CN106498963A - A kind of tube well dewatering system that is drawn water using air compressor machine and water pump concentration - Google Patents

A kind of tube well dewatering system that is drawn water using air compressor machine and water pump concentration Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106498963A
CN106498963A CN201611072145.8A CN201611072145A CN106498963A CN 106498963 A CN106498963 A CN 106498963A CN 201611072145 A CN201611072145 A CN 201611072145A CN 106498963 A CN106498963 A CN 106498963A
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China
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water
valve
air compressor
valves
compressor machine
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CN201611072145.8A
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CN106498963B (en
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高阳
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Jiangsu Zhuodian Drilling And Excavation Technology Co Ltd
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Jiangsu Zhuodian Drilling And Excavation Technology Co Ltd
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02DFOUNDATIONS; EXCAVATIONS; EMBANKMENTS; UNDERGROUND OR UNDERWATER STRUCTURES
    • E02D19/00Keeping dry foundation sites or other areas in the ground
    • E02D19/06Restraining of underground water
    • E02D19/10Restraining of underground water by lowering level of ground water
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02DFOUNDATIONS; EXCAVATIONS; EMBANKMENTS; UNDERGROUND OR UNDERWATER STRUCTURES
    • E02D19/00Keeping dry foundation sites or other areas in the ground
    • E02D19/06Restraining of underground water
    • E02D19/12Restraining of underground water by damming or interrupting the passage of underground water
    • E02D19/20Restraining of underground water by damming or interrupting the passage of underground water by displacing the water, e.g. by compressed air

Abstract

Proposed by the present invention is a kind of tube well dewatering system that is concentrated using air compressor machine and water pump and drawn water, and its structure includes gas circuit reversing arrangement(1), B appendixs(2), A appendixs(3), A drain pipies(5), air compressor machine(6), air inlet(8), gas outlet(9), setting pot(11), gutter(12), water plug in well(26), pumping for water pump device(39).Beneficial effects of the present invention:1st, solve in Precipitation Process, build the problem of team and the crossed construction interference of precipitation team;2nd, device efficiency is effectively raised;3rd, maintenance cost is extremely low;4th, reliable and stable, simple to operate, safety coefficient is high;5th, environmental protection, energy-conservation, safety.

Description

A kind of tube well dewatering system that is drawn water using air compressor machine and water pump concentration
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of concentrate the tube well dewatering system that draws water using air compressor machine and water pump, belong to underground engineering pipe well Precipitation field.
Background technology
The current tube well dewatering in underground engineering, is all utilized in being put into immersible pump in every mouthful of pipe well and draws water, belong to dispersion Water extraction way, when well is more, pump is also more, at this moment will produce a lot of following unfavorable conditions:
1st, trouble point is more;
2nd, the cost of repairs is more;
3rd, electric wire problem:The electric wire length of precipitation cloth and many, be covered with job site as netted, both uncivil, also dangerous, why Do, and line loss is big;The damage event that surface electric wire is often pounded, pressed, being drawn, being caused Barrier is more;If electric wire secretly applies pre-buried, poling cost is big;Poling is not pre-buried, and the later stage goes wrong, and cannot just repair, only cloth again Line, cost can be bigger;
4th, electric cabinet problem is controlled:Draw water on demand using electricity wisely purpose to reach, if every pump all fills Automated condtrol cabinet, electricity Cabinet quantity will be a lot, and input cost is high;In construction, electric cabinet can occur to be broken situation;Civil engineering workman figure is convenient, hangs privately Electrical phenomena occurs again and again, remains incessant after repeated prohibition, and this is that part had not only damaged the electricity charge, safety coefficient but also low problem;
5th, the problem that backfill is caused:The good cable of cloth and electric cabinet, often because needing to coordinate civil engineering and backfill soil application Work, and Lu Yi electricity cabinets of repeatedly relocating temporarily of having to;Particularly backfill when, surrounding end hole, circuit, pipeline and sand sediment trap are ruined Bad greatly some wells are difficult to repair, it has to scrap, and because of backfill crimp, in well, Sediment Siltation increases a lot of end holes, cause Can not carry water pump and deposited in silt;As a result it is not only expensive but also takes a lot of work that well or cisco unity malfunction cause work to be imitated Rate is extremely low;
6th, water pump high temperature with burn out problem:Due to the water yield in every mouthful of well different many, it is assumed that without automatic water level control How many pumps, be unable to autobalance adjustment water yield, will dally because water not enough takes out, waste electrical phenomena serious between pump and pump; Further, because of water yield difference, to cause WIH position to have height to have low, cause the water pump having because water is few high temperature, high temperature cause pump leaf with In water pipe, calcium scale increases, and stifled pump leaf is happened occasionally with water pipe phenomenon, has a strong impact on efficiency of drawing water;Burn out because of water pump dehydration Phenomenon also often occurs;
