CN106404046A - Chinese herbal medicine growth environment information acquiring device - Google Patents

Chinese herbal medicine growth environment information acquiring device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106404046A
CN106404046A CN201610531860.7A CN201610531860A CN106404046A CN 106404046 A CN106404046 A CN 106404046A CN 201610531860 A CN201610531860 A CN 201610531860A CN 106404046 A CN106404046 A CN 106404046A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
data
chinese medicine
sensor
growing environment
environment information
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201610531860.7A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
盛魁
马健
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Bozhou Vocational and Technical College
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Bozhou Vocational and Technical College
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Application filed by Bozhou Vocational and Technical College filed Critical Bozhou Vocational and Technical College
Priority to CN201610531860.7A priority Critical patent/CN106404046A/en
Publication of CN106404046A publication Critical patent/CN106404046A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01DMEASURING NOT SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR A SPECIFIC VARIABLE; ARRANGEMENTS FOR MEASURING TWO OR MORE VARIABLES NOT COVERED IN A SINGLE OTHER SUBCLASS; TARIFF METERING APPARATUS; MEASURING OR TESTING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • G01D21/00Measuring or testing not otherwise provided for
    • G01D21/02Measuring two or more variables by means not covered by a single other subclass
    • GPHYSICS
    • G08SIGNALLING
    • G08CTRANSMISSION SYSTEMS FOR MEASURED VALUES, CONTROL OR SIMILAR SIGNALS
    • G08C17/00Arrangements for transmitting signals characterised by the use of a wireless electrical link
    • G08C17/02Arrangements for transmitting signals characterised by the use of a wireless electrical link using a radio link
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04WWIRELESS COMMUNICATION NETWORKS
    • H04W84/00Network topologies
    • H04W84/18Self-organising networks, e.g. ad-hoc networks or sensor networks

Abstract

The invention discloses a Chinese herbal medicine growth environment information acquiring device, which relates to the technical field of Internet of Things. The Chinese herbal medicine growth environment information acquiring device uses different sensors as nodes in a network, and acquires major information such as temperature, humidity, light intensity, carbon dioxide concentration, moisture, other nutrients and the like. The acquired data is aggregated to a gateway of a lower computer by adopting a Zigbee wireless communication technology, and the lower computer transmits the data to a Chinese herbal medicine growth environment mining system in an upper computer by utilizing an Internet technology and a 4G technology according to needs. A Chinese herbal medicine growth environment mining system is established by adopting technologies such as a data mining technology, an Android platform technology and .NET, and functions such as information storage, query, analysis and personalized recommendation are realized.

