CN106471278B - Centrifugal force pendulum - Google Patents

Centrifugal force pendulum Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106471278B
CN106471278B CN201580032832.4A CN201580032832A CN106471278B CN 106471278 B CN106471278 B CN 106471278B CN 201580032832 A CN201580032832 A CN 201580032832A CN 106471278 B CN106471278 B CN 106471278B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
pendulum
centrifugal force
flange
liquid
hub
Prior art date
Application number
CN201580032832.4A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN106471278A (en
Inventor
S·马伊恩沙因
Original Assignee
舍弗勒技术股份两合公司
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to DE102014211860 priority Critical
Priority to DE102014211860.3 priority
Application filed by 舍弗勒技术股份两合公司 filed Critical 舍弗勒技术股份两合公司
Priority to PCT/DE2015/200343 priority patent/WO2015192841A1/en
Publication of CN106471278A publication Critical patent/CN106471278A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN106471278B publication Critical patent/CN106471278B/en

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Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16FSPRINGS; SHOCK-ABSORBERS; MEANS FOR DAMPING VIBRATION
    • F16F15/00Suppression of vibrations in systems; Means or arrangements for avoiding or reducing out-of-balance forces, e.g. due to motion
    • F16F15/10Suppression of vibrations in rotating systems by making use of members moving with the system
    • F16F15/14Suppression of vibrations in rotating systems by making use of members moving with the system using masses freely rotating with the system, i.e. uninvolved in transmitting driveline torque, e.g. rotative dynamic dampers
    • F16F15/1407Suppression of vibrations in rotating systems by making use of members moving with the system using masses freely rotating with the system, i.e. uninvolved in transmitting driveline torque, e.g. rotative dynamic dampers the rotation being limited with respect to the driving means
    • F16F15/145Masses mounted with play with respect to driving means thus enabling free movement over a limited range
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16FSPRINGS; SHOCK-ABSORBERS; MEANS FOR DAMPING VIBRATION
    • F16F2230/00Purpose; Design features
    • F16F2230/04Lubrication

Abstract

Centrifugal force pendulum (100) includes pendulum flange (110), which is supported in a manner of revolvable around rotation axis (105);With pendulum mass (115), which is displaceably placed in Plane of rotation in the radial outer region of pendulum flange (110).Liquid input component (140) are equipped in the radial inner region of pendulum flange (110).It is used for here, being installed in pendulum flange (110), is communicated up the liquid being discharged from input component (140) in axially or radially side.

Description

Centrifugal force pendulum

Technical field

The present invention relates to a kind of centrifugal force pendulums.The invention particularly relates to following centrifugal force pendulums, which is arranged in liquid In the environment of body lubricant.

Background technique

Centrifugal force pendulum includes pendulum flange and pendulum mass.Pendulum flange supported in a manner of revolvable around rotation axis and Usual torque is connect with an element in locking manner, which transmits torque in power train.Pendulum mass is in Plane of rotation with energy Mobile mode is placed in pendulum flange, wherein movement in circumferential direction is related to the mass cg and rotation axis of pendulum mass The variation of distance.Thus the centrifugal force pendulum surrounds the rotation of rotation axis for eliminating pendulum flange as accumulator in short-term Disequilibrium.Centrifugal force pendulum in the power train on motor-vehicle chassis more particularly to using.

Centrifugal force pendulum is often the part for being used to transmit the device of torque, and wherein the device further includes other elements, such as Friction clutch, spring cushion or double mass flywheel.Not only one of centrifugal force pendulum but also other elements can have The component mutually movably supported.These components can be lubricated by lubricant and/or cooling, and wherein lubricant can be connect It is received in the region of the device for transmitting torque.

It is provided with lubricating system in one embodiment, the lubricating system is by channel system by pump or other actives Device conveyor lubricant.Especially in device compactly constructing, for transmitting torque, which also wraps in addition to centrifugal force pendulum Other elements are included, cooling or lubrication liquid flow may be by the obstruction of centrifugal force pendulum, especially pendulum flange.It thus may be insufficient The element of enough cooling described device, or one of described element may be lubricated in shortagely.

