CN106417123A - Lobster culture method - Google Patents

Lobster culture method Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN106417123A
CN106417123A CN201610818367.3A CN201610818367A CN106417123A CN 106417123 A CN106417123 A CN 106417123A CN 201610818367 A CN201610818367 A CN 201610818367A CN 106417123 A CN106417123 A CN 106417123A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
pond
feed
lobster
parts
water
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201610818367.3A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
覃淑兰
Original Assignee
覃淑兰
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 覃淑兰 filed Critical 覃淑兰
Priority to CN201610818367.3A priority Critical patent/CN106417123A/en
Publication of CN106417123A publication Critical patent/CN106417123A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

Links

Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K61/00Culture of aquatic animals
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish
    • Y02A40/818Alternative feeds for fish, e.g. in aquacultures

Abstract

The invention relates to the aquatic product culture technical field, and provides a lobster culture method comprising the following steps: pond selection, pre-culture preparation, shrimp selection, forage feeding, and water quality management; the scientific culture mode can stimulate lobster to grow, can improve lobster growth speed and disease resistant capability, can improve lobster survival rate and yield, and uses no harmful substance, so the lobster is tight in meet, better in quality, more green and environmental protection, thus obtaining higher economic benefits.

Description

A kind of cultural method of lobster
【Technical field】
The present invention relates to technical field of aquaculture is and in particular to a kind of cultural method of lobster.
【Background technology】
With the raising of people's living standard, people's also more and more higher of the requirement to diet, lobster has just been increasingly becoming people Delicious food on dining table;Lobster delicious meat, is of high nutritive value, and market demand also constantly increases, but because China is One of minimum country of lobster distribution in the world, increasing raiser starts to take a broad view the cultivation of lobster.
In breeding process, a lot of raisers lack certain cultural technique, lead to that the lobster survival rate cultivating is low, volume The problems such as little, meat is not good enough or even is contaminated, it is difficult to obtain preferable economic benefit, has then occurred as soon as various supporting Plantation technology;In the middle of existing cultural technique, there is no each step that can in detail, scientifically introduce lobster cultivation yet;For example Chinese patent CN 105010183 A, does not describe the content of various composition, inadequate science in detail to the feed feeding;In for example State's patent CN 103348934 A, is simply described in detail to the feed ingredient fed, not specific to daily manager Face etc..
【Content of the invention】
The goal of the invention of the present invention is:For above-mentioned problem, provide a kind of detailed, science lobster cultivation Method.
To achieve these goals, the technical solution used in the present invention is as follows:
A kind of cultural method of lobster, the preparation before supporting including the addressing in (1) pond, (2), (3) select shrimp, (4) feed to throw Hello, 5 steps of (5) water quality management, described step (4) feedstuff feeding is the raising that by stages feeds intake, the tool of the described raising that by stages feeds intake Body step is:
1-2 month putting in a suitable place to breed in shrimp seedling, feeds animal fodder;At the 3-4 putting in a suitable place to breed month, feed vegetalitas and raise Material;At the 4-6 putting in a suitable place to breed month, feed animal fodder;Feed animal fodder or feed all every natural gift of plant feed early, In, evening feed for three times, feed every time weight be shrimp gross weight 3%-5%;
Described animal fodder is made up of the raw material of following weight portion:Fresh small fish 20-30 part, earthworm powder 15-20 part, Cuttlefish powder 15-20 part, shell powder 10-15 part, fermented-pig blood meal 10-15 part, soybean residue 10-15 part, brewex's grains 10-15 part, garlic Mud 10-15 part, Chinese medicine additive 0.5-1 part, salt 0.5-0.8 part;
Described plant feed is made up of the raw material of following weight portion:Peanut powder 15-20 part, witloof grass 15-20 part, wheatgrass 15-20 part, shell powder 10-15 part, hybrid giant napier 10-15 part, high bar spinach 10-15 part, dehydrated potato powder 10-15 part, corn flour 10- 15 parts, soybean residue 10-15 part, shelling element 0.5-1 part, Chinese medicine additive 0.5-1 part, salt 0.5-0.8 part.
In the present invention, further, the Chinese medicine of the Chinese medicine additive of described animal fodder and described plant feed Additive is made by the raw material of following weight portion:Banksia rose 3-5 part, fructus amomi 2-5 part, bighead atractylodes rhizome 2-8 part, dried immature fruit of citron orange 4-6 part, sealwort 3- 8 parts, dried rhizome of rehmannia 4-6 part, asparagus fern 4-9 part, Paper mulberry Fruit 3-7 part, fruit of medicinal cornel 4-6 part, fruit of Chinese wolfberry 4-6 part, teasel root 3-7 part, gal nanmu perfume 3-5 Part, dandelion 4-6 part, capsule of weeping forsythia 5-7 part.
