CN106409171A - Reflection type quantum dot television - Google Patents

Reflection type quantum dot television Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106409171A
CN106409171A CN201611134902.XA CN201611134902A CN106409171A CN 106409171 A CN106409171 A CN 106409171A CN 201611134902 A CN201611134902 A CN 201611134902A CN 106409171 A CN106409171 A CN 106409171A
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blue
surface
layer
fiber
quantum dot
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CN201611134902.XA
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Chinese (zh)
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白建荣
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北京方瑞博石数字技术有限公司
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Publication of CN106409171A publication Critical patent/CN106409171A/en

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    • GPHYSICS
    • G09EDUCATION; CRYPTOGRAPHY; DISPLAY; ADVERTISING; SEALS
    • G09FDISPLAYING; ADVERTISING; SIGNS; LABELS OR NAME-PLATES; SEALS
    • G09F9/00Indicating arrangements for variable information in which the information is built-up on a support by selection or combination of individual elements
    • G09F9/30Indicating arrangements for variable information in which the information is built-up on a support by selection or combination of individual elements in which the desired character or characters are formed by combining individual elements
    • G09F9/33Indicating arrangements for variable information in which the information is built-up on a support by selection or combination of individual elements in which the desired character or characters are formed by combining individual elements being semiconductor devices, e.g. diodes

Abstract

The invention discloses a reflection type quantum dot television and belongs to the technical field of display. The reflection type quantum dot television comprises a digital type blue surface light source, blue quantum dots, blue light photoinduced red quantum dots, blue light photoinduced green quantum dots, an optical fiber layer, an optical fiber layer incident surface anti-reflection layer and a surface imaging layer. Compared with the traditional LCD (liquid crystal display) liquid crystal display technology, OLED (organic light emitting diode) display technology and LED (light emitting diode) display technology, the reflection type quantum dot television has the advantages of capabilities of acquiring higher color domain and brighter brightness, realizing various humanized display modes including frameless arbitrary curvature inner spherical surface or outer spherical surface display, arbitrary curvature arc surface display, embossed surface display and the like and particularly saving the energy by at least 70 percent or above compared with the traditional display mode.

Description

_种反射式量子点电视 _ Species reflective quantum dot TV

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明属于显示技术领域,特别提供了一种反射式量子点电视(或显示器),可以广泛应用于家庭、会议室、办公场所等场所。 [0001] The present invention belongs to the field of display technology, in particular, there is provided a reflection-type quantum dot television (or monitor), it can be widely used in the family, conference rooms, office space and the like. 背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 现有的显示技术包括CRT显示技术、PDP显示技术、IXD显示技术、0LED显示技术、 LED显示技术(包括PLED)、DLP显示技术、QLED显示技术、激光荧光体显示技术,其中CRT显示技术、PDP显示技术已经淘汰,其它几种技术各有各适合的应用场所。 [0002] The prior art includes a display CRT display technology, the PDP display technology, display technology IXD, 0LED display technology, LED display technology (including PLED), DLP display technology, display technology QLED, laser phosphor display technology, wherein the CRT display technology, PDP display technology has eliminated several other suitable application techniques each have their own place. 就显示色域而言,同比其它技术,QLED显示技术具有更大的色域,预期会成为未来主流的显示技术。 Terms of the display color gamut, an other technologies, QLED display technology has a greater color gamut, it is expected to become the mainstream display technology. 就节能而言, LED显示技术因低亮度闪烁和无法显示对应颜色的灰度等级而是最耗能的显示技术,其次是发光效率低的PDP显示技术,再次是多层透射的LCD显示技术、DLP显示技术、0LED显示技术。 Terms of energy saving, LED blinking display technology because of low luminance can not be displayed and the color gradation corresponding to the display but the most energy-consuming techniques, followed by the low luminous efficiency of the PDP display technologies, again, is a multi-transmissive LCD display technology, DLP display technology, 0LED display technology. 现在主流的LCD液晶技术因为偏光片、彩色滤光片、开口率导致其光利用率不足6 %,DLP 技术的的光的光路损失也比较大,0LED的问题也存在电子激发的光效率问题,QLED显示技术属于光致发光技术,理论上应具有较好的节能效果。 LCD technology is now the mainstream because the LCD polarizer, a color filter, an aperture ratio leads to less than 6% of its light utilization efficiency, the optical path of light that is lost DLP technology is relatively large, 0LED problem exists electronically excited light efficiency, display technology is QLED photoluminescence technique, in theory, should have a better energy efficiency. QLED显示技术是基于蓝光激发显示绿色、红色的显示技术,因其光激发在蓝光层级,所以其产生蓝光相对于产生紫外层级以上的光或高能电子激发发光消耗的能量更小。 QLED display technology is based on blue light excitation green, red display technology, because the blue light excitation level, it produces more blue light generated with respect to ultraviolet light or high-energy electrons excited levels emitting less energy consumed. 利用QLED技术改造现有的LCD技术,一方面由于QLED显示技术激发发光需要的能量最小,另一方面由于QLED即使采用透射式,其透射的层数也最小,所以,QLED相比IXD显示技术,光利用效率至少可以提高50%以上,若采用无透射的反射式技术,光利用效率理论上可以达到70 %以上。 QLED transformation using conventional LCD technology, on the one hand due to the excitation energy of the light emitting display technology QLED minimum required, on the other hand because even employing a transmissive QLED that transmitted the minimum number of layers, therefore, display technology QLED compared IXD, light use efficiency can be increased by at least 50% or more, if no transmission employing a reflective technology, the light use efficiency can be theoretically 70% or more.

