CN106386583A - Rice and loach mixing planting and breeding method capable of stabilizing grain income and increasing fishery income - Google Patents

Rice and loach mixing planting and breeding method capable of stabilizing grain income and increasing fishery income Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106386583A
CN106386583A CN201610799349.5A CN201610799349A CN106386583A CN 106386583 A CN106386583 A CN 106386583A CN 201610799349 A CN201610799349 A CN 201610799349A CN 106386583 A CN106386583 A CN 106386583A
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China
Prior art keywords
rice
ditch
water
misgurni anguillicaudati
breeding
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CN201610799349.5A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
陈冬林
周洵
庞红金
俞爱萍
章星明
杨丽丽
谢满华
沈蓓杰
奚业文
柴继芳
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陈冬林
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Priority to CN201610799349.5A priority Critical patent/CN106386583A/en
Publication of CN106386583A publication Critical patent/CN106386583A/en

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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K61/00Culture of aquatic animals
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G9/00Cultivation in receptacles, forcing-frames or greenhouses; Edging for beds, lawn or the like
    • A01G9/02Receptacles, e.g. flower-pots or boxes; Glasses for cultivating flowers
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish
    • Y02A40/818Alternative feeds for fish, e.g. in aquacultures
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/80Food processing, e.g. use of renewable energies or variable speed drives in handling, conveying or stacking
    • Y02P60/87Re-use of by-products of food processing for fodder production

Abstract

The invention discloses a rice and loach mixing planting and breeding method capable of stabilizing the grain income and increasing the fishery income. The method includes the steps: selecting a rice field, digging temporary breeding ditches, circular ditches and filed ditches, and allowing communication among the ditches; paving plastic thin films and mud on the bottom of the temporary breeding ditches, arranging a sunshade net over the temporary breeding ditches; increasing the height and the width of ridges, reinforcing the ridges, and additionally arranging escape-proof facilities; transplanting rice seedlings in the first ten days of June, injecting water, and then stacking fermented decomposed chicken manure; disinfecting the rice field after the rice turns green, stocking disinfected young loaches; feeding the loaches with baits twice every day, wherein the feeding amount is 2-3% of the total body weight of the loaches; keeping the water depth of a field surface in 13-20 cm, and keeping the water depths of the circular ditches and the temporary breeding ditches in 40-65 cm; changing water once every 10-15 days in midsummer, wherein the water changing amount is 25-33% of the water amount of the rice field; adding quicklime or bleaching powder to water once every half a month; and catching the loaches to be sold, and harvesting the rice.

Description

A kind of steady grain increases the method that fishing Oryza sativa L. Misgurni anguillicaudati makees breeding altogether
Technical field
The present invention relates to breeding technical field, the method that more particularly, to a kind of steady grain increasing fishing Oryza sativa L. Misgurni anguillicaudati makees breeding altogether.
Background technology
Low-lying low-yield paddy field, due to the easy hydrops of winter-spring season, is not suitable for planting Brassica campestris L and Semen Tritici aestivi in season rice field free time, only Can plant one season Oryza sativa L., and planting patternss are all single, that is,:" plant pipe kind, support to manage and support "." only plant and do not support ", the fertilizer tilling the land Material can only lean on chemical fertilizer, and after chemical fertilizer application, only 35% is partly effective, and remaining 65% is all changed into pollutant stays in the environment. This single operating type not only causes environmental pollution, and low in economic efficiency.Rice field rice cultivation, benefit also only has 200-300 unit/mu, this does not also include farm rent, if removing farm rent again, the benefit of actual Oryza sativa L. nonoculture is negative.With 2007 It was timing node with 2008,452.37 thousand grams/acre of one season of single Oryza sativa L. average yield per mu, average output value 1266.36 yuan/mu, put down All cost is 990 yuan/mu, average profit 276.36 yuan/mu.Input-output ratio is 1 1.3;Quality of rice level of security is not high, Economy and ecological benefits are poor.
In order to extricate oneself from a plight, the method for the comprehensive breeding of proposition, described comprehensive breeding refers to make full use of vegeto-animal life Mutual relation between habit and growth rhythm, the animals such as Oryza sativa L., Monopterus albus (Zuiew), Trionyx sinensis Wiegmann, Procambrus clarkii are put in same rice field, Make full use of its biological chain and food chain relation, reach Mutualism, highly efficient and productive, environmental health breeding binding pattern.But It is that existing Oryza sativa L., Misgurni anguillicaudati plant breeding model still suffer from some problems, such as invests that high, return rate is low, technical difficulty is big, cultivates wind Danger is high.
Content of the invention
The technical problem being existed based on background technology, the present invention proposes a kind of steady grain increasing fishing Oryza sativa L. Misgurni anguillicaudati and makees breeding altogether Method, it achieves rice loach symbiosis, and technical difficulty is little, and investment is little, and cultivation risk is low, and return rate is high.
