CN106493749A - Automatic centering clamping device - Google Patents

Automatic centering clamping device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106493749A
CN106493749A CN201611085445.XA CN201611085445A CN106493749A CN 106493749 A CN106493749 A CN 106493749A CN 201611085445 A CN201611085445 A CN 201611085445A CN 106493749 A CN106493749 A CN 106493749A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
gear
guide rail
chuck
substrate
round platform
Prior art date
Application number
CN201611085445.XA
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
陈清
Original Assignee
陈清
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 陈清 filed Critical 陈清
Priority to CN201611085445.XA priority Critical patent/CN106493749A/en
Publication of CN106493749A publication Critical patent/CN106493749A/en

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B25HAND TOOLS; PORTABLE POWER-DRIVEN TOOLS; MANIPULATORS
    • B25JMANIPULATORS; CHAMBERS PROVIDED WITH MANIPULATION DEVICES
    • B25J15/00Gripping heads and other end effectors
    • B25J15/02Gripping heads and other end effectors servo-actuated
    • B25J15/0206Gripping heads and other end effectors servo-actuated comprising articulated grippers
    • B25J15/0213Gripping heads and other end effectors servo-actuated comprising articulated grippers actuated by gears

Abstract

The invention provides a kind of automatic centering clamping device, belongs to machine tool technical field, it solves existing clamping device complex structure, the high technical problem of manufacturing cost.The present invention includes substrate and cylinder, guide rail is provided with the lower surface of substrate, chuck is provided with guide rail, an erecting bed is provided with the lower surface middle of substrate, a round platform is provided with the middle of erecting bed, a gear is provided with below round platform, gear is coaxially disposed with round platform, gear is by bearing on round platform, the both sides of round platform are provided with guide rail, the guide rail of both sides is symmetrical arranged with Gear axis as midpoint, chuck is provided with the guide rail of both sides, chuck is connected cylinder, tooth bar is provided with chuck, one end of tooth bar is fixed on chuck, the other end of tooth bar is engaged with gear, tooth bar interval setting on two chucks is separately engaged on the both sides of gear.The present invention has simple structure, the advantage of low cost of manufacture.

Description

Automatic centering clamping device

Technical field

A kind of the invention belongs to mechanical machine technical field, more particularly to automatic centering clamping device.

Background technology

Industry processes collect, it is often necessary to workpiece is clamped to move the operations such as carrying to workpiece, right The carrying of workpiece is general to be engaged clamping using mechanical arm and carries workpiece with the clamping device for being installed in mechanical arm tail end.Existing Clamping device typically gathered from all directions using multiple chucks workpiece clamped, carried out by mechanical arm or loop wheel machine Work is carried, synchronous in the course of the work in order to ensure chuck in existing clamping device, enabling to complete clamping placed in the middle Being easy to carry, a power source being typically provided with to each chuck, structure is complex, manufacturing cost is high.

Content of the invention

The purpose of the present invention is there are the problems referred to above for existing technology, it is proposed that a kind of automatic centering clamping device, The automatic centering clamping device simple structure, ensures the synchronous working of each chuck by rack and pinion.

The purpose of the present invention can be realized by following technical proposal:A kind of automatic centering clamping device, including substrate and Cylinder, is provided with guide rail on the lower surface of substrate, be provided with chuck, be provided with the lower surface middle of the substrate on guide rail One erecting bed, is provided with a round platform at the middle of the erecting bed, be provided with a gear, gear and round platform below round platform It is coaxially disposed, by bearing on round platform, the both sides of round platform are provided with guide rail to the gear, and one end of guide rail is arranged on peace On dress platform, the other end of guide rail is arranged on the end of substrate, and the guide rail of both sides is symmetrical arranged with Gear axis as midpoint, both sides It is provided with chuck on guide rail, chuck is connected cylinder, at gear sustained height, on chuck, is provided with tooth bar, the one of tooth bar End is fixed on chuck, and the other end of tooth bar is engaged with gear, and the tooth bar interval setting on two chucks is separately engaged on gear Both sides.

