形的形成过程和结构,首先由一个正三角形开始,将其四等分,舍去中间的一个三角形。 Sierpinski triangle forming process and the structure, starting from a first equilateral triangle, which is quartered, a middle truncated triangle. 然后对保留下的三个小三角形分别按同样的方法操作取舍,如此反复操作下去,直至无穷,最后即可得到Sierpinski三角形。 Then retained in three small triangles by the similar method to choose, so repeated operation continues until infinity, and finally to obtain Sierpinski triangle. 从几何角度进行分析,Sierpinski三角形的面积趋于零,而线段的总长度和线段数目趋于无穷大,成为一个线集。 Geometrically analysis, of Sierpinski triangle area tends to zero, the number of segments and a total length of segments tends to infinity, as a set of lines. 如图24所示为Sierpinski三角形的生成过程。 Generation process shown in FIG. 24 is a Sierpinski triangle. [〇〇18] Sierpinski三角形具有无限精细的层次以及严格的自相似特点,能够非常形象地体现出分形的思想,但是在灯设计中直接套用显然是不现实且没有必要的。 [〇〇18] Sierpinski triangle with unlimited fine levels and strict self-similarity, and can very vividly reflect the fractal idea, but in the design of the lamp directly apply is clearly unrealistic and unnecessary. 因此,在本发明灯设计中,将Sierpinski三角形的生成元作为灯造型设计的灵感以及出发点,首先对Sierpinski三角形内部无限精细的局部细节进行简化,从中提炼抽象出生成元即Sierpinski三角形经过一次迭代生成的图案,作为灯造型设计的基本造型元素,使其在造型形态上表现出Sierpinski三角形“自相似”的分形特点,造型创新、新奇,同时在内涵上赋予灯分形的内涵。 Accordingly, in the present lamp design, the Sierpinski triangle generator as lamp design inspiration and a starting point, first inner Sierpinski triangle infinitely fine local details simplified, refines abstract generator i.e. Sierpinski triangle after one iteration to generate pattern, the basic shape of the element as lamp design, making it appear in the shape of a Sierpinski triangle shape "self-similar" fractal characteristics, shape innovative, novel, while giving light fractal connotation connotation. 除此之外,分形结构严谨的层次性也为灯的光源设置提供了合理的空间分割界限。 In addition, strict hierarchical structure fractal space is divided provides a reasonable limit to the light source lamp is provided. 在功能上,本发明灯采用LED作为光源,将灯光源设计成三个层级单元,并能够随着周围环境的不断变暗,灯逐级依次相继点亮,如图1、图2所示。 Functionally, the use of LED as the light source of the lamp, the light source unit is designed to be three levels, and can continue with the darkened surroundings, the lamp is lit sequentially stepwise sequentially, 1, 2 shown in FIG. [〇〇19] 实施例本发明图3、图4、图5中部件,包括:灯盖1、第二级光源2、第三级光源3、第一级光源4、灯罩5、灯罩框架6、灯罩底座7、灯杆8。 FIG embodiment of the present invention [〇〇19] Example 3, 4, 5 member, comprising: a lamp cover, the light source 2 the second stage, third stage light source 3, a first light level 4, shade 5, the housing frame 6 , the lens holder 7, 8 poles. [0〇2〇] 本发明灯灯罩5是基于Sierpinski三角形的结构特点以及生成原理设计的。 [0〇2〇] the lamp shade 5 is present on the structural characteristics Sierpinski triangle and generating principle. 首先需要对Sierpinski三角形内部无限精细的局部细节进行简化,从中提炼抽象出生成元即Sierpinski三角形经过一次迭代生成的图案,作为灯造型设计的基本造型元素。 Sierpinski triangle inside first need to fine unlimited local details be simplified to distill from the basic design elements abstract generator i.e. after one iteration Sierpinski triangle pattern generated as the lamp design. 由于Sierpinski三角形为在二维平面上生成的图案,将二维空间的结构特点应用到三维灯造型的设计中去,并且满足其实用照明功能需求,所以必须对其进行适宜转换与变形,即对Sierpinski三角形进行艺术化和功能化得增减,主要是表其意而非照搬其形。 