CN106524805A - Heat pipe radiator with conformal vertical heat-conducting surfaces - Google Patents

Heat pipe radiator with conformal vertical heat-conducting surfaces Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106524805A
CN106524805A CN201611092187.8A CN201611092187A CN106524805A CN 106524805 A CN106524805 A CN 106524805A CN 201611092187 A CN201611092187 A CN 201611092187A CN 106524805 A CN106524805 A CN 106524805A
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China
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heat
radiating
thermal conductive
pipe
evaporator
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CN201611092187.8A
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CN106524805B (en
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廖忠民
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Tianjin Jinhang Computing Technology Research Institute
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廖忠民
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F28HEAT EXCHANGE IN GENERAL
    • F28DHEAT-EXCHANGE APPARATUS, NOT PROVIDED FOR IN ANOTHER SUBCLASS, IN WHICH THE HEAT-EXCHANGE MEDIA DO NOT COME INTO DIRECT CONTACT
    • F28D15/00Heat-exchange apparatus with the intermediate heat-transfer medium in closed tubes passing into or through the conduit walls ; Heat-exchange apparatus employing intermediate heat-transfer medium or bodies
    • F28D15/02Heat-exchange apparatus with the intermediate heat-transfer medium in closed tubes passing into or through the conduit walls ; Heat-exchange apparatus employing intermediate heat-transfer medium or bodies in which the medium condenses and evaporates, e.g. heat pipes

Abstract

A heat pipe radiator with conformal vertical heat-conducting surfaces is characterized in that the included angle between a normal line of the heat-conducting surface, contacted with a working medium in a heat pipe, of an evaporation-section heat-conducting block and the axis of the heat pipe is 35-82 degrees; the heat-conducting surface, contacted with a work object, of the evaporation-section heat-conducting block remains in close contact with the a radiating surface of the work object, and the contacted surfaces are coated with an auxiliary material with a good heat-conducting property; a condensation section of the heat pipe is inserted into a hole of a condensation-section radiating rib and maintains favorable heat contact; a condensation-section radiating fin is in close-contact connection or integral connection with the condensation-section radiating rib; and the term 'conformal' means that the heat-conducting surface, contacted with the work object, of the evaporation-section heat-conducting block is adapted to the radiating surface of the work object in shape, and includes single-sided conformal or double-sided conformal. The heat pipe radiator has the beneficial effects of improving the operating efficiency, saving energy and protecting the environment.

Description

Conformal vertical thermal conductive surface heat-pipe radiator
Technical field
The present invention relates to radiator field, more particularly to a kind of heat-pipe radiator.
Background technology
Using the heat pipe of phase transformation and heat-conduction principle due to heat transfer efficiency height, apply a lot of in heat sink technology, but Existing heat-pipe radiator, its evaporator section thermal conductive surface typically require horizontal positioned and less than condensation segment radiating surface, for needing to erect Face radiating directly and heat pipe can only be often inefficient on the target of single-contact, for radiating surface be on-plane surface curved surface or Person is especially apparent using the radiator of gravity assisted heat pipe.
The content of the invention
The purpose of the present invention, be to provide it is a kind of for vertical radiating surface and heat pipe can only single-contact target, The heat-pipe radiator of high efficiency heat radiation can be realized;Described vertical radiating surface includes plane and on-plane surface curved surface.
A kind of conformal vertical thermal conductive surface heat-pipe radiator, including, heat pipe, evaporator section heat-conducting block, heat conduction additional structure or Adnexa, condensation segment cooling component, installation coupling assembly;Described evaporator section heat-conducting block contacts leading for direction with inside heat pipe working medium Hot face, the angle of this section of heat pipe axis that its normal is connected with thermal conductive surface is 35 °~82 °, (if plane thermal conductivity face parallel to The diameter parallel of vertical plane or curved surface thermal conductive surface is in vertical plane, then its normal is parallel to horizontal plane, direct with thermal conductive surface This section of heat pipe axis of connection is 35 °~82 ° with the angle of horizontal plane;Why clearly " thermal conductive surface be directly connected to this The axis of section heat pipe ", is because whole heat pipe or straight, or certain part has bending;Particularly, if thermal conductive surface is Plane, the angle of its normal and heat pipe axis is 35 °~82 °, i.e. its plane and the angle of heat pipe axis is 8 °~55 °);Not with Inside heat pipe working medium is contacted, but the position contacted with evaporator section tube wall coats one layer with the continuous heat conduction gold of evaporator section heat-conducting block Category layer, this part is the necessary component of evaporator section heat-conducting block;Evaporator section heat-conducting block contacts the heat conduction in direction with target Face keeps being in close contact and in the functional adjuvant of contact surface coated with thermally conductive, described heat conductivility with target radiating surface Good adjuvant includes heat-conducting silicone grease;Such structure causes a part for evaporator section heat-conducting block to become the tube wall of heat pipe, favorably Radiate towards the conduction of heat-pipe working medium from target in heat;The adiabatic section circumference of external tube parcel heat-barrier material of heat pipe;It is described Heat conduction additional structure or adnexa include condensation segment radiating ribs, condensation segment radiating fin, heat pipe condenser section insertion condensation segment dissipates In the hole of hot muscle, and good thermo-contact is kept, described good thermo-contact includes being welded as a whole or is fitted close simultaneously In the adjuvant that contact surface coated with thermally conductive is functional, the good adjuvant of described heat conductivility includes heat-conducting silicone grease, and condensation segment dissipates Hot fin is connected or is integrated connection to be in close contact with condensation segment radiating ribs, and described integrally connected includes that manufacture is integrated Or be welded as a whole;Described heat pipe includes one or more than two, the cross section perpendicular to axis of described heat pipe Or it is circular or be other planar graphs;Described condensation segment cooling component includes air-cooled component or liquid cooled module;Institute The conformal vertical thermal conductive surface heat-pipe radiator stated, its evaporator section heat-conducting block are contacted the thermal conductive surface in direction and work right with target Heat sink face must keep conformal close contact, it is described it is conformal, refer to that evaporator section heat-conducting block contacts direction with target The shape of thermal conductive surface adapts to the shape of target radiating surface, and the shape of described adaptation target radiating surface refers to evaporator section It is identical curved surface that heat-conducting block contacts the shape of the thermal conductive surface in direction and the shape of target radiating surface with target;Work It is also plane that the shape of object radiating surface is the shape of the thermal conductive surface that plane, evaporator section heat-conducting block contact direction with target, It is then phase that the shape of target radiating surface is the shape of the thermal conductive surface that curved surface, evaporator section heat-conducting block contact direction with target Same curved surface;Described is conformal conformal or two-sided conformal including one side.
