CN106423871B - A kind of grain gravity separation device - Google Patents

A kind of grain gravity separation device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106423871B
CN106423871B CN201611107664.3A CN201611107664A CN106423871B CN 106423871 B CN106423871 B CN 106423871B CN 201611107664 A CN201611107664 A CN 201611107664A CN 106423871 B CN106423871 B CN 106423871B
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China
Prior art keywords
level
sorting area
grain
aggregate bin
area
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CN201611107664.3A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN106423871A (en
Inventor
杨敏
周合
张根义
张进
周朱晨
胡彬
吴念绮
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100 Olson Jiangsu Food Safety Technology Co Ltd
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100 Olson Jiangsu Food Safety Technology Co Ltd
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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07BSEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS BY SIEVING, SCREENING, SIFTING OR BY USING GAS CURRENTS; SEPARATING BY OTHER DRY METHODS APPLICABLE TO BULK MATERIAL, e.g. LOOSE ARTICLES FIT TO BE HANDLED LIKE BULK MATERIAL
    • B07B7/00Selective separation of solid materials carried by, or dispersed in, gas currents
    • B07B7/01Selective separation of solid materials carried by, or dispersed in, gas currents using gravity
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07BSEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS BY SIEVING, SCREENING, SIFTING OR BY USING GAS CURRENTS; SEPARATING BY OTHER DRY METHODS APPLICABLE TO BULK MATERIAL, e.g. LOOSE ARTICLES FIT TO BE HANDLED LIKE BULK MATERIAL
    • B07B11/00Arrangement of accessories in apparatus for separating solids from solids using gas currents

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of grain gravity separation devices, including device noumenon;Device noumenon is mainly made of feed inlet, level-one sorting area, second level sorting area, three-level sorting area, level-one aggregate bin, second level aggregate bin, three-level aggregate bin, air inlet and air outlet, annular plate is provided between level-one sorting area and second level sorting area, annular plate is provided between second level sorting area and three-level sorting area, abutting in annular plate right sidewall has fixed plate;Device noumenon inner transverse is provided with rotary shaft, and rotary shaft passes through fixed plate and is connected by bearing block with fixed plate;It is located at rotating shaft surface on the right side of fixed plate and fixing piece is connected with by bearing block, spring is provided between fixed plate and fixing piece.The device is different using the gravity of variable grain in grain, sorts to the substance in grain, and to improve the quality of exit grain, and the device can effectively extend time of the grain in sorting area, substantially increase the quality of grain sorting.

