CN106482386A - The electronic refrigerator car of environmental protection and refrigerating method - Google Patents

The electronic refrigerator car of environmental protection and refrigerating method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106482386A
CN106482386A CN201610975998.6A CN201610975998A CN106482386A CN 106482386 A CN106482386 A CN 106482386A CN 201610975998 A CN201610975998 A CN 201610975998A CN 106482386 A CN106482386 A CN 106482386A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
water
pump
heat exchange
cushion
environmental protection
Prior art date
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CN201610975998.6A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
高秀民
Original Assignee
高秀民
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Priority to CN201610975998.6A priority Critical patent/CN106482386A/en
Publication of CN106482386A publication Critical patent/CN106482386A/en

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60HARRANGEMENTS OR ADAPTATIONS OF HEATING, COOLING, VENTILATING, OR OTHER AIR-TREATING DEVICES SPECIALLY FOR PASSENGER OR GOODS SPACES OF VEHICLES
    • B60H1/00Heating, cooling or ventilating [HVAC] devices
    • B60H1/32Cooling devices
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60PVEHICLES ADAPTED FOR LOAD TRANSPORTATION OR TO TRANSPORT, TO CARRY, OR TO COMPRISE SPECIAL LOADS OR OBJECTS
    • B60P3/00Vehicles adapted to transport, to carry or to comprise special loads or objects
    • B60P3/20Refrigerated goods vehicles
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60PVEHICLES ADAPTED FOR LOAD TRANSPORTATION OR TO TRANSPORT, TO CARRY, OR TO COMPRISE SPECIAL LOADS OR OBJECTS
    • B60P7/00Securing or covering of load on vehicles
    • B60P7/06Securing of load
    • B60P7/16Protecting against shocks
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F25REFRIGERATION OR COOLING; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS; MANUFACTURE OR STORAGE OF ICE; LIQUEFACTION SOLIDIFICATION OF GASES
    • F25BREFRIGERATION MACHINES, PLANTS OR SYSTEMS; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT-PUMP SYSTEMS
    • F25B21/00Machines, plant, or systems, using electric or magnetic effects
    • F25B21/02Machines, plant, or systems, using electric or magnetic effects using Peltier effect; using Nernst-Ettinghausen effect
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F25REFRIGERATION OR COOLING; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS; MANUFACTURE OR STORAGE OF ICE; LIQUEFACTION SOLIDIFICATION OF GASES
    • F25DREFRIGERATORS; COLD ROOMS; ICE-BOXES; COOLING OR FREEZING APPARATUS NOT COVERED BY ANY OTHER SUBCLASS
    • F25D17/00Arrangements for circulating cooling fluids; Arrangements for circulating gas, e.g. air, within refrigerated spaces
    • F25D17/02Arrangements for circulating cooling fluids; Arrangements for circulating gas, e.g. air, within refrigerated spaces for circulating liquids, e.g. brine
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T10/00Road transport of goods or passengers
    • Y02T10/80Technologies aiming to reduce greenhouse gasses emissions common to all road transportation technologies
    • Y02T10/88Optimized components or subsystems, e.g. lighting, actively controlled glasses

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of electronic refrigerator car of environmental protection and refrigerating method.Electronic refrigerator car includes electric automobile, semiconductor cooler and water-cooled module, water-cooled module includes main water box, first water pump, Multi-layer exchanging heat water cushion and air pump, multiple support air bag are distributed with heat exchange water cushion, heat exchange water cushion has water inlet and water return outlet, water inlet is connected with the first water pump by corresponding electromagnetic valve, water return outlet is connected with main water box by corresponding electromagnetic valve, first water pump is connected with main water box, the bottom of heat exchange water cushion is provided with multiple air springs, air spring and support air bag are connected with air pump by corresponding electromagnetic valve respectively, Multi-layer exchanging heat water cushion is stacked;The cold end of semiconductor cooler is embedded in main water box, and electric automobile is provided with cabin and container, and semiconductor cooler, main water box, the first water pump and air pump are located in cabin, and heat exchange water cushion is located in container.Realize improving refrigeration and the storage security of the electronic refrigerator car of environmental protection.

