CN106489693A - A kind of growing dendrobium nutrition organic substrate - Google Patents

A kind of growing dendrobium nutrition organic substrate Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106489693A
CN106489693A CN201610955660.4A CN201610955660A CN106489693A CN 106489693 A CN106489693 A CN 106489693A CN 201610955660 A CN201610955660 A CN 201610955660A CN 106489693 A CN106489693 A CN 106489693A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
substrate
fermentation
gained
water
organic substrate
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201610955660.4A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
杨正清
柏承文
冯晖
陈勇
杨兴兵
余小宏
胡安俊
马丽
孙绪青
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Lu'an Zhenyuan Ecological Agriculture Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Lu'an Zhenyuan Ecological Agriculture Co Ltd
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Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Lu'an Zhenyuan Ecological Agriculture Co Ltd filed Critical Lu'an Zhenyuan Ecological Agriculture Co Ltd
Priority to CN201610955660.4A priority Critical patent/CN106489693A/en
Publication of CN106489693A publication Critical patent/CN106489693A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G24/00Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G24/00Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor
    • A01G24/20Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor based on or containing natural organic material
    • A01G24/22Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor based on or containing natural organic material containing plant material
    • A01G24/23Wood, e.g. wood chips or sawdust
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G24/00Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor
    • A01G24/30Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor based on or containing synthetic organic compounds
    • A01G24/35Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor based on or containing synthetic organic compounds containing water-absorbing polymers

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of growing dendrobium nutrition organic substrate, is prepared by the raw materials in:Cortex Pini 24 26, cottonseed cake 38 42, watermelon vine 28 30, perlite powder 34, polyacrylic acid 23, zinc chloride 12, plant ash 35 39, γ polyglutamic acids 12, wheat stalk 44 46, carbamide 23, peat soil 18 20, appropriate amount of water;Substrate of the present invention reduces the usage amount of non-renewable resources turf, because ground is drawn materials, by the raw material that Cortex Pini, watermelon vine etc. are cheap and easy to get in a large number, significantly reduce the production cost of cultivation matrix, it is simultaneous for the nutrient demand feature scientific allocation of Herba Dendrobii, be conducive to the growth of Herba Dendrobii root system, cane, improve the marketing quality of Herba Dendrobii, increased the economic benefit of plantation.

