CN106450662B - Electronic device - Google Patents

Electronic device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106450662B
CN106450662B CN201610663542.6A CN201610663542A CN106450662B CN 106450662 B CN106450662 B CN 106450662B CN 201610663542 A CN201610663542 A CN 201610663542A CN 106450662 B CN106450662 B CN 106450662B
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
antenna
electronic device
according
metallic member
elongated metallic
Prior art date
Application number
CN201610663542.6A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN106450662A (en
Inventor
李衡柱
金奎燮
金东演
俞在业
Original Assignee
三星电子株式会社
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to KR1020150114638A priority Critical patent/KR20170020013A/en
Priority to KR10-2015-0114638 priority
Application filed by 三星电子株式会社 filed Critical 三星电子株式会社
Publication of CN106450662A publication Critical patent/CN106450662A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN106450662B publication Critical patent/CN106450662B/en

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Classifications

    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01QANTENNAS, i.e. RADIO AERIALS
    • H01Q9/00Electrically-short antennas having dimensions not more than twice the operating wavelength and consisting of conductive active radiating elements
    • H01Q9/04Resonant antennas
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04MTELEPHONIC COMMUNICATION
    • H04M1/00Substation equipment, e.g. for use by subscribers; Analogous equipment at exchanges
    • H04M1/02Constructional features of telephone sets
    • H04M1/0202Portable telephone sets, e.g. cordless phones, mobile phones or bar type handsets
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01QANTENNAS, i.e. RADIO AERIALS
    • H01Q1/00Details of, or arrangements associated with, antennas
    • H01Q1/12Supports; Mounting means
    • H01Q1/22Supports; Mounting means by structural association with other equipment or articles
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01QANTENNAS, i.e. RADIO AERIALS
    • H01Q1/00Details of, or arrangements associated with, antennas
    • H01Q1/12Supports; Mounting means
    • H01Q1/22Supports; Mounting means by structural association with other equipment or articles
    • H01Q1/24Supports; Mounting means by structural association with other equipment or articles with receiving set
    • H01Q1/241Supports; Mounting means by structural association with other equipment or articles with receiving set used in mobile communications, e.g. GSM
    • H01Q1/242Supports; Mounting means by structural association with other equipment or articles with receiving set used in mobile communications, e.g. GSM specially adapted for hand-held use
    • H01Q1/243Supports; Mounting means by structural association with other equipment or articles with receiving set used in mobile communications, e.g. GSM specially adapted for hand-held use with built-in antennas
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01QANTENNAS, i.e. RADIO AERIALS
    • H01Q1/00Details of, or arrangements associated with, antennas
    • H01Q1/44Details of, or arrangements associated with, antennas using equipment having another main function to serve additionally as an antenna, e.g. means for giving an antenna an aesthetic aspect
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01QANTENNAS, i.e. RADIO AERIALS
    • H01Q1/00Details of, or arrangements associated with, antennas
    • H01Q1/48Earthing means; Earth screens; Counterpoises
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01QANTENNAS, i.e. RADIO AERIALS
    • H01Q1/00Details of, or arrangements associated with, antennas
    • H01Q1/50Structural association of antennas with earthing switches, lead-in devices or lightning protectors
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01QANTENNAS, i.e. RADIO AERIALS
    • H01Q1/00Details of, or arrangements associated with, antennas
    • H01Q1/52Means for reducing coupling between antennas; Means for reducing coupling between an antenna and another structure
    • H01Q1/521Means for reducing coupling between antennas; Means for reducing coupling between an antenna and another structure reducing the coupling between adjacent antennas
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01QANTENNAS, i.e. RADIO AERIALS
    • H01Q5/00Arrangements for simultaneous operation of antennas on two or more different wavebands, e.g. dual-band or multi-band arrangements
    • H01Q5/30Arrangements for providing operation on different wavebands
    • H01Q5/307Individual or coupled radiating elements, each element being fed in an unspecified way
    • H01Q5/314Individual or coupled radiating elements, each element being fed in an unspecified way using frequency dependent circuits or components, e.g. trap circuits or capacitors
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01QANTENNAS, i.e. RADIO AERIALS
    • H01Q5/00Arrangements for simultaneous operation of antennas on two or more different wavebands, e.g. dual-band or multi-band arrangements
    • H01Q5/30Arrangements for providing operation on different wavebands
    • H01Q5/307Individual or coupled radiating elements, each element being fed in an unspecified way
    • H01Q5/314Individual or coupled radiating elements, each element being fed in an unspecified way using frequency dependent circuits or components, e.g. trap circuits or capacitors
    • H01Q5/328Individual or coupled radiating elements, each element being fed in an unspecified way using frequency dependent circuits or components, e.g. trap circuits or capacitors between a radiating element and ground
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01QANTENNAS, i.e. RADIO AERIALS
    • H01Q5/00Arrangements for simultaneous operation of antennas on two or more different wavebands, e.g. dual-band or multi-band arrangements
    • H01Q5/30Arrangements for providing operation on different wavebands
    • H01Q5/307Individual or coupled radiating elements, each element being fed in an unspecified way
    • H01Q5/342Individual or coupled radiating elements, each element being fed in an unspecified way for different propagation modes
    • H01Q5/35Individual or coupled radiating elements, each element being fed in an unspecified way for different propagation modes using two or more simultaneously fed points
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04BTRANSMISSION
    • H04B1/00Details of transmission systems, not covered by a single one of groups H04B3/00 - H04B13/00; Details of transmission systems not characterised by the medium used for transmission
    • H04B1/38Transceivers, i.e. devices in which transmitter and receiver form a structural unit and in which at least one part is used for functions of transmitting and receiving
    • H04B1/3827Portable transceivers
    • H04B1/3833Hand-held transceivers
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04BTRANSMISSION
    • H04B1/00Details of transmission systems, not covered by a single one of groups H04B3/00 - H04B13/00; Details of transmission systems not characterised by the medium used for transmission
    • H04B1/38Transceivers, i.e. devices in which transmitter and receiver form a structural unit and in which at least one part is used for functions of transmitting and receiving
    • H04B1/40Circuits
    • H04B1/44Transmit/receive switching
    • H04B1/48Transmit/receive switching in circuits for connecting transmitter and receiver to a common transmission path, e.g. by energy of transmitter
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H05ELECTRIC TECHNIQUES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H05KPRINTED CIRCUITS; CASINGS OR CONSTRUCTIONAL DETAILS OF ELECTRIC APPARATUS; MANUFACTURE OF ASSEMBLAGES OF ELECTRICAL COMPONENTS
    • H05K7/00Constructional details common to different types of electric apparatus
    • H05K7/005Constructional details common to different types of electric apparatus arrangements of circuit components without supporting structure
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04BTRANSMISSION
    • H04B1/00Details of transmission systems, not covered by a single one of groups H04B3/00 - H04B13/00; Details of transmission systems not characterised by the medium used for transmission
    • H04B1/38Transceivers, i.e. devices in which transmitter and receiver form a structural unit and in which at least one part is used for functions of transmitting and receiving
    • H04B1/40Circuits
    • H04B1/44Transmit/receive switching
    • H04B1/48Transmit/receive switching in circuits for connecting transmitter and receiver to a common transmission path, e.g. by energy of transmitter
    • H04B2001/485Transmit/receive switching in circuits for connecting transmitter and receiver to a common transmission path, e.g. by energy of transmitter inhibiting unwanted transmission
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04WWIRELESS COMMUNICATION NETWORKS
    • H04W4/00Services specially adapted for wireless communication networks; Facilities therefor
    • H04W4/80Services using short range communication, e.g. near-field communication [NFC], radio-frequency identification [RFID] or low energy communication
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04WWIRELESS COMMUNICATION NETWORKS
    • H04W84/00Network topologies
    • H04W84/02Hierarchically pre-organised networks, e.g. paging networks, cellular networks, WLAN [Wireless Local Area Network] or WLL [Wireless Local Loop]
    • H04W84/04Large scale networks; Deep hierarchical networks
    • H04W84/042Public Land Mobile systems, e.g. cellular systems
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04WWIRELESS COMMUNICATION NETWORKS
    • H04W84/00Network topologies
    • H04W84/02Hierarchically pre-organised networks, e.g. paging networks, cellular networks, WLAN [Wireless Local Area Network] or WLL [Wireless Local Loop]
    • H04W84/10Small scale networks; Flat hierarchical networks
    • H04W84/12WLAN [Wireless Local Area Networks]

Abstract

A kind of electronic device is provided.The electronic device includes: shell, including the first face, the opposite side towards the first face and the second face for arranging and is configured at least part of side around the space between the first face and the second face;First elongated metallic member is configured to form a part of the side and including first end and second end;At least one telecommunication circuit is electrically connected at first point of the first elongated metallic member by capacity cell;At least one earthing component, positioned at the inside of shell;First conductive member is configured to the second point of the first elongated metallic member being electrically connected to ground component.Compared with first point, the second point of the first elongated metallic member is arranged to closer to second end.

Description

Electronic device

This application claims the 10-2015-0114638 South Korea submitted to Korean Intellectual Property Office on the 13rd of August in 2015 The full content of the priority of patent application, the Korean application is incorporated herein by reference.

Technical field

This disclosure relates to a kind of electronic device including antenna.

Background technique

Due to the latest development of information/communication technology, the network equipment of such as base station, and electronic device are throughout installed Data can be sent to another device via network and receive data from another device to allow user throughout freely to use net Network.

Antenna is needed using network.With the development of information/communication technology, antenna technology has also developed, and nearest Several years, to being effectively ensured to communicate the arrangement space of the antenna of the element of electronic device provided and prevent from reducing in advance The radiance of antenna is made that research.

Antenna used in electronic device may include inverse-F antenna (IFA) or monopole radiator as basic structure, and The volume and quantity of the antenna radiator of installation can change according to the type of frequency, bandwidth and the antenna to be serviced.For example, For region, frequency be can be different, but normally about 700MHz is to the low-frequency band of about 990MHz, about 1700MHz to about The high frequency band of the midband of 2100MHz and about 2300MHz to about 2700MHz can be used as Primary communication frequency band.In addition, being used Such as various communication services of bluetooth (BT), global positioning system (GPS) or Wi-Fi, but in the limited bulk of electronic device Under be difficult the antenna that above-mentioned all communication bands are supported in design.

Meanwhile in the product in Europe, antenna is needed to support at least 24 frequency bands, such as, (whole world is mobile for the second generation (2G) Communication system (GSM) 850MHz (GSM850), extension GSM (EGSM), Digital Cellular System (DCS) and personal communication service (PCS)), wideband code division multiple access (WCDMA) (B1, B2, B5 and B8) and long term evolution (LTE) (B1, B2, B3, B4, B5, B7, B8, B12, B17, B18, B19, B20, B26, B38, B39, B40 and B41).Because being difficult when realizing frequency band using an antenna full Specification needed for sufficient communication service, it is also difficult to meet the standard of specific absorption rate (SAR), so there is approach frequency band at least Two service bands can be combined to realize antenna.For example, it can be designed so that antenna support 2G (GSM850, EGSM, DCS and PCS), WCDMA (B1, B2, B5 and B8) and LTE (B1, B2, B3, B4, B5, B8, B12, B17, B18, B19, B20, B26 and B39) and another antenna supports LTE (B7, B38, B40 and B41).

In general, two antennas should be designed to by using not in order to operate two antennas under different frequency bands Same radio frequency (RF) port (feeder) guarantees specific isolation or more by electric power feed antenna and between two antennas to reduce It influences each other.

For example, an antenna can be arranged in the left end of electronic device, and another antenna can be arranged in electronic device Right end.In this case, if it is designed so that different antennae supports low-frequency band (for example, B20, B8, B17 etc.), Then when the width (for example, smart phone) for thinking ordinary electronic device be about 70mm to 80mm (low-frequency band λ/4 (for example, 900MHz is about 80mm)) when, it is difficult to ensure that the isolation of λ/4 or λ/4 or more of the minimum range as certifiable isolation.Meanwhile Because can guarantee low-frequency band by handoff technique, it is possible to by supporting five frequency-band antennas of low-frequency band to realize a day Line, and by supporting the antenna of high frequency band (such as, LTE B7, B38, B40 or B41) to realize another antenna.However, this In the case of, because the length of antenna is short, when the hand of user grasps electronic device, the influence of human body may be decreased antenna Performance.

Above- mentioned information are presented only as the background information for understanding the disclosure is helped.About above-mentioned any information whether It can be suitable as the prior art of the invention, do not do any determination, also do not do any assert.

Summary of the invention

All aspects of this disclosure at least solve the above problems and/or disadvantage, and at least provide advantages described below.Cause This, the one side of the disclosure be to provide a kind of antenna that can guarantee excellent performance and installation space is effectively ensured and including The electronic device of the antenna.

Another aspect of the present disclosure be to provide it is a kind of metal shell is connected with the feeder with capacity cell it is so-called Couple feed antenna.

Another aspect of the present disclosure is to provide a kind of in order to using at least one of metal shell included by electronic device Ensure to be isolated between partial first antenna and the second antenna, and uses two grounding parts spaced apart as first antenna respectively Grounding parts and the second antenna grounding parts electronic device.

Meanwhile the technical aspect realized by the various embodiments of present disclosure is not limited to the above, and can With there are in terms of other technologies.

According to one aspect of the disclosure, a kind of electronic device is provided.The electronic device includes: shell, including first It face, the opposite side towards the first face and the second face for arranging and is configured to around the space between the first face and the second face extremely At least part of side;First elongated metallic member is configured to form the first part of side and including first end and Two ends;At least one telecommunication circuit is electrically connected at first point of the first elongated metallic member by capacity cell;At least one connects Ground component, is arranged in the inside of shell;First conductive member is configured to the second point of the first elongated metallic member It is electrically connected to ground component.Compared with first point of the first elongated metallic member, the second point of the first elongated metallic member is by cloth It is set to closer to second end.

According to another aspect of the present disclosure, a kind of electronic device is provided.The electronic device includes: shell, including first It face, the opposite side towards the first face and the second face for arranging and is configured to around the space between the first face and the second face extremely At least part of side;First elongated metallic member forms the first part of side and including first end and second end;At least One telecommunication circuit is electrically connected to first point of the first elongated metallic member;At least one earthing component, is disposed in shell In inside;The second point of first elongated metallic member is electrically connected to ground component by the first conductive member;Second conductive member, First elongated metallic member is thirdly electrically connected to ground component.Compared with first point of the first elongated metallic member, the The second point of one elongated metallic member is closer to second end.Compared with the second point of the first elongated metallic member, the first elongated gold Metal elements thirdly closer to second end.

According to another aspect of the present disclosure, a kind of electronic device is provided.The electronic device includes: shell, including first It face, the opposite side towards the first face and the second face for arranging and is configured to around the space between the first face and the second face extremely At least part of side;First elongated metallic member forms the first part of side and including first end and second end;At least One telecommunication circuit is electrically connected to first point of the first elongated metallic member;At least one earthing component is arranged in the interior of shell In portion;Conductive sheet is contacted by region a part of the first elongated metallic member being electrically connected to ground component.It is elongated with first First point of metal component is compared, the closer second end of described a part of the first elongated metallic member.

According to following detailed description, other aspect, advantage and significant features of the disclosure be will become obvious, below Detailed description combination attached drawing disclose the various embodiments of the disclosure.

