CN106538835A - A kind of straw feed preparation technology processed based on thread rolling and Zymolysis Equipment - Google Patents

A kind of straw feed preparation technology processed based on thread rolling and Zymolysis Equipment Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106538835A
CN106538835A CN201610949421.8A CN201610949421A CN106538835A CN 106538835 A CN106538835 A CN 106538835A CN 201610949421 A CN201610949421 A CN 201610949421A CN 106538835 A CN106538835 A CN 106538835A
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straw
fermentation
thread rolling
feed
silk
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CN106538835B (en
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李定华
胡民强
寻立之
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Changsha Biye Ecological Agricultural Science And Technology Co Ltd
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Changsha Biye Ecological Agricultural Science And Technology Co Ltd
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/80Food processing, e.g. use of renewable energies or variable speed drives in handling, conveying or stacking
    • Y02P60/87Re-use of by-products of food processing for fodder production

Abstract

A kind of straw feed preparation technology processed based on thread rolling and Zymolysis Equipment, is processed by the physics and biofermentation of straw, through a step aerobic fermentation and a step anaerobic fermentation, prepares straw feed;Its step is:Straw is carried out crushing, rubs silk using thread rolling machine;Straw silk is added carries out high-temperature process in fermentation machine, kill the pathogenic microorganism in straw silk;Composite bacteria processed and nutritional solution;Cooling process is carried out to the straw silk in fermentation machine, and is inoculated with composite bacteria;Aerobic fermentation is carried out to straw silk in fermentation machine;The aerobic fermentation product of straw silk is taken out, after metering is weighed, in pouring into fermentation bag, anaerobic fermentation is carried out;Obtain straw feed finished product.This method is filamentation by straw, makes straw more efficient in fermentation and use, applicable, improves safety, palatability and the trophism of straw feed, enhances the health care and growth promoting effect of feedstuff.This technology is applied to cultivation herbivore, especially cultivates the domestic animals such as cattle and sheep goose.

Description

A kind of straw feed preparation technology processed based on thread rolling and Zymolysis Equipment
Technical field
The present invention relates to environmental protection and stalk comprehensive utilization technical field, especially biological feedstuff of stalk preparation technology.
Background technology
China's stalk resource has that species is more, the feature that quantity is big, every year because of straw total amount that Agricultural Activities are produced Nearly 900,000,000 tons.Due to the transformation of country labor force transfer and tillage method, the comprehensive utilization ratio of straw is relatively low, most of straw quilt On-site incineration or is thrown out without care disorderly abandon, and resulting widespread pollution from the overuse of fertilizers and pesticides in rural area problem and problem of environmental pollution have been subjected to more and more Pay attention to, government puts into effect multinomial policy in succession and accountability mechanism forbids crop straw burning, support to promote straw feed etc. energetically comprehensively Using technology.
With the development and the continuous improvement of people's living standard of social economy, to animal products quantity, the demand of quality Also grow with each passing day, this has also contributed to the unhealthy development of livestock and poultry breeding industry.To improve the maximization of poultry yield, pursuit interests, Raiser widely uses feed additive and feeding antibiotic.The abuse of feed additive and antibiotic, not only reduces poultry Meat quality, or even harm human physical and mental health, moreover it is possible to cause the additive residuals such as antibiotic and heavy metal in feces of livestock and poultry, And cause pollution of area source and feces of livestock and poultry discharge to cause the environmental problems such as body eutrophication.
Develop and use biological feedstuff of stalk, to stalk comprehensive utilization and will realize that ecologic breeding has far-reaching influence, One can be to consume a large amount of straws, be that efficient utilization straw finds a new approach;Two can be to help small-sized professional raising farmer Particularly poor household obtains considerable economic benefit;Three can be to increase healthy and safe carnivorous supply to meet the need in market Ask.Four feces for being available with poultry excretion make fertilizer also field, alternative part chemical fertilizer, so as to meet chemical fertilizer again The requirement of decrement.The exploitation of biological feedstuff of stalk be expected to be formed one with straw as tie " straw is harvested and stored-feed manufacturing pin Sell that-cattle and sheep breeding scale-health is carnivorous a large amount of to consume " new industrial chain.
The content of the invention
The present invention propose it is a kind of based on rubbing the straw feed preparation technology that silk and Zymolysis Equipment are processed, process is simple, into This low, extraction efficiency is high, with very big popularization and using value.
