CN106545021B - Integration support pocket earthing and root fill ecological bank protecting method - Google Patents

Integration support pocket earthing and root fill ecological bank protecting method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106545021B
CN106545021B CN201610979948.5A CN201610979948A CN106545021B CN 106545021 B CN106545021 B CN 106545021B CN 201610979948 A CN201610979948 A CN 201610979948A CN 106545021 B CN106545021 B CN 106545021B
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China
Prior art keywords
slope
anchor pole
pocket
water pipe
water
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CN201610979948.5A
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CN106545021A (en
Inventor
周成
陈群
戴�峰
李红梅
刘恩龙
张茹
陈晓红
谭昌明
聂影
王琛
黄月华
王涵
朱宝强
杨文琦
吴美苏
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Chengdu Technology Co Ltd
Sichuan University
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Chengdu Technology Co Ltd
Sichuan University
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02DFOUNDATIONS; EXCAVATIONS; EMBANKMENTS; UNDERGROUND OR UNDERWATER STRUCTURES
    • E02D17/00Excavations; Bordering of excavations; Making embankments
    • E02D17/20Securing of slopes or inclines
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02DFOUNDATIONS; EXCAVATIONS; EMBANKMENTS; UNDERGROUND OR UNDERWATER STRUCTURES
    • E02D5/00Bulkheads, piles, or other structural elements specially adapted to foundation engineering
    • E02D5/74Means for anchoring structural elements or bulkheads

Abstract

The present invention provides integration support pocket earthing and root fills ecological bank protecting method:On rock side slope in column along slope aspect, several columns anchor pole is transversely buried in rows, every anchor pole expose the top of slope surface and be arranged at slope surface one it is upward with anchor pole in less than 90 ° angle branches, branch and anchor pole constitute support construction, crossbeam is placed at the support construction of same row's anchor pole same position, by the wide whole picture flexibility diaper of anchor pole column pitch or blanket net along slope aspect winding type around every crossbeam between adjacent two column anchor pole, and lower edge thereon is separately fixed on the crossbeam at top of the slope and slope foot, form multiple rows of support pocket, a piece water pipe of lateral elongated placement in pocket is held in the palm in every row, the soil body of filling planting plant in support pocket, shrub and/or herbaceous plant are planted in the soil body or carry out container seedling transplanting.This method realize simultaneously ecological slope protection on the spot establish be easy, root fills that curing system is persistently simple, is applicable in that the gradient is wide, ecological effect resistance to persistence is good.

