CN106545353A - A kind of hydraulic bracket installation machine structure and its application - Google Patents

A kind of hydraulic bracket installation machine structure and its application Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106545353A
CN106545353A CN201710019072.4A CN201710019072A CN106545353A CN 106545353 A CN106545353 A CN 106545353A CN 201710019072 A CN201710019072 A CN 201710019072A CN 106545353 A CN106545353 A CN 106545353A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
roof
jack
caving shield
passage
timber
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CN201710019072.4A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN106545353B (en
Inventor
万丽荣
孔帅
孟昭胜
岳宗兴
杨扬
李旭
王刚
杨延超
张士奇
王统诚
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山东科技大学
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Priority to CN201710019072.4A priority Critical patent/CN106545353B/en
Publication of CN106545353A publication Critical patent/CN106545353A/en
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Publication of CN106545353B publication Critical patent/CN106545353B/en
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E21EARTH DRILLING; MINING
    • E21DSHAFTS; TUNNELS; GALLERIES; LARGE UNDERGROUND CHAMBERS
    • E21D23/00Mine roof supports for step- by- step movement, e.g. in combination with provisions for shifting of conveyors, mining machines, or guides therefor
    • E21D23/16Hydraulic or pneumatic features, e.g. circuits, arrangement or adaptation of valves, setting or retracting devices

Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of hydraulic bracket installation machine structure and its application, including back timber shift mechanism and caving shield assembly thrust gear, back timber shift mechanism is to support movable roof beam, caving shield assembly thrust gear is cooperated with caving shield assembly thrust gear and completes the assembling of back timber, base, caving shield, front rod and back link to support mobile caving shield, front rod and back link, back timber shift mechanism.Hydraulic bracket installation machine structure of the present invention designs ingenious, unique structure, is capable of achieving the Intelligent Installation of hydraulic support, disclosure satisfy that the installation of most of hydraulic supports, whole installation process is easy to operate, without the need for manpower, installation effectiveness is substantially increased, while whole installation process stability and safe.Installing mechanism of the present invention can be generally applicable to the installation of various model (i.e. differing heights) hydraulic supports in support width certain limit, with extensive generalization, so as to be capable of achieving the safe and efficient installation of hydraulic support.

Description

A kind of hydraulic bracket installation machine structure and its application
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of hydraulic bracket installation machine structure and its application, belong to hydraulic support fully-mechanized mining equipment technical field.
Background technology
Hydraulic support is to realize one of indispensable capital equipment of coal mining comprehensive mechanization and automatization, and hydraulic support is made For the capital equipment of seam mining surrounding rock supporting, by the supporting to Stope roof, roof collapse can be prevented, maintain safety to make Industry space.In recent years, with the fast development and the increase of hydraulic support mining height of the efficient fully mechanized mining technology of coal-face, hydraulic pressure The installation process of support also more sophisticated, correspondingly also mostly the bodily form is larger, complex structure for the existing device for installing hydraulic support, The installation process used time is longer, and complicated erecting device and poorly efficient installation process has a strong impact on coal mining process.
Chinese patent literature CN103104279A discloses the unit rack device that a kind of comprehensive mining hydraulic bracket assembles frame, flat There is slideway wooden handcart both sides, and inner-outer sleeve square tube column is hinged with slide block, and square tube column contains hydraulic cylinder, and the connection of hydraulic cylinder upper end is slided Wheel, pulley are wound with lifting rope, and connection support top hydraulic cylinder in square tube column upper end has sweep rotary apparatuss, in the middle of sweep above sweep There is the operation track being engaged with narrow rail in underworkings, its direction is vertical with the length direction of square tube column.This invention dress Put and there are some shortcomings, its structure is excessively complicated, the labor intensity for assembling hydraulic support is larger.
Chinese patent literature CN201696064U discloses a kind of hydraulic support assembling machine device, and it includes lifting rotating machine Structure, rotating mechanism, mechanism of shunting, bottom car elevating mechanism, lateral adjusting deviation device and bilateral operating board etc., this utility model device is deposited In the weaker shortcoming of stability, mechanism structure is less, installs thus for the larger hydraulic support of volume and easily makes a fault very Installation requirement cannot extremely be met.
