CN106429454B - Graininess food crops air-transport system spiral over long distances - Google Patents

Graininess food crops air-transport system spiral over long distances Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106429454B
CN106429454B CN201610833660.7A CN201610833660A CN106429454B CN 106429454 B CN106429454 B CN 106429454B CN 201610833660 A CN201610833660 A CN 201610833660A CN 106429454 B CN106429454 B CN 106429454B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
main pipeline
connect
conveying main
gas
pipe
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN201610833660.7A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN106429454A (en
Inventor
张永宇
鲁选民
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Henan University of Technology
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Henan University of Technology
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G53/00Conveying materials in bulk through troughs, pipes or tubes by floating the materials or by flow of gas, liquid or foam
    • B65G53/04Conveying materials in bulk pneumatically through pipes or tubes; Air slides
    • B65G53/24Gas suction systems
    • B65G53/26Gas suction systems operating with fluidisation of the materials
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G53/00Conveying materials in bulk through troughs, pipes or tubes by floating the materials or by flow of gas, liquid or foam
    • B65G53/34Details
    • B65G53/40Feeding or discharging devices
    • B65G53/48Screws or like rotary conveyors
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G53/00Conveying materials in bulk through troughs, pipes or tubes by floating the materials or by flow of gas, liquid or foam
    • B65G53/34Details
    • B65G53/40Feeding or discharging devices
    • B65G53/50Pneumatic devices
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G53/00Conveying materials in bulk through troughs, pipes or tubes by floating the materials or by flow of gas, liquid or foam
    • B65G53/34Details
    • B65G53/52Adaptations of pipes or tubes
    • B65G53/56Switches
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G53/00Conveying materials in bulk through troughs, pipes or tubes by floating the materials or by flow of gas, liquid or foam
    • B65G53/34Details
    • B65G53/60Devices for separating the materials from propellant gas
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G53/00Conveying materials in bulk through troughs, pipes or tubes by floating the materials or by flow of gas, liquid or foam
    • B65G53/34Details
    • B65G53/66Use of indicator or control devices, e.g. for controlling gas pressure, for controlling proportions of material and gas, for indicating or preventing jamming of material

Abstract

Graininess food crops air-transport system spiral over long distances, including conveying main pipeline, connection suction device, Dual-Phrase Distribution of Gas olid forming apparatus, mechanical spiral stream play cyclone, strength spiral flow intensifier, part flow arrangement, gas-solid separating device, warehousing storage and automatically control and monitoring system.The present invention realizes efficient, the low energy consumption Dual-Phrase Distribution of Gas olid long distance delivery of food crops using the pipe spiral flow with coupling enhancement effect, it is delivered directly to destination warehouse by pipeline liquid injecting device, indirect loss caused by save water route, railway or overland transport, swivel link in centre, a large amount of freight charges of saving and the consumption and the exhaust gas discharge that reduce petroleum resources are eliminated simultaneously, have been truly realized the long-distance transportation through pipeline of environment-friendly type.

Description

Graininess food crops air-transport system spiral over long distances
Technical field
The invention belongs to rice husk and crop kernels Pneumatic Conveying Technology field more particularly to a kind of graininess grain farmings Object air-transport system spiral over long distances.
Background technology
China is food crops production and consumption big country, from source area to being currently to pass through in processing enterprise or warehouse The logistics modes such as water transport transport, land transportation transport or railway transportation often inevitably result in during handling, transport transfer It broken bag, leakage in bulk and the losses such as sheds, wastes a large amount of goods and materials, manpower and the energy, pollute the environment simultaneously.
Although currently, the handling for crop kernels also use some mechanical equipments, but needing a large amount of manpowers, and And labor intensity is big, the scope of application is small, generates dust and larger noise, working environment are poor.
Geldart-D particle or air-flow conveying are that crop grain is carried out fluidization processing using the energy of air-flow in sealed tube Along a kind of technology of airflow direction conveying in road, but no matter vacuum pressure conveying formula or positive pressure pressure sending type are all only used for short distance From conveying, fed distance of the longest generally without departing from 1000 meters limits use scope.
Therefore, research and development one kind can have sensing and detection function, while meet efficient, energy saving and environmental requirement, It is capable of the long-distance air-transport system and method for continuous uninterrupted unattended automated job, for reducing economic loss, carrying High working efficiency realizes that the automation of crops Geldart-D particle deposit and high-endization have great importance.
Invention content
The present invention in order to solve shortcoming in the prior art, provide it is a kind of it is full-automatic, efficiently, energy-saving and environmental protection, company Continuous conveying, grain is lossless, Unmanned operation or graininess food crops on duty air-transport system spiral over long distances.