In the present invention, further, the addressing in described (1) pond:Selection is had abundant water resources, at the bottom of pond is flat, the deep 1-1.5 in pond Rice, water-retaining property is good, draining is convenient, ecological environment is good and the field construction shrimp ponds in the pollution-free source of surrounding, and area is 1-2 mu;
(2) preparation before supporting:Putting before seedling two weeks, by every mu 90-120 kilogram, quick lime is being spread to pond and carry out disinfection; After sterilization, to pond water filling 0.8-1.2 rice, by the every mu 400-500 kilogram farm manure becoming thoroughly decomposed to pond applying, and in pond Plantation algae;
(3) select shrimp:At the bottom of three months to the beginning of April or at the bottom of September to the beginning of October when, selective body is long 1.3-2 centimetre, body Shape perfects, no disease and pests harm, the shrimp seedling of 130-150 tail per kilogram, is put in a suitable place to breed by every mu 60-80 kilogram of shrimp seedling amount, is putting in a suitable place to breed It is that 3%-5% saline solution carries out bathing 10-15 minute to shrimp seedling with concentration before;
(5) water quality management:Daily aerator of opening carries out oxygenation 2-2.5 hour it is ensured that the dissolved oxygen amount of water is to pond 4.5-5.5 milligrams per liter;Every water changing 20%-30% in pond for 6-8 days, spreads 10-15 kilogram every mu to pond in every 10-15 days Quick lime carries out disinfection;The pH value of water is maintained at 7-8.5, and transparency is maintained at 30-40 centimetre.
In the present invention, further, described step (1) pond is provided with water inlet and delivery port, and in water inlet It is provided with anti-escape network with water outlet;The pool ridge width in described pond is more than 3 meters.
In the present invention, further, described step (2) apply become thoroughly decomposed farm manure when, keep water body temperature be 22-25 DEG C, pH value is 6.5-7.
In the present invention, further, the area of described step (2) plantation algae accounts for the 40%- of whole pond area 50%.
In the present invention, further, described while putting shrimp seedling in a suitable place to breed, put 30-50 tailed silver carp in a suitable place to breed for every mu.
In the present invention, further, described animal fodder is prepared from by following methods:According to weight portion Meter, fresh small fish is done into shape in small, broken bits, each component in Chinese medicine additive is worn into after fine-powdered, with earthworm powder, cuttlefish powder, Shell powder, fermented-pig blood meal, soybean residue, brewex's grains, mashed garlic, salt mixing, stir, put in feed granulator, add viscous Mixture, makes granular feed.
In the present invention, further, described plant feed is prepared from by following methods:According to weight portion Meter, witloof grass, wheatgrass, hybrid giant napier is done into shape in small, broken bits respectively with high bar spinach, each component in Chinese medicine additive is worn into carefully After powdery, mix with peanut powder, shell powder, dehydrated potato powder, corn flour, soybean residue, shelling element, salt, stir, put into feed In granulator, add adhesive, make granular feed.
The function introduction of Chinese medicine additive raw material is as follows:
The banksia rose has functions that promoting qi circulation and relieving pain, reinforcing spleen to promote digestion, for chest gastral cavity distending pain, weight after rush down dysentery, dyspepsia, does not think to drink The diseases such as food.
Fructus amomi is warm in nature, taste is pungent, has functions that to be amusing with stomach in promoting the circulation of qi tune, for turbi damp obstructing in middle-JIAO, ruffian is swollen of suffering from abdominal pain, and loss of appetite Food stagnation, vomits diarrhea, pernicious vomiting, the disease such as fetal irritability.
The bighead atractylodes rhizome has tonifying spleen, beneficial stomach, eliminating dampness, and in, antiabortive effect, for deficient QI of the spleen and stomach, do not feel like eating, burnout is few Gas, empty swollen, have loose bowels, phlegm and retained fluid, oedema, jaundice, arthritis with fixed pain caused by dampness, difficult urination, dizzy, spontaneous perspiration, the disease such as nausea uneasiness.
The dried immature fruit of citron orange have relieving stagnant Qi disappear long-pending, resolving sputum dissipate ruffian effect;For internal stagnation, feeling of fullness distending pain, weight after rush down dysentery, stool is not Logical, phlegm stagnant gas hinder the obstruction of qi in the chest, accumulation of pathogens in chest;Gastroptosis, prolapse of the anus, the disease such as prolapse of uterus.
Sealwort has tonifying middle-Jiao and Qi, embellish lung, effect of strengthening the bones and muscles;Governance wasting fever and chills, tuberculosis hemoptysis, body void food after being ill Few, muscles and bones is weak, rheumatalgia pain, wind favus disease.