Preferably, being provided with two tower cranes on the erecting bed with the both sides of round platform, in Contraband shape, upper and lower ends are equal for tower crane A fixed part is provided with, and tower crane is fixed on round platform by the fixed part of upper end, one is provided with the fixed part of tower crane lower end Individual gear hobbing, after rack and pinion engagement, the peripheral skirt of tooth bar is engaged with the gear hobbing.

Preferably, the cylinder is arranged on substrate, push pedal is provided with a chuck wherein, the push pedal is in L Shape is arranged, and the push rod of the cylinder is fixedly connected with push pedal.

Preferably, being additionally provided with locking mechanism on the substrate, the locking mechanism includes push rod and Z-shaped bent plate, One end of bent plate is fixed on substrate, and the other end of bent plate stretches out substrate and be arranged in parallel to form location division with push pedal, on location division Screwed hole is provided with, there is bolt portion, bolt portion to run through screwed hole for the front end of push rod.

Preferably, there is thickening plate, the thickening plate and location division one in the both sides of screwed hole on location division Body formed, the hexagonal shape of thickening plate.

Preferably, guide rail quantity of the gear per side is two, a slide block, the chuck on each guide rail, is provided with On be provided with connecting plate, the slide block, tooth bar, chuck are linked together by connecting plate.

The present invention is used as power using the synchronous operation for ensureing two chucks using gear and tooth bar by a cylinder Source, simple structure, low cost of manufacture, by being provided with locking mechanism at cylinder, after the completion of clamping, control locking mechanism Chuck locking can be ensured that chuck is not unclamping, it is not necessary to chucking power is being additionally provided with cylinder, is reducing landed cost.

Description of the drawings

Fig. 1 is the stereogram of the present invention;

Fig. 2 is another view stereo figure of the present invention;

Fig. 3 is the top view of the present invention;

Fig. 4 is the front view of the present invention;

In figure, 10, substrate;11st, erecting bed;12nd, tower crane;13rd, fixed part;14th, round platform;20th, bent plate;21st, location division; 22nd, push rod;22a, bolt portion;23rd, thickening plate;30th, push pedal;40th, gear;41st, gear hobbing;42nd, tooth bar;50th, chuck;51st, connect Plate;52nd, guide rail;53rd, slide block;60th, workpiece;70th, cylinder;71st, push rod.

Specific embodiment

The following is the specific embodiment of the present invention and combine accompanying drawing, technical scheme is further described, But the present invention is not limited to these embodiments.

As shown in Figure 1,2,3, 4, the invention provides a kind of automatic centering clamping device, including substrate 10,70 He of cylinder Clamp bar 50, cylinder 70 and a clamp bar 50 are connected.The both sides of 10 lower surface of substrate are provided with guide rail 52, the guide rail 52 per side Quantity is two, and clamp bar 50 is movably connected on guide rail 52 and can enter line slip along slide rail, and single clamp bar 50 is along two guide rails 52 Enter line slip and can effectively ensure that stability of the clamp bar 50 in running.One is provided with 10 lower surface middle of substrate Erecting bed 11, one end of guide rail 52 are arranged on the end of substrate 10, and the other end of guide rail 52 is installed on erecting bed 11, are installing A round platform 14 is provided with the middle of platform 11, and the lower section of round platform 14 is provided with a gear 40, and gear 40 is same with round platform 14 Axle is arranged, and the guide rail 52 of both sides is symmetrical arranged on the basis of gear 40, is arranged with teeth on clamp bar 50 at 40 sustained height of gear Bar 42, one end of tooth bar 42 are fixed on clamp bar 50, and the other end of tooth bar 42 is engaged with gear 40, the tooth bar on two clamp bars 50 42 interval settings are separately engaged on the both sides of gear 40.Operationally, cylinder 70 drives wherein one to this automatic centering clamping device Individual clamp bar 50 makees clamping movement, and the tooth bar 42 on the clamp bar 50 promotes gear 40 to rotate, and gear 40 rotates the tooth for promoting opposite side Bar 42 is rotated simultaneously, and the tooth bar 42 drives the clamp bar 50 of the side to make clamping movement again, due to the guide rail 52 and tooth bar of both sides 42 for being symmetrical arranged, and the motion synchronicity between two clamp bars 50 is good, it is ensured that 60 centrally located place of workpiece during clamping, from And ensure in handling process, whole clamping device will not run-off the straight.

