CN106517203A - Calcium carbide production system - Google Patents

Calcium carbide production system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106517203A
CN106517203A CN201610983373.4A CN201610983373A CN106517203A CN 106517203 A CN106517203 A CN 106517203A CN 201610983373 A CN201610983373 A CN 201610983373A CN 106517203 A CN106517203 A CN 106517203A
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China
Prior art keywords
carbon materials
calx
communicated
belt
feeder
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CN201610983373.4A
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CN106517203B (en
Inventor
周浩
关宏洲
邓娟
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Chongqing Hongqing Da Industry Co Ltd
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Chongqing Hongqing Da Industry Co Ltd
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Abstract

The invention provides a calcium carbide production system, which consists of a carbon material drying system, a limestone loading system and a sieving distribution system. The carbon material drying system and the limestone loading system are both connected to the sieving distribution system, and the sieving distribution system is connected to a calcium carbide furnace. The carbon material drying system comprises a feeding system and a drying machine, the drying machine is connected to a boiling furnace, the feeding system includes a raw material bin, a vibration feeder and a belt scale, the material on the belt scale is conveyed to the drying machine, and an air inlet of the drying machine is communicated with a fluidized bed combustion boiler. The limestone loading system includes a limestone raw material bin, a feeding belt, a vibration sieve, a furnace-front bin, a second vibration feeder, a feeding hopper, and a lime kiln. The sieving distribution system includes a first belt conveyor and a second belt conveyor. The calcium carbide production system provided by the invention realizes carbon material drying, limestone crushing and calcination, and automatic sieving of carbon material and lime, makes full use of the energy generated in the production process, achieves waste reuse, effectively reduces the production cost and improves the production efficiency.

Description

A kind of system for producing calcium carbide
Technical field
The present invention relates to carbide production field field, more particularly to a kind of system for producing calcium carbide.
Background technology
Carbide is a kind of important basic chemical raw materials, reacts prepared under the high temperature conditions by quick lime and carbon materials, electricity In stone production process, it is related to the links such as drying, the preparation of quick lime of carbon materials, traditional production line automation low degree, material Transfer efficiency is low, and then causes production efficiency relatively low, also, can also produce a large amount of airborne dusts, existing production line in production process Dust removing effects are poor, cause environmental pollution, heat energy produced in can't making full use of production process etc., also cause production cost It is higher.
The content of the invention
The shortcoming of prior art in view of the above, it is an object of the invention to provide a kind of system for producing calcium carbide, is used for Solve system for producing calcium carbide low production efficiency in prior art, the problems such as environmental pollution is serious, energy waste is big.
For achieving the above object and other related purposes, the present invention provides a kind of system for producing calcium carbide, is dried including carbon materials System, limestone feeding calcination system, screening feed proportioning system, the carbon materials drying system, limestone feeding calcination system connect Be connected to screening feed proportioning system, the screening feed proportioning system is connected to furnace of calcium carbide, the carbon materials drying system include feed system with And the drying machine being connected with the feed system, the drying machine is connected with fluidized bed furnace, and the feed system includes what is be sequentially connected Raw material cabin, oscillating feeder, belt conveyer scale, the material of belt conveyer scale are delivered to drying machine, and the air inlet of the drying machine is communicated to boiling Rise stove;Raw limestone storehouse that the limestone feeding calcination system includes being sequentially connected, charging belt, vibrosieve, ladle addition Storehouse, the second oscillating feeder, elevating hopper, limekiln, also including driving blower fan, the air outlet of the driving blower fan is respectively by the One airduct and heat exchanger are communicated to blast pipe, are directly communicated to blast pipe by the second airduct, and the blast pipe is communicated to Limekiln, the air outlet of the heat exchanger are also communicated to blast pipe, and the discharge pipe in the limekiln is in charge of by first respectively Heat exchanger is communicated to, is in charge of by second and is communicated to the first blower fan;The screening feed proportioning system is included for conveying carbon materials First belt feeder, the second belt feeder for conveying Calx, first belt feeder are connected with least one carbon materials vibrosieve, institute The discharge of fine material mouth for stating carbon materials vibrosieve is connected with carbon materials filler bin, and the coarse fodder discharging opening of the carbon materials vibrosieve is connected with carbon materials Coarse fodder storehouse, the carbon materials coarse fodder storehouse are connected with least one carbon materials oscillating feeder;Second belt feeder is connected with least one Individual Calx vibrosieve, the discharge of fine material mouth of the Calx vibrosieve are connected with pulverized limestone feed bin, the coarse fodder of the Calx vibrosieve Discharging opening is connected with Calx coarse fodder storehouse, and the Calx coarse fodder storehouse is connected with least one Calx oscillating feeder;The carbon materials are shaken Dynamic batcher, Calx oscillating feeder are connected to public conveyer, and the public conveyer is connected to reversible belt machine, reversible The discharging opening at belt feeder two ends is respectively connecting to Calx batch bin, carbon materials batch bin.
Further, the gas outlet of the drying machine is connected with separator, and the gas outlet of the separator is connected with second Cleaner unit, the separator, the discharge of fine material mouth of the second cleaner unit are respectively connected with scrapper conveyor, the discharging opening connection of the scrapper conveyor There is the second ash bucket, the discharging opening of second ash bucket is connected with that the first twin shaft is sleeping to stir humidifier, the outlet of second cleaner unit Mouth is connected with the second blower fan, and the gas outlet of second blower fan is connected with the first chimney.
Further, the gas outlet of the oscillating feeder is connected with the first cleaner unit, the outlet of first cleaner unit Mouth is connected with the first blower fan, and the discharging opening of first cleaner unit is connected with spiral ash machine, the first ash bucket in turn;Also include using The hydro-mechanical tipper for sending material is turned in the raw material cabin;The belt conveyer scale pass sequentially through tripper, stokehold feed bin, disk to Material machine, belt, air valve are connected to the charging aperture of drying machine, also including the raw coal canopy being sequentially connected, by coal bunker, vibrate to coal Machine, coal breaker, coal hoist, furnace bin, feeder, the material in the feeder are delivered to the fluidized bed furnace, the boiling The air compartment air inlet of stove is connected with aerator.
