CN106545353B - A kind of hydraulic bracket installation machine structure and its application - Google Patents

A kind of hydraulic bracket installation machine structure and its application Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106545353B
CN106545353B CN201710019072.4A CN201710019072A CN106545353B CN 106545353 B CN106545353 B CN 106545353B CN 201710019072 A CN201710019072 A CN 201710019072A CN 106545353 B CN106545353 B CN 106545353B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
roof
jack
passage
caving shield
lifting
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CN201710019072.4A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN106545353A (en
Inventor
万丽荣
孔帅
孟昭胜
岳宗兴
杨扬
李旭
王刚
杨延超
张士奇
王统诚
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山东科技大学
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Priority to CN201710019072.4A priority Critical patent/CN106545353B/en
Publication of CN106545353A publication Critical patent/CN106545353A/en
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Publication of CN106545353B publication Critical patent/CN106545353B/en

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Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E21EARTH DRILLING; MINING
    • E21DSHAFTS; TUNNELS; GALLERIES; LARGE UNDERGROUND CHAMBERS
    • E21D23/00Mine roof supports for step- by- step movement, e.g. in combination with provisions for shifting of conveyors, mining machines, or guides therefor
    • E21D23/16Hydraulic or pneumatic features, e.g. circuits, arrangement or adaptation of valves, setting or retracting devices

Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of hydraulic bracket installation machine structure and its applications, including top beam shift mechanism and caving shield assembly thrust gear, top beam shift mechanism is supporting movable roof beam, for caving shield assembly thrust gear to support mobile caving shield, front rod and back link, top beam shift mechanism and caving shield assembly thrust gear, which cooperate, completes the assembling of top beam, pedestal, caving shield, front rod and back link.Hydraulic bracket installation machine structure of the present invention is ingenious in design, unique structure, it can be achieved that hydraulic support Intelligent Installation, disclosure satisfy that the installation of most of hydraulic supports, whole installation process is easy to operate, without manpower, installation effectiveness is substantially increased, while whole installation process stability and safe.Installing mechanism of the present invention can be generally applicable to the installation of various model (i.e. different height) hydraulic supports in support width a certain range, have extensive generalization, to realize the safe and efficient installation of hydraulic support.

Description

A kind of hydraulic bracket installation machine structure and its application
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of hydraulic bracket installation machine structure and its applications, belong to hydraulic support fully-mechanized mining equipment technical field.
Background technology
Hydraulic support is one of to realize coal mining comprehensive mechanization and automate indispensable capital equipment, and hydraulic support is made Roof collapse can be prevented by the supporting to Stope roof for the capital equipment of seam mining surrounding rock supporting, safety is maintained to make Industry space.In recent years, with the fast development of the efficient fully mechanized mining technology of coal working face and the increase of hydraulic support mining height, hydraulic pressure The installation process of holder also more sophisticated, correspondingly also mostly the bodily form is larger, complicated for the device of existing installation hydraulic support, The installation process used time is longer, and complicated mounting device and inefficient installation process seriously affect coal mining process.
Chinese patent literature CN103104279A discloses a kind of unit rack device that comprehensive mining hydraulic bracket group is shelved, flat There are slideway in wooden handcart both sides, and inner-outer sleeve square tube column is hinged on sliding block, and square tube column contains hydraulic cylinder, and the connection of hydraulic cylinder upper end is slided Wheel, pulley are wound with lifting rope, and square tube the upper end of the column connects support top hydraulic cylinder, there is sweep rotating device among sweep, above sweep Have with the matched operation track of narrow rail in underworkings, direction is vertical with the length direction of square tube column.The invention fills It sets there are some disadvantages, its structure is excessively complicated, and the labor intensity for assembling hydraulic support is larger.
Chinese patent literature CN201696064U discloses a kind of hydraulic support assembling machine device, it includes lifting rotating machine Structure, rotating mechanism, mechanism of shunting, bottom vehicle elevating mechanism, lateral adjusting deviation device and bilateral operation console etc., this utility model device is deposited In the weaker disadvantage of stability, mechanism structure is smaller, thus is susceptible to error very for the larger hydraulic support installation of volume To cannot be satisfied installation requirement.