[0003] LED灯作为光源有很高的发光效率,应用于显示屏,在高亮度下同样具有较高的光电转化效率,LED显示屏的灰度等级、色域与LED的亮度密切关联。 [0003] LED lamp as a light source has high emission efficiency, is applied to the display at high brightness also has a high photoelectric conversion efficiency, closely related LED display gray scale, color gamut and brightness of the LED. LED显示屏在低亮度下无法实现高灰度等级、高色域,降低LED显示屏的亮度是以牺牲LED显示屏的灰度等级和色域(或颜色数)为代价的,低亮度的LED显示屏会出现莫尔条纹、LED灯闪烁、颜色偏红、色域狭窄等缺陷,而高亮度的LED显示屏应用于室内又会造成炫光效应,人眼观看几十分钟就会产生不适感,所以,LED显示屏不适合应用于亮度较低的室内环境。 LED display at low luminance can not achieve a high gradation, high color gamut, reduced at the expense of brightness of the LED display LED display gradation and color gamut (or the number of colors) at the expense of low-luminance LED moire appears on the display, flashing LED light, reddish color gamut defects such as stenosis, and high-brightness LED display for indoor would cause glare effect, the human eye will produce dozens of minutes discomfort Therefore, LED display is not suitable for indoor environment of low brightness. 不是LED灯不节能,而是高亮度的LED灯耗能大,但为了满足色域要求,应用于显示屏又不得不采用高亮度。 LED does not not energy, but a high luminance LED lamp energy consumption, but in order to meet the requirements of the color gamut, had to be applied to the display with high brightness. 为了使LED 显示屏适应室内要求又不降低色域,现在通用的办法或是在LED显示屏之上贴黑膜、或是采用黑灯罩的灯,这两种办法等于是将LED灯的亮度开到最高但又怕LED灯太亮而在LED灯的外面又增加了黑膜,其办法是以增加LED显示屏的耗能而换取LED显示屏的高色域、高对比度并克服LED显示屏在低亮度下的LED灯闪烁和避免出现莫尔条纹,所以,LED显示屏在室内环境下使用时是高耗能产品而并不是节能产品。 In order to adapt to room LED display requirements without reducing the color gamut, now a common approach or black film, or a lamp with black shade posted in the LED display, both approaches tantamount brightness LED lights on but are afraid to the highest LED light is too bright and the outside of the LED lamp added black film, which is a way to increase the energy exchange LED display and LED display high color gamut, high contrast and low against the LED display LED light at a luminance flicker and avoid moire, so that, when the LED display is used in the indoor environment and is not energy-intensive energy-saving products.

[0004] 量子点(Quantun Dots)是一种微小的纳米晶体,通常由锌、镉、硒和硫原子组合而成,1983年由贝尔实验室首次进行研究,数年后耶鲁大学的的物理学家马克•里德将这种半导体微粒正式命名为“量子点”,“量子点”的特性是受到光或电刺激之后,“量子点”便会发出有色光线,光线的颜色由“量子点”的组成材料和大小形状决定,这一特性使“量子点” 能够改变光源发出的光的颜色。 [0004] Quantum dot (Quantun Dots) is a tiny nanocrystals, typically a combination of zinc, cadmium, selenium and a sulfur atom, a study in 1983 for the first time Bell Laboratories, University Physics Hou Yelu number of years • Mark Reed family of semiconductor particles such officially named "quantum dots," "quantum dots" after the property is subject to light or electrical stimulation, "quantum dots" will issue a colored light, the light color from "quantum dots" the size and shape of the constituent material of the decision, so this feature "quantum dots" can change the color of the light emitted from the light source. 麻省理工学院毕业生2005年创立的QDVis1n已经掌握了“量子点”的光色可控技术,由此为“量子点”应用于全彩显示技术打开了大门。 MIT graduates founded in 2005 QDVis1n have mastered the "quantum dots" of color controllable light technology, which is a "quantum dots" used in full-color display technology opens the door.

[0005] 在灰度等级可调的光源技术方面,LED光源、激光光源、电致有机薄膜发光光源以及基于TFT液晶原理的光源,都可以调制出满足显示应用的高灰度等级的照明光源。 [0005] In the tunable light source gradation technology, LED light, a laser light source, an organic thin film electroluminescent light source and a light source based on the principles of the TFT-LCD, an illumination light source can be modulated to meet the application display of high gradation. 发明内容 SUMMARY

[0006] 本发明的目的在于提供一种反射式量子点电视域显示器),利用“量子点”的光色可控技术和光的灰度等级可控技术,提出了一种反射式量子点电视或显示器的制造方法, 没有偏光片、彩色滤光片造成的光损失,而且开口率也可达到70%以上,相比现有显示技术的电视或显示器具有更节能和色域更宽的特点。 [0006] The object of the present invention is to provide a reflection-type quantum dot television display field), the use of "quantum dots" of light color gradation controllability and optical controllable technique, proposes a reflection type or a quantum dot TV a method for producing a display, without polarizers, light loss caused by the color filter, and the aperture ratio can reach 70% or more, compared to the prior art display or monitor television having a wider color gamut, and more energy efficient features.

[0007] 本发明的原理是斯托克斯定律、“量子点”光色可控技术、光线的吸收及反射原理、 光纤的导光及成像原理。 Principle [0007] The present invention is a Stokes' law, "quantum dots" of the light guide and the light color imaging principle controllable technology, the principle of absorption and reflection of light, of the optical fiber.

