CN106493499B - A kind of steel plate butt welding lash adjusting device - Google Patents

A kind of steel plate butt welding lash adjusting device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106493499B
CN106493499B CN201611243178.4A CN201611243178A CN106493499B CN 106493499 B CN106493499 B CN 106493499B CN 201611243178 A CN201611243178 A CN 201611243178A CN 106493499 B CN106493499 B CN 106493499B
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China
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sliding block
positioning sliding
plate
rail
slideway
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CN106493499A (en
Inventor
艾岳巍
蒋平
邵新宇
李培根
耿韶宁
刘洋
刘卫
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Huazhong University of Science and Technology
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Huazhong University of Science and Technology
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23KSOLDERING OR UNSOLDERING; WELDING; CLADDING OR PLATING BY SOLDERING OR WELDING; CUTTING BY APPLYING HEAT LOCALLY, e.g. FLAME CUTTING; WORKING BY LASER BEAM
    • B23K37/00Auxiliary devices or processes, not specially adapted to a procedure covered by only one of the preceding main groups
    • B23K37/04Auxiliary devices or processes, not specially adapted to a procedure covered by only one of the preceding main groups for holding or positioning work
    • B23K37/0408Auxiliary devices or processes, not specially adapted to a procedure covered by only one of the preceding main groups for holding or positioning work for planar work
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23KSOLDERING OR UNSOLDERING; WELDING; CLADDING OR PLATING BY SOLDERING OR WELDING; CUTTING BY APPLYING HEAT LOCALLY, e.g. FLAME CUTTING; WORKING BY LASER BEAM
    • B23K37/00Auxiliary devices or processes, not specially adapted to a procedure covered by only one of the preceding main groups
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23KSOLDERING OR UNSOLDERING; WELDING; CLADDING OR PLATING BY SOLDERING OR WELDING; CUTTING BY APPLYING HEAT LOCALLY, e.g. FLAME CUTTING; WORKING BY LASER BEAM
    • B23K2101/00Articles made by soldering, welding or cutting
    • B23K2101/18Sheet panels
    • B23K2101/185Tailored blanks

Abstract

A kind of steel plate butt welding lash adjusting device, belongs to steel plate position adjusting apparatus, solves the problems, such as to be difficult to accurate adjustment docking steel plate gap existing for existing steel plate butt welding positioner.The present invention, which includes base assembly, fixation kit, transmission mechanism, detent mechanism and gap instruction component, the base assembly, includes bottom plate and forward and backward guide rail;Fixation kit includes left and right fixed plate and left and right pressing plate;Transmission mechanism includes power transmission shaft, inversion axis, preceding leading screw, rear leading screw;Detent mechanism includes left and right camshaft, left and right long positioning sliding block, left and right short positioning sliding block, left and right press strip, left and right shift fork, left and right driving bar and alignment pin;Gap instruction component is made up of left pointer, right pointer and scale.The present invention is simple in construction, manufacturing cost is low, it is small, easy to operate to be influenceed by working environment, can ensure that steel plate butt-joint clearance with being accurately positioned, has heightened welding quality and welding efficiency significantly, suitable for a variety of welding processes such as laser, electric arc.

Description

A kind of steel plate butt welding lash adjusting device
Technical field
The invention belongs to steel plate position adjusting apparatus, more particularly to a kind of steel plate butt welding lash adjusting device, for steel The welding processes such as the laser of plate, electric arc.
Background technology
Butt welding between steel plate is most common connected mode in the welding processes such as laser, electric arc.In steel plate butt welding During, the quality of the coplane degree Welded Joints in gap and upper surface between steel plate interface has conclusive shadow Ring.Authorization Notice No. CN103381531B Chinese patent discloses a kind of steel plate pair in (authorized announcement date on July 08th, 2015) Apparatus for welding and positioning and alignment method, including c-type bent plate, connecting plate are connect, connecting plate, which is provided with, to be used to fix the recessed of c-type bent plate Groove, c-type bent plate are fixed in a groove, and a connecting plate and two c-type bent plates are welded as a whole to form a connector, energy The common surface degree between two blocks of docking steel plates is enough improved, improves welding quality.It is disadvantageous in that can not being docked steel plate Gap is adjusted flexibly and indicates gap width in real time, still needs to measure during contraposition by survey tool, this causes Operating process is complicated, it is difficult to which the gap for once completing steel plate interface is accurately adjusted with fixed, is protected between welding process light plate Often there is larger error in the gap held, cause welding point can not meet to require between setting value;It is and more in progress Repeatability positioning precision is poor in secondary welding process, it is difficult to carries out batch production, realizes that steel plate butt welding high-quality and high-efficiency connects.
The content of the invention
The present invention provides a kind of steel plate butt welding lash adjusting device, solves existing steel plate butt welding positioner and exists The problem of being difficult to accurate adjustment docking steel plate gap, for a variety of welding process light plates docking weld clearances such as laser, electric arc Adjustment is positioned and fixed.
A kind of steel plate butt welding lash adjusting device provided by the present invention, including base assembly, fixation kit, driver Structure, detent mechanism and gap instruction component, under the drive of transmission mechanism, fixation kit and detent mechanism linkage, its feature exist In:
A, the base assembly includes bottom plate, fromer rail and rear rail, and fromer rail is parallel with rear rail to be fixed on bottom plate Surface;
B, the fixation kit includes left fixed plate, left pressing plate and right fixed plate, right pressing plate, and left fixed plate is positioned at leading Rail and rear rail upper left side simultaneously can be along their linear slides, and right fixed plate is located at right side on fromer rail and rear rail and can be along them Linear slide, left pressing plate and right pressing plate are respectively used to fix steel plate to be welded in left fixed plate, right fixed plate;
C, the transmission mechanism includes power transmission shaft, inversion axis, preceding leading screw, rear leading screw;Leading screw after power transmission shaft driving, and pass through Leading screw before inversion axis driving, preceding leading screw, rear leading screw drive one of left fixed plate and right fixed plate along fromer rail and rear rail respectively Slide;
D, the detent mechanism includes left camshaft, left long positioning sliding block, left short positioning sliding block, left press strip, left shift fork, a left side Drive rod, right camshaft, right long positioning sliding block, right short positioning sliding block, right press strip, right shift fork, right drive rod and alignment pin;
The left camshaft is fixed with left press strip through left long positioning sliding block and left short positioning sliding block, left camshaft front end, Left long positioning sliding block and left short positioning sliding block be located in the corresponding slideway in the bottom plate back side, load calmly in the left left positioning hole of slim slide block upper casing Position pin;The left shift fork and left drive rod upper end are individually fixed in left fixed plate bottom surface, and left shift fork bottom contacts with right press strip, Right press strip can be pressed in moving process;
The right camshaft is fixed with right press strip through right long positioning sliding block and right short positioning sliding block, right camshaft front end, Right long positioning sliding block and right short positioning sliding block be located in the corresponding slideway in the bottom plate back side, load calmly in the right right positioning hole of slim slide block upper casing Position pin;The right shift fork and right drive rod upper end are individually fixed in right fixed plate bottom surface, and right shift fork bottom contacts with left press strip, Left press strip can be pressed in moving process;
E, the gap instruction component is made up of left pointer, right pointer and scale;Left pointer upper end is fixed on left fixed plate On, synchronous movement, right pointer upper end is fixed in right fixed plate, synchronous movement, the lower end of left pointer and right pointer On scale, scale is fixed on bottom plate for instruction;The steel plate that fixes is positioned as left fixed plate and right fixed plate are from clamping work During position is moved to welding post (by two lateral centres), left pointer and right pointer moment show current two steel by scale Gap width between plate interface, being capable of the very convenient interstitial site for being efficiently moved to setting and holding.