Generally speaking, although there is also some hydraulic support assembling machine structures at present, but these mechanisms adopt people mostly Work is installed, more time-consuming.By the field-mounted process for observing hydraulic support, it is found that its installation process is implicitly present in Problem, these problems seriously govern the overall package process of hydraulic support.Therefore, it is necessary to design a kind of simple structure reality With the time saving and energy saving new type hydraulic bearer erecting device of installation process.
The content of the invention
For the deficiencies in the prior art, the present invention provides a kind of hydraulic bracket installation machine structure.
The present invention also provides a kind of method of work of above-mentioned hydraulic bracket installation machine structure.
Term is explained:
Caving shield assembly:In hydraulic support, the assembly after the connection of caving shield, front rod and back link is referred to as covered Guard beam assembly.
Technical scheme is as follows:
A kind of hydraulic bracket installation machine structure, it is characterised in that include:
Back timber shift mechanism, including scooter, lowering or hoisting gear and horizontal translocation device, lowering or hoisting gear are arranged on scooter On, described horizontal translocation device is set at the top of lowering or hoisting gear;
Caving shield assembly thrust gear, including base plate, carry roof beam structure, first passage roof beam structure, second passage roof beam structure, the 3rd Passage roof beam structure and multiple telescopic supporting rods, one end of the first passage roof beam structure with carry roof beam structure be hinged, the other end and the second pushing beam Frame connects, and the bottom of the second passage roof beam structure and the 3rd passage roof beam structure is hinged with base plate respectively;Carry roof beam structure, first passage roof beam structure and 3rd passage roof beam structure is also hinged with base plate by telescopic supporting rod respectively;
, to support movable roof beam, caving shield assembly thrust gear is to support mobile caving shield group for back timber shift mechanism Piece installing, back timber shift mechanism are cooperated with caving shield assembly thrust gear and complete base, caving shield assembly and back timber Assembling.
Preferably, the scooter includes sweep, wheel and fixed jack, the car described in the bottom setting four of sweep Wheel, in the fixed jack described in the both sides of sweep respectively setting three.This design is advantageous in that, arranges in sweep both sides and fix Jack, after scooter is moved into place, in the lifting process for carrying out back timber and the subsequently installation with caving shield assembly During, fixed jack can keep stablizing for whole back timber shift mechanism.
Preferably, the lowering or hoisting gear includes two root posts formula jack, two bolster stakes, Gai Taoliang and two crossbeam, Two root posts formula jack and two bolster stakes are arranged symmetrically, and two crossbeams are arranged between column jack and bolster stake, Crossbeam one end is fixedly connected with column jack, the other end and bolster stake are slidably connected, lid set beam connection two root posts formula thousand The top on jin top.The advantage of this design is, by the lifting of column jack, two crossbeams can be driven to move up and down and borrow Bolster stake is helped to be oriented to.
Preferably, the horizontal translocation device is located between two crossbeams, is elapsed including fixed transverse rod, level first very heavy Top, the first mobile bar, the second mobile bar and cross bar;Fixed transverse rod is fixedly connected with two crossbeams, and the first mobile bar and second is moved Lever is slidably connected with two crossbeams, and the cylinder barrel of the first advancing jack of level is connected with fixed transverse rod, piston rod and first is moved Lever connects, and the first mobile bar and the second mobile bar are connected by cross bar.
Preferably, the quantity of the first advancing jack of the level is three, and three the first advancing jacks of level are side by side And spaced set.
Preferably, the horizontal translocation device also includes tee girder, and tee girder is slidably connected with crossbeam, and on tee girder, interval sets The two ends for being equipped with multiple circular holes, the first mobile bar and the second mobile bar are connected with circular hole.This design is advantageous in that, on tee girder The two ends for arranging multiple circular holes, the first mobile bar and the second mobile bar can select the circular hole of diverse location to be connected with tee girder, with This adjusts the spacing of the first mobile bar and the second mobile bar, makes horizontal translocation device can adapt to the hydraulic support top of different length Beam.
Preferably, on the sweep, both sides are provided with elevating table device, and the elevating table device includes slide rail, slide block, water Flat second advancing jack, expansion hinge and support platform;Slide block is arranged on slide rail, the top of expansion hinge and support platform Bottom connection, bottom and slide block connection, the second advancing jack of level is connected with expansion hinge, when the second advancing jack of level During work, expansion hinge is driven to stretch in vertical direction or shrink so as to drive the lifting of support platform.The benefit of this design Be that elevating table device provides some miscellaneous functions for support, including transport bearing pin etc part and transport workman it is paramount Place overhauls etc., and this improves the installation effectiveness of hydraulic support.