A kind of straw feed preparation technology processed based on thread rolling and Zymolysis Equipment proposed by the present invention, including following step Suddenly:
S1, raw material prepare:Prepare straw, water, fermented bacterium, compound accelerant, energy feedstuff, protein raw materials, Sal and food Sugar;
S2, straw shredding:Straw crushed using thread rolling machine, rub silk, be processed into thread, and obtain straw silk;
S3, actication of culture:Fermented bacterium, sugar are put in water in proportion and are fully stirred evenly and is stood, obtain actication of culture liquid;
S4, compounding:Compound accelerant is put into stirring and dissolving in proportion in water and obtains nutritional solution;
It is prepared by S5, strain mixed liquor:Actication of culture liquid obtained in S3 and nutritional solution mix homogeneously obtained in S4 are prepared strain and mixed Close liquid;
S6, high-temperature process:By in straw silk, energy feedstuff, protein raw materials, Sal input fermentation machine obtained in S2, add water, heat To 75 ~ 85 DEG C and 1 ~ 2 h is maintained, while being crumpled and being stirred;
S7, aerobic fermentation:Material obtained in S6 is cooled to≤60 DEG C after, the strain mixed liquor prepared with S5 is inoculated with, and is made Straw silk carries out aerobic fermentation in fermentation machine, so as to obtain primary straw feed;
S8, anaerobic fermentation:Primary straw feed prepared by S7, control water content and temperature, metering pour into sealing after weighing In fermentation bag or container, room temperature carries out anaerobic fermentation;
S9, finished product straw feed.
Preferably, a kind of straw feed preparation technology processed based on thread rolling and Zymolysis Equipment, is comprised the steps:
S1, raw material prepare:Prepare the straw of 800 ~ 1000 weight portions, the water of 1200 ~ 1500 weight portions, the fermentation of 1 weight portion Strain, the compound accelerant of 1 ~ 3 weight portion, the energy feedstuff of 30 ~ 60 weight portions, the protein raw materials of 20 ~ 30 weight portions, 20 ~ 30 The sugar of the protein raw materials of weight portion, the Sal of 20 ~ 50 weight portions and 10 ~ 20 weight portions;
S2, straw shredding:Straw crushed using thread rolling machine, rub silk, be processed into thread, 3 ~ 8 cm straw silks of acquisition;
S3, actication of culture:Fermented bacterium, sugar are put in the water of 20 weight portions and are fully stirred evenly and is stood, obtain actication of culture Liquid;
S4, compounding:Compound accelerant is put into into stirring and dissolving in the water of 50 ~ 100 weight portions and obtains nutritional solution;
It is prepared by S5, strain mixed liquor:Actication of culture liquid obtained in S3 and nutritional solution obtained in S4 are mixed prepared strain to mix Close liquid;
S6, high-temperature process:By in straw silk, energy feedstuff, protein raw materials, Sal input fermentation machine obtained in S2, add water, heat To >=75 DEG C and maintaining >=1 hour, while being crumpled and being stirred;
S7, aerobic fermentation:After material obtained in S6 is cooled to 50 ~ 60 DEG C, the strain mixing of 10 ~ 20 weight portions prepared with S5 Liquid is inoculated with, and makes straw silk that aerobic fermentation >=4 hour are carried out in fermentation machine, so as to obtain primary straw feed;
S8, anaerobic fermentation:Primary straw feed prepared by S7, it is 60-65% to control its water content, and temperature adjusted to 40-45 DEG C, metering is poured into after weighing in the fermentation bag of sealing, room temperature anaerobic fermentation >=15 day;
S9, finished product straw feed.
Further, the fermented bacterium includes cellulose-degrading bacteria, and the compound accelerant includes somatomedin, probioticss One or more in kind, healthy ingredient, trace mineral supplement and acid-base value conditioner.
Further, the fermentation bag is anaerobic respiration film feed fermentation bag.
Further, in step S6, S7 and/or S8, material is heated or is cooled down by hot blast or cold wind, so as to reality The regulation of existing temperature.
Further, the energy feedstuff is Semen Maydis powder and/or wheat flour;The protein raw materials are bean cake.
Further, in step s 6, also it is added with nitrogen source.
Further, the nitrogen source is carbamide.
Further, the thread rolling machine is the pulverizer with L-type bending blade structure.
Further, the fermentation machine is the modular fermentation machine using the double shafts of Hot-blast Heating band circulation.
The invention provides a kind of straw feed preparation technology based on thread rolling and fermentation process equipment, by thread rolling machine pair Straw carry out it is broken rubs silk, change the chopping of prescinding of original technique, but cannot real beneficial subsequent fermentation process defect, make Straw is convenient in fermentation and use.
Then compound strain is put in straw silk, make the degraded of straw silk more rapid, shorten fermentation period, and carry Safety, palatability and the trophism of feedstuff have been risen, health care and growth promoting effect has been enhanced.
