CN106492666A - Material mixing device - Google Patents

Material mixing device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106492666A
CN106492666A CN201611099001.1A CN201611099001A CN106492666A CN 106492666 A CN106492666 A CN 106492666A CN 201611099001 A CN201611099001 A CN 201611099001A CN 106492666 A CN106492666 A CN 106492666A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
agitating
charging aperture
mixing
motor
transfer station
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201611099001.1A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王孝海
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Chongqing Jingbang Polymer Materials Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Chongqing Jingbang Polymer Materials Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Chongqing Jingbang Polymer Materials Co Ltd filed Critical Chongqing Jingbang Polymer Materials Co Ltd
Priority to CN201611099001.1A priority Critical patent/CN106492666A/en
Publication of CN106492666A publication Critical patent/CN106492666A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01FMIXING, e.g. DISSOLVING, EMULSIFYING, DISPERSING
    • B01F15/00Accessories for mixers ; Auxiliary operations or auxiliary devices; Parts or details of general application
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01FMIXING, e.g. DISSOLVING, EMULSIFYING, DISPERSING
    • B01F3/00Mixing, e.g. dispersing, emulsifying, according to the phases to be mixed
    • B01F3/20Pretreatment of the materials to be mixed
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01FMIXING, e.g. DISSOLVING, EMULSIFYING, DISPERSING
    • B01F3/00Mixing, e.g. dispersing, emulsifying, according to the phases to be mixed
    • B01F3/20Pretreatment of the materials to be mixed
    • B01F3/2071Grinding components
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01FMIXING, e.g. DISSOLVING, EMULSIFYING, DISPERSING
    • B01F7/00Mixers with rotary stirring devices in fixed receptacles, i.e. movement of the receptacle not being meant to effect the mixing; Kneaders
    • B01F7/02Mixers with rotary stirring devices in fixed receptacles, i.e. movement of the receptacle not being meant to effect the mixing; Kneaders with stirrers rotating about a horizontal or inclined axis
    • B01F7/08Mixers with rotary stirring devices in fixed receptacles, i.e. movement of the receptacle not being meant to effect the mixing; Kneaders with stirrers rotating about a horizontal or inclined axis with helices or sections of helices
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C4/00Crushing or disintegrating by roller mills
    • B02C4/02Crushing or disintegrating by roller mills with two or more rollers
    • B02C4/08Crushing or disintegrating by roller mills with two or more rollers with co-operating corrugated or toothed crushing-rollers
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01FMIXING, e.g. DISSOLVING, EMULSIFYING, DISPERSING
    • B01F2215/00Auxiliary or complementary information in relation with mixing
    • B01F2215/0001Field of application of the mixing device
    • B01F2215/0049Mixing plastics, polymer material ingredients, monomers or oligomers

Abstract

The invention belongs to macromolecule material mixing field,More particularly to a kind of material mixing device,Including frame,Transfer station lower end is provided with the first driven pulley,Transfer station is provided with multiple running rollers,The periphery of the first driven pulley and running roller is equipped with conveyer belt,The discharge outlet of transfer station is provided with first charging aperture and second charging aperture,Agitating device is installed with below first charging aperture and second charging aperture,Pillar is provided between agitating device and transfer station,Pillar is provided with the second motor,Second motor is provided with the second drivewheel,Crushing wheel is provided with agitating device,Second drivewheel is connected with crushing wheel rotating shaft belt,The 3rd charging aperture is additionally provided with agitating device,The feed end of the discharge end connecting extruder of agitating device,The discharge end connection material collecting tank of extruder,Solve the material of the dust-like easy splashes in injection,Pollution environment and the healthy problem for damaging to operator.

