CN106545142A - A kind of flexible clay facing tile with air-cleaning function and preparation method thereof - Google Patents

A kind of flexible clay facing tile with air-cleaning function and preparation method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106545142A
CN106545142A CN201611122846.8A CN201611122846A CN106545142A CN 106545142 A CN106545142 A CN 106545142A CN 201611122846 A CN201611122846 A CN 201611122846A CN 106545142 A CN106545142 A CN 106545142A
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parts
facing tile
flexible clay
clay facing
air
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CN106545142B (en
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王臻
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VANJOIN (JIANGSU) NEW MATERIAL CO.,LTD.
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Wei Chun (hubei) High Tech Industry Ltd By Share Ltd
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F13/00Coverings or linings, e.g. for walls or ceilings
    • E04F13/07Coverings or linings, e.g. for walls or ceilings composed of covering or lining elements; Sub-structures therefor; Fastening means therefor
    • E04F13/08Coverings or linings, e.g. for walls or ceilings composed of covering or lining elements; Sub-structures therefor; Fastening means therefor composed of a plurality of similar covering or lining elements
    • E04F13/0875Coverings or linings, e.g. for walls or ceilings composed of covering or lining elements; Sub-structures therefor; Fastening means therefor composed of a plurality of similar covering or lining elements having a basic insulating layer and at least one covering layer
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B28/00Compositions of mortars, concrete or artificial stone, containing inorganic binders or the reaction product of an inorganic and an organic binder, e.g. polycarboxylate cements
    • C04B28/02Compositions of mortars, concrete or artificial stone, containing inorganic binders or the reaction product of an inorganic and an organic binder, e.g. polycarboxylate cements containing hydraulic cements other than calcium sulfates
    • C04B28/04Portland cements
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B41/00After-treatment of mortars, concrete, artificial stone or ceramics; Treatment of natural stone
    • C04B41/009After-treatment of mortars, concrete, artificial stone or ceramics; Treatment of natural stone characterised by the material treated
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B41/00After-treatment of mortars, concrete, artificial stone or ceramics; Treatment of natural stone
    • C04B41/45Coating or impregnating, e.g. injection in masonry, partial coating of green or fired ceramics, organic coating compositions for adhering together two concrete elements
    • C04B41/50Coating or impregnating, e.g. injection in masonry, partial coating of green or fired ceramics, organic coating compositions for adhering together two concrete elements with inorganic materials
    • C04B41/5025Coating or impregnating, e.g. injection in masonry, partial coating of green or fired ceramics, organic coating compositions for adhering together two concrete elements with inorganic materials with ceramic materials
    • C04B41/5041Titanium oxide or titanates
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C08ORGANIC MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS; THEIR PREPARATION OR CHEMICAL WORKING-UP; COMPOSITIONS BASED THEREON
    • C08KUse of inorganic or non-macromolecular organic substances as compounding ingredients
    • C08K3/00Use of inorganic substances as compounding ingredients
    • C08K3/18Oxygen-containing compounds, e.g. metal carbonyls
    • C08K3/20Oxides; Hydroxides
    • C08K3/22Oxides; Hydroxides of metals
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C08ORGANIC MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS; THEIR PREPARATION OR CHEMICAL WORKING-UP; COMPOSITIONS BASED THEREON
    • C08KUse of inorganic or non-macromolecular organic substances as compounding ingredients
    • C08K3/00Use of inorganic substances as compounding ingredients
    • C08K3/34Silicon-containing compounds
    • C08K3/36Silica
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C09DYES; PAINTS; POLISHES; NATURAL RESINS; ADHESIVES; COMPOSITIONS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; APPLICATIONS OF MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • C09DCOATING COMPOSITIONS, e.g. PAINTS, VARNISHES OR LACQUERS; FILLING PASTES; CHEMICAL PAINT OR INK REMOVERS; INKS; CORRECTING FLUIDS; WOODSTAINS; PASTES OR SOLIDS FOR COLOURING OR PRINTING; USE OF MATERIALS THEREFOR
    • C09D133/00Coating compositions based on homopolymers or copolymers of compounds having one or more unsaturated aliphatic radicals, each having only one carbon-to-carbon double bond, and at least one being terminated by only one carboxyl radical, or of salts, anhydrides, esters, amides, imides, or nitriles thereof; Coating compositions based on derivatives of such polymers
    • C09D133/04Homopolymers or copolymers of esters
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C09DYES; PAINTS; POLISHES; NATURAL RESINS; ADHESIVES; COMPOSITIONS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; APPLICATIONS OF MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • C09DCOATING COMPOSITIONS, e.g. PAINTS, VARNISHES OR LACQUERS; FILLING PASTES; CHEMICAL PAINT OR INK REMOVERS; INKS; CORRECTING FLUIDS; WOODSTAINS; PASTES OR SOLIDS FOR COLOURING OR PRINTING; USE OF MATERIALS THEREFOR
    • C09D5/00Coating compositions, e.g. paints, varnishes or lacquers, characterised by their physical nature or the effects produced; Filling pastes