Description

Integration support pocket earthing and root fill ecological bank protecting method
Technical field
The invention belongs to rock side slope engineering field, specially integration support pocket earthing and root fills ecological bank protecting method.
Background technique
In slight slope engineering, at present mainly by spreading grass seeds, turfing, hydraulic sprinkle grass planting, Three-Dimensional Network Seeding, lattice girder The methods of skeleton grass planting carries out ecological protection.In rock side slope engineering, linked network alien earth sparging, the spray of linked network thick photoresist are mostly used It broadcasts, linked network plant cover concrete the methods of sows grass seeds by duster and to carry out ecological protection.There is land occupation condition and be difficult to set up, hold in these existing methods Water soil conservation difficulty is big, maintenance mode be difficult to persistently, trickle irrigation curing system is complicated and short durability is poor, the gradient cannot it is very steep, construct It is costly, ecological effect durability is poor, the problems such as generally can only cannot covering plant with shrub with grass.Therefore the prior art is difficult to change Become in the management in design and operation of current rock side slope ecological protection rebuild set light maintenance, difficult maintenance, promote it is hard to carry on Situation.Especially in the mountain area and Dry-hot Valley Area of China large area Ke Si specially looks, ecological slope protection and plantation are extremely tired It is difficult.
Summary of the invention
It is an object of the invention to for existing slope project ecological protection especially technique of rock slope Deficiency provides a kind of method for asking pocket earthing and root to fill progress ecological slope protection by integration, to realize that ecological slope protection is vertical simultaneously Ground foundation is easy, root filling curing system is persistently simple, the applicable gradient is wide, ecological effect resistance to persistence is good.
For foregoing invention purpose of the present invention, integration support pocket earthing is provided and root fills ecological bank protecting method:
Along slope aspect, in column, transversely embedded several columns anchor pole, every anchor pole expose slope surface in rows on rock side slope It top and one is respectively arranged at the slope surface upward constitutes support knot in less than 90 ° angle branches, branch and anchor pole with anchor pole Structure places crossbeam, by the whole picture flexibility diaper wide with anchor pole column pitch at the support construction of same row's anchor pole same position Or blanket net bypasses every crossbeam between adjacent two column anchor pole along slope aspect winding type, and lower edge will be separately fixed at thereon On crossbeam at top of the slope and slope foot, multiple rows of support pocket is formed, holds in the palm a piece water pipe of lateral elongated placement, the water storage in pocket in every row The hole for water sucting belt insertion is provided on pipe, water pipe is inserted into described water sucting belt one end, and the other end is distributed in support pocket, holds in the palm pocket The soil body of middle filling planting plant plants shrub and/or herbaceous plant in the soil body or carries out container seedling transplanting.
In above-mentioned technical proposal of the invention, the water pipe is that closed at both ends, length and the matched hard of crossbeam store Water pipe, on the pipe shaft of water pipe setting with plant shrub and/or herbaceous plant or the corresponding through-hole being inserted into for water sucting belt of container seedling. The water pipe is elongated to be placed in pocket body.One end of water pipe is exposed external in planting soil, and is provided with water filling port, water filling port Place is provided with the float of the water level for observing in water pipe.The float is made of the small material of density ratio water, such as vesicle Foam ball.Closed at one end, length and the matched hard water pipe of crossbeam, the water pipe in every row's support pocket also can be selected in the water pipe The other end be connected to the water injection pipe of an inclined slope aspect.The diameter of water pipe is chosen as 10 to 20 centimetres.
It in above-mentioned technical proposal of the invention, is inserted into the hole of water pipe to the water sucting belt bunchy, absorb water banding The one end being distributed in support pocket is dispersed in the planting plants soil body.In order to avoid absorbing water during the earthing into support pocket Band rolled up it is agglomerating cause moisture distribution uneven or be pulled out water pipe, guaranteeing that water suction band is not pulled band before earthing Out under the premise of water pipe, it is fixed on upper one of crossbeam after every water sucting belt is scatter in support pocket with cord.
In above-mentioned technical proposal of the invention, the small of the reinforcing bar of plastics (cross and mould) or pitch anti-corrosion is wrapped up in outside the anchor pole Anchor pole.
In above-mentioned technical proposal of the invention, the diaper is non-woven fabrics, and blanket net is nylon wire, plastic wire or flexible iron Silk screen.
In above-mentioned technical proposal of the invention, the water sucting belt is to make of nylon, terylene, polypropylene fibre or cotton ribbon 1~2cm or so wide fine and close band.
In above-mentioned technical proposal of the invention, the column pitch of the reinforced anchor bolt is preferably 2~3m, and each column is two neighboring Spacing between anchor pole is 2~3m.
In above-mentioned technical proposal of the invention, the depth of the reinforcing bar anchor embedment hard side slope is preferably not less than 0.5m.
State natural sciences fund general project (the No that the present invention obtains:51579167) subsidy.
