CN106436894B - A kind of prefabricated dwelling house and its method of construction - Google Patents

A kind of prefabricated dwelling house and its method of construction Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN106436894B
CN106436894B CN201610865608.XA CN201610865608A CN106436894B CN 106436894 B CN106436894 B CN 106436894B CN 201610865608 A CN201610865608 A CN 201610865608A CN 106436894 B CN106436894 B CN 106436894B
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
prefabricated
steel bar
plate
plywood
shear
Prior art date
Application number
CN201610865608.XA
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN106436894A (en
Inventor
王其明
符如旭
Original Assignee
中国航天建设集团有限公司
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 中国航天建设集团有限公司 filed Critical 中国航天建设集团有限公司
Priority to CN201610865608.XA priority Critical patent/CN106436894B/en
Publication of CN106436894A publication Critical patent/CN106436894A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN106436894B publication Critical patent/CN106436894B/en

Links

Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/02Structures consisting primarily of load-supporting, block-shaped, or slab-shaped elements
    • E04B1/04Structures consisting primarily of load-supporting, block-shaped, or slab-shaped elements the elements consisting of concrete, e.g. reinforced concrete, or other stone-like material
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/02Structures consisting primarily of load-supporting, block-shaped, or slab-shaped elements
    • E04B1/04Structures consisting primarily of load-supporting, block-shaped, or slab-shaped elements the elements consisting of concrete, e.g. reinforced concrete, or other stone-like material
    • E04B1/043Connections specially adapted therefor
    • E04B1/046Connections specially adapted therefor using reinforcement loops protruding from the elements
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04CSTRUCTURAL ELEMENTS; BUILDING MATERIALS
    • E04C2/00Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels
    • E04C2/02Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by specified materials
    • E04C2/04Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by specified materials of concrete or other stone-like material; of asbestos cement; of cement and other mineral fibres
    • E04C2/06Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by specified materials of concrete or other stone-like material; of asbestos cement; of cement and other mineral fibres reinforced
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04CSTRUCTURAL ELEMENTS; BUILDING MATERIALS
    • E04C2/00Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels
    • E04C2/30Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by the shape or structure
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04CSTRUCTURAL ELEMENTS; BUILDING MATERIALS
    • E04C2/00Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels
    • E04C2/30Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by the shape or structure
    • E04C2/38Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by the shape or structure with attached ribs, flanges, or the like, e.g. framed panels
    • E04C2/382Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by the shape or structure with attached ribs, flanges, or the like, e.g. framed panels with a frame of concrete or other stone-like substance

Abstract

The present invention provides a kind of prefabricated dwelling house and its methods of construction, belong to the realm of building construction, including multiple housing units, each housing unit includes overlapping close rib diaphragm capsule floorboard and multiple grid-like framework shear wall bodies, and the close rib diaphragm capsule floorboard of overlapping of same housing unit is mounted on the top of multiple grid-like framework shear wall bodies;Overlapping close rib diaphragm capsule floorboard includes top plate, girt strip in lower plywood and plate, top plate is oppositely arranged with lower plywood, girt strip is fixedly connected between top plate and lower plywood, and respectively with top plate and lower plywood in plate, and lower plywood is fixedly connected with grid-like framework shear wall body.Method of construction is used for the construction of prefabricated dwelling house.Multiple components of the house use standardized designs, the factorial production mode, while improving prefabricated components quality, realize normalization, the unitized and diversification of crucial component, also to meet the diversified demand in different house type houses.

Description

A kind of prefabricated dwelling house and its method of construction

Technical field

The present invention relates to the realm of building construction, in particular to a kind of prefabricated dwelling house and its method of construction.

Background technique

Whether recent years, the form of construction work of traditional field cast-in-place meet the developing direction of Building Trade in China, again Obtain close examination in the industry.Be first with social development and progress, the fast lifting of labor cost, it is close using working on a large scale The field cast-in-place form of construction work of collection type has not met the requirement of sustainable development;Second, society is for construction site environmental pollution Great attention, using cast-in-place mode that there are water resource waste, noise pollution, building waste yields for construction site is big etc. all More problems;Third, the construction quality of construction site or unsatisfactory, Construction Quality common fault is more.From sustainable development Angle considers, proposes that industrial transformation and upgrading require to traditional construction industry.On 2 6th, 2016, State Council, the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China printed and distributed " about several opinions for further strengthening urban planning and development control work " explicitly point out, and Development of Novel mode of construction, greatly Wide assembled architecture is pushed, assembled architecture is made to account for new building ratio up to 30% in 10 years.Therefore, reflection building industry development Building industrialization it is of interest by industry again, country under the support of local government, China's fabricated construction system weight Newly welcome development opportunity.

Inventor has found that traditional Residential structure at least has the following disadvantages: under study for action

Conventional industries of the dwelling construction as China are chronically at extensive production phase, the energy and raw materials consumption Excessive, industrialization degree is not high, labor productivity and with low content of technology, and structure type is single, and construction quality is poor with function, special It is not that the seismic seeurity of residential structure and comfort pole wait improving, the appearance of prefabricated concrete structure can effectively solve above-mentioned Problem.

Therefore, the mode of construction of traditional residential need to be improved, proposes a kind of simple structure and reasonable design, construction party Just and the preferable prefabricated dwelling house of using effect.

Summary of the invention

The purpose of the present invention is to provide a kind of prefabricated dwelling house, with improve the prior art the dwelling construction energy and Raw materials consumption is excessive, industrialization degree is different, labor productivity and problem with low content of technology.

The object of the invention is also to provide a kind of methods of construction of prefabricated dwelling house, to improve living for the prior art Residence construction of energy and raw materials consumption are excessive, industrialization degree is different, labor productivity and problem with low content of technology.

