CN106473171A - A kind of pericarpium granati automatic cutting platform - Google Patents

A kind of pericarpium granati automatic cutting platform Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106473171A
CN106473171A CN201610886833.1A CN201610886833A CN106473171A CN 106473171 A CN106473171 A CN 106473171A CN 201610886833 A CN201610886833 A CN 201610886833A CN 106473171 A CN106473171 A CN 106473171A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
clamping
plate
pomegranate
folder
cylinder
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Granted
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CN201610886833.1A
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CN106473171B (en
Inventor
吴爱兵
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XUZHOU JIAWANG TAIRUI AGRICULTURAL TECHNOLOGY Co.,Ltd.
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吴爱兵
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23NMACHINES OR APPARATUS FOR TREATING HARVESTED FRUIT, VEGETABLES OR FLOWER BULBS IN BULK, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; PEELING VEGETABLES OR FRUIT IN BULK; APPARATUS FOR PREPARING ANIMAL FEEDING- STUFFS
    • A23N7/00Peeling vegetables or fruit
    • A23N7/02Peeling potatoes, apples or similarly shaped vegetables or fruit
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23NMACHINES OR APPARATUS FOR TREATING HARVESTED FRUIT, VEGETABLES OR FLOWER BULBS IN BULK, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; PEELING VEGETABLES OR FRUIT IN BULK; APPARATUS FOR PREPARING ANIMAL FEEDING- STUFFS
    • A23N15/00Machines or apparatus for other treatment of fruits or vegetables for human purposes; Machines or apparatus for topping or skinning flower bulbs
    • A23N15/04Devices for topping fruit or vegetables

Abstract

The present invention relates to agricultural mechanical field, specifically a kind of pericarpium granati automatic cutting platform, including frame, left and right clamping device, cutter sweep and upper pinch device;Left and right clamping device includes clamping screw, a pair of clamping unit and left and right clamping motor;Cutter sweep includes cutting support plate, cuts rotation motor, places plate, pomegranate bottom device for excising and pomegranate side cutter sweep;Upper pinch device includes upper pinch motor, gripper, No. two gripper, upper pinch seat, upper clamp cylinder and gripper jaw.The present invention can be automatically by down centimeters incision at the fallen flowers of Punica granatum L., automatically pericarpium granati is cut into six lobes, change tradition and rely on the mode manually pericarpium granati cut, work efficiency more manually takes sarcocarp to improve a lot, disclosure satisfy that the high-volume demand to pomegranate fruit for the market, practical.

Description

A kind of pericarpium granati automatic cutting platform
Technical field
The present invention relates to agricultural mechanical field, specifically a kind of pericarpium granati automatic cutting platform.
Background technology
Punica granatum L. whole body is precious:Containing vitamin C and vitamin B group in fruit, organic acid, saccharide, protein, fat, with And the mineral such as calcium, phosphorus, potassium.Punica granatum L. is warm in nature, sweet,sour and puckery taste, enters lung, kidney, large intestine channel;There is promoting the production of body fluid to quench thirst, convergence is astringent or styptic treatment for spontaneous sweating, only Rush down effect of hemostasis;Cure mainly body fluid deficiency dryness of the mouth and throat, excessive thirst, chronic diarrhea, chronic dysentery, have blood in stool, the disease such as metrorrhagia.Sucus Granati also contains multiple Aminoacid and trace element, have aid digestion, anti-gastric-ulcer, vessel softening, blood fat reducing and blood glucose, reduce multiple work(such as cholesterol Energy.Coronary heart disease cardiopathia, hypertension can be prevented, can reach stomach invigorating and refresh oneself, appetite strengthening, lengthen one's life talk the effect of send macrobiosis, to drink Wine excess person, relieves the effect of alcohol and has special effect.
The difficult stripping of skin but Punica granatum L. is fond of eating;With handss stripping, that greasy hard shell cannot strip off;Cut Fructus Citri junoriss with knife picture Equally cut, do not do a good job in do the Punica granatum L. juice of proficiency.The method of existing stripping Punica granatum L. is artificial operation, and its operating procedure is:
1st, take out a Punica granatum L. to wash, down 7 centimeters at the fallen flowers of Punica granatum L., cross section.
2nd, the Punica granatum L. lid of incision is taken away, glittering and translucent Punica granatum L. will be exposed, then, by Punica granatum L. epidermis knife from upper Down scratch, probably draw 6 knives, gently firmly broken into two with one's hands with handss.
3rd, then, repeatedly beat Punica granatum L. epidermis with handss, thus the sarcocarp in Punica granatum L. can very easily fall out automatically Come, and the Punica granatum L. juice of proficiency will not be made.
Said method is simple to operate, but said method is suitable only for family's small lot and eats Punica granatum L., when needing because of the market demand When a large amount of Punica granatum L.s being carried out taking meat, then said method needs to consume substantial amounts of artificial, and work efficiency is low, therefore, now anxious Need a kind of plant equipment that high-volume Punica granatum L. can be carried out and take meat to act on.
Content of the invention
In order to make up the deficiencies in the prior art, a kind of heretofore described pericarpium granati automatic cutting platform, it can 1st step in the method for traditional pomegranate fruit of taking-up by hand in above-mentioned background technology is adopted mechanical work to replace with the 2nd step Manual operations, saves manpower, high degree of automation.
The technical solution adopted for the present invention to solve the technical problems is:A kind of pericarpium granati automatic cutting platform, including Frame, left and right clamping device, cutter sweep and upper pinch device;Described left and right clamping device is located at two about frame lower Side, cutter sweep is located in the middle part of the clamping device of left and right, and upper pinch device is located at upper rack.
