CN106472005A - A kind of harvesting shear - Google Patents

A kind of harvesting shear Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106472005A
CN106472005A CN201510548592.5A CN201510548592A CN106472005A CN 106472005 A CN106472005 A CN 106472005A CN 201510548592 A CN201510548592 A CN 201510548592A CN 106472005 A CN106472005 A CN 106472005A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
chute
fixed
motor
slide block
blade
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201510548592.5A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
黄亦其
马俊生
马桂香
黄豪中
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Guangxi University
Original Assignee
Guangxi University
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Guangxi University filed Critical Guangxi University
Priority to CN201510548592.5A priority Critical patent/CN106472005A/en
Publication of CN106472005A publication Critical patent/CN106472005A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

A kind of harvesting shear, the motor fixed cylinder of this device is connected on slide block two by the second rotation pair, handle is fixed on below motor fixed cylinder, passive blade is fixed on motor fixed cylinder front end, it is fixed with banking pin one and banking pin two on passive blade, active blade is located on passive blade, active blade is provided with chute one and chute two, chute one and chute two are coordinated with banking pin one and banking pin two respectively, slide block one is fixed on the knife back of active blade, slide block one arranges vertical chute away from one end of active blade, motor is fixed in motor fixed cylinder, eccentric shaft one end is fixed on the position of output shaft disalignment of motor, eccentric shaft one end is inlaid in the vertical chute of slide block one.The present invention provides power by motor, and shearing force is big, can easily cut off fruit stem, reduces orchard worker's physical demandss, and easy and simple to handle and have multiple degrees of freedom, being capable of flexible adaptation fruit change in location.