Compared with prior art, the invention has the advantages that
1. the method for the invention forms planting groove using integration support pocket earthing, the capillary force negative pressure root of water sucting belt is utilized Fill so that curing system structure simply easily establish and be conducive to it is water-saving, maintenance moisture supply persistently, ecological effect resistance to persistence is good.
2. the method for the invention forms planting groove using integration support pocket earthing, without struggle with excavating rock mass grooving, It is simply easy so that land occupation condition is established, thus adapts to the ecological protection on abrupt slope.
3. the method for the invention design rationally, simple process, be easy to construct, it is easy to operate, at low cost, maintenance be easy, It is easy to spread, it can be used for ecological protection and the greening of rock side slope, other Shi Yong Yu Ke Si of the Te specially mountain area of looks and xeothermic river The ecological slope protection and plantation of Canyon.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is the framework top view of anchor pole and crossbeam in the method for the invention;
Fig. 2 is the side view of Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is the arrangement schematic diagram that pocket is held in the palm in the method for the invention;
Fig. 4 is that water pipe in pocket earthing, water sucting belt and the signal of the arrangement of plant are held in the palm in the method for the invention.
In figure, 1-anchor pole, 2-branches, 3-crossbeams, 4-support pockets, 5-water pipes, 6-water sucting belts, 7-planting plants The soil body, 8-shrubs and/or herbaceous plant or container seedling.
Specific embodiment
Below by specific embodiment to it is of the present invention integration support pocket earthing and root fill ecological bank protecting method make into One step explanation.
Embodiment 1
On rock side slope along slope aspect in column, in the horizontal direction in rows bury several columns outside wrap up in plastics or pitch anti-corrosion Reinforced anchor bolt 1, column pitch is 2~3m, and the spacing between the two neighboring anchor pole of each column is 2~3m, and reinforced anchor bolt is embedded to hard The depth of side slope is not less than 0.5m (see Fig. 1, Fig. 2).Every anchor pole exposes the top of slope surface and is arranged one at slope surface Upward is in 45 ° of angle branches 2 with anchor pole, and branch and anchor pole constitute support construction, in the support of same row's anchor pole same position Crossbeam 3 is placed at structure, by the whole picture flexibility diaper or blanket net wide with anchor pole column pitch along slope aspect winding type around adjacent Every crossbeam between two column anchor poles, and lower edge thereon is separately fixed on the crossbeam at top of the slope and slope foot, it is formed more Row's support pocket 4 (see Fig. 3) holds in the palm a piece water pipe 5 of lateral elongated placement in pocket in every row, and the water pipe is closed at both ends, length With the matched hard water pipe of crossbeam, the setting water sucting belt 6 for the container seedling corresponding with container seedling is slotting on the pipe shaft of water pipe The through-hole entered, the water pipe is elongated to be placed in pocket body.One end of water pipe is exposed external in planting soil, and is provided with water filling Mouthful, the float of the water level for observing in water pipe is provided at water filling port.The water sucting belt bunchy it is inserted into the hole of water pipe In hole, the other end is fixed on crossbeam, is evenly distributed in support pocket.The water sucting belt is the left side 1~2cm made of nylon ribbon Right wide fine and close band.Then it bankets to form the soil body 7 of planting plants into support pocket, and carries out container seedling shifting in the plantation soil body It plants (see Fig. 4).
Embodiment 2
Plastics or pitch anti-corrosion are wrapped up in outside rows of embedded several columns in column, in the horizontal direction along slope aspect on rock side slope Reinforcing bar anchor pole 1, column pitch is 2~3m, and the spacing between the two neighboring anchor pole of each column is 2~3m, and reinforced anchor bolt embedment is hard The depth of matter side slope is not less than 0.5m (see Fig. 1, Fig. 2).Every anchor pole exposes the top of slope surface and is arranged one at slope surface It is a it is upward be in 45 ° of angle branches 2 with anchor pole, branch and anchor pole constitute support construction, in the branch of same row's anchor pole same position Cross bar 3 is placed at support structure, and the whole picture flexibility diaper or blanket net wide with anchor pole column pitch are bypassed into phase along slope aspect winding type Every crossbeam between adjacent two column anchor poles, and lower edge thereon is separately fixed on the crossbeam at top of the slope and slope foot, it is formed Multiple rows of support pocket 4 (see Fig. 3) holds in the palm a piece water pipe 5 of lateral elongated placement in pocket in every row, and the water pipe is closed at one end, long Degree and the matched hard water storage pipeline section of plant walls length, the water pipe is elongated to be placed in pocket body, and every row holds in the palm the water storage in pocket The other end of pipe is connected to the water injection pipe of an inclined slope aspect.It is arranged on the pipe shaft of water pipe corresponding with container seedling for the container seedling Water sucting belt 6 be inserted into through-hole.It is inserted into the hole of water pipe to the water sucting belt bunchy, the other end is fixed on crossbeam, It is even to be distributed in support pocket.The water sucting belt is 1~2cm of cotton ribbon production or so wide fine and close band.Then into support pocket It bankets to form the soil body 7 of planting plants, and carries out container seedling transplanting in the soil body (see Fig. 4).

