CN106493499A - A kind of steel plate butt welding lash adjusting device - Google Patents

A kind of steel plate butt welding lash adjusting device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106493499A
CN106493499A CN201611243178.4A CN201611243178A CN106493499A CN 106493499 A CN106493499 A CN 106493499A CN 201611243178 A CN201611243178 A CN 201611243178A CN 106493499 A CN106493499 A CN 106493499A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
sliding block
positioning sliding
rail
slideway
plate
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Granted
Application number
CN201611243178.4A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN106493499B (en
Inventor
艾岳巍
蒋平
邵新宇
李培根
耿韶宁
刘洋
刘卫
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Huazhong University of Science and Technology
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Huazhong University of Science and Technology
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Priority to CN201611243178.4A priority Critical patent/CN106493499B/en
Publication of CN106493499A publication Critical patent/CN106493499A/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23KSOLDERING OR UNSOLDERING; WELDING; CLADDING OR PLATING BY SOLDERING OR WELDING; CUTTING BY APPLYING HEAT LOCALLY, e.g. FLAME CUTTING; WORKING BY LASER BEAM
    • B23K37/00Auxiliary devices or processes, not specially adapted to a procedure covered by only one of the preceding main groups
    • B23K37/04Auxiliary devices or processes, not specially adapted to a procedure covered by only one of the preceding main groups for holding or positioning work
    • B23K37/0408Auxiliary devices or processes, not specially adapted to a procedure covered by only one of the preceding main groups for holding or positioning work for planar work
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23KSOLDERING OR UNSOLDERING; WELDING; CLADDING OR PLATING BY SOLDERING OR WELDING; CUTTING BY APPLYING HEAT LOCALLY, e.g. FLAME CUTTING; WORKING BY LASER BEAM
    • B23K37/00Auxiliary devices or processes, not specially adapted to a procedure covered by only one of the preceding main groups
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23KSOLDERING OR UNSOLDERING; WELDING; CLADDING OR PLATING BY SOLDERING OR WELDING; CUTTING BY APPLYING HEAT LOCALLY, e.g. FLAME CUTTING; WORKING BY LASER BEAM
    • B23K2101/00Articles made by soldering, welding or cutting
    • B23K2101/18Sheet panels
    • B23K2101/185Tailored blanks

Abstract

A kind of steel plate butt welding lash adjusting device, belongs to steel plate position adjusting apparatus, solves the problems, such as that steel plate gap is docked in the accurate adjustment that is difficult to that existing steel plate butt welding positioner is present.The present invention includes that base assembly, fixation kit, transmission mechanism, detent mechanism and gap indicate that component, the base assembly include base plate and forward and backward guide rail;Fixation kit includes left and right fixed plate and left and right pressing plate;Transmission mechanism includes power transmission shaft, inversion axis, front leading screw, rear leading screw;Detent mechanism includes left and right camshaft, left and right long positioning sliding block, left and right short positioning sliding block, left and right press strip, left and right shift fork, left and right driving bar and alignment pin;Gap indicates that component is made up of left pointer, right pointer and scale.Present configuration is simple, low cost of manufacture, affected little, easy to operate by working environment, ensure that steel plate butt-joint clearance and is accurately positioned, heightened significantly welding quality and welding efficiency, it is adaptable to multiple welding processes such as laser, electric arc.

Description

A kind of steel plate butt welding lash adjusting device
Technical field
The invention belongs to steel plate position adjusting apparatus, more particularly to a kind of steel plate butt welding lash adjusting device, for steel The welding processes such as the laser of plate, electric arc.
Background technology
Butt welding between steel plate is modal connected mode in the welding processes such as laser, electric arc.In steel plate butt welding During, the quality of the coplane degree Welded Joints in gap and upper surface between steel plate interface has conclusive shadow Ring.The Chinese patent (authorized announcement date on July 08th, 2015) of Authorization Notice No. CN103381531B discloses a kind of steel plate pair Apparatus for welding and positioning and alignment method is connect, including c-type bent plate, connecting plate, connecting plate are provided with for fixing the recessed of c-type bent plate Groove, c-type bent plate are fixed in a groove, and a connecting plate and two c-type bent plates are welded as a whole to form a connector, energy The common surface degree between two blocks of docking steel plates is enough improved, improves welding quality.Which is disadvantageous in that cannot docking steel plate Gap is adjusted flexibly and is indicated gap width in real time, still needs to measure during contraposition by survey tool, and this causes Operating process is complicated, it is difficult to which the gap for once completing steel plate interface accurately adjusts and fixes, and is protected between welding process light plate Often there is larger error in the gap that holds between setting value, cause welding point meet requirement;And carry out many In secondary welding process, repeatability positioning precision is poor, it is difficult to carry out batch production, realizes that steel plate butt welding high-quality and high-efficiency connects.
Content of the invention
The present invention provides a kind of steel plate butt welding lash adjusting device, solves existing steel plate butt welding positioner and exists The problem for being difficult to accurate adjustment docking steel plate gap, for multiple welding process light plate butt welding gaps such as laser, electric arc Adjustment is positioned and fixed.
A kind of steel plate butt welding lash adjusting device provided by the present invention, including base assembly, fixation kit, driver Structure, detent mechanism and gap indicate component, and under the drive of transmission mechanism, fixation kit and detent mechanism link, and its feature exists In:
A, the base assembly include base plate, fromer rail and rear rail, and fromer rail is parallel with rear rail to be fixed on base plate Surface;
B, the fixation kit include that left fixed plate, left pressing plate and right fixed plate, right pressing plate, left fixed plate are located at leading Rail and rear rail upper left side simultaneously can be along their linear slides, and right fixed plate is located on fromer rail and rear rail right side can be along them Linear slide, left pressing plate and right pressing plate are respectively used to fix steel plate to be welded in left fixed plate, right fixed plate;
C, the transmission mechanism include power transmission shaft, inversion axis, front leading screw, rear leading screw;Leading screw after power transmission shaft driving, and pass through Inversion axis drives front leading screw, and front leading screw, rear leading screw drive one of left fixed plate and right fixed plate respectively along fromer rail and rear rail Slide;
D, the detent mechanism include left camshaft, left long positioning sliding block, left short positioning sliding block, left press strip, left shift fork, a left side Drive rod, right camshaft, right long positioning sliding block, right short positioning sliding block, right press strip, right shift fork, right drive rod and alignment pin;
The left camshaft is fixed with left press strip through left long positioning sliding block and left short positioning sliding block, left camshaft front end, Left long positioning sliding block and left short positioning sliding block are located in the corresponding slideway in the base plate back side, and it is fixed to load in the left location hole of left slim slide block upper casing Position pin;The left shift fork and left drive rod upper end are individually fixed in left fixed plate bottom surface, and left shift fork bottom is contacted with right press strip, Right press strip can be pressed in moving process;
The right camshaft is fixed with right press strip through right long positioning sliding block and right short positioning sliding block, right camshaft front end, Right long positioning sliding block and right short positioning sliding block are located in the corresponding slideway in the base plate back side, and it is fixed to load in the right location hole of right slim slide block upper casing Position pin;The right shift fork and right drive rod upper end are individually fixed in right fixed plate bottom surface, and right shift fork bottom is contacted with left press strip, Left press strip can be pressed in moving process;
E, the gap indicate that component is made up of left pointer, right pointer and scale;Left pointer upper end is fixed on left fixed plate On, synchronous movement, right pointer upper end are fixed in right fixed plate, synchronous movement, the lower end of left pointer and right pointer Indicate that scale is fixed on base plate on scale;The steel plate that positioning is fixed is as left fixed plate and right fixed plate are from clamping work During position is moved to welding post (by two lateral centres), left pointer and right pointer moment show current two steel by scale Gap width between plate interface, the very convenient interstitial site for efficiently moving to setting can keep.