A kind of steady grain proposed by the present invention increases the method that fishing Oryza sativa L. Misgurni anguillicaudati makees breeding altogether, comprises the following steps:
A:Rice field selects and transformation:Select rice field, and excavate temporarily foster ditch, circular groove and field ditch in rice field, accomplish ditch ditch Communicate;The gross area temporarily supporting ditch, circular groove and field ditch is the 8-12% of rice field area;Support laying plastic sheeting in ditch bottom temporarily, Then concora crush thickness is the mud of 10-15cm on a plastic film, and arranges sunshade net above ditch temporarily supporting;Increase, widen, adding Gu ridge;In rice field surrounding and enter to add anti-escape measure at discharge outlet;
B, Rice Cropping:Early June, rice transplanting in rice field, every mu of slotting 1-1.5 ten thousand cave;Then it is filled to 12-18cm, and Amount heap fermentation Chicken dung by every mu of rice field 40-60kg;
C, Misgurni anguillicaudati kind are put in a suitable place to breed:After rice striking root, every mu of rice field quick lime 30-40kg or bleaching powder 1-2.5kg, is watered Uniformly splash after stirring, after 8-15 days by Misgurni anguillicaudati kind concentration be 15-20mg/L potassium permanganate solution dipping bath 8-15min or The Sal water sterilization 10-15min being 1.5-3% with mass fraction, is then placed in temporarily supporting in ditch and circular groove, wherein, every mu of rice field Throw in Misgurni anguillicaudati kind 25-30kg that specification is 230-250 tail/kg;
D, feeding and management:Feed Misgurni anguillicaudati bait twice daily, when Feeding time is for during morning 9 and afternoon 5, daily ration, feeding quantity is mud The 2-3% of loach TBW, wherein, feeds a day 35-45wt% for bait amount, feeds a day 55- for bait amount during afternoon 5 during the morning 9 65wt%;
E, water level and water quality management:Soil surface water is maintained at 13-20cm deeply, and circular groove, temporarily foster ditch keep depth of water 40-65cm;? In season in midsummer, change water once within every 10-15 days, each quantity of exchanged water is the 25-33% of the rice field water yield;
F, diseases prevention and treatment:In fish diseasess multiple season, per two weeks applies a quick lime or bleaching powder in water, its In, the consumption of quick lime is 15-25g/m3, the consumption of bleaching powder is 0.5-1.5g/m3;
G, fish for listing and rice harvesting.
Preferably, in A, described temporarily foster ditch is located at the side in rice field, a length of 3-6m, a width of 3-5m, and deep is 1-1.5m;Institute State circular groove and be located at 0.4-0.6m inside the surrounding ridge of rice field, width is 1-2m, depth is 0.4-0.6m.
Preferably, in A, the ridge after reinforcing exceeds field face 0.3-0.5m.
Preferably, in A, described escaping-preventing facilities are the polyethylene mesh sheet of 20-25 mesh;The escaping-preventing facilities of rice field surrounding are away from entering Mouth of a river 20-30cm, is fixed with timber or bamboo stem, and is earthed lower 15-20cm.
Preferably, in B, also include every mu of rice field after the chicken manure that heap fermentation becomes thoroughly decomposed and apply carbamide 8-12kg.
Preferably, in C, during putting into Misgurni anguillicaudati kind, the container of Misgurni anguillicaudati kind and dress Misgurni anguillicaudati kind is moved to together In water in field, by container lean, Misgurni anguillicaudati is allowed voluntarily to swim out of.
Preferably, in D, its raw material of described bait includes by weight:Testa oryzae 20-35 part, soybean cake 10-40 part, Semen Allii Tuberosi Cake 10-35 part, leaf of Pterocarya Stenoptera 3-15 part, pine needle 5-12 part, fish flour 3-10 part, snail powder 4-20 part, Lumbricuss meat 4-20 part, silkworm Pupa powder 20-35 part, Mel 1-5 part, Fructus Cucurbitae moschatae powder 3-15 part, choline chloride 1-2 part, sepiolite powder 1-2 part, Petiolus Trachycarpi oil 5-10 part, Vitamin 0.5-2 part, potassium dihydrogen phosphate 1-3 part, soybean lecithin 1-2 part, Peptidoglycan 0.5-1.2 part.
Preferably, in G, also include adjusting using quick lime or microorganism formulation and improve water quality, make water quality keep clear Newly.
Preferably, in F, also include carrying out the prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control using biological pesticide and deinsectization lamp to Oryza sativa L.;Using life During thing pesticide control rice pest, first, improve water level, then take burst, the next day method applied using life Thing pesticide.
Preferably, also include roasting field, during roasting field, water is discharged, so that Misgurni anguillicaudati is swum over to and temporarily support in ditch, circular groove and field ditch, and protect The water level holding temporarily foster ditch, circular groove and field ditch is 35-50cm.