Using packed anaerobic fermentation so that feed fermentation and storage are convenient, extend the shelf-life, and can be with scale Metaplasia is produced, and straw silage is transferred in warehouse from cellar, and the big storage capacity of change is in bulk to be packed into small lot, and this is not only significantly Use is fed in fermentation, storage, transhipment, transaction and the cultivation for facilitating straw feed, improves the feeding nutritive value of straw and digestion Rate, also makes the cellulose of the straw feed of production reduce by more than 10%, and thick protein improves 5-8%, and dry digestibility is improved 25%, so as to the feed intake for improving domestic animal reaches raising daily gain more than 20%.
By straw broken, rubbing, ripening, the hard wax coat in straw surface is destroyed so that fibrous matter easily decomposes, Plus the high efficiency flora of addition, both favourable straw fast decoupled release nutrition again can be beneficial micro- in animal intestine gastric proliferation of propagation Biology, improves the disease-resistant immunocompetence of cattle and sheep.
Straw is carried out by the thread rolling machine of ad hoc structure thread broken, one is formed by the fermentation machine of ad hoc structure and moved The process of state fermentation, the static fermentation being different under cellar anaerobic environment.
Palatability is improved by rubbing, the softening of straw is realized;By high temperature sterilization, the purification of straw is realized;By height Warm steaming and decocting, realizes the ripening of straw.
By adding compound strain and its adjuvant, and lead to oxygen, stirring in fermentation machine, accelerate course of fermentation, realize The fodder of straw.
This technology is applied to cultivation herbivore, especially cultivates the domestic animals such as cattle and sheep goose.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the schematic diagram of the cross-section structure of disintegrating machine in the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of the disintegrating mechanism of disintegrating machine in the present invention;
Fig. 3 is the schematic diagram of the Disintegrating knife of disintegrating machine in the present invention;
Fig. 4 is the schematic diagram of the broken bin discharge port external Xiamen plate of material of disintegrating machine in the present invention;
Fig. 5 is the structural representation of the feeding roller of fermentation machine in the present invention;
Fig. 6 is the mounting structure schematic diagram of fermentation machine in the present invention;
Fig. 7 is the mounting structure top view of fermentation machine in the present invention.
Specific embodiment
Embodiments of the present invention are illustrated by particular specific embodiment below, those skilled in the art can be by this explanation Content disclosed by book understands other advantages and effect of the present invention easily.
It should be clear that " left side " of the description of this specification structure is the left direction in figure, " right side " is the right direction in figure.
Structure, ratio, size depicted in this specification institute accompanying drawings etc., only to coordinate in disclosed in description Hold, so that those skilled in the art understands and reads, be not limited to enforceable qualificationss of the invention, therefore do not have skill Essential meaning in art, the modification of any structure, the change of proportionate relationship or the adjustment of size can be produced the present invention is not affected Under raw effect and the purpose that can reach, still all should fall in the range of disclosed technology contents are obtained and can be covered. Meanwhile, in this specification it is cited as " on ", D score, "left", "right", " centre " and other terms, be merely convenient to describe Understand, and be not used to limit enforceable scope of the invention, its relativeness is altered or modified, without essence change technology Inside hold, when being also considered as enforceable category of the invention.
Embodiment 1:A kind of straw feed preparation technology processed based on thread rolling and Zymolysis Equipment, is comprised the steps:
S1, raw material prepare:Prepare the straw of 800 weight portions, the water of 1200 weight portions, the fermented bacterium of 1 weight portion, 1 weight The compound accelerant of part, such as the energy powder of 30 weight portions, the starch based such as Semen Maydis powder, wheat flour staple food grain powder, the albumen of 20 weight portions The sugar of raw material such as bean cake, the nitrogen source such as carbamide of 20 weight portions, the Sal of 20 weight portions and 10 weight portions, wherein, it is described compound Property strain includes aerobic cellulose-degrading bacteria, and the compound accelerant includes somatomedin, probioticses, healthy ingredient, micro One or more in element additive and acid-base value conditioner;Probioticses can also include thermophilic lactic acid bacteria and/or acetic acid Bacterium.
S2, straw shredding:Straw crushed using thread rolling machine, rub silk, be processed into it is thread, so as to obtain the straw silk of 3cm; Luminous energy slit shearing does not shred straw to thread rolling machine, moreover it is possible to have a kind of horizontal rubbing power to straw, by its fabric thrashing, after convenience Continuous fermentation, has close ties with the special construction of thread rolling machine.