Description

Material mixing device
Technical field
A kind of the invention belongs to macromolecule material mixing field, more particularly to material mixing device.
Background technology
Existing Spray Grain-make Drier is widely used in the industries such as chemical industry, medicine, food, for tablet, electuary, glue The preparation of capsule, instant food, beverage particles, slow-releasing granules, chemical granule etc..The technological process of existing Spray Grain-make Drier Usually:The heated device of air heats laggard fluidized bed bottom, contacts through distribution grid with material, and it is in fluidization to make material. Mother solution and binding agent are sent to atomizer respectively by compression pump, coat fluidized particles surface so that granule mutually glues after atomization Knot, through constantly fluidisation, coating, dries, and granule is gradually grown up, and discharges from discharging port of fluidized bed after reaching required granularity. The technological process that another kind of spray granulation is dried is:Droplet is worked in the way of mixed flow with hot-air, and hot-air is by top The hot-air allotter for covering is entered in tower, and hot-air distributor produces one downward streamline air draught, and droplet is from bottom to top Spray into stream of hot air.Droplet formed due to surface tension effects spherical, simultaneously because droplet have very big surface area, its The rapid evaporation drying of middle moisture, and finally shrink the spheroidal particle powder to form drying.Above-mentioned the deficiencies in the prior art are in In:Binding agent must be contained in the droplet that spray granulation is dried, cannot otherwise be pelletized.And binding agent is used, on the one hand cause life Product is relatively costly, and another aspect binding agent often affects product quality.
The patent of invention of 102847329 B of Authorization Notice No. CN disclose a kind of spray granulation fluidized drying unit from Core type spray drying tower, including Centrafugal spray drying tower, the spray drying tower includes the tower top of upper-lower seal connection, tower successively Body and conical tower bottom;Tower top bottom center is provided with nebulizer, in the spray drying tower nebulizer be arranged right below use Pressure nozzle in spray powder upwards.The present invention sprayed using top down, by the way of bottom up spray powder, relative to upwards Spraying, is suitable to make droplet further refine and increase droplet density using spraying downwards, it is ensured that droplet is abundant with dry powder, high density Contact;Additionally, during droplet is descending, granule fines in droplet rapidly in adhesive half wet condition and with come head-on Dry powder be bonded to the relatively low plastochondria of overall humidity, can be achieved with pelletizing without using binding agent and dry.Although the device energy Enough the material of powdery is mixed, but due to spraying the top that is combined by of material in the device, lower section spray powder Mode realizes, the material of the dust-like easy splashes in injection, pollution environment and the healthy of operator is caused Very major injury.
Content of the invention
The present invention pollutes environment and the body to operator to solve the material of dust-like easy splashes in injection A kind of problem that body health is damaged, there is provided material mixing device.
In order to achieve the above object, base case of the invention provides a kind of material mixing device, including frame, frame Horizontal direction is sequentially provided with the first motor, transfer station, material collecting tank and extruder, and the first motor is provided with the first drivewheel, transmission Platform lower end is provided with the first driven pulley, and transfer station is provided with the periphery of multiple running rollers, the first driven pulley and running roller and is equipped with conveyer belt, The discharge outlet of transfer station is provided with first charging aperture and second charging aperture, fixedly mounts below first charging aperture and second charging aperture There is agitating device, between agitating device and transfer station, be provided with pillar, pillar is provided with the second motor, and the second motor is provided with second Drivewheel, is provided with crushing wheel in agitating device, and the second drivewheel is connected with crushing wheel rotating shaft belt, is additionally provided with agitating device Three charging apertures, the feed end of the discharge end connecting extruder of agitating device, the discharge end connection material collecting tank of extruder.
The principle of this base case is:Connect the first motor on first drivewheel, the first driven pulley is connected to transfer station Lower end, by the rotation of the first motor, enable to the first drivewheel drive the first driven pulley rotate, and then by first from Driving wheel drives running roller to rotate.When the device works, ice cube is placed between the running roller of transfer station, in the continuous rotation of running roller Under, running roller is by ice cube attrition crushing, and then the ice cube of attrition crushing is entered agitating device by first charging aperture, then by dispensing The smaller component of middle proportioning adds agitating device by second charging aperture, is made by being stirred continuously for crushing wheel in agitating device Obtain the smaller component of proportioning to be evenly coated on broken ice cube.Proportioning is added than larger component by the 3rd charging aperture, Further crushed by crushing wheel and stirred so that proportioning is than larger component with to be coated on proportioning on ice cube smaller Component uniformly mix.Its cardinal principle is:When the smaller component of proportioning is directly mixed than larger component with proportioning, proportioning Smaller component is easy to reunite together, it is difficult to be dispersed in the big component of proportioning, and by group smaller for proportioning Divide and uniformly mix with ice cube so that the smaller component of proportioning is evenly coated on ice cube, the smaller group split of such proportioning Product increase, when the smaller volume components of proportioning are increased to more suitable than larger component with proportioning when, by the continuous of pulverizer Crush and stir, enable to the smaller component of proportioning and proportioning more uniform than what larger component coordinated.
