CN106513127A - Farm tractor fruit tree branch pulverizer and using method - Google Patents

Farm tractor fruit tree branch pulverizer and using method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106513127A
CN106513127A CN201510571480.1A CN201510571480A CN106513127A CN 106513127 A CN106513127 A CN 106513127A CN 201510571480 A CN201510571480 A CN 201510571480A CN 106513127 A CN106513127 A CN 106513127A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
pulverizer
branch
pitch
fruit tree
pitch cutting
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Pending
Application number
CN201510571480.1A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王金国
Original Assignee
王金国
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Priority to CN201510571480.1A priority Critical patent/CN106513127A/en
Publication of CN106513127A publication Critical patent/CN106513127A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The invention mainly provides a farm tractor fruit tree branch pulverizer and a using method. The farm tractor fruit tree branch pulverizer mainly comprises an automatic feeding transmission mechanism, a cutting sheet structure, a transmission structure and a protection structure; the automatic feeding transmission mechanism comprises a transmission column and a feeding hopper, the cutting sheet structure comprises two rows of spiral cutting sheets and two rows of vertical cutting sheets, and a discharging opening is formed below the cutting sheet structure; the transmission structure comprises three driving gears and five assisting gears, the protection structure comprises side plates, a fixed plate and a sliding plate, the side plates are arranged on the two sides of the pulverizer, and the sliding plate is arranged below the side plates; the farm tractor fruit tree branch pulverizer further comprises a main support and a traction support which are arranged on the two sides of the transmission column, and the protection structure, the main support and the side plates are all made of cast iron. The farm tractor fruit tree branch pulverizer has the beneficial effects of being reasonable in structure, convenient to dismount and mount, convenient to maintain, safe in smashing and the like; a cast iron structure is adopted in a pulverizer body, and therefore the pulverizer body cannot be damaged by stone or other sundries; meanwhile, the four rows of cutting sheets are adopted, so that the smashing effect is good, branches can be smashed on the spot to become secondary fertilizer, and labor is saved for wide peasant households.