Described frame generally cube frame structure, frame is provided with PLC and accumulator, and PLC controls Device is used for controlling the automatic job of left and right clamping device, cutter sweep and upper pinch device, and described accumulator is used for this The power electronic equipment of invention;
Described left and right clamping device includes clamping screw, a pair of clamping unit and left and right clamping motor, clamping screw edge Frame is horizontally arranged at frame lower from left to right, and a pair of clamping unit is respectively symmetrically and is arranged on the clamping screw left and right sides, institute The left and right clamping motor stated is arranged in frame, and left and right clamping motor main shaft connects clamping screw by shaft coupling;And clamping spiral shell Bar left part is contrary with the thread rotary orientation of right part;Each clamping unit all includes clamping plate, and each clamping plate base plate is arranged on by bearing On clamping screw;During work, PLC controls left and right clamping motor work to drive clamping screw to rotate, and then drives each Clamping plate moves, thus driving a pair of clamping unit close to each other or being located remotely from each other;Each clamping plate inside top level is fixed with Fastening spring, fastening spring medial surface is fixed with and directly touches clamping plate;When a pair of clamping unit close to each other to certain distance when, respectively The clamping plate that directly touches on clamping unit can contact the Punica granatum L. left and right sides, thus clamping Punica granatum L., is easy to the follow-up stable cutting to Punica granatum L.; The effect of described left and right clamping device is for clamping Punica granatum L. so that Punica granatum L. can keep in the overall process being subsequently cut Stable state, consequently facilitating being smoothed out of Punica granatum L. cutting operation.
Described clamping plate generally " Z " type structure, clamping plate includes clamping mainboard, clamping time plate and clamping cylinder;Institute The clamping mainboard stated includes a bottom plate, No. two bottom plates and No. three bottom plates;A described bottom plate passes through bearing and erects Directly it is arranged on clamping screw, No. two main folder plate levels are connected in a bottom plate top and extend towards central rack, No. three masters Clamping plate is vertically connected in inside No. two bottom plates and extends towards upper rack;It is provided with cube in the middle part of No. three described bottom plates Accommodating groove 7;Clamping plate is designed as " Z " type structure and is not directly designed to vertical structure, and its effect is that of avoiding each clamping unit Clamping plate during close to each other, cutter sweep hinders the motion of each clamping unit and so that each clamping plate cannot connect Contact Punica granatum L.;
Clamping time plate generally T-shape structure, clamping time plate bottom can embed in the accommodating groove of No. three bottom plates, described Clamping cylinder bottom is connected on No. three bottom plates, and clamping cylinder top is connected on clamping time plate;Described fastening spring water Flat being connected in clamps time top of the plate portion;During work, PLC can control clamping cylinder according to the different configuration of different Punica granatum L.s Flexible, by the flexible height to control clamping time plate of clamping cylinder, and then be fixedly connected with fastening spring straight can be adjusted The height of tactile clamping plate, thus so as to control the contact position directly touching clamping plate and Punica granatum L. epidermis so that no matter various Punica granatum L.s Whether construction is identical, and left and right clamping device all can be good at clamping Punica granatum L..
Described cutter sweep includes cutting support plate, cuts rotation motor, places plate, pomegranate bottom device for excising and pomegranate side cutting dress Put;The generally flat strip of described cutting support plate, cutting support plate is rotatably horizontally arranged at along frame from front and back backward Frame lower, and cut support plate between a pair of clamping unit;Described rotation motor of cutting is arranged in frame, and cuts rotation motor Main shaft is connected by shaft coupling with cutting support plate one end;Described placement plate generally cube structure, places plate bottom solid It is connected in the middle part of cutting support plate upper surface, before and after placing plate, both sides are opened wide, and be provided with cylindrical putting hole in the middle part of placement plate, described Placement in the hole be used for placing Punica granatum L.;During work, the controllable rotation motor of cutting of PLC drives cutting support plate to be rotated;Just Under beginning state, cutting support plate is in horizontality, and places plate positioned at cutting support plate upper end;Cutting support plate is designed as rotatable One of effect is so that the Punica granatum L. being cut away by pomegranate bottom device for excising in subsequent process can drop automatically from placing plate bottom Come and labor cleaning need not be passed through, cutting support plate is designed as the two of rotatable effect and is so that Punica granatum L. adheres in working angles Partial impurities on placing plate and Sucus Granati water energy are enough being cut during support plate rotates because gravity is cleared out automatically.
Described pomegranate bottom device for excising includes oblique support plate, pomegranate undercutting except cylinder and cuts pomegranate blade, and described oblique support plate is connected Placing plate lower front, pomegranate undercutting is connected on oblique support plate except cylinder level, cutting pomegranate blade level and be connected in pomegranate undercutting degasification Cylinder top;Under original state, pomegranate undercutting is in fully collapsed condition except cylinder, and putting hole is in complete opening-wide state, during work, When needing that Punica granatum L. is carried out with sarcocarp separation, then manually Punica granatum L. is placed on the placement in the hole placing plate, now, putting hole lower surface Punica granatum L. location be at Punica granatum L. fallen flowers down 7 centimeters, then, PLC controls pomegranate undercutting to stretch out except cylinder, Cut the down 7 centimeters excision at Punica granatum L. fallen flowers by Punica granatum L. except cylinder moving with pomegranate undercutting of pomegranate blade;
Described pomegranate side cutter sweep includes perpendicular support plate, cylinder is cut in side, seat is cut in side, high pressure nozzle and water pipe, and described is perpendicular Straight panel is vertically connected in placement plate bottom rear, and it is Rodless cylinder that cylinder is cut in side, and side is cut cylinder and is vertically installed on perpendicular support plate, Described side is cut seat and is arranged on side and cuts on cylinder, and high pressure nozzle is connected in side and cuts on seat, described water pipe one end connection high pressure spray Mouth, the water pipe other end passes through external high pressure water pump and connects outside water tank;After at Punica granatum L. fallen flowers, down 7 centimeters are removed, Then then Punica granatum L. epidermis is cut to six lobes, now, pomegranate side cutter sweep works, PLC control side is cut cylinder and drives side to cut Seat upward-downward translation, thus drive high pressure nozzle in Punica granatum L. rear upward-downward translation, then PLC control external high pressure plugman Make so that water under high pressure flows through nozzle by water pipe, then Punica granatum L. epidermis is ejected into by nozzle, meanwhile, by real-time control water Pressure makes water can just cut epidermis and substantially not damage Punica granatum L. interior flesh;Under the premise of Punica granatum L. is non-rotary, pass through Above-mentioned steps can cut a vertical otch on epidermis on rear side of Punica granatum L. open, then passes through following upper pinch devices to Punica granatum L. It is rotated, repeat above-mentioned cutting step such that it is able to realize for Punica granatum L. epidermis being cut into six lobes;
