Three rail swingings become track turnout
The application is application number 201180048071.3, original application day on October 14th, 2011, priority date 2010 10
Month 14 days, the divisional application of denomination of invention " outer helical rotor permanent magnet motor and permanent magnet suspension wheel track vehicle-subgrade system ".
The present invention relates to train and technical field of rail traffic are and in particular to track and become track turnout.
The linear drive motor prior art of magnetic suspension train is using linear synchronous generator or linear asynchronous induction machine.
Due to the reality of practical application require at least up to 8 millimeters of linear electric motors and interorbital acceptable minimum clearance with
On, thus only have than magnetic gap the existing electric rotating machine of 0.5-1 millimeter efficiency much lower.
Industrial threephase asynchronous machine structure is simple, safeguards simple, thus a large amount of popularization, but there is obvious iron loss and copper
Damaging, even if adopting Frequency Conversion and Speed Regulation Technique, there is also the defect of inefficiency during low speed.Permanent magnet synchronous electric engine efficiency is higher,
But frequency variable synchronous control system is more complicated.Permanent-magnet DC brush motor efficiency is higher, but brush is easy to wear, and fault rate is higher.Open
Close reluctance motor, heat-resisting quantity is strong, but there is larger iron loss, because not having permanent magnet it is impossible to be directly used in generating.And excellent height
Fast train actuation techniques had both required motor can keep very high drive efficiency under any speed, required in vehicle deceleration again
Energy recovered energy by motor efficiency power generation.Although what these motors above-mentioned had is capable of this function, U.S.-China
Unfortunately, less efficient.
Content of the invention
It is contemplated that overcoming weak point present in above-mentioned technology, provide a kind of rail changing device, described rail changing device
It is arranged at the changed track position of vehicle, the revolution rail plate of gyroaxis is set including bottom, described revolution rail plate is provided with and is parallel to each other
Two sections of straight rails and one section of curved rail being located between two sections of straight rails, described two sections of straight rails each connect changed track position both sides respectively position
Two tracks on straight line, described curved rail is one section of smooth curve track, described smooth curve track simultaneously with described
Be parallel to each other two tracks of changed track position both sides are tangent in two endpoint locations of described smooth shaft trajectory respectively.
The technical scheme that the present invention solves is realized in：
A kind of permanent magnet suspension bus or train route system, also includes rail changing device, and described rail changing device is arranged at the changed track position of vehicle,
The revolution rail plate of gyroaxis is set including bottom, and described revolution rail plate is provided with two sections of straight rails being parallel to each other and is located at two sections directly
One section of curved rail between rail, described two sections of straight rails each connect two rails that changed track position both sides are located on straight line respectively
Road, described curved rail is one section of smooth curve track, and described smooth curve track is simultaneously mutually flat with described changed track position both sides
Two tracks of row are tangent in two endpoint locations of described smooth shaft trajectory respectively.
The rail changing device of the present invention has the advantages that：
1. this three rail swingings become rail turnout structure simply, easily realize Automated condtrol；
2. three rail swingings become the straight rail on rail turnouts and the completely separable construction of curved track, it is to avoid existing routine wheel track rail
The complicated cross structure that the straight rail in road is built with curved rail junction, turnout eliminates track and cuts for accommodating wheel shafts
Groove, it is to avoid using the weak link of wedge shape tongue, reliability is higher.
3. three rail swingings become rail turnouts makes the speed that train passes through can be very high, and speed is affected by change rail hardly.
4. the track that three rail swingings become rail turnout can be rigid it is not necessary to plastic deformation, reduces material to tired
Labor bending property requires, and the life-span is longer；Very big flexural deformation power, rotary driving force very little will not be produced, be advantageously implemented peace
Full energy-conservation becomes rail.
5. this three rail swingings become the change rail that rail track is applied to various tracks described below.
6. by described outer helical rotor permanent magnet motor be used on magnetic suspension train due to outer helical stator constitute track by
Different spaces Structural assignments can form unexpected effect, according to the magnetic-suspension high-speed railway construction side of four-way Structural assignments
Case, it will make the unit length cost of construction magnetic-suspension high-speed railway become less than the cost of the high-speed railway of conventional wheel rail technology
7. press different arrangement between outer helical rotor linear permanent magnet driver and track described in, be combined into different structure
Permanent magnet suspension wheel track vehicle-subgrade system, including permanent magnet suspension wheel-rail train, permanent magnet suspension wheel track automobile, permanent magnet suspension wheel track public transport
Passenger vehicle, permanent magnet suspension wheel track hanger rail airbus, permanent magnet suspension wheel track hanging conveyor, permanent magnet suspension wheel track pull-over gear etc..