Description

A kind of farm tractor fruit tree branch pulverizer and using method
Technical field
The present invention relates to field of crushing equipment, more particularly to a kind of farm tractor fruit tree branch pulverizer and using method.
Background technology
Process of the current people to branch is usually to discard as waste material or processed using combustion system, is also had directly as fuel, these processing modes to branch, not only serious to pollute environment, wastes resource.With the development and the continuous progressive innovation of science and technology of production, people produce industrial products or more and more extensive as the organic fertilizer of crops by the use of plant branch, this causes to be taken as originally waste material or only turns waste into wealth as the plant branch of fuel, effectively raises the utilization rate of living resources.But these plant branches by the use of when typically have to pass through after section is ground into particle of different sizes could be used as producing the industrial products or raw material as the organic fertilizer of crops is used, so as to realize its effective value for re-using, if " wide farmers are by the branch for shearing off; stack or burn and " stack to roadside and be easy to affect traffic, inconvenience is brought to road, if branch is burned, not only contaminated air, it is also possible to bringing fire etc. peril, crush function to offer convenience for wide farmers, labour is saved, it is convenient and swift.
The content of the invention
In order to solve the above problems, the invention provides a kind of with rational in infrastructure, convenient disassembly, the features such as maintenance facility, safety crushing, fuselage adopts cast-iron structure, fuselage will not be damaged because of stone or other debris, adopt four row's pitch cuttings, good crushing effect that branch can be crushed " becoming secondary fertilizer " on the spot for the laborsaving technical scheme of wide farmers simultaneously:
A kind of farm tractor fruit tree branch pulverizer and using method, mainly include automatic material feeding mechanism, pitch cutting structure, drive mechanism, safeguard structure, automatically material feeding transmission mechanism include taking off post, feed hopper, feed hopper is connected with fuselage by support, the connection farm tractor that takes off post is arranged on foremost, feed hopper connection pitch cutting structure;
Pitch cutting structure includes the spiral pitch cutting of two rows, the rectilinear pitch cutting of two rows, and respectively the first dextrorotation pitch cutting, the first left-handed pitch cutting, the second dextrorotation pitch cutting, the second left-handed pitch cutting are provided with discharging opening below pitch cutting structure;
Drive mechanism includes three driving gears, five power-assisted gears, and three driving gears are arranged in the drive gear carrier of right side, and five power-assisted gears are separately positioned in the machine oil shell of the fuselage left and right sides;
Safeguard structure includes side plate, fixed plate, slide plate, and side plate is arranged on pulverizer both sides, and the slide plate is arranged on below side plate, also including the body frame and hitch frame for being arranged on the both sides that take off post, hitch frame connection drive gear carrier, and body frame, side plate are synthesized using cast iron.
Preferably, side plate is fixedly connected using four first bolts, fixed plate is fixedly connected by the second bolt with body frame.
As preferred, gear structure is arranged in machine oil shell, and in machine oil shell, top is provided with two axles, and every axle is equipped with 11 first dextrorotation pitch cuttings and 11 second left-handed pitch cuttings respectively, in machine oil shell, lower section is provided with two axles, and every axle is equipped with 11 first left-handed pitch cuttings and 11 second dextrorotation pitch cuttings respectively.
Preferably, three driving gears are connected on the first axis of right side, and by rotarily driving the three power-assisted gears in left side, arrange two power-assisted gears on the side plate of right side, pitch cutting is crushed in five power-assisted gear connections.
Preferably, pulverizer using method is comprised the following steps:
A, tractor start, and are hung by tractor, are taken off post by tractor and drive three driving gears rotations of pulverizer;
B, workmen are put into the branch for shearing at the feed hopper of cutter structure upper right side, and the branch length for shearing is 150cm-200cm, and a diameter of 1cm-4.5cm, branch are directly entered automatic material feeding mechanism;
C, three driving gears rotarily drive five power-assisted gear rotations, set driving gear rotating speed as 300 revs/min -500 revs/min, and power-assisted gear driven pitch cutting rotation is crushed to branch,
The discharging opening that the branch of the 2cm-4cm after D, crushing will be arranged from below pitch cutting structure drops.
The beneficial effects of the present invention is:
(1)It is of the invention that there is the features such as rational in infrastructure, convenient disassembly, maintenance facility, safety crushing.
(2)Fuselage of the present invention adopts cast-iron structure, will not damage fuselage because of stone or other debris.
(3)Existing technology is to be changed to four row's pitch cuttings by two row's pitch cuttings by the present invention, good crushing effect after improvement, the branch length crushed out branch can be crushed " becoming secondary fertilizer " on the spot and offered convenience for wide farmers about at two to four centimeters, labour is saved, it is convenient and swift.
Description of the drawings:
Fig. 1 is the left view of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the right view of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is the top view of the present invention;
