CN106422408A - Multistage separation device for animal and plant raw materials as well as method and application thereof - Google Patents

Multistage separation device for animal and plant raw materials as well as method and application thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106422408A
CN106422408A CN201611017461.5A CN201611017461A CN106422408A CN 106422408 A CN106422408 A CN 106422408A CN 201611017461 A CN201611017461 A CN 201611017461A CN 106422408 A CN106422408 A CN 106422408A
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Prior art keywords
solid
segregation apparatuss
liquid
separating
animal
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CN201611017461.5A
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Chinese (zh)
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不公告发明人
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王芹
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Publication of CN106422408A publication Critical patent/CN106422408A/en
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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23DEDIBLE OILS OR FATS, e.g. MARGARINES, SHORTENINGS, COOKING OILS
    • A23D9/00Other edible oils or fats, e.g. shortenings, cooking oils
    • A23D9/02Other edible oils or fats, e.g. shortenings, cooking oils characterised by the production or working-up
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D11/00Solvent extraction
    • B01D11/02Solvent extraction of solids
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C11ANIMAL OR VEGETABLE OILS, FATS, FATTY SUBSTANCES OR WAXES; FATTY ACIDS THEREFROM; DETERGENTS; CANDLES
    • C11BPRODUCING, e.g. BY PRESSING RAW MATERIALS OR BY EXTRACTION FROM WASTE MATERIALS, REFINING OR PRESERVING FATS, FATTY SUBSTANCES, e.g. LANOLIN, FATTY OILS OR WAXES; ESSENTIAL OILS; PERFUMES
    • C11B1/00Production of fats or fatty oils from raw materials
    • C11B1/02Pretreatment
    • C11B1/04Pretreatment of vegetable raw material
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C11ANIMAL OR VEGETABLE OILS, FATS, FATTY SUBSTANCES OR WAXES; FATTY ACIDS THEREFROM; DETERGENTS; CANDLES
    • C11BPRODUCING, e.g. BY PRESSING RAW MATERIALS OR BY EXTRACTION FROM WASTE MATERIALS, REFINING OR PRESERVING FATS, FATTY SUBSTANCES, e.g. LANOLIN, FATTY OILS OR WAXES; ESSENTIAL OILS; PERFUMES
    • C11B1/00Production of fats or fatty oils from raw materials
    • C11B1/10Production of fats or fatty oils from raw materials by extracting
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C11ANIMAL OR VEGETABLE OILS, FATS, FATTY SUBSTANCES OR WAXES; FATTY ACIDS THEREFROM; DETERGENTS; CANDLES
    • C11BPRODUCING, e.g. BY PRESSING RAW MATERIALS OR BY EXTRACTION FROM WASTE MATERIALS, REFINING OR PRESERVING FATS, FATTY SUBSTANCES, e.g. LANOLIN, FATTY OILS OR WAXES; ESSENTIAL OILS; PERFUMES
    • C11B3/00Refining fats or fatty oils
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C11ANIMAL OR VEGETABLE OILS, FATS, FATTY SUBSTANCES OR WAXES; FATTY ACIDS THEREFROM; DETERGENTS; CANDLES
    • C11BPRODUCING, e.g. BY PRESSING RAW MATERIALS OR BY EXTRACTION FROM WASTE MATERIALS, REFINING OR PRESERVING FATS, FATTY SUBSTANCES, e.g. LANOLIN, FATTY OILS OR WAXES; ESSENTIAL OILS; PERFUMES
    • C11B3/00Refining fats or fatty oils
    • C11B3/001Refining fats or fatty oils by a combination of two or more of the means hereafter
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C11ANIMAL OR VEGETABLE OILS, FATS, FATTY SUBSTANCES OR WAXES; FATTY ACIDS THEREFROM; DETERGENTS; CANDLES
    • C11BPRODUCING, e.g. BY PRESSING RAW MATERIALS OR BY EXTRACTION FROM WASTE MATERIALS, REFINING OR PRESERVING FATS, FATTY SUBSTANCES, e.g. LANOLIN, FATTY OILS OR WAXES; ESSENTIAL OILS; PERFUMES
    • C11B3/00Refining fats or fatty oils
    • C11B3/008Refining fats or fatty oils by filtration, e.g. including ultra filtration, dialysis
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C11ANIMAL OR VEGETABLE OILS, FATS, FATTY SUBSTANCES OR WAXES; FATTY ACIDS THEREFROM; DETERGENTS; CANDLES
    • C11BPRODUCING, e.g. BY PRESSING RAW MATERIALS OR BY EXTRACTION FROM WASTE MATERIALS, REFINING OR PRESERVING FATS, FATTY SUBSTANCES, e.g. LANOLIN, FATTY OILS OR WAXES; ESSENTIAL OILS; PERFUMES