Further, the limestone feeding calcination system includes the raw limestone storehouse being sequentially connected, charging belt, shakes Dynamic sieve, stokehold feed bin, the second oscillating feeder, elevating hopper, limekiln, also including driving blower fan, the air-out of the driving blower fan Mouth is communicated to blast pipe by the first airduct and heat exchanger respectively, is directly communicated to blast pipe by the second airduct, described Blast pipe is communicated to limekiln, and the air outlet of the heat exchanger is also communicated to blast pipe, the discharge pipe difference in the limekiln It is in charge of by first and is communicated to heat exchanger, is in charge of by second and is communicated to the first blower fan, the heat exchanger also passes through waste gas Airduct is communicated to the first blower fan.
Further, also including gas chamber, the gas chamber is communicated to limekiln, the booster fan by booster fan Air inlet pipe, be communicated with bypass pipe between escape pipe, bypass valve is installed on the bypass pipe, first blower fan passes through hydraulic pressure Air door is respectively communicated to the 4th cleaner unit, the second chimney, and the air outlet of the 4th cleaner unit is communicated to by four fan device Two chimneys, the discharging opening of the 4th cleaner unit are sequentially connected to scraper ash-transmission machine, the 4th ash bucket, and the vibrosieve, second shake The air outlet of dynamic batcher is communicated to the air inlet of the 5th cleaner unit, and the air outlet of the 5th cleaner unit is communicated to tendencies Machine, the discharging opening of the 5th cleaner unit are sequentially connected to spiral ash machine, agstone feed bin, the agstone feed bin Air outlet is communicated to the air inlet of the 5th cleaner unit.
Further, the raw limestone storehouse is connected to charging belt by the first oscillating feeder, and described first shakes The air outlet of dynamic batcher is communicated to the air inlet of the 6th cleaner unit, and the air outlet of the 6th cleaner unit is communicated to the 6th wind Machine, the discharging opening of the 6th cleaner unit are connected to the 5th ash bucket, are provided with title between second oscillating feeder and elevating hopper Batch box, the discharging opening of the scale hooper are provided with hydraulic pressure discharge door.
Further, the hoist engine of feeding is also carried out including control elevating hopper, and the elevating hopper is by the lock on limekiln To feeding in limekiln, the discharging opening in the limekiln is connected with vibration ash hoist, reversible belt machine in turn to air door, described reversible Belt feeder is respectively connecting to Calx finished bin, collecting bin, also include to limekiln convey cooling wind centrifugal blower, described first Airduct, the second airduct, first be in charge of, second is in charge of and is mounted on controlling valve.
Further, the screening feed proportioning system is included for conveying the first belt feeder of carbon materials, for conveying Calx Second belt feeder, first belt feeder are connected with least one carbon materials vibrosieve, the discharge of fine material mouth of the carbon materials vibrosieve Carbon materials filler bin is connected with, the coarse fodder discharging opening of the carbon materials vibrosieve is connected with carbon materials coarse fodder storehouse, and the carbon materials coarse fodder storehouse connects It is connected at least one carbon materials oscillating feeder;Second belt feeder is connected with least one Calx vibrosieve, and the Calx shakes The discharge of fine material mouth of dynamic sieve is connected with pulverized limestone feed bin, and the coarse fodder discharging opening of the Calx vibrosieve is connected with Calx coarse fodder storehouse, The Calx coarse fodder storehouse is connected with least one Calx oscillating feeder;The carbon materials oscillating feeder, Calx oscillating feeder Public conveyer is connected to, the public conveyer is connected to reversible belt machine, the discharging opening difference at reversible belt machine two ends It is connected to Calx batch bin, carbon materials batch bin.
Further, the carbon materials vibrosieve, the air outlet of carbon materials oscillating feeder are connected with the first dust pelletizing system, described Calx vibrosieve, the air outlet of Calx oscillating feeder are connected with the second dust pelletizing system, and the air outlet of the reversible belt machine connects Be connected to the 3rd dust pelletizing system, first dust pelletizing system, the second dust pelletizing system, the 3rd dust pelletizing system include the 3rd cleaner unit, Spiral ash machine, the 3rd ash bucket, the 3rd blower fan, the discharging opening of the 3rd cleaner unit are connected to the spiral ash machine, described Material in spiral ash machine is delivered to the 3rd ash bucket, and the air outlet of the 3rd cleaner unit is connected to the 3rd blower fan;Institute State the first belt feeder and at least two carbon materials belt feeders are connected with by the second tripper, the carbon materials belt feeder is connected to the carbon Material vibrosieve, second belt feeder are connected with least two Calx belt feeders, the Calx belt feeder by the 3rd tripper The Calx vibrosieve is connected to, the public conveyer is connected to the reversible belt machine by the 4th tripper.
Further, the offgas outlet of the furnace of calcium carbide has been sequentially communicated gravitational settler, thick gas blower fan, Bag filter Device, net gas blower fan, cooling tank, gas holder, the air outlet of the gas holder are communicated to the booster fan;The gravitational settler goes out Material mouth is connected with the first plate chain type conveyer, and the discharging opening of the cloth envelop collector is connected with the second plate chain type conveyer, described First plate chain type conveyer, the discharging opening of the second plate chain type conveyer are connected with ash silo, and the discharging opening of the ash silo is connected with Two twin shafts are sleeping to stir humidifier, and the air outlet of the net gas blower fan is also communicated to the injection tube of cloth envelop collector.