Fig. 4 is the pitch cutting structural representation of the present invention.
Specific embodiment:
For can be definitely of the invention goal of the invention, technical scheme and advantage it is clearer, embodiments of the present invention are described in further detail below in conjunction with accompanying drawing.
As shown in Fig. 1 Fig. 4, a kind of farm tractor fruit tree branch pulverizer and using method, mainly include automatic material feeding mechanism, pitch cutting structure, drive mechanism, safeguard structure, automatically material feeding transmission mechanism includes the 1, feed hopper 2 that takes off post, feed hopper 2 is connected with fuselage by support 21, the 1 connection farm tractor that takes off post is arranged on foremost, the connection pitch cutting structure of feed hopper 2;
Pitch cutting structure includes the spiral pitch cutting of two rows, the rectilinear pitch cutting of two rows, and respectively the first dextrorotation pitch cutting 3, the first left-handed pitch cutting 4, the second dextrorotation pitch cutting 5, the second left-handed pitch cutting 6 is provided with discharging opening below pitch cutting structure;
Drive mechanism includes three driving gears, five power-assisted gears, and three driving gears are arranged in the drive gear carrier 7 of left side;
Safeguard structure includes side plate 8, fixed plate 9, slide plate 10, side plate 8 is arranged on pulverizer both sides, and slide plate 10 is arranged on below the side plate 8, also including the body frame 11 and hitch frame 12 for being arranged on 1 both sides that take off post, hitch frame 12 connects drive gear carrier 7, and body frame 11, hitch frame 12 are synthesized using cast iron.Fuselage of the present invention adopts cast-iron structure, will not damage fuselage because of stone or other debris.
In the present embodiment, side plate 8 is fixedly connected using four first bolts 13, and fixed plate 9 is fixedly connected by the second bolt 14 with body frame 11.
In the present embodiment, gear structure is arranged in machine oil shell 15, two axles 16 are provided with top in machine oil shell 15, every axle is equipped with 11 first dextrorotation pitch cuttings 4 and 11 second left-handed pitch cuttings 5 respectively, in machine oil shell 15, lower section is provided with two axles, and every axle is equipped with 11 first left-handed pitch cuttings 3 and 11 second dextrorotation pitch cuttings 6 respectively.Crushed using two row's turn pitch cuttings in existing technology, often row is ten a piece of pitch cuttings, the branch effect crushed out is bad, branch great majority after crushing are seven to ten one centimeters, because the effect after branch is crushed is undesirable, it is changed to three row's turn pitch cuttings, often row is ten a piece of pitch cuttings, five to nine centimeters are respectively by improving the branch crushed out, after crushing, effect is not still obvious, after change into four row's turn pitch cuttings, often row is ten a piece of pitch cuttings, by improving the branch length crushed out about at two to four centimeters, branch can be crushed " becoming secondary fertilizer " on the spot to offer convenience for wide farmers, save labour, it is convenient and swift.
The three power-assisted gears in left side, right side side plate are driven to be provided with two power-assisted gears by connecting the first rotary shaft on three driving gear connection right side side plate first axis in this enforcement row drive mechanism, the power-assisted gear of the fuselage left and right sides five connects pitch cutting.
Pulverizer using method is comprised the following steps:
A, tractor start, and are taken off post by tractor by tractor suspension 12 and drive three driving gears rotations of pulverizer;
B, workmen are put into the branch for shearing at cutter structure upper right side feed hopper 2, and the branch length for shearing is 150m-200m, and a diameter of 1cm-4.5cm, branch are directly entered automatic material feeding mechanism;
C, three driving gears rotarily drive five power-assisted gear rotations, driving gear rotating speed is set as 300 revs/min -500 revs/min, power-assisted gear driven pitch cutting rotation is crushed to branch, and pitch cutting can produce a component, branch when can cut to branch during high speed rotates
Slip being produced on the edge of a knife in the presence of component, making branch quickly rupture, branch reaches the working effect of crushing through impact, the cutting of multiple cutter head;
The discharging opening that the branch of the 2cm-4cm after D, crushing will be arranged from below pitch cutting structure drops.
It is of the invention that there is the features such as rational in infrastructure, convenient disassembly, maintenance facility, safety crushing,
Suitable for various fruit tree branches row such as " apple branch, bergamot pear branch, peach branch, red date branch, branch of Semen Juglandis " etc., the branch for shearing off can be carried out in situ crushing, secondary can utilize becomes fertilizer, will not feel put about for how branch is processed again, if " wide farmers are by the branch for shearing off, stack or burn and " stack to roadside and be easy to affect traffic, inconvenience is brought to road, if branch is burned, not only contaminated air, it is also possible to bringing fire etc. peril, the present invention can offer convenience for wide farmers, save labour, it is convenient and swift.
Above-described embodiment is presently preferred embodiments of the present invention; it is not the restriction to technical solution of the present invention; as long as without the technical scheme that creative work can be realized on the basis of above-described embodiment, it is regarded as falling in the rights protection scope of patent of the present invention.