    • C09D5/16Antifouling paints; Underwater paints
    • C09D5/1656Antifouling paints; Underwater paints characterised by the film-forming substance
    • C09D5/1662Synthetic film-forming substance
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C09DYES; PAINTS; POLISHES; NATURAL RESINS; ADHESIVES; COMPOSITIONS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; APPLICATIONS OF MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • C09DCOATING COMPOSITIONS, e.g. PAINTS, VARNISHES OR LACQUERS; FILLING PASTES; CHEMICAL PAINT OR INK REMOVERS; INKS; CORRECTING FLUIDS; WOODSTAINS; PASTES OR SOLIDS FOR COLOURING OR PRINTING; USE OF MATERIALS THEREFOR
    • C09D5/00Coating compositions, e.g. paints, varnishes or lacquers, characterised by their physical nature or the effects produced; Filling pastes
    • C09D5/16Antifouling paints; Underwater paints
    • C09D5/1687Use of special additives
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C08ORGANIC MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS; THEIR PREPARATION OR CHEMICAL WORKING-UP; COMPOSITIONS BASED THEREON
    • C08KUse of inorganic or non-macromolecular organic substances as compounding ingredients
    • C08K3/00Use of inorganic substances as compounding ingredients
    • C08K3/18Oxygen-containing compounds, e.g. metal carbonyls
    • C08K3/20Oxides; Hydroxides
    • C08K3/22Oxides; Hydroxides of metals
    • C08K2003/2237Oxides; Hydroxides of metals of titanium
    • C08K2003/2241Titanium dioxide
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C08ORGANIC MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS; THEIR PREPARATION OR CHEMICAL WORKING-UP; COMPOSITIONS BASED THEREON
    • C08KUse of inorganic or non-macromolecular organic substances as compounding ingredients
    • C08K2201/00Specific properties of additives
    • C08K2201/011Nanostructured additives

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of flexible clay facing tile with air-cleaning function and preparation method thereof, it is made up of flexible clay facing tile and automatic cleaning coating.Described automatic cleaning coating is consisted of:20~40 parts of modified acrylate emulsion, nano-TiO215~35 parts of the hydrosol, Nano-meter SiO_2215~35 parts of the hydrosol;Described flexible clay facing tile is consisted of:10~20 parts of 8~15 parts of emulsion, 5~10 parts of Kaolin, 15~25 parts of heavy calcium carbonate, 5~20 parts of cement, 5~15 parts of anion powder, 40~50 parts of quartz sand, 0.1~1 part of inorganic pigment and water.The flexible clay facing tile preparation method is simple, energy-conserving and environment-protective, and the long-acting sustained release anion of flexible clay facing tile energy for preparing is so as to the tiny particles content in active adsorption air, abnormal flavour and toxic gas, and passes through nano-TiO in coating2Photocatalysiss decompose abnormal flavour and toxic gas, and coating has excellent automatic cleaning action, is a kind of ecological architectural material with air-cleaning function and decoration functions.

Description

A kind of flexible clay facing tile with air-cleaning function and preparation method thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to new decorative material for building technical field, more particularly to a kind of flexibility with air-cleaning function Tapestry brick and preparation method thereof.
Background technology
Haze is the mixture of mist and haze, and during morning and evening high humidity, the composition of mist is more.Daytime humidity hour, haze occupies the main force, Relative humidity is between 80% to 90%.Wherein mist is natural weather phenomenon, the steam generative forces of heaven and earth in air.Although using dust as solidifying Tuberculosis, but it is overall nontoxic;The core substance of haze is suspended in the materials such as the cigarette in air, dust, and relative air humidity is low In 80%, yellowish.Gas can be directly entered and stick in human body lower respiratory tract and the lobe of the lung, have injury to health. The formation of haze weather is mainly artificial environmental pollution, and along with temperature is low, wind is little etc., natural conditions cause pollutant not Easily spread.Haze increasingly affected the life of this people in recent years, and particularly long-time can affect people in haze environment The people's is healthy.
Anion powder, is that one kind of the principle of human use's nature generation anion, synthetic or proportioning is combined Mineral, typically all tourmaline powder+lanthanide series or rare earth element, the ratio of its rare earth elements greatly exceed electricity Gas stone powder, rare earth have accounted for more than 60%.It is the effective means with pathogenic bacteria and purify air is killed that anion is identified.Its machine Reason is essentially consisted in after anion combined with antibacterial, is made the change of antibacterial generation structure or the transfer of energy, is caused bacterial death, most Final decline is sunken to ground.Medical research shows that oxygen content increases during electronegative microgranule makes blood in air, be conducive to blood oxygen to convey, Absorb and utilize, with human metabolism is promoted, improve human body immunity, strengthen human body flesh energy, adjust body function and put down The effect of weighing apparatus.According to textual criticism, to 7 systems of human body, nearly more than 30 kinds of diseases have suppression, alleviate and auxiliary therapeutic action anion, Especially the health-care effect of human body is become apparent from.