Description

A kind of harvesting shear
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of agricultural machinery, especially a kind of harvesting shear.
Background technology
At present, it is typically all manually to pluck or plucked by light instrument when fruit on tree is plucked, this exists very Big defect:Manually pluck and typically pass through under tree, to pull branch harvesting, climb tree or plucked with ladder, will or aforesaid way is easy Or it is dangerous that tree branch breaks easy generation;And be then to be beaten by bamboo punt-pole or cut one on the top of bamboo punt-pole using light instrument The fork of individual V-shaped is clamping fruit, although this mode safety, easy cracking used many by bamboo punt-pole, and fruit easily quilt Strike badly or drop to the ground and break, affect outward appearance and storage, reduce income.The general toughness of fruit stem is larger to be not easily broken, and needs with cutting Knife is cut off, and the fruit growth position on fruit tree does not have rule.Accordingly, it would be desirable to develop a kind of electrical shear, and being capable of spirit Live and adjust the picker of knife-edge positions.
Content of the invention
The technical problem to be solved in the present invention is the harvesting shear providing a kind of multiple degrees of freedom, motor to provide power, to reduce Pluck the amount of labour of fruit, labor efficiency is provided, and being capable of flexible adaptation fruit change in location.
In order to solve above-mentioned technical problem, present invention employs following technical scheme:
A kind of pluck shear, include handle, motor, motor fixed cylinder, eccentric shaft, slide block one, active blade, passively Blade, banking pin one, banking pin two, vehicle frame, the first column, the second column, crossbeam and slide block two,
First column lower end is fixed on vehicle frame, and the first column upper end is passed through the first rotation pair and is connected with the second column lower end, and second Column upper end is fixed on crossbeam, and crossbeam is provided with horizontal concrete chute, is provided with slide block two in horizontal concrete chute,
Motor fixed cylinder is connected on slide block two by the second rotation pair, and handle is fixed on below motor fixed cylinder, and passive blade is solid It is scheduled on motor fixed cylinder front end, passive blade is fixed with banking pin one and banking pin two, active blade is located on passive blade, Active blade is provided with chute one and chute two, and chute one and chute two are coordinated with banking pin one and banking pin two respectively, slide block one It is fixed on the knife back of active blade, slide block one arranges vertical chute away from one end of active blade, and motor is fixed on motor and fixes On cylinder, eccentric shaft one end is fixed on the position of output shaft disalignment of motor, and eccentric shaft one end is inlaid in the vertical of slide block one In chute, the horizontal width of vertical chute is identical with the diameter of eccentric shaft, and the vertical length of vertical chute is more than the diameter of eccentric shaft.
The present invention has the prominent advantages that:
1st, motor provides power, and shearing force is big, can easily cut off fruit stem, reduces orchard worker's physical demandss.
2nd, easy and simple to handle and there is multiple degrees of freedom, can flexible adaptation fruit change in location, be accurately directed at the fruit stem of each fruit Sheared, do not damaged fruit tree and fruit.
3rd, novel, compact conformation, relatively easy, smooth running, safe operation, functional are manufactured, compact to design skilful Wonderful, simple and practical, convenient and safe, suitable family uses.
Brief description
Fig. 1 is the structural representation plucking shear of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the harvesting active blade of shear of the present invention and the connection diagram of passive blade.
Specific embodiment
Below by embodiment, technical scheme is further elaborated.
Embodiment 1
A kind of harvesting shear, including handle 1, motor 2, motor fixed cylinder 3, eccentric shaft 4, slide block 1, driving knife Piece 6, passive blade 7, banking pin 1, banking pin 2 10, vehicle frame 11, the first column 12, the second column 14, crossbeam 15 And slide block 2 16,
First column 12 lower end is fixed on vehicle frame 11, and the first column 12 upper end is passed through first and rotated pair 13 and the second column 14 Lower end connects, and the second column 14 upper end is fixed on crossbeam 15, and crossbeam 15 is provided with horizontal concrete chute, is provided with horizontal concrete chute Slide block 2 16,
Motor fixed cylinder 3 is connected on slide block 2 16 by the second rotation pair, and handle 1 is fixed on below motor fixed cylinder 3, quilt Cutting blade 7 is fixed on motor fixed cylinder 3 front end, and passive blade 7 is fixed with banking pin 1 and banking pin 2 10, driving knife Piece 6 is located on passive blade 7, and active blade 6 is provided with chute one and chute two, chute one and chute two respectively with banking pin One 9 and banking pin 2 10 cooperation, slide block 1 is fixed on the knife back of active blade 6, and slide block 1 is away from active blade 6 One end arranges vertical chute, and motor 2 is fixed in motor fixed cylinder 3, and the output shaft that eccentric shaft 4 one end is fixed on motor 2 is inclined On the position in axle center, eccentric shaft 4 one end is inlaid in the vertical chute of slide block 1, the horizontal width of vertical chute with eccentric The diameter of axle 4 is identical, and the vertical length of vertical chute is more than the diameter of eccentric shaft 4.
Operation principle
Promote vehicle frame 11 that single unit system is moved on to Fructus Capsici tree side, pass through first between the second column 14 and the first column 12 and rotate Secondary 13 are freely rotatable, and slide block 2 16 slides into the position of suitable shearing work on the horizontal concrete chute of crossbeam 15, and due to Motor fixed cylinder 3 is connected on slide block 2 16 by the second rotation pair, therefore passes through handle 1 and the direction of motor is finely tuned further.
Now start motor 2, motor 2 drives eccentric shaft 4 to circle around the axle of motor 2, spacing due to vertical chute Effect, so that slide block 1 moves reciprocatingly in the horizontal direction, drives the active blade 6 being fixed thereon in level side simultaneously To slidably reciprocating, chute one and chute two are coordinated with banking pin 1 and banking pin 2 10 respectively so that the slip of active blade is put down Surely, when active blade 6 and passive blade 7 coincide, realize the shearing function to object therebetween.

Claims (1)

1. a kind of pluck shear it is characterised in that include handle, motor, motor fixed cylinder, eccentric shaft, slide block one, Active blade, passive blade, banking pin one, banking pin two, vehicle frame, the first column, the second column, crossbeam and slide block two,
First column lower end is fixed on vehicle frame, and the first column upper end is passed through the first rotation pair and is connected with the second column lower end, and second Column upper end is fixed on crossbeam, and crossbeam is provided with horizontal concrete chute, is provided with slide block two in horizontal concrete chute,
Motor fixed cylinder is connected on slide block two by the second rotation pair, and handle is fixed on below motor fixed cylinder, and passive blade is solid It is scheduled on motor fixed cylinder front end, passive blade is fixed with banking pin one and banking pin two, active blade is located on passive blade, Active blade is provided with chute one and chute two, and chute one and chute two are coordinated with banking pin one and banking pin two respectively, slide block one It is fixed on the knife back of active blade, slide block one arranges vertical chute away from one end of active blade, and motor is fixed on motor and fixes On cylinder, eccentric shaft one end is fixed on the position of output shaft disalignment of motor, and eccentric shaft one end is inlaid in the vertical of slide block one In chute, the horizontal width of vertical chute is identical with the diameter of eccentric shaft, and the vertical length of vertical chute is more than the diameter of eccentric shaft.
CN201510548592.5A 2015-08-31 2015-08-31 A kind of harvesting shear Pending CN106472005A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510548592.5A CN106472005A (en) 2015-08-31 2015-08-31 A kind of harvesting shear