8. the subway for newly-built low cruise and intercity light rail adopt midway drive rail version to drive, and make permanent magnetism
Suspension wheel track track both can pass through permanent magnet suspension wheel-rail train, and can pass through conventional wheel-rail train again, and utilizes upper existing railway
Track switch, makes construction cost substantially reduce.
9. the subway for existing low cruise and intercity light rail adopt laying on track to drive the structure shape of suspension railway
10. existing line is transformed to the scheme of high-speed magnetic levitation wheel rail railway：Existing rail is removed, changes steel
Beam support, sets up helical stator driving track and guide rail, becomes the good ultrahigh speed permanent magnet suspension wheel rail railway of elasticity.
Fig. 1 and Fig. 2 is the cross-sectional structure schematic diagram of permanent magnet suspension wheel track subway of embodiment 1 respectively and stereochemical structure is shown
It is intended to.
Fig. 3 is the perspective view on the turnout that single shaft drives permanent magnet suspension wheel track subway.
Fig. 4 and Fig. 5 is the perspective view that pass through in turnout straight rail shown in Fig. 3 and change rail of turning passes through respectively.
Fig. 6 is that the single shaft of embodiment 3 drives the current permanent magnet suspension wheel track automobile of 4 passage permanent magnet suspension elevated railways and hanger rail
The schematic diagram of permanent magnet suspension passenger vehicle.
Fig. 7 be embodiment 4 single shaft drive 4 passage permanent magnet suspension elevated railways pass through lifting permanent magnet suspension hanger rail trailer
Fig. 8 and Fig. 9 is that the three rail revolution track switches of the present invention are in pass-through state in permanent magnet suspension wheel rail high speed railway respectively
With the perspective view becoming track-like state.
Figure 10 and Figure 11 is the three rail revolution track switches of the present invention in permanent magnet suspension wheel rail high speed railway crossing intersection part respectively
Perspective view in pass-through state and change track-like state.
In figure, the outer helical rotor of 1-, 2- helical stator armature, 3- rotor-position induction strip, 4- helical block, 5- helical rotor
Skeleton, the spiral groove on 6- helical rotor framework, 7- stator lasmination, 8- lamination groove, spiral type on 9- helical stator armature
Groove, 10- spiral winding, 11- terminal connecting line, 12- stator axis, 13- bearing, 14- bearing pivoted housing, 15- rotor endcap, 17A,
17B- disk permanent magnet, 18- thrust bearing, 19- circumference permanent magnet, 21- dowel, 22- internal layer helical rotor framework, outside 23-
Layer helical rotor framework, 24A, 24B- spiral type thin slice, 25- cylinder-shaped coat, 26- armature spindle, 27- rotor discs, 28- stator
End cap, 29- screw plug, 30- linking arm, 31- universal shaft coupling device, 32- helical stator, the helical bar on 33- helical stator, 34- road
Base, 35- rail, 36- built-in fitting, 37- adjusts backing plate, the outer helical rotor linear permanent magnet driver of 38-, the horizontal gusset of 39-, 40-
Vertically gusset, 41-Z shape suspension board, 42- groove, 43- permanent magnet suspension wheel-rail train, 45- horizontal shelf, 46- suspension permanent magnet body,
The vertical directive wheel of 47-, 48- horizontal guide sheave, 49- train bogie, 50- steel wheel of train, 51- drives track, and 52- straight way drives
Track, the bend rail on 53- turnout, 54- bend drives track, the straight way rail on 55- turnout, 56- sliding rail, the straight steel of 57-
Rail, the curved rail of 58-, 59- permanent magnet suspension passenger vehicle, 60- rubber tyre, 61- support post, 62- crossbeam, 63- box beam, 64- transition
Beam, 65- gusset, 66- permanent magnet suspension wheel track automobile, 67- Z-shaped suspension railway, 68- bayonet socket platform, 69- hook platform, 70- bracket, 71-
Vertical supporting plate, 72- curved boom, 73- " C " shape suspension railway, 74- suspension, 75- rail permanent magnet aerotrain, 76- universal joint connects
Device, 77- encircles trailing arm, 78- claw, 79- tumbler, 80- telescoping mechanism, 81- automobile, the "T"-shaped support of 82-, 83- brace rod
Plate, 84- " L " shape suspension board, 85-T shape guided way, 86- horizontal seat, 87- cylindrical section, 88- rotary track, 89- turns round rail
Plate, 90- gyroaxis, 91- straight rail, the curved track of 92-, 93- straight rail, 94- chassis, 95- brush, 96- conductor rail, 97- is subject to electricity
Arm, 98- " native " shape support, 99- suspension board, 100- side wing, 101- " I-shaped " guide rail, 102- horizontally-guided rail,
103- routine wheel-rail train, 104- " I-shaped " shape supporting plate, 105- " F " shape suspension railway, 106- insulating pad, 107- side muscle
Plate, 108- concrete pier, 109- steel tie, 110- rectangle gusset, 111- guiding rail, 112- " a few word " shape suspension board,
113- groove, 114- insulating pad, 115- copper conductor rail, 116- bearing block, 117- horizontal gird, 118- rectangle support, 119-
Horizontal supporting plate, 121- vertical gripper shoe, 122- steel plate, 123- a quarter cylindrical tube road, 124- wedge fasteners, 125-T
Shape suspension guide 125,126- wedge block 126,127- fixed plate.