Research has shown that anion has the effect for preventing haze well, and Chinese patent 201510193947.3 discloses one Anion is planted except haze road material and preparation method thereof, is to improve existing cement or Colophonium composite bearing capacity On the basis of, there is provided a kind of polymer composite safely, effectively, lasting, convenient, healthy.Composite technology and common drip Blue or green composite mixed phase is same, anion number 100/cm of static state3, dynamic is in 600/cm3More than.Add in its manufacturing process Enter the anion releasing additive formulated by natural minerals, as anionic additive nano-pore adsorption mechanism, variable valency metal are made With principle of work and power such as mechanism, permanent electrode mechanism, antibacterial bacteriostatics, using can discharge in health-care environment protection type composite of the present invention Anion, emitting far-infrared, electromagnetic radiation resistant, are reached by combined processes such as electrical neutralization, physical absorption, chemical reactions To decrease or even eliminate " vehicle exhaust " and " photochemical pollution ", the health of human body is kept.
Chinese patent 201610208980.3 discloses a kind of haze anion bamboo charcoal spinning mask, its prepare bear from Sub- bamboo charcoal spin filter layer produces anion, charge effects of the PM2.5 in anion by the pyroelectricity and piezoelectricity of tourmaline Lower absorption, aggregation, sedimentation, using the hole that bamboo charcoal is flourishing, huge specific surface area and extremely strong absorbability are entering to PM2.5 Row sedimentation is removed, and purifies the air of oral-nasal perimeter, forms one layer of sealing coat, so as to reach the effect of anti-haze.It is of the invention obtained Haze anion bamboo charcoal spinning mask breathability is splendid, and thorough, cleaning cycle is removed to deleterious particle in PM2.5 and air Short, service life is long.
Flexible clay facing tile, also known as bright and beautiful clay (brocade:Rich color, clay:Fine and glossy clay).It is with color modified inorganic mineral powder Expect for primary raw material, add a small amount of high molecular weight water soluble polymer, it is flexible light through having made by specific technique Matter building decoration, this respect are different from porcelain tendre, are the substitution material of preferable traditional decoration building materials porcelain face brick, it is adaptable to coagulation The energy-conservation of the various newly-built bodies of wall such as soil, building block, external thermal insulation system and existing building and facing transformation.
Flexible clay facing tile can be combined with the various External Thermal Insulation Technology for External for commercially using at present, need not change exterior wall The original technology way of external thermal insulation, directly pastes in outer thermal-insulating and anti-cracking overcoat.Compared to traditional porcelain face brick outer heat preservation system Way, flexible clay facing tile have three advantages:
One be safe and reliable from heavy and light, system, it is to avoid as porcelain face brick and the warm and humid shear stress of protective facing are big The risk for dropping;
Two is that steam permeability is extremely strong, and water proofing property is again splendid, had both overcome rainwater and has penetrated into external wall outer insulation within the walls, and had prevented again Condensed water occurs freeze thawing to be damaged;
Three is the arrangement of reinforcement quantity that can reduce structure foundation wall, simplifies external wall outer insulation way, simplifies surface brick adherence operation, not only Work efficiency more than 50% can be improved, and comprehensive cost reduces by more than 30%, remarkable in economical benefits.
Compared to other same type of material, flexible clay facing tile has two big advantages:One is that water repellent and steam permeability are good, generically Say, be exactly that aqueous water enters not going, vaporous water can be out, it can be ensured that whole body of wall has respiratory.Two is at flexible clay facing tile Glue is not returned under hot environment, in the hot water more than 85 DEG C, brew is not returned white and can still be restored to the original state after 96 hours, automatically cleaning Ability is strong, and the punching of wind water can be bright and clean such as fresh.
Chinese patent 201110313406.1 discloses a kind of multi-functional environment-protection building coating, by following components by weight Composition:Filler 25-60 parts;Net taste emulsion 30-60 part;Anion powder 1-5 parts;Fire retardant 5-10 parts;Water 20-35 parts, auxiliary agent 2-5 Part;Wherein, described filler includes 0.5~2 part of wood fibre (80-200 mesh), 10~20 parts of kieselguhr (80-180 mesh), perforate 5~15 parts of expanded perlite (10-180 mesh).The present invention has advantages below and effect:Sound-absorbing effect is good;Purify air, is adjusted Humidity, the substantial amounts of hole contained in film, internal surface area are big, can adsorb the toxic and harmful in air, while can be with Adjust indoor air humidity;Dry- film density is low, with good energy-saving heat preserving performance;Easy construction:During construction, directly can close The coating of overall appearance is sprayed on lattice material.
