CN106436755A - Four-layer stair-like city underground comprehensive body - Google Patents

Four-layer stair-like city underground comprehensive body Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106436755A
CN106436755A CN201611010282.9A CN201611010282A CN106436755A CN 106436755 A CN106436755 A CN 106436755A CN 201611010282 A CN201611010282 A CN 201611010282A CN 106436755 A CN106436755 A CN 106436755A
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China
Prior art keywords
cabin
layer
bearing
class
underground
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CN201611010282.9A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张延年
刘叶
吴献
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Shenyang Jianzhu University
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Shenyang Jianzhu University
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Priority to CN201611010282.9A priority Critical patent/CN106436755A/en
Publication of CN106436755A publication Critical patent/CN106436755A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01CCONSTRUCTION OF, OR SURFACES FOR, ROADS, SPORTS GROUNDS, OR THE LIKE; MACHINES OR AUXILIARY TOOLS FOR CONSTRUCTION OR REPAIR
    • E01C1/00Design or layout of roads, e.g. for noise abatement, for gas absorption
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02DFOUNDATIONS; EXCAVATIONS; EMBANKMENTS; UNDERGROUND OR UNDERWATER STRUCTURES
    • E02D29/00Independent underground or underwater structures; Retaining walls
    • E02D29/045Underground structures, e.g. tunnels or galleries, built in the open air or by methods involving disturbance of the ground surface all along the location line; Methods of making them
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04HBUILDINGS OR LIKE STRUCTURES FOR PARTICULAR PURPOSES; SWIMMING OR SPLASH BATHS OR POOLS; MASTS; FENCING; TENTS OR CANOPIES, IN GENERAL
    • E04H6/00Buildings for parking cars, rolling stock, aircraft, vessels or like vehicles, e.g. garages

Abstract

The invention provides a four-layer stair-like city underground comprehensive body. The four-layer stair-like city underground comprehensive body mainly comprises an all-purpose road special cabin, a minibus special cabin, a lower layer traffic urgent evacuation cabin, an upper layer traffic urgent evacuation cabin, a sponge city cabin, an electric power cabin, a telecommunication cabin, a gas cabin, a nonelectric utility tunnel cabin, a pedestrian cabin and an underground parking. The four-layer stair-like city underground comprehensive body has the beneficial effects that the first and second layers at the bottom of the comprehensive body are arranged in a stair shape, the structure is stressed more stable, soil pressure, concentrated stress and the like can reach a better state through the stair shape relative to a rectangle and the like, the stair shape provides symmetric reliable fulcrums for the whole structure, and internal force of an inner layer structure is remarkably reduced; due to the stair-shaped structure, industrial dismounting is quite convenient, production is facilitated, mounting is easy, and the industrialization process is prompted advantageously; and the bottom layer is fully used, the comprehensive body is safer, contributions are made to construction of sponge cities, and sewage drainage and collection are optimized.

Description

Four layers of class stairstepping Urban Underground Complex
Technical field
The invention belongs to Impacts Evaluation of Urban Tunnel engineering and urban operating mechanism technical field, more particularly to a kind of four layers of class ladder Shape Urban Underground Complex.
Background technology
Urban transportation construction at present is like a raging fire, is pushed further into pipe gallery, sponge Urban strategy, China with country Big and medium-sized cities will start the new round climax of underground engineering construction, and due to the scarcity of the underground space, to collection, " Urban Underground is comprehensive The demand of the Urban Underground Complex in conjunction piping lane, Urban Underground expressway, urban underground construction space " is huge.
The exploitation of Japan and the American-European underground space and construction maintain the leading position, and advocate and propose underground city and city at first The synthesization of city's underground space and three-dimensional utility strategies, nineteen ninety proposes Tokyo Declaration:The Devoting Major Efforts To Developing underground space, starts people Class new cave period, International Tunnelling Association in 2010 expands to tunnel and with underground space association and declares:21 century is underground The century in space.
To mark international metropolis, become extensive style, stand large flat bread urban development pattern is intensive, solid mode, to underground Want space;Break through urban land, air, water source, greenery patches, the per capita constraint of the resource environment total amount such as city space, the energy, environment; Sea, greening are not enough, real estate finance makes the transition, old town is seen to traffic congestion, air dirt, noise pollution, visual pollution, city The urban disease that vigor decline etc. causes life carries out comprehensive improvement;Change made in China is Created in China, cultivates height leading in the world End industry cluster.