As described above, a kind of system for producing calcium carbide of the present invention, has the advantages that:The present invention is using automatization Carbon materials drying system, limestone calcination system, dried carbon materials, Calx are automatically fed in furnace of calcium carbide, rationally arrange dedusting System, is prevented effectively from environmental pollution, the material inlet amount of effective control key link, the heat produced in making full use of production process Can, effectively improve production efficiency.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is shown as the carbon materials drying system schematic diagram of the embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is shown as the limestone feeding calcination system schematic diagram of the embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is shown as the booster fan by-pass structure pipe schematic diagram of the embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 4 is shown as the screening feed proportioning system schematic diagram of the embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 5 is shown as the calcium carbide stove exhaust of the embodiment of the present invention and processes schematic diagram.
Piece mark explanation
1 hydro-mechanical tipper
101 Hydraulic Stations
102 oil pumps
2 raw material cabins
201 rod valves
3 oscillating feeders
4 charging belt machines
5 belt conveyer scales
6 first trippers
7 stokehold feed bins
8 disk feeders
9 belts
10 air valves
11 drying machines
12 fluidized bed furnaces
13 aerators
14 feeders
15 furnace bins
16 coal hoists
17 coal breakers
18 vibration coal feeders
19 receive coal bunker
20 raw coal canopies
21 first cleaner units
22 spiral ash machines
23 first ash buckets
24 first blower fans
25 second cleaner units
26 second blower fans
27 scrapper conveyors
28 first unloading valves
29 elevators
30 second ash buckets
31 second unloading valves
32 first twin shafts are sleeping to stir humidifier
33 first chimneys
34 separators
35 first belt feeders
36 second trippers
37 carbon materials belt feeders
38 carbon materials vibrosieves
39 carbon materials filler bins
40 carbon materials coarse fodder storehouses
41 carbon materials oscillating feeders
42 the 3rd cleaner units
43 spiral ash machines
44 the 3rd ash buckets
45 the 3rd blower fans
46 second belt feeders
47 the 3rd trippers
48 Calx belt feeders
49 Calx vibrosieves
50 pulverized limestone feed bins
51 Calx coarse fodder storehouses
52 Calx oscillating feeders
53 public conveyers
54 the 4th trippers
55 reversible belt machines
56 Calx batch bins
57 carbon materials batch bins
58 raw limestone storehouses
59 first oscillating feeders
60 charging belts
61 vibrosieves
62 stokehold feed bins
63 second oscillating feeders
64 scale hoopers
65 hydraulic pressure discharge doors
66 elevating hoppers
67 hoist engines
68 lock air doors
69 limekilns
70 centrifugal blowers
71 vibration ash hoists
72 reversible belt machines
73 collecting bins
74 lime silos
75 drive blower fan
751 first airducts
752 second airducts
76 heat exchangers
77 blast pipes
78 discharge pipes
79 first are in charge of
80 second are in charge of
81 waste gas airducts
82 first blower fans
83 hydraulic air doors
84 the 4th cleaner units
85 scraper ash-transmission machines
86 the 4th ash buckets
87 four fan devices
88 second chimneys
89 control valves
90 the 5th cleaner units
91 the 5th blower fans
92 the 6th blower fans
93 the 6th cleaner units
94 the 5th ash buckets
95 spiral ash machines
96 agstone feed bins
97 gas chambers
98 booster fans
981 air inlet pipe
982 escape pipes
983 bypass pipes
984 bypass valves
120 furnaces of calcium carbide
121 gravitational settlers
122 thick gas blower fans
123 first plate chain type conveyers
124 cloth envelop collectors
125 net gas blower fans
126 cooling tanks
127 second plate chain type conveyers
128 ash silos
129 second twin shafts are sleeping to stir humidifier
130 gas holders
Specific embodiment
Embodiments of the present invention are illustrated below by way of specific instantiation, those skilled in the art can be by this specification Disclosed content understands other advantages and effect of the present invention easily.The present invention can also be by concrete realities different in addition The mode of applying is carried out or applies, and the every details in this specification can also be based on different viewpoints and application, without departing from Various modifications and changes are carried out under the spirit of the present invention.
As Figure 1-Figure 5, a kind of system for producing calcium carbide, including carbon materials drying system, limestone feeding calcination system, sieve Feed proportioning system, carbon materials drying system, limestone feeding calcination system is divided to be connected to sieve feed proportioning system, screening feed proportioning system connects It is connected to furnace of calcium carbide 120, the drying machine 11 that carbon materials drying system is included feed system and is connected with the feed system, drying machine 11 It is connected with fluidized bed furnace 12, raw material cabin 2 that feed system includes being sequentially connected, oscillating feeder 3, belt conveyer scale 5, the thing of belt conveyer scale 5 Material is delivered to drying machine 11, and the air inlet of drying machine 11 is communicated to fluidized bed furnace 12, and fluidized bed furnace 12 conveys steam in drying machine 11 With dried material, belt conveyer scale 5 is delivered to drying machine 11 to stream after material is counted weight, and is prevented effectively from drying machine 11 because material is excessive It is difficult to abundant dried material or causes thermal waste because material is very few.It is transported to through 11 dried material of drying machine Outfeed belt, then screening dispensing is carried out into screening feed proportioning system by the first belt feeder 35.In the present embodiment, drying machine 11 is Three-cylinder drier, model R16-44.87-ADZ, equipment manufacturer are Jiangsu An Bixin environmental protection equipments company limiteies.On limestone Material calcination system includes that the raw limestone storehouse 58 being sequentially connected, charging belt 60, vibrosieve 61, stokehold feed bin 62, second shake Dynamic batcher 63, elevating hopper 66, limekiln 69, also including blower fan 75 is driven, drive the air outlet of blower fan 75 to pass through first respectively Airduct 751 and heat exchanger 76 are communicated to blast pipe 77, are directly communicated to blast pipe 77, blast pipe by the second airduct 752 77 are communicated to limekiln 69, and the air outlet of heat exchanger 76 is also communicated to blast pipe 77, and the discharge pipe 78 in limekiln 69 leads to respectively Cross first and be in charge of and 79 be communicated to heat exchanger 76, be in charge of 80 by second and be communicated to the first blower fan 82, the heat exchanger 76 is also First blower fan 82 is communicated to by waste gas airduct 81.The waste-gas heat in limekiln 69 is made full use of by heat exchanger 76, using stone The pressurization gas of the waste-gas heat heat driven blower fan 75 of ash furnace 69.Be in charge of 79 from first heat exchanger 76 is entered through heat exchange Afterwards, into waste gas airduct 81, then drained by the first blower fan 82, waste gas airduct 81 is also provided with controlling valve 89, to control gas stream Amount.Heat exchanger 76 is entered after heat exchange from the first airduct 751, limekiln 69 is entered by blast pipe 77.First airduct 751st, the second airduct 752, first are in charge of 79, second and are in charge of on 80 and be mounted on controlling valve 89, control the logical of air-flow as needed It is disconnected.Under normal circumstances, 75 pressurization gas of blower fan are driven to enter the first airduct 751, the hot exhaust gas for being in charge of 79 with outlet first are carried out Heat exchange;Under abnormal conditions, such as heat exchanger 76 is keeped in repair or during failure, and pressurization gas are directly entered by the second airduct 752 Blast pipe 77, does not carry out heat exchange with hot exhaust gas, and hot exhaust gas is in charge of after the 80, first blower fan 82 by second, removes by first Dirt device 84 realizes directly discharge.