To sum up, although at present there is also some hydraulic support assembling machine structures, these mechanisms mostly use greatly people Work is installed, more time-consuming.By observing the field-mounted process of hydraulic support, it is found that its installation process is implicitly present in Problem, these problems seriously restrict the overall package process of hydraulic support.Therefore, it is necessary to design a kind of reality simple in structure With the time saving and energy saving new type hydraulic bearer mounting device of installation process.
Invention content
In view of the deficiencies of the prior art, the present invention provides a kind of hydraulic bracket installation machine structure.
The present invention also provides a kind of above-mentioned working methods of hydraulic bracket installation machine structure.
Term is explained:
Caving shield assembly:In hydraulic support, the assembly after caving shield, front rod and back link connection is referred to as covered Guard beam assembly.
Technical scheme is as follows:
A kind of hydraulic bracket installation machine structure, which is characterized in that including:
Top beam shift mechanism, including scooter, lifting gear and horizontal translocation device, lifting gear are arranged in scooter On, the setting horizontal translocation device at the top of lifting gear;
Caving shield assembly thrust gear, including bottom plate, carrying roof beam structure, the first passage roof beam structure, the second passage roof beam structure, third Roof beam structure and multiple telescopic supporting rods are elapsed, first elapses one end of roof beam structure and carry hinged roof beam structure, the other end and the second pushing beam Frame connects, and the bottom end of the second passage roof beam structure and third passage roof beam structure is hinged with bottom plate respectively;Carry roof beam structure, first passage roof beam structure and It is also hinged by telescopic supporting rod and bottom plate respectively that third elapses roof beam structure;
Top beam shift mechanism is to support movable roof beam, and caving shield assembly thrust gear is supporting mobile caving shield group Piece installing, top beam shift mechanism cooperate with caving shield assembly thrust gear and complete pedestal, caving shield assembly and top beam Assembling.
Preferably, the scooter includes sweep, wheel and fixed jack, and the vehicle described in four is arranged in the bottom of sweep Wheel, in the fixation jack described in the both sides of sweep respectively setting three.This design is advantageous in that, is arranged in sweep both sides and is fixed Jack, when scooter movement in place after, carry out top beam lifting process in and the subsequently installation with caving shield assembly In the process, fixed jack can keep the stabilization of entire top beam shift mechanism.
Preferably, the lifting gear includes two root posts formula jack, two bolster stakes, Gai Taoliang and two crossbeam, Two root posts formula jack and two bolster stakes are arranged symmetrically, and two crossbeams are arranged between column jack and bolster stake, Crossbeam one end is fixedly connected with column jack, the other end and bolster stake are slidably connected, lid set beam connection two root posts formula thousand The top on jin top.The advantage of this design is, by the lifting of column jack, two crossbeams can be driven to move up and down and borrow Bolster stake is helped to be oriented to.
Preferably, the horizontal translocation device is located between two crossbeams, including fixed transverse rod, level first elapse it is very heavy Top, first movement bar, the second mobile bar and cross bar;Fixed transverse rod is fixedly connected with two crossbeams, and first movement bar and second moves Lever is slidably connected with two crossbeams, and the cylinder barrel of the first advancing jack of level is connect with fixed transverse rod, piston rod and first moves Lever connects, and first movement bar and the second mobile bar are connected by cross bar.
Preferably, the quantity of the first advancing jack of the level is three, and three the first advancing jacks of level are side by side And spaced set.
Preferably, the horizontal translocation device further includes tee girder, and tee girder is slidably connected with crossbeam, and interval is set on tee girder It is equipped with multiple circular holes, the both ends of first movement bar and the second mobile bar are connect with circular hole.This design is advantageous in that, on tee girder Multiple circular holes are set, the both ends of first movement bar and the second mobile bar can select the circular hole of different location to be connect with tee girder, with This adjusts the spacing of first movement bar and the second mobile bar, and horizontal translocation device is made to can adapt to the hydraulic support top of different length Beam.
Preferably, both sides are provided with elevating table device on the sweep, and the elevating table device includes sliding rail, sliding block, water Flat second advancing jack, expansion hinge and support platform;Sliding block is arranged on sliding rail, the top of expansion hinge and support platform Bottom connection, bottom end and sliding block connect, and the second advancing jack of level is connect with expansion hinge, when the second advancing jack of level When work, driving expansion hinge stretches or shrinks in vertical direction to drive the lifting of support platform.The benefit of this design Be, elevating table device provides some miscellaneous functions for holder, including the part of transport axis pin etc and transport worker it is supreme Place is overhauled etc., this improves the installation effectiveness of hydraulic support.