Described steel plate butt welding lash adjusting device, which is further characterized by:
In A, the base assembly, in the middle part of the base plate, rectangular window is provided with, for exposing the alignment pin of detent mechanism; Base plate leading edge portion is provided with the operation window of rectangle, so that left shift fork, right shift fork and left drive rod, right drive rod can pass through Its downward actuation;There is left front slideway and right front slideway, to carry left short positioning sliding block respectively on the front flange of base plate lower surface And right short positioning sliding block front end and allow that they horizontally slip, before and after base plate lower surface rectangular window both sides have with described before The parallel front convex tendon of flange and rear convex tendon, are equipped with slideway block on the front convex tendon, have sliding in left slideway and the right side on slideway block Road, the left slideway is in order to carrying the rear end of left short positioning sliding block and the front end of left long positioning sliding block and allow that their left and right are sliding Dynamic, the right middle slideway is in order to carrying the rear end of right short positioning sliding block and the front end of right long positioning sliding block and allow that their left and right are sliding Dynamic;There is left back slideway and right rear slide, to carry left long positioning sliding block and right long positioning sliding block respectively on the rear convex tendon Simultaneously allow that they horizontally slip in rear end;
The left front slideway, right front slideway, left slideway and right middle slideway are rectangular through-hole;The left back slideway and the right side Rear slide is rectangle blind hole;
Fromer rail is parallel with rear rail to be fixed on both sides before and after plate upper surface rectangular window, both axial directions with described before Convex tendon and rear convex tendon axially in parallel, there is on fromer rail left slider and right slide block, left slider or the right cunning being slidably matched with which Equipped with clamping screw on block, it is respectively arranged with for left slider or right slider locking are fixed on fromer rail, fromer rail or so two ends Guide rail limited block, for spacing to left slider and right slide block;There is on the rear rail left slider and the right side being slidably matched with which Clamping screw is housed on slide block, left slider or right slide block, for left slider or right slider locking are fixed on rear rail, rear rail Left and right two ends are respectively arranged with guide rail limited block, for spacing to left slider and right slide block;
In B, the fixation kit, the left fixed plate is rectangular slab, and there is rectangular recess on the right side of its upper surface middle part, uses In accommodating steel plate to be welded and limiting its position, the left pressing plate is bolted with left fixed plate upper surface, for fixing Good oriented steel plate to be welded, to guarantee that position location is accurate;Left fixed plate bottom surface rear and front end respectively by bolt with front Left slider on guide rail, rear rail is fixedly connected, can be along fromer rail, rear rail linear slide, the rear of left fixed plate bottom surface Top chock is housed to drive its linear slide;
The right fixed plate is rectangular slab, there is rectangular recess on the left of its upper surface middle part, for accommodating steel plate to be welded And its position is limited, the right pressing plate is bolted with right fixed plate upper surface, oriented to be welded for fixing Steel plate, to guarantee that position location is accurate;Right fixed plate bottom surface rear and front end is respectively by the right side on bolt and fromer rail, rear rail Slide block is fixedly connected, and top chock can be housed to drive along fromer rail, rear rail linear slide, the front of right fixed plate bottom surface Its linear slide;
In C, the transmission mechanism, the power transmission shaft is located at the left side of fromer rail and rear rail, axis and fromer rail and Rear rail is axially orthogonal, and power transmission shaft rear and front end is respectively by the step rotating support being connected with plate upper surface;Power transmission shaft Leading portion and back segment are respectively provided with the first roller gear and first bevel gear, and the rear end of power transmission shaft is equipped with handwheel;
The inversion axis is parallel with power transmission shaft, and inversion axis rear and front end is respectively by the step being connected with plate upper surface Rotating support, is equipped with the second roller gear on inversion axis, and which engage with first roller gear, and the front end of inversion axis is equipped with the Two bevel gears;
The front leading screw is located at the front of fromer rail, and axis is axially in parallel with fromer rail, and front leading screw or so two ends are distinguished By the step rotating support being connected with plate upper surface;The left end of front leading screw is equipped with third hand tap gear, and which is with described second Bevel gear engages, and there is on front leading screw the front feed screw nut coordinated with which, its being converted to front leading screw along front leading screw Linear motion;The front feed screw nut is by being connected with the right fixed plate or left fixed plate with its connected top chock;
The rear leading screw is located at the rear of rear rail, and axis is axially in parallel with rear rail, and rear leading screw or so two ends are distinguished By the step rotating support being connected with plate upper surface;The left end of leading screw is equipped with the 4th bevel gear afterwards, and which is with described first Bevel gear engages, and there is on rear leading screw the rear feed screw nut coordinated with which, its being converted to rear leading screw along rear leading screw Linear motion;The rear feed screw nut is by being connected with the left fixed plate or right fixed plate with its connected top chock;
In D, the detent mechanism, the left long positioning sliding block is hollow prism body, sliding by left slim slide block upper casing and left length Block base plate is connected and composed, and left slim slide block upper casing section is undercut shape, with left location hole, loads alignment pin in which;Left long sliding Block upper casing and left slim slide block base plate connect the left long through hole to be formed along its axis, for through the left camshaft;
The left short positioning sliding block has the left short through hole along its axis, for through the left camshaft, left short fixed Position slide block upper surface is close to front end face and there is left groove and left chute from front to back, and in the left chute, high order end has left blind Hole;
The left camshaft passes through left short positioning sliding block and left long positioning sliding block, by the rear end and front end of left long positioning sliding block It is respectively placed in left back slideway and left slideway, the rear end and front end of left short positioning sliding block is respectively placed in left slideway and left front In slideway, the alignment pin in left slim slide block upper casing is stretched out from rectangular window, and the rear end of left camshaft is cased with left camshaft reset bullet Spring, left camshaft front end are connected with the left end of left press strip, and the left press strip is arc strip, with the groove along its body, left The bar body of press strip is located in the right groove of right short positioning sliding block, and the right-hand member of left press strip is stretched out from operation window;
The right long positioning sliding block is hollow prism body, is connected and composed by right slim slide block upper casing and right slim slide block base plate, right Slim slide block upper casing section is undercut shape, with right location hole, loads alignment pin in which;Right slim slide block upper casing and right slim slide block bottom Plate connects the right long through hole to be formed along its axis, for through the right camshaft;
The right short positioning sliding block has the right short through hole along its axis, for through the right camshaft, right short Positioning sliding block upper surface is close to front end face and there is right groove and right rail from front to back, and in the right rail, low order end has right blind Hole;
The right camshaft passes through right short positioning sliding block and right long positioning sliding block, by the rear end and front end of right long positioning sliding block It is respectively placed in right rear slide and right middle slideway, the rear end and front end of right short positioning sliding block is respectively placed in before right middle slideway and the right side In slideway, the alignment pin in right slim slide block upper casing is stretched out from rectangular window, and the rear end of right camshaft is cased with right camshaft reset bullet Spring, right camshaft front end are connected with the right-hand member of right press strip, and the right press strip is arc strip, with the groove along its body, right The bar body of press strip is located in the left groove of left short positioning sliding block, and the left end of right press strip is stretched out from operation window;
The left shift fork and left drive rod upper end are individually fixed in left fixed plate bottom surface, and left drive rod bottom passes through working window Mouth is stretched in the left chute of left short positioning sliding block, and left shift fork bottom is contacted with the groove of right press strip, can be pressed in moving process Right press strip;
The right shift fork and right drive rod upper end are individually fixed in right fixed plate bottom surface, and right drive rod bottom passes through working window Mouth is stretched in the right rail of right short positioning sliding block, and right shift fork bottom is contacted with the groove of left press strip, can be pressed in moving process Left press strip.