S3, actication of culture:Fermented bacterium, sugar are put in the water of 20 weight portions and fully stir evenly and stand 1.5 hours, obtained Obtain actication of culture liquid;
S4, adjuvant solution are nutrient solution:Compound accelerant is put into into stirring and dissolving in the water of 50 weight portions and obtains nutritional solution;
It is prepared by S5, strain mixed liquor:Liquid mixing, actication of culture liquid obtained in S3 and adjuvant solution obtained in S4 are mixed Prepared strain mixed liquor;
S6, high-temperature process sterilizing:By in straw silk, staple food grain powder, bean cake, carbamide, Sal input fermentation machine obtained in S2, add water, It is heated up to 75 DEG C and maintains 2 hours, while is crumpled, being stirred and led to oxygen;
S7, aerobic fermentation:By blasting cold wind or natural wind, after material obtained in S6 is cooled to 50 DEG C, into fermentation machine The strain mixed liquor of 10 weight portions is put into, makes straw silk that fermentation 6 hours is carried out in fermentation machine, raised so as to obtain primary straw Material;
S8, pack carry out anaerobic fermentation:By primary straw feed obtained in S7, it is 60% to control its water content, and temperature is 40 DEG C, Metering loads lucifuge, anaerobic environment after weighing, during the anaerobic respiration film feed fermentation bag of isolation air is fermentation bag, preserve 15 My god;
S9, weigh, fill bag, finished product straw feed.
Embodiment 2:A kind of straw feed preparation technology processed based on thread rolling and Zymolysis Equipment, is comprised the steps:
S1, raw material prepare:Prepare the straw of 1000 weight portions, the water of 1500 weight portions, the fermented bacterium of 1 weight portion, 3 weight The compound accelerant of part, the staple food grain powder of 60 weight portions(The starch based energy feedstuff such as Semen Maydis powder, wheat flour), the bean of 30 weight portions The dregs of rice(Protein raw materials), the carbamide of 30 weight portions(Nitrogen source), the sugar of the Sal of 50 weight portions and 20 weight portions;
S2, straw shredding:Straw is processed into using special thread rolling machine it is thread, so as to obtain the straw silk of 8cm;
S3, actication of culture:Fermented bacterium, sugar are put in the water of 20 weight portions and fully stir evenly and stand 2 hours, obtain strain Activating solution;
S4, adjuvant solution are nutrient solution:Compound accelerant is put into into stirring and dissolving acquisition adjuvant in the water of 100 weight portions molten Liquid;
S5, liquid mixing:Actication of culture liquid obtained in S3 and adjuvant solution obtained in S4 are mixed strain mixed liquor is obtained;
S6, high-temperature process sterilizing:By in straw silk, Sal, staple food grain powder, bean cake, carbamide input fermentation machine obtained in S2, add water, 85 DEG C are heated up to by hot air heating system and are maintained 1.5 hours, while being crumpled, being stirred and led to oxygen;
S7, aerobic fermentation:After material obtained in S6 naturally cools to 50 DEG C, the strain that 20 weight portions are put into into fermentation machine is mixed Liquid is closed, makes straw silk aerobic fermentation be carried out in fermentation machine 4 hours, so as to obtain primary straw feed;
S8, pack anaerobic fermentation:By primary straw feed obtained in S7, it is 65% to control its water content, and temperature is 45 DEG C, is loaded In lucifuge, the sealing container of anaerobic environment, room temperature carries out anaerobic fermentation 20 days;
S9, weigh, fill bag, finished product.
Embodiment 3:A kind of straw feed preparation technology processed based on thread rolling and Zymolysis Equipment, is comprised the steps:
S1, raw material prepare:Prepare the straw of 900 weight portions, the water of 1300 weight portions, the fermented bacterium of 1 weight portion, 2 weight The compound accelerant of part, the staple food grain powder of 50 weight portions(The starch based energy feedstuff such as Semen Maydis powder, wheat flour), the bean of 25 weight portions The dregs of rice(Protein raw materials), the carbamide of 25 weight portions(Nitrogen source), the sugar of the Sal of 30 weight portions and 16 weight portions;
S2, straw shredding:Straw is processed into using special thread rolling machine it is thread, so as to obtain the straw silk of 5cm;
S3, actication of culture:Fermented bacterium, sugar are put in the water of 20 weight portions and fully stir evenly and stand 3 hours, obtain strain Activating solution;
S4, adjuvant solution are nutrient solution:Compound accelerant is put into into stirring and dissolving acquisition adjuvant in the water of 80 weight portions molten Liquid;
S5, liquid mixing:Actication of culture liquid obtained in S3 and adjuvant solution obtained in S4 are mixed strain mixed liquor is obtained;
S6, high-temperature process sterilizing:By in straw silk, staple food grain powder, bean cake, carbamide, Sal input fermentation machine obtained in S2, add water, 80 DEG C are heated up to by hot air heating system and are maintained 1 hour, while being crumpled, being stirred and led to oxygen;
S7, aerobic fermentation:After material obtained in S6 naturally cools to 55 DEG C, the strain that 15 weight portions are put into into fermentation machine is mixed Liquid is closed, makes straw silk aerobic fermentation be carried out in fermentation machine 12 hours, so as to obtain primary straw feed;
S8, pack anaerobic fermentation:By primary straw feed obtained in S7, it is 62% to control its water content, and temperature is 42 DEG C, is loaded In lucifuge, the fermentation bag of anaerobic environment, room temperature carries out anaerobic fermentation 16 days;
S9, weigh, fill bag, finished product.