Detailed description of the invention

By the detailed description carried out below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, the above and other aspect of the specific embodiment of the disclosure, spy Advantage of seeking peace will become obviously, in the accompanying drawings:

Fig. 1 is the view for showing the antenna including ground strip according to various embodiments of the present disclosure;

Fig. 2 is the view for showing the antenna including ground strip or ground line according to various embodiments of the present disclosure;

Fig. 3 is the view for showing the antenna including multiple ground lines according to various embodiments of the present disclosure;

Fig. 4 is the view for showing the multiband antenna including ground line according to various embodiments of the present disclosure;

Fig. 5 A is the view for showing the antenna that use according to various embodiments of the present disclosure is directly fed;

Fig. 5 B is the view for showing the antenna of use coupling feeding according to various embodiments of the present disclosure;

Fig. 5 C is the reflection system for showing the frequency of the antenna according to Fig. 5 A and Fig. 5 B according to various embodiments of the present disclosure Several curve graphs;

Fig. 6 is that use one shown according to various embodiments of the present disclosure is grounded, using two ground lines and use The curve graph of the transmission coefficient according to antenna frequencies when one ground strip;

Fig. 7 is to show using in the case where headset plug is inserted into earphone jack according to various embodiments of the present disclosure One ground line antenna characteristic and in the case where headset plug is not inserted into the characteristic of the antenna curve graph;

Fig. 8 is to show using in the case where headset plug is inserted into earphone jack according to various embodiments of the present disclosure The characteristic of the antenna of two grounded antennas or a ground strip and in the case where headset plug is not inserted into the antenna spy The curve graph of property;

Fig. 9 A is to show elongated (elongated) the metal structure that use according to various embodiments of the present disclosure includes gap View of the part as the antenna of radiator;

Fig. 9 B be show according to various embodiments of the present disclosure use the elongated metallic member including gap as radiation The view of the antenna of device;

Fig. 9 C be show the antenna including Fig. 9 A or Fig. 9 B according to various embodiments of the present disclosure electronic device it is interior Portion's structure chart;

Fig. 9 D be show according to various embodiments of the present disclosure use the elongated metallic member including gap as radiation The view of the antenna of device;

Fig. 9 E is the internal structure for showing the electronic device of the antenna including Fig. 9 D according to various embodiments of the present disclosure Figure;

Fig. 9 F be show according to various embodiments of the present disclosure use the elongated metallic member including gap as radiation The view of the antenna of device;

Figure 10 is the first antenna or including gap for showing Fig. 9 A to Fig. 9 F according to various embodiments of the present disclosure The circuit diagram of the equivalent circuit of two antennas;

Figure 11 A is the direct feedback for showing the first position for antenna radiator according to various embodiments of the present disclosure The view sent;

Figure 11 B is the direct feeding for showing the second position for antenna radiator according to various embodiments of the present disclosure View;

Figure 11 C is the coupling feeding for showing the second position for antenna radiator according to various embodiments of the present disclosure View;

Figure 11 D is the reflection for showing the frequency of the antenna according to Figure 11 A to Figure 11 C according to various embodiments of the present disclosure The curve graph of coefficient;

Figure 12 A be show according to various embodiments of the present disclosure include the radiator separated by gap antenna view Figure;

Figure 12 B be show according to various embodiments of the present disclosure based on capacitor corresponding with the gap of the antenna of Figure 12 A The view of the antenna performance curve graph of the variation of the capacitor of device (Cslit);

Figure 13 A is to show the radiator separated by gap according to various embodiments of the present disclosure and for radiator Couple the view of feeding;

Figure 13 B be show according to various embodiments of the present disclosure based on feeding corresponding with the gap of the antenna of Figure 13 A The view of the antenna performance curve graph of the variation of the capacitor of the capacitor (Cfeed) of device;

Figure 14 A is to show the radiator separated by gap according to various embodiments of the present disclosure and for radiator Couple the view of feeding;

Figure 14 B be show according to various embodiments of the present disclosure based on feeding corresponding with the gap of the antenna of Figure 14 A The view of the antenna performance curve graph of the variation of the capacitor of the capacitor (Cfeed) of device;

Figure 15 be show according to various embodiments of the present disclosure can by using controller adjust feeder be connected to The diagram of the antenna of the point of radiator;

Figure 16 be show according to various embodiments of the present disclosure use the elongated metallic member including gap as radiation The view of the antenna of device;

Figure 17 A be show according to various embodiments of the present disclosure use the elongated metallic member including gap as radiation The view of the antenna of device;

Figure 17 B be show according to various embodiments of the present disclosure use the elongated metallic member including gap as radiation The view of the antenna of device;

Figure 18 be show according to various embodiments of the present disclosure use the elongated metallic member including gap as radiation The view of the antenna of device;

Figure 19 be show according to various embodiments of the present disclosure use the elongated metallic member including gap as radiation The view of the antenna of device;

Figure 20 A is that the antenna of working as shown according to various embodiments of the present disclosure uses the elongated metallic member including gap to make For the view that can change the antenna of its characteristic when radiator by switching;

Figure 20 B is that the antenna of working as shown according to various embodiments of the present disclosure uses the elongated metallic member including gap to make For the view that can change the antenna of its characteristic when radiator by switching;

Figure 20 C is the internal junction for showing the electronic device of the antenna including Figure 20 B according to various embodiments of the present disclosure Composition;

Figure 20 D is the internal junction for showing the electronic device of the antenna including Figure 20 A according to various embodiments of the present disclosure Composition;

Figure 21 is the switching for showing the first grounding parts based on Figure 20 A to Figure 20 D according to various embodiments of the present disclosure Antenna characteristic curve graph;

Figure 22 is the switching for showing the second grounding parts based on Figure 20 A to Figure 20 D according to various embodiments of the present disclosure Antenna characteristic curve graph;

Figure 23 be show according to various embodiments of the present disclosure based on the second grounding parts for being connected to Figure 20 A to Figure 20 D Variable condenser capacitor antenna characteristic curve graph;

Figure 24 be show according to various embodiments of the present disclosure in external object contact by the long and thin metal of electronic device Antenna performance curve graph before and after the gap of member segments and the view by switching improved antenna performance curve graph;

Figure 25 is the view of the electronic device in the network environment shown according to various embodiments of the present disclosure;

Figure 26 is the block diagram of electronic device according to various embodiments of the present disclosure;

Figure 27 is the block diagram of program module according to various embodiments of the present disclosure;

Figure 28 A is the front view of electronic device according to various embodiments of the present disclosure;

Figure 28 B is the rearview of electronic device according to various embodiments of the present disclosure;And

Figure 28 C is the electronic device for showing the operational frequency bands for controlling antenna according to various embodiments of the present disclosure The block diagram of configuration.

Throughout the drawings, it should be noted that identical label is for describing the same or similar element, feature and structure.

Specific embodiment

It provides referring to the description below attached drawing progress, with the sheet for helping comprehensive understanding claim and its equivalent to limit Disclosed various embodiments.Including various specific details to help to understand, but these will be regarded as merely illustrative.Cause This, those skilled in the art it will be recognized that do not depart from the scope of the present disclosure and spirit in the case where, can to The various embodiments of this description make various changes and modifications.In addition, for clarity and conciseness, it is convenient to omit known function and knot The description of structure.

It is described below and is not limited to literal meaning with term used in claim and word, but inventor is used only These terms and word make the understanding of the disclosure understand with it is consistent.Therefore, it is retouched below it will be apparent to those skilled in the art that providing The various embodiments for the disclosure stated are illustration purposes, rather than are limited to limit by the following claims and their equivalents The disclosure.

It should be appreciated that singular includes plural reference, unless the context is clearly stated.Thus, for example, referring to " assembly surface " includes referring to surface as one or more.

In the various embodiments of disclosure disclosed herein, statement " having " used herein, " can have ", "include", "comprise" or " may include ", " may include " instruction individual features are (for example, such as numerical value, function, operation and component Element) presence, but be not excluded for the presence of supplementary features.

In the various embodiments of the disclosure, statement " A or B ", " at least one of A or/and B " or " A used herein Or/and one or more of B " etc. may include one or more related listed items any combination and all combinations.Example Such as, " A or B ", " at least one of A or/and B " or " one or more of A or/and B " can indicate that institute as above is in love Condition: (1) including at least one A;It (2) include at least one B;It (3) include at least one A and at least one B.

The term of " first " used herein, " second " etc. can refer to the various members of the various embodiments of the disclosure Part, but not restriction element.For example, the sequence and/or priority of these terms not restriction element.This statement can be used to one A element and another element are distinguished.It is and suitable for example, first user device and second user device can indicate different user device Sequence or importance are unrelated.For example, first element can be claimed in the case where not departing from the range of various embodiments of the disclosure For second element, similarly, second element can be referred to as first element.

In the various embodiments of the disclosure, it should be understood that when element (for example, first element) is referred to as " (operatively Or communicatedly) combination/be integrated to " or when " being connected to " another element (for example, second element), element can bind directly/tie It closes or is connected to another element or there may be intermediary element (for example, third element).On the contrary, when element is (for example, first yuan Part) it is referred to as " bind directly/be integrated to " or when " being directly connected to " another element (for example, second element), it should be understood that no There are intermediary element (for example, third element).

Can according to circumstances, the expression " being configured as (or being arranged to) " used in the various embodiments of the disclosure is used Make such as " being suitable for ", " ability having ... ", " being designed to ", " being suitable for ", " being made as " or " can ".Term " is matched It is set to " it does not necessarily mean that by hardware " special design ".But expression " device is configured as " can indicate the device " energy It is enough " it is operated together with another device or other assemblies.For example, CPU, for example, " being configured as executing the processor of A, B and C " can To mean application specific processor (for example, embeded processor) for executing corresponding operating or for executing the logical of corresponding operating With processor (for example, central processing unit (CPU) or application processor (AP)), storage device can be stored in by executing In one or more software programs execute corresponding operating.

Term used in the various embodiments of the disclosure is used to describe the specific embodiment of the disclosure, and is not intended to limit The range of other embodiments processed.The term of singular may include plural form, unless otherwise indicated herein.Unless another herein It is described, otherwise all terms used herein, including technology or scientific term, can have logical with those skilled in the art The identical meaning of the meaning understood.It is also understood that usually making defined in dictionary in the various embodiments of the disclosure Term should be considered to have meaning identical with the meaning of related fields, and unless explicitly define herein, not answer It is interpreted ideal or excessively formal meaning.In some cases, term defined in this specification cannot be explained in Except embodiment of the disclosure.

Although below by Fig. 1 to Fig. 5 A to Fig. 5 C, Fig. 6 to Fig. 9 A to Fig. 9 F, Figure 10 to Figure 11 A to Figure 11 D, figure 12A to Figure 12 B, Figure 13 A to Figure 13 B, Figure 14 A to Figure 14 B, Figure 15 to Figure 17 A to Figure 17 B, Figure 18 to Figure 20 A to Figure 20 D, figure 21 to Figure 27 descriptions, electronic device according to various embodiments of the present disclosure, which can be, to be used with a part as antenna The electronic device of the antenna of metal shell.For example, electronic device may include smart phone, tablet personal computer (PC), move Mobile phone, visual telephone, E-book reader, desktop PC, laptop computer, netbook computer, work station, clothes Business device, personal digital assistant (PDA), portable media player (PMP), Motion Picture Experts Group (MPEG-1 or MPEG-2) Audio layer III (MP3) player, portable medical device, camera, wearable device are (for example, wear-type device (HMD), such as electric Sub- glasses), Electronic Clothes, electronics bracelet, electronics necklace, electronics accessories, electronics tatoo, smart mirror, intelligence band, smartwatch etc. At least one of.

In the various embodiments of the disclosure, electronic device, which can be, uses the metal-back with a part as antenna The intelligent appliance of the antenna of body.For example, intelligent appliance may include digital multi-purpose disk (DVD) player, audio, refrigerator, sky Tune, dust catcher, oven, micro-wave oven, washing machine, air purifier, set-top box, home automation controlling panel, security control face Plate, TV box are (for example, Samsung HomeSyncTM, apple TVTMOr Google TVTM), game console is (for example, XboxTMIn or PlayStationTM), e-dictionary, electron key, at least one of video camera and digital photo frame.

In the various embodiments of the disclosure, electronic device, which can be, uses the metal with a part as antenna The flexible electronic device of the antenna of shell.

In addition, electronic device according to various embodiments of the present disclosure is not limited to above-mentioned apparatus, but developed according to technology It may include new electronic device.

Hereinafter, describing antenna according to various embodiments and the electronic device using antenna with reference to the accompanying drawings.Various Term " user " in embodiment refers to the people using electronic device or the device using electronic device (for example, artificial intelligence is electric Sub-device).

Electronic device according to various embodiments of the present disclosure may include at least one antenna.There is provided antenna be used for it is outer Portion's communication, and the shape of antenna, length, earthing position and feed position can be designed such that antenna is executed in desired frequency band Communication.

According to various embodiments of the present disclosure, antenna may include the grounding connector for connecting radiator and grounding parts, connect Ground connector can be line style or piece type.

Piece type grounding connector (hereinafter, ground strip) can be with the metal shell of physical connection electronic device and grounding parts (example Such as, the grounding parts of PCB), and can be the conductor for connecting metal shell with grounding parts face to face.In addition, line style ground connection connects Connecing device (hereinafter, ground line), point-to-point connects the metal shell for being used as the electronic device of radiator of antenna and connects with can be electricity The conductor in ground portion.

For example, ground strip or ground line can be integrally formed with grounding parts.Optionally, ground strip or ground line can be with Shell with metal appearance is integrally formed.This can be different according to mechanical strength condition.

According to various embodiments of the present disclosure, one in ground strip and ground line can be used only in antenna, or can be same When using ground strip and ground line both.Hereinafter, Fig. 1 to Fig. 3 is to show antenna to use the sheet of ground strip and/or ground line The view of disclosed various embodiments.

Fig. 1 is the view for showing the antenna including ground strip according to various embodiments of the present disclosure.

Referring to Fig.1, Fig. 1 shows the region of the lower end of electronic device 100, may include elongated metallic member 102, ground connection Portion 105, first antenna 110 and the second antenna 120.

The region that the left-hand broken line of Fig. 1 is surrounded indicates first antenna 110, and the region that the right side dotted line of Fig. 1 surrounds indicates the Two antennas 120.First antenna 110 may include at least part of metal component 102, at least part of grounding parts 105, feedback Send device 130, capacity cell 135 and ground strip 140.At least part of metal component 102 can be the radiation of first antenna 110 Device.Ground strip 140 can be electrically connected the radiator of grounding parts 105 and first antenna 110.Second antenna 120 may include metal At least part of component 102, at least part of grounding parts 105, feeder 150, capacity cell 155 and ground strip 140.Gold At least part of metal elements 102 can be the radiator of the second antenna 120.Ground strip 140 can be electrically connected grounding parts 105 With the radiator of the second antenna 120.For example, first antenna 110 and the second antenna 120 can pass through at least the one of ground strip 140 It is attached partially to grounding parts 105.