Further, the both sides of erecting bed 11 are provided with two tower cranes 12, and tower crane 12 is intersected with gear 40 positioned at tooth bar 42 The surface at place, in Contraband shape, the upper and lower ends of tower crane 12 are provided with fixed part 13, the fixed part of 12 upper end of tower crane to tower crane 12 13 are fixed with erecting bed 11, are provided with the external tooth of a gear hobbing 41, gear hobbing 41 and tooth bar 42 on the fixed part 13 of 12 lower end of tower crane Engage on side.The setting of gear hobbing 41 has carried out spacing to tooth bar 42, it is ensured that tooth bar 42 is engaged with gear 40 in motion process all the time, Tower crane 12 is arranged in Contraband shape, and simple structure is easy to the installation of gear hobbing 41.

Further, it is provided with locking mechanism on the substrate 10, after cylinder 70 pulls clamp bar 50 to clamp workpiece 60, passes through Clamp bar 50 can be fixed by locking mechanism, make clamp bar 50 keep 60 state of clamping workpiece, not need cylinder 70 providing drawing after locking Power keeping the chucking power of clamp bar 50, so as to reduce landed cost.Specifically, it is provided between slide block 53 and clamp bar 50 One connecting plate 51, is installed with a push pedal 30 on connecting plate 51, the push rod 71 of cylinder 70 is installed in push pedal 30,70 band of cylinder When dynamic clamp bar 50 makees holding action, push pedal 30 is first pulled to move, push pedal 30 is pulling clamp bar 50 to slide along slide rail, and push pedal 30 is in L Shape is arranged, and is provided with a Z-shaped bent plate 20 on the substrate 10, and one end of bent plate 20 is fixed on the substrate 10, bent plate 20 another One end is stretched out the formation of substrate 10 location division 21 and is be arranged in parallel with push pedal 30, is provided with push rod 22 and screwed hole, pushes up on location division 21 There is bar 22 bolt portion 22a screw threads to be plugged on location division 21, and platen surfaces of the bolt portion 22a against push pedal 30 rotates top Bar 22 causes bolt portion 22a by tightly acting against in push pedal 30 to be fixed push pedal 30, then so that clamp bar 50 keeps Clamp position.Further, the both sides of fixed part 13 are provided with thickening plate 23, thicken the hexagonal shape of version, thickening plate 23 1 The body formed both sides in 13 upper screwed hole of fixed part, the setting of thickening plate 23 cause bolt portion 22a when push pedal 30 is leaned more Stable.

The operation principle of the present invention is as follows:Cylinder 70 pulls push rod 71 to move, and push rod 71 drives push pedal 30 in the same direction Motion, the clamp bar 50 of 30 this side of push pedal makes holding action along guide rail 52 to intermediary movements, due to adopting between clamp bar 50 Gear 40 is connected with tooth bar 42, and the clamp bar 50 of opposite side synchronous can make holding action, so as to two clamp bars 50 are automatically complete Into holding action placed in the middle.After the completion of holding action, push rod 22 is acted against in push pedal 30 by rotating push rod 22, by friction Power causes push pedal 30 to fix in situ so that clamp bar 50 locks clamp position, it is not necessary to which cylinder 70 is being additionally provided motive force, subtracts Little landed cost.