Described steel plate butt welding lash adjusting device, it is further characterized by:
A, in the base assembly, rectangular window is provided with the middle part of the bottom plate, for exposing the alignment pin of detent mechanism; Bottom plate leading edge portion is provided with the operation window of rectangle, so that left shift fork, right shift fork and left drive rod, right drive rod can pass through Its downward actuation;There is left front slideway and slideway before the right side, to carry left short positioning sliding block respectively on the front flange of bottom plate lower surface And right short positioning sliding block front end and allow them to horizontally slip, bottom plate lower surface rectangular window front and rear sides have with it is described before The parallel preceding convex tendon of flange and rear convex tendon, slideway block is housed on the preceding convex tendon, have on slideway block left slideway and it is right in it is sliding Road, the left slideway is carrying the front end of the rear end of left short positioning sliding block and left long positioning sliding block and allow their left and right sliding Dynamic, the right middle slideway is carrying the front end of the rear end of right short positioning sliding block and right long positioning sliding block and allow their left and right sliding It is dynamic;There is left back slideway and right rear slide on convex tendon after described, to carry left long positioning sliding block and right long positioning sliding block respectively Simultaneously them are allowed to horizontally slip in rear end;
Slideway, left slideway and right middle slideway are rectangular through-hole before the left front slideway, the right side;The left back slideway and the right side Rear slide is rectangle blind hole;
Fromer rail is parallel with rear rail to be fixed on plate upper surface rectangular window front and rear sides, both axial directions with it is described before Convex tendon and rear convex tendon it is axially in parallel, there is the left slider being slidably matched with it and right sliding block, left slider or right cunning on fromer rail Clamping screw is housed, for left slider or right slider locking to be fixed on into fromer rail, fromer rail left and right ends are respectively arranged with block Guide rail limited block, for spacing to left slider and right sliding block;There is the left slider being slidably matched with it and the right side on the rear rail Clamping screw is housed, for left slider or right slider locking to be fixed on into rear rail, rear rail on sliding block, left slider or right sliding block Left and right ends are respectively arranged with guide rail limited block, for spacing to left slider and right sliding block;
B, in the fixation kit, the left fixed plate is rectangular slab, has rectangular recess on the right side of its upper surface middle part, is used In accommodating steel plate to be welded and limiting its position, the left pressing plate is bolted with left fixed plate upper surface, for fixing Good oriented steel plate to be welded, to ensure that position location is accurate;Left fixed plate bottom surface rear and front end is respectively by bolt with before Left slider on guide rail, rear rail is fixedly connected, can be along fromer rail, rear rail linear slide, the rear of left fixed plate bottom surface Equipped with top chock to drive its linear slide;
The right fixed plate is rectangular slab, has rectangular recess on the left of its upper surface middle part, for accommodating steel plate to be welded And its position is limited, the right pressing plate is bolted with right fixed plate upper surface, oriented to be welded for fixing Steel plate, to ensure that position location is accurate;Right fixed plate bottom surface rear and front end passes through the right side on bolt and fromer rail, rear rail respectively Sliding block is fixedly connected, and top chock can be housed to drive along fromer rail, rear rail linear slide, the front of right fixed plate bottom surface Its linear slide;
C, in the transmission mechanism, the power transmission shaft is located at the left side of fromer rail and rear rail, axis and fromer rail and Rear rail is axially orthogonal, the power transmission shaft rear and front end step rotating support by being connected with plate upper surface respectively;Power transmission shaft Leading portion and back segment are respectively provided with the first roller gear and first bevel gear, and the rear end of power transmission shaft is equipped with handwheel;
The inversion axis is parallel with power transmission shaft, the inversion axis rear and front end step by being connected with plate upper surface respectively Rotating support, the second roller gear is housed on inversion axis, it is engaged with first roller gear, and the front end of inversion axis is equipped with the Two bevel gears;
The preceding leading screw is located at axially in parallel, the preceding leading screw left and right ends difference in the front of fromer rail, axis and fromer rail By the step rotating support being connected with plate upper surface;The left end of preceding leading screw is equipped with third hand tap gear, and it is with described second Bevel gear engages, and has the preceding feed screw nut coordinated with it on preceding leading screw, it is converted to preceding leading screw along preceding leading screw Linear motion;The preceding feed screw nut with its connected top chock with the right fixed plate or left fixed plate by being connected;
Leading screw is located at axially in parallel, the rear leading screw left and right ends difference at the rear of rear rail, axis and rear rail after described By the step rotating support being connected with plate upper surface;The left end of leading screw is equipped with the 4th bevel gear afterwards, and it is with described first Bevel gear engages, and has the rear feed screw nut coordinated with it on rear leading screw, it is converted to rear leading screw along rear leading screw Linear motion;Feed screw nut with its connected top chock with the left fixed plate or right fixed plate by being connected after described;
D, in the detent mechanism, the left long positioning sliding block is hollow prism body, sliding by left slim slide block upper casing and left length Block bottom plate connects and composes, and left slim slide block upper casing section is undercut shape, has left positioning hole, loading alignment pin in it;It is left long sliding Block upper casing connects the left long through hole to be formed along its axis with left slim slide block bottom plate, for through the left camshaft;
The short positioning sliding block in a left side has the left short through hole along its axis, for short fixed through the left camshaft, a left side Position sliding block upper surface has left groove and a left chute from front to back close to front end face, and high order end has a left side blind in the left chute Hole;
The left camshaft passes through left short positioning sliding block and left long positioning sliding block, by the rear end and front end of left long positioning sliding block It is respectively placed in left back slideway and left slideway, the rear end of left short positioning sliding block and front end is respectively placed in left slideway and left front In slideway, the alignment pin in left slim slide block upper casing stretches out from rectangular window, and the rear end of left camshaft is cased with left camshaft and resets bullet Spring, left camshaft front end and the left end of left press strip are connected, and the left press strip is arc strip, have the groove along its body, left In the right groove of right short positioning sliding block, the right-hand member of left press strip stretches out the bar body of press strip from operation window;
The right long positioning sliding block is hollow prism body, is connected and composed by right slim slide block upper casing and right slim slide block bottom plate, right Slim slide block upper casing section is undercut shape, has right positioning hole, loading alignment pin in it;Right slim slide block upper casing and right slim slide block bottom Plate connects the right long through hole to be formed along its axis, for through the right camshaft;
The short positioning sliding block in the right side has the right short through hole along its axis, for short through the right camshaft, the right side Positioning sliding block upper surface has right groove and a right rail from front to back close to front end face, and low order end has right blind in the right rail Hole;
The right camshaft passes through right short positioning sliding block and right long positioning sliding block, by the rear end and front end of right long positioning sliding block It is respectively placed in right rear slide and right middle slideway, before the rear end of right short positioning sliding block and front end are respectively placed in into right middle slideway and the right side In slideway, the alignment pin in right slim slide block upper casing stretches out from rectangular window, and the rear end of right camshaft is cased with right camshaft and resets bullet Spring, right camshaft front end and the right-hand member of right press strip are connected, and the right press strip is arc strip, have the groove along its body, right In the left groove of left short positioning sliding block, the left end of right press strip stretches out the bar body of press strip from operation window;
The left shift fork and left drive rod upper end are individually fixed in left fixed plate bottom surface, and left drive rod bottom passes through working window Mouth is stretched into the left chute of left short positioning sliding block, and left shift fork bottom contacts with the groove of right press strip, can be pressed in moving process Right press strip;
The right shift fork and right drive rod upper end are individually fixed in right fixed plate bottom surface, and right drive rod bottom passes through working window Mouth is stretched into the right rail of right short positioning sliding block, and right shift fork bottom contacts with the groove of left press strip, can be pressed in moving process Left press strip.