Oryza sativa L., Misgurni anguillicaudati are put in same rice field the present invention, make full use of its biological chain and food chain relation, establish New ecosystem, on the one hand, Misgurni anguillicaudati can remove the weeds of Tanaka, prevents and treats soil compaction, promotes root system development and tiller, Keep water quality pure and fresh, prevent from providing place and the environment of growth and breeding because the reasons such as fertilising cause water quality to degenerate as insect, have Remove most of insect and such as eliminate the functions such as rice leafhopper, snout moths larva, planthopper, decrease the consumption of pesticide;On the other hand, Misgurni anguillicaudati Excreta is available for rice absorbing, promotes paddy growth, and meanwhile, Oryza sativa L. provides abundant natural bait and good for the growth of Misgurni anguillicaudati Habitat.Plant rice in rice field, support Misgurni anguillicaudati, breeding spaces can be saved, purify water, remove insect weeds, reduce pollution, carry For natural bait, set up good ecological environment, Improving The Quality of Products, promote raiser to increase income, increase economic efficiency;In rice field In selection and transformation process, it is easy to later harvesting temporarily supporting ditch bottom laying plastic sheeting, and is provided with above ditch temporarily supporting Sunshade net is easy to Misgurni anguillicaudati under burning sun and is perched and shelter from heat or light;During rice transplanting, the reasonable adjusting density of Oryza sativa L., and coordinated suitable The base manure of amount, meets the growth of Oryza sativa L.;Using quick lime or bleaching powder, rice field is carried out disinfection, kill Tanaka pathogenic bacterium and Harmful organisms, are that the growth of Oryza sativa L. and Misgurni anguillicaudati provides good environment, improve the survival rate of Misgurni anguillicaudati, improve Oryza sativa L. simultaneously Yield;During putting into Misgurni anguillicaudati kind, the container of Misgurni anguillicaudati kind and dress Misgurni anguillicaudati kind is moved in water in field together, container is inclined Tiltedly, Misgurni anguillicaudati is allowed voluntarily to swim out of, it is to avoid Misgurni anguillicaudati body surface is injured;Wherein, in optimal way, described bait adds plant material rice Bran, soybean cake, rapeseed cake, leaf of Pterocarya Stenoptera and pine needle, animal material fish flour, snail powder, Lumbricuss meat and dried silkworm chrysalis meal are raw material, are mud The growth of loach provides abundant nutrient substance, improves the immunity of Misgurni anguillicaudati simultaneously, improves the survival rate of Misgurni anguillicaudati, improves Economic benefit, has been simultaneously introduced Mel and Fructus Cucurbitae moschatae powder, and it is with choline chloride, Petiolus Trachycarpi oil, vitamin, soybean lecithin and Peptidoglycan Cooperate, improve the mouthfeel of bait, increased the feed intake of Misgurni anguillicaudati, promote the growth of Misgurni anguillicaudati, reduce Oryza sativa L. and mud The sickness rate of loach, improves economic benefit.
Specific embodiment
Below, by specific embodiment, technical scheme is described in detail.
Embodiment 1
A kind of steady grain proposed by the present invention increases the method that fishing Oryza sativa L. Misgurni anguillicaudati makees breeding altogether, comprises the following steps:
A:Rice field selects and transformation:Select rice field, and excavate temporarily foster ditch, circular groove and field ditch in rice field, accomplish ditch ditch Communicate;The gross area temporarily supporting ditch, circular groove and field ditch is the 12% of rice field area;Support laying plastic sheeting in ditch bottom temporarily, so Concora crush thickness is the mud of 10cm on a plastic film afterwards, and arranges sunshade net above ditch temporarily supporting;Increase, widen, reinforce field The ridge;In rice field surrounding and enter to add anti-escape measure at discharge outlet;
B, Rice Cropping:Early June, rice transplanting in rice field, insert 1.5 ten thousand caves for every mu;Then it is filled to 12cm, and press every mu The amount heap fermentation Chicken dung of rice field 60kg;
C, Misgurni anguillicaudati kind are put in a suitable place to breed:After rice striking root, every mu of rice field bleaching powder 2.5kg, uniformly splashes after being watered stirring, 8 days The potassium permanganate solution dipping bath 8min being 20mg/L by Misgurni anguillicaudati kind concentration afterwards, is then placed in temporarily supporting in ditch and circular groove, wherein, often Misgurni anguillicaudati kind 25kg that specification is 250 tails/kg is thrown in mu rice field;
D, feeding and management:Feed Misgurni anguillicaudati bait twice daily, when Feeding time is for during morning 9 and afternoon 5, daily ration, feeding quantity is mud The 3% of loach TBW, wherein, feeds a day 35wt% for bait amount, feeds a day 65wt% for bait amount during afternoon 5 during the morning 9;
E, water level and water quality management:Soil surface water is maintained at 13cm deeply, and circular groove, temporarily foster ditch keep depth of water 65cm;Season in full summer Section, changes water once in every 10 days, and each quantity of exchanged water is the 33% of the rice field water yield;
F, diseases prevention and treatment:In fish diseasess multiple season, per two weeks applies a quick lime, wherein, quick lime in water Consumption is 15g/m3
G, fish for listing and rice harvesting.
