CN106417112A - Aquaculture and crop planting combined ecological cycle agriculture technology - Google Patents

Aquaculture and crop planting combined ecological cycle agriculture technology Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN106417112A
CN106417112A CN201610886260.2A CN201610886260A CN106417112A CN 106417112 A CN106417112 A CN 106417112A CN 201610886260 A CN201610886260 A CN 201610886260A CN 106417112 A CN106417112 A CN 106417112A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
aquaculture
fish pond
proportion
crop planting
water
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201610886260.2A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张荣平
Original Assignee
张荣平
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 张荣平 filed Critical 张荣平
Priority to CN201610886260.2A priority Critical patent/CN106417112A/en
Publication of CN106417112A publication Critical patent/CN106417112A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

Links

Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K61/00Culture of aquatic animals
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G22/00Cultivation of specific crops or plants not otherwise provided for
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G22/00Cultivation of specific crops or plants not otherwise provided for
    • A01G22/20Cereals
    • A01G22/22Rice
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish

Abstract

The invention relates to an aquaculture and crop planting combined ecological cycle agriculture technology. Firstly, aquaculture is performed in a fish pond, a large amount of excrement and residual baits deposit at the bottom of the fish pond in the aquaculture process, water in the fish pond is discharged out after aquatic products are captured, then crops are planted in the fish pond, accordingly the excrement and residual baits depositing at the bottom of the fish pond in the aquaculture process serve as organic fertilizers for crop growth, the fertilizer usage standards of organic agricultural products can be reached, and high economic benefits are created. In addition, the crops planted in the fish pond can make the bottom of the fish pond purified, and water is injected into the fish pond to perform a new cycle of aquaculture after crop harvesting. In conclusion, the ecological cycle agriculture technology achieves ecological coupling of aquaculture and green crop planting, the yield and quality of aquaculture can be remarkably improved, and meanwhile the crop quality and yield can be also improved.

