CN106473780A - Tongue root pulling thread guide - Google Patents

Tongue root pulling thread guide Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106473780A
CN106473780A CN 201510559056 CN201510559056A CN106473780A CN 106473780 A CN106473780 A CN 106473780A CN 201510559056 CN201510559056 CN 201510559056 CN 201510559056 A CN201510559056 A CN 201510559056A CN 106473780 A CN106473780 A CN 106473780A
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CN
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Prior art keywords
needle
thread
sheath
pipe
tip
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CN 201510559056
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张湘民
周星
刘磷海
韦家江
徐华苹
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广州迪克医疗器械有限公司
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Abstract

The invention discloses a tongue root pulling thread guide which comprises a thread transferring sheath and a crochet needle, wherein the thread transferring sheath comprises a handle, a main sheath pipe, a left sheath pipe, a right sheath pipe, a locating chute and a needle accommodating gap; the locating chute is formed in an intersection of the left sheath pipe, the right sheath pipe and the main sheath pipe; the far ends of the left sheath pipe and the right sheath pipe are separated to form the needle accommodating gap; the crochet needle comprises a handle, a bent needle, a thread hook, a thread slot, a needle tip and wedge-shaped surfaces; the needle tip is arranged at the far end of the bent needle; the wedge-shaped surfaces are formed on two sides of the needle tip, so that the needle tip can successfully enter the locating chute; the needle tip can slide into the needle accommodating gap along the locating chute; the pointing direction of the thread hook is opposite to the pointing direction of the needle tip; after the needle tip slides into the needle accommodating gap along the locating chute, the thread hook hooks a pulling thread and is embedded into the thread slot; the hook needle is moved to drive the pulling thread to move in a tongue body to realize a guide process of the pulling thread.

Description

舌根牵拉引线器 The thread-pulling tongue

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及用于植入型舌牵拉装置的引线器,特别是用于治疗成人阻塞性睡眠呼吸暂停低通气综合征(Obstructive sleep apnea/hypopnea syndrome,以下简称:0SAHS) 的植入型舌牵拉装置的引线器。 [0001] The present invention relates to an implantable lead for drawing a tongue device, in particular for the treatment of adults with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (Obstructive sleep apnea / hypopnea syndrome, hereinafter referred to as: 0SAHS) implants tongue type wire drawing device. 背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 阻塞性睡眠呼吸暂停低通气综合征(0SAHS)是由于睡眠时上气道的软组织出现塌陷、堵塞而引起的一种以打鼾、呼吸暂停和低通气为临床特征的睡眠呼吸障碍性疾病。 [0002] obstructive sleep apnea hypopnea syndrome (0SAHS) is a soft tissue due to the occurrence of collapse of the upper airway during sleep due to clogging of snoring, apnea and hypopnea clinical features of respiratory disorders of sleep .

[0003] 对于0SAHS的发病机理,一般认为有多因素共同作用。 [0003] For the pathogenesis 0SAHS is generally believed that the role of a number of common factors. 除了上气道解剖结构狭窄夕卜,主要原因是由于睡眠时维持上气道开放的扩咽肌松弛,出现软组织塌陷,而导致的阻塞。 In addition to the anatomy of the upper airway narrow Xi Bu, mainly due to upper airway during sleep to maintain an open expansion pharyngeal muscle relaxation, the presence of soft tissue collapse, which led to the obstruction. 阻塞部位多位于腭咽平面或舌咽平面。 Blocking sites were located glossopharyngeal pharyngeal plane or plane.

[0004] 研究表明:20% -25%的0SAHS患者是由于单纯的腭咽平面的软组织塌陷导致, 15 % -20 %的0SAHS患者是单纯的舌咽平面的软组织塌陷导致,50 % -70 %的0SAHS患者同时有腭咽平面和舌咽平面的软组织塌陷,即混合型0SAHS患者。 [0004] The study showed that: 20% -25% of patients due to the simple 0SAHS velopharyngeal plane cause soft tissue collapse, 15% -20% of patients with a simple 0SAHS glossopharyngeal plane cause soft tissue collapse, 50% -70% the patients also have 0SAHS plane and glossopharyngeal pharyngeal soft tissue collapse flat, i.e. mixed 0SAHS patient.