Preferably, four locating pieces are additionally provided with the sweep, four locating pieces are arranged symmetrically in elevating table device Both sides are simultaneously parallel with elevating table device, and locating piece can slide to adjust the distance between locating piece on sweep.It is good that this designs Place is that one is that locating piece plays positioning and guiding effect to base, after being easy to base to move into place, in making caving shield assembly The installing hole of front-rear linkage bottom being capable of accurately centering with the pin shaft hole on base;Two can be applied to different base lengths Hydraulic support and it is fixed.
Preferably, the plurality of telescopic supporting rod includes the first lifting jack, the second lifting jack and the 3rd lifting Jack;The two ends of the first lifting jack are hinged with base plate and the first passage roof beam structure respectively, the two ends of the second lifting jack It is hinged with base plate and carrying roof beam structure respectively, the two ends of the 3rd lifting jack are hinged with base plate and the 3rd passage roof beam structure respectively.
Preferably, multiple pin shaft holes, the first pushing beam are provided with the first passage roof beam structure and the second passage roof beam structure Frame and the second passage roof beam structure carry out detachable connection by bearing pin.This design is advantageous in that pin shaft hole independent assortment is arranged in pairs or groups The connecting length of the first passage roof beam structure and the second passage roof beam structure can be extended, to meet different demands.
Preferably, positioning cage plate and multiple circular holes are provided with the carrying roof beam structure, are provided with and circular hole on positioning cage plate The cylinder being engaged.
A kind of method of work of hydraulic bracket installation machine structure, comprises the following steps,
(1) in advance front rod, back link and caving shield are assembled, forms caving shield assembly, caving shield is placed on Carry on roof beam structure, front rod is freely placed, back link is placed on the first passage roof beam structure and the second passage roof beam structure;Back timber is placed On horizontal translocation device, base is placed on scooter;
(2) moving slide board car, makes the sweep of scooter parallel with the base plate of caving shield assembly thrust gear, then fixes Jack falls, and carries out stable support to scooter;
(3) first lifting jacks and the second lifting jack action drive first elapse roof beam structure, the second passage roof beam structure and Roof beam structure action is carried, the 3rd lifting jack action drives the 3rd to elapse roof beam structure action, by front rod and the peace of back link bottom Dress hole carries out centering with the installing hole on base, is then charged into bearing pin, caving shield assembly is assembled with base;
(4) lowering or hoisting gear and horizontal translocation device startup optimization, back timber is moved into place makes back timber with caving shield front end Installing hole centering, is then charged into bearing pin, assembles back timber and caving shield assembly, is finally completed the group of whole hydraulic support Dress.
The beneficial effects of the present invention is:
Hydraulic bracket installation machine structure of the present invention designs ingenious, unique structure, is capable of achieving the Intelligent Installation of hydraulic support, can Meet the installation of most of hydraulic supports, whole installation process is easy to operate, without the need for manpower, substantially increase installation effectiveness, together When whole installation process stability and safe.Installing mechanism of the present invention can be generally applicable in support width certain limit respectively The installation of model (i.e. differing heights) hydraulic support is planted, it is with extensive generalization, safe efficient so as to be capable of achieving hydraulic support Installation, its effect substantially, effect is significant, with good economic benefit and market value.