Description

Chinese medicine growing environment information collecting device
Technical field
The present invention relates to internet of things field, particularly to a kind of Chinese medicine growing environment information collecting device.
Background technology
Technology of Internet of things is to be applied with industrialized agriculture for environment in application majority agriculturally at this stage, lacks and is directed to Land for growing field crops, the research of open-air atmosphere Chinese medicine and application.Existing wireless environment collection network is mostly based on trunked communication system, GSM The technology such as short message and CDMA/GPRS, has that network construction cost is high, public network access rate is low, complex operation, network The shortcomings of coverage is little, information is difficult to shared, has influence on the effect of field conditions information gathering to a certain extent.
Content of the invention
The technical problem to be solved is to provide a kind of Chinese medicine growing environment information collecting device, by wireless Sensor is acquired to corresponding data, gathered data is carried out point using data digging methods such as association analysis, clustering methods Analysis, using embedded technology, Android platform technology and .NET technology etc., builds host computer and lower computer system, is Chinese medicine Growing environment information gathering provides theoretical and technical basis with data mining.
For achieving the above object, the present invention provides following technical scheme:A kind of Chinese medicine growing environment information gathering dress Put it is characterised in that:Described Chinese medicine growing environment information collecting device include the master system that connected by Internet of Things and Lower computer system, master system is system remote monitoring management platform, implements Chinese medicine growing environment information parameter is adopted Collection, data storage, analysis;Lower computer system includes sensor assembly, and sensor assembly passes through wireless network and data control block Connect, data control block is connected with slave computer by gateway;Chinese medicine growing environment data ZigBee wireless sensor network Using star topology, ZigBee wireless sensor network achieves and carries out data acquisition to Chinese medicine growing environment, adopts Embedded type GUI development system under embedded-type ARM microcontroller and Linux, the data collecting is carried out processing packing, AD conversion Afterwards server is sent to by 4G router, for Chinese medicine growing environment factor multidimensional, the characteristic such as dynamic, uncertain, intends adopting With the data mining technology such as Apriori algorithm and kmeans algorithm, intellectual analysis are carried out to factor data, to support environment to adjust Control and integrated management decision-making, based on Web Chinese medicine growth data digging system, realize the storage to gathered data, inquiry, analysis And personalized recommendation.
Preferably, described sensor assembly includes the temperature sensor of environment, the humidity sensor of environment, soil moisture biography Sensor, wind speed wind direction sensor, the analog signal of sensor assembly is converted into data signal by A/D, and humidity sensor is several Word sensor, can be transferred directly to single-chip microcomputer, and main control chip carries out the son that after ripple filtration treatment, packing is delivered in network to data Node.
Beneficial effect using above technical scheme is:This Chinese medicine growing environment information collecting device is with different sensings Device as the node in network, gather the temperature of Chinese medicine growing environment, humidity, intensity of illumination, gas concentration lwevel, moisture, And the main information such as other nutrients.By Zigbee wireless communication technology collection convergence to slave computer gateway On, slave computer is further according to needing to transfer data to the Chinese medicine growth ring positioned at host computer using Internet technology, 4G technology In the digging system of border.Dug by the technique construction Chinese medicine growing environment such as data mining technology, Android platform technology and .NET Pick system, realizes the functions such as storage, inquiry, analysis and the personalized recommendation of information.
Brief description
Below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings the specific embodiment of the present invention is described in further detail.
Fig. 1 is lower computer system data acquisition module frame diagram;
Fig. 2 is data acquisition structured flowchart;
Fig. 3 is CC2530 peripheral circuit diagram;
Fig. 4 is sensor node program flow diagram.
Specific embodiment
Describe a kind of side of being preferable to carry out of present invention Chinese medicine growing environment information collecting device below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings in detail Formula.
Show a kind of concrete reality of present invention Chinese medicine growing environment information collecting device in conjunction with Fig. 1, Fig. 2, Fig. 3 and Fig. 4 Apply mode:This Chinese medicine growing environment information collecting device includes master system and the slave computer system connecting by Internet of Things System, master system is system remote monitoring management platform, implements the collection of Chinese medicine growing environment information parameter, data are deposited Storage, analysis;Lower computer system includes sensor assembly, and sensor assembly is connected with data control block by wireless network, data Control module is connected with slave computer by gateway;Chinese medicine growing environment data ZigBee wireless sensor network is opened up using star Flutter structure, ZigBee wireless sensor network achieves and carries out data acquisition to Chinese medicine growing environment, micro- using embedded-type ARM Embedded type GUI development system under controller and Linux, the data collecting is carried out processing packing, passes through 4G road after AD conversion Server is sent to by device, for Chinese medicine growing environment factor multidimensional, the characteristic such as dynamic, uncertain, intends calculating using Apriori The data mining technology such as method and kmeans algorithm, carries out intellectual analysis to factor data, to support environment conditioning and integrated management Decision-making, based on Web Chinese medicine growth data digging system, realizes the storage to gathered data, inquiry, analysis and personalization and pushes away Recommend.