Screening feed proportioning system is included for conveying the first belt feeder 35 of carbon materials, the second belt feeder for conveying Calx 46, the first belt feeder 35 is connected with least one carbon materials vibrosieve 38, and the discharge of fine material mouth of carbon materials vibrosieve 38 is connected with carbon materials Filler bin 39, the coarse fodder discharging opening of carbon materials vibrosieve 38 are connected with carbon materials coarse fodder storehouse 40, and carbon materials coarse fodder storehouse 40 is connected with least one Individual carbon materials oscillating feeder 41;Second belt feeder 46 is connected with least one Calx vibrosieve 49, the powder of Calx vibrosieve 49 Discharging opening is connected with pulverized limestone feed bin 50, and the coarse fodder discharging opening of Calx vibrosieve 49 is connected with Calx coarse fodder storehouse 51, Calx coarse fodder Storehouse 51 is connected with least one Calx oscillating feeder 52;Carbon materials oscillating feeder 41, Calx oscillating feeder 52 are connected to Public conveyer 53, public conveyer 53 are connected to reversible belt machine 55, and the discharging opening at 55 two ends of reversible belt machine connects respectively To Calx batch bin 56, carbon materials batch bin 57.The carbon materials being dried through drying machine 11 enter the first belt feeder 35, lime silo 74 Material enters the second belt feeder 46, and screening feed proportioning system carries out screening dispensing, Calx batch bin 56, carbon to carbon materials, Calx respectively The material of material batch bin 57 participates in reaction after proportioning station dispensing, in furnace of calcium carbide 120, prepares carbide.From The carbon materials of drying machine 11 enter the first belt feeder 35, and the Calx from lime silo 74 enters the second belt feeder 46, after carrying out respectively The screening of carbon materials, Calx is realized in continuous conveying, screening, carbon materials vibrosieve 38, Calx vibrosieve 49 respectively, the coarse fodder grain for filtering out Footpath >=5mm, is delivered to the raw material that batch bin is produced as carbide, the powder particle size < 5mm for filtering out, and is stored in filler bin, Powder affects the melting of carbide, easily makes charge level in furnace of calcium carbide form duricrust, to easily cause that collapse during coming out of the stove the safety such as material hidden Suffer from, the powder of collection can realize making full use of for raw material with to other field.Calx batch bin 56, carbon materials batch bin 57 Material can be delivered to proportioning station and carry out dispensing.
In carbon materials drying system, the gas outlet of drying machine 11 is connected with separator 34, and the gas outlet of separator 34 is connected with Second cleaner unit 25, separator 34, the discharge of fine material mouth of the second cleaner unit 25 be respectively connected with scrapper conveyor 27, i.e. separator 34, The discharge of fine material mouth of two cleaner units 25 is connected to same scrapper conveyor 27, realizes reclaiming the unified of powder, the discharging of scrapper conveyor 27 Mouth is connected with the second ash bucket 30, and the discharging opening of the second ash bucket 30 is connected with that the first twin shaft is sleeping to stir humidifier 32.Go out from drying machine 11 Contain a large amount of dust in the air-flow that QI KOU flows out, air-flow is carried out first time separation by separator 34, and dust is collected by separator 34 Scrapper conveyor 27 is entered afterwards, and gas carries out second separation into the second cleaner unit 25, and residual dust is carried out by the second cleaner unit 25 Collect, by the discharging opening of the second cleaner unit 25, also into scrapper conveyor 27, powder unification is collected by scrapper conveyor 27, by first Unloading valve 28 is delivered to elevator 29, and the first unloading valve 28 plays a part of control material flow, and powder is lifted by elevator 29 To the second high-order ash bucket 30, the discharging opening of the second ash bucket 30 is provided with the second unloading valve 31, to control the flow of powder, second The powder of ash bucket 30 stirs humidifier 32 into the first twin shaft is sleeping, powder through the first twin shaft is sleeping stir 32 humidification process of humidifier after again Discharge is prevented effectively from powder and produces a large amount of airborne dusts in discharge, and then effectively mitigate environmental pollution to transport vehicle.
The gas outlet of the second cleaner unit 25 is connected with the second blower fan 26, and the gas outlet of the second blower fan 26 is connected with the first chimney 33.Second blower fan 26 plays scavenging action, as air-flow is derived from burning of coal, therefore, in order to mitigate environmental pollution, by first Chimney 33 realizes the high-level discharging of gas.