Cities of Foreign Countries underground space development is with a long history, how and to be stopped with reference to commercial facility with Large Underground transport hub Parking lot, the multiple traffic forms of appearance present in the underground space synthesises type of one.In the world, Japan and America and Europe are empty in underground Between exploitation and construction maintain the leading position, advocate and propose synthesization and the solid of underground city and urban underground space at first Change utility strategies.Totally see have during the many countries of underground space synthesises including multiple transportation modes or several functions Existing, there is not yet collection " Urban Underground pipe gallery, Urban Underground expressway, urban underground construction space " Urban Underground is comprehensive Body type.Among the existing Underground Urban Complex of China, however it remains integrated with integrated problem, constructional difficulties, a lot of ground The all not rational fractionation of lower engineering so carries out industrialization and can encounter bottleneck, reduces the efficiency of our constructions, extends the duration, give People's life is made troubles.For the existing technology of China, manufacture the concrete-shell body technique of step-like and rectangle Quite ripe, splicing is very convenient.Do not have the construction in very perfect sponge city cabin in the existing underground engineering of China, dirty The planning of the pipelines such as water, rainwater, tap water is mixed and disorderly, and the life giving people is made troubles, the construction of new building also water to be considered Problem, without water building.And the present invention can integrated sponge city cabin, for the utilization of water, incorporate sponge city Construction.In the existing Underground Urban Complex of China, there are the stressing conditions of a lot of synthesises less desirable, some meetings cause big face Long-pending sedimentation, destroy etc., this is all that unbalance stress leads to, the class notch cuttype Underground Urban Complex of the present invention, and uniform force makes Structure reaches more steady statue.Therefore, in the urgent need to developing underground space synthesises, adapt to national green and build and sustainable Development strategy.
Content of the invention
For the problems referred to above, the invention provides a kind of four layers of class stairstepping Urban Underground Complex.
A kind of four layers of class stairstepping Urban Underground Complex, including all-purpose road dedicated bay, station wagon cabin, People's Bank of China cabin, Underground parking, sponge city cabin, telecommunications cabin, combustion gas cabin, electric compartment, no electric pipe gallery cabin, class stepped section coagulation Soil cursting body, antiseepage protective layer, vertical load-bearing ddividing wall, underground traffic bearing soleplate, pipe gallery bearing soleplate, natural gas are explosion-proof Cofferdam, horizontal load-bearing ddividing wall, pipe gallery partition wall, anti-collision wall and security isolation wall;Described class stepped section coagulation Stairstepping is inverted for class in the transverse section of soil cursting body, and class stepped section concrete shell is coated with continuous antiseepage protective layer; Vertical load-bearing ddividing wall is located at the vertical center line of class stepped section concrete shell, perpendicular to vertical load-bearing ddividing wall by upper To under be respectively equipped with underground traffic bearing soleplate, horizontal load-bearing ddividing wall and pipe gallery bearing soleplate, class stairstepping is broken Surface concrete housing is divided into four layers from the bottom to top, and the 4th layer is a ladder with third layer, is traffic layer;The second layer and ground floor It is respectively a ladder;In ground floor, the both sides in vertical load-bearing ddividing wall are respectively provided with sponge city cabin;In the second layer It is set to combustion gas cabin and electric compartment, telecommunications cabin is adjacent with combustion gas cabin, and centre is separated with synthesis about vertical load-bearing ddividing wall Piping lane partition wall, and extend to the 4th layer;Natural gas explosiveproof isolation cabin is added inside combustion gas cabin;No electric pipe gallery cabin and electric compartment Adjacent, between be equally separated with pipe gallery partition wall, and extend to the 4th layer;Each in the both sides of vertical load-bearing ddividing wall in third layer It is provided with a station wagon cabin, in station wagon cabin, vertical load-bearing ddividing wall and the intersection of horizontal load-bearing ddividing wall are provided with anticollision Wall, adjacent with station wagon cabin is People's Bank of China cabin;In 4th layer, the both sides in vertical load-bearing ddividing wall are respectively provided with a hybrid vehicle Road dedicated bay, in all-purpose road dedicated bay, vertical load-bearing ddividing wall and the intersection of underground traffic bearing soleplate are provided with anti-collision wall, Adjacent with all-purpose road dedicated bay is underground parking;Be provided between adjacent People's Bank of China cabin and all-purpose road dedicated bay safety every From wall and extend to third layer, it is again provided with security isolation wall between adjacent underground parking and station wagon cabin and extends to Third layer.