    • C11B9/00Essential oils; Perfumes
    • C11B9/0003Compounds of unspecified constitution defined by the chemical reaction for their preparation
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C11ANIMAL OR VEGETABLE OILS, FATS, FATTY SUBSTANCES OR WAXES; FATTY ACIDS THEREFROM; DETERGENTS; CANDLES
    • C11BPRODUCING, e.g. BY PRESSING RAW MATERIALS OR BY EXTRACTION FROM WASTE MATERIALS, REFINING OR PRESERVING FATS, FATTY SUBSTANCES, e.g. LANOLIN, FATTY OILS OR WAXES; ESSENTIAL OILS; PERFUMES
    • C11B9/00Essential oils; Perfumes
    • C11B9/02Recovery or refining of essential oils from raw materials
    • C11B9/022Refining
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C11ANIMAL OR VEGETABLE OILS, FATS, FATTY SUBSTANCES OR WAXES; FATTY ACIDS THEREFROM; DETERGENTS; CANDLES
    • C11BPRODUCING, e.g. BY PRESSING RAW MATERIALS OR BY EXTRACTION FROM WASTE MATERIALS, REFINING OR PRESERVING FATS, FATTY SUBSTANCES, e.g. LANOLIN, FATTY OILS OR WAXES; ESSENTIAL OILS; PERFUMES
    • C11B9/00Essential oils; Perfumes
    • C11B9/02Recovery or refining of essential oils from raw materials
    • C11B9/025Recovery by solvent extraction

Abstract

The invention discloses a multistage separation device for animal and plant raw materials as well as a method and an application thereof, and belongs to the technical field of plant extraction. The multistage separation device comprises separating devices and a pulverizer (3), wherein each separating device comprises a leaching tank (1) and a solid-liquid separator (2); the leaching tank (1) is connected with the pulverizer (3) by virtue of a raw material conveying pipe (101); a discharge port of the leaching tank (1) is connected with a feed port pipeline of the solid-liquid separator (2) by virtue of a pump (4); a separated liquid outlet of the solid-liquid separator (2) is connected with a separated liquid output pipe (201); a solid material outlet of the solid-liquid separator (2) is connected with a first conveyor (5); a plurality of the separating device are arranged on the multistage separation device in a multistage mode from top to bottom along a solid material conveying direction. The multistage separation device for the animal and plant raw materials can pulverize the raw materials into powder for solid-liquid separation extraction, is high in extraction efficiency and yield, and can obviously increase the concentration of the obtained separated liquid, reduce the use level of a solvent, and reduce the production cost.

Description

A kind of multi-stage separation device for animal-plant material and its method and purposes
Technical field
A kind of multi-stage separation device for animal-plant material and its method and purposes, belong to animals and plants extractive technique neck Domain.
Background technology
Animal-plant material leaches and refers to using suitable solvent or method, from animal-plant material(All or certain part) Middle extraction processes acquisition effective ingredient(Effective ingredient can be dissolved in solvent).In existing industrial mass production, animal-plant material How the extracting mode of middle effective ingredient, obtain sheet-shaped material using by dry for animal-plant material, tabletting, sheet-shaped material sprayed molten Agent, obtains extracting solution, then carries out separation and purification(As extraction, distillation).
Applicant finds under study for action, and existing extraction element has problems with:First, existing extraction element is effective The yield of composition is low, extraction efficiency is low, and the effective ingredient in plant by the way of tabletting is difficult to leach in solvent, and sprays The mode of leaching agent is difficult to fully extract, and gained extracts active ingredients are less efficient.Secondly, though existing extraction element employs Solid-liquid separation technique, but there is no any help for the yield how improving effective ingredient.Again, it is found by the applicant that existing The concentration of extraction element gained separating liquid is low, volume big, not only increased the cost of solvent, also add follow-up smart to separating liquid System, the energy consumption concentrating.