Described steel plate butt welding lash adjusting device, which is further characterised by:
For being inverted T-shaped rod-like element, its lower end is the cap body to surrounding extension to the alignment pin, is loading left long positioning sliding block Left location hole and right long positioning sliding block right location hole when, back-moving spring is enclosed within alignment pin, alignment pin upper end is by left length The right location hole of the left location hole of slide block upper casing and right slim slide block upper casing stretches out, and is loaded on left slim slide block base plate and right slim slide block bottom Plate, loads slideway block so that on the front convex tendon of base plate lower surface behind the front end of left long positioning sliding block and left short positioning sliding block End is placed in left slideway, and the rear end of the front end of right long positioning sliding block and right short positioning sliding block is placed in right middle slideway, reset bullet Spring causes the cap body of alignment pin to be always maintained at contacting with left camshaft or right camshaft.
Described steel plate butt welding lash adjusting device, which is further characterised by:
The left drive rod is identical with right driving rod-shape, structure, and its lower end has hollow blind hole, and hollow blind hole is interior under And it is upper equipped with driving wire nail and wire nail driving spring.
In the present invention, the fixation kit and detent mechanism link under the drive of transmission mechanism;Left fixed plate is dialled with left Fork, left drive rod are fixed and synchronizing moving, and right fixed plate is fixed and synchronizing moving with right shift fork, right drive rod, to docking welding steel Plate returns welding post after carrying out clamping, shows the gap between interface by indicating mechanism, then fixes so as to completes steel The butt welding task of plate.
When left fixed plate and right fixed plate (move to both sides by centre) when returning clamping station by welding post, left press strip Move down under the pressing of right shift fork, drive left cam axle, the alignment pin being mounted on left long positioning sliding block will be convex by a left side Pushing from original position for wheel shaft rises to positioning height;Right press strip is moved down under the pressing of left shift fork, drives right camshaft to turn Dynamic, the alignment pin being mounted on right long positioning sliding block will rise to positioning height by pushing from original position for right camshaft;
Left blind hole in the left chute of left short positioning sliding block is stretched in left drive rod bottom, drives left short positioning sliding block and left length fixed Position slide block restoring to normal position position, the alignment pin being mounted in above left long positioning sliding block also accurately return to position location therewith,
Right blind hole in the right rail of right short positioning sliding block is stretched in right drive rod bottom, drives right short positioning sliding block and right length fixed Position slide block restoring to normal position position, the alignment pin being mounted in above right long positioning sliding block also accurately return to position location therewith.
After the completion of docking steel plate positioning is fixed, the alignment pin of rise is contacted with steel plate interface, causes left fixed plate and the right side Upper plate is fixed without moving in the middle of normal direction, in order to return welding post,
Left drive rod, right drive rod are mobile to centre by the left short positioning sliding block of drive and right short positioning sliding block respectively, from And drive left long positioning sliding block, right long positioning sliding block and corresponding alignment pin synchronous to middle movement;Meanwhile, to middle movement Left shift fork presses the right press strip of offside, produces larger relative velocity, right drive rod with to middle mobile right short positioning sliding block To after middle mobile a small distance, right press strip will drive right camshaft to produce larger rotational angle so that alignment pin is rapid Drop below the position of welding steel;
To the left press strip that middle mobile right shift fork presses offside, larger with producing to middle mobile left short positioning sliding block Relative velocity, to after middle mobile a small distance, left press strip will drive left camshaft to produce larger rotation to left drive rod Angle so that alignment pin quickly falls to the position less than welding steel, releases its prevention to welding steel;
Before right drive rod drives the right side of the right short positioning sliding block below base plate, slideway and right middle slideway continue to slide to middle When moving end, right short positioning sliding block no longer slides limited, and right fixed upper plate continues to drive right drive rod to middle shifting It is dynamic so that the wire nail that drives under right drive rod overcomes the resistance of wire nail driving spring to rise, and is slided out in right rail by right blind hole, So as to no longer drive right short positioning sliding block movement.
When left drive rod drives left front slideway and left slideway of the left short positioning sliding block below base plate to continue to slide to middle When moving end, by limited no longer to middle slip, and left fixed plate continues to drive left drive rod in left short positioning sliding block Between move so that under left drive rod drive wire nail overcome the resistance of wire nail driving spring to rise, left cunning is slided out to by left blind hole In groove, so as to no longer drive left short positioning sliding block movement.
The present invention is adjusted to steel plate welded gaps using transmission mechanism, and it is fixed butt welding steel plate to be carried out using alignment pin Position, while gap is adjusted and positioning separate operation, without the concern for butt-joint clearance in position fixing process so that steel plate positioning precision High;Left and right pointer and butt welding steel plate synchronizing moving, can meet convenient and swift accurate welded gaps adjustment requirement;
Present configuration is simple, low cost of manufacture, affected little, easy to operate by working environment, ensure that steel plate is docked Gap be accurately positioned, ensure welding quality while, substantially increase welding efficiency.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is schematic diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is left front direction schematic perspective view of the invention;
Fig. 3 is the left back direction schematic perspective view that the present invention removes fixation kit;
Fig. 4 is the left front direction top view that the present invention removes fixation kit;
A A sectional views of the Fig. 5 for Fig. 2;
Fig. 6 is slideway block schematic perspective view;
Fig. 7 is detent mechanism schematic perspective view;
Fig. 8 is left long positioning sliding block schematic perspective view;
Fig. 9 is left short positioning sliding block schematic perspective view;
Figure 10 is right long positioning sliding block schematic perspective view;
Figure 11 is right short positioning sliding block schematic perspective view;
B B partial sectional views of the Figure 12 for Fig. 7;
C C partial sectional views of the Figure 13 for Fig. 7.
Specific embodiment
Below by way of drawings and Examples, the present invention is described in more detail.