The gas outlet of oscillating feeder 3 is connected with the first cleaner unit 21, and the gas outlet of the first cleaner unit 21 is connected with first Blower fan 24, the discharging opening of the first cleaner unit 21 are connected with spiral ash machine 22, the first ash bucket 23 in turn.Meeting in oscillating feeder 3 Certain airborne dust is produced, the first cleaner unit 21 plays a part of to separate dust, and spiral ash machine 22 plays control material flow Effect, the dust of collection enter the first ash bucket 23, store to after a certain amount of, you can outward transport, for other industry, realize to powder The efficient recovery of dirt, the first blower fan 24 play a part of to promote Quick air-discharge.The discharging opening of spiral ash machine 22 is also provided with and unloads Grey valve, to realize the control to mass flow.
Belt conveyer scale 5 passes sequentially through tripper 6, stokehold feed bin 7, disk feeder 8, belt 9, air valve 10 and is connected to drying The charging aperture of machine 11.Stokehold feed bin 7 is larger, and tripper 6 is specifically as follows disk tripper, by material dispersion to stokehold feed bin 7 Each vacant position, it is to avoid material is excessively piled up in certain region, and then makes full use of the space of stokehold feed bin 7, realize most Big loading amount.
Carbon materials drying system also includes that for turning over the hydro-mechanical tipper 1 for sending material in raw material cabin 2 hydro-mechanical tipper 1 is wrapped Hydraulic Station 101, the oil pump 102 being sequentially connected is included, Hydraulic Station 101, the hydraulic system of the composition of oil pump 102 provide hydro-mechanical tipper 1 The power of wagon box upset, by after the wagon box of material discharge to hydro-mechanical tipper 1, material is turned over by wagon box delivers to raw material cabin 2 for transport vehicle, Realize the efficient conveying of material.
Also including the raw coal canopy 20 being sequentially connected, by coal bunker 19, vibration coal feeder 18, coal breaker 17, coal hoist 16, stokehold Coal bunker 15, feeder 14, the material in feeder 14 are delivered to fluidized bed furnace 12, and the air compartment air inlet of fluidized bed furnace 12 is connected with air blast Machine 13.Vibration coal feeder 18 plays a part of to 17 uniform feeding of coal breaker, is on the one hand prevented effectively from coal breaker 17 because of inlet amount It is excessive and block and stop, on the other hand, also energy waste will not be caused because the inlet amount of coal breaker 17 is too small, coal hoist 16 is by material The furnace bin 15 of a high position is promoted to, the material of furnace bin 15 enters feeder 14, and feeder 14 is realized equal to fluidized bed furnace 12 Even feeding, on the one hand, be prevented effectively from because the coal input quantity of fluidized bed furnace 12 is excessive and prevent coal from fully burning, on the other hand, It is prevented effectively from because the coal input quantity of fluidized bed furnace 12 is too small and causes the baking temperature of carbon materials inadequate.Air is quickly conveyed by aerator 13 To the air compartment of fluidized bed furnace 12, the oxygen of abundance is provided for burning of coal.
Rod valve 201 is installed on the discharge pipe of raw material cabin 2, the discharging opening of the second ash bucket 30 is provided with the second unloading valve 31, realize the effective control to mass flow.
Limestone feeding calcination system also includes gas chamber 97, and gas chamber 97 is communicated to limekiln by booster fan 98 69, bypass pipe 983 is communicated between the air inlet pipe 981 of booster fan 98, escape pipe 982, and bypass valve is installed on bypass pipe 983 984.Bypass valve 984 is to automatically control open and close according to 982 pressure of escape pipe height, it is ensured that the pressure of the coal gas after compression meets Production needs, and general control is in 11-15kPa;When gas pressure after compression is run into is excessive, if no bypass valve 984, meeting Hypertonia in pipeline is caused, safety is affected.
First blower fan 82 is respectively communicated to the 4th cleaner unit 84, the second chimney 88, the 4th cleaner unit by hydraulic air door 83 84 air outlet is communicated to the second chimney 88 by four fan device 87, and it is defeated that the discharging opening of the 4th cleaner unit 84 is sequentially connected to scraper plate Grey machine 85, the 4th ash bucket 86.From limekiln 69, waste gas out is processed by the 4th cleaner unit 84, and powder is collected to the 4th grey In bucket 86, for other field, gas is pumped to the second chimney 88 by four fan device 87, by 88 high altitude discharge of the second chimney, Effectively reduce environmental pollution.Just can be without the 4th cleaner unit 84 and four fan device when in tail gas, dust meets discharge standard 87, directly discharge from the second chimney 88, when kiln top temperature is low, the 4th cleaner unit 84 needs to change cloth bag or maintenance, tail gas Can be from the 88 interim discharge of the second chimney.It is generally to have to pass through the 4th cleaner unit 84 and four fan device 87 is processed.
Vibrosieve 61, the air outlet of the second oscillating feeder 63 are communicated to the air inlet of the 5th cleaner unit 90, the 5th dedusting The air outlet of device 90 is communicated to the 5th blower fan 91, and the gas discharging of the 5th blower fan 91 is into air.The discharging of the 5th cleaner unit 90 Mouth is sequentially connected to spiral ash machine 95, agstone feed bin 96.The ash-laden gas that vibrosieve 61, the second oscillating feeder 63 are produced Body is effectively handled, and the limestone powder that agstone feed bin 96 is collected can also be re-used.
The air outlet of agstone feed bin 96 is communicated to the air inlet of the 5th cleaner unit 90.Dusty gas is removed again Dirt process.
Raw limestone storehouse 58 is connected to charging belt 60 by the first oscillating feeder 59, the first oscillating feeder 59 Air outlet is communicated to the air inlet of the 6th cleaner unit 93, and the air outlet of the 6th cleaner unit 93 is communicated to the 6th blower fan 92, and the 6th removes The discharging opening of dirt device 93 is connected to the 5th ash bucket 94.