In order to solve the above technical problems, the present invention adopts the following technical scheme that:Graininess food crops long range spiral Formula air-transport system, including conveying main pipeline, connection suction device, Dual-Phrase Distribution of Gas olid forming apparatus, mechanical spiral stream rise It cyclone, strength spiral flow intensifier, part flow arrangement, gas-solid separating device, warehousing storage and automatically controls and monitoring system;
The discharge port of connection suction device is connect with the feed inlet of Dual-Phrase Distribution of Gas olid forming apparatus, and Dual-Phrase Distribution of Gas olid forms dress The discharge port set is connect with the feed inlet of conveying main pipeline, and mechanical spiral stream plays the feed inlet that spinning is set in conveying main pipeline Place, strength spiral flow intensifier are equipped with several, and strength spiral flow intensifier is along the conveying direction interval of conveying main pipeline It is evenly arranged, the discharge port of conveying main pipeline is connected by the feed inlet of part flow arrangement and gas-solid separating device, gas solid separation dress The top of the solid outlet and warehousing storage set connects;
It automatically controls and monitoring system includes control system and the sensing being arranged along the length direction of conveying main pipeline inspection Survey device;
Part flow arrangement includes at least three reducer pipes, and gas-solid separating device, warehousing storage are equal with the quantity of reducer pipe, The feed inlet of every reducer pipe is connect with the discharge port of conveying main pipeline, and angle of the every reducer pipe with conveying main pipeline is Less than 30 °;Gas-solid separating device includes cyclone separator;
Correspondence is connect the discharge port of every reducer pipe with a cyclone separator upper tangential direction respectively, cyclone separator Lower end at the top of automatic airlock and warehousing storage by connecting, and warehousing storage is supported on the ground by holder, warehousing storage bottom Portion is equipped with electronic discharge valve.
It connects suction device and is equipped with several;Connection suction device include suction nozzle, corrugated flexible hose, axial flow blower and it is compound into Expects pipe, suction nozzle are that lower thick upper thin is in conical cylindrical structure, and suction nozzle upper end is fixedly connected with corrugated flexible hose lower end, corrugated flexible hose upper end and The air inlet of axial flow blower connects, and the air outlet of axial flow blower is connect with the lower end of compound feed pipe;On the fuselage of axial flow blower Suction motor and governor are installed, suction motor is connected by the spindle drive of governor and axial flow blower.
The quantity of Dual-Phrase Distribution of Gas olid forming apparatus is equal with the connection quantity of suction device, Dual-Phrase Distribution of Gas olid forming apparatus packet Feeding centrifugal blower, mixed flow cylinder, connecting tube and feed pipe are included, the air outlet of feeding centrifugal blower is connect with one end of mixed flow cylinder, Connecting tube is horizontally disposed, and one end of connecting tube and the tangential outlet on compound feed pipe top connect, and the other end of connecting tube and mixes The tangential entry of flow cartridge connects, and the other end of mixed flow cylinder and one end of feed pipe connect, the feed pipe other end and conveying main pipeline Connection;The Dual-Phrase Distribution of Gas olid material that the feed pipe conveying of each Dual-Phrase Distribution of Gas olid forming apparatus comes is successively staggeredly and along conveying side To tangentially into conveying main pipeline.
It has included rotation motor, retarder and helical axis that mechanical spiral stream, which plays cyclone, plays main shaft and the deceleration of rotation motor The power intake of device is sequentially connected, and the power output shaft of retarder extend into conveying main pipeline by the front end of conveying main pipeline Interior, the front end of helical axis offers blind hole in the axial direction, and the power output shaft of retarder is extend into blind hole and and helical axis Between be sequentially connected by flat key, helical axis radially be equipped with across retarder power output shaft trip bolt, helical axis On along its length be equipped with helical blade;The front end of conveying main pipeline is connected by playing the ontology of rotation flange and retarder.
Each strength spiral flow intensifier includes enhancing centrifugal blower, drier, enhancing blast pipe, enhancing discharge pipe With around pipeline, the air inlet for enhancing centrifugal blower is connect with one end of enhancing blast pipe, is enhanced the other end of blast pipe and is done The air outlet of dry device connects, and the air outlet for enhancing centrifugal blower is connect with the air inlet of enhancing discharge pipe, enhances going out for discharge pipe Air port is connect by enhancing flange with the air inlet around pipeline, around pipeline winding outside conveying main pipeline, around pipeline Gas outlet is connect with the circumference tangential direction of conveying main pipeline;The outlet around pipeline of multiple strength spiral flow intensifiers The circumferencial direction interlaced arrangement of opening's edge conveying main pipeline.
Drier includes the open square chest of top, bottom and front side portion, and it is in side's cone that the top of square chest, which is equipped with up-small and down-big, The wind gathering cover of shape, wind gathering cover top are equipped with the mounting hole being connect with enhancing blast pipe air inlet, chamber door, square chest are equipped on front side of square chest It is interior to be equipped at least one layer of drawing and pulling type dehumidifier;Every layer of drawing and pulling type dehumidifier includes two horizontally disposed branch along the longitudinal direction Guide rail is supportted, two supporting guides are located at sustained height, and two supporting guides fix inner left wall and the right side for being located at square chest respectively On inner wall, two supporting guides are equipped with the frame of rectangular shape, and frame left, right side and rear side connect with square chest inner wall It touches, is contacted with chamber door inner wall on front side of frame, the string bag equipped with drier is equipped in frame;
Chamber door passes on left hinge and horizontally rotates on square chest front left side, and level is set respectively for square chest front side top and bottom There are upper beam and bottom end rail, upper fixed block is equipped on the left of upper beam, is equipped with lower fixed block on the left of bottom end rail, upper fixed block bottom is opened Equipped with upper jack, lower jack is offered at the top of lower fixed block, chamber door is equipped with mating with upper jack and lower jack respectively Plug-in type lock door mechanism.