Content of the invention
The technical problem to be solved in the present invention is:Overcome the deficiencies in the prior art, provide a kind of for animal-plant material Multi-stage separation device and its method and purposes, the multi-stage separation device extraction efficiency that this is used for animal-plant material is high, high income, and And the concentration of gained separating liquid can be significantly improved, reduce the consumption of solvent, reduce production cost.
The technical solution adopted for the present invention to solve the technical problems is:This is used for the multiple stage separation dress of animal-plant material Put it is characterised in that:Including segregation apparatuss and pulverizer, segregation apparatuss include batch extractor and solid-liquid separating machine, and batch extractor passes through Feed line is connected with pulverizer, and batch extractor discharging opening is connected with solid-liquid separation machine inlet pipeline by pump, and solid-liquid divides The discharge channel disembarked is connected with separating liquid outlet tube, and the solid material outlet of solid-liquid separating machine is connected with the first conveyer;
Segregation apparatuss are multiple, and multiple described segregation apparatuss are along material conveying direction admittedly, from top to bottom in multistage setting;Adjacent institute In the segregation apparatuss stated:Higher level's segregation apparatuss are connected with the batch extractor of subordinate segregation apparatuss by the first conveyer;Adjacent institute In the segregation apparatuss stated:The discharge channel of subordinate's segregation apparatuss passes through the batch extractor of separating liquid reverse stream pipe and higher level's segregation apparatuss It is connected.
In each described segregation apparatus, it is provided with second conveyor, the solid material outlet of solid-liquid separating machine conveys by second Machine is connected with batch extractor.
In adjacent described segregation apparatuss:The discharge channel of higher level's segregation apparatuss, by separating liquid outlet tube and subordinate The batch extractor of segregation apparatuss is connected.
Described separating liquid reverse stream pipe is provided with feeding engine, and separating liquid outlet tube and separating liquid reverse stream pipe are equipped with control Valve.
The grinding particle size of described pulverizer is Centimeter Level, grade, micron order or nanoscale.
Described pulverizer is wet crushing mill, and pulverizer is connected with solvent delivery pipe.
Described pulverizer is dry grinding machine, batch extractor is connected with solvent delivery pipe, feed line is provided with feeding Machine.
Described solvent delivery pipe is provided with thermoregulator.
In multiple described segregation apparatuss, it is provided with solvent make-up pipe, solvent make-up pipe positioned at most end flash trapping stage device It is connected with batch extractor.
This is used for the operational approach of the multi-stage separation device of animal-plant material it is characterised in that comprising the steps:
a)Raw material pulverizing is powder by pulverizer, dusty raw materials and solvent is pressed proportioning and adds batch extractor, in batch extractor Mixing is leached;The material that batch extractor is discharged, enters solid-liquid separating machine by pump and separates;
b)During solid-liquid separating machine work:The detached separating liquid of solid-liquid separating machine is discharged from separating liquid outlet tube, separating liquid reverse stream pipe, Gu material is discharged by the first conveyer;
c)During multiple segregation apparatuss work:The separating obtained solid material of solid-liquid separating machine of higher level's segregation apparatuss, by the first conveyer, Deliver in the batch extractor of subordinate's segregation apparatuss, extract again;The separating obtained separating liquid of solid-liquid separating machine of subordinate's segregation apparatuss, leads to Cross in the batch extractor that separating liquid reverse stream pipe delivers to higher level's segregation apparatuss, reuse.
The purposes of the multi-stage separation device of this animal-plant material it is characterised in that:Extract oils and fatss, Chinese medicine extract in oil plant Extraction, spice extract the application that volatile oil or edible animals and plants raw material extract the oily aspect of extraction.