Scale hooper 64 is provided between second oscillating feeder 63 and elevating hopper 66, and the discharging opening of scale hooper 64 is provided with hydraulic pressure Bin gate 65, realizes the precise control to material discharge.
Further, the hoist engine 67 of feeding is also carried out including control elevating hopper 66, and elevating hopper 66 is by limekiln 69 Lock air door 68 to feeding in limekiln 69.Lock air door 68 is that double-layer hydraulic locks air door.
The discharging opening in limekiln 69 is connected with vibration ash hoist 71, reversible belt machine 72 in turn, and reversible belt machine 72 is distinguished It is connected to lime silo 74, collecting bin 73.The Calx of the storage of lime silo 74 is used for follow-up production, when lime production is higher than our company During demand, collecting bin 73 is used for collecting unnecessary Calx finished product, is easy to take out.
Further, also include to limekiln 69 conveying the centrifugal blower 70 of cooling wind so that filled inside limekiln 69 Divide cooling.
In screening feed proportioning system, carbon materials vibrosieve 38, the air outlet of carbon materials oscillating feeder 41 are connected with the first dedusting system System, Calx vibrosieve 49, the air outlet of Calx oscillating feeder 52 are connected with the second dust pelletizing system, the air-out of reversible belt machine 55 Mouth is connected with the 3rd dust pelletizing system.Vibration screening, vibrating feed, the conveying of reversible belt can produce a large amount of airborne dusts, therefore, adopt Dust collection is carried out with dust pelletizing system, environmental pollution is on the one hand prevented effectively from, on the other hand, the powder of recovery can also be with to which His field, realizes refuse reclamation.
First dust pelletizing system, the second dust pelletizing system, the 3rd dust pelletizing system include the 3rd cleaner unit 42, spiral ash machine 43rd, the 3rd ash bucket 44, the 3rd blower fan 45, the discharging opening of the 3rd cleaner unit 42 are connected to spiral ash machine 43, spiral ash machine 43 In material be delivered to the 3rd ash bucket 44, the air outlet of the 3rd cleaner unit 42 is connected to the 3rd blower fan 45.By the 3rd cleaner unit 42 purified gases are excluded from the air outlet of the 3rd blower fan 45, are prevented effectively from environmental pollution.The discharging opening of spiral ash machine 43 Star-shaped dust-discharging valve is additionally provided with, with the flow of control material.
First belt feeder 35 is connected with least two carbon materials belt feeders 37 by the second tripper 36, and carbon materials belt feeder 37 connects It is connected to carbon materials vibrosieve 38.Second tripper 36 is style three-way distributor, and carbon materials belt feeder 37 is two, is connected to three reduction of fractions to a common denominators In two outlets of glassware, the import of style three-way distributor is connected on the first belt feeder 35, and each correspondence of carbon materials belt feeder 37 connects Connect a carbon materials vibrosieve 38, when wherein a strip transmission line breaks down, another line can normally feeding, keep production It is carried out continuously.
Second belt feeder 46 is connected with least two Calx belt feeders 48 by the 3rd tripper 47, and Calx belt feeder 48 connects It is connected to Calx vibrosieve 49.3rd tripper 47 is also style three-way distributor, and Calx belt feeder 48 is two, is connected to threeway In two outlets of tripper, the import of style three-way distributor is connected on the second belt feeder 46, each 48 correspondence of Calx belt feeder One Calx vibrosieve 49 of connection, when wherein a strip transmission line breaks down, another line can normally feeding, keep producing Be carried out continuously.
Public conveyer 53 is connected to reversible belt machine 55 by the 4th tripper 54.4th tripper 54 is threeway sub-material Device, public conveyer 53 convey Calx, carbon materials as needed, make full use of public conveyer 53, on the one hand save equipment cost, On the other hand so that production line is succinctly efficient.In the present embodiment, carbon materials coarse fodder storehouse 40, Calx coarse fodder storehouse 51 are two, each Carbon materials coarse fodder storehouse 40 is connected in parallel two carbon materials oscillating feeders 41, and each Calx coarse fodder storehouse 51 is connected in parallel two Calx vibrations Batcher 52, public conveyer 53 can be set to parallel two, and wherein one public conveyer 53 passes through belt and each bar line On a carbon materials oscillating feeder 41, socle ash oscillating feeder 52 connect, another public conveyer 53 passes through belt It is connected with another carbon materials oscillating feeder 41 on each bar line, another socle ash oscillating feeder 52, plays standby effect, when When wherein one public conveyer 53 breaks down, another smoothly can enable, and keep the seriality of production.
The offgas outlet of furnace of calcium carbide 120 be sequentially communicated gravitational settler 121, thick gas blower fan 122, cloth envelop collector 124, Net gas blower fan 125, cooling tank 126, gas holder 130, the air outlet of gas holder 130 are communicated to booster fan 98 so that furnace of calcium carbide 120 Tail gas is recycled;The discharging opening of gravitational settler 121 is connected with the first plate chain type conveyer 123, cloth envelop collector 124 Discharging opening is connected with the second plate chain type conveyer 127, the first plate chain type conveyer 123, the discharging of the second plate chain type conveyer 127 Mouth is connected with ash silo 128, and the discharging opening of ash silo 128 is connected with that the second twin shaft is sleeping to stir humidifier 129, and the material of recovery is through humidification Discharge after process, be prevented effectively from pollution of the airborne dust to environment, the air outlet of net gas blower fan 125 also passes through pipeline communication to cloth bag mistake Purified gas, by blowback motor, is communicated to the injection on 124 top of cloth envelop collector by the injection tube on 124 top of filter Pipe, plays a part of blowback cloth bag, is unlikely to the cloth bag of cloth envelop collector 124 because purification ash is excessive and results in blockage, shadow Purification efficiency is rung, therefore, this arrangement enhances purification efficiency.First plate chain type conveyer 123, the second plate chain type conveyer 127 It is closed, does not interfere with surrounding air environment.