Described steel plate butt welding lash adjusting device, it is further characterised by:
For the alignment pin to be inverted T-shaped rod-like element, its lower end is the cap body extended to surrounding, is loading left long positioning sliding block Left positioning hole and right long positioning sliding block right positioning hole when, back-moving spring is enclosed on alignment pin, alignment pin upper end is by left length The right positioning hole of the left positioning hole of sliding block upper casing and right slim slide block upper casing stretches out, and is loaded on left slim slide block bottom plate and right slim slide block bottom Plate, slideway block is loaded on the preceding convex tendon of bottom plate lower surface so that behind the front end of left long positioning sliding block and left short positioning sliding block End is placed in left slideway, and the rear end of the front end of right long positioning sliding block and right short positioning sliding block is placed in right middle slideway, resets bullet Spring causes the cap body of alignment pin to be always maintained at contacting with left camshaft or right camshaft.
Described steel plate butt welding lash adjusting device, it is further characterised by:
The left drive rod is identical with right driving rod-shape, structure, and its lower end has a hollow blind hole, in hollow blind hole under It is and upper equipped with driving wire nail and wire nail driving spring.
In the present invention, the fixation kit and detent mechanism link under the drive of transmission mechanism;Left fixed plate is dialled with left Fork, left drive rod is fixed and synchronizing moving, right fixed plate and right shift fork, the fixation of right drive rod and synchronizing moving, to docking welding steel Plate returns to welding post after carrying out clamping, and the gap between interface is shown by indicating mechanism, is then fixed, and it is completed steel The butt welding task of plate.
(both sides are moved to by centre) when left fixed plate and right fixed plate return to clamping station by welding post, left press strip Moved down under the pressing of right shift fork, drive left cam axle, the alignment pin on left long positioning sliding block will be by left convex Pushing from original position for wheel shaft rises to positioning height;Right press strip moves down under the pressing of left shift fork, drives right camshaft to turn Dynamic, the alignment pin on right long positioning sliding block will rise to positioning height by pushing from original position for right camshaft;
Left blind hole in the left chute of left short positioning sliding block is stretched into left drive rod bottom, drives left short positioning sliding block and left length to determine Position sliding block restoring to normal position position, the alignment pin above left long positioning sliding block also accurately return to position location therewith,
Right blind hole in the right rail of right short positioning sliding block is stretched into right drive rod bottom, drives right short positioning sliding block and right length to determine Position sliding block restoring to normal position position, the alignment pin above right long positioning sliding block also accurately return to position location therewith.
After the completion of docking steel plate positioning is fixed, the alignment pin of rise contacts with steel plate interface, causes left fixed plate and the right side Fixed upper plate is mobile without normal direction centre, in order to return to welding post,
Left drive rod, right drive rod are mobile to centre by the left short positioning sliding block of drive and right short positioning sliding block respectively, from And drive left long positioning sliding block, right long positioning sliding block and corresponding alignment pin synchronous mobile to centre;Meanwhile mobile to centre Left shift fork presses the right press strip of offside, with producing larger relative velocity, right drive rod to the mobile right short positioning sliding block in centre To after the mobile a small distance in centre, right press strip will drive right camshaft to produce larger rotational angle so that alignment pin is rapid Drop below the position of welding steel;
The right shift fork mobile to centre presses the left press strip of offside, larger with being produced to the mobile left short positioning sliding block in centre Relative velocity, for left drive rod to after the mobile a small distance in centre, left press strip will drive left camshaft to produce larger rotation Angle so that alignment pin quickly falls to the position less than welding steel, releases its prevention to welding steel;
When right drive rod drives right short positioning sliding block to continue to slide to centre along slideway before the right side below bottom plate and right middle slideway When moving to end, right short positioning sliding block, which will be limited, no longer to be slided, and right fixed upper plate continues to drive right drive rod to move to centre It is dynamic so that the driving wire nail under right drive rod overcomes the resistance of wire nail driving spring to rise, and is slided out to by right blind hole in right rail, So as to no longer drive right short positioning sliding block movement.
When left drive rod drives left short positioning sliding block to continue to slide to centre along the left front slideway below bottom plate and left slideway When moving to end, left short positioning sliding block will be limited no longer to middle slip, and left fixed plate continues to drive left drive rod in Between move so that the driving wire nail under left drive rod overcomes the resistance of wire nail driving spring to rise, and left cunning is slided out to by left blind hole In groove, so as to no longer drive left short positioning sliding block movement.
The present invention is adjusted using transmission mechanism to steel plate welded gaps, and butt welding steel plate is determined using alignment pin Position, while gap is adjusted and positioned separate operation, without the concern for butt-joint clearance in position fixing process so that steel plate positioning precision It is high;Left and right pointer and butt welding steel plate synchronizing moving, convenient and swift accurately welded gaps adjustment requirement can be met;
The present invention is simple in construction, manufacturing cost is low, it is small, easy to operate to be influenceed by working environment, can ensure that steel plate docks Gap while welding quality is ensured, substantially increases welding efficiency with being accurately positioned.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is schematic diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the left front direction schematic perspective view of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is the left back direction schematic perspective view that the present invention removes fixation kit;
Fig. 4 is the left front direction top view that the present invention removes fixation kit;
Fig. 5 is Fig. 2 A-A sectional views;
Fig. 6 is slideway block schematic perspective view;
Fig. 7 is detent mechanism schematic perspective view;
Fig. 8 is left long positioning sliding block schematic perspective view;
Fig. 9 is left short positioning sliding block schematic perspective view;
Figure 10 is right long positioning sliding block schematic perspective view;
Figure 11 is right short positioning sliding block schematic perspective view;
Figure 12 is Fig. 7 B-B partial sectional views;
Figure 13 is Fig. 7 C-C partial sectional views.
Embodiment
Below by way of drawings and examples, the present invention is described in more detail.
