CN106409071B - Toss one kind of experiment with mathematical probability computing device and its control system - Google Patents

Toss one kind of experiment with mathematical probability computing device and its control system Download PDF

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CN106409071B
CN106409071B CN201610833223.5A CN201610833223A CN106409071B CN 106409071 B CN106409071 B CN 106409071B CN 201610833223 A CN201610833223 A CN 201610833223A CN 106409071 B CN106409071 B CN 106409071B
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coin
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credits
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CN106409071A (en
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房明磊
王亚鸽
耿显亚
曲忠伟
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安徽理工大学
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Abstract

本发明涉及数学教具领域,具体的说是种掷币实验用数学概率运算设备及其控制系统。 The present invention relates to the field of mathematics teaching aid, specifically to the kind of coin toss experiment mathematical probability calculation apparatus and a control system. 其运算设备包括机身、弹币装置、接币装置和回币装置;所述的机身包括立架、支板、底板、前后挡板和隔板;所述的弹币装置包括六个弹币器,六个弹币器均包括弹币板、撑币板、号弹簧、号弹柱、号铁块和号电磁铁;所述的接币装置包括无杆推板气缸、滑动块、接币板、限位板、转板气缸、连接座、转轮和滑轨;所述的回币装置包括左回装置和右回装置;其控制系统包括可编程控制器、传感器单元、气压单元和伺服控制器。 Which computing device comprises a body, elastic means coin, token access device and a coin return apparatus; said body comprises a stand, the support plate, a bottom plate, front and rear flap and a separator; said elastic means includes six credits bomb coin, coin six elastic plate comprises elastic credits, coins support plate, a spring number, column number shells, number and number of iron electromagnet; said connection means comprises a token rodless cylinder push plate, slider, then coin plate, the stopper plate, the rotating plate cylinder, connecting base, and the runner rails; coin apparatus according return means includes a left and a right-back device; the control system includes a programmable controller, a sensor unit, air pressure unit, and servo controller. 本发明能够满足实验次数较多的数学概率实验的要求,且能够使学生直观感受到掷币实验的过程。 The present invention can satisfy the requirements of the experiment the number of mathematical probability more experimental, intuitive process and enables students to feel toss experiment.

Description

一种掷币实验用数学概率运算设备及其控制系统 Toss one kind of experiment with mathematical probability computing device and its control system

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及数学教具领域,具体的说是一种掷币实验用数学概率运算设备及其控制系统。 [0001] The present invention relates to the field of mathematics teaching aids, specifically a coin toss experiment mathematical probability calculation apparatus and a control system.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 概率,又称或然率、机会率、机率(几率)或可能性,它是概率论的基本概念。 [0002] probability, also known as probability, chance of probability (chance) or the possibility that it is the basic concept of probability theory. 概率是对随机事件发生的可能性的度量,一般以一个在〇到1之间的实数表示一个事件发生的可能性大小。 Probability is a measure of the likelihood of random events, and generally in a square to a real number between 1 indicates the likelihood of a magnitude events. 越接近1,该事件更可能发生;越接近〇,则该事件更不可能发生,其是客观论证,而非主观验证。 The closer to 1, the event is more likely to occur; the closer billion, the event is more likely to occur, it is an objective verification, rather than subjective validation.

[0003] 概率实验一般包括摸球游戏,掷硬币,转转盘,投针试验,掷图钉和掷瓶盖等实验, 上述实验都应该让学生亲身做,这些实验比较简单,实验结果也不复杂,可操作性强。 [0003] probability experiments typically include touch the ball game, a coin toss, the jog dial, cast needle test, throw and throw pushpin caps and other experiments, the above experiment should allow students to personally do these experiments is relatively simple, not complicated results , strong operability. 通过亲身做可以更好的体会事件发生的频率,及频率与概率的联系与区别,体会大量重复实验时频率可以作为事件发生概率的估计值。 By doing personally frequency can better understand events, and contact with the difference frequency and probability, when a lot of experience experiment was repeated frequency can be used as an estimate of the probability of occurrence of the event.

[0004] 学生亲自做掷硬币实验有以下几个作用: [0004] student personally do a coin toss experiment has the following effects:

[0005] 1.有助于学生体会随机现象的特点。 [0005] 1 helps students to understand the characteristics of random phenomena. 在进行试验及对试验数据的分析中,学生将逐渐体会到随机现象的不确定性,以及大量重复试验所呈现的规律性。 Conducting tests and analysis of the test data, students will come to realize the uncertainty of random phenomena, as well as a large number of repeated trials presented regularity.

[0006] 2.通过概率实验,有助于学生澄清一些错误认识。 [0006] 2. probability experiments to help students clarify some misconceptions. 通过亲自做实验,学生可以在实验的过程当中去体会事情发生的不确定性;对于那些还存在的困惑,尤其是与经验不符的结果,通过实验,澄清错误认识,让学生信服。 By personally doing the experiment, students can experiment and understand the process of the uncertainty of what happened; for those confused there, especially with the experience inconsistent results, experiments, clarify misconceptions, to enable students to be convinced.

[0007] 现有的人工掷硬币实验往往是通过一人手抛硬币,另一人旁边计数的方式进行实验,然而,由于需要实验的次数之多,因而上述掷硬币概率实验的方法需要耗费大量人力物力,且影响实验效率;所以现在的数学概率掷硬币实验往往采用计算机进行模拟,计算机模拟实验使得学生无法参与到概率实验中,或者无法感受到切实的实验过程,从而无法使得学生加深对概率的理解;鉴于此,现急需一种能够使学生直观感受到掷硬币概率实验的乐趣,并且不影响实验效率的数学概率掷币设备。 [0007] Existing artificial coin toss experiment often experiment with a coin toss hand, another person next counting mode, however, since the number of experiments needed much, whereby said coin toss experiment probabilistic method requires a lot of manpower and the effects of experimental efficiency; so now mathematical probability of a coin toss experiment often using computer simulation, computer simulation so that the student can not participate in the probability experiment, or can not feel real experiment, and thus can not allow students to deepen understanding of the probability of ; in view of this, the students are now in urgent need of a solution that provides an intuitive feel pleasure coin toss probability experiment, and does not affect the efficiency of the experimental mathematical probability toss equipment.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0008] 为了弥补现有技术的不足,本发明中所述的一种掷币实验用数学概率运算设备, 其能够使学生直观感受到掷币实验的过程,增加学生对概率的兴趣和理解,且无需人工操作,具有较高的工作效率。 [0008] In order to compensate for deficiencies of the prior art A coin toss experiment according to the present invention in mathematical probability calculation device, which enables students to feel an intuitive process toss experiment, increase student interest and understanding of the probability, and without manual operation, with high efficiency.

[0009] 本发明解决其技术问题所采用的技术方案是:一种掷币实验用数学概率运算设备,包括机身、弹币装置、接币装置和回币装置;所述的弹币装置位于机身下部,所述的接币装置位于机身上部,所述的回币装置位于机身左右两侧。 [0009] aspect of the present invention to solve the technical problem is: A toss experiment mathematical probability calculation apparatus includes a body, elastic means coin, token access device and a coin return means; said elastic means is positioned credits the lower body, the upper body access token device is located, said coin return means is located left and right sides of the fuselage.

[0010] 所述的机身包括立架、支板、底板、前后挡板和隔板,所述的立架位于机身下部,所述的支板数量为二,两个支板并列固连在立架左部,所述的立架上端固连有扁平底板,底板前后两侧对称设置有前后挡板,所述的前后挡板下部从后往前竖直设置有一块隔板,且隔板整体位于机身中部,隔板右侧面中部水平设置有挡币撑板; [0010] The stand includes a body, support plate, a bottom plate, front baffle and the separator, the stand is located in the lower body, the support plate number is two, two parallel supporting plates secured in the left part stand, the stand bracket end fixedly connected with a flat bottom, front and rear sides symmetrically disposed longitudinal baffle plate, the front and rear lower baffle is provided with a vertically forward from the separator, and the separator plate integrally in the middle body, the right side surface of the horizontal partition plate is provided with a central coin stopper gusset;

[0011]所述的底板左部从后往前并列设置有两排通孔,每排通孔的数量为三,且两排通孔均位于两个支板的正上方;所述的前后挡板沿机身内侧左右方向水平对称设置有一对矩形贯通槽,且贯通槽位于隔板上方; Before and after the stop; [0011] The left portion of the bottom plate from the back is provided with two parallel rows of through-holes, each row number of the through holes is three, and two rows of through holes are located directly above the two support plates plate in a horizontal direction symmetrically around the inner body is provided with a pair of rectangular through-grooves, and the through-slot is located above the partition plate;