[0008] 本发明包括数字式蓝色面光源1、蓝色量子点2、蓝光致光红色量子点3、蓝光致光绿色量子点4、光纤层5、光纤层入光面减反射层6、表面成像层7;如图1所示。 [0008] The present invention includes a digital blue surface light source 1, the quantum dot 2 blue, light blue electroluminescent quantum dot 3 red, green blue light electroluminescent quantum dot 4, the fiber layer 5, an optical fiber into the surface layer antireflection layer 6, The imaging surface layer 7; 1. 蓝色量子点2喷镀于透明光纤膜表面上,形成蓝色量子点的光纤51,如图中2所示。 Blue quantum dot 2 sputtering on the transparent film surface of the optical fiber to form a blue quantum dot optical fiber 51, as shown in FIG 2. 蓝光致光红色量子点3喷镀于透明光纤膜表面上,形成红色量子点的光纤52,如图中3所示。 Fiber red light blue electroluminescent quantum dot optical fiber 3 sputtering on the transparent film surface, forming a red quantum dots 52, as shown in Fig. 蓝色致光绿色量子点4喷镀于透明光纤膜表面上,形成绿色量子点的光纤53如图中4所示。 Fiber blue green light electroluminescent quantum dots 4 on the transparent optical film sputtering surface, the green quantum dot 53 is formed as shown in Figure 4. 光纤层5是由膜层喷镀蓝色量子点的光纤51、膜层喷镀红色量子点的光纤52、膜层喷镀绿色量子点的光纤53组成。 5 is an optical fiber 51 fiber layer, the fiber layer 52 sprayed red quantum dots, quantum dot layer spraying green fibers by a thermal spray coating layer 53 composed of blue quantum dots. 蓝色量子点的光纤51、红色量子点的光纤52、绿色量子点的光纤53组成一个光纤组像素点5123,每一个光纤组像素点5123对应数字式蓝色面光源1上的三个点光源。 Blue quantum dot optical fiber 51, the red quantum dot optical fiber 52, the green quantum dot optical fiber 53 consisting of a set of 5123 pixels, each pixel group 5123 corresponding to the fiber at three points on the digital blue light sources the surface light source 1 . 光纤层5之内的每个光纤组像素点5123的排列方式与组成数字式蓝色面光源1的点光源的排列方式完全相同且一一对应。 Each group of fiber arrangement of pixels 5123 within the fiber layer 5 consisting of a point light source and a digital blue surface light source 1 is the same as the arrangement of one correspondence. 光纤层入光面减反射层6是介于光纤层5和数字式蓝色面光源1之间的减反射层,它们是紧密的贴合在一起。 The fiber layer surface into the antireflection layer 6 is interposed between the antireflection layer 1 fiber layer 5 and the digital blue surface light source, which are closely bonded together.

[0009] 本发明的数字式蓝色面光源1可以是由小间距LED蓝光灯组成的可各个LED点光源灰度等级可控的LED数字式蓝色面光源,也可以是由蓝色面光源+TFT透明液晶或白色面光源+蓝色滤光片+TFT透明液晶形成的各个点光源灰度等级可控的LCD数字式蓝色面光源,还可以利用0LED原理制造的各个点光源灰度等级可控的0LED数字式蓝色面光源。 [0009] Digital blue surface light source 1 according to the present invention may be controllable individual LED point light LED digital gradation by a small spacing blue LED plane light source composed of blue light, the surface may be a blue light source TFT + white transparent liquid crystal or a surface light source + + blue filter controllable point light sources each digital gray scale LCD TFT blue transparent liquid crystal surface light source is formed, the respective point light sources can also use the principles of creating gradation 0LED controllable digital 0LED blue surface light source.

[0010] 本发明的数字式蓝色面光源1是由呈矩阵式排列的灰度等级可调的点光源组成。 [0010] Digital blue surface light source of the present invention is a form of gradation adjustable point light sources arranged in a matrix of the composition. 数字式蓝色面光源1在采用LED蓝灯组成数字式蓝色面光源1时,其控制方式等同于现有全彩LED的控制方式;数字式蓝色面光源1在采用TFT透明液晶+蓝色面光源或TFT+蓝色滤光片+白色面光源组成数字式蓝色面光源1时,其控制方式等同于现有LCD液晶电视或显示器的控制方式;数字式蓝色面光源1在采用数字式0LED组成数字式蓝色面光源1时,其控制方式等同于现有0LED电视或显示器的控制方式。 When the digital blue LED employing a surface light source composed of blue light blue digital surface light source 1, which is equivalent to the conventional control method of full-color LED control; digital blue surface light source 1 in a TFT liquid crystal transparent blue + when the TFT color surface light source or a blue color filter + + white surface light source composed of a digital blue surface light source, which is equivalent to the control conventional control LCD TV or LCD display; digital blue surface light source 1 in the digital when the composition of formula 0LED digital blue surface light source 1, which is equivalent to the control mode to control mode prior 0LED TV or monitor.

[0011] 本发明的蓝色量子点2或是喷镀、或是溅镀、或是涂膜于组成光纤层5的透明光纤膜表面上的。 [0011] blue quantum dots 2 of the present invention or spraying or sputtering, or coating composition to the film surface of the fiber on the transparent optical layer 5. 如图2所示。 as shown in picture 2.

[0012] 本发明的蓝光致光红色量子点3是蓝色致光后发红色光的量子点,蓝光致光红色量子点3或是喷镀、或是溅镀、或是涂膜于组成光纤层5的透明光纤膜表面上的。 [0012] The present invention blue light in the red quantum dot electroluminescent 3 is red light after the blue light electroluminescent quantum dot, the quantum dot light in the red blue electroluminescent 3 or sputtering, or sputtering, or coating to form an optical fiber the fiber layer 5 is a transparent film on the surface. 如图3所示。 As shown in Figure 3.

[0013] 本发明的蓝色致光绿色量子点4蓝色致光后发绿色光的量子点,蓝光致光绿色量子点4或是喷镀、或是溅镀、或是涂膜于组成光纤层5的透明光纤膜表面上的。 [0013] 4 Blue Blue green light electroluminescent quantum dot according to the present invention made after actuation of the quantum dot light green, light blue green electroluminescent quantum dots 4 or sputtering, or sputtering, or coating to form an optical fiber the fiber layer 5 is a transparent film on the surface. 如图4所示。 As shown in Figure 4.