Since the Sierpinski triangle generated in a two-dimensional planar pattern, the structural features applied to the two-dimensional space of the three-dimensional shape design to the lamp, and in fact, to meet the needs of lighting function, it must be converted with suitable modification, namely Sierpinski triangle artistic and functional decrease too, which is intended primarily table rather than copy its shape. 如图25所示, 选取Sierpinski三角形生成元的底边中点作为坐标原点,以底边为X轴,生成元底边的垂直平分线为Y轴建立平面直角坐标系。 As shown in FIG 25, select the midpoint Sierpinski triangle base generator as a coordinate origin, the X-axis to the bottom edge, the bottom edge of the generator perpendicular bisector plane rectangular coordinate system established for the Y axis. 首先,保持Y轴不动,以坐标原点0为中心,将Sierpinski 三角形生成元的底边沿着X轴正负两侧向内弯曲,使得弯折的底边成150°夹角,接下来将生成元的顶角向内倾斜,使得其倾斜后底边的中垂线与Y轴成25°夹角,基于以上操作得到一个简化抽象与变形的Sierpinski三角形1 (如图26所示),将其作为灯灯罩5造型设计的基本元素之一。 First, the Y-axis remains stationary, the coordinate origin O as the center, the Sierpinski triangle generator of positive and negative sides bent inwardly along the bottom X-axis, so that the bent angle of 150 ° into the base, the next generation membered apex angle inwardly inclined such that the inclined bottom in the Y-axis perpendicular to the angle of 25 °, the deformation of a simplified and abstract triangular Sierpinski 1 (FIG. 26) obtained based on the above operation, which element as one of the basic design of the lamp shade 5. 将上述得到的简化与变形的Sierpinski三角形1以X轴为对称轴垂直镜像,从而得到另一种变形的Sierpinski三角形2 (如图27所示)。 The above-obtained Sierpinski triangle simplified and deformation in the X-axis as a symmetry axis perpendicular to the mirror, to obtain another modification 2 Sierpinski triangle (shown in FIG. 27). [0〇21] 在两种简化变形了的Sierpinski三角形生成元的基础上,对其重新组合与排列进行灯的造型设计。 [0〇21] In both simplified deformed Sierpinski triangle generating element on the basis of, for its re-design the lamp combinations and permutations. 先将六个变形的Sierpinski三角形1的底边端点顺次连接、组合,再将六个变形的Sierpinski三角形1的顶点顺次连接,形成六个新的三角形区域,以上共同组合成灯罩5造型的上部(图28、图29所示);同样的方法再将六个变形的Sierpinski三角形2端点顺次连接组合成了灯罩5造型的下部(图30、图31所示),上部与下部均为顶面为正六边形, 底面为正十二边形的棱台;接下来,再将灯罩上部的正十二边形底面与灯罩下部的正十二边形底面互成30 °角对应匹配(如图32所示),即构成了路灯灯罩造型的基本雏形。 Six first deformable Sierpinski triangle base end 1 connected sequentially, the combination, of a Sierpinski triangle vertices are sequentially connected and then six deformable, formed six new triangular area, the above combined together into the shape of the globe 5 an upper portion (FIG. 28 and FIG. 29); and then the same method as the Sierpinski triangle six modification 2 are sequentially connected end combined into the shape of a lower portion of the screen 5 (FIG. 30, FIG. 31), both the upper and lower regular hexagon top surface, bottom surface dodecagon shaped bevel; Next, the upper part of the globe and then dodecagon shaped lower portion of the bottom surface of the globe regular dodecagonal bottom surface of the corresponding cross-matching angle of 30 ° ( As shown in FIG. 32), it constitutes the basic shape of the street lamp cover shape.