The embodiment of the present invention is achieved in that

Based on above-mentioned first purpose, the present invention provides a kind of prefabricated dwelling houses, including at least one housing unit, Each housing unit includes overlapping close rib diaphragm capsule floorboard and multiple grid-like framework shear wall bodies, it is same it is described live The close rib diaphragm capsule floorboard of the overlapping of residence unit is mounted on the top of multiple grid-like framework shear wall bodies;It is described folded Closing close rib diaphragm capsule floorboard includes top plate, girt strip in lower plywood and plate, and the top plate is oppositely arranged with the lower plywood, Girt strip is solid with the top plate and the lower plywood between the top plate and the lower plywood, and respectively in the plate Fixed connection, the lower plywood are fixedly connected with the grid-like framework shear wall body.

In preferred embodiments of the present invention, girt strip includes more waffle beams in the plate, and the more waffle beams are in length and breadth Be staggered and surround the frame structure with multiple installation cavitys, each installation cavity have the first port being oppositely arranged and Second port, for the top plate lid in multiple first ports, the lower plywood lid is mounted in multiple second ports On.

In preferred embodiments of the present invention, the close rib diaphragm capsule floorboard of overlapping further includes lightweight diaphragm capsule, each described The lightweight diaphragm capsule is provided in installation cavity.

In preferred embodiments of the present invention, the close rib diaphragm capsule floorboard of overlapping further includes the first fastening concrete-bar component, The first fastening concrete-bar component is installed on the end face where the first port, is pacified on the end face where the second port Equipped with the first fastening concrete-bar component.

In preferred embodiments of the present invention, the first fastening concrete-bar component includes more U-shaped steel bar pieces, described in every U-shaped steel bar piece is bent by a reinforcing bar, and the every U-shaped steel bar piece includes two vertical bars being oppositely arranged and is located at Dowel between two vertical bars, the every vertical bar are fixed in the waffle beam far from the end of the dowel.

In preferred embodiments of the present invention, the first fastening concrete-bar component further includes carrying steel bar piece, the carrying Steel bar piece includes the first steel bar stress, the second steel bar stress and third steel bar stress, one end of first steel bar stress, institute One end of one end and the third steel bar stress for stating the second steel bar stress mutually give a little and be fixedly connected, described first by Power reinforcing bar is fixedly connected with the dowel;Diversion trench is provided on first steel bar stress, on first steel bar stress The length direction of diversion trench extend along the length direction of first steel bar stress, be provided on second steel bar stress and lead The length direction of chute, the diversion trench on second steel bar stress extends along the length direction of second steel bar stress, institute State and be provided with diversion trench on third steel bar stress, the length direction of the diversion trench on the third steel bar stress along the third by The length direction of power reinforcing bar extends.

In preferred embodiments of the present invention, second steel bar stress is in that non-rectilinear extends along its length, described Third steel bar stress is in that non-rectilinear extends along its length.

In preferred embodiments of the present invention, the grid-like framework shear wall body is set as rectangular box-like, the net Lattice frames shear wall body includes four outer peripheral surfaces, and four outer peripheral surfaces are sequentially connected end to end, are arranged on each outer peripheral surface There is engagement groove, the length direction of the engagement groove extends along the length direction of the corresponding outer peripheral surface, and the adjacent knot The end for closing slot is connected.

Based on above-mentioned second purpose, the present invention provides a kind of method of construction of prefabricated dwelling house, the methods of construction Include the following steps:

Step S100, prefabricated mesh formula frame-shear wall wall is made, first assembling shear wall steel form and reinforcing bar The framework of steel reinforcement is installed on the shear wall steel form by frame, then forms shear wall wallboard using concreting;

Step S200, girt strip in the lower plywood and plate of the prefabricated close rib diaphragm capsule floorboard of overlapping, first assembling lower plywood are made Then steel form, the assembling reinforcement mesh sheet in the lower plywood steel form use concreting, form preliminary superimposed sheet;To under After laminate initial set, then the mounting plate internal-rib girder steel formwork in the space that the lower plywood steel form surrounds carries out concrete and pours It builds;

Step S300, construction is basic, pouring reinforcement concrete foundation ring girder, and constructional column reinforcing bar is reserved on the foundation ring girder Head and water proof structure;

Step S400, prefabricated components are installed, and the lifting of prefabricated mesh formula frame-shear wall wall is shelved on the basis and is enclosed The constructional column steel bar end is simultaneously inserted into the reserved of the bottom of the prefabricated mesh formula frame-shear wall wall by the predeterminated position of beam In hole, grouting anchoring is then carried out;By the reserved connection steel between the adjacent prefabricated mesh formula frame-shear wall wall Muscle carries out nesting, pours to form connecting column;

Step S500, the installation of close rib diaphragm capsule floorboard is overlapped, it is first that lower plywood and plate internal-rib is beam prefabricated at an entirety And the prefabricated close rib diaphragm capsule floorboard of overlapping is formed, the prefabricated close rib diaphragm capsule floorboard of overlapping is lifted to the prefabricated mesh formula frame The top of frame shear wall body, the lower plywood and the prefabricated mesh formula frame-shear wall wall overlap, the prefabricated overlapping The horizontal connection muscle of close rib diaphragm capsule floorboard is nested with the reserved steel bar of the prefabricated mesh formula frame-shear wall wall, adjacent Reserved steel bar between the prefabricated close rib diaphragm capsule floorboard of overlapping carries out nesting, and girt strip is enclosed with the lower plywood in the plate At cavity in be laid with lightweight diaphragm capsule, build steel mesh on girt strip in the plate, and in steel mesh and the plate on girt strip Reserved steel bar carries out nesting, finally carries out concreting, and concrete fills up the adjacent prefabricated close rib diaphragm capsule flooring of overlapping The top plate of gap and the formation close rib diaphragm capsule floorboard of overlapping between plate.