Embodiment 2
A kind of steady grain proposed by the present invention increases the method that fishing Oryza sativa L. Misgurni anguillicaudati makees breeding altogether, comprises the following steps:
A:Rice field selects and transformation:Select rice field, and excavate temporarily foster ditch, circular groove and field ditch in rice field, accomplish ditch ditch Communicate;The gross area temporarily supporting ditch, circular groove and field ditch is the 8% of rice field area;Support laying plastic sheeting in ditch bottom temporarily, then Concora crush thickness is the mud of 15cm on a plastic film, and arranges sunshade net above ditch temporarily supporting;Increase, widen, reinforce ridge; In rice field surrounding and enter to add anti-escape measure at discharge outlet;
B, Rice Cropping:Early June, rice transplanting in rice field, insert 10,000 caves for every mu;Then it is filled to 18cm, and press every mu of rice The amount heap fermentation Chicken dung of field 40kg;
C, Misgurni anguillicaudati kind are put in a suitable place to breed:After rice striking root, every mu of rice field quick lime 40kg, uniformly splashes after being watered stirring, 15 days The Sal water sterilization 15min being 1.5% by Misgurni anguillicaudati kind mass fraction afterwards, is then placed in temporarily supporting in ditch and circular groove, wherein, every mu Misgurni anguillicaudati kind 30kg that specification is 230 tails/kg is thrown in rice field;
D, feeding and management:Feed Misgurni anguillicaudati bait twice daily, when Feeding time is for during morning 9 and afternoon 5, daily ration, feeding quantity is mud The 2% of loach TBW, wherein, feeds a day 45wt% for bait amount, feeds a day 55wt% for bait amount during afternoon 5 during the morning 9;
E, water level and water quality management:Soil surface water is maintained at 20cm deeply, and circular groove, temporarily foster ditch keep depth of water 40cm;Season in full summer Section, changes water once in every 15 days, and each quantity of exchanged water is the 25% of the rice field water yield;
F, diseases prevention and treatment:In fish diseasess multiple season, per two weeks applies a quick lime, wherein, quick lime in water Consumption is 25g/m3
G, fish for listing and rice harvesting.
Embodiment 3
A kind of steady grain proposed by the present invention increases the method that fishing Oryza sativa L. Misgurni anguillicaudati makees breeding altogether, comprises the following steps:
A:Rice field selects and transformation:Select rice field, and excavate temporarily foster ditch, circular groove and field ditch in rice field, accomplish ditch ditch Communicate;The gross area temporarily supporting ditch, circular groove and field ditch is the 11% of rice field area;Support laying plastic sheeting in ditch bottom temporarily, so Concora crush thickness is the mud of 12cm on a plastic film afterwards, and arranges sunshade net above ditch temporarily supporting;Increase, widen, reinforce field The ridge;In rice field surrounding and enter to add anti-escape measure at discharge outlet;
Wherein, described temporarily foster ditch is located at the side in rice field, a length of 3m, a width of 5m, and deep is 1m;Described circular groove is located at rice field four At 0.6m inside all ridges, width is 1m, and depth is 0.6m;
Ridge after reinforcing exceeds field face 0.3m;
Described escaping-preventing facilities are the polyethylene mesh sheet of 20 mesh;The escaping-preventing facilities of rice field surrounding, away from water inlet 30cm, use timber Fixing, and it is earthed lower 15cm;
B, Rice Cropping:Early June, rice transplanting in rice field, insert 1.2 ten thousand caves for every mu;Then it is filled to 16cm, and press every mu The amount heap fermentation Chicken dung of rice field 45kg;
Wherein, also include every mu of rice field after the chicken manure that heap fermentation becomes thoroughly decomposed and apply carbamide 8kg;
C, Misgurni anguillicaudati kind are put in a suitable place to breed:After rice striking root, every mu of rice field quick lime 30kg, uniformly splashes after being watered stirring, 13 days The potassium permanganate solution dipping bath 15min being 15mg/L by Misgurni anguillicaudati kind concentration afterwards, is then placed in temporarily supporting in ditch and circular groove, wherein, Misgurni anguillicaudati kind 28kg that specification is 235 tails/kg is thrown in every mu of rice field;
Wherein, during putting into Misgurni anguillicaudati kind, the container of Misgurni anguillicaudati kind and dress Misgurni anguillicaudati kind is moved in water in field together, will Container lean, allows Misgurni anguillicaudati voluntarily to swim out of;
D, feeding and management:Feed Misgurni anguillicaudati bait twice daily, when Feeding time is for during morning 9 and afternoon 5, daily ration, feeding quantity is mud The 2.2% of loach TBW, wherein, feeds a day 43wt% for bait amount, feeds a day 57wt% for bait amount during afternoon 5 during the morning 9;
Wherein, its raw material of described bait includes by weight:20 parts of Testa oryzae, 40 parts of soybean cake, 10 parts of rapeseed cake, leaf of Pterocarya Stenoptera 15 parts, 5 parts of pine needle, 10 parts of fish flour, 4 parts of snail powder, 20 parts of Lumbricuss meat, 20 parts of dried silkworm chrysalis meal, 5 parts of Mel, 3 parts of Fructus Cucurbitae moschatae powder, chlorine 2 parts of choline of change, 1 part of sepiolite powder, 10 parts of Petiolus Trachycarpi oil, 0.5 part of vitamin, 3 parts of potassium dihydrogen phosphate, 1 part of soybean lecithin, peptide gather 1.2 parts of sugar;
E, water level and water quality management:Soil surface water is maintained at 15cm deeply, and circular groove, temporarily foster ditch keep depth of water 60cm;Season in full summer Section, changes water once in every 12 days, and each quantity of exchanged water is the 32% of the rice field water yield;
Wherein, also include adjusting using microorganism formulation and improve water quality, make water quality keep pure and fresh;
F, diseases prevention and treatment:In fish diseasess multiple season, per two weeks applies a bleaching powder, wherein, bleaching powder in water Consumption is 0.5g/m3;Wherein, also include carrying out the prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control using biological pesticide and deinsectization lamp to Oryza sativa L.;Using biological During pesticide control rice pest, first, improve water level, then take burst, the next day method applied using biological Pesticide;
G, fish for listing and rice harvesting;
Also include roasting field, during roasting field, water is discharged, so that Misgurni anguillicaudati is swum over to and temporarily support in ditch, circular groove and field ditch, and keep temporarily supporting The water level of ditch, circular groove and field ditch is 35cm.