Chinese patent 201110461072.2 discloses a kind of negative ion inorganic dry powder coating and preparation method thereof and construction Technique.Negative ion inorganic dry powder coating is by a group major ingredient:Latex powder, kieselguhr, silicate, anion powder, Maifanitum;Secondary material:Hydroxyl Ethyl cellulose, fiber, titanium dioxide, attapulgite, quartz sand composition are obtained through stirring at low speed mixing, filter screen filtration.This The negative ion inorganic dry powder coating of invention is by being constructed the step of pre-treatment of constructing, modulation painting feed liquid, batch wall and post processing. The negative ion inorganic dry powder coating reduces the consumption of resin, reduces coating cost;Wherein to have coating excellent for kieselguhr Different surface property, increase-volume, thickening and adhesive force is improved, because which has larger pore volume, film can be made to shorten when being dried Between;And kieselguhr, Maifanitum can decompose the formaldehyde of interior, with good environmental-protection function.Anion inorganic dry powder of the present invention The preparation method and construction party process is simple of coating, it is easy to operate, easily implement.
Chinese patent 201110313406.1 discloses a kind of multi-functional environment-protection building coating, by following components by weight Composition:Filler 25-60 parts;Net taste emulsion 30-60 part;Anion powder 1-5 parts;Fire retardant 5-10 parts;Water 20-35 parts, auxiliary agent 2-5 Part;Wherein, described filler includes 0.5~2 part of wood fibre (80-200 mesh), 10~20 parts of kieselguhr (80-180 mesh), perforate 5~15 parts of expanded perlite (10-180 mesh).The present invention has advantages below and effect:Sound-absorbing effect is good;Purify air, is adjusted Humidity, the substantial amounts of hole contained in film, internal surface area are big, can adsorb the toxic and harmful in air, while can be with Adjust indoor air humidity;Dry- film density is low, with good energy-saving heat preserving performance;Easy construction:During construction, directly can close The coating of overall appearance is sprayed on lattice material.
Chinese patent 201510143715.7 discloses a kind of negative ion ceramic glaze and prepares anion ceramics using which The method of brick, wherein negative ion ceramic glaze each group are divided into:Kaolin, potassium feldspar, nano titanium oxide, nanometer dravite Powder, nanometer elbaite powder, praseodymium sesquioxide, water.Above-mentioned raw materials are loaded into 12~58h of ball milling in ball mill, by except ferrum, mistake Negative ion ceramic glaze is obtained after riddler's skill, above-mentioned glaze, glaze thickness is applied to the ceramic body after drying with the mode of glaze spraying 0.35~0.55mm, fires 2~8h at 1000~1280 DEG C of temperature, has obtained the anion glaze with health care, environment-friendly function Face brick.The anion glazed tile is capable of releasing negative ion, increases the negative ion concentration of room air, plays and improve the health care of sleep, make breathing Smooth, enhancing immunity, the effects such as make blood pressure normal, purification blood.
Chinese patent 200410079022.8 discloses a kind of method for producing health ceramic brick capable of releasing negative ion, in pottery Nano composite negative ion powder body is introduced in ceramic tile, formula composition is that elbaite accounts for 20~40%, dravite and accounts for 10~20%, Nanometer Ti O2 account for 20~40%, and other rare earth composite salts account for 5~12%, will be nano composite negative ion powder good with ceramic matrix Good combines, and Jing ceramic roller kilns are burnt till at 1080 DEG C~1200 DEG C of temperature, so as to obtain have stable release bear from Son and radiation performance glaze for glazed tile up to standard, the anion releasability of final products can reach health requirements, radiate performance It is both needed to meet the health building materials of national building materials requirement standard Deng Indexs measure.
But flexible clay facing tile at present on the market but be all that only there is decoration function, and current people are in house decoraton For the requirement more and more higher of IAQ (indoor air quality), mostly there are problems that in the room particularly just fitted up, Therefore develop one kind and both there is decoration functions, and the face brick with air-cleaning function, disclosure satisfy that people for indoor and outdoor The demand of purification of air, and save trouble and labor.
The content of the invention
In order to solve the deficiency that existing building and ornament materials are present, present invention aim at providing a kind of net with air Change flexible clay facing tile of function and preparation method thereof.
The present invention is adopted the technical scheme that:
The flexible clay facing tile with air-cleaning function of the present invention is made up of flexible clay facing tile and automatic cleaning coating:
Described automatic cleaning coating is made up of the raw material of following weight portion:20~40 parts of modified acrylate emulsion, receives Rice TiO215~35 parts of the hydrosol, Nano-meter SiO_2220~40 parts of 15~35 parts of the hydrosol and water;
Described flexible clay facing tile is made up of the raw material of following weight portion:8~15 parts of emulsion, 5~10 parts of Kaolin, weight 15~25 parts of matter Paris white, 5~20 parts of cement, 5~15 parts of anion powder, 40~50 parts of quartz sand, inorganic pigment 0.1~1 10~20 parts of part and water.
It is preferred that:The automatic cleaning coating of the flexible clay facing tile with air-cleaning function of the present invention is by following weight portion Raw material is constituted:30 parts of modified acrylate emulsion, nano-TiO225 parts of the hydrosol, Nano-meter SiO_2225 parts of the hydrosol;Described flexibility Tapestry brick is made up of the raw material of following weight portion:10 parts of emulsion, 8 parts of Kaolin, 20 parts of heavy calcium carbonate, 15 parts of cement, 15 parts of 10 parts of anion powder, 45 parts of quartz sand, 0.5 part of inorganic pigment and water.
