CN106473225B - The tobacco leaf cut-out device and method that a kind of automatic charging is unpacked - Google Patents

The tobacco leaf cut-out device and method that a kind of automatic charging is unpacked Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106473225B
CN106473225B CN201510834264.1A CN201510834264A CN106473225B CN 106473225 B CN106473225 B CN 106473225B CN 201510834264 A CN201510834264 A CN 201510834264A CN 106473225 B CN106473225 B CN 106473225B
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tobacco leaf
sack
cut
retracting
cutting
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CN106473225A (en
Inventor
郭冬青
张玉和
王小飞
王计国
范晓宝
任谦
张小东
杨玉波
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Changde Tobacco Machinery Co Ltd
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Changde Tobacco Machinery Co Ltd
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Abstract

The present invention relates to the tobacco leaf that a kind of automatic charging is unpacked to cut off apparatus and method, including, whole bag feeding device, unpack retracting device and tobacco leaf shearing device;The whole bag feeding device includes cigarette packet forwarding apparatus and a moveable crawl section, sack on cigarette packet forwarding apparatus is carried to retracting device of unpacking by the crawl section, the retracting device of unpacking exports provided with tobacco leaf discharging opening and empty sack, and the tobacco leaf discharging opening connects with the feeding mouth of tobacco leaf shearing device.The present invention by by whole bag feeding device, unpack retracting device and tobacco leaf shearing device is organically combined, the full process automatization for realizing feeding, unpacking and cutting off, production efficiency is substantially increased, reduces cost of labor, improves the economic benefit and automatization level of enterprise.

Description

The tobacco leaf cut-out device and method that a kind of automatic charging is unpacked
Technical field
The present invention relates to the processing equipment of raw tobacco material, tobacco leaf cut-out equipment and side that especially a kind of automatic charging is unpacked Method.
Background technology
The tobacco material of cigar mill is provided by beating and double roasting enterprise.Beating and double roasting enterprise is responsible for purchasing from tobacco grower's (often wrapping 40~50 kilograms, piece of sack packaging) junior tobacco leaf carries out the separation of leaf stalk and baking processing, is sold after packing and binding To tobacco factory.And tobacco leaf is exactly cut to petiole and blade (tobacco leaf main part) by the first procedure of threshing and redrying production line. Conventional way is point three steps:1) cigarette bag is manually carried to feeding belt conveyor, 2) manually unpack, 3) manually by cigarette in heaps Leaf, which is made thinner, to be laid on belt conveyor, and is sent between a pair of cutting dives rotated against and is cut off.Therefore need to put into greatly That measures is artificial, not only expends a large amount of costs of labor, and be not easy to production management.The main reason for causing this situation is supplied materials Cigarette bag it is in irregular shape, be not suitable for conveyorization feeding and unpacking, and due to the cut-out mode of cutting disc, do not allow to expect Thickness is spent greatly, it is necessary to is manually made thinner.This situation is so far without big breakthrough, in the B of Patent No. CN 103523304 State's patent of invention discloses a kind of scattered the cigarette cigarette bag cutting system and cutting-off method of piece of sack packaging, and the system includes order and gone here and there Connect scattered cigarette cigarette bag is taken out from the piece of sack it is automatic take stack machine, by the cigarette pile layer extension set of former cigarette cigarette pile layering, will be after layering Cigarette block cut-out cutting machine;It is described to take stack machine to include cigarette packet conveyer belt automatically;It is defeated that the cigarette pile layer extension set includes layer point Machine is sent, the horizontal layering that layer divides above conveyer is arranged at and inserts body, be layered and insert body on lifting device;Conveyed in cigarette bag The band port of export and layer are provided with an intersegmental gap between dividing conveyer arrival end;The cutting machine includes cut-out conveyer belt, sets In being provided with pressure leaf chain on the shearing device for cutting off conveyer belt rear portion, shearing device, lower floor's cigarette block after layer divides conveys in cut-out Band outlet section is pressed between cut-out conveyer belt and pressure leaf chain.Although the system realizes automatic recovery and the tobacco leaf of sack Automatically cut off, but feeding intake and unpacking still needs manual operation to complete, and also so-called automatic cutting off table is remained on and not corrected one's mistakes The cut-out mode of a pair of revolving disks, cut-out efficiency is low, because artificial speed of unpacking is slow, takes a lot of work laborious, therefore whole system The operating efficiency of system is difficult to improve.
Given this present invention is proposed.
The content of the invention
It is an object of the invention to overcome the deficiencies of the prior art and provide the tobacco leaf cut-out that a kind of automatic charging is unpacked to set It is standby, automatic charging is realized, unpacks and automatically cuts off automatically, whole bag tobacco leaf processing is realized full process automatization.
It is a further object of the present invention to provide a kind of method that whole bag tobacco leaf processing is completed using the said equipment.
In order to realize foregoing invention purpose, the present invention adopts the following technical scheme that:The tobacco leaf that a kind of automatic charging is unpacked is cut Disconnected equipment, including, the whole bag feeding device being sequentially connected, unpack retracting device and tobacco leaf shearing device;It is described whole to wrap material Device includes a moveable crawl section, and the crawl section and retracting device of unpacking are connected to for sack to be carried to recovery of unpacking On device, the retracting device of unpacking exports provided with tobacco leaf discharging opening and empty sack, and the tobacco leaf discharging opening fills with tobacco leaf cut-out The feeding mouth connection put.
Further, the upper end of the retracting device of unpacking is provided with crossbeam, and the crawl section is moveably mounted on crossbeam, The tobacco leaf shearing device includes delivery unit and cutting unit, and described delivery unit one end is located at the lower section of tobacco leaf discharging opening, The feeding end of the other end and cutting unit connects.
Further, the whole bag feeding device also includes cigarette packet forwarding apparatus, and the cigarette packet forwarding apparatus is arranged on crawl The lower section in portion, and extend to the side for retracting device of unpacking;The crawl section includes, the slide on crossbeam, with slide The mechanical gripper of flexible connection, and driving mechanical gripper and the power set of slide movement.
Further, the mechanical gripper includes, and embraces clamp device, telescopic steel nail mechanism and transmission mechanism, described armful of folder Device is connected by transmission mechanism with power set, and the steel nail mechanism is arranged on the outside for embracing clamp device, and telescopic slotting Enter to armful clamp device;The power set include translation motor and driving of the driving slide along cross beam movement and embrace clamp device lifting Lifting motor.
Further, the retracting device of unpacking includes, and frame, the switching mechanism in frame and cuts turn-up mechanism, institute The lower section that switching mechanism is arranged on crossbeam is stated, the sack put down for accepting crawl section, the turn-up mechanism of cutting connects with housing slide Connect and positioned at the top of switching mechanism, for cutting the sack on switching mechanism, the lower section of switching mechanism for tobacco leaf discharging opening and Empty sack outlet, a drop in leaf is additionally provided between tobacco leaf discharging opening and the outlet of empty sack, the drop in leaf passes through upset Exported to diverse location with opening or closing tobacco leaf discharging opening and empty sack.
Further, the turn-up mechanism of cutting includes, the cutting knife support base being connected with housing slide, rotates and connects with cutting knife support base The rocking arm connect, the disc cutter installed in rocking arm free end, and the grapple installed in the empty sack of cutting knife support base bottom fixation Mechanism, the upper end of the cutting knife support base are connected with frame by guide rail slide block mechanism, and the bottom of cutting knife support base is provided with a C-shaped Chute, the free end of the rocking arm is provided with a sliding block group coordinated with chute, and the sliding block group is slidably connected with rocking arm, rocking arm The sliding block group is moved to form C-shaped-track mark along chute during swing, and the disc cutter is arranged in sliding block group, and cutting knife face water It is flat to set;The catching mechanism is hinged on the hook-shaped steel nail of cutting knife support base bottom and installed in cutting knife support base bottom including one The cylinder for driving hook-shaped steel nail to rotate.
Further, the switching mechanism includes upset platform and slotting turn-up mechanism, is provided among the bottom of the upset platform One trunnion axis, the both ends of trunnion axis are connected with gantry rotation, and a motor is connected with one end of trunnion axis;The plug in chartered plane Structure is symmetrically disposed in upset platform both sides, including, the sleeve pipe being fixedly connected with upset platform, the steel being slidably connected in sleeve pipe Pin, and the power set that drive needle is slided;The drop in leaf is arranged on a side-lower of upset platform, and turns with frame Dynamic connection, one side of drop in leaf can be with overturning contact with platform, and the side rides over the lower section of upset platform edges, structure when being inclined upwardly Into the slideway for being communicated to tobacco leaf discharging opening, when the side tilts down, the slideway interrupts, and drop in leaf is communicated to sky sack and gone out Mouthful.
Further, the empty sack outlet lower section of the retracting device of unpacking is additionally provided with sky sack conveying device, the empty fiber crops Bag conveying device is ribbon conveyer.
Further, the delivery unit includes, and the conveyer belt being connected with tobacco leaf discharging opening and cutting unit, is arranged on transmission Pusher with top;The cutting unit includes, blank platform in smoothing junction, the binder above blank platform with conveyer belt Device, the cutter for being arranged on blank platform both sides, and with the blade outfeed belt of blank platform smooth connection and positioned at blank Petiole outfeed belt below platform.
Further, the pusher includes, above conveyer belt and in orbit parallel to the track of conveyer belt, installation Along the push dolly of tracks travel, the synchronous tape drive mechanism of driving push dolly movement, the anterior pusher of pusher dolly is placed in The drive cylinder that turnover panel and its driving pusher turnover panel rotate;The material pressing device includes the symmetrically arranged depression bar of a pair of V-arrangements, fixed In the platen of depression bar bottom and the cylinder of driving depression bar rectilinear movement;The cutter includes what a pair of relative blank platforms were swung Chopper, the crank and rocker mechanism being connected with chopper, and the motor being connected with crank and rocker mechanism.
The cutting-off method for the tobacco leaf cut-out equipment that a kind of automatic charging of the present invention is unpacked, comprises the following steps:
A, sack is captured:Sack is picked up in crawl section, and is positioned over retracting device of unpacking;
B, sack is cut:Retracting device unpack by sack otch, and tobacco leaf is separated with sack;
C, tobacco leaf is cut:Scattered tobacco leaf after unpacking is delivered to tobacco leaf shearing device, cuts off tobacco leaf, makes blade and petiole point From.
After technical solutions according to the invention, following beneficial effect is brought:
The present invention by whole bag feeding device, unpack retracting device and tobacco leaf shearing device has carried out organic assembling so that on Expecting, unpacking and cutting off directly to be automatically performed, and realize the whole bag automatic wire charging under scattered tobacco purchasing pattern, fundamentally solve Certainly pass by by the amount of labour used existing for manual type is big, the not problems such as manageability, production cost height, and can be neatly Achieve a butt joint or extend with raw material storage automatic material flow or movement system, for further lifting new round threshing and redrying production line Industrial automation is horizontal, improves the economic benefit of enterprise, there is provided a crucial node device.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1:The front view of the whole set equipment of the present invention;
Fig. 2:For Fig. 1 top view;
Fig. 3:The front view of whole bag feeding device;
Fig. 4:The left view of whole bag feeding device;
Fig. 5:Unpack the front view of retracting device;
Fig. 6:Unpack the left view of retracting device;
Fig. 7:Unpack the top view of retracting device;
Fig. 8:The front view of tobacco leaf shearing device;
Fig. 9:The left view of tobacco leaf shearing device;
Shown in figure, 1, whole bag feeding device 2, retracting device 3 of unpacking, tobacco leaf shearing device 4, frame 5, crawl section 6th, crossbeam 7, cigarette packet forwarding apparatus 8, switching mechanism 9, cut turn-up mechanism 10, be tobacco leaf discharging opening 11, empty sack outlet 12, empty Sack conveying device 13, delivery unit 14, cutting unit 15, slide 16, mechanical gripper 17, pulley 18, translation motor 19th, lifting motor 20, armful clamp device 21, steel nail mechanism 22, transmission mechanism 23, support base 24, clamping limb 25, lifting column 26th, L-shaped connecting rod 27, steel nail 28, roller conveyor 29, drop in leaf 30, cutting knife support base 31, rocking arm 32, disk are cut Knife 33, catching mechanism 34, cutting knife flat-removing air cyclinder 35, chute 36, sliding block group 37, elongated hole 38, hook-shaped steel nail 39, upset Platform 40, insert turn-up mechanism 41, trunnion axis 42, sleeve pipe 43, draw point 44, conveyer belt 45, pusher 46, blank platform 47, Material pressing device 48, cutter 49, blade outfeed belt 50, petiole outfeed belt 51, track 52, push dolly 53, Synchronous tape drive mechanism 54, pusher turnover panel 55, depression bar 56, platen 57, chopper 58, crank and rocker mechanism.
Embodiment
The embodiment of the present invention is described in further detail below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.
As depicted in figs. 1 and 2, the tobacco leaf cut-out equipment that a kind of automatic charging is unpacked, including, whole bag feeding device 1, unpack Retracting device 2 and tobacco leaf shearing device 3, the position of above-mentioned three are relatively fixed, and whole bag feeding device 1 is positioned at retracting device of unpacking 2 side, tobacco leaf shearing device 3 are located at the opposite side for retracting device 2 of unpacking.The whole bag feeding device 1 includes, the transmission of cigarette bag Device 7, the moveable crawl section 5 for being arranged on the top of cigarette packet forwarding apparatus 7, the top of the retracting device 2 of unpacking are provided with horizontal stroke Beam 6, crossbeam 6, which is fixed on, is unpacked on retracting device 2, and extends to the top of cigarette packet forwarding apparatus 7, and crawl section 5 is slided with crossbeam 6 Coordinate, crawl section 5 is moved between whole bag feeding device 1 and retracting device 2 of unpacking, for capturing cigarette packet forwarding apparatus 7 Sack and being carried to unpack on retracting device 2.The retracting device 2 of unpacking includes, frame 4, in frame 4 Switching mechanism 8 and turn-up mechanism 9 is cut, sack is positioned on switching mechanism 8 by crawl section 5, is then cut turn-up mechanism 9 and is cut on sack Otch, scattered tobacco leaf is poured out from otch, tobacco leaf discharging opening 10 is provided with the side of frame 4, lower section is provided with empty sack outlet 11, empty fiber crops The lower section of bag outlet 11 is provided with empty sack conveying device 12.The tobacco leaf shearing device 3 includes delivery unit 13 and cutting unit 14, one end of delivery unit 13 is located at the lower section of tobacco leaf discharging opening 10, and the other end is connected with the feeding end of cutting unit 14, is used for Scattered tobacco leaf is transported to the feeding mouth of tobacco leaf shearing device 3 from tobacco leaf discharging opening 10, cutting unit 14 is by the blade and leaf of tobacco leaf Handle is cut off, and completes separation.
With reference to shown in Fig. 3 and Fig. 4, the whole bag feeding device 1 includes crawl section 5 and the two parts of cigarette packet forwarding apparatus 7, institute Stating crawl section 5 includes, and installs slide 15 on the cross beam 6, the mechanical gripper 16 with the lifting connection of slide 15, and driving machinery The power set that handgrip 16 and slide 15 move.The both sides of the slide 15 are provided with the pulley 17 that can be rolled along crossbeam 6, with reality Existing slide 15, to realize the purpose, can also be provided with guide rail on the cross beam 6, be set on slide 15 with respect to 6 slidable purpose of crossbeam There is sliding block, both relative slips are realized by the cooperation of guide rail, sliding block.The power set include what driving slide 15 moved The lifting motor 19 that translation motor 18 and driving mechanical gripper 16 move, is connected with one on the reducer output shaft of translation motor 18 Gear, crossbeam 6 are provided with the rack engaged with the gear, and rack be arranged in parallel with crossbeam 6, and translation motor 18 is revolved with moving gear Turn, wheel and rack engaged transmission, drive slide 15 to be moved along crossbeam 6.The mechanical gripper 16 includes, armful clamp device 20, Telescopic steel nail mechanism 21 and transmission mechanism 22.Described armful of clamp device 20 is connected by transmission mechanism 22 with lifting motor 19, The steel nail mechanism 21 be arranged on embrace clamp device 20 outside, and be telescopically inserted into embrace clamp device 20 in fixed sack Embracing in clamp device 20, preventing its landing.Embracing clamp device 20 includes, and a support base 23 is symmetricly set under support base 23 for a pair Inverted L shape clamping limb 24, two clamping limbs 24 are driven by a pair of cylinders, and sack is clamped when two 24 move toward one anothers of clamping limb, Sack is placed during counter motion.The transmission mechanism 22 includes, a vertical lifting column 25 being fixedly connected with support base 23, rises Drop post 25 is provided with rack, the gear on the reducer output shaft of lifting motor 19, and wheel and rack engagement drives branch Support seat 23 moves up and down, and the steel nail mechanism 21 includes, and the cylinder that one end is hinged with clamping limb 24, is cut with scissors with cylinder piston boom end The L-shaped connecting rod 26 connect, it is articulated with the steel nail 27 of the other end of L-shaped connecting rod 26;The steel nail 27 horizontal through the middle part of clamping limb 24, It is slidably connected with clamping limb 24, when Telescopic-cylinder, drives L-shaped connecting rod 26 to swing, and then drive steel nail 27 is horizontal to slide, is completed Insertion sack and the action for exiting sack.
The cigarette packet forwarding apparatus 7 includes at least one set of roller conveyor 28, it is preferred that the roller conveyor 28 is two Group, to improve efficiency of transmission, two groups of roller conveyors 28 are drawn close to retracting device 2 of unpacking from different directions, and in recovery of unpacking The side of device 2 intersects at a point, and the point is located at the lower section of the motion track of crawl section 5 so that crawl section 5 can be direct when declining Grab sack.
With reference to shown in Fig. 5, Fig. 6 and Fig. 7, the retracting device 2 of unpacking includes, frame 4, the upset in frame 4 Mechanism 8 and turn-up mechanism 9 is cut, the switching mechanism 8 is arranged on the lower section of crossbeam 6, the sack put down for accepting crawl section 5, horizontal Beam 6 is fixedly connected with the top of frame 4, and crawl section 5 can be moved to the top of switching mechanism 8 along crossbeam 6, then be positioned over sack Switching mechanism 8.The turn-up mechanism 9 of cutting is slidably connected with frame 4 and positioned at the top of switching mechanism 8, for cutting switching mechanism 8 On sack, the lower section of switching mechanism 8 be tobacco leaf discharging opening 10 and empty sack outlet 11, wherein, tobacco leaf discharging opening 10 is located at The side-lower of switching mechanism 8, empty sack outlet 11 are located at the underface of switching mechanism 8, gone out in tobacco leaf discharging opening 10 and empty sack A drop in leaf 29 is additionally provided between mouth 11, when the upset of switching mechanism 8 tilts down, the drop in leaf 29 is by overturning extremely Diverse location makes tobacco leaf and sack correspond to respectively by tobacco leaf discharging opening 10 and empty sack outlet 11.
The turn-up mechanism 9 of cutting includes, cutting knife support base 30, rocking arm 31, the disc cutter 32 positioned at the free end of rocking arm 31, with And the catching mechanism 33 of fixed empty sack.The cutting knife support base 30 is slidably connected with frame 4, in the upper end of cutting knife support base 30 Portion is provided with sliding block, guide rail is installed with frame 4, sliding block coordinates with guide rail makes cutting knife support base 30 to occur with respect to frame 4 Level is slided, and a drive device is connected between cutting knife support base 30 and frame 4, and the drive device is preferably cutting knife translation gas Cylinder 34, the cutting knife flat-removing air cyclinder 34 drive cutting knife support base 30 and slided along guide rail, when cutting sack, cutting knife support base 30 are moved to the surface of switching mechanism 8, disc cutter 32 is contacted with sack and are cut, after the completion of cutting, cutting knife support Seat 30 moves horizontally to side, leaves switching mechanism 8 so that the top of switching mechanism 8 is vacant, facilitates crawl section 5 to tipper Structure 8 places sack.The lower end of cutting knife support base 30 is a plate-like structure, and a up/down perforation is provided with the edge of the structure The chute 35 of C-shaped, chute 35 can also be that " [" shape, or other shapes close with " C " shape, one end of the rocking arm 31 is with cutting Knife support base 30 is rotatablely connected, and the end is fixedly connected with the reducer output shaft of a motor, and the motor is fixed on cutting knife support base On 30, for driving rocking arm 31 to rotate, a sliding block group 36 being slidably matched with chute 35 is provided with the free end of rocking arm 31, it is described Rocking arm 31 is provided with an elongated hole 37, and sliding block group 36 can be slided in the elongated hole 37, when rocking arm 31 rotates, the sliding block group 36 Slided simultaneously in chute 35 and elongated hole 37, form the sliding trace of C-shaped, the disc cutter 32 is fixedly mounted on sliding block group 36 On, and cutting knife face is horizontally disposed with, disc cutter 32 is rotated by a motor driven.
The catching mechanism 33 is hinged on the hook-shaped steel nail 38 of the lower end of cutting knife support base 30 and installed in cutting knife branch including one The cylinder that the lower end of seat 30 drives hook-shaped steel nail 38 to rotate is supportted, hook-shaped steel nail 38 can rotate around pin joint, when the piston of cylinder When bar extends, hook-shaped steel nail 38 is inserted into sack, and sack is caught on and tightened upwards, in order to the otch of disc cutter 32, when When the piston rod of cylinder shortens, hook-shaped steel nail 38 extracts sack, falls sack.
The switching mechanism 8 includes upset platform 39 and slotting turn-up mechanism 40, the bottom centre position of the upset platform 39 Provided with a trunnion axis 41, both ends and the frame 4 of trunnion axis 41 are rotatablely connected, and driving electricity is connected with one end of trunnion axis 41 Machine.The slotting turn-up mechanism 40 is symmetrically disposed in upset platform 39 both sides, including, the sleeve pipe being fixedly connected with upset platform 39 42, the draw point 43 being slidably connected in sleeve pipe 42, and the power set that drive needle 43 is slided.Described upset platform 39 has Have horizontal and tilt two states, when accepting sack and cutting sack, upset platform 39 is in horizontality, while plugs in chartered plane The draw point 43 of structure 40 is inserted into sack, plays a part of fixed sack;After sack otch, upset platform 39 tilts, tobacco leaf To be poured out under gravity from otch, empty sack continues to stay on upset platform 39 due to being fixed by slotting turn-up mechanism 40, Separated until completing tobacco leaf with sack.
The drop in leaf 29 is arranged on a side-lower of upset platform 39, and is rotatablely connected with frame 4, drop in leaf 29 One side extend to and can be overlapped with upset platform 39, the side rides over the lower section at upset platform 39 edge when being inclined upwardly, the company of composition The slideway of tobacco leaf discharging opening 10 is passed to, when the side tilts down, the slideway interrupts, and connects empty sack outlet 11.
When overturning platform 39 and tilting down, while drop in leaf 29 rotates, first make close to one side of upset platform 39 to Upper inclination, the lower section of upset platform 39 is ridden over, it is parallel with upset platform 39, the slideway for being communicated to tobacco leaf discharging opening 10 is formed, and Sky sack outlet 11 is enclosed simultaneously, and tobacco leaf skids off along the slideway from tobacco leaf discharging opening 10, and empty sack stays in upset platform 39 On, after tobacco leaf is all poured out, drop in leaf 29 is tilted down, and the slideway is disconnected, and empty sack outlet 11 is opened, and now, is inserted Turn-up mechanism 40 exits sack, and empty sack slides from upset platform 39, is skidded off along drop in leaf 29 from empty sack outlet 11, and The empty sack conveying device 12 of lower section is fallen into, completes the separation of tobacco leaf and sack, it is preferred that the empty sack conveying device 12 is Ribbon conveyer.
With reference to shown in Fig. 8 and Fig. 9, the tobacco leaf shearing device 3 includes delivery unit 13 and the two parts of cutting unit 14.Institute Stating delivery unit 13 includes, conveyer belt 44, the pusher 45 for being arranged on the top of conveyer belt 44.The height of the conveyer belt 44 is lower slightly In tobacco leaf discharging opening 10, its one end extends to the lower section of tobacco leaf discharging opening 10, and the other end is connected with the feeding end of cutting unit 14.Institute Stating cutting unit 14 includes, the blank platform 46 in smoothing junction with conveyer belt 44, material pressing device 47 above blank platform 46, sets Put in the cutter 48 of the both sides of blank platform 46 and the blade outfeed belt 49 in smoothing junction with blank platform 46 and positioned at blank The petiole outfeed belt 50 of the lower section of platform 46.The upper surface of the blank platform 46 is provided with cutting knife groove, and the blade of tobacco leaf is from cutter Enter blade outfeed belt 49 between 48, petiole falls into petiole outfeed belt 50 from the outside of cutter 48.
The pusher 45 includes, above conveyer belt 44 and parallel to the track 51 of conveyer belt 44, installed in track The push dolly 52 slided on 51 and along track 51, the synchronous tape drive mechanism 53 that driving push dolly 52 moves, is placed in pusher The drive cylinder that the anterior pusher turnover panel 54 of dolly 52 and driving pusher turnover panel 54 rotate.The track 51 by more root posts with Ground is fixedly connected, and the push dolly 52 is provided with the roller coordinated with track 51, the pusher turnover panel 54 and push dolly 52 is be hinged, and the upper end of pusher turnover panel 54 is connected with drive cylinder, and lower end is the end that freely swings, and the material pressing device 47 includes a pair The symmetrically arranged depression bar 55 of V-arrangement, is fixed on the cylinder that the platen 56 of the bottom of depression bar 55 and driving depression bar 55 move linearly, and cylinder drives Depression bar 55 and platen 56 are moved, the extruding of scattered tobacco leaf is gathered to together, facilitating cutter 48 to be cut.The cutter 48 include the chopper 57 that a pair of relative blank platforms 46 are swung, the crank and rocker mechanism 58 being connected with chopper 57, and are shaken with crank The motor that linkage 58 connects, the side of the chopper 57 are provided with a pin joint, and the point is fixed with respect to blank platform 46, chopper 57 Opposite side is connected with crank and rocker mechanism 58, and when motor driven crank and rocker mechanism 58 moves, chopper 57 is constantly around be hinged Point is swung up and down, and completes the cut-out to tobacco leaf, it is preferable that the design spacing of two choppers 57 and tobacco leaf blade similar length, every time During cutting, blade is left between two choppers 57, petiole is cut in the outside of two chopper 57.
A kind of method of work for the tobacco leaf cut-out equipment that automatic charging is unpacked, this method comprise the following steps:
A, sack is captured:Sack is picked up in crawl section, and is positioned over retracting device of unpacking;
B, sack is cut:Retracting device unpack by sack otch, and tobacco leaf is separated with sack;
C, tobacco leaf is cut:Scattered tobacco leaf after unpacking is delivered to tobacco leaf shearing device, cuts off tobacco leaf, makes blade and petiole point From.
In a steps, first, first the sack equipped with tobacco leaf is carried on cigarette packet forwarding apparatus, cigarette packet forwarding apparatus will Sack is transmitted to the side for retracting device of unpacking, and now, mechanical gripper declines, after an armful clamp device touches sack, by sack Clamp, while steel nail mechanism kinematic makes steel nail be inserted into sack, and then mechanical gripper rises, translation motor drive slide to Retracting device of unpacking moves, and after slide is moved to above upset platform, mechanical gripper declines, and sack is positioned over into upset platform On.
In b step, first, cutting knife support base is moved to directly over sack, disc cutter is contacted with sack, simultaneously circle Disk cutting knife high-speed rotation cuts osculum on sack, and now rocking arm rotates, and the sliding block group being connected with rocking arm is under the drive of rocking arm Moved along C-shaped chute, disc cutter is passed by the track of a C-shaped, while sack is cut open a big opening, then grabs Hook mechanism moves, and makes in hook-shaped steel nail insertion sack, sack is caught on, platform is afterwards turned over and starts to invert, one laterally has a down dip Tiltedly, while drop in leaf is inclined upwardly close to the side for overturning platform, and is communicated to tobacco leaf discharging with upset platform overlap joint, composition The slideway of mouth, tobacco leaf under gravity, are skidded off along slideway from tobacco leaf discharging opening, separated with sack.When tobacco leaf is all poured out Afterwards, drop in leaf is rotated down, and slideway is disconnected, and now hook-shaped steel nail exits sack, sack under gravity, along upset Platform is slid to drop in leaf, and is skidded off along drop in leaf from the outlet of empty sack, and falls into the empty sack conveying device of lower section.
In step c, first, tobacco leaf falls into conveyer belt after being skidded off from tobacco leaf discharging opening, and scattered tobacco leaf is delivered to by conveyer belt Blank platform feeding mouth, meanwhile, pusher dolly intermittently reciprocates in orbit, drives pusher turnover panel that tobacco leaf is promoted into blank Platform, then material pressing device work, platen moves downward, tobacco leaf gathered and is compacted, and then, chopper is in motor and crank rocker machine Tobacco leaf is cut off under the drive of structure, petiole is fallen directly into the petiole outfeed belt of lower section on the outside of two choppers, blade is by pushing away Material turnover panel releases blank platform and enters blade outfeed belt, and completion is once cut.
Above-mentioned steps repetitive cycling, it can quickly handle whole bag tobacco leaf so that feeding, unpack, cut off and be automatically performed, realizing The whole bag automatic wire charging under tobacco purchasing pattern is dissipated, fundamentally solves to rely on the amount of labour used existing for manual type in the past greatly, no The problems such as manageability, production cost height, and neatly can be realized with raw material storage automatic material flow or movement system pair Connect or extend, further lift the industrial automation level of new round threshing and redrying production line, improve the economic benefit of enterprise.
Described above is embodiments of the present invention, it is noted that for the ordinary skill in the art, not Under the premise of departing from the principle of the invention, various deformation and improvement can also be made, this should also be considered as protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

  1. A kind of 1. tobacco leaf cut-out equipment that automatic charging is unpacked, it is characterised in that:Including whole bag feeding device, retracting device of unpacking With tobacco leaf shearing device;The whole bag feeding device includes cigarette packet forwarding apparatus and a moveable crawl section, the crawl section Sack on cigarette packet forwarding apparatus is carried to retracting device of unpacking, the retracting device of unpacking is provided with tobacco leaf discharging opening and sky fiber crops Bag outlet, the tobacco leaf discharging opening connect with the feeding mouth of tobacco leaf shearing device;The retracting device of unpacking includes, frame, peace Switching mechanism in frame and turn-up mechanism is cut, the switching mechanism is arranged on the lower section of crawl section, for accepting crawl section The sack put down, the turn-up mechanism of cutting is connected with housing slide and positioned at the top of switching mechanism, for cutting switching mechanism Sack, the lower section of switching mechanism exports for tobacco leaf discharging opening and empty sack;Between tobacco leaf discharging opening and the outlet of empty sack also Provided with a drop in leaf, the drop in leaf is by overturning to diverse location to go out to open or close tobacco leaf discharging opening and empty sack Mouthful;The turn-up mechanism of cutting includes, the cutting knife support base being connected with housing slide, the rocking arm with the rotation connection of cutting knife support base, peace Disc cutter mounted in rocking arm free end, and the catching mechanism installed in the empty sack of cutting knife support base bottom fixation.
  2. 2. the tobacco leaf cut-out equipment that a kind of automatic charging according to claim 1 is unpacked, it is characterised in that:The cigarette bag passes Send device to be arranged on the lower section of crawl section, and extend to the side for retracting device of unpacking;The tobacco leaf shearing device includes transmission Unit and cutting unit, described delivery unit one end are located at the feeding end of the lower section of tobacco leaf discharging opening, the other end and cutting unit Connection.
  3. 3. the tobacco leaf cut-out equipment that a kind of automatic charging according to claim 1 or 2 is unpacked, it is characterised in that:It is described to tear open The top of bag retracting device is provided with crossbeam, and the crawl section is movably mounted on crossbeam, and the crawl section includes, and is arranged on Slide on crossbeam, the mechanical gripper being flexibly connected with slide, and driving mechanical gripper and the power set of slide movement.
  4. 4. the tobacco leaf cut-out equipment that a kind of automatic charging according to claim 3 is unpacked, it is characterised in that:The mechanical gripping Hand includes, and embraces clamp device, telescopic steel nail mechanism and transmission mechanism, the mechanical gripper and passes through transmission mechanism and power set Connection, the steel nail mechanism are arranged on the outside for embracing clamp device, and are telescopically inserted into armful clamp device;The power set Lifting motor including translation motor of the driving slide along cross beam movement and driving mechanical gripper lifting.
  5. 5. the tobacco leaf cut-out equipment that a kind of automatic charging according to claim 1 is unpacked, it is characterised in that:The cutting knife branch The upper end of support seat is connected with frame by guide rail slide block mechanism, and the bottom of cutting knife support base is provided with the chute of a C-shaped, the rocking arm Free end be provided with a sliding block group coordinated with chute, the sliding block group is slidably connected with rocking arm, sliding block during rocking arm swing Group is moved to form C-shaped-track mark along chute, and the disc cutter is arranged in sliding block group, and cutting knife face is horizontally disposed with;It is described to grab Hook mechanism includes a hook-shaped steel nail for being hinged on cutting knife support base bottom and drives hook-shaped steel nail installed in cutting knife support base bottom The cylinder of rotation.
  6. 6. the tobacco leaf cut-out equipment that a kind of automatic charging according to claim 1 is unpacked, it is characterised in that:The tipper Structure includes upset platform and slotting turn-up mechanism, and a trunnion axis, the both ends of trunnion axis and machine are provided among the bottom of the upset platform Frame is rotatablely connected, and a motor is connected with one end of trunnion axis;The slotting turn-up mechanism is symmetrically disposed in upset platform two Side, including, with the sleeve pipe that is fixedly connected of upset platform, the draw point being slidably connected in sleeve pipe, and drive needle slide it is dynamic Power apparatus;The drop in leaf is arranged on a side-lower of upset platform, and is connected with gantry rotation, and one side of drop in leaf can With upset platform overlap joint, the side rides over the lower section of upset platform edges, forms the cunning for being communicated to tobacco leaf discharging opening when being inclined upwardly Road, when the side tilts down, the slideway interrupts, and drop in leaf is communicated to the outlet of sky sack.
  7. 7. the tobacco leaf cut-out equipment that a kind of automatic charging according to claim 1 is unpacked, it is characterised in that:It is described to unpack back The empty sack outlet lower section of receiving apparatus is additionally provided with sky sack conveying device, and the empty sack conveying device is ribbon conveyer.
  8. 8. the tobacco leaf cut-out equipment that a kind of automatic charging according to claim 2 is unpacked, it is characterised in that:The transmission is single Member includes, the conveyer belt being connected with tobacco leaf discharging opening and cutting unit, the pusher being arranged on above conveyer belt;The cut-out is single Member includes, the blank platform in smoothing junction with conveyer belt, material pressing device above blank platform, is arranged on cutting for blank platform both sides Knife system, and the blade outfeed belt in smoothing junction with blank platform and the petiole outfeed belt below blank platform.
  9. 9. the tobacco leaf cut-out equipment that a kind of automatic charging according to claim 8 is unpacked, it is characterised in that:The pusher Including above conveyer belt and parallel to the track of conveyer belt, installation is in orbit along the push dolly of tracks travel, driving The synchronous tape drive mechanism of dolly movement is pushed, the anterior pusher turnover panel of pusher dolly is placed in and its drives what pusher turnover panel rotated Drive cylinder;The material pressing device includes the symmetrically arranged depression bar of a pair of V-arrangements, is fixed on the platen and driving depression bar of depression bar bottom The cylinder of rectilinear movement;The cutter includes the chopper that a pair of relative blank platforms are swung, the crank rocker being connected with chopper Mechanism, and the motor being connected with crank and rocker mechanism.
  10. A kind of 10. whole bag tobacco leaf cutting-off method of the cut-out of the tobacco leaf as described in claim any one of 1-9 equipment, it is characterised in that Step is as follows:
    A, sack is captured:Sack is picked up in crawl section, and is positioned over retracting device of unpacking;
    B, sack is cut:Retracting device unpack by sack otch, and tobacco leaf is separated with sack;
    C, tobacco leaf is cut:Scattered tobacco leaf after unpacking is delivered to tobacco leaf shearing device, cuts off tobacco leaf, blade is separated with petiole.
CN201510834264.1A 2015-11-25 2015-11-25 The tobacco leaf cut-out device and method that a kind of automatic charging is unpacked Active CN106473225B (en)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107836746B (en) * 2017-10-19 2020-03-27 浙江理工大学 Fresh tobacco leaf stalk sectioning and orderly clamping device and sectioning and clamping method thereof
CN108741211B (en) * 2018-05-30 2021-05-25 滁州卷烟材料厂 Tobacco stem shredding device
CN109367932B (en) * 2018-10-18 2021-02-19 山东耀华特耐科技有限公司 High-strength wear-resistant castable feeding equipment

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CN2858495Y (en) * 2005-12-15 2007-01-17 许敬敏 Automatic unpacking device for cigarette peduncle
CN103523304A (en) * 2013-10-25 2014-01-22 云南昆船设计研究院 Hessian-cloth-packaged scattered tobacco bale cutting system and method

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CN103767057A (en) * 2014-01-29 2014-05-07 贵州烟叶复烤有限责任公司 Whole-packet tobacco leaf charging and loosening method
CN204722233U (en) * 2015-06-29 2015-10-28 安徽中烟机械有限公司 The whole bag of a kind of modified tobacco bale tobacco leaf petiole that feeds intake cuts off and is separated pre-loose equipment

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CN2044248U (en) * 1988-06-27 1989-09-13 常州市第二混凝土构件厂 Bale breaker
CN2858495Y (en) * 2005-12-15 2007-01-17 许敬敏 Automatic unpacking device for cigarette peduncle
CN103523304A (en) * 2013-10-25 2014-01-22 云南昆船设计研究院 Hessian-cloth-packaged scattered tobacco bale cutting system and method

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