According to embodiment, metal component can be the metal shell of electronic device 100.Meanwhile Fig. 1 to Fig. 5 A to Fig. 5 C, Fig. 6 to Fig. 9 A to Fig. 9 F, Figure 10 to Figure 11 A to Figure 11 D, Figure 12 A to Figure 12 B, Figure 13 A to Figure 13 B, Figure 14 A to Figure 14 B, figure 15 metal components referred to Figure 20 D, Figure 21 to Figure 27 and Figure 28 A to Figure 28 C to Figure 17 A to Figure 17 B, Figure 18 to Figure 20 A are not It is limited to metal shell, and metal component can be the conductive material of the enclosure interior positioned at electronic device 100, be mounted on printing The conductive material of circuit or metal consent.

According to embodiment, be arranged in electronic device 100 first antenna 110 and the second antenna 120 due to ground strip 140 and It can be used as separate antenna operation.The left side of ground strip 140 can execute the grounding function for first antenna, ground strip 140 right side can execute the grounding function for the second antenna 120.Therefore, first antenna 110 and the second antenna 120 can To be isolated from each other, first antenna 110 and the performance of the second antenna 120 are not influenced each other.

According to various embodiments of the present disclosure, the width of ground strip 140 can be according to the gold that will be installed in corresponding region Belong to the size of component and changes.For example, the width of ground strip 140 can be greater than the port (not shown) (example for peripheral equipment Such as, micro- universal serial bus port (USB) or earphone jack) physical width,.In this case, due to that will be installed in The port for peripheral equipment on ground strip 140 is located at low potential, therefore influence of the port to antenna is likely to decrease.This Outside, if plug is inserted into the port for peripheral equipment, the capacity load occurred in antenna and dielectric damage may be influenced Consumption.However, then plug insertion has the site of low potential because if the port for peripheral equipment is mounted on ground strip, So influencing to be likely to decrease.

According to embodiment, ground strip 140 can form the electrical length of the radiator of first antenna 110, and can be formed The electrical length of the radiator of second antenna 120.According to embodiment, ground strip 140 can function as the radiator of first antenna 110 110 and second antenna 120 radiator.

Although Fig. 1 shows capacity cell 135 according to various embodiments of the present invention and capacity cell 155 is connected respectively to feedback Device 130 and feeder 150 are sent, but according to various embodiments of the present invention, feeder 130 and feeder 150 can not use Capacity cell 135 and capacity cell 155 and be directly connected to the radiator of first antenna 110 and the radiator of the second antenna 120.

Fig. 2 is the view for showing the antenna including ground strip or ground line according to various embodiments of the present disclosure.

Referring to Fig. 2, the first antenna 210 of Fig. 2 and the second antenna 220 correspond respectively to the first antenna 110 and the of Fig. 1 Two antennas 120, therefore repeated description will be omitted.The metal component 202 of electronic device 200, feeder 230, capacity cell 235, Element of the feeder 250 with capacity cell 255 corresponding to the similar name of Fig. 1, and descriptions thereof will not be repeated.

Fig. 2 is also referred to, the radiator of first antenna 210 can be connected to ground connection by least part of ground strip 240 Portion 205.In addition, the radiator of the second antenna 220 can be connected to grounding parts 205 by ground line 245.

Described referring to Fig.1 for the port of peripheral equipment can be located on ground strip 240 or on, and can be with Between ground strip 240 and ground line 245.In addition, a part of of port for peripheral equipment can be located at ground strip 240 It is upper or on, and its remainder can be located between ground strip 240 and ground line 245.

Fig. 3 is the view for showing the antenna including multiple ground lines according to various embodiments of the present disclosure.

Reference Fig. 3, the first antenna 310 of Fig. 3 and the second antenna 320 correspond respectively to the first antenna 110 and second of Fig. 1 The first antenna 210 and the second antenna 220 of antenna 120 or Fig. 2, therefore repeated description will be omitted.The metal structure of electronic device 300 Part 302, feeder 330, capacity cell 335, feeder 350 and capacity cell 355 correspond to Fig. 1 name similar with Fig. 2's Element, and descriptions thereof will not be repeated.

Referring to Fig. 3, first antenna 310 and the second antenna 320 can pass through the first ground line 340 and the second ground line respectively 345 are connected to grounding parts 305.

According to embodiment, what is described referring to Figures 1 and 2 can be located at the first ground line for the port of peripheral equipment 340 and second are grounded between 345.For example, internal module can be deposited when electronic device includes two or more ground lines It is between ground line, and internal module can be attached to external part.For example, when internal module is earphone jack When, the variation of the electrical length of first antenna 310 caused by being inserted into due to headset plug or the second antenna 320 may make the property of antenna It can deteriorate, but can be influenced by arranging that earphone jack reduces between the first ground line 340 and the second ground line 345.This Outside, when in the presence of another configuration (such as, micro- universal serial bus (USB) module, loudspeaker or the Mike arranged adjacent to antenna Wind) conducting wire influence when, can pass through first ground line 340 and second ground line 345 between arrange USB module, loudspeaker Or microphone reduces the influence for antenna.Above description can be applied to the case where Fig. 1 and Fig. 2 in the same manner.

Fig. 4 is the view for showing the multiband antenna including ground line according to various embodiments of the present disclosure.

Referring to Fig. 4, electronic device 400 may include first antenna 410 and the second antenna 420.First antenna 410 can be with A part of elongated metallic member including electronic device 400 may include feeder 430, first connect as radiator Ground portion 440 and the second grounding parts 450.Similarly, the second antenna 420 may include the elongated metallic member of electronic device 400 A part is used as radiator, and may include feeder 460, the first grounding parts 470 and the second grounding parts 480.

The first grounding parts 440 and the second grounding parts 450 of the first antenna 410 of Fig. 4 and the first of the second antenna 420 connect Ground portion 470 and the second grounding parts 480 can be by combining ground line and grounding parts to be formed, this is retouched referring to figs. 1 to Fig. 3 It states.

First antenna 410 can be connected to two grounding parts (for example, the first grounding parts 440 and second by different paths Grounding parts 450), and multiband antenna can be served as.Similarly, the second antenna 420 can be connected to two by different paths A grounding parts (for example, the first grounding parts 470 and second grounding parts 480), and multiband antenna can be served as.

In addition, first antenna 410 can connect according to the first grounding parts 440 of first antenna 410 and second according to embodiment The length of ground line included by ground portion 450 executes communication in multiple frequency bands.Similarly, the second antenna 420 can be according to second The length of ground line included by the first grounding parts 470 and the second grounding parts 480 of antenna 420 executes communication in multiple frequency bands. According to embodiment, the length of the ground line of grounding parts be may be designed such that by using first antenna 410 or the second antenna 420 execute communication in desired frequency band.

According to embodiment, first antenna 410 to grounding parts 440 or can connect according to from the feeder 430 of first antenna 410 The electrical length in ground portion 450 executes communication in different frequency bands.Similarly, the second antenna 420 can be according to the feedback from the second antenna 420 The electrical length for sending device 460 to grounding parts 470 or grounding parts 480 executes communication in different frequency bands.According to embodiment, feeder 430 The position of feed point or the position of feed point 460 may be designed such that by using first antenna 410 or the second antenna 420 execute communication in expected frequency band.

According to embodiment, first antenna 410 and the second antenna 420 can be according to the feeders for being connected to first antenna 410 430 and second antenna 420 feeder 460 capacity cell 435 and 465 capacitor have different resonance frequencies.It below will ginseng Detail content is described according to Fig. 5 A to Fig. 5 C.

Fig. 5 A is the view for showing the antenna that use according to various embodiments of the present disclosure is directly fed.Fig. 5 B is to show The view of the antenna of use coupling feeding according to various embodiments of the present disclosure.

Referring to Fig. 5 A, the opposite end of the radiator 510a of antenna can be grounded, and feeder 520a may be coupled to antenna The intermediate point of radiator 510a.In addition, the opposite end of the radiator 510b of antenna can be grounded, feeder 520b referring to Fig. 5 B It may be coupled to the intermediate point of the radiator 510b of antenna.When Fig. 5 B to be compared with Fig. 5 A, capacity cell 530 can be with It is included in feeder 520b.

According to embodiment, in the antenna of Fig. 5 B, the capacity cell 530 as the lamped element separated with match circuit can To be inserted between radiator 510b and feeder 520b, and electric power can be fed by capacity cell 530.Hereinafter, This structure will be defined as coupling feed antenna structure.Coupling feed antenna structure can be such structure: for due to Space in electronic device limits the capacity cell for leading to coupling effect and being connected to lamped element, rather than passes through phase each other Neighbour arranges antenna pattern to cause to intercouple.

The radiator of the radiator and Fig. 5 B that will assume Fig. 5 A has equal length.

Fig. 5 C is the reflection system for showing the frequency of the antenna according to Fig. 5 A and Fig. 5 B according to various embodiments of the present disclosure Several curve graphs.

Fig. 5 C shows the antenna performance curve graph 540a of the antenna that signal is received from direct feeding feeder 520a of Fig. 5 A With the antenna performance curve graph 540b of the antenna for receiving signal from coupling feeding feeder 520b of Fig. 5 B.When antenna performance is bent When line chart 540a and antenna performance curve graph 540b are compared to each other, it can be seen that the resonance frequency of antenna performance curve graph 540b Lower than the resonance frequency of antenna performance curve graph 540a.For example, receiving the antenna phase of signal with from directly feeding feeder 520a Than the antenna for receiving signal from coupling feeding feeder 520b can be ideally impedance matched in low-frequency band.This may be because due to electricity Hold element 530, feeder 520b becomes larger than the electrical length of feeder 520a as the electrical length of radiator.

Fig. 6 be show respectively according to various embodiments of the present disclosure use one ground line, using two ground line and The curve graph of the transmission coefficient according to antenna frequencies when using a ground strip.

Referring to Fig. 6, antenna performance curve graph 610 corresponds to the curve graph for the case where being grounded using one, and antenna is special Linearity curve Figure 62 0 correspond to using two ground line the case where curve graph, antenna performance curve graph 630 correspond to using The curve graph of the case where one ground strip.

The Y-axis of curve graph indicates the transmission coefficient as unit of dB, and Transmission system can correspond to the S21 of S parameter Value.In antenna performance, the value of transmission coefficient becomes more excellent as it becomes lower.

For example, antenna performance curve graph 610 to 630 is compared, compared with when using a ground line, two are used Antenna performance is more excellent when ground line, and compared with using two ground lines, uses antenna performance when a ground strip It is more excellent.

Fig. 7 is to show using in the case where headset plug is inserted into earphone jack according to various embodiments of the present disclosure One ground line antenna characteristic and in the case where headset plug is not inserted into the characteristic of the antenna curve graph.

Referring to Fig. 7, the diagram shown on the upside of Fig. 7 is the song that the radiation efficiency of antenna performance is shown as using dB as cell list Line chart, and the diagram shown on the downside of Fig. 7 is the curve graph that the reflection coefficient of antenna performance is shown as using dB as cell list.

In the diagram shown on the upside of Fig. 7, curve graph 710a corresponds to headset plug and is not inserted into earphone jack The case where curve graph.Curve graph 710b corresponds to the curve graph for the case where headset plug is inserted into earphone jack.Fig. 7's In diagram shown in downside, curve graph 720a corresponds to the curve graph for the case where headset plug is not inserted into earphone jack. Curve graph 720a corresponds to the curve graph for the case where headset plug is inserted into earphone jack.

When Figure 71 0a, Figure 71 0b, Figure 72 0a and Figure 72 0b are compared, it can be seen that antenna performance is according to earphone The insertion of plug and change significantly.

Hereinafter, will be described referring to Fig. 8 when on ground strip or on arrange earphone jack when or at two be grounded it Between when arranging earphone jack according to the antenna performance of the insertion of headset plug.

Fig. 8 is to show using in the case where headset plug is inserted into earphone jack according to various embodiments of the present disclosure The characteristic of the antenna of two grounded antennas or a ground strip and in the case where being not inserted into headset plug the antenna spy The curve graph of property.

Referring to Fig. 8, the diagram shown on the upside of Fig. 8 is the song that the radiation efficiency of antenna performance is shown as using dB as cell list Line chart, and the diagram shown on the downside of Fig. 8 is the curve graph that the reflection coefficient of antenna performance is shown as using dB as cell list.

In the diagram shown on the upside of Fig. 8, curve graph 810a corresponds to earphone cable and is not inserted into earphone jack The curve graph of situation.Curve graph 810b corresponds to the curve graph for the case where earphone cable is inserted into earphone jack.In addition, in Fig. 8 Downside shown in diagram in, curve graph 820a corresponds to the curve graph for the case where earphone cable is not inserted into earphone jack. Curve graph 820a corresponds to the curve graph for the case where earphone cable is inserted into earphone jack.

When Figure 81 0a, Figure 81 0b, Figure 82 0a and Figure 82 0b are compared, it can be seen that antenna performance is according to earphone The insertion of plug is without significantly changing.

Therefore, in accordance with an embodiment of the present disclosure, by by earphone jack be placed on ground strip on or earphone inserted Hole is placed between two ground lines, the evil of the performance of antenna caused by capable of reducing when being inserted into headset plug because of earphone jack Change, and by the way that two antennas are isolated, the performance of antenna can be improved.

Fig. 9 A is to show the long and thin metal that use according to various embodiments of the present disclosure includes gap (for example, insulator) View of the component as the antenna of radiator.According to various embodiments of the present disclosure, as described above with regard to fig.1, metal component can be with Metal shell including electronic device.

Referring to Fig. 9 A, electronic device 900 may include the first elongated metallic member 902,904 and of the second elongated metallic member Third elongated metallic member 906.First elongated metallic member 902 and the second elongated metallic member 904 can pass through the first seam Gap 910 separates, and the second elongated metallic member 904 and third elongated metallic member 906 can be separated by gap 915.

According to embodiment, the first elongated metallic member 902, the second elongated metallic member 904 and third elongated metallic member 906 are used as the radiator of antenna.For example, the first elongated metallic member 902, the second elongated metallic member 904, are connected to It the feeder 920 of one elongated metallic member 902, the first grounding parts 930 for being connected to the first elongated metallic member 902 and is connected to The grounding parts 935 of second elongated metallic member 904 can serve as an antenna (hereinafter, first antenna).In such case Under, the insertion of the first gap 910 in-between while one end of the first elongated metallic member 902 facing with each other and second elongated Coupling phenomenon may occur between one end of metal component 904.

According to embodiment, the first elongated metallic member 902, is connected to third long and thin metal at third elongated metallic member 906 The feeder 940 of component 906, the second grounding parts 950 for being connected to the first elongated metallic member 902 and it is connected to the elongated gold of third The grounding parts 955 of metal elements 906 can serve as an antenna (hereinafter, the second antenna).In this case, the second gap The other end and third elongated metallic member of 915 first elongated metallic members 902 facing with each other while insertion in-between Coupling phenomenon may occur between 906 one end.

According to embodiment, the first gap 910 and the second gap 915 can be disposed in the position with expectation interval, make Communication can be executed in expected frequency band by using first antenna or the second antenna by obtaining.

According to embodiment, in first antenna, feeder 920 can be connected to the first long and thin metal by capacity cell 925 Component 902 and can be constituted together with the first grounding parts 930 inverse-F antenna (IFA) with by the first resonance frequency carry out resonance, and And can with generate capacitor in close the first gap 910 and the second elongated metallic member 904 including grounding parts 935 is pressed together Second resonance frequency carries out resonance.