Being made as of a kind of four layers of class stairstepping Urban Underground Complex:Vertical load-bearing ddividing wall and horizontal load-bearing ddividing wall Whole synthesises are divided into four parts, one or two layers of part being divided into two stairsteppings in left and right by vertical load-bearing ddividing wall, three or four Layer is divided into the part of two rectangular shapes in left and right by vertical load-bearing ddividing wall;During making, carry out left rectangle, right square respectively successively Shape, left stairstepping, right step-like making, easy to do carry out making and being bolted together of the every part of synthesises.
As a kind of preferred technical scheme:Described sponge city is provided with waterproof layer inside cabin, can carry out sewage Discharge and collection, and carry out storage and the release of available water, when useless, water collected;Sponge city cabin sets It is equipped with storm sewer, nacelle may also be employed as storm sewer.
As a kind of preferred technical scheme:The vertical load-bearing ddividing wall of described traffic layer adopts subsection setup, The vertical load-bearing ddividing wall that can manually dismount is set in the range of 1000m-3000m;The underground parking of described homonymy and People's Bank of China cabin Between be provided with multiple communication passage;Multiple egress doors are opened up, egress door has fire-proof function on described security isolation wall;Described Be equipped with sponge city cabin, electric compartment, telecommunications cabin, combustion gas cabin and no electric pipe gallery cabin multiple towards People's Bank of China cabin with ground The escape way in lower parking lot;All it is uniformly provided with multiple direct in described underground parking, People's Bank of China cabin and no electric pipe gallery Emergency evacuation passage towards earth's surface;Underground parking Yi Shi lower floor traffic emergent evacuation in emergency evacuation passage proximate homonymy Cabin, People's Bank of China cabin Yi Shi upper strata traffic emergent evacuation cabin.
As a kind of preferred technical scheme:Described class stepped section concrete shell adopts water-proof concrete, adopts Assembly flow shop, assembling seam the ring fissure of displacement and longitudinal fissure of displacement, and seam carries out water-proofing treatment.
As a kind of preferred technical scheme:Described antiseepage protective layer can using cement mortar waterproof layer, coil waterproof layer, One or more of coating waterproof layer, drainage systems waterproof layer, bentonite waterproof material waterproofing layer;When using a kind of waterproof During layer material, using two-layer and above waterproof layer.
As a kind of preferred technical scheme:Described natural gas explosiveproof isolation cabin adopts xoncrete structure, and adds fiber, Fiber can be using carbon fiber, steel fibre, glass fibre or polypropylene fibre;Described anti-collision wall adopts prefabricated assembled assembly.
As a kind of preferred technical scheme:Described underground traffic bearing soleplate, pipe gallery bearing soleplate and laterally Load-bearing ddividing wall adopts assembly concrete component assembly;Can be using beam channel, tee girder, Horse hoof ellbeam or box beam and excellent First adopt lattice beam channel.
As a kind of preferred technical scheme:Described lattice beam channel includes web, flange plate, circumferential rib, class rectangle Cavity and trough plate connecting bolt;Two webs and flange plate constitute three side sealing and close a face hatch frame, and inside configuration uniformly sets It is equipped with some circumferential ribs, circumferential rib top is connected with flange plate;Class rectangle cavity is opened up on circumferential rib, cavity is rectangle, And adopt arc transition in the corner of rectangle;The adjacent web of two lattice beam channels is carried out vertically using trough plate connecting bolt Connect.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows:(1)Under synthesises, one or two layers are arranged as stairstepping, make structure stress more steady Fixed, the stairstepping of setting can make soil pressure, and concentrated stress etc. reaches a more preferable state with respect to rectangle etc.;(2)Ladder Shape provides a symmetrical reliable fulcrum to overall structure, so that the internal force of endothecium structure is significantly reduced;Industrialization splits very just Profit, and be easy to produce it is easy to install, be conducive to promoting process of industrialization;(4)Bottom is fully used, and safer, To building sponge city, contribution is proposed, the discharge optimizing sewage is collected.(5)Nacelle location arrangements are more reasonable, make underground comprehensive The function of body is fully used, and has good social benefit.(6)While arranging traffic layer, both sides are arranged for four layers of underground For People's Bank of China cabin, the people can be facilitated to go on a journey, either walking or the vehicles, improve people and go out line efficiency, mitigate on ground The pressure of road People's Bank of China.(7)While arranging traffic layer, both sides are set to underground parking to F3/B3, and vehicle can lead to Cross underground parking and be directly entered traffic layer, convenient trip, save the travel time, mitigate the pressure that on ground, road vehicle travels Power.