[0022] 本发明灯灯罩5的出光表面分割是根据sierpinski三角形的生成原理进行的,迭代过程中舍去的中间小三角形区域以及图28、图30中六个基本单元顺次连接形成的三角形空余区域即作为本发明灯灯罩5的全透出光表面,其余灯罩5表面区域为半透明出光表面。 [0022] The light exit surface of the lamp of the present shade 5 is divided according to the principle of generating triangular sierpinski, small triangular areas intermediate iteration discarded and spare triangle 28, six in FIG. 30 are sequentially formed by connecting the base unit That area present the lamp shade light revealed full surface 5, the remaining surface area of ​​the globe 5 is translucent light exit surface. 考虑到本发明灯通常设置在住宅区内,为了避免光线射入居室窗户,在灯制作时,出光的镂空三角形区域采用透明的漫射板材,对光的亮度进行了合理控制,避免了光污染的产生。 In view of this the lamp is typically provided in residential areas, in order to avoid light into room windows, when the lamp is produced, the hollow triangular area of ​​the transparent light diffusing plate, a light brightness reasonable control, to avoid light pollution produce. 从图33中灯罩的顶视图可以看出,灯罩顶部、底部外观轮廓为正六边形结构,中间结构轮廓为正十二边形。 As can be seen from the top view of the shade 33, shade top, bottom profile for the appearance of a regular hexagon structure, the intermediate structure is a regular dodecagon contour. 考虑到灯造型的整体协调性,本发明灯灯杆8采用六棱柱造型,从而使得灯整体造型一致、具有稳定感。 Considering the shape of the overall coordination lamp, the lamp pole 8 using this hexagonal prism shape, so that the overall shape of the lamp uniform, having a sense of stability.

[0023] 综合考虑灯的实地照明需要以及本发明灯造型设计的结构特点,将灯的光源设计成上中下三个层级单元,光源位置与灯罩5的全透出光三角形区域对应匹配。 [0023] Considering the need for illumination light field and the structural characteristics of the present design of the lamp, the lower three levels of light source units designed, revealing the whole globe 5 and the light source position of the light corresponding to the triangular region match. 图34所示为灯光源电路图,灯三个层级光源并联接入,每个层级光源均由六个相同大小瓦数的LED灯条串联构成,根据灯罩5的结构特点,每个层级单元光源轮廓为正六边形。 Figure 34 is a circuit diagram of a light source, parallel light source three access levels, each level the number of the light sources by six watt LED light strip of the same size in series, according to the structural characteristics of the globe 5, the light source units each level profile regular hexagon. 本发明灯利用光控电路分别控制三级光源的开启阈值,使得三级光源能够随着周围环境的变暗,分级依次相继点亮。 This use of the lamp light control circuit control the turn-on threshold of the three light sources, three such light sources can be sequentially lighted sequentially with the darkened surroundings, grading. 图15所示为本发明灯未开启时效果图,最先点亮的是位于灯罩5下部的第一级光源4, 出射角为10° (如图7所示)照向路面,此部分光亮主要用于照亮人行路面以及道路附近的物体,图16所示为第一级光源开启时的效果图。 When the lamp is not turned on present results shown in FIG. 15, the lighting of the first shade 5 is located in a lower portion of the first stage source 4, an angle of 10 ° (FIG. 7) according to a road surface, this partially bright mainly for roads and roads near the object illuminated pedestrian, as shown in FIG. 16 is a view of a first stage effect light source is ON. 之后,随着周围环境的进一步变暗,位于灯灯罩5上部的第二级光源2开启,为了避免眩光,避免影响周围居民夜间休息,出射角不宜过大,出射角设计为10°向上(如图7所示),这部分光亮可以对周围环境(树木等)以及公共设施进行适当的照明,起到展示与形象塑造的作用,为环境营造出了一种令人愉悦的舒适氛围,如图17所示。 Thereafter, with the further darkening of the surroundings, the lamp shade 5 located in the upper stage of the second light source 2 is turned on, in order to avoid glare, to avoid the influence surrounding residents rest at night, the angle should not be too large, the design angle of 10 ° upward (e.g. Figure 7), this part of the light may be on the surrounding environment (trees, etc.) as well as public facilities, proper lighting, play a show and image-building role for the environment to create a pleasant and comfortable atmosphere, as 17 FIG. 最后,当完全进入黑夜,位于灯灯罩中部的第三级光源3开启,水平射出灯罩5表面(如图7所不),此部分光亮可以有效的增大灯灯罩5表面的光通量,同时获得一个适宜的照度均匀度,保证本发明灯能够为该区域提供足够的照明,满足行人的需求,如图18所不。 Finally, when fully into the night, the lamp shade located in the middle of the third stage light source 3 is turned on, the level of the surface emitting shade 5 (not shown in FIG 7), this part of the light flux can effectively increase the surface of the globe 5 of the lamp, while obtaining a suitable illumination uniformity, to ensure that the lamp can be present to provide sufficient illumination for the region, to meet the needs of pedestrians, 18 not shown in FIG.