Summary of the invention

The task of the present invention is provide a kind of improved centrifugal force pendulum, for making in combination with the circulatory system of liquid With.The present invention solves the task by the centrifugal force pendulum with independent claims feature and the device for transmitting torque.From Belong to claim and provides preferred embodiment again.

Centrifugal force pendulum includes: pendulum flange, which is supported in a manner of revolvable around rotation axis;With pendulum matter Amount, the pendulum mass are displaceably placed in Plane of rotation in the radial outer region of pendulum flange.In pendulum flange Liquid input component is disposed in radial inner region.Here, the pendulum flange is installed and is used for, make the liquid being discharged from input component in diameter To or axial direction on transmit.

It is in centrifugal force pendulum region, must force by the geometric modeling for the pendulum flange for guiding the purpose of liquid Cooling or the element of forced feed lubrication, such as friction clutch, pendulum, buffer or spring cushion can supply in an improved way Liquid from input component.The liquid is more particularly to including oil or other fluid lubricants.Especially with can be grasped by liquid Vertical Hydraulic Elements, which match, can be advantageously used the present invention.

In one embodiment, the liquid is transmitted along the direction of pendulum mass.The pendulum mass can so with improvement It is streamed by liquid, to apply cooling or lubrication effect.The liquid can be also centrifuged on the direction of another element Power pendulum is passed in region, thus more particularly to realizing that device compact or integrated, for transmitting torque constructs.

In one embodiment, the pendulum flange axially sticks on another element and has groove, wherein institute It states groove and another element is formed together radial passage.The pendulum flange of known plane can by the setting of the groove with Simple mode is configured to, and radial passage is formed, be passed liquid in radial directions.Thus especially pendulum mass energy It is enough to supply liquid with improvement.The groove can be introduced into pendulum flange by way of simple, quick and cost advantages.

In particularly preferred embodiments, the centrifugal force pendulum includes hub, fixes pendulum flange on the hub, wherein institute A section for stating hub covers the groove.Thus load resistance can not only be realized on centrifugal force pendulum and it can be realized height Effect ground construction radial passage.

In another preferred embodiment, the pendulum flange is axially set out on its inner radial boundary (ausgestellt), and the region set out is in the discharging area of input component, is discharged to receive from the input component Liquid.Thus, it is possible to make liquid accumulation and orientation in a simple manner, it is communicated up the liquid in axially or radially side.Phase For known pendulum flange can it is only necessary to small change, thus, it is possible to spent by small manufacturing technology provide it is described from Mental and physical efforts pendulum.

In another embodiment, the centrifugal force pendulum includes hub, fixes pendulum flange on the hub, wherein described Hub includes axial notch, for the liquid by being passed.It is axially arranged especially in the device for transmitting torque multiple In the case where element, other elements other than centrifugal force pendulum can supply liquid in an improved way.

In another embodiment, the pendulum flange includes axial notch, for passing through the liquid being passed.

The centrifugal force pendulum can include hub, fix pendulum flange on the hub, wherein the input component is included in the hub In coaxial notch and radial mouth of wearing.The discharge of the input component can be in static about pendulum flange in this way, make The element that the liquid that must be discharged can pass through in an improved way in pendulum flange is passed.

In another embodiment, the centrifugal force pendulum is supported in a manner of revolvable relative to input component.Here, The input component can simply be implemented and the centrifugal force pendulum can be installed and is used for, and enclose the liquid being discharged from input component Change its course on one or more positions in the circumferential direction of rotation axis.

The centrifugal force pendulum can include another pendulum flange, wherein the pendulum mass is axially placed in two pendulum flanges Between.Especially the end section built in the radial direction of the pendulum flange can carry out structure in an improved way in this embodiment It makes, to make the liquid being discharged from input component change its course or transmit.

The pendulum flange can axially stick on another element of centrifugal force pendulum, wherein described in the pendulum flange ratio Another element further inward radially extends, and the radial inner region of the pendulum flange is in the discharging area of input component In, to receive the liquid being discharged from input component.This embodiment more particularly to simply construct, thus, it is possible to simple and Cost-effectively realize above-mentioned improved, transmitting liquid function.

