CN106387561A - Method for preparation of fruit juice by dried fruit extraction process - Google Patents

Method for preparation of fruit juice by dried fruit extraction process Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106387561A
CN106387561A CN201610793975.3A CN201610793975A CN106387561A CN 106387561 A CN106387561 A CN 106387561A CN 201610793975 A CN201610793975 A CN 201610793975A CN 106387561 A CN106387561 A CN 106387561A
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extraction
fruit juice
dried fruitss
dried
fruit
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CN201610793975.3A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN106387561B (en
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乔文斌
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内蒙古高原杏仁露有限公司
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23LFOODS, FOODSTUFFS, OR NON-ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES, NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES A23B - A23J; THEIR PREPARATION OR TREATMENT, e.g. COOKING, MODIFICATION OF NUTRITIVE QUALITIES, PHYSICAL TREATMENT; PRESERVATION OF FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS, IN GENERAL
    • A23L2/00Non-alcoholic beverages; Dry compositions or concentrates therefor; Their preparation
    • A23L2/02Non-alcoholic beverages; Dry compositions or concentrates therefor; Their preparation containing fruit or vegetable juices
    • A23L2/04Extraction of juices
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23LFOODS, FOODSTUFFS, OR NON-ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES, NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES A23B - A23J; THEIR PREPARATION OR TREATMENT, e.g. COOKING, MODIFICATION OF NUTRITIVE QUALITIES, PHYSICAL TREATMENT; PRESERVATION OF FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS, IN GENERAL
    • A23L2/00Non-alcoholic beverages; Dry compositions or concentrates therefor; Their preparation
    • A23L2/52Adding ingredients
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23VINDEXING SCHEME RELATING TO FOODS, FOODSTUFFS OR NON-ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES
    • A23V2002/00Food compositions, function of food ingredients or processes for food or foodstuffs

Abstract

The invention discloses a method for preparation of fruit juice by dried fruit extraction process. The method comprises the steps of: (1) air-drying of fresh fruits, (2) dried fruit cleaning, (3) first extraction of dried fruits, (4) second extraction of dried fruits, (5) enzyme inactivation treatment, (6) juice separation, (7) preparation of sugar liquid, (8) juice blending, and (9) filling warehousing. According to the invention, through the process of air-drying of fresh fruits into dried fruits, the process of post-generation of anthocyanin and conversion of tannin substances into sugar is prolonged, the content of anthocyanin in the raw materials is increased, and the content of tannin substances in the raw materials is lowered, thus finally reaching the purposes of increasing the product anthocyanin content, improving color and taste, and enhancing the product quality. Through the two extraction processes, the oxidase of the dried fruits themselves is released and is utilized to prevent browning likely to occur in the making process, the production process is shortened, additional procurement of raw materials is not needed, and the production cost is reduced.

Description

The method preparing fruit juice using dried fruitss extraction process
Technical field:
The present invention relates to fruit juice preparation method, particularly to a kind of method preparing fruit juice using dried fruitss extraction process.
Background technology:
Several little fruit fruit such as Calophyllum Inophyllum L, Prunus armeniaca L.var.ansu Maxim., calophyllum inophyllum, huangtaiping, nutrition very abundant, doctor's food homology, tool There is strengthening the spleen and stomach, increase appetite, aid digestion;Particularly Calophyllum Inophyllum L, after testing, its fruit containing soluble sugar content is 15.18%, can drip color acid content is 1.04%, and Vitamin C content reaches 2.38mg/100g, additionally many containing needed by human body Kind of trace element, wherein calcic 66.59mg/g, ferrum 2.16mg/g, zinc 0.54mg/g, calcic occupies first of fruit, have " calcium in fruit The laudatory title of king ".But, the fresh fruit sarcocarp eating mouth feel of above-mentioned several fruit is poor, in order to improve mouthfeel, caters to consumer's happiness Good, typically can be fabricated to the products such as preserved fruit, fruit jam, canned food, dried fruitss, especially be made into fruit drink and more liked by consumer Love.
At present, the fruit drink making several little fruit fruit such as Calophyllum Inophyllum L, Prunus armeniaca L.var.ansu Maxim., calophyllum inophyllum, huangtaiping is typically adopted Use fresh fruit extracting juice process, but make such fruit juice using fresh fruit extracting juice process and there is certain deficiency:1st, product anthocyanidin Content is relatively low, tannin is more, lead to product color to differ, mouthfeel poor, in order to improve color and luster, mouthfeel, would have to Using substantial amounts of food additive, do not meet the requirement to Food choice for the current people;2nd, the easy brown stain of product in manufacturing process, Extend production procedure, increase raw materials for production to prevent brown stain to be accomplished by, virtually increased production cost.