In conjunction with accompanying drawing, the present invention is further described in detail.
Embodiment 1：Permanent magnet suspension wheel track subway train
As shown in Figure 1 and Figure 2, in way of concrete foundations 34 build two rail 35, the middle position of two rail 35 to
Bottom opens up groove 42, the top of groove 42 and side wall setting steel built-in fitting 36, setting connecting bolt or spiral shell on built-in fitting 36
Keyhole, is arranged as required to adjust backing plate 37, and adjustment backing plate 37 arranges inclined-plane, and two adjustment backing plate 37 relative movements can adjust
Thickness.The drive system of outer helical rotor linear permanent magnet driver 38 and helical stator 32 composition is located at the central position of two rail
Put, outer helical rotor permanent magnet motor 38 is coaxially disposed with the outside helical stator 32 with opening, helical stator 32 up/down perforation
Setting opening, becomes two semicircular helical stators 32, is the helical bar 33 by helix arrangement, often inside helical stator 32
It is designed with horizontal gusset 39 and vertical gusset 40, horizontal gusset 39 and vertical gusset 40 are L-shaped outside individual helical stator 32.Helical
The bottom of stator 32 arranges Z-shaped suspension board 41.The horizontal gusset 39 of helical stator 32 left and right sides rides over chase groove 42 shoulder
On built-in fitting 36, setting adjustment backing plate 37 between horizontal gusset 39 and built-in fitting 36, then connected by bolt and fastener compression.Vertically
Setting adjustment backing plate 37 between the built-in fitting 36 of gusset 40 and chase groove 42 upright side walls, then connected by bolt and fastener compression.
The position of helical stator 32 is passed through adjustment backing plate 37 and is accurately adjusted to coaxial with outer helical rotor permanent magnet motor 38 and is fixed on two
The fovea centraliss groove 42 of bar rail.
It is permanent magnet suspension wheel-rail train 43 above rail.Outer helical rotor permanent magnet motor 38 is fixed on forever by linking arm 30
The bottom of magnetic suspension wheel-rail train 43, car body is fixed in described linking arm 30 one end, the other end hinged or universal be connected in described
On outer helical rotor electric machine 38.
Outer helical rotor linear permanent magnet driver 38 is coaxially disposed with the outside helical stator 32 with opening.Outer helical turns
The bottom setting horizontal shelf 45 of sub- permanent magnet driver 38, horizontal shelf 45 arranges suspension permanent magnet body, suspension permanent magnet body 46 with
The Z-shaped suspension board 41 of helical stator 32 bottom forms magnetic attracting force, forms permanent magnet suspension system.Arrange perpendicular on horizontal shelf 45
To directive wheel 47, the accurate levitation gap controlling between horizontal shelf 45 and Z-shaped suspension board of permanent magnet suspension system.In horizontal shelf
It is additionally provided with horizontal guide sheave 48, the guide pass near Z-shaped suspension board 41 guides in the horizontal direction on 45.Permanent magnet suspension wheel track arranges
Car 43 arranges train bogie 49, and the steel wheel of train 50 on train bogie 49 and rail 35 guide in vertical direction, vertically lead
47 lean against Z-shaped suspension board bottom surface to wheel, assist guiding in vertical direction, jointly externally helical rotor linear permanent magnet driver 38 with
Helical stator 32 coaxially positions.The outer helical rotor 1 of outer helical rotor linear permanent magnet driver 38 passes through helical block 4 to helical bar
Powerful linear driving force is produced, driving magnetic suspension train 43 to reach needs between the magnetic attracting force of 33 generations and helical stator 32
The speed wanted.