Claims (5)

1. a kind of farm tractor fruit tree branch pulverizer, it is characterised in that:Mainly include automatic material feeding mechanism, pitch cutting structure, drive mechanism, safeguard structure, the automatic material feeding transmission mechanism includes taking off post, feed hopper, feed hopper is connected with fuselage by support, and the connection farm tractor that takes off post is arranged on foremost, and the feed hopper connects the airframe structure;
The pitch cutting structure includes the spiral pitch cutting of two rows, the rectilinear pitch cutting of two rows, be not Wei first axis be dextrorotation pitch cutting, second axle be left-handed pitch cutting, the 3rd axle is left-handed pitch cutting, and the 4th axle is dextrorotation pitch cutting, is provided with discharging opening below the pitch cutting structure;
The drive mechanism includes three driving gears, five power-assisted gears, and three driving gears are arranged in the drive gear carrier of right side;
The safeguard structure includes side plate, fixed plate, slide plate, the side plate is arranged on pulverizer both sides, the slide plate is arranged on below the side plate, also include being arranged on the body frame and hitch frame of the power transmission shaft both sides, the hitch frame connects the drive gear carrier, and the airframe structure and the body frame are synthesized using cast iron.
2. a kind of farm tractor fruit tree branch pulverizer according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Side plate described in both sides is fixedly connected using four first bolts, and the fixed plate is fixedly connected by the second bolt with the body frame.
3. a kind of farm tractor fruit tree branch pulverizer according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The gear structure is arranged in machine oil shell, in machine oil shell, top is provided with two axles, every axle is equipped with lower section in 11 first dextrorotation pitch cuttings and 11 second left-handed pitch cuttings, machine oil shell respectively and is provided with two axles, and every axle is equipped with 11 first left-handed pitch cuttings and 11 second dextrorotation pitch cuttings respectively.
4. a kind of farm tractor fruit tree branch pulverizer according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Three driving gears are connected on the side plate of right side on first axis, and by rotarily driving the three power-assisted gears in left side, right side side plate is provided with two power-assisted gears, and the power-assisted gear of fuselage both sides five connects pitch cutting.
5. a kind of using method for realizing a kind of farm tractor fruit tree branch pulverizer according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Pulverizer using method is comprised the following steps:
Tractor starts, and is hung by tractor, is taken off post by tractor and drives three driving gears rotations of pulverizer;
Workmen is put into the branch for shearing at the feed hopper of cutter structure upper right side, and the branch length for shearing is 150cm-200cm, and a diameter of 1cm-4.5cm, branch are directly entered automatic material feeding mechanism;
Three driving gears rotarily drive five power-assisted gear rotations, set driving gear rotating speed as 300 revs/min -500 revs/min, and power-assisted gear driven pitch cutting rotation is crushed to branch,
The discharging opening that the branch of the 2cm-4cm after crushing will be arranged from below pitch cutting structure drops.
CN201510571480.1A 2015-09-10 2015-09-10 Farm tractor fruit tree branch pulverizer and using method Pending CN106513127A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510571480.1A CN106513127A (en) 2015-09-10 2015-09-10 Farm tractor fruit tree branch pulverizer and using method

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510571480.1A CN106513127A (en) 2015-09-10 2015-09-10 Farm tractor fruit tree branch pulverizer and using method

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN106513127A true CN106513127A (en) 2017-03-22

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201510571480.1A Pending CN106513127A (en) 2015-09-10 2015-09-10 Farm tractor fruit tree branch pulverizer and using method

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN106513127A (en)

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE3729384A1 (en) * 1987-09-03 1989-03-16 Sen Bruno Johmann Apparatus for disintegrating branches, twigs and the like
CN2643637Y (en) * 2003-07-25 2004-09-29 刁宗彬 Straw disintegrator
CN203723114U (en) * 2014-03-25 2014-07-23 黑龙江天予生物科技有限责任公司 Feed grinder
CN203985106U (en) * 2014-09-02 2014-12-10 天津玉盈机械制造有限公司 A kind of corn stalk powder crushing device
CN204034810U (en) * 2014-03-26 2014-12-24 宁夏工商职业技术学院 Packaged type twig crushing machine

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE3729384A1 (en) * 1987-09-03 1989-03-16 Sen Bruno Johmann Apparatus for disintegrating branches, twigs and the like
CN2643637Y (en) * 2003-07-25 2004-09-29 刁宗彬 Straw disintegrator
CN203723114U (en) * 2014-03-25 2014-07-23 黑龙江天予生物科技有限责任公司 Feed grinder
CN204034810U (en) * 2014-03-26 2014-12-24 宁夏工商职业技术学院 Packaged type twig crushing machine
CN203985106U (en) * 2014-09-02 2014-12-10 天津玉盈机械制造有限公司 A kind of corn stalk powder crushing device

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Application publication date: 20170322

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