The dried rhizome of rehmannia is cold in nature, and function is heat clearing and blood cooling, enriching yin and nourishing kidney, promotes the production of body fluid to quench thirst, and is usually used in treating steaming bone and consumptive fever, throat dry Bitterly, the disease such as blood-stained sputum.
Asparagus fern has nourishing Yin and promoting production of body fluid, effect of moistening lung clears away heart-fire;For dryness of the lung dry cough, cough due to consumptive disease, injury thirst, vexed mistake Dormancy, Heat Diabetes, dry constipation of intestines, diphtheria.
Paper mulberry Fruit is cold in nature, sweet;There is kidney tonifying clearing liver, improving eyesight, effect of diuresis;For soreness and weakness of waist and knees, consumptive disease hectic fever due to yin, head Dizzy blurred vision, raw screen film of mesh, oedema turgor.
The fruit of medicinal cornel has filling liver kidney, puckery vital essence, Gu effect of collapse;Control soreness of waist and knee joint, dizziness, tinnitus, impotence, pass out semen, little Just frequency, liver cold of insufficiency type heat, incessant sweating due to debility, the heart shakes arteries and veins and dissipates.
The fruit of Chinese wolfberry is sweet, mild-natured;There is nourishing the liver, nourshing kidney, effect of moistening lung;For caused by liver and kidney deficiency;Have a dizzy spell;Visually not Clearly;Soreness and weakness of waist and knees;Impotence and seminal emission;Cough due to consumptive disease;Quench one's thirst and draw drink.
Teasel root has filling liver kidney, strengthening the bones and muscles, continuous injured, only effect of uterine bleeding;For soreness and weakness of waist and knees, arthralgia due to wind-dampness, uterine bleeding, Threatened abortion, injury from falling down.
Gal nanmu fragrance is pungent, sweet, warm;For regulating qi-flowing for relieving pain, sensible.It is applied to not easypro, stagnation of the circulation of vital energy pain, wind phlegm obturation uncomfortable in chest Deng disease.
Dandelion flat property and sweet taste slight bitter;There is clearing heat and detoxicating, dispersing swelling and dissipating binds, disinfection, anti-aging, strengthen immunity of organism The effect of power.
The capsule of weeping forsythia has heat-clearing, removing toxic substances, dissipating bind, effect of detumescence;For warming, erysipelas, macula, large carbuncle pyogenic infections, scrofula is little Just drench and the disease such as close.
The Chinese medicine additive of the present invention, scientific formulation rationally, is to be directed to enhance metabolism, improves resistance against diseases, strengthen Immunity of organisms and develop, based on sealwort, the dried rhizome of rehmannia and asparagus fern, Paper mulberry Fruit, the fruit of medicinal cornel, the fruit of Chinese wolfberry and discontinuously supplemented by, gal nanmu is fragrant, Pu Public English and the capsule of weeping forsythia are assistant, and the banksia rose, the bighead atractylodes rhizome, fructus amomi and the dried immature fruit of citron orange are to make, and jointly reach raising lobster appetite, promote lobster newly old generation The effect thanked, improve resistance against diseases and strengthen immunity of organisms, and this Chinese medicine additive is pure Chinese medicinal preparation, no hormone, no secondary Effect.
In sum, due to employing technique scheme, the gain effect of the present invention is:
1st, at the initial stage putting shrimp seedling in a suitable place to breed, feed animal fodder, can farthest improve the speed of growth of lobster;? The plant feed that cultivation mid-term feeds, is all that lobster is liked eating, and supplements the vitamin needed for lobster, promotes the shelling of lobster Speed, also dispels the impurity retaining in shrimp body simultaneously, reaches the effect of the meat improving shrimp;Continue to feed dynamic in the later stage of cultivation Physical property feed, can allow the meat of shrimp is more solid, and volume is huger.
2nd, the Chinese medicine additive in feed, can excite the appetite of lobster, enhance metabolism, and improve resistance against diseases, increase Strong immunity of organisms, improves meat;Meanwhile, Chinese herbal medicine is all natural plant composition, without any chemicals, will not contaminant water Body, more will not pollute lobster meat.
【Specific embodiment】
Embodiment 1:
A kind of cultural method of lobster, comprises the following steps:
(1) addressing in pond:Selection is had abundant water resources, at the bottom of pond is flat, deep 1.5 meters of pond, water-retaining property is good, draining is convenient, give birth to State environment is good and shrimp ponds are built in field of the pollution-free source of surrounding, and area is 2 mu;Pond is provided with water inlet and delivery port, and And it is provided with anti-escape network in water inlet and water outlet;The pool ridge width in pond is more than 3 meters.