According to embodiment, in the second antenna, feeder 940 can be connected to the elongated gold of third by capacity cell 945 Metal elements 906, and IFA antenna can be constituted together with grounding parts 955 to carry out resonance by the first resonance frequency, and can be with With generate capacitor in close the second gap 915 and the first elongated metallic member 902 including the second grounding parts 950 is together by the Two resonance frequencies carry out resonance.

According to embodiment, first antenna can be connected to two grounding parts (for example, the first long and thin metal structure along different paths First grounding parts 930 of part 902 and the grounding parts 935 of the second elongated metallic member 904), and can be used as multiband antenna It is operated.According to embodiment, the second antenna can also be connected to two grounding parts (for example, the first elongated gold along different paths The grounding parts 955 of second grounding parts 950 and third elongated metallic member 906 of metal elements 902), and can be used as multiband Antenna is operated.

According to embodiment, first antenna and the second antenna can be according to the first grounding parts of the first elongated metallic member 902 930, the grounding parts 935 of the second elongated metallic member 904, the second grounding parts 950 of the first elongated metallic member 902 and third gold The length of the grounding parts 955 of metal elements 906 executes communication in different frequency bands.

According to embodiment, the ground connection of 902 first grounding parts 930 of the first elongated metallic member, the second elongated metallic member 904 The grounding parts 955 in portion 935, the second grounding parts 950 of the first elongated metallic member 902 and third metal component 906 can have Length appropriate allows to execute communication in expected frequency band by using first antenna or the second antenna.

According to embodiment, first antenna and the second antenna can be according to the positions of the feed point of feeder 920 and feeder 940 It sets and executes communication in different frequency bands.According to embodiment, feeder 920 or feeder 940 can be by adjusting the feedings of feeder The position of point or adjust subsection part 910 and 915 position adjustment antenna resonance frequency so that by using first antenna or the Two antennas execute communication in expected frequency band.

Although capacity cell 925 and capacity cell 945 are connected respectively to the feeder 920 of first antenna according to embodiment With the feeder 940 of the second antenna, but according to another embodiment, the feeding of the feeder 920 and the second antenna of first antenna Device 940 can be directly connected to first antenna and the second antenna, without the use of capacity cell 925 and capacity cell 945.Root According to embodiment, first antenna and the second antenna can be according to the feeders 920 and the second antenna for being connected respectively to first antenna The capacity cell 925 of feeder 940 and the capacitor of capacity cell 945 are operated by different resonance frequencies.

According to embodiment, between the first grounding parts 930 and the second grounding parts 950 of the first elongated metallic member 902 between Every can according to be mounted on corresponding region (the first grounding parts 930 and the second grounding parts 950 of the first elongated metallic member 902 it Between region) elongated metallic member size and change.For example, between the first grounding parts 930 and the second grounding parts 950 Every the input/output end port (not shown) (for example, micro USB port or earphone jack) than metal material can be designed to Physical width is wide.In this case, due to be mounted between the first grounding parts 930 and the second grounding parts 950 input/it is defeated Exit port is located at the position of low potential, therefore influence of the port of peripheral equipment to antenna may be decreased.In addition, if plug is inserted Enter to input/output end port, then capacity load in antennas occurs and dielectric loss can be impacted.However, if input/ Output port is mounted between the first grounding parts 930 and the second grounding parts 950, then plug is inserted in the position of low potential, because This influence may be decreased.

Fig. 9 B is to show elongated metallic member that use according to various embodiments of the present disclosure includes gap (for example, extremely Small part includes elongated metallic member in the housing) as radiator antenna view.It, can be by leading referring to Fig. 9 B Line or additional lc circuit realize the box 925b of connection feeder 920 and the first elongated metallic member 902.

According to embodiment, general match circuit can be passed through rather than lamped element realization connection feeder 940 and third The box 945b of elongated metallic member 906.For example, can realize connection 940 He of feeder by conducting wire or additional lc circuit The box 945b of third elongated metallic member 906.

According to various embodiments of the present disclosure, box 925b and box 945b can be match circuit, or can be tool There is impedance close to 0 ohm of conducting wire.

Although being not shown in figures 9 b and 9, according to embodiment, electronic device may include the spy for not directly affecting antenna The nonconductive structures of property.For example, the structure can be the structure of the procapsid of electronic device and back casing combination.For example, should Structure can be positioned corresponding to the feeder 940 of the second antenna feeding source (be located at printed circuit board (PCB)) and third it is thin Between long metal component 906.In this case, due to the structure of blocking third metal component 906, feeder 940 can To be connected to third elongated metallic member 906 while avoiding structure (or the getting around the structure).

According to various embodiments of the present disclosure, in the absence of the structure is, feeder 940 can be connected to from feeding source Third elongated metallic member 906 and be not disrupted, and therefore the pattern of feeder 940 can be designed to desired resonance frequency Rate.According to various embodiments of the present disclosure, the table at interval between gap, antenna can be determined in the case where considering the structure The length of area, the size of capacitor and/or radiator.

Fig. 9 C be show the antenna including Fig. 9 A or Fig. 9 B according to various embodiments of the present disclosure electronic device it is interior Portion's structure chart.

Referring to Fig. 9 C, electronic device 900 may include the elongated metallic member 902,904 opened by gap 910 and 915 point With 906, feeder 920 and 940, grounding parts 930,935,950 and 955, PCB 960, earphone jack 970 and USB port 980.Feeder 920 and 940 and grounding parts 930,935,950 and 955 can be installed in PCB 960.

Because the electronic device 900 of Fig. 9 C corresponds to the electronic device 900 of Fig. 9 A or Fig. 9 B, Fig. 9 A and Fig. 9 B's matches It sets and can have identical label with the corresponding configuration of Fig. 9 C.The repeated description referring to Fig. 9 A and Fig. 9 the B content described will be omitted.

Feeder 920 and feeder 940 can be connected to the first elongated metallic member 902 and by lumped capacitive elements Two elongated metallic members 904, and the first long and thin metal can be connected to by conducting wire or the match circuit including adding lc circuit Component 902 and the second elongated metallic member 904.

According to various embodiments of the present disclosure, due to the feeder 920 of first antenna 990, first antenna 990 can be The low-frequency band of about 700MHz to about 990MHz and the intermediate frequency band operation of about 1700MHz to about 2100MHz.Further, since second The feeder 940 of antenna 995, the second antenna 995 can be in the intermediate frequency bands and about 2100MHz of about 1700MHz to about 2100MHz To the high band operation of about 2700MHz.

In addition, as shown in Figure 9 C, earphone jack 970 can between the first grounding parts 930 and the second grounding parts 950, In such a case, it is possible to minimize influence of the earphone of insertion earphone jack 970 to the performance of antenna.

Fig. 9 D be show according to various embodiments of the present disclosure use the elongated metallic member including gap as radiation The view of the antenna of device.Fig. 9 E be show the antenna including Fig. 9 D according to various embodiments of the present disclosure electronic device it is interior Portion's structure chart.

Fig. 9 D and Fig. 9 E correspond to Fig. 9 A to Fig. 9 C, therefore the repetition by omission referring to Fig. 9 A to Fig. 9 C content described is retouched It states.

Because the electronic device 900 of Fig. 9 E corresponds to the electronic device 900 of Fig. 9 D, the configuration of Fig. 9 D and the phase of Fig. 9 E It should configure with identical label.

According to embodiment, the feeder 920 and first for being connected to the difference of the first elongated metallic member 902 of Fig. 9 A is connect Ground portion 930 can be connected to the first elongated metallic member 902 by a path in Fig. 9 D.

For example, referring to the first elongated metallic member 902 of Fig. 9 E, feeder 920 and the first grounding parts 930 be may be coupled to The extension 903 of PCB 960 is extended to from the first metal component 902.Because first day of the first antenna 990 of Fig. 9 E and Fig. 9 C The position of the feeder 920 of line 990 is different from each other, so first day of the resonance frequency of the first antenna 990 of Fig. 9 E and Fig. 9 C The resonance frequency of line 990 can be different from each other.

Fig. 9 F be show according to various embodiments of the present disclosure use the elongated metallic member including gap as radiation The view of the antenna of device.Referring to Fig. 9 F, from Fig. 9 A the case where is different, and the first gap 910 and the second gap 915 can be located at electronics Device 900, rather than it is located at the lower end of electronic device 900.

Figure 10 is the first antenna or the second antenna for showing the gap including Fig. 9 A according to various embodiments of the present disclosure Equivalent circuit circuit diagram.Hereinafter, the equivalent circuit for the first antenna for describing Fig. 9 A for referring to Fig.1 0.

Referring to Fig.1 0, first antenna may include first radiator 1002 and second radiator separated by gap 1004.First radiator 1002 can correspond to the first elongated metallic member 902 of Fig. 9 A to Fig. 9 F, and the first radiator 1004 can To correspond to the second elongated metallic member 904 of Fig. 9 A to Fig. 9 F, and the gap can correspond to the of Fig. 9 A to Fig. 9 F One gap 910.

According to embodiment, the capacitor Cslit 1010 corresponding to gap 1010 can be the first spoke by facing gap The capacitor slot-coupled capacitor that emitter 1002 and the second radiator 1004 are formed.In addition, the first spoke influenced by Cslit 1010 The Cres2 1030 of the Cres1 1020 of emitter 1002 and the second radiator 1004 can indicate the electrical length of two radiators.This Outside, the Lres2 1060 of the Lres1 1050 of the first radiator 1002 and the second radiator 1004 can indicate two radiators Physical length.The feeder 1040 and Cfeed 1045 of first radiator 1002 can correspond respectively to the feeding of Fig. 9 A to Fig. 9 F Device 920 and capacitor 925.

According to various embodiments of the present disclosure, in equivalent circuit, can by Cslit 1010, Cres1 1020, Cres2 1030, Cfeed 1045, Lres1 1050 and Lres2 1060 determine the resonance frequency of the first radiator 1002.

For example, the value of Cfeed 1045 can indicate feeder 1040 and the first radiator 1002 connection method (for example, Directly feed and couple feeding).According to connection method, antenna can have different resonance frequencies.In addition, according to feeder 1040 It is connected to the position of antenna, antenna can have different resonance frequencies.Its explanation will be described in detail by 1A to Figure 11 D referring to Fig.1.

Figure 11 A is the direct feeding for showing the first position for antenna radiator according to various embodiments of the present disclosure View.Figure 11 B is the direct feeding for showing the second position for antenna radiator according to various embodiments of the present disclosure View.Figure 11 C is the coupling feeding for showing the second position for antenna radiator according to various embodiments of the present disclosure View.

1A and Figure 11 B referring to Fig.1 will compare Figure 11 A and Figure 11 B.1A referring to Fig.1, feeder 1120a may be coupled to spoke The first point A of emitter 1110a, and feeder 1120a can be not connected to individual capacitor.1B referring to Fig.1, feeder 1120b may be coupled to the second point B of radiator 1110b, and feeder 1120b can be not connected to individual capacitor. For example, when radiator 1110a is identical with radiator 1110b, only radiator and feeder in the antenna of Figure 11 A and Figure 11 B Tie point it is different.

According to embodiment, there is the case where capacitor of high capacitance (for example, 100pF) is connected to feeder and capacitor The case where being not connected to feeder is considered direct feeding.

Next, Figure 11 B and Figure 11 C will be compared.1C referring to Fig.1, is similar to Figure 11 B, and feeder 1120c may be coupled to The second point B of radiator 1110c, but unlike that Figure 11 B, feeder 1120c may be coupled to capacitor 1130.For example, working as It only include the capacitor in feeder in the antenna of Figure 11 B and Figure 11 C when radiator 1110b is identical with radiator 1110c It is different.

According to various embodiments of the present disclosure, capacitor can be realized by the copper packing (copper pad) on PCB, or Capacitor can be realized by the separate antenna pattern coupled in a capacitive manner.

Figure 11 D is the reflection for showing the frequency of the antenna according to Figure 11 A to Figure 11 C according to various embodiments of the present disclosure The curve graph of coefficient.The antenna performance curve graph of Figure 11 D can be assuming that the electrical length of the antenna of Figure 11 A to Figure 11 C is identical In the case where the curve graph that obtains.

Performance diagram 1140a, 1140b and 1140c of 1D referring to Fig.1, Figure 11 D can correspond respectively to the day of Figure 11 A The antenna of line, the antenna of Figure 11 B and Figure 11 C.When performance diagram 1140a and 1140b are compared, it can be seen that figure The resonance frequency of antenna of the resonance frequency of the antenna of 11A lower than Figure 11 B.According to the position of connection feeder, the antenna of Figure 11 A Resonance frequency (fA) it can indicate the characteristic for corresponding to the IFA of length lambda/4 of radiator 1110a, the resonance of the antenna of Figure 11 B Frequency can indicate the ring of length lambda/2 corresponding to radiator 1110b or the characteristic of slot antenna.For example, the antenna of Figure 11 A Resonance frequency can be lower than the resonance frequency of the antenna of Figure 11 B, and the resonance frequency of the antenna of Figure 11 B can be higher than the day of Figure 11 A The resonance frequency of line.

According to embodiment, the antenna of Figure 11 C is by the load effect of Cfeed in the frequency (fB_Coupled) for being lower than λ/4 Resonance.For example, the antenna of Figure 11 C may be advantageous in terms of miniaturization.

According to embodiment, even if radiator has same physical length and same shape, the resonance of antenna may also basis Feed mode and it is different.

Hereinafter, 2A and Figure 12 B referring to Fig.1 is described the characteristic of antenna according to the variation of the capacitor of Cslit.

Figure 12 A be show according to various embodiments of the present disclosure include the radiator separated by gap antenna view Figure.Figure 12 B is that the antenna for the variation for showing the capacitor based on capacitor (Cslit) corresponding with the gap of the antenna of Figure 12 A is special The view of linearity curve figure.

The antenna of 2A referring to Fig.1, the first radiator 1210 and the second radiator 1220 can be by the gaps that are interposed therebetween 1230 and separate, and feeder 1240 may be coupled to the first radiator 1210.It, can be by changing gap according to embodiment 1230 width changes the capacitor of Cslit.Furthermore, it is possible to change the characteristic of antenna by the capacitor for changing Cslit.

Figure 12 B be show according to various embodiments of the present disclosure based on capacitor corresponding with the gap of the antenna of Figure 12 A The view of the antenna performance curve graph of the variation of the capacitor of device (Cslit).

2B referring to Fig.1, performance diagram 1250a can be the resonance of basic λ/4 for indicating that the second radiator 1220 generates Curve graph, performance diagram 1260a can be the curve graph for the resonance of basic λ/4 for indicating that the first radiator 1210 generates.Here, Due to adding Cslit, the resonance frequency of the first radiator 1210 between the first radiator 1210 and the second radiator 1220 Difference between rate and the resonance frequency of the second radiator 1220 can become much larger.For example, the capacitor with Cslit becomes more The resonance frequency of height, the second radiator 1220 changes by 1250b and 1250c to 1250d from 1250a.Similarly, with The capacitor of Cslit becomes higher, the resonance frequency of the first radiator 1210 from 1260a by 1260b and 1260c change to 1260d。

According to embodiment, when the capacitor of Cslit is very high, the first radiator 1210 and the second radiator 1220 may be short Road, therefore the difference between the resonance frequency of the first radiator 1210 and the resonance frequency of the second radiator 1220 may not increase To infinity, even if the capacitor of Cslit becomes higher.