This method is fermented again by the filamentation of straw, improves safety, palatability and the trophism of straw feed, increases The health care and growth promoting effect of strong feedstuff.This technology is applied to cultivation herbivore, especially cultivates the domestic animals such as cattle and sheep goose, Make straw more efficient in recovery and utilization, convenience and application easy to spread.
A kind of disintegrating machine for being applied to above-mentioned straw feed preparation technology, including board 1, be fixed on it is dynamic on board 1 Power group 2, and feeding conveyor structure 3, feeding mechanism 4 and the thread rolling disintegrating mechanism 5 being successively set on board 1 from left to right, The board 1 includes the crushing material storehouse 11 with charging aperture and discharging opening, and the thread rolling disintegrating mechanism 5 is arranged at crushing material storehouse It is in 11, including main shaft 51, the knife group frame 52 fixed around main shaft 51 and the multiple cutting tools being fixed on knife group frame 52, described The blade 53 of cutting tool is the L-type structure with bending, and bending part 531 and fixed part 532 are in 90 °~150 ° angles, adjacent powder The bending part 531 of broken knife group blade 53 is towards contrary.
The knife group frame 52 includes multi-disc circle positioning disk 521 perpendicular to 51 axis of the main shaft, and cutting tool number Corresponding many fixing axles 522 are measured, the center of the positioning disk 521 is provided with the centre bore passed through for main shaft 51, and in circumference Direction equidistant arrangement is available for the axis hole that fixing axle 522 is passed through, the positioning disk 521 pass through centre bore and axis hole respectively with main shaft 51 It is fixedly connected with fixing axle 522.
The cutting tool is made up of the blade 53 along 522 axis equidistant arrangement of fixing axle, in the plurality of cutting tool With the bending part 531 of group blade 53 towards identical, the bending part 531 of adjacent sets blade 53 is towards conversely, the blade 53 is consolidated Determine portion 532 and be provided with the location hole for being available for fixing axle 522 to pass through, the blade 53 is connected with fixing axle 522 by location hole, The blade 53 is parallel to the location hole center of circle and the line direction for positioning the center hole center of circle.
Used as a kind of optimal way of the present embodiment, bending part and 532 angle of fixed part of the blade 53 are 120 °, institute More piece bushing is additionally provided between the fixed part 532 for stating blade 53, the bushing is fixed by socket with fixing axle 522.
Refering to Fig. 4, the discharging opening in the crushing material storehouse 11 is by door-plate on loose-leaf system 111 and lower door-plate moving up and down 112 compositions, housing of the upper door-plate 111 by hinge with crushing material storehouse 11 are fixed, are set in the door body of the lower door-plate 112 It is equipped with waist-shaped hole 113, the housing in the lower door-plate 112 and crushing material storehouse 11 is fixed by the bolt connection on waist-shaped hole 113. The upper end that bolt is placed in waist-shaped hole 113 is fixed with nut, you can increase discharging opening, accelerate discharging speed, improve work efficiency; Accordingly, the lower end that bolt is placed in waist-shaped hole 113 is fixed with nut, you can reduce discharging opening, makes the more abundant of crushed stalk, The stalk particle for obtaining is more in small, broken bits.
The feeding conveyor structure 3 includes drivewheel 31, driven pulley 32 and conveyer belt 33, and the drivewheel 31 is in the right side, institute Driven pulley 32 is stated on a left side, the feeding mechanism 4 includes being arranged at directly over the drivewheel 31, rotate and be fixed on board 1 Feeding roller 41.
Refering to Fig. 5, the feeding roller 41 is cylindrical structural, and the surface of the feeding roller 41 is provided with equal in circumferencial direction Even arrangement, the holding pad 411 for radially extending, the thickness that the straw of major diameter can be flattened or spread out straw by holding pad 411 Evenly, make follow-up crushing process more stable.