[0014] 本发明的光纤层5是由膜层喷镀蓝色量子点的光纤51、膜层喷镀红色量子点的光纤52、膜层喷镀绿色量子点的光纤53组成,其中膜层喷镀蓝色量子点的光纤51、膜层喷镀红色量子点的光纤52、膜层喷镀绿色量子点的光纤53组成一个光纤组像素点5123,每一个光纤组像素点5123对应数字式蓝色面光源1上的三个点光源。 [0014] sprayed film 5 by the blue quantum dot layer of the present invention an optical fiber is an optical fiber 51, spraying red quantum dot layer 52 of the optical fiber, the fiber layer 53 spraying green quantum dots, where the film layer sprayed blue quantum dots coated optical fiber 51, plating layers 52 of red quantum dot optical fiber, the green quantum dot layer sputtering fiber 53 consisting of a fiber 5123 pixel group, each pixel group 5123 corresponding to the optical digital blue three point light sources on the surface light source 1. 光纤层5之内的光纤组像素点5123的排列方式与组成数字式蓝色面光源1的点光源的排列方式完全相同且一一对应,如图5所示。 Pixel arrangement of optical fibers in the optical fiber 5123 and the layer 5 of the arrangement of the point light source composed of a digital blue surface light source 1 are identical and correspond, as shown in FIG. 与膜层喷镀蓝色量子点的光纤51相对应的蓝色点光源经膜层喷镀蓝色量子点的光纤51传导之后仍然是发蓝色光;与膜层喷镀红色量子点的光纤52相对应的蓝色点光源经膜层喷镀红色量子点的光纤52光纤吸收之后发红色光;与膜层喷镀绿色量子点的光纤53相对应的蓝色点光源经膜层喷镀绿色量子点的光纤53光纤吸收之后发绿色光。 After spraying and blue quantum dot layer 51 of the optical fiber corresponding to the point light blue blue quantum dots by spraying the film layer 51 of conductive fiber remains blue light; fibers and sprayed red quantum dot layer 52 after the red light optical fiber 52 corresponding to the blue point light source by a red quantum dot layer absorbent spraying; spraying with the green quantum dot layer 53 of the optical fiber corresponding to the film layer by sputtering the blue point light green quantum optical fiber 53 points after absorption of green light. 光纤层5之内的光纤组像素点5123和与之相对应的数字式蓝色面光源1的三个点光源形成一个可调制的RGB三基色像素点。 Three-color pixel 5123 and the pixel group of the optical fiber corresponding thereto digital blue surface light source 1, the three points may form a modulated RGB inner layer 5 of the optical fiber.

[0015] 本发明的光纤层5的出光面或成像面可以是平面的、内或外曲面的、内或外圆球面的、浮雕面的等各种形状,入光面或入像面形状则等同于数字式蓝色面光源1平面的形状和数字式蓝色面光源1的组合形状。 [0015] an imaging plane or surface layer of the present invention is an optical fiber 5 may be planar, cylindrical or spherical inner various shapes embossed surface like the inner or outer curved surface, the surface or the shape of the image plane 1 is equivalent to a combination of the shape of a plane shape of the surface light source and a digital blue digital blue surface light source.

[0016] 本发明的光纤层5的外形形状可以是长方体、向外或向内的圆柱体、向内或向外的圆球体、扩大或缩小的梯形体、浮雕体等各种形状。 [0016] The outer shape of the fiber layer 5 of the present invention may be rectangular, cylindrical outwardly or inwardly, outwardly or inwardly sphere, enlarge, or reduce a variety of shapes trapezoid, relief and the like.

[0017] 本发明的光纤层5可采用可参照申请专利2016 10 475659.1《一种显示面是立体浮雕的导像屏》中提出的方法实施,既:先将光纤排列成一定厚度的光纤层,然后在模具中热压或粘接成型之后再精雕或加工至设计形状,或排列成长方体并成型后直接雕刻或加工至设计形状,最后再进行表面处理。 [0017] The fiber layer according to the present invention may be employed with reference to patent 5 201 610 475659.1 "is a display surface of the three-dimensional relief image guide screen" method proposed embodiment, both: first optical fiber arranged in a layer of a certain thickness, then after the hot pressing in a mold and then forming an adhesive or carved or machined to the designed shape, and rectangular parallelepiped shaped or arranged directly engraved or machined to the designed shape, and finally subjected to a surface treatment.

[0018] 本发明的光纤层入光面减反射层6是介于光纤层5和数字式蓝色面光源1之间的减反射层,光纤层入光面减反射层6可以通过喷镀、溅镀、涂膜于光纤层5之上,也可以以灌胶的方式将光纤层5和数字式蓝色面光源1紧密贴合在一起,如图6所示。 [0018] the optical fiber into the surface layer of the present invention, the antireflection layer 6 is interposed between the fiber layer 5 and the digital blue surface light source 1 between the antireflection layer, the fiber layer surface into the antireflection layer 6 by sputtering, sputtering, on the coating film to the fiber layer 5 may also be an optical fiber manner glue layer 5 and the blue surface light source 1 digital tightly together, as shown in FIG. 在采用将光纤层入光面减反射层6喷镀、溅镀、涂膜于光纤层5的入光或入像面时,光纤层5和数字式蓝色面光源1 之间的缝隙范围为〇〜〇.4mm,越小越好。 When using the optical fiber into the surface layer reducing the reflection layer 6 sputtering, sputtering, or coating film on the light incident into the image plane of the fiber layer 5, the fiber layer 5 and the blue surface light source digital gap range between 1 〇~〇.4mm, the smaller the better.

[0019] 本发明的表面成像层7是喷镀、溅镀、涂膜于光纤层5出光面或出像面的用于增加显示影像对比度和视角的涂层。 [0019] surface of the image forming layer of the present invention are 7 thermal spraying, sputtering, or coating film on the surface 5 of the optical image plane of the coating layer for increasing the image contrast and viewing angle of the display. 表面成像层7的制作方法可参照《一种多边形光纤组成的光纤导像屏》实施,既:表面成像层将与光纤芯材有亲和力的固化之后折射率小于1.5的高透明液体之中添加纳米光扩散剂颗粒的质量范围为0.2 %〜2 %和质量范围为0.1 %〜1 %的黑色剂并搅匀,喷镀、溅镀、涂膜于光纤层5的表面形成表面成像层7,其中黑色剂可以是可溶性黑色精、可溶性金属络合物黑、纳米石墨黑、RGB三基色配成的黑色等,在一种基于数字白色光源的反射式光纤电视或显示器的对比度足够时,可以选择表面成像层7之中不添加黑色剂。 The method of forming the surface layer 7 may be made with reference to "polygonal image guide optical fibers of the fiber screen" embodiment, both: high transparent liquid surface of the imaging layer after cured affinity for the fiber core refractive index being less than 1.5 nano mass range of the light diffusing agent particles is 0.2% ~ 2% and 0.1% ~ 1 mass% of the agent and homogenized black, thermal spraying, sputtering, coating layer 7 is formed on the surface of the imaging surface of the fiber layer 5, wherein agent may be soluble black fine black, black soluble metal complexes, nano graphite black, dubbed the RGB three primary colors such as black, when the reflective optical fiber digital television or display sufficient contrast on a white light source, the surface may be selected in one 7 is not added into the imaging layer a black agent.