As shown in Figure 1 and Figure 2, the present invention includes base assembly 10, fixation kit 20, transmission mechanism 30,40 and of detent mechanism Gap indicates component 50, and under the drive of transmission mechanism 30, fixation kit 20 and detent mechanism 40 link;
A, the base assembly 10 include base plate 11, fromer rail 12 and rear rail 13, and fromer rail 12 is parallel with rear rail 13 It is fixed on 11 upper surface of base plate;
B, the fixation kit 20 include left fixed plate 21, left pressing plate 22 and right fixed plate 23, right pressing plate 24, left fixation Plate 21 is located at fromer rail 12 and 13 upper left side of rear rail can be along their linear slides, and right fixed plate 23 is located at fromer rail 12 with after On guide rail 13 right side and can be respectively used in left fixed plate 21, right fixation along their linear slides, left pressing plate 22 and right pressing plate 24 Steel plate to be welded is fixed on plate 23;
C, the transmission mechanism 30 include power transmission shaft 31, inversion axis 35, front leading screw 36, rear leading screw 38;Power transmission shaft 31 drives Leading screw 38 afterwards, and drive front leading screw 36, front leading screw 36, rear leading screw 38 to drive left fixed plate 21 and the right side solid respectively by inversion axis 35 One of fixed board 23 is slided along fromer rail 12 and rear rail 13;
D, the detent mechanism 40 include left camshaft 41, left long positioning sliding block 42, left short positioning sliding block 43, left press strip 44A, left shift fork 44B, left drive rod 44C, right camshaft 45, right long positioning sliding block 46, right short positioning sliding block 47, right press strip 48A, Right shift fork 48B, right drive rod 48C and alignment pin 49;
Through left long positioning sliding block 42 and left short positioning sliding block 43,41 front end of left camshaft is fixed with the left camshaft 41 Left press strip 44A, left long positioning sliding block 42 and left short positioning sliding block 43 are located in the corresponding slideway in 11 back side of base plate, left long positioning sliding block Load alignment pin 49 in the left location hole in 42 upper surfaces;The left shift fork 44B and left drive rod 44C upper ends are individually fixed in left fixation 21 bottom surface of plate, left shift fork 44B bottoms are contacted with right press strip 48A, can press right press strip 48A in moving process;
Through right long positioning sliding block 46 and right short positioning sliding block 47,45 front end of right camshaft is fixed with the right camshaft 45 Right press strip 48A, right long positioning sliding block 46 and right short positioning sliding block 47 are located in the corresponding slideway in 11 back side of base plate, right long positioning sliding block Load alignment pin 49 in the right location hole in 46 upper surfaces;The right shift fork 48B and right drive rod 48C upper ends are individually fixed in right fixation 23 bottom surface of plate, right shift fork 48B bottoms are contacted with left press strip 44A, can press left press strip 44A in moving process;
E, the gap indicate that component 50 is made up of left pointer 51, right pointer 52 and scale 53;Fix 51 upper end of left pointer In left fixed plate 21, synchronous movement, 52 upper end of right pointer are fixed in right fixed plate 23, synchronous movement, left finger The lower end of pin 51 and right pointer 52 indicates that scale 53 is fixed on base plate 11 on scale 53.
As shown in Figure 3, Figure 4, in the base assembly 10, rectangular window 11A is provided with the middle part of the base plate 11, for exposing Go out the alignment pin 49 of detent mechanism 40;11 leading edge portion of base plate is provided with the operation window 11B of rectangle, so that left shift fork 44B, the right side are dialled Fork 48B and left drive rod 44C, right drive rod 48C can pass through its downward actuation;As shown in figure 5, before 11 lower surface of base plate There is on flange 11C left front slideway 11C1 and right front slideway 11C2, slided with carrying left short positioning sliding block 43 and right short positioning respectively The front end of block 47 simultaneously allows that they horizontally slip, and before and after 11 lower surface rectangular window 11A of base plate, both sides have and the front flange 11B parallel front convex tendon 11D and rear convex tendon 11F, are equipped with slideway block 11E on the front convex tendon 11C, as shown in fig. 6, slideway block There is on 11E left slideway 11E1 and right middle slideway 11E2, the left slideway 11E1 is in order to carrying left short positioning sliding block 43 The front end of rear end and left long positioning sliding block 42 simultaneously allows that they horizontally slip, and the right middle slideway 11E2 is in order to carrying right short positioning Simultaneously allow that they horizontally slip in the front end of the rear end of slide block 47 and right long positioning sliding block 46;Have on the rear convex tendon 11F left back Slideway 11F1 and right rear slide 11F2, to carry the rear end of left long positioning sliding block 42 and right long positioning sliding block 46 respectively and allow it Horizontally slip;
The left front slideway 11B1, right front slideway 11B2, left slideway 11C1 and right middle slideway 11C2 are rectangular through-hole; The left back slideway 11D1 and right rear slide 11D2 is rectangle blind hole;
As shown in Figure 3, Figure 4, fromer rail 12 is parallel with rear rail 13 be fixed on 11 upper surface rectangular window 11A of base plate before and after Both sides, both axial directions are axially in parallel with the front convex tendon 11D's and rear convex tendon 11F, have to slide with which and match somebody with somebody on fromer rail 12 The left slider 14 and right slide block 15 of conjunction, is equipped with clamping screw 16, for by left slider 14 or the right side on left slider 14 or right slide block 15 Slide block 15 is locked on fromer rail 12, and 12 or so two ends of fromer rail are respectively arranged with guide rail limited block 17, for left slider 14 Spacing with right slide block 15;There is on the rear rail 13 left slider 14 that is slidably matched with which and right slide block 15, left slider 14 or Clamping screw 16, for left slider 14 or right slide block 15 are locked in rear rail 13, rear rail 13 are housed on right slide block 15 Left and right two ends are respectively arranged with guide rail limited block 17, for spacing to left slider 14 and right slide block 15;
As shown in Fig. 2 in the fixation kit 20, the left fixed plate 21 is rectangular slab, have on the right side of its upper surface middle part There is rectangular recess, for accommodating steel plate to be welded and limiting its position, the left pressing plate 22 is passed through with 21 upper surface of left fixed plate Bolt connection, for fixing oriented steel plate to be welded, to guarantee that position location is accurate;Two before and after 21 bottom surface of left fixed plate End is fixedly connected with the left slider 14 on fromer rail 12, rear rail 13 by bolt respectively, can be along fromer rail 12, rear rail 13 Linear slide, the rear of 21 bottom surface of left fixed plate are equipped with top chock 25 to drive its linear slide;
The right fixed plate 23 is rectangular slab, there is rectangular recess on the left of its upper surface middle part, for accommodating steel to be welded Plate simultaneously limits its position, and the right pressing plate 24 is bolted with 23 upper surface of right fixed plate, oriented for fixing Steel plate to be welded, to guarantee that position location is accurate;23 bottom surface rear and front end of right fixed plate respectively by bolt and fromer rail 12, after Right slide block 15 on guide rail 14 is fixedly connected, can be along fromer rail 12,13 linear slide of rear rail, before 23 bottom surface of right fixed plate Side is equipped with top chock 25 to drive its linear slide;
As shown in Figure 3, Figure 4, in the transmission mechanism 30, the power transmission shaft 31 is located at a left side for fromer rail 12 and rear rail 13 End face, axis and fromer rail 12 and rear rail 13 axially orthogonal, 31 rear and front end of power transmission shaft is respectively by connecting with 11 upper surface of base plate 18 rotating support of step for connecing;31 leading portion of power transmission shaft and back segment are respectively provided with the first roller gear 32A and first bevel gear 33A, the rear end of power transmission shaft 31 are equipped with handwheel 34;
The inversion axis 35 is parallel with power transmission shaft 31, and 35 rear and front end of inversion axis is respectively by being connected with 11 upper surface of base plate 18 rotating support of step, is equipped with the second roller gear 32B on inversion axis 35, and which is engaged with the first roller gear 32A, The front end of inversion axis 35 is equipped with second bevel gear 33B;
The front leading screw 36 is located at the front of fromer rail 12, and axis is axially in parallel with fromer rail 12, front leading screw 36 or so Two ends are respectively by 18 rotating support of step being connected with 11 upper surface of base plate;The left end of front leading screw 36 is equipped with third hand tap gear 33C, its are engaged with second bevel gear 33B, and there is the front feed screw nut 37 that coordinated with which on front leading screw 36, and which is by front leading screw The linear motion be converted to along front leading screw;The front feed screw nut 37 by top chock 25 connected with which with described Right fixed plate 21 or left fixed plate 23 connect;