Present invention applicant is described as follows:
The design that batch extractor of the present invention is connected with pulverizer by feed line, crushing material is powder, is soaked Carry then solid-liquid separation so that in raw material the yield of effective ingredient and leaching efficiency be significantly improved.Pulverizer can be by dynamic plant Raw material is sufficiently pulverized, and raw material is put in batch extractor in the form of powdery, after pulverizing, material powder reaches pulverizer Grinding particle size be Centimeter Level, grade, micron order or nanoscale(10 centimetres ~ 0.1 nanometer), the pulverizing grain of preferred pulverizer Spend for 3 centimetres ~ 0.1 micron, the grinding particle size of further preferred pulverizer is 5000 ~ 2 microns, under this grinding particle size, pulverize energy Consumption is little, and solid-liquid separation efficiency is high;The grinding particle size of further preferred pulverizer is 600 ~ 5 microns, energy under this grinding particle size Fully abolish the cell wall of most plants so that the effective ingredient in animal and plant cellss fully leaches, improves yield, and Solid-liquid separation efficiency is higher, can obtain higher economic well-being of workers and staff.Pulverizer can be dry grinding machine or wet crushing mill, is wet crushing mill During pulverizing, pulverizer pulverizing liquid is extraction solvent.
And applicant designs, and carries out solid-liquid separation using solid-liquid separating machine, solves the problems, such as filtration difficulty, solid-liquid divides Disembark as decanter type, membrane filtration formula, filter-press type, net filtration formula, spiral squeezing type, vacuum type, swinging or centrifuge formula solid-liquid Seperator.Preferably solid-liquid separating machine is that filter-press type solid-liquid separating machine, screw extruding type solid-liquid separator or centrifugal solid-liquid divide Disembark.
For the first conveyer and second conveyor, the separating obtained solid material of solid-liquid separating machine(I.e. solid material)Using first Conveyer and second conveyor are conveyed, the first conveyer and second conveyor are ribbon conveyer, screw conveyer or Drag conveyor.
Compared with prior art, a kind of multi-stage separation device for animal-plant material of the present invention and its method and purposes Had an advantageous effect in that:
1st, raw material pulverizing to powder can be carried out solid-liquid separation extraction by the multi-stage separation device that this is used for animal-plant material, tool There are higher yield and leaching efficiency, and the concentration of gained separating liquid can be significantly improved, reduce the consumption of solvent, reduce life Produce cost.
First, applicant is devised batch extractor and is connected with pulverizer by feed line, and pulverizer is by raw material pulverizing For powder, the raw material of powder and solvent are directly fully contacted, and so that effective ingredient is fully leached in solvent so that effectively becoming The yield dividing and leaching efficiency are significantly improved.Secondly, applicant devises batch extractor and is connected with solid-liquid separator, using solid Material can be directly separated the solid material of separating liquid for liquid and solid-state by liquid/gas separator, and the response rate for separating liquid is high, point In chaotropic, impurity is few.Again, applicant finds under study for action:Existing extraction element yield is low, still deposits in the raw material after extraction Effective ingredient in high level.And, existing extraction element generally requires to put into substantial amounts of solvent, could normally run, and And the volume of existing extraction element gained extracting solution is big, effective ingredient concentration is low, later separation, refined, need to disappear when concentrating Consume higher energy consumption.Therefore, applicant devises multiple described segregation apparatuss along material conveying direction admittedly, from top to bottom in multistage Setting, in adjacent described segregation apparatuss:Higher level's segregation apparatuss pass through the first conveyer, the batch extractor phase with subordinate's segregation apparatuss Connect, designed with this and solid material after separation is repeatedly leached-separates, fully extract the effective ingredient in solid material.Finally, Shen Ask someone to devise in adjacent described segregation apparatuss:The discharge channel of subordinate's segregation apparatuss passes through separating liquid reverse stream pipe, and upper The batch extractor of level segregation apparatuss is connected so that the separating liquid adverse current of subordinate's segregation apparatuss gained low concentration inputs higher level and separates dress In the batch extractor put, both supplemented the solvent in the batch extractor of higher level's segregation apparatuss, and can leach again again, reduce solvent use Amount, the separating liquid that improve yield, finally obtain high concentration, and the separating liquid of high concentration is higher, also reduces subsequently refined, dense Energy consumption during division chaotropic, in a disguised form reduces cost.
2nd, the multi-stage separation device that this is used for animal-plant material further increases leaching efficiency.First, applicant's design Pulverizer is dry grinding machine or wet crushing mill, meets different pulverizing and requires, improve production efficiency.Secondly, applicant designs Solvent delivery pipe with thermoregulator, can adjust the temperature of solvent, improve leaching efficiency.