Described modified acrylate emulsion is self-crosslinking silicone modified acrylate emulsion or fluorin modified crylic acid ester emulsion In one kind, solid content be 40~60%.
Described TiO2TiO in the hydrosol2It is 6~8 that content is 15~30%, pH;Described SiO2SiO in the hydrosol2Contain It is 6~10 to measure as 20~30%, pH.
Described emulsion is silicone acrylic emulsion, and solid content 50%, glass transition temperature are 5~30 DEG C.
Described Kaolin is washing or calcined kaolin, and particle diameter is 200~1250 mesh;The grain of the heavy calcium carbonate Footpath is 0.5~3 μm.
The cement is portland cement, Portland cement, portland slag cement, Portland pozzolana cement And the one kind in composite Portland cement.
Described anion powder is made up of the raw material of following weight portion:15~40 parts of tourmaline, 10~20 parts of Dineodymium trioxide, Terbium sesquioxide or 15~30 parts of terbium peroxide, 10~30 parts of opal.
The particle diameter of described quartz sand is 50~400 mesh;Described inorganic pigment is white carbon black, titanium white, titan yellow, ferrum oxide One or two in red, iron oxide yellow, barba hispanica, cadmium red, cadmium yellow.
The preparation method of the flexible clay facing tile with air-cleaning function of the present invention is comprised the following steps that:
(1) preparation of flexible clay facing tile:
Emulsion, inorganic pigment and water are weighed by weight first, are stirred, are obtained emulsion mixture;Then by weight Kaolin, heavy calcium carbonate, cement, anion powder and quartz sand are weighed, mix homogeneously obtains powder mixture;Again by powder Body mixture is added in emulsion mixture, is sufficiently stirred for, and obtains mortar;Finally above-mentioned mortar is poured in mould, one layer is laid Alkali resistant glass fibre open weave cloth, is dried 3~5 hours in being put into 40~100 DEG C of baking ovens afterwards, flexible clay facing tile is obtained after the demoulding;
(2) coating treatment of flexible clay facing tile:
Under stirring, nano-TiO is separately added into in modified acrylate emulsion by weight2The hydrosol and nanometer SiO2Above-mentioned mixed glue solution, after mix homogeneously, is coated in flexible clay facing tile on spray, brush or by way of rolling by the hydrosol and water Surface, obtains the flexible clay facing tile with Air purification after being dried.
The positive effect of the present invention is as follows:
1. using self-crosslinking silicone or fluorin modified crylic acid ester emulsion as nano-TiO2And Nano-meter SiO_22Binder for film formation, have Beneficial to an entirety is combined between coating and flexible clay facing tile.
2. self-crosslinking silicone or fluorin modified crylic acid ester, nano-TiO2And Nano-meter SiO_22The coating of formation has excellent resistant Property, self-cleaning property and weatherability, can effective protection flexible clay facing tile, extend its working life.
3. the nanoparticle in coating has great surface area, can adsorb tiny in air by physisorption Particulate matter, while the long-term sustained release anion of anion powder energy in flexible clay facing tile, can adsorb the fine particle in air Thing, particulate matter are enriched in flexible clay facing tile coating surface, and the self-cleaning function of Jing coatings is removed, so as to realize eliminating haze Function.
4. flexible clay facing tile can be received in adsorbing abnormal flavour and toxic gas, and Jing coatings in air by anion releasing Rice TiO2Photocatalysiss decomposed such that it is able to eliminate the abnormal flavour and toxic gas in air.
5. the preparation method of flexible clay facing tile is simple, energy-conserving and environment-protective, is that a kind of environmental protection with air-cleaning function is inside and outside Wall building and ornament materials.
Specific embodiment
The following examples are that the present invention is described in further detail.
Embodiment 1
The flexible clay facing tile with air-cleaning function of the present invention is made up of flexible clay facing tile and automatic cleaning coating:
Described automatic cleaning coating is made up of the raw material of following weight portion:40 parts of acrylate emulsion modified with organosiloxane, nanometer TiO215 parts of the hydrosol, Nano-meter SiO_2240 parts of 35 parts of the hydrosol and water;
Described flexible clay facing tile is made up of the raw material of following weight portion:Glass transition temperature is that 5 DEG C of silicon third is newborn 8 parts of liquid, 5 parts of the water-washed kaoline of 200 mesh, 15 parts of 0.5 μm of heavy calcium carbonate, 20 parts of portland cement, 15 parts of anion powder, 20 parts of 50 50 parts of mesh quartz sands, 0.1 part of white carbon black and water.
Above-mentioned anion powder is made up of the raw material of following weight portion:20 parts of tourmaline, 25 parts of Dineodymium trioxide, three oxidations two 25 parts of terbium, 30 parts of opal.