Preferably, it is also set up on the sweep there are four locating piece, four locating pieces are arranged symmetrically in elevating table device Both sides are simultaneously parallel with elevating table device, and locating piece can be slided on sweep to adjust the distance between locating piece.This is designed good It is in first, locating piece plays the role of positioning and guiding to pedestal, after pedestal movement in place, making in caving shield assembly Pin shaft hole on the mounting hole and pedestal of front-rear linkage bottom end being capable of accurate centering;Second is that different base lengths can be suitable for It hydraulic support and is fixed.
Preferably, the multiple telescopic supporting rod includes the first lifting jack, the second lifting jack and third lifting Jack;The both ends of first lifting jack are hinged with bottom plate and the first passage roof beam structure respectively, the both ends of the second lifting jack Hinged with bottom plate and carrying roof beam structure respectively, the both ends of third lifting jack are hinged with bottom plate and third passage roof beam structure respectively.
Preferably, multiple pin shaft holes, the first pushing beam are both provided on the first passage roof beam structure and the second passage roof beam structure Frame and the second passage roof beam structure carry out detachable connection by axis pin.This design is advantageous in that pin shaft hole independent assortment is arranged in pairs or groups The connection length that the first passage roof beam structure and the second passage roof beam structure can be extended, to meet different demands.
Preferably, it is provided with positioning cage plate and multiple circular holes on the carrying roof beam structure, positions and is provided on cage plate and circular hole Matched cylinder.
A kind of working method of hydraulic bracket installation machine structure, includes the following steps,
(1) front rod, back link and caving shield are assembled in advance, forms caving shield assembly, caving shield is placed on It carries on roof beam structure, front rod is freely placed, and back link is placed on the first passage roof beam structure and the second passage roof beam structure;Top beam is placed On horizontal translocation device, pedestal is placed on scooter;
(2) moving slide board vehicle keeps the sweep of scooter parallel with the bottom plate of caving shield assembly thrust gear, then fixes Jack is fallen, and carries out stablizing support to scooter;
(3) first lifting jacks and the second lifting jack action drive first passage roof beam structure, second passage roof beam structure and Roof beam structure action is carried, the action of third lifting jack drives third passage roof beam structure action, by the peace of front rod and back link bottom end It fills hole and carries out centering with the mounting hole on pedestal, be then charged into axis pin, caving shield assembly is made to be assembled with pedestal;
(4) lifting gear and horizontal translocation device start operation, and top beam movement is made top beam and caving shield front end in place Mounting hole centering, is then charged into axis pin, so that top beam and caving shield assembly is assembled, is finally completed the group of entire hydraulic support Dress.
The beneficial effects of the present invention are:
Hydraulic bracket installation machine structure of the present invention is ingenious in design, unique structure, it can be achieved that hydraulic support Intelligent Installation, can Meet the installation of most of hydraulic supports, whole installation process is easy to operate, is not necessarily to manpower, substantially increases installation effectiveness, together When whole installation process stability and safe.Installing mechanism of the present invention can be generally applicable in support width a certain range respectively The installation of kind model (i.e. different height) hydraulic support, has extensive generalization, to realize that hydraulic support is safe efficient Installation, effect is apparent, significant effect, with good economic efficiency and market value.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural schematic diagram of hydraulic bracket installation machine structure;
Fig. 2 is the stereogram of hydraulic bracket installation machine structure;
Fig. 3 be hydraulic bracket installation machine structure installation is complete figure;
Fig. 4 is stereogram of the hydraulic bracket installation machine structure after installation is complete;
Fig. 5 is the stereogram of top beam shift mechanism;