3rd, this is used for the multi-stage separation device low cost of animal-plant material and applied widely.This is used for animal-plant material Multi-stage separation device can be used in multiple fields, can be used in oil crop and carry oil(As the extracting bean oil from Semen sojae atricolor), can Extract for plant medicine raw material(As Ramulus Cinnamomi extracts volatile oil, ethyl acetate extraction Semen Cassiae extract, methanol as solvent Extract the glycoside in Radix Ginseng), can be used in plant perfume and carry oil(Extraction as volatile oil in Flos Rosae Rugosae, lavandula angustifolia), can be used in Edible animals and plants raw material extracts and leaches oil(As extracted carrot oil in Radix Dauci Sativae, extracting algal oil in Sargassum).
Brief description
Fig. 1 is a kind of structural representation of multi-stage separation device for animal-plant material of embodiment 1.
Fig. 2 is a kind of structural representation of multi-stage separation device for animal-plant material of embodiment 2.
Wherein:1st, batch extractor 101, feed line 102, solvent delivery pipe 103, thermoregulator 2, solid Liquid separator 201, separating liquid outlet tube 202, separating liquid reverse stream pipe 3, pulverizer 301, feeder 4, pump 5, First conveyer 6, second conveyor 7, control valve 8, feeding engine 9, solvent make-up pipe.
Specific embodiment
Fig. 1 is highly preferred embodiment of the present invention, and with reference to Fig. 1 ~ 2, the present invention is described further.
Embodiment 1
With reference to Fig. 1, this is used for the multi-stage separation device of animal-plant material, and including segregation apparatuss and pulverizer 3, segregation apparatuss include Batch extractor 1 and solid-liquid separating machine 2, batch extractor 1 is connected with pulverizer 3 by feed line 101, and batch extractor 1 discharging opening leads to Cross pump 4 to be connected with solid-liquid separating machine 2 charging aperture pipeline, the discharge channel of solid-liquid separating machine 2 is connected with separating liquid outlet tube 201, the solid material outlet of solid-liquid separating machine 2 is connected with the first conveyer 5;Segregation apparatuss are multiple, and multiple segregation apparatuss are expected along solid Conveying direction, from top to bottom be in multistage setting;In adjacent segregation apparatuss:Higher level's segregation apparatuss pass through the first conveyer 5 and subordinate The batch extractor 1 of segregation apparatuss is connected;The discharge channel of subordinate's segregation apparatuss is separated with higher level by separating liquid reverse stream pipe 202 The batch extractor 1 of device is connected.In multiple segregation apparatuss, it is provided with solvent make-up pipe 9, solvent positioned at most end flash trapping stage device Supplement pipe 9 to be connected with batch extractor 1.
With reference to Fig. 1, the present embodiment, except including above structure, also includes following structure:Pulverizer 3 is wet crushing mill, powder It is connected with solvent delivery pipe 102 on broken machine 3.Solvent delivery pipe 102 is provided with thermoregulator 103.
In each segregation apparatus, be provided with second conveyor 6, the solid material outlet of solid-liquid separating machine 2 by second conveyor 6 with Batch extractor 1 is connected.Separating liquid reverse stream pipe 202 is provided with feeding engine 8, on separating liquid outlet tube 201 and separating liquid reverse stream pipe 202 It is equipped with control valve 7.Wherein, it is provided with mixing arrangement in batch extractor 1, mixing arrangement can adopt agitator or jet mixing, leaching Go out tank periphery and be provided with heater it is also possible to be not provided with heater.The grinding particle size of pulverizer 3 is Centimeter Level, grade, micro- Meter level or nanoscale.Solid-liquid separating machine 2 is capable of solid-liquid separation.
Annexation for separating liquid outlet tube 201 has multiple designs, can be designed as 1):With reference to Fig. 2, adjacent separation In device, the discharge channel of higher level's segregation apparatuss, by separating liquid outlet tube 201, batch extractor 1 phase with subordinate's segregation apparatuss Connect, separating liquid can be sent in subordinate's segregation apparatuss batch extractor 1 by separating liquid outlet tube 201, extracts again.Or, can To be designed as 2)With reference to Fig. 1:Separating liquid outlet tube 201 is not connected with the batch extractor 1 of subordinate segregation apparatuss, and separating liquid is exported The separating liquid that pipe 201 is discharged sends to follow-up refining step.