As shown in Fig. 3, Fig. 4, Fig. 5, for the track of corner, two rail 35 and original track switch still can use.
Article two, the driving track 51 in the middle of rail 35, can be by the bend steel on turnout by straight way driving track 52 when by turnout position
Rail 53 disconnects, and drives track 54 can disconnect the straight way rail 55 on turnout by bend it is therefore desirable in the bend being disconnected
The position setting sliding rail 56 of rail 53 and straight way rail 55.One straight rail 57 and a curved steel are arranged on sliding rail 56
Rail 58, slideway is arranged at sliding rail 56 bottom, and sliding rail 56 is respectively communicated with bend rail 53 and straight way steel when sliding in slideway
As shown in figure 4, when train leads directly to, sliding rail 56 has connected the straight way at straight rail 57 two ends when sliding in slideway
Rail 55, and disconnect bend rail 53, the passage simultaneously straight way being driven track 52 gets out of the way, and the driving track of bend is logical
Road covers, and train can pass through straight way rail 55.As shown in figure 5, when train becomes rail, sliding rail 56 slides curved rail in slideway
The 58 bend rail 53 having connected two ends, and disconnect straight way rail 55, the passage of the driving track of bend is got out of the way simultaneously, and incite somebody to action
Straight way drives the passage masking of track 52, and train can be turned by curved track 58 and bend rail 53.Straight due to two rail
Curved rail 58 direction of translatory motion of rail 57 is identical, by chance can realize linking, make the driving rail that train passes through expose passage,
And the rail passing through wheel is connected into complete track by sliding rail 56.This turnout is relatively simple for structure, and reliability is high.
This single shaft drives permanent magnet suspension wheel track railway structure project plan comparison to be applied to middle low speed magnetic suspension train, such as permanent magnetism
Suspension wheel track subway train, permanent magnet suspension wheel track light rail train.This permanent magnet suspension can also be laid on city bus arterial highway
Track, the permanent magnet suspension wheel track automobile that permanent magnet suspension wheel track electric car of public traffic can be travelled above, can also pass through above small-sized.By
All overcome by permanent magnet suspension system in the 90%-98% of the weight of vehicle, thus this permanent magnet suspension wheel track subway train, light
Rail train, electric car of public traffic, the energy-saving effect highly significant of automobile.
This single shaft drives permanent magnet suspension wheel track railway scheme for conventional wheel-rail train and permanent magnet suspension wheel-rail train all
Compatibility, and this track is equally applicable during highway square crossing for having, can laterally pass through on track automobile and
Lorry is it is also possible to pass through pedestrian.The railway that the program can be longitudinal to sleeper is transformed, but is horizontal for sleeper
Railway just cannot be transformed, and otherwise cutting off sleeper can affect rail lateral connection intensity.Newly built railway is as needed using this structure
Just by longitudinally laying sleeper when just building.
Embodiment 3：Single shaft drives 4 passage permanent magnet suspension elevated railways
Shown above Fig. 6, support post 61 is erect in the path of the greenbelt, centrage or road both sides of highway,
Or support post 61 is erect on the circuit of urban planning.Lay crossbeam 62 on the top of column, crossbeam 62 can be in column
Side it is also possible to cross-arm stretches out to both sides on column 61.The side of crossbeam 62 sets up longitudinal box beam 63, and longitudinal box beam 63 can
To be reinforced concrete construction or girder steel.The top of longitudinal box beam 63 connects the helical stator 32 with opening.Longitudinally
Between box beam 63 and helical stator 32, transition beam 64 can also be set, in order to install.Transition beam 64 is connected to longitudinal box beam 63
Top, the bottom of helical stator is connected with transition beam 64.Opening up, the left and right sides of helical stator 32 of helical stator 32
Setting gusset 65, the bottom setting Z-shaped suspension railway 67 that gusset 65 top extends laterally, the cross sectional shape of suspension railway 67
For the Z-shaped lying low, big planar horizontal setting, down, bayonet socket platform 68 is extended in end to short side direction, and bayonet socket platform 68 snaps in gusset
Will not fall off on 65 step, locked by fastener.The middle part of the suspension railway upper surface of Z-shaped extends upward little " L " shape hook
Platform 69, " L " shape hook platform 69 rides over is locked by fastener on gusset 65.Suspension railway 67 horizontal continuation flat board can as track plates
To travel directive wheel.