The beneficial effect of this base case is:1st, by multiple running rollers are arranged in transfer station, enable to running roller and exist Ice cube is crushed in rotation process, and then the component for causing proportioning smaller is coated on the outside of ice cube, increase proportioning compares group The volume that divides;2nd, first charging aperture and second charging aperture are set on agitating device so that the ice cube after crushing enters by first Material mouth enters agitating device, and the smaller component of proportioning enters agitating device by second charging aperture so that ice cube is compared with matching somebody with somebody Less component simultaneously enters agitating device, and crushing wheel can also cause ice cube more to crush, increase its surface area so that ice cube with It is more uniform that dispensing mixes, and ice cube can reduce the splashes of dust-like dispensing, reduces the loss of dispensing and to operation The healthy infringement of person;3rd, compare the cooperation of small component by ice cube with proportioning so that proportioning compares the volume of small component and increases Greatly, then by the 3rd charging aperture proportioning is added than larger component, the batch volume of such small component and big component batch volume Quite, enable to small component dispensing to mix homogeneously with big component dispensing.
Scheme two:Based on this, scheme is preferred, and agitating device is divided into upper area and lower zone, first charging aperture and Second charging aperture is connected to the upper area of agitating device, and the 3rd charging aperture is connected to the lower zone of agitating device, top area Two crushing wheels being meshed are provided with domain, also are provided with two crushing wheels being meshed in lower zone, close in upper area The crushing wheel rotating shaft of the second drivewheel is connected by belt with the crushing wheel rotating shaft in lower zone near the second drivewheel.Beneficial Effect:Agitating device is split up into upper area and lower zone, charge ratio smaller group point is blended in upper area with ice cube, So that compare small component mixing homogeneously with ice cube elder generation;The larger component of charge ratio is blended in agitating device with the ice cube of cladding dispensing Lower zone so that mix in lower zone with the small component of coating ice block than larger component, enables to the mixing of dispensing more Plus it is uniform.
Scheme three:This is preferred for scheme two, and the side wall of agitating device lower zone is provided with fan, fan connection the 3rd Motor.Beneficial effect:The dispensing of coating ice block constantly can be dried by the fan of agitating device lower zone, reduce in dispensing Moisture.
Scheme four:This is preferred for scheme three, is equipped with screw rod, is connected with propeller blade on screw rod in extruder, Screw rod is provided with drive, and drive is connected with the rotating shaft belt of the 3rd motor.Beneficial effect:Screw rod with propeller blade Can by the dispensing for mixing further uniformly mixing, melt molding;Additionally, the drive and the 3rd machine shaft on screw rod Belt connects, and can realize the continuous drying and the melting extrusion of dispensing of dispensing by the rotation of the 3rd motor, save electric power Resource.
Scheme five:This is preferred for scheme four, is installed with reclaiming plate on material collecting tank, and reclaiming plate is provided with discharge opening, The particle diameter of discharge opening is 3mm ~ 5mm.Beneficial effect:The reclaiming plate of material collecting tank upper band discharge opening, can by melt molding after thing Expect further pelletize, collected by material collecting tank;When the particle diameter of discharge opening is more than 5mm, it is unfavorable for the fully dispersed of dispensing, when going out When the particle diameter in material hole is less than 3mm, discharge opening is easily blocked, and increased production cost.
Scheme six:This is preferred for scheme five, and frame is provided with control panel.Beneficial effect:Control panel in frame Can be more convenient, efficiently control conveying, stirring and the extrusion of dispensing.
Scheme seven:This is preferred for scheme six, and agitating device is provided with observation panel.Beneficial effect:Sight on agitating device Examine the stirring state that mouth can conveniently observe dispensing.
Scheme eight:This is preferred for scheme seven, is provided with noise reduction layer on the inside of agitating device.Beneficial effect:In agitating device The noise reduction layer of side can reduce the noise during dispensing crushing, stirring, reduce sound pollution.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is material mixing device schematic diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is discharging plate structure schematic diagram in Fig. 1.
Specific embodiment