[0012] 所述的弹币装置包括六个弹币器,六个弹币器分别安装在底板的六个通孔内,且六个弹币器均包括弹币板、撑币板、一号弹簧、一号弹柱、一号铁块和一号电磁铁;所述的弹币板为扁平圆形板,弹币板水平嵌入底板的通孔内,所述的撑币板固连在底板下端面,一号弹簧上端固连在弹币板上,一号弹簧下端固连在撑币板上,所述的一号弹柱上端固连在弹币板上,一号弹柱下端贯穿撑币板并固连有一号铁块,一号弹柱可在撑币板上进行上下滑动,进而实现弹币板的上下运动,所述的一号铁块正下方布置有一号电磁铁,且一号电磁铁安装在支板上;初始状态下,各一号电磁铁均不工作,此时各一号弹簧均处于完全松弛状态,各弹币板位于对应的通孔上方,当需要对硬币进行弹射时,则外部控制器控制电磁继电器工作,使得各一号电磁铁工作,一号电 Playing credits apparatus [0012] The projectile comprises six coin, coin six shells are mounted on the bottom plate six through-hole, and includes six elastic coin credits elastic plate, support plate credits, One springs, elastic One column, and iron One One electromagnet; credits elastic flat plate of the circular plate, the horizontal plate fitted shells credits through hole of the base plate, said support plate fixedly connected to the bottom plate credits lower end, the upper end of the spring is secured One playing the coin plate, secured in the lower end of the spring One coin supporting plate, said elastic pillar One end plate secured in playing credits, through the lower end of the column supporting shells One credits and fixedly connected with a plate iron One, One shells can be slid up and down the column brace credits plate, so as to realize upward and downward movement of the elastic plate coins, the number one is arranged just below the iron One electromagnet, and a No. electromagnet mounted on the support plate; in the initial state, each of the electromagnets do not work One, One case each spring are in a fully relaxed state, the through holes of the upper plate is in the corresponding playing credits, when the need for coins when the ejection, the controller controls the electromagnetic relay, the external work, such that each work One electromagnet, electrically One 铁工作使得一号铁块被吸附在一号电磁铁上端面,同时一号弹柱带动弹币板向下运动,此时一号弹簧处于完全缩紧状态,且弹币板位于底板的通孔中部,当硬币从回币装置滑送到底板的某个通孔内时,对应通孔内的弹币器工作, 与该弹币器对应的电磁继电器停止工作,一号电磁铁没有通电从而失去磁性,进而无法实现对一号铁块的吸附,此时,一号弹簧快速恢复到松弛状态,弹币板在弹簧力的作用下快速向上平动,硬币在惯性力的作用下被竖直抛出; Iron Works so that the 1st iron is adsorbed on the 1st electromagnet end faces, while the 1st column shells shells credits drive plate moves downwardly, the spring on the 1st case is in a fully tightened state, and the elastic plate credits through-holes in the base plate middle, when a coin to the through hole from the back plate of the coin slide means, corresponding to the coin through hole elastic work, and stops the electromagnetic relay corresponding to the missile coin, the solenoid is not energized thereby losing one magnetic, and thus the adsorption of the 1st iron can not be achieved at this time, the 1st rapid recovery to a relaxed state of the spring, spring plate quickly up credits in translation under the action of spring force, the coins are thrown in a vertical inertial force out;

[0013] 所述的接币装置包括无杆推板气缸、滑动块、接币板、限位板、转板气缸、连接座、 转轮和滑轨;所述的无杆推板气缸数量为二,两个无杆推板气缸分别安装在前后挡板的一对贯通槽内,各无杆推板气缸上均对称安装有滑动块,所述的接币板整体为扁平立方体板, 接币板前后两侧面与一对滑动块相铰接,从而接币板可绕一对滑动块左右转动,当接币板呈水平状态时,接币板下端面与隔板上端面相接触,从而接币板可在隔板上端面进行左右运动,当接币板平动时,隔板可以起到限位作用和支撑作用,限位作用是指接币板因为同时受到滑动块和隔板向上的作用力,使得隔板的平动更加稳定,不易在平动的过程产生转动; 支撑作用是指隔板对接币板向上的支撑力使得接币板的受力更加平衡,所述的限位板竖直固连在接币板上端面左右两端,且限位 [0013] The access token means comprises a rodless cylinder push plate, slider, then credits plate, the stopper plate, the rotating plate cylinder, connecting base, and the runner rails; the rodless cylinder an amount of the push plate Second, the two rodless cylinders are attached to the push plate through a pair of longitudinal grooves baffle, each of the push plate cylinders are mounted symmetrically with a rodless slide block, said contact plate integrally credits flat plate cube, then credits front and rear plates with the pair of side surfaces of the slide block articulated to access credits plate rotatable about a pair of slider, when the horizontal plates are connected credits, then the lower end surface in contact with the coin separator plate upper surface, so that the plate then credits right and left end faces can be moved in the separator plates when contact credits translation, the separator can play a supporting role and the role of the stopper, the stopper finger is acting as credits by both the sliding plate and the separator upward force level, so that the separator movement more stable, less likely to rotate in the translation process; support means supporting force acting credits mating separator plate such that the upward force contact plate credits more balanced, limiting the vertical plate secured in the end face plate connected credits left and right ends, and limiting 在接币板上呈“八”字型布置,各限位板将接币板左右两端各形成三个可供硬币通过的通币缺口,当接币板倾斜时,硬币可从各通币缺口处滑至回币装置;所述的转板气缸顶部转动安装在接币板下端面右侧,转板气缸底部固连有连接座,所述的连接座整体为立方体结构,连接座下方前后两侧对称设置有一对轮架板,所述的转轮通过轮轴安装在轮架板之间;所述的滑轨数量为二,两个滑轨从左往右水平固连在底板前后两端,且两个滑轨内均设置有供转轮通过的一号滑槽和供轮轴通过的二号滑槽;所述的转轮嵌入一号滑槽内,轮轴位于二号滑槽内,此时连接座下端面与滑轨上端面相接触,从而转板气缸不会倾倒;接币板平动的过程中,转板气缸可带动转轮在一号滑槽内滚动,转板气缸下端设计为转轮滚动的作用是减小转板气缸随接币板平动的摩擦力;初始 Plate was then credits the "eight" shape is disposed, each of the stopper plate is formed around each of two ends of the plate then credits for three coins through the coin through the gap when the contact plate is inclined coin, the coin can pass from each credits coin slipped notch means; said top rotating plate cylinder rotatably mounted at the right end surface contact credits plate, a bottom plate rotation cylinder is fixedly connected with a connecting seat, said connecting seat whole cubic structure, the lower front and rear connecting base symmetrically arranged on both sides of the frame plate with a pair of wheels, said wheel axle via a wheel carrier is mounted between the plate; the slide number is two, two horizontal rails secured from left to right in the front and rear base ends and the two rails are provided for the chute by turning One II supply chute and through the wheel axle; One of the runner embedded in the chute, the chute II is located within the axle, this when connecting the base end surface in contact with the rail upper surface, whereby rotation of the cylinder will not pour plate; credits contact plate during the translational movement, the rotating plate cylinder can be driven wheel One roll within the chute, the lower end of the cylinder rotating plate designed to wheel rolling action is to reduce the contact with the rotating plate cylinder credits translational friction plate; initial 态下,接币板完全位于机身右侧,在硬币被弹币装置弹射到空中的过程中,外部控制器发送指令以控制无杆推板气缸工作,使得接币板快速运动到机身左侧,此时硬币回落至接币板上,接币板上安装有图像识别传感器,可对硬币正反面进行识别,再将识别的信息反馈到控制器以进行数据综合处理,接着,转板气缸可伸出,使得接币板逆时针转动,从而使得接币板上的硬币滑落至回币装置的左回装置,或者无杆推板气缸继续工作使得接币板向右平动,平动到一定距离之后,转板气缸再收缩,使得接币板顺时针转动,从而使得接币板上的硬币滑落至回币装置的右回装置,至于使硬币进行左回装置或是右回装置,由底板的两排通孔内的弹币板上是否存在硬币所决定。 The state, then the right side of the fuselage located completely plate credits, coins in the coin bounced into the air ejection apparatus of the process, the external controller transmits instructions to control the rodless cylinder working push plate, so that the rapidly moving contact plate to the fuselage credits left side, then dropped to the ground coin currency board, the board mounted with an image pick coin recognition sensors, the coin identifying positive and negative, then the identification information feedback to a controller for the integrated data processing, and then, turn the plate cylinder extendable, so that then credits plate rotated counterclockwise, so that the coin slide plate connected to the left coin return apparatus coin device or rodless cylinders continue to operate so that the push plate contact plate credits rightward translation, the translational after a certain distance, and then shrink rotating plate cylinder, so that access credits plate rotates clockwise so that the coins slide plate connected to the right coin return apparatus coin apparatus, so as to coins left back and right back to the apparatus or device, a bottom two rows of the through-hole elastic plate credits is determined whether a coin is present.