Figure 13 A is to show the radiator separated by gap according to various embodiments of the present disclosure and for radiator Couple the view of feeding.Figure 13 B be show according to various embodiments of the present disclosure based on corresponding with the gap of the antenna of Figure 13 A Capacitor (Cfeed) capacitor variation antenna performance curve graph view.

The antenna of 3A referring to Fig.1, the first radiator 1310 and the second radiator 1320 can be by the gaps be inserted into therebetween 1330 and separate, and feeder 1340 can be connected to (coupling feeding) to the second radiation by capacitor (Cfeed) 1345 Device 1320.According to various embodiments of the present disclosure, the antenna that can change antenna by changing the capacitor of Cfeed 1345 is special Property.

3B referring to Fig.1, antenna performance curve graph 1350a and 1350b correspond to the second radiator 1320, antenna performance curve Figure 136 0a and 1360b correspond to the first radiator 1310.

According to embodiment, antenna performance curve graph 1350a and 1360a, which correspond to, directly to be fed, antenna performance curve graph 1350b and 1360b corresponds to coupling feeding.

Referring to antenna performance the curve graph 1360a and 1360b of the first radiator 1310, it can be seen that directly feeding and coupling The resonance frequency for closing the first radiator 1310 under feeding is identical or extremely similar.This is because feeder 1340 is connected to the second spoke Emitter 1320 rather than the first radiator 1310.

Referring to antenna performance curve graph 1350a and 1350b, it can be seen that directly feed and couple lower second radiation of feeding The resonance frequency of device 1320 is different.This is because feeder 1340 is connected to the second radiator 1320 rather than the first radiator 1310。

According to embodiment, it can be seen that the resonance frequency of antenna is lower than antenna during directly feeding during coupling feeding Resonance frequency.Due to add capacitor 1345, the resonance impedance of antenna changes, and because the electrical length of radiator becomes It is longer, it is possible to reduce resonance in the case where not changing the physical length of radiator.Because of the electrical length and day of radiator The resonance frequency of line is inversely proportional to one another, so with relatively small electrical length and the radiator that operates under direct feed pattern Antenna is compared, and with relatively large electrical length and the antenna of radiator that operates in the case where coupling feed pattern has low resonant frequency.

Figure 14 A is to show the radiator separated by gap according to various embodiments of the present disclosure and for radiator Couple the view of feeding.Figure 14 B is to show the capacitor based on capacitor (Cfeed) corresponding with the gap of the antenna of Figure 14 A The view of the antenna performance curve graph of variation.

The antenna of 4A referring to Fig.1, the first radiator 1410 and the second radiator 1420 can be by the gaps be inserted into therebetween 1430 and separate, and feeder 1440 can be connected to (coupling feeding) to the first radiation by capacitor (Cfeed) 1445 Device 1410.According to embodiment, the antenna performance of antenna can be changed by changing the capacitor of Cfeed 1345.From Figure 13 A and Figure 14 A can see, and is connected to the first radiator or the second radiator according to feeder, has differences.

4B referring to Fig.1, antenna performance curve graph 1450a and 1450b correspond to the second radiator 1420, antenna performance curve Figure 146 0a and 1460b correspond to the first radiator 1410.

According to various embodiments of the present disclosure, antenna performance curve graph 1450a and 1460a, which correspond to, directly feeds, antenna Performance diagram 1450b and 1460b correspond to coupling feeding.

Referring to antenna performance the curve graph 1450a and 1450b of the second radiator 1420, it can be seen that directly feeding and coupling The resonance frequency for closing the second radiator 1420 under feeding is identical or extremely similar.This is because feeder 1440 is connected to the first spoke Emitter 1410 rather than the second radiator 1420.

Referring to antenna performance curve graph 1460a and 1460b, it can be seen that directly feed and couple lower first radiation of feeding The resonance frequency of device 1410 is different.This is because feeder 1440 is connected to the first radiator 1410 rather than the second radiator 1420。

According to embodiment, it can be seen that the resonance frequency of antenna is lower than antenna during directly feeding during coupling feeding Resonance frequency.This is because since add capacitor 1445 causes the electrical length of radiator elongated.Because of the electrical length of radiator It is inversely proportional to one another with the resonance frequency of antenna, so with relatively small electrical length and the radiation that is operated under direct feed pattern The antenna of device is compared, and with relatively large electrical length and the antenna of radiator that operates in the case where coupling feed pattern has low resonance frequency Rate.

Figure 15 be show according to various embodiments of the present disclosure can by using controller adjust feeder be connected to The diagram of the antenna of the point of radiator.

5 antenna referring to Fig.1, the first radiator 1510 and the second radiator 1520 can be by the gaps be inserted into therebetween 1530 and separate, and feeder 1540 can may be coupled to the first radiator 1510 or the second radiation by controller 1550 Device 1520.

For example, first capacitor device (Cfeed) 1560 may be coupled to the first radiator 1510, the second capacitor (Cfeed) 1570 may be coupled at first point of the second radiator 1520, and third capacitor (Cfeed) 1580 may be coupled to the second radiation The second point of device 1520.In addition, because controller 1550 can be by the 1560, second capacitor of first capacitor device (Cfeed) (Cfeed) 1570 and third capacitor (Cfeed) 1580 in any one be connected to feeder 1540, so feeder 1540 The first radiator 1510 or the second radiator 1520 can be connected to by controller 1550.For example, antenna can be according to control The operation of device 1550 has different frequency characteristic.

According to embodiment, controller 1550 can be received from the communication module of electronic device (for example, electronic device 900) for By the control signal of connected capacitor, and signal can be controlled based on the received and selectively connects any one capacitor It is connected to feeder 1540.The control letter of the capacitor for selecting to be suitable for frequency band to be used can be generated in communication module Number.

Figure 16 be show according to various embodiments of the present disclosure use the elongated metallic member including gap as radiation The view of the antenna of device.According to various embodiments of the present disclosure, as described above, metal component may include the metal of electronic device Shell.Below, " elongated metallic member " mentioned can be according to the various embodiments of the disclosure for using metal component One of a part.

Referring to Fig.1 6, electronic device 1600 can include that the first elongated metallic member 1602, second is elongated in part of it Metal component 1604 and third metal elongated member 1606.First elongated metallic member 1602 and the second elongated metallic member 1604 It can be separated by the first gap 1610, the second elongated metallic member 1604 and third metal elongated member 1606 can pass through Gap 1615 and separate.

According to various embodiments of the present disclosure, the first elongated metallic member 1602, the second elongated metallic member 1604 and Three metal elongated members 1606 may be used as the radiator of antenna.For example, the first elongated metallic member 1602, the second long and thin metal Component 1604, the feeder 1620 for being connected to the first elongated metallic member 1602 and capacity cell 1625, to be connected to first elongated The ground strip 1630 of metal component 1602 and the grounding parts 1635 for being connected to the second elongated metallic member 1604 can serve as one Antenna (hereinafter, first antenna).In this case, the insertion of the first gap 1604 in-between while facing with each other first Coupling phenomenon may occur between one end of elongated metallic member 1610 and one end of the second elongated metallic member 1602.

According to embodiment, the first elongated metallic member 1602, third metal elongated member 1606, to be connected to third metal thin The feeder 1640 and capacity cell 1645 of long component 1606,1630 and of grounding parts for being connected to the first elongated metallic member 1602 The grounding parts 1655 for the third metal elongated member 1606 being connected to can serve as an antenna (hereinafter, second antenna).At this In the case of kind, the other end of the second gap 1,615 first elongated metallic member 1610 facing with each other while insertion in-between Coupling phenomenon may occur between one end of third elongated metallic member 1606.

When Fig. 9 A to Fig. 9 F and Figure 16 to be compared, the first elongated metallic member 902 of Fig. 9 A to Fig. 9 F includes two A line style grounding parts, so that a line style grounding parts (for example, grounding parts 930 of the first elongated metallic member 902) can connect To first antenna, another line style grounding parts (for example, second grounding parts 950 of the first elongated metallic member 902) be may be coupled to Second antenna.The first metal component 1602 of Figure 16 may include a piece type grounding parts (for example, ground strip 1630).

Line style grounding parts can have the structure of the access area of the first elongated metallic member 902 and PCB point-to-point connection each other It makes, the access area that piece type grounding parts can have the first elongated metallic member 902 and PCB faces each other the construction of connection.Line Type grounding parts and piece type grounding parts can be operated similarly.First ground connection of the first elongated metallic member 902 of Fig. 9 A to Fig. 9 F The description in portion 930 and the second grounding parts 950 can be applied to the ground strip 1630 of Figure 16, therefore will omit its repeated description.

Figure 17 A be show according to various embodiments of the present disclosure use the elongated metallic member including gap as radiation The view of the antenna of device.

7A referring to Fig.1, electronic device 1700 may include the first elongated metallic member 1702, the second elongated metallic member 1704 and third metal elongated member 1706.First elongated metallic member 1702 and the second elongated metallic member 1704 pass through first Gap 1710 and separate, the second elongated metallic member 1704 and third metal elongated member 1706 are separated by gap 1715.

According to various embodiments of the present disclosure, the first elongated metallic member 1702, the second elongated metallic member 1704 and Three metal elongated members 1706 may be used as the radiator of antenna.For example, the first elongated metallic member 1702, the second long and thin metal Component 1704, the feeder 1720 for being connected to the first elongated metallic member 1702 and capacity cell 1725, to be connected to first elongated The ground strip 1730 of metal component 1702 and the grounding parts 1735 for being connected to the second elongated metallic member 1704 can serve as one Antenna (hereinafter, first antenna).In this case, the insertion of the first gap 1704 in-between while facing with each other first Coupling phenomenon may occur between one end of elongated metallic member 1710 and one end of the second elongated metallic member 1704.

According to embodiment, the first elongated metallic member 1702, third metal elongated member 1706, to be connected to third metal thin The feeder 1740 and capacity cell 1745 of long component 1706,1750 and of ground line for being connected to the first elongated metallic member 1702 The grounding parts 1755 for the third metal elongated member 1706 being connected to can serve as an antenna (hereinafter, second antenna).At this In the case of kind, the other end of the second gap 1,715 first elongated metallic member 1702 facing with each other while insertion in-between Coupling phenomenon may occur between one end of third elongated metallic member 1706.

When Fig. 9 A and Figure 17 A to be compared, the first elongated metallic member 902 of Fig. 9 A to Fig. 9 F includes two line styles Grounding parts, so that a line style grounding parts (for example, grounding parts 930 of the first elongated metallic member 902) may be coupled to first Antenna, another line style grounding parts (for example, second grounding parts 950 of the first elongated metallic member 902) may be coupled to second day Line.The first metal component 1702 of Figure 17 A may include that a piece type grounding parts (for example, ground strip 1730) and a line style connect Ground portion.

Line style grounding parts can have the structure of the access area of the first elongated metallic member 902 and PCB point-to-point connection each other It makes, the access area that piece type grounding parts can have the first elongated metallic member 902 and PCB faces each other the construction of connection.Line Type grounding parts and piece type grounding parts can be operated similarly.930 He of the first grounding parts of the first elongated metallic member 902 of Fig. 9 A The description of second grounding parts 950 can be applied to the ground strip 1730 and ground line 1750 of Figure 17 A and Figure 17 B, therefore will omit Its repeated description.

Figure 17 B be show according to various embodiments of the present disclosure use the elongated metallic member including gap as radiation The view of the antenna of device.7B referring to Fig.1 can realize connection feeder 1720 and first carefully by conducting wire or additional lc circuit The box 1725b of long metal component 1702.

According to embodiment, connection feeder 1740 and third long and thin metal can be realized by conducting wire or general match circuit The box 1745b of component 1706.

According to various embodiments of the present disclosure, box 1725b and box 1745b can be match circuit, or can be With impedance close to 0 ohm of conducting wire.

Figure 18 be show according to various embodiments of the present disclosure use the elongated metallic member including gap as radiation The view of the antenna of device.

Referring to Fig.1 8, electronic device 1800 may include the first elongated metallic member 1802, the second elongated metallic member 1804 and third metal elongated member 1806.First elongated metallic member 1802 and the second elongated metallic member 1804 pass through first Gap 1810 and separate, the second elongated metallic member 1804 and third metal elongated member 1806 are separated by gap 1815.

According to embodiment, the first elongated metallic member 1802, the second elongated metallic member 1804 and the elongated structure of third metal Part 1806 may be used as the radiator of antenna.For example, the first elongated metallic member 1802, the second elongated metallic member 1804, company It is connected to the feeder 1820 of the first elongated metallic member 1802 and capacity cell 1825, is connected to the first elongated metallic member 1802 Ground line 1830 and be connected to the grounding parts 1835 of the second elongated metallic member 1804 and can serve as an antenna (hereinafter, the One antenna).In this case, the first elongated metallic member facing with each other while the first gap 1810 is inserted into in-between Coupling phenomenon may occur between 1802 one end and one end of the second elongated metallic member 1804.

According to embodiment, the first elongated metallic member 1802, third metal elongated member 1806, to be connected to third metal thin The feeder 1840 and capacity cell 1845 of long component 1806,1850 and of ground line for being connected to the first elongated metallic member 1802 The grounding parts 1855 for the second metal elongated member 1706 being connected to can serve as an antenna (hereinafter, second antenna).At this In the case of kind, the other end of the second gap 1,810 first elongated metallic member 1802 facing with each other while insertion in-between Coupling phenomenon may occur between one end of third elongated metallic member 1806.

Ground line and ground strip when Figure 17 A, Figure 17 B and Figure 18 to be compared, shown in Figure 17 A, Figure 17 B and Figure 18 The position for being connected to the first elongated metallic member can exchange each other.Therefore, it will omit its repeated description.

6, Figure 17 A, Figure 17 B and Figure 18 referring to Fig.1 according to various embodiments of the present disclosure can be corresponding according to being mounted on The size of region (position corresponding to ground strip) construction and change the width of ground strip.For example, the width of ground strip can be big It is wide in the physics of the input/output end port (not shown) (for example, micro- USB port or earphone jack) of the metal material of peripheral equipment Degree.In this case, since the port for the peripheral equipment being mounted on ground strip is located at low potential, port is to antenna Influence may be decreased.In addition, if plug is inserted into input/output end port, then the capacity load occurred in antenna may be influenced And dielectric loss.Because if the port of peripheral equipment is mounted on ground strip, then plug insertion has the position of low potential, institute To influence may be decreased.

In addition, ground line or ground strip can while first antenna and the second antenna not interfering with each other radiated wave.

Figure 19 be show according to various embodiments of the present disclosure use the elongated metallic member including gap as radiation The view of the antenna of device.

Referring to Fig.1 9, according to various embodiments of the present disclosure, metal component can be separated by gap, so that design day Line is operated in desired frequency band, and the quantity in gap is not limited to such as Fig. 9 A to Fig. 9 F, Figure 10 to Figure 11 to Figure 11 D, Figure 12 A to figure It is 12B, Figure 13 A to Figure 13 B, Figure 14 A to Figure 14 B, two such shown in Figure 15 to Figure 17 A to Figure 17 B.Even if leading in Figure 19 It crosses more gaps to separate metal component, the various methods for the antenna that design is operated in desired frequency band also can be used.