Content of the invention:
It is an object of the invention to provide a kind of reduce food additive consumption, reduce production cost, improving product quality The utilization dried fruitss extraction process method of preparing fruit juice.
The present invention is implemented by following technical scheme:The method preparing fruit juice using dried fruitss extraction process, it includes walking as follows Suddenly:(1) fresh fruit dry in the sun, (2) dried fruitss clean, (3) dried fruitss single extraction, (4) dried fruitss reextraction, (5) destroy the enzyme treatment, (6) really Juice separates, the preparation of (7) sugar liquid;(8) fruit juice allotment, (9) fill is put in storage;Wherein,
(1) fresh fruit dry in the sun:Under sufficient natural lighting, dry in the sun is carried out to raw material fresh fruit, obtain dried fruitss, described dried fruitss Water content is 15-18%;
(2) dried fruitss cleaning:Weigh the described dried fruitss that weight portion is 20-50 part, the described dried fruitss weighing are carried out;
(3) dried fruitss single extraction:After the completion of dried fruitss cleaning, add the 80-90 that weight portion is 300-400 part into extractor DEG C pure water, then cleaned described dried fruitss are moved in described extractor and carry out single extraction, described single extraction Temperature is 80-90 DEG C, and extraction time is 60-90min, from described single extraction, opens air pump every 10-15min and blows Gas 1 time, air blowing 3-5min every time;After described single extraction terminates, single extraction feed liquid is delivered to once vibrations filter, and Once filtered using 80-100 mesh filter cloth, gained filtrate is single extraction thing, described single extraction thing sealing is delivered to enzyme In solution tank, gained filtering residue is back in described extractor;
(4) dried fruitss reextraction:After the completion of dried fruitss single extraction, weight portion is added to be 100-200 part in described filtering residue 80-90 DEG C of described pure water carry out reextraction, the temperature of described reextraction is 80-90 DEG C, and extraction time is 30- 60min, after described reextraction terminates, reextraction feed liquid is delivered to secondary vibrations filter, and using the filter of 100-150 mesh Cloth carries out secondary filter, and gained filtrate is reextraction thing, and described reextraction thing sealing is delivered in described enzymatic vessel, now Described single extraction thing in described enzymatic vessel and described reextraction thing are dried fruitss extract;
(5) destroy the enzyme treatment:After dried fruitss reextraction terminates, by the temperature liter of the described dried fruitss extract in described enzymatic vessel To 85-95 DEG C and be incubated 20-30min, carry out destroy the enzyme treatment;Temperature fall by the described dried fruitss extract after described destroy the enzyme treatment To 15-20 DEG C and stand 10-20min;
(6) fruit juice separating:After destroy the enzyme treatment terminates, the described dried fruitss extract sealing in described enzymatic vessel is delivered to dish Carry out in formula seperator separating, separating rate is 2000-4000r/min, until fruit juice is separated with sarcocarp, described in isolating Fruit juice sealing is delivered in fruit juice surge tank, carries out fine straining to the described fruit juice in described fruit juice surge tank, obtains original fruit juice, institute The particle diameter stated in original fruit juice is 0.5-1 μm;
(7) preparation of sugar liquid:After fruit juice separating terminates, by changing sugared pump, weight portion is 50-60 part pure water and weight Part for 50-60 part white sugar, 5-10 part crystal sugar, 0.15-0.3 part Sal, 1.2-1.4 part malic acid, 0.5-0.7 part citric acid, 1-1.5 part carboxymethyl cellulose is together dissolved in addition sugar bowl, obtains sugar liquid;
(8) fruit juice allotment:After the preparation of sugar liquid terminates, add weight portion to be 1000 parts of described pure water into blend tank, Described original fruit juice and described sugar liquid, obtain just joining liquid;Afterwards, using malic acid, the described total acid content just joining liquid is adjusted to 0.2- 0.3%, start agitator and be stirred, mixing time is 20-30min, obtains fruit juice finished product;
(9) fill warehouse-in:After fruit juice allotment terminates, carry out the fill of described fruit juice finished product, fill temperature under air-proof condition Spend for 87.7 DEG C -88.3 DEG C, described fill carries out after terminating covering mark, coding, packaging, warehouse-in.
Further, described raw material fresh fruit is any one in Calophyllum Inophyllum L or Prunus armeniaca L.var.ansu Maxim. or calophyllum inophyllum or huangtaiping.
Further, in described step (2) dried fruitss cleaning, the scavenging period of described dried fruitss is 3-5min.