Fig. 1, Fig. 2 are the core component of described conformal vertical thermal conductive surface heat-pipe radiator:Heat pipe, evaporator section heat-conducting block, The schematic diagram of condensation segment radiating ribs, a kind of embodiment of condensation segment radiating fin component, Fig. 1 are the section view charts of front view Show, section plane be axis and thermal conductive surface 101 by heat pipe 2 normal perpendicular, Fig. 2 is the B-B sectional views of Fig. 1; Wherein evaporator section heat-conducting block 1 contacts the normal of the thermal conductive surface 101 in direction and the angle of 2 axis of heat pipe with the working medium inside heat pipe 2 For 35 °~82 °;Do not contact with 2 internal working medium of heat pipe, but the position contacted with evaporator section tube wall coats one layer is led with evaporator section The continuous heat-conducting metal layer 11 of hot block, the conduction of heat to strengthen 1 opposite heat tube of evaporator section heat-conducting block, 2 evaporator section tube wall, evaporator section are led It is duplicate curved surface with the shape of target radiating surface 103 that hot block 1 contacts the thermal conductive surface 102 in direction with target, (as two curve forms are the same, it is to be in close contact the projection so in drawing, including projection or the section view of front view again Figure, all shown as a line), and keep being in close contact, and in contact surface coated with thermally conductive silicone grease;The condensation segment insertion of heat pipe 2 is cold In the hole of solidifying section radiating ribs 3, and good thermo-contact is kept, described good thermo-contact includes being welded as a whole or tightly Close fit in contact surface coated with thermally conductive silicone grease, condensation segment radiating fin 4 is integrated with condensation segment radiating ribs 3 and is connected.
The schematic diagram of Fig. 3, Fig. 4 for one embodiment of the present invention, Fig. 1 is front view, and Fig. 4 is the A-A sectional views of Fig. 3, To show condensation segment radiating ribs 3, section plane A-A selects the position in the space by condensation segment radiating fin 4;Wherein evaporate Section heat-conducting block 1 contact with the working medium inside heat pipe 2 angle >=53 ° of the thermal conductive surface 12 in direction, its normal and heat pipe axis and≤ 80 °, because thermal conductive surface 12 is plane in this example, angle≤15 ° of its plane and heat pipe axis;Not with 2 inside work of heat pipe Matter is contacted, but the position that contact with evaporator section tube wall coat one layer and the continuous heat-conducting metal layer 11 of evaporator section heat-conducting block, with Strengthen the conduction of heat of 1 opposite heat tube of evaporator section heat-conducting block, 2 evaporator section tube wall, evaporator section heat-conducting block 1 contacts direction with target Thermal conductive surface 7 is duplicate curved surface with the shape of target radiating surface, and evaporator section heat-conducting block 1 contacts direction with target Thermal conductive surface 7 area >=target cooling surface area, to cover target radiating surface (being not drawn in figure) and keep complete Area is in close contact, and in contact surface coated with thermally conductive silicone grease;In the hole of the condensation segment insertion condensation segment radiating ribs 3 of heat pipe 2, and protect Good thermo-contact is held, described good thermo-contact includes being welded as a whole or being fitted close and leads in contact surface coating Hot silicone grease, condensation segment radiating fin 4 are integrated with condensation segment radiating ribs 3 and are connected;Evaporator section heat-conducting block 1 by bottom stator 8 with Radiator base 9 connects, and condensation segment radiating ribs 3 are connected with protective cover 6 by upper stator 5, protective cover 6 to evaporator section heat-conducting block 1, Heat pipe 2, condensation segment radiating ribs 3, the protection supporting functions of condensation segment radiating fin 4, protective cover 6 or pass through attachment structure and dissipate Hot device seat 9 connects or integrally manufactured with radiator base 9, and the relaying air channel 10 in the middle of radiator base 9 is the air channel up blown A part, (blower fan or fan carry out wind passage this figure to the wind passage that comes of its bottom interface connecting fan or fan It is not drawn into, relates in the figure of subsequent embodiment), upper interface connects the upper supply air duct 13 set up of protective cover 6
Described one side is conformal to refer to that evaporator section heat-conducting block contacts the shape of the thermal conductive surface in direction and work with target The shape of object radiating surface is identical curved surface, but contacts the heat conduction in direction with evaporator section heat-conducting block with inside heat pipe working medium Face, and evaporator section heat-conducting block contact with target the thermal conductive surface in direction shape it is dissimilar, it is impossible to keep uniform wall thickness;It is described The two-sided conformal shape and target radiating for referring to that not only evaporator section heat-conducting block contacts the thermal conductive surface in direction with target The shape in face is identical curved surface, and evaporator section heat-conducting block contacts the thermal conductive surface in direction, and evaporator section with inside heat pipe working medium The shape that heat-conducting block contacts the thermal conductive surface in direction with target is similar, keeps uniform wall thickness;Fig. 5 is that many heat pipes