There are multiple designs for the separating liquid outlet tube 201 on every flash trapping stage device, can be designed as 1):Reference Fig. 1 ~ 2, every flash trapping stage device is equipped with separating liquid outlet tube 201, in work process, unlatching first stage separation device and most end Separating liquid outlet tube 201 on flash trapping stage device, the separating liquid outlet tube 201 on remaining segregation apparatus at different levels is in cut out shape State.Or can be designed as 2)(It is not drawn on figure):Only first stage separation device and most end flash trapping stage device is provided with point Chaotropic outlet tube 201, is not provided with separating liquid outlet tube 201 in remaining segregation apparatus at different levels.By solvent make-up pipe 9 and separating liquid Reverse stream pipe 202, all has the solvent make-up of abundance in the batch extractor 1 that ensure that segregation apparatuss at different levels.
Embodiment 2
With reference to Fig. 2, the present embodiment is distinguished as with embodiment 1:Pulverizer 3 is dry grinding machine, batch extractor 1 is connected with solvent defeated Send pipe 102, feed line 101 is provided with feeder 301.Solvent delivery pipe 102 is provided with thermoregulator 103.
The work process that this is used for the multi-stage separation device of animal-plant material is as follows:
a)Raw material pulverizing is powder by pulverizer 3, to improve effective ingredient yield and leaching efficiency in batch extractor 1;To pulverize Dusty raw materials afterwards and solvent are pressed proportioning and are added batch extractor 1, and mixing in batch extractor 1 is leached;The material that batch extractor 1 is discharged, Enter solid-liquid separating machine 2 by pump 4 to separate;
b)The detached separating liquid of solid-liquid separating machine 2 is discharged from separating liquid outlet tube 201, separating liquid reverse stream pipe 202, Gu material is by the One conveyer 5, second conveyor 6 are discharged;
c)During multiple segregation apparatuss work, along material conveying direction admittedly, from top to bottom in multistage setting, the solid-liquid of higher level's segregation apparatuss The separating obtained solid material of seperator 2, by the first conveyer 5, delivers in the batch extractor 1 of subordinate's segregation apparatuss, extracts again.Subordinate The separating obtained separating liquid of solid-liquid separating machine 2 of segregation apparatuss(Concentration is relatively low), higher level is delivered to by separating liquid reverse stream pipe 202 and separates In the batch extractor 1 of device, extracting again, thus improving the concentration of every grade of segregation apparatuss gained separating liquid, reducing solvent load;
In addition, in every grade of segregation apparatuss:The separating obtained solid material of solid-liquid separating machine 2 is it is also possible to deliver to this level by second conveyor 6 In the batch extractor 1 of segregation apparatuss, circulation extraction;
During multiple segregation apparatuss work, the separating liquid outlet tube on a unlatching first stage separation device and most end flash trapping stage device 201, separating liquid outlet tube 201 valve closing of remaining segregation apparatus at different levels;By solvent make-up pipe 9 supplementing solvent and separating liquid Reverse stream pipe 202, the liquid make-up in batch extractors 1 at different levels.
The above, be only presently preferred embodiments of the present invention, is not the restriction that the present invention is made with other forms, appoints What those skilled in the art possibly also with the disclosure above technology contents changed or be modified as equivalent variations etc. Effect embodiment.But every without departing from technical solution of the present invention content, according to the present invention technical spirit to above example institute Any simple modification, equivalent variations and the remodeling made, still falls within the protection domain of technical solution of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of multi-stage separation device for animal-plant material it is characterised in that:Including segregation apparatuss and pulverizer(3), point Include batch extractor from device(1)And solid-liquid separating machine(2), batch extractor(1)By feed line(101)With pulverizer(3)Phase Connect, batch extractor(1)Discharging opening passes through pump(4)With solid-liquid separating machine(2)Charging aperture pipeline connects, solid-liquid separating machine(2)Point Chaotropic outlet is connected with separating liquid outlet tube(201), solid-liquid separating machine(2)The outlet of solid material be connected with the first conveyer(5);
Segregation apparatuss are multiple, and multiple described segregation apparatuss are along material conveying direction admittedly, from top to bottom in multistage setting;Adjacent institute In the segregation apparatuss stated:Higher level's segregation apparatuss pass through the first conveyer(5)Batch extractor with subordinate's segregation apparatuss(1)It is connected; In adjacent described segregation apparatuss:The discharge channel of subordinate's segregation apparatuss passes through separating liquid reverse stream pipe(202)Separate with higher level The batch extractor of device(1)It is connected.