(2) preparation before supporting:Putting before seedling two weeks, by every mu of 120 kg, quick lime is being spread to pond and carry out disinfection;Sterilization Afterwards, to 1.2 meters of pond water filling, by the 500 kilograms every mu farm manures becoming thoroughly decomposed to pond applying, in the farm manure applying to become thoroughly decomposed, The temperature keeping water body is 25 DEG C, and pH value is 7;And plant algae in pond, the area of wherein algae accounts for whole pond area 50%.
(3) select shrimp:The when bottom of to the beginning of April in three months, 1.3 centimetres of selective body length, the bodily form perfect, no disease and pests harm, 150 The shrimp seedling of tail per kilogram, is put in a suitable place to breed by 80 kilograms every mu of shrimp seedling amount, uses concentration to be 5% saline solution to shrimp seedling before putting in a suitable place to breed Carry out bathing 15 minutes, while putting shrimp seedling in a suitable place to breed, put 50 tailed silver carps in a suitable place to breed for every mu.
(4) feedstuff feeding:1-2 month putting in a suitable place to breed in shrimp seedling, feeds animal fodder;At the 3-4 putting in a suitable place to breed month, throw Feed plant feed;At the 4-6 putting in a suitable place to breed month, feed animal fodder;Feed animal fodder or feed plant feed All every natural gift feed for early, middle and late three times, feed weight every time for the 5% of shrimp gross weight;
Wherein animal fodder is made up of the raw material of following weight portion:30 parts of fresh small fish, 20 parts of earthworm powder, cuttlefish powder 20 parts, 15 parts of shell powder, 15 parts of fermented-pig blood meal, 15 parts of soybean residue, 15 parts of brewex's grains, 15 parts of mashed garlic, 1 part of Chinese medicine additive, 0.8 part of salt;Described animal fodder is prepared from by following methods:In parts by weight, fresh small fish is done into thin Broken shape, each component in Chinese medicine additive is worn into after fine-powdered, with earthworm powder, cuttlefish powder, shell powder, fermented-pig blood meal, beans Rotten slag, brewex's grains, mashed garlic, salt mixing, stir, put in feed granulator, add adhesive, make granular raising Material;
Wherein plant feed is made up of the raw material of following weight portion:20 parts of peanut powder, witloof grass 20 parts, 20 parts of wheatgrass, 15 parts of shell powder, 15 parts of hybrid giant napier, 15 parts of high bar spinach, 15 parts of dehydrated potato powder, 15 parts of corn flour, 15 parts of soybean residue, shelling element 1 Part, 1 part of Chinese medicine additive, 0.8 part of salt;Described plant feed is prepared from by following methods:In parts by weight, will Witloof grass, wheatgrass, hybrid giant napier do into shape in small, broken bits respectively with high bar spinach, and each component in Chinese medicine additive is worn into fine-powdered Afterwards, mix with peanut powder, shell powder, dehydrated potato powder, corn flour, soybean residue, shelling element, salt, stir, put into feed granules In machine, add adhesive, make granular feed;
Wherein the Chinese medicine additive of animal fodder and the Chinese medicine additive of plant feed are former by following weight portion Material is made:5 parts of the banksia rose, 5 parts of fructus amomi, 8 parts of the bighead atractylodes rhizome, 6 parts of the dried immature fruit of citron orange, 8 parts of sealwort, 6 parts of the dried rhizome of rehmannia, 9 parts of asparagus fern, 7 parts of Paper mulberry Fruit, the fruit of medicinal cornel 6 parts, 6 parts of the fruit of Chinese wolfberry, 7 parts of teasel root, fragrant 5 parts of gal nanmu, 6 parts of dandelion, 7 parts of the capsule of weeping forsythia.
(5) water quality management:Daily aerator of opening carries out oxygenation 2.5 hours to pond it is ensured that the dissolved oxygen amount of water is 5.5 Milligrams per liter;The water changing in pond 30% in every 6 days, quick lime pond being spread with 15 kilograms every mu in every 10 days carries out disinfection;Water PH value hold 8.5, transparency is maintained at 40 centimetres.
Using the lobster of the method cultivation, food ration is high, and illness rate is low, and the rate that takes food is 94.7%, and survival rate is 96.3%, Lobster body is long 34-41 centimetre, body weight 487-539 gram.
Embodiment 2:
A kind of cultural method of lobster, comprises the following steps:
(1) addressing in pond:Selection is had abundant water resources, at the bottom of pond is flat, deep 1.2 meters of pond, water-retaining property is good, draining is convenient, give birth to State environment is good and shrimp ponds are built in field of the pollution-free source of surrounding, and area is 1.5 mu;Pond is provided with water inlet and delivery port, And it is provided with anti-escape network in water inlet and water outlet;The pool ridge width in pond is more than 3 meters.
(2) preparation before supporting:Putting before seedling two weeks, by every mu of 105 kg, quick lime is being spread to pond and carry out disinfection;Sterilization Afterwards, to 1 meter of pond water filling, by the 450 kilograms every mu farm manures becoming thoroughly decomposed to pond applying, in the farm manure applying to become thoroughly decomposed, protect The temperature of water holding body is 23 DEG C, and pH value is 6.8;And plant algae in pond, the area of wherein algae accounts for whole pond area 45%.