Below by specific embodiment, the present invention is further detailed explanation:
Reference in Figure of description includes:
Embodiment 1:
Frame 11, the first motor 12, the first drivewheel 13, the first driven pulley 14, running roller 15, transfer station 16, pillar 17, first enter Material mouth 18, second charging aperture 19, the second motor 20, the second drivewheel 21, crushing wheel rotating shaft 22, crushing wheel 23, the 3rd charging aperture 24th, the 3rd motor 25, drive 26, fan 27, screw rod 28, propeller blade 29, control panel 30, material collecting tank 31, reclaiming plate 32nd, discharge opening 33.
Material mixing device as shown in Figure 1, including frame 11, frame 11 is provided with control panel 30, the water of frame 11 Square to being from left to right sequentially provided with the first motor 12, transfer station 16, material collecting tank 31 and extruder, connection the on the first motor 12 One drivewheel 13, the first driven pulley 14 of 16 lower end of transfer station are connected by belt with the first drivewheel 13, are set in transfer station 16 The periphery for having seven running rollers 15, the first driven pulley 14 and running roller 15 is connected by conveyer belt, and the discharging opening of transfer station 16 has Be divided into the agitating device of upper area and lower zone, agitating device is provided with observation panel, and noise reduction is provided with the inside of agitating device Layer, first charging aperture 18 and second charging aperture 19 are connected to the upper area of agitating device, and the 3rd charging aperture 24 is connected to stirring The lower zone of device, be provided with two crushing wheels 23 being meshed in upper area, be provided with two and be meshed in lower zone Crushing wheel 23, left side crushing wheel rotating shaft 22 in upper area are connected by belt with crushing wheel rotating shaft 22 on the left of lower zone;Stir Mix and between device and transfer station 16, be provided with pillar 17, pillar 17 is provided with the second motor 20, the second motor 20 is provided with the second master Driving wheel 21, the second drivewheel 21 are connected by belt with the crushing wheel rotating shaft 22 on the left of agitating device upper area, agitating device Be provided with the right side of lower zone connection the 3rd motor 25 fan 27, the feed end of the discharge end connecting extruder of agitating device, Screw rod 28 is equipped with extruder, propeller blade 29 is connected with screw rod 28, screw rod 28 is provided with drive 26, be driven Wheel 26 is connected with 25 rotating shaft belt of the 3rd motor, the discharge end connection material collecting tank 31 of extruder, is installed with material collecting tank 31 Reclaiming plate 32, reclaiming plate 32 are provided with discharge opening 33 as shown in Figure 2, and the particle diameter of discharge opening 33 is 3mm.
Embodiment 2:
With the difference of embodiment 1, embodiment 2 is that 33 particle diameter of discharge opening on reclaiming plate 32 is 5mm.
When the proportioner is used, between the running roller 15 that ice cube is placed in transfer station 16, the first motor 12 is opened, with The continuous rotation of the first motor 12, ice cube continuous attrition crushing between running roller 15, with the continuous transmission of running roller 15, passes through First charging aperture 18 is entered in agitating device.The second motor 20 is opened, material smaller for dispensing component is fed by second Mouth 19 adds agitating devices, material big for dispensing Component comparison is added agitating device by the 3rd charging aperture 24, with second The continuous rotation of motor 20, the 23 continuous rotation of crushing wheel of agitating device upper area, ice cube is further crushed, and Material smaller for dispensing component is coated on ice cube so that small component batch volume increases.Due to area above agitating device One crushing wheel rotating shaft 22 in domain is connected by belt with a crushing wheel rotating shaft 22 of lower zone, therefore in the second motor 20 Rotation under, the crushing wheel 23 of agitating device upper area and lower zone is constantly rotated so that the small component of volume increase Dispensing is more suitable than larger big volume components with proportioning so that the two uniformly mixes.Threeth motor 25, threeth motor are opened simultaneously 25 drive 27 continuous rotations of fan so that the ice cube in mix homogeneously dispensing constantly melts, and then by mixed dispensing Dry.Dispensing after drying is entered in extruder, as the screw rod 28 of extruder is connected with the rotating belt of the 3rd motor 25, Under the 3rd drive, the 28 continuous rotation of screw rod of extruder, the dispensing by mix homogeneously and after drying are constantly melted, And then extruded by the discharge opening 33 on 31 top discharge plate 32 of material collecting tank, and then the dispensing of extrusion is collected by material collecting tank 31, complete Uniform mixing and extrusion collection into dispensing.
Above-described is only embodiments of the invention, and in scheme, the known general knowledge here such as concrete structure and characteristic is not made Excessive description.It should be pointed out that for a person skilled in the art, on the premise of without departing from present configuration, can be with Some deformations and improvement is made, these should also be considered as protection scope of the present invention, these are implemented all without the impact present invention Effect and practical applicability.This application claims protection domain should be defined by the content of its claim, in description Specific embodiment etc. records the content that can be used for explaining claim.

Claims (8)

1. material mixing device, it is characterised in that including frame, the horizontal direction of the frame is sequentially provided with the first motor, biography Platform, material collecting tank and extruder, first motor is sent to be provided with the first drivewheel, it is driven that the transfer station lower end is provided with first Wheel, the transfer station are provided with the periphery of multiple running rollers, first driven pulley and running roller and are equipped with conveyer belt, the transfer station Discharge outlet be provided with first charging aperture and second charging aperture, be installed with below the first charging aperture and second charging aperture Agitating device, is provided with pillar between the agitating device and transfer station, and the pillar is provided with the second motor, second motor The second drivewheel is provided with, in the agitating device, crushing wheel is provided with, second drivewheel is connected with crushing wheel rotating shaft belt, The 3rd charging aperture is additionally provided with the agitating device, and the feed end of the discharge end connecting extruder of the agitating device is described crowded Go out the discharge end connection material collecting tank of machine.
2. material mixing device as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that the agitating device is divided into upper area and lower section Region, the first charging aperture and second charging aperture are connected to the upper area of agitating device, and the 3rd charging aperture is connected to The lower zone of agitating device, is provided with two crushing wheels being meshed, also is provided with the lower zone in the upper area Two crushing wheels being meshed, near the in crushing wheel rotating shaft and the lower zone of the second drivewheel in the upper area The crushing wheel rotating shaft of two drivewheels is connected by belt.
3. material mixing device as claimed in claim 2, it is characterised in that set on the side wall of the agitating device lower zone There is fan, the fan connects the 3rd motor.
4. material mixing device as claimed in claim 3, it is characterised in that be equipped with screw rod in the extruder, described Propeller blade is connected with screw rod, the screw rod is provided with the rotating shaft belt of drive, the drive and the 3rd motor Connection.
5. material mixing device as claimed in claim 4, it is characterised in that be installed with reclaiming plate on the material collecting tank, The reclaiming plate is provided with discharge opening, and the particle diameter of the discharge opening is 3mm ~ 5mm.
6. material mixing device as claimed in claim 5, it is characterised in that the frame is provided with control panel.
7. material mixing device as claimed in claim 6, it is characterised in that the agitating device is provided with observation panel.
8. material mixing device as claimed in claim 7, it is characterised in that be provided with noise reduction layer on the inside of the agitating device.
CN201611099001.1A 2016-12-04 2016-12-04 Material mixing device Pending CN106492666A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201611099001.1A CN106492666A (en) 2016-12-04 2016-12-04 Material mixing device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201611099001.1A CN106492666A (en) 2016-12-04 2016-12-04 Material mixing device

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN106492666A true CN106492666A (en) 2017-03-15

Family

ID=58329463

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201611099001.1A Pending CN106492666A (en) 2016-12-04 2016-12-04 Material mixing device

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN106492666A (en)

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