Further, when described raw material fresh fruit is Calophyllum Inophyllum L, just can join to described in the allotment of described step (9) fruit juice Add the Fructus mail micromali berry extract that weight portion is 0.1-0.3 part in liquid;When described raw material fresh fruit is Prunus armeniaca L.var.ansu Maxim., can be to described step (9) described in fruit juice allotment is just joined and adds the Fructus Pruni spice that weight portion is 0.1-0.3 part in liquid;When described raw material fresh fruit is sea During Chinese bush cherry fruit, can just join to described in the allotment of described step (9) fruit juice and add the calophyllum inophyllum that weight portion is 0.1-0.3 part in liquid and carry Take thing;When described raw material fresh fruit is huangtaiping, can just join to described in the allotment of described step (9) fruit juice and in liquid, add weight Amount part is the huangtaiping spice of 0.1-0.3 part.
Further, described pure electrical conductivity of water≤30us/cm, between pH value 6.0-8.0.
Advantages of the present invention:1st, passing through fresh fruit dry in the sun is the process of dried fruitss, extends rear generation and the tanninses of anthocyanidin Material is converted into the process of sugar, increased the content of anthocyanidin in raw material, reduces the content of tannin class material in raw material, finally Reach increase product anthocyanidin content, improve color and luster and the purpose of mouthfeel, improving product quality;2nd, pass through the mistake extracting twice Journey, makes the oxidase of dried fruitss itself be released, and prevents incident brown stain in manufacturing process using dried fruitss autoxidation enzyme, contracting Short production procedure, additionally need not purchase raw material, reduce production cost.
Specific embodiment:
Embodiment 1:
The method preparing fruit juice using dried fruitss extraction process, it comprises the steps:(1) fresh fruit dry in the sun, (2) dried fruitss are clear Wash, (3) dried fruitss single extraction, (4) dried fruitss reextraction, (5) destroy the enzyme treatment, (6) fruit juice separating, the preparation of (7) sugar liquid;(8) Fruit juice is allocated, and (9) fill is put in storage;Wherein,
(1) fresh fruit dry in the sun:Under sufficient natural lighting, dry in the sun is carried out to Calophyllum Inophyllum L fresh fruit, obtain dried fruitss, the containing of dried fruitss The water yield is 15%;
(2) dried fruitss cleaning:Weigh the dried fruitss that weight portion is 20 parts, the dried fruitss weighing are carried out, scavenging period is 3min;
(3) dried fruitss single extraction:After the completion of dried fruitss cleaning, add the pure of 80 DEG C that weight portion is 300 parts into extractor Then cleaned dried fruitss are moved into and carry out single extraction in extractor by water purification, and the temperature of single extraction is 80 DEG C, extraction time For 60min, from single extraction, open air pump every 10min and blow 1 time, air blowing 3min every time, air blowing can make extractor Interior reduction temperature, reduces gelatinizing;After single extraction terminates, the sealing of single extraction feed liquid is delivered to once vibrations filter, And once filtered using 80 mesh filter clothes, gained filtrate is single extraction thing, and the sealing of single extraction thing is delivered in enzymatic vessel, Gained filtering residue is back in described extractor;
(4) dried fruitss reextraction:After the completion of dried fruitss single extraction, add 80 DEG C that weight portion is 100 parts in filtering residue Pure water carries out reextraction, and the temperature of reextraction is 80 DEG C, and extraction time is 30min, after reextraction terminates, will be secondary Extraction feed liquid sealing is delivered to secondary vibrations filter, and carries out secondary filter using 100 mesh filter clothes, and gained filtrate is secondary extraction Take thing, the sealing of reextraction thing is delivered in enzymatic vessel, and now the single extraction thing in enzymatic vessel and reextraction thing are dried fruitss Extract;
(5) destroy the enzyme treatment:After dried fruitss reextraction terminates, the dried fruitss extract in enzymatic vessel is warming up to 85 DEG C and is incubated 20min, carries out destroy the enzyme treatment;Dried fruitss extract temperature after destroy the enzyme treatment is down to 15 DEG C and is stood 10min;
(6) fruit juice separating:After destroy the enzyme treatment terminates, the dried fruitss extract sealing in enzymatic vessel is delivered to disk centrifuge Inside carry out separating, separating rate is 2000r/min, until fruit juice is separated with sarcocarp, the fruit juice isolated sealing is delivered to fruit In juice surge tank, fine straining is carried out to the fruit juice in fruit juice surge tank, obtain original fruit juice, the particle diameter in original fruit juice is 0.5 μm;
(7) preparation of sugar liquid:After fruit juice separating terminates, by changing sugared pump, weight portion for 50 parts of pure water with weight portion is 50 parts of white sugars, 5 parts of crystal sugar, 0.15 part of Sal, 1.2 parts of malic acids, 0.5 part of citric acid, 1 part of carboxymethyl cellulose together add Change in sugar bowl and dissolved, obtain sugar liquid;
(8) fruit juice allotment:After the preparation of sugar liquid terminates, weight portion is added to be 1000 parts of pure water, former fruits into blend tank Juice, sugar liquid and weight portion are 0.1 part of Fructus mail micromali berry extract, obtain just joining liquid;Afterwards, contained using the total acid that malic acid is just joined liquid Amount is adjusted to 0.2%, starts agitator and is stirred, mixing time is 20min, obtains fruit juice finished product;
(9) fill warehouse-in:(9), after fruit juice allotment terminates, the fill of fruit juice product, fill temperature are carried out under air-proof condition For 87.7 DEG C, fill carries out after terminating covering mark, coding, packaging, warehouse-in.