are two-sided conformal The horizontal sectional view of vertical thermal conductive surface heat-pipe radiator, wherein target radiating surface 15 is curve form, conformal vertical heat conduction The evaporator section heat-conducting block 16 of fever sensation of the face tube radiator contacts the song that the shape of the thermal conductive surface in direction adapts to radiating surface 15 with target Face shape, and, evaporator section heat-conducting block 16 thermal conductive surface in direction, and described evaporator section heat conduction are contacted with 17 internal working medium of heat pipe The shape (namely curve form of radiating surface 15) that block contacts the thermal conductive surface in direction with target is similar, and heat pipe 17 adapts to curved surface Distribution, keeps thermal conductive surface uniform wall thickness;Fig. 6 is the horizontal cross-section of the conformal vertical thermal conductive surface heat-pipe radiator of many heat pipe one sides Figure, although evaporator section heat-conducting block 18 contacts the curve form that the shape of the thermal conductive surface in direction adapts to radiating surface 15 with target, If (this one side is also all not suitable with the curve form of radiating surface 15, and radial direction thermal resistance is bigger, and efficiency is lower), but, evaporator section Heat-conducting block 18 contacts the thermal conductive surface in direction, and described evaporator section heat-conducting block and the target side of contact with 17 internal working medium of heat pipe To thermal conductive surface shape it is dissimilar, (the not conformal situation of this conformal thermal conductive surface of a thermal conductive surface is better than two heat conduction The not conformal situation in face, but not as all conformal situation of two thermal conductive surfaces), cause heat pipe 17 can not edge and target connect The curved surface that the shape of the thermal conductive surface in tactile direction is similar is distributed so that thermal conductive surface wall thickness is incrementally increased to two ends;Fig. 5 compared with Fig. 6, Obviously, the conducting path in Fig. 6 is much longer, and radial direction thermal resistance is much bigger;Fig. 7 is the two-sided conformal vertical thermal conductive surface heat pipe of single heat pipe The horizontal sectional view of radiator, wherein target radiating surface 19 are curve forms, conformal vertical thermal conductive surface heat-pipe radiator Evaporator section heat-conducting block 20 contact with target the thermal conductive surface in direction shape adapt to radiating surface 19 curve form, and, steam Send out the thermal conductive surface that section heat-conducting block 20 contacts direction with 21 internal working medium of heat pipe, and described evaporator section heat-conducting block 20 and target The shape of the thermal conductive surface in contact direction is similar, adapts to the curve form of radiating surface 19 so that the thermal conductive surface of heat pipe 21 is also adapted to dissipate The curve form in hot face 19, keeps thermal conductive surface uniform wall thickness;Fig. 8 is the conformal vertical thermal conductive surface heat-pipe radiator of single heat pipe one side Horizontal sectional view, even if the shape that evaporator section heat-conducting block 22 contacts the thermal conductive surface in direction with target adapts to radiating surface 19 Curve form, but, evaporator section heat-conducting block 22 thermal conductive surface in direction is contacted with 21 internal working medium of heat pipe, and described evaporator section is led The shape that hot block 22 contacts the thermal conductive surface in direction with target is dissimilar, and (the conformal thermal conductive surface of a this thermal conductive surface is not Conformal situation is better than two not conformal situations of thermal conductive surface, but not as all conformal situation of two thermal conductive surfaces), cause heat The thermal conductive surface of pipe 21 can not adapt to the curve form of radiating surface 19, and thermal conductive surface wall thickness is incrementally increased to two ends;Fig. 7 and Fig. 8 phases Than, it is clear that the conducting pathway path length in Fig. 8, radial direction thermal resistance are big.
Described conformal vertical thermal conductive surface heat-pipe radiator, the heat conduction additional structure or adnexa described in which, including surface There are the material of the thermal conductive surface of micro structure, or the material of its body for excellent heat conductivity, or its structure for excellent heat conductivity Structure, or the adiabatic section circumference of external tube parcel heat-barrier material of heat pipe, or the condensation segment setting radiating ribs and radiating fin of heat pipe Piece;Described micro structure include the parallel raised or groove of vertical direction or horizontal direction parallel raised or groove, Or the raised or groove that incline direction is parallel, or the raised or groove that vertical direction is intersected with horizontal direction, or The raised or groove that horizontal direction is intersected with incline direction, or the raised or ditch that vertical direction is intersected with incline direction Groove, or the raised or groove that two different incline directions cross one another;Described structure is the structure of excellent heat conductivity Tubing, include with spiral salient and spiral fluted tubing, it is described with spiral salient and spiral fluted tubing, include carrying Single head or the raised tubing with multi-head spiral groove of multi-head spiral;Described radiating fin includes the radiating fin with calking.