Embodiment 4
A kind of steady grain proposed by the present invention increases the method that fishing Oryza sativa L. Misgurni anguillicaudati makees breeding altogether, comprises the following steps:
A:Rice field selects and transformation:Select rice field, and excavate temporarily foster ditch, circular groove and field ditch in rice field, accomplish ditch ditch Communicate;The gross area temporarily supporting ditch, circular groove and field ditch is the 9% of rice field area;Support laying plastic sheeting in ditch bottom temporarily, then Concora crush thickness is the mud of 14cm on a plastic film, and arranges sunshade net above ditch temporarily supporting;Increase, widen, reinforce ridge; In rice field surrounding and enter to add anti-escape measure at discharge outlet;
Wherein, described temporarily foster ditch is located at the side in rice field, a length of 6m, a width of 3m, and deep is 1.5m;Described circular groove is located at rice field At 0.4m inside surrounding ridge, width is 2m, and depth is 0.4m;
Ridge after reinforcing exceeds field face 0.5m;
Described escaping-preventing facilities are the polyethylene mesh sheet of 25 mesh;The escaping-preventing facilities of rice field surrounding, away from water inlet 20cm, use bamboo stem Fixing, and it is earthed lower 20cm;
B, Rice Cropping:Early June, rice transplanting in rice field, insert 1.4 ten thousand caves for every mu;Then it is filled to 14cm, and press every mu The amount heap fermentation Chicken dung of rice field 55kg;
Wherein, also include every mu of rice field after the chicken manure that heap fermentation becomes thoroughly decomposed and apply carbamide 12kg;
C, Misgurni anguillicaudati kind are put in a suitable place to breed:After rice striking root, every mu of rice field bleaching powder 1kg, uniformly splashes after being watered stirring, after 9 days The Sal water sterilization 10min that Misgurni anguillicaudati kind mass fraction is 3%, is then placed in temporarily supporting in ditch and circular groove, wherein, every mu of rice field Input specification is Misgurni anguillicaudati kind 26kg of 245 tails/kg;
Wherein, during putting into Misgurni anguillicaudati kind, the container of Misgurni anguillicaudati kind and dress Misgurni anguillicaudati kind is moved in water in field together, will Container lean, allows Misgurni anguillicaudati voluntarily to swim out of;
D, feeding and management:Feed Misgurni anguillicaudati bait twice daily, when Feeding time is for during morning 9 and afternoon 5, daily ration, feeding quantity is mud The 2.7% of loach TBW, wherein, feeds a day 38wt% for bait amount, feeds a day 62wt% for bait amount during afternoon 5 during the morning 9;
Wherein, its raw material of described bait includes by weight:35 parts of Testa oryzae, 10 parts of soybean cake, 35 parts of rapeseed cake, leaf of Pterocarya Stenoptera 3 parts, 12 parts of pine needle, 3 parts of fish flour, 20 parts of snail powder, 4 parts of Lumbricuss meat, 35 parts of dried silkworm chrysalis meal, 1 part of Mel, 15 parts of Fructus Cucurbitae moschatae powder, chlorine Change 1 part of choline, 2 parts of sepiolite powder, 5 parts of Petiolus Trachycarpi oil, 2 parts of vitamin, 1 part of potassium dihydrogen phosphate, 2 parts of soybean lecithin, Peptidoglycan 0.5 part;
E, water level and water quality management:Soil surface water is maintained at 18cm deeply, and circular groove, temporarily foster ditch keep depth of water 45cm;Season in full summer Section, changes water once in every 13 days, and each quantity of exchanged water is the 28% of the rice field water yield;
Wherein, also include adjusting using microorganism formulation and improve water quality, make water quality keep pure and fresh;
F, diseases prevention and treatment:In fish diseasess multiple season, per two weeks applies a bleaching powder, wherein, bleaching powder in water Consumption is 1.5g/m3;Wherein, also include carrying out the prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control using biological pesticide and deinsectization lamp to Oryza sativa L.;Using biological During pesticide control rice pest, first, improve water level, then take burst, the next day method applied using biological Pesticide;
G, fish for listing and rice harvesting;
Also include roasting field, during roasting field, water is discharged, so that Misgurni anguillicaudati is swum over to and temporarily support in ditch, circular groove and field ditch, and keep temporarily supporting The water level of ditch, circular groove and field ditch is 50cm.