The top setting bracket 70 of helical stator 32, bracket 70 supports permanent magnet suspension wheel track automobile 66, bracket by suspension
70 lower center position arrange vertical supporting plate 71, and the bottom end of vertical supporting plate 71 connects outer helical rotor linear permanent magnet driver
38, outer helical rotor linear permanent magnet driver 38 position coaxial all the time with helical stator 32.The both sides setting of bracket 70 is downwards
The curved boom 72 of Fang Yanshen, curved boom extends internally the horizontal shelf 45 of setting level, and horizontal shelf 45 arranges suspension permanent magnet body 46,
Suspension permanent magnet body 46 is located at below the base plane of suspension railway 67 of Z-shaped, the suspension railway of suspension permanent magnet body 46 and Z-shaped
67 produce captivation upwards, constitute suspension system.On suspension supporting plate 45 setting be vertically directed steel wheel 47, make suspension permanent magnet body with
The suspension railway 67 of Z-shaped keeps certain levitation gap.The suspension supporting plate 45 setting horizontal guide sheave 48 of the left and right sides and vertically
Directive wheel 47.Outer helical rotor linear permanent magnet driver 38 is begun with helical stator 32 by horizontal guide sheave 48 with being vertically directed wheel 47
It is positioned at coaxial position eventually.
Single shaft drives overhead permanent magnet suspension wheel track automobile to be suitable for middle low cruise in city, and air drag is little, and driving force is not
Greatly, noise is low, because being that special line runs, F-Zero, up to 120 kilometers, is equivalent to city highway, and freight volume is equivalent to gently
Rail freight volume.
As Fig. 6 is shown below, crossbeam sets up longitudinal box beam 63, the bottom tie-beam of longitudinal box beam 63 carries the spiral shell of opening
Line stator 32.Between longitudinal box beam 63 and helical stator 32, transition beam 64 can also be set, in order to install, transition beam 64 connects
In the bottom of longitudinal box beam 63, the top of helical stator 32 is connected with transition beam 64.The lower section setting opening of helical stator 32, spiral shell
Line stator can be fabricated to left and right two halves structure, the left and right sides setting gusset 65 of helical stator 32, and gusset 65 bottom is laterally
Extend and be provided with boss, the bottom setting suspension railway 73 of gusset 65, the cross sectional shape of suspension railway 73 is " C " of opening upwards
Shape, big in-plane is down.The suspension railway horizontal linear part of " C " shape extends laterally out flat board.The end of " C " shape opening to
Contract is provided with bayonet socket platform 68, and bayonet socket platform 68 can be stuck in and will not fall off on the boss of gusset, the extension of " C " shape suspension railway 73
Plate part can travel and be vertically directed wheel, and the base plane of the suspension railway 73 of " C " shape can produce enough suspending powers.
The lower section setting suspension 74 of helical stator 32, suspension 74 lower center position arranges vertical supporting plate 71, vertical supporting plate
71 top end connects outer helical rotor linear permanent magnet driver 38, and outer helical rotor linear permanent magnet driver 38 is fixed with helical
Son 32 is coaxially disposed.The suspension supporting plate 45 of level is also set up on vertical supporting plate 71, suspension supporting plate 45 arranges suspension permanent magnet body 46.
Suspension permanent magnet body 46 is located at below the base plane of suspension railway of " C " shape, and suspension permanent magnet body 46 is produced with the suspension railway of " C " shape
Raw captivation upwards, forms suspension system.On suspension supporting plate 45, setting is vertically directed steel wheel 47, makes permanent strong magnetic body and " C "
Shape suspension railway 73 keeps certain magnetic gap.Suspension 74 left and right sides arranges horizontal guide sheave 48 and is vertically directed wheel 47, by
Bearing and main shaft support.Outer helical rotor linear permanent magnet driver 38 is determined with helical by horizontal guide sheave 48 with being vertically directed wheel 47
Son 32 is positioned at coaxial position all the time.