7th, trip problem:Usually trip phenomenon is caused how to be also not fee from because certain electric wire electric leakage or a certain pump burn out, no Obtaining does not increase tour frequency, and management cost is high and safety coefficient is low;
8th, due to, well is more, pump is more, electric cabinet is more, and electric wire is into net, unit in charge of construction is more, workmen is more, the factor that interferes with each other is more, Therefore, fault rate remains high, it has to put into substantial amounts of artificial, frequently checks working site, although paid substantial amounts of Artificial and onerous toil, still can not be fully up to expectations, it is impossible to meet the standard of zero tolerance;
9th, surrounding end hole, after time soil terminates, because well head is maintained on ground, so deposit with the construction on top always In cross interference, it is impossible to avoid;
10th, as well head wears a base plate, pump-out cannot be suitably reduced as the weight of superstructure increases, and do not reach energy-conservation With environmental requirement;
11st, shut-in well problem:At the end of precipitation, the well head sealed through base plate is also not fee from, and some well heads because water outlet fast And many, it is not easy very much to seal, if shut-in well mouth is of low quality, can also leave hidden danger;
12nd, after shut-in well terminates, it is impossible to which enough realizations restart again original precipitation system, if now for some reason Need to restart original precipitation system, will be unable to realize.
Content of the invention
Proposed by the present invention is a kind of tube well dewatering system that is concentrated using air compressor machine and water pump and drawn water, and its purpose is intended to gram Take the deficiencies in the prior art, there is provided a kind of pipe well drop that draws water when using multiple tube well dewaterings using air compressor machine and water pump concentration Water system.
The technical solution of the present invention:A kind of tube well dewatering system that is drawn water using air compressor machine and water pump concentration, which is tied Structure includes gas circuit reversing arrangement 1, B appendixs 2, A appendixs 3, A drain pipies 5, air compressor machine 6, air inlet 8, gas outlet 9, setting pot 11st, water plug 26, pumping for water pump device 39 in gutter 12, well;Wherein, the air inlet 8 and gas circuit reversing arrangement of air compressor machine 6 A pneumatic control valves door 43, D autocontrol valves 36 in 1, E autocontrol valves 37 connect;The gas outlet 9 of air compressor machine 6 and gas B pneumatic control valves door 44, A autocontrol valves 33 in road reversing arrangement 1, B autocontrol valves 34 connect;Gas circuit commutation dress Put 1 to connect with B appendixs 2 and A appendixs 3;B appendixs 2 and A appendixs 3 are connected with water plug in well 26;Draw water in well dress Put 26 to connect with the water inlet of A drain pipies 5;The outlet of A drain pipies 5 is connected with setting pot 11;Setting pot 11 and gutter 12 Connect;Control pump intake valve 29 in pumping for water pump device 39 is connected with the traversing section of A drain pipies 5, and pumping for water pump is filled The control pumping drainage mouth valve 30 that puts in 39 is connected with the vertical section of A drain pipies 5.
Beneficial effects of the present invention:
1st, the system is achieved to be drawn water to by traditional dispersion and concentrates the transformation that draws water, and is solved in Precipitation Process, is built team Problem with the crossed construction interference of precipitation team;
2nd, the system had both effectively raised device efficiency, efficiently avoid the excessive extraction of subsoil water again, both protected ground Lower water wave environment, and saved substantial amounts of electric energy to greatest extent;
3rd, the system enters the maintenance state of very comfortable after foundation ditch bed course is completed, as long as one artificial, it is possible to well The dewatering project of more than 200 mouthfuls of wells is safeguarded, maintenance cost is extremely low;
4th, the system has thoroughly prevented to disperse the hidden danger that electric wire is run in the whole field in pipe well dewatering process;
5th, the system solves the problems, such as leakage tripping, it is achieved that the defencive function of the pump that never reburns, and makes system work very steady Fixed reliable, simple to operate, safety coefficient is high;
6th, the system eliminates the shut-in well link in traditional pipe well dewatering process, and shut-in well expense is used for offsetting laying air delivering pipeline Expense, make the system with dispersion pumping system compare, input cost will not increase too much, but drastically increase the system Promote competitive advantage;
7th, the system leaves permanent collection groundwater founction passage after precipitation terminates, if there is dangerous situation, can be again Easily recover original precipitation system function;
8th, the system makes the tube well dewatering more civilized, environmental protection of construction, energy-conservation, safety.