Embodiment 5
A kind of steady grain proposed by the present invention increases the method that fishing Oryza sativa L. Misgurni anguillicaudati makees breeding altogether, comprises the following steps:
A:Rice field selects and transformation:Select rice field, and excavate temporarily foster ditch, circular groove and field ditch in rice field, accomplish ditch ditch Communicate;The gross area temporarily supporting ditch, circular groove and field ditch is the 10% of rice field area;Support laying plastic sheeting in ditch bottom temporarily, so Concora crush thickness is the mud of 12cm on a plastic film afterwards, and arranges sunshade net above ditch temporarily supporting;Increase, widen, reinforce field The ridge;In rice field surrounding and enter to add anti-escape measure at discharge outlet;
Wherein, described temporarily foster ditch is located at the side in rice field, a length of 5m, a width of 4m, and deep is 1.2m;Described circular groove is located at rice field At 0.5m inside surrounding ridge, width is 1.5m, and depth is 0.5m;
Ridge after reinforcing exceeds field face 0.4m;
Described escaping-preventing facilities are the polyethylene mesh sheet of 23 mesh;The escaping-preventing facilities of rice field surrounding, away from water inlet 25cm, use bamboo stem Fixing, and it is earthed lower 18cm;
B, Rice Cropping:Early June, rice transplanting in rice field, insert 1.3 ten thousand caves for every mu;Then it is filled to 15cm, and press every mu The amount heap fermentation Chicken dung of rice field 50kg;
Wherein, also include every mu of rice field after the chicken manure that heap fermentation becomes thoroughly decomposed and apply carbamide 10kg;
C, Misgurni anguillicaudati kind are put in a suitable place to breed:After rice striking root, every mu of rice field bleaching powder 2kg, uniformly splashes after being watered stirring, 10 days The potassium permanganate solution dipping bath 10min being 18mg/L by Misgurni anguillicaudati kind concentration afterwards, is then placed in temporarily supporting in ditch and circular groove, wherein, Misgurni anguillicaudati kind 28kg that specification is 240 tails/kg is thrown in every mu of rice field;
Wherein, during putting into Misgurni anguillicaudati kind, the container of Misgurni anguillicaudati kind and dress Misgurni anguillicaudati kind is moved in water in field together, will Container lean, allows Misgurni anguillicaudati voluntarily to swim out of;
D, feeding and management:Feed Misgurni anguillicaudati bait twice daily, when Feeding time is for during morning 9 and afternoon 5, daily ration, feeding quantity is mud The 2.5% of loach TBW, wherein, feeds a day 40wt% for bait amount, feeds a day 60wt% for bait amount during afternoon 5 during the morning 9;
Wherein, its raw material of described bait includes by weight:30 parts of Testa oryzae, 25 parts of soybean cake, 30 parts of rapeseed cake, leaf of Pterocarya Stenoptera 12 parts, 10 parts of pine needle, 8 parts of fish flour, 15 parts of snail powder, 15 parts of Lumbricuss meat, 28 parts of dried silkworm chrysalis meal, 3.2 parts of Mel, 8 parts of Fructus Cucurbitae moschatae powder, 1.6 parts of choline chloride, 1.5 parts of sepiolite powder, 7 parts of Petiolus Trachycarpi oil, 1.3 parts of vitamin, 2.6 parts of potassium dihydrogen phosphate, soybean lecithin 1.4 parts, 1 part of Peptidoglycan;
E, water level and water quality management:Soil surface water is maintained at 15cm deeply, and circular groove, temporarily foster ditch keep depth of water 50cm;Season in full summer Section, changes water once in every 12 days, and each quantity of exchanged water is the 30% of the rice field water yield;
Wherein, also include adjusting using quick lime and improve water quality, make water quality keep pure and fresh;
F, diseases prevention and treatment:In fish diseasess multiple season, per two weeks applies a quick lime, wherein, quick lime in water Consumption is 20g/m3;Wherein, also include carrying out the prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control using biological pesticide and deinsectization lamp to Oryza sativa L.;Using biological agriculture During medicine preventing and treating rice pest, first, improve water level, then take burst, the next day method applied using biological agriculture Medicine;
G, fish for listing and rice harvesting;
Also include roasting field, during roasting field, water is discharged, so that Misgurni anguillicaudati is swum over to and temporarily support in ditch, circular groove and field ditch, and keep temporarily supporting The water level of ditch, circular groove and field ditch is 40cm.