Described conformal vertical thermal conductive surface heat-pipe radiator, which is certain with the installation site of target cooling surface contacts Under conditions of, perpendicular to target radiating surface (that is, evaporator section heat-conducting block contacts the thermal conductive surface in direction with target) Under conditions of plane interior-heat tube section shape is certain, it is preferred to use perpendicular to target radiating surface at this in the section plane Heat pipe of the size in the direction of the normal of the projection in plane more than other direction sizes, particularly single heat pipe;Fig. 9 is to adopt Single shape of cross section is intermediate rectangular, the semicircular heat pipe 72 in two ends and evaporator section heat-conducting block 71, condensation segment radiating ribs 73, cold The schematic front view of the heat-pipe radiator of the solidifying composition of section radiating fin 74, Figure 11 is the cross-sectional view of 72 body of heat pipe in Fig. 9;Figure 10 is using many circular cross-section heat pipes 82 and evaporator section heat-conducting block 81, condensation segment radiating ribs 83,84 groups of condensation segment radiating fin Into heat-pipe radiator schematic front view, pointed hatch sections are their evaporator section heat-conducting blocks and the inside heat pipe working medium side of contact To directly contact thermal conductive surface area, it is clear that the directly contact heat-conducting area in Fig. 9 is than the directly contact thermal conductive surface in Figure 10 Product is big, even if the heat pipe in Figure 10 one is adjacent one, the directly contact heat-conducting area in Fig. 9 also than Figure 10 in directly connect Tactile heat-conducting area is big.
Figure 12 is described conformal vertical thermal conductive surface heat-pipe radiator, its core cell evaporation ends heat-conducting block and heat pipe assembly Processing in the middle of accessory schematic diagram, described vertical thermal conductive surface heat-pipe radiator, its core cell evaporator section heat-conducting block and heat pipe The manufacture of component must well construction, be strict with, its manufacture method includes that machining, cleaning, middle accessory make, clearly Wash, weld, hunting leak, degasification, leak detection, evacuation, topping up fill working medium, encapsulation, baking, the program such as inspection, the centre described in which Accessory makes includes that opposite heat tube upper end encapsulation caps 201 are installed additional welding one and matched with evacuator ozzle and topping up filling machine ozzle Small pipeline 202, and, degasification, hunt leak it is qualified after, small pipeline 202 must first pass through a valve and evacuator ozzle Connection can carry out evacuation rearward, again, after evacuation is completed, first fasten valve then make evacuator ozzle free with The connection of valve;After being reliably connected topping up filling machine ozzle and valve again, and then topping up fill is carried out, topping up fill is completed Afterwards, valve is first fastened, then makes topping up filling machine ozzle free the connection with valve;Then reliable envelope is carried out to small pipeline 202 again Dress, subsequently can just unload lower valve;Described relieved package, makes small pipeline reliably seal completely including using contact resistance welding machine Close;Described topping up filling machine, is the topping up filling machine with delicate metering function.
Described air-cooled component includes air-cooled or air blast cooling, or the combination of two or more cooling components;Institute The air blast cooling component stated includes the combination or the combination in fan and air channel in blower fan and air channel, and described blower fan includes centrifugal Blower fan or axial fan, fan include centrifugal fan or tube-axial fan;The type of cooling of described air-cooled component Including being blown from below condensation segment radiating fin upwards, or radiate from the identical height level of condensation segment radiating fin to condensation segment Fin is blown or convulsion, or the condensation segment radiating fin air-supply from condensation segment radiating fin obliquely downward position obliquely upward, Or from condensation segment radiating fin oblique upper position obliquely upward to condensation segment radiating fin convulsion, or from condensation segment radiating fin To condensation segment radiating fin convulsion above piece;Heat pipe adiabatic section circumference of external tube is provided with heat-insulated setting, particularly when heat pipe is adiabatic During the position that section is passed through in cooling air-flow.
Described liquid cooled module includes at least one tank for coolant or a tank for coolant and one group of relaying pipeline and one Individual cooling source liquid case or one group of coolant duct and one group of relaying pipeline and a cooling source liquid case, or also include cooling Liquid case blower fan, liquid pump, electromagnetic valve;Described cooling source liquid case at least including two by relay pipeline and tank for coolant or The interface of coolant duct, cold liquid enter tank for coolant or coolant duct from low level interface, and flowing absorbs heat pipe simultaneously Heat, absorbs the elevated liquid stream of thermal temperature and returns to source liquid case cooling from high-order interface, and tank for coolant blower fan accelerates coolant Circulation of the cooling liquid in coolant duct is accelerated in the cooling of liquid in case or source liquid case, liquid pump, and solenoid valve control is cold But liquid pipe road is logical or disconnected with cooling source liquid case so that the liquid in coolant duct only could flow when needed;It is described Relaying pipeline or be separately provided or be the part of coolant duct;Described heat-pipe radiator cold group of liquid of configuration The type of cooling of part includes, or radiates during heat pipe condenser section is directly entered the coolant of tank for coolant, in tank for coolant Liquid can be by the radiating of the fin of tank for coolant or fan radiating;Or heat pipe condenser section is directly entered tank for coolant Radiate in coolant, the coolant in tank for coolant is connected with cooling source liquid case by relaying pipeline, and cold liquid enters from low level interface Enter tank for coolant, heating after absorbing the heat of heat pipe rises, and absorbs the elevated liquid stream of thermal temperature and source is returned to from high-order interface Liquid case is cooled down, and blower fan accelerates the cooling of liquid in the liquid case of source, or source liquid case can also be by arranging fin radiating, or blower fan Coordinate with radiating fin and radiate;Or coolant duct circulation heat pipe condensation segment, coolant duct by relay pipeline with it is cold But source liquid case connection, cold liquid enter pipeline from low level interface, absorb the heat of heat pipe simultaneously along pipeline flowing, absorb heat temperature Spending elevated liquid stream and source liquid case cooling being returned to from high-order interface, blower fan accelerates the cooling of liquid in the liquid case of source, or source liquid case Can be by arranging fin radiating, or blower fan and radiating fin cooperation radiating.