Description

The electronic refrigerator car of environmental protection and refrigerating method

Technical field

The present invention relates to cold chain refrigeration plant, the electronic refrigerator car of more particularly, to a kind of environmental protection and refrigerating method.

Background technology

At present, the transport of goods and storage generally have certain requirement to temperature, and some goods need relatively low freezing Temperature(For example:Frozen product), and some goods need refrigerated storage temperature(For example:Veterinary antibiotics etc.).In prior art, cold chain Transport is related to transport vehicle and freezer, and be directed to the equipment that goods freezed in transport or storing process generally adopt air-cooled or Direct-cooled mode, for example:Taking cargo transport as a example, it is typically employed in transport vehicle and is transported, transport vehicle is configured with system The container of cooling system, the cold that in refrigeration system, vaporizer produces is in the way of cold wind or direct cooling to container interior system Cold.But, in actual use, there is the phenomenon of skewness in the temperature in container;Meanwhile, in cold chain transportation mistake Cheng Zhong, is also easily damaged because of vibrations by the article of cold preservation.How to design a kind of good refrigeration effect and storage security is high The electronic refrigerator car of environmental protection be the technical problem to be solved.

Content of the invention

The technical problem to be solved is:A kind of electronic refrigerator car of environmental protection and refrigerating method are provided, realize Improve refrigeration and the storage security of the electronic refrigerator car of environmental protection.

The technical scheme that the present invention provides is, a kind of electronic refrigerator car of environmental protection, including electric automobile, described electronic vapour Car is provided with accumulator battery, cabin and container, also includes water-cooled module and semiconductor cooler, and described water-cooled module includes main water Case, the first water pump, Multi-layer exchanging heat water cushion and air pump, are distributed with multiple support air bag, described heat exchange water cushion in described heat exchange water cushion There is water inlet and water return outlet, described water inlet is connected with described first water pump by corresponding electromagnetic valve, described water return outlet leads to Cross corresponding electromagnetic valve to be connected with described main water box, described first water pump is connected with described main water box, under described heat exchange water cushion Portion is provided with multiple air springs, and described air spring and described support air bag pass through corresponding electromagnetic valve and described air pump respectively Connect, described in multilamellar, heat exchange water cushion is stacked;The cold end sealing of described semiconductor cooler is embedded in described main water box In, described semiconductor cooler, described main water box, described first water pump and described air pump are located in described cabin, described heat exchange Water cushion is located in described container;Described accumulator battery is additionally operable to power to described semiconductor cooler, water pump, air pump.

The present invention also provides a kind of refrigerating method of the electronic refrigerator car of environmental protection, using the electronic cold preservation of above-mentioned environmental protection Car;Described refrigerating method is:

Step 1, air pump start, to support air bag and air spring inflation so that forming storage between adjacent two layers heat exchange water cushion Object space;

Step 2, the first starting mode of pump, the water being freezed by semiconductor cooler are delivered in heat exchange water cushion are followed in main water box Ring.

Step 3, article to be transported are put between adjacent two-layer heat exchange water cushion, and adjust adjacent two layers heat-exchanging water The air pressure of the air spring between pad is so that article clip is between two-layer heat exchange water cushion.

Compared with prior art, advantages of the present invention and good effect are:The electronic cold preservation of environmental protection that the present invention provides Car and refrigerating method, the accumulator battery by shared electric automobile itself is refrigeration unit and water-cooled module is powered, and adopts water Chill group is freezed to the article in electric automobile, after semiconductor cooler freezes to the water in main water box, main water box In water be delivered in each layer heat exchange water cushion via the first water pump, be attached to article using adjacent two layers heat exchange water cushion and directly made Cold, can effectively improve refrigerating efficiency, meanwhile, the flowing of water circulation in heat exchange water cushion is so that water everywhere in heat exchange water cushion Temperature is evenly distributed, and improves refrigeration;Further, since article are placed between two-layer heat exchange water cushion, in transportation, permissible Effectively reduce and be damaged because of collision, improve storage security.And heat exchange water cushion struts self by support air bag, a side Face is easy to water and is flowed in heat exchange water cushion, on the other hand guarantees that heat exchange water cushion provides enough supports to the article placed thereon Air spring between power, and, two-layer heat exchange water cushion can control the distance between two-layer heat exchange water cushion so that the changing of upper strata Hot water mat can abut on article, obtains more refrigeration.