(3) select shrimp:When at the bottom of September to the beginning of October, 1.6 centimetres of selective body length, the bodily form perfect, no disease and pests harm, 140 The shrimp seedling of tail per kilogram, is put in a suitable place to breed by 70 kilograms every mu of shrimp seedling amount, uses concentration to be 4% saline solution to shrimp seedling before putting in a suitable place to breed Carry out bathing 12 minutes, while putting shrimp seedling in a suitable place to breed, put 40 tailed silver carps in a suitable place to breed for every mu.
(4) feedstuff feeding:1-2 month putting in a suitable place to breed in shrimp seedling, feeds animal fodder;At the 3-4 putting in a suitable place to breed month, throw Feed plant feed;At the 4-6 putting in a suitable place to breed month, feed animal fodder;Feed animal fodder or feed plant feed All every natural gift feed for early, middle and late three times, feed weight every time for the 4% of shrimp gross weight;
Wherein animal fodder is made up of the raw material of following weight portion:25 parts of fresh small fish, 18 parts of earthworm powder, cuttlefish powder 17 parts, 13 parts of shell powder, 12 parts of fermented-pig blood meal, 13 parts of soybean residue, 12 parts of brewex's grains, 13 parts of mashed garlic, Chinese medicine additive 0.75 Part, 0.65 part of salt;Described animal fodder is prepared from by following methods:In parts by weight, fresh small fish is done Become shape in small, broken bits, each component in Chinese medicine additive is worn into after fine-powdered, with earthworm powder, cuttlefish powder, shell powder, swine blood fermentation Powder, soybean residue, brewex's grains, mashed garlic, salt mixing, stir, put in feed granulator, add adhesive, make graininess Feed;
Wherein plant feed is made up of the raw material of following weight portion:18 parts of peanut powder, witloof grass 17 parts, 18 parts of wheatgrass, 13 parts of shell powder, 12 parts of hybrid giant napier, 13 parts of high bar spinach, 12 parts of dehydrated potato powder, 13 parts of corn flour, 12 parts of soybean residue, shelling element 0.75 part, 0.75 part of Chinese medicine additive, 0.65 part of salt;Described plant feed is prepared from by following methods:According to weight Amount part meter, witloof grass, wheatgrass, hybrid giant napier are done into shape in small, broken bits respectively with high bar spinach, by each component mill in Chinese medicine additive After becoming fine-powdered, mix with peanut powder, shell powder, dehydrated potato powder, corn flour, soybean residue, shelling element, salt, stir, put into In feed granulator, add adhesive, make granular feed;
Wherein the Chinese medicine additive of animal fodder and the Chinese medicine additive of plant feed are former by following weight portion Material is made:4 parts of the banksia rose, 3.5 parts of fructus amomi, 5 parts of the bighead atractylodes rhizome, 5 parts of the dried immature fruit of citron orange, 5.5 parts of sealwort, 5 parts of the dried rhizome of rehmannia, 6.5 parts of asparagus fern, Paper mulberry Fruit 5 Part, 5 parts of the fruit of medicinal cornel, 5 parts of the fruit of Chinese wolfberry, 5 parts of teasel root, fragrant 4 parts of gal nanmu, 5 parts of dandelion, 6 parts of the capsule of weeping forsythia.
(5) water quality management:Daily aerator of opening carries out oxygenation 2.3 hours to pond it is ensured that the dissolved oxygen amount of water is 5 millis Gram per liter;The water changing in pond 25% in every 7 days, quick lime pond being spread with 12 kilograms every mu in every 13 days carries out disinfection;Water PH value is held 7.7, and transparency is maintained at 35 centimetres.
Using the lobster of the method cultivation, food ration is high, and illness rate is low, and the rate that takes food is 95.1%, and survival rate is 95.3%, Lobster body is long 33-42 centimetre, body weight 483-541 gram.
Embodiment 3:
A kind of cultural method of lobster, comprises the following steps:
(1) addressing in pond:Selection is had abundant water resources, at the bottom of pond is flat, deep 1 meter of pond, water-retaining property is good, draining is convenient, ecological Environment is good and shrimp ponds are built in field of the pollution-free source of surrounding, and area is 1 mu;Pond is provided with water inlet and delivery port, and It is provided with anti-escape network in water inlet and water outlet;The pool ridge width in pond is more than 3 meters.
(2) preparation before supporting:Putting before seedling two weeks, by 90 kilograms every mu, quick lime is being spread to pond and carry out disinfection;Sterilization Afterwards, to 0.8 meter of pond water filling, by the 400 kilograms every mu farm manures becoming thoroughly decomposed to pond applying, in the farm manure applying to become thoroughly decomposed, The temperature keeping water body is 22 DEG C, and pH value is 6,5;And plant algae in pond, the area of wherein algae accounts for whole pond face Long-pending 40%.