According to embodiment, the metal component of the lower end of electronic device can be by 4 gaps (that is, the first gap 1912, Two gaps 1914, third gap 1916 and the 4th gap 1918) and it is divided into the first elongated metallic member 1901, the second elongated gold Metal elements 1903, third elongated metallic member 1905, the 4th elongated metallic member 1907 and the 5th elongated metallic member 1909.

Extremely similar to Fig. 9 A to Fig. 9 F, Figure 10 to Figure 11 A to Figure 11 D, Figure 12 A to Figure 12 B, Figure 13 A to Figure 13 B, Figure 14 A To Figure 17 B and Figure 18, antenna according to the embodiment may include respectively by separated two in gap by Figure 14 B, Figure 15 to Figure 17 A Elongated metallic member, a feeder and two grounding parts for being connected to two elongated metallic members.In this case, antenna It can be used as multiband antenna operation.

Referring to Fig.1 9, electronic device may include first antenna 1920, the second antenna 1930, third antenna 1940 and the 4th Antenna 1950.The antenna corresponds to the antenna that describes referring to previously mentioned attached drawing, therefore will omit its and more detailed retouch It states.

Figure 20 A is that the antenna of working as shown according to various embodiments of the present disclosure uses the elongated metallic member including gap to make For the view that can change the antenna of its characteristic when radiator by switching.

Referring to Figure 20 A, according to embodiment, the first grounding parts 2010 can pass through the first ground line of selection a, the second ground line B and third are grounded any one in c, to change the electrical length of radiator.Therefore, thus it is possible to vary the resonance frequency of antenna.

According to embodiment, the second grounding parts 2020 can be by any in the first ground line d of selection and the second ground line e One, to change the electrical length of radiator.Therefore, the second grounding parts 2020 can by change variable condenser f capacitance, To change the resonance frequency of antenna.

According to embodiment, the first feeder 203 can be connected to metal component by first capacitor device g1.When the first feeding When closing the switch of device 2030, first capacitor device g1 are parallel-connected to the second capacitor g2.The capacitor of combined capacity device is first The summation of the capacitor of the capacitor of capacitor g1 and the second capacitor G2.When the switch is closed, capacitor is got higher, therefore the characteristic of antenna It can be changed.

According to embodiment, the second feeder 2040 can using only first capacitor device h1 or be made by switching determination With both first capacitor device h1 and the second capacitor h2.Therefore, thus it is possible to vary the characteristic of antenna.

According to embodiment, electronic device can be fed by using the first grounding parts 2010, the second grounding parts 2020, first The switching of device 203 and the second feeder 2040, to adjust (switching of frequency band is feasible) resonance frequency.Therefore, the day of electronic device Line can cover various frequency bands, and network service can be used in the frequency band for distributing to another country or another network company.

It according to various embodiments of the present disclosure, can be based on the processor from electronic device (for example, communication processor (CP) Or AP) received control signal and execute handover operation.The communications status and communication means that processor can be selected based on user Determine frequency band appropriate.

Figure 20 B is that the antenna of working as shown according to various embodiments of the present disclosure uses the elongated metallic member including gap to make For the view that can change the antenna of its characteristic when radiator by switching.Because of the electronic device of Figure 20 A and the electronics of Figure 20 B Device may be same or similar, so its corresponding configuration has identical label.

Referring to Figure 20 B, the first grounding parts 2010 and the first feeder 203 can be connected to from metal component together and extend Extension 2003.

Figure 20 C is the internal junction for showing the electronic device of the antenna including Figure 20 B according to various embodiments of the present disclosure Composition.Because the electronic device of Figure 20 B and the electronic device of Figure 20 C are corresponding each other, corresponding configuration has identical label.

Referring to the first grounding parts 2010 and the first feeder 2030 of Figure 20 C, the first grounding parts 2010 and the first feeder 2030 can be connected to the extension 2003 that printed circuit board is extended to from the metal component of electronic device together.

Figure 20 D is the internal junction for showing the electronic device of the antenna including Figure 20 A according to various embodiments of the present disclosure Composition.Because the electronic device of Figure 20 A and the electronic device of Figure 20 D are corresponding each other, corresponding configuration has identical label. Referring to Figure 20 D, the first grounding parts 2010 and the second grounding parts 2020 can be in passage path a one into c and paths 1 to 4 One and be connected to ground area 2060, to be grounded.

The circuit in the left side of the earphone jack 2050 of Figure 20 D can be the switching circuit of the first grounding parts 2010, and earphone is inserted The circuit on the right side in hole 2050 can be the switching circuit of the second grounding parts 2020.In addition, can see from Figure 20 D, earphone is inserted Hole 2050 can be arranged between the first grounding parts 2010 and the second grounding parts 2020, be inserted into earphone jack 2050 to minimize Influence of the earphone to antenna performance.

According to embodiment, referring to the first grounding parts 2010, switching circuit IC 2015 can be by the road of the first grounding parts 2010 Diameter is switched to any one in path a, path b and path c.Because path a, path b are different with the length of path c, The resonance frequency of handover operation tuned antenna can be passed through.Figure 21 shows the variation of the antenna performance as caused by handover operation.

It according to embodiment, orders for example, switching circuit IC 2015 can be received from CP, and is held according to order is received Row handover operation.In addition, switching circuit IC 2015 can receive the information about Current Communications Status from CP, and can be with base In the path that itself received information determination and switching will connect.

According to various embodiments of the present disclosure, before handover operation, the first grounding parts 2010 can be connected on the basis of Path a.For example, because the length longest of radiator, such as Figure 21, antenna have the resonance of lowest band in this case Frequency, and when path is switched to path b or path c, antenna can have the resonance frequency in relatively high low-frequency band.

According to embodiment, referring to the second grounding parts 2020, the second grounding parts 2020 can be switched to path 1, path 2, Any one in path 3 and path 4.Pass through 202 He of the second grounding parts by the handover operation adjustment of the second grounding parts 2020 The frequency of the high-band antenna of second feeder 2040 radiation.For example, because the length in path 1 to 4 is different, it is possible to Pass through the resonance frequency of handover operation tuned antenna.The variation of the antenna performance as caused by handover operation is shown in FIG. 22. The variation of all antenna performances for path 1 to 4 is not shown in Figure 22, but shows the antenna performance for path 1 to 3 Variation

According to various embodiments of the present disclosure, the element below path 1 to 4 can be used in the second grounding parts 2020, Or switching circuit can be used.In addition, being connected only to the path of the second grounding parts 2020 can print on a printed circuit, And it is designed such that the path can be short-circuit, or is suitably connected by using particular element so that the second ground connection Portion 2020 is in the manufacturing process of the antenna for tuning.

Figure 21 is the antenna for showing the switching of the first grounding parts based on Figure 20 according to various embodiments of the present disclosure The curve graph of characteristic.

Referring to Figure 21, first antenna performance diagram 2110 can indicate to correspond to the pass the first grounding parts of Figure 20 A The characteristic of 2010 the case where path is switched to path a, the second antenna performance curve graph 2120 can indicate to correspond to the pass figure The characteristic for the case where path is switched to path b by the first grounding parts 2010 of 20A to Figure 20 D, first antenna performance diagram 2130 can indicate the spy for the case where path is switched to path c by the first grounding parts 2010 for corresponding to the pass Figure 20 A to Figure 20 D Property.

According to embodiment, first antenna can have the resonance frequency of 700MHz, and the second antenna can have 800MHz's Resonance frequency, third antenna can have the resonance frequency of 900MHz.That is, electronic device can be according to path a, path Frequency band is switched to 700MHz, 800MHz and 900MHz by the connection of b and path c.

Figure 22 is the switching for showing the second grounding parts based on Figure 20 A and Figure 20 B according to various embodiments of the present disclosure Antenna characteristic curve graph.

Referring to Figure 22, first antenna performance diagram 2210 can indicate the second grounding parts corresponding to Figure 20 A and Figure 20 B The characteristic of 2020 the case where path is switched to path d, the second antenna performance curve graph 2220 can indicate to correspond to Figure 20 A and The characteristic for the case where path is switched to path e by the second grounding parts 2020 of Figure 20 B.

According to embodiment, electronic device can be by being switched to path d or path e switch of frequency band for path.

Figure 23 be show according to various embodiments of the present disclosure based on the second grounding parts for being connected to Figure 20 A to Figure 20 B Variable condenser capacitor antenna characteristic curve graph.

Referring to Figure 23, first antenna performance diagram 2310, which can indicate to correspond to, is connected to the second of Figure 20 A to Figure 20 D The characteristic for the case where capacitance tuning of the variable condenser of grounding parts 2020 is to about 33pF, the second antenna performance curve graph 2320 can The characteristic of the case where to indicate the capacitance tuning corresponding to variable condenser to about 12pF, third antenna performance diagram 2330 The characteristic for the case where capacitance tuning corresponding to variable condenser can be indicated to about 4.7pF.

According to embodiment, electronic device can pass through the capacitor switch of frequency band of change capacitor.As capacitance becomes more Small, the frequency band supported becomes higher.Electronic device can be according to capacitance by the low-frequency band of fine tuning to 700MHz.Although Figure 23 is not shown, but can maintain the performance of the antenna of midband and high frequency band in the same manner.

Referring to Figure 20 A, the metal component of electronic device can be separated by the first gap 2002 and the second gap 2004. If object contact the first gap 2002 or the second gap 2004 with high-dielectric coefficient and lossy, correspond to the first seam The capacitor of the capacitor in gap 2002 or the second gap 2004 can change, therefore the resonance spectrum of antenna also can change.Have The object of high-dielectric coefficient and lossy can be the hand of user, and resonance frequency contacts the first gap 2002 or the because of the hand of user Two gaps 2004 and referred to as death grip phenomenon (death grip phenomenon) the phenomenon that change.Due to death grip The variation of antenna resonant frequency caused by phenomenon is unexpected variation, and can cause to make to communicate earning rate The problem of (communication yield rate) deteriorates.

According to embodiment, in order to reduce the variation of the resonance frequency as caused by death grip phenomenon, electronic device can lead to The switching using the first grounding parts 2010, the second grounding parts 2020, the first feeder 2030 and the second feeder 2040 is crossed, to adjust Whole resonance frequency (switching that frequency band can be carried out).For example, the CP of electronic device by switching command be supplied to the first grounding parts 2010, At least one of second grounding parts 2020, the first feeder 2030 and second feeder 2040, to compensate due to death grip The displacement of resonance frequency caused by phenomenon.

The frequency that the variation of the resonance frequency as caused by death grip phenomenon and handover operation will be passed through referring to Figure 24 description Rate compensation effect.

Figure 24 be show according to various embodiments of the present disclosure in external object contact by the long and thin metal of electronic device Antenna performance curve graph before and after the gap of member segments and the view by switching improved antenna performance curve graph.

It is the spy for indicating the antenna of electronic device before holding rod stiffness occurs referring to Figure 24, antenna curve Figure 24 10 Property (characteristic of antenna in the case where considering the first antenna and both the second antennas of Figure 20 A to Figure 20 D).Antenna curve figure 2420 be the characteristic for indicating to correspond to the antenna of the electronic device for the case where death grip phenomenon occurs.

When antenna performance curve graph 2410 and 2420 to be compared, if external object (for example, hand of user) connects Gap is touched, then entire resonance frequency is displaced to lower frequency.Referring to antenna performance curve graph 2420, the radiance of antenna can Can due to resonance spectrum displacement and deteriorate, specifically, the low-frequency band severe exacerbation of the performance of antenna in 750MHz.

The first feeder 2010 that antenna performance curve graph 2430 corresponds to Figure 20 A to Figure 20 D executes handover operation The curve graph of situation, antenna performance curve graph 2440 correspond to the second grounding parts 2010 and execute handover operation and/or adjustment electricity The curve graph of the case where appearance.

When antenna performance curve graph 2430 and antenna performance curve graph 2440 are compared with antenna performance curve graph 2420 Compared with when, it can be seen that in 750MHz frequency band, the earning rate of antenna is restored.

Referring to Figure 25, by the electronic device 2500 in the network environment of description according to various embodiments.Electronic device 2500 It may include bus 2510, processor 2520, memory 2530, input/output interface 2550, display 2560 and communication interface 2570.According to some embodiments, electronic device 2500 may not include at least one of said elements and/or can also include another One element.

For example, bus 2510 may include for will element 2510 to 2570 connection and allow element between communication (for example, Control message and/or data) circuit.

Processor 2520 may include one or more of CPU, AP and CP.For example, processor 2520 executes and electronics The control and/or the relevant operation of communication or data processing of at least one other element of device 2500.

Memory 2530 may include volatile memory and/or nonvolatile memory.For example, memory 2530 can be with Store order or data associated at least one other element of electronic device 2500.According to embodiment, memory 2530 Store software and/or program 2540.For example, program 2540 may include kernel 2541, middleware 2543, Application Programming Interface (API) 2545 and/or application program (or application) 2547.At least one in kernel 2541, middleware 2543 and API 2545 Operating system (OS) can be referred to as by dividing.

For example, kernel 2541 be can control or be managed for executing other programs (for example, middleware 2543, API 2545 Or using the 2547) system resource of the middle operation realized or function (for example, bus 2510, processor 2520 or memory 2530).Kernel 2541 can provide interface, and middleware 2543, API 2545 or application 2547 access electronics dress by the interface 2500 various components are set to control or management system resource.

For example, middleware 2543 may be used as allowing API 2545 or or exchange number with the communication of kernel 2541 using 2547 According to intermediary.

Middleware 2543 can be according to priority processing from the received one or more work requests of application program 2547.Example Such as, middleware 2543 can at least one application program 2547 distribute using electronic device 2501 system resource (for example, Bus 2510, processor 2520 or memory 2530) priority.For example, middleware 2543 can be given at least by basis The priority processing one or more work request of one application program 1047, Lai Zhihang is for one or more work requests Scheduling or load balance.

API 2545 is using 1447 to control function provided by kernel 1441 or middleware 1443 and connecing for using Mouthful, and for example may include for example for document control, window control, image procossing or character control at least one interface or Function (for example, instruction).

For example, input/output interface 2550 may be used as the order or data that will be inputted from user or other external device (ED)s It is transmitted to the interface of another element of electronic device 2500.In addition, input/output interface 1450 can will be from electronic device 2500 The received order or data of another element be output to user or another external device (ED) 2500.

For example, display circuit 2560 may include liquid crystal display (LCD), light emitting diode (LED) display, You Jifa Optical diode (OLED) display, MEMS (MEMS) display or electric paper display.For example, display circuit 2560 can To show various contents (for example, text, image, video, icon or symbol).Display circuit 2560 may include touch screen, and And for example, touch, gesture, the close or input that suspends can be received by using electronic pen or the body part of user.

For example, telecommunication circuit 2570 can electronic device 2500 and external device (ED) (for example, the first electronic equipment 2502, Second electronic device 2504 or server 2506) between establish communication.For example, telecommunication circuit 2570 can by wireless communication or Wire communication be connected to network 2562 with external electronic (for example, the second external electronic 2504 or server 2506) Communication.