Brief description

In order to be illustrated more clearly that the embodiment of the present invention or technical scheme of the prior art, below will be to embodiment or existing Have technology description in required use accompanying drawing be briefly described it should be apparent that, drawings in the following description are these Some bright embodiments, for those of ordinary skill in the art, without having to pay creative labor, acceptable Other accompanying drawings are obtained according to these accompanying drawings.

Fig. 1 is the structural representation of environmental protection of the present invention electronic refrigerator car embodiment;

Fig. 2 is the structural representation one of heat exchange water cushion in environmental protection of the present invention electronic refrigerator car embodiment;

Fig. 3 is the structural representation two of heat exchange water cushion in environmental protection of the present invention electronic refrigerator car embodiment;

Fig. 4 is the structural representation of water pocket in environmental protection of the present invention electronic refrigerator car embodiment;

Fig. 5 is the schematic diagram of dehumidification module in environmental protection of the present invention electronic refrigerator car embodiment;

Fig. 6 is the schematic diagram of water-cooled module in environmental protection of the present invention electronic refrigerator car embodiment;

Fig. 7 is the front view of membrane type liquid dehumidifier in environmental protection of the present invention electronic refrigerator car embodiment;

Fig. 8 is the side view of membrane type liquid dehumidifier in environmental protection of the present invention electronic refrigerator car embodiment;

Fig. 9 is the close-up schematic view of a-quadrant in Fig. 8.

Specific embodiment

Purpose, technical scheme and advantage for making the embodiment of the present invention are clearer, below in conjunction with the embodiment of the present invention In accompanying drawing, the technical scheme in the embodiment of the present invention is clearly and completely described it is clear that described embodiment is The a part of embodiment of the present invention, rather than whole embodiments.Based on the embodiment in the present invention, those of ordinary skill in the art The every other embodiment being obtained under the premise of not making creative work, broadly falls into the scope of protection of the invention.

As shown in Figure 1, Figure 2, shown in Fig. 5 and Fig. 6, the electronic refrigerator car of the present embodiment environmental protection, including electric automobile 1, electronic Automobile 1 is configured with accumulator battery for providing electric energy to run to electric automobile 1, and described electric automobile 1 is provided with cabin 11 and goods Case 12, also includes semiconductor cooler 2 and water-cooled module 3, and described water-cooled module 3 includes main water box 31, the first water pump 32, multilamellar Heat exchange water cushion 33 and air pump (not shown), are distributed with multiple support air bag 35, described heat exchange water cushion 33 in described heat exchange water cushion 33 There is water inlet (unmarked) and water return outlet (unmarked), described water inlet passes through corresponding electromagnetic valve and described first water pump 32 Connect, described water return outlet is connected with described main water box 31 by corresponding electromagnetic valve, described first water pump 32 and described main water box 31 connections, the bottom of described heat exchange water cushion 33 is provided with multiple air springs 36, described air spring 36 and described support air bag 35 are connected with described air pump by corresponding electromagnetic valve respectively, and described in multilamellar, heat exchange water cushion 33 is stacked;Described quasiconductor The cold end sealing of refrigerator 2 is embedded in described main water box 31, described semiconductor cooler 2, described main water box 31, described the One water pump 32 and described air pump are located in described cabin 11, and described heat exchange water cushion 33 is located in described container 12;Described accumulator Group is additionally operable to power to semiconductor cooler 2, water pump 32, air pump.