The rear leading screw 38 is located at the rear of rear rail 17, and axis is axially in parallel with rear rail 17, rear leading screw 38 or so Two ends are respectively by 18 rotating support of step being connected with 11 upper surface of base plate;The left end of leading screw 38 is equipped with the 4th bevel gear afterwards 33D, its are engaged with first bevel gear 33A, and there is the rear feed screw nut 39 that coordinated with which on rear leading screw 38, and which is by rear leading screw The linear motion be converted to along rear leading screw;The rear feed screw nut 39 by top chock 25 connected with which with described Left fixed plate 23 or right fixed plate 21 connect;
As shown in fig. 7, the detent mechanism 40 include left camshaft 41, left long positioning sliding block 42, left short positioning sliding block 43, Left press strip 44A, left shift fork 44B, left drive rod 44C, right camshaft 45, right long positioning sliding block 46, right short positioning sliding block 47, right pressure Bar 48A, right shift fork 48B, right drive rod 48C and alignment pin 49;
As shown in figure 8, the left long positioning sliding block 42 is hollow prism body, by left slim slide block upper casing 421 and left slim slide block Base plate 422 is connected and composed, and left 421 section of slim slide block upper casing is undercut shape, with left location hole 42B, loads alignment pin in which 49;Left slim slide block upper casing 421 and the connection of left slim slide block base plate 422 form the left long through hole 42A along its axis, for through institute State left camshaft 41;
As shown in figure 9, the left short positioning sliding block 43 has the left short through hole 43A along its axis, for through described Left camshaft 41, left 43 upper surface of short positioning sliding block are close to front end face and there is left groove 43B and left chute 43C, institute from front to back State high order end in left chute 43C and there is left blind hole 43D;
The left camshaft 41 through left short positioning sliding block 43 and left long positioning sliding block 42, by left long positioning sliding block 42 after End and front end are respectively placed in left back slideway 11F1 and left slideway 11E1, and the rear end of left short positioning sliding block 43 and front end are distinguished It is placed in left slideway 11E1 and left front slideway 11C1, the alignment pin 49 in left slim slide block upper casing 421 is stretched from rectangular window 11A Go out, the rear end of left camshaft 41 is cased with left camshaft back-moving spring 41A, and 41 front end of left camshaft is solid with the left end of left press strip 44A Even, the left press strip 44A is arc strip, and with the groove along its body, the bar body of left press strip 44A is located at right short positioning sliding block In 47 right groove 47B, the right-hand member of left press strip 44A is stretched out from operation window 11B;
As shown in Figure 10, the right long positioning sliding block 46 is hollow prism body, by right slim slide block upper casing 461 and right slim slide block Base plate 462 is connected and composed, and right 461 section of slim slide block upper casing is undercut shape, with right location hole 46B, loads alignment pin in which 49;Right slim slide block upper casing 461 and the connection of right slim slide block base plate 462 form the right long through hole 46A along its axis, for through institute State right camshaft 45;
As shown in figure 11, the right short positioning sliding block 47 has the right short through hole 47A along its axis, for through institute Right camshaft 45 is stated, right 47 upper surface of short positioning sliding block is close to front end face and there is right groove 47B and right rail 47C from front to back, In the right rail 47C, low order end has right blind hole 47D;
The right camshaft 45 through right short positioning sliding block 47 and right long positioning sliding block 46, by right long positioning sliding block 46 after End and front end are respectively placed in right rear slide 11F2 and right middle slideway 11E2, and the rear end of right short positioning sliding block 47 and front end are distinguished It is placed in right middle slideway 11E2 and right front slideway 11C2, the alignment pin 49 in right slim slide block upper casing 461 is stretched from rectangular window 11A Go out, the rear end of right camshaft 45 is cased with right camshaft back-moving spring 45A, and 45 front end of right camshaft is solid with the right-hand member of right press strip 48A Even, the right press strip 48A is arc strip, and with the groove along its body, the bar body of right press strip 48A is located at left short positioning sliding block In 43 left groove 43B, the left end of right press strip 48A is stretched out from operation window 11B;
The left shift fork 44B and left drive rod 44C upper ends are individually fixed in 21 bottom surface of left fixed plate, left drive rod 44C bottoms End is stretched in the left chute 43C of left short positioning sliding block 43 by operation window 11B, and left shift fork 44B bottoms are recessed with right press strip 48A's Groove is contacted, and can press right press strip 48A in moving process;
The right shift fork 48B and right drive rod 48C upper ends are individually fixed in 23 bottom surface of right fixed plate, right drive rod 48C bottoms End is stretched in the right rail 47C of right short positioning sliding block 47 by operation window 11B, and right shift fork 48B bottoms are recessed with left press strip 44A's Groove is contacted, and can press left press strip 44A in moving process;
As shown in figure 12, for being inverted T-shaped rod-like element, its lower end is cap body 49A to surrounding extension to the alignment pin 49, Load left long positioning sliding block 42 left location hole 42B when, back-moving spring 49B is enclosed within alignment pin 49,49 upper end of alignment pin by The right location hole 46B of the left location hole 42B and right slim slide block upper casing 461 of left slim slide block upper casing 421 stretches out, and is loaded on left slim slide block Base plate 422 and right slim slide block base plate 462, load slideway block 11E so that Zuo Changding on the front convex tendon 11C of 11 lower surface of base plate Position the front end of slide block 42 and the rear end of left short positioning sliding block 43 be placed in left slideway 11E1, the front end of right long positioning sliding block 46 and The rear end of right short positioning sliding block 47 is placed in right middle slideway 11E2, and back-moving spring 49B causes cap body 49A of alignment pin 49 convex with a left side Wheel shaft 41 is always maintained at contacting.
When alignment pin 49 loads the right location hole 46B of right long positioning sliding block 46, identical with above-mentioned situation, differ only in The right location hole 46B of right long positioning sliding block 46 replaces the left location hole 42B of left long positioning sliding block 42, replaces a left side with right camshaft 45 Camshaft 41.
As shown in figure 13, the left drive rod 44C lower ends have in hollow blind hole, hollow blind hole from bottom to top equipped with driving Wire nail 441 and wire nail driving spring 442.
The right drive rod 48C is identical with left drive rod 44C shapes, structure.
Before steel plate clamping is carried out, fixation kit 20 and detent mechanism 40 are back to clamping station, rotate handwheel 34, Power transmission shaft 31 is driven to rotate on step 18, power transmission shaft 31 is nibbled with the second roller gear 32B by the first roller gear 32A To close 35 turns of inversion axis is passed to by rotation and go backward through second bevel gear 33B and engage with third hand tap gear 33C pass to front leading screw 36, or the rear leading screw 38 for passing to vertical drive shaft 31 is engaged with the 4th bevel gear 33D by first bevel gear 33A;Front silk Rotation can be converted to linear motion by the front feed screw nut 37 coordinated with which by the rotation of thick stick 36, then pass through top chock 28 drive right fixed plate 23 on fromer rail 12 and rear rail 13 to the right linear slide;Afterwards the rotation of leading screw 38 can by with Rotation is converted to linear motion by its rear feed screw nut 39 for coordinating, and then drives left fixed plate 21 front by top chock 28 To left side linear slide on guide rail 12 and rear rail 13, left fixed plate 21 and right fixed plate 23 link and open to both sides.
Together with the left shift fork 44B being fixed together with left fixed plate 21 and right fixed plate 23 and right shift fork 48B from centre to Both sides are slided, and left shift fork 44B is contacted with the groove of right press strip 48A, in moving process significantly presses right press strip downwards 48A, right shift fork 48B are contacted with the groove of left press strip 44A, in moving process significantly press left press strip 44A downwards;With a left side The left drive rod 44C and right drive rod 48C that fixed plate 21 and right fixed plate 23 are fixed together is also synchronous to both sides slip therewith, Drive left short positioning sliding block 43, left long positioning sliding block 42 and left press strip 44A thereon and right short positioning sliding block 47, right long positioning Slide block 46 and right press strip 48A thereon are moved to both sides;Left shift fork 44B and right press strip 48A produces relative motion, left shift fork 44B moves less distance and right press strip 48A just can be caused to obtain larger rotational angle, and right shift fork 48B is produced with left press strip 44A Relative motion, right shift fork 48B are moved less distance and left press strip 44A just can be caused to obtain larger rotational angle.