Description

The ecological circulation agricultural technology that aquaculture combines with proportion of crop planting
Technical field
The invention belongs to agricultural technology field, be specifically related to the ecology that a kind of aquaculture combines with proportion of crop planting and follow Ring agricultural technology.
Background technology
Since reform and opening-up, China's freshwater cultivation fast development, the status in fresh water aquaculture becomes more and more important. According to statistics, China's freshwater cultured area in 2010 has reached 35,660,000 mu, accounts for the 43% of freshwater aquiculture area;Pond culture Output of aquatic products reaches 16,470,000 tons, accounts for the 70% of freshwater aquiculture total output.In order to improve output of aquatic products, current China fresh water is supported Growing commonly used high density intensive culture pattern, excessively put in a suitable place to breed, bait is superfluous etc. causes culture pond body eutrophication problem Seriously, meanwhile, the discharge of breeding wastewater also exacerbates the Eutrophic Extent of surrounding body.Therefore, the water environment of pond culture Pollution problem has become the main restricting factor of current freshwater aquiculture development.Since the nineties in 20th century, various countries are successively to fresh water Breeding water body environment remediation has carried out numerous studies, and proposes corresponding countermeasures, mainly has peripheral doses, chemical redemption Wait technology mode with biological prosthetic.
In agriculture district, the south China network of rivers, on the one hand freshwater aquiculture quickly grows, and traditional aquaculture model makes water eutrophication Change problem is day by day serious, brings grave danger to region water body Environmental Health;On the other hand, use greatly during proportion of crop planting The agricultural chemicals of amount and chemical fertilizer, soil is barren increasingly severe, and the quality of crop products is also heavily affected simultaneously, with people Growth in the living standard, the people are more and more higher to the requirement of food security.
Content of the invention
In order to solve the problems referred to above that prior art exists, the invention provides a kind of aquaculture and proportion of crop planting phase In conjunction with ecological circulation agricultural technology.Aquaculture and crops green planting are carried out ecologic coupling by the present invention, it is achieved ecological The multi-win of safety, production cultivation and organic agronomic crop product and sustainable development.
The technical solution adopted in the present invention is:
The ecological circulation agricultural technology that a kind of aquaculture combines with proportion of crop planting, comprises the steps:
(1) aquaculture
Select the depth of water 0.2-2m fishing pool, put aquatic seedling February-May in a suitable place to breed to fish pond.
(2) proportion of crop planting
After October then, carry out fishing for of aquatic products, and the water in fish pond is discharged;The first tenday period of a month in May after next year, By crops shoot transplanting equipment to whole fish pond;
After harvesting crops, carry out the aquaculture of a new round to fish pond water filling February-May of next year.
Described aquatic seedling is shrimp seedling, juvenile crab, the combination of one or more in fry.
The breeding density of described aquatic seedling is 1-100 tail/m2.
Described crops rice shoot is rice seedling, vegetable seedling, the combination of one or more in fruit tree rice shoot.
The planting density of described crops rice shoot is 15-40cm*15-40cm.
The area coverage of described crops rice shoot accounts for the 65-95% of the total water surface area in fish pond.
In described plant growing process, water level in fish pond is adjusted with the growth of crops.
Beneficial effects of the present invention is:
The ecological circulation agricultural technology that aquaculture of the present invention combines with proportion of crop planting, by first in fish pond Carry out aquaculture, aquaculture process produces a large amount of excreta and the bait of residual will be deposited on bottom fish pond, wait to fish for After aquatic products, the water in fish pond is discharged, afterwards again at described fish pond Planting Crops, thus aquaculture process is deposited on fish pond The excreta of bottom and residual bait, using the fertilizer as crop growth, can reach the Fertilizer application mark of organic farm products Standard, creates higher economic benefit;On fish pond, the crops of plantation can make again to be purified bottom fish pond simultaneously, and crops are gathered in After, next year fish pond water filling carries out the aquaculture of a new round;In sum, ecological circulation agricultural technology of the present invention, will Aquaculture and crops green planting carry out ecologic coupling, it is achieved ecological safety, production cultivation and organic agronomic crop product Multi-win and sustainable development, can not only significantly improve the yield and quality of aquaculture, also improve simultaneously crops quality and Yield, high financial profit.
Detailed description of the invention
It is described in detail below in conjunction with specific embodiment.
Embodiment 1
Present embodiments provide the ecological circulation agricultural technology that a kind of aquaculture combines with proportion of crop planting, including as Lower step:
(1) aquaculture
Select the depth of water 20cm fishing pool, put shrimp seedling the first tenday period of a month in May to fish pond in a suitable place to breed, the breeding density of described shrimp seedling be 100 tails/ m2, put shrimp seedling in a suitable place to breed and adjust fish pond depth of water 60cm after one month, to adapt to the growth of shrimp seedling;
(2) proportion of crop planting
After October then, carry out thoroughly fishing for of aquatic products, and the water in fish pond is discharged;On the May of next year In ten days, being filled to the depth of water in fish pond to fish pond is 10cm, transplants rice seedling to whole fish pond, and the planting density of rice seedling is 15cm*20cm, the area coverage of rice seedling accounts for the 65% of the total water surface area in fish pond;During paddy growth, as required, will Water level in fish pond is adjusted with the growth of paddy rice;
After late October harvesting paddy rice, carry out the aquaculture of a new round to fish pond water filling February of next year.
Embodiment 2
Present embodiments provide the ecological circulation agricultural technology that a kind of aquaculture combines with proportion of crop planting, including as Lower step:
(1) aquaculture
Selecting the depth of water 30cm fishing pool, putting juvenile crab mid-February in a suitable place to breed to fish pond, the breeding density of described juvenile crab is 1 tail/m2; Put shrimp seedling in a suitable place to breed and adjust fish pond depth of water 100cm after two months, to adapt to the growth of juvenile crab;
(2) proportion of crop planting
After October then, carry out fishing for of thorough aquatic products, and the water in fish pond is discharged;The May after next year In the first tenday period of a month, by tomato shoot transplanting equipment to whole fish pond, the planting density of tomato rice shoot is 15cm*40cm, tomato rice shoot Area coverage accounts for the 95% of the total water surface area in fish pond;In tomato growth course;
After having gathered in the crops tomato in early August, pull out tomato seedling;Carry out newly to fish pond water filling the mid-May of next year One aquaculture taken turns.
Embodiment 3
Present embodiments provide the ecological circulation agricultural technology that a kind of aquaculture combines with proportion of crop planting, including as Lower step:
(1) aquaculture
Select the depth of water to be the fishing pool of 2m, breed fish fry to fish pond in early March, the breeding density of described fry be 1.5 tails/ m2
(2) proportion of crop planting
After October then, carry out fishing for of aquatic products, and the water in fish pond is discharged;The first tenday period of a month in May after next year, Being filled to the depth of water in fish pond to fish pond is 15cm, transplants rice seedling to whole fish pond, and the planting density of rice seedling is 40cm*40cm, the area coverage of rice seedling accounts for the 75% of the total water surface area in fish pond;During paddy growth, as required, will Water level in fish pond is adjusted with the growth of paddy rice;
After late October harvesting paddy rice, carry out the aquaculture of a new round to fish pond water filling in the early March of next year.
Embodiment 4
Present embodiments provide the ecological circulation agricultural technology that a kind of aquaculture combines with proportion of crop planting, including as Lower step:
(1) aquaculture
Selecting the depth of water 1.5m fishing pool, breeding fish fry to fish pond in late April, the breeding density of described fry is 30 tails/m2 (put in a suitable place to breed by high density, and mixed feed carry out the cultivation that becomes more meticulous);
(2) proportion of crop planting
After October then, being filled to the depth of water in fish pond to fish pond is 12cm, transplants rice seedling to whole fish The pool, the planting density of rice seedling is 15cm*15cm, and the area coverage of rice seedling accounts for the 75% of the total water surface area in fish pond;Water In rice growth course, as required, by the water level in fish pond as the growth of paddy rice is adjusted;
After late October harvesting paddy rice, carry out the aquaculture of a new round to fish pond water filling in the early March of next year.
During it should be noted that the present invention carries out proportion of crop planting, after can also selecting thoroughly to fish for aquatic products, fish pond Water drains, and uses high-pressure pump that as fertilizer, mud extraction at the bottom of the pool is poured vegetables or planting fruit trees base.Then by fish pond Carry out drying, sterilize, again carry out the aquaculture of a new round as aquaculture pool mouth.
The present invention is not limited to above-mentioned preferred forms, and anyone can show that under the enlightenment of the present invention other are various The product of form, no matter but in its shape or structure, make any change, every have same as the present application or akin skill Art scheme, all falls within protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (6)