Description of the drawings
Accompanying drawing 1 is the structure principle chart of tube well dewatering system.
When accompanying drawing 2 is excavation of foundation pit, tube well dewatering horizontal layout design sketch.
Accompanying drawing 3 is tube well dewatering horizontal layout design sketch after the completion of bottom slab concreting.
1 be gas circuit reversing arrangement in accompanying drawing, 2 be B appendixs, 3 be A appendixs, 4 be A water plugs, 5 be A drain pipies, 6 It is air compressor machine, 7 be the electronic suction pumps of A, 8 be air inlet, 9 be gas outlet, 10 be B water plugs, 11 be setting pot, 12 is draining Ditch, 13 be WIH level detecting apparatus, 14 be air compressor air intake mouth pressure test device, 15 be drain pipe outlet hydraulic pressure detection Device, 16 be by water lev el control air valve, 17 be pneumatic control water intaking valve, 18 be exhaust check valve, 19 be pipe well cylinder, 20 be A- 1 drain pipe, 21 be exhaust check valve, 22 be QI KOU size adjustment valve, 23 be check valve of water drainage, 24 be A-1 appendixs, 25 be nothing Water close drain valve, 26 be water plug in well, 27 be check valve, 28 be valve, 29 be control pump intake valve, 30 be Control pumping drainage mouth valve, 31 be base plate after the completion of pouring, 32 be foundation ditch periphery cement road, 33 be A autocontrol valves, 34 it is B autocontrol valves, 35 be C autocontrol valves, 36 be D autocontrol valves, 37 be E autocontrol valves, 38 is Air compressor machine gas outlet pressure test device, 39 be pumping for water pump device, 40 be the electronic suction pumps of B, 41 be B-1 appendixs, 42 be B-1 drain pipies, 43 is A pneumatic control valve doors, and 44 is B pneumatic control valve doors, and 45 is F autocontrol valves.
Specific embodiment
Control accompanying drawing, a kind of tube well dewatering system that is drawn water using air compressor machine and water pump concentration, its structure include that gas circuit is changed To device 1, B appendixs 2, A appendixs 3, A drain pipies 5, air compressor machine 6, air inlet 8, gas outlet 9, setting pot 11, gutter 12, Water plug 26, pumping for water pump device 39 in well;Wherein, the A air pressure controls in the air inlet 8 and gas circuit reversing arrangement 1 of air compressor machine 6 Valve processed 43, D autocontrol valves 36, E autocontrol valves 37 connect;Gas outlet 9 and the gas circuit reversing arrangement 1 of air compressor machine 6 In B pneumatic control valves door 44, A autocontrol valves 33, B autocontrol valves 34 connect;Gas circuit reversing arrangement 1 and B gas transmissions Pipe 2 and A appendixs 3 connect;B appendixs 2 and A appendixs 3 are connected with water plug in well 26;In well, water plug 26 is arranged with A The water inlet of water pipe 5 connects;The outlet of A drain pipies 5 is connected with setting pot 11;Setting pot 11 is connected with gutter 12;Water pump Control pump intake valve 29 in water plug 39 and the traversing section phase of the 31 following A drain pipies 5 of base plate after the completion of pouring Connect, the control pumping drainage mouth valve 30 in pumping for water pump device 39 is connected with the vertical section of foundation ditch periphery A drain pipies 5, A drainings 5 water outlet of pipe is equipped with drain pipe outlet device for detecting water pressure 15.
The setting pot 11 can select appropriate position along gutter 12, set up an appropriate number of setting pot 11, per Individual setting pot 11 is all connected with A drain pipies 5, effectively increases discharge outlet quantity, improves drainage efficiency and energy-saving effect.
Described gas circuit reversing arrangement 1 includes A autocontrol valves 33, B autocontrol valves 34, C autocontrol valves 35th, D autocontrol valves 36, E autocontrol valves 37, air compressor machine gas outlet pressure test device 38, F autocontrol valves 45th, A pneumatic control valves door 43, B pneumatic control valves door 44, air compressor air intake mouth pressure test device 14, drain pipe water outlet saliva Pressure detection means 15 and programmable plc controllers;Wherein, F autocontrol valves 45 are connected with A pneumatic control valves door 43, A air pressure Control valve 43 is connected with D autocontrol valves 36, E autocontrol valves 37;B pneumatic control valves door 44 and A autocontrol valves Door 33, B autocontrol valves 34 connects;Air inlet 8 and D autocontrol valves 36, E autocontrol valves 37 in air compressor machine 6 Between have air compressor machine air inlet pressure test device 14;The gas outlet 9 of air compressor machine 6 is automatically controlled with A autocontrol valves 33, B There is air compressor machine gas outlet pressure test device 38 between valve 34;
D autocontrol valves 36, B autocontrol valves 34, C autocontrol valves 35 are connected with A appendixs 3;E autocontrol valves Door 37, C autocontrol valves 35, A autocontrol valves 33 are connected with B appendixs 2;The drain pipe outlet hydraulic pressure detection dress Put 15 and be in 5 water outlet of A drain pipies.