[0014]所述的回币装置包括左回装置和右回装置,所述的左回装置与右回装置数量均为三,三个左回装置均包括左币滑道、左限条、左挡气缸和左挡板;各左币滑道沿机身从左往右逐步倾斜向下布置,且三个左币滑道上端分别位于接币板左端的三个通币缺口左下方, 三个左币滑道下端分别固连在底板的两排通孔左侧并与并排的三个通孔左边缘相接触,三个左币滑道均通过支柱固连在机身上,且各左币滑道中部均竖直固连有左限条;所述的左挡气缸竖直固连在左限条左侧的左币滑道上,且左挡气缸底部固连有左挡板;工作时,从接币装置滑落的硬币进入左币滑道,再经左币滑道滑至底板的通孔内,令实验用硬币的高度为h,则左限条下端面与左币滑道内壁的最近距离为1.5h,从而从左限条下端经过的硬币每次只能是一枚;当从左限条下端经过一枚硬币之后, Coin apparatus [0014] The apparatus comprises a left back and right back to the apparatus, the number of the left back and right back to the apparatus means are three, three left-back device includes a left coin chute left limits, left and a cylinder block and a left flap; credits left of each slide along the fuselage are arranged inclined gradually downwardly from left to right, and three left upper coin chute are located three notches on the lower left contact credits credits left end plate, three coin chute left lower ends secured in two rows on the left side of the through-hole and in contact with the base plate alongside the left edge of the three through holes, the left coin chute three struts are secured by the body, each of the left and credits middle vertical slide are fixedly connected with a left limit bar; the left vertical cylinder block secured on the left side of the left coin chute left limits article, and the bottom left cylinder block is fixedly connected with a left shutter; work, slipping off from the ground into the left coin hopper coin coin chute, and then slipped through the left through-hole of the coin chute plate, so that coins of experimental height h, the left end surface of the left limit of the inner wall of the coin slide bar closest distance of 1.5h, so that the bottom end through the left limit of coins can only be one; when left to the lower limit bar after a coin, 挡气缸再伸出使得左挡板阻挡住硬币使得硬币无法继续下滑,从而每次只能有一枚硬币进入弹币板,不会出现多个硬币同时出现在一块弹币板内从而影响弹射效果的状况。 The cylinder block further extended so that the left shutter blocks the coin so the coin can not continue to decline, so that each time only one coin to enter the coin elastic plate, a plurality of coins will not occur simultaneously in a bomb credits effect ejection plate thereby affecting situation.

[0015] 所述的三个右回装置均包括右币滑道、嵌套块、二号弹柱、右挡板、二号弹簧、二号铁块和二号电磁铁;所述的右币滑道沿机身从右往左逐步倾斜向下布置,且三个右币滑道上端分别位于接币板右端的三个通币缺口右下方,三个右币滑道下端贯穿隔板并分别固连在底板的两排通孔右侧且与并排的三个通孔右边缘相接触,且隔板与各右币滑道的上端面之间形成有滑币孔,三个右币滑道均通过支柱固连在机身上,且各滑币孔正上方的隔板上均固连有嵌套块,所述的二号弹柱可滑动的嵌入嵌套块内,二号弹柱下端固连有右挡板,所述的二号弹簧一端固连在嵌套块上,二号弹簧另一端固连在右挡板上,各二号弹柱上端均固连有二号铁块;所述的各二号铁块正上方均布置有二号电磁铁,且各二号电磁铁均固连在隔板的挡币撑板上;初始状态下,外部控制器控 [0015] The three right-back means comprises a right coin chute, nested block, the 2nd column shells, right-hand flap, the 2nd spring, the 2nd and the 2nd electromagnet iron; credits according to the right slide from right to left along the fuselage gradually inclined downwardly disposed, and the upper end of the right coin chute are located three credits then the right end of the lower right notches coins through three, three and right coin chute through the lower end of the separator respectively and contacting fixedly connected through holes in the bottom two rows of the right and the right edge of the three through holes side by side, and the spacer has a sliding hole credits between the right upper end surface of each coin chute formed, the right three coin chute They are each fixedly connected by nested block spacer struts secured in the body, and each of the slide directly above the hole credits, according to the 2nd column is slidably fitted shells nested block within the lower end of the 2nd column shells a right flap secured, according to the 2nd spring secured on an end of the nested block, the 2nd spring and the other end secured on the right bezel, each of the 2nd column shells are fixedly connected with a terminal of the 2nd iron; the top of each of the 2nd n-iron magnet are arranged on the 2nd, and each of the 2nd electromagnets are secured in the gear support plate coin separator; in the initial state, the external controller controls 制电磁继电器工作,使得各二号电磁铁均工作,二号电磁铁工作使得二号铁块被吸附在二号电磁铁上端面,此时各二号弹簧均处于完全收缩状态,右挡板此时位于所能运动到的最上方,当需要对进入右币滑道的硬币进行阻隔时,则各二号电磁铁停止工作,此时一号弹簧从收缩状态立刻恢复至松弛状态,二号弹柱在弹簧力的作用下快速向下平动,使得右挡板向下运动以阻隔住硬币,防止硬币继续向下滑动。 Electromagnetic relay is made, such that each of the 2nd electromagnets are working, so that the 2nd solenoids at the 2nd iron adsorbed on the end face of the electromagnet on the 2nd, then each of the 2nd springs are in a fully contracted state, this right-hand flap is located can be moved to the top, when it is necessary for the coins into the right coin chute is the barrier, the respective solenoid II stopped and the spring restoring One immediately from the contracted state to a relaxed state, elastic II flash column downward translational movement under the action of spring force, such that the right shutter is moved downward to block live coins, preventing the coin continues to slide downward.

[0016] 工作时,从接币装置滑落的硬币进入右币滑道,再经右币滑道滑至底板的通孔内, 令实验用硬币的高度为h,各滑币孔的高度为l.5h,从而从滑币孔经过的硬币每次只能是一枚;当从滑币孔经过一枚硬币之后,外部控制器控制电磁继电器,使电磁继电器停止工作, 进而二号弹柱向下运动以使得右挡板向下阻隔硬币的运动,使得硬币无法继续下滑,从而每次只能有一枚硬币进入底板通孔内的弹币板,不会出现多个硬币同时出现在一块弹币板内从而影响弹射效果的状况。 When the [0016] work, slipping off from the ground into the right coin hopper coin coin chute, the chute and then by the right coin slide plate through-hole, so that the height of the coin experiment is h, the height of each coin slide aperture is l .5H, thereby passing coins from the slide hole of the coin can only be one; if after a coin, the controller controls the electromagnetic relay from the external coin slide aperture the electromagnetic relay to stop working, and further down the column II bomb downward movement of the barrier so that the movement of the right flap of the coin, so that coins can not continue to decline, so that each time only one coin to enter the base through-hole elastic plate coin, the coin will not occur simultaneously in a plurality of elastic plate credits thus affecting the results in the ejection of the situation.

[0017] 一种掷币实验用数学概率运算设备的控制系统,所述的控制系统包括可编程控制器、传感器单元、气压单元和伺服控制器; [0017] A coin toss experiment computing device control system using mathematical probability, said control system comprising a programmable controller, a sensor unit, air pressure unit, and a servo controller;

[0018] 所述可编程控制的输出端口连接传感器单元、气压单元和伺服控制器,用于控制传感器单元、气压单元和伺服控制器的工作; [0018] The programmable control means is an output port connected to the sensor, the air pressure unit and a servo controller for controlling the sensor unit, and the unit operating pressure of the servo controller;

[0019] 所述的传感器单元包括图像识别传感器,传感器单元分析的信号能够实时反馈到可编程控制器,可编程控制器接收到传感器单元的反馈信息后,再将信息整理后向伺服电机单元和伺服控制器发送相关指令; The signal of the [0019] recognition sensor unit includes an image sensor, the sensor unit can be analyzed real-time feedback to the programmable controller, the programmable controller after receiving the feedback information from the sensor unit, and then to the servo information after finishing the motor unit and transmission servo controller related command;

[0020] 所述的气压单元用于控制无杆推板气缸、转板气缸和左挡气缸的工作,且气压单元能够可选择的独立控制无杆推板气缸、转板气缸和左挡气缸中的一个进行工作; [0020] means for controlling the air pressure of the rodless cylinder pushing plate, a left rotation plate cylinder and the work cylinder block, and a pressure control unit capable of independently selectable rodless cylinder push plate, and the left rotation plate cylinder stop cylinder of a work;

[0021] 所述的伺服控制器用于控制一号电磁铁和二号电磁铁的工作,且伺服控制器能够可选择的独立控制一号电磁铁和二号电磁铁中的一个工作; [0021] The servo controller for controlling the electromagnet on the 1st and the 2nd working electromagnet and a servo controller capable of working independently selectable controls the 1st and the 2nd solenoid electromagnets;

[0022] 所述的伺服控制器包括启动信号、停止信号、自动信号、原点信号、终点信号、工作点到位信号和原点复位信号。 [0022] The servo controller includes a start signal, stop signal, automatic signal, an origin signal, the end signal, the operating point of the origin position signal and the reset signal.