Description of the drawings
Structural representations of the Fig. 1 for hydraulic bracket installation machine structure;
Axonometric charts of the Fig. 2 for hydraulic bracket installation machine structure;
Installation figures of the Fig. 3 for hydraulic bracket installation machine structure;
Fig. 4 is the axonometric chart after hydraulic bracket installation machine structure installation;
Axonometric charts of the Fig. 5 for back timber shift mechanism;
Fig. 6 regards connection figure for the right side of back timber shift mechanism;
Axonometric charts of the Fig. 7 for caving shield assembly thrust gear;
Fig. 8 is the enlarged drawing of I parts in Fig. 1;
Wherein:1 back timber, 2 bases, 3 caving shields, 4 front rods, 5 back links, 6 lid set beams, 7 column jack, 8 crossbeams, 9T ellbeams, 10 bolster stakes, 11 carrying roof beams structure, 12 positioning cage plates, 13 first passage roof beams structure, 14 second passage roof beams structure, 15 second liters Drop jack, 16 the 3rd lifting jacks, 17 first lifting jacks, 18 lifting jack seats, 19 base plates, 20 wheels are installed Seat, 21 fixation jack, 22 slide blocks, 23 slide rails, 24 sweeps, 25 wheels, 26 first pins, seat under 27 column jack, 28 The column jack seat of honour, 29 the first bearing pins of column jack, 30 bolt and nuts, 31 the second bearing pins of column jack, 32 The first advancing jack of level, 33 first mobile bars, 34 cross bars, 35 second mobile bars, 36 cylinder slide blocks, 37 blocks, 38 positioning Block, 39 locating pieces, 40 connecting rods, 41 connection rings, 42 steamboats, 43 connecting plates, 44 expansion hinges, 45 levels second elapse very heavy Bearing pin, 52 tops are installed in top, 46 support platforms, 47 second pins, 48 first rivets, 49 fixed transverse rods, 50 horizontal concrete chutes, 51 back timbers Beam installation pin, 53 vertical chutes, 54R shape pins, 55 fixation jack bearing pins, 56 fixation jack Building U, 57 second rivets, 58 3rd pin, 59 carrier bar bearing pins, 60 the first bearing pins of pushing beam, 61 the first bearing pins of lifting jack, 62 the 4th pins, 63 passage The second bearing pin of beam, 64 union joint bearing pins, 65 base plate union joints, 66 base plate fixed blocks, 67 transverse slats, 68 the 3rd passage roof beams structure, 69 the Five pins, 70 convex cylindricals, the 71 first lifting jack seats of honour, 72 the second bearing pins of lifting jack, 73 upper ear plates, 74 liftings thousand The 3rd bearing pin of jin top, the 4th bearing pin of 75 lifting jack, 76 lower ear plates.
Specific embodiment
Below by embodiment and combine accompanying drawing the present invention will be further described, but not limited to this.
Embodiment 1:
As shown in Figures 1 to 8, the present embodiment provides a kind of hydraulic bracket installation machine structure, including back timber shift mechanism and covers Guard beam assembly thrust gear, wherein:
Back timber shift mechanism, including scooter, lowering or hoisting gear and horizontal translocation device, lowering or hoisting gear are arranged on scooter On, described horizontal translocation device is set at the top of lowering or hoisting gear;
Caving shield assembly thrust gear, including base plate 19, the carrying passage roof beam structure 13 of roof beam structure 11, first, the second pushing beam Frame the 14, the 3rd elapses roof beam structure 68 and three telescopic supporting rods, and one end and the carrying roof beam structure 11 of the first passage roof beam structure 13 be hinged, another End is connected with the second passage roof beam structure 14, and the bottom of the second passage roof beam structure 14 and the 3rd passage roof beam structure 68 is hinged with base plate 19 respectively; Carry the passage of roof beam structure 11, first roof beam structure 13 and the 3rd passage roof beam structure 68 also passes through telescopic supporting rod respectively and base plate 19 is hinged;
, to support movable roof beam 1, caving shield assembly thrust gear is to support mobile caving shield for back timber shift mechanism Assembly, back timber shift mechanism are cooperated with caving shield assembly thrust gear and complete base 2, caving shield assembly and back timber 1 assembling.
Specifically, scooter includes sweep 24, wheel 25 and fixed jack 21, described in the bottom of sweep 24 installs four Wheel 25, wheel 25 is assembled together with wheel mounting seat 20 by the second rivet 57, has 4 circles around wheel mounting seat 20 Hole, is assembled by the first pin 26 and sweep 24.Fixation described in each three is symmetrically installed in the both sides of sweep 24 very heavy Top 21, fixed jack 21 are attached with sweep 24 by fixed jack bearing pin 55, are then locked (below with R shapes pin 54 The R shapes lock that all passes through for being related to bearing pin is determined), six fixed jack 21 are contacted with ground by fixed jack Building U 56, are increased Contact area.When scooter reaches target location, make which prop up ground by fixed jack 21, keep consolidating for sweep 24 Fixed, the installation for follow-up hydraulic support provides stable premise, anti-locking apparatus unstability, skidding.