The preparation method of the flexible clay facing tile with air-cleaning function of the present invention is comprised the following steps that:
(1) preparation of flexible clay facing tile:
Emulsion, inorganic pigment and water are weighed by weight first, are stirred, are obtained emulsion mixture;Then by weight Kaolin, heavy calcium carbonate, cement, anion powder and quartz sand are weighed, mix homogeneously obtains powder mixture;Again by powder Body mixture is added in emulsion mixture, is sufficiently stirred for, and obtains mortar;Finally above-mentioned mortar is poured in mould, one layer is laid Alkali resistant glass fibre open weave cloth, is put in baking oven afterwards, and in 40 DEG C of dryings 1 hour, 60 DEG C of dryings 3 hours obtained flexible decorations after the demoulding Face brick;
(2) coating treatment of flexible clay facing tile:
Under stirring, water, nano-TiO are separately added into by weight in modified acrylate emulsion2The hydrosol and Nano-meter SiO_22Above-mentioned mixed glue solution, after mix homogeneously, is coated in the surface of flexible clay facing tile by the hydrosol by spraying method, is done The flexible clay facing tile with Air purification is obtained after dry.
Embodiment 2
The flexible clay facing tile with air-cleaning function of the present invention is made up of flexible clay facing tile and automatic cleaning coating:
Described automatic cleaning coating is made up of the raw material of following weight portion:30 parts of acrylate emulsion modified with organosiloxane, nanometer TiO225 parts of the hydrosol, Nano-meter SiO_2230 parts of 25 parts of the hydrosol and water;
Described flexible clay facing tile is made up of the raw material of following weight portion:Glass transition temperature is that 10 DEG C of silicon third is newborn 10 parts of liquid, 8 parts of the calcined kaolin of 325 mesh, 25 parts of 1 μm of heavy calcium carbonate, 10 parts of Portland cement, anion powder 5 Part, 100 40 parts of mesh quartz sands, 10 parts of 0.5 part of white carbon black, 0.5 part of titan yellow and water.
Above-mentioned anion powder is made up of the raw material of following weight portion:25 parts of tourmaline, 10 parts of Dineodymium trioxide, three oxidations two 40 parts of terbium, 25 parts of opal.
With embodiment 1, its floating coat is the surface that flexible clay facing tile is coated in by way of brush to preparation method.
Embodiment 3
The flexible clay facing tile with air-cleaning function of the present invention is made up of flexible clay facing tile and automatic cleaning coating:
Described automatic cleaning coating is made up of the raw material of following weight portion:20 parts of acrylate emulsion modified with organosiloxane, nanometer TiO235 parts of the hydrosol, Nano-meter SiO_2220 parts of 15 parts of the hydrosol and water;
Described flexible clay facing tile is made up of the raw material of following weight portion:Glass transition temperature is that 15 DEG C of silicon third is newborn 12 parts of liquid, 6 parts of the water-washed kaoline of 400 mesh, 20 parts of 1.5 μm of heavy calcium carbonates, 15 parts of portland slag cement, anion powder 10 parts, 150 45 parts of mesh quartz sands, 15 parts of 0.5 part of titanium white and water.
Above-mentioned anion powder is made up of the raw material of following weight portion:30 parts of tourmaline, 15 parts of Dineodymium trioxide, seven oxidations four 20 parts of terbium, 35 parts of opal.
With embodiment 1, its floating coat is the surface that flexible clay facing tile is coated in by way of roller coating to preparation method.
Embodiment 4
The flexible clay facing tile with air-cleaning function of the present invention is made up of flexible clay facing tile and automatic cleaning coating:
Described automatic cleaning coating is made up of the raw material of following weight portion:20 parts of fluorin modified crylic acid ester emulsion, nanometer TiO215 parts of the hydrosol, Nano-meter SiO_2240 parts of 35 parts of the hydrosol and water;
Described flexible clay facing tile is made up of the raw material of following weight portion:Glass transition temperature is that 20 DEG C of silicon third is newborn 14 parts of liquid, 9 parts of the water-washed kaoline of 600 mesh, 22 parts of 2 μm of heavy calcium carbonates, 8 parts of Portland pozzolana cement, anion 8 parts of powder, 200 40 parts of mesh quartz sands, 10 parts of 0.3 part of white carbon black, 0.5 part of iron oxide red and water.
Above-mentioned anion powder is made up of the raw material of following weight portion:35 parts of tourmaline, 30 parts of Dineodymium trioxide, seven oxidations four 25 parts of terbium, 10 parts of opal.
Preparation method is with embodiment 1.
Embodiment 5
The flexible clay facing tile with air-cleaning function of the present invention is made up of flexible clay facing tile and automatic cleaning coating:
Described automatic cleaning coating is made up of the raw material of following weight portion:30 parts of fluorin modified crylic acid ester emulsion, nanometer TiO225 parts of the hydrosol, Nano-meter SiO_2230 parts of 25 parts of the hydrosol and water;
Described flexible clay facing tile is made up of the raw material of following weight portion:Glass transition temperature is that 25 DEG C of silicon third is newborn 9 parts of liquid, 800 10 parts of mesh calcined kaolins, 16 parts of 2.5 μm of heavy calcium carbonates, 5 parts of composite Portland cement, anion powder 13 15 parts of part, 300 45 parts of mesh quartz sands, 0.8 part of cadmium yellow and water.