[0023] 有益效果: [0023] beneficial effects:

[0024] 本发明所述的一种掷币实验用数学概率运算设备,其能够实现对硬币的自动弹射、自动记录硬币落地的正反面,以及将硬币进行自动收集以使得硬币能够自动循环的被弹射,全程自动化操作,从而能够满足实验次数较多的数学概率实验的要求,具有较高的实验效率;并且,本发明的机身处于半封闭状态,学生能够在本发明周围清楚的对实验全过程进行全程观察,从而本发明相对于传统的计算机模拟过程来说,更能够使学生直观感受到掷币实验的过程,以增加学生对概率的兴趣和理解。 [0024] A coin toss experiment according to the present invention, mathematical probability calculation apparatus which enables automatic ejection of the coins, the coins fall automatically recorded front and back, and collecting the coins automatically so that the coins are automatically cycle ejection, full automatic operation, it is possible to meet the requirements of the experiment the number of mathematical probability more experiments, experiments with high efficiency; and, according to the present invention in body semi-closed state, the student can clearly around the whole of the experiment of the present invention the whole process was observed, thus the present invention is a computer simulation with respect to the conventional process, it is more intuitive process enables students to feel toss experiment to increase student interest and understanding probability.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0025] 下面结合附图和实施方式对本发明进一步说明。 [0025] The present invention will be further described in conjunction with the accompanying drawings and embodiments.

[0026]图1是本发明的整体透视图; [0026] FIG. 1 is an overall perspective view of the invention;

[0027]图2是本发明去除立架与前后挡板之后的结构示意图; [0027] FIG. 2 is a schematic diagram of the stand after the front and rear baffle of the present invention is removed;

[0028]图3是本发明的俯视图; [0028] FIG. 3 is a top plan view of the invention;

[0029]图4是本发明的正视图; [0029] FIG. 4 is a front view of the invention;

[0030]图5是图3的AA方向剖视图; [0030] FIG. 5 is an AA direction in Fig. 3 a sectional view;

[0031]图6是图4的BB方向剖视图; [0031] FIG. 6 is a sectional view BB of FIG direction 4;

[0032]图7是本发明的侧视图; [0032] FIG. 7 is a side view of the present invention;

[0033]图8是图7的C处放大图; [0033] FIG. 8 is a view C of FIG. 7 is an enlarged;

[0034]图9是本发明控制系统的示意图; [0034] FIG. 9 is a schematic diagram of the control system of the present invention;

[0035]图中:机身1、弹币装置2、接币装置3、回币装置4、立架11、支板12、底板13、前后挡板14、隔板15、贯通槽141、挡币撑板151、滑币孔152、弹币器21、弹币板211、撑币板212、一号弹簧213、一号弹柱214、一号铁块215、一号电磁铁216、无杆推板气缸31、滑动块32、接币板33、限位板34、转板气缸35、连接座36、转轮37、滑轨38、通币缺口331、轮架板361、轮轴371、 一号滑槽381、二号滑槽382、左回装置41、右回装置42、左币滑道411、左限条412、左挡气缸413、左挡板414、右币滑道421、嵌套块422、二号弹柱423、右挡板424、二号弹簧425、二号铁块426、二号电磁铁427。 [0035] FIG: 1 body, elastic means 2 coin, token access device 3, a coin return means 4, stand 11, support plate 12, bottom plate 13, longitudinal baffle 14, a separator 15, through the slot 141, the stopper credits support plate 151, the slide bore 152 credits, 21 credits playing, playing credits plate 211, support plate 212 credits, the 1st spring 213, the 1st column shells 214, 215 on the 1st iron, the 1st electromagnet 216, the rodless push plate cylinder 31, slide block 32, then the coin plate 33, the stopper plate 34, the rotating plate cylinder 35, connecting base 36, wheel 37, rail 38, through the gap 331 credits, the wheel carrier plate 361, shaft 371, a No. chute 381, the 2nd chute 382, ​​the left back means 41, means 42 back to the right, the left coin chute 411, the left limit bar 412, the left cylinder block 413, the left shutter 414, the right coin chute 421, nested block 422, on the 2nd column shells 423, the right shutter 424, the spring 425 II, iron II 426, the electromagnet 427 II.

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

[0036]为了使本发明实现的技术手段、创作特征、达成目的与功效易于明白了解,下面结合实施方式,进一步阐述本发明。 [0036] In order to achieve the technical means of the present invention, the creation of features, to achieve the purpose and effect readily apparent appreciated in conjunction with the following embodiments, further illustrate the present invention.

[0037] 如图1、图2、图3、图4、图5、图6、图7、图8和图9所示,本发明所述的一种掷币实验用数学概率运算设备,包括机身1、弹币装置2、接币装置3和回币装置4;所述的弹币装置2位于机身1下部,所述的接币装置3位于机身1上部,所述的回币装置4位于机身1左右两侧。 [0037] 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, shown in a coin toss experiment according to the present invention mathematical probability calculation apparatus of FIG. 8 and FIG. 9, comprising 4 the body 1, spring means 2 coin, token access device 3 and the coin return apparatus; playing token device according to a lower portion of the fuselage 1, the token access device is located in an upper portion of the fuselage 3, the coin return 4 means the left and right sides of the fuselage 1.

[0038] 所述的机身1包括立架11、支板12、底板13、前后挡板14和隔板15,所述的立架11位于机身1下部,所述的支板12数量为二,两个支板12并列固连在立架11左部,所述的立架11 上端固连有扁平底板13,底板13前后两侧对称设置有前后挡板14,所述的前后挡板14下部从后往前竖直设置有一块隔板15,且隔板15整体位于机身1中部,隔板15右侧面中部水平设置有挡币撑板151; [0038] The body 1 comprises a stand 11, a support plate 12, bottom plate 13, longitudinal baffle 14 and the separator 15, the stand 11 is located in a lower portion of the body 1, the support plate 12 in an amount of Second, the two support plates 12 secured in parallel in the left portion 11 stand, the upper end of the stand 11 is fixedly connected with a flat bottom plate 13, symmetrically on both sides of the bottom plate 13 is provided with a front longitudinal baffle plate 14, the front and rear flap 14 from the back lower portion of the upright is provided with a partition plate 15, and a separator 15 located in the middle of the entire right side of the fuselage middle horizontal partition plate 15 is provided with a stopper 151 credits gusset;

[0039]所述的底板13左部从后往前并列设置有两排通孔,每排通孔的数量为三,且两排通孔均位于两个支板12的正上方;所述的前后挡板14沿机身1内侧左右方向水平对称设置有一对矩形贯通槽141,且贯通槽141位于隔板15上方; Left bottom plate portion 13 [0039] from the back of the two parallel rows of through holes is provided with a number of through-holes in each row is three, and two rows of through holes are located directly above the two support plates 12; said front baffle 14 in the horizontal direction around the inner body 1 is provided symmetrically with a rectangular groove 141 through a pair of through grooves 141 and positioned above the separator 15;