During described gas circuit 1 specific works of reversing arrangement:By the program in programmable plc controllers according to air compressor air intake The work of the detection signal control gas circuit reversing arrangement 1 of mouth pressure test device 14 and drain pipe outlet device for detecting water pressure 15 State, realizes commutation function when selecting with inflation to B appendixs 2 and 3 aerofluxuss of A appendixs;
The working condition one of gas circuit reversing arrangement 1:F autocontrol valves 45, A autocontrol valves 33, D autocontrol valves 36 Open, E autocontrol valves 37, B autocontrol valves 34, C autocontrol valves 35 are closed, and 3 aerofluxuss of A appendixs, to B gas transmissions Pipe 2 is inflated;When the air pressure that air compressor air intake mouth pressure test device 14 is detected is less than setting value, determine that aerofluxuss are completed, After the delay adjustmentses time, D autocontrol valves 36 and E autocontrol valves 37 is closed, and is remained off, when drain pipe goes out When the hydraulic pressure that mouth of a river device for detecting water pressure 15 is detected is less than setting value, determine that draining terminates, close 33 He of A autocontrol valves B autocontrol valves 34, terminate gas injection, and remain off, when D autocontrol valves 36, E autocontrol valves 37, A from Dynamic control valve 33 and and B autocontrol valves 34 when being all closed mode, open C autocontrol valves 35, allow B appendixs 2, 3 air pressure inside Automatic Levelling of A appendixs weighs, and function is to reduce gas temperature by pipeline falling temperature method, realizes having in appendix Calm the anger body recycling and energy-conservation purpose, simultaneously close off F autocontrol valves 45, make air compressor machine in Light Condition improve Energy-saving effect, after the delay adjustmentses time, closes C autocontrol valves 35, opens F autocontrol valves 45, start to execute commutation, E autocontrol valves 37, B autocontrol valves 34 are opened, and is kept, enter the working condition two of gas circuit reversing arrangement 1.
The working condition two of gas circuit reversing arrangement 1:F autocontrol valves 45, E autocontrol valves 37, B autocontrol valves Door 34 is opened, and A autocontrol valves 33, D autocontrol valves 36, C autocontrol valves 35 are closed, and 2 aerofluxuss of B appendixs, to A Appendix 3 is inflated;When the air pressure that air compressor air intake mouth pressure test device 14 is detected is less than setting value, determine that aerofluxuss are complete Into, after the delay adjustmentses time, closing D autocontrol valves 36 and E autocontrol valves 37, and remain off, work as draining When the hydraulic pressure that pipe outlet device for detecting water pressure 15 is detected is less than setting value, determine that draining terminates, close A autocontrol valves 33 and B autocontrol valves 34, terminate gas injection, and remain off, when D autocontrol valves 36, E autocontrol valves 37th, A autocontrol valves 33 and and B autocontrol valves 34 when being all closed mode, open C autocontrol valves 35, make B defeated Trachea 2,3 air pressure inside Automatic Levelling of A appendixs weighing apparatus, simultaneously close off F autocontrol valves 45, after the delay adjustmentses time, close C Autocontrol valve 35, opens F autocontrol valves 45, starts to execute commutation, opens A autocontrol valves 33, D and automatically controls Valve 36, and keep, enter the working condition one of gas circuit reversing arrangement 1.
So go round and begin again, continuous commutation function realized by gas circuit reversing arrangement 1.A pneumatic control valves door 43 is adjustable unidirectional Valve, when the air inlet 8 of air compressor machine is less than the negative pressure for setting, automatically opens up air inlet;B pneumatic control valves door 44 is adjustable unidirectional Valve, when air compressor machine gas outlet 9 exceedes the pressure for setting, automatically opens up deflation.