Above-mentioned anion powder is made up of the raw material of following weight portion:40 parts of tourmaline, 20 parts of Dineodymium trioxide, three oxidations two 35 parts of terbium, 25 parts of opal.
Preparation method is with embodiment 2.
Embodiment 6
The flexible clay facing tile with air-cleaning function of the present invention is made up of flexible clay facing tile and automatic cleaning coating:
Described automatic cleaning coating is made up of the raw material of following weight portion:40 parts of fluorin modified crylic acid ester emulsion, nanometer TiO235 parts of the hydrosol, Nano-meter SiO_2220 parts of 15 parts of the hydrosol and water;
Described flexible clay facing tile is made up of the raw material of following weight portion:Glass transition temperature is that 30 DEG C of silicon third is newborn 15 parts of liquid, 1,250 5 parts of mesh calcined kaolins, 25 parts of 3 μm of heavy calcium carbonates, 17 parts of portland cement, 6 parts of anion powder, 400 20 parts of 50 parts of mesh quartz sand, 0.3 part of iron oxide yellow and water.
Above-mentioned anion powder is made up of the raw material of following weight portion:25 parts of tourmaline, 20 parts of Dineodymium trioxide, seven oxidations four 15 parts of terbium, 40 parts of opal.
Preparation method is with embodiment 3.
Comparative example 1
The composition of the flexible clay facing tile of ordinary resin coating:
Described resinous coat is made up of the raw material of following weight portion:30 parts of acrylate emulsion modified with organosiloxane and water 30 Part;
Described flexible clay facing tile is made up of the raw material of following weight portion:Glass transition temperature is that 10 DEG C of silicon third is newborn 10 parts of liquid, 325 8 parts of mesh calcined kaolins, 25 parts of 1 μm of heavy calcium carbonate, 10 parts of Portland cement, 100 mesh quartz sands 40 parts, 10 parts of 0.5 part of white carbon black, 0.5 part of titan yellow and water.
Preparation method is with embodiment 2.
Sample prepared by the various embodiments described above and comparative example is tested as follows:Surface contact angle is tested;By GB/ T3810.13-2006 determines pollution resistance;Anion-generating capacity is determined using static anion analyzer;PM2.5 concentration and formaldehyde Assay be area be 16 square metres, surrounding post in the confined space of sample and carry out, initial PM2.5 concentration and first Aldehyde is controlled as 100 μ g/m3And 0.2mg/m3, air sample is taken after 24 hours and is tested.
As can be seen that adding nano-TiO in coating from 1 test result of table2And Nano-meter SiO_22Flexible facing can be significantly improved The hydrophobicity and pollution resistance on brick surface;Embodiment 2 compared with comparative example 1, by introducing nano-TiO in the coating2And Nano-meter SiO_22 And anion powder is mixed in flexible clay facing tile, it can be seen that the flexible clay facing tile for preparing can effective anion releasing, Nano coating has larger surface area simultaneously, and both collective effects can effectively adsorb the PM2.5 particulate matters in air, and Formaldehyde in absorption air, realizes air-cleaning function.
Table 1
Although an embodiment of the present invention has been shown and described, for the ordinary skill in the art, can be with Understanding can carry out various changes, modification, replacement to these embodiments without departing from the principles and spirit of the present invention And modification, the scope of the present invention be defined by the appended.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of flexible clay facing tile with air-cleaning function, it is characterised in that:It is applied by flexible clay facing tile and automatically cleaning Layer composition:
Described automatic cleaning coating is made up of the raw material of following weight portion:20~40 parts of modified acrylate emulsion, nano-TiO2 15~35 parts of the hydrosol, Nano-meter SiO_2220~40 parts of 15~35 parts of the hydrosol and water;
Described flexible clay facing tile is made up of the raw material of following weight portion:8~15 parts of emulsion, 5~10 parts of Kaolin, heavy carbon 15~25 parts of sour calcium powder, 5~20 parts of cement, 5~15 parts of anion powder, 40~50 parts of quartz sand, 0.1~1 part of inorganic pigment and 10~20 parts of water.
2. there is the flexible clay facing tile of air-cleaning function as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that:Described automatically cleaning is applied Layer is made up of the raw material of following weight portion:30 parts of modified acrylate emulsion, nano-TiO225 parts of the hydrosol, Nano-meter SiO_22Water 30 parts of 25 parts of colloidal sol and water;Described flexible clay facing tile is made up of the raw material of following weight portion:10 parts of emulsion, 8 parts of Kaolin, 15 parts of 20 parts of heavy calcium carbonate, 15 parts of cement, 10 parts of anion powder, 45 parts of quartz sand, 0.5 part of inorganic pigment and water.