As shown in Figure 1 and Figure 2, the present invention includes base assembly 10, fixation kit 20, transmission mechanism 30, the and of detent mechanism 40 Gap indicates component 50, and under the drive of transmission mechanism 30, fixation kit 20 and detent mechanism 40 link;
A, the base assembly 10 includes bottom plate 11, fromer rail 12 and rear rail 13, and fromer rail 12 is parallel with rear rail 13 It is fixed on the upper surface of bottom plate 11;
B, the fixation kit 20 includes left fixed plate 21, left pressing plate 22 and right fixed plate 23, right pressing plate 24, left fixation Plate 21 is located at fromer rail 12 and the upper left side of rear rail 13 and can be along their linear slide, and right fixed plate 23 is located at fromer rail 12 with after On the right side of on guide rail 13 and it can be respectively used to along their linear slides, left pressing plate 22 and right pressing plate 24 in left fixed plate 21, right fixation Steel plate to be welded is fixed on plate 23;
C, the transmission mechanism 30 includes power transmission shaft 31, inversion axis 35, preceding leading screw 36, rear leading screw 38;Power transmission shaft 31 drives Leading screw 38 afterwards, and preceding leading screw 36 is driven by inversion axis 35, preceding leading screw 36, rear leading screw 38 drive left fixed plate 21 and the right side to consolidate respectively One of fixed board 23 slides along fromer rail 12 and rear rail 13;
D, the detent mechanism 40 includes left camshaft 41, left long positioning sliding block 42, left short positioning sliding block 43, left press strip 44A, left shift fork 44B, left drive rod 44C, right camshaft 45, right long positioning sliding block 46, right short positioning sliding block 47, right press strip 48A, Right shift fork 48B, right drive rod 48C and alignment pin 49;
Through left long positioning sliding block 42 and left short positioning sliding block 43, the left front end of camshaft 41 is fixed with the left camshaft 41 Left press strip 44A, left long positioning sliding block 42 and left short positioning sliding block 43 are located in the corresponding slideway in the back side of bottom plate 11, left long positioning sliding block Load alignment pin 49 in the left positioning hole in 42 upper surfaces;The left shift fork 44B and left drive rod 44C upper ends are individually fixed in left fixation The bottom surface of plate 21, left shift fork 44B bottoms are contacted with right press strip 48A, and right press strip 48A can be pressed in moving process;
Through right long positioning sliding block 46 and right short positioning sliding block 47, the right front end of camshaft 45 is fixed with the right camshaft 45 Right press strip 48A, right long positioning sliding block 46 and right short positioning sliding block 47 are located in the corresponding slideway in the back side of bottom plate 11, right long positioning sliding block Load alignment pin 49 in the right positioning hole in 46 upper surfaces;The right shift fork 48B and right drive rod 48C upper ends are individually fixed in right fixation The bottom surface of plate 23, right shift fork 48B bottoms are contacted with left press strip 44A, and left press strip 44A can be pressed in moving process;
E, the gap instruction component 50 is made up of left pointer 51, right pointer 52 and scale 53;The left upper end of pointer 51 is fixed In left fixed plate 21, synchronous movement, the right upper end of pointer 52 is fixed in right fixed plate 23, synchronous movement, left finger The lower end of pin 51 and right pointer 52 indicates that on scale 53 scale 53 is fixed on bottom plate 11.
As shown in Figure 3, Figure 4, in the base assembly 10, the middle part of bottom plate 11 is provided with rectangular window 11A, for exposing Go out the alignment pin 49 of detent mechanism 40;The leading edge portion of bottom plate 11 is provided with the operation window 11B of rectangle, so that left shift fork 44B, the right side are dialled Fork 48B and left drive rod 44C, right drive rod 48C can pass through its downward actuation;As shown in figure 5, before the lower surface of bottom plate 11 There is left front slideway 11C1 and slideway 11C2 before the right side, to carry left short positioning sliding block 43 and right short positioning cunning respectively on flange 11C The front end of block 47 simultaneously allows them to horizontally slip, and the lower surface rectangular window 11A front and rear sides of bottom plate 11 have and the front flange Slideway block 11E is housed on 11C parallel preceding convex tendon 11D and rear convex tendon 11F, the preceding convex tendon 11D, as shown in fig. 6, slideway block There is left slideway 11E1 and right middle slideway 11E2, the left slideway 11E1 is carrying left short positioning sliding block 43 on 11E Rear end and the front end of left long positioning sliding block 42 simultaneously allow them to horizontally slip, and the right middle slideway 11E2 is carrying right short positioning The rear end of sliding block 47 and the front end of right long positioning sliding block 46 simultaneously allow them to horizontally slip;Have after described on convex tendon 11F left back Slideway 11F1 and right rear slide 11F2, to carry the rear end of left long positioning sliding block 42 and right long positioning sliding block 46 respectively and allow it Horizontally slip;
Slideway 11B2, left slideway 11C1 and right middle slideway 11C2 are rectangular through-hole before the left front slideway 11B1, the right side; The left back slideway 11D1 and right rear slide 11D2 is rectangle blind hole;
As shown in Figure 3, Figure 4, fromer rail 12 is parallel with rear rail 13 is fixed on before and after the upper surface rectangular window 11A of bottom plate 11 Both sides, both axial directions are axially in parallel with the preceding convex tendon 11D's and rear convex tendon 11F, have to slide with it on fromer rail 12 and match somebody with somebody The left slider 14 and right sliding block 15 of conjunction, clamping screw 16 is housed on left slider 14 or right sliding block 15, for by left slider 14 or the right side Sliding block 15 is locked on fromer rail 12, and the left and right ends of fromer rail 12 are respectively arranged with guide rail limited block 17, for left slider 14 It is spacing with right sliding block 15;There is the left slider 14 and right sliding block 15 that are slidably matched with it on the rear rail 13, left slider 14 or Clamping screw 16 is housed, for left slider 14 or right sliding block 15 to be locked in rear rail 13, rear rail 13 on right sliding block 15 Left and right ends are respectively arranged with guide rail limited block 17, for spacing to left slider 14 and right sliding block 15;
As shown in Fig. 2 in the fixation kit 20, the left fixed plate 21 is rectangular slab, is had on the right side of its upper surface middle part There is rectangular recess, for accommodating steel plate to be welded and limiting its position, the left pressing plate 22 passes through with the left upper surface of fixed plate 21 Bolt connection, for fixing oriented steel plate to be welded, to ensure that position location is accurate;Two before and after the left bottom surface of fixed plate 21 End is fixedly connected by bolt with the left slider 14 on fromer rail 12, rear rail 13 respectively, can be along fromer rail 12, rear rail 13 Linear slide, the rear of the left bottom surface of fixed plate 21 are equipped with top chock 25 to drive its linear slide;
The right fixed plate 23 is rectangular slab, has rectangular recess on the left of its upper surface middle part, for accommodating steel to be welded Plate simultaneously limits its position, and the right pressing plate 24 is bolted with the right upper surface of fixed plate 23, oriented for fixing Steel plate to be welded, to ensure that position location is accurate;The right bottom surface rear and front end of fixed plate 23 respectively by bolt and fromer rail 12, after Right sliding block 15 on guide rail 13 is fixedly connected, can be along fromer rail 12, the linear slide of rear rail 13, before the right bottom surface of fixed plate 23 Side is equipped with top chock 25 to drive its linear slide;
As shown in Figure 3, Figure 4, in the transmission mechanism 30, the power transmission shaft 31 is located at a left side for fromer rail 12 and rear rail 13 End face, axis and fromer rail 12 and rear rail 13 are axially orthogonal, and the rear and front end of power transmission shaft 31 with the upper surface of bottom plate 11 respectively by connecting The rotating support of step 18 connect;The leading portion of power transmission shaft 31 and back segment are respectively provided with the first roller gear 32A and first bevel gear 33A, the rear end of power transmission shaft 31 are equipped with handwheel 34;
The inversion axis 35 is parallel with power transmission shaft 31, and the rear and front end of inversion axis 35 is respectively by being connected with the upper surface of bottom plate 11 The rotating support of step 18, the second roller gear 32B being housed on inversion axis 35, it is engaged with the first roller gear 32A, The front end of inversion axis 35 is equipped with second bevel gear 33B;