As another kind of optimal way of the present embodiment, 41 junction of feeding roller is provided with chute 12 on the board 1, The feeding mechanism 4 also includes being arranged on about two opposed stone wheels on the left of feeding roller 41, the upper berth material wheel 42 Above conveyer belt, the lower berth material wheel 43 is located at below conveyer belt, and the upper berth material wheel 42 is connected with chain with feeding roller 41. In straw feeding process, needing to first pass through opposed upper berth material wheel 42 and lower berth material wheel 43 enables straw to spread out uniformly, such as The conveying capacity of fruit straw is larger, and feeding roller 41 can be moved up along chute 12, it is to avoid the feelings of blocking feeding conveyor structure 3 occur Condition occurs.
The power packages 2 include motor I 21 and motor II 22, and it is defeated that the motor I 21 connects the charging by chain Send the drivewheel 31 of mechanism 3, the main shaft 51 for connecting the thread rolling disintegrating mechanism 5 by chain.
The course of work of the present invention is as follows:Straw is placed on the conveyer belt 33 of feeding conveyor structure 3, now drivewheel 31 drive conveyer belt 33 under the drive of motor I 21, straw are transported at 41 position of feeding roller of feeding mechanism 4, straw Jing Cross holding pad 411 and compress the even rear charging aperture for entering crushing material storehouse 11 of paving, the main shaft 51 of thread rolling disintegrating mechanism 5 is in motor II Under 22 driving, band movable cutter set frame 52 makes cutting tool high speed rotary cutting crushing straw, the stalk particle after crushing finally from The discharging opening 111 in crushing material storehouse 11 is discharged, and obtains finished product.
This product by the L-type blade reversed arrangement of disintegrating mechanism adjacent knife group, existing traditional Y type blade crushing effects The good, advantage of high working efficiency, maintains beneficial to daily cleaning again, greatly reduces production cost.Overall structure is using filamentation Plus the pattern of tulwar formula tear, the broken of material is realized by grabbing one turn of roller feed and slim blade, disposably tear without sieve plate.
And traditional disintegrating machine is internally provided with sieve plate, there is hole above, straw is entered from hole, is then smashed by blade, Then send from hole, this structure hole is easily plugged, it is sometimes fully not broken, could be defeated after needing many turns to crush Go out, inefficiency, easily block.
The technical program changes many turns of broken structures of this sieve-board type, exempts sieve plate isolation, no matter straw be it is wet, It is dry, soft, hard, can crush fast with quick crashing, efficiency high, coordinate the width for adjusting outlet adjust output straw The length of stalk fragment, when the stalk particle after needing to crush reduces, it is that straw is cut in crushing material storehouse that can reduce discharging opening That what is cut is more abundant;When stalk particle after if necessary to crush is larger, then can increase discharging opening.It is rational in infrastructure, it is better.
With reference to Fig. 6 and Fig. 7, a kind of fermentation machine for being applied to above-mentioned straw feed preparation technology, for convenience of describing, will control The direction that molding block 95 and 94 relative stirring fermentation module 92 of hot blast module are located is defined as left and right directions, by 91 He of feeding module The direction that 93 relative stirring fermentation module 92 of material discharging module is located is defined as fore-and-aft direction.It is upper that the fermentation machine includes being sequentially placed Material module 91, stirring fermentation module 92, material discharging module 93 and the hot blast module for heating to the stirring fermentation module 92 94 and for controlling the control module 95 of the feeding module 91, stirring fermentation module 92, material discharging module 93 and hot blast module 94, The stirring 92 built-in power set installing zone of fermentation module, for stirring the accommodating chamber of fermentation, installed in the receiving intracavity Rabbling mechanism and the heat transfer structure for heat conduction, the stirring fermentation module 92 there also is provided connection feeding module 91 and enters Material mouth 96, connects the discharging opening of material discharging module 93, connects the hot wind inlet 97 of hot blast module 94 and is arranged in housing side Hot-blast outlet 98.
For the ease of stacked arrangement, the stirring fermentation module 92 is designed as rectangular structure.It is biological according to actual treatment The needs of matter waste material, the system fertilizer machine can include one or more stirring fermentation module 92, the stirring fermentation mould 92 stacked on top of block arrange, horizontal cross arrangement, or up and down, the box-like arrangement of horizontal group.
The feeding mouth 96 of the stirring fermentation module 92 is arranged on the top of the stirring fermentation module 92, and discharging opening is arranged In the bottom of the stirring fermentation module 92,92 stacked on top of the stirring fermentation module arrangement, the stirring fermentation module of lower section The discharging opening of the correspondence of 92 feeding mouth 96 top stirring fermentation module 92.The stirring fermentation module 92 horizontal cross arrangement, it is described The discharging opening of stirring fermentation module 92 is connected with the feeding mouth 96 of another stirring fermentation module 92 by conveyor module.
