CN106540305A - Preparation and novel applications of kaolin bamboo fiber gauze - Google Patents

Preparation and novel applications of kaolin bamboo fiber gauze Download PDF

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CN106540305A
CN106540305A CN201510589236.8A CN201510589236A CN106540305A CN 106540305 A CN106540305 A CN 106540305A CN 201510589236 A CN201510589236 A CN 201510589236A CN 106540305 A CN106540305 A CN 106540305A
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gauze
kaolin
bamboo fiber
puree
multifunctional
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CN201510589236.8A
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Chinese (zh)
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樊光辉
和光学
樊伟
张宜
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珠海和凡医药股份有限公司
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Abstract

The invention discloses a multifunctional kaolin bamboo fiber gauze, and a preparation method thereof. According to the preparation method, adsorption of a functional primary pulp containing ingredients such as kaolin onto bamboo fiber gauze is carried out so as to obtain the multifunctional gauze with excellent hemostasis effect, antibacterial properties, and drainage effect.

Description

一种高岭土竹纤维纱布的制备及其新用途 Preparation and use thereof kaolin new bamboo fiber gauze

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及一种高岭土竹纤维纱布及制备方法和其新用途。 [0001] The present invention relates to a kaolin gauze bamboo fiber, preparation method and new uses thereof.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 目前临床上常用的纱布主要有普通脱脂纱布和竹纤维纱布,前者既无抗菌性也无抗粘性能,只能作为一般的覆盖创口包扎;后者多采用竹纤维作为纱布的材料,可防止伤口粘连,但抗菌性不好。 [0002] There is currently used clinically mainly ordinary gauze gauze gauze and bamboo fiber, antimicrobial neither the former nor the anti-blocking properties, only covering the wound dressing as a general; the latter use more bamboo fiber as the material of the gauze, wounds prevented adhesions, but poor antimicrobial property. 因此,开发多功能纱布,对临床医学有极大的帮助。 Therefore, the development of multi-purpose gauze, a great help to clinical medicine. 专利CN00137205. XXN201210262307和CN200410025791公开各自的纱布,虽然在止血、抗菌性和防止伤口粘连上各有突出,但不能作为多功能纱布使用。 Patent No. CN00137205. XXN201210262307 CN200410025791 discloses each and gauze, although the bleeding, to prevent each projection antibacterial and wound adhesions, but not used as a multifunctional gauze.

[0003] 高岭土可作为止血剂已有报道,开发高岭土为主体的多功能竹纤维纱布,具有较强实用潜力。 [0003] kaolin can be used as a hemostatic agent has been reported that the development of kaolin as the main multi-functional bamboo fiber gauze, with a strong practical potential.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0004] 本发明目的是提供一种多功能高岭土竹纤维纱布及其制备方法,在同时解决除菌和抗粘连性的同时,兼具止血和引流等功能。 [0004] The object of the present invention to provide a versatile kaolin gauze bamboo fiber and its preparation method, while solving at the same time filtering and blocking resistance, both hemostasis and drainage functions.

[0005] 本发明目的是提供一种多功能高岭土竹纤维纱布的制备和应用,其技术方案如下: [0005] The object of the present invention to provide a versatile fiber preparation and application of bamboo kaolin gauze, which technical solutions are as follows:

[0006] -种多功能高岭土竹纤维纱布,包括竹纤维纱布和原浆,其特征在于,所述原浆由以下重量百分比的原料制成:高岭土〇. 1-1.0%、PVA 0.05-0. 15%、甘油10-25%、添加剂A 0. 1-0. 3%、余量为超纯水;较好的,所述原浆由以下重量百分比的原料制成:高岭土0. 5%、PVA 0. 1 %、甘油20%、添加剂A 0.2%、超纯水79. 2%,竹纤维纱布与原浆的质量比为1 : 5;所述添加剂A为纳米二氧化钛、茶多酚和对甲氧基肉桂酸酯三者的混合物。 [0006] - multifunctional species kaolin gauze bamboo fiber, bamboo fiber gauze and including puree, wherein said puree is made by the following percentages by weight of raw materials: kaolin square 1-1.0%, PVA 0.05-0.. 15%, 10-25% glycerol, additive a 0. 1-0 3%, the balance of ultra-pure water; preferably, the percentage of the puree from the following raw materials by weight: 0.5% kaolin, PVA 0. 1%, 20% glycerol, additive a 0.2% 79.2% ultra-pure water, bamboo fiber gauze with a puree mass ratio of 1: 5; a is the additive titanium dioxide, of polyphenols and the mixture of the three methoxy cinnamate.

[0007] 所述竹纤维纱布与原浆的质量比为1 : 4. 0-5. 2。 [0007] The mass of the bamboo fiber gauze with a puree ratio of 1: 4. 0-52.

[0008] 所述纳米二氧化钛、茶多酚和对甲氧基肉桂酸酯的重量比为1 : 0.05-0.08 : 0.1-0. 15;所述PVA 为聚乙烯醇1788。 [0008] The titanium dioxide, and a weight polyphenols methoxycinnamate ratio: 0.05-0.08: 0.1-0 15; 1788 the PVA is polyvinyl alcohol.

[0009] 所述对甲氧基肉桂酸酯为对甲氧基肉桂酸甲酯和对甲氧基肉桂酸乙酯的混合物。 [0009] The mixture of methyl p-methoxycinnamate and p-methoxy cinnamate, ethyl p-methoxy cinnamate.

[0010] 所述原浆的具体制备方法为:将原浆各组分混合后,于40-50Γ下搅拌30-50min 即得;所述添加剂A的具体制备方法为:将纳米二氧化钛、茶多酚和对甲氧基肉桂酸酯按比例用乙醇混匀后于70-80°C烘干制得。 [0010] The specific method of preparation of the puree: puree After mixing the components, stirring to obtain at 40-50Γ 30-50min; A particular method for preparing the additive is to: titanium dioxide, than tea phenol and p-methoxy-cinnamate proportionally mixed with ethanol and after drying to obtain 70-80 ° C.

[0011] 所述的制备一种多功能高岭土竹纤维纱布的方法,其特征在于,包括以下步骤:1) 将竹纤维纱布浸渍于原浆中10_30min ;2)于60-80°C下干燥20-50min即得;较好的,所述步骤1)中浸渍时间为20min;步骤2)中烘干温度为70°C,干燥时间为30min。 A versatile method of kaolin gauze bamboo fiber prepared according to [0011], characterized by comprising the following steps: 1) immersing bamboo fiber gauze puree 10_30min; 2) was dried at 60-80 ° C 20 -50min obtain; preferably, the step a) immersing time is 20min; step 2) the drying temperature was 70 ° C, the drying time was 30min.

[0012] 所述干燥的具体操作为:每隔6-10min翻转纱布1次。 [0012] The drying operation is specifically: 6-10min inverted every 1 gauze.

[0013] 原浆中的高岭土成分,不仅能够更好地激活外周血中血小板的活化功起到迅速止血的功能,而且具有高透氧性,能够加速伤口愈合,原因是其能够形成空穴,便于氧气的进入。 [0013] Kaolin puree composition, not only can better peripheral blood activating functions of activated platelets to stop bleeding quickly work function, but also a high oxygen permeability, it can accelerate wound healing, because it is capable of forming a hole, easy access of oxygen. 高岭土还能与原浆中的其他功能成分相互吸附,加强功能与作用;PVA1788在纱布上可形成覆膜,对伤口起到保护作用,使得纱布极易去除,不会粘连伤口;甘油有利于对伤口的保护和伤口附近湿度的调节,也可增强纱布引流功能。 Kaolin can attract each other with other functional ingredients puree strengthen the function and role; PVA1788 coating film may be formed on the gauze, to protect the wound, such that the gauze is removed easily and do not adhere the wound; glycerol to facilitate protection and adjusting humidity near the wound a wound, may also enhance drainage gauze function.