The preceding leading screw 36 is located at the front of fromer rail 12, and axis is axially in parallel with fromer rail 12, preceding leading screw 36 or so The both ends rotating support of step 18 by being connected with the upper surface of bottom plate 11 respectively;The left end of preceding leading screw 36 is equipped with third hand tap gear 33C, it is engaged with the second bevel gear 33B, has the preceding feed screw nut 37 that coordinates with it on preceding leading screw 36, and it is by preceding leading screw The linear motion be converted to along preceding leading screw;The preceding feed screw nut 37 by the top chock 25 connected with it with it is described Right fixed plate 21 or left fixed plate 23 connect;
Leading screw 38 is located at the rear of rear rail 13 after described, and axis is axially in parallel with rear rail 13, rear leading screw 38 or so The both ends rotating support of step 18 by being connected with the upper surface of bottom plate 11 respectively;The left end of leading screw 38 is equipped with the 4th bevel gear afterwards 33D, it is engaged with the first bevel gear 33A, has the rear feed screw nut 39 that coordinates with it on rear leading screw 38, and it is by rear leading screw The linear motion be converted to along rear leading screw;It is described after feed screw nut 39 by the top chock 25 connected with it with it is described Left fixed plate 23 or right fixed plate 21 connect;
As shown in fig. 7, the detent mechanism 40 include left camshaft 41, left long positioning sliding block 42, left short positioning sliding block 43, Left press strip 44A, left shift fork 44B, left drive rod 44C, right camshaft 45, right long positioning sliding block 46, right short positioning sliding block 47, right pressure Bar 48A, right shift fork 48B, right drive rod 48C and alignment pin 49;
As shown in figure 8, the left long positioning sliding block 42 is hollow prism body, by left slim slide block upper casing 421 and left slim slide block Bottom plate 422 connects and composes, and the left section of slim slide block upper casing 421 is undercut shape, has left positioning hole 42B, loading alignment pin in it 49;Left slim slide block upper casing 421 and the connection of left slim slide block bottom plate 422 form the left long through hole 42A along its axis, for through institute State left camshaft 41;
As shown in figure 9, the short positioning sliding block 43 in a left side has the left short through hole 43A along its axis, for through described Left camshaft 41, the left short upper surface of positioning sliding block 43 have left groove 43B and left chute 43C, institute from front to back close to front end face Stating high order end in left chute 43C has left blind hole 43D;
The left camshaft 41 passes through left short positioning sliding block 43 and left long positioning sliding block 42, after left long positioning sliding block 42 End and front end are respectively placed in left back slideway 11F1 and left slideway 11E1, and the rear end of left short positioning sliding block 43 and front end are distinguished It is placed in left slideway 11E1 and left front slideway 11C1, the alignment pin 49 in left slim slide block upper casing 421 is stretched from rectangular window 11A Go out, the rear end of left camshaft 41 is cased with left camshaft back-moving spring 41A, and the left front end of camshaft 41 and left press strip 44A left end are consolidated Even, the left press strip 44A is arc strip, has the groove along its body, left press strip 44A bar body is positioned at right short positioning sliding block In 47 right groove 47B, left press strip 44A right-hand member stretches out from operation window 11B;
As shown in Figure 10, the right long positioning sliding block 46 is hollow prism body, by right slim slide block upper casing 461 and right slim slide block Bottom plate 462 connects and composes, and the right section of slim slide block upper casing 461 is undercut shape, has right positioning hole 46B, loading alignment pin in it 49;Right slim slide block upper casing 461 and the connection of right slim slide block bottom plate 462 form the right long through hole 46A along its axis, for through institute State right camshaft 45;
As shown in figure 11, the short positioning sliding block 47 in the right side has the right short through hole 47A along its axis, for through institute Right camshaft 45 is stated, the right short upper surface of positioning sliding block 47 has right groove 47B and right rail 47C from front to back close to front end face, Low order end has right blind hole 47D in the right rail 47C;
The right camshaft 45 passes through right short positioning sliding block 47 and right long positioning sliding block 46, after right long positioning sliding block 46 End and front end are respectively placed in right rear slide 11F2 and right middle slideway 11E2, and the rear end of right short positioning sliding block 47 and front end are distinguished It is placed in right middle slideway 11E2 and slideway 11C2 before the right side, the alignment pin 49 in right slim slide block upper casing 461 is stretched from rectangular window 11A Go out, the rear end of right camshaft 45 is cased with right camshaft back-moving spring 45A, and the right front end of camshaft 45 and right press strip 48A right-hand member are consolidated Even, the right press strip 48A is arc strip, has the groove along its body, right press strip 48A bar body is positioned at left short positioning sliding block In 43 left groove 43B, right press strip 48A left end stretches out from operation window 11B;
The left shift fork 44B and left drive rod 44C upper ends are individually fixed in the left bottom surface of fixed plate 21, left drive rod 44C bottoms End is stretched into by operation window 11B in the left chute 43C of left short positioning sliding block 43, and left shift fork 44B bottoms are recessed with right press strip 48A's Groove is contacted, and right press strip 48A can be pressed in moving process;
The right shift fork 48B and right drive rod 48C upper ends are individually fixed in the right bottom surface of fixed plate 23, right drive rod 48C bottoms End is stretched into by operation window 11B in the right rail 47C of right short positioning sliding block 47, and right shift fork 48B bottoms are recessed with left press strip 44A's Groove is contacted, and left press strip 44A can be pressed in moving process;
As shown in figure 12, for the alignment pin 49 to be inverted T-shaped rod-like element, its lower end is the cap body 49A extended to surrounding, When loading the left positioning hole 42B of left long positioning sliding block 42, back-moving spring 49B is enclosed on alignment pin 49, the upper end of alignment pin 49 by The left positioning hole 42B of left slim slide block upper casing 421 and the right positioning hole 46B of right slim slide block upper casing 461 stretch out, and are loaded on left slim slide block Bottom plate 422 and right slim slide block bottom plate 462, slideway block 11E is loaded on the preceding convex tendon 11D of the lower surface of bottom plate 11 so that Zuo Changding The front end of position sliding block 42 and the rear end of left short positioning sliding block 43 are placed in left slideway 11E1, the front end of right long positioning sliding block 46 and The rear end of right short positioning sliding block 47 is placed in right middle slideway 11E2, and back-moving spring 49B make it that the cap body 49A of alignment pin 49 and a left side are convex Wheel shaft 41 is always maintained at contacting.
It is identical with the above situation when alignment pin 49 loads the right positioning hole 46B of right long positioning sliding block 46, differ only in The right positioning hole 46B of right long positioning sliding block 46 replaces the left positioning hole 42B of left long positioning sliding block 42, is replaced with right camshaft 45 left Camshaft 41.
As shown in figure 13, the left drive rod 44C lower ends have hollow blind hole, and driving is housed from bottom to top in hollow blind hole Wire nail 441 and wire nail driving spring 442.
The right drive rod 48C is identical with left drive rod 44C shapes, structure.
Before steel plate clamping is carried out, fixation kit 20 and detent mechanism 40 are back to clamping station, rotate handwheel 34, Power transmission shaft 31 is driven to be rotated on step 18, power transmission shaft 31 is nibbled by the first roller gear 32A and the second roller gear 32B Close rotation is passed into 35 turns of inversion axis to go backward through second bevel gear 33B and engage with third hand tap gear 33C and pass to preceding leading screw 36, or the rear leading screw 38 for passing to vertical drive shaft 31 is engaged with the 4th bevel gear 33D by first bevel gear 33A;Preceding silk Rotation can be converted to linear motion by the rotation of thick stick 36 by the preceding feed screw nut 37 coordinated with it, then pass through top chock 28 drive right fixed plate 23 on fromer rail 12 and rear rail 13 to the right linear slide;Afterwards the rotation of leading screw 38 can by with Rotation is converted to linear motion by its rear feed screw nut 39 coordinated, then drives left fixed plate 21 preceding by top chock 28 To left side linear slide on guide rail 12 and rear rail 13, left fixed plate 21 and right fixed plate 23 link to be opened to both sides.