For transmitting the device of torque, including above-mentioned centrifugal force pendulum and selectively includes friction clutch, pendulum, delays Rush at least one of device, spring cushion and double mass flywheel.It equally can include other elements.The element can be by The centrifugal force pendulum economical space saving or highly integratedly is implemented, wherein being capable of providing liquid on the element of described device Cooling or lubricating action.

Detailed description of the invention

The present invention is put it more precisely referring now to attached drawing.It is shown here:

Fig. 1: centrifugal force pendulum and

The other embodiment of the pendulum flange on centrifugal force pendulum of Fig. 2 to 4: Fig. 1.

Specific embodiment

Fig. 1 shows centrifugal force pendulum 100, and the centrifugal force pendulum is more particularly to being a part for transmitting the device of torque.From Mental and physical efforts put 100 and surround the branch in a manner of revolvable of rotation axis 105 for transmitting other elements of the device of torque when necessary It holds.It include at least one pendulum flange 110 and pendulum mass 115 in this centrifugal force pendulum 100.It is additionally provided in shown embodiment Second pendulum flange 120, wherein pendulum mass 115 is axially placed between pendulum flange 110 and 120.Pendulum mass 115 is in Plane of rotation In displaceably supported by pendulum roller 125 around rotation axis 105.Pendulum mass 115 is wrapped in the present embodiment Include multiple plates axially arranged, wherein also can be other embodiment.Especially pendulum mass 115 also can be only in pendulum flange It is displaceably placed on 110.The different of pendulum flange 110 are arranged in the section of pendulum mass 115 in this case On axial side.

In shown exemplary embodiment, centrifugal force pendulum 100 further includes hub 130, pendulum flange 110 and herein also Another 120 torque of pendulum flange is connect with the hub in locking manner.The 130 section earth's axis of hub is to sticking in pendulum flange 110, wherein in hub Other elements of centrifugal force pendulum 100 also can axially stick in pendulum flange 110 on 130 positions.In shown embodiment In in order to be connected with rivet 135.Pendulum mass 115 is in the radial outer region of pendulum flange 110, especially with rivet The radially outer of fixed position, and the inner radial in radial inner region, especially in the fixation position with rivet 135 is set There is the input component 140 for liquid.Liquid more particularly to include lubricant, it is for example oily.Input component 140 is preferably cooling system Or the part of lubricating system, the system include pump installation.

The such moulding in size and geometry of pendulum flange 110, the liquid being discharged from input component 140 is on axially or radially direction Transmitting.Thus liquid is capable of the point transmitting of pre-determining on centrifugal force pendulum 100 or to the device for transmitting torque Adjacent elements transmitting.In shown embodiment, hub 130 has axial notch 145, to make from 140 row of input component Liquid out is passed through axially along the direction of another element for transmitting torquer.

Independently with the notch 130 that exists and show, pendulum flange 110 preferably has groove 150, and the groove is in radial direction Upper extension.Groove 150 is covered by the section of hub 130 in the axial direction in one embodiment;However implement in another kind In mode, groove 150 can also be covered by another element, particularly by another pendulum flange 120, or keep not covering.It is recessed Slot is formed for the channel radially across liquid, especially on pendulum mass 115 or pendulum roller 125 direction.By being directed to Property radially outward conveying liquid can reduce abrasion, noise emission or fever in this region.

The component that pendulum flange 110 axially reclines than pendulum flange 110 in shown embodiment radially further to Interior extension, the component is the section of hub 130 in this case.This pendulum flange 110 preferably radially linearly extend and It is not bent.In the inner most section of pendulum flange 110 and axially adjacent element, herein between another section for being hub 130 A kind of bag portion is formed, the liquid being discharged from input component 140 can be collected in the bag portion.By being rotated around rotation axis 105 The centrifugal force of centrifugal force pendulum 100 convey the liquid from the bag portion by radial passage, the channel is at this In mainly pass through the above-mentioned formation of groove 150.Radial passage can also be formed in alternative ways in another embodiment, Such as pass through the corresponding notch in the section of hub 130.Axial passage can also be supplied by the liquid from the bag portion.