Lowering or hoisting gear includes 7, two bolster stakes 10 of two root posts formula jack, lid set beam 6 and two crossbeams 8, and two are stood Pillar jack 7 and two bolster stakes 10 are arranged symmetrically that (in Fig. 1, two root posts formula jack 7 is located on the left of sweep 24, two Bolster stake 10 is located on the right side of sweep 24), wherein, seat 27 under column jack is welded on sweep 24, for the ease of installing, First the column jack seat of honour 28 is enclosed within column jack 7, then which assembled seat together under column jack On 27, around them, there are 8 circular holes respectively, assembling is attached by 8 bolt and nuts 30.Below column jack 7 Cylinder cannot be moved more than the guide cylinder above the column jack seat of honour 28, therefore 7 vertical direction of column jack, then Which is fixed with seat 27 under column jack with the first bearing pin of column jack 29, column jack 7 cannot turn It is dynamic, it is completely fixed.Bolster stake 10 is welded on sweep 24, and crossbeam 8 is enclosed within 7 top of column jack, and two crossbeams 8 are relative Medial surface offers horizontal concrete chute 50, and crossbeam 8 is welded with cylinder slide block 36, two bolster stakes with one end that bolster stake is slidably connected 10 relative medial surface are provided with vertical chute 53, and cylinder slide block 36 is inserted in vertical chute 53.Inside lid set beam 6 it is and column The sphere that jack 7 (piston rod head) matches, column jack 7, crossbeam 8 and lid set beam 6 are from inside to outside pacified successively Three is finally fixed by dress with the second bearing pin of column jack 31.
Horizontal translocation device is located between two crossbeams 8, and the setting level first between two crossbeams 8 that is specifically included in is elapsed 32 3, jack (between the crossbeam of both sides side by side and three the first advancing jacks of level of spaced set), the first mobile bar 33 and second mobile bar 35, the cylinder barrel of the first advancing jack of level 32 is arranged on fixed transverse rod 49 by the first rivet 48, The two ends of fixed transverse rod 49 are fixedly connected on both sides crossbeam 8, and the piston rod of the first advancing jack of level 32 and first is moved Bar 33 connects, and the first mobile bar 33 and the second mobile bar 35 are connected by two cross bars 34.First mobile bar 33 and the second movement Bar 35 is multidiameter, and respectively there is the cylinder axis of a minor diameter on both sides, and cylinder axis is placed in the horizontal concrete chute 50 of both sides crossbeam 8.
Horizontal translocation device also includes tee girder 9, and tee girder 9 is slidably connected with crossbeam 8, is provided with T-slot (crossbeam in crossbeam 8 Lateral section can be seen that T-slot, as shown in Figure 6), T-slot is communicated with horizontal concrete chute, and multiple circles are arranged at intervals with tee girder 9 Hole, the cylinder axis at 35 two ends of the first mobile bar 33 and the second mobile bar are connected with circular hole by horizontal concrete chute 50.Set on tee girder 9 The two ends for putting multiple circular holes, the first mobile bar 33 and the second mobile bar 35 can select the circular hole of diverse location to be connected with tee girder, With the spacing that this adjusts the first mobile bar and the second mobile bar, horizontal translocation device is made to can adapt to the hydraulic support of different length Back timber.When actually used, side guard plate of the bearing pin 51 by tee girder 9 with back timber 1 be installed with back timber and be attached, use back timber mounting pin Nail 52 is fixed, and can control the movement of tee girder 9 by the first advancing jack of control level 32, so as to control after connection The movement of back timber processed 1.
In caving shield assembly thrust gear, three telescopic supporting rods are respectively the first lifting jack 17, second and lift Jack 15 and the 3rd lifting jack 16;One 17 side of the first lifting jack is passed through into the first bearing pin of lifting jack 61 With lifting jack seat 18 (three lifting jack seats 18 are fixed on 3 positions of base plate 19 respectively with 4 the 4th pins 62) It is attached, opposite side is attached with the first lifting jack seat of honour 71 by the second bearing pin of lifting jack 72, first liter The drop jack seat of honour 71 is welded on the first passage roof beam structure 13.Two 15 sides of the second lifting jack are passed through into lifting jack First bearing pin 61 is attached with lifting jack seat 18, and opposite side and 70 little axle of convex cylindrical carry out using the 5th pin with merging Nail 69 is fixed and is connected with carrying roof beam structure 11.The 4th bearing pin of lifting jack will be passed through on the downside of 3rd lifting jack 16 75 are attached with lower ear plate 76, and lower ear plate 76 is welded on base plate 19, upside by the 3rd bearing pin 74 of lifting jack with it is upper Otic placode 73 is attached, and upper ear plate 73 is welded on the 3rd passage roof beam structure 68.Base plate 19 is entered by base plate fixed block 66 and ground Row is fixed, and the front end of base plate 19 is provided with four transverse slats 67, and four transverse slats 67 are welded in above base plate 19, and which has 4 circles above Hole, the second passage passage roof beam structure 68 of roof beam structure the 14, the 3rd are attached with transverse slat 67 by the second bearing pin of pushing beam 63,
In addition, the both sides of the first passage roof beam structure 13 are provided with 20 circular holes (per side 10) altogether, second elapses the two of roof beam structure 14 Side is provided with 12 circular holes (per side 6) altogether, and in the present embodiment, the first passage roof beam structure 13 by both sides, sell by totally eight pushing beams first Axle 60 inserts circular hole and the second passage roof beam structure 14 is attached installation.Unnecessary circular hole is for the hydraulic pressure for being applied to different length Support back link 5, by adjusting the first cooperation installation for elapsing roof beam structure 13 and the second passage 14 different circular holes of roof beam structure so that first Passage roof beam structure 13 can change with the total length of the second passage roof beam structure 14, to meet different demands.