Brief description
Fig. 1 is a kind of schematic cross-sectional view of four layers of class stairstepping Urban Underground Complex;
Fig. 2 is motorized traffic layer base plate schematic cross-sectional view;
In figure:1 all-purpose road dedicated bay, 2 station wagon cabins, 3 People's Bank of China cabins, 4 underground parkings, 5 sponge city cabins, 6 telecommunications Cabin, 7 combustion gas cabins, 8 electric compartment, 9 no electric pipe gallery cabins, 10 class stepped section concrete shells, 11 antiseepage protective layers, 12 erect Empty to load-bearing ddividing wall, 13 underground traffic bearing soleplates, 13-1 web, 13-2 flange plate, 13-3 circumferential rib, 13-4 class rectangle Chamber, 13-5 trough plate connecting bolt, 14 pipe gallery bearing soleplates, 15 natural gas explosiveproof isolation cabins, 16 horizontal load-bearing ddividing walls, 17 pipe gallery partition walls, 18 anti-collision walls, 19 security isolation walls.
Specific embodiment
In order to further illustrate the present invention, below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings and embodiment is described in detail to the present invention, but not They can be interpreted as limiting the scope of the present invention.
Refer to the attached drawing, a kind of four layers of class stairstepping Urban Underground Complex, including all-purpose road dedicated bay 1, station wagon Cabin 2, People's Bank of China cabin 3, underground parking 4, sponge city cabin 5, telecommunications cabin 6, combustion gas cabin 7, electric compartment 8, no electric pipe gallery cabin 9th, class stepped section concrete shell 10, antiseepage protective layer 11, vertical load-bearing ddividing wall 12, underground traffic bearing soleplate 13, Pipe gallery bearing soleplate 14, natural gas explosiveproof isolation cabin 15, horizontal load-bearing ddividing wall 16, pipe gallery partition wall 17, anti-collision wall 18 and security isolation wall 19;Stairstepping, class ladder are inverted for class in the transverse section of described class stepped section concrete shell 10 Shape section concrete shell 10 is coated with continuous antiseepage protective layer 11;Vertical load-bearing ddividing wall 12 is located at class stepped section At the vertical center line of concrete shell 10, from top to bottom it is respectively equipped with underground traffic load-bearing bottom perpendicular to vertical load-bearing ddividing wall 12 Plate 13, horizontal load-bearing ddividing wall 16 and pipe gallery bearing soleplate 14, by class stepped section concrete shell 10 by down to On be divided into four layers, the 4th layer and third layer are a ladder, are traffic layer;The second layer and ground floor are respectively a ladder;First It is respectively provided with sponge city cabin 5 in the both sides of vertical load-bearing ddividing wall 12 in layer;In vertical load-bearing ddividing wall in the second layer 12 about are set to combustion gas cabin 7 and electric compartment 8, and telecommunications cabin 6 is adjacent with combustion gas cabin 7, and centre is separated with pipe gallery partition wall 17, and extend to the 4th layer;Natural gas explosiveproof isolation cabin 15 is added inside combustion gas cabin 7;No electric pipe gallery cabin 9 and electric compartment 8 Adjacent, between be equally separated with pipe gallery partition wall 17, and extend to the 4th layer;The two of vertical load-bearing ddividing wall 12 in third layer Side is respectively provided with a station wagon cabin 2, and in station wagon cabin 2, vertical load-bearing ddividing wall 12 and horizontal load-bearing ddividing wall 16 crosses Place is provided with anti-collision wall 18, and adjacent with station wagon cabin 2 is People's Bank of China cabin 3;In the both sides of vertical load-bearing ddividing wall 12 in 4th layer It is respectively provided with an all-purpose road dedicated bay 1, vertical load-bearing ddividing wall 12 and underground traffic bearing soleplate in all-purpose road dedicated bay 1 13 intersection is provided with anti-collision wall 18, and adjacent with all-purpose road dedicated bay 1 is underground parking 4;Adjacent People's Bank of China cabin 3 and mixed Close and be provided with security isolation wall 19 between track dedicated bay 1 and extend to third layer, adjacent underground parking 4 and station wagon cabin It is again provided with security isolation wall 19 between 2 and extend to third layer.