For example, wireless communication can be cellular communication protocol, it is, for example, possible to use long term evolution (LTE), LTE are advanced (LTE-A), CDMA (CDMA), wideband CDMA (WCDMA), Universal Mobile Communication System (UMTS), WiMAX (WiBro), at least one in global system for mobile communications (GSM) etc..In addition, for example, wireless communication may include that short distance is logical Letter 2564.For example, short haul connection 2564 may include WiFi, bluetooth (BT), near-field communication (NFC) and global navigational satellite system Unite at least one of (GNSS).According in using region or bandwidth, GNSS may include global positioning system (GPS), complete Ball navigational satellite system (Glonass), Beidou navigation satellite system (hereinafter referred to as Beidou) and European global navigation satellite system It unites at least one of (Galileo).Hereinafter, in the disclosure, " GPS " can be used interchangeably with " GNSS ".For example, cable modem Letter may include universal serial bus (USB), high-definition multimedia interface (HDMI), proposed standard 232 (RS-232) and general At least one of logical plain old telephone service (POTS).Network 2562 may include such as computer network (for example, local area network (LAN) or wide area network (WAN)), at least one of internet or the communication network of telephone network.

First external electronic 2502 and the second external electronic 2504 can be identical as 2500 type of electronic device Or it is different.According to embodiment, server 2506 may include the group of one or more servers.According to the various implementations of the disclosure The all or part of example, the operation that electronic device 2500 executes can be by another or multiple devices (for example, the first external electrical Device 2502, the second external electronic 2504 or server 2506) it executes.In accordance with an embodiment of the present disclosure, work as electronic device 2500 automatically or by request and when executing certain function or services, instead of oneself execution function or service, or in addition to oneself is executed Except function or service, electronic device 2500 can be to another electronic device (for example, the first external electronic 2502, second External electronic 2504 or server 2506) request at least part function associated with function or service.Other electronics Device (for example, the first external electronic 2502, the second external electronic 2504 or server 2506) can execute request Function or additional function, and implementing result is transmitted to electronic device 2500.Electronic device 2500 can be direct or additional Handle received as a result, and the function or service of request can be provided.To this end it is possible to use, cloud computing, distributed computing or Client-server computing technique.

Figure 26 is the block diagram of electronic device 2600 according to various embodiments of the present disclosure.For example, electronic device 2600 can With include electronic device 2501 shown in Figure 25 all or part of.Referring to Figure 26, electronic device 2600 may include at least one A processor (for example, AP 2610), communication module 2620, subscriber identification module (SIM) block 2624, memory 2630, sensor Module 2640, input unit 2650, display 2660, interface 2670, audio-frequency module 2680, camera model 2691, power management Module 2695, battery 2696, indicator 2697 and motor 2698.

Processor 2610 can be connected to multiple hardware of processor 2610 and soft by driving OS or application program controlling Part element, and execute various data processings and operation.For example, system on chip (SoC) realization can be used in processor 2610.Root According to embodiment, processor 210 can also include graphics processing unit (GPU) and/or image-signal processor.Processor 2610 can To include at least part (for example, cellular module 2621) of element shown in Figure 26.Processor 2610 can will be from least one The received instruction of other elements (for example, nonvolatile memory) or data are loaded into the finger that load is handled in volatile storage Order or data, and various types of data are stored in the nonvolatile memory.

Telecommunication circuit 2620 can have the same or similar structure of communication interface 2570 with Figure 25.For example, communication electricity Road 2620 may include cellular module 2621, Wi-Fi module 2623, BT module 2625, GNSS module 2627 (for example, GPS mould Block, Glonass module, Beidou module or Galileo module), NFC module 2628 and radio frequency (RF) module 2629.

Cellular module 2621 can for example, by communication network provide audio call, video call, text message service or Internet service.According to embodiment, SIM (for example, SIM card 2624) is can be used in a communication network to electricity in cellular module 2621 Sub-device 2600 executes differentiation or authentication operation.According to embodiment, cellular module 2621 can execute the offer of processor 2610 At least part in function.In accordance with an embodiment of the present disclosure, cellular module 2621 can also include CP.

Wi-Fi module 2623, BT module 2625, GNSS module 2627 or NFC module 2628 may include logical for handling Cross corresponding module transmission/received data processor.According to some embodiments, cellular module 2621, Wi-Fi module 2623, At least part (for example, two or more) of bluetooth module 2625, GNSS module 2627 and NFC module 2628 may include In single integrated circuit (IC) or IC package.

For example, RF module 2629 can send/receive signal of communication (for example, RF signal).For example, RF module 2629 can be with Including transceiver, power amplifier module (PAM), frequency filter, low-noise amplifier (LNA) or antenna.According to another reality Apply example, in cellular module 2621, Wi-Fi module 2623, BT module 2625, GNSS module 2627 and NFC module 2628 at least One can send/receive RF signal by individual RF module.

For example, SIM card 2624 may include the card comprising SIM and/or embedded SIM, and it may include unique identification Information is (for example, integrated circuit card identifier (ICCID) or subscriber information (for example, International Mobile Subscriber identity (IMSI)).

For example, memory 2630 (for example, memory 2530) may include internal storage 2632 or external memory 2634.For example, internal storage 2632 may include volatile memory (for example, dynamic random access memory (DRAM), quiet State RAM (SRAM), synchronous dynamic ram (SDRAM) etc.) or nonvolatile memory (for example, disposable programmable read only memory (OTPROM), programming ROM (PROM), erasable and programming ROM (EPROM), electric erasable and programming ROM (EEPROM), flash rom, flash memory (for example, nand flash memory or NOR flash memory), hard disk drive or solid state drive At least one of (SSD).

External memory 2634 can also include flash drive, for example, compact flash (CF), secure digital (SD), Miniature SD, mini SD, very fast card (xD) or memory stick.External memory 2634 can pass through various interfaces and electronic device 2600 Functionally and/or physically connect.

Sensor circuit 2640 measures the mode of operation of physical quantity or detection electronic installation 2601, and can will measurement or The information of detection is converted into electric signal.Sensor module 2640 may include such as gesture sensor 2640A, gyrosensor 2640B, it atmospheric pressure sensor 2640C, Magnetic Sensor 2640D, acceleration transducer 2640E, grip sensor 2640F, connects Nearly sensor 2640G, color sensor 2640H (such as R-G-B (RGB) sensor), biosensor (bio sensor) 2640I, temperature/humidity sensor 2640J, illuminance transducer 2640K and ultraviolet light (UV) sensor 2640M.Alternatively or additionally Ground, sensor circuit 2640 may include electronic nose sensor, electromyogram (EMG) sensor, electroencephalogram (EEG) sensor, the heart Electrograph (ECG) sensor, infrared ray (IR) sensor, iris sensor or fingerprint sensor.Sensor circuit 2640 can be with Including the control circuit for controlling one or more of sensors.According to some embodiments, electronic device 2600 may be used also To include being configured as a part of control as processor 2610 or the sensor circuit 2640 independently of processor 2610 Processor, therefore electronic device 2600 can control sensor circuit 2640 when processor 2610 is in sleep pattern.

Input unit 2650 may include touch panel 2652, (number) sensor 2654, key 2656 or ultrasound input Device 2658.For example, at least one in condenser type, resistance-type, infrared-type and ultrasonic type can be used in touch panel 2652 It is a.Touch panel 2652 can also include control circuit.Touch panel 2652 can also include tactile layer, and provide a user touching Feel response.

(number) sensor 2654 may include for example knowing as the identification piece of a part of touch panel or individually Other.Key 2656 may include such as physical button, optical key or keyboard.Ultrasonic wave input device 2658, which can detecte, passes through wheat The ultrasonic wave that gram wind (for example, microphone 2688) is generated by input tool, and can identify ultrasonic wave corresponding to detection Data.

Display circuit 2660 (for example, display circuit 2560) may include panel 2662, hologram apparatus 2664 or projection Instrument 2666.Panel 2662 can have the same or similar element of display circuit 2560 with Figure 25.Panel 2662 can be by reality It is now for example flexible, transparent or wearable.Panel 2662 and touch panel 2652 can be formed together in individual module In.Hologram apparatus 2664 can show 3-D image by using the interference of light in air.Projector 2666 can pass through by Light, which projects to, shows image on screen.Screen can for example be placed on the internal or external of electronic device 2600.According to embodiment, Display circuit 2660 can also include the control circuit for control panel 2662, hologram apparatus 2664 or projector 2666.

Interface 2670 may include such as HDMI 2672, USB 2674, optical interface 2676 or D- microminiature (D-sub) 2678.Interface 2670 may include in the input/output interface shown in such as Figure 25.Additionally or alternatively, interface 2670 can To include mobile high definition link (MHL) interface, secure digital (SD) card/multimedia card (MMC) interface or Infrared Data Association (IrDA) standard interface.

Audio-frequency module 2680 can be with bi-directional conversion sound and electric signal.At least part element of audio-frequency module 2680 can be with It is included in input/output interface 2550 shown in such as Figure 25.Audio-frequency module 2680 can handle for example, by loudspeaker 2682, the voice messaging of receiver 2684, earphone 2686 or the input of microphone 2688 or output.

Camera model 2691 can be the device for capturing still image and dynamic image.According to embodiment, camera mould Block 2691 may include one or more imaging sensors (for example, front and back sensor), camera lens, image-signal processor (ISP) or flash lamp (such as LED or xenon lamp).

Power management module 2695 can manage the power of such as electronic device 2600.In accordance with an embodiment of the present disclosure, example Such as, power management module 2695 may include power management IC (PMIC), charger IC or battery gauge or fuel gauge.PMIC It can have wiredly and/or wirelessly charging scheme.The example of wireless charging method may include such as magnetic resonance method, magnetic induction Method, electromagnetism wave method etc..It can also include the adjunct circuit for wireless charging.Battery gauge can measure such as charging phase Between battery 2696 surplus and voltage, electric current or temperature.Battery 2696 may include such as rechargeable battery or solar-electricity Pond.

Indicator 2697 can indicate the specific shape of display electronics assemblies 2600 or part of it (for example, processor 2610) State, for example, starting state, message status or charged state.Motor 2698 can convert electrical signals to mechanical oscillation, and can To generate vibration or haptic effect.Although attached drawing is not shown, electronic device 2600 may include for supporting mobile TV Processing unit (for example, GPU).For supporting that the processing unit of mobile TV can be according to digital multimedia broadcasting (DMB), number Word video broadcasting (DVB) or Media Stream (MediaFLOTM) specific criteria handle media data.

Each element described in specification may include one or more components, can be changed according to the type of electronic device The term of dependent element.According to various embodiments of the present disclosure, electronic device may include in element described in specification extremely It is one few, and can be omitted subelement, or can also include add ons.Electricity according to various embodiments of the present disclosure The a part of of the element of sub-device can be bonded to form an entity, and corresponding member can be executed before they couple The identical function of part.

Figure 27 is the block diagram of program module according to various embodiments of the present disclosure.According to embodiment, program module 2710 (for example, program 2540) may include control with the various application programs that are driven on electronic device 2500 and/or OS (for example, answering With program 2547) OS of relevant resource.For example, OS may include Android, iOS, Windows, Symbian, Tizen, Bada etc..

Referring to Figure 27, program module 2710 may include such as kernel 2720, middleware 2730, API 2760 and/or answer With 2770.At least part of program module 2710 can be pre-loaded on electronic device or can be from server (for example, One and second external electronic 2502 or 2504 or server 2506) downloading.

Kernel 2720 (for example, kernel 2541) may include such as system resource managers 2721 or device driver 2723.System resource managers 2721 can control, distribute or searching system resource.According to one embodiment, system resource pipe Reason device 2721 may include processing administrative unit, memory management unit and/or file system management unit.Device driver 2723 may include for example display driver, camera driver, BLUETOOTH driver, shared memory driver, usb driver, Keyboard driver, Wi-Fi driver, audio driver or interprocess communication (IPC) driver.

Middleware 2730 can provide the function using 870 common prescriptions, or be mentioned by API 2760 to application 2770 For various functions, so that effectively using the limited system resources of electronic device using 2770.According to embodiment, middleware 2730 (for example, middleware 2543) may include such as run time library 2735, application manager 2741, window manager 2742, more Media manager 2743, power supervisor 2745, database manager 2746, package manager 2747, connects resource manager 2744 It connects in manager 2748, notification manager 2749, location manager 2750, Graph Manager 2751 and security manager 2752 At least one.

Run time library 2735 may include the library module that such as compiler uses, to pass through volume when executing using 2770 Cheng Yuyan adds new function.Run time library 2735 can execute incoming/outgoing management function, memory management functions and/or Calculation function.

Application manager 2741 can manage for example using 2770 at least one of life cycle.Window manager 2742 can be with GUI resource used in management screen.Multimedia administration device 2743 can detecte needed for reproducing various media files Format, and media file is encoded or is decoded using the codec of suitable corresponding format.Resource manager 2744 Can manage resource, such as using 2770 the source code of at least one, memory and/or memory space.

Power supervisor 2745 can be operated for example with basic input/output (BIOS) together, with manage battery or Power, and power information needed for the operation of electronic device can be provided.Database manager 2746 can be generated, search or Change using 2770 at least one of application used in database.Package manager 2747 can be managed with APMB package format The installation or update of the application of distribution.

For example, connection manager 2748 can manage wireless connection, such as Wi-Fi or bluetooth.Notification manager 2749 can To be shown in a manner of not interfering user to user or notification event, such as reception message, appointment and/or close to notice.Position Manager 2750 can manage the location information of electronic device.Graph Manager 2751, which can manage, will be provided to the figure of user Shape effect and user interface relevant to graphical effect.Security manager 2752 can provide system safety and/or user tests Various security functions needed for card.In accordance with an embodiment of the present disclosure, when electronic device (for example, electronic device 2500) has phone When function, middleware 2730 can also include the phone of the audio call and/or function of voice communication for managing electronic device Manager.

Middleware 2730 may include the combined middleware module to form the various functions of said elements.Middleware 2730 The module specially designed according to each type OS can be provided, to provide differential function.Furthermore, it is possible to from middleware 2730 Dynamic deletes the existing element in part or new element can be added to middleware 2730.

API 2760 (for example, API 1445) is the set of such as API programing function, and can be arranged to according to OS Another configuration.For example, in the case where Android or iOS, an API set can be provided for each platform, and In the case where Tizen, two or more API sets can be provided for each platform.

Using 2770 (for example, application programs 2547) may include homepage 2771, dialer 2772, SMS/MMS 2773, Instant message (IM) 2774, browser 2775, camera 2776, quarter-bell 2777, contact person 2778, phonetic dialing 2779, electronics postal Part 2780, calendar 2781, media player 2782, album 2783, clock 2784 can provide health care (for example, measurement Physical consumption degree or blood glucose) or environmental information at least one application.

According to embodiment, application 2770 may include supporting in electronic device (for example, electronic device 2500) and other electricity The application of information exchange between sub-device (for example, the first external electronic 2502 and second external electronic 2504) (hereinafter, for ease of description, referred to as " information exchange application ").Information exchange application may include for example for external electrical Device forwards the notice relay application of specific information, or the device management application for managing external electronic.

For example, notice relay application can have by the other application of electronic device 10 (for example, short message service (SMS)/ Multimedia messaging service (MMS) application, e-mail applications, healthcare appliances or environmental information application) generate notice letter Breath is forwarded to the function of other electronic devices (for example, the first external electronic 2502 and second external electronic 2504). In addition, notice relay application can receive notification information from external electronic, then received notification information can be provided To user.