(3) select shrimp:When at the bottom of September to the beginning of October, 2 centimetres of selective body length, the bodily form perfect, no disease and pests harm, 130 tails The shrimp seedling of per kilogram, is put in a suitable place to breed by 60 kilograms every mu of shrimp seedling amount, shrimp seedling is entered for 3% saline solution with concentration before putting in a suitable place to breed Row bathing 10 minutes, while putting shrimp seedling in a suitable place to breed, puts 30 tailed silver carps in a suitable place to breed for every mu.
(4) feedstuff feeding:1-2 month putting in a suitable place to breed in shrimp seedling, feeds animal fodder;At the 3-4 putting in a suitable place to breed month, throw Feed plant feed;At the 4-6 putting in a suitable place to breed month, feed animal fodder;Feed animal fodder or feed plant feed All every natural gift feed for early, middle and late three times, feed weight every time for the 3% of shrimp gross weight;
Wherein animal fodder is made up of the raw material of following weight portion:20 parts of fresh small fish, 15 parts of earthworm powder, cuttlefish powder 15 parts, 10 parts of shell powder, 10 parts of fermented-pig blood meal, 10 parts of soybean residue, 10 parts of brewex's grains, 10 parts of mashed garlic, Chinese medicine additive 0.5 Part, 0.5 part of salt;Described animal fodder is prepared from by following methods:In parts by weight, fresh small fish is done into Shape in small, broken bits, each component in Chinese medicine additive is worn into after fine-powdered, with earthworm powder, cuttlefish powder, shell powder, fermented-pig blood meal, Soybean residue, brewex's grains, mashed garlic, salt mixing, stir, put in feed granulator, add adhesive, make granular raising Material;
Wherein plant feed is made up of the raw material of following weight portion:15 parts of peanut powder, witloof grass 15 parts, 15 parts of wheatgrass, 10 parts of shell powder, 10 parts of hybrid giant napier, 10 parts of high bar spinach, 10 parts of dehydrated potato powder, 10 parts of corn flour, 10 parts of soybean residue, shelling element 0.5 part, 0.5 part of Chinese medicine additive, 0.5 part of salt;Described plant feed is prepared from by following methods:According to weight portion Meter, witloof grass, wheatgrass, hybrid giant napier is done into shape in small, broken bits respectively with high bar spinach, each component in Chinese medicine additive is worn into carefully After powdery, mix with peanut powder, shell powder, dehydrated potato powder, corn flour, soybean residue, shelling element, salt, stir, put into feed In granulator, add adhesive, make granular feed;
Wherein the Chinese medicine additive of animal fodder and the Chinese medicine additive of plant feed are former by following weight portion Material is made:3 parts of the banksia rose, 2 parts of fructus amomi, 2 parts of the bighead atractylodes rhizome, 4 parts of the dried immature fruit of citron orange, 3 parts of sealwort, 4 parts of the dried rhizome of rehmannia, 4 parts of asparagus fern, 3 parts of Paper mulberry Fruit, the fruit of medicinal cornel 4 parts, 4 parts of the fruit of Chinese wolfberry, 3 parts of teasel root, fragrant 3 parts of gal nanmu, 4 parts of dandelion, 5 parts of the capsule of weeping forsythia.
(5) water quality management:Daily aerator of opening carries out oxygenation 2 hours to pond it is ensured that the dissolved oxygen amount of water is 4.5 millis Gram per liter;The water changing in pond 20% in every 8 days, quick lime pond being spread with 10 kilograms every mu in every 15 days carries out disinfection;Water PH value is held 7, and transparency is maintained at 30 centimetres.
Using the lobster of the method cultivation, food ration is high, and illness rate is low, and the rate that takes food is 95.2%, and survival rate is 95.6%, Lobster body is long 29-41 centimetre, body weight 480-533 gram.
Comparative example 1:
With embodiment 1 equal conditions under, the feed that feeds is entirely traditional normal diet;Cultivate the lobster obtaining to take the photograph Appetite is low, and illness rate is high, and the rate that takes food is 91.3%, and survival rate is 89.7%, and body is long 28-37 centimetre, body weight 469-491 gram.
Comparative example 2:
With embodiment 2 equal conditions under, the feed that feeds is entirely traditional normal diet;Cultivate the lobster obtaining to take the photograph Appetite is low, and illness rate is high, and the rate that takes food is 89.9%, and survival rate is 88.6%, and body is long 26-38 centimetre, body weight 464-492 gram.
Comparative example 3:
With embodiment 3 equal conditions under, the feed that feeds is entirely traditional normal diet;Cultivate the lobster obtaining to take the photograph Appetite is low, and illness rate is high, and the rate that takes food is 90.3%, and survival rate is 89.1%, and body is long 27-37 centimetre, body weight 461-489 gram.
As can be seen here, during cultivation lobster, the feed ingredient feeding plays very crucial effect, only science Reasonably collocation feed, using rational management gimmick, could obtain more preferable benefit.
Described above is the detailed description for the preferable possible embodiments of the present invention, but embodiment is not limited to this Bright patent claim, the equal change being completed under the technical spirit suggested by all present invention or modification change, all should belong to In the covered the scope of the claims of the present invention.