Specifically, the accumulator battery of the shared electric automobile 1 of the electronic refrigerator car of the present embodiment environmental protection is powered, and leads to Cross the generation cold of the cold end 21 in semiconductor cooler 2 refrigerant solution in main water box 31 to be freezed, in main water box 31 Refrigerant solution be injected in different heat exchange water cushions 33 via the first water pump 32, refrigerant solution carries out heat in heat exchange water cushion 33 Exchange and flow back in main water box 31 after the article in container 12 are freezed;And the support air bag 35 in heat exchange water cushion 33 will be filled The internal cavity of heat exchange water cushion 33 is strutted by gas is easy to refrigerant solution flowing, and meanwhile, support air bag 35 can support heat-exchanging water The article placed on pad 33, and air spring 36 two adjacent heat exchange water cushions 33 are supported spaced apart, thus adjacent at two Heat exchange water cushion 33 between form storage space, article place between two-layer heat exchange water cushion 33, and by control air spring 36 atmospheric pressure value, to adjust the height of air spring 36, to adjust the distance between two-layer heat exchange water cushion 33 so that the changing of upper strata Hot water mat 33 can abut in so that article are uniformly directly caught a cold up and down on article, obtains more refrigeration.Wherein, Refrigerant solution selects different liquid refrigerating media according to the storage temperature difference of the article of institute's storing in container 12, for example:Water Or the refrigerating medium such as cold-producing medium, the present embodiment is not limited to the refrigerant solution holding in main water box 31.

Further, in order to be more convenient to use versatility and convenience using offer, as Figure 3-Figure 4, described in every layer Heat exchange water cushion 33 includes multiple separate water pockets 331, and each described water pocket 331 is configured with described support air bag 35 and described Air spring 36, multiple described water pockets 331 are fixed together successively side by side, and the two side of described water pocket 331 is provided with props up Support gas column 332, described support gas column 332 is connected with described air pump by corresponding electromagnetic valve.Specifically, in actually used process In, different according to the number of articles of storage, adjust the size of heat exchange water cushion 33, the support to water pocket 331 is needed according to storing Air bag 35 and air spring 36 are inflated, and full of gas, whole heat exchange water cushion 33 need not be filled refrigerant solution, on the one hand may be used So that more flexibly article are provided using heat exchange water cushion 33 with the refrigerating capacity of specified quantitative, energy on the other hand can be effectively reduced Consumption.Preferably, so that the uniformity of temperature profile of heat exchange water cushion 33, provide refrigeration, a sidepiece of described water pocket 331 is Intake tunnel 3311, the other side is backwater channel 3312, and the middle part of described water pocket 331 is heat transmitting member 3313;Described water inlet Passage 3311 has described water inlet, and described backwater channel 3312 has a described water return outlet, described intake tunnel 3311 and described Backwater channel 3312 forms multiple permeable gaps 3310 respectively and described heat transmitting member 3313 between.The system of the first water pump 32 output Cold soln enters into heat transmitting member 3313 by intake tunnel 3311 and carries out heat exchange, and the water in heat transmitting member 3313 carries out heat Again the circulation that main water box 31 realizes water is flow back into by backwater channel 3312 after exchange, and permeable gap 3310 can effectively make Water must be entered in heat transmitting member 3313 be uniformly distributed it is preferred that multiple described permeable gap 3310 is along current in various pieces Flow direction is progressively longer, and because the hydraulic pressure of intake tunnel 3311 water inlet is larger, the flowing hydraulic pressure with water will subtract Little, and the permeable gap 3310 of graded profile can more uniformly be distributed and is flowed at heat transmitting member 3313 different parts Water is so that the uniformity of temperature profile of heat transmitting member 3313.And in order to preferably improve temperature distribution evenness, described support air bag 35 entirety are in strip structure and are arranged between described intake tunnel 3311 and described backwater channel 3312, described support air bag 35 Both sides be respectively formed with multiple turbulent flow gas teeth 351, form between two neighboring described support air bag 35 that to connect described water inlet logical Road 3311 and the turbulent runner of described backwater channel 3312, in the presence of turbulent runner, can more uniformly distribute heat biography Pass the water distribution at each position in portion 3313 it is ensured that the temperature homogeneity of each position, in addition, turbulent gas tooth 351 can be right Current play the effect of buffering so that current can sufficiently pass through heat transmitting member 3313 cold scattering.Preferably, described gas column supports Air bag 35 is fixed on the inwall of water pocket 331, and described turbulent flow gas tooth 351 is suspended in described water pocket 331.