[0005] 为了治疗舌后坠而导致的舌咽平面软组织塌陷形成的0SAHS,本发明人在中国专利申请CN102198010A中公开了一种植入式的舌根牵引装置,牵拉线的安装是其中的一个重要环节,本专利申请是对该专利申请中的牵拉线的安装装置的进一步改进。 [0005] 0SAHS after treatment for tongue and soft tissue fall glossopharyngeal plane formed by collapse caused, in the present invention is disclosed in Chinese patent application CN102198010A a tongue of an implantable distraction device, mounting the puller wire is one of the important aspects, the present patent application is a further improvement of the mounting apparatus of the patent application of the puller wire. 发明内容 SUMMARY

[0006] 本发明之舌根牵拉引线器,其特征在于:所述舌根牵拉引线器9含递线鞘1、及钩针2 ; [0006] tongue puller wire of the present invention, which is characterized in that: said pulling tongue 9 lead wire delivery sheath containing 1, 2 and crochet;

[0007] A、所述递线鞘1含手柄10、主鞘管11、左鞘管12、右鞘管13、定位滑槽14及容针间隙15 ;所述左鞘管12和所述右鞘管13设在所述主鞘管11的远端,所述左鞘管12和所述右鞘管13的近端与所述主鞘管11的远端交汇,所述左鞘管12和所述右鞘管13的远端分离并形成所述容针间隙15,所述左鞘管12中心孔12-1和所述右鞘管13的中心孔13-1与所述主鞘管11的中心孔11-1相通,形成Y字形结构;在所述左鞘管12、所述右鞘管13及所述主鞘管11形成的Y字形结构的交汇部位设有定位滑槽14 ;所述手柄10设在所述主鞘管11的近端; [0007] A, the wire delivery sheath containing a handle 10, a main sheath 11, sheath 12 left and right of the sheath 13, the chute 14 and the positioning pin receiving gap 15; 12 of the left and the right sheath sheath 13 is provided at a distal end of the main sheath 11, a distal end and a proximal end 12 of the sheath 13 of the right-left sheath 11 of the sheath main intersection, and the left sheath 12 of the right distal end of sheath 13 and separated from the receiving gap 15 formed in the needle, the central bore 12 of the left sheath 12-1 and a central hole 13 of the right sheath 13-1 of the main sheath 11 the central bore 11-1 communicates form a Y-shaped structure; the intersections of the Y-shaped structure in the left sheath 12, the sheath 13 and the right of the main sheath 11 is formed with a positioning chute 14; the said handle 10 is provided at the proximal end 11 of the main sheath;

[0008] B、所述钩针2含手柄20、弯针21、线钩22、线槽23、针尖24及楔形面25 ;所述弯针21具有与舌体形状相适应的弯曲弧度;所述针尖24设在所述弯针21的远端;所述线钩22的指向与所述针尖24的指向相反;所述线槽23设在所述针尖24上,所述线槽23的开口设在所述针尖24的上侧;所述楔形面25设在所述针尖24左右两侧;所述手柄20设在弯针21的近端。 [0008] B, the crochet 2 includes handle 20, looper 21, looper 22, groove 23, the needle tip 24 and the wedge surface 25; the looper 21 has the shape of a tongue adapted to the curvature; the the needle tip 24 disposed at the distal end of the curved needle 21; 22 oppositely directed to the wire hook 24 of the needle point; the groove 23 provided on the tip 24, the slot opening 23 is provided 24 on the tip side; the wedge surfaces 25 provided on the left and right sides of the tip 24; the handle 20 is provided at the proximal end 21 of the looper.

[0009] C、所述钩针2的针尖24能沿所述递线鞘1的定位滑槽14滑入所述容针间隙15内。 [0009] C, the crochet needle 242 can be positioned along the delivery line of the chute 14 is slid into the sheath an inner needle receiving gap 15.

[0010] 所述牵拉线3可依次沿所述手柄10的中心孔10-1、所述主鞘管11的中心孔11-1进入所述左鞘管12中心孔12-1后伸出;然后再进入所述右鞘管13的中心孔13-1、所述主鞘管11的中心孔11-1,再从所述手柄10的中心孔10-1伸出。 [0010] The puller wire 3 may be sequentially along the central bore 10 of the handle 10-1, the central main bore 11 of sheath 11-1 into the central bore 12 of the left rear projecting sheath 12-1 ; the right and then into the central bore 13 of sheath 13-1, the central bore of the main sheath 11-1 11, and then extends from the central bore 10 of the handle 10-1.

[0011] 所述钩针2的针尖24沿所述递线鞘1的定位滑槽14滑入所述容针间隙15后,使得所述牵拉线3镶嵌在所述钩针2的线槽23内,将所述牵拉线3钩出。 Needle [0011] 2 of the crochet 24 is positioned along the delivery line 14 of the sheath 1 is slid into the sliding gap after receiving a needle 15, such that the puller wire 3 embedded in the groove 23 of the crochet 2 , the puller wire 3 out of the hook. 由于所述针尖24 的左右两侧设有楔形面25,通过所述楔形面25的导向作用,所述针尖24能很方便地进入所述定位滑槽14内,并方便地沿所述定位滑槽14滑入所述容针间隙15内。 Since the right and left sides of the needle tip 24 is provided with wedge surfaces 25, by action of the wedge guide surface 25, the needle 24 can be easily positioned into the sliding groove 14, and easily positioned along the carriage receiving the slide groove 14 gap 15 inner needle.