The rotation of left press strip 44A will drive left camshaft 41 in left short positioning sliding block 43 and the through hole of left long positioning sliding block 42 Rotate in 43A and 42A, the rotation of right press strip 48A will drive right camshaft 45 in right short positioning sliding block 47 and right long positioning sliding block Rotate in 46 through hole 47A and 46A;41 rear end of left camshaft is equipped with left camshaft back-moving spring 41A so that left camshaft 41 Rotate and there is resistance, and then resistance is passed to left press strip 44A so as to keep contacting with right shift fork 48B, 45 rear end of right camshaft Right camshaft back-moving spring 45A is housed so that the rotation of right camshaft 45 has resistance, and then resistance is passed to right press strip 48A so as to keep contacting with left shift fork 44B.
Left camshaft 41 and the rotation of right camshaft 45, will push and be mounted in left long positioning sliding block 42 and right long positioning sliding block 46 Left location hole 42B and 46B in alignment pin 49 move up so as to gradually rise up to dock steel plate position location.
When left drive rod 44C is from middle side sliding process to the left, which drives wire nail 441 first in left short positioning sliding block 43 Left chute 43C in slide, the slip of left drive rod 44C will not drive left short positioning sliding block 43 and left long positioning sliding block 42 Slide to the left side together;When the left blind hole 43D position for driving wire nail 441 to slide into 43 left chute 43C of left short positioning sliding block, In the presence of wire nail driving spring 442, wire nail 441 is driven to slip in left blind hole 43D, left drive rod 44C will promote left short positioning Slide block 43 and left long positioning sliding block 42 are slided to the left side together with left fixed plate 21, the alignment pin being mounted in left long positioning sliding block 42 49 is synchronous to left side slip therewith;
When right drive rod 48C is from middle side sliding process to the right, which drives wire nail 441 first in right short positioning sliding block 47 Right rail 47C in slide, the slip of right drive rod 48C will not drive right short positioning sliding block 47 and right long positioning sliding block 46 Slide to the right together;When the right blind hole 47D position for driving wire nail 441 to slide into 47 right rail 47C of right short positioning sliding block, In the presence of wire nail driving spring 442, wire nail 441 is driven to slip in right blind hole 47D, right drive rod 48C will promote right short positioning Slide block 47 and right long positioning sliding block 46 are slided to the right together, be mounted in alignment pin 49 in right long positioning sliding block 46 therewith synchronous to Slide on the right.
When left fixed plate 21 and right fixed plate 23 continue to slide to both sides under the driving of transmission mechanism 30,14 He of left slider Right slide block 15 is contacted with guide rail limited block 17, and left fixed plate 21 and right fixed plate 23 slide into end;While left short positioning sliding block 43 and left long positioning sliding block 42 slide into the left end position of 11 lower surface slideway 11A and 11B of base plate, right short positioning sliding block 47 The right-hand end position of 11 lower surface slideway 11A and 11B of base plate is slid into right long positioning sliding block 46, is pressed by right shift fork 48B Left press strip 44A, drives left camshaft 41 to rotate and drives the alignment pin 49 being located in left long positioning sliding block 42 to rise to position location, Left shift fork 44B presses right press strip 48A, drives right camshaft 45 to rotate and drives the alignment pin 49 being located in right long positioning sliding block 46 Rise to position location.
Fixation kit 20 and detent mechanism 40 return to steel plate clamping station, the interface of steel plate are carried out with alignment pin 49 Positioning, other with the bottom surface of 23 groove intermediate groove of left fixed plate 21 and right fixed plate and edge positioning both sides steel plate need to position Face;The butt-joint clearance that need to be set without the need for consideration in position fixing process, greatly reduces the complexity of positioning, both sides is had good positioning Steel plate left pressing plate 22 and right pressing plate 24 are fixed and clamped, and positioning fixation procedure is finished.
Have good positioning after steel plate, rotate backward the handwheel 34 in transmission mechanism 30, fixation kit 20 and detent mechanism 40 will be by Moved according to above-mentioned process in the opposite direction.After the completion of docking steel plate positioning is fixed, alignment pin 49 is contacted with steel plate interface, Welding post (from both sides to middle movement) is returned to left fixed plate 21 and right fixed plate 23, and there is inhibition;The present invention is the bottom of at 11 lower surface design of plate slideway 11A and 11B, for left short positioning sliding block 43, right short positioning sliding block 47 and left long positioning sliding block 46, Right long positioning sliding block 42 slides, and so as to drive alignment pin 49 to move, releases the obstruction to left fixed plate 21 and right fixed plate 23 and makees With.When left fixed plate 21 is from the left side to middle movement, when returning welding post, the left driving being fixed together with left fixed plate 21 Bar 44C drives left short positioning sliding block 43 to move, so as to drive 49 synchronizing moving of left long positioning sliding block 42 and alignment pin;Simultaneously right Shift fork 48B is the left press strip 44A for pressing offside, produces with the left short positioning sliding block 43 that left drive rod 44C drives larger relative Speed, to after middle mobile a small distance, left press strip 44A will drive left camshaft 41 to produce larger turning to left drive rod 44C Dynamic angle so that the alignment pin 49 in left long positioning sliding block 42 quickly falls to the position less than welded plate, releases which right The prevention of left side welding steel;When left drive rod 44C drive left short positioning sliding block 43 along the slip 11A below base plate 11 continue to When middle slip is to end, left short positioning sliding block 43 by limited no longer to middle slip, and left fixed plate 21 continue to drive left Drive rod 44C is to middle movement so that the wire nail 441 that drives under left drive rod 44C is overcome on the resistance of wire nail driving spring 442 Rise, slided out in left chute 43C by left blind hole 43D in left short positioning sliding block 43, so as to no longer drive left short positioning sliding block 43 Move with left long positioning sliding block 42;When right fixed plate 23 is from the right to middle mobile, when returning welding post, with right fixed plate 23 The right drive rod 48C being fixed together drives right short positioning sliding block 47 to move, so as to drive right long positioning sliding block 46 and positioning 49 synchronizing moving of pin;Left shift fork 44B is the right press strip 48A for pressing offside simultaneously, slides with the right short positioning that right drive rod 48C drives Block 47 produces larger relative velocity, and to after middle mobile a small distance, right press strip 48A will drive right convex right drive rod 48C Wheel shaft 45 produces larger rotational angle so that the alignment pin 49 in right long positioning sliding block 46 is quickly fallen to less than welding The position of plate, releases its prevention to welding steel;When the right short positioning sliding block 47 of right drive rod 48C drives is below base plate 11 When slip 11A continues to middle slip to end, right short positioning sliding block 47 by limited no longer to middle slip, and in right fixation Plate 23 continues to drive right drive rod 48C to middle movement so that the driving wire nail 441 under right drive rod 48C overcomes wire nail to drive The resistance of spring 442 rises, and is slided out in right rail 47C by right blind hole 47D in right short positioning sliding block 47, so as to no longer band Dynamic, so as to no longer drive right short positioning sliding block 47 and right long positioning sliding block 46 to move.