The above, the only present invention preferably specific embodiment, but protection scope of the present invention is not limited thereto, Any those familiar with the art the invention discloses technical scope in, technology according to the present invention scheme and its Inventive concept equivalent or change in addition, all should be included within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of steady grain increases fishing Oryza sativa L. Misgurni anguillicaudati and makees the method for breeding altogether it is characterised in that comprising the following steps:
A:Rice field selects and transformation:Select rice field, and excavate temporarily foster ditch, circular groove and field ditch in rice field, accomplish that ditch ditch communicates; The gross area temporarily supporting ditch, circular groove and field ditch is the 8-12% of rice field area;Support ditch bottom laying plastic sheeting, Ran Hou temporarily On plastic sheeting, concora crush thickness is the mud of 10-15cm, and arranges sunshade net above ditch temporarily supporting;Increase, widen, reinforce field The ridge;In rice field surrounding and enter to add anti-escape measure at discharge outlet;
B, Rice Cropping:Early June, rice transplanting in rice field, every mu of slotting 1-1.5 ten thousand cave;Then it is filled to 12-18cm, and by every The amount heap fermentation Chicken dung of mu rice field 40-60kg;
C, Misgurni anguillicaudati kind are put in a suitable place to breed:After rice striking root, every mu of rice field quick lime 30-40kg or bleaching powder 1-2.5kg, is watered stirring Uniformly splash afterwards, after 8-15 days by Misgurni anguillicaudati kind concentration be 15-20mg/L potassium permanganate solution dipping bath 8-15min or use matter Amount fraction is the Sal water sterilization 10-15min of 1.5-3%, is then placed in temporarily supporting in ditch and circular groove, and wherein, every mu of rice field is thrown in Specification is Misgurni anguillicaudati kind 25-30kg of 230-250 tail/kg;
D, feeding and management:Feed Misgurni anguillicaudati bait twice daily, when Feeding time is for during morning 9 and afternoon 5, daily ration, feeding quantity is that Misgurni anguillicaudati is total The 2-3% of body weight, wherein, feeds a day 35-45wt% for bait amount, feeds a day 55-65wt% for bait amount during afternoon 5 during the morning 9;
E, water level and water quality management:Soil surface water is maintained at 13-20cm deeply, and circular groove, temporarily foster ditch keep depth of water 40-65cm;In full summer In season, change water once within every 10-15 days, each quantity of exchanged water is the 25-33% of the rice field water yield;
F, diseases prevention and treatment:In fish diseasess multiple season, per two weeks applies a quick lime or bleaching powder in water, wherein, raw The consumption of Calx is 15-25g/m3, the consumption of bleaching powder is 0.5-1.5g/m3
G, fish for listing and rice harvesting.
2. steady grain increases fishing Oryza sativa L. Misgurni anguillicaudati and makees the method for breeding altogether it is characterised in that in A according to claim 1, described temporarily Foster ditch is located at the side in rice field, a length of 3-6m, a width of 3-5m, and deep is 1-1.5m;Described circular groove is located inside the surrounding ridge of rice field At 0.4-0.6m, width is 1-2m, and depth is 0.4-0.6m.
3. steady grain according to claim 1 or claim 2 increases fishing Oryza sativa L. Misgurni anguillicaudati and makees the method for breeding altogether it is characterised in that in A, plus Gu after ridge exceed field face 0.3-0.5m.
4. steady grain according to any one of claim 1-3 increase fishing Oryza sativa L. Misgurni anguillicaudati make altogether breeding method it is characterised in that In A, described escaping-preventing facilities are the polyethylene mesh sheet of 20-25 mesh;The escaping-preventing facilities of rice field surrounding away from water inlet 20-30cm, with wood Stake or bamboo stem are fixed, and are earthed lower 15-20cm.
5. steady grain according to any one of claim 1-4 increase fishing Oryza sativa L. Misgurni anguillicaudati make altogether breeding method it is characterised in that In B, also include every mu of rice field after the chicken manure that heap fermentation becomes thoroughly decomposed and apply carbamide 8-12kg.
6. steady grain according to any one of claim 1-5 increase fishing Oryza sativa L. Misgurni anguillicaudati make altogether breeding method it is characterised in that In C, during putting into Misgurni anguillicaudati kind, the container of Misgurni anguillicaudati kind and dress Misgurni anguillicaudati kind is moved in water in field together, by container lean, Misgurni anguillicaudati is allowed voluntarily to swim out of.
7. steady grain according to any one of claim 1-6 increase fishing Oryza sativa L. Misgurni anguillicaudati make altogether breeding method it is characterised in that In D, its raw material of described bait includes by weight:Testa oryzae 20-35 part, soybean cake 10-40 part, rapeseed cake 10-35 part, leaf of Pterocarya Stenoptera 3-15 part, pine needle 5-12 part, fish flour 3-10 part, snail powder 4-20 part, Lumbricuss meat 4-20 part, dried silkworm chrysalis meal 20-35 part, Mel 1- 5 parts, Fructus Cucurbitae moschatae powder 3-15 part, choline chloride 1-2 part, sepiolite powder 1-2 part, Petiolus Trachycarpi oil 5-10 part, vitamin 0.5-2 part, phosphoric acid Potassium dihydrogen 1-3 part, soybean lecithin 1-2 part, Peptidoglycan 0.5-1.2 part.
8. steady grain according to any one of claim 1-7 increase fishing Oryza sativa L. Misgurni anguillicaudati make altogether breeding method it is characterised in that In G, also include adjusting using quick lime or microorganism formulation and improve water quality, make water quality keep pure and fresh.