The both sides for carrying roof beam structure 11 are provided with two positioning cage plates 12 and 12 circular holes, are provided with and circle on positioning cage plate The cylinder that hole is engaged, for caving shield is fixed on carrying roof beam structure 11, positioning cage plate 12 is by the 3rd pin for positioning cage plate 12 Nail 58 is fixed together with roof beam structure 11 is carried.
To ensure the stability in installation process, two base plate union joints 65 are welded in the front end of base plate 19, with sweep 24 The aperture of 2 rear end of hydraulic support foundation of upper fixation is connected, and is fixed with union joint bearing pin 64.
During hydraulic bracket installation machine structure operation of the present invention, by independence, the operation of the whole mechanism of reliable HYDRAULIC CONTROL SYSTEM, And programming is carried out by computer, to realize intelligent manipulation, without the need for manpower.Traditional installing mechanism is compared, the present invention Installing mechanism can adapt to the hydraulic support of different model, and range of application is wider, while installation effectiveness is higher, greatly save people Power material resources.
Embodiment 2:
A kind of hydraulic bracket installation machine structure, as described in Example 1, its difference is structure:On sweep 24, both sides set Elevating table device is equipped with, elevating table device includes slide rail 23, slide block 22, the second advancing jack of level 45,44 and of expansion hinge Support platform 46;One end of slide rail 23 is attached with bolster stake 10 by the second pin 47, and slide block 22 is arranged on slide rail 23, The top of expansion hinge 44 is connected with 46 bottom of support platform, bottom and slide block 22 connect, the second advancing jack of level 45 with Expansion hinge 44 connects, when the second advancing jack of level 45 works, drive expansion hinge 44 stretch in vertical direction or Shrink so as to drive the lifting of support platform.Elevating table device provides some miscellaneous functions for support, including transports bearing pin etc Part and the paramount place of transport workman overhaul etc., this improves the installation effectiveness of hydraulic support.
Wherein, expansion hinge 44 is formed with rivet interlacement by between multiple elevating levers, and side is fixed, and opposite side is by connection Plate 43 is connected with steamboat 42, and in the track of 22 both sides of slide block, both sides steamboat 42 is attached steamboat 42 by connecting rod 40, The second advancing jack of level 45 is fixed on slide block 22 and is connected with connecting rod 40 by connection ring 41, so as to pass through to control water Flat second advancing jack 45 is moved left and right controlling steamboat 42, makes support platform 46 realize lifting.
Embodiment 3:
A kind of hydraulic bracket installation machine structure, as described in Example 2, its difference is structure:Also set up on sweep 24 There are four locating pieces, four locating pieces are arranged symmetrically in the both sides of elevating table device, two of which parallel with elevating table device Locating piece 38 is located on the right side of elevating table device, and two locating pieces 39 are located on the left of elevating table device (as shown in Figure 2), four positioning Block can slide on sweep 24 (corresponding groove is provided with sweep) to adjust the distance between locating piece.Its advantage exists In one is that locating piece plays positioning and guiding effect to base, after being easy to base to move into place, before and after making in caving shield assembly The installing hole of connecting rod bottom being capable of accurately centering with the pin shaft hole on base;Two is the hydraulic pressure that can be applied to different base lengths Support and base can be fixed, it is ensured that the stability in installation process.