Described upper pinch device includes upper pinch motor, gripper, No. two gripper, upper pinch Seat, upper clamp cylinder and gripper jaw;Described frame top is horizontally disposed with the top of a flat strip from left to right Plate, described upper pinch device is arranged on plate in top, and upper pinch device is located at and places directly over plate;Upper pinch electricity Machine is arranged on plate lower surface in top, and a gripper is located at plate upper surface in top, and upper pinch electric machine main shaft and a folder Tight gear is connected, and No. two gripper are located in top plate upper end and are meshed with a gripper, described upper pinch Seat is located at plate lower end in top, and No. two gripper are fixedly connected with upper pinch seat by cylindrical columns, upper clamp cylinder Vertically it is connected in upper pinch seat lower surface, and gripper jaw is connected in upper clamp cylinder lower end;On rear side of Punica granatum L., epidermis passes through Pomegranate side cutter sweep is cut after opening an otch, and upper pinch device works, and PLC controls gripper jaw to press from both sides Punica granatum L. Tightly, then, the work of upper pinch motor drives a gripper rotation, and then drives No. two gripper rotations, thus carrying Dynamic upper clamp cylinder rotation, so that the gripper jaw being fixedly connected with upper clamp cylinder carries Punica granatum L. rotated;Punica granatum L. During rotating a whole circle, upper clamp motor uniformly suspends six times, and during suspending, it is right that pomegranate side cutter sweep is realized The cutting of the epidermis of Punica granatum L. various location, thus realize being cut into six lobes to by Punica granatum L. epidermis by above-mentioned steps;
Described gripper jaw includes jaw plectane, folder pomegranate touch panel, folder howitzer spring, folder pomegranate iron hoop, steel wire side rope and folder pomegranate gas Cylinder;Described jaw plectane is flattened cylindrical shape plate, is connected in upper clamp cylinder lower end, jaw plectane four in the middle part of jaw plectane It is evenly arranged with four folder blocks week, four folder block upper ends have all been horizontally disposed with folder bracer, and described each folder props up block and jaw Plectane upper surface is arranged in obtuse angle;Described folder pomegranate touch panel generally circular arc plate, folder pomegranate touch panel is designed as the purpose of circular arc type It is so that folder pomegranate touch panel can preferably be fitted the shaped form surface of Punica granatum L., so that the folder clamping effect to Punica granatum L. for the pomegranate touch panel More preferably, folder pomegranate touch panel quantity is four, and four folder pomegranate touch panels are rotatably installed in four folder block lower ends of jaw plectane respectively;Described Folder pomegranate number of springs be four, four folder pomegranate spring one end be respectively fixedly connected with four folder pomegranate touch panels on, four folder howitzer springs are another End is respectively fixedly connected with four folder bracers;Described folder pomegranate iron hoop generally annular, folder pomegranate iron hoop is just gone up positioned at jaw plectane Side and wrapping upper clamp cylinder;Described steel wire side rope quantity is four, and four steel wire sides rope bottom is touched with four folder pomegranates respectively Plate is fixedly connected with, and four steel wire sides rope top is run through four folder blocks and is connected with folder pomegranate iron hoop;Described folder pomegranate number of cylinders For two,;Pomegranate cylinder is vertically symmetrical respectively is arranged on jaw plectane upper surface for two folders, and each folder pomegranate cylinder bottom and jaw plectane It is fixedly connected with, each folder pomegranate cylinder head and folder pomegranate iron hoop are fixedly connected with;Under original state, upper clamp cylinder is in completely contraction-like State, gripper jaw is located at directly over the Punica granatum L. placed on plate, and each folder pomegranate cylinder is in fully extended state, now at folder pomegranate iron hoop The maximum height that Yu Suoneng moves to, now steel wire side rope pull four folder pomegranate touch panels and turn to an extreme angle, now four The receiving cavity space that individual folder pomegranate touch panel is constituted is maximum, and each folder howitzer spring is in complete compact state;When needing Punica granatum L. is entered During row clamping, then first, PLC controls upper clamp cylinder to stretch out so that four press from both sides the accommodating chamber that pomegranate touch panel is constituted Wrap Punica granatum L., then, each folder pomegranate cylinder synchronous, so that each steel wire side rope no longer pulls each folder pomegranate touch panel, now, are respectively pressed from both sides Pomegranate touch panel moves downward under the restoring force effect of each folder howitzer spring so that four press from both sides the receiving cavity space receipts that pomegranate touch panel is constituted Contracting, until each folder pomegranate touch panel compresses Punica granatum L. epidermis completely, thus realizing the clamping to Punica granatum L..
Preferably, the described clamping plate that directly touches is elastomeric material, and this design makes directly to touch clamping plate can be according to Punica granatum L. surface Shape be curved, if directly touch clamping plate be inelastic flat rigid material, directly touch clamping plate connect with Punica granatum L. epidermis When tactile, due to its inflexibility so that directly touching clamping plate with Punica granatum L. epidermis is that point contacts or linear contact lay, this elastomeric material Can be contacted for face with Punica granatum L. epidermis such that it is able to make left and right clamping device to Punica granatum L. because of bending from directly tactile clamping plate can be made Clamping effect more preferable.
Preferably, described pomegranate blade upper surface of cutting is contacted with the putting hole lower end in the middle part of placement plate;So that stone Pomegranate blade can more accurately along putting hole lower end by Punica granatum L. fallen flowers down 7 centimeters excision;
Preferably, described upper clamp cylinder is coaxial with the putting hole placing plate;This design enables gripper jaw position In placing the surface of in the hole Punica granatum L. such that it is able to make gripper jaw when clamping to Punica granatum L., respectively press from both sides pomegranate touch panel and Punica granatum L. The contact of epidermis is more fitted, and the stress of Punica granatum L. epidermis surrounding is more balanced so that Punica granatum L. will not because of surrounding stress not Balance and come off from gripper jaw.