Device management application can for example manage the outside that (for example, installation, deletion or update) is communicated with electronic device 100 At least part of function of electronic device (for example, the first external electronic 2502 and second external electronic 2504) (for example, activation/deactivation external electronic itself (or members) or adjust display brightness (or resolution ratio)), The service that the application operated in external electronic or external electronic provide is (for example, telephone calling service or message clothes Business).

According to embodiment, application 2770 may include according to another device (for example, the first external electronic 2502 and Two external electronics 2504) the specified application (for example, health control application) of attribute.It, can using 2770 according to embodiment To include from external electronic (for example, the first external electronic 2502 and the second external electronic 2504 or server 2506) received application.In accordance with an embodiment of the present disclosure, application 2770 may include the application preloaded or download from server Third-party application.It can be changed according to the type of OS according to the title of the element of the program module 2710 of illustrated embodiment.

According to various embodiments, at least part of program module 2710 may be implemented software, firmware, hardware or its two In a or more combination.For example, can realize (for example, execution) programming module by processor (for example, processor 2610) 2710 at least part.At least part of program module 2710 may include the module for for example executing at least one function, Program routine, instruction set or process.

Figure 28 A is the front view of electronic device 2800 according to various embodiments of the present disclosure.

Referring to Figure 28 A, display 280 be may be mounted in the front surface 2807 of electronic device 2800.For receiving other side The loudspeaker unit 2802 of voice may be mounted on display 2801.For sending the language of the user of electronic device to other side The microphone unit 2803 of sound may be mounted under display 2801.

In accordance with an embodiment of the present disclosure, loudspeaking can be arranged in for executing the component of the various functions of electronic device 2800 Near device unit 2802.The component may include one or more sensors module 2804.Sensor module 2804 can wrap It includes in such as illuminance transducer (for example, optical sensor), proximity sensor, infrared sensor or ultrasonic sensor at least One.In accordance with an embodiment of the present disclosure, the component may include camera unit 2805.According to one embodiment of the disclosure, The component may include the indicator 2806 for the status information for informing the user electronic device 2800.

According to various embodiments of the present disclosure, electronic device 2800 may include metal framework 2810 (for example, can be used as At least part of metal component).In accordance with an embodiment of the present disclosure, metal framework 2810 can be along the outer of electronic device 2800 Cloth is set, and can be arranged to extend at least part of the rear surface of electronic device 2800, extends to electronics dress Set 2800 periphery.In accordance with an embodiment of the present disclosure, metal framework 2810 can define electronics along the periphery of electronic device 2800 The thickness of device, and can be formed in the form of a ring.However, the present disclosure is not limited thereto, and it can install and facilitate electricity At least part of mode of the thickness of sub-device 2800 forms metal framework 2810.In accordance with an embodiment of the present disclosure, metal frame Frame 2810 can be arranged only at a part of the periphery of electronic device 2800.In accordance with an embodiment of the present disclosure, metal framework 2810 Including one or more section portions 2815 and 2816, unit metal portion 2815 and 2816 that by section portion 2813 and 2814 point opens can be with It is used as antenna radiator according to various embodiments of the present disclosure.

Figure 28 B is the rearview of electronic device 2800 according to various embodiments of the present disclosure.

Referring to Figure 28 B, The lid component 2820 can also be mounted in the rear surface of electronic device 2800.The lid component 2820 can be with Be for protect the battery pack for being removably mounted on electronic device 2800 and make electronic device 2800 attractive appearance electricity Chi Gai.However, the present disclosure is not limited thereto, The lid component 2820 can be integrally formed as electronic device with electronic device 2800 Back casing.In accordance with an embodiment of the present disclosure, The lid component 2820 can be by a variety of materials (such as metal, glass, composite material or conjunction At resin) it is formed.In accordance with an embodiment of the present disclosure, camera unit 2817 and flash lamp 2818 can be disposed in electronic device In 2800 rear surface.

According to embodiment, it is arranged to surround the metal frame of the periphery of electronic device 2800 used as unit frame The lower frame section 2814 of frame 2810 can be used as an antenna radiator in combined antenna in accordance with an embodiment of the present disclosure.Root According to embodiment, lower frame section 2814 may be arranged such that another antenna radiator being arranged near antenna can couple.

According to various embodiments of the present disclosure, metal framework 2810 can have the ring of the periphery along electronic device 2800 Shape shape, and can be arranged in a manner of facilitating the whole thickness of electronic device 200 or a part of thickness.According to this Disclosed embodiment, when being observed from the front electronic device 2800, metal framework 2810 can have correct frame portion 2811, left frame Frame portion 2812, upper frame part 2813 and lower frame section 2814.Here, above-mentioned upper frame part 2813 and lower frame section 2814 can be with Unit metal portion is formed as section portion 2815 and 2816.

Figure 28 C is the electronic device for showing the operational frequency bands for controlling antenna according to various embodiments of the present disclosure The block diagram of configuration.

Referring to Figure 28 C, electronic device may include processor 2830, communication module/circuit for being controlled by processor 2830 2840 and the antenna 2850 that is controlled by processor 2830 or communication module/circuit 2840.

According to various embodiments, communication module/circuit 2840 can have identical or phase with the communication interface 2570 of Figure 25 As structure.Communication module/circuit 2840 for example may include cellular module, Wi-Fi module, bluetooth module, GNSS module (example Such as, GPS module, Glonass module, Beidou module or Galileo module), NFC module and RF module.

According to various embodiments, RF modules/circuits 2841 can send/receive such as signal of communication (for example, RF signal). RF modules/circuits 2841 may include such as transceiver, PAM, frequency filter, LNA or antenna.

According to various embodiments, antenna 2850 may include at least two aerial radiation according to an embodiment of the present disclosure Device.Antenna 2850 may include a part as electronic device 2800 and be electrically connected to will be as first antenna radiator The conductive member of the RF modules/circuits 2841 of operation.Antenna 2850 may include being disposed in the inside of electronic device 2800 simultaneously It is electrically connected to the conductive pattern of the RF modules/circuits 2841 operated as the second antenna radiator.According to embodiment, antenna 2850 may include from electrical connection communication module/circuit 2840 and conductive member branch and the power path for being electrically connected to ground component Switching circuit 2851.

According to various embodiments, antenna 2850 can be according to the control in communication module/circuit 2840 or processor 2830 The handover operation of the switching circuit 2851 of lower operation changes the conductive member operated as first antenna radiator and/or as the The operational frequency bands of the conductive pattern of two antenna radiators operation or the bandwidth of extended antenna 2850.

According to various embodiments, a kind of electronic device is provided, which includes: shell, including the first face, towards At least part of side in the second face of opposite side on one side and the space between the first face and the second face;First is elongated Metal component forms a part of side and including first end and second end;At least one telecommunication circuit, passes through capacity cell It is electrically connected at first point of the first elongated metallic member;At least one earthing component, in the inside of shell;First conductive structure The second point of first elongated metallic member is electrically connected to ground component, wherein compared with first point, second point is closer by part Second end.

According to various embodiments, the first conductive member may include conducting wire.

According to various embodiments, the first conductive member may include sheet metal.

According to various embodiments, electronic device can also include: the second conductive member, by the of the first elongated metallic member 3 points are electrically connected to ground component, thirdly opposite with first point relative to second point.

According to various embodiments, electronic device can also include: the second elongated metallic member, form another portion of side Point, be arranged to it is adjacent with the first end of the first elongated metallic member, and with the first elongated metallic member insulate;First is conductive One point of the second elongated metallic member is electrically connected to ground component by path.

According to various embodiments, electronic device can also include: third elongated metallic member, form another portion of side Point, be arranged to it is adjacent with the second end of the first elongated metallic member, and with the first elongated metallic member insulate;Second is conductive One point of third elongated metallic member is electrically connected to ground component by path.

According to various embodiments, at least one telecommunication circuit may be electrically connected to the second point of third elongated metallic member.

According to various embodiments, at least one telecommunication circuit can be electrically connected to third long and thin metal structure by capacity cell Part is thirdly.

According to various embodiments, electronic device can also include: the second elongated metallic member, form another portion of side Point, be arranged to it is adjacent with the second end of the first elongated metallic member, and with the first elongated metallic member insulate;Second is conductive One point of the second elongated metallic member is electrically connected to ground component by path.

According to various embodiments, at least one telecommunication circuit may be electrically connected to the second point of the second elongated metallic member.

According to various embodiments, at least one telecommunication circuit can be electrically connected to the second long and thin metal structure by capacity cell Part is thirdly.

According to various embodiments, electronic device can also include: the first switching circuit, selectively by the first conductive member It is connected at least one of multiple points of earthing component.

According to various embodiments, electronic device can also include: the second conductive member, by the of the first elongated metallic member 3 points are electrically connected to ground component, wherein thirdly opposite with first point relative to second point;Second switching circuit, selectivity Second conductive member is connected at least one of multiple points of earthing component point by ground.

According to various embodiments, electronic device can also include: the second conductive member, by the of the first elongated metallic member 3 points are electrically connected to ground component, wherein thirdly opposite with first point relative to second point;Switching circuit selectively will Second conductive member is connected at least one of multiple points of earthing component point.

According to various embodiments, a kind of electronic device is provided, which includes: shell, including the first face, towards At least part of side in the second face of opposite side on one side and the space between the first face and the second face;First is elongated Metal component forms a part of side and including first end and second end;At least one telecommunication circuit, is electrically connected to first First point of elongated metallic member;At least one earthing component, positioned at the inside of shell;First conductive member is elongated by first The second point of metal component is electrically connected to ground component, wherein compared with first point, second point is closer to second end;Second leads First elongated metallic member is thirdly electrically connected to ground component, wherein compared with second point, thirdly more by electric components Close to second end.

According to various embodiments, electronic device can also include: the first switching circuit, selectively by the first conductive member It is connected at least one of multiple points of earthing component point.

According to various embodiments, electronic device can also include: the second switching circuit, selectively by the second conductive member It is connected at least one of multiple points of earthing component point.

According to various embodiments, electronic device can also include: switching circuit, selectively connect the second conductive member It is connected at least one of multiple points of earthing component point.

According to various embodiments, electronic device can also include the metal between the first conductive member and the second conductive member Input/output end port.

According to various embodiments, a kind of electronic device is provided, which includes: shell, including the first face, in face of the At least part of side in the second face of opposite side on one side and the space between the first face and the second face;First is elongated Metal component forms a part of side and including first end and second end;At least one telecommunication circuit, is electrically connected to first First point of elongated metallic member;At least one earthing component, positioned at the inside of shell;Conductive sheet, by region contact by the A part of one elongated metallic member is electrically connected to ground component, wherein compared with first point, the one of the first elongated metallic member The closer second end in part.

According to various embodiments, electronic device can also include at position corresponding with conductive sheet metal input/it is defeated Exit port.

For example, terminology used herein " module " can refer to including hardware, software and firmware two or more Multiple combined units.For example, module can be used interchangeably with unit, logic, logical block, component or circuit.Module can be with It is minimum unit or the part in integrated configuration portion.Module can be the minimum unit for executing one or more functions or portion.It can be with Mechanically or electromagnetically realize module.For example, module may include having been known, following exploitation or executing answering for specific operation With at least one of specific integrated circuit (ASIC) chip, field programmable gate array or programmable logic device.

According to various embodiments of the present disclosure, for example, according to various embodiments of the present disclosure device (for example, module or Its function) at least part or method (for example, operation) can be for example in the form of program module by being stored in computer Instruction in readable storage medium storing program for executing is realized.When processor executes instruction, at least one processor, which can execute, corresponds to instruction Function.For example, computer readable storage medium can be memory.

Computer readable storage medium may include hard disk, floppy disk, magnetic medium (for example, tape), optical medium (for example, Compact disc read-only memory (CD-ROM)), digital versatile disc (DVD), magnet-optical medium (for example, soft CD), hardware device (example Such as, ROM, RAM or flash memory).In addition, program instruction may include the higher-level language code that interpreter execution can be used in computer And the machine language by using compiler-creating.Above-mentioned hardware device may be configured to as one or more software moulds Block operation, to execute the operation of various embodiments, vice versa.

Module or program module according to various embodiments of the present disclosure may include at least one of said elements, can It to omit their a part, or can also include another element.It can repeat in order, parallel or heuristic is held The program module or operation that are executed by other elements of row according to various embodiments of the present disclosure.Furthermore, it is possible to different suitable The operation of sequence execution part, perhaps can be omitted part operation or can add other operations.

Electronic device according to various embodiments of the present disclosure can adjust electronics dress by changing the capacitor of capacity cell The resonance frequency of coupling feed antenna between the antenna radiator and feeder set including capacity cell.

In addition, electronic device according to various embodiments of the present disclosure can pass through connecing first antenna and the second antenna Ground portion is separated from each other the isolation guaranteed between first antenna and the second antenna.

Although the disclosure, those skilled in the art have shown and described referring to its exemplary embodiment It will be understood that in the case where not departing from the spirit and scope of the present disclosure of the following claims and their equivalents restriction, Ke Yijin The various changes of row form and details.

Claims (6)

1. a kind of electronic device, comprising:
Shell including the first face, the opposite side towards the first face and the second face for arranging and is configured to around the first face and the At least part of side in the space between two faces;
First elongated metallic member is configured to form the first part of the side and including first end and second end;
Second elongated metallic member is configured to form the second part of the side, wherein the second elongated metallic member arrangement It is adjacent with the second end of the first elongated metallic member;
At least one telecommunication circuit is electrically connected to and the second elongated structure of the first elongated metallic member by capacity cell at first point First point of part;
At least one earthing component, is disposed in the inside of shell;
First conductive member is configured to the second point of the first elongated metallic member being electrically connected to ground component, wherein with First point of one elongated metallic member is compared, and the second point of the first elongated metallic member is arranged to closer to second end;
First elongated metallic member is thirdly electrically connected to ground component, wherein compared to second by the second conductive member Point, the first slender member are thirdly arranged to closer to second end;
Metal assembly is arranged between the first conductive member and the second conductive member.
2. electronic device as described in claim 1, wherein the first conductive member includes conducting wire.
3. electronic device as described in claim 1, wherein the first conductive member includes sheet metal.
4. electronic device as described in claim 1, further includes:
Conductive path is configured to the second point of the second elongated metallic member being electrically connected to ground component.
5. electronic device as described in claim 1, further includes:
First switching circuit is configured to that selectively the first conductive member is connected in multiple predetermined points of earthing component At least one point.
6. electronic device as claimed in claim 5, further includes:
Second switching circuit is configured to that selectively the second conductive member is connected in multiple predetermined points of earthing component At least one point.
CN201610663542.6A 2015-08-13 2016-08-12 Electronic device CN106450662B (en)

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US20180278731A1 (en) 2018-09-27
WO2017026818A1 (en) 2017-02-16
EP3131156A1 (en) 2017-02-15
CN106450662A (en) 2017-02-22
US10015294B2 (en) 2018-07-03
CN109888460A (en) 2019-06-14
US20200036820A1 (en) 2020-01-30
US20170048363A1 (en) 2017-02-16
EP3131156B1 (en) 2019-03-20
US10516772B2 (en) 2019-12-24
US9762710B2 (en) 2017-09-12
US20170374182A1 (en) 2017-12-28

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