Together with the left shift fork 44B and right shift fork 48B being fixed together with left fixed plate 21 and right fixed plate 23 from centre to Both sides are slided, and left shift fork 44B is contacted with right press strip 48A groove, and right press strip is significantly pressed downwards in moving process 48A, right shift fork 48B are contacted with left press strip 44A groove, and left press strip 44A is significantly pressed downwards in moving process;With a left side The left drive rod 44C and right drive rod 48C that fixed plate 21 and right fixed plate 23 are fixed together are also synchronous therewith to be slided to both sides, Drive left short positioning sliding block 43, left long positioning sliding block 42 and left press strip 44A thereon and right short positioning sliding block 47, right long positioning Sliding block 46 and right press strip 48A thereon move to both sides;Left shift fork 44B and right press strip 48A produces relative motion, left shift fork 44B, which moves less distance, can cause right press strip 48A to obtain larger rotational angle, and right shift fork 48B and left press strip 44A is produced Relative motion, right shift fork 48B, which moves less distance, can cause left press strip 44A to obtain larger rotational angle.
Left press strip 44A rotation will drive left camshaft 41 in left short positioning sliding block 43 and the through hole of left long positioning sliding block 42 Rotated in 43A and 42A, right press strip 48A rotation will drive right camshaft 45 in right short positioning sliding block 47 and right long positioning sliding block Rotated in 46 through hole 47A and 46A;The left rear end of camshaft 41 is equipped with left camshaft back-moving spring 41A so that left camshaft 41 Rotation has resistance, and then resistance is passed into left press strip 44A, makes it keep contacting with right shift fork 48B, the right rear end of camshaft 45 Equipped with right camshaft back-moving spring 45A so that the rotation of right camshaft 45 has resistance, and then resistance is passed into right press strip 48A, it is set to keep contacting with left shift fork 44B.
The rotation of left camshaft 41 and right camshaft 45, it will push mounted in left long positioning sliding block 42 and right long positioning sliding block 46 Left positioning hole 42B and 46B in alignment pin 49 move up, make it gradually rise up to dock steel plate position location.
When left drive rod 44C is from middle side sliding process to the left, it drives wire nail 441 first in left short positioning sliding block 43 Left chute 43C in slide, left drive rod 44C slip will not drive left short positioning sliding block 43 and left long positioning sliding block 42 Slided together to the left side;When driving wire nail 441 to slide into the left short left chute 43C of positioning sliding block 43 left blind hole 43D positions, In the presence of wire nail driving spring 442, driving wire nail 441 is slipped into left blind hole 43D, and left drive rod 44C will promote left short positioning Sliding block 43 and left long positioning sliding block 42 slide together with left fixed plate 21 to the left side, the alignment pin in left long positioning sliding block 42 49 is synchronous to left side slip therewith;
When right drive rod 48C is from middle side sliding process to the right, it drives wire nail 441 first in right short positioning sliding block 47 Right rail 47C in slide, right drive rod 48C slip will not drive right short positioning sliding block 47 and right long positioning sliding block 46 Slided together to the right;When driving wire nail 441 to slide into the right short right rail 47C of positioning sliding block 47 right blind hole 47D positions, In the presence of wire nail driving spring 442, driving wire nail 441 is slipped into right blind hole 47D, and right drive rod 48C will promote right short positioning Sliding block 47 and right long positioning sliding block 46 slide to the right together, the alignment pin 49 in right long positioning sliding block 46 therewith it is synchronous to Slide on the right.
When left fixed plate 21 and right fixed plate 23 continue under the driving of transmission mechanism 30 to both sides slip, the He of left slider 14 Right sliding block 15 contacts with guide rail limited block 17, and left fixed plate 21 and right fixed plate 23 slide into end;Left short positioning sliding block simultaneously 43 and left long positioning sliding block 42 slide into bottom plate 11 lower surface slideway 11A and 11B left end position, right short positioning sliding block 47 Bottom plate 11 lower surface slideway 11A and 11B right-hand end position is slid into right long positioning sliding block 46, is pressed by right shift fork 48B Left press strip 44A, drive left camshaft 41 to rotate the alignment pin 49 that driving is located in left long positioning sliding block 42 and rise to position location, Left shift fork 44B presses right press strip 48A, drives right camshaft 45 to rotate the alignment pin 49 that driving is located in right long positioning sliding block 46 Rise to position location.
Fixation kit 20 and detent mechanism 40 return to steel plate clamping station, and the interface of steel plate is carried out with alignment pin 49 Positioning, need to position with left fixed plate 21 and the bottom surface of the groove intermediate groove of right fixed plate 23 and edge positioning the other of both sides steel plate Face;Without the butt-joint clearance for considering to set in position fixing process, the complexity of positioning is greatly reduced, both sides are had good positioning Steel plate left pressing plate 22 and right pressing plate 24 are fixed and clamped, and positioning fixation procedure finishes.
Have good positioning after steel plate, rotate backward the handwheel 34 in transmission mechanism 30, fixation kit 20 and detent mechanism 40 will be by Moved in the opposite direction according to above-mentioned process.After the completion of docking steel plate positioning is fixed, alignment pin 49 contacts with steel plate interface, Welding post (being moved from both sides to centre) is returned to left fixed plate 21 and right fixed plate 23 has inhibition;The present invention is the bottom of at The lower surface design of plate 11 slideway 11A and 11B, for left short positioning sliding block 43, right short positioning sliding block 47 and left long positioning sliding block 46, Right long positioning sliding block 42 slides, and so as to drive alignment pin 49 to move, releases and the obstruction of left fixed plate 21 and right fixed plate 23 is made With.When left fixed plate 21 moves from the left side to centre, when returning to welding post, the left driving that is fixed together with left fixed plate 21 Bar 44C drives left short positioning sliding block 43 to move, so as to drive left long positioning sliding block 42 and alignment pin 49 synchronizing moving;It is simultaneously right Shift fork 48B is the left press strip 44A for pressing offside, is produced with the left drive rod 44C left short positioning sliding blocks 43 driven larger relative Speed, after left drive rod 44C moves a small distance to centre, left press strip 44A will drive left camshaft 41 to produce larger turn Dynamic angle so that the alignment pin 49 in left long positioning sliding block 42 quickly falls to the position less than welded plate, and it is right to release its The prevention of left side welding steel;When left drive rod 44C drive left short positioning sliding block 43 along the slip 11A below bottom plate 11 continue to When middle slip is to end, left short positioning sliding block 43 will be limited no longer to middle slip, and left fixed plate 21 continues to drive a left side Drive rod 44C is mobile to centre so that the driving wire nail 441 under left drive rod 44C is overcome on the resistance of wire nail driving spring 442 Rise, slided out to by the left blind hole 43D in left short positioning sliding block 43 in left chute 43C, so as to no longer drive left short positioning sliding block 43 Moved with left long positioning sliding block 42;When right fixed plate 23 moves from the right to centre, returns to welding post, with right fixed plate 23 The right drive rod 48C being fixed together drives right short positioning sliding block 47 to move, so as to drive right long positioning sliding block 46 and positioning The synchronizing moving of pin 49;Left shift fork 44B is the right press strip 48A for pressing offside simultaneously, is slided with the right short positioning that right drive rod 48C drives Block 47 produces larger relative velocity, and after right drive rod 48C moves a small distance to centre, right press strip 48A will drive right convex Wheel shaft 45 produces larger rotational angle so that the alignment pin 49 in right long positioning sliding block 46 is quickly fallen to less than welding The position of plate, release its prevention to welding steel;When right drive rod 48C drives right short positioning sliding block 47 along below bottom plate 11 When slip 11A is continued to middle slip to end, right short positioning sliding block 47 will be limited no longer to middle slip, and in right fixation Plate 23 continues to drive right drive rod 48C mobile to centre so that the driving wire nail 441 under right drive rod 48C overcomes wire nail to drive The resistance of spring 442 rises, and is slided out to by the right blind hole 47D in right short positioning sliding block 47 in right rail 47C, so that no longer band It is dynamic, so as to no longer drive right short positioning sliding block 47 and right long positioning sliding block 46 to move.