It further include S500 described in step S600, repeating said steps S100- under in preferred embodiments of the present invention Supreme layer-by-layer construction.

The beneficial effect of the embodiment of the present invention is:

In conclusion the embodiment of the invention provides a kind of prefabricated dwelling house, it is simple and reasonable, convenient for manufacture Processing, meanwhile, which has the further advantage that

1, prefabricated mesh formula frame-shear wall wall uses standardization to set with the crucial component such as close rib diaphragm capsule floorboard is overlapped Meter, the factorial production mode also realize the normalization of crucial component, unitize and more while improving prefabricated components quality Sample, to meet the diversified demand in different house type houses;

2, compared with traditional dwelling construction, using the construction mould of industrialized production, specialized dispatching and prefabricated construction Formula, construction site rely primarily on specialized machinery, and labour is using less, and high degree of automation, speed of application is fast, can be achieved substantially Every layer main body structure builds completion in 1 day~3 days, greatly improves construction efficiency, shortens the construction period, and has ensured the stabilization of housing quality Property and accuracy, meet building total quality performance requirement;

3, the assembly compared with traditional dwelling construction, using precast frame-shear wall body, suitable for high residential building Formula construction, hollow sandwich overlap the use of close rib diaphragm capsule floorboard, save material and improve the sound-insulating and heat-insulating effect of building.

Prefabricated dwelling house provided in this embodiment has the residential structure intensity after the completion of short construction period, construction Height, the good advantage of shock resistance.

Detailed description of the invention

In order to illustrate the technical solution of the embodiments of the present invention more clearly, below will be to needed in the embodiment attached Figure is briefly described, it should be understood that the following drawings illustrates only certain embodiments of the present invention, therefore is not construed as pair The restriction of range for those of ordinary skill in the art without creative efforts, can also be according to this A little attached drawings obtain other relevant attached drawings.

Fig. 1 is the structure chart of the prefabricated dwelling house of the embodiment of the present invention;

Fig. 2 is the structure chart of the shear wall body of the embodiment of the present invention;

Fig. 3 is the cross-sectional view of the close rib diaphragm capsule floorboard of overlapping of the embodiment of the present invention;

Fig. 4 is the combination figure of girt strip in the lower plywood and plate of the embodiment of the present invention;

Fig. 5 is the structure chart of the first fastening concrete-bar component of the embodiment of the present invention;

Fig. 6 is the structure chart of the carrying steel bar piece of the first fastening concrete-bar component of the embodiment of the present invention.

In figure:

Housing unit 100,

Overlap close rib diaphragm capsule floorboard 110, top plate 111, girt strip 112 in plate, waffle beam 1121, lightweight diaphragm capsule 113, One fastening concrete-bar component 114, vertical bar 1141, dowel 1142 carry steel bar piece 115, the first steel bar stress 1151, the second stress Reinforcing bar 1152, third steel bar stress 1153, diversion trench 1154, lower plywood 116,

Grid-like framework shear wall body 120, outer peripheral surface 121, the second fastening concrete-bar component 122, lateral connection column 123, Longitudinally connected column 124, crossbeam 125, stringer 126, wallboard 127, outer framework 128, engagement groove 129.

Specific embodiment

In order to make the object, technical scheme and advantages of the embodiment of the invention clearer, below in conjunction with the embodiment of the present invention In attached drawing, technical scheme in the embodiment of the invention is clearly and completely described, it is clear that described embodiment is A part of the embodiment of the present invention, instead of all the embodiments.The present invention being usually described and illustrated herein in the accompanying drawings is implemented The component of example can be arranged and be designed with a variety of different configurations.

Therefore, the detailed description of the embodiment of the present invention provided in the accompanying drawings is not intended to limit below claimed The scope of the present invention, but be merely representative of selected embodiment of the invention.Based on the embodiments of the present invention, this field is common Technical staff's every other embodiment obtained without creative efforts belongs to the model that the present invention protects It encloses.

It should also be noted that similar label and letter indicate similar terms in following attached drawing, therefore, once a certain Xiang Yi It is defined in a attached drawing, does not then need that it is further defined and explained in subsequent attached drawing.

In the description of the present invention, it should be noted that the orientation of the instructions such as term "top", "inner", "outside" or position are closed System for be based on the orientation or positional relationship shown in the drawings or the invention product using when the orientation usually put or position close System, is merely for convenience of description of the present invention and simplification of the description, rather than the device or element of indication or suggestion meaning must have Specific orientation is constructed and operated in a specific orientation, therefore is not considered as limiting the invention.In addition, term " the One ", " second ", " third " etc. are only used for distinguishing description, are not understood to indicate or imply relative importance.

In the description of the present invention, it is also necessary to which explanation is unless specifically defined or limited otherwise, term " setting ", " installation ", " connected ", " connection " shall be understood in a broad sense, for example, it may be fixedly connected, may be a detachable connection or one Connect to body;It can be mechanical connection, be also possible to be electrically connected;It can be directly connected, it can also be indirect by intermediary It is connected, can be the connection inside two elements.For the ordinary skill in the art, on being understood with concrete condition State the concrete meaning of term in the present invention.

It should be noted that in the absence of conflict, the feature in embodiment and embodiment in the present invention can phase Mutually combination.

