CN106386694A - Culture method of stocking yellow cattle - Google Patents

Culture method of stocking yellow cattle Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106386694A
CN106386694A CN201611075597.1A CN201611075597A CN106386694A CN 106386694 A CN106386694 A CN 106386694A CN 201611075597 A CN201611075597 A CN 201611075597A CN 106386694 A CN106386694 A CN 106386694A
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parts
cattle
herba
forage
feed
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周福弟
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周福弟
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K67/00Rearing or breeding animals, not otherwise provided for; New breeds of animals
    • A01K67/02Breeding vertebrates
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/80Food processing, e.g. use of renewable energies or variable speed drives in handling, conveying or stacking
    • Y02P60/87Re-use of by-products of food processing for fodder production

Abstract

The invention provides a culture method of stocking yellow cattle and belongs to the technical field of poultry culture. The culture method comprises the following steps: building and tidying a cowshed, feeding a feed, carrying out stocking management and cowshed management and the like, wherein a special yellow cattle feed adopted in the feed feeding phase is mainly prepared from fodder, wheat bran, a sunflower seed cake, corn meal, soybean meal, urea, salts, a residual forage, a rare earth feed and a traditional Chinese medicine composition, and the used traditional Chinese medicine composition is prepared from more than twenty traditional Chinese medicines including herba schizonepetae, sesame oil, omphalia, lotus root starch, rhizoma dryopteris crassirhizomatis and the like. By feeding the yellow cattle with the special yellow cattle feed, the own antiviral ability of the yellow cattle can be improved, and the special yellow cattle feed is also beneficial to absorbing nutritional components in the feed and converting the absorbed nutritional components to meat quality by the yellow cattle, so that the culture method is safe and healthy and does not have side or toxic effects.

Description

A kind of cultural method putting cattle in a suitable place to breed
【Technical field】
The present invention relates to poultry cultivating technology, particularly to a kind of cultural method putting cattle in a suitable place to breed.
【Background technology】
Cattle is the intrinsic common ox kind of China, and in Chinese raising head number, in big domestic animal or cattle apoplexy due to endogenous wind all tops the list for it Position, raises area and almost spreads over the whole nation, is mainly used as to use as a servant in agriculture district, the newborn dual-purpose of farming-pastoral region labour, pastoral area then Dual-purpose production of milk and meat, its The bodily form with 3 big types are divided into because natural environment is different and variant with rearing conditions on performance, northern cattle, Central Plains cattle and Southern cattle.Cattle is most by hair with yellow, and kind therefore may be gained the name but also has rufous and black etc., and head is slightly Big and heavy, angular differ, angle root is circular.Body constitution is sturdy, compact conformation, muscular, strong-limbed, hard hooves, cattle whole body It is all precious, is rare kind, but cattle is in normal cultivation, the feedstuff being used often contains hormone medicine etc. Somatotrophic medicine, the body constitution that such feedstuff is easily caused cattle is deteriorated, immunity degradation, so that cattle sickness rate is high, Quality decline.
【Content of the invention】
In view of the above is it is necessary to provide a kind of cultural method putting cattle in a suitable place to breed, this cultural method does not use any sharp Plain feedstuff, can allow the growth of cattle safety and Health, also strengthen the resistances against diseases of cattle itself simultaneously, improve quality and the food of beef Use safety.
For reaching above-mentioned purpose, the technical solution adopted in the present invention is:
A kind of cultural method putting cattle in a suitable place to breed, comprises the steps:
(1) cowshed is built and is arranged
Build the cowshed of a height of 3.5-4.5m, and first using anthelmintic, cowshed is carried out disinfection before cattle circle;
(2) feed for nursing
Cattle to the 3-4 monthly age, daily feeding cattle special feed 3-4 time, every feeding 0.8-1.2kg every time;5 monthly ages Later cattle, cattle special feed 2-3 time described in daily feeding, wherein, and the cattle at 5-8 monthly age, every feeding 1.1- every time The cattle at 1.5kg, 9-12 monthly age, every feeding 1.4-1.8kg every time, the cattle after 13 monthly ages, every feeding 1.8- every time 2.2kg;In addition, returning cattle during cultivation daily to feed water 1-2 time;
Wherein, the cattle special feed to cattle institute feeding mainly includes following raw material:Forage 100-200 part, Testa Tritici 60-100 part, sunflower seed cake 40-60 part, Semen Maydis powder 30-50 part, bean cake 40-60 part, carbamide 10-20 part, Sal 10-15 Part, residual forage 20-30 part, rare-earth forage 0.05-0.08 part and herbal composite 20-30 part;
Described herbal composite is mainly made up of the raw material of Chinese medicine of following weight portion:Schizonepeta tenuifolia Briq 6-12 part, Oleum Sesami 12- 20 parts, Omphalia 10-15 part, Amylum Nelumbinis Rhizomatis 20-30 part, Rhizoma Dryopteris Crassirhizomatiss 8-15 part, Folium Perillae 10-15 part, Radix Puerariae 15-20 part, Folium Mori 10-15 Part, Herba Menthae 5-10 part, Flos Lonicerae 20-30 part, Herba Lophatheri 20-30 part, Fructus Gardeniae 5-10 part, Piper hancei 10-30 part, Flos Chrysanthemi Indici 20- 30 parts, Herba Equiseti Hiemalises' 30-40 part, Semen Celosiae 15-20 part, Herba Houttuyniae 20-30 part, Radix Platycodoniss 20-30 part, white point scale 30-40 part, Agkistrodon SHECAO 30-40 part, Semen Cassiae 15-20 part, 10-15 part Radix Ophiopogonis, Radix Asparagi 10-15 part, Herba Pyrolae 10-15 part and Cortex Ailanthi 4-9 part;
(3) put management in a suitable place to breed
To the cattle after 5 monthly ages, put in a suitable place to breed daily 2 times, each 1-2h;
(4) cowshed management
Often 1-2 week cowshed is carried out with 1 cleaning and sterilizes.
Further, described cattle special feed mainly includes following raw material:Forage 120-180 part, Testa Tritici 70- 90 parts, sunflower seed cake 45-55 part, Semen Maydis powder 35-45 part, bean cake 45-55 part, carbamide 12-18 part, Sal 12-14 part, poor slag raise Material 22-28 part, rare-earth forage 0.06-0.07 part and herbal composite 22-28 part;
Described herbal composite is mainly made up of the raw material of Chinese medicine of following weight portion:Schizonepeta tenuifolia Briq 8-10 part, Oleum Sesami 14- 16 parts, Omphalia 12-14 part, Amylum Nelumbinis Rhizomatis 22-28 part, Rhizoma Dryopteris Crassirhizomatiss 10-12 part, Folium Perillae 12-14 part, Radix Puerariae 16-18 part, Folium Mori 12- 14 parts, Herba Menthae 6-8 part, Flos Lonicerae 23-27 part, Herba Lophatheri 22-28 part, Fructus Gardeniae 6-8 part, Piper hancei 15-25 part, Flos Chrysanthemi Indici 22- 28 parts, Herba Equiseti Hiemalises' 32-38 part, Semen Celosiae 16-18 part, Herba Houttuyniae 22-28 part, Radix Platycodoniss 23-27 part, white point scale 33-38 part, Agkistrodon SHECAO 32-37 part, Semen Cassiae 16-18 part, 12-14 part Radix Ophiopogonis, Radix Asparagi 12-14 part, Herba Pyrolae 11-14 part and Cortex Ailanthi 5-8 part.