[0012] 所述递线鞘1和钩针2采用医用金属材料制造。 [0012] The delivery line 1 and the sheath 2 crochet medical use of metal material. 医用金属材料,如医用不锈钢、医用钛合金等制造所述递线鞘1和钩针2,可以很好地保证其刚度和锋利度,便于所述递线鞘1和钩针2快速地刺入舌体,到达设定的手术部位。 Producing the medical material is a metal, such as medical stainless steel, titanium and other medical delivery line 1 and the sheath 2 crochet, can well ensure the stiffness and sharpness to facilitate the delivery line 1 and the sheath 2 crochet quick thrust of the tongue , set to reach the surgical site.

[0013] 临床使用时,先将所述牵拉线3依次沿所述手柄10的中心孔10-1、所述主鞘管11 的中心孔11-1进入所述左鞘管12中心孔12-1后伸出;然后再进入所述右鞘管13的中心孔13-1、所述主鞘管11的中心孔11-1,再从所述手柄10的中心孔10-1伸出。 Central bore 12 [0013] In clinical use, the first puller wire 3 successively along a central bore 10 of the handle 10-1, the central main bore 11 of sheath 11-1 sheath 12 into the left after projecting -1; 13-1 of the right and then into the central hole 13 of the sheath, the sheath 11 of the main central bore 11-1, 10-1 and then extends from the central bore 10 of the handle. 所述牵拉线3在所述左鞘管12和所述右鞘管13之间形成闭合的线桥。 The puller wire line 3 is formed in a closed bridge between the left and right of the sheath 12 and the sheath 13. 握住所述手柄10将所述递线鞘1刺入舌体至需要的手术部位。 Holding the handle of the delivery line 10 to a sheath of the surgical site desired to pierce the tongue. 由于所述牵拉线3在所述左鞘管12和所述右鞘管13之间形成闭合的线桥,因此,当所述递线鞘1刺入舌体时,可以避免组织进入所述左鞘管12和所述右鞘管13之间形成的所述容针间隙15内。 Because the puller wire line 3 is formed between the bridge 12 and closed the sheath of the left and right of the sheath 13, and therefore, when the delivery sheath wire 1 piercing tongue, into the tissue can be avoided left sheath 12 and the receiving needle 15 within the gap 13 is formed between the sheath and right. 然后将所述钩针2导入舌体内,靠近所述递线鞘1,利用钩针2的针尖24上的楔形面25将所述针尖24导入所述递线鞘1的定位滑槽14内,将所述针尖24沿所述定位滑槽14滑动至所述容针间隙15后,利用与所述针尖24指向相反的所述线钩22将所述牵拉线3钩住并镶嵌在所述线槽23内,向外撤出所述钩针2, 将镶嵌在所述线槽23内的牵拉线3钩出,引导至下颂骨附近。 And then the second introduction crochet tongue body, close to the delivery line of the sheath 1, the use of wedge surfaces 24 on the tip 25 of the crochet needle tip 2 introduced into the delivery line 24 of the sheath 1 is positioned within the chute 14, The sliding said needle tip 14 is positioned along the chute 24 to the receiving space after the needle 15 by the needle point 24 of the wire hook 22 opposite to the hooked pull wire 3 embedded in said groove and 23, the withdrawal of the crochet 2 outwardly, the embedded within the groove 23 of the hook puller wire 3, guided to the vicinity of the mandible. 由于所述钩针2具有和舌体形状相适应的弯曲弧度,因此所述钩针2撤出时可以带动所述牵拉线3顺应舌体的轮廓形状。 Since the crochet 2 having the curvature and shape adapted to the tongue, it is possible to drive the puller wire 3 follow the contour of the shape of the tongue 2 when the open eye needle withdrawal. 所述楔形面25的导向作用,配合所述定位滑槽14和所述容针间隙15的技术方案,可以很方便地将所述牵拉线3从舌体内钩出,完成所述牵拉线3的引线过程。 The role of the guide surface 25 of the wedge-shaped, with the chute 14 and the positioning of the needle aspect receiving gap 15, can easily pull the wire 3 from the hook tongue body, completing the puller wire lead process 3.

[0014] 所述舌根牵拉引线器9含递线鞘1、及钩针2。 [0014] The tongue 9 containing puller wire sheath delivery lines 1, 2 and crochet. 所述递线鞘1含手柄10、主鞘管11、 左鞘管12、右鞘管13、定位滑槽14及容针间隙15。 The delivery wire sheath 1 containing a handle 10, a main sheath 11, sheath 12 left and right of the sheath 13, the chute 14 and the positioning pin receiving gap 15. 所述左鞘管12和所述右鞘管13与所述主鞘管11的交汇处设有定位滑槽14,所述左鞘管12和所述右鞘管13的远端分离并形成所述容针间隙15。 The sheath 12 and the left and right junction of the sheath 13 and sheath 11 is provided with the main positioning the chute 14, the distal end of the sheath 12 and the left and right of the sheath 13 is separated and formed by said pin receiving gap 15. 所述钩针2含手柄20、弯针21、线钩22、线槽23、针尖24及楔形面25。 The crochet 2 includes handle 20, looper 21, looper 22, slot 23, the wedge surface 25 and the tip 24. 所述针尖24设在所述弯针21的远端,在所述针尖24的两侧设有所述楔形面25,以便所述针尖24顺利地进入所述定位滑槽14。 The tip 24 is provided at the distal end of the curved needle 21, the needle tip 24 on both sides of the wedge surface 25 is provided, so that the needle tip 24 smoothly enters the chute 14 is positioned. 所述针尖24能沿所述定位滑槽14滑入所述容针间隙15内。 The tip 24 can be positioned along the chute 14 of the slide pin 15 of the inner receiving space. 所述线钩22的指向与所述针尖24的指向相反,当所述针尖24沿所述定位滑槽14 滑入所述容针间隙15后,利用所述线钩22将所述牵拉线3钩住并镶嵌在所述线槽23内。 The line to the tip of the hook 22 opposite to point 24, when the tip 24 is positioned along the back 15, with the wire hook 14 slid into the sliding groove 22 receiving said pin puller wire gap 3 hooked and embedded within the groove 23. 移动所述钩针2就可以带动所述牵拉线3在舌体内进行运动,实现对所述牵拉线3的引线过程。 Moving said crochet 2 can be driven by the movement of the puller wire 3 of the tongue body, the process to achieve the puller wire line 3. 附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0015] 图1是本发明之舌根牵拉引线器的结构示意图。 [0015] FIG. 1 is a schematic drawing of the base of the tongue according to the present invention is a lead filter.

[0016] 图1-1是图1之A处的放大图。 [0016] FIG. 1-1 is an enlarged view of an A in FIG.

[0017] 图1-2是图1的的B处的放大图。 [0017] FIG. 1-2 is an enlarged view at B 1.

[0018] 图2是牵拉线安装在本发明之舌根牵拉引线器的递线鞘内时的结构示意图。 [0018] FIG. 2 is a schematic structural view of the tongue in the present invention the thread-pulling intrathecal delivery line puller wire installation.

[0019] 图2-1是图2之C处的放大图。 [0019] FIG. 2-1 is an enlarged view at C of FIG.

[0020] 图3是用本发明之舌根牵拉引线器的工作原理图。 [0020] FIG. 3 is a thread-pulling tongue with the present invention works in FIG. 第一步,将所述钩针2的针尖24导入所述递线鞘1的定位滑槽14内。 A first step of introducing the crochet needle tip 24 of the delivery line 2 is positioned within the chute 14 of the sheath 1.

[0021] 图3-1是用本发明之舌根牵拉引线器的工作原理图。 [0021] FIG. 3-1 is a thread-pulling tongue with the principle of the present invention FIG. 第二步,将所述针尖24沿所述定位滑槽14滑入所述容针间隙15内。 A second step, the needle tip 24 is positioned along the sliding groove 14 receiving said inner slide pin 15 clearance.

[0022] 图3-2是用本发明之舌根牵拉引线器的工作原理图。 [0022] FIG. 3-2 is a thread-pulling tongue with the principle of the present invention FIG. 第三步,用所述钩针2上的线钩22将所述牵拉线3钩入所述线槽23内。 The third step, with the crochet hook on line 2 of the puller wire 22 is hooked into the slot 3 23.

[0023] 图3-3是用本发明之舌根牵拉引线器的工作原理图。 [0023] FIG. 3-3 is a thread-pulling tongue with the principle of the present invention FIG. 第四步,向外撤出所述钩针2,将所述牵拉线3向下颂骨方向牵引。 A fourth step of withdrawing the crochet 2 outwardly, the puller wire 3 pulled downward direction mandible.

[0024] 上述图中: [0024] The drawings:

[0025] 1为递线鞘,2为钩针,3为牵拉线,9为本发明之舌根牵拉引线器 [0025] The sheath 1 for the delivery line, crochet 2, 3 is a line drawing, the tongue 9 of the present invention the thread-pulling

[0026] 10为递线鞘手柄,11为主鞘管,12为左鞘管,13为右鞘管,14为定位滑槽,15为容针间隙。 [0026] The handle 10 of delivery sheath wire, the main sheath 11, sheath 12 to the left, to the right of the sheath 13, 14 is positioned chute 15 to house the needle gap.

[0027] 10-1为手柄的中心孔,11-1为主鞘管的中心孔,12-1为左鞘管的中心孔,13-1为右鞘管的中心孔 [0027] The central bore of the handle 10-1, 11-1 sheath main central bore, the central bore 12-1 to the left of the sheath, the central bore 13-1 as the right sheath

[0028] 20为钩针的手柄,21为弯针,22为线钩,23为线槽,24为针尖,25为针尖两侧的楔形面。 [0028] The handle 20 is crochet, looper 21, 22 is a wire hook, slot 23, the tip 24, as wedge surfaces 25 on both sides of the needle tip. 具体实施方式 detailed description

[0029] 实施例1:本发明之舌根牵拉引线器 [0029] Example 1: tongue present invention the thread-pulling

[0030] 参考图1至图2-1,本发明之舌根牵拉引线器含递线鞘1及钩针2。 [0030] Referring to FIGS. 2-1, the tongue of the pull wire of the present invention containing 1 and crocheted sheath delivery line 2.

[0031] 所述递线鞘1含手柄10、主鞘管11、左鞘管12、右鞘管13、定位滑槽14及容针间隙15。 [0031] The sheath 1 includes handle delivery line 10, main sheath 11, sheath 12 left and right of the sheath 13, the chute 14 and the positioning pin receiving gap 15.

[0032] 所述左鞘管12和所述右鞘管13设在所述主鞘管11的远端,所述左鞘管12和所述右鞘管13的近端与所述主鞘管11的远端交汇,所述左鞘管12和所述右鞘管13的远端分离并形成所述容针间隙15。 [0032] The sheath 12 of the left and the right of the sheath 13 is provided at a distal end 11 of the main sheath, the proximal end 12 of the right and the left sheath 13 of the sheath main sheath the intersection of distal end 11, the sheath 12 and the left and right of the gap 13 separating the distal end of the sheath and forming the receiving needle 15. 所述左鞘管12中心孔12-1和所述右鞘管13的中心孔13-1 与所述主鞘管11的中心孔11-1相通,形成Y字形结构。 Sheath 12 of the left and right central bore 12-1 sheath 13-1 central hole 13 of the main central bore of the sheath tube 11 communicates 11-1, a Y-shaped structure is formed. 在所述左鞘管12、所述右鞘管13 及所述主鞘管11形成的Y字形结构的交汇部位设有定位滑槽14。 Positioning the chute 14 is provided at the intersections of the Y-shaped structure of the left sheath 12, the sheath 13 and the right of the main sheath 11 is formed. 所述手柄10设在所述主鞘管11的近端。 The handle 10 is provided at the proximal end 11 of the main sheath.

[0033] 所述钩针2含手柄20、弯针21、线钩22、线槽23、针尖24及楔形面25。 [0033] The crochet 2 includes handle 20, looper 21, looper 22, slot 23, the wedge surface 25 and the tip 24. 所述弯针21具有与舌体形状相适应的弯曲弧度。 The curved needle 21 and the tongue has a curved arc shape adapted. 所述针尖24设在所述弯针21的远端,在所述针尖24的两侧设有所述楔形面25,以便所述针尖24顺利地进入所述定位滑槽14内。 The tip 24 is provided at the distal end of the looper 21, the wedge surface 25 is provided on both sides of the needle tip 24, so that the needle tip 24 smoothly into the positioning chute 14. 所述针尖24能沿所述定位滑槽14滑入所述容针间隙15内。 The tip 24 can be positioned along the chute 14 of the slide pin 15 of the inner receiving space. 所述线钩22的指向与所述针尖24的指向相反,当所述针尖24沿所述定位滑槽14滑入所述容针间隙15后,利用所述线钩22将所述牵拉线3钩住并镶嵌在所述线槽23内。 The line to the tip of the hook 22 opposite to point 24, when the tip 24 is positioned along the back 15, with the wire hook 14 slid into the sliding groove 22 receiving said pin puller wire gap 3 hooked and embedded within the groove 23. 所述线槽23设在所述针尖24上,所述线槽23 的开口设在所述针尖24的上侧。 The slot 23 is provided on the tip 24, the slot 23 is an opening 24 provided on the tip side. 所述手柄20设在弯针21的近端。 The handle 20 is provided at the proximal end 21 of the looper.

[0034] 所述牵拉线3可依次沿所述手柄10的中心孔10-1、所述主鞘管11的中心孔11-1 进入所述左鞘管12中心孔12-1后伸出;然后再进入所述右鞘管13的中心孔13-1、所述主鞘管11的中心孔11-1,再从所述手柄10的中心孔10-1伸出。 [0034] The puller wire 3 may be sequentially along the central bore 10 of the handle 10-1, the central main bore 11 of sheath 11-1 into the central bore 12 of the left rear projecting sheath 12-1 ; the right and then into the central bore 13 of sheath 13-1, the central bore of the main sheath 11-1 11, and then extends from the central bore 10 of the handle 10-1.

[0035] 所述钩针2的针尖24沿所述递线鞘1的定位滑槽14滑入所述容针间隙15后,使得所述牵拉线3镶嵌在所述钩针2的线槽23内,将所述牵拉线3钩出。 Needle [0035] 2 of the crochet 24 is positioned along the delivery line 14 of the sheath 1 is slid into the sliding gap after receiving a needle 15, such that the puller wire 3 embedded in the groove 23 of the crochet 2 , the puller wire 3 out of the hook. 由于所述针尖24 的左右两侧设有楔形面25,因此所述针尖24能很方便地进入所述定位滑槽14内,并通过所述楔形面25的导向作用,方便地滑入所述容针间隙15内。 Since the right and left sides of the needle tip 24 is provided with wedge surfaces 25, so the needle 24 can be easily positioned into the chute 14, and through the action of the wedge guide surface 25, conveniently slid into the receiving needle 15 within the gap.

[0036] 所述递线鞘1和钩针2采用医用金属材料,如医用不锈钢、医用钛合金制造。 [0036] The delivery line 1 and the sheath 2 made of medical crochet metallic material such as medical stainless steel, titanium alloy for medical. 医用金属材料制造的所述递线鞘1和钩针2,可以很好地保证其刚度和锋利度,便于所述递线鞘1和钩针2快速地刺入舌体,到达设定的手术部位。 The metal material for producing medical delivery sheath 1 and wire 2 crochet, can well ensure the stiffness and sharpness to facilitate the delivery line 1 and the sheath 2 crochet quick thrust of the tongue, set reaches the surgical site.

[0037] 参考图3至图3-3,临床使用时,先将所述牵拉线3依次沿所述手柄10的中心孔10-1、所述主鞘管11的中心孔11-1进入所述左鞘管12中心孔12-1后伸出;然后再进入所述右鞘管13的中心孔13-1、所述主鞘管11的中心孔11-1,再从所述手柄10的中心孔10-1 伸出。 [0037] Referring to FIGS 3-3, clinical use, the first puller wire 3 successively along a central bore 10-1 of the handle 10, the main sheath into the central hole 11 11-1 the central bore 12 extends left after sheath 12-1; and then the right into the central bore of the sheath 13 of the 13-1, 11-1 of the main sheath of the central bore 11, and then from the handle 10 10-1 out of the center hole. 所述牵拉线3在所述左鞘管12和所述右鞘管13之间形成闭合的线桥。 The puller wire line 3 is formed in a closed bridge between the left and right of the sheath 12 and the sheath 13. 握住所述手柄10将所述递线鞘1刺入舌体至需要的手术部位。 Holding the handle of the delivery line 10 to a sheath of the surgical site desired to pierce the tongue. 由于所述牵拉线3在所述左鞘管12和所述右鞘管13之间形成闭合的线桥,因此,当所述递线鞘1刺入舌体时,可以避免组织进入所述左鞘管12和所述右鞘管13之间形成的所述容针间隙15内。 Because the puller wire line 3 is formed between the bridge 12 and closed the sheath of the left and right of the sheath 13, and therefore, when the delivery sheath wire 1 piercing tongue, into the tissue can be avoided left sheath 12 and the receiving needle 15 within the gap 13 is formed between the sheath and right. 然后将所述钩针2导入舌体内,靠近所述递线鞘1,利用钩针2的针尖24上的楔形面25将所述针尖24导入所述递线鞘1的定位滑槽14内,将所述针尖24沿所述定位滑槽14滑动至所述容针间隙15后, 利用与所述针尖24指向相反的所述线钩22将所述牵拉线3钩住并镶嵌在所述线槽23内, 向外撤出所述钩针2,将镶嵌在所述线槽23内的牵拉线3钩出,牵引至下颂骨附近。 And then the second introduction crochet tongue body, close to the delivery line of the sheath 1, the use of wedge surfaces 24 on the tip 25 of the crochet needle tip 2 introduced into the delivery line 24 of the sheath 1 is positioned within the chute 14, The sliding said needle tip 14 is positioned along the chute 24 to the receiving space after the needle 15 by the needle point 24 of the wire hook 22 opposite to the hooked pull wire 3 embedded in said groove and 23, the withdrawal of the crochet 2 outwardly, the mosaic puller wire within the slot 233 to hook, pulled to the vicinity of the mandible. 由于所述钩针2具有和舌体形状相适应的弯曲弧度,因此所述钩针2撤出时可以带动所述牵拉线3顺应舌体的轮廓形状。 Since the crochet 2 having the curvature and shape adapted to the tongue, it is possible to drive the puller wire 3 follow the contour of the shape of the tongue 2 when the open eye needle withdrawal. 所述楔形面25的导向作用,配合所述定位滑槽14和所述容针间隙15的技术方案,可以很方便地将所述牵拉线3从舌体内钩出,完成所述牵拉线3的引线过程。 The role of the guide surface 25 of the wedge-shaped, with the chute 14 and the positioning of the needle aspect receiving gap 15, can easily pull the wire 3 from the hook tongue body, completing the puller wire lead process 3.

[0038] 应该注意,本文中公开和说明的结构可以用其它效果相同的结构代替,同时本发明所介绍的实施例并非实现本发明的唯一结构。 [0038] It should be noted that the structure disclosed and described herein may be replaced by other structures with the same effects, while the described embodiment of the present invention is not the only structure of the present invention is implemented. 虽然本发明的优先实施例已在本文中予以介绍和说明,但本领域内的技术人员都清楚知道这些实施例不过是举例说明而已,本领域内的技术人员可以做出无数的变化、改进和代替,而不会脱离本发明,因此,应按照本发明所附的权利要求书的精神和范围来限定本发明的保护范围。 Although the preferred embodiment of the present invention have to be introduced and explained in this article, but skilled in the art are well aware of these embodiments are merely illustrative, and those skilled in the art may make numerous changes and improvements instead of, without departing from the present invention, therefore, the invention as claimed should appended claims and the spirit of scope to limit the scope of the present invention.

Claims (4)

  1. 1.舌根牵拉引线器,其特征在于:所述舌根牵拉引线器(9)含递线鞘(1)、及钩针(2);A、 所述递线鞘(1)含手柄(10)、主鞘管(11)、左鞘管(12)、右鞘管(13)、定位滑槽(14) 及容针间隙(15);所述左鞘管(12)和所述右鞘管(13)设在所述主鞘管(11)的远端,所述左鞘管(12)和所述右鞘管(13)的近端与所述主鞘管(11)的远端交汇,所述左鞘管(12) 和所述右鞘管(13)的远端分离并形成所述容针间隙(15),所述左鞘管(12)中心孔(12-1) 和所述右鞘管(13)的中心孔(13-1)与所述主鞘管(11)的中心孔(11-1)相通,形成Y字形结构;在所述左鞘管(12)、所述右鞘管(13)及所述主鞘管(11)形成的Y字形结构的交汇部位设有定位滑槽(14);所述手柄(10)设在所述主鞘管(11)的近端;B、 所述钩针(2)含手柄(20)、弯针(21)、线钩(22)、线槽(23)、针尖(24)及楔形面(25);所述弯针(21)具有与舌体形状相适应的弯曲弧度;所述针尖(24)设在 1. tongue pulling wire, characterized in that: said thread-pulling tongue (9) comprising a sheath delivery line (1), and the crochet (2); A, the delivery wire sheath (1) with handle (10 ), the main sheath (11), the left sheath (12), the right sheath (13), positioning the chute (14) and a pin receiving gap (15); the left sheath (12) and the right sheath tube (13) is provided at the distal end of the main sheath (11) of the left proximal sheath (12) and the right sheath (13) and said primary sheath (11) of the distal end the distal end of the intersection of the left sheath (12) and the right sheath (13) is separated from the receiving needle and forming a gap (15), the left sheath (12) center hole (12-1) and Right the sheath (13) of the central bore (13-1) with the main sheath (11) of the central bore (11-1) in communication, Y-shaped structure is formed; in the left sheath (12), the Y-shaped configuration of the intersection of the right portion of the sheath (13) and said primary sheath (11) is formed with a positioning guide (14); said handle (10) provided in the main sheath (11) the proximal end; B, said crochet (2) with handle (20), the looper (21), wire hook (22), trough (23), the tip (24) and wedge surfaces (25); said curved a needle (21) has a curved arc shape adapted to the tongue; said needle (24) is provided 述弯针(21)的远端;所述线钩(22)的指向与所述针尖(24)的指向相反;所述线槽(23)设在所述针尖(24)上,所述线槽(23)的开口设在所述针尖(24)的上侧;所述楔形面(25)设在所述针尖(24)左右两侧;所述手柄(20)设在弯针(21)的近端。 The distal end of said curved needle (21); said wire hook (22) pointing to the needle tip (24) directed opposite; said slot (23) provided on the tip (24), the line opening groove (23) provided on said needle tip (24) side; the wedge surfaces (25) provided around (24) on both sides of said tip; the handle (20) provided in the looper (21) the proximal end. C、 所述钩针(2)的针尖(24)能沿所述递线鞘(1)的定位滑槽(14)滑入所述容针间隙(15)内。 Needle C, the crochet (2) (24) movable along said delivery wire sheath (1) positioning the chute (14) receiving said inner needle slides into the gap (15).
