液态播种覆盖纤维及其制造方法 Liquid fiber and manufacturing method covering the sown
本发明属于液态播种的包覆保护物及该包覆物的生产方法。 The present invention is in the liquid was seeded and protective coating for producing the coating material.
已有对草种进行包覆保护物有造纸用的木纸浆、刨花板和纤维板的初加工料、锯末、稻壳等。 Grass has to be coated protectors have papermaking wood pulp, particleboard and fiberboard initial processing of materials, sawdust, rice husk and so on. 这些包覆保护物存在以下缺点和不足。 The protective coating material has the following disadvantages and deficiencies. 造纸用的木纸浆为化学处理纤维，它细弱、结块，在水中不松散，通透性差，影响种子的发芽成活，而且其成本又高，资源也少。 Paper use wood pulp fiber is chemically treated, it is thin, agglomeration, not loose in the water, poor permeability, affecting seed germination survival, and its cost is too high, too few resources. 刨花板和纤维板的加工料不规则，如再加工就和锯末一样则成粒状，虽有松散性，但不能相互搭接、支撑、覆盖性差，播种后它与种子易被风吹失，也易被雨水淋失，达不到包覆保护种子发芽生根的目的。 Chipboard and fiberboard irregular processing materials, such as sawdust and reprocessing it is granulated, although loose, but not overlapping each other, the support, coverage is poor, and after sowing the seed is easily blown out of it, is also susceptible to rainwater leaching, reach the purpose of covering the protective seed germination rooting.
本发明的目的是研制一种适用于液态播种覆盖的纤维，该纤维应具有松散、持水性好、能互相搭接、支撑、易成网，种子在其中均匀分布，喷播后种子及覆盖物都不易被风吹失，也不易被雨水淋失的特点。 Object of the present invention is to develop a liquid suitable for sowing covered fiber, the fibers should have a loose, good water holding, can overlap each other, supporting, easy to form a network, in which a uniform distribution of seed, the seeds and covering Spraying not susceptible to wind and lost, not easily rainwater leaching characteristics. 同时提供该液态播种覆盖纤维的制造方法。 The method also provides for producing liquid sowing covered fibers.
本发明液态播种覆盖纤维由纤维、水、粘合剂组成，其中纤维由含植物纤维物质的木材、芦苇等材料经加工后组成。 The present invention covers liquid sowing fibers from a fiber, water, a binder, wherein the wood fibers, reeds and other material containing vegetable fiber material after processing composition. 加工后不同大小植物纤维的重量百分比含量分别为：纤维长度在：5-20mm、直径在0．8-1mm的植物纤维占25-45，纤维长度在2-5mm、直径在0．2-0．8mm的植物纤维占35-55，纤维长度在0．1-2mm、直径在0．05-0．2mm的植物纤维占15-35，纤维的含水率为≤12％。 After the processing content by weight of plant fibers of different sizes are: fiber length: 5-20 mm, a diameter of 0.8-1mm plant fibers account for 25-45, fiber length 2-5 mm, diameter 0.2-0 .8mm plant fibers comprise 35-55, fiber length 0.1-2 mm, in diameter accounted for 15-35 0.05-0.2mm plant fibers, the fibers water content of ≤12%.
液态播种 覆盖纤维的制造方法为：取木材剥皮，将去皮后的木材或芦苇加工成(1-2cm)×(1-2cm)×(0．1-0．2cm)的小片，将上述小片放到热磨机内通蒸气研磨，经研磨后即成絮状植物纤维，将植物纤维进行真空染色，再对染色后的植物纤维进行干燥后包装即可。 A method for producing a liquid sowing covered fibers: taking timber debarking, wood or reed blanched processed (1-2cm) × (1-2cm) × (0.1-0.2cm) of small pieces, the small pieces placed in a hot vapor through the grinding mill, by grinding the plant fiber batt Serve, the plants were subjected to vacuum dyed fibers, and then the plant fiber after dyeing was dried unpacked.
本发明的植物纤维在水中易松散、不结块、有较好的吸水性和持水性，附着性好、纤维相互连结支撑，具有良好的通透性，它与粘合剂、水及草种混合后成半渗透性的粘糊状，经喷播后在地表形成一层覆盖层，而粘合剂又在纤维表面形成薄膜，具有减少水份蒸发，节水保摘的功效。 Plant fiber of the present invention is easy to loose water, non-caking, better water absorption and water holding capacity, good adhesion, fiber support coupled to each other, having a good permeability, which with a binder, water and grass after mixing into a semi-permeable adhesive paste, after seeding layer is formed in the surface coating layer, and the adhesive film is formed on the fiber surface, with a reduced water evaporation, water retention hook effect. 尤其是它不易被风吹失，也不易被雨水淋失的优点。 In particular, it is not easy to be out of the wind, the advantage is not easily leaching of rain. 适合于在道路两侧较大的坡度土壤上种植护坡草之用。 Slope suitable for planting grass on both sides of the larger soil used in road slope. 亦可用于高尔夫球场、运动场、城市大面积草坪播种。 It can be used for golf courses, athletic fields, a large area of lawn seeding city. 其制造方法简单、易操作、并便于大规模工业化生产、而且无三废污染。 A manufacturing method is simple, easy to operate and facilitates large-scale industrial production, and no pollution.
实施例一：本实施例的植物纤维由如下规格及重量百分比的木纤维组成。 Example I: plant fiber of the present embodiment by the following specifications and percentages by weight wood fibers. 纤维长度在5-10mm、直径在0．8-1mm的木纤维占85，纤维长度在2-5mm、直径在0．2-0．8mm的术纤维占40，纤维长度在0．1-2mm，直径在0．05-0．2mm的木纤维占25。 5-10mm fiber length, diameter 0.8-1mm 85 in the wood fibers, fiber length 2-5 mm, diameter of 0.2-0.8mm surgery fibers comprise 40, a fiber length of 0.1-2mm in diameter 0.05-0.2mm wood fiber accounted for 25. 木纤维染成为绿色，木纤维的总体平均含水率为10％。 Wood fiber to be dyed green, the overall average moisture content of 10% wood fiber. 取以上三种规格比例的木纤维混合物30％，再取粘合剂1％、水59％，将他们混合成粘糊状，即可进行喷播。 Take the above three sizes of wood fiber mixture ratio of 30%, 1% and then take a binder, 59% water, mixing them into a sticky paste, seeding can be carried out.
实施例二：木纤维的制造方法为：取小径木剥皮，将去皮的木材削片，片的规格为2cm×2cm×0．2cm，将木片放到热磨机内通蒸汽研磨，经研磨后即成絮状木纤维，将木纤维进行真空染色，染成绿色，再对染色后的木纤维进行干燥，干燥后包装即成成品。 Example two: a method for producing wood fibers: taking debarking small diameter, the size peeled wood chipper, sheet of 2cm × 2cm × 0.2cm, the grinding chips into the steam through the hot mill, milled Serve the flocculent wood fibers, wood fibers dyeing vacuum, dyed green, and then the dyed and dried wood fibers, dried Serve finished packaging.
实施例三：本实施例植物纤维的制造方法为将芦苇粉碎、蒸气研磨、真空染色、干燥后即成。 Example three: plant fiber manufacturing method of the present embodiment is a reed crushing, grinding vapor, staining vacuum dried Serve.