Further, described cattle special feed mainly includes following raw material:150 parts of forage, 80 parts of Testa Tritici, certain herbaceous plants with big flowers 50 parts of seedcake of flower, 40 parts of Semen Maydis powder, 50 parts of bean cake, 15 parts of carbamide, 13 parts of Sal, 25 parts of residual forage, 0.065 part of rare-earth forage With 25 parts of herbal composite;
Described herbal composite is mainly made up of the raw material of Chinese medicine of following weight portion:9 parts of Schizonepeta tenuifolia Briq, 15 parts of Oleum Sesami, 13 parts of Omphalia, 25 parts of Amylum Nelumbinis Rhizomatis, 11 parts of Rhizoma Dryopteris Crassirhizomatiss, 13 parts of Folium Perillae, 17 parts of Radix Puerariae, 13 parts of Folium Mori, 7 parts of Herba Menthae, 25 parts of Flos Lonicerae, 25 parts of Herba Lophatheri, 7 parts of Fructus Gardeniae, 20 parts of Piper hancei, 25 parts of Flos Chrysanthemi Indici, 35 parts of Herba Equiseties Hiemalis, 17 parts of Semen Celosiae, 25 parts of Herba Houttuyniae, Radix Platycodoniss 25 parts, 35 parts of white point scale, 35 parts of Herba Hedyotidis Diffusae, 17 parts of Semen Cassiae, 13 parts of Radix Ophiopogonis, 13 parts of Radix Asparagi, 12 parts of Herba Pyrolae and Cortex Ailanthi 7 Part.
Further, described forage is grass or Caulis et Folium Oryzae.
Further, described residual forage is one or several of Glycine max (L.) Merr., sugar residue and soy sauce residues.
Present invention also offers the preparation method of described cattle special feed, it is prepared particular by following method:
1) weigh each raw material in described cattle special feed formula according to above-mentioned weight portion;
2) first described forage is shredded to 2-3cm, afterwards with described carbamide mixed fermentation, after the completion of fermentation again with described wheat Bran, sunflower seed cake, bean cake mix and place in pulverizer to be pulverized, the crushed mixture of gained again with described Semen Maydis powder, Sal, grain Dreg fodder, rare-earth forage and herbal composite are mixed, and then adding appropriate water to water content again is 40%-50%, stirring Obtain final product, after uniformly, the cattle special feed being available for that cattle directly eats.
Further, in the preparation method of described cattle special feed, the mixed fermentation time of described forage and carbamide For 2-4h.
Further, the step 2 of the preparation method of described cattle special feed) in, the mesh number of the crushed mixture of gained For 80-100 mesh.
Further, described herbal composite by decocting or by by each in addition to Oleum Sesami and Amylum Nelumbinis Rhizomatis Medicine raw material pulverizing was become the powder of 80-100 eye mesh screen, was mixed with Oleum Sesami and Amylum Nelumbinis Rhizomatis afterwards.
Cattle special feed used by the present invention be self-control feedstuff, its traditional roughage and concentrated feed are combined and Be aided with add residual forage, rare-earth forage and herbal composite are obtained, wherein, forage and Testa Tritici be roughage main become Point, for providing the required basic energy matter of cattle growth it is ensured that cattle has enough energy expenditures;Sunflower seed cake, Semen Maydiss Powder and bean cake are the main component of concentrated feed, in order to provide nutrient substance needed for cattle it is ensured that cattle growth course meat amount energy Enough sustainable growths, reduce feeding cost.
Furthermore, the forage in described roughage with carbamide phase separation so that the palatability of feedstuff is improved, and then improve The feed intake of cattle, it is to avoid the waste of feedstuff, in addition, carbamide and sunflower seed cake, bean cake are all protein feed, can be cattle The protein that it is required is provided, absorbs for cattle and be converted into meat, meanwhile, carbamide also instead of partially protein feedstuff, so that The usage amount obtaining protein feedss in feedstuff reduces, and then saves protein feedss;Sal is used for seasoning, and improves in cattle body Bactericidal action;The interpolation of residual forage, can replace part roughage and concentrated feed so that the cost of feedstuff reduces;Rare earth is raised Material, is a kind of feed additive, and it has increase enzymatic activity in animal physiological metabolic process, eliminates free radical, accelerates albumen Matter synthesis, the effect of regulation animal body metabolism, and the absorption to nutrient substance for the cattle and the absorption profit of mineral can be promoted With, reduction feed cost, and the growth promoter of cattle can be accelerated, improve the daily gain of cattle, but cattle will not be good for Harmful effect is brought in health and bad border.
In addition, described herbal composite is as one of the composition of feedstuff, its mainly by Schizonepeta tenuifolia Briq, Oleum Sesami, Omphalia, Amylum Nelumbinis Rhizomatis, Rhizoma Dryopteris Crassirhizomatiss, Folium Perillae, Radix Puerariae, Folium Mori, Herba Menthae, Flos Lonicerae, Herba Lophatheri, Fructus Gardeniae, Piper hancei, Flos Chrysanthemi Indici, Herba Equiseties Hiemalis, Semen Celosiae, fish Raw meat grass, Radix Platycodoniss, white point scale, Herba Hedyotidis Diffusae, Semen Cassiae, Radix Ophiopogonis, Radix Asparagi, Herba Pyrolae and Cortex Ailanthi are obtained, and can bring to feedstuff Good herbal function, wherein, in described herbal composite, the details of each raw material of Chinese medicine is as follows:
Schizonepeta tenuifolia Briq:Acrid in the mouth slight bitter, slightly warm in nature, return lung, Liver Channel;Light a surname rises and dissipates;There is expelling pathogenic wind from the body surface, the malicious rash of a surname, treating blood disorderss stop Effect of convulsion;Cure mainly flu cold and heat, headache, eye itching, pharyngalgia, cough, measles, rubella, ulcerative carbuncle, brigadier, spit blood, clot blood, just Blood, metrorrhagia, postpartum apoplexy, bruise.
Oleum Sesami:There is moistening dryness for relaxing bowels, removing toxic substances, granulation promoting;Control dry constipation of intestines, ascarid, abdominal pain due to retention of food, sore swells, ulcer, scabies, Chapped skin.
Omphalia:Mildly bitter flavor, cold in nature;Return stomach, large intestine channel;Indication killing insect and eliminating accumulation, for cestode, ancylostome, ascariasis, worm Long-pending stomachache, infantile malnutrition.
Amylum Nelumbinis Rhizomatis:Mild-natured, sweet-salty;Beneficial blood, hemostasis, in tune, appetizing;Governance wasting is lost blood, dysentery lack of appetite;There is heat clearing away cool Blood, relieving constipation antidiarrheal, spleen benefiting and stimulating the appetite, beneficial blood granulation promoting effect.
Rhizoma Dryopteris Crassirhizomatiss:Bitter in the mouth, puckery;Cold nature;Slightly poisonous;Return liver warp, stomach;Indication kills ascarid, silk ribbon, pinworm, heat clearing away Removing toxic substances, cooling blood for hemostasis;Control anemopyretic cold, warm macule, spit blood, epistaxis, discharging fresh blood stool, dysentery, metrorrhagia, leukorrhagia, skin infection, urine Blood, menorrhagia, knife injury bleeding, ascarid, rich worm, taeniasiss, artificial abortion, postpartum hemorrhage.
Folium Perillae:Property and flavor of peppery and warm, have functions that to deliver, cold expelling, qi-regulating and battalion.Cure cold wind and cold, fever with aversion to cold, cough, Asthma, distension and fullness of the chest and abdomen etc..Fructus Perillae property and flavor of peppery and warm, has functions that therapeutic method to keep the adverse QI flowing downwards expectorant, lung moistening, wide intestinal.Control cough with dyspnea, phlegm dyspnea, the stagnation of QI, Constipation.Folium Perillae Herb all has very high nutritive value, and it has low sugar, high microsteping, plain, the high mineral element of Gao Huluo hour etc.. A large amount of oils and fatss are contained, oil yield up to 45% about, containing linolenic acid 62.73%, linoleic acid 15.43%, oil in oil in Folium Perillae seed Acid 12.01%.In seed, protein content accounts for 25%, includes 18 kinds of aminoacid, wherein relies peace acid, the content of Methionine to be above High-protein plant grain amaranth.In addition with oryzanol, Vitamin E, vitamin B1, black alcohol, phospholipid etc..
Radix Puerariae:Sweet in the mouth, micro-pungent, gas delicate fragrance, cool in nature;Master enters taste warp;There are relieving muscles diaphoresis, invigorating YANG QI to promote eruption, antipyretic promotes the production of body fluid The effect of;For treating diarrhea due to hypofunction of the spleen, calentura is thirsty, cure mainly fever caused by exogenous pathogens, and pain of the head and nape is strong, measles without adequate eruption, and epidemic febrile disease is thirsty, Quench one's thirst, alcoholism, the disease such as obstruction of qi in the chest and cardialgia.Often to eat Amylum Puerariae Radicis can adjust physical function, health invigorating, improves bodys resistance against diseases, resists Decline macrobiosis, vigor of remaining youthful forever.
Folium Mori:There is dispelling wind and heat pathogens, clearing away lung-heat and moistening for dryness, liver heat removing and eyesight improving effect;For anemopyretic cold, lung-heat type cough, dizzy head Bitterly, conjunctival congestion is dim-sighted.
Herba Menthae:Acrid in the mouth, cool in nature;Return lung, Liver Channel, have and dissipate wind heat, clearing throat, and rash is detoxified, dispersing the stagnated live-QI to relieve the stagnation of QI and antipruritic The effects such as it is adaptable to cold, fever, headache, laryngopharynx swelling and pain, lossless, wind-fire acute conjunctivitis, rubella, skin are itched, colic, dysentery and scrofula The diseases such as scrofula, external has slight analgesic effect, for neuralgia etc..Herba Menthae also has obvious cough-relieving, disappears to upper respiratory tract infection Inflammation and bacteriostasis.
Flos Lonicerae:Cold in nature, sweet in the mouth;Attach to the lung and stomach meridians;Heat-clearing and toxic substances removing, dispelling wind and heat pathogens;Cure mainly carbuncle furunculosis from the beginning of red and swollen heat Bitterly, affection due to external wind and heat, epidemic febrile disease is from the beginning of, toxic-heat and blood stasis, summer-heat excessive thirst, laryngopharynx swelling and pain.
Herba Lophatheri;Slightly sweet flavor, cold in nature;There is heat clearing away, relieving restlessness, diuresis;Main dysphoria and thirsty;Aphtha of the mouth and tongue;Gingival swelling and pain;Little Youngster's night crying due to fright in infant;Hot urination;Stranguria with turbid discharge.
Fructus Gardeniae:Bitter in the mouth, cold in nature;GUIXIN, liver, lung, stomach, tri-jiao channel;There is purging intense heat relieving restlessness, clearing away heat-damp and promoting diuresis, removing pathogenic heat from blood and toxic substance from the body;Main Vexed, liver-fire conjunctival congestion, headache, damp and hot Huang infantile malnutrition, stranguria, leaf blood epistaxis, dysentery hematuria, aphtha of the mouth and tongue, sore swollen toxin, sprain Swell and ache.
Rhizoma Dioscoreae:Containing materials such as amylase, polyphenol oxidase, be conducive to taste digestive and absorptive functions, be flat spleen reinforcing simply The product of the medicine-food two-purpose of stomach.Effect of Rhizoma Dioscoreae with act as, row sweet in the mouth, mild-natured, return lung, spleen, kidney channel;There is spleen reinforcing, support lung, consolidate Kidney, benefit essence;Main diarrhea due to hypofunction of the spleen, lack of appetite edema, cough and asthma due to lung deficiency, quench one's thirst, pass out semen, leukorrhagia, kidney deficiency frequent micturition.
Flos Chrysanthemi Indici:Nature and flavor are bitter, pungent, are slightly cold;Return lung, Liver Channel;Function heat-clearing and toxic substances removing, detumescence;Be mainly used in carbuncle, furunculosis, Laryngopharynx swelling and pain, wind-fire acute conjunctivitis etc. are demonstrate,proved.Flos Chrysanthemi Indici is to staphylococcus aureuses, diphtheria corynebacterium, streptococcus, bacillus pyocyaneus, puncture disease bar Bacterium, influenza virus, all have inhibitory action.
Herba Equiseties Hiemalis:Sweet in the mouth, hardship, mild-natured, there is dispelling wind and heat pathogens, improving acuity of vision and removing nebula, hemostasis, antiinflammatory, diuresis effect;Cure mainly wind heat mesh Red, epiphora induced by wind;And to staphylococcus aureuses, escherichia coli, anthrax bacillus, group B streptococcus, diphtheria, typhoid fever, green pus with Dysentery bacterium has different degrees of inhibitory action.
Semen Celosiae:Sweet in the mouth, light, cool;There are clearing away heat-damp and promoting diuresis, removing toxic substances and promoting subsidence of swelling, effect of cooling blood for hemostasis.In addition, Amaranthus mangostanus L. is removed being made for Vegetable also can make medicinal, be antipyretic outside eating, and play the role of improving eyesight, diuretic and cold relieving heat, and have antibacterial action.
Herba Houttuyniae:Acrid in the mouth, cold;Can heat-clearing and toxic substances removing, row's pain detumescence treatment skin ulcer, promoting urination to remove dampness, invigorating the stomach and promoting digestion;With controlling reality Heat, pyretic toxicity, damp, disease heat for suffer from lung abscess, sore swollen toxin, hemorrhoidal hemorrhage, retention of heat in the spleen and stomach etc..Herba Houttuyniae master contains volatile oil, the last of the ten Heavenly stems The multiple components such as acyl acetaldehyde houttuynine sodium bisulfite, have suppression antibacterial to various Xenorhabduses, coccus, influenza virus, leptospira etc. Effect, and body immune regulation function can be improved.
Radix Platycodoniss:Pungent scattered hardship is let out, and a surname opens lung qi, eliminating the phlegm, and no matter cold and heat all can be applied;Heresy can be let out with relieving sore throat to recover voice by lung qi dispersing, its There is antitussive effect, have enhancing antiinflammatory and immunization, its antiinflammatory intensity is similar to aspirin;Its water extract can strengthen huge biting The phagocytic function of cell, strengthens the sterilizing power of neutrophilic leukocyte, improves lysozyme activity;There is preventive effect to stress ulcer. In addition, Radix Platycodoniss also have following nutritive value:1. in addition to sugar content is higher, also contain more rich vitamin B1, vitamin C and Multiple kikyosaponins, polygalin, Radix Peucedani Saponin and Radix Platycodoniss Polyfructose. etc.;2. containing multiple saponin, predominantly platycodin, multiple Mixing saponin has platycodigenin, Polygalacic acid and a small amount of platycogenic acid through sapogenin produced by complete hydrolysis.
White point scale:Bitter in the mouth, sweet, cool in nature;There is heat-clearing and toxic substances removing, promoting the production of body fluid to quench thirst;For catching a cold, hyperpyrexia excessive thirst, tonsillitiss, Pharyngolaryngitis, tracheitiies, pertussis, enteritis, dysentery, infectious hepatitis, wild gill fungus, arsenic poisoning.