Fig. 6 is that the right side of top beam shift mechanism regards connection figure;
Fig. 7 is the stereogram of caving shield assembly thrust gear;
Fig. 8 is the enlarged drawing of the parts I in Fig. 1;
Wherein:1 top beam, 2 pedestals, 3 caving shields, 4 front rods, 5 back links, 6 lid set beams, 7 column jack, 8 crossbeams, 9T ellbeams, 10 bolster stakes, 11 carrying roof beams structure, 12 positioning cage plates, 13 first passage roof beams structure, 14 second passage roof beams structure, 15 second liters Jack, 16 third lifting jacks, 17 first lifting jacks, 18 lifting jack seats, 19 bottom plates, the installation of 20 wheels are dropped Seat, 21 fix jack, 22 sliding blocks, 23 sliding rails, 24 sweeps, 25 wheels, 26 first pins, seat under 27 column jack, and 28 The column jack seat of honour, 29 the first axis pins of column jack, 30 bolt and nuts, 31 the second axis pins of column jack, 32 The first advancing jack of level, 33 first movement bars, 34 cross bars, 35 second mobile bars, 36 cylinder sliding blocks, 37 blocks, 38 positioning Block, 39 locating pieces, 40 connecting rods, 41 connection rings, 42 steamboats, 43 connecting plates, 44 expansion hinges, 45 levels second elapse very heavy Top, 46 support platforms, 47 second pins, 48 first rivets, 49 fixed transverse rods, 50 horizontal concrete chutes, 51 top beams install axis pin, 52 tops Beam installation pin, 53 vertical sliding slots, 54R shape pins, 55 fixation jack axis pins, 56 fixation jack Building U, 57 second rivets, 58 Third pin, 59 load bearing beam axis pins, 60 the first axis pins of pushing beam, 61 the first axis pins of lifting jack, 62 the 4th pins, 63 passage The second axis pin of beam, 64 connector axis pins, 65 bottom plate connectors, 66 bottom plate fixed blocks, 67 transverse slats, 68 thirds elapse roof beam structure, and 69 the Five pins, 70 convex cylindricals, the 71 first lifting jack seats of honour, 72 the second axis pins of lifting jack, 73 upper ear plates, 74 liftings thousand Jin top third axis pin, the 4th axis pin of 75 lifting jack, 76 lower ear plates.
Specific implementation mode
The present invention will be further described by way of example and in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, but not limited to this.
Embodiment 1:
As shown in Figures 1 to 8, it the present embodiment provides a kind of hydraulic bracket installation machine structure, including top beam shift mechanism and covers Guard beam assembly thrust gear, wherein:
Top beam shift mechanism, including scooter, lifting gear and horizontal translocation device, lifting gear are arranged in scooter On, the setting horizontal translocation device at the top of lifting gear;
Caving shield assembly thrust gear, including bottom plate 19, carrying roof beam structure 11, first elapse roof beam structure 13, the second pushing beam Frame 14, third passage roof beam structure 68 and three telescopic supporting rods, one end of the first passage roof beam structure 13 and carrying roof beam structure 11 are hinged, another End is connect with the second passage roof beam structure 14, and the bottom end of the second passage roof beam structure 14 and third passage roof beam structure 68 is hinged with bottom plate 19 respectively; It carries the passage roof beam structure 13 of roof beam structure 11, first and third passage roof beam structure 68 is also hinged by telescopic supporting rod and bottom plate 19 respectively;
Top beam shift mechanism is to support movable roof beam 1, and caving shield assembly thrust gear is supporting mobile caving shield Assembly, top beam shift mechanism cooperate with caving shield assembly thrust gear and complete pedestal 2, caving shield assembly and top beam 1 assembling.
Specifically, scooter includes sweep 24, wheel 25 and fixed jack 21, and the bottom of sweep 24 is installed described in four Wheel 25, wheel 25 is assembled together by the second rivet 57 with wheel mounting base 20, there is 4 circles around wheel mounting base 20 Hole is assembled by the first pin 26 with sweep 24.It is very heavy it to be symmetrically installed the fixation described in each three in the both sides of sweep 24 Top 21, fixed jack 21 are attached by fixed jack axis pin 55 with sweep 24, then use the locking of R shapes pin 54 (below It is related to all fixed by R shape locks of axis pin), six fixed jack 21 are contacted by fixed jack Building U 56 with ground, are increased Contact area.When scooter reaches target location, so that it is propped up ground by fixed jack 21, keep consolidating for sweep 24 It is fixed, stable premise is provided for the installation of follow-up hydraulic support, anti-locking apparatus unstability is skidded.