Description

A kind of grain gravity separation device
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of sorting unit, specifically a kind of grain gravity separation device.
Background technique
Grain is the basis that people depend on for existence, and the quality of grain directly influences the level of people's quality of life, therefore Grain quality is the hot issue that current people are concerned about the most.
Grain is previously required to the impurity such as leaf fringe, ghost in removal grain in factory, sorts to grain, to improve out The quality of grain when factory.
Existing grain separator generally passes through air when sorting to grain and is blown to grain, still Since the magazines such as ghost, Ye Sui are inside grain, can not effectively completely remove the impurity in grain, in addition, air blown when It waits and is fallen due to grain, the time that air is blown grain is shorter, and the efficiency of separation is lower, and the quality of grain can not protect when factory Barrier.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of the present invention is to provide a kind of grain gravity separation devices, to solve mentioned above in the background art ask Topic.
To achieve the above object, the invention provides the following technical scheme:
A kind of grain gravity separation device, including device noumenon;Described device ontology is mainly sorted by feed inlet, level-one Area, second level sorting area, three-level sorting area, level-one aggregate bin, second level aggregate bin, three-level aggregate bin, air inlet and air outlet are constituted, Level-one sorting area, second level sorting area and three-level sorting area are disposed in described device ontology from left to right;One fraction It is provided with annular plate between constituency and second level sorting area, is provided with annular plate between second level sorting area and three-level sorting area, it is described Abutting in annular plate right sidewall has fixed plate;Described device body interior is horizontally arranged with rotary shaft, and rotary shaft is located at level-one Surface in sorting area, second level sorting area and three-level sorting area is fixedly connected with flabellum;The rotary shaft passes through fixed plate and leads to Bearing block is crossed to be connected with fixed plate;It is located at rotating shaft surface on the right side of the fixed plate and fixing piece is connected with by bearing block, it is fixed Spring is provided between plate and fixing piece, described device body bottom portion is provided with level-one aggregate bin, second level aggregate bin and three-level collection Hopper, and level-one aggregate bin second level aggregate bin and three-level aggregate bin are sorted with level-one sorting area, second level sorting area and three-level respectively Area is corresponding, and spring is set in rotating shaft surface and both ends of the spring difference fixed-link in fixed plate and fixing piece surface.
As a further solution of the present invention: feed inlet, device noumenon left side are provided on the left of described device bodies top Sidewall bottom is provided with air inlet, and intake valve is provided on air inlet, is provided with outlet above described device ontology right sidewall Mouthful;It is connected to inside the feed inlet, air inlet and air outlet and device noumenon.
As further scheme of the invention: the annular plate is fixedly connected with device noumenon inner wall, and annular plate is same The heart justifies structure.
As further scheme of the invention: the level-one aggregate bin second level aggregate bin and three-level aggregate bin and device sheet Internal portion's connection.
Compared with prior art, the beneficial effects of the present invention are: the device is different using the gravity of variable grain in grain, Substance in grain is sorted, to improve the quality of exit grain, and the device can effectively extend grain in sorting area The interior time substantially increases the quality of grain sorting.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is the structural schematic diagram of grain gravity separation device.
In figure: 1- device noumenon;2- feed inlet;3- level-one sorts area;4- second level sorts area;5- three-level sorts area;6- mono- Grade aggregate bin;7- second level aggregate bin;8- three-level aggregate bin;9- air inlet;The gas outlet 10-;11- rotary shaft;12- flabellum;13- drives Dynamic motor;14- annular plate;15- fixed plate;16- spring;17- fixing piece.
Specific embodiment
Technical solution of the present invention is described in more detail With reference to embodiment.
Referring to Fig. 1, a kind of grain gravity separation device, including device noumenon 1;Described device ontology 1 mainly by into Material mouth 2, level-one sorting area 3, second level sorting area 4, three-level sort area 6, level-one aggregate bin 6, second level aggregate bin 7, three-level aggregate bin 8, air inlet 9 and gas outlet 10 are constituted;1 top left side of described device ontology is provided with feed inlet 2,1 left side side wall of device noumenon Bottom is provided with air inlet 9, and intake valve is provided on air inlet 9, is provided with gas outlet above 1 right sidewall of described device ontology 10;It is connected to inside the feed inlet 2, air inlet 9 and gas outlet 10 and device noumenon 1.
Level-one sorting area 3, second level sorting area 4 and three-level sorting area are disposed in described device ontology 1 from left to right 5;Annular plate 14 is provided between the level-one sorting area 3 and second level sorting area 4, second level sorts between area 4 and three-level sorting area 5 It is provided with annular plate 14, the annular plate 14 is fixedly connected with 1 inner wall of device noumenon, and annular plate 14 is concentric structure;It is described Abutting in 4 right sidewall of annular plate has fixed plate 15;1 inner transverse of described device ontology is provided with rotary shaft 11, rotary shaft 11 Surface in level-one sorting area 3, second level sorting area 4 and three-level sorting area 5 is fixedly connected with flabellum 12;The rotary shaft 11 pass through fixed plate 15 and are connected by bearing block with fixed plate 15;It is located at 11 surface of rotary shaft on the right side of the fixed plate 15 to pass through Bearing block is connected with fixing piece 17, and spring 16 is provided between fixed plate 15 and fixing piece 17, and spring 16 is set in rotary shaft 11 Fixed-link is distinguished on 17 surface of fixed plate 15 and fixing piece in surface and 16 both ends of spring.
1 bottom of described device ontology is provided with level-one aggregate bin 6, second level aggregate bin 7 and three-level aggregate bin 8, and level-one is gathered materials It is connected to inside 6 second level aggregate bins 7 and three-level aggregate bin 8 and the device noumenon 1 of struggling against, and 6 second level aggregate bin 7 of level-one aggregate bin and three-level Aggregate bin 8 is corresponding with level-one sorting area 3, second level sorting area 4 and three-level sorting area 5 respectively.
The working principle of the invention is: grain is entered in device noumenon 1 by feed inlet 2, and air inlet 9 enters air, empty Gas is blown grain, and the work of driving motor 13 drives rotary shaft 11 to rotate, and the flabellum 12 on 11 surface of rotary shaft is by device sheet Grain inside body 1 is stirred, and air is blowed to grain by the rotation of flabellum 12, and the biggish particle of gravity is sorted in level-one in grain It falls through into level-one aggregate bin 6 in area 3 to fall, when air, which enters level-one, sorts excessive in area 3, level-one sorts the pressure in area 3 Power is larger, and for fixed plate 15 since the effect of spring 16 is moved to the right, grain passes through the gap between fixed plate 15 and annular plate 14 Area 4 is sorted into second level, the grain of smaller particle enters second level aggregate bin 7 in second level sorting area 4 and falls, when second level sorts area When pressure in 4 is larger, fixed plate 15 since the effect of spring 16 is moved to the right, grain by fixed plate 15 and annular plate 14 it Between gap enter three-level sorting area 5, the lighter substance in grain enters three-level aggregate bin 8 out of three-level sorting area 5 and falls, The different substance of gravity is come by gravity sorting in grain.
It is obvious to a person skilled in the art that invention is not limited to the details of the above exemplary embodiments, Er Qie In the case where without departing substantially from spirit or essential attributes of the invention, the present invention can be realized in other specific forms.Therefore, no matter From the point of view of which point, the present embodiments are to be considered as illustrative and not restrictive, and the scope of the present invention is by appended power Benefit requires rather than above description limits, it is intended that all by what is fallen within the meaning and scope of the equivalent elements of the claims Variation is included within the present invention.
In addition, it should be understood that although this specification is described in terms of embodiments, but not each embodiment is only wrapped Containing an independent technical solution, this description of the specification is merely for the sake of clarity, and those skilled in the art should It considers the specification as a whole, the technical solutions in the various embodiments may also be suitably combined, forms those skilled in the art The other embodiments being understood that.