Claims (8)

1. integration support pocket earthing and root fill ecological bank protecting method, which is characterized in that on rock side slope along slope aspect in column, along cross To embedded several columns anchor pole in rows(1), every anchor pole expose the top of slope surface and be arranged at slope surface one it is upward It is in less than 90 ° angle branches with anchor pole(2), branch and anchor pole constitute support construction, in the support of same row's anchor pole same position Crossbeam is placed at structure(3), the whole picture flexibility diaper or blanket net wide with anchor pole column pitch are bypassed into phase along slope aspect winding type Every crossbeam between adjacent two column anchor poles, and lower edge thereon is separately fixed on the crossbeam at slope and slope foot, it is formed Multiple rows of support pocket(4), a laterally disposed water pipe (5) in pocket is held in the palm in every row, is provided on the water pipe for water sucting belt(6)It inserts Water pipe is inserted into the hole entered, described water sucting belt one end, and the other end is distributed in support pocket, holds in the palm the filling planting plant soil body in pocket (7), shrub and/or herbaceous plant (8) are planted in the soil body or carries out container seedling transplanting, and the water pipe is closed at both ends, length Degree and the matched hard water pipe of crossbeam, setting and plant shrub and/or herbaceous plant or container seedling (8) are right on the pipe shaft of water pipe The through-hole for water sucting belt insertion answered;Or the water pipe is closed at one end, length and the matched hard water pipe of crossbeam, every row The other end of water pipe in support pocket is connected to the water injection pipe of an inclined slope aspect.
2. integration support pocket earthing and root fill ecological bank protecting method according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the water pipe When being closed at both ends, one end of water pipe is exposed outside the planting plants soil body, and well is provided with water filling port, and setting is useful at water filling port The float of water level in observation water pipe.
3. integration support pocket earthing according to claim 1 or claim 2 and root fill ecological bank protecting method, which is characterized in that the suction Water with bunchy is inserted into the hole of water pipe, and one end that water suction banding is distributed in support pocket is dispersed in the planting plants soil body In.
4. integration support pocket earthing according to claim 1 or claim 2 and root fill ecological bank protecting method, which is characterized in that the anchor Bar is to wrap up in plastics or the reinforced anchor bolt through pitch anti-corrosion outside.
5. integration support pocket earthing according to claim 1 or claim 2 and root fill ecological bank protecting method, which is characterized in that the pocket Cloth is non-woven fabrics, and blanket net is nylon wire, plastic wire or flexible wire netting.
6. integration support pocket earthing according to claim 1 or claim 2 and root fill ecological bank protecting method, which is characterized in that the suction Water band is the fine and close band of the 1~2cm wide made of nylon, terylene, polypropylene fibre or cotton ribbon.
7. integration support pocket earthing according to claim 1 or claim 2 and root fill ecological bank protecting method, which is characterized in that the anchor The column pitch of bar is 2~3m, and the spacing between the two neighboring anchor pole of each column is 2~3m.
8. integration support pocket earthing according to claim 1 or claim 2 and root fill ecological bank protecting method, which is characterized in that the anchor The depth that bar is embedded to hard side slope is not less than 0.5m.
CN201610979948.5A 2016-11-08 2016-11-08 Integration support pocket earthing and root fill ecological bank protecting method Active CN106545021B (en)

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108739550B (en) * 2018-07-13 2020-07-31 四川大学 Method for co-cultivating vegetable-insect-fish by inverted hanging type comprehensive three-dimensional planting

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH03262827A (en) * 1990-03-14 1991-11-22 Tenryu Kogyo Kk Slope protection net and working method thereof
CN101016745A (en) * 2006-02-08 2007-08-15 娄成城 Construction structure of abrupt slope flexible hedge ridge
CN202492851U (en) * 2012-02-29 2012-10-17 中冶赛迪工程技术股份有限公司 Ecological seedbed protection slope structure
CN204112347U (en) * 2014-10-10 2015-01-21 陈洪凯 Rock side slope self filling type grass planting device
CN104314087A (en) * 2014-11-05 2015-01-28 重庆建工市政交通工程有限责任公司 Slope greening protective structure and construction method thereof

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH03262827A (en) * 1990-03-14 1991-11-22 Tenryu Kogyo Kk Slope protection net and working method thereof
CN101016745A (en) * 2006-02-08 2007-08-15 娄成城 Construction structure of abrupt slope flexible hedge ridge
CN202492851U (en) * 2012-02-29 2012-10-17 中冶赛迪工程技术股份有限公司 Ecological seedbed protection slope structure
CN204112347U (en) * 2014-10-10 2015-01-21 陈洪凯 Rock side slope self filling type grass planting device
CN104314087A (en) * 2014-11-05 2015-01-28 重庆建工市政交通工程有限责任公司 Slope greening protective structure and construction method thereof

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