2. a kind of multi-stage separation device for animal-plant material according to claim 1 it is characterised in that:Described in each Segregation apparatuss in, be provided with second conveyor(6), solid-liquid separating machine(2)The outlet of solid material pass through second conveyor(6)With leaching Tank(1)It is connected.
3. a kind of multi-stage separation device for animal-plant material according to claim 1 it is characterised in that:Adjacent described Segregation apparatuss in:The discharge channel of higher level's segregation apparatuss, by separating liquid outlet tube(201)Leaching with subordinate's segregation apparatuss Go out tank(1)It is connected.
4. a kind of multi-stage separation device for animal-plant material according to claim 1 it is characterised in that:Described divides Chaotropic reverse stream pipe(202)It is provided with feeding engine(8), separating liquid outlet tube(201)With separating liquid reverse stream pipe(202)On be equipped with control Valve processed(7).
5. a kind of multi-stage separation device for animal-plant material according to claim 1 it is characterised in that:Described powder Broken machine(3)Grinding particle size be Centimeter Level, grade, micron order or nanoscale.
6. a kind of multi-stage separation device for animal-plant material according to claim 1 it is characterised in that:Described powder Broken machine(3)For wet crushing mill, pulverizer(3)On be connected with solvent delivery pipe(102);Or, described pulverizer(3)For dry powder Broken machine, batch extractor(1)On be connected with solvent delivery pipe(102), feed line(101)It is provided with feeder(301).
7. a kind of multi-stage separation device for animal-plant material according to claim 6 it is characterised in that:Described is molten Agent delivery pipe(102)It is provided with thermoregulator(103).
8. a kind of multi-stage separation device for animal-plant material according to claim 1 it is characterised in that:Multiple described Segregation apparatuss in, be provided with solvent make-up pipe positioned at most end flash trapping stage device(9), solvent make-up pipe(9)With batch extractor(1) It is connected.
9. a kind of operational approach of the multi-stage separation device for animal-plant material described in claim 1 is it is characterised in that wrap Include following steps:
a)Pulverizer(3)Raw material pulverizing is powder, dusty raw materials and solvent is pressed proportioning and adds batch extractor(1), in leaching Go out tank(1)Middle mixing is leached;Batch extractor(1)The material discharged, by pump(4)Enter solid-liquid separating machine(2)Separate;
b)Solid-liquid separating machine(2)During work:Solid-liquid separating machine(2)Detached separating liquid is from separating liquid outlet tube(201), separating liquid Reverse stream pipe(202)Discharge, Gu material passes through the first conveyer(5)Discharge;
c)During multiple segregation apparatuss work:The solid-liquid separating machine of higher level's segregation apparatuss(2)Separating obtained solid material, conveys by first Machine(5), deliver to the batch extractor of subordinate's segregation apparatuss(1)In, extract again;The solid-liquid separating machine of subordinate's segregation apparatuss(2)Separate Gained separating liquid, by separating liquid reverse stream pipe(202)Deliver to the batch extractor of higher level's segregation apparatuss(1)In, reuse.
10. a kind of multi-stage separation device for animal-plant material described in claim 1 purposes it is characterised in that:In oil Material extraction oils and fatss, the extraction of Chinese medicine extract, spice extraction volatile oil or edible animals and plants raw material extract answering of the oily aspect of extraction With.
CN201611017461.5A 2016-10-10 2016-11-19 Multistage separation device for animal and plant raw materials as well as method and application thereof Pending CN106422408A (en)

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CN201610883153 2016-10-10
CN2016108831534 2016-10-10

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2019041887A1 (en) * 2017-08-31 2019-03-07 山东江天生物科技有限公司 High-performance extraction device
CN110215734A (en) * 2019-06-17 2019-09-10 安徽紫山农业科技有限公司 A kind of extract equipment and its extracting method of biological medicine
CN112870762A (en) * 2021-01-20 2021-06-01 福建蔓丝源生物科技有限公司 A multistage extraction and separation system for animal and plant raw materials

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EP0084554A1 (en) * 1981-07-31 1983-08-03 Mittex Ag Extraction method.
CN1768891A (en) * 2004-11-05 2006-05-10 济南倍力粉技术工程有限公司 Extraction method and equipment of Chinese medicinal active component
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Application publication date: 20170222