CN106436873B - Automatic control multifunctional drainage service well and use method thereof - Google Patents

Automatic control multifunctional drainage service well and use method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106436873B
CN106436873B CN201611027883.0A CN201611027883A CN106436873B CN 106436873 B CN106436873 B CN 106436873B CN 201611027883 A CN201611027883 A CN 201611027883A CN 106436873 B CN106436873 B CN 106436873B
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Prior art keywords
well
main
standby
user
outlet pipe
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CN106436873A (en
Inventor
罗桂东
袁玉霞
许燕
陈桃生
尚艾冬
卢爱国
曹祥博
仰玉珍
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Beijing Drainage Group Water Design Institute Co ltd
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Beijing Drainage Group Water Design Institute Co ltd
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E03WATER SUPPLY; SEWERAGE
    • E03FSEWERS; CESSPOOLS
    • E03F5/00Sewerage structures
    • E03F5/04Gullies inlets, road sinks, floor drains with or without odour seals or sediment traps
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E03WATER SUPPLY; SEWERAGE
    • E03FSEWERS; CESSPOOLS
    • E03F5/00Sewerage structures
    • E03F5/02Manhole shafts or other inspection chambers; Snow-filling openings; accessories
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E03WATER SUPPLY; SEWERAGE
    • E03FSEWERS; CESSPOOLS
    • E03F5/00Sewerage structures
    • E03F5/10Collecting-tanks; Equalising-tanks for regulating the run-off; Laying-up basins
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E03WATER SUPPLY; SEWERAGE
    • E03FSEWERS; CESSPOOLS
    • E03F2201/00Details, devices or methods not otherwise provided for
    • E03F2201/40Means for indicating blockage in sewer systems

Abstract

The invention discloses an automatic control multifunctional drainage service well and a use method thereof, wherein the automatic control multifunctional drainage service well is provided with a main well and a standby well, a mud storage pool is arranged at the lower part in the main well, a water inlet pipe is arranged above the mud storage pool, a standby water outlet pipe is arranged on the side surface of the water inlet pipe and is communicated with the standby well beside the main well from the upper part, a main valve is arranged in the water inlet pipe, a standby valve is arranged in the standby water outlet pipe, and a water outlet pipe connected with a municipal drainage system is also arranged on the well wall above the mud storage pool of the main well; and anti-theft well covers are arranged on the well mouths of the main well and the standby well. Be equipped with multi-functional detector in the main part well, this multi-functional detector is equipped with: the device comprises a water level detector, a mud level detector, a water quality detector, a flow detector, a well lid displacement and loss detector, a wireless signal remote transmitter and a controller which is in control and signal connection with the detectors and the wireless signal remote transmitter. The invention is suitable for the user-connecting well of the user drainage system, has the advantages of integral structure, various functions, automatic control and quick manufacture and installation, and is drainage equipment which can adapt to municipal construction and management of modern cities.