Fig. 2 shows the another embodiments of the pendulum flange 110 on the centrifugal force pendulum 100 of Fig. 1.Pendulum flange 110 herein Axial bending or axial direction are set out in the borderline region of inner radial, so that the region 205 set out is in input component 140 In the region of (not shown).Therefore, it is collected in an improved way from 140 discharge liquor physical efficiency of input component in the region 205 set out With the axial element sticked in pendulum flange 110, herein be hub 130 section between, and continue to convey therefrom.Institute Transporting for liquid is realized only by the axial notch 145 in hub 130 in the embodiment shown, in other embodiments It can additionally realize and continue to convey, especially also in other directions.

The another embodiment of pendulum flange 110 is also shown in Fig. 3 based on the embodiment of Fig. 2.Input component herein 140 include coaxial notch 305 and radial notch 310 in hub 130.New liquid is transported to notch by above-mentioned system In 305, and it can be discharged from there through radial notch 310.The region 205 set out in the present embodiment is located at discharge On direction, enable the region 205 by setting out that liquid is made to be blocked or change its course.The region 205 set out is being centrifuged So-called liquid bag portion is formed under the influence of power.

Fig. 4 also shows the another embodiment of the pendulum flange 110 on centrifugal force pendulum 100.With above-mentioned embodiment party Formula is different, and the second pendulum flange 120 is placed on hub 130 by rivet 135 herein, and the first pendulum flange 110 is by another Rivet 405 is placed in the second pendulum flange 120.On the inner radial boundary of pendulum flange or generally in inner radial area In domain, pendulum flange 110 is axially set out so that the region 205 set out with axially adjacent element, be herein another The liquid being discharged from 140 (not shown) of input component can be blocked between pendulum flange 120.Axial notch is equipped in pendulum flange 120 Or mouth 410 axially is worn, to draw the liquid of blocking in the axial direction.

It can be combined with each other in the embodiment shown in different Fig. 1 to 4.In this pendulum flange 110 in geometric form It is always shaped so as on shape, is communicated up the liquid being discharged from input component 140 in axially or radially side, to realize or improve Cooling or lubrication.Liquid more particularly to be passed in the radial outer region of centrifugal force pendulum 100, it is cooling there or lubricate from Mobilizable element of mental and physical efforts pendulum 100.

Reference signs list

100 centrifugal force pendulums

105 rotation axis

110 pendulum flanges

115 pendulum masses

120 another pendulum flanges

125 pendulum rollers

130 hubs

135 rivets

140 input components

145 axial notch

150 grooves

The 205 curved or regions set out

305 coaxial notches

310 radial notches

405 rivets

410 axial notch axially wear mouth

Claims (12)