Preferably, described folder pomegranate touch panel medial surface is evenly arranged with silicon rubber suction cup;The design of silicon rubber suction cup makes each folder Pomegranate touch panel can more fastening clamp Punica granatum L. so that Punica granatum L. is more difficult to come off from gripper jaw.
Beneficial effect:
A kind of heretofore described pericarpium granati automatic cutting platform, it can be automatically by the fallen flowers of Punica granatum L. down 7 Centimeters are cut, and automatically pericarpium granati are cut into six lobes, change tradition and rely on the side manually pericarpium granati cut Formula, work efficiency more manually takes sarcocarp to improve a lot, disclosure satisfy that the high-volume demand to pomegranate fruit for the market, practical Property is strong.
Brief description
The present invention is further described with embodiment below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.
Fig. 1 is the overall structure diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the top view of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is the perspective view of clamping device about the present invention;
Fig. 4 is the full sectional view of clamping unit of the present invention;
Fig. 5 is the full sectional view in the A-A direction of Fig. 2;
Fig. 6 is the structural representation of upper pinch device of the present invention;
Fig. 7 is enlarged drawing at the B of Fig. 5;
In figure:Plate 11, left and right clamping device 2, clamping screw 21, clamping unit 22, left and right clamping motor in frame 1, top 23rd, clamping plate 221, clamping mainboard 2211, clamping time plate 2212, clamping cylinder 2214, No. two bottom plates of 2213, bottom plate 2215th, No. three bottom plates 2216, accommodating groove 2217, fastening spring 222, directly touch clamping plate 223, cutter sweep 3, cutting support plate 31, Cut rotation motor 32, place plate 33, putting hole 331, pomegranate bottom device for excising 34, oblique support plate 341, pomegranate undercutting except cylinder 342, cut pomegranate knife Piece 343, pomegranate side cutter sweep 35, perpendicular support plate 351, cylinder 352 is cut in side, seat 353 is cut in side, high pressure nozzle 354, water pipe 355, top Clamping device 4, upper pinch motor 41, gripper 42, No. two gripper 43, upper pinch seat 44, upper clamp Cylinder 45, gripper jaw 46, jaw plectane 461, folder pomegranate touch panel 462, folder howitzer spring 463, folder pomegranate iron hoop 464, steel wire side rope 465, Folder pomegranate cylinder 466, folder block 4611, folder bracer 4612, silicon rubber suction cup 4621.
Specific embodiment
In order that technological means, creation characteristic, reached purpose and effect that the present invention realizes are easy to understand, tie below Close embodiment, the present invention is expanded on further.
As shown in Figure 1, Figure 2, shown in Fig. 3, Fig. 4, Fig. 5, Fig. 6 and Fig. 7, a kind of pericarpium granati automatic cutting of the present invention is put down Platform, including frame 1, left and right clamping device 2, cutter sweep 3 and upper pinch device 4;Described left and right clamping device 2 is located at machine The frame 1 bottom left and right sides, cutter sweep 3 is located in the middle part of left and right clamping device 2, and upper pinch device 4 is located at frame 1 top.
Described frame 1 generally cube frame structure, frame 1 is provided with PLC and accumulator, and PLC is controlled Device processed is used for controlling the automatic job of left and right clamping device 2, cutter sweep 3 and upper pinch device 4, and described accumulator is used for Power electronic equipment to the present invention;
Described left and right clamping device 2 includes clamping screw 21, a pair of clamping unit 22 and left and right clamping motor 23, clamping Screw rod 21 is horizontally arranged at frame 1 bottom from left to right along frame 1, and a pair of clamping unit 22 is respectively symmetrically and is arranged on clamping screw 21 left and right sides, described left and right clamping motor 23 is arranged in frame 1, and left and right clamping motor 23 main shaft is connected by shaft coupling Clamping screw 21;And clamping screw 21 left part is contrary with the thread rotary orientation of right part;Each clamping unit 22 all includes clamping plate 221, Each clamping plate 221 base plate is arranged on clamping screw 21 by bearing;During work, PLC controls left and right clamping motor 23 Work is to drive clamping screw 21 to rotate, and then drives each clamping plate 221 to move, thus driving a pair of clamping unit 22 mutually to lean on Near or be located remotely from each other;Each clamping plate 221 inside top level is fixed with fastening spring 222, and fastening spring 222 medial surface is fixed with Directly touch clamping plate 223;When a pair of clamping unit 22 close to each other to certain distance when, each clamping unit 22 directly touches clamping plate The 223 accessible Punica granatum L. left and right sides, thus clamping Punica granatum L., are easy to the follow-up stable cutting to Punica granatum L.;Described left and right clamping dress The effect putting 2 is for clamping Punica granatum L. so that Punica granatum L. can keep stable state in the overall process being subsequently cut, thus It is easy to being smoothed out of Punica granatum L. cutting operation.
Described clamping plate 221 generally " Z " type structure, clamping plate 221 includes clamping mainboard 2211, clamping time plate 2212 With clamping cylinder 2213;Described clamping mainboard 2211 includes 2214, No. two bottom plates 2215 of a bottom plate and No. three main folders Plate 2216;A described bottom plate 2214 is vertically installed on clamping screw 21 by bearing, No. two bottom plate 2215 levels It is connected in bottom plate 2214 top and extends towards frame 1 middle part, No. three bottom plates 2216 are vertically connected in No. two bottom plates 2215 inner sides simultaneously extend towards frame 1 top;It is provided with cube accommodating groove 2217 in the middle part of No. three described bottom plates 2216;Clamping Plate 221 is designed as " Z " type structure and is not directly designed to vertical structure, and its effect is that of avoiding the clamping plate of each clamping unit 22 221 during close to each other, and cutter sweep 3 hinders the motion of each clamping unit 22 and makes each clamping plate 221 cannot Touch Punica granatum L.;
Clamping time plate 2212 generally T-shape structure, clamping time plate 2212 bottom can embed the receipts of No. three bottom plates 2216 Receive in groove 2217, described clamping cylinder 2213 bottom is connected on No. three bottom plates 2216, clamping cylinder 2213 top is connected On clamping time plate 2212;Described fastening spring 222 level is connected in clamping time plate 2212 top;During work, PLC The flexible of clamping cylinder 2213 can be controlled according to the different configuration of different Punica granatum L.s, by clamping cylinder 2213 flexible controlling The height of clamping time plate 2212, and then the height directly touching clamping plate 223 being fixedly connected with fastening spring 222 can be adjusted, thus from And the contact position directly touching clamping plate 223 and Punica granatum L. epidermis can be controlled so that no matter the construction of various Punica granatum L.s whether identical, left and right Clamping device 2 all can be good at clamping Punica granatum L..