Claims (9)

1. a kind of cultural method of lobster it is characterised in that:Including the addressing in (1) pond, (2) support before preparation, (3) select shrimp, (4) feedstuff feeding, 5 steps of (5) water quality management, described step (4) feedstuff feeding is to feed intake raising by stages, described feeds intake by stages That raises concretely comprises the following steps:
1-2 month putting in a suitable place to breed in shrimp seedling, feeds animal fodder;At the 3-4 putting in a suitable place to breed month, feed plant feed;? 4-6 month putting in a suitable place to breed, feeds animal fodder;Feed animal fodder or to feed all every natural gift of plant feed early, middle and late Feed for three times, feed the 3%-5% that weight is shrimp gross weight every time;
Described animal fodder is made up of the raw material of following weight portion:Fresh small fish 20-30 part, earthworm powder 15-20 part, cuttlefish Powder 15-20 part, shell powder 10-15 part, fermented-pig blood meal 10-15 part, soybean residue 10-15 part, brewex's grains 10-15 part, mashed garlic 10- 15 parts, Chinese medicine additive 0.5-1 part, salt 0.5-0.8 part;
Described plant feed is made up of the raw material of following weight portion:Peanut powder 15-20 part, witloof grass 15-20 part, wheatgrass 15- 20 parts, shell powder 10-15 part, hybrid giant napier 10-15 part, high bar spinach 10-15 part, dehydrated potato powder 10-15 part, corn flour 10-15 Part, soybean residue 10-15 part, shelling element 0.5-1 part, Chinese medicine additive 0.5-1 part, salt 0.5-0.8 part.
2. a kind of lobster according to claim 1 cultural method it is characterised in that:The Chinese medicine of described animal fodder adds Plus the Chinese medicine additive of agent and described plant feed made by the raw material of following weight portion:Banksia rose 3-5 part, fructus amomi 2-5 part, Bighead atractylodes rhizome 2-8 part, dried immature fruit of citron orange 4-6 part, sealwort 3-8 part, dried rhizome of rehmannia 4-6 part, asparagus fern 4-9 part, Paper mulberry Fruit 3-7 part, fruit of medicinal cornel 4-6 part, matrimony vine Sub- 4-6 part, teasel root 3-7 part, gal nanmu perfume 3-5 part, dandelion 4-6 part, capsule of weeping forsythia 5-7 part.
3. a kind of lobster according to claim 1 cultural method it is characterised in that:The addressing in described (1) pond:Select Have abundant water resources, at the bottom of pond is flat, pond deep 1-1.5 rice, water-retaining property is good, draining is convenient, ecological environment is good and the pollution-free source of surrounding Field build shrimp ponds, area be 1-2 mu;
(2) preparation before supporting:Putting before seedling two weeks, by every mu 90-120 kilogram, quick lime is being spread to pond and carry out disinfection;Sterilization Afterwards, to pond water filling 0.8-1.2 rice, by the every mu 400-500 kilogram farm manure becoming thoroughly decomposed to pond applying, and plant in pond Algae;
(3) select shrimp:At the bottom of three months to the beginning of April or at the bottom of September to the beginning of October when, selective body is long 1.3-2 centimetre, the bodily form is good for Entirely, no disease and pests harm, the shrimp seedling of 130-150 tail per kilogram, are put in a suitable place to breed by every mu 60-80 kilogram of shrimp seedling amount, before putting in a suitable place to breed It is that 3%-5% saline solution carries out bathing 10-15 minute to shrimp seedling with concentration;
(5) water quality management:Daily aerator of opening carries out oxygenation 2-2.5 hour to pond it is ensured that the dissolved oxygen amount of water is 4.5- 5.5 milligrams per liter;Every water changing 20%-30% in pond for 6-8 days, raw stone pond being spread with 10-15 kilogram every mu in every 10-15 days Ash carries out disinfection;The pH value of water is maintained at 7-8.5, and transparency is maintained at 30-40 centimetre.
4. a kind of lobster according to claim 3 cultural method it is characterised in that:Described step (1) pond is provided with Water inlet and delivery port, and it is provided with anti-escape network in water inlet and water outlet;The pool ridge width in described pond 3 meters with On.
5. a kind of lobster according to claim 3 cultural method it is characterised in that:Described step (2) is applying to become thoroughly decomposed Farm manure when, keep water body temperature be 22-25 DEG C, pH value be 6.5-7.
6. a kind of lobster according to claim 3 cultural method it is characterised in that:Described step (2) plants algae Area accounts for the 40%-50% of whole pond area.
7. a kind of lobster according to claim 3 cultural method it is characterised in that:Described while putting shrimp seedling in a suitable place to breed, Put 30-50 tailed silver carp in a suitable place to breed for every mu.
8. a kind of lobster according to claim 1 cultural method it is characterised in that:Described animal fodder is by following Method is prepared from:In parts by weight, fresh small fish is done into shape in small, broken bits, each component in Chinese medicine additive is worn into After fine-powdered, mix with earthworm powder, cuttlefish powder, shell powder, fermented-pig blood meal, soybean residue, brewex's grains, mashed garlic, salt, stirring is all Even, put in feed granulator, add adhesive, make granular feed.
9. a kind of lobster according to claim 1 cultural method it is characterised in that:Described plant feed is by following Method is prepared from:In parts by weight, witloof grass, wheatgrass, hybrid giant napier and high bar spinach are done into shape in small, broken bits respectively, in inciting somebody to action After each component in medicine additive wears into fine-powdered, with peanut powder, shell powder, dehydrated potato powder, corn flour, soybean residue, shelling element, Salt mixes, and stirs, puts in feed granulator, adds adhesive, makes granular feed.
CN201610818367.3A 2016-09-13 2016-09-13 Lobster culture method Pending CN106417123A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610818367.3A CN106417123A (en) 2016-09-13 2016-09-13 Lobster culture method