  2. 2.根据权利要求1所述舌根牵拉引线器,其特征在于所述牵拉线(3)可依次沿所述手柄(10)的中心孔(10-1)、所述主鞘管(11)的中心孔(11-1)进入所述左鞘管(12)中心孔(12-1)后伸出;然后再进入所述右鞘管(13)的中心孔(13-1)、所述主鞘管(11)的中心孔(11-1),再从所述手柄(10)的中心孔(10-1)伸出。 The wire is pulled to the base of the tongue 1 claim, wherein said puller wire (3) may be sequentially along the handle (10) of the central bore (10-1), said primary sheath (11 after projecting) the central bore (11-1) into the left sheath (12) center hole (12-1); and then the right into the central bore of the sheath (13) (13-1), the central bore (11-1) of said primary sheath (11), and then the center hole (10-1) from the handle (10) extends.
  3. 3.根据权利要求1所述舌根牵拉引线器,其特征在于所述钩针(2)的针尖(24)沿所述递线鞘(1)的定位滑槽(14)滑入所述容针间隙(15)后,使得所述牵拉线(3)镶嵌在所述钩针⑵的线槽(23)内,将所述牵拉线(3)钩出。 The wire is pulled to the base of the tongue 1 claim, wherein said crochet (2) tip (24) positioned along the delivery chute wire sheath (1) (14) slid into the receiving needle after the gap (15), such that the puller wire (3) embedded in the groove ⑵ said crochet (23), said puller wire (3) out of the hook.
  4. 4.根据权利要求1所述舌根牵拉引线器,其特征在于所述递线鞘(1)和钩针(2)采用医用金属材料制造。 The wire is pulled to the base of the tongue 1 claim, wherein said delivery wire sheath (1) and crochet (2) of metal material for medical use.
CN 201510559056 2015-09-02 2015-09-02 Tongue root pulling thread guide CN106473780A (en)

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Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN201691973U (en) * 2010-06-01 2011-01-05 谭振华 Orthopedic operation suture line guiding device
WO2011008607A1 (en) * 2009-07-15 2011-01-20 Pivot Medical, Inc. Method and apparatus for treating a hip joint, including the provision and use of a novel suture passer
US20130074849A1 (en) * 2011-09-28 2013-03-28 Robert Rousseau Modular Tissue Securement Systems
WO2013174424A1 (en) * 2012-05-23 2013-11-28 Laprotech Ab Needle for a laparoscopic instrument
CN103654889A (en) * 2012-09-07 2014-03-26 牛洪欣 Surgical stitching device
CN104434378A (en) * 2013-09-16 2015-03-25 张湘民 Thread guiding device of an integral elastic traction mechanism with tongue back elastic traction device
CN205054302U (en) * 2015-09-02 2016-03-02 广州迪克医疗器械有限公司 Root of tongue tractive lead wire ware

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2011008607A1 (en) * 2009-07-15 2011-01-20 Pivot Medical, Inc. Method and apparatus for treating a hip joint, including the provision and use of a novel suture passer
CN201691973U (en) * 2010-06-01 2011-01-05 谭振华 Orthopedic operation suture line guiding device
US20130074849A1 (en) * 2011-09-28 2013-03-28 Robert Rousseau Modular Tissue Securement Systems
WO2013174424A1 (en) * 2012-05-23 2013-11-28 Laprotech Ab Needle for a laparoscopic instrument
CN103654889A (en) * 2012-09-07 2014-03-26 牛洪欣 Surgical stitching device
CN104434378A (en) * 2013-09-16 2015-03-25 张湘民 Thread guiding device of an integral elastic traction mechanism with tongue back elastic traction device
CN205054302U (en) * 2015-09-02 2016-03-02 广州迪克医疗器械有限公司 Root of tongue tractive lead wire ware

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