Left fixed plate 21 continues to move to welding post, and 51 upper end of left pointer is fixed in left fixed plate 21, synchronous Mobile, lower end is indicated on scale 53, and right fixed plate 23 continues to move to welding post, and 52 upper end of right pointer is fixed on right fixation On plate 23, synchronous movement, lower end indicate that scale 53 is fixed on base plate 11, as shown in Figure 2 on scale 53;Positioning is solid The steel plate that sets is with the movement from clamping station to welding post (by two lateral centres) of left fixed plate 21 and right fixed plate 23 During, left pointer 51 and 52 moment of right pointer show the gap width between current two steel plates interface by scale 53, can The very convenient interstitial site for efficiently moving to setting, and welding post, and by clamping screw 16 be locked with For welding.

Claims (4)

1. a kind of steel plate butt welding lash adjusting device, including base assembly (10), fixation kit (20), transmission mechanism (30), Detent mechanism (40) and gap indicate component (50), under the drive of transmission mechanism (30), fixation kit (20) and detent mechanism (40) link, it is characterised in that:
A, the base assembly (10) include base plate (11), fromer rail (12) and rear rail (13), fromer rail (12) and rear rail (13) parallel base plate (11) upper surface is fixed on;
B, the fixation kit (20) include left fixed plate (21), left pressing plate (22) and right fixed plate (23), right pressing plate (24), Left fixed plate (21) are located at fromer rail (12) and rear rail (13) upper left side can be along their linear slides, right fixed plate (23) position Right side is gone up in fromer rail (12) and rear rail (13) and can be used along their linear slides, left pressing plate (22) and right pressing plate (24) respectively In in left fixed plate (21), the upper fixed steel plate to be welded of right fixed plate (23);
C, the transmission mechanism (30) include power transmission shaft (31), inversion axis (35), front leading screw (36), rear leading screw (38);Power transmission shaft (31) leading screw (38) after driving, and leading screw (36) before being driven by inversion axis (35), front leading screw (36), rear leading screw (38) band respectively Slide along fromer rail (12) and rear rail (13) in dynamic one of left fixed plate (21) and right fixed plate (23);
D, the detent mechanism (40) include left camshaft (41), left long positioning sliding block (42), left short positioning sliding block (43), left pressure Bar (44A), left shift fork (44B), left drive rod (44C), right camshaft (45), right long positioning sliding block (46), right short positioning sliding block (47), right press strip (48A), right shift fork (48B), right drive rod (48C) and alignment pin (49);
Described left camshaft (41) pass through left long positioning sliding block (42) and left short positioning sliding block (43), and left camshaft (41) front end is solid Left press strip (44A) is connected with, left long positioning sliding block (42) and left short positioning sliding block (43) are located in the corresponding slideway in base plate (11) back side, Load alignment pin (49) in the left location hole in left long positioning sliding block (42) upper surface;Left shift fork (44B) and left drive rod (44C) Upper end is individually fixed in left fixed plate (21) bottom surface, and left shift fork (44B) bottom is contacted with right press strip (48A), in moving process Right press strip (48A) can be pressed;
Described right camshaft (45) pass through right long positioning sliding block (46) and right short positioning sliding block (47), and right camshaft (45) front end is solid Right press strip (48A) is connected with, right long positioning sliding block (46) and right short positioning sliding block (47) are located in the corresponding slideway in base plate (11) back side, Load alignment pin (49) in the right location hole in right long positioning sliding block (46) upper surface;Right shift fork (48B) and right drive rod (48C) Upper end is individually fixed in right fixed plate (23) bottom surface, and right shift fork (48B) bottom is contacted with left press strip (44A), in moving process Left press strip (44A) can be pressed;
E, the gap indicate that component (50) is made up of left pointer (51), right pointer (52) and scale (53);On left pointer (51) End is fixed in left fixed plate (21), and synchronous movement, right pointer (52) upper end are fixed in right fixed plate (23), same with which The lower end of moved further, left pointer (51) and right pointer (52) indicates that scale (53) is fixed on base plate (11) on scale (53).
2. steel plate butt welding lash adjusting device as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that:
In A, the base assembly (10), rectangular window (11A) is provided with the middle part of base plate (11), for exposing detent mechanism (40) alignment pin (49);Base plate (11) leading edge portion is provided with the operation window (11B) of rectangle, so that left shift fork (44B), the right side are dialled Fork (48B) and left drive rod (44C), right drive rod (48C) can pass through its downward actuation;The lordosis of base plate (11) lower surface Edge (11C) is upper to have left front slideway (11C1) and right front slideway (11C2), left short positioning sliding block (43) and right short to carry respectively The front end of positioning sliding block (47) simultaneously allows that they horizontally slip, and before and after base plate (11) lower surface rectangular window (11A), both sides have The front convex tendon (11D) parallel with the front flange (11B) and rear convex tendon (11F), front convex tendon (11C) is upper to be equipped with slideway block (11E), slideway block (11E) is upper has left slideway (11E1) and a right middle slideway (11E2), left slideway (11E1) in order to Carry the rear end of left short positioning sliding block (43) and the front end of left long positioning sliding block (42) and allow that they horizontally slip, in the right side Slideway (11E2) is in order to carrying the rear end of right short positioning sliding block (47) and the front end of right long positioning sliding block (46) and allow that they are left Right slip;Rear convex tendon (11F) is upper to have left back slideway (11F1) and right rear slide (11F2), to carry left long positioning respectively Simultaneously allow that they horizontally slip in the rear end of slide block (42) and right long positioning sliding block (46);
Left front slideway (11C1), right front slideway (11C2), left slideway (11E1) and right middle slideway (11E2) are rectangle Through hole;Left back slideway (11F1) and right rear slide (11F2) are rectangle blind hole;
Fromer rail (12) is parallel with rear rail (13) to be fixed on both sides before and after base plate (11) upper surface rectangular window (11A), both Axial direction and front convex tendon (11D) and rear convex tendon (11F) axially in parallel, fromer rail (12) is upper to be had and is slidably matched with which Left slider (14) and right slide block (15), left slider (14) or right slide block (15) are upper to be equipped with clamping screw (16), for by left slider (14) or right slide block (15) is locked on fromer rail (12), fromer rail (12) left and right two ends are respectively arranged with guide rail limited block (17), for spacing to left slider (14) and right slide block (15);Described rear rail (13) are upper to have the left cunning being slidably matched with which Block (14) and right slide block (15), left slider (14) or right slide block (15) are upper to be equipped with clamping screw (16), for by left slider (14) Or right slide block (15) are locked in rear rail (13), rear rail (13) left and right two ends are respectively arranged with guide rail limited block (17), are used for Spacing to left slider (14) and right slide block (15);
In B, the fixation kit (20), described left fixed plate (21) are rectangular slab, have rectangle recessed on the right side of its upper surface middle part Groove, for accommodating steel plate to be welded and limiting its position, left pressing plate (22) pass through bolt with left fixed plate (21) upper surface Connection, for fixing oriented steel plate to be welded, to guarantee that position location is accurate;Left fixed plate (21) bottom surface rear and front end Be fixedly connected with the left slider (14) on fromer rail (12), rear rail (13) by bolt respectively, can along fromer rail (12), after Guide rail (13) linear slide, the rear of left fixed plate (21) bottom surface are equipped with top chock (25) to drive its linear slide;
Described right fixed plate (23) are rectangular slab, there is rectangular recess on the left of its upper surface middle part, for accommodating steel plate to be welded And its position is limited, right pressing plate (24) are bolted with right fixed plate (23) upper surface, are positioned for fixing Steel plate to be welded, to guarantee that position location is accurate;Right fixed plate (23) bottom surface rear and front end is respectively by bolt and fromer rail (12), the right slide block (15) on rear rail (14) is fixedly connected, can be right along fromer rail (12), rear rail (13) linear slide The front of fixed plate (23) bottom surface is equipped with top chock (25) to drive its linear slide;
In C, the transmission mechanism (30), described power transmission shaft (31) are located at the left side of fromer rail (12) and rear rail (13), axle Line and fromer rail (12) and rear rail (13) are axially orthogonal, and power transmission shaft (31) rear and front end is respectively by connecting with base plate (11) upper surface Step (18) rotating support for connecing;Power transmission shaft (31) leading portion and back segment are respectively provided with the first roller gear (32A) and first Bevel gear (33A), the rear end of power transmission shaft (31) are equipped with handwheel (34);
Inversion axis (35) are parallel with power transmission shaft (31), inversion axis (35) rear and front end respectively by with base plate (11) upper surface connect Step (18) rotating support for connecing, inversion axis (35) is upper to be equipped with the second roller gear (32B), itself and first Cylinder Gear Wheel (32A) engagement, the front end of inversion axis (35) are equipped with second bevel gear (33B);
Described front leading screw (36) are located at the front of fromer rail (12), and axis is axially in parallel with fromer rail (12), front leading screw (36) Left and right two ends are respectively by step (18) rotating support being connected with base plate (11) upper surface;The left end of front leading screw (36) is equipped with Third hand tap gear (33C), its are engaged with the second bevel gear (33B), and front leading screw (36) are upper to have the front leading screw coordinated with which Nut (37), which is by the linear motion be converted to along front leading screw of front leading screw;Front feed screw nut (37) by with its Connected top chock (25) is connected with right fixed plate (21) or left fixed plate (23);
Described rear leading screw (38) are located at the rear of rear rail (17), and axis is axially in parallel with rear rail (17), rear leading screw (38) Left and right two ends are respectively by step (18) rotating support being connected with base plate (11) upper surface;The left end of leading screw (38) is equipped with afterwards 4th bevel gear (33D), its are engaged with the first bevel gear (33A), and rear leading screw (38) are upper to have the rear leading screw coordinated with which Nut (39), which is by the linear motion be converted to along rear leading screw of rear leading screw;Rear feed screw nut (39) by with its Connected top chock (25) is connected with left fixed plate (23) or right fixed plate (21);
In D, the detent mechanism (40), described left long positioning sliding block (42) are hollow prism body, by left slim slide block upper casing (421) Connect and compose with left slim slide block base plate (422), left slim slide block upper casing (421) section is undercut shape, with left location hole (42B), load alignment pin (49) in which;The connection of left slim slide block upper casing (421) and left slim slide block base plate (422) is formed along its axis Left long through hole (42A), for through left camshaft (41);
Described left short positioning sliding block (43) have the left short through hole (43A) along its axis, for through the left camshaft (41), left short positioning sliding block (43) upper surface is close to front end face from front to back with left groove (43B) and left chute (43C), institute State the interior high order end of left chute (43C) and there is left blind hole (43D);
Described left camshaft (41) pass through left short positioning sliding block (43) and left long positioning sliding block (42), by left long positioning sliding block (42) Rear end and front end be respectively placed in left back slideway (11F1) and left slideway (11E1), by the rear end of left short positioning sliding block (43) It is respectively placed in left slideway (11E1) and left front slideway (11C1) with front end, the alignment pin in left slim slide block upper casing (421) (49) stretch out from rectangular window (11A), the rear end of left camshaft (41) is cased with left camshaft back-moving spring (41A), left camshaft (41) front end is connected with the left end of left press strip (44A), and left press strip (44A) is arc strip, with the groove along its body, The bar body of left press strip (44A) is located in the right groove (47B) of right short positioning sliding block (47), and the right-hand member of left press strip (44A) is from work Window (11B) stretches out;
Described right long positioning sliding block (46) are hollow prism body, are connected by right slim slide block upper casing (461) and right slim slide block base plate (462) Composition is connect, right slim slide block upper casing (461) section is undercut shape, with right location hole (46B), in which, load alignment pin (49); The connection of right slim slide block upper casing (461) and right slim slide block base plate (462) forms the right long through hole (46A) along its axis, for wearing Cross right camshaft (45);
Described right short positioning sliding block (47) have the right short through hole (47A) along its axis, for through the right camshaft (45), right short positioning sliding block (47) upper surface is close to front end face from front to back with right groove (47B) and right rail (47C), institute State the interior low order end of right rail (47C) and there is right blind hole (47D);
Described right camshaft (45) pass through right short positioning sliding block (47) and right long positioning sliding block (46), by right long positioning sliding block (46) Rear end and front end be respectively placed in right rear slide (11F2) and right middle slideway (11E2), by the rear end of right short positioning sliding block (47) It is respectively placed in right middle slideway (11E2) and right front slideway (11C2) with front end, the alignment pin in right slim slide block upper casing (461) (49) stretch out from rectangular window (11A), the rear end of right camshaft (45) is cased with right camshaft back-moving spring (45A), right camshaft (45) front end is connected with the right-hand member of right press strip (48A), and right press strip (48A) is arc strip, with the groove along its body, The bar body of right press strip (48A) is located in the left groove (43B) of left short positioning sliding block (43), and the left end of right press strip (48A) is from work Window (11B) stretches out;
Left shift fork (44B) and left drive rod (44C) upper end are individually fixed in left fixed plate (21) bottom surface, left drive rod (44C) bottom is stretched into by operation window (11B) in the left chute (43C) of left short positioning sliding block (43), left shift fork (44B) bottom Contact with the groove of right press strip (48A), right press strip (48A) can be pressed in moving process;
Right shift fork (48B) and right drive rod (48C) upper end are individually fixed in right fixed plate (23) bottom surface, right drive rod (48C) bottom is stretched into by operation window (11B) in the right rail (47C) of right short positioning sliding block (47), right shift fork (48B) bottom Contact with the groove of left press strip (44A), left press strip (44A) can be pressed in moving process.
3. steel plate butt welding lash adjusting device as claimed in claim 2, it is characterised in that:
Described alignment pin (49), for being inverted T-shaped rod-like element, its lower end is the cap body (49A) to surrounding extension, fixed left length is loaded During right location hole (46B) of the left location hole (42B) and right long positioning sliding block (46) of position slide block (42), by back-moving spring (49B) It is enclosed within alignment pin (49), alignment pin (49) upper end is by the left location hole (42B) and right slim slide block of left slim slide block upper casing (421) The right location hole (46B) of shell (461) stretches out, and is loaded on left slim slide block base plate (422) and right slim slide block base plate (462), in base plate (11) the front convex tendon (11C) of lower surface is upper loads slideway block (11E) so that the front end of left long positioning sliding block (42) and left short positioning The rear end of slide block (43) is placed in left slideway (11E1), the front end of right long positioning sliding block (46) and right short positioning sliding block (47) Rear end is placed in right middle slideway (11E2), and back-moving spring (49B) causes the cap body (49A) of alignment pin (49) and left camshaft (41) Or right camshaft (45) are always maintained at contacting.
4. steel plate butt welding lash adjusting device as claimed in claim 2 or claim 3, it is characterised in that:
Left drive rod (44C) is identical with right drive rod (48C) shape, structure, and its lower end has hollow blind hole, hollow blind hole Inside from bottom to top equipped with driving wire nail (441) and wire nail driving spring (442).
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CN112222651A (en) * 2020-09-30 2021-01-15 成都先进金属材料产业技术研究院有限公司 Positionable laser tailor-welding fixture and welding method

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