Description

Automatic control multifunctional drainage service well and use method thereof
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of sewage discharge, in particular to a service well at the joint of a sewage main outlet of a large sewage discharge user and a municipal sewage pipeline and a use method thereof, namely an automatic control multifunctional drainage service well and a use method thereof. The drainage system can be widely applied to drainage facilities of units such as various residential areas, factories, mines and companies, has perfect structure and various functions, is automatic in management and monitoring, and is suitable for modern municipal construction and management.
Background
In urban municipal construction and management work, the construction of sewage discharge facilities and the management and monitoring of sewage discharge are very important projects, and the quality of the projects is directly related to the normal operation of life and production of the whole city, so that the normal order and safety of the society are influenced. In the sewage discharge management facility, each large unit and a centralized domestic production area are provided with an independent drainage system, and a joint of the independent drainage system and the whole municipal drainage large system is provided with a service well so as to ensure that sewage entering the whole municipal drainage system meets the requirements and is supervised by a municipal drainage supervision department. For a long time, the arrangement of the service well is simple, the drainage quality and the drainage flow of each drainage unit are inconvenient to monitor, some problems are difficult to find and quickly solve in time, and the unsmooth drainage of users or the blockage and pollution of a municipal drainage system are often caused; some illegal emissions are not as accessible for discovery and disposal. Therefore, it is very necessary to provide a well with perfect structure, complete functions and strict management and monitoring to adapt to the municipal construction and management of modern cities.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to solve the technical problems and provides an automatic control multifunctional drainage service well and a use method thereof.
In order to achieve the purpose, the invention adopts the following technical scheme:
the utility model provides an automatic multi-functional drainage of control connects well, is equipped with the well body, well lid, inlet tube, outlet pipe, characterized by: the well body is provided with a main well and a standby well, the two well bodies are connected to form an integral structure, and the integral structure is made of anticorrosive, airtight and pressure-resistant glass fiber reinforced plastic; the lower part is equipped with the mud storage pond in the main part well, is equipped with the inlet tube that user's sewage intake on the wall of a well of storage mud pond top, and this inlet tube side is equipped with a reserve outlet pipe rather than the intercommunication, and this reserve outlet pipe lets in the reserve well on main part well next door from the top, and in the inlet tube, the outer end of reserve outlet pipe interface is equipped with the main valve door, is equipped with reserve valve in the mouth of pipe department of reserve outlet pipe, and its structure is: closing the standby valve, when the main valve is opened, the user sewage enters the main well, closing the main valve and opening the standby valve, and the user sewage enters the standby well; a water outlet pipe connected with a municipal drainage system is arranged on the wall of the well above the mud storage pool of the main body well and corresponds to the position of the water inlet pipe; and anti-theft well covers are arranged on the well mouths of the main well and the standby well.
The supplementary scheme of the invention for further improvement and implementation is as follows:
the inlet tube is the return bend, and its mouth of pipe is crooked left or right, the outlet pipe also is the return bend, and its mouth of pipe is crooked left or right, and its crooked direction is unanimous with the inlet tube to the sewage that makes entering main body well is the whirl form, so that aquatic mud or other impurity sediment.
And anti-theft well covers are arranged on the well mouths of the main well and the standby well.
Be equipped with multi-functional detector in the main part well, this multi-functional detector is equipped with: the water level detector is used for preventing a wellhead from being blocked, the mud level detector is used for reminding clearing and water quality detector when a mud settling tank is full, when the water quality discharged by a user is unqualified, the discharge to a municipal pipeline and the flow detector are automatically forbidden, the discharge of the user, the well lid displacement and loss detector, the wireless signal remote transmitter and the controller which is in control and signal connection with the detectors and the wireless signal remote transmitter are mastered, information is obtained from the detectors and is remotely transmitted to a monitoring center set by a municipal evidence management department through wireless signals, and necessary alarm signals are sent out; the main valve on the water inlet pipe and the standby water outlet valve are provided with electromagnetic valves which are controlled and connected by the controller.
