CN106518188B - The production method of special fertilizer for sugar cane - Google Patents

The production method of special fertilizer for sugar cane Download PDF

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CN106518188B
CN106518188B CN201611012831.6A CN201611012831A CN106518188B CN 106518188 B CN106518188 B CN 106518188B CN 201611012831 A CN201611012831 A CN 201611012831A CN 106518188 B CN106518188 B CN 106518188B
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fertilizer
fermentation
sugarcane
sugar cane
organic
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CN106518188A (en
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张树
谢秀玲
陈云端
陈波恩
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Guangxi Litang Yuandong Chemical Fertilizer Co Ltd
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Guangxi Litang Yuandong Chemical Fertilizer Co Ltd
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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05GMIXTURES OF FERTILISERS COVERED INDIVIDUALLY BY DIFFERENT SUBCLASSES OF CLASS C05; MIXTURES OF ONE OR MORE FERTILISERS WITH MATERIALS NOT HAVING A SPECIFIC FERTILISING ACTIVITY, e.g. PESTICIDES, SOIL-CONDITIONERS, WETTING AGENTS; FERTILISERS CHARACTERISED BY THEIR FORM
    • C05G3/00Mixtures of one or more fertilisers with additives not having a specially fertilising activity
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05BPHOSPHATIC FERTILISERS
    • C05B7/00Fertilisers based essentially on alkali or ammonium orthophosphates
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05FORGANIC FERTILISERS NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C05B, C05C, e.g. FERTILISERS FROM WASTE OR REFUSE
    • C05F17/00Preparation of fertilisers characterised by biological or biochemical treatment steps, e.g. composting or fermentation
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05FORGANIC FERTILISERS NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C05B, C05C, e.g. FERTILISERS FROM WASTE OR REFUSE
    • C05F3/00Fertilisers from human or animal excrements, e.g. manure
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05GMIXTURES OF FERTILISERS COVERED INDIVIDUALLY BY DIFFERENT SUBCLASSES OF CLASS C05; MIXTURES OF ONE OR MORE FERTILISERS WITH MATERIALS NOT HAVING A SPECIFIC FERTILISING ACTIVITY, e.g. PESTICIDES, SOIL-CONDITIONERS, WETTING AGENTS; FERTILISERS CHARACTERISED BY THEIR FORM
    • C05G3/00Mixtures of one or more fertilisers with additives not having a specially fertilising activity
    • C05G3/80Soil conditioners
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05GMIXTURES OF FERTILISERS COVERED INDIVIDUALLY BY DIFFERENT SUBCLASSES OF CLASS C05; MIXTURES OF ONE OR MORE FERTILISERS WITH MATERIALS NOT HAVING A SPECIFIC FERTILISING ACTIVITY, e.g. PESTICIDES, SOIL-CONDITIONERS, WETTING AGENTS; FERTILISERS CHARACTERISED BY THEIR FORM
    • C05G5/00Fertilisers characterised by their form
    • C05G5/10Solid or semi-solid fertilisers, e.g. powders
    • C05G5/12Granules or flakes
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/40Bio-organic fraction processing; Production of fertilisers from the organic fraction of waste or refuse

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of production methods of special fertilizer for sugar cane, it include: to prepare organic fertilizer, ingredient and granulation, which passes through the compound of organic and inorganic fertilizer according to the nutrient uptake feature of sugarcane production, nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium content proportion are reasonable, and contain organic matter, and middle trace element fertilizer, nutrient needed for sugarcane production can be provided, improve soil environment simultaneously, soil organic matter content is improved, utilization rate of fertilizer is improved, to play the role of increasing both production and income.The special fertilizer for sugar cane obtained using present invention production is to Sugarcane Fertilization, and compared with conventional fertilizer application, after applying special fertilizer for sugar cane per acre, 20% or more per mu yield volume increase, sugar improves 1% or more;Significantly improve economic benefit.

Description

The production method of special fertilizer for sugar cane
Technical field
The present invention relates to agricultural fertilizer technical fields, and in particular to a kind of production method of special fertilizer for sugar cane.
Background technique
Sugarcane be saccharum (Saccharum) general name, originate in tropical and subtropical region.Sugarcane is important production sugar Crop, in China Guangxi province, cultivated area is especially big.It grows cane, the efficiency of light energy utilization and land productivity of unit area Higher, compared with plantation cereal crops, sugarcane is a kind of biggish crop of economic well-being of workers and staff.The sugarcane production phase is long, from rudiment to Technical maturity needs 1 year or so, and sugarcane well developed root system, stem is sturdy, high 2 meters of stem or more, general per mu yield 5-8 tons, high Up to 10 tons or more.Sugarcane is high-yield crop, and entire breeding time absorption nutrient is more, and fertilizer requirement is big.It was found that every production 1 Ton sugarcane needs 1.5-2 parts of absorbed nitrogen, 0.4-0.5 parts of phosphorus, 2-2.5 parts of potassium, 0.46-0.75 parts of calcium, magnesium 0.5-0.75 Part, while also needing other microelements, according to barrel short board theory, such as lack other nutrients, cannot normal growth and development, Plant slight of stature, ears uneven, pollination rate is low, seriously affects yield.
Sugarcane all one's life can be divided into seedling stage, tillering stage, elongation phase and technical maturity, and required nutrition is developed in sugarcane production Member is known as phosphorus, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, calcium, magnesium, sulphur, silicon, iron, manganese, copper, zinc, boron, molybdenum, chlorine.It is needed in the entire breeding time of sugarcane In fertile total amount, Seedling Stage accounts for 1% or so, and tillering stage accounts for 8%~12%, and the elongation phase accounts for 50% or more, and the maturity period accounts for 20%~ 40%.Elongation phase absorption of nitrogen accounts for the 50%~60% of gross absorption, and phosphorus, potassium respectively account for 70%;Maturity period absorbed nitrogen accounts for 30%~ 40%, phosphorus, potassium respectively account for 20% or so.Therefore, it is most to extend phase absorbed nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, on the formation of yield and influences also maximum. Sugarcane is important sugaring raw material, with the expansion of sugarcane acreage, the presence for the factors such as production technique for fertilizer falls behind, The application for selecting single fertilizer in actual production in order to consider planting cost and only nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium a great number of elements are caused, Without or not exclusively have the fertilizer application of middle microelement, special elements and organic matter, low so as to cause sugarcane per unit area yield, some is very To the underproduction, sugar is not high.And during Sugarcane Fertilization, the fertilizer applied down cannot all sugarcanes be absorbed and utilized, have Partial gasification loses, and has part to outflow with water, and has part to be fixed by elements certain in soil and lose fertilizer efficiency, causes The waste of nutrient, therefore the fertilizer applied in actually plantation is more much more than the fertilizer theoretically applied.
Currently, existing sugarcane fertilizer formula is mostly unreasonable in the market, fertilizer practice is not comprehensive, utilization rate of fertilizer It is low.However the sugarcane production period is long, fertilizer requirement is big, needs fertile type more.When giving Sugarcane Fertilization, if only focusing on certain single fertilizer Application, single fertilizer excessively apply, nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium proportion it is unreasonable, lack micro-
Secondary element fertilizer and organic matter etc. will lead to soil hardening, and soil property is hardened, soil fertility degeneration, sugarcane foliage Huang, Blade face is small, growth is slow, and stem is small, and light-weight, premunition is poor, and various pest and disease damages easily occur, and the low output of final sugarcane, sugar are low. Therefore, people are constantly studied on the fertilizer that sugarcane uses, and it is as follows to retrieve relevant document:
1, Chinese patent, application number: 201310138717.8, denomination of invention: a kind of sugarcane Special long-acting slow release fertilizer, patent Weigh people: sugarcane grower's industry science and technology limited Company, Yunnan Agriculatural Academy sugarcane are ground in Yunnan
Study carefully institute;Address: Yunnan Province, the East Road Kaiyuan City Ling Quan, Hani-Yi Autonomous Prefecture of Honghe 363, a kind of abstract: sugarcane Special long-acting slow release fertilizer, in slow-release fertilizer nitrogenous, phosphorus, potassium ratio be nitrogen: phosphorus: potassium 20:12:5, each raw material are matched by quality Than are as follows: contain P2O5The monoammonium phosphate 96-190 of amount 49% and amount containing N 9%;Containing P2O5The calcium magnesium phosphate 149- of amount 18% 405;The urea 398-416 of leaded wastewater 46%;Containing K260% potassium chloride 83 of O amount;Filler material 0-180.Filler material is clay Press (3-7) with dry filter mud: the mass ratio of (7-3) mixes;The water content of dry filter mud is controlled in 5%-10%.The invention can Sugarcane emergence rate, tillering capacity and plant height are effectively improved, the farm output and output of sugar of sugarcane are significantly improved, experiments have shown that improving sweet The per unit area yield of sugarcane and the output of sugar of sugarcane;It is obviously improved the quality of sugarcane, is relatively suitble to the sugarcane district fertilizer of tropical and subtropical zone in south China Expect to apply on medium soil.
2, Chinese patent, application number: 201510161038.1, denomination of invention: a kind of special fertilizer for sugar cane, applicant: Guangxi Nanning Gui Zhi Science and Technology Ltd., address: Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region Nanning City, the road Dong Ge, Qingxiu District 29-1, abstract: a kind of sweet Sugarcane special fertilizer and preparation method thereof, the special fertilizer for sugar cane include the raw material of following parts by weight: 40-50 parts of nitrogenous fertilizer, phosphate fertilizer 25-35 Part, 45-55 parts of potash fertilizer, 10-15 parts of additive, 5-10 parts of deinsectization bacteriostatic agent.The additive is with conditioner, water-retaining agent and animal Protein is raw material, and the deinsectization bacteriostatic agent is using pyrethrum flowers and Lindley Butterflybush Herb as raw material.The special fertilizer for sugar cane be by dissolution, It is mixed, is granulated, made of baking step.It is convenient that product of the present invention is prepared, and is able to satisfy the sugarcane production period to nutrient Wilderness demand, fertilizer conservation, water conservation keep fertilizer efficiency permanent, effectively facilitate sugarcane well developed root system and grow vigorously, and reduce pest and disease damage Occur, improves the yield and sugar content of sugarcane.
3, Chinese patent, application number: 201210240813.9, denomination of invention: Special low-concentration slow release fertilizer for sugar cane, patent right People: address: Sugarcane Inst., Yunnan Prov. Agriculture Academy, Gejiu Co., Ltd, Lv Bao compound fertilizer breathe out in Yunnan Province Red River The East Road autonomous prefecture, Ni Zu Yi nationality, distributed over Yunnan, Sichuan and Guizhou Kaiyuan City Ling Quan 363, abstract: a kind of Special low-concentration slow release fertilizer for sugar cane, it is contained in slow-release fertilizer Nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium ratio be nitrogen: phosphorus: potassium 15:8:5.The invention can effectively improve sugarcane emergence rate, tillering capacity and plant height, examination It tests and shows to improve sugarcane emergence rate 0.9%-1.7%, tillering capacity 2.3%-4.2%, plant height 2.0-3.3cm;It is remarkably improved sugarcane Farm output,
Experiments have shown that improving the per unit area yield 0.8-1.5thm 2 of sugarcane;It can obviously improve the quality of sugarcane, experiments have shown that Improve sugarcane field brix 0.3%-0.6%, Sucrose 0.3%-0.5%;Fertilizer application frequency is reduced, labor cost is reduced.It is relatively suitable It closes and is applied on the medium soil of sugarcane district fertilizer of tropical and subtropical zone in south China.
The fertilizer for sugarcane that above-mentioned three parts of documents are mentioned all plays centainly the sugar content of the yield of sugarcane and sugarcane Raising effect, but moderate-element to be added all is not directed in these fertilizer formulas, microelement, beneficial element, no It is well positioned to meet the need fertilizer requirement of sugarcane, and is inorganic fertilizer mostly in these fertilizer formulas, Organic manure content is few or several Do not have, long-time service is also that there are dysgenic to the soil in sugarcane area and the growth of crop.Therefore, according to sugarcane Nutrient uptake feature studies a kind of fertilizer for being exclusively used in sugarcane, had both been able to satisfy the various nutrient requirements of sugarcane production, and had improved the production of sugarcane Amount and sugar content, and can effectively improve the quality of soil in sugarcane area, the content of the sugarcane district soil organism is improved to sugarcane industry Development be critically important.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of the present invention is to provide a kind of production methods of special fertilizer for sugar cane, and the special fertilizer for sugar cane is according to sugarcane production Nutrient uptake feature, by the compound of organic and inorganic fertilizer, nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium content proportion rationally, and contain organic matter, in micro member Plain fertilizer, nutrient needed for sugarcane production can be provided, while improving soil environment, improve containing for the sugarcane district soil organism Amount improves utilization rate of fertilizer, to play the role of increasing both production and income, the development for promoting sugarcane industry, improve Sugar Content in Sugarcane.
To achieve the above object, the present invention adopts the following technical scheme:
A kind of production method of special fertilizer for sugar cane, includes the following steps:
(1) prepare organic fertilizer: in fermentation tunnel kiln the wooden chaff of first layer overlay 4-5cm high as bottom, then according to The wooden chaff, mushroom bran, municipal sludge, sugarcane marrow, animal wastes, agricultural crop straw, filter mud of sugar refinery material variety sequence from bottom to top layer Layer heap gathers into folds, and in addition to bottom, the thickness of other every layer of materials is all 30-35cm, and between every layer of different material type Contact surface all uniformly applies one layer of zymophyte material, obtains fermentation materials, after carrying out fermentation 17-22 days, is turned over pile is self-propelled Fermentation materials are carried out turning by heap machine, mix well the material of different types, and pile the pile of a rule, continue to ferment 15-20 days, it can be prepared by organic fertilizer;
(2) ingredient: organic fertilizer obtained is sampled and examines N, P in organic fertilizer2O5、K2The quality hundred of O and organic matter Divide content, the quality for needing the inorganic fertilizer being added then is calculated according to inspection result, and moderate-element fertilizer and micro member is added Plain fertile, each component accounts for the weight percent of mixed material total weight in the mixed material made are as follows: total nutrient N+P2O5+K2O 41%~43%, organic matter >=25%, moderate-element 0.6%-1.5%, microelement 0.05%-0.25%;
(3) it is granulated: according to the calculated result in step (2), by inorganic fertilizer, moderate-element fertilizer, trace element fertilizer and step (1) organic fertilizer obtained is sufficiently mixed uniformly in, is crushed through gravity system, and sufficiently blending is uniformly, with bentonite bonding Agent is granulated by drum granulating method, particle sub-sieve, automatic measuring packing, after the assay was approved to obtain the final product.
The production method of above-mentioned special fertilizer for sugar cane, the inorganic fertilizer are containing N, P2O5、K2The inorganic fertilizer of O, inorganic fertilizer In contain following mass percent element N >=18%, P2O5≥9%、K2O≥14%;Wherein N element is provided by urea, P2O5By Diammonium phosphate (DAP) provides; K2O provides for potassium sulfate.
The production method of above-mentioned special fertilizer for sugar cane, the moderate-element fertilizer be containing magnesium, calcium, element sulphur fertilizer, in Contain element M g 0.2%~0.5%, Ca 0.2%~0.6%, the S 0.2%~0.4% of following mass percent in secondary element fertilizer;Its Middle Mg element is provided by the magnesium sulfate containing the crystallization water;Ca element is provided by white lime;S element is mentioned by the magnesium sulfate containing the crystallization water For.
The production method of above-mentioned special fertilizer for sugar cane, the trace element fertilizer are the fertilizer of boracic, iron, zinc, manganese element, There are element B 0.01%~0.06%, the Fe 0.02%~0.08%, Zn 0.01% of following mass percent in trace element fertilizer ~0.05%, Mn 0.010%~0.06%, wherein boron element is provided by borax, and ferro element is provided by ferrous sulfate, and Zn-ef ficiency is by containing The zinc sulfate of the crystallization water provides, and manganese element is provided by manganese sulfate.
The production method of above-mentioned special fertilizer for sugar cane, in step (1), the fermentation materials carry out the hair before turning
In the ferment time, air, crops described in step (1) are blasted to the bottom of fermentation materials with blower or air compressor machine Stalk is one of corn stover, sheath of sugarcane, fresh straw, peanut vine and leaf of Japanese banana or a variety of;The size of the pile is 5-6 meters a length of, width is 1-2 meters, 0.6-0.8 meters a height of.
The production method of above-mentioned special fertilizer for sugar cane, zymophyte material used in step (1) be first by bacillus licheniformis, Lactobacillus plantarum, Phanerochaete chrysosporium, candida utili and actinomyces are according to bacillus licheniformis: lactobacillus plantarum: Phanerochaete chrysosporium: candida utili: actinomyces are the weight of 0.7-1:0.3-0.5:1-1.3:0.6-0.8:0.8-1.0 Amount ratio is mixed to get Mixed Microbes, and the content specification of each microorganism fungus kind is all 200,000,000 every gram or more effective active bacterium, mixing Bacterium first passes through the expansion culture of strain before use, then adds in obtained Mixed Microbes material after expanding culture from butchering The waste liquid and waste residue collected in, which are uniformly mixed, obtains zymophyte material, and the additional amount of waste liquid and waste residue is Mixed Microbes material 0.6-0.8 times of parts by weight, the amount for the fermentation material that the contact surface in step (1) between every layer of different material type applies is 0.3- 0.5 kg.The Mixed Microbes first pass through the expansion culture of strain, culture medium composition are as follows: 2.5% wheat bran, 1%-3% before use Dehydrated potato powder, 18% brown sugar, 0.1-0.2% urea, 0.003%-0.005%MgSO4·7H2O, 0.001%-0.003%FeSO4· 7H2O, 0.01% dipotassium hydrogen phosphate;Cultural method are as follows: strain is inoculated in seed fermentation tank, seed fermentation tank fermentation condition: 32 DEG C of temperature, pH8.0-9.0, inoculum concentration 5%, mixing speed 250r/min, ventilatory capacity 3-5L/min, fermentation time 64h.
In the present invention preparation of organic fertilizer be by the wooden chaff, mushroom bran, municipal sludge, sugarcane marrow, animal wastes, agricultural crop straw with And filter mud of sugar refinery be stacked up after obtained after compost fermentation, the wooden chaff refer to when carrying out timber processing because cutting and from tree The carbon-nitrogen ratio of the foam shape sawdust of fallen trees itself on wood, the wooden chaff is high, most resistance to fermentation, and sawdust is loose porous, protects Aqueous preferably gas permeability is also relatively good, and using the wooden chaff as the bottom of fermentation material, the raising that distributes for being conducive to moisture in fermentation material is sent out Ferment efficiency, and it is fermented rot after the wooden chaff, nutrition is comprehensive, and unbiased nitrogen lacks the anxiety of phosphorus potassium, and quality is loose, and dry and wet is moderate. Mushroom bran is to carry out edible mushroom substituting stuff cultivation using raw materials such as stalk, sawdusts, and the culture medium residue after receiving cultivated edible mushroom Mushroom bran, be good organic fertilizer.Municipal sludge is the solid waste of generation during municipal sewage treatment, municipal sludge Organic matter and minerals rich in, it not only can provide nutrient required for plant growth but also can improve soil.
Sugarcane marrow and filter mud of sugar refinery are all the by-products of cane sugar manufacture factory, and sugarcane marrow generally contains dry matter 90%~92%, thick egg White matter 2.0%, crude fibre 44%~46%, crude fat 0.7%, nitrogen-free extracts 42%, coarse ash 2%~3%, sugarcane marrow are one Writing is concentrated very much and a fairly large number of resource.The main component of filter mud of sugar refinery is debris, phat fat, protein, mineral Matter and a small amount of sugared part, and containing a variety of nutritions that can be used as crop absorption such as N P and K, it is activated, it is made In organic substance further recombinate humification, just become efficiently, safety, good new bio-fertilizer, and meet organic, green Color agricultural production needs.The animal wastes include the animals such as chicken manure, pig manure, cattle and sheep excrement, duck excrement, quail excrement, rabbit excrement, pigeon dung Excrement, the ingredient in animal wastes be cellulose, hemicellulose, lignin, protein, organic matter, urea, uric acid and potassium, The inorganic salts such as sodium, calcium, magnesium, animal wastes, which are carried out fermentation fertilizer processed, so that animal wastes is fully used, and can be significantly Improve the content of organic matter in obtained organic fertilizer.The agricultural crop straw is corn stover, sheath of sugarcane, fresh straw, peanut One of rattan and leaf of Japanese banana are a variety of, carry out fermentation using agricultural crop straw and prepare organic fertilizer agricultural crop straw being obtained Sufficient utilization, turns waste into wealth, while reducing the surplus of stalk, reduces pollution of the crop straw burning to environment.
The present invention is by the wooden chaff, mushroom bran, municipal sludge, sugarcane marrow, animal wastes, agricultural crop straw and filter mud of sugar refinery heap layer by layer It gathers into folds and carries out compost fermentation after zymophyte material is added, so that the wastes such as the wooden chaff, mushroom bran, municipal sludge are turned waste into wealth, It is fully used, has greatly digested the various wastes generated in life, reduce the pollution to environment, and sufficiently benefit It is used with the organic matter that the organic fertilizer obtained after fermentation generates for plant, only crop does not provide nutrient, moreover it is possible to effectively change Kind soil, improves the content of soil with organic matter.
In Mixed Microbes used in zymophyte material of the present invention, bacillus licheniformis (scientific name: Bacillus It licheniformis) is a kind of common Gram-positive thermophilic bacteria in the soil.Lichengermium is nontoxic, degradation ammonia, Nitrogen, minerals, heavy metal ability are strong, and energy secretory protein polypeptide active substance inhibits the nocuousness such as Escherichia coli, Salmonella Bacterial reproduction;A large amount of exoenzyme (protease, amylase, cellulase, metalloproteinases, neutral proteinase, fat can be secreted Enzyme etc.), protein degradation matter, cellulose, mineral element etc.;Amination oxidizing ferment and degradation sulfide enzyme can also be secreted, by Yin Diindyl class compound (scatol), hydrogen sulfide, nitrite etc. are oxidized to odorless, nonhazardous substance, eliminate the different of animal waste Taste, bacillus licheniformis can degraded macromolecular substance be effectively lower-molecular substance.
Lactobacillus plantarum (Lactobacillus plantarum) is one of Bacillus acidi lactici, amphimicrobian, surface bacterium Diameter about 3mm is fallen, protrusion, rounded, surface is smooth, and fine and closely woven, color is white, is once in a while in pale yellow or buff.Lactobacillus plantarum be with Sugar is the gram-positive bacteria that fermenting raw materials generate lactic acid, can decompose protein, carbohydrate, the fat etc. in food, improves food Digestibility and biological value;Lactobacillus plantarum can decompose pool bottom organic matter for pond, and algae toxin is eliminated in deodorization, build good Good habitat, moreover it is possible to which water body ammonia nitrogen of degrading, the harmful substances such as nitrite reduce organic oxygen demand, and indirect oxygenation improves water Matter, whiterot fungi are that unique a kind of microorganism with independent lignin degrading ability, whiterot fungi secrete lignin drop in nature The enzymes such as eccrine fiber element enzyme, hemicellulase, pectase are gone back while solving enzyme, thus are more suitable for decomposing than trichoderma, aspergillus etc. Natural lignocellulosic materials.Phanerochaete chrysosporium (Phanerochae chrysosporium) is whiterot fungi One of (white rot fungi) has good degradation to lignin, hemicellulose, cellulose, and stalk is through Huang After the flat lead fungi fermentation of archespore hair, most low-quality nonprotein nitrogen is converted into the mycoprotein of better quality, protein quality Obtain improvement by a relatively large margin.Being added with for Phanerochaete chrysosporium is conducive to increase the fungi in compost, has to be conducive to It is flat to improve cellulose, hemicellulase running water, and then accelerating fibers element, hemicellulose decompose, and promote composting process;It is inoculated with yellow spore The flat lead fungi of raw wool can be further improved compost temperature, is conducive to the decomposition for accelerating windrow organic matter, improves decomposed degree, thus aobvious Write when increasing fermentation ends full phosphorus, full potassium content in heap body.
Candida utili is called Torula utilis Henneb or edible torula, and it is false to produce protein by the entitled Candida utilis of Latin Silk yeast cell is rounded, oval or sausage shape, size is (3.5~4.5) um × (7~13) um.Candida utili It can use cellulose raw material production nutrition and increase rich fermented feed, yeast cells living can also a variety of enzymes of exocytosis, such as shallow lake Powder enzyme, protease, cellulase etc., candida utili can also assimilate the organic matter in animal wastes as urinated during the fermentation Acid, low peptides, other organic acids etc. keep the fermentation of fermentation material more abundant.
Actinomyces (Classification system: Actinobacteria) are a monoids for prokaryotes, be a group Gram-positive, The bacterium of high (G+C) mol% content (> 55%), actinomyces can decompose many organic matters, including aromatic compound, The compound of the strong toxicities such as the complex compounds such as paraffin, rubber, cellulose, wooden and some cyanogen.The big multipotency of actinomyces generates anti- Rhzomorph, the ability with very strong decomposition of cellulose, actinomyces can secrete organic acid, physiological activator and antibiotic, inhibit Pathogen spreads, moreover it is possible to which the conversion for participating in the compounds such as nitrogen phosphorus in soil there is growth-promoting, disease-resistant and fertilizer efficiency to make crop With.
Mixed Microbes used in zymophyte material of the present invention are by bacillus licheniformis, lactobacillus plantarum, Phanerochaete chrysosporium, production Protein Candida and actinomyces composition, the Mixed Microbes can effectively in fermentation material municipal sludge, sugarcane marrow, animal wastes with And the materials such as filter mud of sugar refinery are decomposed, and effective degraded macromolecular substance is lower-molecular substance, by the effect of Mixed Microbes strain, The temperature of compost can be improved, to improve the decomposed degree of fermentation material.And the present invention expands culture Mixed Microbes, expands numerous Effective bacterial content obviously increases afterwards, and strain utilization rate significantly improves, and can greatly shorten fermentation time, reduces production cost.
The invention has the benefit that
1, organic fertilizer used in the production method of special fertilizer for sugar cane of the present invention is by different types of fermentation materials heap layer by layer It gathers into folds and is obtained after compost fermentation, first carry out fermentation 17-22 days, in the meantime the raising of fermentation materials temperature, it is sufficient to kill Most detrimentals are biological, and the cellulose and hemicellulose in fermentation materials are preferably hydrolyzed, and reduce N and CO2Discharge, Greatly improving can be by the Water Soluble Organic Carbon content that plant directly absorbs, while the quantity of useful microbe in matrix increases, and And compost reduces number and the time of compost turning without turning in the meantime, it is decomposed to accelerate material, shortens compost Period improves the quality of product;After fermentation materials are carried out turning with a pile self-propelled stack turning machine, different types of material fills It point mixes, material can radiate toxin expelling.Organic fertilizer used in the present invention is by the wooden chaff, mushroom bran, municipal sludge, sugarcane marrow, animal wastes What equal wastes obtained after being fermented, not only mitigated the pollution on the environments such as waste bacterial slag and animal wastes, but also realize The purpose of utilization of waste as resource.
2, the zymophyte material used in the present invention is to will be enlarged by the Mixed Microbes after cultivating and collect from slaughterhouse to obtain What waste liquid and waste residue obtained after mixing, so that the waste liquid generated in slaughterhouse and waste residue is fully used, Er Qie From containing in multiple-microorganism gastric juice in the gastric juice stomach function regulating slag taken out in animal containing hydrochloric acid, pepsin and solidifying in slaughterhouse The digestive ferments such as galactenzyme can play degradation to crude fibre;By by the waste liquid collected in slaughterhouse and waste residue with mix It is used as the zymophyte material of material after bacterium mixing, can be improved the content of microorganisms in zymophyte material, compared with exclusive use Mixed Microbes The ferment effect to ferment is added after waste liquid and the waste residue mixing collected in slaughterhouse in Mixed Microbes, material Ferment effect raising can be greatly improved.It is mineralization to rapidly promote organic materials in composting process for the zymophyte material And humification, nutrient become available state and quick-acting states from invalid state and slow state;Not only there is powerful decomposed effect to organic materials, And also breed a large amount of function bacteriums during the fermentation and generate a variety of metabolites, to stimulate crop growth;Hair Decomposable organic substance, organic sulfur compound, the organic nitrogen etc. for generating foul gas of microorganism in yeast-like fungi material, and inhibit corruption micro- The growth of biology, substantially improves the air regime of Workplace.
3, the special fertilizer for sugar cane that present invention production obtains is closed by the compound of organic and inorganic fertilizer, nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium content proportion Reason, and contain organic matter, middle trace element fertilizer, nutrient efficient, nutrient needed for sugarcane production can be provided, and also it is advantageous It is absorbed in sugarcane.The content of organic matter is high in the special fertilizer, not only can provide sufficient nutrient to plant, can also eliminate chemical fertilizer Bring side effect, the effective quality for improving sugarcane field soil, improves soil environment, improves soil organic matter content, improves Utilization rate of fertilizer, to play the role of increasing both production and income.Nutrient uptake feature in the special fertilizer also according to sugarcane joined middle amount Element magnesium, calcium, sulphur, trace element fertilizer boron, iron, zinc, manganese element can provide moderate-element and micro- required for growth for sugarcane Secondary element, to promote the growth of sugarcane.The special fertilizer for sugar cane that the present invention produces is full of nutrition, fertilizer efficiency is good, fertilizer utilization Rate is high, using the special fertilizer to Sugarcane Fertilization, compared with conventional fertilizer application, after applying special fertilizer for sugar cane per acre, per mu yield volume increase 20% with On, sugar improves 1% or more;Significantly improve economic benefit.
Specific embodiment
Embodiment 1
A kind of production method of special fertilizer for sugar cane, includes the following steps:
(1) prepare organic fertilizer: the wooden chaff of first layer overlay 5cm high is as bottom in fermentation tunnel kiln, so
Material variety afterwards according to the wooden chaff, mushroom bran, municipal sludge, sugarcane marrow, animal wastes, corn stover, filter mud of sugar refinery is suitable Sequence from bottom to top get up by stacked in multi-layers, and in addition to bottom, the thickness of other every layer of materials is all 35cm, and every layer of different material kind Contact surface between class all uniformly applies one layer of zymophyte material, obtains fermentation materials, after carrying out fermentation 22 days, is walked certainly with pile Fermentation materials are carried out turning by formula turning machine, mix well the material of different types, and pile the pile of a rule, pile Size be a length of 6 meters, width be 2 meters, a height of 0.8 meter, continue fermentation 15 days, can be prepared by organic fertilizer;
(2) ingredient: organic fertilizer obtained is sampled and examines N, P in organic fertilizer2O5、K2The quality hundred of O and organic matter Divide content, the quality for needing the inorganic fertilizer being added then is calculated according to inspection result, inorganic fertilizer is containing N, P2O5、K2O's is inorganic Fertilizer contains element N >=18%, the P of following mass percent in inorganic fertilizer2O5≥9%、K2O≥14%;Wherein N element is by urea It provides, P2O5It is provided by Diammonium phosphate (DAP); K2O provides for potassium sulfate;And moderate-element fertilizer and trace element fertilizer is added, so that To mixed material in each component account for the weight percent of mixed material total weight are as follows: total nutrient N+P2O5+K2O 41%~43%, Organic matter 28%, moderate-element 1.5%, microelement 0.25%;Moderate-element fertilizer be containing magnesium, calcium, element sulphur fertilizer, middle amount member Contain element M g 0.5%, Ca 0.6%, the S 0.4% of following mass percent in plain fertilizer;Wherein Mg element is by the sulphur containing the crystallization water Sour magnesium provides;Ca element is provided by white lime;S element is provided by the magnesium sulfate containing the crystallization water;Trace element fertilizer be boracic, iron, The fertilizer of zinc, manganese element has element B 0.06%, the Fe 0.08%, Zn of following mass percent in trace element fertilizer 0.05%, Mn 0.06%, wherein boron element is provided by borax, and ferro element is provided by ferrous sulfate, and Zn-ef ficiency is by the sulphur containing the crystallization water Sour zinc provides, and manganese element is provided by manganese sulfate;
(3) it is granulated: according to the calculated result in step (2), by inorganic fertilizer, moderate-element fertilizer, trace element fertilizer and step (1) organic fertilizer obtained is sufficiently mixed uniformly in, is crushed through gravity system, and sufficiently blending is uniformly, with bentonite bonding Agent is granulated by drum granulating method, particle sub-sieve, automatic measuring packing, after the assay was approved to obtain the final product.
In step (1), the fermentation materials are carried out in the fermentation time before turning, with blower or air compressor machine to hair
The bottom of ferment material blasts air.Zymophyte material used in step (1) is first by bacillus licheniformis, plant cream Bacillus, Phanerochaete chrysosporium, candida utili and actinomyces are according to bacillus licheniformis: lactobacillus plantarum: yellow archespore The flat lead fungi of hair: candida utili: actinomyces are that the weight ratio of 0.7:0.3:1:0.6:0.8 is mixed to get Mixed Microbes, each The content specification of microorganism fungus kind is all 200,000,000 every gram or more effective active bacterium, and Mixed Microbes first pass through the expansion of strain before use Big culture, culture medium composition are as follows: 2.5% wheat bran, 1% dehydrated potato powder, 18% brown sugar, 0.1% urea, 0.003%MgSO4·7H2O, 0.003%FeSO4·7H2O, 0.01% dipotassium hydrogen phosphate;Cultural method are as follows: strain is inoculated in seed fermentation tank, seed hair Fermenting pot condition: 32 DEG C of temperature, pH8.0-9.0, inoculum concentration 5%, mixing speed 250r/min, ventilatory capacity 3L/min, fermentation Time 64h;Then the waste liquid collected from slaughterhouse is added in the Mixed Microbes material obtained after expanding culture and is given up Slag is uniformly mixed and obtains zymophyte material, and the additional amount of waste liquid and waste residue is 0.6 times of parts by weight of Mixed Microbes material, step (1) In the amount of fermentation material that applies of contact surface between every layer of different material type be 0.3kg.
Embodiment 2
A kind of production method of special fertilizer for sugar cane, includes the following steps:
(1) prepare organic fertilizer: the wooden chaff of first layer overlay 4cm high is as bottom in fermentation tunnel kiln, so
Afterwards according to the wooden chaff, mushroom bran, municipal sludge, sugarcane marrow, animal wastes, agricultural crop straw, filter mud of sugar refinery material variety Sequence from bottom to top get up by stacked in multi-layers, and in addition to bottom, the thickness of other every layer of materials is all 30cm, and every layer of different material Contact surface between type all uniformly applies one layer of zymophyte material, obtains fermentation materials, after carrying out fermentation 17 days, certainly with pile It walks formula turning machine and fermentation materials is subjected to turning, mix well the material of different types, and pile the pile of a rule, item The size of pile is a length of 5 meters, and width is 1 meter, a height of 0.6 meter, continues fermentation 20 days, can be prepared by organic fertilizer;
(2) ingredient: organic fertilizer obtained is sampled and examines N, P in organic fertilizer2O5、K2The quality hundred of O and organic matter Divide content, the quality for needing the inorganic fertilizer being added then is calculated according to inspection result, inorganic fertilizer is containing N, P2O5、K2O's is inorganic Fertilizer contains element N >=18%, the P of following mass percent in inorganic fertilizer2O5≥9%、K2O≥14%;Wherein N element is by urea It provides, P2O5It is provided by Diammonium phosphate (DAP); K2O provides for potassium sulfate;And moderate-element fertilizer and trace element fertilizer is added, so that To mixed material in each component account for the weight percent of mixed material total weight are as follows: total nutrient N+P2O5+K2O 41%~43%, Organic matter 25%, moderate-element 0.6%, microelement 0.05%;Moderate-element fertilizer be containing magnesium, calcium, element sulphur fertilizer, middle amount member Contain element M g 0.2%, Ca 0.2%, the S 0.2% of following mass percent in plain fertilizer;Wherein Mg element is by the sulphur containing the crystallization water Sour magnesium provides;Ca element is provided by white lime;S element is provided by the magnesium sulfate containing the crystallization water;Trace element fertilizer be boracic, iron, The fertilizer of zinc, manganese element has element B 0.01%, the Fe 0.02%, Zn of following mass percent in trace element fertilizer 0.01%, Mn 0.010%, wherein boron element is provided by borax, and ferro element is provided by ferrous sulfate, and Zn-ef ficiency is by containing the crystallization water Zinc sulfate provides, and manganese element is provided by manganese sulfate;
(3) it is granulated: according to the calculated result in step (2), by inorganic fertilizer, moderate-element fertilizer, trace element fertilizer and step (1) organic fertilizer obtained is sufficiently mixed uniformly in, is crushed through gravity system, and sufficiently blending is uniformly, with bentonite bonding Agent is granulated by drum granulating method, particle sub-sieve, automatic measuring packing, after the assay was approved to obtain the final product.
In step (1), the fermentation materials are carried out in the fermentation time before turning, with blower or air compressor machine to fermentation material The bottom of material blasts air;The agricultural crop straw is corn stover and sheath of sugarcane;Zymophyte material used in step (1) is First by bacillus licheniformis, lactobacillus plantarum, Phanerochaete chrysosporium, candida utili and actinomyces according to lichens gemma Bacillus: lactobacillus plantarum: Phanerochaete chrysosporium: candida utili: actinomyces are the weight of 0.8:0.4:1.2:0.7:0.9 Amount ratio is mixed to get Mixed Microbes, and the content specification of each microorganism fungus kind is all 200,000,000 every gram or more effective active bacterium, mixing Bacterium first passes through the expansion culture of strain, culture medium composition before use are as follows: 2.5% wheat bran, 2% dehydrated potato powder, and 18% brown sugar, 0.15% urea, 0.005%MgSO4·7H2O, 0.001%FeSO4·7H2O, 0.01% dipotassium hydrogen phosphate;Cultural method are as follows: will Strain is inoculated in seed fermentation tank, seed fermentation tank fermentation condition: 32 DEG C of temperature, pH8.0-9.0, inoculum concentration 5%, and stirring speed Spend 250r/min, ventilatory capacity 4L/min, fermentation time 64h;Then add again in the Mixed Microbes material obtained after expanding culture Enter the waste liquid collected from slaughterhouse and waste residue is uniformly mixed and obtains zymophyte material, the additional amount of waste liquid and waste residue is mixed The amount of 0.7 times of parts by weight of combined bacteria material, the fermentation material that the contact surface in step (1) between every layer of different material type applies is 0.4 kg。
Embodiment 3
A kind of production method of special fertilizer for sugar cane, includes the following steps:
(1) prepare organic fertilizer: in fermentation tunnel kiln the wooden chaff of first layer overlay 4.5cm high as bottom, then according to The wooden chaff, mushroom bran, municipal sludge, sugarcane marrow, animal wastes, agricultural crop straw, filter mud of sugar refinery material variety sequence from bottom to top layer Layer heap gathers into folds, and in addition to bottom, the thickness of other every layer of materials is all 32cm, and the contact between every layer of different material type Face all uniformly applies one layer of zymophyte material, obtains fermentation materials, after carrying out fermentation 30 days, will be sent out with pile self-propelled stack turning machine Ferment material carries out turning, mixes well the material of different types, and pile the pile of a rule, and the size of pile is a length of 5.5 meters, width is 1.6 meters, a height of 0.7 meter, continues fermentation 18 days, can be prepared by organic fertilizer;
(2) ingredient: organic fertilizer obtained is sampled and examines N, P in organic fertilizer2O5、K2The quality hundred of O and organic matter Divide content, the quality for needing the inorganic fertilizer being added then is calculated according to inspection result, inorganic fertilizer is containing N, P2O5、K2O's is inorganic Fertilizer contains element N >=18%, the P of following mass percent in inorganic fertilizer2O5≥9%、K2O≥14%;Wherein N element is by urea It provides, P2O5It is provided by Diammonium phosphate (DAP); K2O provides for potassium sulfate;And moderate-element fertilizer and trace element fertilizer is added, so that To mixed material in each component account for the weight percent of mixed material total weight are as follows: total nutrient N+P2O5+K2O 41%~43%, Organic matter >=25%, moderate-element 1.0%, microelement 0.15%;Moderate-element fertilizer be containing magnesium, calcium, element sulphur fertilizer, middle amount Contain element M g 0.3%, Ca 0.4%, the S 0.3% of following mass percent in element fertilizer;Wherein Mg element is by containing the crystallization water Magnesium sulfate provides;Ca element is provided by white lime;S element is provided by the magnesium sulfate containing the crystallization water;Trace element fertilizer be boracic, Iron, zinc, manganese element fertilizer, have element B 0.04%, the Fe 0.06%, Zn of following mass percent in trace element fertilizer 0.03%, Mn 0.02%, wherein boron element is provided by borax, and ferro element is provided by ferrous sulfate, and Zn-ef ficiency is by the sulphur containing the crystallization water Sour zinc provides, and manganese element is provided by manganese sulfate;
(3) it is granulated: according to the calculated result in step (2), by inorganic fertilizer, moderate-element fertilizer, trace element fertilizer and step (1) organic fertilizer obtained is sufficiently mixed uniformly in, is crushed through gravity system, and sufficiently blending is uniformly, with bentonite bonding Agent is granulated by drum granulating method, particle sub-sieve, automatic measuring packing, after the assay was approved to obtain the final product.
In step (1), the fermentation materials are carried out in the fermentation time before turning, with blower or air compressor machine to fermentation material The bottom of material blasts air;The agricultural crop straw is in corn stover, sheath of sugarcane, fresh straw, peanut vine and leaf of Japanese banana It is one or more.Zymophyte material used in step (1) is first by bacillus licheniformis, lactobacillus plantarum, yellow archespore Mao Pingge Bacterium, candida utili and actinomyces are according to bacillus licheniformis: lactobacillus plantarum: Phanerochaete chrysosporium: it is false to produce protein Silk yeast: actinomyces are that the weight ratio of 1:0.5:1.3:0.8:1.0 is mixed to get Mixed Microbes, each microorganism fungus kind Content specification is all 200,000,000 every gram or more effective active bacterium, and the Mixed Microbes first pass through the expansion training of strain before use It supports, culture medium composition are as follows: 2.5% wheat bran, 3% dehydrated potato powder, 18% brown sugar, 0.2% urea, 0.004%MgSO4·7H2O, 0.002%FeSO4·7H2O, 0.01% dipotassium hydrogen phosphate;Cultural method are as follows: strain is inoculated in seed fermentation tank, seed hair Fermenting pot condition: 32 DEG C of temperature, pH8.0-9.0, inoculum concentration 5%, mixing speed 250r/min, ventilatory capacity 5L/min, fermentation Time 64h;Then the waste liquid collected from slaughterhouse is added in the Mixed Microbes material obtained after expanding culture and is given up Slag is uniformly mixed and obtains zymophyte material, and the additional amount of waste liquid and waste residue is 0.8 times of parts by weight of Mixed Microbes material, step (1) In the amount of fermentation material that applies of contact surface between every layer of different material type be 0.5 kg.
Application effect
For further illustrate special fertilizer for sugar cane that the production method of special fertilizer for sugar cane of the present invention produces the advantages of, send out Bright people is tested using the special fertilizer for sugar cane that present invention production obtains in Nanning Binyang County, with market routine sugarcane Contrast on effect has been carried out with fertilizer, and the test results such as the effect of increasing production of sugarcane have been counted.
Test situation is as follows:
1, kind: new platform sugar 16;
2 kinds of plant periods: on March 10th, 2014
3, test process:
1. conventional sugarcane fertilizer-uses 15-15-15 compound fertilizer, and 120kg/ mus, 3 mu of coprocessing;
2. the special fertilizer for sugar cane produced in the processing 1- embodiment of the present invention 1, handles 3 mu by 120kg/ mus;
3. the special fertilizer for sugar cane produced in the processing 2- embodiment of the present invention 2, handles 3 mu by 120kg/ mus;
4. the special fertilizer for sugar cane produced in the processing 3- embodiment of the present invention 3, handles 3 mu by 120kg/ mus;
4, test result:
(1) it is as shown in table 1 below that the influence of special fertilizer for sugar cane and application common fertilizer of the invention to sugarcane yield is applied:
From upper table 1 it is found that sugarcane can be greatly improved using special fertilizer for sugar cane of the invention compared to conventional sugarcane fertilizer Yield, reach 20% or more using special fertilizer for sugar cane sugarcane yield volume increase of the invention, effect of increasing production is obvious, and economic benefit is aobvious It writes.
(2) impact effect such as the following table 2 that special fertilizer for sugar cane and application common fertilizer of the invention increase sugar aspect to sugarcane is applied It is shown:
From upper table 2 it is found that compared to conventional sugarcane fertilizer, the sugar of sugarcane can be made to hammer into shape using special fertilizer for sugar cane of the invention The content of degree, optically-active pol, simple purity, Sucrose and sugarcane fibre part etc. is improved, dedicated using sugarcane of the invention Fertilizer can greatly improve the sugar of sugarcane.

Claims (5)

1. a kind of production method of special fertilizer for sugar cane, which comprises the steps of:
(1) prepare organic fertilizer: the wooden chaff of first layer overlay 4-5cm high is as bottom in fermentation tunnel kiln, then according to wood Chaff, mushroom bran, municipal sludge, sugarcane marrow, animal wastes, agricultural crop straw, filter mud of sugar refinery material variety sequence from bottom to top layer by layer It is stacked up, in addition to bottom, the thickness of other every layer of materials is all 30-35cm, and connecing between every layer of different material type Contacting surface all uniformly applies one layer of zymophyte material, obtains fermentation materials, after carrying out fermentation 17-22 days, with the self-propelled turning of pile Fermentation materials are carried out turning by machine, mix well the material of different types, and pile the pile of a rule, continue to ferment 15-20 days, it can be prepared by organic fertilizer;
(2) ingredient: organic fertilizer obtained is sampled and examines N, P in organic fertilizer2O5 、K2The quality percentage of O and organic matter Then content calculates the quality for needing the inorganic fertilizer being added according to inspection result, and moderate-element fertilizer and microelement is added Fertilizer, each component accounts for the weight percent of mixed material total weight in the mixed material made are as follows: total nutrient N+P2O5+K2O 41% ~43%, organic matter >=25%, moderate-element 0.6%-1.5%, microelement 0.05%-0.25%;
(3) it is granulated:, will be in inorganic fertilizer, moderate-element fertilizer, trace element fertilizer and step (1) according to the calculated result in step (2) Organic fertilizer obtained is sufficiently mixed uniformly, is crushed through gravity system, sufficiently blending uniformly, using bentonite be binder by turn Drum comminution granulation is granulated, particle sub-sieve, automatic measuring packing, after the assay was approved to obtain the final product;
Zymophyte material used in step (1) is first by bacillus licheniformis, lactobacillus plantarum, Phanerochaete chrysosporium, production protein Candida and actinomyces are according to bacillus licheniformis: lactobacillus plantarum: Phanerochaete chrysosporium: candida utili: Actinomyces are that the weight ratio of 0.7-1:0.3-0.5:1-1.3:0.6-0.8:0.8-1.0 is mixed to get Mixed Microbes, each micro- life The content specification of object strain is all 200,000,000 every gram or more effective active bacterium, and Mixed Microbes first pass through the expansion training of strain before use It supports, the waste liquid collected from slaughterhouse and waste residue mixing is added in the Mixed Microbes material then obtained after expanding culture Uniformly obtain zymophyte material, the additional amount of waste liquid and waste residue is 0.6-0.8 times of parts by weight of Mixed Microbes material, in step (1) The amount for the fermentation material that contact surface between every layer of different material type applies is 0.3-0.5 kg;
The Mixed Microbes first pass through the expansion culture of strain, culture medium composition are as follows: 2.5% wheat bran, 1%-3% horse before use Bell potato powder, 18% brown sugar, 0.1-0.2% urea, 0.003%-0.005%MgSO4·7H2O, 0.001%-0.003%FeSO4·7H2O , 0.01% dipotassium hydrogen phosphate;Cultural method are as follows: strain is inoculated in seed fermentation tank, seed fermentation tank fermentation condition: temperature 32 DEG C, pH8.0-9.0, inoculum concentration 5%, mixing speed 250r/min, ventilatory capacity 3-5L/min, fermentation time 64h.
2. the production method of special fertilizer for sugar cane according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the inorganic fertilizer is containing N, P2O5 、K2The inorganic fertilizer of O contains element N >=18%, the P of following mass percent in inorganic fertilizer2O5 ≥9%、K2O≥14%;Wherein N element is provided by urea, P2O5It is provided by Diammonium phosphate (DAP); K2O provides for potassium sulfate.
3. the production method of special fertilizer for sugar cane according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the moderate-element fertilizer be containing Magnesium, calcium, element sulphur fertilizer, element M g 0.2%~0.5%, the Ca 0.2% of following mass percent are contained in moderate-element fertilizer ~0.6%, S 0.2%~0.4%;Wherein Mg element is provided by the magnesium sulfate containing the crystallization water;Ca element is provided by white lime;S element It is provided by the magnesium sulfate containing the crystallization water.
4. the production method of special fertilizer for sugar cane according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the trace element fertilizer be containing Boron, iron, zinc, manganese element fertilizer, have element B 0.01%~0.06%, the Fe of following mass percent in trace element fertilizer 0.02%~0.08%, Zn 0.01%~0.05%, Mn 0.010%~0.06%, wherein boron element is provided by borax, and ferro element is by sulphur Sour ferrous offer, Zn-ef ficiency are provided by the zinc sulfate containing the crystallization water, and manganese element is provided by manganese sulfate.
5. the production method of special fertilizer for sugar cane according to claim 1, which is characterized in that in step (1), the fermentation Material carries out blasting air, institute in step (1) to the bottom of fermentation materials with blower or air compressor machine in the fermentation time before turning The crop stalk stated is one of corn stover, sheath of sugarcane, fresh straw, peanut vine and leaf of Japanese banana or a variety of;The item The size of pile is a length of 5-6 meters, and width is 1-2 meters, 0.6-0.8 meters a height of.
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CN102850122A (en) * 2012-08-30 2013-01-02 刘奋安 Water-retaining organic fertilizer and preparation method thereof
CN103044095A (en) * 2011-10-13 2013-04-17 万小民 Method for preparing sugarcane organic compound fertilizer
CN106083229A (en) * 2016-06-01 2016-11-09 黄旭胜 A kind of bio-feritlizer with rabbit excrement as primary raw material

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CN103044095A (en) * 2011-10-13 2013-04-17 万小民 Method for preparing sugarcane organic compound fertilizer
CN102850122A (en) * 2012-08-30 2013-01-02 刘奋安 Water-retaining organic fertilizer and preparation method thereof
CN106083229A (en) * 2016-06-01 2016-11-09 黄旭胜 A kind of bio-feritlizer with rabbit excrement as primary raw material

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