Hanger rail train 75 top is connected with suspension 74 bottom compliant, and suspension 74 bottom arranges joint collet connector 76, universal
Section adapter 76 hanging rail permanent magnet aerotrain 75 below, rail permanent magnet aerotrain 75 produces centrifugal force when turning, makes
The outside beat of hanger rail train tilts, passenger inside the vehicle and seat naturally tilt automatically to overcome as aircraft turn centrifugal force without
Produce abnormal sensory.
This programme makes full use of highway superjacent air space, will not produce impact to traffic above-ground, and notable energy-conservation.With lower section
Wagon flow direction identical will not produce big relative velocity sense, also will not produce staggered airflow influence.Achievable independent signal system
System, is not limited by ground signal lamp, can fast passing, alleviate traffic above-ground congestion, save significantly on the energy, reduce cost of transportation,
Reduce later stage ticket admission fee.
The above embodiments are combined, and become overhead two-way 4 passage permanent magnet suspension wheel track light rails, take up an area identical, and
Freight volume lifts one times, more efficient make use of space resources.
In city, the driving custom of China is to keep to the right, and 2 below elevated railway track is also by keeping to the right
Mode, identical with following wagon flow direction, sense of giving another the right of way at a high speed will not be produced, car resistance also can reduce.
2 tracks above elevated railway according to world wide letter convention, by the principle that keeps left, then in phase the same side
Track upper and lower both sides direction of traffic is just contrary, and the time overlapping on one point is very short, and the intensity of track girder does not need very high, in addition
The magnetic-levitation of permanent magnetic suspension technology is that tare, uniform load are born in big face, and the normal pressure in directive wheel track to track road is not
Arrive the 1/10 of conventional wheel track, thus the intensity requirement of track girder is more much lower than the intensity of conventional wheel rail railway, thus track cost
Can reduce further.
Embodiment 4：Lifting permanent magnet suspension hanger rail trailer
As shown in fig. 7, support post 61 laying crossbeam 62 as described in Example 3, the side of crossbeam 62 sets up longitudinal case
Beam 63, the top of longitudinal box beam 63 connects the helical stator 32 with opening.Also may be used between longitudinal box beam 63 and helical stator 32
To arrange transition beam 64,64 times single shaft driving structures of transition beam are with embodiment 3.Described suspension 74 bottom setting universal joint connects
Device 76, joint collet connector 76 is provided below encircles trailing arm 77.Encircle top and the hinged company of joint collet connector 76 of trailing arm 77
Connect, the middle part encircling trailing arm is provided with telescoping mechanism, encircle trailing arm 77 bottom and arrange perpendicular to the claw 78 encircling trailing arm, claw 78
Surface is provided with protection rubber cushion.Encircle trailing arm 77 accept below carry out the instruction of car, drive from keeping flat extended configuration by tumbler 79
Slowly fall, the claw 78 encircling trailing arm is drawn close to holding automobile chassis from the side of automobile to bottom of car, from innervation
Know and stop after putting in place and lock.The telescoping mechanism 80 at the middle part encircling trailing arm after confirming safety bounces back automobile 81 immediately from ground
Hold up aerial.Driver sends telecommand from driver's cabin, and outer helical rotor linear permanent magnet driver 38 starts rotation, under drive
The suspension 74 in face and encircle the automobile that trailing arm 77 support and rapidly drive towards destination along overhead permanent magnet suspension hanger rail circuit.
These kart reach circuit as far as possible after hitchhiking, if turning lane change or close to the circuit end,
Automobile can with pre-cooling to suspension same speed, when reaching identical speed driver send instruction close outer helical turn
Sub- linear permanent magnet driver 38 leans on coast, then sends instruction and drop to ground and pack up and encircle trailing arm, and subsequently outer helical turns
Sub- linear permanent magnet driver 38 and encircle trailing arm 77 by auto-programming slow down stop at formulation position await orders.Automobile with encircle trailing arm
Recover conventional ground after 77 separation and drive towards destination.
The present embodiment can go out public line with unified planning, for various cars of delivery existing structure, jeep, little
The various cyclecar such as type minibus.The trailer of this overhead permanent magnet suspension circuit uses electrical energy drive, can exempt fuel-engined vehicle
Tail gas pollution.Because steel wheel is again much lower than rubber tyre coefficient of rolling friction, circuit adopts permanent magnetic suspension technology, overcomes
More than 95% tare, greatlys save the traveling energy of the various cyclecars including four-wheel electric motor car, Ke Yi great
Save every kilometer of vehicle cost greatly, and make full use of space resources and reduce traffic congestion problem.