9. steady grain according to any one of claim 1-8 increase fishing Oryza sativa L. Misgurni anguillicaudati make altogether breeding method it is characterised in that In F, also include carrying out the prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control using biological pesticide and deinsectization lamp to Oryza sativa L.;Preventing and treating rice disease and pest using biological pesticide In the process of evil, first, improve water level, then take burst, the next day method applied use biological pesticide.
10. steady grain according to any one of claim 1-9 increase fishing Oryza sativa L. Misgurni anguillicaudati make altogether breeding method it is characterised in that Also include roasting field, during roasting field, water discharged, so that Misgurni anguillicaudati is swum over to and temporarily support in ditch, circular groove and field ditch, and keep temporarily supporting ditch, circular groove and The water level of field ditch is 35-50cm.
CN201610799349.5A 2016-08-31 2016-08-31 Rice and loach mixing planting and breeding method capable of stabilizing grain income and increasing fishery income CN106386583A (en)

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CN107135993A (en) * 2017-06-08 2017-09-08 合肥市风达农业有限责任公司 A kind of method of rice field ecology breeding loach
CN107242165A (en) * 2017-07-31 2017-10-13 太仓勤丰源农场专业合作社联合社 A kind of method for the rice terrace intercropping loach for saving bait
CN107258614A (en) * 2017-06-15 2017-10-20 邹进彬 The method for saving the paddy field aquaculture loach of bait
CN107258624A (en) * 2017-07-31 2017-10-20 太仓勤丰源农场专业合作社联合社 A kind of selenium-rich rice for saving bait and the foster method of loach set
CN107258615A (en) * 2017-06-15 2017-10-20 邹进彬 The method of rice field ecology breeding loach
CN107258414A (en) * 2017-07-31 2017-10-20 太仓勤丰源农场专业合作社联合社 A kind of method of rice terrace intercropping loach
CN107372216A (en) * 2017-07-31 2017-11-24 太仓勤丰源农场专业合作社联合社 A kind of selenium-rich rice intercropping loach, the method for swamp eel
CN107371933A (en) * 2017-08-28 2017-11-24 宿松县海东家庭农场 A kind of green rice implantation methods
CN107466753A (en) * 2017-08-01 2017-12-15 北京林大林业科技股份有限公司 Rice crab loach solid complex ecological breeding method
CN107494342A (en) * 2017-07-31 2017-12-22 太仓勤丰源农场专业合作社联合社 A kind of set for promoting rice loach symbiosis supports method
CN107535391A (en) * 2017-07-31 2018-01-05 浦江县酉泽水产科技有限公司 The method of large-scale cultivation loach
CN108849336A (en) * 2018-07-25 2018-11-23 贵州贵丰农业发展有限公司 A kind of method of paddy field aquaculture yellow eel
CN108849337A (en) * 2018-07-25 2018-11-23 贵州贵丰农业发展有限公司 A kind of method of paddy field aquaculture loach
CN109952978A (en) * 2017-12-22 2019-07-02 山东省淡水渔业研究院(山东省淡水渔业监测中心) The zoology breeding method of Chinese snake head is cultivated in a kind of rice field

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107135993A (en) * 2017-06-08 2017-09-08 合肥市风达农业有限责任公司 A kind of method of rice field ecology breeding loach
CN107258614A (en) * 2017-06-15 2017-10-20 邹进彬 The method for saving the paddy field aquaculture loach of bait
CN107258615A (en) * 2017-06-15 2017-10-20 邹进彬 The method of rice field ecology breeding loach
CN107535391A (en) * 2017-07-31 2018-01-05 浦江县酉泽水产科技有限公司 The method of large-scale cultivation loach
CN107258624A (en) * 2017-07-31 2017-10-20 太仓勤丰源农场专业合作社联合社 A kind of selenium-rich rice for saving bait and the foster method of loach set
CN107258414A (en) * 2017-07-31 2017-10-20 太仓勤丰源农场专业合作社联合社 A kind of method of rice terrace intercropping loach
CN107372216A (en) * 2017-07-31 2017-11-24 太仓勤丰源农场专业合作社联合社 A kind of selenium-rich rice intercropping loach, the method for swamp eel
CN107242165A (en) * 2017-07-31 2017-10-13 太仓勤丰源农场专业合作社联合社 A kind of method for the rice terrace intercropping loach for saving bait
CN107494342A (en) * 2017-07-31 2017-12-22 太仓勤丰源农场专业合作社联合社 A kind of set for promoting rice loach symbiosis supports method
CN107466753A (en) * 2017-08-01 2017-12-15 北京林大林业科技股份有限公司 Rice crab loach solid complex ecological breeding method
CN107371933A (en) * 2017-08-28 2017-11-24 宿松县海东家庭农场 A kind of green rice implantation methods
CN109952978A (en) * 2017-12-22 2019-07-02 山东省淡水渔业研究院(山东省淡水渔业监测中心) The zoology breeding method of Chinese snake head is cultivated in a kind of rice field
CN108849336A (en) * 2018-07-25 2018-11-23 贵州贵丰农业发展有限公司 A kind of method of paddy field aquaculture yellow eel
CN108849337A (en) * 2018-07-25 2018-11-23 贵州贵丰农业发展有限公司 A kind of method of paddy field aquaculture loach

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Application publication date: 20170215