And a solar power generation assembly and a storage battery which is in charging connection with the solar power generation assembly are arranged beside the well body.
And a wind power generation assembly is arranged beside the well body and is in charging connection with the storage battery.
The use method of the automatic control multifunctional drainage service well comprises the following steps:
1) manufacturing a main well and a spare well of the whole service well in a factory workshop, integrally hoisting and transporting, designing well bodies with different sizes according to different discharge amounts of different users, wherein the volume of the spare well body is not less than the discharge amount of the user for 1-2 days;
2) excavating a pit at the designed installation position of a user service well, horizontally installing a service well body in the pit, installing a water inlet pipe, a water outlet pipe, a standby water outlet pipe and a multifunctional detector on site, installing a solar power generation assembly and a wind power generation assembly, connecting a storage battery with a power interface of a controller, or directly connecting the power interface of the controller with a user power grid;
3) connecting a user drainage main pipe with a water inlet pipe of a service well, and connecting a water outlet pipe with a drainage pipeline of a municipal drainage system;
4) turning on a controller power switch; opening a valve for communicating a municipal drainage pipeline with a water outlet pipe of the service well, and opening a valve for communicating a user drainage pipeline with a water inlet pipe of the service well;
5) the user service well starts normal operation;
6) when the controller detects that the mud storage pool is full of mud, the controller sends a mud cleaning notification signal, and a user cleans mud in time;
7) when the controller detects that the water level of the main well exceeds the limit, a water outlet pipe blockage signal is sent out;
8) when the controller detects that the water quality discharged by a user is unqualified, an alarm signal is sent out, an electromagnetic valve of a main valve on a water inlet pipe of the service well is automatically closed, an electromagnetic valve of a standby valve on a standby water outlet pipe is opened, the sewage of the user enters the standby well body, the alarm signal is sent out, and a water quality treatment action is started;
9) when the controller detects that the well lid is displaced or lost, a well lid signal to be checked is sent out;
10) and in the normal operation process of the service well, various information acquired by the controller is timely wirelessly and remotely transmitted to the monitoring center for being controlled by a competent department.
The invention has the advantages that:
1) the integral structure is convenient to manufacture, rapid to operate and install, low in cost, rapid to construct and easy to popularize;
2) the functions are complete, the operation is automatically controlled, the operation and maintenance cost is low, and the operation effect is good;
3) the monitoring is timely, the overall supervision of municipal administration departments is facilitated, and the unified drainage management of large areas, all directions, multiple regions and even multiple cities can be realized;
4) the emission of some violation laws can be timely discovered and quickly processed, so that the environmental protection law enforcement is greatly facilitated, and the environmental protection effect is improved.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic view of the overall structure of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is a schematic longitudinal sectional structure of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is a schematic cross-sectional structure of the present invention.
Fig. 4 is a schematic structural diagram of the water outlet pipe and the spare water outlet pipe of the invention.
Detailed Description
The invention is illustrated below with reference to examples and figures:
example (b): referring to the attached drawings, the automatic control multifunctional drainage well is provided with a well body, a well cover, a water inlet pipe and a water outlet pipe, wherein the well body is provided with a main well 1 and a standby well 3 which are connected with each other to form an integral structure and are made of anticorrosive, airtight and pressure-resistant glass fiber reinforced plastics; lower part is equipped with in the main part well and stores up mud pit 9, stores up the inlet tube 6 that is equipped with user's sewage and intakes on the wall of a well of mud pit top, and this inlet tube side is equipped with a reserve outlet pipe 5 rather than the intercommunication, and this reserve outlet pipe lets in the reserve well on main part well next door from the top, and in the inlet tube, the outer end of reserve outlet pipe interface is equipped with main valve 11, is equipped with reserve valve 10 in the mouth of pipe department of reserve outlet pipe, and its structure is: closing the standby valve, when the main valve is opened, the user sewage enters the main well, closing the main valve and opening the standby valve, and the user sewage enters the standby well; a water outlet pipe 8 connected with a municipal drainage system is arranged on the well wall above the mud storage pool of the main well and in a position corresponding to the water inlet pipe; and anti-theft well covers 2 and 4 are arranged on the well heads of the main well and the spare well.