Herba Hedyotidis Diffusae:Bitter in the mouth, light, cold in nature.Main enter liver, kidney, small intestinal three warp;There are anticancer, removing toxic substances, refrigerant, heat-clearing and toxic substances removing, Diuresis of blood circulation promoting;For tonsillitiss, pharyngolaryngitis, urinary tract infection, pelvic inflammatory disease, appendicitis, hepatitis, bacillary dysentery, venom, tumor. Herba Hedyotidis Diffusae can also enhancing body immunity, suppression tumor cell growth, to bacillus pyocyaneus, staphylococcus aureuses, The pathogenic bacterium such as streptococcus pneumoniae, dysentery bacterium have inhibitory action, are the good medicine of " heat-clearing and toxic substances removing " in fact.
Semen Cassiae:Salty in the mouth is bitter, cool in nature;Return liver, gallbladder, kidney channel;There is expelling wind and clearing away heat, detoxification and promoting urination effect;Main anemopyretic cold, Influenza, acute conjunctivitiss, jaundice due to damp-heat, acute and chronic nephritis, leukorrhagia, scrofula, carbuncle sore furuncle and phyma, mastitis.Semen Cassiae removes containing sugar Class, protein, fat are outer, also contain steroidal compounds, chrysophanol, rheum emodin etc., also Macro and microelements ferrum, zinc, manganese, copper, Nickel, cobalt, molybdenum etc..
Radix Ophiopogonis:Sweet in the mouth, slight bitter, cold nature;GUIXIN, lung, stomach;There is YIN nourishing and the production of body fluid promoting, moistening lung clears away heart-fire effect;For the dryness of the lung Dry cough, tuberculosis cough, injury thirst, vexed insomnia, Heat Diabetes, dry constipation of intestines, pharyngeal diphtheria;Its contain cupreol, aminoacid, Volume glucose and glycoside;Immunologic function can be improved, have inhibitory action to various bacteria, pituitary adrenal cortex can be strengthened Systemic-function, improves organism adaptation ability.
Radix Asparagi:Sweet in the mouth, hardship, cold in nature;Return lung, kidney channel;There is YIN nourishing and the production of body fluid promoting, moistening lung clears away heart-fire effect;For dryness of the lung dry cough, void Impairment and cough, injury thirst, vexed insomnia, Heat Diabetes, dry constipation of intestines, diphtheria;Radix Asparagi contains asparagine, B sitosterol, steroid Body Saponin, the composition such as phlegmatic temperament, furfural derivatives.It is demonstrated experimentally that Radix Asparagi has hemocytes increasing, strengthens reticuloendothelial system tongue The effect bitten function and extend antibody existence time.
Herba Pyrolae:Sweet, bitter, the taste temperature of property;Return liver and kidney channel;Effect wind-damp dispelling, bone and muscle strengthening, hemostasis;For rheumatic arthralgia, waist Knee joint is powerless, menorrhagia, chronic cough due to asthenia of viscera.In addition Herba Pyrolae water decoction is to staphylococcus aureuses, Hemolytic streptococcuss, pneumonia ball Bacterium, meningococcuss, shigella flexneri, Bacillus typhi and bacillus pyocyaneus etc. have inhibitory action, and Pyrolin is to golden yellow Portugal Grape coccus, Bacillus typhi, bacillus pyocyaneus, Bacillus proteuss, sonne bacilluses and escherichia coli also all have inhibitory action.
Cortex Ailanthi:Bitter in the mouth, puckery, cold in nature;Return large intestine channel, stomach, Liver Channel;Function heat extraction, dampness, astringing intestine to stop diarrhea, hemostasis, parasite killing;Control Chronic diarrhea, chronic dysentery, discharging fresh blood stool, bleeding not during menses, seminal emission, nebulousurine, infantile malnutrition, ascarid, skin ulcer numbness.
In above-mentioned raw materials, Schizonepeta tenuifolia Briq, Folium Perillae, Radix Puerariae, Folium Mori, Herba Menthae, Flos Lonicerae, Herba Equiseties Hiemalis and Semen Cassiae expelling pathogenic wind from the body surface, dredge Dissipate wind-heat, detoxification and promoting urination, can prevent cattle flu or suffer from influenza;Oleum Sesami, Amylum Nelumbinis Rhizomatis, Radix Asparagi, moistening dryness for relaxing bowels Radix Ophiopogonis, heat clearing away are cool Blood, spleen benefiting and stimulating the appetite, beneficial blood granulation promoting;Omphalia, Rhizoma Dryopteris Crassirhizomatiss, Cortex Ailanthi heat-clearing and toxic substances removing, killing insect and eliminating accumulation;Herba Lophatheri, Fructus Gardeniae, Semen Celosiae, Herba Hedyotidis Diffusae clearing away heat-damp and promoting diuresis, purging intense heat relieving restlessness, diuresis;Rhizoma Dioscoreae, Herba Houttuyniae strengthening the spleen and stomach, digestion promoting absorb;Flos Chrysanthemi Indici, white point scale are clear Thermal detoxification;Radix Platycodoniss a surname opens lung qi, eliminating the phlegm, has enhancing antiinflammatory and immunologic function;Herba Pyrolae wind-damp dispelling, bone and muscle strengthening, hemostasis, its with All there are bacteriostasis Flos Chrysanthemi Indici, Herba Houttuyniae, Radix Platycodoniss, Herba Hedyotidis Diffusae, Radix Ophiopogonis, can suppress staphylococcus aureuses, typhoid fever bar The pathogenic bacterias such as bacterium, bacillus pyocyaneus, Bacillus proteuss, sonne bacilluses and escherichia coli;Each raw material of Chinese medicine interacts above, altogether Prevent cattle influenza, spleen benefiting and stimulating the appetite, the effect of digestion promoting with playing, and make described herbal composite have parasite killing, antibacterial, strong muscle Bone, increase the effect of body's immunity, this herbal composite is mixed to feedstuff so that obtained cattle is special raises Material has functions that spleen benefiting and stimulating the appetite, removing food stagnancy food, killing pests and suppressing bacteria, and after cattle eats, can build up resistance, and reduces sick possibility Property, and good appetite, digest.
In summary, compared with prior art, the invention has the advantages that:
1. cultural method provided by the present invention is built forage feed from cowshed and is defined to cowshed management, its In, before cattle circle, cowshed is sterilized, cowshed entozoa can be prevented excessive and affect growth and the existence of cattle; In the feed for nursing stage, according to the monthly age feeding cattle of cattle, with ensure each stage of cattle to the demand of food so that cattle Can either be satiated with food, and it can be avoided that the waste of feedstuff, and the utilization rate of feedstuff can be made to maximize;Furthermore, when cattle grows to one When determining the monthly age, also put in a suitable place to breed so that cattle can contact nature, and obtain enough quantity of motion, so that the meat of cattle Matter is compacted texture;In addition, timing is cleared up to cowshed and sterilized, to keep cowshed neat and tidy, air circulation, reduce yellow The sick probability of cattle;Therefore, the cultural method of the present invention is scientific and reasonable, the cattle health raised out, and sick rate is low, meat Matter is good, in good taste, and nontoxic pair material residual.
2. the present invention raise the stage to cattle feeding cattle special feed, be that traditional roughage and concentrated feed are entered Row combination, and improve the palatability of feedstuff by interpolation carbamide, Sal, thus promoting cattle to take food, also can increase simultaneously and raising The nutritive value of material, improves the digestibility to feedstuff for the cattle;And increasedd a small amount of rare-earth forage then can improve the product of cattle Meat amount, improves the meat of cattle, and the resistances against diseases improving cattle;In addition, the herbal composite being added has spleen invigorating opening Stomach, digestion promoting, killing pests and suppressing bacteria, bone and muscle strengthening effect, can promote cattle feed and digest, and improve cattle body constitution, improve cattle Immunity of organisms, strengthen resistances against diseases.Therefore, cattle special feed used in the present invention can provide growth institute for cattle The energy needing and nutrient substance, promote cattle to absorb and grow, and improve autoimmunity and the resistances against diseases of cattle, in addition, The meat of cattle can also be improved, but the no any poison pair material residual of the meat of the chief, safety and Health, meeting pollution-free food will Ask.