Lifting gear includes 7, two bolster stakes 10 of two root posts formula jack, lid set beam 6 and two crossbeams 8, and two vertical Pillar jack 7 and two bolster stakes 10 are arranged symmetrically that (in Fig. 1, two root posts formula jack 7 is located at the left side of sweep 24, two Bolster stake 10 is located at 24 right side of sweep), wherein seat 27 under column jack is welded on sweep 24, for the ease of installing, First the column jack seat of honour 28 is sleeved on column jack 7, then it is assembled to the seat under column jack together There are 8 circular holes respectively on 27, around them, assembly is attached by 8 bolt and nuts 30.Below column jack 7 Cylinder is more than the guide cylinder above the column jack seat of honour 28, therefore 7 vertical direction of column jack can not move, then Itself and seat 27 under column jack are fixed with the first axis pin of column jack 29, column jack 7 can not turn It is dynamic, it is completely fixed.Bolster stake 10 is welded on sweep 24, and crossbeam 8 is sleeved on 7 top of column jack, and two crossbeams 8 are opposite Medial surface offers horizontal concrete chute 50, and crossbeam 8 is welded with cylinder sliding block 36, two bolster stakes with one end that bolster stake is slidably connected 10 opposite medial surfaces are provided with vertical sliding slot 53, and cylinder sliding block 36 is placed in vertical sliding slot 53.It is and column inside lid set beam 6 The spherical surface that jack 7 (piston rod head) matches, column jack 7, crossbeam 8 and lid set beam 6 are pacified successively from inside to outside Dress, is finally fixed three with the second axis pin of column jack 31.
Horizontal translocation device is located between two crossbeams 8, and setting level first elapses between being specifically included in two crossbeams 8 32 3, jack (between the crossbeam of both sides side by side and three the first advancing jacks of level of spaced set), first movement bar 33 and second mobile bar 35, the cylinder barrel of the first advancing jack of level 32 be mounted on fixed transverse rod 49 by the first rivet 48, The both ends of fixed transverse rod 49 are fixedly connected on both sides crossbeam 8, the piston rod and first movement of the first advancing jack of level 32 Bar 33 connects, and first movement bar 33 and the second mobile bar 35 are connected by two cross bars 34.First movement bar 33 and second moves Bar 35 is multi-diameter shaft, and respectively there are one the cylindrical shaft of minor diameter, cylindrical shaft is placed in the horizontal concrete chute 50 of both sides crossbeam 8 on both sides.
Horizontal translocation device further includes tee girder 9, and tee girder 9 is slidably connected with crossbeam 8, and T-slot (crossbeam is equipped in crossbeam 8 Lateral section can be seen that T-slot, as shown in Figure 6), T-slot is communicated with horizontal concrete chute, and multiple circles are arranged at intervals on tee girder 9 The cylindrical shaft in hole, 35 both ends of first movement bar 33 and the second mobile bar is connect by horizontal concrete chute 50 with circular hole.It is set on tee girder 9 Set multiple circular holes, the both ends of first movement bar 33 and the second mobile bar 35 can select the circular hole of different location to be connect with tee girder, The spacing that first movement bar and the second mobile bar are adjusted with this makes horizontal translocation device can adapt to the hydraulic support of different length Top beam.In actual use, tee girder 9 and the side guard plate of top beam 1 are attached with top beam installation axis pin 51, with top beam mounting pin Nail 52 is fixed, and the movement of tee girder 9 can be controlled by the first advancing jack of controlled level 32 after connection, to control The movement of top beam 1 processed.