The inlet tube is the return bend, and its mouth of pipe is crooked left or right, the outlet pipe also is the return bend, and its mouth of pipe is crooked left or right, and its crooked direction is unanimous with the inlet tube to the sewage that makes entering main body well is the whirl, so that aquatic mud or other impurity precipitate. And anti-theft well covers are arranged on the well mouths of the main well and the standby well. Be equipped with multi-functional detector 7 in the main part well, this multi-functional detector is equipped with: the water level detector is used for preventing wellhead blockage and a mud level detector, and reminding a clear drawing and water quality detector when a mud settling tank is full, when the water quality discharged by a user is unqualified, the discharge to a municipal pipeline and a flow detector are automatically forbidden, the discharge of the user, a well lid displacement loss detector, a wireless signal remote transmitter and a controller which is controlled and in signal connection with the detectors and the wireless signal remote transmitter are mastered, information is obtained from the detectors and is remotely transmitted to a monitoring center set by a city certificate management department through wireless signals, and necessary alarm signals are sent out; the main valve on the water inlet pipe and the standby water outlet valve are provided with electromagnetic valves which are controlled and connected by the controller. And a solar power generation assembly and a storage battery which is in charging connection with the solar power generation assembly are arranged beside the well body. And a wind power generation assembly is arranged beside the well body and is in charging connection with the storage battery.
The use method of the automatic control multifunctional drainage service well comprises the following steps:
1) the main well and the spare well of the whole service well are manufactured in a factory workshop, are integrally hoisted and transported, and are designed into well bodies with different sizes according to different discharge amounts of different users, wherein the volume of the spare well body of the embodiment is the discharge amount of 1 day of the user;
2) excavating a pit at the designed installation position of a user service well, horizontally installing a service well body in the pit, installing a water inlet pipe, a water outlet pipe, a standby water outlet pipe and a multifunctional detector on site, installing a solar power generation assembly and a wind power generation assembly, connecting a storage battery with a power interface of a controller, or directly connecting the power interface of the controller with a user power grid;
3) connecting a user drainage main pipe with a water inlet pipe of a service well, and connecting a water outlet pipe with a drainage pipeline of a municipal drainage system;
4) turning on a controller power switch; opening a valve for communicating the municipal drainage pipeline with a water outlet pipe of the service well, and opening a valve for communicating a user drainage pipeline with a water inlet pipe of the service well;
5) the user service well starts normal operation;
6) when the controller detects that the mud storage pool is full of mud, the controller sends a mud cleaning notification signal, and a user cleans mud in time;
7) when the controller detects that the water level of the main well exceeds the limit, a water outlet pipe blockage signal is sent out;
8) when the controller detects that the water quality discharged by a user is unqualified, an alarm signal is sent out, an electromagnetic valve of a main valve on a water inlet pipe of the service well is automatically closed, an electromagnetic valve of a standby valve on a standby water outlet pipe is opened, the sewage of the user enters the standby well body, the alarm signal is sent out, and a water quality treatment action is started;
9) when the controller detects that the well lid is displaced or lost, a well lid signal to be checked is sent out;
10) and in the normal operation process of the service well, various information acquired by the controller is timely wirelessly and remotely transmitted to the monitoring center for being controlled by a competent department.
The embodiment has good operation condition after one month of trial operation, and is favored by users without alarm.
It should be noted that several modifications and changes can be made without departing from the basic structure of the invention, and these various modifications and changes should be considered as falling within the protection scope of the present patent.