In sum, the present invention realizes the drying of carbon materials, the Automatic sieve of broken and calcining, carbon materials and the Calx of limestone Point, the energy of the generation in production process is made full use of, the reuse of garbage is realized, production cost is effectively reduced, production is improved Efficiency.
The principle and its effect of above-described embodiment only illustrative present invention, it is of the invention not for limiting.It is any ripe The personage for knowing this technology all can carry out modifications and changes to above-described embodiment under the spirit and the scope without prejudice to the present invention.Cause This, those of ordinary skill in the art is complete with institute under technological thought without departing from disclosed spirit such as Into all equivalent modifications or change, should by the present invention claim be covered.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of system for producing calcium carbide, it is characterised in that match somebody with somebody including carbon materials drying system, limestone feeding calcination system, screening Material system, the carbon materials drying system, limestone feeding calcination system are connected to sieve feed proportioning system, the screening dispensing system System is connected to furnace of calcium carbide (120), the drying machine that the carbon materials drying system is included feed system and is connected with the feed system (11), drying machine (11) are connected with fluidized bed furnace (12), and the feed system includes raw material cabin (2), the vibration being sequentially connected Batcher (3), belt conveyer scale (5), the material of belt conveyer scale (5) are delivered to drying machine (11), and the air inlet of drying machine (11) connects Pass to fluidized bed furnace (12);The limestone feeding calcination system includes raw limestone storehouse (58), the charging belt being sequentially connected (60), vibrosieve (61), stokehold feed bin (62), the second oscillating feeder (63), elevating hopper (66), limekiln (69), also include Blower fan (75) is driven, the air outlet for driving blower fan (75) passes through the first airduct (751) respectively and heat exchanger (76) connects Pass to blast pipe (77), be directly communicated to blast pipe (77) by the second airduct (752), blast pipe (77) are communicated to Calx Kiln (69), the air outlet of heat exchanger (76) are also communicated to blast pipe (77), the discharge pipe (78) of limekiln (69) It is in charge of (79) by first respectively to be communicated to heat exchanger (76), be in charge of (80) by second and be communicated to the first blower fan (82);Institute Stating screening feed proportioning system is included for conveying first belt feeder (35) of carbon materials, the second belt feeder (46) for conveying Calx, First belt feeder (35) are connected with least one carbon materials vibrosieve (38), the discharge of fine material mouth of carbon materials vibrosieve (38) Carbon materials filler bin (39) is connected with, the coarse fodder discharging opening of carbon materials vibrosieve (38) is connected with carbon materials coarse fodder storehouse (40), described Carbon materials coarse fodder storehouse (40) is connected with least one carbon materials oscillating feeder (41);Second belt feeder (46) are connected with least one Individual Calx vibrosieve (49), the discharge of fine material mouth of Calx vibrosieve (49) are connected with pulverized limestone feed bin (50), the Calx The coarse fodder discharging opening of vibrosieve (49) is connected with Calx coarse fodder storehouse (51), and Calx coarse fodder storehouse (51) are connected with least one stone Grey oscillating feeder (52);Carbon materials oscillating feeder (41), Calx oscillating feeder (52) are connected to public conveyer (53), public conveyer (53) are connected to reversible belt machine (55), and the discharging opening at reversible belt machine (55) two ends connects respectively It is connected to Calx batch bin (56), carbon materials batch bin (57).
2. system for producing calcium carbide according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The gas outlet of drying machine (11) is connected with Separator (34), the gas outlet of separator (34) are connected with the second cleaner unit (25), separator (34), the second dedusting The discharge of fine material mouth of device (25) is respectively connected with scrapper conveyor (27), and the discharging opening of scrapper conveyor (27) is connected with the second ash bucket (30), the discharging opening of the second ash bucket (30) is connected with that the first twin shaft is sleeping to stir humidifier (32), the second cleaner unit (25) Gas outlet be connected with the second blower fan (26), the gas outlet of the second blower fan (26) is connected with the first chimney (33).
3. system for producing calcium carbide according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The gas outlet of oscillating feeder (3) connects The first cleaner unit (21) is connected to, the gas outlet of the first cleaner unit (21) is connected with the first blower fan (24), first dedusting The discharging opening of device (21) is connected with spiral ash machine (22), the first ash bucket (23) in turn;Also include for the raw material cabin (2) In turn over the hydro-mechanical tipper (1) for sending material;Belt conveyer scale (5) pass sequentially through tripper (6), stokehold feed bin (7), disc feeding Machine (8), belt (9), air valve (10) are connected to the charging aperture of drying machine (11), also including the raw coal canopy (20) being sequentially connected, It is by coal bunker (19), vibration coal feeder (18), coal breaker (17), coal hoist (16), furnace bin (15), feeder (14), described Material in feeder (14) is delivered to the fluidized bed furnace (12), and the air compartment air inlet of fluidized bed furnace (12) is connected with aerator (13)。
4. system for producing calcium carbide according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The limestone feeding calcination system include according to The raw limestone storehouse (58) of secondary connection, charging belt (60), vibrosieve (61), stokehold feed bin (62), the second oscillating feeder (63), elevating hopper (66), limekiln (69), also lead to respectively including the air outlet for driving blower fan (75), driving blower fan (75) Cross the first airduct (751) and heat exchanger (76) be communicated to blast pipe (77), by the second airduct (752) be directly communicated to into Airduct (77), blast pipe (77) are communicated to limekiln (69), and the air outlet of heat exchanger (76) is also communicated to air intake Pipe (77), the discharge pipe (78) of limekiln (69) respectively by first be in charge of (79) (79) be communicated to heat exchanger (76), It is in charge of (80) by second and is communicated to the first blower fan (82), heat exchanger (76) is also communicated to by waste gas airduct (81) One blower fan (82).