Embodiment 4:
A kind of method of work of hydraulic bracket installation machine structure as described in Example 3, specific work process are as follows:
(1) in advance front rod 4, back link 5 and caving shield 3 are assembled, forms caving shield assembly, then by caving shield 3 are placed on carrying roof beam structure 11 and by positioning cage plate 12 by caving shield 3 and carrying roof beam structure 11 and link together, front rod 4 from By placing, back link 5 is placed on the first passage roof beam structure 13 and the second passage roof beam structure 14;
Back timber 1 is placed in the first mobile bar 33 and the second mobile bar 35, and bearing pin 51 is installed by tee girder 9 with back timber It is attached with the side guard plate of back timber 1, pin 52 is installed with back timber and is fixed;
Base 2 is placed on sweep 24, and adjusts the locating piece 38 and locating piece 39 of the left and right sides, make 38 He of locating piece Locating piece 39 is fixed to base, prevents from installing shift;
(2) moving slide board car, makes sweep 24 with base plate 19 parallel and near to base plate union joint 65 is little with 2 rear end of base Hole union joint bearing pin 64 is fixedly connected, and then the fixed jack 21 of 24 both sides of sweep falls, and scooter is carried out surely It is fixed to support;
(3) first lifting jacks 17 and 15 action of the second lifting jack drive first to elapse roof beam structure 13, second and elapse Roof beam structure 14 and carrying 11 action of roof beam structure, 16 action of the 3rd lifting jack drive the 3rd to elapse 68 action of roof beam structure;First by front rod 4 Centering is carried out with the installing hole on base 2 and loads bearing pin, then roof beam structure 68 is elapsed by the peace of 5 bottom of back link by the 3rd again Dress hole carries out centering and loads bearing pin with the installing hole on base 2, caving shield assembly is assembled with base 2;
(4) 32 startup optimization of column jack 7 and the first advancing jack of level, is adjusted by lifting and moving horizontally The position of section back timber 1, makes back timber 1 and the installing hole of 3 front end of caving shield realize centering, is then charged into bearing pin, make back timber 1 and shielding Beam assembly is assembled, and is finally completed the assembling of whole hydraulic support.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of hydraulic bracket installation machine structure, it is characterised in that include:
Back timber shift mechanism, including scooter, lowering or hoisting gear and horizontal translocation device, lowering or hoisting gear are arranged on scooter, are risen Described horizontal translocation device is set at the top of falling unit;
Caving shield assembly thrust gear, including base plate, carrying roof beam structure, the first passage roof beam structure, the second passage roof beam structure, the 3rd passage Roof beam structure and multiple telescopic supporting rods, one end of the first passage roof beam structure and carrying roof beam structure are hinged, the other end and the second passage roof beam structure connect Connect, the bottom of the second passage roof beam structure and the 3rd passage roof beam structure is hinged with base plate respectively;Carry roof beam structure, the first passage roof beam structure and the 3rd Passage roof beam structure is also hinged with base plate by telescopic supporting rod respectively;
, to support movable roof beam, caving shield assembly thrust gear is to support mobile caving shield assembling for back timber shift mechanism Part, back timber shift mechanism are cooperated with caving shield assembly thrust gear and complete the group of base, caving shield assembly and back timber Dress.
2. hydraulic bracket installation machine structure as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that the scooter include sweep, wheel and Fixed jack, the wheel described in the bottom setting four of sweep are very heavy in the fixation described in the both sides of sweep respectively setting three Top.
3. hydraulic bracket installation machine structure as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that the lowering or hoisting gear includes two root posts formula Jack, two bolster stakes, Gai Taoliang and two crossbeam, two root posts formula jack and two bolster stakes are arranged symmetrically, two Crossbeam is arranged between column jack and bolster stake, crossbeam one end is fixedly connected with column jack, the other end with hold Carry post to be slidably connected, lid set beam connects the top of two root posts formula jack.
4. hydraulic bracket installation machine structure as claimed in claim 3, it is characterised in that the horizontal translocation device is horizontal positioned at two Between beam, including fixed transverse rod, the first advancing jack of level, the first mobile bar, the second mobile bar and cross bar;Fixed transverse rod with Two crossbeams are fixedly connected, and the first mobile bar and the second mobile bar are slidably connected with two crossbeams, the first advancing jack of level Cylinder barrel be connected with fixed transverse rod, piston rod is connected with the first mobile bar, the first mobile bar and the second mobile bar are connected by cross bar Connect;
The quantity of the first advancing jack of the level is three, and three the first advancing jacks of level set side by side and equidistantly Put.