Claims (1)

1. The utility model provides an automatic multi-functional drainage of control connects well, is equipped with the well body, well lid, inlet tube, outlet pipe, characterized by: the well body is provided with a main well (1) and a standby well (3), the two well bodies are connected to form an integral structure and are made of anticorrosive, airtight and pressure-resistant glass fiber reinforced plastic materials; lower part is equipped with storage mud pit (9) in the main part well, is equipped with inlet tube (6) that user's sewage intake on the wall of a well of storage mud pit top, and this inlet tube side is equipped with one rather than reserve outlet pipe (5) of intercommunication, and this reserve outlet pipe lets in the reserve well on main part well next door from the top, and in the inlet tube, the outer end of reserve outlet pipe interface is equipped with main valve (11), is equipped with reserve valve (10) in the mouth of pipe department of reserve outlet pipe, and its structure is: closing the standby valve, when the main valve is opened, the user sewage enters the main well, closing the main valve and opening the standby valve, and the user sewage enters the standby well; a water outlet pipe (8) connected with a municipal drainage system is arranged on the wall of the well above the mud storage pool of the main body well and corresponds to the position of the water inlet pipe; the well mouth with the main well and the standby well is provided with anti-theft well covers (2, 4);
the water inlet pipe is a bent pipe, the pipe orifice of the water inlet pipe is bent leftwards or rightwards, the water outlet pipe is also a bent pipe, the pipe orifice of the water inlet pipe is bent leftwards or rightwards, and the bending direction of the water outlet pipe is consistent with that of the water inlet pipe, so that sewage entering the main well is in a rotational flow shape, and sludge or other impurities in water can be conveniently precipitated;
a solar power generation assembly and a storage battery in charging connection with the solar power generation assembly are arranged beside the well body; a wind power generation assembly is arranged beside the well body and is in charging connection with the storage battery;
the well covers arranged on the well heads of the main well and the standby well are anti-theft well covers;
be equipped with multi-functional detector (7) in the main part well, this multi-functional detector is equipped with: the water level detector is used for preventing wellhead blockage and a mud level detector, and reminding a clear drawing and water quality detector when a mud settling tank is full, when the water quality discharged by a user is unqualified, the discharge to a municipal pipeline and a flow detector are automatically forbidden, the discharge of the user, a well lid displacement loss detector, a wireless signal remote transmitter and a controller which is controlled and in signal connection with the detectors and the wireless signal remote transmitter are mastered, information is obtained from the detectors and is remotely transmitted to a monitoring center set by a city certificate management department through wireless signals, and necessary alarm signals are sent out; the main valve on the water inlet pipe and the standby water outlet valve are provided with electromagnetic valves which are controlled and connected by the controller;
the use method of the automatic control multifunctional drainage service well comprises the following steps:
1) manufacturing a main well and a spare well of the whole service well in a factory workshop, integrally hoisting and transporting, designing well bodies with different sizes according to different discharge amounts of different users, wherein the volume of the spare well body is not less than the discharge amount of the user for 1-2 days;
2) excavating a pit at the designed installation position of a user service well, horizontally installing a service well body in the pit, installing a water inlet pipe, a water outlet pipe, a standby water outlet pipe and a multifunctional detector on site, installing a solar power generation assembly and a wind power generation assembly, connecting a storage battery with a power interface of a controller, or directly connecting the power interface of the controller with a user power grid;
3) connecting a user drainage main pipe with a water inlet pipe of a service well, and connecting a water outlet pipe with a drainage pipeline of a municipal drainage system;
4) turning on a controller power switch; opening a valve for communicating the municipal drainage pipeline with a water outlet pipe of the service well, and opening a valve for communicating a user drainage pipeline with a water inlet pipe of the service well;
5) the user service well starts normal operation;
6) when the controller detects that the mud storage pool is full of mud, the controller sends a mud cleaning notification signal, and a user cleans mud in time;
7) when the controller detects that the water level of the main well exceeds the limit, a water outlet pipe blockage signal is sent out;
8) when the controller detects that the water quality discharged by a user is unqualified, an alarm signal is sent out, an electromagnetic valve of a main valve on a water inlet pipe of the service well is automatically closed, an electromagnetic valve of a standby valve on a standby water outlet pipe is opened, the sewage of the user enters the standby well body, the alarm signal is sent out, and a water quality treatment action is started;
9) when the controller detects that the well lid is displaced or lost, a well lid signal to be checked is sent out;
10) and in the normal operation process of the service well, various information acquired by the controller is timely wirelessly and remotely transmitted to the monitoring center for being controlled by a competent department.
CN201611027883.0A 2016-11-18 2016-11-18 Automatic control multifunctional drainage service well and use method thereof Active CN106436873B (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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CN106436873B true CN106436873B (en) 2022-05-20

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Families Citing this family (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112853859A (en) * 2020-12-31 2021-05-28 冯晓琴 Urban garden drainage system

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2180700Y (en) * 1993-12-27 1994-10-26 刘忠述 Road drainage well structure
CN203755424U (en) * 2014-01-24 2014-08-06 重庆大学 Spiral-flow type hydraulic control rainwater intercepting and abandoning switching well system
CN105587032A (en) * 2015-12-29 2016-05-18 北京建筑大学 Vortex-type grit chamber for rainwater conduit
CN205276454U (en) * 2015-12-03 2016-06-01 武汉美华禹水环境有限公司 Water conservancy particle separation device
CN205421524U (en) * 2016-03-31 2016-08-03 刘建华 Drainage pipe whirl deposits well

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2180700Y (en) * 1993-12-27 1994-10-26 刘忠述 Road drainage well structure
CN203755424U (en) * 2014-01-24 2014-08-06 重庆大学 Spiral-flow type hydraulic control rainwater intercepting and abandoning switching well system
CN205276454U (en) * 2015-12-03 2016-06-01 武汉美华禹水环境有限公司 Water conservancy particle separation device
CN105587032A (en) * 2015-12-29 2016-05-18 北京建筑大学 Vortex-type grit chamber for rainwater conduit
CN205421524U (en) * 2016-03-31 2016-08-03 刘建华 Drainage pipe whirl deposits well

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