Left fixed plate 21 continues to move to welding post, and the left upper end of pointer 51 is fixed in left fixed plate 21, synchronous Mobile, lower end is indicated on scale 53, and right fixed plate 23 continues to move to welding post, and the right upper end of pointer 52 is fixed on right fixation On plate 23, synchronous movement, lower end indicates that on scale 53 scale 53 is fixed on bottom plate 11, as shown in Figure 2;Positioning is solid The steel plate set moves with left fixed plate 21 and right fixed plate 23 from clamping station to welding post (by two lateral centres) During, left pointer 51 and the moment of right pointer 52 show the gap width between current two steel plates interface by scale 53, can The very convenient interstitial site for being efficiently moved to setting, and welding post, and by clamping screw 16 be locked with For welding.

Claims (4)

1. a kind of steel plate butt welding lash adjusting device, including base assembly (10), fixation kit (20), transmission mechanism (30), Detent mechanism (40) and gap instruction component (50), under the drive of transmission mechanism (30), fixation kit (20) and detent mechanism (40) link, it is characterised in that:
A, the base assembly (10) includes bottom plate (11), fromer rail (12) and rear rail (13), fromer rail (12) and rear rail (13) it is parallel to be fixed on bottom plate (11) upper surface;
B, the fixation kit (20) includes left fixed plate (21), left pressing plate (22) and right fixed plate (23), right pressing plate (24), Left fixed plate (21) is located at fromer rail (12) and rear rail (13) upper left side and can be along their linear slides, right fixed plate (23) position It can be used along their linear slides, left pressing plate (22) and right pressing plate (24) in right side on fromer rail (12) and rear rail (13) and respectively In fixing steel plate to be welded on (23) in left fixed plate (21), right fixed plate;
C, the transmission mechanism (30) includes power transmission shaft (31), inversion axis (35), preceding leading screw (36), rear leading screw (38);Power transmission shaft (31) leading screw (38) after driving, and leading screw (36) before being driven by inversion axis (35), preceding leading screw (36), rear leading screw (38) band respectively Dynamic one of left fixed plate (21) and right fixed plate (23) are slided along fromer rail (12) and rear rail (13);
D, the detent mechanism (40) includes left camshaft (41), left long positioning sliding block (42), left short positioning sliding block (43), left pressure Bar (44A), left shift fork (44B), left drive rod (44C), right camshaft (45), right long positioning sliding block (46), right short positioning sliding block (47), right press strip (48A), right shift fork (48B), right drive rod (48C) and alignment pin (49);
The left camshaft (41) is solid through left long positioning sliding block (42) and left short positioning sliding block (43), left camshaft (41) front end Left press strip (44A) is connected with, left long positioning sliding block (42) and left short positioning sliding block (43) are located in the corresponding slideway in bottom plate (11) back side, Load alignment pin (49) in the left positioning hole in left long positioning sliding block (42) upper surface;The left shift fork (44B) and left drive rod (44C) Upper end is individually fixed in left fixed plate (21) bottom surface, and left shift fork (44B) bottom contacts with right press strip (48A), in moving process Right press strip (48A) can be pressed;
The right camshaft (45) is solid through right long positioning sliding block (46) and right short positioning sliding block (47), right camshaft (45) front end Right press strip (48A) is connected with, right long positioning sliding block (46) and right short positioning sliding block (47) are located in the corresponding slideway in bottom plate (11) back side, Load alignment pin (49) in the right positioning hole in right long positioning sliding block (46) upper surface;The right shift fork (48B) and right drive rod (48C) Upper end is individually fixed in right fixed plate (23) bottom surface, and right shift fork (48B) bottom contacts with left press strip (44A), in moving process Left press strip (44A) can be pressed;
E, the gap instruction component (50) is made up of left pointer (51), right pointer (52) and scale (53);On left pointer (51) End is fixed in left fixed plate (21), and synchronous movement, right pointer (52) upper end is fixed in right fixed plate (23), same with it The lower end of moved further, left pointer (51) and right pointer (52) indicates that on scale (53) scale (53) is fixed on bottom plate (11).
2. steel plate butt welding lash adjusting device as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that:
A, in the base assembly (10), rectangular window (11A) is provided with the middle part of the bottom plate (11), for exposing detent mechanism (40) alignment pin (49);Bottom plate (11) leading edge portion is provided with the operation window (11B) of rectangle, so that left shift fork (44B), the right side are dialled Fork (48B) and left drive rod (44C), right drive rod (48C) can pass through its downward actuation;The lordosis of bottom plate (11) lower surface It is short to carry left short positioning sliding block (43) and the right side respectively with slideway (11C2) before left front slideway (11C1) and the right side on edge (11C) The front end of positioning sliding block (47) simultaneously allows them to horizontally slip, and bottom plate (11) lower surface rectangular window (11A) front and rear sides have The preceding convex tendon (11D) and rear convex tendon (11F) parallel with the front flange (11C), slideway block is housed on the preceding convex tendon (11D) (11E), has left slideway (11E1) and right middle slideway (11E2) on slideway block (11E), the left slideway (11E1) to The rear end of the left short positioning sliding block (43) of carrying and the front end of left long positioning sliding block (42) simultaneously allow them to horizontally slip, in the right side Slideway (11E2) is carrying the front end of the rear end of right short positioning sliding block (47) and right long positioning sliding block (46) and allow them left Right slip;There is left back slideway (11F1) and right rear slide (11F2) on convex tendon (11F) after described, to carry left long positioning respectively Simultaneously them are allowed to horizontally slip in the rear end of sliding block (42) and right long positioning sliding block (46);
Slideway (11C2), left slideway (11E1) and right middle slideway (11E2) are rectangle before the left front slideway (11C1), the right side Through hole;The left back slideway (11F1) and right rear slide (11F2) are rectangle blind hole;
Fromer rail (12) is parallel with rear rail (13) to be fixed on bottom plate (11) upper surface rectangular window (11A) front and rear sides, both Axial direction and the preceding convex tendon (11D) and rear convex tendon (11F) it is axially in parallel, have on fromer rail (12) and to be slidably matched with it Clamping screw (16) is housed, for by left slider on left slider (14) and right sliding block (15), left slider (14) or right sliding block (15) (14) or right sliding block (15) is locked on fromer rail (12), and fromer rail (12) left and right ends are respectively arranged with guide rail limited block (17), for spacing to left slider (14) and right sliding block (15);There is the left cunning being slidably matched with it on the rear rail (13) Clamping screw (16) is housed, for by left slider (14) on block (14) and right sliding block (15), left slider (14) or right sliding block (15) Or right sliding block (15) is locked and is respectively arranged with guide rail limited block (17) in rear rail (13), rear rail (13) left and right ends, is used for It is spacing to left slider (14) and right sliding block (15);
B, in the fixation kit (20), the left fixed plate (21) is rectangular slab, has rectangle recessed on the right side of its upper surface middle part Groove, for accommodating steel plate to be welded and limiting its position, the left pressing plate (22) passes through bolt with left fixed plate (21) upper surface Connection, for fixing oriented steel plate to be welded, to ensure that position location is accurate;Left fixed plate (21) bottom surface rear and front end Be fixedly connected respectively by bolt with the left slider (14) on fromer rail (12), rear rail (13), can along fromer rail (12), after Guide rail (13) linear slide, the rear of left fixed plate (21) bottom surface are equipped with top chock (25) to drive its linear slide;
The right fixed plate (23) is rectangular slab, has rectangular recess on the left of its upper surface middle part, for accommodating steel plate to be welded And its position is limited, the right pressing plate (24) is bolted with right fixed plate (23) upper surface, has been positioned for fixing Steel plate to be welded, to ensure that position location is accurate;Right fixed plate (23) bottom surface rear and front end passes through bolt and fromer rail respectively (12), the right sliding block (15) on rear rail (13) is fixedly connected, can be right along fromer rail (12), rear rail (13) linear slide The front of fixed plate (23) bottom surface is equipped with top chock (25) to drive its linear slide;
C, in the transmission mechanism (30), the power transmission shaft (31) is located at the left side of fromer rail (12) and rear rail (13), axle Line and fromer rail (12) and rear rail (13) are axially orthogonal, and power transmission shaft (31) rear and front end with bottom plate (11) upper surface respectively by connecting Step (18) rotating support connect;Power transmission shaft (31) leading portion and back segment are respectively provided with the first roller gear (32A) and first Bevel gear (33A), the rear end of power transmission shaft (31) are equipped with handwheel (34);
The inversion axis (35) is parallel with power transmission shaft (31), and inversion axis (35) rear and front end with bottom plate (11) upper surface respectively by connecting Step (18) rotating support connect, the second roller gear (32B) is housed on inversion axis (35), itself and first Cylinder Gear (32A) engagement is taken turns, the front end of inversion axis (35) is equipped with second bevel gear (33B);
The preceding leading screw (36) is located at the front of fromer rail (12), and axis is axially in parallel with fromer rail (12), preceding leading screw (36) Left and right ends step (18) rotating support by being connected with bottom plate (11) upper surface respectively;The left end of preceding leading screw (36) is equipped with Third hand tap gear (33C), it is engaged with the second bevel gear (33B), has the preceding leading screw coordinated with it on preceding leading screw (36) Nut (37), it is by the linear motion be converted to along preceding leading screw of preceding leading screw;The preceding feed screw nut (37) by with its Connected top chock (25) is connected with the right fixed plate (21) or left fixed plate (23);
Leading screw (38) is located at the rear of rear rail (13) after described, and axis is axially in parallel with rear rail (13), rear leading screw (38) Left and right ends step (18) rotating support by being connected with bottom plate (11) upper surface respectively;The left end of leading screw (38) is equipped with afterwards 4th bevel gear (33D), it is engaged with the first bevel gear (33A), has the rear leading screw coordinated with it on rear leading screw (38) Nut (39), it is by the linear motion be converted to along rear leading screw of rear leading screw;It is described after feed screw nut (39) by with its Connected top chock (25) is connected with the left fixed plate (23) or right fixed plate (21);
D, in the detent mechanism (40), the left long positioning sliding block (42) is hollow prism body, by left slim slide block upper casing (421) Connected and composed with left slim slide block bottom plate (422), left slim slide block upper casing (421) section is undercut shape, has left positioning hole (42B), loading alignment pin (49) in it;Left slim slide block upper casing (421) and left slim slide block bottom plate (422) connection are formed along its axis Left long through hole (42A), for through the left camshaft (41);
The short positioning sliding block in a left side (43) has the left short through hole (43A) along its axis, for through the left camshaft (41), left short positioning sliding block (43) upper surface has left groove (43B) and left chute (43C), institute from front to back close to front end face Stating left chute (43C) interior high order end has left blind hole (43D);
The left camshaft (41) is through left short positioning sliding block (43) and left long positioning sliding block (42), by left long positioning sliding block (42) Rear end and front end be respectively placed in left back slideway (11F1) and left slideway (11E1), by the rear end of left short positioning sliding block (43) It is respectively placed in front end in left slideway (11E1) and left front slideway (11C1), the alignment pin in left slim slide block upper casing (421) (49) stretched out from rectangular window (11A), the rear end of left camshaft (41) is cased with left camshaft back-moving spring (41A), left camshaft (41) front end and the left end of left press strip (44A) are connected, and the left press strip (44A) is arc strip, have the groove along its body, The bar body of left press strip (44A) is in the right groove (47B) of right short positioning sliding block (47), and the right-hand member of left press strip (44A) is from work Window (11B) stretches out;
The right long positioning sliding block (46) is hollow prism body, is connected by right slim slide block upper casing (461) and right slim slide block bottom plate (462) Composition is connect, right slim slide block upper casing (461) section is undercut shape, has right positioning hole (46B), loading alignment pin (49) in it; Right slim slide block upper casing (461) and right slim slide block bottom plate (462) connection form the right long through hole (46A) along its axis, for wearing Cross the right camshaft (45);
The short positioning sliding block in the right side (47) has the right short through hole (47A) along its axis, for through the right camshaft (45), right short positioning sliding block (47) upper surface has right groove (47B) and right rail (47C), institute from front to back close to front end face Stating right rail (47C) interior low order end has right blind hole (47D);
The right camshaft (45) is through right short positioning sliding block (47) and right long positioning sliding block (46), by right long positioning sliding block (46) Rear end and front end be respectively placed in right rear slide (11F2) and right middle slideway (11E2), by the rear end of right short positioning sliding block (47) Slideway (11C2) is interior before being respectively placed in right middle slideway (11E2) and the right side with front end, the alignment pin in right slim slide block upper casing (461) (49) stretched out from rectangular window (11A), the rear end of right camshaft (45) is cased with right camshaft back-moving spring (45A), right camshaft (45) front end and the right-hand member of right press strip (48A) are connected, and the right press strip (48A) is arc strip, have the groove along its body, The bar body of right press strip (48A) is in the left groove (43B) of left short positioning sliding block (43), and the left end of right press strip (48A) is from work Window (11B) stretches out;
The left shift fork (44B) and left drive rod (44C) upper end are individually fixed in left fixed plate (21) bottom surface, left drive rod (44C) bottom is stretched into by operation window (11B) in the left chute (43C) of left short positioning sliding block (43), left shift fork (44B) bottom Contacted with the groove of right press strip (48A), right press strip (48A) can be pressed in moving process;
The right shift fork (48B) and right drive rod (48C) upper end are individually fixed in right fixed plate (23) bottom surface, right drive rod (48C) bottom is stretched into by operation window (11B) in the right rail (47C) of right short positioning sliding block (47), right shift fork (48B) bottom Contacted with the groove of left press strip (44A), left press strip (44A) can be pressed in moving process.
3. steel plate butt welding lash adjusting device as claimed in claim 2, it is characterised in that:
For the alignment pin (49) to be inverted T-shaped rod-like element, its lower end is the cap body (49A) extended to surrounding, is determined loading left length Position sliding block (42) left positioning hole (42B) and right long positioning sliding block (46) right positioning hole (46B) when, by back-moving spring (49B) It is enclosed on alignment pin (49), on left positioning hole (42B) and right slim slide block of alignment pin (49) upper end by left slim slide block upper casing (421) The right positioning hole (46B) of shell (461) stretches out, and left slim slide block bottom plate (422) and right slim slide block bottom plate (462) is loaded on, in bottom plate (11) slideway block (11E) is loaded on the preceding convex tendon (11D) of lower surface so that the front end of left long positioning sliding block (42) and left short positioning The rear end of sliding block (43) is placed in left slideway (11E1), the short positioning sliding block (47) in front end and the right side of right long positioning sliding block (46) Rear end is placed in right middle slideway (11E2), and back-moving spring (49B) causes the cap body (49A) and left camshaft (41) of alignment pin (49) Or right camshaft (45) is always maintained at contacting.
4. steel plate butt welding lash adjusting device as claimed in claim 2 or claim 3, it is characterised in that:
The left drive rod (44C) is identical with right drive rod (48C) shape, structure, and its lower end has hollow blind hole, hollow blind hole Inside from bottom to top equipped with driving wire nail (441) and wire nail driving spring (442).
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