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610818367.3A CN106417123A (en) 2016-09-13 2016-09-13 Lobster culture method

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN106417123A true CN106417123A (en) 2017-02-22

Family

ID=58168700

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201610818367.3A Pending CN106417123A (en) 2016-09-13 2016-09-13 Lobster culture method

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN106417123A (en)

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107259073A (en) * 2017-08-08 2017-10-20 黄丽英 The preparation method of lobster ferment feed
CN107318726A (en) * 2017-07-18 2017-11-07 马家富 A kind of high yield cray cultural method
CN107347758A (en) * 2017-07-18 2017-11-17 马家富 A kind of cray cultural method
CN107788272A (en) * 2017-11-06 2018-03-13 合肥康青源养殖有限公司 lobster cultivation method
CN109006609A (en) * 2018-10-17 2018-12-18 黎建波 A kind of high-quality three-dimensional interaction breeding method of cray ecology

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107318726A (en) * 2017-07-18 2017-11-07 马家富 A kind of high yield cray cultural method
CN107347758A (en) * 2017-07-18 2017-11-17 马家富 A kind of cray cultural method
CN107259073A (en) * 2017-08-08 2017-10-20 黄丽英 The preparation method of lobster ferment feed
CN107788272A (en) * 2017-11-06 2018-03-13 合肥康青源养殖有限公司 lobster cultivation method
CN109006609A (en) * 2018-10-17 2018-12-18 黎建波 A kind of high-quality three-dimensional interaction breeding method of cray ecology

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN106417123A (en) Lobster culture method
CN103504161B (en) Dedicated feed for pavo cristatus breeding
CN106107140A (en) A kind of hay-scented ecological pig feedstuff
CN106615781A (en) Breeding method of Luchuan mountain hybrid pigs
CN105941877A (en) Feed capable of promoting milk secretion of sheep
CN105994056A (en) Crucian breeding method
CN105994050A (en) Breeding method for improving immunocompetence of lobsters
CN105995212A (en) Nutrition enhanced feed for parent carassius auratus in reproduction period
CN105360671A (en) Selenium-rich pigeon feed and preparation method thereof
CN107156058A (en) A kind of cultural method of selenium-rich chicken feed and selenium enriched chicken
CN105104796A (en) Gosling feed and preparation method thereof
CN106212371A (en) A kind of cultural method of bar horse perfume (or spice) boar
CN106259098A (en) A kind of cultural method of Lobster
CN106234822A (en) Laying cycle of laying hens feedstuff and processing method
CN105850820A (en) Efficient lobster farming method
CN104054934B (en) A kind of feed of grass carp easy to digest and preparation method thereof
CN105028936A (en) Feed for sheep and preparation method thereof
CN108770783A (en) A kind of cultural method of goat
CN106359216A (en) Culture method of lobsters
CN106666226A (en) Racoma sinensis feed
CN106588441A (en) Fertilizer capable of increasing content of vitamin C in watermelon
CN105850804A (en) Aquaculture method capable of preventing and treating enteritis of crucian
CN106689041A (en) Pig breeding method
CN106561565A (en) Feeding method for black goats
CN105941880A (en) Growth promoting sheep feed

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C06 Publication
PB01 Publication
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination