Comprehensive reactor for Wooden modifying
The present invention relates to the production equipment field of Wooden modifying, more particularly to a kind of comprehensive reaction for Wooden modifying
There is kinds of processes in the modification of timber, it is necessary to use solid, liquid simultaneously in the production process to modifying agent
The raw material of three kinds of characters of body and gas is produced；From the point of view of the fundamental reaction principle chemically reacted, between various reaction raw materials
Contact it is more abundant, mixing it is more uniform, the efficiency of end reaction is higher.
In traditional consersion unit, by the stirring of agitating paddle, ensure the abundant contact between three during the course of the reaction,
But due to the limitation of stirring structure, gas residence time in liquid medium is shorter, gas, liquid contact with solid three
Time is short, it is difficult to fully react；Therefore, on the market improved way by solid dissolving in liquid flux, pass through liquid flux
With being mutually mixed for liquid reactions liquid, gas and the residence time in liquid finally are being improved, when improving three's contact to reach
Between purpose, but in Wooden modifying field, some solid materials are solvent can not to be used to be dissolved, it is necessary to direct and liquid
Precursor reactant liquid is reacted, therefore the mixed effect of three can directly affect the reaction efficiency of integral product.
The content of the invention
A kind of simple in construction present invention aims at providing for above-mentioned problem, solid, liquid, gas three mixing is equal
Even, reaction efficiency is high, suitable for the comprehensive reactor of Wooden modifying.
In order to achieve the above object, the technical solution adopted by the present invention is as follows：It is a kind of to be used for the comprehensive anti-of Wooden modifying
Kettle is answered, described comprehensive reactor is the cylindrical housings of sealing, and the top of housing is provided with stirring motor, and the inside of housing is set
There is agitating shaft, the bottom of housing is provided with discharging opening, and the top of the housing is provided with solid feed inlet and gas addition port, housing
Middle part is provided with liquid addition port, and the top of described housing is provided with the material distributor of cone, described material distributor set
On agitating shaft, material distributor is fixedly mounted on the inwall of housing by fix bar, on the inside of the material distributor
Agitating shaft is provided with material distribution round platform, and the top of material distributor is connected on solid feed inlet by material guiding tube, material point
The lower section of cloth device is provided with the liquid spray pipeline of annular, and liquid spray pipeline is connected on liquid addition port, liquid spray pipeline
It is provided with multiple spray heads vertically upward.
Housing above material distributor of the present invention is provided with gas backstreaming pipeline, and the bottom of housing is provided with annular
Jet pipeline, described gas backstreaming pipeline are connected on jet pipeline by aspiration pump；Pass through gas backstreaming pipeline and jet
The compound action of pipeline, the convenient reaction system that the gas for failing to react completely above housing is imported into below housing again
In, reacted again, gas medium utilization rate is high.
The air-flow spout of multiple horizontal-jets is evenly distributed with jet pipeline of the present invention；Pass through horizontal-jet
Air-flow spout, the convenient gas injection medium into the liquid reactions liquid below housing, gas is in liquid reactions liquid after improving backflow
In residence time, when it is diffused up, contacted with the solid dielectric in liquid reactions liquid, facilitate three simultaneously it is anti-
Housing between jet pipeline and liquid spray pipeline of the present invention is provided with backgauge screen cloth, described backgauge
The setting height(from bottom) of screen cloth is no more than the 1/5 of body height；After solid material drops from material distributor, drop to anti-in liquid
Answer in medium, caught by backgauge screen cloth, avoid solid material from all sinking to the bottom, the solid material after sinking to the bottom is difficult to be situated between again with gas
Matter contacts；Solid material fully contacts on backgauge screen cloth with the gas after rising and liquid, improves reaction efficiency.
Material guiding tube of the present invention is set with agitating shaft by the pipeline of annular, and described material distribution round platform is set
In the underface of the outlet of material guiding tube；Solid material under the guiding of material guiding tube, drops to after solid feed inlet enters housing
Material is distributed the top of round platform, and material distribution round platform rotates with the rotation of agitating shaft, in centrifugal force and the material of cone
That material is completed in the presence of distributor is uniformly distributed work.
The advantage of the invention is that：The present invention for needed in the production technology of Wooden modifying the solid, liquid that carries out simultaneously and
The combined reaction of gas three, in housing upper, gaseous environment, in the presence of material distributor and liquid, uniform sprinkling
Liquid and solid, three's contact are abundant；In lower housing portion, liquid environment, in the presence of jet pipeline and backgauge screen cloth, three
Person's contact is abundant, the time of contact of the three maximumlly improved, improves reaction efficiency；Device itself is simple in construction, operation letter
Folk prescription just, good practical effect.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the apparatus structure sketch of the present invention.
Wherein, 1 housing, 2 solid feed inlets, 3 discharging openings, 4 stirring motors, 5 agitating shafts, 6 material distributors, 7
Material distribution round platform, 8 material guiding tubes, 9 liquid spray pipelines, 10 liquid addition ports, 11 gas backstreaming pipelines, 12 aspiration pumps,
13 jet pipelines, 14 backgauge screen clothes, 15 fix bars, 16 gas addition ports.
The present invention is described in further detail with embodiment for explanation below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.
Embodiment 1：A kind of comprehensive reactor for Wooden modifying as shown in Figure 1, described comprehensive reactor
For the cylindrical housings 1 of sealing, the top of housing 1 is provided with stirring motor 4, and the inside of housing 1 is provided with agitating shaft 5, the bottom of housing 1
Portion is provided with discharging opening 3, and the top of the housing 1 is provided with solid feed inlet 2 and gas addition port 16, and the middle part of housing 1 is provided with liquid
Body charge door 10, the top of described housing 1 are provided with the material distributor 6 of cone, and described material distributor 6, which is sleeved on, to be stirred
Mix on axle 5, material distributor 6 is fixedly mounted on by fix bar 15 on the inwall of housing 1, the inner side of material distributor 6
Agitating shaft 5 is provided with material distribution round platform 7, and the top of material distributor 6 is connected on solid feed inlet 2 by material guiding tube 8, thing
Expect that the lower section of distributor 6 is provided with the liquid spray pipeline 9 of annular, liquid spray pipeline 9 is connected on liquid addition port 10, liquid
Spray pipeline 9 is provided with multiple spray heads vertically upward.
Embodiment 2：As shown in figure 1, the housing 1 of the top of material distributor 6 of the present invention is provided with gas backstreaming pipeline 11,
The bottom of housing 1 is provided with the jet pipeline 13 of annular, and described gas backstreaming pipeline 11 is connected to air jet pipe by aspiration pump 12
On road 13；It is convenient that the top of housing 1 is failed what is reacted completely by gas backstreaming pipeline 11 and the compound action of jet pipeline 13
Gas is imported into the reaction system of the lower section of housing 1 again, is reacted again, and gas medium utilization rate is high.
Embodiment 3：As shown in figure 1, the air-flow spray of multiple horizontal-jets is evenly distributed with the jet pipeline 13 of the present invention
Mouthful；By the air-flow spout of horizontal-jet, the convenient gas injection medium into the liquid reactions liquid of the lower section of housing 1, backflow is improved
Residence time of the gas in liquid reactions liquid afterwards, when it is diffused up, connect with the solid dielectric in liquid reactions liquid
Touch, facilitate three's simultaneous reactions.
Embodiment 4：As shown in figure 1, the housing 1 between the jet pipeline 13 and liquid spray pipeline 9 of the present invention is provided with
Backgauge screen cloth 14, the setting height(from bottom) of described backgauge screen cloth 14 are no more than the 1/5 of the height of housing 1；Solid material is distributed from material
After being dropped on material distribution round platform 7 in device 6, drop in liquid in reaction medium, caught, avoided by backgauge screen cloth 14
Solid material is all sunk to the bottom, and the solid material after sinking to the bottom is difficult to be contacted again with gas medium；Solid material is on backgauge screen cloth 14
Fully contacted with the gas after rising and liquid, improve reaction efficiency.
Embodiment 5：As shown in figure 1, the material guiding tube 8 of the present invention is set with agitating shaft 5 by the pipeline of annular, it is described
Material distribution round platform 7 is arranged on the underface of the outlet of material guiding tube 8；After solid material is from solid feed inlet 2 into housing 1,
Under the guiding of material guiding tube 8, the top of material distribution round platform 7 is dropped to, material distribution round platform 7 turns with the rotation of agitating shaft 5
Dynamic, that material is completed in the presence of the material distributor 6 of centrifugal force and cone is uniformly distributed work.
It should be noted that above-mentioned is only presently preferred embodiments of the present invention, not it is used for limiting the protection model of the present invention
Enclose, any combination or equivalents made on the basis of above-described embodiment belong to protection scope of the present invention.