[0020] 本发明的对比度既可以通过在表面成像层7之内添加黑色剂解决,也可以通过调整蓝色量子点2、蓝光致光红色量子点3、蓝光致光绿色量子点4在喷镀、溅镀、涂膜液体中的浓度来解决,蓝色量子点2、蓝光致光红色量子点3、蓝光致光绿色量子点4在喷镀、溅镀、涂膜液体中的浓度越高,一种反射式量子点电视或显示器的对比度、锐度越高。 [0020] Contrast to the present invention may be solved by adding a black inner surface of the imaging agent of layer 7 may be 2, red light blue electroluminescent quantum dot 3 by adjusting the quantum dot blue, blue green light electroluminescent quantum dot 4 in the thermal spraying , sputtering, the concentration of the coating liquid is solved, the quantum dot 2 blue, light blue electroluminescent quantum dot 3 red, green blue light electroluminescent quantum dot 4 in the thermal spraying, sputtering, the higher the concentration of the coating liquid, a reflective quantum dot television or display contrast, the higher the sharpness. [0〇21] 本发明的优点在于,相较于现有的LCD液晶显示技术、0LED显示技术、LED显示技术不仅可以获得更高的色域、更高的亮度,而且可以是实现无边框、任意曲率内圆球面或外圆球面显示、任意曲率弧面显示、浮雕面显示等多种多样的人性化显示方式,尤其是相较于现有的显示方式至少可以节能70%以上。 [0〇21] advantages of the present invention is that, compared to a conventional LCD display technology, display technology 0LED, LED display technology not only can achieve higher color gamut, high brightness, and can be implemented without borders, any curvature of the spherical surface of the inner cylindrical or spherical, and any curvature of the curved surface display, display a wide variety of surface relief humane display, particularly as compared to the conventional display can save at least 70%. 附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0022] 图1为本发明的组成和位置关系图。 [0022] FIG. 1 and the positional relationship between the composition of the present invention. FIG. 其中,数字式蓝色面光源1、蓝色量子点2、蓝光致光红色量子点3、蓝光致光绿色量子点4、光纤层5、光纤层入光面减反射层6、表面成像层1。 Wherein the digital blue surface light source 1, the quantum dot 2 blue, light blue electroluminescent quantum dot 3 red, green blue light electroluminescent quantum dot 4, the fiber layer 5, an optical fiber into the surface layer antireflection layer 6, a surface of the imaging layer .

[0023] 图2为蓝色量子点2喷镀于透明光纤膜表面上,形成蓝色量子点的光纤51的示意图。 51 is a schematic view of an optical fiber [0023] FIG. 2 is a blue quantum dot 2 spraying on the surface of a transparent optical film, a blue quantum dots.

[0024] 图3为蓝光致光红色量子点3喷镀于透明光纤膜表面上,形成红色量子点的光纤52 的示意图。 Schematic [0024] FIG. 3 is a blue light in the red quantum dot electroluminescent 3 sputtering on the transparent optical film surface, forming a red quantum dot optical fiber 52. [〇〇25] 图4为蓝色致光绿色量子点4喷镀于透明光纤膜表面上,形成绿色量子点的光纤53 的示意图。 [〇〇25] FIG. 4 is a blue green light electroluminescent quantum dots 4 on the transparent optical film sputtering surface, a green quantum dot 53 is a schematic view of an optical fiber.

[0026] 图5为光纤层5的示意图。 [0026] FIG. 5 is a schematic view of the fiber layer 5. 是由膜层喷镀蓝色量子点的光纤51、膜层喷镀红色量子点的光纤52、膜层喷镀绿色量子点的光纤53组成。 51 is an optical fiber, the optical fiber 52 film sprayed red quantum dots, quantum dot layer spraying green fibers by a thermal spray coating layer 53 composed of blue quantum dots. 蓝色量子点的光纤51、红色量子点的光纤52、绿色量子点的光纤53组成一个光纤组像素点5123,每一个光纤组像素点5123对应数字式蓝色面光源1上的三个点光源。 Blue quantum dot optical fiber 51, the red quantum dot optical fiber 52, the green quantum dot optical fiber 53 consisting of a set of 5123 pixels, each pixel group 5123 corresponding to the fiber at three points on the digital blue light sources the surface light source 1 . 光纤层5之内的每个光纤组像素点5123的排列方式与组成数字式蓝色面光源1的点光源的排列方式完全相同且一一对应。 Each group of fiber arrangement of pixels 5123 within the fiber layer 5 consisting of a point light source and a digital blue surface light source 1 is the same as the arrangement of one correspondence.

[0027] 图6为光纤层入光面减反射层6是介于光纤层5和数字式蓝色面光源1之间的减反射层紧密的贴合在一起的示意图。 [0027] FIG. 6 is an optical fiber into the surface layer of the antireflection layer 6 is interposed between the fiber layer 5 and the digital blue surface light source together is a schematic view of a snug between an antireflective layer. 具体实施方式[0〇28] 根据图1〜4实施。 DETAILED DESCRIPTION [0〇28] ~ 4 embodiment according to FIG.

[0029] 本发明由数字式蓝色面光源1、蓝色量子点2、蓝光致光红色量子点3、蓝光致光绿色量子点4、光纤层5、光纤层入光面减反射层6、表面成像层7组成,如图1所示。 [0029] The present invention is made into a surface, the blue surface of the quantum dot light source 2 digital blue, light blue red electroluminescent quantum dot 3, a green light blue electroluminescent quantum dot 4, the fiber layer 5, the fiber layer antireflection layer 6, The imaging surface layer 7 is composed of, as shown in FIG.

[0030] 本发明的数字式蓝色面光源1可以是由小间距LED蓝光灯组成的可各个LED点光源灰度等级可控的LED数字式蓝色面光源,也可以是由蓝色面光源+TFT透明液晶或白色面光源+蓝色滤光片+TFT透明液晶形成的各个点光源灰度等级可控的LCD数字式蓝色面光源,还可以利用0LED原理制造的各个点光源灰度等级可控的0LED数字式蓝色面光源。 [0030] Digital blue surface light source 1 according to the present invention may be controllable individual LED point light LED digital gradation by a small spacing blue LED plane light source composed of blue light, the surface may be a blue light source TFT + white transparent liquid crystal or a surface light source + + blue filter controllable point light sources each digital gray scale LCD TFT blue transparent liquid crystal surface light source is formed, the respective point light sources can also use the principles of creating gradation 0LED controllable digital 0LED blue surface light source.