[0040]所述的弹币装置2包括六个弹币器21,六个弹币器21分别安装在底板13的六个通孔内,且六个弹币器21均包括弹币板211、撑币板212、一号弹簧213、一号弹柱214、一号铁块215和一号电磁铁216;所述的弹币板211为扁平圆形板,弹币板211水平嵌入底板13的通孔内,所述的撑币板212固连在底板13下端面,一号弹簧213上端固连在弹币板211上,一号弹簧213下端固连在撑币板212上,所述的一号弹柱214上端固连在弹币板211上,一号弹柱214 下端贯穿撑币板212并固连有一号铁块215,一号弹柱可在撑币板上进行上下滑动,进而实现弹币板的上下运动,所述的一号铁块215正下方布置有一号电磁铁216,且一号电磁铁216 安装在支板12上;初始状态下,各一号电磁铁216均不工作,此时各一号弹簧213均处于完全松弛状态,各弹币板211位于对应的通孔上方,当需要对硬币进行弹射时,则外部 Playing credits apparatus [0040] 2 comprises six said playing coin 21, coin six elastic plate 21 are mounted six through-hole 13, and six playing credits projectile 21 includes a plate 211 credits, coin support plate 212, the 1st spring 213, the 1st column shells 214, the 1st and the 1st iron electromagnet 215 216; credits elastic plate according to a circular plate 211 is a flat, horizontal playing token 211 embedded in the bottom plate 13 of the plate the through hole of said supporting plate 212 secured credits in the bottom plate 13 at the end face One spring 213 is secured on the upper elastic plate 211 credits, lower One spring 213 is secured on the supporting plate 212 credits, according to playing the 1st column 214 secured on the upper end plate 211 playing credits, 214 through the lower end of the 1st column brace credits elastic plate 212 has the 1st and iron 215 fixedly connected, playing the 1st column can be vertically slidable support plate credits, and further playing credits to achieve vertical movement of plate, the number one iron 215 disposed immediately below One electromagnet 216, the electromagnet 216 and number one on the support plate 12 is mounted; the initial state, each of the electromagnets 216 are not One work One case each spring 213 are in a fully relaxed state, the elastic plate 211 above the coin through hole located in the corresponding, when it is desired to eject the coins, the external 制器控制电磁继电器工作,使得各一号电磁铁216工作,一号电磁铁216工作使得一号铁块215被吸附在一号电磁铁216上端面,同时一号弹柱214带动弹币板211向下运动,此时一号弹簧213 处于完全缩紧状态,且弹币板211位于底板13的通孔中部,当硬币从回币装置4滑送到底板13的某个通孔内时,对应通孔内的弹币器21工作,与该弹币器21对应的电磁继电器停止工作,一号电磁铁216没有通电从而失去磁性,进而无法实现对一号铁块215的吸附,此时,一号弹簧213快速恢复到松弛状态,弹币板211在弹簧力的作用下快速向上平动,硬币在惯性力的作用下被竖直抛出; Electromagnetic relays control system work, so that each work One electromagnet 216, the electromagnet 216 One One such work is adsorbed on iron 215 One end face of the electromagnet 216, while the drive rod 214 One elastic plate 211 playing credits downward movement, the spring 213 one case is in a fully tightened state, and the elastic plate 211 credits the through hole in the middle of the bottom plate 13, when a coin through hole 13 to the bottom plate 4 from sliding back credits means corresponding to through-hole elastic coin 21 operates to stop the projectile and the electromagnetic relay 21 operates corresponding coin, the solenoid 216 is not energized One thus loses its magnetism, and thus can not achieve adsorption of iron One 215, in which case, a No. spring 213 to return to relaxed state quickly, quickly playing credits plate 211 upward translational movement under the action of spring force, the coins are thrown in a vertical inertial force;

[0041] 所述的接币装置3包括无杆推板气缸31、滑动块32、接币板33、限位板34、转板气缸35、连接座36、转轮37和滑轨38;所述的无杆推板气缸31数量为二,两个无杆推板气缸31分别安装在前后挡板14的一对贯通槽141内,各无杆推板气缸31上均对称安装有滑动块32,所述的接币板33整体为扁平立方体板,接币板33前后两侧面与一对滑动块32相铰接,从而接币板33可绕一对滑动块32左右转动,当接币板33呈水平状态时,接币板33下端面与隔板15 上端面相接触,从而接币板33可在隔板15上端面进行左右运动,当接币板33平动时,隔板15 可以起到限位作用和支撑作用,限位作用是指接币板33因为同时受到滑动块32和隔板15向上的作用力,使得隔板15的平动更加稳定,不易在平动的过程产生转动;支撑作用是指隔板15对接币板33向上的支撑力使得接币板33的受力更加平衡,所述的限 [0041] The access token device 3 comprises a rodless cylinder push plate 31, slide block 32, then the coin plate 33, the stopper plate 34, the rotating plate cylinder 35, connecting base 36, the wheel 37 and rail 38; the 31 number of rodless cylinder of said push plates is two, two rodless cylinders 31 are attached to the push plate in the front-rear pair of through slots 141 in the baffle plate 14, each of the rodless cylinder push plates 31 are mounted symmetrically on the sliding block 32 the currency access panel 33 is a flat cuboidal plate integrally, both side surfaces 33 and front contact plate 32 credits hinged to a pair of sliding block, then credits plate 33 rotatable about a pair of slide block 32 is rotated about, when the contact plate 33 credits when the horizontal state, then the coin separator plate 15 and the lower end surface 33 contacts the upper end surface so that the plate 33 then credits can move left and right end face on the separator 15, when the plate 33 then credits the translation, the separator 15 can serve and limiting the role of supporting role, the role of the stopper plate 33 is finger credits because slide block 32 while being upward force and the separator 15, so that the flat 15 of the movable spacer is more stable, less likely to rotate in the translation process; 33 refers to the role of supporting the upward supporting force spacer plate 15 such that the mating contact credits credits plate 33 more balanced force, the limit 板34竖直固连在接币板33上端面左右两端,且限位板34在接币板33上呈“八”字型布置,各限位板34将接币板33左右两端各形成三个可供硬币通过的通币缺口331,当接币板33倾斜时,硬币可从各通币缺口331处滑至回币装置4;所述的转板气缸35顶部转动安装在接币板33下端面右侧,转板气缸35底部固连有连接座36,所述的连接座36整体为立方体结构,连接座36下方前后两侧对称设置有一对轮架板361,所述的转轮37通过轮轴371安装在轮架板361之间;所述的滑轨38数量为二,两个滑轨38从左往右水平固连在底板13前后两端,且两个滑轨38内均设置有供转轮37通过的一号滑槽381和供轮轴3H通过的二号滑槽382;所述的转轮37嵌入一号滑槽381内,轮轴371位于二号滑槽382内,此时连接座36下端面与滑轨38上端面相接触,从而转板气缸35不会倾倒;接币板33平动的过程中,转板气缸35可带 A vertical plate 34 secured on the end surface plate 33 connected credits left and right ends, and the stopper plate 34 was "eight" shape is disposed on the contact plate 33 credits, each of the stopper plate 34 around the contact plate 33 at each end credits for forming three coins pass the coin through the gap 331, when the inclined plate 33 then credits, coins from the apparatus 4 through the respective notches slide back credits credits at 331; the cylinder 35 of the rotating plate rotatably mounted on the top of contact credits the right end surface of the lower plate 33, the bottom of rotation plate cylinder 35 is fixedly connected with a connecting seat 36, the seat 36 is integrally connected to a cubic structure, symmetrically disposed on both sides connected with a pair of front and rear wheel carrier plate 361 under the seat 36, the switch wheel 37 through an axle 371 mounted between the wheel carrier plate 361; 38, the number is two rails, two rails 38 from left to right in the front and rear ends secured horizontal bottom plate 13, and the two inner rails 38 37 is provided with a supply reel 381 through the chute and One II supply chute 382 by the axle 3H; 37 embedded in the reel One chute 381, the axle 371 is located within the chute 382 II, at this time, the connection end surface 36 in contact with the seat rail upper surface 38, thereby rotating plate cylinder 35 is not poured; credits contact plate 33 during translational movement, with a rotating plate cylinder 35 may 转轮37在一号滑槽381内滚动,转板气缸35下端设计为转轮37滚动的作用是减小转板气缸35随接币板33平动的摩擦力;初始状态下,接币板33完全位于机身1右侧,在硬币被弹币装置2弹射到空中的过程中, 外部控制器发送指令以控制无杆推板气缸31工作,使得接币板33快速运动到机身1左侧,此时硬币回落至接币板33上,接币板33上安装有图像识别传感器,可对硬币正反面进行识别, 再将识别的信息反馈到控制器以进行数据综合处理,接着,转板气缸35可伸出,使得接币板33逆时针转动,从而使得接币板33上的硬币滑落至回币装置4的左回装置41,或者无杆推板气缸31继续工作使得接币板33向右平动,平动到一定距离之后,转板气缸35再收缩,使得接币板33顺时针转动,从而使得接币板33上的硬币滑落至回币装置4的右回装置42,至于使硬币进行左回装置41或是右回装 The 1st runner 37 roll within the chute 381, the lower end of the rotating plate cylinder 35 is designed to effect a rolling wheel 37 is to reduce contact with the rotating plate cylinder 35 credits translational friction plate 33; in the initial state, contact plate credits right side 33 is fully located in the fuselage 1, the coins are in the coin hopper 2 into the air ejector playing process, the external controller transmits instructions to control the rodless cylinder 31 of the push plate work, such that the plate 33 then credits a fast movement to the left body side, then dropped to the coin on the coin contact plate 33, the image recognition sensor is mounted on the contact plate 33 credits, coins can identify positive and negative, then the identification information feedback to a controller for the integrated data processing, and then, turn plate cylinder 35 can be extended, so that the contact plate is rotated 33 counterclockwise coin, so that coins on the coin contact plate 33 to slide back to the left coin return means 41 of the device, or the rodless air cylinder 31 continues to operate the push plate such that the plate contact credits 33 to the right translation, after translation to a certain distance, rotating plate cylinder 35 contracts again, so that the contact plate is rotated 33 clockwise coin, so that coins on the slide contact plate 33 to the right coin return device 42 back to the token device 4, As coins for the left back and right back to the apparatus 41 or means 42,由底板13的两排通孔内的弹币板211上是否存在硬币所决定。 42, the bottom two rows of the through hole 211 of the elastic plate 13 currency coins determined whether or not there.