Prefabricated dwelling house embodiment

Referring to Fig. 1, present embodiments providing a kind of prefabricated dwelling house, including multiple housing units 100, each live Residence unit 100 is spliced to form the house of different size, and each housing unit 100 can be independent first floor house, can be with By splicing multiple housing units 100 in an overlapping manner, the structure of multi-story is formed.In the structure for forming multi-story When, can based on a housing unit 100, successively upwards splicing, can also based on multiple housing units 100, by Layer splicing upwards, the connecting method of multiple housing units 100 is varied, is accordingly designed according to the planning of cell, constructs When it is flexible and changeable.

Each housing unit 100 includes overlapping close rib diaphragm capsule floorboard and multiple grid-like framework shear wall bodies 120, The top of multiple grid-like framework shear wall bodies 120 is mounted on positioned at the close rib diaphragm capsule floorboard of overlapping of same housing unit 100 The quantity in portion, grid-like framework shear wall body 120 is arranged on demand, for surrounding the exterior wall of house.

Referring to Fig. 2, each grid-like framework shear wall body 120 by reinforced frame casting concrete be made, add Working hour first fabricates directly in factory according to design, and directly transport to scene is installed when use.Each grid Shape frame-shear wall wall 120 is in frame structure, and frame structure can save material, reduce cost.Frame structure includes outline border Frame 128 and more crossbeams 125 and Duo Gen stringer 126, outer framework 128 are rectangle frame, and manufacture easy to process is easy for installation, more Root crossbeam 125 and the setting in a crisscross manner of Duo Gen stringer 126, more crossbeams 125 and Duo Gen stringer 126 define multiple rectangular-shaped Through-hole, more crossbeams 125 and Duo Gen stringer 126 are located in the rectangular area that outer framework 128 surrounds, and respectively with outer framework 128 It is fixedly connected, the quantity of the good stringer 126 of crossbeam 125 is arranged on demand, and the distance between crossbeam 125 and stringer 126 can change on demand Become, the position of door and window can be reserved, convenient for the installation of subsequent door and window.Frame structure further includes wallboard 127, wallboard 127 and outer Frame 128 is fixedly connected, and the height of wallboard 127 is identical as the height of stringer 126, and wallboard 127 increases whole load-bearing capacity, Structure is stronger reliable.For frame structure tool there are four outer peripheral surface 121, each outer peripheral surface 121 is rectangular surfaces, respectively opposite to set Two first two the second outer peripheral surfaces 121 outer peripheral surface 121 and be oppositely arranged set, the first outer peripheral surface 121 and the second outer peripheral surface Engagement groove 129 is respectively arranged on 121, the length direction of engagement groove 129 and the length direction of corresponding outer peripheral surface 121 are in the same direction, The first adjacent outer peripheral surface 121 is connected with the end of the engagement groove 129 on the second outer peripheral surface 121, when carrying out concreting, Engagement groove 129 can preferably be contacted with concrete, and the cast-in-place concrete built and grid-like framework shear wall body 120 form one The stronger entirety of a structure, stress are more preferable.

Further, the second fastening of installation reinforcing bar group on each outer peripheral surface 121 of grid-like framework shear wall body 120 Part 122, the second fastening concrete-bar component 122 include multiple fastening ribs disposed in parallel, and one end of each fastening rib is located at latticed In frame-shear wall wall 120, the other end stretches out the corresponding outer peripheral surface 121 of grid-like framework shear wall body 120, right When adjacent grid-like framework shear wall body 120 is fixedly connected, need in adjacent grid-like framework shear wall body Casting concrete between 120, the second fastening concrete-bar component 122 are embedded in concrete, increase whole structural strength, coagulation The combination of soil and grid-like framework shear wall body 120 is even closer, and structure is stronger reliable, passes through the second fastening reinforcing bar group The collective effect of part 122 and engagement groove 129, after-pouring concrete can be even closer with grid-like framework shear wall body 120 Combination, improve whole structural strength, shock resistance is strong, safe and reliable.

Specifically, fastening rib is bent into using a reinforcing bar along folding line, length side of the folding line perpendicular to reinforcing bar To folding line is provided with two, and two folding lines are arranged in parallel, and after bending, fastening rib forms U-shape, the fastening rib of U-shaped Open end is inserted into grid-like framework shear wall body 120, is fixedly connected with grid-like framework shear wall body 120, U-shaped The closed end of fastening rib is located at outside grid-like framework shear wall body 120, and adjacent grid-like framework shear wall body 120 carries out When concrete casting is fixed, the fastening rib of concrete and U-shaped is firmly combined, and fastening rib is unlikely to deform in casting process, is poured Concrete structural strength after the completion is high, and shock resistance is strong.

Fig. 1 and Fig. 3 are please referred to, grid-like framework shear wall body 120 constitutes the wall frame structure of the load-bearing of house, The close rib diaphragm capsule floorboard of overlapping of same housing unit 100 is mounted on the top of multiple grid-like framework shear wall bodies 120, structure At floor construction.The close rib diaphragm capsule floorboard of each overlapping includes top plate 111, lower plywood 116, girt strip 112 and light in plate Matter diaphragm capsule 113, girt strip 112 and lightweight diaphragm capsule 113 are between top plate 111 and lower plywood 116 in plate.