Pure electrical conductivity of water≤30us/cm used in above step, between pH value 6.0, the pure water of this kind of specification Product can be made to be in suspension, prevent sarcocarp from precipitating.
The description of product:
In typically ripe Calophyllum Inophyllum L fresh fruit, tannin content is 0.056%-0.062%, anthocyanidin be 0.07-0.09% it Between, it is the process of dried fruitss that the present embodiment passes through fresh fruit dry in the sun, extends the rear generation of anthocyanidin and tannin is converted into sugar Process, increase the content of anthocyanidin in raw material, reduce the content of tannin class material in raw material, anthocyanidin can improve 35-40%, Tannin can reduce by more than 50%, be finally reached increase product anthocyanidin content, improve color and luster and mouthfeel, without interpolation pigment Product yellowish red color is made to be consistent, mouthfeel is not soft puckery, the purpose of improving product quality;And manufacture this product using fresh fruit, then Adding pigment keeps product color consistent, and mouthfeel is astringent.By the process extracting twice, make the oxidation of itself of Calophyllum Inophyllum L dried fruitss Enzyme is released, and prevents incident brown stain in manufacturing process using dried fruitss autoxidation enzyme, shortens production procedure, without volume Outer buying raw material, reduces production cost.
Embodiment 2:
The method preparing fruit juice using dried fruitss extraction process, it comprises the steps:(1) fresh fruit dry in the sun, (2) dried fruitss are clear Wash, (3) dried fruitss single extraction, (4) dried fruitss reextraction, (5) destroy the enzyme treatment, (6) fruit juice separating, the preparation of (7) sugar liquid;(8) Fruit juice is allocated, and (9) fill is put in storage;Wherein,
(1) fresh fruit dry in the sun:Under sufficient natural lighting, dry in the sun is carried out to Prunus armeniaca L.var.ansu Maxim. fresh fruit, obtains dried fruitss, dried fruitss aqueous Measure as 16%;
(2) dried fruitss cleaning:Weigh the dried fruitss that weight portion is 30 parts, the dried fruitss weighing are carried out, scavenging period is 3.5min;
(3) dried fruitss single extraction:After the completion of dried fruitss cleaning, add the pure of 82 DEG C that weight portion is 330 parts into extractor Then cleaned dried fruitss are moved into and carry out single extraction in extractor by water purification, and the temperature of single extraction is 82 DEG C, extraction time For 70min, from single extraction, open air pump every 12min and blow 1 time, air blowing 3.5min every time, air blowing can make extraction Reduction temperature in tank, reduces gelatinizing;After single extraction terminates, the sealing of single extraction feed liquid is delivered to once vibrations and filters Device, and once filtered using 85 mesh filter clothes, gained filtrate is single extraction thing, and the sealing of single extraction thing is delivered to enzymatic vessel In, gained filtering residue is back in described extractor;
(4) dried fruitss reextraction:After the completion of dried fruitss single extraction, add 82 DEG C that weight portion is 120 parts in filtering residue Pure water carries out reextraction, and the temperature of reextraction is 82 DEG C, and extraction time is 40min, after reextraction terminates, will be secondary Extraction feed liquid sealing is delivered to secondary vibrations filter, and carries out secondary filter using 120 mesh filter clothes, and gained filtrate is secondary extraction Take thing, the sealing of reextraction thing is delivered in enzymatic vessel, and now the single extraction thing in enzymatic vessel and reextraction thing are dried fruitss Extract;
(5) destroy the enzyme treatment:After dried fruitss reextraction terminates, the dried fruitss extract in enzymatic vessel is warming up to 87 DEG C and is incubated 22min, carries out destroy the enzyme treatment;Dried fruitss extract temperature after destroy the enzyme treatment is down to 17 DEG C and is stood 11min;
(6) fruit juice separating:After destroy the enzyme treatment terminates, the dried fruitss extract sealing in enzymatic vessel is delivered to disk centrifuge Inside carry out separating, separating rate is 2500r/min, until fruit juice is separated with sarcocarp, the fruit juice isolated sealing is delivered to fruit In juice surge tank, fine straining is carried out to the fruit juice in fruit juice surge tank, obtain original fruit juice, the particle diameter in original fruit juice is 0.6 μm;
(7) preparation of sugar liquid:After fruit juice separating terminates, by changing sugared pump, weight portion for 52 parts of pure water with weight portion is 52 parts of white sugars, 6 parts of crystal sugar, 0.18 part of Sal, 1.25 parts of malic acids, 0.55 part of citric acid, 1.1 parts of carboxymethyl celluloses are together Dissolved in additionization sugar bowl, obtained sugar liquid;
(8) fruit juice allotment:After the preparation of sugar liquid terminates, weight portion is added to be 1000 parts of pure water, former fruits into blend tank Juice, sugar liquid and weight portion are 0.15 part of Fructus Pruni spice, obtain just joining liquid;Afterwards, the total acid content of liquid is just joined using malic acid It is adjusted to 0.25%, start agitator and be stirred, mixing time is 20-30min, obtains fruit juice finished product;
(9) fill warehouse-in:(9), after fruit juice allotment terminates, the fill of fruit juice product, fill temperature are carried out under air-proof condition For 87.9 DEG C, fill carries out after terminating covering mark, coding, packaging, warehouse-in.