[0031] 本发明的数字式蓝色面光源1是由呈矩阵式排列的灰度等级可调的点光源组成。 [0031] Digital blue surface light source of the present invention is a form of gradation adjustable point light sources arranged in a matrix of the composition. 数字式蓝色面光源1在采用LED蓝灯组成数字式蓝色面光源1时,其控制方式等同于现有全彩LED的控制方式;数字式蓝色面光源1在采用TFT透明液晶+蓝色面光源或TFT+蓝色滤光片+白色面光源组成数字式蓝色面光源1时,其控制方式等同于现有LCD液晶电视或显示器的控制方式;数字式蓝色面光源1在采用数字式0LED组成数字式蓝色面光源1时,其控制方式等同于现有0LED电视或显示器的控制方式。 When the digital blue LED employing a surface light source composed of blue light blue digital surface light source 1, which is equivalent to the conventional control method of full-color LED control; digital blue surface light source 1 in a TFT liquid crystal transparent blue + when the TFT color surface light source or a blue color filter + + white surface light source composed of a digital blue surface light source, which is equivalent to the control conventional control LCD TV or LCD display; digital blue surface light source 1 in the digital when the composition of formula 0LED digital blue surface light source 1, which is equivalent to the control mode to control mode prior 0LED TV or monitor.

[0032] 本发明的蓝色量子点2或是喷镀、或是溅镀、或是涂膜于组成光纤层5的透明光纤膜表面上的。 [0032] blue quantum dots 2 of the invention either sputtering, or sputtering, or coating composition to the film surface of the fiber on the transparent optical layer 5. 如图2所示。 as shown in picture 2. [〇〇33] 本发明的蓝光致光红色量子点3是蓝色致光后发红色光的量子点,蓝光致光红色量子点3或是喷镀、或是溅镀、或是涂膜于组成光纤层5的透明光纤膜表面上的。 [〇〇33] of the present invention blue light in the red quantum dot electroluminescent 3 is red light after the blue light electroluminescent quantum dot, the quantum dot light in the red blue electroluminescent 3 or sputtering, or sputtering, or coating film on composition optical film on the transparent surface of the fiber layer 5. 如图3所示。 As shown in Figure 3.

[0034] 本发明的蓝色致光绿色量子点4蓝色致光后发绿色光的量子点,蓝光致光绿色量子点4或是喷镀、或是溅镀、或是涂膜于组成光纤层5的透明光纤膜表面上的。 [0034] 4 Blue Blue green light electroluminescent quantum dot according to the present invention made after actuation of the quantum dot light green, light blue green electroluminescent quantum dots 4 or sputtering, or sputtering, or coating to form an optical fiber the fiber layer 5 is a transparent film on the surface. 如图4所示。 As shown in Figure 4.

[0035] 本发明的光纤层5是由膜层喷镀蓝色量子点的光纤51、膜层喷镀红色量子点的光纤52、膜层喷镀绿色量子点的光纤53组成,其中膜层喷镀蓝色量子点的光纤51、膜层喷镀红色量子点的光纤52、膜层喷镀绿色量子点的光纤53组成一个光纤组像素点5123,每一个光纤组像素点5123对应数字式蓝色面光源1上的三个点光源。 [0035] The plating layer 5 is composed of a blue quantum dot layer of the present invention an optical fiber is an optical fiber 51, spraying red quantum dot layer 52 of the optical fiber, the fiber layer 53 spraying green quantum dots, where the film layer sprayed blue quantum dots coated optical fiber 51, plating layers 52 of red quantum dot optical fiber, the green quantum dot layer sputtering fiber 53 consisting of a fiber 5123 pixel group, each pixel group 5123 corresponding to the optical digital blue three point light sources on the surface light source 1. 光纤层5之内的光纤组像素点5123的排列方式与组成数字式蓝色面光源1的点光源的排列方式完全相同且一一对应,如图5所示。 Pixel arrangement of optical fibers in the optical fiber 5123 and the layer 5 of the arrangement of the point light source composed of a digital blue surface light source 1 are identical and correspond, as shown in FIG. 与膜层喷镀蓝色量子点的光纤51相对应的蓝色点光源经膜层喷镀蓝色量子点的光纤51传导之后仍然是发蓝色光;与膜层喷镀红色量子点的光纤52相对应的蓝色点光源经膜层喷镀红色量子点的光纤52光纤吸收之后发红色光;与膜层喷镀绿色量子点的光纤53相对应的蓝色点光源经膜层喷镀绿色量子点的光纤53光纤吸收之后发绿色光。 After spraying and blue quantum dot layer 51 of the optical fiber corresponding to the point light blue blue quantum dots by spraying the film layer 51 of conductive fiber remains blue light; fibers and sprayed red quantum dot layer 52 after the red light optical fiber 52 corresponding to the blue point light source by a red quantum dot layer absorbent spraying; spraying with the green quantum dot layer 53 of the optical fiber corresponding to the film layer by sputtering the blue point light green quantum optical fiber 53 points after absorption of green light. 光纤层5之内的光纤组像素点5123和与之相对应的数字式蓝色面光源1的三个点光源形成一个可调制的RGB三基色像素点。 Three-color pixel 5123 and the pixel group of the optical fiber corresponding thereto digital blue surface light source 1, the three points may form a modulated RGB inner layer 5 of the optical fiber.

[0036] 本发明的光纤层5的出光面或成像面可以是平面的、内或外曲面的、内或外圆球面的、浮雕面的等各种形状,入光面或入像面形状则等同于数字式蓝色面光源1平面的形状和数字式蓝色面光源1的组合形状。 [0036] an imaging plane or surface layer of the present invention is an optical fiber 5 may be planar, cylindrical or spherical inner various shapes embossed surface like the inner or outer curved surface, the surface or the shape of the image plane 1 is equivalent to a combination of the shape of a plane shape of the surface light source and a digital blue digital blue surface light source.