Further, in order to adjust the humidity in container 12, to meet the storage request of special article, such as Fig. 5, Fig. 7, Shown in Fig. 8 and Fig. 9, the hot junction portion 22 of semiconductor cooler 2 is connected with auxiliary water tank 34;And the electronic cold preservation of described environmental protection Car also includes dehumidification module, and described dehumidification module includes two membrane type liquid dehumidifiers 23 and 24, Intermediate Heat Exchanger 25, the second water Pump 27 and two solution pumps 26, described Intermediate Heat Exchanger 25 includes the first heat exchanger channels of mutual heat exchange(Unmarked)With second Heat exchanger channels(Unmarked);Described membrane type liquid dehumidifier 23 and 24 includes heat dissipation pipe 251, protecting film 252 and plus based Dehumidification Membranes 253, described heat dissipation pipe 251 is wrapped with described protecting film 252, and described protecting film 252 is wrapped with described plus based Dehumidification Membranes 253, form solution channel 250 between described protecting film 252 and described plus based Dehumidification Membranes 253;The radiating of membrane type liquid dehumidifier 24 Water pipe is connected with described main water box 31 by corresponding described second water pump 27, and the heat dissipation pipe of membrane type liquid dehumidifier 23 passes through Corresponding described second water pump 27 is connected with described auxiliary water tank 34;The described solution channel 250 of membrane type liquid dehumidifier 24 Two-port is connected with the import of described first heat exchanger channels and the outlet of described second heat exchanger channels respectively, membrane type liquid dehumidifier The two-port of 23 described solution channel 250 outlet and the entering of described second heat exchanger channels with described first heat exchanger channels respectively Mouth connects;It is respectively arranged with described solution pump 26 on described first heat exchanger channels and described second heat exchanger channels.Specifically, in reality During border uses, the heat dissipation pipe of two membrane type liquid dehumidifiers 23 and 24 is connected with auxiliary water tank 34 and main water box 31 respectively Form coolant flow circuits, and the solution channel 250 in two membrane type liquid dehumidifiers 23 and 24 is used for for solution flowing, protection Film 252 is contacted completely cutting off solution with the surface of heat dissipation pipe 251, to protect heat dissipation pipe 251 from the corrosion of solution, and adds and removes Wet film 253 ensures that the vapor of in the air can free in and out solution channel 250, and solution cannot be by adding based Dehumidification Membranes 253.Radiating Water pipe 251 1 aspect is used for the heat exchange of coolant, and another aspect heat dissipation pipe 251 utilizes coolant and the outside of its internal flow Solution in solution channel 250 carries out heat exchange, to freeze to the solution in solution channel 250 as needed or to heat, with reality The function of existing regulating environmental humidity, and, because coolant and solution can be rapidly performed by heat exchange, such that it is able to effectively carry The regulation efficiency of high humility, membrane type liquid dehumidifier 23 and 24, while realizing coolant heat exchange, is also integrated with solution dehumidification Function;Preferably, heat dissipation pipe 251 is additionally provided with fin 254, fin 254 offers multiple tube expansion holes 255, heat dissipation pipe 251 are arranged in described tube expansion hole 255, and described protecting film 252 and the described based Dehumidification Membranes 253 that add also are located in described tube expansion hole 255, The edge in described tube expansion hole 255 is provided with the breach 256 for passing through for described solution flow channel 20, specifically, in order to true Protect solution smoothly to flow in solution channel 250, the tube expansion hole 255 of fin 254 is additionally provided with breach 256, breach The space that 256 formation pass through for solution channel 250, after heat dissipation pipe 251 tube expansion is arranged in tube expansion hole 255, solution channel Solution in 250 still can pass through breach 256 smooth outflow.Wherein, membrane type liquid dehumidifier 23 and 24 is based on dissolving-diffusion Mechanism, mainly realizes dehumidifying using the concentration of solution and humidifies, and add based Dehumidification Membranes 253 and can adopt organic high molecular polymer Film, inoranic membrane, liquid film etc. have the film that vapor passes through function, using the high temperature producing in semiconductor cooler 2 and low temperature cold Matchmaker, the solution for the solution channel 250 in the membrane type liquid dehumidifier 23 and 24 flowing into low temperature refrigerant is used for absorbing moisture and Row dehumidifying, and the solution for the solution channel 250 in the membrane type liquid dehumidifier 23 and 24 flowing into high temperature refrigerant is used for discharging Moisture is humidified.And in actual use, humidity in usual container can be excessive and produce frost phenomenon, then will freeze Described membrane type liquid dehumidifier 23 and 24 be arranged in container, by the described membrane type liquid dehumidifier 23 and 24, described of heating Intermediate Heat Exchanger 25, described second water pump 27 and two described solution pumps 26 are arranged in described cabin.