[0024] 本发明灯充分考虑LED光源在发光的同时会产生大量的热量,对于散热这一问题, 本发明从两个角度提供了解决方案。 [0024] The present fully consider the lamp to emit light at the same time the LED light source will generate a lot of heat dissipation for this problem, the present invention is from two angles provides a solution. 首先在光源上,本发明灯光源所采用的LED灯条安装有散热性能优良的铝制U型槽,可以最快的将LED驱动电路产生的热量耗散到空气中。 First, on the light source, LED strip light source used in the present invention is attached excellent heat dissipation aluminum U-shaped groove, the LED driving circuit can be heat generated fastest dissipated into the air. 其次,如图21所示,在灯罩5的设计过程中,在其底部设计有从Sierpinski三角形提炼简化的小三角形状的散热孔;同时根据经典分形一一三分康托集的结构特点(如图19所示),选取其两次迭代结果作为灯盖1以及灯罩底座7上散热孔的造型特点,如图20、22所示,这样便可将LED 产生的热量通过对流的方式及时地耗散到外部空气中。 Next, as shown in the design process of the globe 5, the bottom cooling holes 21 designed to extract simplified from small triangular Sierpinski triangle; while eleven third set of structural features in accordance with the classical Cantor fractal (e.g. as shown in FIG. 19), which is selected as the results of the two iterative modeling features in the lens holder 1 and the heat radiating holes 7 of the lamp cap, as shown in FIG. 20, 22, so that heat generated by the LED can be consumed by convection promptly dissipated to the outside air. 图13、图14所示为本发明灯的灯盖1,在灯盖1的底面设计有密封圈可以使得灯盖1与灯罩5严密的接合,从而避免外界灰尘、雨水等进入灯内对LED光源造成伤害。 13, the lamp shown in FIG. 14 is a lamp cover, the lamp cover in the bottom surface of the seal ring 1 can be designed such that the cap tightly engages the lamp and a lamp cover 5, so as to avoid external dust, rain and the like into the LED lamp light damage.

[0025] 本发明灯属于庭院灯类别,主要用于住宅区、公园等休闲性活动区域供行人夜间照明使用。 [0025] The present garden lights category belongs to the lamp, mainly for recreational activities residential areas, parks for pedestrians at night lighting. 通过光控的照明方式,根据实际环境的昏暗程度设置了三个不同的点亮层级,能够随着客观环境亮暗程度地变化,灯逐级依次点亮,更合理地控制了灯的光亮,达到了节约能源的目的。 By controlling the illumination light, according to the actual degree of the dark environment is provided three different lighting levels can vary with the objective light or dark environments, the lamp are sequentially turned step by step, more rational control of the lamp brightness, to achieve the purpose of saving energy. 与此同时,本发明灯在造型、结构、布光上结合了分形的思想均取得了创新,避免了当今城市灯造型单一,缺少个性化的现象,而且与周围环境适宜的融合在了一起,除了能够满足灯的基本使用功能之外,也让人们更真切的体会到了分形所带来的魅力,满足了人们审美功能上的需求。 At the same time, this the lamp in the shape, structure, lighting combined with the fractal idea have achieved innovation, avoiding today's urban style single lamp, the lack of personal phenomenon, but also with the surrounding environment appropriate brings together, in addition to meeting the basic functions of using light outside, but also allow people to truly experience the charm of fractal brought to meet the needs of the people's aesthetic function.