Referring to Fig. 4, more waffle beams 1121 are criss-cross specifically, girt strip 112 includes more waffle beams 1121 in plate It is arranged and surrounds the frame structure with multiple installation cavitys, each installation cavity has the first port and second end being oppositely arranged Mouthful, in multiple first ports, the lid of lower plywood 116 is set in each installation cavity the lid of top plate 111 in multiple second ports It is equipped with lightweight diaphragm capsule 113, is preferably arranged to, a lightweight diaphragm capsule 113 is correspondingly arranged in an installation cavity, entirely overlaps close rib The light weight of diaphragm capsule floorboard, convenient for construction.Installation cavity can be rectangular cavity, parallelogram chamber etc., i.e. more waffle beams 1121 angled settings can be and be arranged in a mutually vertical manner or be arranged in any angle.Lightweight diaphragm capsule 113 is the prior art, this Embodiment does not improve its structure and function, in order to avoid narration repeats burden, without being described in detail.Lower plywood 116 It is integrally formed and is arranged with more girt strips, after the completion of being prefabricated in the factory, transport to scene is installed, and top plate 111 uses Concreting is made, and the structure of lower plywood 116 and girt strip composition is mounted on the top of grid-like framework shear wall body 120 Afterwards, good position is adjusted, pouring for concrete is carried out, forms top plate 111 after the completion of concreting, concrete can fill up gently Gap in matter diaphragm capsule 113 and installation cavity, top plate 111, lower plywood 116 and girt strip are firmly combined, and overall structure securely may be used It leans on.When carrying out concreting, lower plywood 116 can be used as template use, not need to build the template for pouring top plate 111 Structure simplifies working procedure, shortens construction period, saves construction cost.

Please refer to Fig. 4-Fig. 6, in order to guarantee after the completion of top plate 111 pours with 112 knot of girt strip in lower plywood 116 and plate It closes solid and reliable, the first fastening concrete-bar component 114 is installed on girt strip 112 in plate, in the opposite of every waffle beam 1121 The first fastening concrete-bar component 114 is fitted on two sides, the end face of first port is located on a side, second port End face is located on another side, fastens concrete-bar component 114 for girt strip 112 in plate and top plate 111 and lower plywood by first 116 are fixedly connected, and enhance the overall structural strength for overlapping close rib diaphragm capsule floorboard 110, stress is more preferable, and shock resistance is stronger.

Further, the first fastening concrete-bar component 114 includes carrying reinforcing bar and more U-shaped steel bar pieces, every U-shaped reinforcing bar Part is bent by a reinforcing bar, easy to process, and structural strength is high, safe and reliable.Every U-shaped steel bar piece includes opposite Two vertical bars 1141 being arranged and the dowel 1142 between two vertical bars 1141, every vertical bar 1141 is far from dowel 1142 end is fixed in waffle beam 1121.More U-shaped steel bar pieces are arranged in parallel, and are evenly distributed on corresponding waffle beam 1121 On, it is easily installed, stress is good.Carrying reinforcing bar is installed on each U-shaped steel bar piece, enhances whole structural strength.

Referring to Fig. 6, specifically, carrying steel bar piece 115 include the first steel bar stress 1151, the second steel bar stress 1152 with And third steel bar stress 1153, one end of the first steel bar stress 1151, one end of the second steel bar stress 1152 and third stress One end of reinforcing bar 1153 is mutually given a little and is fixedly connected, and the first steel bar stress 1151 is fixedly connected with dowel 1142;First Diversion trench 1154 is provided on steel bar stress 1151, the length direction of the diversion trench 1154 on the first steel bar stress 1151 is along first The length direction of steel bar stress 1151 extends, and is provided with diversion trench 1154, the second steel bar stress on the second steel bar stress 1152 The length direction of diversion trench 1154 on 1152 extends along the length direction of the second steel bar stress 1152, third steel bar stress 1153 On be provided with diversion trench 1154, the length direction of the diversion trench 1154 on third steel bar stress 1153 is along third steel bar stress 1153 Length direction extend.First steel bar stress 1151, the second steel bar stress 1152 and third steel bar stress 1153 are constituted in Y The structure of shape, after the completion of concreting, the combination of concrete and rebar is stronger, the second steel bar stress 1152 and third by Power reinforcing bar 1153 to concrete have grip, can be stronger be embedded in concrete, during being shaken, concrete Layer is not easy to crack or falls, and increases safety.Meanwhile in the first steel bar stress 1151, the second steel bar stress 1152 and It is provided with diversion trench 1154 on three steel bar stresses 1153, when concreting, diversion trench 1154, concrete and rebar can be filled up Combination it is even closer, structure is stronger.Helically line extends diversion trench 1154 along its length, further enhances steel The bonding force of muscle and concrete, is wrapped in more uniform when the concrete stress of the entire circumferential surface of reinforcing bar, is not easy in internal cleavage, more Add safe and reliable.

Further, the second steel bar stress 1152 extends in non-rectilinear along its length, 1153 edge of third steel bar stress Its length direction extends in non-rectilinear, after the completion of concreting, concrete and the second steel bar stress 1152 and third stress steel Muscle 1153 is combined closely, and the second steel bar stress 1152 and third steel bar stress 1153 store elastic potential energy, when being shaken, Shaking force can be absorbed, floor is not easy to crack, and use is more safe and reliable.It is preferably arranged to, 1152 edge of the second steel bar stress The wavy extension of its length direction, the wavy extension along its length of third steel bar stress 1153, easy to process, elastic force It is more stable.

The close rib diaphragm capsule floorboard 110 of overlapping provided in this embodiment, top plate 111 and girt strip 112 and lower plywood in plate 116 are fixedly connected with girt strip 112 in plate by fastening concrete-bar component and carrying steel bar piece 115, and overall structure is solid and reliable, in conjunction with Closely, floorboard is not easy to crack when being shaken, safe and reliable.

When carrying out the installation of floorboard, floor face is overlapped on multiple grid-like framework shear wall bodies 120, lower plywood 116 are combined with multiple grid-like framework shear wall bodies 120, then carry out concreting, after the completion of pouring, overlap close rib mould Box floorboard and grid-like framework shear wall body 120 are structure as a whole, and sound construction is reliable.When actually pouring, due to having The structure of lower plywood 116 does not need to set up new template, simplifies working procedure when being poured.Meanwhile pouring upper layer When plate 111, the gap between adjacent grid-like framework shear wall body 120 can be poured into completion, adjacent grid simultaneously Gap between shape frame-shear wall wall 120 can be grid-like framework shear wall wall adjacent in same housing unit 100 Axial clearance between body 120, can also be in overlay process, and the corresponding grid-like framework of adjacent housing unit 100 is cut Power wall wall 120 forms lateral connection column 123 and longitudinally connected column 124 in the lateral clearance of vertical direction.It has poured Cheng Hou, overlaps close rib diaphragm capsule floorboard and grid-like framework shear wall body 120 constitutes integral structure, entire housing unit 100 structure is stronger reliable.In order to enhance the company for overlapping close rib diaphragm capsule floorboard and grid-like framework shear wall body 120 The structural strength for meeting place is provided with U-shaped structure muscle in two end faces of waffle beam 1121, and lower plywood 116 is overlapped on latticed frame Behind the top of frame shear wall body 120, the fastening rib on U-shaped structure muscle and grid-like framework shear wall body 120 is banded in one It rises, is poured.

The method of construction embodiment of prefabricated dwelling house

The present embodiment also provides a kind of method of construction of prefabricated dwelling house, and this method comprises the following steps:

Step S100, prefabricated mesh formula frame-shear wall wall 120 is made, first assembling shear wall steel form and reinforcing bar The framework of steel reinforcement is installed on the shear wall steel form by skeleton, then forms shear wall wallboard using concreting;It cuts Power wall wall 120 is frame structure, saves material, meanwhile, frame structure can be adjusted according to the position of door and window, processing spirit It is living convenient.

Step S200, girt strip 112, first group in the lower plywood 116 and plate of the prefabricated close rib diaphragm capsule floorboard 110 of overlapping are made 116 steel form of laminate is loaded, then the assembling reinforcement mesh sheet in 116 steel form of lower plywood uses concreting, formed just Walk superimposed sheet;After 116 initial set of lower plywood, 112 steel of girt strip in mounting plate in the space that 116 steel form of lower plywood surrounds Then template carries out concreting, i.e., girt strip 112 is prefabricated integral structure in lower plywood 116 and plate, when installation, transport Spliced to scene.

Step S300, construction is basic, pouring reinforcement concrete foundation ring girder, and constructional column reinforcing bar is reserved on the foundation ring girder Head and water proof structure, foundation ring girder are the intermediate structures for connecting under ground portion and wall part, and the overall space for improving house is rigid Degree, the globality for increasing building, play waist hoop to building, improve shearing resistance, the tensile strength of wall, prevent due to ground The cracking destruction of base differential settlement, earthquake or other larger vibration loads to house.

Step S400, prefabricated components are installed, and the lifting of prefabricated mesh formula frame-shear wall wall 120 is shelved on the basis The constructional column steel bar end is simultaneously inserted into the bottom of the prefabricated mesh formula frame-shear wall wall 120 by the predeterminated position of collar tie beam In reserving hole, grouting anchoring is then carried out;It will be reserved between the adjacent prefabricated mesh formula frame-shear wall wall 120 It connects reinforcing bar and carries out nesting, pour to form connecting column;

Step S500, lower plywood 116 and girt strip 112 in plate, are first prefabricated by the installation for overlapping close rib diaphragm capsule floorboard 110 One entirety and the prefabricated close rib diaphragm capsule floorboard 110 of overlapping of formation lift the prefabricated close rib diaphragm capsule floorboard 110 of overlapping to institute State the top of prefabricated mesh formula frame-shear wall wall 120, the lower plywood 116 and the prefabricated mesh formula frame-shear wall wall Body 120 overlaps, and the horizontal connection muscle 1142 of the prefabricated close rib diaphragm capsule floorboard 110 of overlapping is cut with the prefabricated mesh formula frame The reserved steel bar of power wall wall 120 is nested, the reserved steel bar between the adjacent prefabricated close rib diaphragm capsule floorboard 110 of overlapping into Row is nested, lightweight diaphragm capsule 113 is laid in the cavity that girt strip 112 and the lower plywood 116 surround in the plate, in the plate Steel mesh is built on girt strip 112, and steel mesh is nested with the reserved steel bar progress on girt strip 112 in the plate, is finally mixed Solidifying soil pours, and concrete fills up the gap between the adjacent prefabricated close rib diaphragm capsule floorboard 110 of overlapping and formation is described folded Close the top plate 111 of close rib diaphragm capsule floorboard 110.

Step S600, S500 described in repeating said steps S100- successively constructs from bottom to up, needs to build multi-storey building When, it repeats above step and is constructed, convenient and quick construction.