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510548592.5A CN106472005A (en) 2015-08-31 2015-08-31 A kind of harvesting shear

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN106472005A true CN106472005A (en) 2017-03-08

Family

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201510548592.5A Pending CN106472005A (en) 2015-08-31 2015-08-31 A kind of harvesting shear

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN106472005A (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110810004A (en) * 2019-11-25 2020-02-21 郑州轻工业大学 Strawberry picking device with cam-link mechanism

Citations (14)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2069642U (en) * 1989-11-01 1991-01-23 庄善良 Hand tea harvester
CN2232662Y (en) * 1995-09-02 1996-08-14 吴允才 Tea picking machine
CN2819744Y (en) * 2005-07-15 2006-09-27 陈龙德 Electric Chinese prickly ash picker
JP2007228825A (en) * 2006-02-28 2007-09-13 Terada Seisakusho Co Ltd Cutting blade device of tea garden implement
CN101416580A (en) * 2008-12-05 2009-04-29 李明法 A kind of portable electric tea-leaf picking device
CN201536493U (en) * 2009-11-02 2010-08-04 陈金伟 Novel Chinese prickly ash telescoping picker
CN201846623U (en) * 2010-10-12 2011-06-01 孙胜文 Electric pepper picker
CN102577755A (en) * 2012-02-17 2012-07-18 中国农业大学 Accurate picking actuating mechanism of strawberry picking robot and ridge-culture strawberry picking robot
CN202354088U (en) * 2011-11-23 2012-08-01 孙胜文 Shearing type high-efficiency pepper picking machine
CN102771255A (en) * 2011-05-08 2012-11-14 鱼新民 Electric pepper picking device
CN203313688U (en) * 2013-07-05 2013-12-04 刘磊 Tea-leaf picker
CN203840778U (en) * 2014-05-12 2014-09-24 韩城市伟山机械有限责任公司 Electric Chinese prickly ash picker provided with leaf poking device
CN104396442A (en) * 2014-12-04 2015-03-11 广西大学 Portable bud shearing device
CN204317047U (en) * 2014-12-04 2015-05-13 中国热带农业科学院南亚热带作物研究所 A kind of laborsaving picker

Patent Citations (14)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2069642U (en) * 1989-11-01 1991-01-23 庄善良 Hand tea harvester
CN2232662Y (en) * 1995-09-02 1996-08-14 吴允才 Tea picking machine
CN2819744Y (en) * 2005-07-15 2006-09-27 陈龙德 Electric Chinese prickly ash picker
JP2007228825A (en) * 2006-02-28 2007-09-13 Terada Seisakusho Co Ltd Cutting blade device of tea garden implement
CN101416580A (en) * 2008-12-05 2009-04-29 李明法 A kind of portable electric tea-leaf picking device
CN201536493U (en) * 2009-11-02 2010-08-04 陈金伟 Novel Chinese prickly ash telescoping picker
CN201846623U (en) * 2010-10-12 2011-06-01 孙胜文 Electric pepper picker
CN102771255A (en) * 2011-05-08 2012-11-14 鱼新民 Electric pepper picking device
CN202354088U (en) * 2011-11-23 2012-08-01 孙胜文 Shearing type high-efficiency pepper picking machine
CN102577755A (en) * 2012-02-17 2012-07-18 中国农业大学 Accurate picking actuating mechanism of strawberry picking robot and ridge-culture strawberry picking robot
CN203313688U (en) * 2013-07-05 2013-12-04 刘磊 Tea-leaf picker
CN203840778U (en) * 2014-05-12 2014-09-24 韩城市伟山机械有限责任公司 Electric Chinese prickly ash picker provided with leaf poking device
CN104396442A (en) * 2014-12-04 2015-03-11 广西大学 Portable bud shearing device
CN204317047U (en) * 2014-12-04 2015-05-13 中国热带农业科学院南亚热带作物研究所 A kind of laborsaving picker

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110810004A (en) * 2019-11-25 2020-02-21 郑州轻工业大学 Strawberry picking device with cam-link mechanism
CN110810004B (en) * 2019-11-25 2021-03-02 郑州轻工业大学 Strawberry picking device with cam-link mechanism

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Application publication date: 20170308

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