5. hydraulic bracket installation machine structure as claimed in claim 4, it is characterised in that the horizontal translocation device also includes T-shaped Beam, tee girder are slidably connected with crossbeam, and the two ends of multiple circular holes, the first mobile bar and the second mobile bar are arranged at intervals with tee girder It is connected with circular hole.
6. hydraulic bracket installation machine structure as claimed in claim 2, it is characterised in that both sides are provided with lifting platform on the sweep Device, the elevating table device include slide rail, slide block, the second advancing jack of level, expansion hinge and support platform;Slide block sets Put on slide rail, the top of expansion hinge is connected with support platform bottom, bottom and slide block connection, the second advancing jack of level It is connected with expansion hinge, when the second advancing jack of level works, drives expansion hinge to stretch in vertical direction or shrink So as to drive the lifting of support platform.
7. hydraulic bracket installation machine structure as claimed in claim 6, it is characterised in that four positioning are additionally provided with the sweep Block, four locating pieces are arranged symmetrically in both sides of elevating table device parallel with elevating table device, and locating piece can be slided on sweep Move to adjust the distance between locating piece.
8. hydraulic bracket installation machine structure as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that the plurality of telescopic supporting rod includes first Lifting jack, the second lifting jack and the 3rd lifting jack;The two ends of the first lifting jack respectively with base plate and One passage roof beam structure is hinged, and the two ends of the second lifting jack are hinged with base plate and carrying roof beam structure respectively, the 3rd lifting jack Two ends are hinged with base plate and the 3rd passage roof beam structure respectively.
9. hydraulic bracket installation machine structure as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that the first passage roof beam structure and the second passage Multiple pin shaft holes are provided with roof beam structure, the first passage roof beam structure and the second passage roof beam structure carry out detachable connection by bearing pin;
Positioning cage plate and multiple circular holes are provided with the carrying roof beam structure, the circle being engaged with circular hole are provided with positioning cage plate Post.
10. a kind of method of work of the hydraulic bracket installation machine structure as described in any one of claim 1-9, comprises the following steps,
(1) in advance front rod, back link and caving shield are assembled, forms caving shield assembly, caving shield is placed on into carrying On roof beam structure, front rod is freely placed, and back link is placed on the first passage roof beam structure and the second passage roof beam structure;Back timber is placed on into water On horizontal sliding moving device, base is placed on scooter;
(2) moving slide board car, makes the sweep of scooter parallel with the base plate of caving shield assembly thrust gear, then fixes very heavy Under roof fall, stable support is carried out to scooter;
(3) first lifting jacks and the second lifting jack action drive first to elapse roof beam structure, the second passage roof beam structure and carrying Roof beam structure action, the 3rd lifting jack action drive the 3rd to elapse roof beam structure action, by front rod and the installing hole of back link bottom Centering is carried out with the installing hole on base, bearing pin is then charged into, caving shield assembly is assembled with base;
(4) lowering or hoisting gear and horizontal translocation device startup optimization, back timber is moved into place makes the installation of back timber and caving shield front end Hole centering, is then charged into bearing pin, assembles back timber and caving shield assembly, is finally completed the assembling of whole hydraulic support.
CN201710019072.4A 2017-01-11 2017-01-11 A kind of hydraulic bracket installation machine structure and its application Active CN106545353B (en)

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CN104373148A (en) * 2014-10-31 2015-02-25 徐州华东机械厂 Hydraulic support assembling frame for fully-mechanized coal mining face
CN104389627A (en) * 2014-08-14 2015-03-04 中煤北京煤矿机械有限责任公司 Support mounting platform
CN105019930A (en) * 2015-07-02 2015-11-04 平煤神马机械装备集团河南矿机有限公司 Mining hydraulic support assembly platform
CN206419058U (en) * 2017-01-11 2017-08-18 山东科技大学 A kind of hydraulic bracket installation machine structure

Patent Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20060014439A1 (en) * 2004-07-16 2006-01-19 Mundry Sebastian M Individual controller for shield support frames
CN202039874U (en) * 2011-02-23 2011-11-16 淮南矿业(集团)有限责任公司 Erection platform and system for hydraulic support
CN103104279A (en) * 2012-12-10 2013-05-15 辽宁鑫丰矿电设备制造有限公司 Unit frame for assembly frame of fully-mechanized coal mining hydraulic support frame
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