【Specific embodiment】
The following examples can help those skilled in the art to be more completely understood by the present invention, but cannot be with any Mode limits the present invention.
In the present invention, to the herbal composite that used of cattle special feed that cattle is fed be by decocting method or Person is pulverized and mixed what method obtained.Wherein, decocting method is to be obtained by being boiled with decocting, and concrete operations are:First, according to described weight Part weighs each raw material of Chinese medicine, and drains clean for the raw material of Chinese medicine in addition to Oleum Sesami and Amylum Nelumbinis Rhizomatis;Then, all raw material of Chinese medicine are mixed All put in pot, and add water until water did not had raw material of Chinese medicine 2-3cm in pot;Finally, turn after first being boiled with big fire and fry by slow fire Boil the water remainder 1/4-1/3 to pot, filter to take filtrate, and be cooled to after room temperature after filtrate, obtain final product described herbal composite. The concrete operations being pulverized and mixed method are:First, weigh each raw material of Chinese medicine according to described weight portion, and will be in addition to Oleum Sesami and Amylum Nelumbinis Rhizomatis Raw material of Chinese medicine clean drying after be ground into the powder of 80-100 eye mesh screen;Then, by all powder pulverizing gained, Oleum Sesami And Amylum Nelumbinis Rhizomatis mixing, uniformly after obtain final product described herbal composite.
Embodiment 1
A kind of cultural method putting cattle in a suitable place to breed, comprises the steps:
(1) cowshed is built and is arranged
Build the cowshed of a height of 3.5m, and first using anthelmintic, cowshed is carried out disinfection before cattle circle;
(2) feed for nursing
Cattle to the 3-4 monthly age, daily feeding cattle special feed 3 times, every feeding 0.8kg every time;After 5 monthly ages Cattle, cattle special feed 2 times described in daily feeding, wherein, and the cattle at 5-8 monthly age, every feeding 1.1kg every time, the 9-12 month The cattle in age, every feeding 1.4kg every time, the cattle after 13 monthly ages, every feeding 1.8kg every time;In addition, it is every during cultivation It is returned cattle and feeds water 1 time;
Wherein, the cattle special feed to cattle institute feeding mainly includes following weight portion (every part of 1kg) raw material:Grass 100 parts, 60 parts of Testa Tritici, 40 parts of sunflower seed cake, 30 parts of Semen Maydis powder, 40 parts of bean cake, 10 parts of carbamide, 10 parts of Sal, 20 parts of Glycine max (L.) Merr., 0.05 part of rare-earth forage and 20 parts of herbal composite, and be prepared via a method which:
1) each raw material in described cattle special feed formula, wherein, described Chinese medicine composition are weighed according to above-mentioned weight portion If owner is obtained by decocting method by the raw material of Chinese medicine of following weight portion (every part of 1kg):6 parts of Schizonepeta tenuifolia Briq, 12 parts of Oleum Sesami, Omphalia 10 parts, 20 parts of Amylum Nelumbinis Rhizomatis, 8 parts of Rhizoma Dryopteris Crassirhizomatiss, 10 parts of Folium Perillae, 15 parts of Radix Puerariae, 10 parts of Folium Mori, 5 parts of Herba Menthae, 20 parts of Flos Lonicerae, phyllostachys nigra (lodd.ex lindl.) munro var.henonis (miff.) spapf et rendle 20 parts of leaf, 5 parts of Fructus Gardeniae, 10 parts of Piper hancei, 20 parts of Flos Chrysanthemi Indici, 30 parts of Herba Equiseties Hiemalis, 15 parts of Semen Celosiae, 20 parts of Herba Houttuyniae, 20 parts of Radix Platycodoniss, 30 parts of white point scale, 30 parts of Herba Hedyotidis Diffusae, 15 parts of Semen Cassiae, 10 parts of Radix Ophiopogonis, 10 parts of Radix Asparagi, 10 parts of Herba Pyrolae and 4 parts of Cortex Ailanthi;
2) first described forage is shredded to 2cm, afterwards with described carbamide mixed fermentation 2h, after the completion of fermentation again with described wheat Bran, sunflower seed cake, bean cake mix and place in pulverizer to be pulverized, and obtains the crushed mixture that mesh number is 80 mesh;This is pulverized and mixed Thing is mixed with described Semen Maydis powder, Sal, residual forage, rare-earth forage and herbal composite again, then adds appropriate water again It is 40% to water content, after stirring, obtain final product the cattle special feed being available for that cattle directly eats;
(3) put management in a suitable place to breed to the cattle after 5 monthly ages, put in a suitable place to breed daily 2 times, each 1h;
(4) cowshed management carries out 1 cleaning every 1 week and sterilizes to cowshed.
Embodiment 2
A kind of cultural method putting cattle in a suitable place to breed, comprises the steps:
(1) cowshed is built and is arranged
Build the cowshed of a height of 3.8m, and first using anthelmintic, cowshed is carried out disinfection before cattle circle;
(2) feed for nursing
Cattle to the 3-4 monthly age, daily feeding cattle special feed 4 times, every feeding 0.9kg every time;After 5 monthly ages Cattle, cattle special feed 3 times described in daily feeding, wherein, and the cattle at 5-8 monthly age, every feeding 1.2kg every time, the 9-12 month The cattle in age, every feeding 1.5kg every time, the cattle after 13 monthly ages, every feeding 1.9kg every time;In addition, it is every during cultivation It is returned cattle and feeds water 2 times;
Wherein, the cattle special feed to cattle institute feeding mainly includes following weight portion (every part of 1kg) raw material:Caulis et Folium Oryzae 120 parts, 70 parts of Testa Tritici, 45 parts of sunflower seed cake, 35 parts of Semen Maydis powder, 45 parts of bean cake, 12 parts of carbamide, 12 parts of Sal, 22 parts of sugar residue, dilute 0.06 part of native feedstuff and 22 parts of herbal composite, and be prepared via a method which:
1) each raw material in described cattle special feed formula, wherein, described Chinese medicine composition are weighed according to above-mentioned weight portion If owner by following weight portion (every part of 1kg) raw material of Chinese medicine by being pulverized and mixed what method obtained:8 parts of Schizonepeta tenuifolia Briq, 14 parts of Oleum Sesami, 12 parts of Omphalia, 22 parts of Amylum Nelumbinis Rhizomatis, 10 parts of Rhizoma Dryopteris Crassirhizomatiss, 12 parts of Folium Perillae, 16 parts of Radix Puerariae, 12 parts of Folium Mori, 6 parts of Herba Menthae, 23 parts of Flos Lonicerae, 22 parts of Herba Lophatheri, 6 parts of Fructus Gardeniae, 15 parts of Piper hancei, 22 parts of Flos Chrysanthemi Indici, 32 parts of Herba Equiseties Hiemalis, 16 parts of Semen Celosiae, 22 parts of Herba Houttuyniae, Radix Platycodoniss 23 parts, 33 parts of white point scale, 32 parts of Herba Hedyotidis Diffusae, 16 parts of Semen Cassiae, 12 parts of Radix Ophiopogonis, 12 parts of Radix Asparagi, 11 parts of Herba Pyrolae and Cortex Ailanthi 5 Part;
2) first described forage is shredded to 2.2cm, afterwards with described carbamide mixed fermentation 2.2h, after the completion of fermentation again with described Testa Tritici, sunflower seed cake, bean cake mix and place in pulverizer to be pulverized, and obtains the crushed mixture that mesh number is 85 mesh;This pulverizing mixes Compound is mixed with described Semen Maydis powder, Sal, residual forage, rare-earth forage and herbal composite again, then adds appropriate again Water is 42% to water content, obtains final product the cattle special feed being available for that cattle directly eats after stirring;
(3) put management in a suitable place to breed to the cattle after 5 monthly ages, put in a suitable place to breed daily 2 times, each 2h;
(4) cowshed management carries out 1 cleaning every 1.5 weeks and sterilizes to cowshed.
Embodiment 3
A kind of cultural method putting cattle in a suitable place to breed, comprises the steps:
(1) cowshed is built and is arranged
Build the cowshed of a height of 4m, and first using anthelmintic, cowshed is carried out disinfection before cattle circle;
(2) feed for nursing
Cattle to the 3-4 monthly age, daily feeding cattle special feed 3 times, every feeding 1.0kg every time;After 5 monthly ages Cattle, cattle special feed 3 times described in daily feeding, wherein, and the cattle at 5-8 monthly age, every feeding 1.3kg every time, the 9-12 month The cattle in age, every feeding 1.6kg every time, the cattle after 13 monthly ages, every feeding 2.0kg every time;In addition, it is every during cultivation It is returned cattle and feeds water 2 times;
Wherein, the cattle special feed to cattle institute feeding mainly includes following weight portion (every part of 1kg) raw material:Grass 150 parts, 80 parts of Testa Tritici, 50 parts of sunflower seed cake, 40 parts of Semen Maydis powder, 50 parts of bean cake, 15 parts of carbamide, 13 parts of Sal, 25 parts of soy sauce residues, 0.065 part of rare-earth forage and 25 parts of herbal composite, and be prepared via a method which:
1) each raw material in described cattle special feed formula, wherein, described Chinese medicine composition are weighed according to above-mentioned weight portion If owner is obtained by decocting method by the raw material of Chinese medicine of following weight portion (every part of 1kg):9 parts of Schizonepeta tenuifolia Briq, 15 parts of Oleum Sesami, Omphalia 13 parts, 25 parts of Amylum Nelumbinis Rhizomatis, 11 parts of Rhizoma Dryopteris Crassirhizomatiss, 13 parts of Folium Perillae, 17 parts of Radix Puerariae, 13 parts of Folium Mori, 7 parts of Herba Menthae, 25 parts of Flos Lonicerae, phyllostachys nigra (lodd.ex lindl.) munro var.henonis (miff.) spapf et rendle 25 parts of leaf, 7 parts of Fructus Gardeniae, 20 parts of Piper hancei, 25 parts of Flos Chrysanthemi Indici, 35 parts of Herba Equiseties Hiemalis, 17 parts of Semen Celosiae, 25 parts of Herba Houttuyniae, 25 parts of Radix Platycodoniss, 35 parts of white point scale, 35 parts of Herba Hedyotidis Diffusae, 17 parts of Semen Cassiae, 13 parts of Radix Ophiopogonis, 13 parts of Radix Asparagi, 12 parts of Herba Pyrolae and 7 parts of Cortex Ailanthi;
2) first described forage is shredded to 2.5cm, afterwards with described carbamide mixed fermentation 3h, after the completion of fermentation again with described wheat Bran, sunflower seed cake, bean cake mix and place in pulverizer to be pulverized, and obtains the crushed mixture that mesh number is 90 mesh;This is pulverized and mixed Thing is mixed with described Semen Maydis powder, Sal, residual forage, rare-earth forage and herbal composite again, then adds appropriate water again It is 45% to water content, after stirring, obtain final product the cattle special feed being available for that cattle directly eats;
(3) put management in a suitable place to breed to the cattle after 5 monthly ages, put in a suitable place to breed daily 2 times, each 2h;
(4) cowshed management carries out 1 cleaning every 2 weeks and sterilizes to cowshed.
Embodiment 4
A kind of cultural method putting cattle in a suitable place to breed, comprises the steps:
(1) cowshed is built and is arranged
Build the cowshed of a height of 4.2m, and first using anthelmintic, cowshed is carried out disinfection before cattle circle;
(2) feed for nursing
Cattle to the 3-4 monthly age, daily feeding cattle special feed 3-4 time, every feeding 1.1kg every time;After 5 monthly ages Cattle, cattle special feed 3 times described in daily feeding, wherein, the cattle at 5-8 monthly age, every feeding 1.4kg every time, 9-12 The cattle at monthly age, every feeding 1.7kg every time, the cattle after 13 monthly ages, every feeding 2.1kg every time;In addition, during cultivation Return cattle daily and feed water 2 times;
Wherein, the cattle special feed to cattle institute feeding mainly includes following weight portion (every part of 1kg) raw material:Caulis et Folium Oryzae 180 parts, 90 parts of Testa Tritici, 55 parts of sunflower seed cake, 45 parts of Semen Maydis powder, 55 parts of bean cake, 18 parts of carbamide, 14 parts of Sal, residual forage 28 Part, 0.07 part of rare-earth forage and 28 parts of herbal composite, and be prepared via a method which:
1) each raw material in described cattle special feed formula, wherein, described Chinese medicine composition are weighed according to above-mentioned weight portion If owner by following weight portion (every part of 1kg) raw material of Chinese medicine by being pulverized and mixed what method obtained:10 parts of Schizonepeta tenuifolia Briq, Oleum Sesami 16 Part, 14 parts of Omphalia, 28 parts of Amylum Nelumbinis Rhizomatis, 12 parts of Rhizoma Dryopteris Crassirhizomatiss, 14 parts of Folium Perillae, 18 parts of Radix Puerariae, 14 parts of Folium Mori, 8 parts of Herba Menthae, Flos Lonicerae 27 Part, 28 parts of Herba Lophatheri, 8 parts of Fructus Gardeniae, 25 parts of Piper hancei, 28 parts of Flos Chrysanthemi Indici, 38 parts of Herba Equiseties Hiemalis, 18 parts of Semen Celosiae, 28 parts of Herba Houttuyniae, Fructus Citri tangerinae 27 parts of stalk, 38 parts of white point scale, 37 parts of Herba Hedyotidis Diffusae, 18 parts of Semen Cassiae, 14 parts of Radix Ophiopogonis, 14 parts of Radix Asparagi, 14 parts of Herba Pyrolae and Chinese toon 8 parts of skin;
2) first described forage is shredded to 2.8cm, afterwards with described carbamide mixed fermentation 3.5h, after the completion of fermentation again with described Testa Tritici, sunflower seed cake, bean cake mix and place in pulverizer to be pulverized, and obtains the crushed mixture that mesh number is 95 mesh;This pulverizing mixes Compound is mixed with described Semen Maydis powder, Sal, residual forage, rare-earth forage and herbal composite again, then adds appropriate again Water is 48% to water content, obtains final product the cattle special feed being available for that cattle directly eats after stirring;
Wherein, described residual forage is the mixture of Glycine max (L.) Merr. and sugar residue;
(3) put management in a suitable place to breed to the cattle after 5 monthly ages, put in a suitable place to breed daily 2 times, each 1.5h;
(4) cowshed management carries out 1 cleaning every 1.5 weeks and sterilizes to cowshed.
Embodiment 5
A kind of cultural method putting cattle in a suitable place to breed, comprises the steps:
(1) cowshed is built and is arranged
Build the cowshed of a height of 4.5m, and first using anthelmintic, cowshed is carried out disinfection before cattle circle;
(2) feed for nursing
Cattle to the 3-4 monthly age, daily feeding cattle special feed 4 times, every feeding 1.2kg every time;After 5 monthly ages Cattle, cattle special feed 3 times described in daily feeding, wherein, and the cattle at 5-8 monthly age, every feeding 1.5kg every time, the 9-12 month The cattle in age, every feeding 1.8kg every time, the cattle after 13 monthly ages, every feeding 2.2kg every time;In addition, it is every during cultivation It is returned cattle and feeds water 2 times;
Wherein, the cattle special feed to cattle institute feeding mainly includes following weight portion (every part of 1kg) raw material:Grass 200 parts, 100 parts of Testa Tritici, 60 parts of sunflower seed cake, 50 parts of Semen Maydis powder, 60 parts of bean cake, 20 parts of carbamide, 15 parts of Sal, residual forage 30 Part, 0.08 part of rare-earth forage and 30 parts of herbal composite, and be prepared via a method which:
1) each raw material in described cattle special feed formula, wherein, described Chinese medicine composition are weighed according to above-mentioned weight portion If owner is obtained by decocting method by the raw material of Chinese medicine of following weight portion (every part of 1kg):12 parts of Schizonepeta tenuifolia Briq, 20 parts of Oleum Sesami, thunder 15 parts of ball, 30 parts of Amylum Nelumbinis Rhizomatis, 15 parts of Rhizoma Dryopteris Crassirhizomatiss, 15 parts of Folium Perillae, 20 parts of Radix Puerariae, 15 parts of Folium Mori, 10 parts of Herba Menthae, 30 parts of Flos Lonicerae, 30 parts of Herba Lophatheri, 10 parts of Fructus Gardeniae, 30 parts of Piper hancei, 30 parts of Flos Chrysanthemi Indici, 40 parts of Herba Equiseties Hiemalis, 20 parts of Semen Celosiae, 30 parts of Herba Houttuyniae, Radix Platycodoniss 30 parts, 40 parts of white point scale, 40 parts of Herba Hedyotidis Diffusae, 20 parts of Semen Cassiae, 15 parts of Radix Ophiopogonis, 15 parts of Radix Asparagi, 15 parts of Herba Pyrolae and Cortex Ailanthi 9 Part;
2) first described forage is shredded to 3cm, afterwards with described carbamide mixed fermentation 4h, after the completion of fermentation again with described wheat Bran, sunflower seed cake, bean cake mix and place in pulverizer to be pulverized, and obtains the crushed mixture that mesh number is 100 mesh;This is pulverized and mixed Thing is mixed with described Semen Maydis powder, Sal, residual forage, rare-earth forage and herbal composite again, then adds appropriate water again It is 50% to water content, after stirring, obtain final product the cattle special feed being available for that cattle directly eats;
Wherein, described residual forage is the mixture of Glycine max (L.) Merr., sugar residue and soy sauce residues;
(3) put management in a suitable place to breed to the cattle after 5 monthly ages, put in a suitable place to breed daily 2 times, each 2h;
(4) cowshed management carries out 1 cleaning every 2 weeks and sterilizes to cowshed.
Experiment case study
Cultural method used by the present invention is that applicant have passed through substantial amounts of research and development and contrast and obtains, and obtains in order to more specific Know the actual effect of the present invention, the applicant has carried out the contrast experiment of 16 months by a definite date in cattle plant of Du'an of Guangxi, And gather relevant data in contrast experiment's process, and experiment terminates rear arbitrary extracting each group 30 cattle, detects whether its meat contains There is harmful substance matter, record is in Table 1.Wherein, experiment initial inspection object is 270 3 monthly ages Huangs of growth conditions all same Cattle, this 270 cattlees are divided into three groups, and two groups is experimental group, and this experimental group adopts the embodiment of the present invention 1 and embodiment 4 institute The cultural method providing is raised, and one group is matched group, and this matched group then adopts common cultural method to raise.
Table 1
Table 1 have recorded the average weight of cattle when testing initial, experiment is yellow during terminating the average weight of rear cattle, experiment The harmful substance situation of the average net gain of cattle, the sick quantity of cattle and The dead quantity and cattle meat.As known from Table 1, real After testing end, the experimental group cattle of the cultural method raising being provided using the embodiment of the present invention 1 and embodiment 4, compare employing The matched group cattle that common cultural method is raised, its cattle averagely to have a net increase of weight average higher, and whole test during, experimental group , all less than the corresponding numerical value of matched group, this illustrates, cultural method section provided by the present invention for the sick quantity of cattle and The dead quantity Learn rationally, the cattle special feed being used can improve the resistances against diseases of cattle, reduce the sick and dead probability of cattle, Meanwhile, can promote cattle that the nutritional labeling in feedstuff is converted into the meat of itself so that cattle rapid growth, and cattle meat Do not remain any harmful substance.In summary, cultural method provided by the present invention can allow the growth of cattle safety and Health, And the resistances against diseases of enhancing cattle itself, also improve quality and the edible safety of beef simultaneously.
Although, above the present invention is described in detail with a general description of the specific embodiments, On the basis of the present invention, it can be made some modifications or improvements, this will be apparent to those skilled in the art.Cause This, these modifications or improvements without departing from theon the basis of the spirit of the present invention, belong to the scope of protection of present invention.

Claims (9)

1. a kind of cultural method putting cattle in a suitable place to breed is it is characterised in that comprise the steps:
(1) cowshed is built and is arranged
Build the cowshed of a height of 3.5-4.5m, and first using anthelmintic, cowshed is carried out disinfection before cattle circle;
(2) feed for nursing
Cattle to the 3-4 monthly age, daily feeding cattle special feed 3-4 time, every feeding 0.8-1.2kg every time;After 5 monthly ages Cattle, cattle special feed 2-3 time described in daily feeding, wherein, the cattle at 5-8 monthly age, every feeding 1.1- every time The cattle at 1.5kg, 9-12 monthly age, every feeding 1.4-1.8kg every time, the cattle after 13 monthly ages, every feeding 1.8- every time 2.2kg;In addition, returning cattle during cultivation daily to feed water 1-2 time;
Wherein, the cattle special feed to cattle institute feeding mainly includes following raw material:Forage 100-200 part, Testa Tritici 60-100 part, sunflower seed cake 40-60 part, Semen Maydis powder 30-50 part, bean cake 40-60 part, carbamide 10-20 part, Sal 10-15 part, grain Dreg fodder 20-30 part, rare-earth forage 0.05-0.08 part and herbal composite 20-30 part;
Described herbal composite is mainly made up of the raw material of Chinese medicine of following weight portion:Schizonepeta tenuifolia Briq 6-12 part, Oleum Sesami 12-20 Part, Omphalia 10-15 part, Amylum Nelumbinis Rhizomatis 20-30 part, Rhizoma Dryopteris Crassirhizomatiss 8-15 part, Folium Perillae 10-15 part, Radix Puerariae 15-20 part, Folium Mori 10-15 Part, Herba Menthae 5-10 part, Flos Lonicerae 20-30 part, Herba Lophatheri 20-30 part, Fructus Gardeniae 5-10 part, Piper hancei 10-30 part, Flos Chrysanthemi Indici 20- 30 parts, Herba Equiseti Hiemalises' 30-40 part, Semen Celosiae 15-20 part, Herba Houttuyniae 20-30 part, Radix Platycodoniss 20-30 part, white point scale 30-40 part, Agkistrodon SHECAO 30-40 part, Semen Cassiae 15-20 part, 10-15 part Radix Ophiopogonis, Radix Asparagi 10-15 part, Herba Pyrolae 10-15 part and Cortex Ailanthi 4-9 part;
(3) put management in a suitable place to breed
To the cattle after 5 monthly ages, put in a suitable place to breed daily 2 times, each 1-2h;
(4) cowshed management
Often 1-2 week cowshed is carried out with 1 cleaning and sterilizes.
2. put the cultural method of cattle as claimed in claim 1 in a suitable place to breed it is characterised in that described cattle special feed mainly includes Following raw material:Forage 120-180 part, Testa Tritici 70-90 part, sunflower seed cake 45-55 part, Semen Maydis powder 35-45 part, bean cake 45-55 part, carbamide 12-18 part, Sal 12-14 part, residual forage 22-28 part, rare-earth forage 0.06-0.07 part and Chinese herbal medicine group Compound 22-28 part;
Described herbal composite is mainly made up of the raw material of Chinese medicine of following weight portion:Schizonepeta tenuifolia Briq 8-10 part, Oleum Sesami 14-16 Part, Omphalia 12-14 part, Amylum Nelumbinis Rhizomatis 22-28 part, Rhizoma Dryopteris Crassirhizomatiss 10-12 part, Folium Perillae 12-14 part, Radix Puerariae 16-18 part, Folium Mori 12-14 Part, Herba Menthae 6-8 part, Flos Lonicerae 23-27 part, Herba Lophatheri 22-28 part, Fructus Gardeniae 6-8 part, Piper hancei 15-25 part, Flos Chrysanthemi Indici 22-28 Part, Herba Equiseti Hiemalises' 32-38 part, Semen Celosiae 16-18 part, Herba Houttuyniae 22-28 part, Radix Platycodoniss 23-27 part, white point scale 33-38 part, Herba Hedyotidis Diffusae Careless 32-37 part, Semen Cassiae 16-18 part, 12-14 part Radix Ophiopogonis, Radix Asparagi 12-14 part, Herba Pyrolae 11-14 part and Cortex Ailanthi 5-8 part.
3. put the cultural method of cattle as claimed in claim 1 in a suitable place to breed it is characterised in that described cattle special feed mainly includes Following raw material:150 parts of forage, 80 parts of Testa Tritici, 50 parts of sunflower seed cake, 40 parts of Semen Maydis powder, 50 parts of bean cake, 15 parts of carbamide, 13 parts of Sal, 25 parts of residual forage, 0.065 part of rare-earth forage and 25 parts of herbal composite;
Described herbal composite is mainly made up of the raw material of Chinese medicine of following weight portion:9 parts of Schizonepeta tenuifolia Briq, 15 parts of Oleum Sesami, Omphalia 13 parts, 25 parts of Amylum Nelumbinis Rhizomatis, 11 parts of Rhizoma Dryopteris Crassirhizomatiss, 13 parts of Folium Perillae, 17 parts of Radix Puerariae, 13 parts of Folium Mori, 7 parts of Herba Menthae, 25 parts of Flos Lonicerae, phyllostachys nigra (lodd.ex lindl.) munro var.henonis (miff.) spapf et rendle 25 parts of leaf, 7 parts of Fructus Gardeniae, 20 parts of Piper hancei, 25 parts of Flos Chrysanthemi Indici, 35 parts of Herba Equiseties Hiemalis, 17 parts of Semen Celosiae, 25 parts of Herba Houttuyniae, 25 parts of Radix Platycodoniss, 35 parts of white point scale, 35 parts of Herba Hedyotidis Diffusae, 17 parts of Semen Cassiae, 13 parts of Radix Ophiopogonis, 13 parts of Radix Asparagi, 12 parts of Herba Pyrolae and 7 parts of Cortex Ailanthi.
4. put the cultural method of cattle as claimed in claim 1 in a suitable place to breed it is characterised in that described forage is grass or Caulis et Folium Oryzae.
5. put the cultural method of cattle as claimed in claim 1 in a suitable place to breed it is characterised in that described residual forage is Glycine max (L.) Merr., sugar Slag and soy sauce residues one or several.
6. the described cultural method putting cattle in a suitable place to breed as arbitrary in claim 1-5 is it is characterised in that described cattle special feed is It is prepared via a method which:
1) weigh each raw material in described cattle special feed formula according to above-mentioned weight portion;
2) first described forage is shredded to 2-3cm, afterwards with described carbamide mixed fermentation, after the completion of fermentation again with described Testa Tritici, certain herbaceous plants with big flowers Flower seedcake, bean cake mix and place in pulverizer to be pulverized, and the crushed mixture of gained is raised with described Semen Maydis powder, Sal, poor slag again Material, rare-earth forage and herbal composite are mixed, and then adding appropriate water again to water content is 40%-50%, stirs Obtain final product the cattle special feed being available for that cattle directly eats afterwards.
7. put the cultural method of cattle as claimed in claim 6 in a suitable place to breed it is characterised in that the mixed fermentation of described forage and carbamide Time is 2-4h.
8. put the cultural method of cattle as claimed in claim 6 in a suitable place to breed it is characterised in that described step 2) being pulverized and mixed of gained The mesh number of thing is 80-100 mesh.
9. put the cultural method of cattle as claimed in claim 6 in a suitable place to breed it is characterised in that described herbal composite passes through decocting And obtain or by each raw material of Chinese medicine in addition to Oleum Sesami and Amylum Nelumbinis Rhizomatis being ground into the powder of 80-100 eye mesh screen, rear and Oleum Sesami And Amylum Nelumbinis Rhizomatis mix.
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CN107079870A (en) * 2017-03-10 2017-08-22 广西乐业华东投资有限公司 A kind of method of nuisanceless ecologic breeding ox
CN107223633A (en) * 2017-06-27 2017-10-03 南丹县水产畜牧兽医局 A kind of somatotrophic ox cultural method
CN107242188A (en) * 2017-04-25 2017-10-13 蚌埠市和平乳业有限责任公司 A kind of method for improving cow producing milk function
CN107318765A (en) * 2017-06-27 2017-11-07 南丹县水产畜牧兽医局 A kind of cultural method of ox
CN107318764A (en) * 2017-06-27 2017-11-07 南丹县水产畜牧兽医局 A kind of ox cultural method for improving meat quality
CN107683820A (en) * 2017-06-27 2018-02-13 安徽科氏丛林有机农业有限公司 A kind of Dabieshan Yellow Cattle later stage concentrates fattening method
CN107912361A (en) * 2017-11-18 2018-04-17 堵美娟 A kind of method for breeding for preventing beef cattle abomasum obstruction
CN107980711A (en) * 2017-10-25 2018-05-04 无为县松林生态养殖有限公司 A kind of cultural method for putting ox in a suitable place to breed
CN108124819A (en) * 2017-12-14 2018-06-08 广西罗城原古农业科技服务有限公司 The cultural method of ox

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CN107079870A (en) * 2017-03-10 2017-08-22 广西乐业华东投资有限公司 A kind of method of nuisanceless ecologic breeding ox
CN107242188A (en) * 2017-04-25 2017-10-13 蚌埠市和平乳业有限责任公司 A kind of method for improving cow producing milk function
CN106974084A (en) * 2017-05-11 2017-07-25 黄平县兴荣生态种养殖有限公司 The feed and the cultural method of ox of a kind of ox feed for being suitable to 7 monthly ages to 12 monthly ages
CN107223633A (en) * 2017-06-27 2017-10-03 南丹县水产畜牧兽医局 A kind of somatotrophic ox cultural method
CN107318765A (en) * 2017-06-27 2017-11-07 南丹县水产畜牧兽医局 A kind of cultural method of ox
CN107318764A (en) * 2017-06-27 2017-11-07 南丹县水产畜牧兽医局 A kind of ox cultural method for improving meat quality
CN107683820A (en) * 2017-06-27 2018-02-13 安徽科氏丛林有机农业有限公司 A kind of Dabieshan Yellow Cattle later stage concentrates fattening method
CN107980711A (en) * 2017-10-25 2018-05-04 无为县松林生态养殖有限公司 A kind of cultural method for putting ox in a suitable place to breed
CN107912361A (en) * 2017-11-18 2018-04-17 堵美娟 A kind of method for breeding for preventing beef cattle abomasum obstruction
CN108124819A (en) * 2017-12-14 2018-06-08 广西罗城原古农业科技服务有限公司 The cultural method of ox

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Application publication date: 20170215