For the elevated line that can set up Two axle drive track structure as existing bus, high capacity waggon.To increase
The stability of strong vehicle and driving force.Hang together form using multiple trailers if necessary and hold up high capacity waggon.
Above-mentioned permanent magnet suspension wheel rail high speed railway and highway all can adopt three following rail swinging rail changing device, in conjunction with
Accompanying drawing is described in detail below：
As shown in Figure 8, Figure 9, for the permanent magnet suspension wheel track track of different cross section, the invention provides a kind of general change
Rail scheme, needs to become the position of rail in two parallel permanent magnet suspension wheel track tracks, track is arranged out by inner cylinder face shape
Cylindrical section 87, setting formula rotary track 88 in cylindrical section 87, rotary track 88 bottom setting revolution rail plate 89, turns round rail plate
89 rotate along the gyroaxis 90 at middle part, revolution rail plate 89 press the path in the middle of straight rail 91A, 91B and lays straight rail 91, by straight
The intermediate path laying straight rail 93 of track 93A, 93B, in the middle of two straight rails 91 and 93, one curved track 92 of laying, curved
The bus of track 92 is made up of two sections of mutually circumscribed circular arc lines, and point of contact is located at turn around at axle 90, and circular arc two ends can also connect
Straightway.Straight rail 91 is identical with the cross section of permanent magnet suspension wheel track track with the cross section of 93 and curved track 92, directly
The two ends of track 91 and curved track 92 are cylindrical section 87, coincide with the cylindrical section 87 at two ends, and rotary track 88 is driving dress
Under the dragging put, a curved track 92 on revolution rail plate 89 is driven to turn round together with two straight rails 91,93.Straight rail 91 He
Distance away between 93 and curved track 92, the curved boom 72 in order to permanent magnet suspension wheel-rail train 43 can pass through.
As shown in figure 8, when original straight rail 91B straight trip pressed by train, rotary track 88, under the dragging of driving means, returns
Transition plate 89 on straight rail 91 be connected with same siding track 91A, the 91B at two ends respectively, curved track 92 in an intermediate position not with
Any track connects.Train can by path 91B, 91,91A straight trip pass through.
As shown in figure 9, when train needs to become rail, rotary track 88, under the dragging of driving means, turns round on rail plate 89
Get up connect into a track 91B, 92 and 93A respectively by track 91B and 93A ranks different from two ends for curved rail 92, two straight rails
It is not connected with any track after road 91,93 rotation.Train can connect into one by straight rail 91B, curved track 92, straight rail 93A
Bar track becomes rail and passes through, and travels from a track 91 change rail is to another track 93.
As shown in Figure 10, Figure 11, this three rail swingings become rail track schemes and can be applied in a plurality of tracks and be difficult to keep away
Exempt from the road surface of fork, when a plurality of prograde orbit intersects, a rotary track 88 can be shared, orbit changing method in the manner aforesaid, makes
Any pair of prograde orbit both can be passed through by the straight trip of former road, can become rail again and pass through.
This turnout structure is simple, easily realizes Automated condtrol；Straight rail and the completely separable construction of curved track, it is to avoid
The complicated cross structure that the straight rail of existing routine wheel track track is built with curved rail junction, turnout eliminates track and is
Accommodate wheel shafts and the groove that cuts, it is to avoid using the weak link of wedge shape tongue, reliability is higher；Distance between centers of tracks can also be accomplished
Very little, can reach 5 meters of distance between centers of tracks；Slitless connection can be realized, the speed that train passes through can be very high, and speed is hardly subject to
Become the impact of rail.Track can be rigid it is not necessary to plastic deformation, reduces material and tired bending property is required, the life-span
Longer；Very big flexural deformation power, rotary driving force very little will not be produced, be advantageously implemented energy-saving safe and become rail.
This three rail swingings become the change rail that rail track is applied to various cross sectional rail.
The above, the only present invention preferably specific embodiment, but protection scope of the present invention is not limited thereto,
Any those familiar with the art in the technical scope of present disclosure, technology according to the present invention scheme and its
Inventive concept equivalent or change in addition, all should be included within the scope of the present invention.