[0037] 本发明的光纤层5的外形形状可以是长方体、向外或向内的圆柱体、向内或向外的圆球体、扩大或缩小的梯形体、浮雕体等各种形状。 [0037] The outer shape of the fiber layer 5 of the present invention may be rectangular, cylindrical outwardly or inwardly, outwardly or inwardly sphere, enlarge, or reduce trapezoidal body, relief shapes the like. [〇〇38] 本发明的光纤层5可采用可参照申请专利2016 10 475659.1《一种显示面是立体浮雕的导像屏》中提出的方法实施,既:先将光纤排列成一定厚度的光纤层,然后在模具中热压或粘接成型之后再精雕或加工至设计形状,或排列成长方体并成型后直接雕刻或加工至设计形状,最后再进行表面处理。 [〇〇38] fiber layer 5 of the present invention may be employed to "a display surface of the image guide is a three-dimensional relief panel" embodiment patent 201610 proposed method 475659.1 reference to both: first optical fiber arranged in a predetermined thickness after the layer, and thermocompression bonding in the mold or after processing to re-design or carved shape and a rectangular parallelepiped shaped or arranged directly engraved or machined to the designed shape, and finally subjected to a surface treatment.

[0039] 本发明的光纤层入光面减反射层6是介于光纤层5和数字式蓝色面光源1之间的减反射层,光纤层入光面减反射层6可以通过喷镀、溅镀、涂膜于光纤层5之上,也可以以灌胶的方式将光纤层5和数字式蓝色面光源1紧密贴合在一起,如图6所示。 [0039] the optical fiber into the surface layer of the present invention, the antireflection layer 6 is interposed between the fiber layer 5 and the digital blue surface light source 1 between the antireflection layer, the fiber layer surface into the antireflection layer 6 by sputtering, sputtering, on the coating film to the fiber layer 5 may also be an optical fiber manner glue layer 5 and the blue surface light source 1 digital tightly together, as shown in FIG. 在采用将光纤层入光面减反射层6喷镀、溅镀、涂膜于光纤层5的入光或入像面时,光纤层5和数字式蓝色面光源1 之间的缝隙范围为〇〜〇.4mm,越小越好。 When using the optical fiber into the surface layer reducing the reflection layer 6 sputtering, sputtering, or coating film on the light incident into the image plane of the fiber layer 5, the fiber layer 5 and the blue surface light source digital gap range between 1 〇~〇.4mm, the smaller the better.

[0040] 本发明的表面成像层7是喷镀、溅镀、涂膜于光纤层5出光面或出像面的用于增加显示影像对比度和视角的涂层。 [0040] surface of the image forming layer of the present invention are 7 thermal spraying, sputtering, or coating film on the surface 5 of the optical image plane of the coating layer for increasing the image contrast and viewing angle of the display. 表面成像层7的制作方法可参照《一种多边形光纤组成的光纤导像屏》实施,既:表面成像层将与光纤芯材有亲和力的固化之后折射率小于1.5的高透明液体之中添加纳米光扩散剂颗粒的质量范围为0.2 %〜2 %和质量范围为0.1 %〜1 %的黑色剂并搅匀,喷镀、溅镀、涂膜于光纤层5的表面形成表面成像层7,其中黑色剂可以是可溶性黑色精、可溶性金属络合物黑、纳米石墨黑、RGB三基色配成的黑色等,在一种基于数字白色光源的反射式光纤电视或显示器的对比度足够时,可以选择表面成像层7之中不添加黑色剂。 The method of forming the surface layer 7 may be made with reference to "polygonal image guide optical fibers of the fiber screen" embodiment, both: high transparent liquid surface of the imaging layer after cured affinity for the fiber core refractive index being less than 1.5 nano mass range of the light diffusing agent particles is 0.2% ~ 2% and 0.1% ~ 1 mass% of the agent and homogenized black, thermal spraying, sputtering, coating layer 7 is formed on the surface of the imaging surface of the fiber layer 5, wherein agent may be soluble black fine black, black soluble metal complexes, nano graphite black, dubbed the RGB three primary colors such as black, when the reflective optical fiber digital television or display sufficient contrast on a white light source, the surface may be selected in one 7 is not added into the imaging layer a black agent.

[0041] 本发明的对比度既可以通过在表面成像层7之内添加黑色剂解决,也可以通过调整蓝色量子点2、蓝光致光红色量子点3、蓝光致光绿色量子点4在喷镀、溅镀、涂膜液体中的浓度来解决,蓝色量子点2、蓝光致光红色量子点3、蓝光致光绿色量子点4在喷镀、溅镀、涂膜液体中的浓度越高,一种反射式量子点电视或显示器的对比度、锐度越高。 [0041] Contrast to the present invention may be solved by adding a black inner surface of the imaging agent of layer 7 may be 2, red light blue electroluminescent quantum dot 3 by adjusting the quantum dot blue, blue green light electroluminescent quantum dot 4 in the thermal spraying , sputtering, the concentration of the coating liquid is solved, the quantum dot 2 blue, light blue electroluminescent quantum dot 3 red, green blue light electroluminescent quantum dot 4 in the thermal spraying, sputtering, the higher the concentration of the coating liquid, a reflective quantum dot television or display contrast, the higher the sharpness.