Described cutter sweep 3 includes cutting support plate 31, cuts rotation motor 32, places plate 33, pomegranate bottom device for excising 34 and pomegranate Side cutter sweep 35;The generally flat strip of described cutting support plate 31, cutting support plate 31 can turn along frame 1 from front and back backward Dynamic is horizontally arranged at frame 1 bottom, and cuts support plate 31 between a pair of clamping unit 22;Described rotation motor 32 of cutting is pacified It is contained in frame 1, and cuts rotation motor 32 main shaft and be connected by shaft coupling with cutting support plate 31 one end;Described placement plate 33 is whole Body is cube structure, places plate 33 bottom and is connected in the middle part of cutting support plate 31 upper surface, before and after placing plate 33, both sides are opened wide, and Place and be provided with cylindrical putting hole 331 in the middle part of plate 33, be used for placing Punica granatum L. in described putting hole 331;During work, PLC is controlled The controllable rotation motor 32 of cutting of device processed drives cutting support plate 31 to be rotated;Under original state, cutting support plate 31 is in horizontality, And place plate 33 positioned at cutting support plate 31 upper end;
Described pomegranate bottom device for excising 34 includes oblique support plate 341, pomegranate undercutting except cylinder 342 and cuts pomegranate blade 343, described Tiltedly support plate 341 is connected in placement plate 33 lower front, and pomegranate undercutting is connected on oblique support plate 341 except cylinder 342 level, cuts pomegranate blade 343 levels are connected in pomegranate undercutting and remove cylinder 342 top;Under original state, pomegranate undercutting is in fully collapsed condition except cylinder 342, Putting hole 331 is in complete opening-wide state, during work, when needing that Punica granatum L. is carried out with sarcocarp separation, is then manually placed on Punica granatum L. Place in the putting hole 331 of plate, now, the Punica granatum L. location of putting hole 331 lower surface is in down 7 lis at Punica granatum L. fallen flowers Rice place, then, PLC controls pomegranate undercutting to stretch out except cylinder 342, cut pomegranate blade 343 move except cylinder 342 with pomegranate undercutting and The down 7 centimeters excision at Punica granatum L. fallen flowers by Punica granatum L.;
Described pomegranate side cutter sweep 35 includes perpendicular support plate 351, cylinder 352 is cut in side, seat 353 is cut in side, high pressure nozzle 354 and Water pipe 355, described vertical plate is vertically connected in placement plate 33 bottom rear, and it is Rodless cylinder that cylinder 352 is cut in side, and gas is cut in side Cylinder 352 is vertically installed on perpendicular support plate 351, and described side is cut seat 353 and is arranged on side and cuts on cylinder 352, and high pressure nozzle 354 is connected Cut on seat 353 in side, described water pipe 355 one end connects high pressure nozzle 354, and water pipe 355 other end passes through external high pressure water pump Connect outside water tank;After down 7 centimeters are removed at Punica granatum L. fallen flowers, then then Punica granatum L. epidermis is cut to six lobes, now, Pomegranate side cutter sweep 35 works, and PLC control side is cut cylinder 352 and drives side to cut seat 353 upward-downward translation, thus driving high pressure Nozzle 354 controls external high pressure pump working so that water under high pressure passes through water in Punica granatum L. rear upward-downward translation, then PLC Pipe flow is ejected into Punica granatum L. epidermis through high pressure nozzle 354, then by high pressure nozzle 354, is made by the pressure of real-time control water meanwhile Obtain water to cut epidermis and substantially not damage Punica granatum L. interior flesh;Under the premise of Punica granatum L. is non-rotary, by above-mentioned step One vertical otch suddenly can be cut open on epidermis on rear side of Punica granatum L., then pass through following upper pinch devices 4 and Punica granatum L. is carried out Rotary motion, repeats above-mentioned cutting step such that it is able to realize for Punica granatum L. epidermis being cut into six lobes;
Described upper pinch device 4 include upper pinch motor 42, No. two gripper 43 of 41, gripper, Upper pinch seat 44, upper clamp cylinder 45 and gripper jaw 46;Described frame 1 top be horizontally disposed with from left to right one flat Plate 11 in the top of flat strip, described upper pinch device 4 is arranged on plate 11 in top, and upper pinch device 4 is located at and puts Put directly over plate 33;Upper pinch motor 41 is arranged on plate 11 lower surface in top, and a gripper 42 is located on plate 11 in top End face, and upper pinch motor 41 main shaft is connected with a gripper 42, No. two gripper 43 are located on plates 11 in top Hold and be meshed with a gripper 42, described upper pinch seat 44 is located at plate 11 lower end in top, and No. two gripper 43 are fixedly connected with upper pinch seat 44 by cylindrical columns, and upper clamp cylinder 45 is vertically connected in upper pinch seat 44 lower end Face, and gripper jaw 46 is connected in upper clamp cylinder 45 lower end;On rear side of Punica granatum L., epidermis is cut by pomegranate side cutter sweep 35 After opening an otch, upper pinch device 4 works, and PLC controls gripper jaw 46 to clamp Punica granatum L., then, upper pinch Motor 41 work drives a gripper 42 to rotate, and then drives No. two gripper 43 to rotate, thus driving upper clamp Cylinder 45 rotates, so that the gripper jaw 46 being fixedly connected with upper clamp cylinder 45 is carried Punica granatum L. and rotated;Punica granatum L. rotates During one whole circle, upper clamp motor 41 uniformly suspends six times, and during suspending, it is right that pomegranate side cutter sweep 35 is realized The cutting of the epidermis of Punica granatum L. various location, thus realize being cut into six lobes to by Punica granatum L. epidermis by above-mentioned steps;