In caving shield assembly thrust gear, three telescopic supporting rods are respectively the lifting of the first lifting jack 17, second Jack 15 and third lifting jack 16;One 17 side of the first lifting jack is passed through into the first axis pin of lifting jack 61 With lifting jack seat 18 (three lifting jack seats 18 are fixed on 3 positions of bottom plate 19 with 4 the 4th pins 62 respectively) It is attached, the other side is attached by the second axis pin of lifting jack 72 and the first lifting jack seat of honour 71, first liter The drop jack seat of honour 71 is welded on the first passage roof beam structure 13.Two 15 sides of the second lifting jack are passed through into lifting jack First axis pin 61 is attached with lifting jack seat 18, and the other side, which with 70 small axis of convex cylindrical match, to be merged using the 5th pin Nail 69 is fixed to be connect with carrying roof beam structure 11.One 16 downside of third lifting jack is passed through into the 4th axis pin of lifting jack 75 are attached with lower ear plate 76, and lower ear plate 76 is welded on bottom plate 19, upside by lifting jack third axis pin 74 with it is upper Otic placode 73 is attached, and upper ear plate 73 is welded on third passage roof beam structure 68.Bottom plate 19 by bottom plate fixed block 66 and ground into Row is fixed, and the front end of bottom plate 19 is provided with four transverse slats 67, and four transverse slats 67 are welded in above bottom plate 19, there is 4 circles above Hole, the second passage roof beam structure 14, third passage roof beam structure 68 are attached by the second axis pin of pushing beam 63 with transverse slat 67,
In addition, the both sides of the first passage roof beam structure 13 are provided with 20 circular holes (per side 10) altogether, second elapses the two of roof beam structure 14 Side is provided with 12 circular holes (per side 6) altogether, and the first passage roof beam structure 13 by both sides, sell by totally eight pushing beams first in the present embodiment Axis 60 is inserted into circular hole and the second passage roof beam structure 14 is attached installation.Extra circular hole is for the hydraulic pressure suitable for different length Holder back link 5, the cooperation by adjusting the first passage roof beam structure 13 circular hole different from the second passage roof beam structure 14 are installed so that first Passage roof beam structure 13 and the total length of the second passage roof beam structure 14 can change, to meet different demands.
The both sides setting of roof beam structure 11 is carried there are two positioning cage plate 12 and 12 circular holes, positions and is provided on cage plate and circle The matched cylinder in hole, positioning cage plate 12 are used to caving shield being fixed on carrying roof beam structure 11, and positioning cage plate 12 passes through third pin Nail 58 is fixed together with carrying roof beam structure 11.
For the stability for ensureing in installation process, two bottom plate connectors 65 are welded in the front end of bottom plate 19, with sweep 24 The aperture of upper 2 rear end of fixed hydraulic support foundation is connected, and connector axis pin 64 is used in combination to be fixed.
When hydraulic bracket installation machine structure operation of the present invention, by the operation of independent, the reliable entire mechanism of HYDRAULIC CONTROL SYSTEM, And programming is carried out by computer, to realize intelligent manipulation, it is not necessarily to manpower.Compared to traditional installing mechanism, the present invention Installing mechanism can adapt to the hydraulic support of different model, and application range is wider, while installation effectiveness higher, and people is greatly saved Power material resources.
Embodiment 2:
A kind of hydraulic bracket installation machine structure, structure is as described in Example 1, the difference is that:Both sides are set on sweep 24 It is equipped with elevating table device, elevating table device includes sliding rail 23, sliding block 22, the second advancing jack of level 45,44 and of expansion hinge Support platform 46;One end of sliding rail 23 is attached by the second pin 47 with bolster stake 10, and sliding block 22 is arranged on sliding rail 23, The top of expansion hinge 44 connect with 46 bottom of support platform, the connection of bottom end and sliding block 22, the second advancing jack of level 45 with Expansion hinge 44 connect, when the second advancing jack of level 45 work, drive expansion hinge 44 stretch in vertical direction or It shrinks to drive the lifting of support platform.Elevating table device provides some miscellaneous functions, including transport axis pin etc for holder Part and transport worker supreme place overhaul etc., this improves the installation effectiveness of hydraulic support.
Wherein, expansion hinge 44 by being formed with rivet interlacement between multiple elevating levers, fix by side, and the other side passes through connection Plate 43 is connect with steamboat 42, and steamboat 42 is in the track of 22 both sides of sliding block, and both sides steamboat 42 is attached by connecting rod 40, The second advancing jack of level 45 is fixed on sliding block 22 and is connect with connecting rod 40 by connection ring 41, to by controlling water Flat second advancing jack 45 moves left and right to control steamboat 42, and support platform 46 is made to realize lifting.