1. centrifugal force pendulum (100) includes
Pendulum flange (110), the pendulum flange are supported in a manner of revolvable around rotation axis (105);
Pendulum mass (115), the pendulum mass are displaceably pacified in the radial outer region of the pendulum flange (110) It sets in Plane of rotation,
Wherein, liquid input component (140) are set in the radial inner region of the pendulum flange (110);
It is characterized in that,
The pendulum flange (110), which is installed, to be used for, and makes the liquid being discharged from input component (140) on radially or axially direction Transmitting.
2. centrifugal force pendulum (100) according to claim 1, wherein the liquid along the pendulum mass (115) direction Transmitting.
3. centrifugal force pendulum (100) according to claim 2, wherein the pendulum flange (110) axially sticks on another member On part (130) and there are groove (150), wherein the groove (150) and another element (130) constitute radial direction together Channel.
4. centrifugal force pendulum (100) according to claim 3, further includes hub (130), the pendulum flange is fixed on the hub (110), wherein a section of the hub (130) covers the groove (150).
5. centrifugal force pendulum (100) according to any one of the preceding claims, wherein the pendulum flange (110) is in its diameter The region (205) internally axially set out, and set out on boundary is in the discharging area of the input component (140), For receiving the liquid being discharged from the input component (140).
6. centrifugal force pendulum (100) according to any one of claim 1 to 4 further includes hub (130), solid on the hub The fixed pendulum flange (110), wherein the hub (130) includes axial notch (145), for passing through the liquid of transmitting.
7. centrifugal force pendulum (100) according to any one of claim 1 to 4, wherein the pendulum flange (110) includes axis To notch (410), for passing through the liquid of transmitting.
8. centrifugal force pendulum (100) according to any one of claim 1 to 4 further includes hub (130), solid on the hub The fixed pendulum flange (110), wherein the input component (140) includes coaxial notch (305) and radial direction in hub (130) Notch (310).
9. centrifugal force pendulum (100) according to any one of claim 1 to 4, wherein the centrifugal force pendulum (100) is opposite It is supported in a manner of revolvable in the input component (140).
10. centrifugal force pendulum (100) according to any one of claim 1 to 4 further includes another pendulum flange (120), In, the pendulum mass (115) is axially placed between two pendulum flanges (110,120).
11. centrifugal force pendulum (100) according to any one of claim 1 to 4, wherein the pendulum flange (110) is axially It sticks on another element (130) of centrifugal force pendulum (100), the pendulum flange (110) is further than another element (130) It extends radially inwardly, and the radial inner region of the pendulum flange (110) is in the discharging area of the input component (140), For receiving the liquid being discharged from the input component (140).
12. the device for transmitting torque, including centrifugal force pendulum according to any one of the preceding claims (100).
CN201580032832.4A 2014-06-20 2015-06-03 Centrifugal force pendulum CN106471278B (en)

Priority Applications (3)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
DE102014211860 2014-06-20
DE102014211860.3 2014-06-20
PCT/DE2015/200343 WO2015192841A1 (en) 2014-06-20 2015-06-03 Centrifugal pendulum

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CN106471278A CN106471278A (en) 2017-03-01
CN106471278B true CN106471278B (en) 2019-07-05

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201580032832.4A CN106471278B (en) 2014-06-20 2015-06-03 Centrifugal force pendulum

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CN (1) CN106471278B (en)
DE (1) DE112015002910A5 (en)
WO (1) WO2015192841A1 (en)

Families Citing this family (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE102017211204A1 (en) 2017-06-30 2019-01-03 Zf Friedrichshafen Ag Absorber system
FR3070463A1 (en) * 2017-08-30 2019-03-01 Valeo Embrayages Dry pendulum damping device

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2127888A (en) * 1934-12-11 1938-08-23 Sarazin Raoul Roland Raymond Vibration reducing device
US5879237A (en) * 1995-03-07 1999-03-09 Komatsu Ltd. Device for damping rotational fluctuation and torsional vibration of rotary shaft
CN102762887A (en) * 2009-12-21 2012-10-31 舍弗勒技术股份两合公司 Centrifugal pendulum mechanism
CN102792059A (en) * 2010-03-11 2012-11-21 舍弗勒技术股份两合公司 Centrifugal pendulum mechanism
FR2986592A1 (en) * 2012-02-07 2013-08-09 Valeo Embrayages Torque transmission device for a motor vehicle

Family Cites Families (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE102011076790A1 (en) * 2011-05-31 2012-12-06 Zf Friedrichshafen Ag Drive system for a vehicle

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2127888A (en) * 1934-12-11 1938-08-23 Sarazin Raoul Roland Raymond Vibration reducing device
US5879237A (en) * 1995-03-07 1999-03-09 Komatsu Ltd. Device for damping rotational fluctuation and torsional vibration of rotary shaft
CN102762887A (en) * 2009-12-21 2012-10-31 舍弗勒技术股份两合公司 Centrifugal pendulum mechanism
CN102792059A (en) * 2010-03-11 2012-11-21 舍弗勒技术股份两合公司 Centrifugal pendulum mechanism
FR2986592A1 (en) * 2012-02-07 2013-08-09 Valeo Embrayages Torque transmission device for a motor vehicle

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Publication number Publication date
CN106471278A (en) 2017-03-01
DE112015002910A5 (en) 2017-03-02
WO2015192841A1 (en) 2015-12-23

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