The present invention also provides a kind of refrigerating method of the electronic refrigerator car of environmental protection, using the electronic cold preservation of above-mentioned environmental protection Car;Described refrigerating method is:

Step 1, air pump start, to support air bag and air spring inflation so that forming storage between adjacent two layers heat exchange water cushion Object space;

Step 2, the first starting mode of pump, the water being freezed by semiconductor cooler are delivered in heat exchange water cushion are followed in main water box Ring.

Step 3, article to be transported are put between adjacent two-layer heat exchange water cushion, and adjust adjacent two layers heat-exchanging water The air pressure of the air spring between pad is so that article clip is between two-layer heat exchange water cushion.

Finally it should be noted that:Above example only in order to technical scheme to be described, is not intended to limit;Although With reference to the foregoing embodiments the present invention is described in detail, it will be understood by those within the art that:It still may be used To modify to the technical scheme described in foregoing embodiments, or equivalent is carried out to wherein some technical characteristics; And these modification or replace, do not make appropriate technical solution essence depart from various embodiments of the present invention technical scheme spirit and Scope.

Claims (9)

1. the electronic refrigerator car of a kind of environmental protection, including electric automobile, described electric automobile is provided with accumulator battery, cabin and goods It is characterised in that also including water-cooled module and semiconductor cooler, described water-cooled module includes main water box, the first water pump, many to case The layer gentle pump of heat exchange water cushion, is distributed with multiple support air bag in described heat exchange water cushion, described heat exchange water cushion has water inlet and returns The mouth of a river, described water inlet is connected with described first water pump by corresponding electromagnetic valve, and described water return outlet passes through corresponding electromagnetic valve It is connected with described main water box, described first water pump is connected with described main water box, the bottom of described heat exchange water cushion is provided with multiple skies Gas spring, described air spring and described support air bag are connected with described air pump, described in multilamellar by corresponding electromagnetic valve respectively Heat exchange water cushion is stacked;The cold end sealing of described semiconductor cooler is embedded in described main water box, described quasiconductor Refrigerator, described main water box, described first water pump and described air pump are located in described cabin, and described heat exchange water cushion is located at described goods In case;Described accumulator battery is additionally operable to power to described semiconductor cooler, water pump, air pump.
2. the electronic refrigerator car of environmental protection according to claim 1 it is characterised in that every layer of described heat exchange water cushion include many Individual separate water pocket, each described water pocket is configured with described support air bag and described air spring, multiple described water pockets according to Secondary be fixed together side by side, the two side of described water pocket is provided with support gas column, described support gas column pass through corresponding electricity Magnet valve is connected with described air pump.
3. the electronic refrigerator car of environmental protection according to claim 2 is it is characterised in that a sidepiece of described water pocket is water inlet Passage, the other side is backwater channel, and the middle part of described water pocket is heat transmitting member;Described intake tunnel has described water inlet, Described backwater channel has described water return outlet, described intake tunnel and described backwater channel shape and described heat transmitting member between respectively Become multiple permeable gaps.
4. the electronic refrigerator car of environmental protection according to claim 3 is it is characterised in that multiple described permeable gap is along current Flow direction is progressively longer.