In described well, water plug 26 includes living two device A water plugs 4 and B water plugs 10, A-1 Appendix 24, A-1 drain pipies 20, the air valve 16 by water lev el control, pneumatic control water intaking valve 17, A exhaust check valves 18, pipe well cylinder 19th, B exhaust check valves 21, QI KOU size adjustment valve 22, check valve of water drainage 23, anhydrous closing drain valve 25, B-1 appendixs 41, B-1 drain pipies 42;Wherein, the air valve 16 of A-1 appendixs 24 and water lev el control, A exhaust check valves 18,21 phase of B exhaust check valves Connect, air valve 16 and the pneumatic control water intaking valve 17, QI KOU size adjustment valve 22 by water lev el control is connected, anhydrous closing drain valve 25 Connect with check valve of water drainage 23, check valve of water drainage 23 is connected with A-1 drain pipies 20, B exhaust check valves 21, QI KOU size adjustment valve 22nd, pneumatic control water intaking valve 17, anhydrous drain valve 25 and the check valve of water drainage 23 of closing are received in the tank body of A water plugs 4 The air valve 16 of water lev el control is outside the tank body of A water plugs 4;The B-1 appendixs 41 are communicated with B appendixs 2, the B- 1 drain pipe 42 is communicated with A drain pipies 5, and the A-1 appendixs 24 are communicated with A appendixs 3, A-1 drain pipies 20 and A drainings Pipe 5 is communicated.
In described well during 26 specific works of water plug:
First, a small amount of negative pressure of vacuum that the A water plugs 4 in well are provided using air compressor machine 6, completes water absorption course;
Secondly, changed by gas circuit reversing arrangement 1, gases at high pressure are injected to A water plugs 4, during injection gases at high pressure, closed first Close pneumatic control water intaking valve 17;
Again, it is pressurized, empties the water for having been sucked in A water plugs 4, after in A water plugs 4, water is emptied, anhydrous closing draining Valve 25 is automatically switched off, and effectively prevents gas from entering in A-1 drain pipies 20;B water plugs 10 are firm with 4 working condition of A water plugs Good conversely, when A water plugs 4 are in water suction, B water plugs 10 in draining, when A water plugs 4 are in draining, B water plugs 10 in water suction;
Thus, being repeated continuously above procedure, intermittence continuous pumpage realized by every mouthful of well;
By the function of the air valve 16 of water lev el control it is:When water level reaches the upper water level of setting, automatically open up, set when water level is dropped to During fixed lower water level, it is automatically switched off, realizes that water level is automatically controlled, energy-conservation, the function such as increase the service life;Pneumatic control water intaking valve 17 function is:By setting 22 openings of sizes of QI KOU size adjustment valve, it is that pneumatic control water intaking valve 17 provides suitable work Air pressure, when QI KOU size adjustment valve 22 has high-pressure gas flow out-of-date, pneumatic control water intaking valve 17 is quick because obtaining operating air pressure Close, initially enter hull-borne, drainage speed quickly, after water is emptied, is converted into by 21 outside row of B exhaust check valves Gas, when 4 internal work air pressure of A water plugs is less than 17 valve element deadweight+pneumatic control water intaking valve of pneumatic control water intaking valve, 17 valve element During the summation of the water surface air pressure above Hydraulic pressure above+17 valve element of pneumatic control water intaking valve, pneumatic control water intaking valve 17 is quickly beaten Open, enter into water state, as 17 valve port footpath of pneumatic control water intaking valve is big with aperture, water intake velocity also quickly, is intake and draining Speed is of substantially equal;A exhaust check valves 18 provide the passage for reducing air pressure in well, obstructed during gas injection, lead to during aerofluxuss;Anhydrous closing Water lev el control received by drain valve 25, when in A water plugs 4, water level is raised, automatically opens up, after water emptying, anhydrous closing drain valve 25 are automatically switched off, and effectively prevent gas from entering in A-1 drain pipies 20;Check valve of water drainage 23 provides drainage channel, when drawing water dress to A Lead to when putting gas injection in 4, obstructed during aerofluxuss.