Pure electrical conductivity of water≤30us/cm used in above step, between pH value 6.5, the pure water of this kind of specification Product can be made to be in suspension, prevent sarcocarp from precipitating.
The description of product:
In typically ripe Prunus armeniaca L.var.ansu Maxim. fresh fruit, tannin content is 0.015%-0.025%, anthocyanidin be 0.07-0.09% it Between, it is the process of dried fruitss that the present embodiment passes through fresh fruit dry in the sun, extends the rear generation of anthocyanidin and tannin is converted into sugar Process, increase the content of anthocyanidin in raw material, reduce the content of tannin class material in raw material, anthocyanidin can improve 35-40%, Tannin can reduce by more than 50%, be finally reached increase product anthocyanidin content, improve color and luster and mouthfeel, without interpolation pigment Product orange colour is made to be consistent, sweet mouthfeel, soft, not puckery, the purpose of improving product quality;And manufacture this product using fresh fruit Product, then will add pigment and keep product color consistent, mouthfeel is astringent.By the process extracting twice, make Prunus armeniaca L.var.ansu Maxim. dried fruitss itself Oxidase is released, and prevents incident brown stain in manufacturing process using dried fruitss autoxidation enzyme, shortens production procedure, no Additionally raw material need to be purchased, reduce production cost.
Embodiment 3:
The method preparing fruit juice using dried fruitss extraction process, it comprises the steps:(1) fresh fruit dry in the sun, (2) dried fruitss are clear Wash, (3) dried fruitss single extraction, (4) dried fruitss reextraction, (5) destroy the enzyme treatment, (6) fruit juice separating, the preparation of (7) sugar liquid;(8) Fruit juice is allocated, and (9) fill is put in storage;Wherein,
(1) fresh fruit dry in the sun:Under sufficient natural lighting, dry in the sun is carried out to calophyllum inophyllum fresh fruit, obtain dried fruitss, the containing of dried fruitss The water yield is 15-18%;
(2) dried fruitss cleaning:Weigh the dried fruitss that weight portion is 40 parts, the dried fruitss weighing are carried out, scavenging period is 4min;
(3) dried fruitss single extraction:After the completion of dried fruitss cleaning, add the pure of 86 DEG C that weight portion is 380 parts into extractor Then cleaned dried fruitss are moved into and carry out single extraction in extractor by water purification, and the temperature of single extraction is 86 DEG C, extraction time For 80min, from single extraction, open air pump every 14min and blow 1 time, air blowing 4min every time, air blowing can make extractor Interior reduction temperature, reduces gelatinizing;After single extraction terminates, the sealing of single extraction feed liquid is delivered to once vibrations filter, And once filtered using 90 mesh filter clothes, gained filtrate is single extraction thing, and the sealing of single extraction thing is delivered in enzymatic vessel, Gained filtering residue is back in described extractor;
(4) dried fruitss reextraction:After the completion of dried fruitss single extraction, add 86 DEG C that weight portion is 160 parts in filtering residue Pure water carries out reextraction, and the temperature of reextraction is 86 DEG C, and extraction time is 50min, after reextraction terminates, will be secondary Extraction feed liquid sealing is delivered to secondary vibrations filter, and carries out secondary filter using 140 mesh filter clothes, and gained filtrate is secondary extraction Take thing, the sealing of reextraction thing is delivered in enzymatic vessel, and now the single extraction thing in enzymatic vessel and reextraction thing are dried fruitss Extract;
(5) destroy the enzyme treatment:After dried fruitss reextraction terminates, the dried fruitss extract in enzymatic vessel is warming up to 91 DEG C and is incubated 28min, carries out destroy the enzyme treatment;Dried fruitss extract temperature after destroy the enzyme treatment is down to 17 DEG C and is stood 18min;
(6) fruit juice separating:After destroy the enzyme treatment terminates, the dried fruitss extract sealing in enzymatic vessel is delivered to disk centrifuge Inside carry out separating, separating rate is 3300r/min, until fruit juice is separated with sarcocarp, the fruit juice isolated sealing is delivered to fruit In juice surge tank, fine straining is carried out to the fruit juice in fruit juice surge tank, obtain original fruit juice, the particle diameter in original fruit juice is 0.8 μm;
(7) preparation of sugar liquid:After fruit juice separating terminates, by changing sugared pump, weight portion for 58 parts of pure water with weight portion is 58 parts of white sugars, 8 parts of crystal sugar, 0.22 part of Sal, 1.34 parts of malic acids, 0.62 part of citric acid, 1.4 parts of carboxymethyl celluloses are together Dissolved in additionization sugar bowl, obtained sugar liquid;
(8) fruit juice allotment:After the preparation of sugar liquid terminates, weight portion is added to be 1000 parts of pure water, former fruits into blend tank Juice, sugar liquid and weight portion are 0.25 part of Caulis et folium euphorbiae milii berry extract, obtain just joining liquid;Afterwards, the total acid of liquid is just joined using malic acid Content is adjusted to 0.27%, starts agitator and is stirred, mixing time is 28min, obtains fruit juice finished product;
(9) fill warehouse-in:(9), after fruit juice allotment terminates, the fill of fruit juice product, fill temperature are carried out under air-proof condition For 88.1 DEG C, fill carries out after terminating covering mark, coding, packaging, warehouse-in.
Pure electrical conductivity of water≤30us/cm used in above step, between pH value 7.0, the pure water of this kind of specification Product can be made to be in suspension, prevent sarcocarp from precipitating.
The description of product:
In typically ripe calophyllum inophyllum fresh fruit, tannin content is 0.056%-0.062%, anthocyanidin be 0.07-0.09% it Between, it is the process of dried fruitss that the present embodiment passes through fresh fruit dry in the sun, extends the rear generation of anthocyanidin and tannin is converted into sugar Process, increase the content of anthocyanidin in raw material, reduce the content of tannin class material in raw material, anthocyanidin can improve 35-40%, Tannin can reduce by more than 50%, be finally reached increase product anthocyanidin content, improve color and luster and mouthfeel, without interpolation pigment Product orange colour is made to be consistent, mouthfeel is soft, not puckery, the purpose of improving product quality;And manufacture this product using fresh fruit, then Adding pigment keeps product color consistent, and mouthfeel is astringent.By the process extracting twice, make the oxidation of itself of calophyllum inophyllum dried fruitss Enzyme is released, and prevents incident brown stain in manufacturing process using dried fruitss autoxidation enzyme, shortens production procedure, without volume Outer buying raw material, reduces production cost.
Embodiment 4:
The method preparing fruit juice using dried fruitss extraction process, it comprises the steps:(1) fresh fruit dry in the sun, (2) dried fruitss are clear Wash, (3) dried fruitss single extraction, (4) dried fruitss reextraction, (5) destroy the enzyme treatment, (6) fruit juice separating, the preparation of (7) sugar liquid;(8) Fruit juice is allocated, and (9) fill is put in storage;Wherein,
(1) fresh fruit dry in the sun:Under sufficient natural lighting, dry in the sun is carried out to huangtaiping fresh fruit, obtain dried fruitss, dried fruitss Water content is 18%;
(2) dried fruitss cleaning:Weigh the dried fruitss that weight portion is 50 parts, the dried fruitss weighing are carried out, scavenging period is 5min;
(3) dried fruitss single extraction:After the completion of dried fruitss cleaning, add the pure of 90 DEG C that weight portion is 400 parts into extractor Then cleaned dried fruitss are moved into and carry out single extraction in extractor by water purification, and the temperature of single extraction is 90 DEG C, extraction time For 90min, from single extraction, open air pump every 15min and blow 1 time, air blowing 5min every time, air blowing can make extractor Interior reduction temperature, reduces gelatinizing;After single extraction terminates, the sealing of single extraction feed liquid is delivered to once vibrations filter, And once filtered using 100 mesh filter clothes, gained filtrate is single extraction thing, and the sealing of single extraction thing is delivered to enzymatic vessel In, gained filtering residue is back in described extractor;
(4) dried fruitss reextraction:After the completion of dried fruitss single extraction, add 90 DEG C that weight portion is 200 parts in filtering residue Pure water carries out reextraction, and the temperature of reextraction is 90 DEG C, and extraction time is 60min, after reextraction terminates, will be secondary Extraction feed liquid sealing is delivered to secondary vibrations filter, and carries out secondary filter using 150 mesh filter clothes, and gained filtrate is secondary extraction Take thing, the sealing of reextraction thing is delivered in enzymatic vessel, and now the single extraction thing in enzymatic vessel and reextraction thing are dried fruitss Extract;
(5) destroy the enzyme treatment:After dried fruitss reextraction terminates, the dried fruitss extract in enzymatic vessel is warming up to 95 DEG C and is incubated 30min, carries out destroy the enzyme treatment;Dried fruitss extract temperature after destroy the enzyme treatment is down to 20 DEG C and is stood 20min;
(6) fruit juice separating:After destroy the enzyme treatment terminates, the dried fruitss extract sealing in enzymatic vessel is delivered to disk centrifuge Inside carry out separating, separating rate is 4000r/min, until fruit juice is separated with sarcocarp, the fruit juice isolated sealing is delivered to fruit In juice surge tank, fine straining is carried out to the fruit juice in fruit juice surge tank, obtain original fruit juice, the particle diameter in original fruit juice is 1 μm;
(7) preparation of sugar liquid:After fruit juice separating terminates, by changing sugared pump, weight portion for 60 parts of pure water with weight portion is 60 parts of white sugars, 10 parts of crystal sugar, 0.3 part of Sal, 1.4 parts of malic acids, 0.7 part of citric acid, 1.5 parts of carboxymethyl celluloses together add Dissolved in entering sugar bowl, obtained sugar liquid;
(8) fruit juice allotment:After the preparation of sugar liquid terminates, weight portion is added to be 1000 parts of pure water, former fruits into blend tank Juice, sugar liquid and weight portion are 0.3 part of huangtaiping spice, obtain just joining liquid;Afterwards, contained using the total acid that malic acid is just joined liquid Amount is adjusted to 0.3%, starts agitator and is stirred, mixing time is 20-30min, obtains fruit juice finished product;
(9) fill warehouse-in:(9), after fruit juice allotment terminates, the fill of fruit juice product, fill temperature are carried out under air-proof condition For 88.3 DEG C, fill carries out after terminating covering mark, coding, packaging, warehouse-in.
Pure electrical conductivity of water≤30us/cm used in above step, between pH value 8.0, the pure water of this kind of specification Product can be made to be in suspension, prevent sarcocarp from precipitating.
The description of product:
In typically ripe huangtaiping fresh fruit, tannin content is 0.056%-0.062%, and anthocyanidin is 0.07-0.09% Between, it is the process of dried fruitss that the present embodiment passes through fresh fruit dry in the sun, extends the rear generation of anthocyanidin and tannin is converted into The process of sugar, increases the content of anthocyanidin in raw material, reduces the content of tannin class material in raw material, and anthocyanidin can improve 35- 40%, tannin can reduce by more than 50%, be finally reached increase product anthocyanidin content, improve color and luster and mouthfeel, without interpolation color Element can make product orange colour be consistent, and mouthfeel is soft, not puckery, the purpose of improving product quality;And manufacture this using fresh fruit Product, then will add pigment and keep product color consistent, mouthfeel is astringent.By the process extracting twice, make huangtaiping dried fruitss The oxidase of itself is released, and prevents incident brown stain in manufacturing process using dried fruitss autoxidation enzyme, shortens production Flow process, additionally need not purchase raw material, reduce production cost.