For the ease of institutional operation, the system fertilizer machine also include being arranged on 91 front end of feeding module for crushing biology The crushing module 99 of matter waste material, the biomass waste material of crushing are delivered to stirring fermentation module 92 by feeding module 91.
The feeding module 91, material discharging module 93, hot blast module 94 and control module 95 are according to stirring fermentation module 92 Arrangement difference staggers placement, rationally distributed, convenient use person's operation.Referring to figs. 1 to Fig. 2, three stirring fermentation modules 92 Up and down, horizontal stacked arrangement, the crushing module 99, feeding module 91 are sequentially arranged in the front side of stirring fermentation module 92, go out Material module 93 is located at the both sides in front and back of the two stirring fermentation modules 92 in bottom, control module 95 and the difference cloth of hot blast module 94 respectively Put in the left and right sides of stirring fermentation module 92.
The feeding module 91, stirring fermentation module 92, material discharging module 93, hot blast module 94 and control module 95 can be installed On same base, the base is fixed on automobile bodies or ship deck, convenient to transport, and realizes each occasion operation.
When fermentation machine works, biomass castoff is stirred by the feeding module 91, form premix material;By institute State premix material input first and stir fermentation module mixing, heated by hot blast module 94, be warming up to 80 DEG C -110 DEG C and sterilized Process, form the first batch mixing;First batch mixing falls into the mixing of the second stirring fermentation module, is heated by hot blast module 94, rises Temperature carries out fermentation process to 50 DEG C -60 DEG C, forms the second batch mixing;Second batch mixing falls into the 3rd stirring fermentation module mixing, Heated by hot blast module 94, being warming up to 35 DEG C -45 DEG C carries out Aging storage, and then finished product is exported by Jing material discharging modules 93, is entered Row is packed, use or bank up process.
Further, the first stirring fermentation module, the second stirring fermentation module and the upper and lower heap of the 3rd stirring fermentation module Laying up is put, horizontal cross arrangement, or up and down, the box-like arrangement of horizontal group, so as to form turriform, side by side shape or isosceles triangle knot Structure.
The above, the only present invention preferably specific embodiment, but protection scope of the present invention is not limited thereto, Any those familiar with the art the invention discloses technical scope in, technology according to the present invention scheme and its Inventive concept equivalent or change in addition, should all be included within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of straw feed preparation technology processed based on thread rolling and Zymolysis Equipment, it is characterised in that comprise the steps:
S1, raw material prepare:Prepare straw, water, fermented bacterium, compound accelerant, energy feedstuff, protein raw materials, Sal and food Sugar;
S2, straw shredding:Straw crushed using thread rolling machine, rub silk, obtain straw silk;
S3, actication of culture:Fermented bacterium, sugar are put in water in proportion and are fully stirred evenly and is stood, obtain actication of culture liquid;
S4, compounding:Compound accelerant is put into stirring and dissolving in proportion in water and obtains nutritional solution;
It is prepared by S5, strain mixed liquor:Actication of culture liquid obtained in S3 and nutritional solution mix homogeneously obtained in S4 are prepared strain and mixed Close liquid;
S6, high-temperature process:By in straw silk, energy feedstuff, protein raw materials, Sal input fermentation machine obtained in S2, add water, heat And a period of time is maintained, while being crumpled and being stirred;
S7, aerobic fermentation:Material obtained in S6 is cooled to≤60 DEG C after, the strain mixed liquor prepared with S5 is inoculated with, and is made Straw silk carries out aerobic fermentation in fermentation machine, so as to obtain primary straw feed;
S8, anaerobic fermentation:Primary straw feed prepared by S7, control water content and temperature, metering pour into sealing after weighing In fermentation bag or container, anaerobic fermentation is carried out;
S9, finished product straw feed.