Described conformal vertical thermal conductive surface heat-pipe radiator, it is when the heat pipe which configures is closed gravity assisted heat pipe, described The axis of adiabatic section and the angle of horizontal plane of closed gravity assisted heat pipe be 45 °~75 °
Conformal vertical thermal conductive surface heat-pipe radiator of the present invention, is improved by structure so that evaporator section heat-conducting block A part becomes the tube wall of heat pipe thus shortens conducting path, reduces radial direction thermal resistance, and increases working medium and evaporator section heat-conducting block Contact area, improve heat from target radiate towards heat-pipe working medium conduction efficiency, add and vertically led using conformal Hot face, particularly two-sided conformal vertical thermal conductive surface heat-pipe radiator, makes efficiency further improve;This structure is used to having micro structure Heat pipe, the micro structure of described heat pipe, the described heat pipe for having micro structure, including mesh-type heat pipe, sintered type will not be destroyed Heat pipe, fiber type heat pipe, very low power formula heat pipe, spiral groove type heat pipe;For gravity assisted heat pipe, the normal work of gravity assisted heat pipe is ensure that The condition of work, using gravity assisted heat pipe be used for need vertical plane radiating and heat pipe can only single-contact target, Er Qiegong When the radiating surface for making object is non-plane curved surface, advantage is especially notable, and not only the cost of material is low, manufactures easy to process, Er Qiexiao Rate is high, compared with prior art, can play and significantly improve operational efficiency, energy saving, the beneficial effect of environmental protection.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the front view of the core component schematic diagram of described conformal vertical thermal conductive surface heat-pipe radiator.
Fig. 2 is the B-B sectional views of Fig. 1.
Fig. 3 is the schematic front view of one embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 4 is the A-A sectional views of Fig. 3.
Fig. 5 is the horizontal sectional view of the conformal vertical thermal conductive surface heat-pipe radiator of many heat pipes.
Fig. 6 is the horizontal sectional view of the not conformal vertical thermal conductive surface heat-pipe radiator of many heat pipes.
Fig. 7 is the horizontal sectional view of the conformal vertical thermal conductive surface heat-pipe radiator of single heat pipe.
Fig. 8 is the horizontal sectional view of the not conformal vertical thermal conductive surface heat-pipe radiator of single heat pipe.
Fig. 9 is to adopt single shape of cross section to constitute for intermediate rectangular, the semicircular heat pipe in two ends and corresponding auxiliary equipment The schematic front view of heat-pipe radiator.
Figure 10 is the schematic front view of the heat-pipe radiator constituted using many circular cross-section heat pipes and corresponding auxiliary equipment
Figure 11 is the cross-sectional view of 72 body of heat pipe in Fig. 9.
During Figure 12 is the processing of described conformal vertical thermal conductive surface heat-pipe radiator, its evaporation ends heat-conducting block and heat pipe assembly Between accessory schematic diagram.
Figure 13 is the schematic diagram of embodiment 1.
Figure 14 is the C-C profiles of Figure 13.
Figure 15 is the schematic diagram of embodiment 3.
Figure 16 is the D-D partial sectional views of Figure 15.
Specific embodiment
Embodiment 1, Figure 13 are the schematic diagrams of embodiment 1, and Figure 14 is the C-C profiles (not being sectional view) of Figure 13, are shown The good fit situation of the section of the section and container radiating surface of heat pipe assembly;The task that completes of needs is;Cylinder Need radiating, container cover 62 that heat-pipe radiator can not be installed above inside the container 61 of shape, container bottom is also improper, Zhi Nengli Radiated with the vertical side of container;Therefore conformal vertical thermal conductive surface heat-pipe radiator is adopted, heat radiator assembly 64 is in figure Including in Fig. 1 or Fig. 2, in addition to heat pipe assembly, the combination of all parts, heat pipe assembly are conformal using the single heat pipe shown in Fig. 5 The vertical heat pipe assembly of thermal conductive surface heat-pipe radiator, the radiating surface 19 and evaporation ends heat-conducting block 20 of container 61 are connect with target The thermal conductive surface in tactile direction keeps gross area to be in close contact, and in contact surface coated with thermally conductive silicone grease;To strengthen radiating effect, use 6 groups of conformal vertical thermal conductive surface heat-pipe radiators;To avoid by the hot blast heat feedback of radiating fin to container 61, be provided with every Heat cover 63;Main air duct 66 is set inside base 65, and the wind-force sent by blower fan 67 converges the relaying air channel for being directed to each radiator 10 are concentrated toward the 4 air-supply cooling of condensation end radiating fin by upper supply air duct 13 again;A large amount of grate openings are provided with bottom 68, to protect Card air intake is unobstructed;This covering device, the method that ventilating and cooling is coordinated using conformal vertical thermal conductive surface heat-pipe radiator, than only with logical Air cooling, effect is good and energy expenditure is also greatly saved.
Embodiment 2, sheds the blower fan 67 in Figure 13, is exactly the schematic diagram of embodiment 2, less high for cooling requirements Occasion, it is possible to use conformal vertical thermal conductive surface heat-pipe radiator, radiating fin can just reach certain power by natural air cooled The effect of alone blower fan cooling;Main air duct 66, relaying air channel 10, upper supply air duct 13, the grate opening on bottom 68 should all have And optimize;Not consumed energy and can radiating and cooling, reach the effect of energy saving.
Embodiment 3, Figure 15 are the schematic diagrams of embodiment 3, and drawing is sectional view, and section plane is the center by heat pipe Line, parallel to the perpendicular of the page, Figure 16 is the D-D partial sectional views of Figure 15;Equipment cabinet 70 in Figure 15 is operated in and compares In rugged environment, therefore shell 79 adopts full-closed structure to strengthen protection;77 vertically-mounted (thereon other of installation base plate Components and parts are omitted and are not drawn), as 76 heat of heater element is larger, radiating surface is vertical curved surface, therefore using conformal vertical Thermal conductive surface heat-pipe radiator, the area of the thermal conductive surface that direction is contacted with target of the evaporator section heat-conducting block 85 of heat pipe 80 >=send out The area of 76 radiating surface of thermal element, and keep gross area to be in close contact, and in contact surface coated with thermally conductive silicone grease, heat pipe condenser section is Although keeping safe distance with the not weight above installation base plate 77 but the larger part 78 of lateral dimension so to leaving installation The direction of substrate 77 inclines;Wherein evaporator section heat-conducting block 85 contacts dissipating for the thermal conductive surface and heater element 77 in direction with target Hot face keeps conformal close contact, and in contact surface coated with thermally conductive silicone grease;Working medium inside evaporator section heat-conducting block 85 and heat pipe 80 The shape for contacting the thermal conductive surface in direction and the thermal conductive surface shape that direction is contacted with target are similar, keep uniform wall thickness;Evaporation The axis of normal and 80 evaporator section of heat pipe that section heat-conducting block 85 contacts the thermal conductive surface in direction with the working medium inside heat pipe 80 forms one The individual angle of cut, so that evaporator section heat-conducting block 85 contacts the area increase of the thermal conductive surface in direction with the working medium of inside heat pipe;Evaporator section Heat-conducting block 85 is connected with radiator base 75 by bottom stator;The type of cooling that the present embodiment is adopted is that heat pipe condenser section directly enters Radiate in entering the coolant of tank for coolant and the coolant in tank for coolant is by relaying what pipeline was connected with cooling source liquid case A kind of mode;Wherein heat pipe 80 passes through the hole position of the bottom of tank for coolant 86 and feed liquor to relay pipeline 88, go out in liquid There is watertight to arrange after pipeline 87, be that clearly omission does not draw drawing, illustrate hereby;Described tank for coolant 86 acts primarily as heat Exchange interaction, can be used for the less situation of installation site, and the liquid in tank for coolant 86 is by relaying pipeline and cooling source liquid Case (drawing in this figure, illustrate hereby) connection, coolant relay pipeline 88 by feed liquor and enter coolant from low level interface Case 86, heating after absorbing the heat of heat pipe rise, and absorb the elevated liquid stream of thermal temperature from high-order interface by going out liquid relaying Pipeline 87 returns to the cooling of cooling source liquid case;Cooling source liquid case is configured with liquid pump, valve (hand-operated valve or electromagnetic valve), blower fan, And control circuit system, liquid pump quickening circulation of the cooling liquid in coolant duct, solenoid valve control coolant duct It is logical or disconnected with cooling source liquid case so that the liquid in coolant duct only could flow when needed;Blower fan accelerates cooling The cooling of liquid in the liquid case of source, or cooling source liquid case can also be by arranging fin radiating, or blower fan and radiating fin match somebody with somebody Close radiating;Pillar 89 acts the effect for supporting fixation;Figure 16 from D-D sectional views direction show the evaporator section heat-conducting block 85 of heat pipe 80 with The situation of the two-sided conformal close contact of heater element 76.
For reader it can be readily appreciated that this specification citing describes some concrete structures and data, these are all used for the purpose of Illustrate and non-limiting, the various changes done in the range of the basic thought of the claims in the present invention, replace and produced by changing All or part of equivalent, all within the scope of the invention as claimed.

Claims (9)

1. a kind of conformal vertical thermal conductive surface heat-pipe radiator, including heat pipe, evaporator section heat-conducting block, heat conduction additional structure or attached Part, condensation segment cooling component, installation coupling assembly;It is characterized in that, described evaporator section heat-conducting block is contacted with inside heat pipe working medium The thermal conductive surface in direction, the angle of this section of heat pipe axis that its normal is connected with thermal conductive surface is 35 °~82 °, not with inside heat pipe Working medium is contacted, but the position contacted with evaporator section tube wall coats one layer and the continuous heat-conducting metal layer of evaporator section heat-conducting block, this Part is the necessary component of evaporator section heat-conducting block;Evaporator section heat-conducting block contacts the thermal conductive surface in direction and work with target Object radiating surface keeps being in close contact and in the functional adjuvant of contact surface coated with thermally conductive, good auxiliary of described heat conductivility Material includes heat-conducting silicone grease;The adiabatic section circumference of external tube parcel heat-barrier material of heat pipe;Described heat conduction additional structure or adnexa bag Include condensation segment radiating ribs, condensation segment radiating fin, in the hole of heat pipe condenser section insertion condensation segment radiating ribs, and keep good heat Contact, described good thermo-contact include being welded as a whole or being fitted close and be functional in contact surface coated with thermally conductive Adjuvant, the good adjuvant of described heat conductivility includes heat-conducting silicone grease;Condensation segment radiating fin and condensation segment radiating ribs are tight Contiguity is touched connection or is integrated connection, and described integrally connected includes that manufacture is integrated or is welded as a whole;Described heat Pipe includes one or more than two, described heat pipe perpendicular to the cross section of axis or circular or be that other are flat Face figure;Described conformal vertical thermal conductive surface heat-pipe radiator, its evaporator section heat-conducting block contact the heat conduction in direction with target Face and target radiating surface must keep conformal close contact, it is described it is conformal, refer to evaporator section heat-conducting block and target The shape of the thermal conductive surface in contact direction adapts to the shape of target radiating surface, the described shape for adapting to target radiating surface It is identical to refer to that evaporator section heat-conducting block contacts the shape of the thermal conductive surface in direction and the shape of target radiating surface with target Curved surface;The shape of target radiating surface is the shape of the thermal conductive surface that plane, evaporator section heat-conducting block contact direction with target Shape is also plane, and the shape of target radiating surface is that non-plane curved surface, evaporator section heat-conducting block contact direction with target The shape of thermal conductive surface is then identical on-plane surface curved surface curved surface;Described is conformal conformal or two-sided conformal including one side;It is described Condensation segment cooling component include air-cooled component or liquid cooled module.
2. conformal vertical thermal conductive surface heat-pipe radiator according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described one side is conformal to be referred to It is that identical is bent that evaporator section heat-conducting block contacts the shape of the thermal conductive surface in direction and the shape of target radiating surface with target Face, but the thermal conductive surface in direction is contacted with evaporator section heat-conducting block with inside heat pipe working medium, and evaporator section heat-conducting block and target The shape of the thermal conductive surface in contact direction is dissimilar, it is impossible to keep uniform wall thickness;It is described two-sided conformal to refer to that not only evaporator section is led It is identical curved surface that hot block contacts the shape of the shape of the thermal conductive surface in direction and target radiating surface with target, Er Qiezheng The thermal conductive surface that section heat-conducting block contacts direction with inside heat pipe working medium is sent out, and evaporator section heat-conducting block contacts leading for direction with target The shape in hot face is similar, keeps uniform wall thickness.
3. conformal vertical thermal conductive surface heat-pipe radiator according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described heat conduction additional structure Or adnexa, including there is a thermal conductive surface of micro structure on surface, or the material of its body is the material of excellent heat conductivity, or its knot Structure of the structure for excellent heat conductivity, or the adiabatic section circumference of external tube parcel heat-barrier material of heat pipe, or the condensation segment of heat pipe sets Put radiating ribs and radiating fin;Described micro structure includes that the parallel raised or groove of vertical direction or horizontal direction are flat The parallel raised or groove of capable raised or groove or incline direction, or vertical direction and horizontal direction intersect Raised or groove, or the raised or groove that horizontal direction is intersected with incline direction, or vertical direction and incline direction The raised or groove of intersection, or the raised or groove that two different incline directions cross one another;Described structure is to lead The tubing of hot excellent structure, include with spiral salient and spiral fluted tubing, it is described with spiral salient and spiral The tubing of groove, the tubing for including and multi-head spiral groove raised with single head or multi-head spiral;Described radiating fin includes band There is the radiating fin of calking.
4. conformal vertical thermal conductive surface heat-pipe radiator according to claim 1, is characterized in that, evaporator section heat-conducting block with work The thermal conductive surface in object contact direction keeps gross area to be in close contact with target, and in contact surface coated with thermally conductive silicone grease;Heat pipe Condensation segment insertion condensation segment radiating ribs hole in, and keep good thermo-contact, described good thermo-contact includes welding It is integrated or is fitted close and in contact surface coated with thermally conductive silicone grease;Condensation segment radiating fin is integrated with condensation segment radiating ribs Connection;Evaporator section heat-conducting block is connected with radiator base by bottom stator, and condensation segment radiating ribs are by upper stator and protective cover Connection, protective cover play protection supporting function, protection to evaporator section heat-conducting block, heat pipe, condensation segment radiating ribs, condensation segment radiating fin Cover is connected with radiator base by attachment structure or integrally manufactured with radiator base;Relaying wind in the middle of radiator base Road is the part in the air channel up blown, and its bottom interface connecting fan or fan carry out wind passage, and upper interface connection protects The upper supply air duct set up of shield.
5. conformal vertical thermal conductive surface heat-pipe radiator according to claim 1, is characterized in that, with target radiating surface Under conditions of the installation site of contact is certain, in the certain bar of the plane interior-heat tube section shape perpendicular to target radiating surface Under part, using the size in the direction of the normal of the projection in the section plane perpendicular to target radiating surface in the plane More than the heat pipe of other direction sizes.
6. conformal vertical thermal conductive surface heat-pipe radiator according to claim 1, is characterized in that, when its heat pipe for configuring is envelope During enclosed gravity assisted heat pipe, the axis of adiabatic section and the angle of horizontal plane of described closed gravity assisted heat pipe are 45 °~75 °.
7. conformal vertical thermal conductive surface heat-pipe radiator according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described air-cooled component includes Air-cooled or air blast cooling, or the combination of two or more cooling components;Described air blast cooling component include blower fan and The combination in air channel or the combination in fan and air channel, described blower fan include centrifugal fan or axial fan, fan bag Include centrifugal fan or tube-axial fan;The type of cooling of described air-cooled component is included from direction under condensation segment radiating fin Upper air-supply, or air-supply or convulsion from the identical height level of condensation segment radiating fin to condensation segment radiating fin, or from cold The condensation segment radiating fin air-supply obliquely upward of solidifying section radiating fin obliquely downward position, or from condensation segment radiating fin oblique upper Position is obliquely upward to condensation segment radiating fin convulsion, or condensation segment radiating fin is taken out from above condensation segment radiating fin Wind.
8. conformal vertical thermal conductive surface heat-pipe radiator according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described liquid cooled module includes At least one tank for coolant or a tank for coolant and one group of relaying pipeline and a cooling source liquid case or one group of cooling Liquid pipe road and one group of relaying pipeline and a cooling source liquid case, or also include tank for coolant blower fan, liquid pump, electromagnetic valve;Institute , at least including two interfaces by relaying pipeline and tank for coolant or coolant duct, cold liquid is from low for the cooling source liquid case stated Position interface enters tank for coolant or coolant duct, and flowing absorbs the heat of heat pipe simultaneously, absorbs thermal temperature elevated Liquid stream returns to source liquid case cooling from high-order interface, and tank for coolant blower fan accelerates the cooling of liquid in tank for coolant or source liquid case, Liquid pump accelerates circulation of the cooling liquid in coolant duct, solenoid valve control coolant duct and cooling source liquid case logical or Person is broken so that the liquid in coolant duct only could flow when needed;Described relaying pipeline or be separately provided, or Person is a part for coolant duct;The type of cooling of described heat-pipe radiator configuration liquid cooled module includes, or heat pipe Condensation segment radiates in being directly entered the coolant of tank for coolant, and the liquid in tank for coolant can be dissipated by the fin of tank for coolant Heat or fan radiating;It is or heat pipe condenser section is directly entered radiating in the coolant of tank for coolant, cold in tank for coolant But liquid is connected with cooling source liquid case by relaying pipeline, and cold liquid enters tank for coolant from low level interface, after absorbing the heat of heat pipe Heating rises, and absorbs the elevated liquid stream of thermal temperature and returns to source liquid case cooling from high-order interface, and blower fan accelerates liquid in the liquid case of source The cooling of state, or source liquid case can also be by arranging fin radiating, or blower fan and radiating fin cooperation radiating;Or it is cold But liquid pipe road circulation heat pipe condensation segment, coolant duct are connected with cooling source liquid case by relaying pipeline, and cold liquid is from low level interface Into pipeline, the heat of heat pipe is absorbed simultaneously along pipeline flowing, the elevated liquid stream of thermal temperature is absorbed and is returned to from high-order interface The cooling of liquid in the liquid case of source is accelerated in source liquid case cooling, blower fan, or source liquid case can also be by arranging fin radiating, Huo Zhefeng Machine and radiating fin coordinate radiating.
9. a kind of manufacture method of conformal vertical thermal conductive surface heat-pipe radiator according to claim 1, including its core list The manufacture method of first evaporator section heat-conducting block and heat pipe assembly, make including, machining, cleaning, middle accessory, cleaning, welding, The programs such as leak detection, degasification, leak detection, evacuation, topping up fill working medium, encapsulation, baking, inspection, is characterized in that, described centre is matched somebody with somebody Part makes includes that opposite heat tube upper end encapsulation caps install what welding one was matched with evacuator ozzle or topping up filling machine ozzle additional Small pipeline, and, degasification, hunt leak it is qualified after, small pipeline must first pass through a valve and be connected with evacuator ozzle reliably Afterwards, evacuation is carried out again;After evacuation is completed, first valve is fastened, then make evacuator ozzle free the company with valve Connect, then after being reliably connected topping up filling machine ozzle and valve, and then carry out topping up fill, after the completion of topping up fill, first fasten Valve, then make topping up filling machine ozzle free connection with valve, relieved package is carried out to small pipeline again then, subsequently could Unload lower valve;Described relieved package, makes small pipeline reliably close completely including using contact resistance welding machine;Described topping up is filled Installation, is the topping up filling machine with delicate metering function.
CN201611092187.8A 2016-12-02 2016-12-02 Conformal vertical thermal conductive surface heat-pipe radiator Active CN106524805B (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108278915A (en) * 2017-01-05 2018-07-13 波音公司 Heat pipe with inconsistent cross section

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPS5896947A (en) * 1981-12-02 1983-06-09 Fuji Electric Corp Res & Dev Ltd Solar heat collector
JPH02263097A (en) * 1989-04-03 1990-10-25 Japan Gore Tex Inc Heat transfer pipe
CN1367642A (en) * 2001-01-23 2002-09-04 董广计 Heat-pipe radiating device for heat radiation of microcomputer and electronic equipment
CN103149993A (en) * 2012-12-28 2013-06-12 联宝(合肥)电子科技有限公司 Multi-heat-pipe and multi-path cooling method and cooling device
CN205738119U (en) * 2016-05-13 2016-11-30 零度智控(北京)智能科技有限公司 A kind of cooling system for unmanned plane and unmanned plane

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPS5896947A (en) * 1981-12-02 1983-06-09 Fuji Electric Corp Res & Dev Ltd Solar heat collector
JPH02263097A (en) * 1989-04-03 1990-10-25 Japan Gore Tex Inc Heat transfer pipe
CN1367642A (en) * 2001-01-23 2002-09-04 董广计 Heat-pipe radiating device for heat radiation of microcomputer and electronic equipment
CN103149993A (en) * 2012-12-28 2013-06-12 联宝(合肥)电子科技有限公司 Multi-heat-pipe and multi-path cooling method and cooling device
CN205738119U (en) * 2016-05-13 2016-11-30 零度智控(北京)智能科技有限公司 A kind of cooling system for unmanned plane and unmanned plane

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108278915A (en) * 2017-01-05 2018-07-13 波音公司 Heat pipe with inconsistent cross section

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