Claims (7)

1.具有分形结构分级点亮的LED节能灯,其特征在于,所述灯包括灯盖(1)、第二级光源(2)、第三级光源(3)、第一级光源(4)、灯罩(5)、灯罩框架(6)、灯罩底座(7)、灯杆(8);其灯罩的外观及出光表面的分割是根据Sierpinski三角形的生成元及其构成原理设计的;依据该构成原理,在不改变灯的灯罩外观及其内部结构的前提下,根据实地环境的需要以及国家道路照明标准,通过相应改变灯长宽高之间的比例,制作出符合实际需要的灯;该灯具有三级光源单元,利用光控电路设置三组不同的开启亮度阈值分别控制灯三级光源单元的开启,使得三级光源单元随着周围环境的明暗,逐级依次点亮;灯的灯罩由十二个具有自相似结构特点的Sierpinski三角形的生成元变化组合而成;灯的灯罩根据Sierpinski三角形构成原理与结构特点对灯罩表面进行了分割,得出灯的三级出光表面;灯 1. having a fractal structure hierarchy lit LED lamps, wherein the lamp comprises a lamp cap (1), the second stage light source (2), the third stage light source (3), the first stage source (4) , cover (5), the housing frame (6), the lens holder (7), the poles (8); and the appearance of the shade light receiving surface is divided according Sierpinski triangle configuration generator and design principles; according to the configuration principle, under the premise of shade appearance without changing its internal configuration of a lamp, according to requirements and national standards for road lighting environment in the field, by varying the ratio between the length and breadth of the lamp, the lamp production line with actual needs; the fixture there are three light source unit using the light control circuit is provided three different opening thresholds luminance controlling the opening three light source units, such that the light source unit with three ambient brightness, stepwise sequentially turned on; lamp shade by the twelve generators changes self-similar structural features Sierpinski triangle combination; lamp shade on shade surface is divided according to the principles of the Sierpinski triangle configuration and structural features obtained three light exit surface of the lamp; light 三个层级光源并联接入,利用光控电路分别控制三级光源的开启阈值,使三级光源随着周围环境的变暗,分级依次相继开启。 Three levels of light parallel connection, respectively, using the light control circuit controls the light source turn-on threshold of three, so that three of the light source as darkened surroundings, of consecutive open graded.
2.根据权利1所述的具有分形结构分级点亮的LED节能灯,其特征在于,所述灯每级光源由六个相同大小瓦数的LED灯条串联组成,外观轮廓为正六边形。 According to claim 1 LED energy saving lamp according to fractal hierarchical structure lit, wherein said light source of each stage by the number of six-watt LED light strip of the same size in series, the appearance of a regular hexagonal contour.
3.根据权利2所述的具有分形结构分级点亮的LED节能灯,其特征在于,所述灯光源采用LED节能灯条,灯条安装有透明保护罩及铝制散热板。 The fractal hierarchical structure of the lighting of the LED lamps to claim 2, wherein said light source is LED lamps strip, light bar is attached to a transparent protective cover and an aluminum heat dissipation plate.
4.根据权利1所述的具有分形结构分级点亮的LED节能灯,其特征在于,所述灯罩透光, 依据Sierpinski三角形构成原理与结构特点,对灯罩进行分割得到三角形出光表面为全透光表面,其余位置为半透光表面。 According to claim 1 LED energy saving lamp according to a fractal hierarchical structure lit, wherein said light transmitting lampshade according Sierpinski triangle configuration principle and structure characteristics of the globe is divided to obtain a triangular surface is a total light transmittance of light surface, the position of the remaining semi-transparent surface.
5.根据权利4所述的具有分形结构分级点亮的LED节能灯,其特征在于,所述灯的灯罩采用漫射板材对光照度进行合理控制。 The fractal hierarchical structure of the lighting of the LED lamps to claim 4, characterized in that the lamp shade plate for diffusing light using a reasonable degree of control.
6.根据权利1所述的具有分形结构分级点亮的LED节能灯,其特征在于,所述灯的灯盖与灯罩底座上设有散热孔,散热孔的形状是根据经典分形三分康托集的结构设计成的。 6. The claim of claim 1 LED energy saving lamp having a fractal structure grading illuminated, characterized in that the lamp cap and the lamp base is provided with cooling holes lampshade, the shape of the cooling holes is based on the classic three-point Cantor fractal structure designed to set in.
7.根据权利1所述的具有分形结构分级点亮的LED节能灯,其特征在于,所述灯的灯杆设计成六棱柱形与灯罩形状匹配。 According to claim 1 LED energy saving lamp according to fractal hierarchical structure of the lighting, characterized in that the poles of the lamp shade is designed to match the shape of the hexagonal prism.
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