By survey, visit, data analysis, the form such as site observation are carried out.Analysis and investigation data, refines service master The main information demand of body.According to this demand, propose this service system realizes target and main contents;Carry for system constructing For reliable basis.
System is intended adopting upper and lower machine control program.Slave computer scheme is mainly data acquisition module, and it is responsible for Chinese medicine The data acquisition of growing environment information.Host computer is system remote monitoring management platform, implements to Chinese medicine growing environment information The functions such as the collection of parameter, data storage, analysis;Using the friendly Chinese medicine growing environment of Measurement index design interface Information gathering and digging system.
Data acquisition and control module is the core of lower computer system, can gather the signal of the output of sensor, and can be defeated Go out control signal and carry out Based Intelligent Control, the degree of stability of this module determines the quality of whole project.The data acquisition of environment is Realized by single-chip microcomputer, the analog signal of the sensor such as temperature, soil moisture, atmospheric pressure, wind speed and direction is turned by A/D Change data signal into, humidity sensor is digital sensor, single-chip microcomputer can be transferred directly to, main control chip carries out ripple mistake to data The child node in network is delivered in packing after filter is processed.
The design of hardware, with modular design philosophy as core, terminal node is largely divided into data processing module, work( Amplification module data acquisition module etc., coordinator node includes data processing module, radio frequency part and power module etc.;Circuit diagram Design has partly carried out corresponding circuit design to each module so that coordinator node, terminal node and router node structure Compact, function is integrated, ad hoc capability is strong, stable and reliable operation, supports multistage dormancy and awakening mode, reduces to greatest extent Power consumption.
Intend adopting CC2530 process chip, it is that the second generation that TI company releases in 2.4GHz frequency range is supported On-chip system (System On a Chip, the SOC) chip of IEEE802.15.4/ZigBee agreement.The application of CC2530 is compared Simply it is only necessary to the circuit of external minority can achieve.Because CC2530 is per se with the function of radio frequency, generally for small-power The design of network node does not need additional extra radio frequency chip, and CC2530 some ball bearing made additional can achieve radio frequency work( Energy.But in design node, certain asking is had for transmission power, general requirement needs plus power amplifier when transmitting more remote Chip, such as CC2591.The external circuitses of CC2530 are as shown in Figure 3.
The functional module that the software system design of host computer is intended realizing has family management module, data management module, data to dig Pick module etc..
User management module:The access right of different user can be set by this module, the authority of office of different monitoring point to Family authority is classified.
Data management module:Realize including creating tables of data, the editor of data, deletion, interpolation etc..
According to excavation module:Data to be excavated is classified, analyze data excavates valuable information, be Chinese medicine Growth intelligent decision provides help.
The software system design of the next position machine, intends opening using the embedded type GUI under embedded-type ARM microcontroller and Linux The system of sending out.In slave computer, the data acquisition of sensor and control are the keys of whole system Software for Design, after system electrification first Initiating hardware and Zigbee protocol stack, set up sensor network, send a 64bit when there being new terminal node to telegon Physical address network request when, whether telegon first checks for this terminal node initialization information in sensing network cache table In, if not existing, cache table records this destination node information, and distribute the network address of a 16bit, complete terminal section The addition of point and the foundation of network.When terminal node sends data, data processes encapsulation through Zigbee protocol stack application layer Form Frame in Internet, and be sent to MAC layer, MAC layer avoids (CSMA/CA) to calculate using band carrier sense multiple access and collision Method connects people's network communication channels and carries out data dissemination.When telegon receiving data, the Frame warp of Zigbee protocol stack PHY layer MAC layer reaches Internet and is split, and through the inspection of frame control information and frame check information, takes out frame payload part and sends out Give application layer process.Sensor node program flow diagram is as shown in Figure 4.
System will be carried out after the completion of system design with test and the analysis of each functional module and performance.As found bad effect Fruit or problem will be analyzed inspection in time and change and perfect, through repeatedly testing, until system is well run.
By the operation of system, user is allowed to recognize that Chinese medicine growing environment is believed by Chinese medicine growth information digging system The importance of breath, formulates related promotional, strives for and business tie-up.
Above is only the preferred embodiment of the present invention it is noted that for the person of ordinary skill of the art, Without departing from the concept of the premise of the invention, some deformation can also be made and improve, these broadly fall into the guarantor of the present invention Shield scope.