The foregoing is only a preferred embodiment of the present invention, is not intended to restrict the invention, for the skill of this field For art personnel, the invention may be variously modified and varied.All within the spirits and principles of the present invention, made any to repair Change, equivalent replacement, improvement etc., should all be included in the protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (9)

1. a kind of prefabricated dwelling house, which is characterized in that including at least one housing unit, each housing unit includes Overlap close rib diaphragm capsule floorboard and multiple grid-like framework shear wall bodies, the close rib of the overlapping of the same housing unit Diaphragm capsule floorboard is mounted on the top of multiple grid-like framework shear wall bodies;The close rib diaphragm capsule floorboard of the overlapping includes Girt strip in top plate, lower plywood and plate, the top plate are oppositely arranged with the lower plywood, and girt strip is located at described in the plate Between top plate and the lower plywood, and be fixedly connected respectively with the top plate and the lower plywood, the lower plywood with The grid-like framework shear wall body is fixedly connected, and the lower plywood is arranged with girt strip integral preform molding in more plates, institute Stating the mounting structure of girt strip composition in the lower plywood and plate girt strip in the top of grid-like framework shear wall body, the plate includes More waffle beams, the more waffle beams are arranged in a crisscross manner and surround the frame structure with multiple installation cavitys, in each institute It states and is provided with lightweight diaphragm capsule in installation cavity, build steel mesh, and the steel mesh and the plate internal-rib on girt strip in the plate Reserved steel bar on beam carries out nesting, and adjacent prefabricated overlap forms institute by concreting between close rib diaphragm capsule floorboard State the top plate for overlapping close rib diaphragm capsule panel.
2. prefabricated dwelling house according to claim 1, which is characterized in that each installation cavity, which has, to be oppositely arranged First port and second port, the top plate lid is in multiple first ports, and the lower plywood lid is mounted in multiple In the second port.
3. prefabricated dwelling house according to claim 2, which is characterized in that the close rib diaphragm capsule floorboard of overlapping also wraps The first fastening concrete-bar component is included, the first fastening concrete-bar component is installed on the end face where the first port, described the The first fastening concrete-bar component is installed on the end face where Two-port netwerk.
4. prefabricated dwelling house according to claim 3, which is characterized in that the first fastening concrete-bar component includes more Root U-shaped steel bar piece, the every U-shaped steel bar piece are bent by a reinforcing bar, and the every U-shaped steel bar piece includes opposite sets Two vertical bars set and the dowel between two vertical bars, every end of the vertical bar far from the dowel It is fixed in the waffle beam.
5. prefabricated dwelling house according to claim 4, which is characterized in that described first, which fastens concrete-bar component, further includes Carrying steel bar piece, the carrying steel bar piece includes the first steel bar stress, the second steel bar stress and third steel bar stress, and described the One end of one end of one steel bar stress, one end of second steel bar stress and the third steel bar stress mutually give a little and It is fixedly connected, first steel bar stress is fixedly connected with the dowel;It is provided with diversion trench on first steel bar stress, The length direction of diversion trench on first steel bar stress extends along the length direction of first steel bar stress, and described second Diversion trench is provided on steel bar stress, the length direction of the diversion trench on second steel bar stress is along second steel bar stress Length direction extend, be provided with diversion trench, the length of the diversion trench on the third steel bar stress on the third steel bar stress The length direction for spending direction along the third steel bar stress extends.
6. prefabricated dwelling house according to claim 5, which is characterized in that second steel bar stress is square along its length Extend in non-rectilinear, the third steel bar stress is in that non-rectilinear extends along its length.
7. prefabricated dwelling house according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the grid-like framework shear wall body is set It is set to rectangular box-like, the grid-like framework shear wall body includes four outer peripheral surfaces, and four outer peripheral surfaces are sequentially connected end to end, often Engagement groove is provided on a outer peripheral surface, the length direction of the engagement groove prolongs along the length direction of the corresponding outer peripheral surface It stretches, and the end of the adjacent engagement groove is connected.
8. a kind of method of construction of prefabricated dwelling house, which is characterized in that the method for construction includes the following steps:
Step S100, prefabricated mesh formula frame-shear wall wall is made, first assembling shear wall steel form and framework of steel reinforcement, it will The framework of steel reinforcement is installed on the shear wall steel form, then forms shear wall wallboard using concreting;
Step S200, girt strip in the lower plywood and plate of the prefabricated close rib diaphragm capsule floorboard of overlapping, first assembling lower layer's board steel form are made Then plate, the assembling reinforcement mesh sheet in the lower plywood steel form use concreting, form preliminary superimposed sheet;To lower plywood After initial set, mounting plate internal-rib girder steel formwork, then carries out concreting in the space that the lower plywood steel form surrounds;
Step S300, construction basis, pouring reinforcement concrete foundation ring girder, reserve on the foundation ring girder constructional column steel bar end and Water proof structure;
Step S400, prefabricated components are installed, and the lifting of prefabricated mesh formula frame-shear wall wall is shelved on the foundation ring girder Predeterminated position and the constructional column steel bar end is inserted into the prefabricated mesh formula frame-shear wall wall bottom reserving hole It is interior, then carry out grouting anchoring;By the reserved connection reinforcing bar between the adjacent prefabricated mesh formula frame-shear wall wall into Row is nested, pours to form connecting column;
Step S500, the installation of close rib diaphragm capsule floorboard is overlapped, it is first that lower plywood and plate internal-rib is beam prefabricated at an entirety and shape At the prefabricated close rib diaphragm capsule floorboard of overlapping, lifts the prefabricated close rib diaphragm capsule floorboard of overlapping to the prefabricated mesh formula frame and cut The top of power wall wall, the lower plywood and the prefabricated mesh formula frame-shear wall wall overlap, the prefabricated close rib of overlapping The horizontal connection muscle of diaphragm capsule floorboard is nested with the reserved steel bar of the prefabricated mesh formula frame-shear wall wall, and adjacent is described Reserved steel bar between the prefabricated close rib diaphragm capsule floorboard of overlapping carries out nesting, and girt strip and the lower plywood surround in the plate It is laid with lightweight diaphragm capsule in cavity, builds steel mesh on girt strip in the plate, and is reserved on girt strip in steel mesh and the plate Reinforcing bar carries out nested, finally carries out concreting, concrete fill up the adjacent prefabricated close rib diaphragm capsule floorboard of overlapping it Between gap and form the top plate of the close rib diaphragm capsule floorboard of the overlapping.
9. the method for construction of prefabricated dwelling house according to claim 8, which is characterized in that
It further include that S500 described in step S600, repeating said steps S100- successively constructs from bottom to up.
CN201610865608.XA 2016-09-29 2016-09-29 A kind of prefabricated dwelling house and its method of construction CN106436894B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610865608.XA CN106436894B (en) 2016-09-29 2016-09-29 A kind of prefabricated dwelling house and its method of construction