[0042] 所述的回币装置4包括左回装置41和右回装置42,所述的左回装置41与右回装置42数量均为三,三个左回装置41均包括左币滑道411、左限条412、左挡气缸413和左挡板414;各左币滑道411沿机身1从左往右逐步倾斜向下布置,且三个左币滑道411上端分别位于接币板33左端的三个通币缺口331左下方,三个左币滑道411下端分别固连在底板13的两排通孔左侧并与并排的三个通孔左边缘相接触,三个左币滑道411均通过支柱固连在机身1 上,且各左币滑道411中部均竖直固连有左限条412;所述的左挡气缸413竖直固连在左限条412左侧的左币滑道411上,且左挡气缸413底部固连有左挡板414;工作时,从接币装置3滑落的硬币进入左币滑道411,再经左币滑道411滑至底板13的通孔内,令实验用硬币的高度为h,则左限条412下端面与左币滑道411内壁的最近距离为1.5h,从而从左限条412下端经过 Coin apparatus [0042] The means 4 includes a left back and right back means 41 42, return means 42 according to the number of left and right back device 41 are three, three left-back device 41 includes a left coin chute 411, left limit bar 412, the left cylinder block 413 and the left shutter 414; 411 each of the left coin chute is inclined gradually downward in the body 1 are arranged from left to right, and three left upper chute 411 credits are located in the access credits plate three notches 331 on the lower left 33 credits left end, the left three coin chute 411 are secured at the lower end of the left two rows of the through hole 13 of the bottom plate side by side and in contact with the left edge of the three through holes, the left three coin chute 411 are fixed by a strut attached to the body 1, and each central runner 411 credits left are fixedly connected to the vertical bar 412 has a left limit; the left cylinder block 413 is secured in vertical strips 412 left limit 411 credits left on the left side of the slide, the left and bottom of the cylinder block 413 has a left flap 414 secured; in operation, the slide device 3 from the ground token coins into the left coin chute 411, and then through the left runner 411 sliding credits the through-hole 13 to the base plate, so that coins of experimental height h, the recent article from the left limit of 412 credits left end surface of the inner wall 411 of the chute 1.5h, thereby limiting section 412 from the left through the lower end 的硬币每次只能是一枚;当从左限条412下端经过一枚硬币之后,左挡气缸413再伸出使得左挡板414阻挡住硬币使得硬币无法继续下滑,从而每次只能有一枚硬币进入弹币板211,不会出现多个硬币同时出现在一块弹币板211内从而影响弹射效果的状况。 Each time a coin is only; article 412 from the left lower limit after a coin, a cylinder block 413 and then projecting the left so that the left shutter 414 blocks the coin so that the coin can not continue to decline, so that each time only a coins into the coin elastic plate 211, the plurality of coins occurs while the coins in a projectile ejection plate 211 thus affecting the effect of the situation does not occur.

[0043] 所述的三个右回装置42均包括右币滑道421、嵌套块422、二号弹柱423、右挡板424、二号弹簧425、二号铁块426和二号电磁铁427;所述的右币滑道421沿机身1从右往左逐步倾斜向下布置,且三个右币滑道421上端分别位于接币板33右端的三个通币缺口331右下方,三个右币滑道421下端贯穿隔板15并分别固连在底板13的两排通孔右侧且与并排的三个通孔右边缘相接触,且隔板15与各右币滑道421的上端面之间形成有滑币孔152,三个右币滑道421均通过支柱固连在机身1上,且各滑币孔152正上方的隔板15上均固连有嵌套块422,所述的二号弹柱423可滑动的嵌入嵌套块422内,二号弹柱423下端固连有右挡板424, 所述的二号弹簧425—端固连在嵌套块422上,二号弹簧425另一端固连在右挡板424上,各二号弹柱423上端均固连有二号铁块426;所述的各二号铁块426正上方均布置有二号电磁铁427, [0043] The three right-return device 42 comprises a right coin chute 421, nested blocks 422, 423, the right shutter 424, the 2nd spring 425, and No. 426 on the 2nd magnetic iron bombs on the 2nd column iron 427; the right coin chute 421 from right to left along the body 1 progressively downwardly inclined arrangement, the right and three coin chute 421 located at the upper end of each notch 33 credits through three access right lower right plate 331 credits , the right three coin chute through the lower end of the separator 15 and 421, respectively, and secured in contact with the right edge of the three through holes aligned in two rows on the right side through hole 13 of the bottom plate, and the separator 15 with the right coin chute the slide hole is formed between the upper end surface 421 credits 152, the right three coin chute 421 are fixed by a strut attached to the body 1, and the separator 152 immediately above the respective sliding holes 15 credits are fixedly connected nested blocks 422, 423 slidably fitted in the inner nested column II elastic block 422, column 423 is fixedly connected lower shells II a right shutter 424, the spring 425- II end secured in nested block 422, II 425 and the other end of the spring is secured on the right shutter 424, the upper end 423 of each column II shells are fixedly connected with a iron II 426; each of said iron II 426 are disposed directly above two No. electromagnet 427, 各二号电磁铁427均固连在隔板15的挡币撑板151上;初始状态下,外部控制器控制电磁继电器工作,使得各二号电磁铁427均工作,二号电磁铁427工作使得二号铁块426被吸附在二号电磁铁427上端面,此时各二号弹簧425均处于完全收缩状态,右挡板424此时位于所能运动到的最上方,当需要对进入右币滑道421的硬币进行阻隔时,则各二号电磁铁216停止工作,此时一号弹簧213从收缩状态立刻恢复至松弛状态,二号弹柱423在弹簧力的作用下快速向下平动,使得右挡板424向下运动以阻隔住硬币,防止硬币继续向下滑动。 II electromagnets 427 are each attached to the fixed block 151 credits riser separator 15; 427 are working in the initial state, the external controller controls the electromagnetic relay is, so that each electromagnet II, II work so that the electromagnet 427 iron II II 426 is adsorbed on the end faces the electromagnet 427, the spring 425 II each case are in the fully contracted state, the right shutter 424 is located at this time can be moved to the top, when it is necessary to enter the right credits when a coin chute 421 is a barrier, then each of the 2nd solenoid 216 is stopped, then the 1st spring 213 immediately recover from a contracted state to a relaxed state, the 2nd column 423 shells fast downward translational movement under the action of spring force, such that the right shutter 424 to block the downward movement of live coins, preventing the coin continues to slide downward. [0044] 工作时,从接币装置3滑落的硬币进入右币滑道421,再经右币滑道421滑至底板13 的通孔内,令实验用硬币的高度为h,各滑币孔152的高度为1.5h,从而从滑币孔152经过的硬币每次只能是一枚;当从滑币孔152经过一枚硬币之后,外部控制器控制电磁继电器,使电磁继电器停止工作,进而二号弹柱423向下运动以使得右挡板424向下阻隔硬币的运动, 使得硬币无法继续下滑,从而每次只能有一枚硬币进入底板13通孔内的弹币板211,不会出现多个硬币同时出现在一块弹币板211内从而影响弹射效果的状况。 [0044] In operation, the slide device 3 from the ground token coins into the right coin chute 421, and then through the right coin chute slide plate 421 through-hole 13, so that the height of the coin experiment is h, each of the slide hole credits height 152 of 1.5h, whereby credits from sliding through the hole 152 of the coin can only be one; if after a coin, the controller controls the electromagnetic relay from the external coin slide hole 152, the electromagnetic relay to stop working, and further playing the 2nd column 423 so that the downward movement of the right shutter 424 blocking the downward movement of the coin, so that coins can not continue to decline, so that only one coin each time the bottom plate 13 into the through-hole elastic plate 211 credits, will not a plurality of coins while playing credits in the plate 211 so that the impact effect ejection condition occurs.

[0045] 从而本发明能够实现对硬币的自动弹射、自动记录硬币落地的正反面,以及将硬币进行自动收集以使得硬币能够自动循环的被弹射,全程自动化操作。 [0045] The present invention thereby enables automatic ejection of the coins, the coins fall automatically recorded front and back, and collecting the coins automatically so that the coins is ejected automatically cycle, full automation.