[0014] 茶多酚具有抗菌和解毒的功效,但是对甲氧基肉桂酸酯并没有用于该医疗领域的记载。 [0014] polyphenols have antibacterial efficacy and detoxification, but not methoxycinnamate disclosed for the medical field. 经过研究,申请人惊奇地发现,将对甲氧基肉桂酸酯与茶多酚和纳米二氧化钛组合使用,容易形成生物保护膜,大大提高抗菌性能,起到保护皮肤、防止皮炎的作用,并且能够加速伤口愈合。 After the study, the Applicant surprisingly found that tea polyphenols will methoxycinnamate and titanium dioxide used in combination nanometers, biological protection film is easily formed, greatly improved antibacterial properties, protect the skin, preventing dermatitis, and can accelerate wound healing. 因此添加剂A其中能够与高岭土和PVA和甘油共同作用,使得竹纤维纱布更加除菌,同时增加透气性和吸附性,同时使得纱布兼具引流纱布的功能,长期使用不会引起伤口部位皮肤敏感或过敏反应等不良症状。 Wherein the additive A and therefore capable of kaolin and interaction PVA and glycerol, such that more bamboo fiber gauze sterilized, while increasing the permeability and absorption, while allowing both the drainage gauze gauze function, long-term use without causing sensitive skin or a wound site allergic reactions and other adverse symptoms.

[0015] 综上所述,该纱布有较强的止血性、抗菌性,并兼具引流功能。 [0015] In summary, the hemostatic gauze strong antibacterial property, and both the drainage function.

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

[0016] 实施例1 [0016] Example 1

[0017] 将总重量0. lg的氧化钛、茶多酚和甲氧基肉桂酸甲酯混合物(重量比1 : 0.05 : 0. 1)用10ml乙醇混匀,于70°C下烘干,按照如下比例: [0017] The total weight of titanium oxide 0. lg, polyphenols and methoxycinnamate mixture (weight ratio of 1: 0.1: 0.05) mixed with 10ml of ethanol, dried at 70 ° C, in the following proportions:

[0018] [0018]

Figure CN106540305AD00041

[0019] 将各组分在40°C下搅拌30min后,将20g竹纤维纱布浸渍于原浆中lOmin后,晾于烘箱架上60°C烘20min,每隔6min翻转纱布,即得到高岭土竹纤维纱布成品。 After [0019] The components were stirred at 40 ° C for after 30min, 20g of bamboo fiber gauze immersed in puree lOmin, dry in an oven at 60 ° C drying rack 20min, every 6min flip gauze, to obtain kaolin bamboo fiber gauze products.

[0020] 实施例2 [0020] Example 2

[0021] 将总重量0. 3g的氧化钛、茶多酚和甲氧基肉桂酸甲酯混合物(重量比1 : 0.08 : 0.15)用25ml乙醇混匀,于80°C下烘干,按照如下比例: [0021] The total weight of the titanium oxide 0. 3g, polyphenols and methoxycinnamate mixture (weight ratio of 1: 0.15: 0.08) with 25ml of ethanol were mixed and dried at 80 ° C, as follows proportion:

[0022] [0022]

Figure CN106540305AD00042

[0023] 将各组分在50°C下搅拌50min后,将20g竹纤维纱布浸渍于原浆中30min后,晾于烘箱架上80°C烘50min,每隔lOmin翻转纱布,即得到高岭土竹纤维纱布成品。 [0023] The components were stirred at 50 ° C for after 50min, 20g of bamboo fiber gauze immersed in puree after 30min, dry in an oven at 80 ° C drying rack 50min, lOmin every flip gauze, to obtain kaolin bamboo fiber gauze products.

[0024] 实施例3 [0024] Example 3

[0025] 将总重量0. 2g的氧化钛、茶多酚和甲氧基肉桂酸甲酯混合物(重量比1 : 0.07 : 0.13)用22ml乙醇混匀,于78°C下烘干,按照如下比例: [0025] The total weight of 0. 2g of titanium oxide, a mixture of polyphenols and methoxy methyl cinnamate (weight ratio of 1: 0.13: 0.07) mixed with 22ml of ethanol, dried at 78 ° C, as follows proportion:

[0026] [0026]

Figure CN106540305AD00051

[0027] 将各组分在48°C下搅拌45min后,将20g竹纤维纱布浸渍于原浆中25min后,晾于烘箱架上78°C烘50min,每隔8min翻转纱布,即得到高岭土竹纤维纱布成品。 [0027] The components were stirred at 48 ° C for 45 min later, the gauze is immersed in 20g puree bamboo fiber after 25min, dry in an oven at 78 ° C drying rack 50min, 8min every flip gauze, to obtain kaolin bamboo fiber gauze products.

[0028] 实施例4 [0028] Example 4

[0029] 将竹纤维纱布重量换成25g,其他同实施例3,得到高岭土竹纤维纱布成品。 [0029] The bamboo fiber gauze into weight 25g, the other with Example 3, to give the finished kaolin gauze bamboo fiber.

[0030] 实施例5 [0030] Example 5

[0031] 将竹纤维纱布重量换成19. 3g,其他同实施例3,得到高岭土竹纤维纱布成品。 [0031] replaced by weight of the bamboo fiber gauze 19. 3g, other embodiments with Example 3, to give the finished kaolin gauze bamboo fiber.

[0032] 实施例6 [0032] Example 6

[0033] 以CN201210262307方法对比实施例1-5中所得高岭土竹纤维纱布的止血作用:使用分光光度计测定纱布对家兔凝血时间的影响,并于541nm波长处用分光光度计测定其0D 值。 [0033] Comparative hemostatic effect resulting kaolin bamboo fiber gauze to CN201210262307 Example 1-5 Method: Effect measured using a spectrophotometer gauze Rabbits clotting time, which is measured by a spectrophotometer at a wavelength of 0D value of 541nm. 根据相同条件下测得的0D值,实施例1-5的凝血时间分别为25s,25s,22s,23s和23s。 The 0D a value measured under the same conditions, the clotting time of Examples 1-5 were 25s, 25s, 22s, 23s and 23s.

[0034] 实施例7 [0034] Example 7

[0035] 以实施例6 方法和条件分别对CN00137205. X、CN201210262307 和CN200410025791 制得的纱布进行对比凝血试验,得到三者纱布的凝血时间分别200s,120s和260s。 [0035] In the method and conditions described in Example 6 respectively CN00137205. X CN201210262307 CN200410025791 prepared and gauze, coagulation tests were compared, three gauze to give clotting time were 200s, 120s and 260s.

[0036] 由实施例6和7可见,本发明高岭土竹纤维纱布止血效果不仅好于非竹纤维纱布的CN00137205. X和CN201210262307,也好于同属于竹纤维纱布的CN200410025791。 [0036] can be seen from Examples 6 and 7, kaolin bamboo fiber gauze hemostatic effect CN00137205 present invention is not better than the non-bamboo fiber gauze. X-and CN201210262307, better than belong CN200410025791 bamboo fiber gauze.

[0037] 实施例8 [0037] Example 8

[0038] 以《消毒技术规范》规定的方法,以家兔为对象,对比本发明实施例1-5与现有技术CN00137205. X、CN201210262307 和CN200410025791 进行杀菌效果。 [0038] In the method specified in "Disinfection technical specifications" for the object to rabbits, Comparative Examples 1-5 of the present invention and the prior art CN00137205. X, CN201210262307 CN200410025791 and sterilizing effect.

[0039] 以现有技术方案CN200410025791采用的方法进行5min杀菌试验,结果如下: [0039] In the test method for sterilizing 5min prior art solutions CN200410025791 employed, the results are as follows:

Figure CN106540305AD00052

[0042] 2min杀菌试验,结果如下: [0042] 2min bactericidal test results are as follows:

Figure CN106540305AD00061

[0044] 同样,针对临床上其他常见致病菌,2min杀菌试验对比。 Similarly, for the other common pathogens in clinical diagnosis, 2min bactericidal test contrast [0044].

Figure CN106540305AD00062

[0046] 由此可见,与现有技术相比,本发明高岭土竹纤维纱布杀菌更快,广谱性更好,杀菌效果最好。 [0046] Thus, compared to the prior art, kaolin bamboo fiber gauze faster sterilization of the present invention, a broad spectrum better, best bactericidal effect.

[0047] 实施例9 [0047] Example 9

[0048] 以实施例3所述高岭土竹纤维纱布和普通纱布对比家兔引流手术试验,在保证伤口相同护理状况情况下,普通纱布需一天一换,高岭土竹纤维则可三天一换。 [0048] In the 3 gauze bamboo fiber and ordinary kaolin gauze Comparative Test Example drainage surgery in rabbits, of ensuring the same wound care condition, the gauze need on a daily general, kaolin three days a bamboo fiber may change.

[0049] 由此可见,高岭土竹纤维纱布具有良好的引流作用。 [0049] Thus, kaolin gauze bamboo fiber has good drainage effect.

[0050] 实施例10 [0050] Example 10

[0051] 将本发明高岭土竹纤维纱布经过医学检测,结果表明该纱布对人体安全、无害。 [0051] The present invention kaolin bamboo fiber gauze after a medical test results show that the gauze on human security, harmless.

[0052] 实施例11 [0052] Example 11

[0053] 对比本发明高岭土竹纤维纱布与现有技术CN00137205. X、CN201210262307和CN200410025791纱布的临床使用效果: . [0053] Comparative kaolin gauze bamboo fiber of the present invention and the prior art CN00137205 X, CN201210262307 CN200410025791 gauze and clinical use of effects:

[0054] 随机选取三组共150名志愿者患者对象,在伤口情况相近的情况下,分别使用本发明纱布与CN00137205. X、CN201210262307和CN200410025791纱布护理伤口,结果表明伤口痊愈所需的平均时间分别为3天,7天,6天和5天。 [0054] The three sets of 150 randomly selected patients volunteers objects, in the case of close the wound, the gauze were used with the present invention CN00137205. X, CN201210262307 CN200410025791 gauze and wound care, wound healing results showed that the average time required for each 3 days, 7 days, 6 days and 5 days.

[0055]由此可见,本发明高岭土竹纤维纱布具有较好的临床护理效果。 [0055] Thus, the present invention is kaolin gauze bamboo fiber has better clinical care benefits.

Claims (9)

1. 一种多功能高岭土竹纤维纱布,包括竹纤维纱布和原浆,其特征在于,所述原浆由以下重量百分比的原料制成:高岭土0. 1-1.0%、PVA 0.05-0. 15%、甘油10-25%、添加剂A 0. 1-0. 3%、余量为超纯水;所述添加剂A为纳米二氧化钛、茶多酚和对甲氧基肉桂酸酯三者的混合物。 1. A multifunctional kaolin gauze bamboo fiber, bamboo fiber gauze and including puree, wherein said puree is made by the following percentages by weight of raw materials: kaolin 0. 1-1.0%, PVA 0.05-0 15. %, 10-25% glycerol, additive a 0. 1-0 3%, the remainder ultrapure water;. the additive a is a titanium dioxide, a mixture of polyphenols and three methoxycinnamate.
2. 如权利要求1所述的一种多功能高岭土竹纤维纱布,其特征在于,所述竹纤维纱布与原浆的质量比为1 : 4.0-5. 2。 2. A multifunctional kaolin gauze bamboo fiber according to claim 1, wherein the mass ratio of the bamboo fiber gauze with a puree of 1: 4.0-5 2.
3. 如权利要求1所述的一种多功能高岭土竹纤维纱布,其特征在于,所述纳米二氧化钛、茶多酚和对甲氧基肉桂酸酯的重量比为1 : 0.05-0. 08 : 0.1-0. 15;所述PVA为聚乙烯醇1788。 3. A multifunctional kaolin gauze bamboo fiber according to claim 1, wherein said titanium dioxide, and the weight of the tea polyphenols methoxycinnamate ratio of 1: 0.05-0 08: 0.1-0 15;. 1788 the PVA is polyvinyl alcohol.
4. 如权利要求1所述的一种多功能高岭土竹纤维纱布用原浆,其特征在于,所述对甲氧基肉桂酸酯为对甲氧基肉桂酸甲酯和对甲氧基肉桂酸乙酯的混合物。 A multifunctional kaolin gauze puree bamboo fiber, wherein said ester is a p-methoxycinnamate, methyl p-methoxycinnamate and p-methoxy-cinnamic acid as claimed in claim 1 ethyl ester mixture.
5. 如权利要求1-4所述的一种多功能高岭土竹纤维纱布,其特征在于,所述原浆的具体制备方法为:将原浆各组分混合后,于40-50Γ下搅拌30-50min即得;所述添加剂A的具体制备方法为:将纳米二氧化钛、茶多酚和对甲氧基肉桂酸酯按重量比例1 : 0.05-0.08 : 0.1-0. 15用乙醇混匀后于70-80°C烘干制得。 5. A multifunctional kaolin gauze bamboo fiber according to claims 1-4, characterized in that, the specific method of preparation of the puree: puree After mixing the components, stirring at 30 to 40-50Γ -50min obtain; a particular method for preparing the additive is to: titanium dioxide, polyphenols and p-methoxy-cinnamate a weight ratio of 1: 0.05-0.08: 0.1-0 15 after mixing with ethanol. 70-80 ° C and drying system.
6. 如权利要求1所述的一种多功能高岭土竹纤维纱布,其特征在于,原浆由以下重量百分比的原料制成:高岭土0.5%、PVA 0. 1 %、甘油20%、添加剂A 0.2%、超纯水79. 2%, 竹纤维纱布与原浆的质量比为1 : 5。 6. A multifunctional kaolin gauze bamboo fiber according to claim 1, wherein the puree is made by the following percentages by weight of raw materials: kaolin 0.5%, PVA 0. 1%, 20% glycerol, additive A 0.2 %, 79.2% ultra-pure water, and the mass ratio of the bamboo fiber gauze puree is 1: 5.
7. 制备权利要求1-6任一所述的制备一种多功能高岭土竹纤维纱布的方法,其特征在于,包括以下步骤:1)将竹纤维纱布浸渍于原浆中10-30min ;2)于60-80°C下干燥20-50min 即得。 A versatile method of preparing a kaolin gauze bamboo fiber according to any one of claims 1-6 prepared, characterized in that it comprises the following steps: 1) immersing bamboo fiber gauze puree 10-30min; 2) at 60-80 ° C to obtain dried 20-50min.
8. 如权利要求7所述的制备一种多功能高岭土竹纤维纱布的方法,其特征在于,步骤1)中浸渍时间为20min;步骤2)中烘干温度为70°C,于燥时间为30min。 8. A multi-functional method of preparing kaolin gauze bamboo fiber according to claim 7, wherein, in step 1) the immersion time is 20min; step 2) the drying temperature was 70 ° C, in the dry time 30min.
9. 如权利要求8所述的制备一种多功能高岭土竹纤维纱布的方法,其特征在于,干燥的具体操作为:每隔6-10min翻转纱布1次。 9. The preparation method of claim 8 multifunctional kaolin gauze bamboo fiber as claimed in claim, characterized in that the drying operation is specifically: 6-10min inverted every 1 gauze.
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