3. there is the flexible clay facing tile of air-cleaning function as claimed in claim 1 or 2, it is characterised in that:Described is modified Acrylic acid ester emulsion is self-crosslinking silicone modified acrylate emulsion or the one kind in fluorin modified crylic acid ester emulsion, and solid content is 40 ~60%.
4. there is the flexible clay facing tile of air-cleaning function as claimed in claim 1 or 2, it is characterised in that:Described TiO2Water TiO in colloidal sol2It is 6~8 that content is 15~30%, pH;Described SiO2SiO in the hydrosol2Content be 20~30%, pH be 6~ 10。
5. there is the flexible clay facing tile of air-cleaning function as claimed in claim 1 or 2, it is characterised in that:Described emulsion For silicone acrylic emulsion, solid content 50%, glass transition temperature are 5~30 DEG C.
6. there is the flexible clay facing tile of air-cleaning function as claimed in claim 1 or 2, it is characterised in that:Described kaolinite Soil is washing or calcined kaolin, and particle diameter is 200~1250 mesh;The particle diameter of the heavy calcium carbonate is 0.5~3 μm.
7. there is the flexible clay facing tile of air-cleaning function as claimed in claim 1 or 2, it is characterised in that:The cement is In portland cement, Portland cement, portland slag cement, Portland pozzolana cement and composite Portland cement One kind.
8. there is the flexible clay facing tile of air-cleaning function as claimed in claim 1 or 2, it is characterised in that:It is described bear from Sub- powder is made up of the raw material of following weight portion:20~40 parts of tourmaline, 10~30 parts of Dineodymium trioxide, terbium sesquioxide or seven oxidations Four 20~40 parts of terbiums, 10~40 parts of opal.
9. there is the flexible clay facing tile of air-cleaning function as claimed in claim 1 or 2, it is characterised in that:Described quartz The particle diameter of sand is 50~400 mesh;Described inorganic pigment is white carbon black, titanium white, titan yellow, iron oxide red, iron oxide yellow, barba hispanica, cadmium One or two in red, cadmium yellow.
10. a kind of method of the flexible clay facing tile with air-cleaning function prepared as described in any one of claim 1-9, its It is characterised by:The preparation method is comprised the following steps that:
(1) preparation of flexible clay facing tile:
Emulsion, inorganic pigment and water are weighed by weight first, are stirred, are obtained emulsion mixture;Then weigh by weight Kaolin, heavy calcium carbonate, cement, anion powder and quartz sand, mix homogeneously obtain powder mixture;Again powder body is mixed Compound is added in emulsion mixture, is sufficiently stirred for, and obtains mortar;Finally above-mentioned mortar is poured in mould, one layer of lay is alkaline-resisting Glass fiber reticular cloth, is dried 3~5 hours in being put into 40~100 DEG C of baking ovens afterwards, flexible clay facing tile is obtained after the demoulding;
(2) coating treatment of flexible clay facing tile:
Under stirring, nano-TiO is separately added into in modified acrylate emulsion by weight2The hydrosol and Nano-meter SiO_22 Above-mentioned mixed glue solution, after mix homogeneously, is coated in the surface of flexible clay facing tile by way of spray, brush or rolling, is done by the hydrosol The flexible clay facing tile with air-cleaning function is obtained after dry.
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CN107814525A (en) * 2017-11-27 2018-03-20 广西福美新材料有限公司 A kind of antistatic flexible floor and preparation method thereof
CN108410298A (en) * 2018-02-05 2018-08-17 佛山市嘉柏丽涂料有限公司 A kind of self-clean type colloidal sol marble lacquer and preparation method thereof
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CN108895509A (en) * 2018-09-14 2018-11-27 浙江帅康电气股份有限公司 A kind of range hood and preparation method thereof of the permanent anion function of band
CN109437855A (en) * 2019-01-14 2019-03-08 江西星东柔瓷建材有限公司 A kind of preparation method of environmental protection porcelain tendre
CN109626868A (en) * 2018-12-05 2019-04-16 湖北万祺新型材料有限公司 A kind of imitation porcelain coating and flexible imitative stone face tiles
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CN106892588A (en) * 2017-03-21 2017-06-27 万卓(江苏)新材料有限公司 It is a kind of except the processing method of formaldehyde porcelain tendre material
CN107814525A (en) * 2017-11-27 2018-03-20 广西福美新材料有限公司 A kind of antistatic flexible floor and preparation method thereof
CN108410298A (en) * 2018-02-05 2018-08-17 佛山市嘉柏丽涂料有限公司 A kind of self-clean type colloidal sol marble lacquer and preparation method thereof
CN108863231A (en) * 2018-07-26 2018-11-23 万卓(武汉)新材料有限公司 A kind of waterproof and breathable flexible clay facing tile and preparation method thereof
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CN109437855A (en) * 2019-01-14 2019-03-08 江西星东柔瓷建材有限公司 A kind of preparation method of environmental protection porcelain tendre
CN111303678A (en) * 2020-03-02 2020-06-19 关圣睿 Anion powder for decoration material and preparation method and application thereof

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