[0046] 一种掷币实验用数学概率运算设备的控制系统,所述的控制系统包括可编程控制器、传感器单元、气压单元和伺服控制器; [0046] A coin toss experiment computing device control system using mathematical probability, said control system comprising a programmable controller, a sensor unit, air pressure unit, and a servo controller;

[0047] 所述可编程控制的输出端口连接传感器单元、气压单元和伺服控制器,用于控制传感器单元、气压单元和伺服控制器的工作; [0047] The programmable control means is an output port connected to the sensor, the air pressure unit and a servo controller for controlling the sensor unit, and the unit operating pressure of the servo controller;

[0048] 所述的传感器单元包括图像识别传感器,传感器单元分析的信号能够实时反馈到可编程控制器,可编程控制器接收到传感器单元的反馈信息后,再将信息整理后向伺服电机单元和伺服控制器发送相关指令; The signal of the [0048] recognition sensor unit includes an image sensor, the sensor unit can be analyzed real-time feedback to the programmable controller, the programmable controller after receiving the feedback information from the sensor unit, and then to the servo information after finishing the motor unit and transmission servo controller related command;

[0049]所述的气压单元用于控制无杆推板气缸31、转板气缸35和左挡气缸413的工作,且气压单元能够可选择的独立控制无杆推板气缸31、转板气缸35和左挡气缸413中的一个进行工作; [0049] The means for controlling the pressure of the rodless cylinder push plate 31, a left rotation plate cylinder gear 35 and the working cylinder 413, and the air pressure control unit capable of independently selectable rodless cylinder push plate 31, the rotating plate cylinder 35 and left cylinder block 413 in a work;

[0050] 所述的伺服控制器用于控制一号电磁铁216和二号电磁铁427的工作,且伺服控制器能够可选择的独立控制一号电磁铁216和二号电磁铁427中的一个工作; A solenoid 216 independently controls the 1st working [0050] The servo controller for controlling the solenoid 216 the 1st and the 2nd working electromagnet 427, and the servo controller can be selected in the 2nd and the electromagnet 427 ;

[0051]所述的伺服控制器包括启动信号、停止信号、自动信号、原点信号、终点信号、工作点到位信号和原点复位信号。 [0051] The servo controller includes a start signal, stop signal, automatic signal, an origin signal, the end signal, the operating point of the origin position signal and the reset signal.

[0052]以上显示和描述了本发明的基本原理、主要特征和优点。 [0052] The above and described the principles of the invention, the main features and advantages. 本行业的技术人员应该了解,本发明不受上述实施例的限制,上述实施例和说明书中的描述的只是说明本发明的原理,在不脱离本发明精神和范围的前提下,本发明还会有各种变化和改进,这些变化和改进都落入要求保护的本发明范围内。 The industry the art will appreciate, the present invention is not limited to the above embodiments, the description of the specification and the above-described embodiments are merely illustrative of the principles of the present invention, without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention, the present invention also various changes and modifications, such changes and modifications are within the scope of the claimed invention. 本发明要求保护范围由所附的权利要求书及其等效物界定。 The scope of the invention as claimed by the appended claims and their equivalents.

Claims (6)