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610865608.XA CN106436894B (en) 2016-09-29 2016-09-29 A kind of prefabricated dwelling house and its method of construction

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN106436894A CN106436894A (en) 2017-02-22
CN106436894B true CN106436894B (en) 2019-10-11

Family

ID=58170138

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201610865608.XA CN106436894B (en) 2016-09-29 2016-09-29 A kind of prefabricated dwelling house and its method of construction

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN106436894B (en)

Families Citing this family (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107165421A (en) * 2017-06-12 2017-09-15 江苏建科建设监理有限公司 A kind of construction method of concrete assembled building
CN109505352A (en) * 2018-11-29 2019-03-22 仇国辉 Integrated hollow wall assembly construction technology synchronous with concrete frame structure
CN110080432B (en) * 2019-04-10 2020-10-30 宁波工程学院 Novel self-resetting frame shear structure
CN110424531A (en) * 2019-07-03 2019-11-08 辽宁煜梽新型建材有限公司 A kind of assembled architecture construction method

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2639401Y (en) * 2003-07-11 2004-09-08 谢孟 Filling internal form type box-type concrete floor
CN201321671Y (en) * 2008-09-16 2009-10-07 王炳申 Composite heat-preserving board
CN202945707U (en) * 2012-11-26 2013-05-22 新宇建设有限公司 Reinforced concrete combined shear wall structure with special-shaped steel boards inserted
CN103628567A (en) * 2013-12-17 2014-03-12 王睿敏 Integrally assembled shear wall, floor building system and construction method
CN203755514U (en) * 2014-03-24 2014-08-06 中建四局第一建筑工程有限公司 Casting die structure
CN204626395U (en) * 2014-12-19 2015-09-09 中国电建集团贵阳勘测设计研究院有限公司 A kind of anchored end structure for Bar Anchorage net

Family Cites Families (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102808465B (en) * 2012-08-08 2014-07-09 沈阳建筑大学 Assembly connecting structure and assembly connecting method of assembled concrete frame and shear wall combination
CN103711238B (en) * 2013-12-28 2016-05-04 中国建筑第七工程局有限公司 Assembled ring muscle fastens and is anchored concrete shear wall structure system

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2639401Y (en) * 2003-07-11 2004-09-08 谢孟 Filling internal form type box-type concrete floor
CN201321671Y (en) * 2008-09-16 2009-10-07 王炳申 Composite heat-preserving board
CN202945707U (en) * 2012-11-26 2013-05-22 新宇建设有限公司 Reinforced concrete combined shear wall structure with special-shaped steel boards inserted
CN103628567A (en) * 2013-12-17 2014-03-12 王睿敏 Integrally assembled shear wall, floor building system and construction method
CN203755514U (en) * 2014-03-24 2014-08-06 中建四局第一建筑工程有限公司 Casting die structure
CN204626395U (en) * 2014-12-19 2015-09-09 中国电建集团贵阳勘测设计研究院有限公司 A kind of anchored end structure for Bar Anchorage net

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CN106436894A (en) 2017-02-22

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN104712089B (en) Open the compound shear attachment structure of net
US20160340855A1 (en) Modular construction mold apparatus and method for constructing concrete buildings and structures
US6438923B2 (en) Method of assembling lightweight sandwich wall panel
CN103216115B (en) Modular integrally-movable house
CN101429803B (en) Construction column used for masonry structure and its production method and special precast segment
US4398378A (en) Building construction system component parts and method for assembling same
CN100416010C (en) Joint construction method of prefabricated composite bearing wall structure
CN106013811B (en) A kind of installation method of assembled architecture
CN105625568B (en) Assembly concrete orthogonal spatial space lattice boxlike tube-in-tube structure
CN103711238B (en) Assembled ring muscle fastens and is anchored concrete shear wall structure system
CN105863067B (en) A kind of modularization low layer assembled Special-Shaped Column steel house system
CN101538897B (en) Construction method for main project of reinforced concrete building
CN101845852B (en) Light-steel light-concrete structural system and construction method thereof
CN103967127B (en) The different strong coupled column assembled beam frame of built-in stem stem and constructional method thereof
CN1400368A (en) Form, its production method and application
CN103243838B (en) Connection structure of integrally assembled concrete frame and shear wall
CN106592755A (en) Modular multi-storeyed overall assembly type steel structural house structure system
CN206503230U (en) A kind of fabricated steel building
CN101586366B (en) Connecting structure and construction method of precast concrete plates and beams, and building comprising same
US9340975B2 (en) Method of casting in-situ ferrocement ribbed slab with spliced rack and suspended formwork
CN104652705B (en) Prefabricated and assembly type steel reinforced concrete column with high-performance concrete frame and construction method
US20040237439A1 (en) Method and system for prefabricated construction
CN104563384B (en) A kind of decoration integrated large scale prefabricated out-hung panel of structural thermal insulation and preparation method thereof
CN201809864U (en) Anti-seismic superimposed slab shear wall with T-shaped connecting member
US6324812B1 (en) Method and kit for monolithic construction of metal fiber reinforced concrete formed by corrugated foam panels

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C06 Publication
PB01 Publication
C10 Entry into substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
GR01 Patent grant
GR01 Patent grant