Described gripper jaw 46 includes jaw plectane 461, folder pomegranate touch panel 462, folder howitzer spring 463, folder pomegranate iron hoop 464, steel Silk side rope 465 and folder pomegranate cylinder 466;Described jaw plectane 461 is flattened cylindrical shape plate, is connected in the middle part of jaw plectane 461 Upper clamp cylinder 45 lower end, jaw plectane 461 surrounding is evenly arranged with four folder blocks 4611, four folder block 4611 upper ends All it has been horizontally disposed with folder bracer 4612, described each folder is propped up block 4611 and is arranged in obtuse angle with jaw plectane 461 upper surface;Described Folder pomegranate touch panel 462 generally circular arc plate, the purpose that folder pomegranate touch panel 462 is designed as circular arc type is so that folder pomegranate touch panel 462 can The preferably shaped form surface of laminating Punica granatum L., so that folder pomegranate touch panel 462 is more preferable to the clamping effect of Punica granatum L., presss from both sides pomegranate touch panel 462 quantity are four, and four folder pomegranate touch panels 462 are rotatably installed in four folder block 4611 lower ends of jaw plectane 461 respectively;Described Folder howitzer spring 463 quantity be four, four folder howitzer spring 463 one end are respectively fixedly connected with four folder pomegranate touch panels 462, four folder pomegranates Spring 463 other end is respectively fixedly connected with four folder bracers 4612;Described folder pomegranate iron hoop 464 generally annular, presss from both sides pomegranate ferrum Ring 464 is located at directly over jaw plectane 461 and wrapping upper clamp cylinder 45;465 quantity are restricted for four in described steel wire side, four Steel wire side rope 465 bottoms are fixedly connected with four folder pomegranate touch panels 462 respectively, and four folder blocks are run through at four steel wire sides rope 465 tops 4611 and with folder pomegranate iron hoop 464 be connected;Described folder pomegranate cylinder 466 quantity is two,;Two folder pomegranate cylinders 466 are respectively vertically It is symmetrically mounted on jaw plectane 461 upper surface, and each folder pomegranate cylinder 466 bottom is fixedly connected with jaw plectane 461, each folder pomegranate cylinder 466 tops are fixedly connected with folder pomegranate iron hoop 464;Under original state, upper clamp cylinder 45 is in fully collapsed condition, gripper jaw 46 It is located at directly over the Punica granatum L. placed on plate 33, each folder pomegranate cylinder 466 is in fully extended state, now at folder pomegranate iron hoop 464 The maximum height that Yu Suoneng moves to, four folder pomegranate touch panels 462 of now steel wire side rope 465 pulling turn to an extreme angle, The receiving cavity space maximum that now four folder pomegranate touch panels 462 are constituted, and each folder howitzer spring 463 is in complete compact state;When When needing Punica granatum L. is clamped, then first, PLC controls upper clamp cylinder 45 to stretch out so that four press from both sides pomegranate touch panels 462 accommodating chambers being constituted wrap Punica granatum L., and then, each folder pomegranate cylinder 466 synchronous are so that each steel wire side restricts 465 no longer Pull each folder pomegranate touch panel 462, now, each folder pomegranate touch panel 462 moves downward under the restoring force effect of each folder howitzer spring 463, makes Obtain the accommodating chamber space contraction that four folder pomegranate touch panels 462 are constituted, until each folder pomegranate touch panel 462 compresses Punica granatum L. epidermis completely, from And realize the clamping to Punica granatum L..
It is capable of down 7 centimeters excision at Punica granatum L. fallen flowers by above-mentioned steps, and Punica granatum L. epidermis is cut into six Lobe, then, then the Punica granatum L. after cutting is taken off to be beaten from gripper jaw 46, now pomegranate fruit can be easily Internal backing out from pericarpium granati.
Preferably, the described clamping plate 223 that directly touches is elastomeric material, and this design makes directly to touch clamping plate 233 can be according to stone The shape on pomegranate surface is curved, if directly touch clamping plate 223 be inelastic flat rigid material, directly touch clamping plate 233 with stone When pomegranate epidermis is contacted, due to its inflexibility so that directly touching clamping plate 223 with Punica granatum L. epidermis is that point contacts or linear contact lay, The selection of this elastomeric material can make directly tactile clamping plate 233 can contact for face such that it is able to make with Punica granatum L. epidermis because of bending Obtain left and right clamping device 2 more preferable to the clamping effect of Punica granatum L..
Preferably, described pomegranate blade 343 upper surface of cutting is contacted with putting hole 331 lower end at placement plate 33 middle part;From And enable Punica granatum L. blade 343 more accurately along putting hole 33 lower end by Punica granatum L. fallen flowers down 7 centimeters excision;
Preferably, described upper clamp cylinder 45 is coaxial with the putting hole 331 placing plate 33;This design makes gripper jaw 46 can be located at the surface of Punica granatum L. in putting hole 33 such that it is able to make gripper jaw 46 when clamping to Punica granatum L., each folder Pomegranate touch panel 462 contact with Punica granatum L. epidermis is more fitted, and the stress of Punica granatum L. epidermis surrounding is more balanced so that Punica granatum L. not Can come off from gripper jaw 46 because of surrounding force unbalance.
Preferably, described folder pomegranate touch panel 462 medial surface is evenly arranged with silicon rubber suction cup 4621;The setting of silicon rubber suction cup 4621 Meter enable each folder pomegranate touch panel 462 more fastening clamp Punica granatum L. so that Punica granatum L. is more difficult to come off from gripper jaw 46.
The basic principles, principal features and advantages of the present invention have been shown and described above.The technical staff of the industry should Understand, the present invention is not restricted to the described embodiments, the simply explanation present invention's of the description in above-described embodiment and description Principle, without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention, the present invention also has various changes and modifications, and these change and change Enter to both fall within scope of the claimed invention.Claimed scope is by appended claims and its equivalent circle. Fixed.

Claims (5)

1. a kind of pericarpium granati automatic cutting platform it is characterised in that:Including frame (1), left and right clamping device (2), cutting dress Put (3) and upper pinch device (4);Described left and right clamping device (2) is located at frame (1) the bottom left and right sides, cutter sweep (3) it is located in the middle part of left and right clamping device (2), upper pinch device (4) is located at frame (1) top;Wherein:
Described frame (1) generally cube frame structure, frame is provided with PLC and accumulator on (1);
Described left and right clamping device (2) includes clamping screw (21), a pair of clamping unit (22) and left and right clamping motor (23), Clamping screw (21) is horizontally arranged at frame (1) bottom from left to right along frame (1), and a pair of clamping unit (22) is respectively symmetrically peace It is contained in clamping screw (21) left and right sides, described left and right clamping motor (23) is arranged in frame (1), left and right clamping motor (23) main shaft connects clamping screw (21) by shaft coupling;And clamping screw (21) left part is contrary with the thread rotary orientation of right part;Respectively Clamping unit (22) all includes clamping plate (221), and each clamping plate (221) base plate is arranged on clamping screw (21) by bearing, Each clamping plate (221) inside top level is fixed with fastening spring (222), and fastening spring (222) medial surface is fixed with and directly touches folder Plate (223);
Described cutter sweep (3) includes cutting support plate (31), cuts rotation motor (32), places plate (33), pomegranate bottom device for excising And pomegranate side cutter sweep (35) (34);The described generally flat strip of cutting support plate (31), cutting support plate (31) is along frame (1) rotatably it is horizontally arranged at frame (1) bottom from front and back backward, and cuts support plate (31) and be located at a pair of clamping unit (22) Between;Described rotation motor (32) of cutting is arranged in frame (1), and it is logical with cutting support plate (31) one end to cut rotation motor (32) main shaft Cross shaft coupling to be connected;Described placement plate (33) generally cube structure, places plate (33) bottom and is connected in cutting support plate (31), in the middle part of upper surface, before and after placing plate (33), both sides are opened wide, and are provided with cylindrical putting hole in the middle part of placement plate (33) (331);
Described pomegranate bottom device for excising (34) includes oblique support plate (341), pomegranate undercutting except cylinder (342) and cuts pomegranate blade (343), institute The oblique support plate (341) stated is connected in placement plate (33) lower front, and pomegranate undercutting is connected in oblique support plate except cylinder (342) level (341), on, cut pomegranate blade (343) level and be connected in pomegranate undercutting except cylinder (342) top;
Described pomegranate side cutter sweep (35) includes perpendicular support plate (351), cylinder (352) is cut in side, seat (353), high pressure nozzle are cut in side (354) and water pipe (355), described vertical plate is vertically connected in placement plate (33) bottom rear, and it is no bar that cylinder (352) is cut in side Cylinder, and side cuts cylinder (352) and be vertically installed on perpendicular support plate (351), described side is cut seat (353) and is arranged on side and cuts cylinder (352) on, high pressure nozzle (354) is connected in side and cuts on seat (353), and described water pipe (355) one end connects high pressure nozzle (354), water pipe (355) other end passes through the outside water tank of external high pressure water pump connection;
Described upper pinch device (4) includes upper pinch motor (41), gripper (42), No. two gripper (43), upper pinch seat (44), upper clamp cylinder (45) and gripper jaw (46);Described frame (1) top water from left to right Put down plate (11) in the top be provided with a flat strip, described upper pinch device (4) is arranged on plate in top (11), and Upper pinch device (4) is located to be placed directly over plate (33);Upper pinch motor (41) is arranged on plate in top (11) lower surface, and one Number gripper (42) is located at plate (11) upper surface in top, and upper pinch motor (41) main shaft and gripper (42) phase Connect, No. two gripper (43) are located in top plate (11) upper end and are meshed with a gripper (42), described top Clamping seats (44) are located at plate (11) lower end in top, and No. two gripper (43) pass through cylindrical columns and upper pinch seat (44) It is fixedly connected with, upper clamp cylinder (45) is vertically connected in upper pinch seat (44) lower surface, and gripper jaw (46) is connected in top Gripper cylinder (45) lower end;
Described gripper jaw (46) includes jaw plectane (461), folder pomegranate touch panel (462), folder howitzer spring (463), folder pomegranate iron hoop (464), steel wire side rope (465) and folder pomegranate cylinder (466);Described jaw plectane (461) is flattened cylindrical shape plate, jaw plectane (461) it is connected in upper clamp cylinder (45) lower end in the middle part of, jaw plectane (461) surrounding is evenly arranged with four folder blocks (4611), four folder block (4611) upper ends have all been horizontally disposed with folder bracer (4612), and described each folder props up block (4611) and folder Pawl plectane (461) upper surface is arranged in obtuse angle;Described folder pomegranate touch panel (462) generally circular arc plate, folder pomegranate touch panel (462) number Measure as four, four folders pomegranate touch panel (462) are rotatably installed in four folder block (4611) lower ends of jaw plectane (461) respectively;Institute Folder howitzer spring (463) quantity stated is four, and four folder howitzer spring (463) one end are respectively fixedly connected with four folders pomegranate touch panel (462), Four folder howitzer spring (463) other ends are respectively fixedly connected with four folders bracer (4612);Described folder pomegranate iron hoop (464) is generally Annular, folder pomegranate iron hoop (464) is located at directly over jaw plectane (461) and wrapping upper clamp cylinder (45);Described steel wire Side rope (465) quantity is four, and four steel wire sides rope (465) bottom is fixedly connected with four folders pomegranate touch panel (462) respectively, four steel wires Side rope (465) top is run through four folder blocks (4611) and is connected with folder pomegranate iron hoop (464);Described folder pomegranate cylinder (466) Quantity is two,;Two folders pomegranate cylinder (466) are vertically symmetrical respectively to be arranged on jaw plectane (461) upper surface, and each folder pomegranate cylinder (466) bottom and jaw plectane (461) are fixedly connected with, and each folder pomegranate cylinder (466) top is fixedly connected with folder pomegranate iron hoop (464).