Claims (5)

1.一种反射式量子点电视,其特征在于,包括数字式蓝色面光源(1)、蓝色量子点(2)、 蓝光致光红色量子点(3)、蓝光致光绿色量子点(4)、光纤层(5)、光纤层入光面减反射层(6)、表面成像层(7);蓝色量子点⑵喷镀于透明光纤膜表面上,形成蓝色量子点的光纤(51);蓝光致光红色量子点⑶喷镀于透明光纤膜表面上,形成红色量子点的光纤(52);蓝色致光绿色量子点⑷喷镀于透明光纤膜表面上,形成绿色量子点的光纤(53);光纤层(5)是由膜层喷镀蓝色量子点的光纤(51)、膜层喷镀红色量子点的光纤(52)、膜层喷镀绿色量子点的光纤(53)组成;蓝色量子点的光纤(51)、红色量子点的光纤(52)、绿色量子点的光纤(53)组成一个光纤组像素点(5123),每一个光纤组像素点(5123)对应数字式蓝色面光源(1)上的三个点光源;光纤层5之内的每个光纤组像素点(5123)的排列方式与组成数字式蓝色面 A reflection-type quantum dot TV, characterized by, comprising a digital blue surface light source (1), blue quantum dots (2), blue light in the red quantum dot electroluminescent (3), blue green light quantum dot electroluminescent ( 4), the fiber layer (5), the fiber layer surface into the antireflection layer (6), the imaging surface layer (7); ⑵ blue quantum dots spraying on the surface of a transparent optical film, forming an optical fiber blue quantum dots ( 51); a light red blue electroluminescent quantum dot optical ⑶ sputtering on the transparent film surface, forming an optical fiber red quantum dots (52); a light blue green electroluminescent quantum dot optical ⑷ sputtering on the transparent film surface, a green quantum dot an optical fiber (53); an optical fiber layer (5) is a quantum dot layer sputtering blue fiber (51), the fiber spraying red quantum dot layer (52), the green quantum dot layer fiber spraying ( 53) the composition; fiber blue quantum dots (51), the red quantum dot optical fiber (52), the green quantum dot optical fiber (53) optical fiber group composed of a pixel (5123), each optical fiber set pixel (5123) digital blue light corresponding to the surface on the three point light sources (1); pixel group each optical fiber (5123) in the layer 5 of the optical fiber arrangement and composition of digital blue surface 源(1)的点光源的排列方式完全相同且一一对应;光纤层入光面减反射层(6)是介于光纤层⑶和数字式蓝色面光源(1)之间的减反射层,它们是紧密的贴合在一起。 Source arrangement of point light sources (1) is identical to one correspondence; fiber into the surface layer of the antireflection layer (6) is an antireflection layer interposed between the fiber layer and the digital blue ⑶ surface light source (1) between they are closely bonded together.
2.根据权利要求1所述的反射式量子点电视,其特征在于,所述的数字式蓝色面光源(1)是按矩阵式排列的灰度等级可调的点光源组成;数字式蓝色面光源(1)用小间距LED蓝光灯组成的;或用由蓝色面光源+TFT透明液晶形成数字式蓝色面光源1;或用白色面光源+ 蓝色滤光片+TFT透明液晶形成数字式蓝色面光源1;或制造各个点光源灰度等级可控的OLED数字式蓝色面光源组成。 The reflection-type quantum dot television according to claim 1, wherein said digital blue surface light source (1) is adjustable by gradation point light sources arranged in a matrix composition; Digital Blue color surface light source (1) with a small blue LED lamp spacing thereof; or a digital blue surface light source is formed by a surface light source of a blue transparent + the TFT LCD; white surface light source or a blue color filter + + clear the TFT LCD forming a digital blue surface light source 1; or each point light source for producing controllable digital gray scale OLED surface light source composed of blue.
3.根据权利要求1所述反射式量子点电视,其特征在于,蓝色量子点2喷镀于透明光纤膜表面上时,光纤会反射蓝色;蓝光致光红色量子点3喷镀于透明光纤膜表面上时,蓝色光致光纤后会反射红色光;蓝光致光绿色量子点4喷镀于透明光纤膜表面上时,蓝色光致光纤后会反射绿色光。 1 according to the reflection-type quantum dot TV claim, wherein the quantum dot 2 blue at the time of sputtering on the transparent film surface fiber, the fiber may reflect blue; blue electroluminescent quantum dot light red transparent spraying 3 when the optical fiber membrane surface, the blue light will reflect the red light-induced fiber; light blue light green electroluminescent quantum dots 4 on the transparent fiber spraying the film surface, the blue light-induced fiber will reflect green light.
4.根据权利要求1所述反射式量子点电视,其特征在于,光纤层入光面减反射层(6)是介于光纤层5和数字式蓝色面光源(1)之间的减反射层,光纤层入光面减反射层(6)通过喷镀、溅镀、涂膜于光纤层(5)之上,或以灌胶的方式将光纤层(5)和数字式蓝色面光源(1)紧密贴合在一起;在采用将光纤层入光面减反射层(6)喷镀、溅镀、涂膜于光纤层⑶的入光或入像面时,光纤层(5)和数字式蓝色面光源(1)之间的缝隙为0〜0.4_。 1 according to the reflection-type quantum dot TV claim, wherein the fiber layer surface into the antireflection layer (6) is an antireflection layer between the fiber 5 and the digital blue surface light source (1) between layer, the fiber layer surface into the antireflection layer (6) by thermal spraying, sputtering, coating over the fiber layer (5), or in a manner glue fiber layer (5) and the digital blue surface light source (1) tightly together; when using the optical fiber into the surface layer is an antireflection layer (6) thermal spraying, sputtering, coating the fiber layer or into ⑶ light into the image plane, the fiber layer (5), and the gap between the digital blue surface light source (1) is 0~0.4_.
5.根据权利要求1所述的反射式量子点电视,其特征在于,所述的表面成像层(7)是喷镀、溅镀、涂膜于光纤层(5)出光面或出像面,用于增加显示影像对比度和视角的涂层。 Reflection type according to claim 1 of the quantum dot television, wherein a surface of said imaging layer (7) is a thermal spraying, sputtering, coating the fiber layer (5) out of the surface or image plane, displaying the coating for increasing the image contrast and viewing angle.
CN201611134902.XA 2016-12-11 2016-12-11 Reflection type quantum dot television CN106409171A (en)

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CN105278150A (en) * 2015-11-05 2016-01-27 深圳市华星光电技术有限公司 Quantum dot color film substrate, manufacture method thereof and liquid crystal display device
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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2040664U (en) * 1988-10-31 1989-07-05 桂林市科学技术情报研究所 Plastic optical fiber display screen
CN2202346Y (en) * 1994-06-04 1995-06-28 曹春 Rotary colour photo-fiber display
CN2541853Y (en) * 2002-04-25 2003-03-26 杨忠义 Micro-LED core plastic optical fiber panel display
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