Specific embodiment described herein is only to the spiritual explanation for example of the present invention.Technology neck belonging to of the invention The technical staff in domain can be made various modifications or supplement or replaced using similar mode to described specific embodiment Generation, but without departing from the spiritual of the present invention or surmount scope defined in appended claims.

Claims (6)

1. a kind of automatic centering clamping device, including substrate and cylinder, is provided with guide rail on the lower surface of substrate, arranges on guide rail There is chuck, it is characterised in that at the lower surface middle of the substrate, be provided with an erecting bed, the middle of the erecting bed Place is provided with a round platform, is provided with a gear below round platform, and gear is coaxially disposed with round platform, and the gear is installed by bearing On round platform, the both sides of round platform are provided with guide rail, and one end of guide rail is arranged on erecting bed, and the other end of guide rail is arranged on substrate End, the guide rail of both sides is symmetrical arranged with Gear axis as midpoint, is provided with chuck on the guide rail of both sides, and chuck transmission connects Connect cylinder, at gear sustained height, on chuck, be provided with tooth bar, one end of tooth bar is fixed on chuck, the other end of tooth bar with Gear is engaged, and the tooth bar interval setting on two chucks is separately engaged on the both sides of gear.
2. automatic centering clamping device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the both sides on the erecting bed with round platform Two tower cranes are provided with, in Contraband shape, upper and lower ends are provided with a fixed part to tower crane, and tower crane is fixed by the fixed part of upper end On round platform, on the fixed part of tower crane lower end, be provided with a gear hobbing, after rack and pinion engagement, the peripheral skirt of tooth bar with described Gear hobbing is engaged.
3. automatic centering clamping device according to claim 2, it is characterised in that the cylinder is arranged on substrate, Push pedal is provided with one of chuck, the L-shaped setting of the push pedal, the push rod of the cylinder are fixedly connected with push pedal.
4. automatic centering clamping device according to claim 3, it is characterised in that be additionally provided with locking machine on the substrate Structure, the locking mechanism include that push rod and Z-shaped bent plate, one end of bent plate are fixed on substrate, and the other end of bent plate stretches out base Plate be arranged in parallel to form location division with push pedal, is provided with screwed hole on location division, and there is bolt portion, bolt portion to pass through for the front end of push rod Wear screwed hole.
5. automatic centering clamping device according to claim 4, it is characterised in that in the both sides of screwed hole on location division There is thickening plate, the thickening plate to be integrally formed with location division, the hexagonal shape of thickening plate.
6. automatic centering clamping device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that guide rail quantity of the gear per side is two Individual, a slide block is provided with each guide rail, is provided with connecting plate on the chuck, the slide block, tooth bar, chuck is by connecting Fishplate bar links together.
CN201611085445.XA 2016-11-30 2016-11-30 Automatic centering clamping device CN106493749A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201611085445.XA CN106493749A (en) 2016-11-30 2016-11-30 Automatic centering clamping device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201611085445.XA CN106493749A (en) 2016-11-30 2016-11-30 Automatic centering clamping device

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN106493749A true CN106493749A (en) 2017-03-15

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201611085445.XA CN106493749A (en) 2016-11-30 2016-11-30 Automatic centering clamping device

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN106493749A (en)

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106826889A (en) * 2017-03-23 2017-06-13 严传玉 A kind of Power Drive Unit for being applied to manipulator chuck
CN108674961A (en) * 2018-05-04 2018-10-19 旌德县瀚海星云智能化技术研发有限公司 A kind of windrow manipulator
CN108942866A (en) * 2018-08-07 2018-12-07 安徽星宇生产力促进中心有限公司 A kind of transfer robot
CN109262496A (en) * 2018-10-23 2019-01-25 芜湖市元奎新材料科技有限公司 A kind of novel holding device preparing wire and cable

Citations (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2820820Y (en) * 2005-08-18 2006-09-27 关汝壁 Driving mechanism for lift table
CN201253845Y (en) * 2008-08-25 2009-06-10 煤炭科学研究总院西安研究院 Pneumatic paw of industry robot
CN201309158Y (en) * 2008-11-28 2009-09-16 苏州明志科技有限公司 Synchronous clamp
CN201711885U (en) * 2010-07-16 2011-01-19 国核电站运行服务技术有限公司 Self-centering clamping device for cylinders
CN202278017U (en) * 2011-09-26 2012-06-20 宝钢集团新疆八一钢铁有限公司 Centring device with double guideposts
CN203156759U (en) * 2013-04-01 2013-08-28 江苏新天洋机械制造有限公司 Mechanical clamping jaw mechanism
CN203611243U (en) * 2013-12-22 2014-05-28 计国民 Unloading mechanical arm with mechanical synchronization mechanism
CN103831823A (en) * 2013-12-27 2014-06-04 广州奥迪通用照明有限公司 Novel manipulator
US20140239655A1 (en) * 2011-01-12 2014-08-28 Seiko Epson Corporation Robot hand
CN205058061U (en) * 2015-09-21 2016-03-02 苏州博众精工科技有限公司 Clamping jaw with buffer function
CN105407699A (en) * 2014-09-08 2016-03-16 松下知识产权经营株式会社 Insertion head, component insertion device, and component mounting line
CN105773278A (en) * 2016-04-22 2016-07-20 黄斌 Moving lifting type clamping device with multiple degrees of freedom

Patent Citations (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2820820Y (en) * 2005-08-18 2006-09-27 关汝壁 Driving mechanism for lift table
CN201253845Y (en) * 2008-08-25 2009-06-10 煤炭科学研究总院西安研究院 Pneumatic paw of industry robot
CN201309158Y (en) * 2008-11-28 2009-09-16 苏州明志科技有限公司 Synchronous clamp
CN201711885U (en) * 2010-07-16 2011-01-19 国核电站运行服务技术有限公司 Self-centering clamping device for cylinders
US20140239655A1 (en) * 2011-01-12 2014-08-28 Seiko Epson Corporation Robot hand
CN202278017U (en) * 2011-09-26 2012-06-20 宝钢集团新疆八一钢铁有限公司 Centring device with double guideposts
CN203156759U (en) * 2013-04-01 2013-08-28 江苏新天洋机械制造有限公司 Mechanical clamping jaw mechanism
CN203611243U (en) * 2013-12-22 2014-05-28 计国民 Unloading mechanical arm with mechanical synchronization mechanism
CN103831823A (en) * 2013-12-27 2014-06-04 广州奥迪通用照明有限公司 Novel manipulator
CN105407699A (en) * 2014-09-08 2016-03-16 松下知识产权经营株式会社 Insertion head, component insertion device, and component mounting line
CN205058061U (en) * 2015-09-21 2016-03-02 苏州博众精工科技有限公司 Clamping jaw with buffer function
CN105773278A (en) * 2016-04-22 2016-07-20 黄斌 Moving lifting type clamping device with multiple degrees of freedom

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106826889A (en) * 2017-03-23 2017-06-13 严传玉 A kind of Power Drive Unit for being applied to manipulator chuck
CN106826889B (en) * 2017-03-23 2019-05-10 青岛康润源工贸有限公司 A kind of power drive unit applied to manipulator collet
CN108674961A (en) * 2018-05-04 2018-10-19 旌德县瀚海星云智能化技术研发有限公司 A kind of windrow manipulator
CN108942866A (en) * 2018-08-07 2018-12-07 安徽星宇生产力促进中心有限公司 A kind of transfer robot
CN109262496A (en) * 2018-10-23 2019-01-25 芜湖市元奎新材料科技有限公司 A kind of novel holding device preparing wire and cable

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Application publication date: 20170315

RJ01 Rejection of invention patent application after publication