1. the ecological circulation agricultural technology that an aquaculture combines with proportion of crop planting, it is characterised in that include walking as follows Suddenly:
(1)Aquaculture
Select the depth of water 0.2-2m fishing pool, put aquatic seedling February-May in a suitable place to breed to fish pond;
(2)Proportion of crop planting
After October then, carry out fishing for of aquatic products, and the water in fish pond is discharged;The first tenday period of a month in May after next year, by agriculture Crop shoot transplanting equipment is to whole fish pond;
After harvesting crops, carry out the aquaculture of a new round to fish pond water filling February-May of next year.
2. the ecological circulation agricultural technology that aquaculture according to claim 1 combines with proportion of crop planting, its feature Being, described aquatic seedling is shrimp seedling, juvenile crab, the combination of one or more in fry.
3. the ecological circulation agricultural technology that aquaculture according to claim 1 combines with proportion of crop planting, its feature Being, the breeding density of described aquatic seedling is 1-100 tail/m2.
4. the ecological circulation agricultural technology that aquaculture according to claim 1 combines with proportion of crop planting, its feature Being, described crops rice shoot is rice seedling, vegetable seedling, the combination of one or more in fruit tree rice shoot.
5. the ecological circulation agricultural technology that aquaculture according to claim 1 combines with proportion of crop planting, its feature Being, the planting density of described crops rice shoot is 15-40cm*15-40cm.
6. the ecological circulation agricultural technology that aquaculture according to claim 1 combines with proportion of crop planting, its feature Being, the area coverage of described crops rice shoot accounts for the 65-95% of the total water surface area in fish pond.
CN201610886260.2A 2016-10-11 2016-10-11 Aquaculture and crop planting combined ecological cycle agriculture technology Pending CN106417112A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610886260.2A CN106417112A (en) 2016-10-11 2016-10-11 Aquaculture and crop planting combined ecological cycle agriculture technology

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610886260.2A CN106417112A (en) 2016-10-11 2016-10-11 Aquaculture and crop planting combined ecological cycle agriculture technology