Description

A kind of growing dendrobium nutrition organic substrate
Technical field
A kind of the present invention relates to nutrient matrix technical field, more particularly to growing dendrobium nutrition organic substrate.
Background technology
Substrate culture is a kind of important cultural method, is a kind of a kind of soilless culture side by matrix absorption nutrient Formula, as which requires the advantages of low, equipment is simple, water-saving saves fertilizer to soil environment, being adopted by vast plant development person should With.And the continuous expansion of the continuous development and cultivated area with China's planting industry, the usage amount of cultivation matrix also constantly increases, Traditional using the single raw material such as turf, Vermiculitum or be simply mixed the substrate of preparation and can not meet the demand of plantation, while The universal nutrition of substrate at this stage is single, while using the physical instability of process mesostroma, water absorption is poor, easily subside, attached Price markup value is low, it is impossible to realizes higher using value for specifically cultivation object and environment, have impact on the growth of economic benefit.
The modification technology of straw can be effectively reduced the carbon-nitrogen ratio of straw, reduce cellulose and hemicellulose in straw Content, accelerates the decomposition speed of straw, at the same time there is long-chain molecule in organic substrate, and this molecule effectively can be fettered With cohere mineral grain, promote the formation and development of aggregate structure in substrate, and the organic matter in substrate effectively promoted Mineral grain can be effectively cohered in the growth of microorganism, the mycelia of microorganism, promote the formation of new matrix structure, affect base The degree of packing of matter.Under the collective effect of organic matter and microorganism, the addition of modified straw can strengthen the reunion of granule in substrate Effect, accelerates the formation of matrix pores structure, improves permeability and the stability of substrate.
Gamma-polyglutamic acid-due to a large amount of carboxyls and amide groups, there is chelating and absorption to make to cation mineral nutrient With being prevented from leaching loss of nutrient, and improve the biological effectiveness of calcium ion and phosphate radical etc., reduce ammonium nitrogen and be lost in.Its with change Property straw interaction can promote in substrate the existing hole to develop to more macrovoid again, and will directly can not utilize in substrate The Nutrient Transformations such as nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium are the form for being easy to absorb.
This is based on, the present inventor is by being studied to problem above and having been explored, there is provided one kind accords with the demands of the market Cultivation matrix.
Content of the invention
The object of the invention is exactly the defect in order to make up prior art, there is provided a kind of growing dendrobium nutrition organic substrate.
The present invention is achieved by the following technical solutions:
A kind of growing dendrobium nutrition organic substrate, is prepared by the raw materials in:Cortex Pini 24-26, cottonseed cake 38- 42nd, watermelon vine 28-30, perlite powder 3-4, polyacrylic acid 2-3, zinc chloride 1-2, plant ash 35-39, γ-polyglutamic Sour 1-2, wheat stalk 44-46, carbamide 2-3, peat soil 18-20, appropriate amount of water.
Described growing dendrobium nutrition organic substrate preparation method is comprised the following steps that:
(1)Cortex Pini, cottonseed cake, watermelon vine mixing are placed in fermentation vat, ferment heap water content are added water to and is reached 48-52%, retting Fermentation 28-30 days, gained fermentation grog is filtrated to get fermentation siccative and fermentation liquid is standby;
(2)Pulverize after peat soil is dried, pour in food steamer and gathered, the peat soil on side is brought to intermediate formation cone Shape rickle is gathered in rear steamer and is heated to 70-80 DEG C to increase steaming and decocting area, by vapour cooking 30-40 minutes, after the completion of close Gas is simultaneously cooled to 30-32 DEG C, now adds gamma-polyglutamic acid-, perlite powder and stirs to fully mixing, smokes stewing 18- 20 minutes, after the completion of take out, then mix with step 1 gained fermentation liquid, and sequentially add polyacrylic acid, zinc chloride, be heated to 55- Stirring chelating 60-70 minutes after 60 DEG C, after filtration, remove filtrate drying for standby;
(3)Crush after wheat stalk is dried as powder and cross 1-2mm sieves, after mixing with carbamide, step 2 gained filtrate, be put into appearance In device, the water of mixture total weight 55-60% is added, and by container closure after stirring repeatedly, control ambient temperature is in 35-40 DEG C, take out after culture 60-72 hours, it is that 15-20% is standby to dry at 30-35 DEG C to moisture content;
(4)Will be complete to step 1 gained fermentation siccative, step 2 resulting material, step 3 resulting material and plant ash using blender Portion stirs, and cultivates 5-7 days, lyophilization after the completion of culture at being placed in 35-37 DEG C, and gained dried material is weighed dress Bag, obtains final product substrate of the present invention.
It is an advantage of the invention that:
The present invention can guarantee that being sufficiently mixed for substrate material and modified straw by packet mixed processing of the technique later stage to raw material, And the use of modified straw also pole significantly increases the structure hole of substrate, promote the development of noncapilarry porosity in substrate, Substrate water-retention performance is favorably improved, strengthens the permeability and permeability of substrate, then by the synergism with gamma-polyglutamic acid- Improve available nitrogen in substrate, rapid available phosphorus and exchangeable calcium content of magnesium.
Substrate of the present invention reduces the usage amount of non-renewable resources turf, because ground is drawn materials, by Cortex Pini, watermelon vine etc. Raw material cheap and easy to get, significantly reduces the production cost of cultivation matrix in a large number, is simultaneous for the nutrient demand feature section of Herba Dendrobii Configuration is learned, is conducive to the growth of Herba Dendrobii root system, cane, is improve the marketing quality of Herba Dendrobii, increased the economic benefit of plantation.
Specific embodiment
A kind of growing dendrobium nutrition organic substrate, by following weight portion(kg)Raw material make:Cortex Pini 24, cottonseed cake 38th, watermelon vine 28, perlite powder 3, polyacrylic acid 2, zinc chloride 1, plant ash 35, γ polyglutamic acids 1, wheat stalk 44th, carbamide 2, peat soil 18, appropriate amount of water.
Described growing dendrobium nutrition organic substrate preparation method is comprised the following steps that:
(1)Cortex Pini, cottonseed cake, watermelon vine mixing are placed in fermentation vat, ferment heap water content are added water to and is reached 48%, retting is sent out Ferment 28 days, gained fermentation grog is filtrated to get fermentation siccative and fermentation liquid is standby;
(2)Pulverize after peat soil is dried, pour in food steamer and gathered, the peat soil on side is brought to intermediate formation cone Shape rickle is gathered and is heated to 70 DEG C in rear steamer to increase steaming and decocting area, by vapour cooking 30 minutes, after the completion of close and gas drop Temperature adds γ polyglutamic acids, perlite powder and stirs to fully mixing to 30 DEG C, now, smoked stewing 18 minutes, after the completion of Take out, then mix with step 1 gained fermentation liquid, and sequentially add polyacrylic acid, zinc chloride, stirring chelating 60 after being heated to 55 DEG C Minute, filtrate drying for standby is removed after filtration;
(3)Crush after wheat stalk is dried as powder and cross 1mm sieves, after mixing with carbamide, step 2 gained filtrate, be put into container In, the water of mixture total weight 55% is added, by container closure after stirring repeatedly, control ambient temperature cultivates 60 at 35 DEG C Take out after hour, dry at 30 DEG C standby for 15% to moisture content;
(4)Will be complete to step 1 gained fermentation siccative, step 2 resulting material, step 3 resulting material and plant ash using blender Portion stirs, and is placed at 35 DEG C and cultivates 5 days, and gained dried material is weighed pack, i.e., by lyophilization after the completion of culture Obtain substrate of the present invention.
In order to further illustrate the using value of the present invention, inventor have chosen substrate of the present invention and commercially available common respectively Culture matrix carries out the cultivating and growing of Herba Dendrobii, and during plantation, two groups of management method is identical, by plantation during to substrate physics and chemistry The detection that index is carried out finds that the total porosity of substrate of the present invention reaches 91.71%, and the total porosity of commercially available substrate only has 81.90%, at the same time in substrate of the present invention, the effectively nutrient such as nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium is above commercially available substrate, plants gained Herba Dendrobii Also commercially available generic media gained is superior in outward appearance and quality, it is seen that substrate of the present invention has preferable using effect.

Claims (2)

1. a kind of growing dendrobium nutrition organic substrate, it is characterised in that be prepared by the raw materials in:Cortex Pini 24- 26th, cottonseed cake 38-42, watermelon vine 28-30, perlite powder 3-4, polyacrylic acid 2-3, zinc chloride 1-2, plant ash 35- 39th, gamma-polyglutamic acid -1-2, wheat stalk 44-46, carbamide 2-3, peat soil 18-20, appropriate amount of water.
2. the nutrition organic substrate of the growing dendrobium according to claims 1, it is characterised in that the concrete step of preparation method Rapid as follows:
(1)Cortex Pini, cottonseed cake, watermelon vine mixing are placed in fermentation vat, ferment heap water content are added water to and is reached 48-52%, macerate System fermentation 28-30 days, gained fermentation grog is filtrated to get fermentation siccative and fermentation liquid is standby;
(2)Pulverize after peat soil is dried, pour in food steamer and gathered, the peat soil on side is brought to intermediate formation Taper rickle is gathered in rear steamer and is heated to 70-80 DEG C to increase steaming and decocting area, by vapour cooking 30-40 minutes, after the completion of Close gas and be cooled to 30-32 DEG C, now add gamma-polyglutamic acid-, perlite powder and stir to fully mixing, smoke stewing 18-20 minutes, after the completion of take out, then mix with step 1 gained fermentation liquid, and sequentially add polyacrylic acid, zinc chloride, be heated to Stirring chelating 60-70 minutes after 55-60 DEG C, after filtration, remove filtrate drying for standby;
(3)Crush after wheat stalk is dried as powder and cross 1-2mm sieves, be put into after mixing with carbamide, step 2 gained filtrate In container, the water of mixture total weight 55-60% is added, and by container closure after stirring repeatedly, control ambient temperature is in 35- 40 DEG C, take out after culture 60-72 hours, it is that 15-20% is standby to dry at 30-35 DEG C to moisture content;
(4)Will be complete to step 1 gained fermentation siccative, step 2 resulting material, step 3 resulting material and plant ash using blender Portion stirs, and cultivates 5-7 days, lyophilization after the completion of culture at being placed in 35-37 DEG C, and gained dried material is weighed dress Bag, obtains final product substrate of the present invention.
CN201610955660.4A 2016-10-27 2016-10-27 A kind of growing dendrobium nutrition organic substrate Pending CN106489693A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610955660.4A CN106489693A (en) 2016-10-27 2016-10-27 A kind of growing dendrobium nutrition organic substrate

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610955660.4A CN106489693A (en) 2016-10-27 2016-10-27 A kind of growing dendrobium nutrition organic substrate

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN106489693A true CN106489693A (en) 2017-03-15

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Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104886078A (en) * 2015-05-08 2015-09-09 长阳勤劳农夫农产品有限公司 Resistance derivant for dendrobium officinale seedlings
CN105766592A (en) * 2016-04-27 2016-07-20 覃伟 Planting matrix for artificial planting of Caulis Dendrobii and preparation method thereof
CN105850690A (en) * 2016-06-27 2016-08-17 广西农业职业技术学院 Dendrobium officinale culture medium
CN105918085A (en) * 2016-04-27 2016-09-07 覃伟 Dendrobium huoshanense special-purpose planting matrix and preparation method thereof

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104886078A (en) * 2015-05-08 2015-09-09 长阳勤劳农夫农产品有限公司 Resistance derivant for dendrobium officinale seedlings
CN105766592A (en) * 2016-04-27 2016-07-20 覃伟 Planting matrix for artificial planting of Caulis Dendrobii and preparation method thereof
CN105918085A (en) * 2016-04-27 2016-09-07 覃伟 Dendrobium huoshanense special-purpose planting matrix and preparation method thereof
CN105850690A (en) * 2016-06-27 2016-08-17 广西农业职业技术学院 Dendrobium officinale culture medium

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Application publication date: 20170315