5. the electronic refrigerator car of environmental protection according to claim 3 is it is characterised in that described support air bag is in integrally bar shaped Structure is simultaneously arranged between described intake tunnel and described backwater channel, and the both sides of described support air bag are respectively formed with multiple disorderly Gas tooth, forms the turbulent runner connecting described intake tunnel and described backwater channel between two neighboring described support air bag.
6. the electronic refrigerator car of environmental protection according to claim 5 it is characterised in that described support air bag be fixed on described On the inwall of water pocket, described turbulent flow gas tooth is suspended in described water pocket.
7. the electronic refrigerator car of environmental protection according to claim 1 is it is characterised in that the hot junction of described semiconductor cooler Auxiliary water tank is provided with portion;The electronic refrigerator car of described environmental protection also includes dehumidification module, and described dehumidification module includes two Membrane type liquid dehumidifier, Intermediate Heat Exchanger, two solution pumps and two the second water pumps, described Intermediate Heat Exchanger includes mutually hot friendship The first heat exchanger channels changing and the second heat exchanger channels;Described membrane type liquid dehumidifier includes heat dissipation pipe, protecting film and plus dehumidifying Film, described heat dissipation pipe is wrapped with described protecting film, and described protecting film is wrapped with described plus based Dehumidification Membranes, described protecting film and Form solution channel between described plus based Dehumidification Membranes;Wherein described in one, heat dissipation pipe passes through corresponding described second water pump and described master Water tank connects, and another described heat dissipation pipe is connected with described auxiliary water tank by corresponding described second water pump;Wherein described in one The two-port of solution channel is connected with the import of described first heat exchanger channels and the outlet of described second heat exchanger channels respectively, another The two-port of described solution channel is connected with the outlet of described first heat exchanger channels and the import of described second heat exchanger channels respectively; It is respectively arranged with described solution pump on described first heat exchanger channels and described second heat exchanger channels;Wherein described in one, membrane type liquid removes Wet device is located in described container, another described membrane type liquid dehumidifier, described Intermediate Heat Exchanger, two described second water pumps, two Individual described solution pump is located in described cabin.
8. the electronic refrigerator car of environmental protection according to claim 7 is it is characterised in that be additionally provided with described heat dissipation pipe Fin, described fin is provided with tube expansion hole, and described heat dissipation pipe is arranged in described tube expansion hole, described protecting film and described plus remove Wet film is located in described tube expansion hole, and the edge in described tube expansion hole is provided with the breach for passing through for described solution channel.
9. a kind of refrigerating method of the electronic refrigerator car of environmental protection is it is characterised in that using as arbitrary in claim 1-8 described The electronic refrigerator car of environmental protection;Described refrigerating method is:
Step 1, air pump start, to support air bag and air spring inflation so that forming storage between adjacent two layers heat exchange water cushion Object space;
Step 2, the first starting mode of pump, the water being freezed by semiconductor cooler are delivered in heat exchange water cushion are followed in main water box Ring;
Step 3, article to be transported are put between adjacent two-layer heat exchange water cushion, and adjust adjacent two layers heat exchange water cushion it Between air spring air pressure so that article clip is between two-layer heat exchange water cushion.
CN201610975998.6A 2016-11-07 2016-11-07 The electronic refrigerator car of environmental protection and refrigerating method CN106482386A (en)

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PCT/CN2017/089882 WO2018082317A1 (en) 2016-11-07 2017-06-24 Green and environmentally friendly electric refrigerator truck and refrigeration method

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