The foregoing is only presently preferred embodiments of the present invention, not in order to limit the present invention, all essences in the present invention Within god and principle, any modification, equivalent substitution and improvement made etc., should be included within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (5)

1. prepare the method for fruit juice it is characterised in that it comprises the steps using dried fruitss extraction process:(1) fresh fruit dry in the sun, (2) dried fruitss cleaning, (3) dried fruitss single extraction, (4) dried fruitss reextraction, (5) destroy the enzyme treatment, (6) fruit juice separating, (7) sugar liquid Preparation;(8) fruit juice allotment, (9) fill is put in storage;Wherein,
(1) fresh fruit dry in the sun:Under sufficient natural lighting, dry in the sun is carried out to raw material fresh fruit, obtains dried fruitss, described dried fruitss aqueous Measure as 15-18%;
(2) dried fruitss cleaning:Weigh the described dried fruitss that weight portion is 20-50 part, the described dried fruitss weighing are carried out;
(3) dried fruitss single extraction:After the completion of dried fruitss cleaning, add 80-90 DEG C that weight portion is 300-400 part into extractor Pure water, then moves into cleaned described dried fruitss in described extractor and carries out single extraction, the temperature of described single extraction For 80-90 DEG C, extraction time is 60-90min, from described single extraction, opens air pump air blowing 1 every 10-15min Secondary, air blowing 3-5min every time;After described single extraction terminates, single extraction feed liquid is delivered to once vibrations filter, and makes Once filtered with 80-100 mesh filter cloth, gained filtrate is single extraction thing, described single extraction thing sealing is delivered to enzymolysis In tank, gained filtering residue is back in described extractor;
(4) dried fruitss reextraction:After the completion of dried fruitss single extraction, add the 80- that weight portion is 100-200 part in described filtering residue 90 DEG C of described pure water carries out reextraction, and the temperature of described reextraction is 80-90 DEG C, and extraction time is 30-60min, After described reextraction terminates, reextraction feed liquid is delivered to secondary vibrations filter, and is carried out using 100-150 mesh filter cloth Secondary filter, gained filtrate is reextraction thing, and described reextraction thing sealing is delivered in described enzymatic vessel, now described enzyme Described single extraction thing in solution tank and described reextraction thing are dried fruitss extract;
(5) destroy the enzyme treatment:After dried fruitss reextraction terminates, the temperature of the described dried fruitss extract in described enzymatic vessel is risen to 85-95 DEG C and be incubated 20-30min, carry out destroy the enzyme treatment;The temperature of the described dried fruitss extract after described destroy the enzyme treatment is down to 15-20 DEG C and stand 10-20min;
(6) fruit juice separating:After destroy the enzyme treatment terminates, the described dried fruitss extract sealing in described enzymatic vessel is delivered to dish-style and divides Carry out in disembarking separating, separating rate is 2000-4000r/min, until fruit juice is separated with sarcocarp, by the described fruit juice isolated Sealing is delivered in fruit juice surge tank, carries out fine straining to the described fruit juice in described fruit juice surge tank, obtains original fruit juice, described former Particle diameter in fruit juice is 0.5-1 μm;
(7) preparation of sugar liquid:After fruit juice separating terminates, by changing sugared pump, weight portion for 50-60 part pure water with weight portion is 50-60 part white sugar, 5-10 part crystal sugar, 0.15-0.3 part Sal, 1.2-1.4 part malic acid, 0.5-0.7 part citric acid, 1-1.5 Part carboxymethyl cellulose is together dissolved in addition sugar bowl, obtains sugar liquid;
(8) fruit juice allotment:After the preparation of sugar liquid terminates, add weight portion to be 1000 parts of described pure water into blend tank, described Original fruit juice and described sugar liquid, obtain just joining liquid;Afterwards, using malic acid, the described total acid content just joining liquid is adjusted to 0.2- 0.3%, start agitator and be stirred, mixing time is 20-30min, obtains fruit juice finished product;
(9) fill warehouse-in:After fruit juice allotment terminates, carry out the fill of described fruit juice finished product under air-proof condition, fill temperature is 87.7 DEG C -88.3 DEG C, described fill carries out after terminating covering mark, coding, packaging, warehouse-in.
2. according to claim 1 prepare the method for fruit juice it is characterised in that described raw material is fresh using dried fruitss extraction process Fruit is any one in Calophyllum Inophyllum L or Prunus armeniaca L.var.ansu Maxim. or calophyllum inophyllum or huangtaiping.
3. according to claim 1 prepare the method for fruit juice it is characterised in that described step using dried fruitss extraction process (2), in dried fruitss cleaning, the scavenging period of described dried fruitss is 3-5min.
4. according to claim 2 using dried fruitss extraction process prepare fruit juice method it is characterised in that work as described raw material When fresh fruit is Calophyllum Inophyllum L, can just join to described in the allotment of described step (9) fruit juice that to add weight portion in liquid be 0.1-0.3 part Fructus mail micromali berry extract;When described raw material fresh fruit is Prunus armeniaca L.var.ansu Maxim., just can join in liquid to described in the allotment of described step (9) fruit juice and add Add weight part is the Fructus Pruni spice of 0.1-0.3 part;When described raw material fresh fruit is calophyllum inophyllum, can adjust to described step (9) fruit juice Join described just join add the Caulis et folium euphorbiae milii berry extract that weight portion is 0.1-0.3 part in liquid;When described raw material fresh fruit is yellow peaceful During fruit, can just join to described in the allotment of described step (9) fruit juice that to add the huangtaiping that weight portion is 0.1-0.3 part in liquid fragrant Material.
5. according to claim 1 prepare the method for fruit juice it is characterised in that described pure water using dried fruitss extraction process Electrical conductivity≤30us/cm, between pH value 6.0-8.0.
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CN107927468A (en) * 2017-11-10 2018-04-20 何培文 A kind of jujube fruit drink and its preparation process

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