2. a kind of straw feed preparation technology processed based on thread rolling and Zymolysis Equipment according to claim 1, its feature It is to comprise the steps:
S1, raw material prepare:Prepare the straw of 800 ~ 1000 weight portions, the water of 1200 ~ 1500 weight portions, the fermentation of 1 weight portion Strain, the compound accelerant of 1 ~ 3 weight portion, the energy feedstuff of 30 ~ 60 weight portions, the protein raw materials of 20 ~ 30 weight portions, 20 ~ 50 The sugar of the Sal of weight portion and 10 ~ 20 weight portions;
S2, straw shredding:Straw crushed using thread rolling machine, rub silk, be processed into thread, 3 ~ 8 cm straw silks of acquisition;
S3, actication of culture:Fermented bacterium, sugar are put in the water of 20 weight portions and are fully stirred evenly and is stood, obtain actication of culture Liquid;
S4, compounding:Compound accelerant is put into into stirring and dissolving in the water of 50 ~ 100 weight portions and obtains nutritional solution;
It is prepared by S5, strain mixed liquor:Actication of culture liquid obtained in S3 and nutritional solution obtained in S4 are mixed prepared strain to mix Close liquid;
S6, high-temperature process:By in straw silk, energy feedstuff, protein raw materials, Sal input fermentation machine obtained in S2, add water, heat To >=75 DEG C and maintaining >=1 hour, while being crumpled and being stirred;
S7, aerobic fermentation:After material obtained in S6 is cooled to 50 ~ 60 DEG C, the strain mixing of 10 ~ 20 weight portions prepared with S5 Liquid is inoculated with, and makes straw silk that aerobic fermentation >=4 hour are carried out in fermentation machine, so as to obtain primary straw feed;
S8, anaerobic fermentation:Primary straw feed prepared by S7, it is 60-65% to control its water content, and temperature adjusted to 40-45 DEG C, metering is poured into after weighing in the fermentation bag of sealing, and room temperature carries out anaerobic fermentation >=15 day;
S9, finished product straw feed.
3. a kind of straw feed preparation technology processed based on thread rolling and Zymolysis Equipment according to claim 1 and 2, which is special Levy and be, the fermented bacterium includes cellulose-degrading bacteria, the compound accelerant includes somatomedin, probioticses, health care One or more in the factor, trace mineral supplement and acid-base value conditioner.
4. a kind of straw feed preparation technology processed based on thread rolling and Zymolysis Equipment according to claim 1 and 2, which is special Levy and be, the fermentation bag is anaerobic respiration film feed fermentation bag.
5. a kind of straw feed preparation technology processed based on thread rolling and Zymolysis Equipment according to claim 1 and 2, which is special Levy and be, in step S6, S7 and/or S8, material is heated or is cooled down by hot blast or cold wind, so as to realize temperature Adjust.
6. a kind of straw feed preparation technology processed based on thread rolling and Zymolysis Equipment according to claim 1 and 2, which is special Levy and be, the energy feedstuff is Semen Maydis powder and/or wheat flour;The protein raw materials are bean cake.
7. a kind of straw feed preparation technology processed based on thread rolling and Zymolysis Equipment according to claim 1 and 2, which is special Levy and be, in step s 6, be also added with nitrogen source.
8. a kind of straw feed preparation technology processed based on thread rolling and Zymolysis Equipment according to claim 7, its feature It is that the nitrogen source is carbamide.
9. a kind of straw feed preparation technology processed based on thread rolling and Zymolysis Equipment according to claim 1 and 2, which is special Levy and be, the thread rolling machine is the pulverizer with L-type bending blade structure.
10. a kind of straw feed preparation technology processed based on thread rolling and Zymolysis Equipment according to claim 1 and 2, its It is characterised by, the fermentation machine is the modular fermentation machine using the double shafts of Hot-blast Heating band circulation.
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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106554232A (en) * 2016-11-16 2017-04-05 长沙碧野生态农业科技有限公司 A kind of utilization straw makes the Processes and apparatus of mushroom base material
CN110498263A (en) * 2019-09-09 2019-11-26 杭州翼兔网络科技有限公司 A kind of full automatic stalk fermentation equipment

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CN2324768Y (en) * 1998-04-06 1999-06-23 沈阳农业大学 Miniature machine for making straw slivers
JP3871914B2 (en) * 2001-10-23 2007-01-24 日立建機株式会社 Tree crusher
CN101690554A (en) * 2009-10-12 2010-04-07 哈尔滨牛旺牧业管理有限公司 Method of producing animal feed from straw
CN104529606A (en) * 2014-11-21 2015-04-22 张秋萍 Culture medium of agaricus bisporus, and preparation method thereof

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2324768Y (en) * 1998-04-06 1999-06-23 沈阳农业大学 Miniature machine for making straw slivers
JP3871914B2 (en) * 2001-10-23 2007-01-24 日立建機株式会社 Tree crusher
CN101690554A (en) * 2009-10-12 2010-04-07 哈尔滨牛旺牧业管理有限公司 Method of producing animal feed from straw
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CN106554232A (en) * 2016-11-16 2017-04-05 长沙碧野生态农业科技有限公司 A kind of utilization straw makes the Processes and apparatus of mushroom base material
CN106554232B (en) * 2016-11-16 2021-02-02 湖南碧野生物科技有限公司 Process and equipment for preparing mushroom base material by using straws
CN110498263A (en) * 2019-09-09 2019-11-26 杭州翼兔网络科技有限公司 A kind of full automatic stalk fermentation equipment

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