Claims (2)

1. a kind of Chinese medicine growing environment information collecting device it is characterised in that:Described Chinese medicine growing environment information gathering dress Put including the master system being connected by Internet of Things and lower computer system, master system pats for system remote monitoring pipe Platform, implements the collection to Chinese medicine growing environment information parameter, data storage, analysis;Lower computer system includes sensor assembly, Sensor assembly is connected with data control block by wireless network, and data control block is connected with slave computer by gateway;Chinese medicine Material growing environment data ZigBee wireless sensor network adopts star topology, and ZigBee wireless sensor network achieves Data acquisition is carried out to Chinese medicine growing environment, using the embedded type GUI exploitation system under embedded-type ARM microcontroller and Linux System, the data collecting is carried out processing packing, is sent to server by 4G router after AD conversion, for Chinese medicine growth ring Border factor multidimensional, the characteristic such as dynamic, uncertain, intend adopting the data mining technology such as Apriori algorithm and kmeans algorithm, to because Subdata carries out intellectual analysis, to support environment conditioning and integrated management decision-making, excavates system based on Web Chinese medicine growth data System, realizes the storage to gathered data, inquiry, analysis and personalized recommendation.
2. Chinese medicine growing environment information collecting device according to claim 1 it is characterised in that:Described sensor assembly Including the temperature sensor of environment, the humidity sensor of environment, soil moisture sensor, wind speed wind direction sensor, sensor die The analog signal of block is converted into data signal by A/D, and humidity sensor is digital sensor, can be transferred directly to single-chip microcomputer, Main control chip carries out the child node that after ripple filtration treatment, packing is delivered in network to data.
CN201610531860.7A 2016-06-30 2016-06-30 Chinese herbal medicine growth environment information acquiring device Pending CN106404046A (en)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108572972A (en) * 2017-03-09 2018-09-25 郑州博信知识产权代理有限公司 Internet of Things fruit and vegetable greenhouses monitoring system and method based on association algorithm
CN109035056A (en) * 2018-08-14 2018-12-18 河南越盛信息技术有限公司 Growth information acquisition analysis system and method for Chinese medicine plantation

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20090252087A1 (en) * 2008-04-03 2009-10-08 National Taiwan University Wireless-linked remote ecological environment monitoring system
CN202048933U (en) * 2011-03-25 2011-11-23 西北农林科技大学 Greenhouse monitoring system based on wireless sensor network
CN103076784A (en) * 2012-12-30 2013-05-01 同济大学 Greenhouse environmental monitoring system based on wireless sensor network and GPRS (general packet radio service)
CN105046924A (en) * 2015-08-27 2015-11-11 钦州学院 Intelligent farmland irrigation control system based on Internet of Things and operation method of intelligent farmland irrigation control system
CN205049997U (en) * 2015-10-27 2016-02-24 山东农业大学 Land for growing field crops environmental information monitored control system

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20090252087A1 (en) * 2008-04-03 2009-10-08 National Taiwan University Wireless-linked remote ecological environment monitoring system
CN202048933U (en) * 2011-03-25 2011-11-23 西北农林科技大学 Greenhouse monitoring system based on wireless sensor network
CN103076784A (en) * 2012-12-30 2013-05-01 同济大学 Greenhouse environmental monitoring system based on wireless sensor network and GPRS (general packet radio service)
CN105046924A (en) * 2015-08-27 2015-11-11 钦州学院 Intelligent farmland irrigation control system based on Internet of Things and operation method of intelligent farmland irrigation control system
CN205049997U (en) * 2015-10-27 2016-02-24 山东农业大学 Land for growing field crops environmental information monitored control system

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108572972A (en) * 2017-03-09 2018-09-25 郑州博信知识产权代理有限公司 Internet of Things fruit and vegetable greenhouses monitoring system and method based on association algorithm
CN109035056A (en) * 2018-08-14 2018-12-18 河南越盛信息技术有限公司 Growth information acquisition analysis system and method for Chinese medicine plantation
CN109035056B (en) * 2018-08-14 2021-07-16 浙江大学滨海产业技术研究院 Growth information acquisition and analysis system and method for Chinese herbal medicine planting

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Application publication date: 20170215

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