5. system for producing calcium carbide according to claim 4, it is characterised in that:Also include gas chamber (97), the gas chamber (97) limekiln (69), the air inlet pipe (981) of booster fan (98), escape pipe are communicated to by booster fan (98) (982) bypass pipe (983) is communicated between, and bypass valve (984), first blower fan are installed on bypass pipe (983) (82) the 4th cleaner unit (84), the second chimney (88), the 4th cleaner unit (84) are respectively communicated to by hydraulic air door (83) Air outlet the second chimney (88) is communicated to by four fan device (87), the discharging opening of the 4th cleaner unit (84) is sequentially connected To scraper ash-transmission machine (85), the 4th ash bucket (86), vibrosieve (61), the air outlet of the second oscillating feeder (63) are communicated to The air inlet of the 5th cleaner unit (90), the air outlet of the 5th cleaner unit (90) are communicated to the 5th blower fan (91), and the described 5th The discharging opening of cleaner unit (90) is sequentially connected to spiral ash machine (95), agstone feed bin (96), the agstone feed bin (96) air outlet is communicated to the air inlet of the 5th cleaner unit (90).
6. system for producing calcium carbide according to claim 4, it is characterised in that:Described raw limestone storehouse (58) pass through first Oscillating feeder (59) is connected to charging belt (60), and the air outlet of the first oscillating feeder (59) is communicated to the 6th dedusting The air inlet of device (93), the air outlet of the 6th cleaner unit (93) are communicated to the 6th blower fan (92), the 6th cleaner unit (93) discharging opening is connected to the 5th ash bucket (94), is provided with weighing between the second oscillating feeder (63) and elevating hopper (66) Bucket (64), the discharging opening of scale hooper (64) are provided with hydraulic pressure discharge door (65).
7. system for producing calcium carbide according to claim 4, it is characterised in that:Also include that control elevating hopper (66) carries out feeding Hoist engine (67), described elevating hopper (66) are by the lock air door (68) on limekiln (69) to feeding in limekiln (69), institute The discharging opening for stating limekiln (69) is connected with vibration ash hoist (71), reversible belt machine (72), the reversible belt machine in turn (72) lime silo (74), collecting bin (73) is respectively connecting to, also includes to limekiln (69) conveying the centrifugal blower of cooling wind (70), the first airduct (751), the second airduct (752), first be in charge of (79), second be in charge of on (80) be mounted on control Valve (89).
8. system for producing calcium carbide according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The screening feed proportioning system is included for conveying First belt feeder (35) of carbon materials, the second belt feeder (46) for conveying Calx, the first belt feeder (35) be connected with to A few carbon materials vibrosieve (38), the discharge of fine material mouth of carbon materials vibrosieve (38) is connected with carbon materials filler bin (39), described The coarse fodder discharging opening of carbon materials vibrosieve (38) is connected with carbon materials coarse fodder storehouse (40), and carbon materials coarse fodder storehouse (40) are connected with least one Individual carbon materials oscillating feeder (41);Second belt feeder (46) are connected with least one Calx vibrosieve (49), the Calx The discharge of fine material mouth of vibrosieve (49) is connected with pulverized limestone feed bin (50), the coarse fodder discharging opening connection of Calx vibrosieve (49) There is Calx coarse fodder storehouse (51), Calx coarse fodder storehouse (51) are connected with least one Calx oscillating feeder (52);The carbon materials Oscillating feeder (41), Calx oscillating feeder (52) are connected to public conveyer (53), and described public conveyer (53) connect Reversible belt machine (55) is connected to, the discharging opening at reversible belt machine (55) two ends is respectively connecting to Calx batch bin (56), carbon materials and matches somebody with somebody Feed bin (57).
9. system for producing calcium carbide according to claim 8, it is characterised in that:Carbon materials vibrosieve (38), carbon materials are vibrated The air outlet of batcher (41) is connected with the first dust pelletizing system, Calx vibrosieve (49), Calx oscillating feeder (52) Air outlet is connected with the second dust pelletizing system, and the air outlet of reversible belt machine (55) is connected with the 3rd dust pelletizing system, and described One dust pelletizing system, the second dust pelletizing system, the 3rd dust pelletizing system include the 3rd cleaner unit (42), spiral ash machine (43), the 3rd Ash bucket (44), the 3rd blower fan (45), the discharging opening of the 3rd cleaner unit (42) are connected to the spiral ash machine (43), described Material in spiral ash machine (43) is delivered to the 3rd ash bucket (44), and the air outlet of the 3rd cleaner unit (42) is connected to described 3rd blower fan (45);Described first belt feeder (35) are connected with least two carbon materials belt feeders by the second tripper (36) (37), carbon materials belt feeder (37) are connected to carbon materials vibrosieve (38), and described second belt feeder (46) pass through the 3rd point Glassware (47) is connected with least two Calx belt feeders (48), and Calx belt feeder (48) are connected to the Calx vibrosieve (49), described public conveyer (53) are connected to reversible belt machine (55) by the 4th tripper (54).
10. system for producing calcium carbide according to claim 5, it is characterised in that:The offgas outlet of furnace of calcium carbide (120) according to It is secondary to be communicated with gravitational settler (121), thick gas blower fan (122), cloth envelop collector (124), net gas blower fan (125), cooling tank (126), gas holder (130), the air outlet of gas holder (130) are communicated to the booster fan (98);The gravitational settler (121) discharging opening is connected with the first plate chain type conveyer (123), and the discharging opening of cloth envelop collector (124) is connected with Two plate chain type conveyers (127), the discharging opening of the first plate chain type conveyer (123), the second plate chain type conveyer (127) connect It is connected to ash silo (128), the discharging opening of ash silo (128) is connected with that the second twin shaft is sleeping to stir humidifier (129), the net gas blower fan (125) air outlet is also communicated to the injection tube of cloth envelop collector (124).
CN201610983373.4A 2016-11-09 2016-11-09 A kind of system for producing calcium carbide Active CN106517203B (en)

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