1. 一种掷币实验用数学概率运算设备,其特征在于:包括机身(1)、弹币装置(2)、接币装置⑶和回币装置⑷;所述的弹币装置⑵位于机身⑴下部,所述的接币装置⑶位于机身⑴上部,所述的回币装置⑷位于机身⑴左右两侧;其中: 所述的机身(1)包括立架(11)、支板(12)、底板(13)、前后挡板(14)和隔板(15),所述的立架(11)位于机身(1)下部,所述的支板(12)数量为二,两个支板(12)并列固连在立架(11) 左部,所述的立架(11)上端固连有扁平底板(13),底板(13)前后两侧对称设置有前后挡板(14) ,所述的前后挡板(14)下部从后往前竖直设置有一块隔板(15),且隔板(15)整体位于机身(1)中部,隔板(15)右侧面中部水平设置有挡币撑板(151); 所述的底板(13)左部从后往前并列设置有两排通孔,每排通孔的数量为三,且两排通孔均位于两个支板(12)的正上方;所述的前后 A coin toss experiment, characterized in that the mathematical probability calculation apparatus: comprising a body (1), elastic means coin (2), then token coin return means and means ⑶ ⑷; credits elastic means located in said machine ⑵ ⑴ lower portion of the body, the access token is located in the upper body ⑴ ⑶ means, said coin return means ⑷ ⑴ left and right sides of the fuselage; wherein: said body (1) comprises a stand (11), branched, plate (12), the bottom plate (13), front and rear flap (14) and the separator (15), said stand (11) located in the fuselage (1) a lower portion, said support plate (12) in an amount of two , two support plates (12) secured in parallel (11) left portions stand, said stand (11) is fixedly connected with a flat upper plate (13), the bottom plate (13) is provided with a longitudinal front and rear sides symmetrically stopper plate (14), the front baffle (14) is provided with a lower portion of the forward upright partition plate (15) from the rear, and a separator (15) integrally located in the fuselage (1) the middle partition plate (15) middle right horizontal stop surface is provided with a supporting plate credits (151); said base plate (13) parallel to the left from the forward portion is provided with two rows of through-holes, each row number of the through holes is three, and two rows of through holes two are located directly above the support plate (12); said longitudinal 挡板(14)沿机身(1)内侧左右方向水平对称设置有一对矩形贯通槽(141),且贯通槽(141)位于隔板(15)上方; 所述的弹币装置(2)包括六个弹币器(21),六个弹币器(21)分别安装在底板(13)的六个通孔内,且六个弹币器(21)均包括弹币板(211)、撑币板(212)、一号弹簧(213)、一号弹柱(214)、一号铁块(215)和一号电磁铁(216);所述的弹币板(211)为扁平圆形板,弹币板(211) 7K平嵌入底板(13)的通孔内,所述的撑币板(212)固连在底板(13)下端面,一号弹簧(213)上端固连在弹币板(211)上,一号弹簧(213)下端固连在撑币板(212)上,所述的一号弹柱(214)上端固连在弹币板(211)上,一号弹柱(214)下端贯穿撑币板(212)并固连有一号铁块(215),所述的一号铁块(215)正下方布置有一号电磁铁(216),且一号电磁铁(216)安装在支板(12)上; 所述的接币装置(3)包括无杆推板气缸(31)、滑动块(32)、接币 Baffles (14) along the fuselage (1) is provided symmetrically right and left horizontally inside a pair of rectangular through slots (141), and a through slot (141) located in the separator (15) above; said elastic means coin (2) comprises six coin shells (21), six coin shells (21) are mounted on the bottom plate (13) of the six through-holes, and six credits shells (21) comprises elastic credits plate (211), support credits plate (212), One spring (213), elastic One column (214), One iron (215) One and a solenoid (216); credits elastic plate (211) of the flat circular plates, shells credits plate (211) 7K embedded flat bottom plate (13) through hole, said supporting plate credits (212) secured at the end face plate (13), the 1st spring (213) secured at an upper end shells credits upper plate (211), One spring (213) secured at the lower end support plate credits (212), said elastic One column (214) secured on the upper playing credits plate (211), One bomb (214) supporting the lower end of the column through credits plate (212) and has secured the 1st iron (215), according to the 1st iron (215) disposed immediately below the 1st electromagnet (216), and the 1st electromagnet ( 216) mounted on the support plate (12); bonding said token device (3) comprises a rodless air cylinder pushing plate (31), a slider (32), then credits (33)、限位板(34)、转板气缸(35)、连接座(36)、转轮(37)和滑轨(38);所述的无杆推板气缸(31)数量为二,两个无杆推板气缸(31)分别安装在前后挡板(14)的一对贯通槽(141)内,各无杆推板气缸(31) 上均对称安装有滑动块(32),所述的接币板(33)整体为扁平立方体板,接币板(33)前后两侧面与一对滑动块(32)相铰接,当接币板(33)呈水平状态时,接币板(33)下端面与隔板(15) 上端面相接触,所述的限位板(34)竖直固连在接币板(33)上端面左右两端,且限位板(34)在接币板(33)上呈“八”字型布置,各限位板(34)将接币板(33)左右两端各形成三个可供硬币通过的通币缺口(331);所述的转板气缸(35)顶部转动安装在接币板(33)下端面右侧,转板气缸(35)底部固连有连接座(36),所述的连接座(36)整体为立方体结构,连接座(36)下方前后两侧对称设置有一对轮架板(3ei),所述的转轮(3乃 (33), the stopper plate (34), rotating plate cylinder (35), connecting base (36), the runner (37) and rails (38); the rodless cylinder push plate (31) in an amount of two , two rodless cylinders push plate (31) are mounted on or within the baffle (14) of a pair of through slots (141), each of the rodless air cylinder pushing plate (31) are mounted symmetrically with a slide block (32), the access token plate (33) integral to a flat cuboidal plate, then credits plate (33) both side surfaces of the front and rear pair of sliding blocks (32) is hinged, then when credits plate (33) in a horizontal state, then credits plate (33) the lower end surface of the partition plate (15) in contact with an upper surface of said stopper plate (34) secured vertically on the receiving end surface of right and left ends credits plate (33), and the stopper plate (34) in contact credits plate (33) form the "eight" shape is disposed around each of the stopper plate (34) connected to the coin plate (33) is formed through each of credits notch (331) for three coins pass through both ends; the rotating plate cylinder (35) rotatably mounted at the top of the coin contact plate (33) end surface on the right side, the rotating plate cylinder (35) fixedly connected to the bottom of the connecting housing (36), said connecting seat (36) integral cubic structure, connecting base (36) symmetrically provided on both sides of the frame plate with a pair of wheels (3EI) back and forth beneath the reel (3 is the 过轮轴(371)安装在轮架板(361)之间;所述的滑轨(38)数量为二,两个滑轨(38)从左往右水平固连在底板(13)前后两端,且两个滑轨(3S)内均设置有供转轮(幻)通过的一号滑槽(381)和供轮轴(371)通过的二号滑槽(382);所述的转轮(37)嵌入一号滑槽(381)内,轮轴(371)位于二号滑槽(382) 内,此时连接座(36)下端面与滑轨(38)上端面相接触。 Through the axle (371) mounted between the wheel carrier plate (361); said sliding rail (38) the number is two, two rails (38) secured horizontally from left to right ends of the bottom plate (13) before and after and the two inner rails (3S) is provided with a supply reel (phantom) One chute (381) and through the supply shaft (371) through the chute II (382); said wheel ( 37) embedded One chute (381), the axle (371) is located within the chute II (382), when the connecting base end surface (36) and rails (38) in contact with the upper end surface.
2. 根据权利要求1所述的一种掷币实验用数学概率运算设备,其特征在于:所述的回币装置(4)包括左回装置(41)和右回装置(42),所述的左回装置(41)与右回装置(42)数量均为三,三个左回装置(41)均包括左币滑道(411)、左限条(412)、左挡气缸(413)和左挡板(414);各左币滑道(411)沿机身⑴从左往右逐步倾斜向下布置,且三个左币滑道(411)上端分别位于接币板(33)左端的三个通币缺口(331)左下方,三个左币滑道(411)下端分别固连在底板(13)的两排通孔左侧并与并排的三个通孔左边缘相接触,三个左币滑道(411)均通过支柱固连在机身(1)上,且各左币滑道(411)中部均竖直固连有左限条(412);所述的左挡气缸(413)竖直固连在左限条(41¾左侧的左币滑道(411)上,且左挡气缸(41¾底部固连有左挡板(414)。 2. According to a coin toss experiment according to claim 1 mathematical probability calculation apparatus characterized in that: said coin return means (4) comprises a left return means (41) and a right-back device (42), said the number of left-back device (41) and the right-back device (42) are three, three left-back device (41) comprises a left coin chute (411), the left limit bar (412), the left cylinder block (413) and a left flap (414); each of the left coin chute (411) from left to right along the fuselage ⑴ gradually downwardly inclined arrangement, the left and three coin chute (411) are located at an upper end connected credits plate (33) left the three coins through notch (331) bottom left, left three coin chute (411) are secured at the lower end of the left two rows of the through hole base plate (13) side by side and in contact with the left edge of the three through holes, left three coin chute (411) are fixed by a strut attached to the fuselage (1), and each of the left coin chute (411) fixedly connected to the middle of each vertical bar has a left limit (412); said left stopper a cylinder (413) secured at the left limit vertical strip (41¾ left side of the left coin chute (411), and the left cylinder block (41¾ fixedly connected with a left bottom flap (414).
3. 根据权利要求2所述的一种掷币实验用数学概率运算设备,其特征在于:所述的三个右回装置(42)均包括右币滑道(421)、嵌套块(422)、二号弹柱(42¾、右挡板(424)、二号弹簧(425)、二号铁块(426)和二号电磁铁(427);所述的右币滑道(421)沿机身(1)从右往左逐步倾斜向下布置,且三个右币滑道(421)上端分别位于接币板(33)右端的三个通币缺口(331)右下方,三个右币滑道(421)下端贯穿隔板(15)并分别固连在底板(13)的两排通孔右侧且与并排的三个通孔右边缘相接触,且隔板(15)与各右币滑道(421)的上端面之间形成有滑币孔(152),三个右币滑道(421)均通过支柱固连在机身(1)上,且各滑币孔(152)正上方的隔板(15)上均固连有嵌套块(422),所述的二号弹柱(423)可滑动的嵌入嵌套块(42¾ 内,二号弹柱(423)下端固连有右挡板(424),所述的二号弹簧(425) —端固连在嵌套块(422) 3. According to a coin toss experiment according to claim 2 mathematical probability calculation apparatus, wherein: said three right-back means (42) comprises a right coin chute (421), nested block (422 ), playing the 2nd column (42¾, a right flap (424), the 2nd spring (425), the 2nd iron (426) and the 2nd solenoid (427); the right coin chute (421) along body (1) are arranged inclined gradually downwardly from right to left, the right and three coin chute (421) are located at an upper end connected credits plate (33) through three rightmost credits notch (331) the lower right, the right three coin chute (421) through the lower end of the separator (15) and are respectively secured on the right and two rows of contact holes through the bottom plate (13) with three parallel through holes of the right edge, and a separator (15) with the there coin slide aperture (152) is formed between the upper end surface of the right coin chute (421), the right three coin chute (421) are fixed by a strut attached to the fuselage (1), and each coin slide aperture (152 ) immediately above the separator (15) are fixedly connected with a nested block (422), according to the 2nd column projectile (423) is fitted slidably nested blocks (within 42¾, playing the 2nd column (423) lower secured a right flap (424), according to the 2nd spring (425) - an end secured in a nested block (422) ,二号弹簧(425)另一端固连在右挡板(424)上,各二号弹柱(423)上端均固连有二号铁块(426);所述的各二号铁块(426)正上方均布置有二号电磁铁(427),且各二号电磁铁(427)均固连在隔板(15)的挡币撑板(151)上。 , II spring (425) and the other end secured in the right baffle (424), each of the shells II column (423) has an upper end fixedly connected both iron II (426); each of said iron II ( 426) are arranged directly above the 2nd electromagnet (427), each of the 2nd and the electromagnet (427) are secured in the separator (15) of the coin stopper supporting plate (151) on.
4. 根据权利要求2或3所述的一种掷币实验用数学概率运算设备,其特征在于:令实验用硬币的高度为h,则左限条(412)下端面与左币滑道(411)内壁的最近距离为1.5h,各滑币孔(152)的高度为1.5h。 4. According to a toss experiment 2 or claim 3 mathematical probability calculation apparatus, wherein: a height of coins in experimental use of h, the left limit bar (412) at the left end surface of the coin chute ( 411) of the inner wall nearest distance 1.5h, the height of each coin slide aperture (152) for 1.5h.
5. 根据权利要求1所述的一种掷币实验用数学概率运算设备,其特征在于:所述的接币板(33)上安装有图像识别传感器。 A coin toss experiment according to claim 1 mathematical probability calculation apparatus, wherein: the image recognition of the access token sensor plate (33) is mounted on.
6. 根据权利要求3所述的一种掷币实验用数学概率运算设备的控制系统,其特征在于: 所述的控制系统包括可编程控制器、传感器单元、气压单元和伺服控制器; 所述可编程控制的输出端口连接传感器单元、气压单元和伺服控制器,用于控制传感器单元、气压单元和伺服控制器的工作; 所述的传感器单元包括图像识别传感器,传感器单元分析的信号能够实时反馈到可编程控制器,可编程控制器接收到传感器单元的反馈信息后,再将信息整理后向伺服电机单元和伺服控制器发送相关指令; 所述的气压单元用于控制无杆推板气缸(31)、转板气缸(35)和左挡气缸(413)的工作, 且气压单元能够独立控制无杆推板气缸(31)、转板气缸(35)和左挡气缸(413)中的一个进行工作; 所述的伺服控制器用于控制一号电磁铁(216)和二号电磁铁(427)的工作,且伺服控制器能够独立 6. According to an experiment of the toss in claim 3, wherein the mathematical probability calculation system control device, wherein: said control system includes a programmable controller, a sensor unit, air pressure unit, and a servo controller; the programmable control output port connected to the sensor unit, the air pressure unit and a servo controller for controlling the sensor unit, and a servo controller unit working pressure; said identification signal of the image sensor unit comprises a sensor, the sensor unit analyzes the real-time feedback to the programmable controller, the programmable controller after receiving the feedback information from the sensor unit, and then transmits the information related to finishing instruction to the servo motor and the servo controller unit; means for controlling the pressure of the rodless cylinder pushing plate ( 31), the work rotating plate cylinder (35) and a left stopper cylinder (413), and the pressure unit can be independently controlled rodless push plate cylinder (31), rotating plate cylinder (35) and a left stopper cylinder (413) in a work; work according to the 1st servo controller for controlling the solenoid (216) and the 2nd electromagnet (427), and the servo controller capable of independently 控制一号电磁铁(216)和二号电磁铁(427)中的一个工作; 所述的伺服控制器包括启动信号、停止信号、自动信号、原点信号、终点信号、工作点到位信号和原点复位信号。 One control solenoid (216) and an electromagnet II (427) a work; said servo controller comprises a start signal, stop signal, automatic signal, an origin signal, the end signal, the operating point and the origin position signal is reset signal.
CN201610833223.5A 2016-09-19 2016-09-19 Toss one kind of experiment with mathematical probability computing device and its control system CN106409071B (en)

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