2. a kind of pericarpium granati automatic cutting platform according to claim 1 it is characterised in that:Described clamping plate (221) generally " Z " type structure, clamping plate (221) includes clamping mainboard (2211), clamping time plate (2212) and clamping cylinder (2213);Described clamping mainboard (2211) includes a bottom plate (2214), No. two bottom plates (2215) and No. three bottom plates (2216);A described bottom plate (2214) is vertically installed on clamping screw (21) by bearing, No. two bottom plates (2215) level is connected in bottom plate (2214) top and extends towards in the middle part of frame (1), and No. three bottom plates (2216) are vertically It is connected in inside No. two bottom plates (2215) and extend towards frame (1) top;Arrange in the middle part of No. three described bottom plates (2216) There is cube accommodating groove (2217);
Clamping time plate (2212) generally T-shape structure, clamping time plate (2212) bottom can embed No. three bottom plates (2216) In accommodating groove (2217), described clamping cylinder (2213) bottom is connected on No. three bottom plates (2216), clamping cylinder (2213) top is connected on clamping time plate (2212);Described fastening spring (222) level is connected in clamping time plate (2212) Top.
3. a kind of pericarpium granati automatic cutting platform according to claim 1 it is characterised in that:Described directly touches clamping plate (223) it is elastomeric material, and described cutting pomegranate blade (343) upper surface and place the putting hole (331) in the middle part of plate (33) Lower end contacts.
4. a kind of pericarpium granati automatic cutting platform according to claim 1 it is characterised in that:Described upper clamp gas Cylinder (45) is coaxial with the putting hole (331) placing plate (33).
5. a kind of pericarpium granati automatic cutting platform according to claim 1 it is characterised in that:Described folder pomegranate touch panel (462) medial surface is evenly arranged with silicon rubber suction cup (4621).
CN201610886833.1A 2016-10-11 2016-10-11 A kind of pericarpium granati automatic cutting platform Active CN106473171B (en)

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CN107373700A (en) * 2017-09-10 2017-11-24 徐秀芳 A kind of intelligent pomegranate peeling robot
CN107518422A (en) * 2017-08-03 2017-12-29 深圳市中科智诚科技有限公司 A kind of intelligent robot with pomegranate fruit separation function that can be wirelessly transferred
CN108157990A (en) * 2018-02-07 2018-06-15 大连大学 A kind of material epidermis automatically removes device
CN108523619A (en) * 2018-04-30 2018-09-14 中山广毅自动化设备有限公司 One kind opening pericarp device
CN109619607A (en) * 2018-12-26 2019-04-16 安徽省怡果生态科技有限公司 Mechanism is removed the peel in cutting in a kind of Kiwi berry juicing all-in-one machine
CN109730327A (en) * 2018-12-26 2019-05-10 安徽省怡果生态科技有限公司 A kind of Kiwi berry juicing all-in-one machine
CN109730338A (en) * 2018-12-26 2019-05-10 安徽省怡果生态科技有限公司 A kind of cleaning unhairing mechanism in Kiwi berry juicing all-in-one machine
CN111713716A (en) * 2020-06-17 2020-09-29 刘纯贞 Garlic batch head and tail removing machine
CN111760646A (en) * 2020-05-26 2020-10-13 王业根 Clamping machine for distributing fresh poria cocos blocks
CN112352627A (en) * 2020-09-22 2021-02-12 浙江义成智能科技有限公司 Fungus scratching machine for bagged fungus bags and fungus scratching method
CN112690274A (en) * 2020-12-23 2021-04-23 王彦利 Flower material base blade cutting and size screening device for manufacturing bouquet

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107518422B (en) * 2017-08-03 2019-08-27 马鞍山市新桥工业设计有限公司 A kind of intelligent robot with pomegranate fruit separation function that can be wirelessly transferred
CN107518422A (en) * 2017-08-03 2017-12-29 深圳市中科智诚科技有限公司 A kind of intelligent robot with pomegranate fruit separation function that can be wirelessly transferred
CN107373700A (en) * 2017-09-10 2017-11-24 徐秀芳 A kind of intelligent pomegranate peeling robot
CN108157990A (en) * 2018-02-07 2018-06-15 大连大学 A kind of material epidermis automatically removes device
CN108523619A (en) * 2018-04-30 2018-09-14 中山广毅自动化设备有限公司 One kind opening pericarp device
CN108523619B (en) * 2018-04-30 2021-05-04 赣州市倞华菲尔雪食品有限公司 Peel opening device
CN109619607A (en) * 2018-12-26 2019-04-16 安徽省怡果生态科技有限公司 Mechanism is removed the peel in cutting in a kind of Kiwi berry juicing all-in-one machine
CN109730327A (en) * 2018-12-26 2019-05-10 安徽省怡果生态科技有限公司 A kind of Kiwi berry juicing all-in-one machine
CN109730338A (en) * 2018-12-26 2019-05-10 安徽省怡果生态科技有限公司 A kind of cleaning unhairing mechanism in Kiwi berry juicing all-in-one machine
CN111760646A (en) * 2020-05-26 2020-10-13 王业根 Clamping machine for distributing fresh poria cocos blocks
CN111713716A (en) * 2020-06-17 2020-09-29 刘纯贞 Garlic batch head and tail removing machine
CN111713716B (en) * 2020-06-17 2022-05-24 泉州市象影机械科技有限公司 Garlic batch head and tail removing machine
CN112352627A (en) * 2020-09-22 2021-02-12 浙江义成智能科技有限公司 Fungus scratching machine for bagged fungus bags and fungus scratching method
CN112690274A (en) * 2020-12-23 2021-04-23 王彦利 Flower material base blade cutting and size screening device for manufacturing bouquet

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