Plug-in type lock door mechanism includes upper fixed guide sleeve, lower fixed guide sleeve, upper plunger and lower plunger, upper fixed guide sleeve, under Fixed guide sleeve, upper plunger and lower plunger are vertically arranged, and upper fixed guide sleeve fixation is located at chamber door upper inside wall, and lower fixed guide sleeve is solid Surely it is located at chamber door inner wall lower, upper plunger sliding is plugged in fixed guide sleeve, and lower plunger sliding is plugged in lower fixed guide sleeve, Chamber door inner wall is equipped with mounting bracket, is rotatably connected to shaft along the longitudinal direction on mounting bracket, gear, shaft are fixed in shaft Front end passes through chamber door and is connected with handle, and the lower part of upper plunger is equipped with the upper rack engaged with gear, and the top of lower plunger is equipped with The lower rack engaged with gear, upper rack is parallel with lower rack and is located at the opposite sides of gear;When chamber door is shut, upper plunger Upper end is corresponding up and down with upper jack, and lower plunger upper end is corresponding up and down with lower jack.
Chamber door inner surface edge is equipped with respectively with square chest left side wall, square chest right side wall, on front side of upper beam and bottom end rail The rubber weather strip of frontside contacts.
Above-mentioned technical proposal is used, the invention has the advantages that:
1, the connection suction device in the present invention is equipped with several, and as conveying main pipeline setting is multiple for shots, passes through Crop kernels can be drawn into Dual-Phrase Distribution of Gas olid forming apparatus by connection suction device, in feeding centrifugal blower and mixed flow cylinder Under effect, crop kernels and air can be mixed to form stable gas-solid phase fluid, be concentrated from many places to main feed pipe The two phase flow fluid of input staggeredly sequentially enters main pipeline, while playing cyclone in the mechanical spiral stream of main pipeline end installation Helical blade under the action of, the enhancing that intercouples between the fluid-mixing that the conveying of each branch pipe is come in forms powerful helical feed stream.
2, the helical feed stream in conveying main pipeline is during along conveying main pipeline long distance delivery, due to by pipeline Damping action and gradually decay, need to add strength spiral flow intensifier paragraph by paragraph thus.Strength spiral flow intensifier is defeated Expect that the conveying of main pipeline is arranged along different location on the way, several strength spiral flow intensifiers can be staggeredly sequentially arranged At the tangential inlet of conveying main pipeline, extraneous humid air is after the drying of drier, by enhancing centrifugal blower through spiral Air duct enters main pipeline around rear final tangent line, and the multiple spiral flows generated by strength spiral flow intensifier intercouple enhancing After re-form powerful helical feed stream, and so on until conveying main pipeline convey terminal.
Sensing detection device, the gas pressure sensor and wind of sensing detection device are arranged at intervals on conveying main pipeline Fast sensor by monitor trandfer fluid pressure and speed signal Real-time Feedback to control system, when wind pressure and flow rate attenuation be not to When being enough rotation, deviation signal is generated by comparator, drive control device adjust the quantity that strength spiral flow intensifier starts with And the rotating speed of enhancing centrifugal blower is adjusted, so that the helical feed fluid in conveying main pipeline remains at normal work shape State.Sensing detection device can be separately provided in conveying main pipeline along journey, and control strength spiral flow intensifier enhances spiral transferring The intensity sent, and data sharing will be had with the monitoring and controlling system of conveying initiating terminal and end by playing monitoring data.
3, the wind gathering cover in drier plays the area for being drawn into more dry airs, when the drier in the string bag(It can be with Using quick lime)After absorption aqueous vapor is more, at regular intervals, chamber door can be opened, frame is extracted out, the string bag from frame It takes out, the drier more renewed can play good drying effect in this way.The rubber weather strip of chamber door inner wall setting, is played Good sealing function makes the air that enhancing centrifugal blower aspirates pass through from drier, improves removal moisture drying effect.
A kind of plug-in type lock door mechanism easy to operation, highly reliable is used, chamber door can be quickly opened or closed.Specifically Operating process:Shut chamber door, push hard chamber door, make rubber weather strip respectively with before square chest left side wall, square chest right side wall, upper beam Crimping on front side of side and bottom end rail;Then rotating handle, turn shaft driven gear rotation, due to gear both sides respectively with upper rack and under Rack engaged transmission, to which upper rack drives upper plunger to be moved upwards along upper fixed guide sleeve, the upper end of upper plunger extends upwardly into In upper jack on upper fixed block, lower rack drives lower plunger is moved downward along lower fixed guide sleeve, and the lower end of lower plunger is extend into In lower jack, since upper plunger and lower plunger are plugged in respectively in upper jack and lower jack, to which chamber door is locked, when needs are beaten When unpacking door, only handle need to be reversely rotated.Guide sleeve, which is fixed, under the upper fixed guide sleeves of setting two and two can ensure that upper plunger It is moved in the vertical direction with lower plunger, and ensures the good engagement with gear.
4, the part flow arrangement of conveying main pipeline end is shunted by more different reducing branch pipes, the conveying after shunting Fluid can enter different gas-solid separating devices, and can conveying main pipeline the logistics to come be conveyed by gas-solid separating device It is automatically fed into different warehousing storages respectively and carries out long-term preservation, avoids artificial progress warehouse entry, saves labour, improve effect Rate realizes whole-course automation processing.
Gas-solid separating device is that the gas-solid mixing fluid after shunting is sent into cyclone separator by solids stream and air-flow point From the logistics after separation is sent into warehousing storage by the automatic airlock of lower end(Cylinder feed bin)It is stored, cylinder feed bin Lower end is equipped with electronic discharge valve, and convenient discharging later uses.It is directly discharged into air through the gas that cyclone separator is separated In.
5, it automatically controls and monitoring system uses the detection and monitoring of full transmission process, main monitoring room can be simultaneously defeated The initiating terminal that send and conveying end while being arranged.It predominantly detects and controls in initiating terminal and each material and air stream exist for shots Main pipeline forms helical feed stream, and monitors strength spiral flow intensifier on the way simultaneously, makes intermittent helical feed stream It is maintained at continuous duty.End predominantly detect and control transport Stream gas solid separation and material automatic warehouse entry and Vent gas treatment, while the state parameter along journey can be also monitored.
6, the enhancing spiral flow pneumatic conveying method of strength spiral flow intensifier is the energy using air-flow in sealed tube Along airflow direction conveying granular material in road, there is huge applications foreground in terms of the long-distance pipeline of crop kernels.It should Method is to copy the mechanism of nature helical feed, and particle logistics is formed gas-solid with air stream in main pipeline conveying initiating terminal mixes The helical feed fluid of conjunction, which can form powerful helical feed stream in different location after overcoupling enhances, defeated along pipeline Direction is sent to convey logistics to destination.Since spiral air flow is constantly decayed in closed conduit transmission process, when flow velocity reduces When to a certain critical value, it will be unable to continue to complete material conveying, particle will start to deposit in tube wall lower part that even pipeline can be caused Block, thus need to main feeding pipe along journey transportation section when helical feed stream decays to critical value, increased by strength spiral flow Intensity device(Current following device)The desired amount of helical feed stream is re-formed, different numbers are being arranged along journey according to the length of fed distance Spiral flow is transported to terminal by the current following device of amount to complete long distance delivery.In final position by part flow arrangement by mixed flow Body carries out gas solid separation, and for the solid material after separation automatically into storage feed bin storage, the gas after separation is discharged into air.Spiral The rotation mechanism that rises of stream is to utilize positive pressure in the input of conveying main pipeline input terminal granule materials according to the formation mechenism of high pressure cyclone It blowing, is sequentially input by multiple feed dot interlaces, the periphery in the conveying main pipeline of initiating terminal forms multiple high pressure spots, and Axle center line position is but low pressure point, thus meets spiral flow formation condition.In order to form firm screw fluid in initiating terminal, Multiple conveying main pipeline input end positions for shots have been simutaneously arranged machinery and have elected device additional member, more reliably to form gas-solid The mixing auger stream trandfer fluid of two phase flow.In order to disclosure satisfy that spiral flow formation condition always in conveying main pipeline, defeated Expect that main pipeline axial line position will be with the presence of low pressure point, each branch for conveying end in conveying main pipeline thus is fitted with sieve Thatch air blower, the axle center line position in main pipeline in the way of suction and conveying generate low pressure point.In order to enable pipeline can connect Continuous uninterrupted operating, while the deposition of material does not occur inside pipeline again, automatic control system is utilized along cloth inside Cheng Guandao The sensing detection device set carries out feedback control, and pipeline control device is automatically adjusted by fluid control device, ensures to generate not Intermittent helical feed stream, makes transport system be operated in normal operation.
In conclusion the present invention realizes the height of food crops using the pipe spiral flow with coupling enhancement effect Effect, low energy consumption Dual-Phrase Distribution of Gas olid long distance delivery, destination warehouse is delivered directly to by pipeline liquid injecting device, to save water route, Indirect loss caused by railway or overland transport, while eliminating swivel link in centre, saving a large amount of freight charges and reduce oil The consumption of resource and exhaust gas discharge, have been truly realized the long-distance transportation through pipeline of environment-friendly type.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural schematic diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the enlarged drawing that suction device is connected in Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is the enlarged drawing of Dual-Phrase Distribution of Gas olid forming apparatus in Fig. 1;
Fig. 4 is the enlarged drawing that mechanical spiral stream plays cyclone in Fig. 1;
Fig. 5 is the enlarged drawing of strength spiral flow intensifier in Fig. 1;
Fig. 6 is the enlarged drawing of part flow arrangement in Fig. 1;
Fig. 7 is the enlarged drawing of gas-solid separating device and warehousing storage in Fig. 1;
Fig. 8 is the internal structure schematic diagram of drier in Fig. 5.
Specific implementation mode
As Figure 1-Figure 8, graininess food crops of the invention air-transport system spiral over long distances, including it is defeated Expect that main pipeline 1, connection suction device 2, Dual-Phrase Distribution of Gas olid forming apparatus 3, mechanical spiral stream play cyclone 4, strength spiral flow It intensifier 5, part flow arrangement 6, gas-solid separating device 7, warehousing storage 9 and automatically controls and monitoring system.
The discharge port of connection suction device 2 is connect with the feed inlet of Dual-Phrase Distribution of Gas olid forming apparatus 3, and Dual-Phrase Distribution of Gas olid is formed The discharge port of device 3 is connect with the feed inlet of conveying main pipeline 1, and mechanical spiral stream plays cyclone 4 and is located at conveying main pipeline 1 At feed inlet, strength spiral flow intensifier 5 is equipped with several, conveying of the strength spiral flow intensifier 5 along conveying main pipeline 1 Direction interval is evenly arranged, and the discharge port of conveying main pipeline 1 is connect by part flow arrangement 6 with the feed inlet of gas-solid separating device 7, The solid outlet of gas-solid separating device 7 is connect with the top of warehousing storage 9.
It automatically controls and monitoring system includes control system 10 and the sensing that is arranged along the length direction of conveying main pipeline 1 Detection device 11.
It connects suction device 2 and is equipped with several;It includes suction nozzle 12, corrugated flexible hose 13, axial flow blower 14 to connect suction device 2 With compound feed pipe 17, suction nozzle 12 is that lower thick upper thin is in conical cylindrical structure, and 12 upper end of suction nozzle is fixed with 13 lower end of corrugated flexible hose to be connected It connects, 13 upper end of corrugated flexible hose is connect with the air inlet of axial flow blower 14, the air outlet of axial flow blower 14 and compound feed pipe 17 Lower end connects;Suction motor 15 and governor 16 are installed, suction motor 15 passes through governor 16 on the fuselage of axial flow blower 14 It is connect with the spindle drive of axial flow blower 14.
The quantity of Dual-Phrase Distribution of Gas olid forming apparatus 3 is equal with the connection quantity of suction device 2, Dual-Phrase Distribution of Gas olid forming apparatus 3 include feeding centrifugal blower 18, mixed flow cylinder 19, connecting tube 20 and feed pipe 21, the air outlet and mixed flow of feeding centrifugal blower 18 One end connection of cylinder 19, connecting tube 20 is horizontally disposed, and one end of connecting tube 20 and the tangential outlet on 17 top of compound feed pipe connect It connects, the other end of connecting tube 20 is connect with the tangential entry of mixed flow cylinder 19, one end of the other end and feed pipe 21 of mixed flow cylinder 19 Connection, 21 other end of feed pipe are connect with conveying main pipeline 1;The feed pipe 21 of each Dual-Phrase Distribution of Gas olid forming apparatus 3 conveyed The Dual-Phrase Distribution of Gas olid material come staggeredly and along conveying direction tangentially enters conveying main pipeline 1 successively.
It has included rotation motor 22, retarder 23 and helical axis 24 that mechanical spiral stream, which plays cyclone 4, plays the master of rotation motor 22 The power intake of axis and retarder 23 is sequentially connected, and the power output shaft of retarder 23 is stretched by the front end of conveying main pipeline 1 Enter into conveying main pipeline 1, the front end of helical axis 24 offers blind hole 25 in the axial direction, and the power output shaft of retarder 23 is stretched Enter and be sequentially connected by flat key 26 into blind hole 25 and between helical axis 24, helical axis 24 is radially equipped with across retarder 23 Power output shaft trip bolt 27, helical blade 28 is equipped on helical axis 24 along its length;The front end of conveying main pipeline 1 It is connect with the ontology of retarder 23 by playing rotation flange 29.
Each strength spiral flow intensifier 5 includes enhancing centrifugal blower 30, drier 31, enhancing blast pipe 32, increases Strong discharge pipe 33 and around pipeline 34, the air inlet for enhancing centrifugal blower 30 is connect with the one end for enhancing blast pipe 32, enhance into The other end of air hose 32 is connect with the air outlet of drier 31, enhance centrifugal blower 30 air outlet with enhancing discharge pipe 33 into Air port connects, and the air outlet for enhancing discharge pipe 33 is connect by enhancing flange with the air inlet around pipeline 34, around pipeline 34 Around being located at outside conveying main pipeline 1, around being connect with the circumference tangential direction of conveying main pipeline 1 for the gas outlet of pipeline 34;It is multiple Circumferencial direction interlaced arrangement of the gas outlet of the circular pipeline 34 of strength spiral flow intensifier 5 along conveying main pipeline 1.
Part flow arrangement 6 includes at least three reducer pipes 35, the number of gas-solid separating device 7, warehousing storage 9 with reducer pipe 35 Measure equal, the feed inlet of every reducer pipe 35 is connect with the discharge port of conveying main pipeline 1, every reducer pipe 35 with conveying master The angle of pipeline 1 is less than 30 °;Gas-solid separating device 7 includes cyclone separator 36.
Correspondence is connect the discharge port of every reducer pipe 35 with a 36 upper tangential direction of cyclone separator respectively, whirlwind point It is connect with 9 top of warehousing storage by automatic airlock 41 from 36 lower end of device, warehousing storage 9 is supported on ground by holder 42 On, 9 bottom of warehousing storage is equipped with electronic discharge valve 43.
Drier 31 includes the open square chest 44 of top, bottom and front side portion, and the top of square chest 44 is equipped with up-small and down-big In the wind gathering cover 45 of square taper, 45 top of wind gathering cover is equipped with the mounting hole 46 being connect with enhancing 32 air inlet of blast pipe, square chest 44 Front side is equipped with chamber door 47, and three layers of drawing and pulling type dehumidifier are equipped in square chest 44;Every layer of drawing and pulling type dehumidifier includes two along preceding The horizontally disposed supporting guide 48 of rear direction, two supporting guides 48 are located at sustained height, and two supporting guides 48 are fixed respectively It is located in the inner left wall and right side inner wall of square chest 44, two supporting guides 48 are equipped with the frame 49 of rectangular shape, frame 49 left sides, right side and rear side are contacted with 44 inner wall of square chest, and 49 front side of frame is contacted with 47 inner wall of chamber door, and dress is equipped in frame 49 There is the string bag of drier 50.
Chamber door 47 passes on left hinge 51 and horizontally rotates in 44 front left side of square chest, 44 front side top and bottom point of square chest Unhorizontal to be equipped with upper beam 52 and bottom end rail 53,52 left side of upper beam is equipped with upper fixed block 54, and 53 left side of bottom end rail is equipped with lower solid Determine block 55,54 bottom of upper fixed block offers jack, and 55 top of lower fixed block offers lower jack, and chamber door 47 is equipped with difference The mating plug-in type lock door mechanism with upper jack and lower jack.
Plug-in type lock door mechanism includes upper fixed guide sleeve 56, lower fixed guide sleeve 57, upper plunger 58 and lower plunger 59, upper fixation Guide sleeve 56, lower fixed guide sleeve 57, upper plunger 58 and lower plunger 59 are vertically arranged, and the upper fixation of fixed guide sleeve 56 is located in chamber door 47 Wall top, the lower fixation of fixed guide sleeve 57 are located at 47 inner wall lower of chamber door, and the sliding of upper plunger 58 is plugged in fixed guide sleeve 56, under The sliding of inserted link 59 is plugged in lower fixed guide sleeve 57, and 47 inner wall of chamber door is equipped with mounting bracket 60, on mounting bracket 60 along the longitudinal direction It is rotatably connected to shaft 61, gear 62 is fixed in shaft 61,61 front end of shaft passes through chamber door 47 and is connected with handle, upper to insert The lower part of bar 58 is equipped with the upper rack 63 engaged with gear 62, and the top of lower plunger 59 is equipped with the lower rack engaged with gear 62 64, upper rack 63 is parallel with lower rack 64 and is located at the opposite sides of gear 62;When chamber door 47 is shut, 58 upper end of upper plunger with Upper jack is corresponding up and down, and 59 upper end of lower plunger is corresponding up and down with lower jack.
47 inner surface edge of chamber door be equipped with respectively with 44 left side wall of square chest, 44 right side wall of square chest, the front side of upper beam 52 With the rubber weather strip 65 of 53 frontside contacts of bottom end rail.
1, the connection suction device 2 in the present invention is equipped with several, and as conveying main pipeline 1 is arranged multiple for shots, leads to Crop kernels can be drawn into Dual-Phrase Distribution of Gas olid forming apparatus 3 by crossing connection suction device 2, in feeding centrifugal blower 18 and be mixed Under the action of flow cartridge 19, crop kernels and air can be mixed to form stable gas-solid phase fluid, from many places to it is main into Expects pipe concentrates the two phase flow fluid of input staggeredly to sequentially enter main pipeline, while in the mechanical spiral stream of main pipeline end installation Under the action of the helical blade 28 for playing cyclone 4, the enhancing that intercouples between the fluid-mixing that each branch pipe conveying is come in forms powerful Helical feed stream.
2, the helical feed stream in conveying main pipeline 1 is during along conveying 1 long distance delivery of main pipeline, due to by pipe Road damping action and gradually decay, need to add strength spiral flow intensifier 5 paragraph by paragraph thus.Strength spiral flow intensifier 5 Be arranged along different location on the way in the conveying of conveying main pipeline 1, can by several strength spiral flow intensifiers 5 staggeredly according to Secondary to be arranged at the tangential inlet of conveying main pipeline 1, extraneous humid air centrifuges wind after the drying of drier 31, by enhancing Through spiral duct, the final tangent line after enters main pipeline to machine 30, the multiple spiral flows generated by strength spiral flow intensifier 5 Intercouple enhancing after re-form powerful helical feed stream, and so on until conveying main pipeline 1 convey terminal.
Sensing detection device 11, the gas pressure sensing of sensing detection device 11 are arranged at intervals on conveying main pipeline 1 Device and air velocity transducer by monitor trandfer fluid pressure and speed signal Real-time Feedback to control system 10, when wind pressure and flow velocity It decays to when being not enough to rotation, deviation signal is generated by comparator, drive control device adjusts strength spiral flow intensifier 5 and starts Quantity and adjust enhancing centrifugal blower 30 rotating speed so that the helical feed fluid in conveying main pipeline 1 remains at Normal operating conditions.Sensing detection device 11 can be separately provided in conveying main pipeline 1 along journey, control strength spiral flow enhancing dress The intensity of 5 enhancing helical feeds is set, and data sharing will be had with the monitoring and controlling system of conveying initiating terminal and end by playing monitoring data.
3, the wind gathering cover 45 in drier 31 plays the area for being drawn into more dry airs, when the drier 50 in the string bag (Quick lime may be used)After absorption aqueous vapor is more, at regular intervals, chamber door 47 can be opened, frame 49 be extracted out, net Pocket takes out from frame 49, and the drier 50 more renewed can play good drying effect in this way.The setting of 47 inner wall of chamber door Rubber weather strip 65 plays good sealing function, so that the air that enhancing centrifugal blower 30 aspirates is passed through from drier 50, carries High removal moisture drying effect.
A kind of plug-in type lock door mechanism easy to operation, highly reliable is used, chamber door 47 can be quickly opened or closed.Tool Body operating process:Chamber door 47 is shut, chamber door 47 is pushed hard, keeps rubber weather strip 65 right with 44 left side wall of square chest, square chest 44 respectively The 53 front side crimping of side wall, 52 front side of upper beam and bottom end rail;Then rotating handle, shaft 61 is rotated with moving gear 62, due to tooth Take turns 62 both sides respectively with upper rack 63 and the engaged transmission of lower rack 64, to which upper rack 63 drives upper plunger 58 along upper fixed guide sleeve 56 move upwards, and the upper end of upper plunger 58 extends upwardly into the upper jack on fixed block 54, and lower rack 64 drives lower plunger 59 move downward along lower fixed guide sleeve 57, and the lower end of lower plunger 59 is extend into lower jack, due to upper plunger 58 and lower plunger 59 It is plugged in respectively in jack and lower jack, to which chamber door 47 is locked, when needing to open chamber door 47, only need to reversely rotate hand Handle.Fixing guide sleeve 57 under the upper fixed guide sleeves 56 of setting two and two can ensure that upper plunger 58 and lower plunger 59 along Vertical Square To movement, and ensure the good engagement with gear 62.
4, the part flow arrangement 6 of 1 end of conveying main pipeline is shunted by more different reducing branch pipes, defeated after shunting It send fluid that can enter different gas-solid separating devices 7, conveying main pipeline 1 can be conveyed by gas-solid separating device 7 Logistics be automatically fed into different warehousing storages 9 respectively and carry out long-term preservation, avoid it is artificial carry out warehouse entry, save labour, Efficiency is improved, whole-course automation processing is realized.
Gas-solid separating device 7 is that the gas-solid mixing fluid after shunting is sent into cyclone separator 36 by solids stream and air-flow Separation, the logistics after separation are sent into warehousing storage 9 by the automatic airlock 41 of lower end(Cylinder feed bin)It is stored, cylinder Feed bin lower end is equipped with electronic discharge valve 43, and convenient discharging later uses.The gas separated through cyclone separator 36 is direct It is discharged into air.
5, it automatically controls and monitoring system uses the detection and monitoring of full transmission process, main monitoring room can be simultaneously defeated The initiating terminal that send and conveying end while being arranged.It predominantly detects and controls in initiating terminal and each material and air stream exist for shots Main pipeline forms helical feed stream, and monitors strength spiral flow intensifier 5 on the way simultaneously, makes intermittent helical feed stream It is maintained at continuous duty.End predominantly detect and control transport Stream gas solid separation and material automatic warehouse entry and Vent gas treatment, while the state parameter along journey can be also monitored.
The present embodiment is not to be made any form of restriction to shape, material, the structure etc. of the present invention, every according to this hair Bright technical spirit belongs to the technology of the present invention side to any simple modification, equivalent change and modification made by above example The protection domain of case.

Claims (3)

1. graininess food crops air-transport system spiral over long distances, it is characterised in that:Including conveying main pipeline, connection Suction device, Dual-Phrase Distribution of Gas olid forming apparatus, mechanical spiral stream rise cyclone, strength spiral flow intensifier, part flow arrangement, It gas-solid separating device, warehousing storage and automatically controls and monitoring system;
The discharge port of connection suction device is connect with the feed inlet of Dual-Phrase Distribution of Gas olid forming apparatus, Dual-Phrase Distribution of Gas olid forming apparatus Discharge port is connect with the feed inlet of conveying main pipeline, and mechanical spiral stream plays spinning and is set at the feed inlet of conveying main pipeline, Strength spiral flow intensifier is equipped with several, and strength spiral flow intensifier is uniform along the conveying direction interval of conveying main pipeline The discharge port of arrangement, conveying main pipeline is connected by the feed inlet of part flow arrangement and gas-solid separating device, gas-solid separating device The top of solid outlet and warehousing storage connects;
It automatically controls and monitoring system includes control system and the sensing detection being arranged along the length direction of conveying main pipeline dress It sets;
Part flow arrangement includes at least three reducer pipes, and gas-solid separating device, warehousing storage are equal with the quantity of reducer pipe, every The feed inlet of reducer pipe is connect with the discharge port of conveying main pipeline, every reducer pipe be with the angle of conveying main pipeline less than 30°;Gas-solid separating device includes cyclone separator;
Correspondence is connect the discharge port of every reducer pipe with a cyclone separator upper tangential direction respectively, cyclone separator lower end By being connect at the top of automatic airlock and warehousing storage, warehousing storage is supported on the ground by holder, and warehousing storage bottom is set There is electronic discharge valve;
It connects suction device and is equipped with several;It includes suction nozzle, corrugated flexible hose, axial flow blower and compound charging to connect suction device Pipe, suction nozzle are that lower thick upper thin is in conical cylindrical structure, and suction nozzle upper end is fixedly connected with corrugated flexible hose lower end, corrugated flexible hose upper end and axis The air inlet of flow fan connects, and the air outlet of axial flow blower is connect with the lower end of compound feed pipe;Pacify on the fuselage of axial flow blower Equipped with suction motor and governor, suction motor is connected by the spindle drive of governor and axial flow blower;
The quantity of Dual-Phrase Distribution of Gas olid forming apparatus is equal with the connection quantity of suction device, and Dual-Phrase Distribution of Gas olid forming apparatus includes sending Material centrifugal blower, mixed flow cylinder, connecting tube and feed pipe, the air outlet of feeding centrifugal blower are connect with one end of mixed flow cylinder, are connected Pipe is horizontally disposed, and one end of connecting tube and the tangential outlet on compound feed pipe top connect, the other end and the mixed flow cylinder of connecting tube Tangential entry connection, one end of the other end of mixed flow cylinder and feed pipe connects, and the feed pipe other end is connect with conveying main pipeline; The Dual-Phrase Distribution of Gas olid material that the feed pipe conveying of each Dual-Phrase Distribution of Gas olid forming apparatus comes is cut staggeredly and along conveying direction successively To entrance conveying main pipeline;
It has included rotation motor, retarder and helical axis that mechanical spiral stream, which plays cyclone, the main shaft of rotation motor and retarder Power intake is sequentially connected, and the power output shaft of retarder is extend by the front end of conveying main pipeline in conveying main pipeline, The front end of helical axis offers blind hole in the axial direction, and the power output shaft of retarder is extend into blind hole and between helical axis It is sequentially connected by flat key, helical axis is radially equipped with the trip bolt of the power output shaft across retarder, helical axis upper edge Length direction is equipped with helical blade;The front end of conveying main pipeline is connected by playing the ontology of rotation flange and retarder;
Each strength spiral flow intensifier includes enhancing centrifugal blower, drier, enhancing blast pipe, enhancing discharge pipe and ring Around pipeline, the air inlet for enhancing centrifugal blower is connect with one end of enhancing blast pipe, enhances the other end and drier of blast pipe Air outlet connection, enhance the air outlet of centrifugal blower and connect with the air inlet for enhancing discharge pipe, enhance the air outlet of discharge pipe It is connect with the air inlet around pipeline by enhancing flange, around pipeline winding outside conveying main pipeline, around the outlet of pipeline Mouth is connect with the circumference tangential direction of conveying main pipeline;Multiple strength spiral flow intensifiers around the gas outlet edge of pipeline The circumferencial direction interlaced arrangement of conveying main pipeline;
Drier includes the open square chest of top, bottom and front side portion, and it is in square taper that the top of square chest, which is equipped with up-small and down-big, Wind gathering cover, wind gathering cover top are equipped with the mounting hole being connect with enhancing blast pipe air inlet, chamber door are equipped on front side of square chest, is set in square chest There is at least one layer of drawing and pulling type dehumidifier;Every layer of drawing and pulling type dehumidifier includes two, and horizontally disposed support is led along the longitudinal direction Rail, two supporting guides are located at sustained height, and two supporting guides fix the inner left wall and right side inner wall for being located at square chest respectively On, two supporting guides are equipped with the frame of rectangular shape, and frame left, right side and rear side are contacted with square chest inner wall, frame It is contacted with chamber door inner wall on front side of frame, the string bag equipped with drier is equipped in frame;
Chamber door passes on left hinge and horizontally rotates on square chest front left side, and square chest front side top and bottom are horizontal equipped with upper respectively Crossbeam and bottom end rail, upper beam left side are equipped with upper fixed block, are equipped with lower fixed block on the left of bottom end rail, upper fixed block bottom offers Upper jack, lower fixed block top offer lower jack, and chamber door is equipped with grafting mating with upper jack and lower jack respectively Formula lock door mechanism.
2. graininess food crops according to claim 1 air-transport system spiral over long distances, it is characterised in that: Plug-in type lock door mechanism includes upper fixed guide sleeve, lower fixed guide sleeve, upper plunger and lower plunger, upper fixed guide sleeve, lower fixed guide sleeve, Upper plunger and lower plunger are vertically arranged, and upper fixed guide sleeve fixation is located at chamber door upper inside wall, and lower fixed guide sleeve fixation is located at case Door inner wall lower, upper plunger sliding are plugged in fixed guide sleeve, and lower plunger sliding is plugged in lower fixed guide sleeve, chamber door inner wall It is equipped with mounting bracket, shaft is rotatably connected to along the longitudinal direction on mounting bracket, gear is fixed in shaft, shaft front end passes through Chamber door is simultaneously connected with handle, and the lower part of upper plunger is equipped with the upper rack engaged with gear, and the top of lower plunger is equipped with nibbles with gear The lower rack closed, upper rack is parallel with lower rack and is located at the opposite sides of gear;When chamber door is shut, upper plunger upper end with it is upper Jack is corresponding up and down, and lower plunger upper end is corresponding up and down with lower jack.
3. graininess food crops according to claim 2 air-transport system spiral over long distances, it is characterised in that: Chamber door inner surface edge is equipped with respectively with square chest left side wall, square chest right side wall, on front side of upper beam and bottom end rail frontside contacts Rubber weather strip.
CN201610833660.7A 2016-09-20 2016-09-20 Graininess food crops air-transport system spiral over long distances Expired - Fee Related CN106429454B (en)

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CN101792069A (en) * 2010-04-12 2010-08-04 福建龙净环保股份有限公司 Pneumatic conveyer
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