Claims (4)

1. a kind of grain gravity separation device, including device noumenon (1);Described device ontology (1) mainly by feed inlet (2), Level-one sorts area (3), second level sorting area (4), three-level sorting area (6), level-one aggregate bin (6), second level aggregate bin (7), three-level collection Hopper (8), air inlet (9) and gas outlet (10) are constituted, which is characterized in that are successively set from left to right in described device ontology (1) It is equipped with level-one sorting area (3), second level sorting area (4) and three-level sorting area (5);Level-one sorting area (3) and second level sort area (4) it is provided between annular plate (14), is provided with annular plate (14) between second level sorting area (4) and three-level sorting area (5), it is described Abutting in annular plate (1 4) right sidewall has fixed plate (15);Described device ontology (1) inner transverse is provided with rotary shaft (11), rotary shaft (11) is located at level-one sorting area (3), second level sorting area (4) is fixedly connected with the surface in three-level sorting area (5) There are flabellum (12);The rotary shaft (11) passes through fixed plate (15) and is connected by bearing block with fixed plate (15);The fixation It is located at rotary shaft (11) surface on the right side of plate (15) to be connected with fixing piece (17) by bearing block, fixed plate (15) and fixing piece (17) Between be provided with spring (16), described device ontology (1) bottom is provided with level-one aggregate bin (6), second level aggregate bin (7) and three-level Aggregate bin (8), and level-one aggregate bin (6) second level aggregate bin (7) and three-level aggregate bin (8) sort area (3), second level with level-one respectively It sorts area (4) and three-level sorting area (5) is corresponding, spring (16) is set in rotary shaft (11) surface and spring (16) both ends and distinguishes It is fixedly connected on fixed plate (15) and fixing piece (17) surface.
2. a kind of grain gravity separation device according to claim 1, which is characterized in that at the top of described device ontology (1) Left side is provided with feed inlet (2), and sidewall bottom is provided with air inlet (9) on the left of device noumenon (1), and air inlet is provided on (9) Intake valve, described device ontology (1) right sidewall top are provided with gas outlet (10);The feed inlet (2), air inlet (9) and It is connected to inside gas outlet (10) and device noumenon (1).
3. a kind of grain gravity separation device according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the annular plate (14) and device Ontology (1) inner wall is fixedly connected, and annular plate (14) is concentric structure.
4. a kind of grain gravity separation device according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the level-one aggregate bin (6), It is connected to inside second level aggregate bin (7) and three-level aggregate bin (8) and device noumenon (1).
CN201611107664.3A 2016-12-06 2016-12-06 A kind of grain gravity separation device Active CN106423871B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201611107664.3A CN106423871B (en) 2016-12-06 2016-12-06 A kind of grain gravity separation device

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201611107664.3A CN106423871B (en) 2016-12-06 2016-12-06 A kind of grain gravity separation device

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CN106423871B true CN106423871B (en) 2018-12-18

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Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5348162A (en) * 1989-01-24 1994-09-20 Franz Wroblewski Machine for processing goods, especially refuse, for sorting it
CN203426051U (en) * 2013-07-22 2014-02-12 周波 Multistage winnower
CN203862550U (en) * 2014-06-03 2014-10-08 石林禾泽蔬菜速冻加工厂 Grain winnowing machine
CN203944557U (en) * 2014-06-11 2014-11-19 四川皓博药业有限公司 A kind of multilevel winnowing machine
CN204122367U (en) * 2014-10-09 2015-01-28 张金桃 A kind of follow-on material screening gathering-device
CN105344602A (en) * 2015-10-30 2016-02-24 中国地质大学(武汉) Multi-stage microparticle vacuum screening device

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5348162A (en) * 1989-01-24 1994-09-20 Franz Wroblewski Machine for processing goods, especially refuse, for sorting it
CN203426051U (en) * 2013-07-22 2014-02-12 周波 Multistage winnower
CN203862550U (en) * 2014-06-03 2014-10-08 石林禾泽蔬菜速冻加工厂 Grain winnowing machine
CN203944557U (en) * 2014-06-11 2014-11-19 四川皓博药业有限公司 A kind of multilevel winnowing machine
CN204122367U (en) * 2014-10-09 2015-01-28 张金桃 A kind of follow-on material screening gathering-device
CN105344602A (en) * 2015-10-30 2016-02-24 中国地质大学(武汉) Multi-stage microparticle vacuum screening device

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