Described pumping for water pump device 39 includes the electronic suction pumps 7 of A, control pump intake valve 29, control water pump row Mouth of a river valve 30, check valve 27, valve 28, condensate tank of dehumidifier 13, pour after the completion of the electronic suction pump 40 of base plate 31, B;A Electronic suction pump 7 and the electronic suction pumps 40 of B are fixed on the base plate 31 after the completion of pouring, electronic suction pumps 7 of A and B is electronic takes out Water pump 40 is identical device, can arbitrarily select appropriate position in parallel with A drain pipies 5, controls pump intake valve Door 29 with pour after the completion of the traversing section of the lower A drain pipies 5 of base plate 31 be connected, control pumping drainage mouth valve 30 and foundation ditch are all The vertical section of the A drain pipies 5 on side is connected, condensate tank of dehumidifier(13)Communicate with pipe well, Ke Yishe how many according to designed displacement Put the number of units of the electronic suction pumps 7 of appropriate A;
The functional character of pumping for water pump device 39 is:1st, when air compressor machine 6 is worked with the electronic suction pumps 7 of A simultaneously, increase draining Effect, the well increasing number for enabling air compressor machine 6 to drive;2nd, air compressor machine 6 and the electronic suction pumps 7 of A can also be according to actually drawing water Situation, selectivity are independently worked, each other resting state;3rd, as top-out weight is increasingly weighed, the ground that can be offset Lower hydraulic pressure is also increasing, it requires that groundwater abstraction amount is also fewer and feweri, therefore, using the electronic suction pumps 7 of A plus frequency conversion Device controller, the SEA LEVEL VARIATION that condensate tank of dehumidifier 13 is detected under base area can easily set the electronic suction pumps 7 of A Working condition, when water level reaches upper water level, the electronic suction pumps 7 of A start to draw water, and when water level reaches lower water level, A is electronic to draw water Pump 7 stops, by frequency converter controller, the 80% position operation that pump rotary speed is set in rated speed, it is therefore an objective to improve A electricity The energy-saving effect of dynamic suction pump 7, so, is not only effectively prevented the excessive extraction of subsoil water, protects underground environment, Er Qieke With saves energy.
This when concentrating the tube well dewatering system specific works for drawing water using air compressor machine and water pump:Whole gang of wells according to number Measure approximately equivalent, position and be divided into part A and part B, water plug 26 in the well well of part A from the method that centre is divided into two On A water plugs 4, its trachea is connected on A appendixs 3, the B water plugs 10 in the well well of part B on water plug 26, Its trachea is connected on B appendixs 2, and the drain pipe of whole gang of wells is all connected on A drain pipies 5, thus for realizing part A and B Between the gang of wells of part, working gas is exchanged with each other offer essential condition, the system before base plate of foundation pit is poured and is completed, precipitation master It is defeated butt hole to want task, and based on air compressor machine work, after bottom slab concreting is completed, precipitation main task is to reduce subsoil water pair The buoyancy of base plate, can close air compressor machine, and based on the electronic pump work that draws water, all pipe wells are all sealed when foundation ditch beats bed course Well head.Implement the present invention, effect is fine.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of tube well dewatering system that is drawn water using air compressor machine and water pump concentration, is characterized in that including gas circuit reversing arrangement(1)、 B appendixs(2), A appendixs(3), A drain pipies(5), air compressor machine(6), air inlet(8), gas outlet(9), setting pot(11), row Ditch(12), water plug in well(26), pumping for water pump device(39);Wherein, air compressor machine(6)Air inlet(8)Change with gas circuit To device(1)In A pneumatic control valve doors(43), D autocontrol valves(36), E autocontrol valves(37)Connect;Air compressor machine (6)Gas outlet(9)With gas circuit reversing arrangement(1)In B pneumatic control valve doors(44), A autocontrol valves(33), B automatic Control valve(34)Connect;Gas circuit reversing arrangement 1 and B appendixs(2)With A appendixs(3)Connect;B appendixs(2)With A gas transmissions Pipe(3)With water plug in well(26)Connect;Water plug in well(26)With A drain pipies(5)Water inlet connect;A drain pipies (5)Outlet and setting pot(11)Connect;Setting pot(11)With gutter(12)Connect;Pumping for water pump device(39)In control Pump intake valve processed(29)With A drain pipies(5)Traversing section connect, pumping for water pump device(39)In control pumping drainage Mouth valve(30)With A drain pipies(5)Vertical section connect.
2. a kind of tube well dewatering system that is drawn water using air compressor machine and water pump concentration according to claim 1, is characterized in that Described gas circuit reversing arrangement(1)Including A autocontrol valves(33), B autocontrol valves(34), C autocontrol valves (35), D autocontrol valves(36), E autocontrol valves(37), air compressor machine gas outlet pressure test device(38), F controlled automatically Valve processed(45), A pneumatic control valve doors(43), B pneumatic control valve doors(44), air compressor air intake mouth pressure test device(14)、 Drain pipe outlet device for detecting water pressure(15)With programmable plc controllers;Wherein, F autocontrol valves(45)With A air pressure controls Valve processed(43)Connect, A pneumatic control valve doors(43)With D autocontrol valves(36), E autocontrol valves(37)Connect; B Pneumatic control valve door(44)With A autocontrol valves(33), B autocontrol valves(34)Connect;In air compressor machine(6)Air inlet (8)With D autocontrol valves(36), E autocontrol valves(37)Between have air compressor machine air inlet pressure test device(14);Empty Press(6)Gas outlet(9)With A autocontrol valves(33), B autocontrol valves(34)Between have air compressor machine gas outlet air pressure Detection means(38);Drain pipe outlet device for detecting water pressure(15)It is in A drain pipies(5)Water outlet;D autocontrol valves (36), B autocontrol valves(34), C autocontrol valves(35)Left end and A appendixs(3)Connect;E autocontrol valves (37), A autocontrol valves(33), C autocontrol valves(35)Right-hand member and B appendixs(2)Connect.
3. according to claim 1 a kind of the tube well dewatering system that draws water, described well are concentrated using air compressor machine and water pump Middle water plug(26)It is characterized in that including A water plugs(4), B water plugs(10), A-1 appendixs(24), A-1 drain pipies (20), by water lev el control air valve(16), pneumatic control water intaking valve(17), A exhaust check valves(18), pipe well cylinder(19), B aerofluxuss Check valve(21), QI KOU size adjustment valve(22), check valve of water drainage(23), anhydrous closing drain valve(25), B-1 appendixs (41), B-1 drain pipies(42);Wherein, A-1 appendixs(24)Air valve with water lev el control(16), A exhaust check valves(18), B row Gas check valve(21)Connect, by the air valve of water lev el control(16)With pneumatic control water intaking valve(17), QI KOU size adjustment valve(22) It is connected, anhydrous closing drain valve(25)With check valve of water drainage(23)Series connection, check valve of water drainage(23)With A-1 drain pipies(20)String Connection, B exhaust check valves(21), QI KOU size adjustment valve(22), pneumatic control water intaking valve(17), anhydrous closing drain valve(25)With Check valve of water drainage(23)It is arranged on A water plugs(4)Tank body in, by the air valve of water lev el control(16)It is arranged on A water plugs (4)Tank body outside;The B-1 appendixs(41)With B appendixs(2)Communicate, the B-1 drain pipies(42)With A drain pipies(5)Phase Logical, the A-1 appendixs(24)With A appendixs(3)Communicate, the A-1 drain pipies(20)With A drain pipies(5)Communicate.
4. a kind of tube well dewatering system that is drawn water using air compressor machine and water pump concentration according to claim 1, is characterized in that Described pumping for water pump device(39)Including the electronic suction pumps of A(7), frequency-variable controller, control pump intake valve(29), control Controlling the water circulation pump drainage mouth valve(30), check valve(27), valve(28), condensate tank of dehumidifier(13), pour after the completion of base plate (31), the electronic suction pumps of B(40);Wherein, the electronic suction pumps of A(7)With the electronic suction pumps of B(40)The bottom being fixed on after the completion of pouring Plate(31)On, the electronic suction pumps of A(7)With the electronic suction pumps of B(40)With A drain pipies(5)Parallel connection, controls pump intake valve (29)With pour after the completion of base plate(31)Under A drain pipies(5)Traversing section be connected, control pumping drainage mouth valve(30)With The A drain pipies of foundation ditch periphery(5)Vertical section be connected, condensate tank of dehumidifier(13)Communicate with pipe well.
5. a kind of tube well dewatering system that is drawn water using air compressor machine and water pump concentration according to claim 2, is characterized in that Described gas circuit reversing arrangement(1)During specific works:
By the program in programmable plc controllers according to air compressor air intake mouth pressure test device(14)With drain pipe water outlet saliva Pressure detection means(15)Detection signal control gas circuit reversing arrangement(1)Working condition, realize to B appendixs(2)With A gas transmissions Pipe(3)Aerofluxuss and inflation commutation;
Before commutation is prepared, C autocontrol valves are first turned on(35), close F autocontrol valves(45), allow B appendixs (2), A appendixs(3)Air pressure inside Automatic Levelling weighs, and after the delay adjustmentses time, turns off C autocontrol valves(35), open F Autocontrol valve(45), then commutated again;
When A autocontrol valves(33), D autocontrol valves(36)Open, E autocontrol valves(37), B autocontrol valves (34), C autocontrol valves(35)During closing, A appendixs(3)Aerofluxuss, to(B)Appendix(2)Inflation;
When A autocontrol valves(33), D autocontrol valves(36), C autocontrol valves(35)Close, E autocontrol valves (37), B autocontrol valves(34)During opening, B appendixs(2)Aerofluxuss, to A appendixs(3)Inflation.
6. a kind of tube well dewatering system that is drawn water using air compressor machine and water pump concentration according to claim 2, is characterized in that The A pneumatic control valves door(43)It is adjustable one-way valve, when the air inlet of air compressor machine(8)Reach setting negative pressure when, beat automatically Drive gas into;The B pneumatic control valves door(44)It is adjustable one-way valve, when air compressor machine gas outlet(9)Reach setting pressure when, from Dynamic opening is deflated.
7. a kind of tube well dewatering system that is drawn water using air compressor machine and water pump concentration according to claim 3, is characterized in that Water plug in described well(26)During specific works:
First, the A water plugs in well(4)Using air compressor machine(6)The a small amount of negative pressure of vacuum for providing, completes water absorption course;
Secondly, by gas circuit reversing arrangement(1)Conversion, to A water plugs(4)Injection gases at high pressure, during injection gases at high pressure, Pneumatic control water intaking valve is first closed(17);
Again, it is pressurized, empties A water plugs(4)In the water that sucked, when A water plugs(4)After middle water emptying, anhydrous closing Drain valve(25)It is automatically switched off, effectively prevents gas from entering A-1 drain pipies(20)In;B water plugs(10)With A water plugs (4)Working condition is just conversely, work as A water plugs(4)In water suction, B water plugs(10)In draining, when A water plugs(4) In draining, B water plugs(10)In water suction;
Thus, being repeated continuously above procedure, intermittence continuous pumpage realized by every mouthful of well.
8. a kind of tube well dewatering system that is drawn water using air compressor machine and water pump concentration according to claim 3, is characterized in that The air valve by water lev el control(16):When water level reaches the upper water level of setting, open, when water level drops to the lower water level of setting When, close;
The pneumatic control water intaking valve(17):By setting QI KOU size adjustment valve(22)Openings of sizes, is pneumatic control water inlet Valve(17)Suitable operating air pressure is provided, when QI KOU size adjustment valve(22)There is high-pressure gas flow out-of-date, pneumatic control water intaking valve (17)Because obtaining operating air pressure and quick closedown, hull-borne is initially entered, after water is emptied, is converted into unidirectional by B aerofluxuss Valve(21)Outwards aerofluxuss;When A water plugs(4)Internal work air pressure is less than pneumatic control water intaking valve(17)Valve element deadweight+gas Dynamic control water intaking valve(17)Valve element Hydraulic pressure above+pneumatic control water intaking valve(17)During the summation of the water surface air pressure above valve element, Pneumatic control water intaking valve(17)Quick opening, enters into water state;
The A exhaust check valves(18)There is provided reduces the passage of air pressure in well, obstructed during gas injection, leads to during aerofluxuss;
The anhydrous closing drain valve(25)Water lev el control is received, when A water plugs(4)When middle water level is raised, automatically open up, water is arranged After sky, anhydrous closing drain valve(25)It is automatically switched off, effectively prevents gas from entering in A-1 drain pipies 20;
The check valve of water drainage(23)Drainage channel is provided, when to A water plugs(4)Lead to during middle gas injection, obstructed during aerofluxuss.
9. a kind of tube well dewatering system that is drawn water using air compressor machine and water pump concentration according to claim 4, is characterized in that Described pumping for water pump device(39)During specific works:
The electronic suction pumps of A(7)Using frequency-variable controller control, condensate tank of dehumidifier under base area(13)The water level for detecting becomes Change, can easily set the electronic suction pumps of A(7)Working condition, when water level reaches upper water level, the electronic suction pumps of A(7)Open Beginning draws water, when water level reaches lower water level, the electronic suction pumps of A(7)Stop, by frequency converter controller, pump rotary speed being set Run in 80% position of rated speed, it is therefore an objective to improve the electronic suction pumps of A(7)Energy-saving effect.
10. a kind of tube well dewatering system that is drawn water using air compressor machine and water pump concentration according to claim 1, is characterized in that During the system specific works:Whole gang of wells according to quantity is approximately equivalent, position is divided into part A from the method that centre is divided into two And part B, the trachea in the well of part A on water plug is connected to A appendixs(3)On, gas in the well of part B on water plug Pipe is connected to B appendixs(2)On, the drain pipe of whole gang of wells is all connected to A drain pipies(5)On, the system is poured in base plate of foundation pit Before completing, precipitation main task is defeated butt hole, and based on air compressor machine work, after bottom slab concreting is completed, precipitation is mainly appointed Business is to reduce buoyancy of the subsoil water to base plate, based on the electronic pump work that draws water, works as air compressor machine(6)With the electronic suction pumps of A(7)With When work when, increase drainage effect, make air compressor machine(6)The well increasing number that can be driven;Air compressor machine(6)With the electronic suction pumps of A (7)According to situation of actually drawing water, selectivity is independently worked, each other resting state, and all pipe wells are complete when foundation ditch beats bed course Seal well head in portion.
CN201611072145.8A 2016-11-29 2016-11-29 It is a kind of that the tube well dewatering system drawn water is concentrated using air compressor machine and water pump Active CN106498963B (en)

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