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN106417112A true CN106417112A (en) 2017-02-22

Family

ID=58173831

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201610886260.2A Pending CN106417112A (en) 2016-10-11 2016-10-11 Aquaculture and crop planting combined ecological cycle agriculture technology

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN106417112A (en)

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107135866A (en) * 2017-05-31 2017-09-08 常州市武进区水产技术推广站 Cultivating system under rice fish ecological circulation breeding
CN107197727A (en) * 2017-05-31 2017-09-26 常州市武进区水产技术推广站 Cultural method under rice fish ecological circulation breeding

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1223787A (en) * 1997-12-26 1999-07-28 李明忠 Pond culture and planting alternating method
CN101375672A (en) * 2007-08-31 2009-03-04 王根连 Rotation method for culturing turtle and planting rice
CN103719005A (en) * 2014-01-08 2014-04-16 常州市武进区水产技术推广站 Ecological breeding method for freshwater shrimp and bengal waterdropwort herb crop rotation
CN104719243A (en) * 2013-12-20 2015-06-24 唐强 Method for alternately breeding turtles and planting vegetables

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1223787A (en) * 1997-12-26 1999-07-28 李明忠 Pond culture and planting alternating method
CN101375672A (en) * 2007-08-31 2009-03-04 王根连 Rotation method for culturing turtle and planting rice
CN104719243A (en) * 2013-12-20 2015-06-24 唐强 Method for alternately breeding turtles and planting vegetables
CN103719005A (en) * 2014-01-08 2014-04-16 常州市武进区水产技术推广站 Ecological breeding method for freshwater shrimp and bengal waterdropwort herb crop rotation

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107135866A (en) * 2017-05-31 2017-09-08 常州市武进区水产技术推广站 Cultivating system under rice fish ecological circulation breeding
CN107197727A (en) * 2017-05-31 2017-09-26 常州市武进区水产技术推广站 Cultural method under rice fish ecological circulation breeding

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN105379646B (en) A kind of method of cray cultivating pool rice cultivation
CN103493706B (en) A kind of organic rice production method
CN103718991B (en) The ecological cultivation method that raise together with in a kind of pseudorasbora parva and Procambius clarkii rice field
CN106942107A (en) A kind of cultural method of rice field ecology cray
CN106797900A (en) A kind of method that cray shrimp rice makees ecologic breeding, breeds altogether
CN103355071A (en) Ecological fish farming method in rice field and ecological rice produced by rice plants
CN107494100A (en) A kind of rice shrimp set of three season of season rice shrimp supports aquaponic method
CN105165351A (en) High-quality tea high-yield planting method
CN103814729A (en) High-efficiency lotus root and loach planting and breeding method
CN106259086A (en) A kind of rice shrimp makees ecological cultivation method altogether
CN105918030A (en) Environment-friendly high-yield paddy rice cultivation method
CN104206144B (en) A kind of method of mangrove looking glass tree seedling breeding cultivation
CN107125175A (en) One seed shrimp, paddy rice, turnip type rape continuous cropping ecological circulation breeding new model
CN110679416B (en) Eel, toad and rice symbiotic breeding method
CN104488771A (en) Novel method for culturing grain flower fish in rice fields
CN103583292A (en) Method for using freshwater shrimp pond sediment to plant paddy rice
CN105165353A (en) High-quality tea high-yield planting method
CN106922584A (en) A kind of method of raising crabs in paddy field
CN106941988A (en) One seed shrimp, paddy rice, barley continuous cropping ecological circulation breeding new model
CN106665104A (en) Transplanting method for aquatic vegetable brasenia schreberi
CN104145760A (en) Method for breeding hairy crabs in paddy field
CN103141262A (en) Mangrove plant Avicennia marina seedling raising method
CN106417112A (en) Aquaculture and crop planting combined ecological cycle agriculture technology
CN106614181A (en) Rice and crab symbiotic breeding method
CN110583537A (en) Terrace structure for comprehensive planting and breeding of rice, fish and vegetables and planting and breeding method

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C06 Publication
PB01 Publication
C10 Entry into substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
RJ01 Rejection of invention patent application after publication
RJ01 Rejection of invention patent application after publication

Application publication date: 20170222