Embodiment 3:
A kind of hydraulic bracket installation machine structure, structure is as described in Example 2, the difference is that:It is also set up on sweep 24 There are four locating piece, four locating pieces are arranged symmetrically in the both sides of elevating table device and, two of which parallel with elevating table device Locating piece 38 is located on the right side of elevating table device, and two locating pieces 39 are located on the left of elevating table device (as shown in Figure 2), four positioning Block can be slided on sweep 24 and (be provided with corresponding groove on sweep) to adjust the distance between locating piece.Its advantage exists In first, locating piece plays the role of positioning and guiding to pedestal, after pedestal movement in place, making front and back in caving shield assembly Pin shaft hole on the mounting hole and pedestal of connecting rod bottom end being capable of accurate centering;Second is that the hydraulic pressure of different base lengths can be suitable for Holder and pedestal can be fixed, ensure the stability in installation process.
Embodiment 4:
A kind of working method of hydraulic bracket installation machine structure as described in Example 3, specific work process are as follows:
(1) front rod 4, back link 5 and caving shield 3 are assembled in advance, caving shield assembly is formed, then by caving shield 3 are placed on carrying roof beam structure 11 and caving shield 3 and carrying roof beam structure 11 are linked together by positioning cage plate 12, and front rod 4 is certainly By placing, back link 5 is placed on the first passage roof beam structure 13 and second passage roof beam structure 14;
Top beam 1 is placed on first movement bar 33 and the second mobile bar 35, is used in combination top beam installation axis pin 51 by tee girder 9 It is attached with the side guard plate of top beam 1, is fixed with top beam installation pin 52;
Pedestal 2 is placed on sweep 24, and adjusts the locating piece 38 and locating piece 39 of the left and right sides, makes 38 He of locating piece Pedestal is fixed in locating piece 39, prevents installation shift;
(2) moving slide board vehicle makes sweep 24 and bottom plate 19 parallel and near to by the small of bottom plate connector 65 and 2 rear end of pedestal Hole connector axis pin 64 is fixedly connected, and then the fixation jack 21 of 24 both sides of sweep is fallen, and is carried out to scooter steady Fixed support;
(3) first lifting jacks 17 and the action of the second lifting jack 15 drive the first passage roof beam structure 13, second to elapse Roof beam structure 14 and carrying roof beam structure 11 act, and the action of third lifting jack 16 drives third passage roof beam structure 68 to act;First by front rod 4 Centering is carried out with the mounting hole on pedestal 2 and is packed into axis pin, and roof beam structure 68 is then elapsed by the peace of 5 bottom end of back link by third again Dress hole carries out centering with the mounting hole on pedestal 2 and is packed into axis pin, and caving shield assembly is made to be assembled with pedestal 2;
(4) column jack 7 and the first advancing jack of level 32 start operation, are adjusted by lifting and moving horizontally The position for saving top beam 1 makes top beam 1 and the mounting hole of 3 front end of caving shield realize centering, is then charged into axis pin, makes top beam 1 and shielding Beam assembly assembles, and is finally completed the assembling of entire hydraulic support.

Claims (7)

1. a kind of hydraulic bracket installation machine structure, which is characterized in that including:
Top beam shift mechanism, including scooter, lifting gear and horizontal translocation device, lifting gear are arranged on scooter, rise The setting horizontal translocation device at the top of falling unit;
Caving shield assembly thrust gear, including bottom plate, carrying roof beam structure, the first passage roof beam structure, the second passage roof beam structure, third passage Roof beam structure and multiple telescopic supporting rods, one end and the carrying roof beam structure of the first passage roof beam structure are hinged, the other end and the second passage roof beam structure connect It connects, the bottom end of the second passage roof beam structure and third passage roof beam structure is hinged with bottom plate respectively;Carry roof beam structure, the first passage roof beam structure and third It is also hinged by telescopic supporting rod and bottom plate respectively to elapse roof beam structure;
Top beam shift mechanism is to support movable roof beam, and caving shield assembly thrust gear is supporting mobile caving shield to assemble Part, top beam shift mechanism cooperate with caving shield assembly thrust gear and complete the group of pedestal, caving shield assembly and top beam Dress;
The scooter includes sweep, wheel and fixed jack, and the wheel described in four is arranged in the bottom of sweep, in sweep The fixation jack described in three is respectively arranged in both sides;
Both sides are provided with elevating table device on the sweep, and the elevating table device includes sliding rail, sliding block, the passage of level second thousand Jin top, expansion hinge and support platform;Sliding block is arranged on sliding rail, and the top of expansion hinge connect with support platform bottom, bottom End is connect with sliding block, and the second advancing jack of level is connect with expansion hinge, when the second advancing jack of level works, driving Expansion hinge stretches or shrinks in vertical direction to drive the lifting of support platform;
The multiple telescopic supporting rod includes the first lifting jack, the second lifting jack and third lifting jack;First The both ends of lifting jack are hinged with bottom plate and the first passage roof beam structure respectively, the both ends of the second lifting jack respectively with bottom plate and It carries roof beam structure to be hinged, the both ends of third lifting jack are hinged with bottom plate and third passage roof beam structure respectively.
2. hydraulic bracket installation machine structure as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that the lifting gear includes two root posts formula Jack, two bolster stakes, Gai Taoliang and two crossbeam, two root posts formula jack and two bolster stakes are arranged symmetrically, two Crossbeam is arranged between column jack and bolster stake, crossbeam one end is fixedly connected with column jack, the other end with hold It carries column to be slidably connected, the top of lid set beam connection two root posts formula jack.
3. hydraulic bracket installation machine structure as claimed in claim 2, which is characterized in that the horizontal translocation device is located at two cross Between beam, including fixed transverse rod, the first advancing jack of level, first movement bar, the second mobile bar and cross bar;Fixed transverse rod with Two crossbeams are fixedly connected, and first movement bar and the second mobile bar are slidably connected with two crossbeams, the first advancing jack of level Cylinder barrel connect with fixed transverse rod, piston rod and first movement bar connection, first movement bar and the second mobile bar are connected by cross bar It connects;
The quantity of the first advancing jack of the level is three, and three the first advancing jacks of level are set side by side and equidistantly It sets.
4. hydraulic bracket installation machine structure as claimed in claim 3, which is characterized in that the horizontal translocation device further includes T shapes Beam, tee girder are slidably connected with crossbeam, and multiple circular holes, the both ends of first movement bar and the second mobile bar are arranged at intervals on tee girder It is connect with circular hole.
5. hydraulic bracket installation machine structure as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that positioning there are four being also set up on the sweep Block, four locating pieces are arranged symmetrically in both sides of elevating table device and parallel with elevating table device, and locating piece can be slided on sweep It moves to adjust the distance between locating piece.
6. hydraulic bracket installation machine structure as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that the first passage roof beam structure and the second passage Multiple pin shaft holes are both provided on roof beam structure, the first passage roof beam structure and the second passage roof beam structure carry out detachable connection by axis pin;
It is provided with positioning cage plate and multiple circular holes on the carrying roof beam structure, positions and is provided with and the matched circle of circular hole on cage plate Column.
7. a kind of working method of hydraulic bracket installation machine structure as claimed in any one of claims 1 to 6, includes the following steps,
(1)Front rod, back link and caving shield are assembled in advance, caving shield assembly is formed, caving shield is placed on carrying On roof beam structure, front rod is freely placed, and back link is placed on the first passage roof beam structure and the second passage roof beam structure;Top beam is placed on water On flat-pushing moving device, pedestal is placed on scooter;
(2)Moving slide board vehicle keeps the sweep of scooter parallel with the bottom plate of caving shield assembly thrust gear, then fixes very heavy Under roof fall, scooter is carried out to stablize support;
(3)First lifting jack and the action of the second lifting jack drive the first passage roof beam structure, the second passage roof beam structure and carrying Roof beam structure acts, and the action of third lifting jack drives third passage roof beam structure action, by the mounting hole of front rod and back link bottom end Centering is carried out with the mounting hole on pedestal, axis pin is then charged into, caving shield assembly is made to be assembled with pedestal;
Lifting gear and horizontal translocation device start operation, and top beam movement is made to the mounting hole pair of top beam and caving shield front end in place In, it is then charged into axis pin, so that top beam and caving shield assembly is assembled, is finally completed the assembling of entire hydraulic support.
CN201710019072.4A 2017-01-11 2017-01-11 A kind of hydraulic bracket installation machine structure and its application CN106545353B (en)

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CN206419058U (en) * 2017-01-11 2017-08-18 山东科技大学 A kind of hydraulic bracket installation machine structure

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CN103104279A (en) * 2012-12-10 2013-05-15 辽宁鑫丰矿电设备制造有限公司 Unit frame for assembly frame of fully-mechanized coal mining hydraulic support frame
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