Being made as of a kind of four layers of class stairstepping Urban Underground Complex:Vertical load-bearing ddividing wall 12 and horizontal load-bearing segmentation 16 whole synthesises of wall are divided into four parts, one or two layers of portion being divided into two stairsteppings in left and right by vertical load-bearing ddividing wall 12 Point, three or four layers of part being divided into two rectangular shapes in left and right by vertical load-bearing ddividing wall 12;During making, carry out left square respectively successively Shape, right rectangle, left stairstepping, right step-like making, easy to do carry out making and being assembled in of the every part of synthesises Rise.
As a kind of preferred technical scheme:It is provided with waterproof layer inside described sponge city cabin 5, sewage can be carried out Discharge and collection, and carry out storage and the release of available water, when useless, water collected;Sponge city cabin 5 It is provided with storm sewer, nacelle may also be employed as storm sewer.
As a kind of preferred technical scheme:The vertical load-bearing ddividing wall 12 of described traffic layer adopts subsection setup, The vertical load-bearing ddividing wall 12 that can manually dismount is set in the range of 1000m-3000m;The underground parking 4 of described homonymy and People's Bank of China It is provided with multiple communication passage between cabin 3;Multiple egress doors are opened up, egress door has fire prevention work(on described security isolation wall 19 Energy;It is equipped with multiple logical in described sponge city cabin 5, electric compartment 8, telecommunications cabin 6, combustion gas cabin 7 and no electric pipe gallery cabin 9 Escape way toward People's Bank of China cabin 3 and underground parking 4;In described underground parking 4, People's Bank of China cabin 3 and no electric pipe gallery 17 All it is uniformly provided with multiple emergency evacuation passages leading directly to earth's surface;Underground parking 4 in emergency evacuation passage proximate homonymy Yi Shi lower floor traffic emergent evacuation cabin, People's Bank of China cabin 3 is also upper strata traffic emergent evacuation cabin.
As a kind of preferred technical scheme:Described class stepped section concrete shell 10 adopts water-proof concrete, adopts With assembly flow shop, assemble the seam ring fissure of displacement and longitudinal fissure of displacement, and seam carries out water-proofing treatment.
As a kind of preferred technical scheme:Described antiseepage protective layer 11 can adopt cement mortar waterproof layer, waterproof coiled material One or more of layer, coating waterproof layer, drainage systems waterproof layer, bentonite waterproof material waterproofing layer;When using a kind of During waterproof layer material, using two-layer and above waterproof layer.
As a kind of preferred technical scheme:Described natural gas explosiveproof isolation cabin 15 adopts xoncrete structure, and adds fine Dimension, fiber can be using carbon fiber, steel fibre, glass fibre or polypropylene fibre;Described anti-collision wall 18 adopts prefabricated assembled spelling Dress.
As a kind of preferred technical scheme:Described underground traffic bearing soleplate 13, pipe gallery bearing soleplate 14 and Laterally load-bearing ddividing wall 16 adopts assembly concrete component assembly;Beam channel, tee girder, Horse hoof ellbeam or box beam can be adopted, And preferentially adopt lattice beam channel.
As a kind of preferred technical scheme:Described lattice beam channel includes web 13-1, flange plate 13-2, circumferential rib 13-3, class rectangle cavity 13-4 and trough plate connecting bolt 13-5;Two web 13-1 and flange plate 13-2 constitutes three side sealing and closes One face hatch frame, inside configuration is evenly arranged with some circumferential rib 13-3, and circumferential rib 13-3 top is overall with flange plate 13-2 Connect;Class rectangle cavity 13-4 is opened up on circumferential rib 13-3, cavity is rectangle, and adopts arc transition in the corner of rectangle;Two Adjacent web 13-1 of lattice beam channel is vertically connected using trough plate connecting bolt 13-5.
It should be noted last that, above example is only unrestricted in order to supplementary explaination technical scheme.To the greatest extent Pipe has been described in detail to the present invention with reference to embodiment, and this area vast is it will be appreciated by the skilled person that skill to the present invention Art scheme is modified or is replaced on an equal basis, and without departure from the spirit and scope of technical solution of the present invention, it all should be covered at this In the middle of the right of invention.

Claims (9)

1. a kind of four layers of class stairstepping Urban Underground Complex it is characterised in that:Including all-purpose road dedicated bay (1), small-sized visitor Cabin (2), People's Bank of China cabin (3), underground parking (4), sponge city cabin (5), telecommunications cabin (6), combustion gas cabin (7), electric compartment (8), no electric pipe gallery cabin (9), class stepped section concrete shell (10), antiseepage protective layer (11), vertical load-bearing segmentation Wall (12), underground traffic bearing soleplate (13), pipe gallery bearing soleplate (14), natural gas explosiveproof isolation cabin (15), laterally hold Weight ddividing wall (16), pipe gallery partition wall (17), anti-collision wall(18)And security isolation wall(19);Described class stepped section mixes Stairstepping is inverted for class in the transverse section of solidifying soil cursting body (10), and class stepped section concrete shell (10) is coated with continuously prevents Ooze protective layer(11);Vertical load-bearing ddividing wall (12) is located at the vertical center line of class stepped section concrete shell (10), hangs down Directly from top to bottom it is respectively equipped with underground traffic bearing soleplate (13), horizontal load-bearing ddividing wall (16) in vertical load-bearing ddividing wall (12) And pipe gallery bearing soleplate (14), class stepped section concrete shell (10) is divided into four layers from the bottom to top, the 4th layer It is a ladder with third layer, be traffic layer;The second layer and ground floor are respectively a ladder;Split in vertical load-bearing in ground floor The both sides of wall (12) are respectively provided with sponge city cabin (5);Set respectively about vertical load-bearing ddividing wall (12) in the second layer For combustion gas cabin (7) and electric compartment (8), telecommunications cabin (6) are adjacent with combustion gas cabin (7), and centre is separated with pipe gallery partition wall (17), And extend to the 4th layer;Combustion gas cabin(7)Inside adds natural gas explosiveproof isolation cabin (15);No electric pipe gallery cabin (9) and electric power Cabin (8) is adjacent, between be equally separated with pipe gallery partition wall (17), and extend to the 4th layer;Split in vertical load-bearing in third layer The both sides of wall (12) are respectively provided with a station wagon cabin (2), in station wagon cabin (2) vertical load-bearing ddividing wall (12) with laterally hold The intersection of weight ddividing wall (16) is provided with anti-collision wall(18), adjacent with station wagon cabin (2) is People's Bank of China cabin (3);In 4th layer It is respectively provided with an all-purpose road dedicated bay (1) in the both sides of vertical load-bearing ddividing wall (12), vertical in all-purpose road dedicated bay (1) Load-bearing ddividing wall (12) is provided with anti-collision wall with the intersection of underground traffic bearing soleplate (13)(18), with all-purpose road dedicated bay (1) adjacent is underground parking (4);It is provided with security isolation wall between adjacent People's Bank of China cabin (3) and all-purpose road dedicated bay (1) (19)And extend to third layer, it is again provided with security isolation wall between adjacent underground parking (4) and station wagon cabin (2) (19)And extend to third layer.
2. a kind of making of four layers of class stairstepping Urban Underground Complex it is characterised in that:Vertical load-bearing ddividing wall(12)And horizontal stroke To load-bearing ddividing wall(16)Whole synthesises are divided into four parts, one or two layers by vertical load-bearing ddividing wall(12)It is divided into left and right two The part of stairstepping, three or four layers by vertical load-bearing ddividing wall(12)It is divided into the part of two rectangular shapes in left and right;During making, point Do not carry out left rectangle, right rectangle, left stairstepping, right step-like making successively, the easy to do every part of synthesises that carries out Make and be bolted together.
3. a kind of four layers of class stairstepping Urban Underground Complex according to claim 1 it is characterised in that:Described sponge city City cabin(5)Inside is provided with waterproof layer, can carry out discharge and the collection of sewage, and carry out can use storage and the release of water, When useless, water is collected;Sponge city cabin(5)It is provided with storm sewer, nacelle may also be employed as rain pipe Road.
4. a kind of four layers of class stairstepping Urban Underground Complex according to claim 1 it is characterised in that:Described traffic layer Vertical load-bearing ddividing wall (12) adopt subsection setup, the vertical load-bearing that can manually dismount is set in the range of 1000m-3000m Ddividing wall (12);It is provided with multiple communication passage between the underground parking (4) of described homonymy and People's Bank of China cabin (3);Described safety Divider wall opens up multiple egress doors on (19), and egress door has fire-proof function;Described sponge city cabin (5), electric compartment (8), Be equipped with telecommunications cabin (6), combustion gas cabin (7) and no electric pipe gallery cabin (9) multiple towards People's Bank of China cabin (3) and underground parking (4)Escape way;Described underground parking (4), People's Bank of China cabin (3) and no electric pipe gallery(17)Inside all it is uniformly provided with multiple Lead directly to the emergency evacuation passage of earth's surface;Underground parking in emergency evacuation passage proximate homonymy(4)The traffic of Yi Shi lower floor Emergency evacuation cabin, People's Bank of China cabin(3)Also it is upper strata traffic emergent evacuation cabin.
5. a kind of four layers of class stairstepping Urban Underground Complex according to claim 1 it is characterised in that:Described class ladder Shape section concrete shell (10) adopts water-proof concrete, using assembly flow shop, assembles the seam ring fissure of displacement and longitudinal mistake Seam, and seam carries out water-proofing treatment.
6. a kind of four layers of class stairstepping Urban Underground Complex according to claim 1 it is characterised in that:Described antiseepage is protected Sheath (11) can be prevented using cement mortar waterproof layer, coil waterproof layer, coating waterproof layer, drainage systems waterproof layer, bentonite One or more of water material waterproofing layer;When using a kind of waterproof layer material, using two-layer and above waterproof layer.
7. a kind of four layers of class stairstepping Urban Underground Complex according to claim 1 it is characterised in that:Described natural gas Explosiveproof isolation cabin (15) adopts xoncrete structure, and adds fiber, and fiber can be using carbon fiber, steel fibre, glass fibre or poly- Tacryl;Described anti-collision wall (18) adopts prefabricated assembled assembly.
8. a kind of four layers of class stairstepping Urban Underground Complex according to claim 1 it is characterised in that:Described underground is handed over Logical bearing soleplate (13), pipe gallery bearing soleplate (14) and horizontal load-bearing ddividing wall(16)Using assembly concrete component Assembled;Using beam channel, tee girder, Horse hoof ellbeam or box beam, and can preferentially adopt lattice beam channel.
9. a kind of four layers of class stairstepping Urban Underground Complex according to claim 7 it is characterised in that:Described lattice Beam channel includes web (13-1), flange plate (13-2), circumferential rib (13-3), class rectangle cavity (13-4) and trough plate and connects Bolt (13-5);Two webs (13-1) and flange plate (13-2) constitute three side sealing and close a face hatch frame, and inside configuration uniformly sets It is equipped with some circumferential ribs (13-3), circumferential rib(13-3)Top is connected with flange plate (13-2);Open on circumferential rib (13-3) If class rectangle cavity (13-4), cavity is rectangle, and adopts arc transition in the corner of rectangle;Two lattice beam channels adjacent Web (13-1) is vertically connected using trough plate connecting bolt (13-5).
CN201611010282.9A 2016-11-17 2016-11-17 Four-layer stair-like city underground comprehensive body Pending CN106436755A (en)

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CN110295624A (en) * 2019-06-28 2019-10-01 上海二十冶建设有限公司 Crossroad underground pedestrian walk and pipe gallery build structure and its construction method jointly

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